Curr Treatm Opt Rheumatol 2016 Sep 19;2(3):252-269. Epub 2016 Jul 19.
Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA; University of Michigan Scleroderma Program, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease initially recognized by hand involvement due to characteristic Raynaud's phenomenon (RP), puffy hands, skin thickening, and contractures resembling claw deformities. SSc contributes to hand impairment through inflammatory arthritis, joint contractures, tendon friction rubs (TFRs), RP, digital ulcers (DU), puffy hands, skin sclerosis, acro-osteolysis, and calcinosis. These manifestations, which often co-exist, can contribute to difficulty with occupational activities and activities of daily living (ADL), which can result in impaired quality of life. Read More