123,493 results match your criteria Business Ethics-a European Review[Journal]


A Lamin-Associated Chromatin Model for Chromosome Organization.

Biophys J 2020 May 20. Epub 2020 May 20.

Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India. Electronic address:

We propose a simple model for chromatin organization based on the interaction of the chromatin fibers with lamin proteins along the nuclear membrane. Lamin proteins are known to be a major factor that influences chromatin organization and hence gene expression in the cells. We provide a quantitative understanding of lamin-associated chromatin organization in a crowded macromolecular environment by systematically varying the heteropolymer segment distribution and the strength of the lamin-chromatin attractive interaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bpj.2020.05.014DOI Listing

Skin irritation potential of cosmetic preservatives: An exposure-relevant study.

J Cosmet Dermatol 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Cosmetics, School of Science, Beijing Technology and Business University, Beijing, China.

Background: Preservatives represent one of the main causes of skin irritation and contact allergies.

Aims: To comprehensively evaluate the skin irritation potential of phenoxyethanol, methylparaben, propylparaben, imidazolidinyl urea, and DMDM hydantoin under regulatory acceptable concentrations.

Methods: A patch test and repeated open application test (ROAT) were applied to evaluate skin irritation in vivo. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocd.13502DOI Listing

Association of Specific Mental Disorders With Premature Mortality in the Danish Population Using Alternative Measurement Methods.

JAMA Netw Open 2020 Jun 1;3(6):e206646. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

National Centre for Register-Based Research, School of Business and Social Sciences, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.

Importance: The association of mental disorders with premature mortality published in the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) studies has been underestimated because these analyses have recommended using only a small number of mental disorders as causes of death to estimate years of life lost (YLL). Alternative methods have been introduced, such as estimating life-years lost (LYL), to compare individuals with mental disorders with the general population.

Objectives: To generate register-based YLL and LYL estimates and to use these measurement methods to assess the association of specific mental disorders with premature mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.6646DOI Listing

Stochastic dynamics of an active particle escaping from a potential well.

Chaos 2020 May;30(5):053133

School of Data Science and Department of Mathematics, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Ave., Kowloon, Hong Kong.

Active matter systems are driven out of equilibrium by the energy directly supplied at the level of constituent active particles that are self-propelled. We consider a model for an active particle in a potential well, characterized by an active velocity with a constant magnitude but a random orientation subject to white noises. We are interested in the escape of the active particle from the potential well in multiple-dimensional space. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.5140853DOI Listing

Compact models for influential nodes identification problem in directed networks.

Chaos 2020 May;30(5):053126

School of Engineering, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China.

Influential nodes identification problem (INIP) is one of the most important problems in complex networks. Existing methods mainly deal with this problem in undirected networks, while few studies focus on it in directed networks. Moreover, the methods designed for identifying influential nodes in undirected networks do not work for directed networks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/5.0005452DOI Listing

Differences in diagnosis, treatment, and survival rate of acute myeloid leukemia with or without disabilities: A national cohort study in the Republic of Korea.

Cancer Med 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA.

We analyzed the patterns of diagnosis, treatment, and prognoses of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with and without disabilities. The data were collected from the National Disability Database, the Korean Central Cancer Registry, and the Korean National Health Insurance claim database. We built a cohort of 2 776 450 people with disabilities and a nondisabled cohort of 8 329 350 people who were selected at a ratio of 1:3 by matching age and sex. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cam4.3179DOI Listing

Nanomaterial-based multiplex optical sensors.

Analyst 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS), Key Laboratory of Bioorganic Chemistry and Molecular Engineering of Ministry of Education, Institute of Analytical Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, P. R. China.

The drive for a simultaneous analysis of multiple targets with excellent accuracy and efficiency, which is often required in both basic biomedical research and clinical applications, demands the development of multiplexed bioassays with desired throughput. With the development of nanotechnologies, innovative multiplex optical bioassays have been achieved. Nanomaterials exhibit unique physical and chemical properties such as easily tunable size, large surface-to-volume ratio, excellent catalysis and the desired signal transduction mechanism, which makes them excellent candidates for the fabrication of novel optical nanoprobes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/d0an00392aDOI Listing

Evaluation of plant seed DNA and botanical evidence for potential forensic applications.

Forensic Sci Res 2020 10;5(1):55-63. Epub 2019 Jun 10.

Forensic Science Program, University of New Haven, West Haven, CT, USA.

Seeds, the reproductive organs of plants, are common as trace evidence from crime scenes. Seed evidence could be grouped into several categories based on the types of crimes they are associated with, including child abuse, homicides and drugs. Most commonly, seeds are examined microscopically and identified to the plant species level to show a linkage between persons and places. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20961790.2019.1594599DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7241509PMC

Let's get americans back to work again.

Contemp Clin Trials Commun 2020 Jun 31;18:100559. Epub 2020 Mar 31.

Vice President of Scientific Affairs at Deerfield Management, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conctc.2020.100559DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7260422PMC

The effect of personal values and the roles on representational principles in natural resource management decision-making.

Heliyon 2020 May 27;6(5):e04032. Epub 2020 May 27.

Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.

The aim of this article is to explore how personal values and the role of the representative influence representation principles when making decisions in natural resource management. This was tested in an empirical case of wildlife management in Sweden, the regional Wildlife Conservation Committees (WCCs). These WCCs consist of a mix of actors in collaborative settings, where both politicians and interest organization representatives make decisions on wildlife related issues. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e04032DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7260441PMC

Examining the external-factors-led growth hypothesis for the South African economy.

Heliyon 2020 May 22;6(5):e04009. Epub 2020 May 22.

Nord University Business School (HHN), Post Box 1490, 8049 Bodø, Norway.

Reducing unemployment rate and achieving a sustainable economic growth underscore the Sustainable Development Goal 8. Our study investigates a new model that specifies the external-factors-led growth hypothesis for the South African economy. The independent variables include trade openness, external debt, FDI and exchange rate against GDP as the targeted variable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e04009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7256302PMC

R&D investments and quality of life in Turkey.

Heliyon 2020 May 28;6(5):e04006. Epub 2020 May 28.

Yildiz Technical University, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Department of Business Administration, Turkey.

The standards of development and life quality of cities play an important role in the investment and career planning of the investors and the qualified people who will work in R&D and Technoparks. Also, all the leading cities in the world are the most developed cities in the regions and countries in terms of R&D and innovation. Therefore, all cities in Turkey are compared by using the R&D investment data and TurkStat "Quality of Life Index for Cities". Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e04006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7260286PMC

Examination of information release on return volatility: A market and sectoral analysis.

Heliyon 2020 May 27;6(5):e03885. Epub 2020 May 27.

Western Sydney University, School of Business, 169 Macquarie St, Parramatta, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith, NSW, 2751, Australia.

This paper examines the role of information release in explaining the return volatility of the Australian equity market. The study applies proxies of greater accuracy to examine the effect of public and private information on return volatility. Analyst price targets (PTR) and Morningstar stock star ratings (MSR) were used as private information proxies while Australian Securities Exchange (ASX) announcements were used as the public information proxy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e03885DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7260437PMC

Broadcast reach and self-reported exposure to court-ordered corrective statements on cigarette harms.

Prev Med Rep 2020 Sep 19;19:101127. Epub 2020 May 19.

The Paul Merage School of Business, University of California, Irvine, 4293 Pereira Drive, Irvine, CA 92697, United States.

In August 2006, U.S. District Court Judge Gladys Kessler ordered four tobacco companies to disseminate court-approved corrective statements on five topics pertaining to health hazards of cigarette smoking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2020.101127DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7260579PMC
September 2020

Global South expatriates, homesickness and adjustment approaches.

Authors:
Dieu Hack-Polay

Public Health Rev 2020 24;41:11. Epub 2020 May 24.

Lincoln International Business School, University of Lincoln, Brayford Pool, Lincoln, LN6 7TS UK.

Purpose: The research examines homesickness in organisationally assigned expatriates from developing countries or Global South serving in Western contexts. It investigates the extent to which homesickness has personal and organisational consequences and explores the coping mechanisms used by expatriates.

Design/methodology/approach: This is a qualitative research built on unstructured interviews with organisationally assigned expatriates from the Global South. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40985-020-00122-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7245879PMC

Exploring perceived costs and benefits of first aid for youth with depression: a qualitative study of Japanese undergraduates.

Int J Ment Health Syst 2020 24;14:34. Epub 2020 May 24.

College of Humanities and Sciences, Nihon University, 3-25-40 Sakurajosui, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo, 156-8550 Japan.

Background: Early interventions for depression among youth are greatly needed. Although Youth Mental Health First Aid (YMHFA) program has been developed to teach the public how to help young people with mental disorders, including depression, it has assumed human altruism and overlooked the possibility that participants would experience conflict between the costs and benefits of helping behaviors. The present qualitative study, therefore, initially explored content of the costs and benefits perceived by youth in terms of helping their peers with depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13033-020-00366-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7247138PMC

Cross sectional analysis of depression amongst Australian rural business owners following cyclone-related flooding.

J Occup Med Toxicol 2020 24;15:12. Epub 2020 May 24.

The University of Sydney, University Centre for Rural Health, 61 Uralba Street, Lismore, NSW 2480 Australia.

Background: Flooding is an increasingly prevalent natural hazard worldwide and can have a profound impact on the mental health of those directly and indirectly affected. Little is known about the impact on business owners, who may be particularly vulnerable to the mental health complications of flooding given the additional economic stressors.

Methods: A large cross-sectional survey was conducted six months after severe flooding in the rural Northern Rivers region of New South Wales, Australia in 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12995-020-00264-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7247252PMC

[Exploration on scientific connotation of TCM syndromes and recommended prescriptions against COVID-19 based on TCMTP V2.0].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2020 Apr;45(7):1488-1498

Shaanxi Institute of International Trade & Commerce Xi'an 712046, China.

Coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) has attracted great attentions from the whole world. Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has been widely used and shown satisfying efficacies in treating all stages of COVID-19. In this study, the molecular interaction networks of different stages of COVID-19(the early, severe, critical and recovery stage) were constructed using the links among symptoms-related genes collected from TCMIP V2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20200229.401DOI Listing

Development and validation of a nomogram for predicting overall survival of gastric cancer patients after D2R0 resection.

Eur J Cancer Care (Engl) 2020 Jun 2:e13260. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Medical Oncology, Cancer Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Objective: The aim of the study was to find factors associated with overall survival (OS) and establish a nomogram predicting OS of patients with gastric cancer (GC) after D2R0 resection.

Methods: Demographic and clinicopathologic factors of patients with GC underwent D2R0 surgical resection were retrospectively collected from medical records, telephone interview or outpatient follow-up. To find factors significantly associated with OS, univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ecc.13260DOI Listing

Beyond COVID-19: How the 'dismal science' can prepare us for the future.

Health Econ 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Newcastle University Business School, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hec.4114DOI Listing

Threshold effects of economic growth on water stress in the Eurozone.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Business Administration, Tekirdağ Namık Kemal University, Tekirdağ, Turkey.

This paper empirically examines the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis using a country's water stress as an indicator of the pressure on renewable water resources. The sample consists of 9 European countries by covering the period 1995-2013. The paper adopts a panel threshold regression model which can predict the threshold level endogenously to analyze whether income per person has an impact on water stress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-09383-yDOI Listing

Signal Management in Pharmacovigilance: A Review of Activities and Case Studies.

Authors:
Paul Beninger

Clin Ther 2020 May 30. Epub 2020 May 30.

Public Health and Community Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address:

Purpose: After nearly 12 decades of pharmaceutical catastrophes and the associated groundbreaking regulatory innovations, pharmacovigilance has come down to us in the present day as 3 interlocking core disciplines: case management, signal management, and benefit-risk management. This review provides a state-of-the-art introduction to the great variety of sources of safety information, both dependent on and independent of the Individual Case Safety Report (ICSR), and explains how this content undergoes management-system processes with globally accepted definitions, standards, and structures that make possible the ongoing safe use of a pharmaceutical product throughout its lifecycle. This occurs in the context of: (1) new products coming to market with new risks for drug-drug interactions, and (2) new global threats to safe manufacturing and distribution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinthera.2020.03.018DOI Listing

'I never really left the university:' Continuity amongst male academics in the transition from work to retirement.

J Aging Stud 2020 Jun 23;53:100853. Epub 2020 May 23.

School of Social Sciences, The University of Manchester, Oxford Rd, Manchester M13 9PL, UK. Electronic address:

This study investigates the transition to retirement of male academics. It applies approaches drawn from Cumulative Advantage and Disadvantage (CAD) principles to expand Continuity theory by examining evidence for continuity and inequalities in the lifestyles of the respondents. Biographical-Narrative interviews with 20 retired academics in Brazil and the United Kingdom were conducted and analysed using Thematic Analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaging.2020.100853DOI Listing

Effects of snack portion size on anticipated and experienced hunger, eating enjoyment, and perceived healthiness among children.

Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2020 Jun 1;17(1):70. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

INSEAD, Sorbonne Université Behavioural Lab., F-77300, Fontainebleau, France.

Background: Large portion sizes encourage overconsumption. Prior studies suggest that this may be due to errors in anticipating the effects of portion size, although the studies were limited to adults and energy-dense foods.

Objective: Our aim was to investigate potential anticipation errors related to the effects of portion size on hunger, eating enjoyment, and healthiness ratings among 8-to-11-year-old children, for snacks differing in energy density and healthiness perception, and as a function of initial hunger. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12966-020-00974-zDOI Listing

Effects of an mHealth voice message service (mMitra) on maternal health knowledge and practices of low-income women in India: findings from a pseudo-randomized controlled trial.

BMC Public Health 2020 Jun 1;20(1):820. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

HealthEnabled, Unit D11 Westlake Square, Westlake Drive, Westlake, Cape Town, 7945, South Africa.

Background: Mobile Health (mHealth) is becoming an important tool to improve health outcomes in maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH). Studies of mHealth interventions, have demonstrated their effectiveness in improving uptake of recommended maternal services such as antenatal visits. However, evidence of impact on maternal health outcomes is still limited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08965-2DOI Listing

Inpatient Diabetes Management During the COVID-19 Crisis: Experiences From Two Community Hospitals.

J Diabetes Sci Technol 2020 Jun 2:1932296820930268. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Johns Hopkins University Carey Business School, Baltimore, MD, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1932296820930268DOI Listing

Game Analysis on the Evolution of Decision-Making of Vaccine Manufacturing Enterprises under the Government Regulation Model.

Vaccines (Basel) 2020 May 31;8(2). Epub 2020 May 31.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Shihezi University, Shihezi 832000, China.

The harm caused by defective vaccines to human health and social stability is immeasurable. Aiming at the government's supervision of the vaccine market, an evolutionary game model is constructed to analyze the quality of supervision and the key factors in the dynamic interaction between government departments and vaccine manufacturers under different supervision modes in the vaccine manufacturing process. The results show that: (1) Severe punishment by government regulatory authorities, and increased costs of rectification after investigation and handling of involuntary behaviors of vaccine enterprises can effectively prevent involuntary behaviors of vaccine enterprises. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/vaccines8020267DOI Listing

Development of ZnO/Na-Montmorillonite Hybrid Nanostructures Used for PVOH/ZnO/Na-Montmorillonite Active Packaging Films Preparation via a Melt-Extrusion Process.

Nanomaterials (Basel) 2020 May 31;10(6). Epub 2020 May 31.

Department of Materials Science & Engineering, School of Engineering, University of Ioannina, GR-45110 Ioannina, Greece.

Nowadays, the shelf-life extension of foods is a topic of major interest because of its environmental and economic benefits. For this purpose, various methods like deep-freezing, ultra-high-temperature pasteurization, drying methods, use of chemicals, controlled-atmosphere preservation, ionizing irradiation, and were investigated. During the last years, the smart packaging for foods using natural biodegradable components is of great interest because it provides positive environmental fingerprint and high shelf-life extension. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nano10061079DOI Listing

Visibility Graph Power Geometric Aggregation Operator and Its Application in Water, Energy, and Food Efficiency Evaluation.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 May 30;17(11). Epub 2020 May 30.

Business School, Hohai University, Nanjing 211100, China.

In the real decision-making process, there are so many time series values that need to be aggregated. In this paper, a visibility graph power geometric (VGPG) aggregation operator is developed, which is based on the complex network and power geometric operator. Time series data are converted into a visibility graph. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113891DOI Listing

Delphi Method to Achieve Clinical Consensus for a BPMN Representation of the Central Venous Access Placement for Training Purposes.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 May 30;17(11). Epub 2020 May 30.

Department of Computer Science, School of Engineering, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago 7820436, Chile.

Proper teaching of the technical skills necessary to perform a medical procedure begins with its breakdown into its constituent steps. Currently available methodologies require substantial resources and their results may be biased. Therefore, it is difficult to generate the necessary breakdown capable of supporting a procedural curriculum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113889DOI Listing

The Virulence Potential of Livestock-Associated Methicillin-Resistant Cultured from the Airways of Cystic Fibrosis Patients.

Toxins (Basel) 2020 May 30;12(6). Epub 2020 May 30.

Institute of Medical Microbiology, University Hospital Münster, 48149 Münster, Germany.

is one of the most common pathogens that infects the airways of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) and contributes to respiratory failure. Recently, livestock-associated methicillin-resistant (LA-MRSA), usually cultured in farm animals, were detected in CF airways. Although some of these strains are able to establish severe infections in humans, there is limited knowledge about the role of LA-MRSA virulence in CF lung disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/toxins12060360DOI Listing

Synergistic Effect of Eugenol and Probiotic Zs2058 Against Infection in C57bl/6 Mice.

Nutrients 2020 May 30;12(6). Epub 2020 May 30.

State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, Jiangsu, China.

Previously, we showed the preventive effects of ZS2058 (ZS2058) on infection in murine models. In this work, we found that eugenol has a selective antibacterial effect, which inhibited more than probiotics ZS2058 in vitro. It suggested a synergistic effect of them beyond their individual anti- activity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu12061611DOI Listing

Analysis of Well-Being and Anxiety among University Students.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 May 30;17(11). Epub 2020 May 30.

Graduate Program in Business Administration-PPGA, Federal University of Santa Maria-UFSM, Av. Roraima n° 1000, Cidade Universitária, Camobi, Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul estado 97105-900, Brazil.

This article aims to interrelate dimensions of the well-being validation instruments proposed by Watson, Clark and Tellegen (PANAS) with generalized anxiety dimensions proposed by Spitzer et al. (GAD-7) and state-trait anxiety inventories proposed by Biaggio and Natalício (IDATE), using partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM), in the case of individual university students in southern Brazil and the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina. We conducted a behavioral study, characterized as exploratory-descriptive, by applying a questionnaire survey to collect data though face-to face interviews to a group of 460 university students from June to August 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113874DOI Listing

An Optimal Pollution Control Model for Environmental Protection Cooperation between Developing and Developed Countries.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 May 29;17(11). Epub 2020 May 29.

Department of Finance, Wenzhou Business College, Wenzhou 325035, China.

With the continuous increase in greenhouse gas emissions in the world and the United States announcing withdrawal from the Paris Agreement, the conflicts between environmental protection and economic growth of developing and developed countries have become increasingly challenging. In this paper, following the principle of "common but differentiated responsibilities" specified in the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement, we develop an optimal pollution control model based on a dynamic system for both developing and developed countries. We analyze how different perspectives of the developing and developed countries affect their investments in pollution control and how to determine their responsibilities based on the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113868DOI Listing

A Taxonomy of DDoS Attack Mitigation Approaches Featured by SDN Technologies in IoT Scenarios.

Sensors (Basel) 2020 May 29;20(11). Epub 2020 May 29.

Department of Computer Science, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, MO 63103, USA.

The Internet of Things (IoT) has attracted much attention from the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) community in recent years. One of the main reasons for this is the availability of techniques provided by this paradigm, such as environmental monitoring employing user data and everyday objects. The facilities provided by the IoT infrastructure allow the development of a wide range of new business models and applications (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s20113078DOI Listing

Analysis of Outbreak and Global Impacts of the COVID-19.

Healthcare (Basel) 2020 May 29;8(2). Epub 2020 May 29.

Department of Business and IT, University of South-Eastern Norway, Gullbringvegen 36, N-3800 BøiTelemark, Norway.

Corona viruses are a large family of viruses that are not only restricted to causing illness in humans but also affect animals such as camels, cattle, cats, and bats, thus affecting a large group of living species. The outbreak of Corona virus in late December 2019 (also known as COVID-19) raised major concerns when the outbreak started getting tremendous. While the first case was discovered in Wuhan, China, it did not take long for the disease to travel across the globe and infect every continent (except Antarctica), killing thousands of people. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8020148DOI Listing

Histological and molecular investigation of the basis for variation in tomato fruit size in response to fruit load and genotype.

Funct Plant Biol 2012 Sep;39(9):754-763

Centre for Crop Systems Analysis, Wageningen University, PO Box 430, 6700 AK Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Understanding the molecular mechanisms and cellular dynamics that cause variation in fruit size is critical for the control of fruit growth. The aim of this study was to investigate how both genotypic factors and carbohydrate limitation cause variation in fruit size. We grew a parental line (Solanum lycopersicum L. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/FP12093DOI Listing
September 2012

Height, marriage, and partner characteristics for women in low- and middle-income countries.

Authors:
Jason E Murasko

Econ Hum Biol 2020 May 11;38:100876. Epub 2020 May 11.

College of Business, University of Houston, Clear Lake, 2700 Bay Area Blvd, Houston, TX 77058, United States. Electronic address:

In both historical and contemporary populations, taller individuals have been shown to fare better in marriage markets. Height has been positively associated with the propensity to marry, length of marriage, and the education and economic outcomes of marriage partners. These associations are most commonly identified for male samples. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ehb.2020.100876DOI Listing

Beauty perks: Physical appearance, earnings, and fringe benefits.

Econ Hum Biol 2020 May 17;38:100889. Epub 2020 May 17.

Department of Economics, Sobey School of Business, Saint Mary's University, 923 Robie Street, Halifax, NS, B3H 3C3, Canada. Electronic address:

While the existence of a beauty premium is documented for many labour markets, there has been no study on the association of attractiveness with fringe benefits. This is a significant limitation of the extant literature, since fringe benefits are increasingly acknowledged as an integral part of the employees' compensation, and a main indicator of job quality. Using the Canadian General Social Survey of 2016, the present paper examines how a self-rated measure of attractiveness associates with both labour earnings and fringe benefits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ehb.2020.100889DOI Listing

Age-Related Changes in Hair Shaft Protein Profiling and Genetically Variant Peptides.

Forensic Sci Int Genet 2020 May 22;47:102309. Epub 2020 May 22.

Forensic Science Graduate Program, University of California, Davis, CA, USA; Department of Environmental Toxicology, University of California, Davis, CA, USA. Electronic address:

Recent reports highlight possible improvements in individual identification using proteomic information from human hair evidence. These reports have stimulated investigation of parameters that affect the utility of proteomic information. In addition to variables already studied relating to processing technique and anatomic origin of hair shafts, an important variable is hair ageing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fsigen.2020.102309DOI Listing

The wazan janch: The body-mass index and the socio-spatial politics of health promotion in rural India.

Authors:
Carly E Nichols

Soc Sci Med 2020 May 22;258:113071. Epub 2020 May 22.

University of Iowa, Department of Geographical and Sustainability Sciences, 312 Jessup Hall, Iowa City, IA, 52245, USA. Electronic address:

The body mass index (BMI), which measures body mass divided by height squared (kg/m²), has become a popular technology for quickly measuring and assessing individuals' health and disease risk. However, the BMI has also been widely criticized by health professionals who argue that it's a poor measure of health. Feminist scholars are also critical, arguing BMI is a technology of neoliberal health promotion that pathologizes body size, and produces responsibilized subjects invested in maintaining "proper" weights, while often ignoring the social and environmental conditions that result in differently sized bodies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2020.113071DOI Listing

Granular measures of agricultural land-use influence lake nitrogen and phosphorus differently at macroscales.

Ecol Appl 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University, 480 Wilson Rd, East Lansing, Michigan, 48824, USA.

Agricultural land-use is typically associated with high stream nutrient concentrations and increased nutrient loading to lakes. For lakes, evidence for these associations mostly comes from studies on individual lakes or watersheds that relate concentrations of nitrogen (N) or phosphorus (P) to aggregate measures of agricultural land-use, such as the proportion of land used for agriculture in a lake's watershed. However, at macroscales (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eap.2187DOI Listing

Learning technologies: A medium for the transformation of medical education?

Med Educ 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Graduate School of Management, Faculty of Business and Economics, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Context: Learning technologies are ubiquitous in medical schools implemented in anticipation of more effective, active and authentic learning and teaching. Such thinking appears to be an instance of solutionism. The evidence is that academics' adoption of learning technologies is often limited in scale and scope and frequently fails to transform their teaching practices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/medu.14261DOI Listing

Optimization strategies for the organization of mental health care.

Int J Qual Health Care 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Owner of the Faculty of Business Economics and Entrepreneurship, Belgrade.

Introduction/aim: The aim of this paper is to analyse the main issues and obstacles to optimizing the organization of mental health care and the strategies that should be applied by presenting the examples from practice.

Results: Outcomes of mental health care are in relation with improved legislation and the introduction of up-to-date management and economic concepts including continuous treatment model, in addition to the advantages and disadvantages in the provision of mental health care within primary and secondary inpatient and outpatient health care. Some of these lessons are learned from reforms implemented in Serbia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/intqhc/mzaa061DOI Listing

Social and natural risk factor correlation in China's fresh agricultural product supply.

PLoS One 2020 2;15(6):e0232836. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

School of Management, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, China.

The perishable nature of fresh agricultural products and their vulnerability to environmental impacts make fresh agricultural product supplies susceptible to more complex social risks and unpredictable natural risks. This study identifies 13 social and natural risk factors that could adversely affect the fresh agricultural product supply and uses ISM and MICMAC to develop a hierarchical structure of the risks to analyze the correlation of these risk factors. The results showed that these risk factors have a strong positive correlation, a reasonable risk-sharing mechanism should be established for the fresh agricultural product supply and the improvement in the supervision error correction system should be strengthened. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0232836PLOS

Cost-effectiveness evaluations of the 9-Valent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine: Evidence from a systematic review.

PLoS One 2020 2;15(6):e0233499. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Health Economics and Policy Research, Centre for Health Research, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia.

Introduction: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programs are established to be cost-effective before implementation. WHO recommends HPV vaccination for girls aged 9-13 years to tackle the high burden of cervical cancer. This review examined the existing evidence on the cost-effectiveness of the 9-valent HPV vaccine within a global context. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0233499PLOS

"Understanding growth convergence in India (1981-2010): Looking beyond the usual suspects".

PLoS One 2020 2;15(6):e0233549. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Goa Business School, Goa University, Taleigao Plateau, Goa.

The literature on growth convergence has focused to a great extent on the role of initial incomes as a primary determinant of long-term growth outcomes. Expanded versions of growth models have used other explanators to unpack the growth process. In this paper we add to the literature in two significant ways: (a) we use socioeconomic variables that are sometimes overlooked in explaining growth (such as, political stability and political alliance, social heterogeneity, and demographic distribution), and (b) we demonstrate that earlier analyses may be overlooking the problem of normality and endogeneity in regression models (and we provide alternate methods like instrumental variable and distribution dynamics to control for these). Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0233549PLOS

Exploring behaviours of concern including aggression, self-harm, sexual harm and absconding within an Australian inpatient mental health service.

Australas Psychiatry 2020 Jun 2:1039856220926940. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Alfred Mental & Addiction Health, Alfred Health, Australia.

Objective: Patients admitted to mental health services may exhibit behaviours of concern (BOCs) such as aggression, self-harm, absconding and sexual harm. BOCs can lead to restrictive interventions, which have adverse effects on patients, carers and staff. This paper aims to explore the nature and outcome of BOCs within an adult inpatient mental health setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1039856220926940DOI Listing