10,659 results match your criteria Calcaneal Bursitis


[Results of Reinsertion of the Distal Achilles Tendon].

Authors:
Heinz Lohrer

Z Orthop Unfall 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Zentrum für Sportorthopädie, European SportsCare Network (ESN), Wiesbaden-Nordenstadt.

Background: Reattachment of the distal Achilles tendon to the posterior calcaneus following distal Achilles tendon tears/avulsions or after excision of large posterior heel spurs is a challenging task for the orthopaedic surgeon.

Patients/material And Methods: Between 2005 and the end of 2015, 22 patients who underwent repair/reconstruction of a lesion of the distal Achilles tendon were identified from our electronic records. Calcaneal reinsertions were performed following distal Achilles tendon tears/avulsions (n = 15) or following excision of a large symptomatic posterior heel spur (n = 7). Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

[Calcaneal fractures: controversies and consensus].

Acta Ortop Mex 2018 May-Jun;32(3):172-181

Universidad de La Laguna. Tenerife. España.

Calcaneal fractures are the most common tarsal fractures and their treatment is still debated today. We intend in this update to highlight the points of controversy and clarify the consensus, especially in the treatment of intra-articular fractures, as well as to describe the management of major complications. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Three-Dimensional computed tomography tunnel assessment of allograft anatomic reconstruction in chronic ankle instability: 33 cases.

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Inje University Seoul Paik Hospital, Seoul, Korea. Electronic address:

Introduction: Although clinical results of anatomic reconstruction using allograft are reportedly good, studies on how accurately the tunnel has been made after surgery are very rare. The purpose of this study was to analyze the postoperative locations of the tunnels through 3-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) after anatomic ligament reconstruction and to evaluate its clinical results.

Hypothesis: We hypothesized that anatomic lateral ligament reconstruction could lead to excellent results in clinical outcomes by repositioning anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) and calcaneofibular ligament (CFL) accurately. Read More

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November 2018

Influence of support surfaces on the distribution of body interface pressure in surgical positioning.

Rev Lat Am Enfermagem 2018 Nov 29;26:e3083. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro, Departamento de Enfermagem na Assistência Hospitalar, Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Objective: to evaluate the interface pressure (IP) of support surfaces (SSs) on bony prominences.

Method: a quasi-experimental study with repeated measures on each SS. Twenty healthy adult volunteers participated in the study. Read More

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November 2018

Cranio-caudal and medio-lateral navicular translation are representative surrogate measures of foot function in asymptomatic adults during walking.

PLoS One 2018 5;13(12):e0208175. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Bern University of Applied Sciences, Department of Health Professions, Division of Physiotherapy, Bern, Switzerland.

Introduction: The translation of the navicular bone is thought to be a representative surrogate measure to assess foot pronation and hence foot function; however, it is not known how it is related to multi-segment foot kinematics.

Methods: Cranio-caudal (NCC) and medio-lateral (NML) navicular translation and multi-segment foot kinematics from the Oxford Foot Model (OFM) were simultaneously assessed during the stance phase of walking in 20 healthy adults. Relationships to forefoot to hindfoot (FFtoHF), hindfoot to tibia (HFtoTBA) and global hindfoot (HFL) motion were explored by cross-correlations at zero phase shift. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Foot functions in ankylosing spondylitis.

Clin Rheumatol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, Sütçü İmam University, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey.

Abtract: AIM: Because of the wide diversity of developmental stages in spondyloarthropathies (SpA), clinical and radiographic weak correlations are often found in the development of enthesopathies. In this study, foot functions of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients were analyzed with clinical and radiological features.

Method: Sixty-two AS patients and 39 age-matched, gender-matched, and body mass index (BMI)-matched healthy volunteers were included in this study. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Tibial Nerve Palsy After Lateralizing Calcaneal Osteotomy.

Foot Ankle Spec 2018 Nov 30:1938640018816363. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Section for Foot and Ankle Surgery, Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Lateralizing calcaneal osteotomy (LCO) is a common procedure used to correct hindfoot varus. Several complications have been described in the literature, but only a few articles describe tibial nerve palsy after this procedure. Our hypothesis was that tibial nerve palsy is a common complication after LCO. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Imaging Features of Symptomatic Hypertrophic Tuberculum Peroneum.

J Belg Soc Radiol 2017 Dec 16;101(Suppl 2). Epub 2017 Dec 16.

AZ Sint-Maarten and University (Hospital) Antwerp/Ghent, BE.

Objective: The aim of this article is to review the clinical and imaging features of symptomatic hypertrophic (TP) in a cohort of symptomatic patients.

Materials And Methods: Twenty-three patients with chronic lateral ankle pain were retrospectively included in our study group. Patients underwent ultrasound (US), (cone beam) computed tomography (CB)CT or magnetic resonance (MR) examination or a combination of these examinations with a standardized protocol. Read More

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December 2017

Remodeling of the Calcaneocuboid Joint in the Acquired Flatfoot.

Authors:
Arthur Manoli

J Surg Orthop Adv 2018 ;27(3):237-245

Michigan International Foot and Ankle Center, St. Joseph Mercy Hospital - Oakland, Pontiac, Michigan; Departments of Orthopaedic Surgery, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, and Michigan State University College of Osteopathic Medicine, East Lansing, Michigan; e-mail:

There has been debate recently as to whether the lateral column is actually short in the acquired flatfoot. Doubters argue that it is not possible for the lateral column to change in length and actually shorten, especially in the acquired type. In this series of 21 consecutive patients operated on for an acquired flatfoot, the calcaneocuboid joint (CC) had remodeled in all, resulting in the calcaneal side being short, facing laterally and dorsally. Read More

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January 2018

Prediction of fracture lines of the calcaneus using a three-dimensional finite element model.

J Orthop Res 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Kitakyushu General Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan.

The various lines of calcaneal fractures indicate their complex nature and make their treatment challenging. There is still much debate regarding the position and direction of these fracture lines, even for the primary fracture line. The computed tomography-based finite element model is known to provide accurate predictions of fracture loads and virtual fracture locations for the femur and distal radius. Read More

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November 2018

Surgical Treatment of Severe Cavovarus Foot Deformity in Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease.

JBJS Essent Surg Tech 2015 May 10;5(2):e11. Epub 2015 Jun 10.

Foot Surgery and Pediatric Orthopaedics, ATOS Clinic Heidelberg, Bismarckstraße 9-15, 69115 Heidelberg, Germany.

Introduction: A successful adjusted treatment algorithm for the correction of cavovarus foot deformity requires soft-tissue balancing procedures, in particular total split posterior tibial tendon transfer (T-SPOTT), in combination with adjunctive corrective procedures depending on the degree of deformity.

Step 1 Surgical Preparation: Place the patient in a supine position and follow a standard aseptic surgical disinfection and draping protocol, allowing access to the iliac crest.

Step 2 Steindler Release Of The Plantar Aponeurosis: Use a medial approach to access and transect the plantar aponeurosis. Read More

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May 2015
6 Reads

Is the Bohler angle reliable for operative reduction of calcaneus fracture?

J Orthop Sci 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Myongji Hospital, Hanyang University Medical Center, 697-24 Hwajung-dong, Deokyang-gu Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do, 412-270, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Backgroud: To evaluate reliability of Bohler angle in doing operative reduction of fractured calcaneus, and compare its value over other image lines of hindfoot when surgeons determine whether the injured calcaneus is reduced close to pre-injured state.

Methods: Eighteen of postoperative lateral radiographs were obtained and edited with two versions; one of which anterior of calcaneus erased not to check Bohler angle, the other of which peri-calcaneus structure such as talus erased only to check Bohler angle. Four orthopaedic surgeons were asked to determine the two sets of images whether the injured calcaneus is reduced close to pre-injured state in independent two sessions. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Managing the open calcaneal fracture: A systematic review.

Foot Ankle Surg 2018 Nov 5. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Trauma unit, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address:

Introduction: Open fractures of the calcaneus are rare. They are mostly caused by high-energy trauma. There are several treatment options for calcaneal fractures. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

All-endoscopic management of benign bone lesions; a case series of 26 cases with minimum of 2 years follow-up.

SICOT J 2018 22;4:50. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Orthopedics & Trauma Surgery Department, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Purpose: Assessment of the functional and oncologic outcomes regarding endoscopic curettage of different benign bone tumor types within variable anatomic locations.

Patients And Methods: During the period between February 2012 and December 2016, 26 patients with symptomatic intra-osseous benign bony lesions were included. The age ranged from 3 up to 49 years (mean 20), of 14 females and 12 males. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Three-Dimensional (3D) Computed Tomographic (CT) Assessment of the Sustentaculum Tail to Find Distinctive Characteristics: Implications for Surgery.

Med Sci Monit 2018 Nov 22;24:8417-8421. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Orthopedics, Affiliated Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital of Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, Sichuan, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND With the complexity of calcaneal fracture (CF) increasing, its treatment has changed to include inserting the screw used to secure the facies articular posterior into the sustentaculum tail (ST). Some research progress has been made in this area, but there has been little in-depth research on the anatomical morphology of the sustentaculum tail, which is necessary for clinical surgery, and more information about Chinese anatomic characteristics and improved surgical techniques for CF are needed. MATERIAL AND METHODS This anatomical study, based on a three-dimensional (3D) computed tomographic (CT) reconstruction technique, included 287 dry calcaneus, consisting of 144 left and 143 right calcaneus. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Importance of assistant intra-operative medial distraction technique for intraarticular calcaneus fractures.

Acta Orthop Belg 2018 Jun;84(2):235-241

To report the clinical efficacy of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) assisted by medial distraction for intra-articular calcaneus fractures. From September 2010 to November 2013, 151 patients with intra-articular calcaneus fractures were treated at our department by ORIF. They were 95 men and 56 women, 18 to 69 years of age. Read More

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June 2018
2 Reads

Trabecular bone functional adaptation and sexual dimorphism in the human foot.

Am J Phys Anthropol 2019 Jan 21;168(1):154-169. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

Objectives: Trabecular bone adapts to the strains placed upon the skeleton during life. Anthropological research has largely focused on linking variation in primate trabecular bone to locomotor mode, to provide a context for interpreting fossil morphology. However, intraspecific variation and its underlying mechanisms are still poorly understood. Read More

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January 2019
2 Reads

Incidence and predictors of surgical site infection after ORIF in calcaneus fractures, a retrospective cohort study.

J Orthop Surg Res 2018 Nov 20;13(1):293. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Basic Medical College, Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, 050000, People's Republic of China.

Background: Occurrence of calcaneus fractures is on the up trend. Owing to its unique anatomical morphology and limited soft-tissue envelope, management of calcaneus fractures is a challenge to the orthopaedic surgeon, and surgical site infection (SSI) is one of the serious postoperative complications. In order to decrease the incidence of wound breakdown and improve clinical outcomes, it is necessary to understand which factors were associated with SSI. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Hindfoot alignment of adult acquired flatfoot deformity: A comparison of clinical assessment and weightbearing cone beam CT examinations.

Foot Ankle Surg 2018 Nov 5. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 601 North Caroline Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, United States.

Background: Clinical assessment of hindfoot alignment (HA) in adult acquired flatfoot deformity (AAFD) can be challenging and weightbearing (WB) cone beam CT (CBCT) may potentially better demonstrate this three-dimensional (3D) deformity. Therefore, we compared clinical and WB CBCT assessment of HA in patients with AAFD.

Methods: In this prospective study, we included 12 men and 8 women (mean age: 52. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Slow velocity of the center of pressure and high heel pressures may increase the risk of Sever's disease: a case-control study.

BMC Pediatr 2018 Nov 19;18(1):357. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

University Center of Plasencia, Universidad de Extremadura, Plasencia, Spain.

Background: This study determined if the body mass index, dynamic plantar-pressures, plantar surface contact-area, velocity of the centre of pressure (COP), gastrocnemius equinus, and gastrocnemius soleus equines are related to calcaneal apophysitis (Sever's disease) in athletic children.

Methods: This case-control study examined 106 boys enrolled in a soccer academy, including 53 with Sever's disease and 53 age-matched healthy controls. The dynamic average and maximum peak plantar-pressures, plantar surface contact-area, and velocity of the COP were evaluated with a digital pressure sensor platform. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Outcomes of midfoot and hindfoot fractures in multitrauma patients.

Injury 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia.

Introduction: Multitrauma patients suffering hindfoot fractures, including calcaneal and talar fractures, often result in poor outcomes. However, less is known about the outcomes following midfoot fracture in the mutitrauma population. This study aims to describe the epidemiology of midfoot fractures in multitrauma patients and to compare the outcomes of midfoot and hindfoot fractures in this population. Read More

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November 2018
8 Reads

Accurate Osteotomy for the Treatment of a Rare Case of Postaxial Polydactyly of the Foot That Originated From a Deformed Calcaneus Using a 3D-Printed Guiding Plate.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Chief, Foot and Ankle Surgery, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Second Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, China. Electronic address:

Polydactyly is a common congenital deformity of the foot that can be categorized as preaxial, central, or postaxial. Current treatments involve resecting the supernumerary toe(s) and repairing the normal toe(s) and soft tissue. Here, we present the first published report describing a very rare case of polydactyly of the foot, in which the supernumerary toe originated from a deformed calcaneus, which formed an abnormal bony bump. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Arthroscopic reconstruction of the lateral ankle ligaments: Radiological evaluation and short-term clinical outcome.

Diagn Interv Imaging 2018 Nov 13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Musculoskeletal Imaging Center, Bordeaux-Mérignac Sport Clinic, 2, rue Georges Negrevergne, 33700 Mérignac, France; Department of Musculoskeletal Radiology, Hôpital Pellegrin, Bordeaux University, 2, place Amélie Raba-Leon, 33000 Bordeaux, France.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the positioning of bone tunnels of arthroscopic anatomical reconstruction of lateral ankle ligaments (AAR-LAL) and identify radiological measurements associated with short-term clinical outcome one year after surgery.

Materials And Methods: A total of 61 patients were included in this IRB-approved retrospective study. There were 52 men and 9 women, with a mean age of 36. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Tea consumption and bone health in Chinese adults: a population-based study.

Osteoporos Int 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, China.

Tea is a worldwide drink with controversial effect on bone health. The sex-specific associations are unrevealed among general population. This study showed that prolonged moderate tea consumption benefited bone health in women, while no additional benefit with stronger tea. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Tachycardia after acute deceleration injury.

Heart 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Departments of Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery, University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

A 29-year-old man crashed at high speed into another vehicle at traffic lights. He was able to get out of his van but then collapsed after running a few metres. On arrival in the emergency department he was conscious, with a pulse of 140 beats/min and blood pressure of 110/32 mm Hg. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Avulsion fracture of the calcaneus.

Authors:
Ross Berringer

CMAJ 2018 Nov;190(45):E1337

Providence Health Care, Vancouver, BC

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November 2018

Balloon-assisted reduction, pin fixation and tricalcium phosphate augmentation for calcaneal fracture: A retrospective analysis of 42 patients.

Injury 2018 Nov;49 Suppl 3:S94-S99

School of Medicine, University of Bari "Aldo Moro"- AOU Policlinico Consorziale - Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Neuroscience and Sense Organs, Orthopaedic &Trauma Unit, Bari, Italy.

Introduction: The treatment of intra-articular calcaneal fractures is still complex and controversial. Although open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is favored by many authors, several percutaneous techniques have been introduced to reduce complications and to obtain satisfactory clinical and radiological results. Among these percutaneous treatments, balloon reduction and bone graft augmentation is gaining an increasing popularity. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Minimally invasive internal fixation of calcaneal fractures or subtalar joint arthrodesis using the Calcanail®.

Oper Orthop Traumatol 2018 Nov 9. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Klinik und Poliklinik für Unfall‑, Hand- und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, Universitätsmedizin Rostock, Schillingallee 35, 18057, Rostock, Germany.

Objective: A minimally invasive technique to prevent soft tissue problems using a calcaneal nail (Calcanail®, FH Orthopedics, Heimsbrunn, France) for calcaneal fractures or in subtalar joint arthrodesis is described.

Indications: Displaced extra-articular calcaneal fractures involving the tuberosity fragment and in displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures with impression and/or displacement of the subtalar joint surface. Subtalar joint arthrodesis for posttraumatic subtalar osteoarthritis. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

Comparative Results of Percutaneous Calcaneal Osteotomy in Correction of Hindfoot Deformities.

Foot Ankle Int 2018 Nov 9:1071100718809449. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

1 Department of Orthopedic and Trauma Surgery, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle, Germany.

Background:: Calcaneal osteotomies are often required in the correction of hindfoot deformities. The traditional open techniques, which include a lateral or oblique incision, are occasionally associated with wound healing problems and neurovascular injury.

Methods:: A total of 122 consecutive patients who underwent a calcaneal osteotomy for hindfoot realignment treatment were included. Read More

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November 2018

Advancing the deer calcaneus model for bone adaptation studies: ex vivo strains obtained after transecting the tension members suggest an unrecognized important role for shear strains.

J Anat 2018 Nov 8. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Orthopedics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA.

Sheep and deer calcanei are finding increased use as models for studies of bone adaptation, including advancing understanding of how the strain (deformation) environment influences the ontogenetic emergence of biomechanically relevant structural and material variations in cortical and trabecular bone. These artiodactyl calcanei seem ideal for these analyses because they function like simply loaded short-cantilevered beams with net compression and tension strains on the dorsal and plantar cortices, respectively. However, this habitual strain distribution requires more rigorous validation because it has been shown by limited in vivo and ex vivo strain measurements obtained during controlled ambulation (typically walking and trotting). Read More

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November 2018

Analysis of lifestyle and bone mineralization in a population of Spanish young adults.

Colomb Med (Cali) 2018 Sep 30;49(3):213-218. Epub 2018 Sep 30.

Departamento de Enfermería. Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud. Universidad de Granada, Granada, España.

Objective: To analyze the environmental factors (nutritional status, levels of physical activity and nutritional habits) and their possible association with bone mass in a population of young adults.

Methods: The study population consisted of 200 subjects (117 women and 83 men) aged between 18 and 25 years (mean age 20.4 years ±2. Read More

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September 2018
4 Reads

New Data on Dinosaurs of the Crimean Peninsula.

Dokl Biol Sci 2018 Sep 6;482(1):206-209. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Borissiak Paleontological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 119647, Russia.

Reexamination of the holotype of Riabininohadros weberae from the Upper Cretaceous (upper Maastrichtian) of the Crimean Peninsula (Besh-Kosh) allowed determination of previously unknown elements of the femur, astragalus, and calcaneus. This taxon shows a set of primitive characters observed in iguanodontids and basal ornithischians and is referred to as Styracosterna indet. The second dinosaur specimen from Crimea (Aleshino) is a fragmentary skeleton, including cervical and dorsal vertebrae. Read More

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September 2018

[Outcome after surgical treatment of calcaneal fractures].

Unfallchirurg 2018 Nov 6. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Klinik für Unfall‑, Hand- und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Münster, Albert-Schweitzer Campus 1, W1, 48149, Münster, Deutschland.

Background: After controversial discussions in the literature about therapy regimens for calcaneal fractures, a retrospective study of patients operatively treated in a maximum care trauma center was conducted.

Objective: Investigation of the influencing factors on the treatment quality of operatively treated patients with calcaneal fractures.

Material And Methods: Between 2005 and 2013 a total of 90 patients with calcaneal fractures were surgically treated in this hospital with locking plate osteosynthesis. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Minimally invasive versus open calcaneal osteotomies - Comparing the intraoperative parameters.

Foot (Edinb) 2018 Jun 20;37:113-118. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

Clinic for Foot and Ankle Surgery, Hessing Foundation, Hessing Str. 17, 86199 Augsburg, Germany.

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Three-dimensional analysis of shape variations and symmetry of the fibula, tibia, calcaneus and talus.

J Anat 2018 Nov 4. Epub 2018 Nov 4.

Department of Biomechanical Engineering, Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Delft, The Netherlands.

The bones forming the talocrural joint (TCJ) and subtalar joint (STJ) are often assumed to be bilaterally symmetric. Therefore, the contralateral limb (i.e. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Histopathology of giant cell tumors of the bone: With special emphasis on fibrohistiocytic and aneurysmal bone cyst like components.

Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2018 Nov 1. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Medipol University, Department of Pathology, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address:

Objective: The aim of this study was to define histopathological features of giant cell tumor of bone, especially accompanying fibrohistiocytic or aneurysmal bone cyst like components, in the light of our institutions experience.

Methods: A total of 120 cases (64 females and 56 males; mean age: 36.2 (12-80)) with 'GCT' diagnosed between the years 1996-2016 were included in this retrospective analysis. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Contribution of a new radiologic calcaneal measurement to the treatment decision tree in Haglund syndrome.

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2018 Dec 31;104(8):1215-1219. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Sports Surgery Clinic, Santry, Dublin 9, Ireland.

Introduction: In Haglund syndrome, standard radiologic measurements lack specificity and reliability in assessing etiologic morphologic calcaneal abnormalities. We report a simple X/Y ratio to measure posterior calcaneal length, where X is calcaneal length on lateral weight-bearing view and Y is greater tuberosity length.

Objective: To compare this new parameter against the radiologic gold standard in a group of Haglund patients and a healthy control group. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Therapeutic Advantages of Internal Fixation with Kirschner Wire and Bone Grafting via Limited Tarsal Sinus Incision Approach for Displaced Intra-Articular Calcaneal Fractures of Children.

Med Sci Monit 2018 Nov 3;24:7862-7868. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Department of Pediatric Orthopedics, Wuhan Fourth Hospital (Puai Hospital), Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures (DIACF) are a serious injury and are clinically considered to be an important source of disability. This study investigated therapeutic effects of internal fixation with Kirschner wire and bone grafting via limited tarsal sinus incision in pediatric DIACF. MATERIAL AND METHODS This retrospective study included pediatric DIACF patients admitted to our department from June 2010 to February 2014. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Ankle Rotation and Muscle Loading Effects on the Calcaneal Tendon Moment Arm: An In Vivo Imaging and Modeling Study.

Ann Biomed Eng 2018 Nov 1. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Joint Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and North Carolina State University, 152 MacNider Hall, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA.

In this combined in vivo and computational modeling study, we tested the central hypothesis that ankle joint rotation and triceps surae muscle loading have independent and combinatory effects on the calcaneal (i.e., Achilles) tendon moment arm (CTma) that are not fully captured in contemporary musculoskeletal models of human movement. Read More

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November 2018

Intraosseous Schwannoma of the Calcaneus: A Rare Tumor of the Bone.

Case Rep Orthop 2018 2;2018:9824025. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Baskent University Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Schwannomas (also called neurilemmomas) are slow-growing nerve sheath tumors derived from Schwann cells. However, intraosseous schwannoma is a rare entity with an incidence of only 0.2% in overall primary bone tumors. Read More

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October 2018

Surgical Treatment for Stenosing Peroneal Tenosynovitis.

Foot Ankle Int 2018 Oct 31:1071100718809077. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

3 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Foot and Ankle, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY, USA.

Background:: Stenosing peroneal tenosynovitis (SPT) is an uncommon entity that is equally difficult to diagnose. We evaluated our outcomes with a local anesthetic diagnostic injection followed by surgical release of the sheath and calcaneal exostectomy.

Methods:: Eleven patients diagnosed with SPT underwent surgery between 2006 and 2014. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

Morphological characteristics of the lateral talocalcaneal ligament: a large-scale anatomical study.

Surg Radiol Anat 2018 Oct 30. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Health and Sports, Niigata University of Health and Welfare, Niigata, Japan.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to clarify the morphological characteristics of the lateral talocalcaneal ligament (LTCL).

Methods: This study examined 100 legs from 54 Japanese cadavers. The LTCL was classified into three types: Type I, the LTCL branches from the calcaneofibular ligament (CFL); Type II, the LTCL is independent of the CFL and runs parallel to the calcaneus; and Type III, the LTCL is absent. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

[Case-control study on calcaneal locking plates and tension band with Kirschner's nail for the treatment of patellar fracture].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2018 Oct;31(10):889-893

Department of Orthopaedics, Zhejiang Quhua Hospital, Quzhou 324004, Zhejiang, China;

Objective: To compare clinical effect between calcaneal locking plates and tension band with Kirschner's nail for the treatment of patellar fracture.

Methods: From December 2009 to December 2017, 58 patients with patellar fracture were divided into plate group(calcaneal locking plate) and tension band(tension band with Kirschner's nail) by surgical method. There were 29 patients in plate group, including 14 males and 15 females, aged from 18 to 72 years old with an average of (36. Read More

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October 2018

Association of Specific Lower Extremity Injuries With Delayed Amputation.

Mil Med 2018 Oct 27. Epub 2018 Oct 27.

Operational Readiness Directorate, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA.

Introduction: Despite medical interventions to preserve viability and functionality of injured limb(s) among combat-injured service members, delayed amputations may occur. The goal of this study was to determine whether specific lower extremity (LE) injuries were associated with delayed amputations.

Methods: The Expeditionary Medical Encounter Database was queried for combat-related LE injuries between 2003 and 2015. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Clinical-anatomic mapping of the tarsal tunnel with regard to Baxter's neuropathy in recalcitrant heel pain syndrome: part I.

Surg Radiol Anat 2018 Oct 27. Epub 2018 Oct 27.

Department of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, Division of Clinical and Functional Anatomy, Medical University of Innsbruck, Müllerstr. 59, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria.

Purpose: Neuropathy of the Baxter nerve (BN) seems to be the first cause of the heel pain syndrome (HPS) of neurological origin.

Methods: 41 alcohol-glycerol embalmed feet were dissected. We documented the pattern of the branches of the tibial nerve (TN) and describe all relevant osteofibrous structures. Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

Chondroblastoma of the Foot: 40 Cases From a Single Institution.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2018 Nov - Dec;57(6):1105-1109

Professor, Department of Orthopedic and Orthopedic Oncology, University of Padova, Padova, Italy. Electronic address:

Chondroblastoma (CB) of the foot is a rare lesion. The purpose of this report was to report a large series from a single institution to analyze clinical, radiographic, and histologic characteristics; treatment; and local recurrence. We present 40 patients (30 males, 10 females; mean age 25 years) diagnosed and treated for CB of the foot from 1975 to 2012. Read More

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July 2015
4 Reads

Cartilage Stiffness Effect on Foot Biomechanics of Chinese Bound Foot: A Finite Element Analysis.

Front Physiol 2018 11;9:1434. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Faculty of Sports Science, Ningbo University, Ningbo, China.

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of cartilage stiffness on inner foot biomechanics of Chinese bound foot while balanced standing using finite element method. A three-dimensional FE model of bound foot involving 28 bones, 72 ligaments, 5 plantar fascia, cartilages, and encapsulated soft tissue was constructed and validated. To conduct the sensitivity analysis of cartilage stiffness, the incremental Young's modulus of 1, 5, 10, and 15 MPa were assigned to the cartilage. Read More

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October 2018
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Footfall patterns of a runner with an Achilles tendon rupture.

J Sport Health Sci 2017 Dec 17;6(4):498-502. Epub 2016 May 17.

Department of Human Movement Studies, Human Motion Diagnostic Center, University of Ostrava, Ostrava 70200, Czech Republic.

Purpose: This study aims to compare the load and the length of previously ruptured and healthy Achilles tendon (AT) of a recreational runner who used different footfall patterns on each limb during running.

Methods: A 41-year-old recreational athlete with a ruptured AT participated in this report. Two force plates and a high-speed motion capture system were used to collect ground reaction force and kinematic data in shod and barefoot running conditions. Read More

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December 2017
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Minimally invasive fixation for displaced intra-articular fractures of calcaneum: a short-term prospective study on functional and radiological outcome.

Musculoskelet Surg 2018 Oct 23. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Department of Orthopaedics, Sunshine Hospitals, Secunderabad, 500003, India.

Introduction: Studies have demonstrated a decrease in the incidence of late consequences and the socio-economic burden of intra-articular fractures of calcaneum when treated by surgical fixation. Operative management of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures (DIACF) pose significant challenges such as technical difficulty, wound healing and long-term pain and disability.

Materials And Methods: All patients presenting to the ER with DIACF over a period of 2 years and matching the inclusion criteria were enrolled in the study. Read More

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October 2018
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Factors that determine kinematic coupling behavior of calcaneal pronation/supination and shank rotation during weight bearing: ananalysis based on foot bone alignment using radiographic images.

J Phys Ther Sci 2018 Oct 1;30(10):1215-1220. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Department of Radiology, IMS Katsushika Heart Center, Japan.

[Purpose] This study aimed to identify factors that determine the kinematic coupling behavior of calcaneal pronation/supination and shank rotation in a standing position. [Participants and Methods] Study participants included 15 healthy adults (30 legs). Kinematic coupling behavior was quantified as the linear regression coefficient (kinetic chain ratio [KCR]) of the angle of shank rotation against the angle of calcaneal pronation-to-supination measured using a 3-dimensional motion analysis system during pronation and supination of both feet while standing. Read More

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October 2018
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