3,652 results match your criteria Calcaneus Fractures


Effects of badminton insole design on stress distribution, displacement and bone rotation of ankle joint during single-leg landing: a finite element analysis.

Sports Biomech 2022 Jun 20:1-22. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Bioinspired Devices and Tissue Engineering (BIOINSPIRA) Research Group, School of Biomedical Engineering and Health Sciences, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Malaysia.

Previous research has reported that up to 92% of injuries amongst badminton players consist of lower limb, whereby 35% of foot fractures occurred at the metatarsal bone. In sports, insoles are widely used to increase athletes' performance and prevent many injuries. However, there is still a lack of badminton insole analysis and improvements. Read More

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Does Sectioning and Then Repairing of the Calcaneofibular Ligament at Subtalar Approach Lead to Residual Lateral Ankle Instability?

Arch Bone Jt Surg 2022 Apr;10(4):347-352

Department of Orthopedic and Traumatology, Prof. Dr. Cemil Taşçıoğlu City Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey.

Background: The calcaneofibular ligament is cut to increase vision in surgical field in minimally invasive surgery of displaced intraarticular calcaneus fractures with subtalar incision. We aimed to investigate whether this causes talar tilt instability in ankle stress radiographs due to the calcaneofibular ligament deficiency in postoperative period.

Methods: The files of 38 patients who were operated with the diagnosis of displaced calcaneus fracture between 2013 and 2018 were examined retrospectively. Read More

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[Effectiveness analysis of disposable skin stretch closure in treatment of difficult to close skin and soft tissue defects].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2022 Jun;36(6):760-765

Senior Department of Orthopedics, the Fourth Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, 100048, P. R. China.

Objective: To observe the effectiveness of disposable skin stretch closure in the treatment of wounds with skin and soft tissue defects that were difficult to close.

Methods: The clinical data of 13 patients with skin and soft tissue defects that were difficult to close treated with disposable skin stretch closure and met the selection criteria between July 2021 and February 2022 were retrospectively reviewed. There were 9 males and 4 females, the age ranged from 15 to 71 years with a mean of 39. Read More

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An evaluation of the efficacy of percutaneous reduction and screw fixation without bone grafting in Sanders Type-II and Type-III displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2022 Jun 10;23(1):562. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, 1 Youyi Rd, Chongqing, 400016, China.

Background: The aim of this retrospective monocentric study was to investigate the clinical efficacy of percutaneous reduction and screw fixation without bone grafting in Sanders Type-II and Type-III displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures (DIACFs).

Methods: The medical records of calcaneal fractures patients who were admitted to our department from January 2018 to January 2020 were retrospectively reviewed, and those meeting the inclusion criteria were fnally included for analysis. All patients were treated with percutaneous reduction and screw fixation, and no patients received bone grafting. Read More

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Closed isolated anterolateral calcaneal dislocation: a case report.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2022 Jun 7;23(1):546. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: Complete isolated calcaneal dislocation, defined as dislocation of talocalcaneal and calcaneocuboid joints with intact talonavicular joint without significant fracture, is an exceedingly rare injury.

Case Presentation: A 49-year-old man, after a motor vehicle collision, presented with a closed isolated anterolateral dislocation of the calcaneus associated with fracture of the sustentaculum tali, cuboid, lateral process of the talus, and avulsion fracture of superior peroneal retinaculum. Urgent successful closed reduction was immediately performed in the emergency room under sedation. Read More

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[All-inside subtalar arthroscopy through three portals combined with rafting screws technique for the treatment of the calcaneal fractures of Sanders Ⅱ and Ⅲ].

Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi 2022 Jun;60(6):546-551

Department of Orthopedics, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou 215004, China.

To investigate the surgical technology and clinical efficacy of using the all-inside subtalar arthroscopy through three portals combined with rafting screws technique for the treatment of the calcaneal fractures of Sanders Ⅱ and Ⅲ. The clinical data of 33 patients (33 feet) with intra-articular displaced calcaneal fractures treated by modified all-inside arthroscopic from March 2017 to March 2019 at Department of Orthopedics,Xuzhou Central Hospital were retrospectively analyzed.There were 19 male patients,and 14 female patients,aged (32. Read More

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Systematic Review of Operative vs Nonoperative Treatment of Displaced Intraarticular Calcaneal Fractures.

Foot Ankle Orthop 2022 Apr 26;7(2):24730114221101609. Epub 2022 May 26.

Trauma & Orthopaedics, Homerton University Hospital, London, United Kingdom.

Background: Management of displaced intraarticular calcaneus fractures can be operative or nonoperative. Several randomized and case-controlled trials have been recently conducted in order to reach a consensus. The purpose of this analysis is to provide recommendations for the management of these injuries based on the best available clinical evidence. Read More

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Nonoperative and Operative Soft-Tissue and Cartilage Regeneration and Orthopaedic Biologics of the Foot and Ankle: An Orthoregeneration Network (ON) Foundation Review.

Arthroscopy 2022 May 20. Epub 2022 May 20.

Orthoregeneration is defined as a solution for orthopaedic conditions that harnesses the benefits of biology to improve healing, reduce pain, improve function, and optimally, provide an environment for tissue regeneration. Options include: drugs, surgical intervention, scaffolds, biologics as a product of cells, and physical and electromagnetic stimuli. The goal of regenerative medicine is to enhance the healing of tissue after musculoskeletal injuries as both isolated treatment and adjunct to surgical management, using novel therapies to improve recovery and outcomes. Read More

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Intra-articular Calcaneal Fracture Treatment With Staged Medial External Fixation.

Foot Ankle Int 2022 May 19:10711007221092761. Epub 2022 May 19.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Yeungnam University Medical Center, Nam-gu, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

Background: To compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes between the conventional delayed and staged approaches for intra-articular calcaneus fractures in which early definite fixation could not be performed because of severe soft tissue injury.

Methods: From January 2015 to May 2019, a total of 32 cases with acute intra-articular calcaneal fractures met criteria and were enrolled in the study. We compared the outcomes of intra-articular calcaneal fractures that underwent delayed internal fixation between groups treated with a conventional delayed approach (non-EF group) vs a temporary medial external fixation (EF group). Read More

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Recovery of the medial gastrocnemius muscle after calcaneus fracture differs between contractile and elastic components.

Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 2022 Jun 10;96:105664. Epub 2022 May 10.

Institute for Biomechanics, BG Klinikum Murnau, Murnau, Germany; Institute for Biomechanics, Paracelsus Medical Private University, Salzburg, Austria.

Background: Calcaneal fractures result in severe functional impairments and walking restrictions. Postoperative evaluation mainly focusses on the restoration of calcaneal anatomy while ankle plantar flexor insufficiency remains largely neglected. This study aims to investigate biomechanical and morphologic adaptions of elastic and contractile components of the gastrocnemius medialis after unilateral calcaneal fracture. Read More

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Staged Ilizarov distraction histogenesis and corrective reconstruction for severe malunited calcaneal fractures.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2022 May 6. Epub 2022 May 6.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, No. 37, Guoxue Avenue, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan, China.

Purpose: Severe calcaneal malunion is a clinical conundrum for the difficulty of calcaneal reconstruction without soft tissue complications. The aim of this study is to introduce the treatment strategy and preliminary results of staged Illizarov distraction histogenesis and corrective reconstruction for severe malunion of calcaneal fractures.

Methods: From June 2014 to May 2020, 14 patients with severe calcaneal malunion treated with the staged strategy were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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Quantitative Ultrasound (QUS) in the Management of Osteoporosis and Assessment of Fracture Risk: An Update.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2022 ;1364:7-34

Interdisciplinary Center of Bone Diseases, Bone and Joint Department, Lausanne University Hospital (CHUV) and Lausanne University, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) presents a low cost and readily available alternative to DXA measurements of bone mineral density (BMD) for osteoporotic fracture risk assessment. It is performed in a variety of skeletal sites, among which the most widely investigated and clinically used are first the calcaneus and then the radius. Nevertheless, there is still uncertainty in the incorporation of QUS in the clinical management of osteoporosis as the level of clinical validation differs substantially upon the QUS models available. Read More

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Use of the External Fixator Calcaneus Pin: Using the TRIMANO to Its Full Potential.

Arthrosc Tech 2022 Apr 28;11(4):e669-e673. Epub 2022 Mar 28.

Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio, U.S.A.

Joint-spanning external fixation in acute ankle trauma is a means to provide temporary stability and restoration of length, alignment, and articular congruency. This allows for soft-tissue consolidation before definitive fixation to decrease the risk of wound complications. Traction is commonly used during definitive fixation to aid in fracture reduction and to maintain reduction during placement of internal hardware. Read More

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Development of the center of pressure velocity in the healing process after intra-articular calcaneus fractures.

Gait Posture 2022 06 20;95:135-140. Epub 2022 Apr 20.

Institute of Biomechanics, BG Unfallklinik Murnau, Germany; Institute of Biomechanics, Paracelsus Medical University Salzburg, Austria.

Background: Calcaneal fractures are among the most common foot injuries and sometimes develop manifold post-surgical complications. Restricted foot movement is one of the main functional limitations which often persists during long-term rehabilitation. Therefore, it is important to quantitatively monitor the biomechanical foot mobility after calcaneal fracture from an early stage in order to achieve an optimal therapeutic treatment. Read More

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Complete avulsion of the heel pad with talar and calcaneal fracture: salvage with multiple K-wire anchorage, internal fixation and free ALT flap.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2022 Apr 25. Epub 2022 Apr 25.

University Center of Orthopaedic, Trauma and Plastic Surgery, University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus, Dresden, Germany.

Background: Degloving of the sole of the foot is a rare and serious injury because the heel pad cannot be replaced by similar tissue. The management is challenging and only a few cases have been reported with different treatment regimens.

Methods: Here, we report on a 46-year-old female patient with complex foot trauma consisting of complete avulsion of the heel pad at the hindfoot and a soft tissue defect at the posterior aspect of the heel accompanied by rupture of the anterior tibial tendon and fractures of the talus, calcaneus and midfoot. Read More

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[Intra-articular fracture of the calcaneus associated with injury to lateral collateral ligaments of the ankle].

Acta Ortop Mex 2021 Sep-Oct;35(5):457-460

Sector de Trauma. Instituto de Ortopedia y Traumatología «Carlos E Ottolenghi», Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Calcaneal fractures are the most frequent of the tarsus (3.5% of all fractures). Young adults are mainly affected, being more frequent in men (5. Read More

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Percutaneous Cannulated Screw Fixation vs. Plating With Minimally Invasive Longitudinal Approach After Closed Reduction for Intra-Articular Tongue-Type Calcaneal Fractures: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Front Surg 2022 4;9:854210. Epub 2022 Apr 4.

Department of Orthopaedics, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, China.

Objective: Displaced intra-articular tongue-type fractures are often treated with surgical interventions, and there is a lack of consensus regarding the surgical approach. This retrospective cohort study aimed to compare percutaneous cannulated screw (PCS) fixation and plating with a minimally invasive longitudinal approach (MILA) after closed reduction for the treatment of tongue-type calcaneal fractures.

Materials And Methods: A total of 77 patients with intra-articular tongue-type calcaneal fractures between September 2015 and July 2019 were included in this study. Read More

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Can 3-Dimensional Printing for Calcaneal Fracture Surgery Decrease Operation Time and Improve Quality of Fracture Reduction?

J Foot Ankle Surg 2022 Mar 12. Epub 2022 Mar 12.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

We investigated whether 3-dimensional (3D) printed models can decrease operation time and improve the quality of reduction for calcaneal fractures. The study involved 48 patients with unilateral intra-articular calcaneal fractures, who were retrospectively case-matched according to Sander's classification, age, and sex. Group A (24 patients) was operated using 3D printed models as a preoperative and intraoperative tool, and group B (24 patients) was operated using standard techniques without 3D printed model. Read More

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Anatomical parameters of sustentaculum Tali screw placement in the Asian population: A retrospective radio-anatomical study.

J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) 2022 Jan-Apr;30(1):10225536221082343

Department of TCM Orthopedics and Traumatology, School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 70570Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

This study aimed to determine the anatomical parameters of successful Sustentaculum Tali (ST) screw placement in the Asian population. CT scans of unilateral feet of 110 participants were reviewed, retrospectively. The 3 D reconstruction of the calcaneus and morphometric measurements were performed by Mimics Research 19. Read More

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Characteristics and Trends of Highly Cited Articles in Calcaneus Fracture Research.

Foot Ankle Orthop 2022 Jan 28;7(1):24730114221088490. Epub 2022 Mar 28.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA.

Background: Despite significant effort expended toward exploring fracture patterns, surgical timing, surgical approaches, and possible implants within the calcaneus fracture literature, treatment is still fraught with complications and controversy. This study aims to conduct a citation analysis of the most cited articles related to calcaneus fractures to highlight the most historically influential articles, as well as the more recent breakthrough articles that are leading change within the field.

Methods: A literature search was performed via Scopus on September 20, 2021 using the terms "(calcaneus OR calcaneal OR hindfoot) AND (fracture OR injury)" to search "article title, abstract, and keywords" of all primary and review articles. Read More

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January 2022

Return-to-sports after minimally invasive stabilization of intra-articular calcaneal fractures.

Sportverletz Sportschaden 2022 Jun 2;36(2):100-110. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Clinic Diakonissen Schladming.

Background:  Evaluation of different factors in patient quality of life after minimally invasive stabilization of intra-articular calcaneal fractures, including the return-to-sports rate.

Patients And Methods:  Patients with minimally invasive stabilization of intra-articular calcaneal fractures were collected from the database of a Level I trauma center and evaluated in a retrospective and explorative way. The clinical and radiological examination have been done immediately after the operation, after 2 and 6 weeks postoperative and after a minimum follow-up of 2 years. Read More

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A historical review of calcaneal fractures: from the crucifixion of Jesus Christ and Don Juan injuries to the current plate osteosynthesis.

Int Orthop 2022 Jun 25;46(6):1413-1422. Epub 2022 Mar 25.

Orthopedics and Orthopedic Oncology, Department of Surgery, Oncology and Gastroenterology DiSCOG, University of Padova, via Giustiniani 2, 35128, Padova, Italy.

Purpose: Calcaneal fractures are one of the most challenging injuries to treat and one of the most divisive. The purpose of this historical review is to highlight the evidence of calcaneal fracture and its treatment through history.

Methods: Archaeological, religious, artistic, literary and historical accounts were searched for descriptions of calcaneal fracture to give a thorough overview of the subject. Read More

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Hindfoot Fractures: Injury Patterns and Relevant Imaging Findings.

Radiographics 2022 May-Jun;42(3):661-682. Epub 2022 Mar 11.

From the Department of Radiology, UCSD Health System, 408 Dickinson St, San Diego, CA 92103-8226 (E.S.); and Department of Radiology, UT Health Science Center, San Antonio, Tex (M.D.).

The hindfoot consists of the talus and calcaneus, spans the tibiotalar to transverse tarsal joints, and is critical for support of body weight and absorption and transfer of physiologic loads during bipedal movements. Hindfoot fractures account for approximately 17% of foot and ankle fractures, with calcaneal fractures being more common than talar fractures. Hindfoot fractures are usually caused by high-impact axial loads such as falls from heights and motor vehicle accidents, and understandably, they are often seen in patients with polytrauma. Read More

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[CLINICAL AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF POSTERIOR FOOT INJURIES].

Georgian Med News 2022 Feb(323):23-29

Odessa National Medical University, Ukraine.

A clinical and statistical study of the frequency, structure and circumstances of posterior foot injury was carried out in 1047 patients admitted to the clinic in the period from 2007 to 2020. Age and gender groups have been identified, in which most often injuries leading to hospitalization occurred as a result of a fall with low kinetic energy at home or on the street, due to negligence, illegal actions and road accidents. The majority of patients were hospitalized urgently after injury, among which fractures of the calcaneus prevailed (84. Read More

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February 2022

Comment on article by Zhong et al.: Local administration of epsilon-aminocaproic acid reduces post-operative blood loss from surgery for closed, Sanders III-IV calcaneal fractures.

Authors:
Xiao-Long Fan

Int Orthop 2022 Jun 9;46(6):1427-1428. Epub 2022 Mar 9.

Shaoxing City Keqiao District Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital Medical Alliance General Hospital, Shaoxing, 312030, China.

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Percutaneous fixation of intraarticular joint-depression calcaneal fractures with different screw configurations - a biomechanical human cadaveric analysis.

Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2022 Mar 7. Epub 2022 Mar 7.

AO Research Institute Davos, Davos, Switzerland.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the biomechanical performance of different screw configurations for fixation of Sanders type II B joint-depression calcaneal fractures.

Methods: Fifteen human cadaveric lower limbs were amputated and Sanders II B fractures were simulated. The specimens were randomized to three groups for fixation with different screw configurations. Read More

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[Risk Factors for the Development of Distal Tibiofibular Synostosis after Unstable Ankle Fractures].

Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech 2022 ;89(1):37-42

Ortopedicko-traumatologická klinika, 3. lékařská fakulta Univerzity Karlovy a Fakultní nemocnice Královské Vinohrady, Praha.

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The study analyses a cohort of patients with surgically treated ankle fractures who developed complete distal tibiofibular synostoses. It focuses on their occurrence and association with the extent of tibiotalar dislocation of the ankle joint on the trauma X-ray and its relation to the choice of surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS The cohort of a total of 824 patients with type B and C fractures according to Weber classification was followed up for 9 years. Read More

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Stress fracture of the calcaneus.

Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 2022 03 28;142(4). Epub 2022 Feb 28.

Calcaneal stress fracture is an injury that particularly affects athletes and runners owing to repeated stress on the lower extremities without sufficient recovery time. Medial and lateral heel pain during activity raises suspicion of the injury, but radiological examinations are required for a definitive diagnosis. The treatment is usually conservative, involving rest and dietary correction, and a pharmacological or surgical approach is only relevant in some few cases. Read More

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Medial talar resection: how much remains stable?

Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2022 Feb 23. Epub 2022 Feb 23.

AO Research Institute Davos, Davos, Switzerland.

Purpose: Pathologies of the medial talus (e.g., fractures, tarsal coalitions) can lead to symptomatic problems such as pain and nonunion. Read More

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February 2022