30,531 results match your criteria CVD Prevention and Control [Journal]


The effects of a 12-week jump rope exercise program on abdominal adiposity, vasoactive substances, inflammation, and vascular function in adolescent girls with prehypertension.

Eur J Appl Physiol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Physical Education, Pusan National University, Busan, South Korea.

Introduction: Childhood obesity is strongly associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) development. It is necessary to combat unfavorable outcomes of obesity at a young age by utilizing effective interventions, such as exercise.

Purpose: We sought to examine the effects of a jump rope exercise program on CVD risk factors, including body composition, vasoactive substances, inflammation, and vascular function in prehypertensive adolescent girls. Read More

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December 2018

Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis for Cardiologists: Differential Diagnosis, Cardiovascular Comorbidities, and Patient Management.

Adv Ther 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

U.O. di Pneumologia e Terapia Semi-Intensiva Respiratoria - Servizio di Fisiopatologia Respiratoria ed Emodinamica Polmonare, Ospedale San Giuseppe - MultiMedica IRCCS, Milan, Italy.

The presence of rare comorbidities in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) presents a diagnostic challenge to cardiologists. In evaluating these patients, cardiologists are faced with a unique opportunity to shorten diagnosis times and direct patients towards correct treatment pathways. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), a type of interstitial lung disease (ILD), is an example of a rare disease where patients frequently demonstrate comorbid CVD. Read More

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December 2018

College Students' Perception of Current and Projected 30-Year Cardiovascular Disease Risk Using Cluster Analysis with Internal Validation.

Authors:
Dieu-My T Tran

J Community Health 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

School of Nursing, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, 4505 S. Maryland Pkwy, Box 453018, Las Vegas, NV, 89154-3018, USA.

Cardiovascular risk factors in young adults at a national level are less than ideal specifically for hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, and diabetes. Explore college students' perception of their 30-year cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk using cluster analysis technique with internal validation. This is a descriptive and cross-sectional study. Read More

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December 2018

Physical activity less than the recommended amount may prevent the onset of major biological risk factors for cardiovascular disease: a cohort study of 198 919 adults.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

IMDEA Food Institute, CEI UAM+CSIC, Madrid, Spain.

Objectives: We examined the dose-response relationship between physical activity (PA) and incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in adults in Taiwan.

Methods: This study included 1 98 919 participants, aged 18-97 years, free of CVD, cancer and diabetes at baseline (1997-2013), who were followed until 2016. At baseline, participants were classified into five PA levels: inactive' (0 metabolic equivalent of task (MET)-h/week), 'lower insufficiently active' (0. Read More

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December 2018

Incidence, Predictors, and Outcome Associations of Dyskalemia in Heart Failure With Preserved, Mid-Range, and Reduced Ejection Fraction.

JACC Heart Fail 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objectives: This study investigated 1-year incidence and predictors of dyskalemia (dysK) and its outcome associations in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), HF with mid-range EF (HFmrEF), and HF with reduced EF (HFrEF).

Background: DysK in real-world HF is insufficiently characterized. Fear of dyskalemia may lead to underuse or underdosing of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors. Read More

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December 2018

Efficacy and safety of lipoprotein apheresis in children with homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia: A systematic review.

J Clin Lipidol 2018 Nov 3. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Department of Paediatric Medicine, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Background: Homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HoFH) is a rare genetic disorder that may cause life-threatening cardiovascular disease (CVD) at childhood. Marginal effectiveness of statins in reducing low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is the reason why extracorporeal removal of LDL-C by lipoprotein apheresis (LA) is recommended at the earliest possible age.

Objective: It is, however, unknown to what extent LA effectively reduces the burden of CVD in children with HoFH. Read More

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November 2018

Body Mass Index, Change in Weight, Body Weight Variability and Outcomes in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (from the ACCORD Trial).

Am J Cardiol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Heart and Vascular Center of Excellence, Wake Forest Baptist Health, Winston Salem, North Carolina. Electronic address:

Weight management is highly recommended to patients with diabetes mellitus. However, this prescription is often characterized by weight fluctuations. It remains unclear the effects of weight fluctuations on outcomes in diabetes mellitus. Read More

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December 2018

A multicomponent method assessing healthy cardiovascular urban environments: The Heart Healthy Hoods Index.

Health Place 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Social and Cardiovascular Epidemiology Research Group, School of Medicine, University of Alcalá, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain; Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, United States. Electronic address:

Previous studies have examined the built environment mostly focusing on a single exposure construct (e.g. walkability) to examine its association with health outcomes. Read More

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December 2018

Reply to: "Bridging the treatment gap in patients at 'extreme' cardiovascular risk: Evidence from a lipid clinic".

Atherosclerosis 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Second Department of Cardiology, University General Hospital Attikon, Athens, Greece.

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December 2018

Long-term residential exposure to PM, PM, black carbon, NO, and ozone and mortality in a Danish cohort.

Environ Int 2018 Dec 11;123:265-272. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Danish Cancer Society Research Center, Strandboulevarden 49, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark; Department of Environmental Science, Aarhus University, Frederiksborgvej 399, P.O. Box 358, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark. Electronic address:

Air pollutants such as NO and PM have consistently been linked to mortality, but only few previous studies have addressed associations with long-term exposure to black carbon (BC) and ozone (O). We investigated the association between PM, PM, BC, NO, and O and mortality in a Danish cohort of 49,564 individuals who were followed up from enrollment in 1993-1997 through 2015. Residential address history from 1979 onwards was combined with air pollution exposure obtained by the state-of-the-art, validated, THOR/AirGIS air pollution modelling system, and information on residential traffic noise exposure, lifestyle and socio-demography. Read More

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December 2018
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Novel aspects of PCSK9 and lipoprotein receptors in renal disease-related dyslipidemia.

Cell Signal 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Dept. of Nephrology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global health problem with a profound impact on quality of life. Cardiovascular disease is established as a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with CKD. Dyslipidemia is frequently observed in CKD patients, suggesting a causal relation between dyslipidemia and cardiovascular disease in CKD patients. Read More

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December 2018

Nocturnal ventricular repolarization lability predicts cardiovascular mortality in the Sleep Heart Health Study.

Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Institut für Biomedizinische Technik, TU Dresden.

Background-The objective of this study was to quantify repolarization lability and its association with sex, sleep stage and cardiovascular mortality. Methods-We analyzed polysomnographic recordings of 2,263 participants enrolled in the Sleep heart health study (SHHS-2). Beat-to-beat QT interval variability (QTV) was quantified for consecutive epochs of 5 minutes according to the dominant sleep stage (AWAKE, NREM2, NREM3, REM). Read More

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December 2018

Elevated circulating cathepsin S levels are associated with metabolic syndrome in overweight and obese individuals.

Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2018 Dec 14:e3117. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Endocrinology, Huashan Hospital Fudan University.

Objective: Cathepsin S is highly expressed in subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue. Cathepsin S correlates with central obesity and contributes to the formation and progression of atherosclerosis. Here, we sought to evaluate the association of serum cathepsin S with metabolic syndrome (MS) in overweight and obese Chinese adults. Read More

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December 2018

Chiral-selective etching effects on carbon nanotube growth at edge carbon atoms.

J Comput Chem 2019 Jan;40(2):375-380

Department of Chemistry, School of Science, Nagoya University, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, 464-8602, Japan.

Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) utilizing metal cluster nanoparticle catalysts is commonly used to synthesize carbon nanotubes (CNT), with oxygen-containing species such as water or alcohol included in the feedstock for enhanced yield. However, the etching effect of these additives on the growth mechanism has rarely been investigated, despite evidence suggesting that etching potentially affects the chirality distribution of product CNTs. We used quantum chemical methods to study how water-based etchant radicals (OH and H) may enhance the chiral selectivity during CVD growth using CNT cap models. Read More

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January 2019

Causality between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes.

Liver Int 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, University and Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata of Verona, Verona, Italy.

I would like to congratulate Morrison and colleagues for the interesting meta-analysis aimed at investigating the association between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and the risk of incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In this elegant meta-analysis, the Authors demonstrated that NAFLD was not independently associated with an increased risk of incident CVD (n=13 eligible studies, RR 1.48, 95% CI 0. Read More

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December 2018

Lipid levels, insulin resistance and cardiovascular risk over 96 weeks of antiretroviral therapy: a randomised controlled trial comparing low-dose stavudine and tenofovir.

Retrovirology 2018 Dec 14;15(1):77. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Wits Reproductive Health and HIV Institute, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Background: HIV infection and antiretroviral treatment are associated with changes in lipid levels, insulin resistance and risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). We investigated these changes in the first 96 weeks of treatment with low-dose stavudine or tenofovir regimens.

Methods: This is a secondary analysis of a double blind, randomised controlled trial performed in South-Africa, Uganda and India comparing low-dose stavudine (20 mg twice daily) with tenofovir in combination with efavirenz and lamivudine in antiretroviral-naïve adults (n = 1067) (Clinicaltrials. Read More

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December 2018

Length of Residence and Cardiovascular Health among Afro-Caribbean Immigrants in New York City.

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, West Virginia University School of Public Health, 64 Medical Center Drive, P.O. Box 9190, Morgantown, WV, 26506-9190, USA.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) disproportionately affects non-Hispanic blacks (NHB) in the United States (U.S.). Read More

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December 2018
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Cardiovascular mortality attributable to dietary risk factors in 51 countries in the WHO European Region from 1990 to 2016: a systematic analysis of the Global Burden of Disease Study.

Eur J Epidemiol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Competence Cluster for Nutrition and Cardiovascular Health (nutriCARD), Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Germany.

This study was performed to highlight the relationship between single dietary risk factors and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) in the WHO European Region. We used the comparative risk assessment framework of the Global Burden of Disease Study to estimate CVD mortality attributable to diet; comprising eleven forms of CVDs, twelve food and nutrient groups and 27 risk-outcome pairs in four GBD regions including 51 countries by age and sex between 1990 and 2016. In 2016, dietary risks were associated with 2. Read More

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December 2018
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Investigation of CVD graphene as-grown on Cu foil using simultaneous scanning tunneling/atomic force microscopy.

Beilstein J Nanotechnol 2018 28;9:2953-2959. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Physics Engineering, İstanbul Technical University, 34469, İstanbul, Turkey.

Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) images of graphene reveal either a triangular or honeycomb pattern at the atomic scale depending on the imaging parameters. The triangular patterns at the atomic scale are particularly difficult to interpret, as the maxima in the images could be every other carbon atom in the six-fold hexagonal array or even a hollow site. Carbon sites exhibit an inequivalent electronic structure in HOPG or multilayer graphene due to the presence of a carbon atom or a hollow site underneath. Read More

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November 2018

Diabetic and Elder Patients Experience Superior Cardiovascular Benefits After Gastric Bypass Induced Weight Loss.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2018 28;9:718. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Endocrine, Cardiovascular and Metabolic Research, Unit for Multidisciplinary Research in Biomedicine, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.

Obesity and obesity related co-morbidities are well-recognized risks for cardiovascular (CV) disease and mortality. Weight loss improves CV risk factors and the efficacy of bariatric surgery in decreasing CV mortality is now well-established. Our aim was to assess CV risk progression and occurrence of CV events in a cohort of patients that underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) for obesity treatment in a single academic public center. Read More

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November 2018

Use of Measures of Inflammation and Kidney Function for Prediction of Atherosclerotic Vascular Disease Events and Death in Patients With CKD: Findings From the CRIC Study.

Am J Kidney Dis 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Division of Kidney Diseases and Hypertension, George Washington University, Washington, DC. Electronic address:

Rationale & Objective: Traditional risk estimates for atherosclerotic vascular disease (ASVD) and death may not perform optimally in the setting of chronic kidney disease (CKD). We sought to determine whether the addition of measures of inflammation and kidney function to traditional estimation tools improves prediction of these events in a diverse cohort of patients with CKD.

Study Design: Observational cohort study. Read More

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December 2018

Nutrition and Cardiovascular Health.

Int J Mol Sci 2018 Dec 11;19(12). Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Clinic, Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), University of Barcelona, Villarroel, 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in Western countries, representing almost 30% of all deaths worldwide. Evidence shows the effectiveness of healthy dietary patterns and lifestyles for the prevention of CVD. Furthermore, the rising incidence of CVD over the last 25 years has become a public health priority, especially the prevention of CVD (or cardiovascular events) through lifestyle interventions. Read More

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December 2018

Studies on Silver Ions Releasing Processes and Mechanical Properties of Surface-Modified Titanium Alloy Implants.

Int J Mol Sci 2018 Dec 9;19(12). Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Faculty of Chemistry, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Gagarina 7, 87-100 Toruń, Poland.

Dispersed silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) on the surface of titanium alloy (Ti6Al4V) and titanium alloy modified by titania nanotube layer (Ti6Al4V/TNT) substrates were produced by the chemical vapor deposition method (CVD) using a novel precursor of the formula [Ag₅(O₂CC₂F₅)₅(H₂O)₃]. The structure and volatile properties of this compound were determined using single crystal X-ray diffractometry, variable temperature IR spectrophotometry (VT IR), and electron inducted mass spectrometry (EI MS). The morphology and the structure of the produced Ti6Al4V/AgNPs and Ti6Al4V/TNT/AgNPs composites were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Read More

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December 2018

CVD Diamond Interaction with Fe at Elevated Temperatures.

Materials (Basel) 2018 Dec 10;11(12). Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Research School of High-Energy Physics, Tomsk Polytechnic University, Savinyh str. 2a, Tomsk 634050, Russia.

Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) diamond is a prospective thin film material for cutting tools applications due to the extreme combination of hardness, chemical inertness, and thermal conductivity. However, the CVD diamond cutting ability of ferrous materials is strongly limited due to its extreme affinity to iron, cobalt, or nickel. The diamond⁻iron interaction and the diffusion behavior in this system are not well studied and are believed to be similar to the graphite⁻iron mechanism. Read More

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December 2018

The higher serum endocan levels may be a risk factor for the onset of cardiovascular disease: A meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(49):e13407

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

Objective: Endothelial dysfunction was widely regarded as the initial lesion in the multifactorial pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Serum endocan, a novel endothelial dysfunction biochemical marker, is involved in the development of CVD. Here, we fulfilled a meta-analysis to evaluate the association between CVD and serum endocan levels. Read More

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December 2018
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The association between the change in directly measured cardiorespiratory fitness across time and mortality risk.

Prog Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana. Electronic address:

Background: The relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and mortality risk has typically been assessed using a single measurement, though some evidence suggests the change in CRF over time influences risk. This evidence is predominantly based on studies using estimated CRF (CRF). The strength of this relationship using change in directly measured CRF over time in apparently healthy men and women is not well understood. Read More

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December 2018

Bottom-Up Synthesis And Mechanical Behavior Of Refractory Coatings Made Of CNT-Hafnium Diboride Composites.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

We use aligned carbon nanotube (CNT) forests as scaffolds to deposit hafnium diboride (HfB2) and fabricate millimeter-thick ultra-high temperature composite coating. HfB2 has a melting temperature of 3250°C, which makes it an attractive candidate for applications requiring operation in extreme environments. Compared to typical refractory HfB2 processing, which requires temperatures exceeding 1500°C, we use conformal HfB2 chemical vapor deposition (CVD) to coat CNT forests at a low temperature of 200°C. Read More

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December 2018
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Therapeutic Cardiac Patches for Repairing the Myocardium.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Emory University and Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA.

The explosion of stem cell research in the past several years has made its presence known in the field of cardiology and has been recently tasked with solving one of the largest health problems to afflict humanity: cardiovascular disease (CVD). Although stem cell therapy has shown glimmers of promise, significant problems remain that need to be addressed if these therapies are to ever find true success. One way to achieve this success is to take engineering principles and apply them to fabricate engineered cardiac tissues, composed of the aforementioned therapeutic stem cells and biomaterials to bolster the tissue's reparative capacity. Read More

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December 2018

Current Trends of Cardiovascular Risk Determinants in Pakistan.

Cureus 2018 Oct 4;10(10):e3409. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Biochemistry, Quaid-I-Azam University, Islamabad, PAK.

We carried out a case control study to determine the prevalence of various cardiovascular risk factors in a Pakistani population. A total of 835 patients (555 males and 280 females) and 794 control subjects (486 males and 308 females) were recruited in this study. Patients with documented history of coronary artery disease (CAD) were included. Read More

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October 2018

The Impact of Weight Gain During HIV Treatment on Risk of Pre-diabetes, Diabetes Mellitus, Cardiovascular Disease, and Mortality.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2018 27;9:705. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Endocrinology, St Vincent's Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Since the introduction of combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) and more effective treatments for AIDS, there has been a dramatic shift from the weight loss and wasting that characterised HIV/AIDS (and still does in countries where cART is not readily available or is initiated late) to healthy weight, or even overweight and obesity at rates mirroring those seen in the general population. These trends are attributable to several factors, including the "" weight gain with reversal of the catabolic effects of HIV-infection following cART-initiation, strategies for earlier cART-initiation in the course of HIV-infection which have prevented many people living with HIV-infection from developing wasting, in addition to exposure to the modern obesogenic environment. Older cART regimens were associated with increased risk of body fat partitioning disorders (lipodystrophy) and cardiometabolic complications including atherothrombotic cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes mellitus. Read More

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November 2018

Assessment of HDL Cholesterol Removal Capacity: Toward Clinical Application.

Authors:
Ryuji Toh

J Atheroscler Thromb 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Division of Evidence-based Laboratory Medicine, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine.

While there is a controversy regarding the causal relationship between high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and cardiovascular disease (CVD), recent studies have demonstrated that the cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC) of HDL is associated with the incidence of CVD. However, there are several limitations to current assays of CEC. First, CEC measurements are not instantly applicable in clinical settings, because CEC assay methods require radiolabeled cholesterol and cultured cells, and these procedures are time consuming. Read More

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December 2018

Older Adults' Reasons for Participating in an eHealth Prevention Trial: A Cross-Country, Mixed-Methods Comparison.

J Am Med Dir Assoc 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

INSERM-University of Toulouse UMR1027, Toulouse, France; Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Toulouse University Hospital, Toulouse, France.

Objectives: To explore older adults' reasons for participating in a multinational eHealth prevention trial, and compare motivations between countries.

Design: Cross-sectional mixed methods research using quantitative and qualitative approaches (the ACCEPT-HATICE study).

Setting And Participants: Substudy conducted during the recruitment phase of an 18-month RCT testing the efficacy of an eHealth intervention for self-management of risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cognitive decline in older adults in Finland, France, and the Netherlands. Read More

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December 2018

Role of pyroptosis in cardiovascular disease.

Cell Prolif 2018 Dec 7:e12563. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Yueyang Maternal and Child Health Hospital, Yueyang, China.

Cardiac function is determined by the dynamic equilibrium of various cell types and the extracellular matrix that composes the heart. Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), especially atherosclerosis and myocardial infarction, are often accompanied by cell death and acute/chronic inflammatory reactions. Caspase-dependent pyroptosis is characterized by the activation of pathways leading to the activation of NOD-like receptors, especially the NLRP3 inflammasome and its downstream effector inflammatory factors interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-18. Read More

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December 2018

Phenolic-Rich Modulates Inflammatory Biomarkers of Atherosclerosis.

J Nutr Metab 2018 5;2018:8406193. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan Campus, Kuantan, Malaysia.

Purpose: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading and the most critical type of chronic disease. Atherosclerosis is the most common cause of CVD. Inflammation has been progressively acknowledged as a vital and central player in the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis. Read More

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November 2018

The reproducibility of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging measures of aortic stiffness and their relationship to cardiac structure in prevalent haemodialysis patients.

Clin Kidney J 2018 Dec 21;11(6):864-873. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK.

Background: Aortic stiffness is one of the earliest signs of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients with chronic kidney disease and an independent predictor of mortality. It is thought to drive left ventricular (LV) remodelling, an established biomarker for mortality. The relationship between direct and indirect measures of aortic stiffness and LV remodelling is not defined in dialysis patients, nor are the reproducibility of methods used to assess aortic stiffness using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging. Read More

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December 2018

MEH-PPV photophysics: insights from the influence of a nearby 2D quencher.

Nanotechnology 2019 Feb;30(6):065702

Dept of Electrical Engineering, Yuan Ze University, Chung-Li, Taoyuan City, Taiwan.

The effect of 2D quenching on single chain photophysics was investigated by spin coating 13 nm thick films of polystyrene lightly doped with MEH-PPV onto CVD grown graphene and observing the changes in several photoluminescent (PL) observables. With 99% of the PL quenched, we found a 60% drop in the PL lifetime, along with a significant blue-shift of the PL emission due to the preferential quenching of emission at longer wavelengths. During photo-bleaching, the blue spectral shift observed for isolated polymers was eliminated in the presence of the quencher up until 70% of the polymer was photo-bleached. Read More

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February 2019

NO2 gas sensor based on graphene decorated with Ge quantum dots.

Nanotechnology 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, CHINA.

We report a highly sensitive and selective NO2 gas sensor based on germanium (Ge) quantum dots (GeQDs)/graphene hybrids. Graphene was directly grown on germanium through chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and the GeQDs were synthesized via molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). The samples were characterized by atomic force microscope (AFM), Raman spectra, scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscope (XPS), and transmission electron microscope (TEM) with Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX). Read More

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November 2018

Recent progress in synthesis, properties and applications of hexagonal boron nitride based heterostructures.

Nanotechnology 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Key Lab of Semiconductor Materials Science, Institute of Semiconductors, CAS, P.O. Box 912, Beijing, 100083, CHINA.

Featuring an absence of dangling bonds, large band gap, low dielectric constant, excellent chemical inertness, atomically thin hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) is considered as an ideal candidate for the integration with graphene and other 2D materials. During the past years, great efforts have been devoted to the research area of h-BN based heterostructures from fundamental study to practical applications. In this review, we summarize the recent progress in the synthesis, novel properties and potential applications of h-BN based heterostructures, especially the synthesis technique. Read More

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November 2018

'Corrigendum: Role of Ni2+(d8) ions in electrical, optical and magnetic properties of CdS nanowires for optoelectronic and spintronic applications (2018 Nanotechnology 29 265602)'.

Nanotechnology 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Physics, Majmaah University, Al Majma'ah, SAUDI ARABIA.

For the first time, 1D Ni ions doped CdS nanowires (NWs) were synthesized via chemical vapour deposition (CVD). The synthesized Cd0.886Ni0. Read More

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November 2018

Pathophysiological mechanisms of mineralocorticoid receptor-dependent cardiovascular and chronic kidney disease.

Authors:
Akira Nishiyama

Hypertens Res 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Kagawa University, 1750-1Ikenobe, Miki-cho, Kita-gun, Kagawa, 761-0793, Japan.

Accumulating evidence has indicated the potential contributions of aldosterone and mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) to the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). Patients with primary aldosteronism have a higher risk of CVD and CKD than those with essential hypertension. MR is strongly expressed in endothelial cells, vascular smooth muscle cells, cardiomyocytes, fibroblasts, macrophages, glomerular mesangial cells, podocytes, and proximal tubular cells. Read More

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December 2018

Clinical relevance of different handgrip strength indexes and cardiovascular disease risk factors: A cross-sectional study in suburb-dwelling elderly Chinese.

J Formos Med Assoc 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, TEDA International Cardiovascular Hospital, Cardiovascular Clinical College of Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China; Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China. Electronic address:

Background: Reduced muscle strength, as measured by handgrip strength (HS), has been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The aim of this study was to examine the association between different HS indexes and CVD risk factors in elderly Chinese individuals. We also determine optimal cutoffs of HS indexes for predicting CVD risk factors. Read More

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December 2018

[Prevalence and risk factors of sub-renal abdominal aortic aneurysm in an Algerian population aged over 60].

J Med Vasc 2018 Dec 26;43(6):361-368. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Service de médecine interne, CHU Beni-Messous, Alger, Algérie.

Introduction: The prevalence of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in the general population in our country is not known, our aim was to evaluate it in patients over 60 years of age, to specify the risk factors and to evaluate the extension of aneurysmal disease and multisite subclinical atherosclerosis.

Methods: Descriptive, transversal, study collecting the data of a systematic ultrasound screening of sub-renal AAA in subjects receiving care in two Algerian hospital structures. Epidemiological data, AAA risk factors, cardiovascular disease risk factors (CVD RF) and the personal history (cardiovascular diseases, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) and family history of AAA were collected during the screening. Read More

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December 2018

Reprint of: Blood Sugar Regulation for Cardiovascular Health Promotion and Disease Prevention: JACC Health Promotion Series.

J Am Coll Cardiol 2018 Dec;72(23 Pt B):3071-3086

Division of Vascular Endothelium and Microcirculation, Department of Medicine III, University Hospital and Faculty of Medicine, Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany.

The primary objective of this study was to analyze the most up-to-date evidence regarding whether and how blood sugar regulation influences cardiovascular health promotion and disease prevention by carrying out an umbrella review. Three separate, systematic literature searches identified 2,343 papers in total. Overall, 44 studies were included for data extraction and analysis. Read More

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December 2018

Reprint of: Prevention and Treatment of Tobacco Use: JACC Health Promotion Series.

J Am Coll Cardiol 2018 Dec;72(23 Pt B):2964-2979

Tobacco Research and Treatment Center, Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts. Electronic address:

Tobacco use is the leading preventable cause of death worldwide and is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Both prevention of smoking initiation among youth and smoking cessation among established smokers are key for reducing smoking prevalence and the associated negative health consequences. Proven tobacco cessation treatment includes pharmacotherapy and behavioral support, which are most effective when provided together. Read More

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December 2018

The Association Between Intimate Partner Violence and 30-Year Cardiovascular Disease Risk Among Young Adult Women.

J Interpers Violence 2018 Dec 7:886260518816324. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

1 University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA.

Intimate partner violence (IPV), the physical, sexual, psychological abuse or control by a former or current intimate partner, affects almost one third of women in the United States. IPV exposure can result in many negative outcomes including physical injury, increased stress, and depression. Currently, there is a growing body of literature examining the link between IPV victimization and poor heart health. Read More

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December 2018

Examining associations between physical activity and cardiovascular mortality using negative control outcomes.

Int J Epidemiol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Charles Perkins Centre, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Background: The purpose of a negative control is to reproduce a condition that cannot involve the hypothesized causal mechanism, but does involve the same sources of bias and confounding that may distort the primary association of interest. Observational studies suggest physical inactivity is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), although potential sources of bias, including reverse causation and residual confounding, make it difficult to infer causality. The aim was to employ a negative control outcome to explore the extent to which the association between physical activity and CVD mortality is explained by confounding. Read More

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December 2018

Cardiovascular disease risk in patients with hepatitis C infection: Results from two general population health surveys in Canada and the United States (2007-2017).

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0208839. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

The role of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in increasing the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is controversial. The objective of the present study is to estimate the 10-year risk of CVD in HCV- positive subjects and describe their profile of cardiometabolic risk markers compared to HCV-negative subjects. We conducted a cross-sectional study to estimate 10-year CVD risk, calculated using the Framingham Risk Score (FRS), in participants from the Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS; 2007-2015, n = 10,115) and the US-National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES; 2007-2016, n = 16,668). Read More

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December 2018
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Potential Applications of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells for Cardiovascular Diseases.

Curr Drug Targets 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150086, China; and Department of Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy, Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150081. China.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the number one killer of human beings which has long become the disease with the highest incidence and disability rate in modern society. Currently induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), with the potential to form fresh myocardium and better safety than other stem cells, are widely used in the CVD therapy studies. Moreover, iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes (CMs), as a novel disease model, appear to play an important role in new drug screening, drug safety assessment, and pathological mechanisms of disease. Read More

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December 2018

Diastolic dysfunction in rheumatoid arthritis patients with low disease activity.

Clin Rheumatol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Rheumatology and Connective Tissue Diseases, Medical University of Lublin, Ul. Jaczewskiego 8, 20-950, Lublin, Poland.

Introduction/objectives: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are at increased risk for congestive heart failure (CHF) and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD), as compared to the general population. High disease activity is to be associated with higher incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD), CHF, and mortality in RA patients. LVDD is not anticipated in RA patients without CVD symptoms and may be underdiagnosed especially in those with low disease activity. Read More

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December 2018
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Wnt/β-catenin in ischemic myocardium: interactions and signaling pathways as a therapeutic target.

Heart Fail Rev 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of biochemistry and hematology, faculty of medicine, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is still a factor of mortality in the whole world. Through canonical and noncanonical pathways and with different receptors, the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway plays an essential role in response to heart injuries. Wnt regulates the mobilization and proliferation of cells in endothelium and epicardium in an infarcted heart. Read More

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December 2018