123,227 results match your criteria Business & Society[Journal]


SVR-DEA model of carbon tax pricing for China's thermal power industry.

Sci Total Environ 2020 May 15;734:139438. Epub 2020 May 15.

School of Business Administration, Henan University of Economics and Law, Zhengzhou, China. Electronic address:

To mitigate the adverse effects of global climate change, the carbon tax has been gradually recognized as an important economic means to reduce carbon emissions. This paper therefore aimed to investigate the carbon tax pricing for China's thermal power industry and proposed a provincial increasing block carbon tax (IBCT) policy. By designing a forecast-optimized framework with support vector regression (SVR) and data envelopment analysis (DEA), the pricings of IBCT and flat carbon tax (FCT) were calculated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139438DOI Listing

Analysis on the influencing factors of carbon emission in China's logistics industry based on LMDI method.

Sci Total Environ 2020 Apr 26;734:138473. Epub 2020 Apr 26.

School of Economics and Management, Changsha University, Changsha 410022, China.

Logistics industry, as one of the industries with high carbon emissions, has become the focus of all parties while developing rapidly. Based on panel data, the total carbon emissions of logistics industry in China from 2000 to 2016 were calculated by using IPCC method. On this basis, the LMDI decomposition model is used to decompose the influencing factors of carbon emission from five aspects: carbon emission coefficient, energy intensity, energy structure, economic level and population size. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138473DOI Listing

Competition and private R&D investment.

PLoS One 2020 27;15(5):e0232119. Epub 2020 May 27.

Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion, Université Cote d'Azur, France.

We investigate the determinants of the sign of Research and Development reaction functions of rival firms. Using a two-stage n-firm Cournot competition game, we show that this sign depends on four types of environments in terms of product rivalry and technology spillovers. We test the predictions of the model on the world's largest manufacturing corporations. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0232119PLOS

Gender differences in the longitudinal association between obesity, and disability with workplace absenteeism in the Australian working population.

PLoS One 2020 27;15(5):e0233512. Epub 2020 May 27.

Centre for Health Research, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, QLD, Australia.

Background: Excess weight can increase absenteeism of workers and can have a negative influence on their productivity. Current evidence on this association is mostly based on cross-sectional data and there is little evidence concerning the longitudinal relationship between obesity, and disability with workplace absenteeism. Further, gender differences in this association have often ignored in the existing literature. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0233512PLOS

Characterization and correction of bias due to nonparticipation and the degree of loyalty in large-scale Finnish loyalty card data on grocery purchases.

J Med Internet Res 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

Faculty of Social Sciences (Health Sciences), Tampere University, Tampere, FI.

Background: To date, the evaluation of diet has mostly been based on questionnaires and diaries that have their limitations in terms of being time and resource intensive, and a tendency towards social desirability. Loyalty card data obtained in retailing provides timely and objective information on diet-related behaviors. In Finland, the market is highly concentrated, which provides a unique opportunity to investigate diet through grocery purchases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/18059DOI Listing

Exploring the Determinants of Mobile Health Adoption by Hospitals in China.

JMIR Med Inform 2019 Nov 22. Epub 2019 Nov 22.

Faculty of Health and Applied Sciences, University of the West of England, Bristol, GB.

Background: Although mobile health (mHealth) has the potential to transform health care by delivering better outcomes at a much lower cost than traditional health care services, little is known about mHealth adoption by hospitals.

Objective: This study aimed to explore the determinants of mHealth adoption by hospitals using the technology-organization-environment (TOE) framework.

Methods: We conducted an interviewer-administered survey with 87 managers in Chinese public hospitals and analyzed the data using logistic regression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/14795DOI Listing
November 2019

Evaluation of the Cost-effectiveness of Services for Schizophrenia in the UK Across the Entire Care Pathway in a Single Whole-Disease Model.

JAMA Netw Open 2020 May 1;3(5):e205888. Epub 2020 May 1.

King's Health Economics, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology, and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, United Kingdom.

Importance: The existing economic models for schizophrenia often have 3 limitations; namely, they do not cover nonpharmacologic interventions, they report inconsistent conclusions for antipsychotics, and they have poor methodologic quality.

Objectives: To develop a whole-disease model for schizophrenia and use it to inform resource allocation decisions across the entire care pathway for schizophrenia in the UK.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This decision analytical model used a whole-disease model to simulate the entire disease and treatment pathway among a simulated cohort of 200 000 individuals at clinical high risk of psychoses or with a diagnosis of psychosis or schizophrenia being treated in primary, secondary, and tertiary care in the UK. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.5888DOI Listing

How Geographical Isolation and Aging in Place Can Be Accommodated Through Connected Health Stakeholder Management: Qualitative Study With Focus Groups.

J Med Internet Res 2020 May 27;22(5):e15976. Epub 2020 May 27.

Nanjing Audit University, Naijing, China.

Background: In remote areas, connected health (CH) is needed, but as local resources are often scarce and the purchasing power of residents is usually poor, it is a challenge to apply CH in these settings. In this study, CH is defended as a technological solution for reshaping the direction of health care to be more proactive, preventive, and precisely targeted-and thus, more effective.

Objective: The objective of this study was to explore the identity of CH stakeholders in remote areas of Taiwan and their interests and power in order to determine ideal strategies for applying CH. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/15976DOI Listing

Guanidinylated Amphiphilic Polycarbonates with Enhanced Antimicrobial Activity by Extending the Length of the Spacer Arm and Micelle Self-Assembly.

Macromol Biosci 2020 May 27:e2000065. Epub 2020 May 27.

School of Chemical Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland, 1142, New Zealand.

Nine guanidinylated amphiphilic polycarbonates are rationally designed and synthesized. Each polymer has the same biodegradable backbone but different side groups. The influence of the hydrophobic/hydrophilic effect on antimicrobial activities and cytotoxicity is systematically investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mabi.202000065DOI Listing

Comment on 'Kudo et al (2018), 'Direct adjustment for confounding by smoking reduces radiation-related cancer risk estimates of mortality among male nuclear workers in Japan, 1999-2010'.

Authors:
Yutaka Hamaoka

J Radiol Prot 2020 May 27;40(2):656-657. Epub 2020 May 27.

Keio University-Faculty of Business and Commerce 2-15-45 Mita Minato-ku Tokyo, Tokyo 103-8345 Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1361-6498/ab6629DOI Listing

Impact of Disadvantaged Neighborhoods and Lifestyle Factors on Adult Obesity: Evidence From a 5-Year Cohort Study in Australia.

Am J Health Promot 2020 May 27:890117120928790. Epub 2020 May 27.

Centre for Health Research, Informatics and Economic Research, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia.

Purpose: This study aims to investigate the impact of disadvantaged neighborhoods and lifestyle factors on obesity among Australian adults.

Design: Quantitative, longitudinal research design.

Setting: Cohort. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0890117120928790DOI Listing

The Impact of Surgery and Radiotherapy on Health-Related Quality of Life of Individuals with Oral and Oropharyngeal Carcinoma and Short-Term Follow up after Treatment.

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2020 May 1;21(5):1227-1234. Epub 2020 May 1.

Oral Oncology Center and Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics, São Paulo State University (UNESP), School of Dentistry, Araçatuba, SP, Brazil.

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the quality of life of patients with oral or oropharyngeal cancer by using specific questionnaires (QLQ-C30 and QLQ-HandN35), varying according to the location of the tumor (oral cavity or oropharynx) and the treatment performed (only surgery or surgery associated with radiotherapy).

Methods: Fifty patients were enrolled in this study and answered the EORTC QLQ-C30 and EORTC HandN35 questionnaires, before (baseline), at 1 week, and 3 months after treatment. Internal consistency reliability was calculated with the Cronbach coefficient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31557/APJCP.2020.21.5.1227DOI Listing

Characterization and analysis of rapeseed protein isolate stabilized O/W emulsion under pH and ionic stress.

J Sci Food Agric 2020 May 26. Epub 2020 May 26.

College of Food Science and Engineering, Collaborative Innovation Center for Modern Grain Circulation and Safety, Key Laboratory of Grains and Oils Quality Control and Processing, Nanjing University of Finance and Economics, Number 3 Wenyuan Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210023, People's Republic of China.

Background: Presently, identifying natural compounds as emulsifiers is a popular topic in the food industry. Rapeseed protein isolate (RPI) is a natural plant protein with excellent emulsifying properties, but has not been systematically developed and utilized.

Results: This study investigated the surface hydrophobicity, wettability and protein solubility of RPI to further explain its emulsifying behavior in emulsion systems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.10532DOI Listing

The off-hour effect among severe trauma patients: a nationwide cohort study in Japan.

Surg Today 2020 May 26. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, Maebashi, Japan.

Purpose: To assess whether there are temporal differences altering the clinical outcomes of severe trauma patients in Japan.

Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study that used recorded data from the Japan Trauma Data Bank. Severe trauma patients who had an injury severity score of greater than 16 were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00595-020-02027-1DOI Listing

Rhythm blues in the time of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): how the cardiac electrophysiologist adapts to a viral pandemic in Singapore.

J Interv Card Electrophysiol 2020 May 27. Epub 2020 May 27.

Department of Cardiology, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, 11 Jalan Tan Tock Seng, Singapore, 308433, Singapore.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a major healthcare disaster in the modern times. Healthcare services must adapt to effectively juggle between pandemic management and maintenance of business-as-usual services so that both COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 patients receive appropriate clinical care. We share our experience of significant cardiac rhythm abnormalities seen in COVID-19 patients in Singapore, how the viral pandemic has affected the cardiac electrophysiology and pacing service in a large acute care general hospital and the steps taken to alleviate the negative impact. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10840-020-00782-2DOI Listing

Health Impacts and Recovery From Prolonged Freshwater Exposure in a Common Bottlenose Dolphin ().

Front Vet Sci 2020 7;7:235. Epub 2020 May 7.

Marine Mammal Research Center, Dauphin Island Sea Lab, Alabama Marine Mammal Stranding Network, Dauphin Island, AL, United States.

Common bottlenose dolphins ( exposed to freshwater or low salinity (<10 practical salinity units; PSU) for prolonged periods of time have been documented to develop skin lesions, corneal edema and electrolyte abnormalities, and in some instances they have died. Here we review a case of an out-of-habitat subadult, female common bottlenose dolphin that remained in a freshwater lake in Seminole, Alabama for at least 32 days. Due to concerns for the dolphin's health a rescue was initiated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2020.00235DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7220998PMC

Assessing the Preferences for Criteria in Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis in Treatments for Rare Diseases.

Front Public Health 2020 8;8:162. Epub 2020 May 8.

Global Market Access Solutions, St-Prex, Switzerland.

Increasingly, multi-criteria decision analysis has gained importance as a method by which to assess the value of orphan drugs. However, very little attention has been given to the weight (relative preferences) of the individual criteria used in a framework. This study sought to gain an understanding of the preferential weights that should be allocated in a multi-criteria decision analysis framework for orphan drugs, from a multi-stakeholder perspective. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2020.00162DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7225315PMC

eB4CAST Approach Improves Science Communication With Stakeholders in a College-Based Health Program.

Front Public Health 2020 7;8:158. Epub 2020 May 7.

Department of Nutrition, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Knoxville, TN, United States.

Communicating scientific results with community partners is often lacking in intervention programs, thus eB4CAST was developed to facilitate impact sharing. This article investigated using the eB4CAST dissemination tool to communicate impact from a campus-based obesity prevention program. Data from Get Fruved RCT university sites collected at baseline were used to generate eB4CAST reports. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2020.00158DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7223159PMC

Predicting Job Satisfaction in Military Organizations: Unpacking the Relationship Between Emotional Intelligence, Teamwork Communication, and Job Attitudes in Spanish Military Cadets.

Front Psychol 2020 7;11:875. Epub 2020 May 7.

Department of Business Organization, Faculty of Economics and Business Management, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.

Although prior research has extensively examined the association of emotional intelligence (EI) with various job attitudes (e.g., job satisfaction), empirical and systematic investigation of this link within military institutions has captured considerably less attention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00875DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7221124PMC

Symbolic Product Superiority in the Neural Salience of Compensatory Consumption Behavior.

Front Psychol 2020 8;11:838. Epub 2020 May 8.

Business School, Ningbo University, Ningbo, China.

To cope with self-threat being induced by personal setbacks in daily life, compensatory consumption, especially on symbolic product, has been found to do valuable help to resolve discrepancies between ideal and actual self-concept. Conforming to symbolic self-completion theory, the current study adopted event-related potentials to explore the objective information processing stages in self-concept-impaired status (the defeat group) on a neural level. The behavioral results replicated previous findings that the defeat group gained stronger purchase intention for symbolic products than utilitarian products. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00838DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7225264PMC

Factors Associated With a Higher Score of Burnout in a Population of 860 French Psychiatrists.

Front Psychiatry 2020 7;11:371. Epub 2020 May 7.

Department of Psychiatry, Sainte-Anne Hospital, Paris, France.

Burnout rates are estimated to be twice as high among healthcare professionals as in the general working population, and studies indicate rising incidence. The present study aimed to identify the contextual factors associated with self-reported burnout rates among French psychiatrists. A total of 860 French or French-speaking psychiatrists completed an online questionnaire when they registered for a major psychiatric conference. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00371DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7224256PMC

Application of Neural Network and Cluster Analyses to Differentiate TCM Patterns in Patients With Breast Cancer.

Front Pharmacol 2020 8;11:670. Epub 2020 May 8.

Department of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan.

Background And Purpose: Pattern differentiation is a critical element of the prescription process for Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) practitioners. Application of advanced machine learning techniques will enhance the effectiveness of TCM in clinical practice. The aim of this study is to explore the relationships between clinical features and TCM patterns in breast cancer patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2020.00670DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227602PMC

The impact of Covid-19 pandemic on corporate social responsibility and marketing philosophy.

J Bus Res 2020 Aug 21;116:176-182. Epub 2020 May 21.

Birmingham Business School, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK.

In this article, we offer some initial examination on how Covid-19 pandemic can influence the developments of CSR and marketing. We argue that Covid-19 pandemic offers a great opportunity for businesses to shift towards more genuine and authentic CSR and contribute to address urgent global social and environmental challenges. We also discuss some potential directions of how consumer ethical decision making will be shifted to due to the pandemic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2020.05.030DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7241379PMC

Even Bad Social Norms Promote Positive Interactions.

Sci Rep 2020 May 26;10(1):8694. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Economics, Chiba University of Commerce, 1-3-1 Konodai, Ichikawa-shi, Chiba, 272-8512, Japan.

Social norms for cooperation are often supported by positive and negative sanctions. Simultaneously, positive interactions in human relationships via sanctions are promoted by positive social behavior. This study investigates the relationship between social behavior and sanctions based on economic laboratory experiments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-65516-wDOI Listing

Enabling safe aqueous lithium ion open batteries by suppressing oxygen reduction reaction.

Nat Commun 2020 May 26;11(1):2638. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, 20742, USA.

Due to the non-flammable nature of water-based electrolytes, aqueous lithium-ion batteries are resistant to catching fire. However, they are not immune to the risk of explosion, since the sealing structure adopted by current batteries limits the dissipation of heat and pressure within the cells. Here, we report a safe aqueous lithium-ion battery with an open configuration using water-in-salt electrolytes and aluminum oxide coated anodes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-16460-wDOI Listing

Orbital-use fees could more than quadruple the value of the space industry.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2020 May 26. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Economics, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80302.

The space industry's rapid recent growth represents the latest tragedy of the commons. Satellites launched into orbit contribute to-and risk damage from-a growing buildup of space debris and other satellites. Collision risk from this orbital congestion is costly to satellite operators. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1921260117DOI Listing

Variations in strength-related measures during the menstrual cycle in eumenorrheic women: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Sci Med Sport 2020 May 17. Epub 2020 May 17.

School of Sport, Health and Applied Science, St Mary's University, Twickenham, United Kingdom; Orreco Ltd, National University of Ireland Business Innovation Centre, Galway, Ireland; Division of Surgery and Interventional Science, University College London, London, United Kingdom.

Objectives: To systematically review the current body of research that has investigated changes in strength-related variables during different phases of the menstrual cycle in eumenorrheic women.

Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

Methods: A literature search was conducted in Pubmed, SPORTDiscus and Web of Science using search terms related to the menstrual cycle and strength-related measures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2020.04.022DOI Listing

Emerging agents that target signaling pathways in cancer stem cells.

J Hematol Oncol 2020 May 26;13(1):60. Epub 2020 May 26.

School of Life Science and Technology, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Intervention, China Pharmaceutical University, 639 Longmian Road, Nanjing, 211198, People's Republic of China.

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) contribute to the initiation, recurrence, and metastasis of cancer; however, there are still no drugs targeting CSCs in clinical application. There are several signaling pathways playing critical roles in CSC progression, such as the Wnt, Hedgehog, Notch, Hippo, and autophagy signaling pathways. Additionally, targeting the ferroptosis signaling pathway was recently shown to specifically kill CSCs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13045-020-00901-6DOI Listing

Effectiveness of mobile SMS based counselling intervention in improving the knowledge, attitude, and practices of HIV/AIDS patients enrolled in hospitals/NGOs in Terengganu, Malaysia: a mixed mode study protocol.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 26;20(1):787. Epub 2020 May 26.

Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University Putra Malaysia, 43400, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

Background: HIV/AIDS is one of the most serious problems in many parts of the world, and is a high priority for health managers and decision-makers. The aim of the qualitative part of this study will be to develop a mobile SMS (short messaging services) counselling intervention to prevent HIV/AIDS, while the quantitative part will be to test the effectiveness of a mobile SMS counselling intervention to improve the knowledge, attitude, and practices of patients concerning the prevention of HIV/AIDS.

Method: A mixed methods approach will be used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08910-3DOI Listing

Adapting to a new reality: COVID-19 coronavirus and online education in the health professions.

Rural Remote Health 2020 May 26;20(2):6000. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Rural Health, University of Newcastle, 69a High Street, Taree, NSW 2430, Australia

The current novel coronavirus, COVID-19, has effected a significant change in the way industry-based and tertiary health professions education (HPE) can occur. Advice for strict, widespread social distancing has catalysed the transformation of course delivery into fully online design across nations. This is problematic for HPE, which has traditionally relied on face-to-face learner interaction, in the form of skills laboratories, simulation training and industry-based clinical placements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22605/RRH6000DOI Listing

A Combined Modal and Route Choice Behavioral Complementarity Equilibrium Model with Users of Vehicles and Electric Bicycles.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 May 24;17(10). Epub 2020 May 24.

School of Transportation and Civil Engineering, Nantong University, Nantong 226019, China.

The popularity of electric bicycles in China makes them a common transportation mode for people to commute and move around. However, with the increase in traffic volumes for both vehicles and electric bicycles, urban traffic safety and congestion problems are rising due to traffic conflicts between these two modes. To regulate travel behavior, it is essential to analyze the mode choice and route choice behaviors of travelers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103704DOI Listing

A Machine Learning-Based Approach for Predicting Patient Punctuality in Ambulatory Care Centers.

Authors:
Sharan Srinivas

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 May 24;17(10). Epub 2020 May 24.

Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering, College of Engineering, and Department of Marketing, Trulaske College of Business, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA.

Late-arriving patients have become a prominent concern in several ambulatory care clinics across the globe. Accommodating them could lead to detrimental ramifications such as schedule disruption and increased waiting time for forthcoming patients, which, in turn, could lead to patient dissatisfaction, reduced care quality, and physician burnout. However, rescheduling late arrivals could delay access to care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103703DOI Listing

A Study of Using Natural Sorbent to Reduce Iron Cations from Aqueous Solutions.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 May 23;17(10). Epub 2020 May 23.

Faculty of Engineering, Slovak University of Agriculture, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia.

Iron is an essential trace element, but at high doses, this element may pose a health risk. Wastewater from iron ore mining, steel production, and metal processing, among other heavy metals, also contains high concentrations of iron (Fe). The use of sorption on natural materials is a potential alternative to conventional methods for removing iron ions, also because of low cost. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103686DOI Listing

Reduction of Health Care-Associated Infections (HAIs) with Antimicrobial Inorganic Nanoparticles Incorporated in Medical Textiles: An Economic Assessment.

Nanomaterials (Basel) 2020 May 23;10(5). Epub 2020 May 23.

Transgero Limited, Naomh Treasa, Cullinagh, Newcastle West, Co., V42 V384 Limerick, Ireland.

Health care-associated infections (HAIs) affect millions of patients annually with up to 80,000 affected in Europe on any given day. This represents a significant societal and economic burden. Staff training, hand hygiene, patient identification and isolation and controlled antibiotic use are some of the standard ways to reduce HAI incidence but this is time consuming and subject and subject to rigorous implementation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nano10050999DOI Listing

Enhanced Biomass Yield of and Saccharification in Transgenic Tobacco Over-Expressing β-Glucosidase.

Biomolecules 2020 May 23;10(5). Epub 2020 May 23.

Bio-Energy Research Center, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 61186, Korea.

Here, we report an increase in biomass yield and saccharification in transgenic tobacco plants (.) overexpressing thermostable β-glucosidase from , , targeted to the chloroplasts and vacuoles. The transgenic tobacco plants showed phenotypic characteristics that were significantly different from those of the wild-type plants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/biom10050806DOI Listing

Project Gatekeeper: An Entrance Control System Embedded Radiation Detection Capability for Security Applications.

Sensors (Basel) 2020 May 23;20(10). Epub 2020 May 23.

Interface Analysis Centre, School of Physics, HH Wills Physics Laboratory, University of Bristol, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TL, UK.

Threat assessments continue to conclude that terrorist groups and individuals as well as those wanting to cause harm to society have the ambition and increasing means to acquire unconventional weapons such as improvised nuclear explosive devices and radiological disposal devices. Such assessments are given credence by public statements of intent by such groups/persons, by reports of attempts to acquire radioactive material and by law enforcement actions which have interdicted, apprehended or prevented attempts to acquire such material. As a mechanism through which to identify radioactive materials being transported on an individual's person, this work sought to develop a detection system that is of lower-cost, reduced form-factor and more covert than existing infrastructure, while maintaining adequate sensitivity and being retrofittable into an industry standard and widely utilised Gunnebo Speed Gate system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s20102957DOI Listing

An Exploration of a Synthetic Construction Land Use Quality Evaluation Based on Economic-Social-Ecological Coupling Perspective: A Case Study in Major Chinese Cities.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 May 22;17(10). Epub 2020 May 22.

School of Information and Safety Engineering, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, Wuhan 430073, China.

Recently, with the rapid increase of urban population and industrial agglomeration, the price of construction land has increased, and construction land has become increasingly scarce. Therefore, how to improve the construction land use quality (CLUQ) becomes more and more important. The purpose of the study is to evaluate CLUQ in China's major cities and to analyze the dominant obstacle factors for quality improvement in order to provide policy advice for construction land management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103663DOI Listing

Social Dialogue and Psychosocial Risk Management: Added Value of Manager and Employee Representative Agreement in Risk Perceptionand Awareness.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 May 22;17(10). Epub 2020 May 22.

TNO, Work Health Technology, 2301 DA Leiden, The Netherlands.

The present study aimed to explore the added value of managers' and employee representatives' agreement in risk perception and awareness in explaining the management of more 'subjective' psychosocial risks as compared to the more 'objective' traditional OSH risks. The general assumption tested was whether the added value of agreement in risk perception and awareness between these parties would be larger for psychosocial risk management as compared to traditional OSH risk management. European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks (ESENER-1) data were used from 7226 enterprises in which both managers and employee representatives were interviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103672DOI Listing

BioMove: Biometric User Identification from Human Kinesiological Movements for Virtual Reality Systems.

Sensors (Basel) 2020 May 22;20(10). Epub 2020 May 22.

Department of Computer Science and Software Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Suzhou 215123, China.

Virtual reality (VR) has advanced rapidly and is used for many entertainment and business purposes. The need for secure, transparent and non-intrusive identification mechanisms is important to facilitate users' safe participation and secure experience. People are kinesiologically unique, having individual behavioral and movement characteristics, which can be leveraged and used in security sensitive VR applications to compensate for users' inability to detect potential observational attackers in the physical world. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s20102944DOI Listing

Covalent Organic Frameworks: A Promising Materials Platform for Photocatalytic CO Reductions.

Molecules 2020 May 22;25(10). Epub 2020 May 22.

School of Science, Beijing Technology and Business University, Beijing 100048, China.

Covalent organic frameworks (COFs) are a kind of porous crystalline polymeric material. They are constructed by organic module units connected with strong covalent bonds extending in two or three dimensions. COFs possess the advantages of low-density, large specific surface area, high thermal stability, developed pore-structure, long-range order, good crystallinity, and the excellent tunability of the monomer units and the linking reticular chemistry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules25102425DOI Listing

The Voice of Drug Consumers: Online Textual Review Analysis Using Structural Topic Model.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 May 22;17(10). Epub 2020 May 22.

School of Information Management and Engineering, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, No.777 Guoding Road, Shanghai 200433, China.

Many web-based pharmaceutical e-commerce platforms allow consumers to post open-ended textual reviews based on their purchase experiences. Understanding the true voice of consumers by analyzing such a large amount of user-generated content is of great significance to pharmaceutical manufacturers and e-commerce websites. The aim of this paper is to automatically extract hidden topics from web-based drug reviews using the structural topic model (STM) to examine consumers' concerns when they buy drugs online. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103648DOI Listing

Gastronomic Motivations and Perceived Value of Foreign Tourists in the City of Oruro (Bolivia): An Analysis Based on Structural Equations.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 May 21;17(10). Epub 2020 May 21.

Applied Economics Department, University of Córdoba, 14071 Córdoba, Spain.

The continuous dynamism that tourism suffers makes the motivations of tourists change, making them search for new experiences. In this sense, gastronomy is positioned as a key element of union between tourism and culture, thus developing gastronomic tourism. The analysis presented here will address gastronomic motivations and their influence on the value perceived by foreign tourists in Oruro (Bolivia), based on a total sample of 370 and through a covariance-based structural equation modelling (CB-SEM). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103618DOI Listing

In Situ Gel Formation in Microporated Skin for Enhanced Topical Delivery of Niacinamide.

Pharmaceutics 2020 May 21;12(5). Epub 2020 May 21.

Center for Drug Delivery and Research, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Mercer University, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA.

Although used widely in cosmetic formulations, topical delivery of niacinamide (LogP = -0.35) is unfavorable by conventional means. Poly(lactide--glycolide) (PLGA) formulations, can undergo a sol-gel transition triggered by solvent exchange, entrapping molecules and sustaining their release. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/pharmaceutics12050472DOI Listing

Quantified Vascular Calcification at the Dialysis Access Site: Correlations with the Coronary Artery Calcium Score and Survival Analysis of Access and Cardiovascular Outcomes.

J Clin Med 2020 May 21;9(5). Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Internal Medicine, Chuncheon Sacred Heart Hospital, Chuncheon 24253, Korea.

Vascular calcification is a major contributor to mortality in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. In this study, we investigated whether there was a correlation between the coronary artery calcium score (CACS) and the vascular calcification score (VCS), and whether higher VCS increased the incidence of interventions and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE). ECG-gated CT, including vascular access and the coronary vessel, was taken. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm9051558DOI Listing

Subchronic Toxicity Assessment of Orally Administered Methanol (70%) Seed Extract of L. in Wistar Albino Rats.

Turk J Pharm Sci 2019 Mar 31;16(1):88-95. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Government Science and Commerce College, Department of Botany, Bhopal, India.

Objectives: L. is a famous medicinal plant of the family Fabaceae and is widely used in traditional medicine for the treatment of various ailments. However, there are limited toxicological data available regarding its safety following repeated exposure; therefore, the present study was designed to evaluate the 28-day subchronic toxicity of methanol (70%) crude extract of seeds in adult Wistar albino rats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4274/tjps.87487DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227984PMC

Direct Cost of Parkinson's Disease: A Real-World Data Study of Second-Line Therapies.

Parkinsons Dis 2020 12;2020:9106026. Epub 2020 May 12.

Deusto Business School Health, University of Deusto, Bilbao, Spain.

Parkinson's disease is one of the main reasons for neurological consultation in Spain. Due to the nature of the disease, it impacts patients, families, and caregivers. Parkinson's disease is a degenerative disease with no cure, although second-line therapies have recently improved the quality of life of patients in advanced stages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/9106026DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7240660PMC

Oral Collagen Drink for Antiaging: Antioxidation, Facilitation of the Increase of Collagen Synthesis, and Improvement of Protein Folding and DNA Repair in Human Skin Fibroblasts.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2020 11;2020:8031795. Epub 2020 May 11.

Research & Design Center, TCI Co., Ltd., Taipei 114, Taiwan.

This work unveils a fish collagen drink for improvement of skin aging. Previous studies frequently discussed the skin aging from the angle of the representative characteristics of collagen loss and the oxidative-induced expression of proteolytic enzymes matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), but few groups comprehensively investigated the efficacy of oral hydrolyzed collagen for enhancing protein folding and DNA repair as well as improving notable cell behaviors. To delineate the broad perspective on delaying skin aging, we inspected the collagen drink-treated fibroblast cells from the molecular and cellular aspects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/8031795DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7238338PMC

Comparative Pharmacokinetics of Geniposidic Acid, Genipin-1--Gentiobioside, Geniposide, Genipin, and Crocetin in Rats after Oral Administration of Crude and Its Three Processed Products Using LC-MS/MS.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2020 6;2020:1642761. Epub 2020 May 6.

Tianjin State Key Laboratory of Modern Chinese Medicine, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 300193 Tianjin, China.

The extract of (GF) with different processing methods processed the different medicinal properties and efficacy. Crude GF (CGF) could be processed into stir-frying GF (SGF), gancao mix-frying GF (GCGF), and ginger mix-frying GF (GIGF) in practice. An LC-MS/MS method was established for simultaneous quantification of geniposidic acid, geniposide, genipin-1--gentiobioside, genipin, and crocetin in the rat plasma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/1642761DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7229567PMC

[Business cycle highlight: Global corona shock on the labour market].

Wirtschaftsdienst 2020 20;100(5):387-388. Epub 2020 May 20.

3Institut für Weltwirtschaft, Kiellinie 66, 24105 Kiel, Deutschland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10273-020-2661-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7237611PMC

Adaptive nonparametric regression with the -nearest neighbour fused lasso.

Biometrika 2020 Jun 29;107(2):293-310. Epub 2020 Jan 29.

Department of Statistics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, U.S.A.

The fused lasso, also known as total-variation denoising, is a locally adaptive function estimator over a regular grid of design points. In this article, we extend the fused lasso to settings in which the points do not occur on a regular grid, leading to a method for nonparametric regression. This approach, which we call the [Formula: see text]-nearest-neighbours fused lasso, involves computing the [Formula: see text]-nearest-neighbours graph of the design points and then performing the fused lasso over this graph. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/biomet/asz071DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7228543PMC