87 results match your criteria CNS Causes of Vertigo


Trichosporon inkin meningitis in Northeast Brazil: first case report and review of the literature.

BMC Infect Dis 2018 Sep 18;18(1):470. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Laboratório de Micologia Médica e Molecular, Departamento de Análises Clínicas e Toxicológicas, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Rua Gal. Gustavo Cordeiro de Faria S/N, Petrópolis, Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil.

Background: Trichosporon species may colonize the skin, respiratory tract and gastrointestinal tract of human beings. The yeast is recognized as etiological agent of white piedra, a superficial mycosis. Nevertheless, immunocompromised hosts may develop invasive Trichosporonosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-018-3363-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6145100PMC
September 2018
1 Read

Elevated visual dependency in young adults after chemotherapy in childhood.

PLoS One 2018 21;13(2):e0193075. Epub 2018 Feb 21.

Department of Pediatrics, Skåne University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.

Chemotherapy in childhood can result in long-term neurophysiological side-effects, which could extend to visual processing, specifically the degree to which a person relies on vision to determine vertical and horizontal (visual dependency). We investigated whether adults treated with chemotherapy in childhood experience elevated visual dependency compared to controls and whether any difference is associated with the age at which subjects were treated. Visual dependency was measured in 23 subjects (mean age 25. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0193075PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5821353PMC
May 2018
1 Read

Parasympathetic nervous system involvement in food allergy: description of a paediatric case.

J Biol Regul Homeost Agents 2016 Oct-Dec;30(4):1137-1140

Paediatric Operative Unit and Acute and Emergency, Vittorio-Emanuele University Hospital, University of Catania, Italy.

The latest research data emphasize the interaction between the nervous and the immune systems. It has been demonstrated that the central nervous system (CNS) can be involved secondarily due to blood brain barrier (BBB) disruption via pro-inflammatory cytokines released in allergy. More recently it was demonstrated that the parasympathetic nervous system (PNS) could also be equally involved in models of peripheral inflammation such as food allergy; although this last clinical presentation has rarely been described. Read More

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March 2017
3 Reads

Subcutaneous melanocytoma mimicking a lipoma: a rare presentation of a rare neoplasm with histological, immunohistochemical, cytogenetic and molecular characterization.

J Cutan Pathol 2016 Dec 27;43(12):1186-1196. Epub 2016 Sep 27.

Department of Pathology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA.

Melanocytoma are the melanocytic tumors originating from leptomeningeal melanocytes. Melanocytomas are commonly seen in the central nervous system (CNS) and are often associated with neurocutaneous melanosis (NCM). However, simultaneous presentation of intra-axial and extracranial melanocytoma is a very rare event. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cup.12808DOI Listing
December 2016
21 Reads

Stroke risk stratification in acute dizziness presentations: A prospective imaging-based study.

Neurology 2015 Nov 28;85(21):1869-78. Epub 2015 Oct 28.

From the Stroke Program (K.A.K., W.J.M., D.L.B., J.F.B., E.E.A., L.B.M.) and Departments of Neurology (K.A.K., W.J.M., D.L.B., J.F.B., E.E.A., L.B.M.), Emergency Medicine (W.J.M.), Internal Medicine (T.P.H., A.M.F.), and Radiology (E.G.H.), University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor; and Department of Biostatistics (A.T.), University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor.

Objective: To estimate the ability of bedside information to risk stratify stroke in acute dizziness presentations.

Methods: Surveillance methods were used to identify patients with acute dizziness and nystagmus or imbalance, excluding those with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, medical causes, or moderate to severe neurologic deficits. Stroke was defined as acute infarction or intracerebral hemorrhage on a clinical or research MRI performed within 14 days of dizziness onset. Read More

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http://www.neurology.org/content/85/21/1869.full.pdf
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http://www.neurology.org/cgi/doi/10.1212/WNL.000000000000214
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000002141DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4662702PMC
November 2015
7 Reads

Posterior fossa mass in immunosuppressed patient.

Bull Soc Sci Med Grand Duche Luxemb 2014 (3):25-30

Centre Hospitalier de Luxembourg.

Background: Toxoplasmosis is the most frequent opportunistic infection of the central nervous system among individuals with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Radiographic modalities include brain CT, MRI and PET scan. The differential diagnosis are usually: primary CNS lymphoma, cerebral metastasis, Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, cytomegalovirus. Read More

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February 2015
3 Reads

CNS-disease affecting the heart: brain-heart disorders.

J Neurol Sci 2014 Oct 8;345(1-2):8-14. Epub 2014 Jul 8.

Paris-Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cite University, 75006 Paris, France; AP-HP, Cardiology Department, Cochin Hospital, Paris, France; AP-HP, Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital, Neurology Department, Paris, France.

There are a number of hereditary and non-hereditary central nervous system (CNS) disorders, which directly or indirectly affect the heart (brain-heart disorders). The most well-known of these CNS-disorders are epilepsy, stroke, subarachanoid bleeding, bacterial meningitis, and head injury. In addition, a number of hereditary and non-hereditary neurodegenerative disorders may impair cardiac functions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jns.2014.07.003DOI Listing
October 2014
34 Reads

Paraneoplastic neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder associated with stomach carcinoid tumor.

Hematol Oncol Stem Cell Ther 2014 Sep 20;7(3):116-9. Epub 2014 Jun 20.

King Khalid Medical City for Human Health Research, King Fahad Specialist Hospital, 6830 Ammar Bin Thabit St, Al Muraikabat, Dammam 32253-3202, Saudi Arabia.

Neuromyelitis optica (NMO), or Devic's syndrome, is an autoimmune central nervous system demyelinating disorder primarily affecting the spinal cord and the optic nerves. It is characterized by the presence of NMO antibodies, alongside clinical and radiological findings. NMO and NMO-spectrum disorders (NMO-SD) have been reported in autoimmune disorders, and are infrequently described as a paraneoplastic syndrome with cancers of lung, breast, and carcinoid tumors of the thyroid. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hemonc.2014.06.001DOI Listing
September 2014
2 Reads

Primary EBV-positive Hodgkin's lymphoma of the CNS under azathioprine treatment: case report and review of the literature.

Strahlenther Onkol 2014 Sep 14;190(9):847-52. Epub 2014 May 14.

Klinik für Strahlentherapie und Spezielle Onkologie, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Hannover, Germany.

Background: Retrospective and prospective cohort studies suggest that central nervous system involvement occurs in approximately 0.5% of patients with advanced Hodgkin's lymphoma. The isolated primary intracranial manifestation of Hodgkin's lymphoma is an extremely rare finding, with few cases reported in the literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00066-014-0670-9DOI Listing
September 2014
15 Reads

Neurology and diving.

Handb Clin Neurol 2014 ;120:959-69

Departments of Anesthesiology and Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA.

Diving exposes a person to the combined effects of increased ambient pressure and immersion. The reduction in pressure when surfacing can precipitate decompression sickness (DCS), caused by bubble formation within tissues due to inert gas supersaturation. Arterial gas embolism (AGE) can also occur due to pulmonary barotrauma as a result of breath holding during ascent or gas trapping due to disease, causing lung hyperexpansion, rupture and direct entry of alveolar gas into the blood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-7020-4087-0.00063-2DOI Listing
April 2014
3 Reads

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs exposure and the central nervous system.

Handb Clin Neurol 2014 ;119:577-84

Department of Neurology, Tel-Aviv University, Ramat-Aviv, Israel. Electronic address:

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are among the most commonly used agents in clinical practice. They are employed as anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antipyretic agents for a wide spectrum of clinical conditions. Their anti-inflammatory properties are primarily due to inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis. Read More

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http://www.jneurosci.org/content/27/15/4154.full.pdf
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http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/B978070204086300
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-7020-4086-3.00038-2DOI Listing
April 2014
11 Reads

GABA-B-receptor antibodies in paraneoplastic brainstem encephalitis.

J Neuroimmunol 2013 Jun 28;259(1-2):88-91. Epub 2013 Apr 28.

Department of Neurology, University Hospital Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 400, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.

Background: Gamma-aminobutyric-acid B (GABA-B)-receptor encephalitis represents a novel entity among autoimmune CNS disorders. Most cases are characterised by limbic encephalitis.

Case Report: A 63-year-old patient presented with acute vertigo, nausea and vomiting, facial palsy and dysarthria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jneuroim.2013.04.004DOI Listing
June 2013
1 Read

A 63 year old woman with white matter lesions and pachymeningeal inflammation.

Brain Pathol 2013 Mar;23(2):225-8

Neurological Institute of New York, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.

We describe the case of a 63-year-old woman with CNS Rosai-Dorfman disease, presenting with diffuse dural infiltration, mimicking idiopathic hypertrophic pachymeningitis, and right vertebral artery dissection. Her symptoms included a progressive 11-month history of vertigo, gait ataxia, and right thalamic stroke. A diagnosis of CNS Rosai-Dorfman disease was made following open dural biopsy, and later confirmed on autopsy studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bpa.12034DOI Listing
March 2013
6 Reads

Management of vestibular schwannoma: focus on vertigo.

CNS Oncol 2013 Jan;2(1):99-104

Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California at San Francisco, 505 Parnassus Avenue, Room L-08 (Box 0226), San Francisco, CA 94143-0226, USA.

This article reviews published literature on vertigo and a 'sense of imbalance' affecting patients who are treated with radiosurgery (RS) for vestibular schwannoma. This is a relatively understudied complaint, along with tinnitus, in this patient population, despite its significant impact on quality of life. It is also a symptom that is most inconsistently impacted by either RS or surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2217/cns.12.30DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6169458PMC
January 2013
2 Reads

Rate and predictors of serious neurologic causes of dizziness in the emergency department.

Mayo Clin Proc 2012 Nov 12;87(11):1080-8. Epub 2012 Oct 12.

Department of Neurology and Neuroscience, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, USA.

Objective: To describe the rate and predictors of central nervous system (CNS) disease in emergency department (ED) patients with dizziness in the modern era of neuroimaging.

Patients And Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all adults presenting between January 1, 2007, and December 31, 2009, to an academic ED for a primary triage complaint of dizziness, vertigo, or imbalance. The final diagnosis for the cause of dizziness was independently assigned by 2 neurologists, with a third neurologist resolving any disagreements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mayocp.2012.05.023DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3541873PMC
November 2012
2 Reads

Positional dizziness.

Authors:
Terry D Fife

Continuum (Minneap Minn) 2012 Oct;18(5 Neuro-otology):1060-85

Barrow Neurological Institute, 240 West Thomas Road, Suite 301, Phoenix, Arizona 85013, USA.

Purpose: This article reviews the most common conditions that are caused by changes in head or body positions. Practical clinical methods to help distinguish vestibular from nonvestibular and central from peripheral vestibular positional dizziness are discussed. This article also reviews the treatment methods of selected canal variants of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Read More

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https://insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00132979-201210000-000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1212/01.CON.0000418376.80099.24DOI Listing
October 2012
2 Reads

Primary cerebellopontine angle melanoma: a case report and review.

Turk Neurosurg 2012 ;22(4):469-74

Calicut Medical College, Department of General Surgery, Calicut, India.

Primary melanomas at the cerebellopontine (CP) angle are extremely rare and considered a diagnostic dilemma. With only 16 prior cases reported so far, there is not enough material in world literature. We report a 29-year-old male who presented with vertigo, headache and features of lower cranial nerve involvement with MRI revealing a melanotic lesion at CP angle. Read More

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http://www.turkishneurosurgery.org.tr/summary_en_doi.php3?do
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.3632-10.2DOI Listing
December 2012
3 Reads

Solitary fibrous tumor of the tentorium: a case report.

Turk Neurosurg 2012 ;22(4):454-7

Government Medical College, Department of Neurosurgery, Kerala, India.

The authors describe the clinical and pathological features of a solitary fibrous tumor of the tentorium, a rare location for the tumor in the CNS. A 52-year-old lady presented to the neurosurgical services with headache of four months and vertigo of one and a half months duration. On examination, she had left-sided cerebellar signs and bilateral papilloedema. Read More

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http://www.turkishneurosurgery.org.tr/summary_en_doi.php3?do
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.3223-10.2DOI Listing
December 2012
4 Reads

Neuronal P/Q-type calcium channel dysfunction in inherited disorders of the CNS.

Nat Rev Neurol 2012 Jan 17;8(2):86-96. Epub 2012 Jan 17.

Medical Research Council Center for Neuromuscular Diseases, Box 102, National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK.

The past two decades have witnessed the emergence of a new and expanding field of neurological diseases--the genetic ion channelopathies. These disorders arise from mutations in genes that encode ion channel subunits, and manifest as paroxysmal attacks involving the brain or spinal cord, and/or muscle. The voltage-gated P/Q-type calcium channel (P/Q channel) is highly expressed in the cerebellum, hippocampus and cortex of the mammalian brain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nrneurol.2011.228DOI Listing
January 2012
3 Reads

Isolated cerebellar intraparenchymal Rosai-Dorfman disease--case report and review of literature.

Br J Neurosurg 2011 Apr 23;25(2):292-6. Epub 2011 Feb 23.

Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital Sisters of charity, Vinogradska 29, Zagreb, 10000, Croatia.

Background: Rosai-Dorfman disease (sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy) rarely affects intracranial structures without involvement of other sites. We herein review the tumour characteristics, differential diagnosis and treatment policy of this rare disease.

Method: We conducted a PUBMED search using a combination of words 'Rosai-Dorfman disease', 'Central nervous system', and identified 42 cases of such a disease infecting exclusively central nervous system. Read More

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http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/02688697.2010.54
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/02688697.2010.546899DOI Listing
April 2011
6 Reads

Rosette-forming glioneuronal tumor: a pineal region case with IDH1 and IDH2 mutation analyses and literature review of 43 cases.

J Neurooncol 2011 May 25;102(3):477-84. Epub 2010 Sep 25.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Section of Neuropathology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Rosette-forming glioneuronal tumor (RGNT) of the fourth ventricle is a mixed glio-neuronal neoplasm recently codified by the World Health Organization WHO Classification of Central Nervous System (CNS) Tumors (2007). To date, 43 cases have been described in the literature; most occurring in the fourth ventricle region. We report the fourth case involving the pineal region in a 16-year-old female with signs of increased intracranial pressure (ICP). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11060-010-0335-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3089723PMC
May 2011
5 Reads

Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma presenting with multiple cranial nerve deficits.

Authors:
Scott Anthony

Optometry 2010 Oct 14;81(10):510-5. Epub 2010 Aug 14.

Louis Stokes Cleveland Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, USA.

Background: Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) is a neoplastic disease that originates in the lymphatic system but has the potential to disseminate to the central nervous system (CNS), known as secondary CNS lymphoma (SCNSL). SCNSL most commonly involves the leptomeninges and often presents with multiple cranial nerve signs.

Case Report: A 50-year-old black male presented to the clinic with complaints of vertigo and decreased vision in the left eye. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.optm.2010.01.011DOI Listing
October 2010
2 Reads

Auditory function in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus.

Auris Nasus Larynx 2011 Feb 23;38(1):26-32. Epub 2010 Jun 23.

Department of Otolaryngology, Medical University of Lodz, Barlicki University Hospital, Poland.

Objective: Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) may develop hearing and balance disorders as a result of the immune-mediated inner ear damage due to vasculitis or ototoxicity of drugs used in SLE treatment. The aim of the study was evaluation of the hearing organ disorders in patients with SLE with particular regard to their prevalence and relationship to duration and severity of disease. The severity was assessed from involvement of organs that resulted in poorer SLE outcome, i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anl.2010.04.008DOI Listing
February 2011
3 Reads

[CNS dysfunction as symptom of internal disease].

Internist (Berl) 2010 Apr;51(4):433-41

Neurologische Klinik, Katholisches Klinikum gGmbH Marienhof und Brüderhaus, Kardinal-Krementz-Strasse 1-5, 56073 Koblenz.

Patients with symptoms and signs of central nervous system dysfunction frequently present to outpatient clinics and emergency departments. Disturbances of consciousness and cognition, headache, vertigo, dizziness or light-headedness, seizures, hemiparesis or hemisensory deficits, and other motor dysfunctions may be due to diseases of internal medicine in up to 50% of cases apart from exclusively neurological diseases. A neurological syndrome oriented analysis of each clinical case allows the exact differential diagnosis of the causes of the disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00108-009-2450-7DOI Listing
April 2010
1 Read

Double step paraneoplastic brainstem encephalitis: a clinicopathological study.

J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2009 Jun;80(6):693-5

Department of Neuroscience, University of Turin, Via Cherasco 15, 10126 Turin, Italy.

A case of brainstem encephalitis in a man positive for both anti-Hu and anti-Ri antibodies is reported. This case had an unusual double step evolution and progressive involvement of different CNS subdivisions at MRI. Brainstem encephalitis developed abruptly, mimicking a posterior vascular deficit with vertigo and dizziness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jnnp.2008.145961DOI Listing
June 2009
2 Reads

Positional and positioning down-beating nystagmus without central nervous system findings.

Auris Nasus Larynx 2009 Dec 26;36(6):698-701. Epub 2009 Apr 26.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Tokyo Medical University, Japan.

We report the clinical features of 4 cases with positional or positioning down-beating nystagmus in a head-hanging or supine position without any obvious central nervous system disorder. The 4 cases had some findings in common. There were no abnormal findings on neurological tests or brain MRI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anl.2009.04.001DOI Listing
December 2009
2 Reads

Electronystagmography in migraine equivalent syndrome.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2009 Apr;140(4):566-72

ENT Department, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy.

Objectives: The aim of the study was to determine the efficacy of electronystagmography testing in the diagnosis of vertigo in children with migraine equivalent syndrome.

Study Design: The investigation included 20 children with "migraine equivalent syndrome" (group A), characterized by benign paroxysmal vertigo of childhood. As a control group, 50 healthy children were identified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otohns.2008.12.024DOI Listing
April 2009
2 Reads

[The type of involvement of the nervous system in multiple sclerosis in children and adolescents].

Przegl Lek 2008 ;65(11):789-94

Katedra Neurologii Dzieci i Młodziezy i Klinika Neurologii Dzieciecej, Uniwersytet Jagielloński Collegium Medicum, Kraków.

Introduction: The multiple sclerosis (MS) is characterized by variable clinical symptomatology, neuroradiological changes and neuropathological features, what influence the variable course of disease.

The Aim: It was to describe the type of nervous system involvement in children with MS, considering the clinical manifestation and neuroradiological changes.

Material And Methods: 9 children with multiple sclerosis hospitalized in the Department of Pediatric Neurology Chair of Pediatric and Adolescent Neurology, in 2006 and 2007 year were included. Read More

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March 2009
6 Reads

Risks for central nervous system diseases among mobile phone subscribers: a Danish retrospective cohort study.

PLoS One 2009 5;4(2):e4389. Epub 2009 Feb 5.

Institute of Cancer Epidemiology, Danish Cancer Society, Copenhagen, Denmark.

The aim of this study was to investigate a possible link between cellular telephone use and risks for various diseases of the central nervous system (CNS). We conducted a large nationwide cohort study of 420 095 persons whose first cellular telephone subscription was between 1982 and 1995, who were followed through 2003 for hospital contacts for a diagnosis of a CNS disorder. Standardized hospitalization ratios (SHRs) were derived by dividing the number of hospital contacts in the cohort by the number expected in the Danish population. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0004389PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2632742PMC
April 2009
1 Read

[Causes and diagnostics of dizziness of central origin in children].

Przegl Lek 2009 ;66(11):983-7

Katedra Neurologii Dzieci i Młodziezy UJ CM Uniwersytet Jagiell. Coll. Med., Kraków.

Dizziness and vertigo are symptoms caused by several etiological factors, they are result of general diseases, within anemia. They are associated with several diseases of the organ of hearing and balance, which are under laryngological care, and one of most important tests to distinguish vertigo of central and peripheral origin is videonystagmography. Several diseases of the central nervous system cause instability of posture and gait. Read More

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April 2010
1 Read

Clinical practice guideline: benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2008 Nov;139(5 Suppl 4):S47-81

Brigham & Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA.

Objectives: This guideline provides evidence-based recommendations on managing benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), which is the most common vestibular disorder in adults, with a lifetime prevalence of 2.4 percent. The guideline targets patients aged 18 years or older with a potential diagnosis of BPPV, evaluated in any setting in which an adult with BPPV would be identified, monitored, or managed. Read More

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http://www.aafp.org/dam/AAFP/documents/patient_care/clinical
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http://oto.sagepub.com/content/139/5_suppl/S47.full.pdf+html
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http://oto.sagepub.com/lookup/doi/10.1016/j.otohns.2008.08.0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otohns.2008.08.022DOI Listing
November 2008
66 Reads

Diffuse leukoencephalopathy and brain edema: unusual presentations of CNS relapse of acute myeloid leukemia.

J Neuroimaging 2010 Apr 27;20(2):198-200. Epub 2009 Sep 27.

Department of Gastroenterology, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Charité, Berlin, Germany.

An isolated CNS relapse is rarely seen in acute myeloid leukemia. However, it has a potentially fatal clinical outcome. We herein present the case of a 39-year-old man, who presented to our emergency room with horizontal diplopic images, vertigo, bilateral deafness, and progressing somnolence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1552-6569.2008.00300.xDOI Listing
April 2010
1 Read

Levofloxacin-induced delirium with psychotic features.

Gen Hosp Psychiatry 2008 Jul-Aug;30(4):381-3

Department of Internal Medicine, Greater Baltimore Medical Center, Baltimore, MD 21204, USA.

Objective: To raise awareness of a rare but serious adverse effect of a commonly used medication.

Method: Report of a case.

Results: A previously healthy 42-year-old woman presented with acute-onset delirium with psychotic features as a consequence of levofloxacin therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2007.11.003DOI Listing
September 2008
2 Reads

Bruns syndrome caused by intraventricular tumor.

Eur J Med Res 2008 Apr;13(4):179-81

Department of Neurology, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle (Saale), Germany.

The Bruns syndrome is an unusual phenomenon, characterized by attacks of sudden and severe headache, vomiting and vertigo, triggered by abrupt movement of the head. The presumptive cause of the Bruns syndrome is a mobile deformable intraventricular lesion leading to an episodic obstructive hydrocephalus resulted from an intermittent or positional CSF obstruction with elevation of intracranial pressure due to a ball-valve mechanism. Although the old neurological literature recognized tumors as well as neurocysticercosis as causes of the Bruns syndrome, during the last 60 years only intraventricular neurocysticercosis was reported to cause this symptom-complex. Read More

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April 2008
4 Reads

Bruns syndrome caused by intraventricular tumor.

Eur J Med Res 2007 Dec;12(12):582-4

Klinik für Neurologie, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Ernst-Grube-Str. 40, 06120 Halle (Saale), Germany.

The Bruns syndrome is an unusual phenomenon, characterized by attacks of sudden and severe headache, vomiting and vertigo, triggered by abrupt movement of the head. The presumptive cause of the Bruns syndrome is a mobile deformable intraventricular lesion leading to an episodic obstructive hydrocephalus resulted from an intermittent or positional CSF obstruction with elevation of intracranial pressure due to a ball-valve mechanism. Although the old neurological literature recognized tumors as well as neurocysticercosis as causes of the Bruns syndrome, during the last 60 years only intraventricular neurocysticercosis was reported to cause this symptom-complex. Read More

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December 2007
4 Reads

Brainstem lesions presenting with nausea and vomiting.

N Z Med J 2007 May 18;120(1254):U2532. Epub 2007 May 18.

Neurology Department, Wellington Hospital, Wellington.

Positional vomiting is an important alerting sign for the presence of a brainstem central nervous system (CNS) lesion. Failure to identify another cause of protracted vomiting should prompt consideration of a CNS cause. Read More

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May 2007
2 Reads

Recurrent headache as the main symptom of acquired cerebral toxoplasmosis in nonhuman immunodeficiency virus-infected subjects with no lymphadenopathy: the parasite may be responsible for the neurogenic inflammation postulated as a cause of different types of headaches.

Authors:
Joseph Prandota

Am J Ther 2007 Jan-Feb;14(1):63-105

Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University Medical School, Wroclaw, Poland.

Headache and/or migraine, a common problem in pediatrics and internal medicine, affect about 5% to 10% children and adolescents, and nearly 30% of middle-aged women. Headache is also one of the most common clinical manifestations of acquired Toxoplasma gondii infection of the central nervous system (CNS) in immunosuppressed subjects. We present 11 apparently nonhuman immunodeficiency virus-infected children aged 7 to 17 years (8 girls, 3 boys) and 1 adult woman with recurrent severe headaches in whom latent chronic CNS T. Read More

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https://insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00045391-200701000-000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.mjt.0000208272.42379.aaDOI Listing
April 2007
2 Reads

Meniere's disease may be caused by common intraosseous dental pathology--Diagnosis using the comparative compression sign.

Authors:
David Eidelman

Med Hypotheses 2007 8;68(2):389-92. Epub 2006 Sep 8.

Meniere's disease has been ascribed to a disturbance of the vestibular apparatus or its connections within the Central Nervous System. Several hypotheses have been advanced regarding its aetiopathogenesis, but treatments based on these hypotheses have often not produced the desired results. Two cases are described where common intraosseous pathology within the lower half of the functional face, i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mehy.2006.06.049DOI Listing
April 2007
4 Reads

Evaluation of toxicity of topiramate exposures reported to poison centers.

Hum Exp Toxicol 2005 Nov;24(11):591-5

Beverly Hospital, Northeast Health Systems, USA.

Published literature on the toxicity of a topiramate overdose is limited to case reports. This retrospective study of poison center data was performed to examine the severity of topiramate overdoses. Data on single substance exposures to topiramate reported to the American Association of Poison Control Centers (AAPCC) Toxic Exposure Surveillance System (TESS) in 2000 and 2001 were retrospectively analysed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1191/0960327105ht561oaDOI Listing
November 2005
1 Read

IFN-gamma determines distinct clinical outcomes in autoimmune encephalomyelitis.

J Immunol 2005 Feb;174(3):1416-23

Molecular Pathogenesis Program, Skirball Institute of Biomolecular Medicine, New York University Medical Center, New York, NY 10016, USA.

Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is an inflammatory disease of the CNS initiated by autoreactive CD4(+) T cells. EAE classically presents with a progressive ascending paralysis and is a model of multiple sclerosis that recapitulates some aspects of the disease. In this report we describe a mouse strain that spontaneously develops a severe, nonclassical form of EAE with 100% incidence. Read More

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February 2005
3 Reads

Balance disorders in the elderly and the benefit of balance exercise.

J Med Assoc Thai 2004 Oct;87(10):1225-33

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10700, Thailand.

Symptoms of balance disorders including 'unsteadiness', 'dizziness and vertigo' are common in the elderly and commonly found in general practice in medicine. There are many causes of balance disorders and vary from one person to another. Disorder of the internal ear or vestibular end-organ type is one cause. Read More

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October 2004
5 Reads

Post-traumatic vertigo.

Authors:
Jules M Friedman

Med Health R I 2004 Oct;87(10):296-300

Boston University School of Medicine, USA.

The vestibular-like symptoms that commonly follow head injury are most often due to one of a number of specific pathologies affecting vestibular, CNS or cervical structures. These pathologies can be readily identified in the majority of cases by appropriate testing in the examining room, and in vestibular function or neurodiagnosic laboratories. Whereas vestibular suppressants have a roll, they often delay recovery and have been supplanted as the mainstay of treatment in most cases by vestibular rehabilitation techniques. Read More

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October 2004
5 Reads

[Ototoxicity-related dysequilibrium].

J Pharm Belg 2004 ;59(3):83-90

Service d'Accueil des Urgences, Unité de Toxicologie Aiguë, Hôpital Erasme, ULB, Bruxelles.

Many substances may be the source of dizziness or transient equilibrium disturbances due to dysfunction of the CNS or to an impairment of visual or proprioceptive informations. Other agents are responsible for drop of arterial pressure by changing position, including antihypertensive drugs, alpha-blocking agents used in urology, antipsychotics, cyclic antidepressants, vasodilators and nitrates, dopaminergic antiparkinson drugs, sedatives, etc. Only drug with true ototoxic properties will be discussed here, namely substances that are able to damage the inner ear (cochlear or vestibular damage) or the VIIIth cranial nerve, causing impairment of equilibrium and/or (most often) hearing. Read More

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December 2004
4 Reads

Neurologic manifestations of Kanzaki disease.

Neurology 2004 May;62(9):1604-6

Department of Neurology and Geriatrics, Graduate School of Medicine and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima University, Japan.

We describe the neurologic findings in a patient with alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminidase deficiency (Kanzaki disease). Clinical and electrophysiologic studies revealed sensory-motor polyneuropathy, and sural nerve pathology showed decreased density of myelinated fibers with axonal degeneration. The patient had mildly impaired intellectual function with abnormal brain MRI and sensory-neuronal hearing impairment with repeated episodes of vertigo attacks. Read More

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May 2004
1 Read

Endoscope-assisted microsurgery for microvascular compression syndromes.

Neurosurgery 2004 Apr;54(4):876-81; discussion 881-3

Department of Neurosurgery, North Shore University Hospital, 865 Northern Boulevard, Great Neck, NY 11021, USA.

Objective: To discuss the results of endoscope-assisted surgery in microvascular decompression (MVD) of Cranial Nerves (CNs) V, VII, and VIII.

Methods: Neuroendoscopy was used as an adjunct to the surgical microscope in the MVD of the trigeminal (17 patients), facial (10 patients), and vestibulocochlear (1 patient) nerves in a series of 28 consecutive patients. After a standard microsurgical approach to CNs V, VII, and VIII, the endoscope was used to inspect all aspects of neural anatomy, to assess vascular compression, and to check the results of the decompression. Read More

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April 2004
2 Reads

Neuroradiological features of vertigo.

Neurol Sci 2004 Mar;25 Suppl 1:S20-3

Neuroradiology Department, Istituto Nazionale Neurologico "C. Besta", Via Celoria 11, Milan, Italy.

The diagnostic pathway in a patient with vertigo starts with the accurate evaluation of medical history followed by a general physical and neurological examination. This step can often lead to the identification of the correct cause of the disease or, at least, to a distinction between peripheral and central vertigo. Neuroradiological investigations have to be considered as elective diagnostic procedures and include: computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance (MR), MR angiography (MRA), angiography. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10072-004-0211-xDOI Listing
March 2004
1 Read

Complete molecular remission of chronic eosinophilic leukemia complicated by CNS disease after targeted therapy with imatinib.

Ann Hematol 2004 Jul 18;83(7):477-80. Epub 2004 Feb 18.

Department of Hematology/Oncology, Dr.-Horst-Schmidt-Kliniken GmbH, Wiesbaden, Germany.

Many cases of hypereosinophilia, formerly classified as hypereosinophilic syndrome, can now be characterized as chronic eosinophilic leukemia (CEL) based on the demonstration of characteristic genetic markers indicating clonality of hematopoiesis. Here we report on a 33-year-old male patient with central nervous system manifestations of CEL and an excellent response to low-dose imatinib (Glivec). Molecular analysis demonstrated a constitutive activation of the platelet-derived growth factor receptor-alpha (PDGFR-A) as the mechanism of responsiveness to imatinib. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00277-004-0845-z
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00277-004-0845-zDOI Listing
July 2004
7 Reads

Randomized, concentration-controlled trial of topiramate in refractory focal epilepsy.

Neurology 2003 Nov;61(9):1210-8

Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Aarhus University, Denmark.

Objective: To establish the concentration response of topiramate in patients with refractory focal epilepsy.

Methods: Sixty-five patients with more than eight seizures during an 8-week baseline were randomized to three prespecified plasma levels (low, 6 micromol/L [2 mg/L]; medium, 31 micromol/L [10.5 mg/L]; and high, 56 micromol/L [19 mg/L]). Read More

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November 2003
1 Read

Anti-Hu paraneoplastic syndrome presenting with brainstem-cerebellar symptoms and Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome.

Neuropathology 2003 Sep;23(3):230-8

Seiwa Memorial Hospital, Sapporo, Japan.

Paraneoplastic syndrome (PNS) with two distinct neurological features was reported in a 50-year-old man who presented initially with vertigo, ataxia, dysarthria, tremor, confusion, urinary retention and hypotension. Pulmonary X-ray findings, class IIIb sputum cytology, and positive anti-Hu antibody established the diagnosis of PNS associated with small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). Two cycles of combined chemotherapy resulted in shrinkage of the lung tumor together with complete recovery of neurological symptoms and disappearance of anti-Hu antibody. Read More

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September 2003
2 Reads

Systemic lupus erythematosus with presentation as vertigo and vertical nystagmus: report of one case.

Acta Paediatr Taiwan 2003 May-Jun;44(3):158-60

Department of Pediatrics, National Taiwan University Hospital, No. 7, Chung-Shan South Road, Taipei 100, Taiwan.

An 11-year-old boy suffered from fever, headache, severe vertigo and unsteady gait. Physical examination showed bilateral vertical nystagmus, mild corneal reflex delay of the right eye and asymmetric facial expression. Laboratory data showed leukopenia, high ESR and normal CSF study. Read More

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November 2003
1 Read