112,026 results match your criteria Business Ethics-a European Review[Journal]


Billed and Paid Amounts for Preventive Procedures in Dental Medicaid.

JDR Clin Trans Res 2019 Apr 23:2380084419842533. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

4 Department of Clinical Services, School of Dentistry, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI, USA.

Objective: To examine trends and variations in billed and paid amounts for preventive dental procedures by race/ethnicity, age, and sex in Wisconsin dental Medicaid.

Methods: We analyzed data from the 2001 to 2013 Wisconsin Medicaid claims database for preventive dental procedures for children and adults. Billed and paid amounts for preventive dental procedures were aggregated over a visit and adjusted for inflation based on the Medical Care Consumer Price Index produced by the Bureau of Labor Statistics for 2013. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/2380084419842533
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2380084419842533DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The CSS-12: Development and Validation of a Short-Form Version of the Cyberchondria Severity Scale.

Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

3 School of Psychology and Psychology Research Institute, Ulster University, Londonderry, United Kingdom.

Cyberchondria is defined as an increase in anxiety about one's health status as a result of excessive online searches. McElroy and Shevlin (2014) developed the first multidimensional, self-report measure of this construct-the Cyberchondria Severity Scale (CSS). The CSS consists of 33 items which can be summed to form a total score, and/or 5 subscale scores. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2018.0624DOI Listing

Stochastic block models: A comparison of variants and inference methods.

PLoS One 2019 23;14(4):e0215296. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Production Systems and Logistic Systems, BIBA - Bremer Institut für Produktion und Logistik GmbH at the University of Bremen, Bremen, Bremen, Germany.

Finding communities in complex networks is a challenging task and one promising approach is the Stochastic Block Model (SBM). But the influences from various fields led to a diversity of variants and inference methods. Therefore, a comparison of the existing techniques and an independent analysis of their capabilities and weaknesses is needed. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215296PLOS

Knowledge and expertise in care practices: the role of the peer worker in mental health teams.

Sociol Health Illn 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Population Health Research Institute, St George's University of London, London, UK.

Our research examines how different forms of knowledge and expertise are increasingly important in caring for people experiencing mental illness. We build on theoretical developments regarding multiple ontologies of knowing about illness. We examine how experiential knowledge of mental health problems, learned by being subject to illness rather than through objective study, is enacted in mental healthcare teams. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9566.12944DOI Listing

Accelerating Kidney Allocation: Simultaneously Expiring Offers.

Am J Transplant 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.

Placing non-ideal kidneys quickly might reduce discard. We studied changing kidney allocation to eliminate sequential offers, instead making offers to multiple centers for all non-locally allocated kidneys, so that multiple centers must accept or decline within the same one hour. If more than one center accepted an offer, the kidney would go to the highest-priority accepting candidate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ajt.15396DOI Listing

Halide Perovskite Nanocrystals for Next-Generation Optoelectronics.

Small 2019 Apr 23:e1900801. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Tampere University, P.O. Box 541, FI-33101, Tampere, Finland.

Colloidal perovskite nanocrystals (PNCs) combine the outstanding optoelectronic properties of bulk perovskites with strong quantum confinement effects at the nanoscale. Their facile and low-cost synthesis, together with superior photoluminescence quantum yields and exceptional optical versatility, make PNCs promising candidates for next-generation optoelectronics. However, this field is still in its early infancy and not yet ready for commercialization due to several open challenges to be addressed, such as toxicity and stability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/smll.201900801DOI Listing

Functional efficacy analysis of Angelica gigas Nakai on chicken myoblast cells through cell-based in vitro assay.

Anim Sci J 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Institute of Green-Bio Science and Technology, Seoul National University, Pyeongchang, Gangwon, Korea.

The value-added products in livestock industry is one of the key issues in order to maximize the revenue and to create a new business model. Numerous studies have suggested application of herbal plants as feed additives to increase health, productivity, and/or high-quality product in livestock. In this study, the first experiment was designed to develop in vitro evaluation system by using primary chicken myoblast (pCM) cells isolated from pectoralis major of 10-day-old male embryos. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/asj.13212DOI Listing

Effectiveness-based innovation or efficiency-based innovation? Trade-off and antecedents under the goal of ecological total-factor energy efficiency in China.

Authors:
Baolong Yuan

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

School of Business, Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha, 410004, People's Republic of China.

Pursuing innovation effect or efficiency is an important trade-off that Chinese local governments need to face in the process of developing economy and protecting the environment. From the perspective of the policy portfolio, we employ the industrial panel data of 30 provinces in China during 2000-2015 to analyze the impacts of effectiveness-based innovation and efficiency-based innovation on ecological total-factor energy efficiency (ETFEE), and further analyze the effects of command-and-control, market-based and voluntary environmental regulations on innovation. The findings reveal that (1) both effectiveness-based innovation and efficiency-based innovation have significant promoting effects on ETFEE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-05082-5DOI Listing

The control of corruption and energy efficiency relationship: an empirical note.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Faculty of Business, Multimedia University, 75450, Melaka, Malaysia.

This study aims at exploring the impact of corruption control on energy efficiency in 60 countries categorized by income: lower middle (LMI), upper middle (UMI), and high (HI). Panel methodology was utilized taking the period of 2000-2017. As cross-sectional dependence is confirmed among the tested equations, the Pesaran (J Appl Econ 22(2):265-312, 2007) unit root test and the augmented mean group estimator proposed by Eberhardt and Teal (2010) were utilized to overcome this matter. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-05016-1DOI Listing

Comparing Diagnostic Evaluations for Rectal Bleeding and Breast Lumps in Primary Care: a Retrospective Cohort Study.

J Gen Intern Med 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Inadequate diagnostic evaluations of breast lumps and rectal bleeding in primary care are an important source of medical errors. Delays appear particularly common in evaluation of rectal bleeding. Comparing pursuit and completion of diagnostic testing for these two conditions within the same practice settings could help highlight barriers and inform interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11606-019-05003-9DOI Listing

Opportunities and threats presented by social media in project management.

Heliyon 2019 Apr 11;5(4):e01488. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Faculty of Organization and Management, Silesian University of Technology, 44-100, Gliwice, Poland.

The application of new technologies is rapidly increasing, not only in private but also in professional spheres, including project management. However, the use of social media (SM) may be both beneficial and dangerous. Therefore, the goal of the article is to investigate in which areas it is possible to use social media in project management and what the opportunities and threats surrounding it are. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e01488DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6465589PMC

Wet and dry tropical forests show opposite successional pathways in wood density but converge over time.

Nat Ecol Evol 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Tropical forests are converted at an alarming rate for agricultural use and pastureland, but also regrow naturally through secondary succession. For successful forest restoration, it is essential to understand the mechanisms of secondary succession. These mechanisms may vary across forest types, but analyses across broad spatial scales are lacking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41559-019-0882-6DOI Listing

Exploring the Concept of 'Positive Ageing' in the UK Workplace-A Literature Review.

Geriatrics (Basel) 2018 Oct 18;3(4). Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Positive Ageing Research Institute and Lord Ashcroft International Business School, Anglia Ruskin University, Rivermead Campus, Chelmsford CM1 1SQ, UK.

The participation rate of older people in the labour market is forecast to increase due to demographic changes afoot. For example, low fertility rates, higher life expectancy, and increases in the retirement age will affect labour availability. The working-age population trends indicate that the age group 55⁻64 years will expand. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics3040072DOI Listing
October 2018
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Food Services Using Energy- and Protein-Fortified Meals to Assist Vulnerable Community-Residing Older Adults Meet Their Dietary Requirements and Maintain Good Health and Quality of Life: Findings from a Pilot Study.

Geriatrics (Basel) 2018 Sep 12;3(3). Epub 2018 Sep 12.

National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Centre of Research Excellence in Translating Nutritional Science to Good Health, Discipline of Medicine, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia.

The effects of "standard (STD)" vs. "protein- and energy-enriched (HEHP)" food-service meals on the nutrient intake, nutritional status, functional capacity, and wellbeing of older adults was investigated using a 12 week, double-blinded, parallel group design. All participants received dietetics counseling and either an STD (2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics3030060DOI Listing
September 2018

Vet Connect: A Quality Improvement Program to Provide Telehealth Subspecialty Care for Veterans Residing in VA-Contracted Community Nursing Homes.

Geriatrics (Basel) 2018 Sep 5;3(3). Epub 2018 Sep 5.

VA Eastern Colorado Healthcare System Center of Innovation for Veteran-Centric and Value-Driven Care, 13611 East Colfax Ave., Aurora, CO 80045, USA.

Veterans residing in Veterans Health Administration (VA) contracted Community Nursing Homes (CNHs) receive primary care from the CNH they reside in, but often travel to Veterans Affairs Medical Centers (VAMCs) for specialty care services. The Vet Connect project is a quality improvement project aiming to implement video technology to support access to specialty care. : Eight Denver VAMC specialty care providers and three project nurses underwent telehealth training and obtained appropriate equipment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics3030057DOI Listing
September 2018

Lean Methods Applied to CAD/CAM Pedagogy in the Dental Simulation Laboratory.

J Dent Educ 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Sharon C. Siegel, DDS, MS, MBA, is Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, College of Dental Medicine, Nova Southeastern University; Steven B. Kramer, MS, PhD, is Associate Professor, Department of Decision Sciences, H. Wayne Huizenga College of Business and Entrepreneurship, Nova Southeastern University; and Kimberly M. Deranek, MS, PhD, is Associate Professor, Department of Decision Sciences, H. Wayne Huizenga College of Business and Entrepreneurship, Nova Southeastern University.

Dental education is incorporating computer-assisted design/computer-assisted manufacturing (CAD/CAM) into patient care delivery. The aim of this study was to determine if lean production methods applied to the preclinical phase of dental education would reduce the students' time (efficiency) to complete CAD/CAM indirect restorations (CAD/CAM IR) without compromising the desired quality of the CAD/CAM tooth preparations (effectiveness). In 2016, all third-year students at one U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.100DOI Listing

Effects of water re-allocation in the Ebro river basin: A multiregional input-output and geographical analysis.

J Environ Manage 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Economic Analysis - University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain; IA2- AgriFood Institute of Aragon, Calle Miguel Servet, 177, 50013, Zaragoza, Spain.

The quality and availability of water are affected by numerous variables, through which the evaluation of water uses from different perspectives, and policy proposals to save water have now become essential. This paper aims to study water use and the water footprint from a river basin perspective, taking into account regions, sectors, and municipalities, while considering the physical frontier along with the administrative sectors. To this end, we have constructed a multi-regional input-output table for the Ebro river basin, disaggregating the primary sector into 18 different crops and 6 livestock groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.03.042DOI Listing

The utility of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) for diagnosing sepsis in the immediate postpartum period.

J Infect Public Health 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Nassau University Medical Center, East Meadow, New York, USA; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI, USA.

Background: The systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and sepsis definitions were developed to improve the ability for early detection of infection and sepsis. We studied the incidence of immediate postpartum SIRS and sepsis. We further studied immediate postpartum SIRS as a potential predictor for immediate postpartum sepsis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiph.2019.04.003DOI Listing

The Effect of Disability on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Multiple Myeloma in Korea: A National Cohort Study.

Cancer Res Treat 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

3Graduate School of Health Science Business Convergence, Chungbuk National University College of Medicine, Cheongju, Korea.

Purpose: This study aimed to determine whether the diagnosis, treatment approach and prognosis of multiple myeloma (MM) vary according to the presence and type of disability.

Materials And Methods: Demographic, socioeconomic, and medical data were obtained from the National Disability Database, the Korean Central Cancer Registry, and the Korean National Health Insurance claims database. An age- and sex-matched cohort was established using a 1:3 ratio constituted with 2,776,450 people with disabilities and 8,329,350 people without disabilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4143/crt.2018.702DOI Listing

Texture and Microstructural Features at Different Length Scales in Inconel 718 Produced by Selective Laser Melting.

Materials (Basel) 2019 Apr 19;12(8). Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Dipartimento di Scienza Applicata e Tecnologia (DISAT), Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi, 24, 10129 Turin, Italy.

Nickel-based Inconel 718 is a very good candidate for selective laser melting (SLM). During the SLM process, Inconel 718 develops a complex and heterogeneous microstructure. A deep understanding of the microstructural features of the as-built SLM material is essential for the design of a proper post-process heat treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ma12081293DOI Listing

Using Carbonated BOF Slag Aggregates in Alkali-Activated Concretes.

Materials (Basel) 2019 Apr 19;12(8). Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Fibre and Particle Engineering Research Unit, University of Oulu, Pentti Kaiteran katu 1, 90014 Oulu, Finland.

This experimental study aimed to develop alkali-activated concretes containing carbonated basic oxygen furnace (BOF) slag aggregates. In the first stage, the impacts of replacing normal aggregates with carbonated BOF slag aggregates in different alkali-activated concretes were determined by assessing mechanical properties (compressive and flexural strengths), morphology, thermogravimetric analyses (TGA), differential thermogravimetry (DTG) and the crystalline phases using X-ray diffraction analysis. Second, the developed plain alkali-activated concrete was reinforced by different fibre types and dosages to limit the negative impacts of the drying shrinkage and to improve strength. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ma12081288DOI Listing

Uncontrolled Eating during Pregnancy Predicts Fetal Growth: The Healthy Mom Zone Trial.

Nutrients 2019 Apr 21;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Exercise Psychology Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, State College, PA 16802, USA.

Excess maternal weight gain during pregnancy elevates infants' risk for macrosomia and early-onset obesity. Eating behavior is also related to weight gain, but the relationship to fetal growth is unclear. We examined whether Healthy Mom Zone, an individually tailored, adaptive gestational weight gain intervention, and maternal eating behaviors affected fetal growth in pregnant women ( = 27) with a BMI > 24. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/11/4/899
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11040899DOI Listing
April 2019
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The Mediating Role of Job Strain in the Transformational Leadership⁻Safety Behavior Link: The Buffering Effect of Self-Efficacy on Safety.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Apr 21;16(8). Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Prime College, Korea National Open University, Seoul 03087, Korea.

Although some previous studies have examined the impact of transformational leadership on safety behavior, those works have paid relatively less attention to the intermediating role of employees' job strain in the link as well as contingent variables that moderate the relationship. Considering that not only job strain substantially affects employees' perceptions, attitudes, and behaviors in an organization, but also there are some contextual factors that moderate the relationships, we investigated intermediating mechanisms (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081425DOI Listing

Intra-arterial mechanical thrombectomy stent retrievers and aspiration devices in the treatment of acute ischaemic stroke: A systematic review and meta-analysis with trial sequential analysis.

Eur Stroke J 2017 Dec 10;2(4):308-318. Epub 2017 Jul 10.

Institute of Neuroscience (Stroke Research Group), Newcastle University, Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK.

Purpose: Intra-arterial mechanical thrombectomy combined with appropriate patient selection (image-based selection of acute ischaemic stroke patients with large artery occlusion) yields improved clinical outcomes. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis, with trial sequential analysis to understand the benefits, risks and impact of new trials reporting in 2016 on the magnitude/certainty of the estimates for clinical effectiveness and safety of mechanical thrombectomy.

Method: Random effects' models were conducted of randomised clinical trials comparing mechanical thrombectomy (stent retriever or aspiration devices) with/without adjuvant intravenous thrombolysis with intravenous thrombolysis and other forms of best medical/supportive care in the treatment of acute ischaemic stroke. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2396987317719362DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453187PMC
December 2017
1 Read

Sex, Bugs, and Rock 'n' Roll: A Service-Learning Innovation to Enhance Medical Student Knowledge and Comfort With Sexual Health.

MedEdPORTAL 2016 Jun 24;12:10421. Epub 2016 Jun 24.

Team Facilitator, Business Development Unit, Canterbury District Health Board, Christchurch, New Zealand.

Introduction: Sexual health is an intrinsic element of overall health; however, opportunities to enhance medical student comfort and knowledge about sexual health vary substantially and receive limited curricular time. Sex, Bugs, and Rock 'n' Roll is a novel service-learning initiative designed to enhance undergraduate medical student knowledge and comfort with sexual health. A total of 80 fifth-year undergraduate medical students researched, designed, and delivered a short sexual health promotion initiative for a population that experiences inequity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.10421DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6464422PMC

Predicting the temporal activity patterns of new venues.

EPJ Data Sci 2018 18;7(1):13. Epub 2018 May 18.

Foursquare Labs, New York, USA.

Estimating revenue and business demand of a newly opened venue is paramount as these early stages often involve critical decisions such as first rounds of staffing and resource allocation. Traditionally, this estimation has been performed through coarse-grained measures such as observing numbers in local venues or venues at similar places (e.g. Read More

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https://epjdatascience.springeropen.com/articles/10.1140/epj
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1140/epjds/s13688-018-0142-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6448359PMC
May 2018
1 Read

Initiation of a lightning search using the lightning and airglow camera onboard the Venus orbiter Akatsuki.

Earth Planets Space 2018 25;70(1):88. Epub 2018 May 25.

School of Commerce, Senshu University, 2-1-1 Higashimita, Tama-ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 214-8580 Japan.

The existence of lightning discharges in the Venus atmosphere has been controversial for more than 30 years, with many positive and negative reports published. The lightning and airglow camera (LAC) onboard the Venus orbiter, Akatsuki, was designed to observe the light curve of possible flashes at a sufficiently high sampling rate to discriminate lightning from other sources and can thereby perform a more definitive search for optical emissions. Akatsuki arrived at Venus during December 2016, 5 years following its launch. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40623-018-0836-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6448279PMC

Biopolitics, space and hospital reconfiguration.

Soc Sci Med 2019 Apr 13;230:111-121. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Public Service Management, King's Business School, King's College London, Bush House, 30 Aldwych, London, WC2B 4BG, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Major service change in healthcare - whereby the distribution of services is reconfigured at a local or regional level - is often a contested, political and poorly understood set of processes. This paper contributes to the theoretical understanding of major service change by demonstrating the utility of interpreting health service reconfiguration as a biopolitical intervention. Such an approach orients the analytical focus towards an exploration of the spatial and the population - crucial factors in major service change. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.04.011DOI Listing

A Learning Loop Model of Collaborative Decision Making in Chronic Illness.

Acad Pediatr 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Center for Community Health Integration, Department of Family Medicine & Community Health, Department of Population & Quantitative Health Sciences, Department of Sociology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106. Electronic address:

Shared decision-making is a core attribute of quality healthcare that has proved challenging to implement and assess in pediatric practice. Current models of shared decision-making are limited, including their capacity: to incorporate multiple stakeholders; to integrate downstream effects of subacute or minor decisions; and to account for the context(s) in which such decisions are being made and enacted. Based on a review of literature from organizational psychology, cognitive sciences, business, and medicine, we propose an iterative decision-making model of care planning, and identify targets at several levels of influence warranting measurement in future studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.acap.2019.04.006DOI Listing

Center of pressure progression patterns during level walking in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis.

PLoS One 2019 22;14(4):e0212161. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Creative Product Design, Asia University, Taichung, Taiwan.

The purpose of this study was to determine whether functional walking performance measured with Timed Up-and-Go (TUG) and center of pressure (CoP) progression pattern is different across adolescents with various curve severity of idiopathic scoliosis (IS). The CoP coordinates during a stance phase for self-paced level walking between adolescent with three different severities of IS (mild IS, moderate IS, and severe IS) and age-matched normal subjects were measured with foot pressure measurement. The average data of three trials were compared among groups with repeated measure analysis of variance. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0212161PLOS
April 2019
1 Read

A new high-throughput screening method to determine multiple dyes in herbs and spices.

Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess 2019 Apr 22:1-15. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

a Nestlé Research , Institute of Food Safety and Analytical Science , Lausanne , Switzerland.

The unauthorised addition of colours to herbs and spices is a recurrent issue affecting food business operators. Such a practice aims at improving food visual attractiveness, masking poor product quality, and/or compensating for natural colour variation with the ultimate goal to increase profits. To detect this fraud, a new LC-MS/MS method was developed for screening 58 dyes in both herbs and spices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19440049.2019.1596320DOI Listing

Fresh Red Cells for Transfusion in Critically Ill Adults: An Economic Evaluation of the Standard Issue Transfusion versus Fresher Red-Cell Use in Intensive Care (TRANSFUSE) Clinical Trial.

Crit Care Med 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Research Centre, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Objectives: Trials comparing the effects of transfusing RBC units of different storage durations have considered mortality or morbidity as outcomes. We perform the first economic evaluation alongside a full age of blood clinical trial with a large population assessing the impact of RBC storage duration on quality-of-life and costs in critically ill adults.

Design: Quality-of-life was measured at 6 months post randomization using the EuroQol 5-dimension 3-level instrument. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CCM.0000000000003781DOI Listing
April 2019
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Exploring Care Providers' Perceptions and Current Use of Telehealth Technology at Work, in Daily Life, and in Education: Qualitative and Quantitative Study.

JMIR Med Educ 2019 Apr 22;5(1):e13350. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Nicole Wertheim College of Nursing & Health Sciences, Florida International University, Miami, FL, United States.

Background: A telehealth technology education curriculum designed to integrate information technology and telecommunication well has great potential to prepare care providers for health care delivery across space, time, and social and cultural barriers. It is important to assess the readiness level of care providers to use and maximize the benefits of telehealth technology in the health care delivery process. Therefore, this study explored care providers' existing experience using technology in various use contexts and compared their familiarity with telehealth technology's relevant features. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/13350DOI Listing

Overreliance on Cost Reduction as a Featured Element of Sensor Design.

ACS Sens 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

In this perspective, we examine the role of cost in sensor design, its meaning within the context of converting academic prototypes into commercial products, and the importance of these issues to clear scientific communication. The possible motivations to consider the cost of a technology, sensor, or assay are both numerous and apparent. However, the idea that the cost of reagents and materials at the laboratory scale will directly translate to the purchase price for a user is inaccurate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acssensors.9b00260DOI Listing

An exploratory study of creating dementia-friendly businesses in the visitor economy: evidence from the UK.

Heliyon 2019 Apr 9;5(4):e01471. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Hertfordshire Business School, University of Hertfordshire, De Havilland Campus, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, AL10 9AB, UK.

Many governments have promoted the development of a civil society to encourage citizen involvement in addressing many of the grand social challenges such as the growing prevalence of dementia, as ageing becomes a major trend in developed societies. One outcome has been the development of Dementia Friendly Communities, created via Dementia Action Alliances (DAAs) in England, to enhance awareness, care and the experience of people with dementia in accessing services and facilities. These initiatives are based on engaging the business community and yet no research studies have examined this theme to date. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e01471DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6458487PMC

From here to infinity: sparse finite versus Dirichlet process mixtures in model-based clustering.

Adv Data Anal Classif 2019 24;13(1):33-64. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

Institute for Statistics and Mathematics, Vienna University of Economics and Business (WU), Welthandelsplatz 1, 1020 Vienna, Austria.

In model-based clustering mixture models are used to group data points into clusters. A useful concept introduced for Gaussian mixtures by Malsiner Walli et al. (Stat Comput 26:303-324, 2016) are sparse finite mixtures, where the prior distribution on the weight distribution of a mixture with components is chosen in such a way that a priori the number of clusters in the data is random and is allowed to be smaller than with high probability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11634-018-0329-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6448299PMC

Cost savings following faecal microbiota transplantation for recurrent infection.

Therap Adv Gastroenterol 2019 10;12:1756284819843002. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Hepatology and Gastroenterology, Aarhus University Hospital, Palle Juul-Jensens Boulevard 99, DK-8200 Aarhus N, Denmark.

Background: Recurrent infection (rCDI) is becoming increasingly common. Faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is effective for rCDI, but the costs of an FMT and hospital cost savings related to FMT are unknown. The aim of this study was to calculate the cost of an FMT and the total hospital costs before and after FMT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1756284819843002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6460887PMC

Low Energy Consumption of High-Speed Centrifuges.

Chem Eng Technol 2018 Dec 31;41(12):2375-2384. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Alfa Laval Tumba AB Business Unit High-Speed Separators Hans Stahles väg 7 147 80 Tumba Sweden.

A sharp reduction of the energy consumption of a high-speed centrifuge was obtained following several design changes, while still maintaining separation capacity. This reduction is necessary for making some applications commercially interesting, e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ceat.201800292DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6472591PMC
December 2018

Gender-based constraints affecting biofortified cassava production, processing and marketing among men and women adopters in Oyo and Benue States, Nigeria.

Physiol Mol Plant Pathol 2019 Jan;105:17-27

International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Ibadan, Nigeria.

This study identified gender-based constraints affecting the production, processing and marketing of biofortified cassava in two states in Nigeria, using a mixed methods approach. The study identified major differences between the two study sites (Benue and Oyo). The scale of production of biofortified cassava is higher in Oyo state among adult men because of their active involvement and collaboration with research institutes within the state and the ease of transporting products to Lagos State for designated diverse markets. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08855765183004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pmpp.2018.11.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6472612PMC
January 2019
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Orphan drugs.

Lancet 2019 Apr;393(10181):1595

Center for Research in Health and Economics, Pompeu Fabra University, 08005 Barcelona, Spain; Balearic Health Service, Palma de Mallorca, Spain. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(19)30017-0DOI Listing

My mind is made up: Cancer concern and women's preferences for contralateral prophylactic mastectomy.

Eur J Cancer Care (Engl) 2019 Apr 22:e13058. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Centre for Health Economics Research and Evaluation, University of Technology Sydney, Broadway, New South Wales, Australia.

The fear of cancer recurrence is cited as a motivator of women's preferences between routine monitoring and contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM) as methods of managing ongoing breast cancer risk. We conducted a discrete choice experiment among a general community sample of women who completed 12 hypothetical choices between routine monitoring and CPM described by aspects of treatment efficacy, safety, cost and involvement in decision-making. Respondents also completed a modified cancer worry question to assess cancer concern. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ecc.13058DOI Listing

Untapped potential of collective intelligence in conservation and environmental decision making.

Conserv Biol 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College London, Weeks Hall, 16-18 Prince's Gardens, South Kensington, SW7 1NE, U.K.

Environmental decisions are often deferred to groups of experts, committees, or panels to develop climate policy, plan protected areas, or negotiate trade-offs for biodiversity conservation. There is, however, surprisingly little empirical research on the performance of group decision making related to the environment. We examined examples from a range of different disciplines, demonstrating the emergence of collective intelligence in the elicitation of quantitative estimates, crowdsourcing applications, and small-group problem solving. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cobi.13335DOI Listing

Has the search for better leadership come at the expense of management?

Int J Nurs Stud 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Australia; School of Nursing and Midwifery, Edith Cowan University, Australia. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2019.04.002DOI Listing

On Ladders and Pyramids: Hierarchy's Shape Determines Relationships and Performance in Groups.

Pers Soc Psychol Bull 2019 Apr 22:146167219842867. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

3 University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Hierarchies take different forms, which individuals mentally represent using different geometric shapes. We propose and empirically demonstrate that individuals' mental representations of the shape hierarchy takes affect its consequences. Five studies compared two common mental representations of hierarchy shapes-ladders and pyramids-to explore whether, why, and how individuals' perceptions of hierarchy's shape undermine constructive relationships within groups and group performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0146167219842867DOI Listing

Tailoring Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Depression and Anxiety Symptoms in Mexican Terminal Cancer Patients: A Multiple Baseline Study.

J Clin Psychol Med Settings 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

School of Business Administration, National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico City, Mexico.

The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of tailored cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) on depression and anxiety symptoms present in Mexican terminal cancer patients. A non-concurrent multiple baseline design was used across individuals. Nine patients participated in the study, each receiving four to six therapy sessions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10880-019-09620-8DOI Listing

Socioeconomic trajectories of body mass index and waist circumference: results from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing.

BMJ Open 2019 Apr 20;9(4):e025309. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK.

Objectives: To explore age trajectories of body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) and to examine whether these trajectories varied by wealth.

Design: Nationally representative prospective cohort study.

Setting: Observational study of people living in England. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025309DOI Listing

The role of renewable energy, immigration and real income in environmental sustainability target. Evidence from Europe largest states.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Apr 13;674:307-315. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Faculty of Business and Economics, Department of Economics, Eastern Mediterranean University, via Mersin 10, Famagusta, North Cyprus, Turkey. Electronic address:

In spite of the continued deployment of technologies, innovations toward addressing the challenges of global warming, forecasting and sustaining quality environment have remained the herculean endeavour of the advanced states. Also, being migrants' destinations, resulting from the availability of economic opportunities, the target of attaining low-carbon, energy efficiency, and the cleaner atmospheric environment by these advanced economies is further bewildered. In that light, we investigate the impact of renewable energy consumption and migration on the carbon dioxide emissions of the panel of European Union's largest economies of France, Germany, and the United Kingdom over the period of 1990-2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.04.163DOI Listing

Long commutes to work during pregnancy and infant health at birth.

Econ Hum Biol 2019 Mar 31;35:1-17. Epub 2019 Mar 31.

Department of Economics, Rauch Business Center, Lehigh University, 621 Taylor Street, Bethlehem, PA 18015, United States. Electronic address:

We conduct the first empirical study to examine the health impact of long commutes to work during pregnancy on fetuses and infants at birth, using unique data that contain information on not only a woman's home address but also her employer's address during pregnancy, which allows us to calculate the maternal travel distance during pregnancy. Our study contributes to the literature on the relationship between maternal stress during pregnancy and adverse birth outcomes by focusing on the understudied chronic stress induced by long commutes, rather than the stress triggered by a one-time significant event, such as a natural disaster. We find that among long-distance commuters, increasing the maternal travel distance during pregnancy by 10 miles is associated with increases in the probabilities of low birth weight and intrauterine growth restriction by 0. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1570677X173031
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ehb.2019.03.006DOI Listing
March 2019
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Heterogeneous Expression of Programmed Death Receptor-ligand 1 on Circulating Tumor Cells in Patients With Lung Cancer.

Clin Lung Cancer 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Internal Medicine III, Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama, Japan.

Background: Blockade of the programmed death receptor-1 (PD-1) pathway is effective against solid tumors including lung cancer. PD-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression on tumor tissue serves as a predictive biomarker for the efficacy of PD-1 pathway blockade. Here, we evaluated the expression of PD-L1 on circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in patients with lung cancer. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S15257304193007
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cllc.2019.03.004DOI Listing
March 2019
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APOC3 promotes TNF-α-induced expression of JAM-1 in endothelial cell via PI3K-IKK2-p65 pathway.

Cardiovasc Pathol 2019 Mar 4;41:11-17. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Department of Laboratory Medicine, Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, 20 Xi Si Road, Nantong 226001, People's Republic of China; Insitute of Public Health, Nantong University, 9 Se Yuan Road, Nantong 226001, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease with lipid accumulation. Apolipoprotein C3 (APOC3), which is an important regulator of human lipid metabolism, is associated with multiple vascular mechanisms in atherosclerosis and proinflammatory responses. We have previously reported that the expression of inflammatory cytokine TNF-α is elevated in human endothelial cells (HUVECs) after APOC3 treatment. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10548807183031
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carpath.2019.02.005DOI Listing
March 2019
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