111,919 results match your criteria Business & Society[Journal]


Investigating the role of colloids on the distribution of bisphenol analogues in surface water from an ecological demonstration area, China.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Apr 10;673:699-707. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Key Laboratory of Water Cycle and Related Land Surface Processes, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China.

Owing to the widespread use of bisphenol analogues (BPs) as substitutes for bisphenol A (BPA), the presence of BPs in multiple environments is of increasing concern. However, there is a limited understanding of the effects of colloids on the distribution and risk assessment of BPs traditionally dissolved in surface water. In this study, seven BPs were investigated in both the truly dissolved (<5 kDa) and colloidal (5 kDa to 1 μm) phases with water, with mean concentrations in the range of 71. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.04.142DOI Listing

The predictive ability of the expected utility-entropy based fund rating approach: A comparison investigation with Morningstar ratings in US.

PLoS One 2019 19;14(4):e0215320. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

School of Economics and Management, Beihang University, Beijing, China.

In this paper, we propose an alternative fund rating approach based on the Expected Utility-Entropy (EU-E) decision model, in which the measure of risk for a risky action was axiomatically developed by Luce et al. We examine the ability of this approach as an alternative fund rating approach for its ability to potentially mitigate the drawbacks of the risk measure used in Morningstar ratings, and investigate the ability of the EU-E model based and Morningstar ratings to predict mutual fund performance. Overall, we find that the risk measure used in both models plays a defining role in their ability to predict future fund performance, and that the EU-E model can effectively consider the behavioral decisions of an investor. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215320PLOS

Safe Vaccinations for a Healthy Nation: Increasing US Vaccine Coverage Through Law, Science, and Communication.

JAMA 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Departments of Immunology and Infectious Diseases and Global Health and Population, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public, Boston, Massachusetts.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.2019.4270DOI Listing

Protecting my turf: The moderating role of generational differences on the relationships between self-direction and hedonism values and reactions to generational diversity.

J Soc Psychol 2019 ;159(2):153-169

a Farmer School of Business , Miami University.

Drawing from basic human values theory and generational identity theory, we hypothesize that two self-focused values, self-direction and hedonism, will be negatively associated with reactions to generational diversity initiatives, and that this relationship will differ between millennials and non-millennials. As expected, our findings illustrate that self-direction and hedonism are negatively related to reactions to generational diversity initiatives. Additionally, self-direction's influence on reactions to diversity initiatives is significantly higher for non-millennials than millennials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00224545.2019.1570903DOI Listing
January 2019

Light as a positive situational cue: Satisfaction with workplace illuminance relates to judgments of other's warmth and competence.

Ergonomics 2019 Apr 19:1-39. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

a School of Business and Economics, Loughborough University , United Kingdom.

Workplace illumination is known to impact mood, performance and decision making. Based on the idea that positive feelings associated with light might influence social judgments in workplaces, we propose that satisfaction with light as a specific affective response to light would lead to positive judgments of other individuals. In a laboratory experiment (N = 164), participants assessed their satisfaction with light and rated other person's faces on warmth and competence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2019.1608316DOI Listing

A study on the characteristics of pollutant release and transfer registers (PRTRs) and cancer incidence rates in Korea.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

National Institute of Chemical Safety, Ministry of Environment, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.

This study aims to identify the past decade's trend of harmful chemical emissions, which have been disclosed on the website as open information. During the past 10 years, the number of places of business, examined for their harmful chemical emissions, increased about 1.3× and their emissions went up 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-04868-xDOI Listing

Challenges and Opportunities for Patient Centric Drug Product Design: Industry Perspectives.

Pharm Res 2019 Apr 17;36(6):85. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Merck Research Laboratories, Kenilworth, NJ, USA.

For an industry dedicated to preventing and treating disease, the concept of patient centric drug product design is remarkably new, yet it is beginning to transform medicinal development. The paternalistic paradigm of delivering efficacious and safe medicinal products, with inconsistent emphasis on patient centric considerations, is no longer sufficient. Patient expectations have evolved, and treatment use must complement patients' daily lives. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11095-019-2616-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11095-019-2616-5DOI Listing
April 2019
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Assessing Cyberbiosecurity Vulnerabilities and Infrastructure Resilience.

Front Bioeng Biotechnol 2019 29;7:61. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Argonne National Laboratory (DOE), Strategic Security Sciences Division, Lemont, IL, United States.

The convergence of advances in biotechnology with laboratory automation, access to data, and computational biology has democratized biotechnology and accelerated the development of new therapeutics. However, increased access to biotechnology in the digital age has also introduced additional security concerns and ultimately, spawned the new discipline of cyberbiosecurity, which encompasses cybersecurity, cyber-physical security, and biosecurity considerations. With the emergence of this new discipline comes the need for a logical, repeatable, and shared approach for evaluating facility and system vulnerabilities to cyberbiosecurity threats. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fbioe.2019.00061
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fbioe.2019.00061DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6455068PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Corrigendum: Viscoelastic and Functional Properties of Cod-Bone Gelatin in the Presence of Xylitol and Stevioside.

Front Chem 2019 2;7:120. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

College of Food Science and Biotechnology, Zhejiang Gongshang University, Hangzhou, China.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fchem.2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fchem.2019.00120DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6456742PMC

The Role of Plasmids in the Multiple Antibiotic Resistance Transfer in ESBLs-Producing Isolated From Wastewater Treatment Plants.

Front Microbiol 2019 3;10:633. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Biotechnology and Disease Control and Prevention, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an, China.

We compared the diversity of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) producing () in wastewater of a municipal wastewater treatment plant. This was done by analyzing multiple antibiotic resistant phenotypes and genotypes. Also, we investigated the antibiotic resistance transfer mechanism of the plasmid by comparing the antibiotic resistance gene linked transfer using a conjugative test, and by analyzing the full-length DNA sequence of one plasmid. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2019.00633DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6456708PMC

Uncertainty Modulates the Effect of Transcranial Stimulation Over the Right Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex on Decision-Making Under Threat.

Front Neurosci 2019 2;13:305. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Reinhard Selten Laboratory, Nankai University, Tianjin, China.

Threat is a strategy that can be used to impact decision-making processes in bargaining. Abundant evidence suggests that credible threat and incredible threat both influence the obeisance of others. However, it is not clear whether the decision-making processes under credible threat and incredible threat during bargaining involve differential neurocognitive mechanisms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2019.00305DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454088PMC

Keeping snakes.

Authors:
Tariq Abou-Zahr

Vet Rec 2019 Apr;184(16):505-506

Great Western Exotic Vets, County Business Park, Units 10-16, Shrivenham Road, Swindon SN1 2NR.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/vr.l1796DOI Listing

Significant event reporting in veterinary practice.

Vet Rec 2019 Apr;184(16):498-499

Paragon Veterinary Referrals, Paragon Business Village, Wakefield, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/vr.l1212DOI Listing

One-year cost-effectiveness of supervised centre-based exercise training in addition to a post-discharge disease management program for patients recently hospitalized with acute heart failure: The EJECTION-HF study.

Heart Lung 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Centre for Applied Health Economics, Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia.

Background: Combining supervised exercise training (ET) and disease management program (DMP) may benefit people with heart failure (HF) but will require additional resources.

Objectives: To assess the 1-year cost-effectiveness of a 24-week ET program added to a post-discharge DMP in patients recently hospitalized with HF.

Methods: Using randomized controlled trial data, within-trial cost-utility analyses were undertaken in the overall population (n = 278), patients aged <70 (n = 180), and those aged ≥70 (n = 98). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hrtlng.2019.03.003DOI Listing

Covalent conjugates of anthocyanins to soy protein: Unravelling their structure features and in vitro gastrointestinal digestion fate.

Food Res Int 2019 Jun 9;120:603-609. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, Beijing Technology and Business University (BTBU), Beijing 100048, China; College of Food Science, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, China; National Research Center of Soybean Engineering and Technology, Harbin 150030, China. Electronic address:

Seeking for healthier dietary foods without compromising their quality has become the first choice for consumers. Various components in foods are able to interact with each other and form conjugates to improve their functionality and nutritional value. The present study investigated on the formation and structural properties of covalently linked conjugates using soy protein isolate (SPI) and black rice anthocyanins at different ratios. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09639969183089
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2018.11.011DOI Listing
June 2019
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The behavior of umami components in thermally treated yeast extract.

Food Res Int 2019 Jun 5;120:534-543. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, Laboratory of Molecular Sensory Science, College of Food and Chemical Engineering, Beijing Technology and Business University, Beijing 100048, China.

Umami proteolytics are natural food flavor alternatives to glutamate. In this study, key umami taste fractions were separated and purified from thermally treated yeast extract (YE) to yield fifteen umami peptides. Systematic approaches using sensory-guided fractionation on taste-active umami proteolytics separation and detection were utilized. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09639969183088
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2018.11.002DOI Listing
June 2019
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Consumers' willingness to buy and willingness to pay for fair trade food: The influence of consciousness for fair consumption, environmental concern, trust and innovativeness.

Food Res Int 2019 Jun 15;120:141-147. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Business Administration, Sakarya Business School, Sakarya University, Esentepe Campus, 54187 Serdivan, Sakarya, Turkey. Electronic address:

The emerging trend of fair trade (FT) production has gained increasing attention in the food industry due to the growing amount of socially sensitive consumers. In this respect, the purpose of this study is to comprehend how consciousness for fair consumption (CFC), environmental concern (EC), trust in FT label and consumer innovativeness (CI) impact consumers' willingness to buy (WTB) and willingness to pay (WTP) for FT food. For this reason, data were obtained through written survey instrument from consumers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2019.02.018DOI Listing

Understanding patient engagement in health system decision-making: a co-designed scoping review.

Syst Rev 2019 Apr 18;8(1):97. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

The Department Community Health Sciences, Teaching Research and Wellness Building, 3280 Hospital Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta, T2N 4N1, Canada.

Background: With healthcare striving to shift to a more person-centered delivery model, patient and family involvement must have a bigger role in shaping this. While many initiatives involving patients and family members focus on self-care, a broader understanding of patient participation is necessary. Ensuring a viable and sustainable critical number of qualified patients and family members to support this shift will be of utmost importance. Read More

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https://systematicreviewsjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13643-019-0994-8DOI Listing
April 2019
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Lonely SARTs: loneliness and sustained attention in the Irish longitudinal study of aging.

Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn 2019 Apr 18:1-10. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

c School of Nursing, School of Medicine, and School of Medical Gerontology , Trinity College , Dublin 2 , Ireland.

Based on biologically plausible mechanisms and previous research, it is possible to hypothesize a reciprocal association between sustained attention and loneliness. We investigated this association using a cross-lagged modeling approach. Using data from 6,239 participants aged over 50 in TILDA, a nationally representative study of aging, we used structural equation models to investigate potential cross-lagged associations between sustained attention and loneliness, measured at baseline and again after four years. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13825585.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13825585.2019.1602705DOI Listing
April 2019
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Luminescent Molecularly Imprinted Polymers Based on Covalent Organic Frameworks and Quantum Dots with Strong Optical Response to Quinoxaline-2-Carboxylicacid.

Polymers (Basel) 2019 Apr 17;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, Beijing Engineering and Technology Research Center of Food Additives, Beijing Technology and Business University, 11 Fucheng Road, Beijing 100048, China.

Three-dimensional molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) based on quantum dots-grafted covalent organic frameworks (QDs-grafted COFs) are reported in this study. The compound 1,3,5-triformylphloroglucinol-P-phenylenediamine was used as COF material to react with the amino-modified CdSe/ZnS QDs by Schiff-base reactions. The amino-derived QDs reacted with quinoxaline-2-carboxylicacid (QCA) via a non-covalent interaction. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4360/11/4/708
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/polym11040708DOI Listing
April 2019
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Comparative Analysis of Volatiles of 15 Brands of Extra-Virgin Olive Oils Using Solid-Phase Micro-Extraction and Solvent-Assisted Flavor Evaporation.

Molecules 2019 Apr 17;24(8). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Beijing Engineering and Technology Research Center of Food Additives, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, School of Food and Chemical Engineering, Beijing Technology and Business University (BTBU), Beijing 100048, China.

Aroma profiles, key aroma compound quantification, and cluster analysis of 15 brands of extra-virgin olive oils (EVOOs) from three countries (Spain, Italy, and Greece) were investigated in the current study. Aroma compounds were isolated from the oil by using solvent-assisted flavor evaporation (SAFE) and solid-phase micro-extraction (SPME) and analyzed by gas chromatography-olfactometry mass spectrometry (GC-MS/O). A total of 89 compounds were screened by SPME/SAFE-GC-MS/O with chromatographic columns in 15 brands of samples. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules24081512DOI Listing

Self-Assembly of Metal Nanoclusters for Aggregation-Induced Emission.

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Apr 17;20(8). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Beijing Advanced Innovation Center of Materials Genome Engineering, Research Center for Bioengineering and Sensing Technology, School of Chemistry and Biological Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China.

Aggregation-induced emission (AIE) is an intriguing strategy to enhance the luminescence of metal nanoclusters (NCs). However, the morphologies of aggregated NCs are often irregular and inhomogeneous, leading to instability and poor color purity of the aggregations, which greatly limit their further potential in optical applications. Inspired by self-assembly techniques, manipulating metal NCs into well-defined architectures has achieved success. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/20/8/1891
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20081891DOI Listing
April 2019
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Why a disaster is not just normal business ramped up: Disaster response among ED nurses.

Australas Emerg Care 2018 Feb 15;21(1):36-41. Epub 2017 Nov 15.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Newcastle University, Australia.

Background: The emergency department (ED) is a familiar place for the emergency nurse who spends their working days inside it. A disaster threatens that familiarity and creates changes that make working in the ED during a disaster response different from the everyday experience of working in the ED.

Methods: This research reports on an aspect of the findings from a larger study about the experience of working as a nurse in the ED during a disaster response. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aenj.2017.10.003DOI Listing
February 2018

Framing effects on bribery behaviour: experimental evidence from China and Uganda.

J Econ Sci Assoc 2018 4;4(1):86-97. Epub 2018 Jun 4.

1Nottingham University Business School, Nottingham, UK.

In this study we investigate the effect of framing on bribery behaviour. To do this, we replicate Barr and Serra (Exp Econ, 12(4):488-503, (2009) and carry out a simple one-shot bribery game that mimics corruption. In one treatment, we presented the experiment in a framed version, in which wording was embedded with social context; in the other, we removed the social context and presented the game in a neutral manner. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s40881-018-0049-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40881-018-0049-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6435038PMC
June 2018
1 Read

What a Difference a Stochastic Process Makes: Epidemiological-Based Real Options Models of Optimal Treatment of Disease.

Environ Resour Econ (Dordr) 2018 21;70(3):691-711. Epub 2017 Jun 21.

1Department of Plant Sciences, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3EA UK.

The real options approach has been used within environmental economics to investigate the impact of uncertainty on the optimal timing of control measures to minimise the impacts of invasive species, including pests and diseases. Previous studies typically model the growth in infected area using geometric Brownian motion (GBM). The advantage of this simple approach is that it allows for closed form solutions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10640-017-0168-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6435106PMC

On Ethically Solvent Leaders: The Roles of Pride and Moral Identity in Predicting Leader Ethical Behavior.

J Bus Ethics 2018 3;150(3):631-645. Epub 2016 May 3.

Creative Peas, IJburglaan 1026, 1087 JL Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

The popular media has repeatedly pointed to pride as one of the key factors motivating leaders to behave unethically. However, given the devastating consequences that leader unethical behavior may have, a more scientific account of the role of pride is warranted. The present study differentiates between authentic and hubristic pride and assesses its impact on leader ethical behavior, while taking into consideration the extent to which leaders find it important to their self-concept to be a moral person. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10551-016-3180-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6435046PMC

Maintenance of Cross-Sector Partnerships: The Role of Frames in Sustained Collaboration.

J Bus Ethics 2018 25;150(2):401-423. Epub 2018 Apr 25.

1Department of Strategic Management and Entrepreneurship, Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University, 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

We examine the framing mechanisms used to maintain a cross-sector partnership (XSP) that was created to address a complex long-term social issue. We study the first 8 years of existence of an XSP that aims to create a market for recycled phosphorus, a nutrient that is critical to crop growth but whose natural reserves have dwindled significantly. Drawing on 27 interviews and over 3000 internal documents, we study the evolution of different frames used by diverse actors in an XSP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10551-018-3859-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6435194PMC

Cross-Sector Partnerships for Systemic Change: Systematized Literature Review and Agenda for Further Research.

J Bus Ethics 2018 1;150(2):303-313. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

2Centre for Business, Organisations and Society (CBOS), School of Management, University of Bath, Bath, BA2 7AY UK.

The literature on cross-sector partnerships has increasingly focused attention on broader systemic or system-level change. However, research to date has been partial and fragmented, and the very idea of systemic change remains conceptually underdeveloped. In this article, we seek to better understand what is meant by systemic change in the context of cross-sector partnerships and use this as a basis to discuss the contributions to the Thematic Symposium. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10551-018-3922-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6435155PMC

Tax Talk: An Exploration of Online Discussions Among Taxpayers.

J Bus Ethics 2018 19;149(4):931-944. Epub 2016 Feb 19.

Tax Administration Research Centre, Business School, University of Exeter, Streatham Court, Rennes Drive, Exeter, EX4 4ST UK.

We present an analysis of over 400 comments about complying with tax obligations extracted from online discussion forums for freelancers. While the topics investigated by much of the literature on taxpayer behaviour are theory driven, we aimed to explore the universe of online discussions about tax in order to extract those topics that are most relevant to taxpayers. The forum discussions were subjected to a qualitative thematic analysis, and we present a model of the 'universe' of tax as reflected in taxpayer discussions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10551-016-3032-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438651PMC
February 2016

Comparative transcriptome analysis provides insights into the distinct germination in sheepgrass (Leymus chinensis) during seed development.

Plant Physiol Biochem 2019 Apr 13;139:446-458. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Key Laboratory of Plant Resources, Institute of Botany, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Sheepgrass (Leymus chinensis ((Trin.) Tzvel)) is an important perennial forage grass that is widely distributed in the Eurasia steppe. The seed germination percentage show significant variation among the different germplasm in sheepgrass. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2019.04.007DOI Listing

Does mindfulness training help working memory 'work' better?

Curr Opin Psychol 2019 Mar 6;28:273-278. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

School of Law, University of Miami, FL, USA.

There has been a proliferation of mindfulness training (MT) programs offered across a multitude of settings, including military, business, sports, education, and medicine. As such, ascertaining training effectiveness and determining best practices for program delivery are of the utmost importance. MT is often introduced to promote an array of desired effects from better mood, better leadership and management skills, to improved workplace or academic performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.copsyc.2019.02.012DOI Listing

Preloss Psychosocial Resources Predict Depressive-Symptom Trajectories among Terminally Ill Cancer Patients' Caregivers in their First Two Years of Bereavement.

J Pain Symptom Manage 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Division of Hematology-Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan; Department of Nursing, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Kaohsiung; School of Nursing, Chang Gung University, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Context: Postloss depressive-symptom trajectories are heterogeneous and predicted by preloss psychosocial resources, but this evidence was from one old study on terminal cancer patients' caregivers for whom these issues are highly relevant.

Objectives: To identify depressive-symptom trajectories among cancer patients' bereaved caregivers and examine if they are predicted by preloss psychosocial resources while considering caregiving burden.

Methods: Preloss psychosocial resources (sense of coherence [SOC] and social support) were measured among 282 caregivers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2019.04.003DOI Listing

Economic evaluation of California prenatal participation in the special supplemental nutrition program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) to prevent preterm birth.

Prev Med 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Research and Evaluation Unit, Public Health Foundation Enterprises- Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (PHFE WIC), 12781 Schabarum Ave., Irwindale, CA 91706.

There is growing evidence that prenatal participation in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) reduces the risk of adverse birth outcomes. With recent changes in health care, rising health care costs, and increasing rates of prematurity in the U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2019.04.011DOI Listing

Use of Crowd Innovation to Develop an Artificial Intelligence-Based Solution for Radiation Therapy Targeting.

JAMA Oncol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Brigham and Women's Hospital/Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Importance: Radiation therapy (RT) is a critical cancer treatment, but the existing radiation oncologist work force does not meet growing global demand. One key physician task in RT planning involves tumor segmentation for targeting, which requires substantial training and is subject to significant interobserver variation.

Objective: To determine whether crowd innovation could be used to rapidly produce artificial intelligence (AI) solutions that replicate the accuracy of an expert radiation oncologist in segmenting lung tumors for RT targeting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaoncol.2019.0159DOI Listing

Benefits, barriers and enablers of mentoring female health academics: An integrative review.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0215319. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

College of Health and Medicine, University of Tasmania, Australia Alexandria, NSW, Australia.

This integrative literature review synthesizes the primary research evidence on mentoring female health academics published from 2000 to 2018, to identify the benefits, enablers and barriers to mentoring women. The need for this review is underpinned by the magnitude of change in higher education, the high number of women in health disciplines, limited progress in advancing women's academic careers, escalating role expectations, faculty shortages and staff turnover. Data were sourced from Scopus, PubMed, EMBASE and Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215319PLOS

Moderating role of financial ratios in corporate social responsibility disclosure and firm value.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0215430. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Lahore Business School, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan.

This study investigates the link between corporate social responsibility (CSR) disclosure for multi-stakeholders and financial performance of a firm through accounting-based activities for CSR. A dataset of Chinese non-financial firms listed on the Shanghai Stock Exchange from 2008 to 2012 is taken from the China Stock Market & Accounting Research database. The study compares different financial ratios of CSR disclosure and non-disclosure firms. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215430PLOS
April 2019
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3.234 Impact Factor

Equity360: Gender, Race, and Ethnicity-The Business Case for Diversity.

Authors:
Mary I O'Connor

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2019 May;477(5):948-951

M. I. O'Connor, Director, Center for Musculoskeletal Care, Yale School of Medicine and Yale-New Haven Health, New Haven, CT, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CORR.0000000000000747DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

A randomised controlled trial evaluating the effectiveness of Facebook compared to leaflets in raising awareness of melanoma and harmful sun-related behaviour among young adults.

Eur J Cancer Prev 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, Imperial College Business School, London, UK.

This study describes a randomised control trial investigating whether printed leaflets or social media are more effective in increasing knowledge of the risks of sun exposure and melanoma in people aged 18-29. The study participants were 18-29-year-old university students or graduates, recruited in London. A baseline level of knowledge was measured using the Skin Cancer and Sun Knowledge questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CEJ.0000000000000519DOI Listing

Bifidobacterium longum 1714™ Strain Modulates Brain Activity of Healthy Volunteers During Social Stress.

Am J Gastroenterol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.

Objectives: Accumulating evidence indicates that the gut microbiota communicates with the central nervous system, possibly through neural, endocrine, and immune pathways, and influences brain function. B. longum 1714™ has previously been shown to attenuate cortisol output and stress responses in healthy subjects exposed to an acute stressor. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14309/ajg.0000000000000203DOI Listing

Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status and Health Care Costs: A Population-Wide Study in the Netherlands.

Am J Public Health 2019 Apr 18:e1-e7. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

All of the authors are with the Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands. Willem I. J. de Boer is also with the Institute of Sport and Exercise Studies, HAN University of Applied Sciences, Nijmegen, the Netherlands. Erik Buskens is also with the University Medical Center Groningen. Jochen O. Mierau is also with the Aletta Jacobs School of Public Health, University of Groningen.

To identify disparities in several types of insured health care costs in the Netherlands across neighborhoods with different socioeconomic statuses and to assess the room for improvement. We used 2015 Dutch whole-population registry data to estimate the age- and gender-specific cost structure by neighborhood for total, specialist, pharmaceutical, and mental health care. Classifying neighborhoods by the quintile of their neighborhood socioeconomic status (NSES), we determined differences in observed and expected health care costs for several scenarios of NSES improvement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305035DOI Listing

The Potential of Self-Management mHealth for Pediatric Cystic Fibrosis: Mixed-Methods Study for Health Care and App Assessment.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2019 Apr 18;7(4):e13362. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Instituto ITACA, Universitat Politècnica de València, Valencia, Spain.

Background: Remote care services and patient empowerment have boosted mobile health (mHealth). A study of user needs related to mHealth for pediatric cystic fibrosis (PCF) identified the set of preferred features mobile apps should support; however, the potential use of PCF apps and their suitability to fit into PCF clinical management remains unexplored.

Objective: We examine whether PCF holds potential for the implementation of mHealth care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/13362DOI Listing

Understanding contemporary forms of exploitation: Attributions of passion serve to legitimize the poor treatment of workers.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Fuqua School of Business.

The pursuit of passion in one's work is touted in contemporary discourse. Although passion may indeed be beneficial in many ways, we suggest that the modern cultural emphasis may also serve to facilitate the legitimization of unfair and demeaning management practices-a phenomenon we term the legitimization of passion exploitation. Across 7 studies and a meta-analysis, we show that people do in fact deem poor worker treatment (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000190DOI Listing

Getting ahead, getting along, and getting prosocial: Examining extraversion facets, peer reactions, and leadership emergence.

J Appl Psychol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Business Administration, School of Business, East China University of Science and Technology.

Drawing upon socioanalytic theory of personality, we hypothesize and test inverted U-shaped relationships between team members' assertiveness and warmth (labeled as the "getting ahead" and "getting along" facets of extraversion) and peers' reactions (i.e., advice seeking by peers and peer liking, respectively) that, in turn, predict members' emergence as informal leaders in self-managed teams. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/apl0000413DOI Listing

Antibiotic resistance pattern and spa types of Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from food business and hospital kitchen employees in Çanakkale, Turkey

Turk J Med Sci 2019 Apr 18;49(2):675-682. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Background/aim: The aim of this study was to determine antibiotic resistance profiles and spa types of Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from food business employees in Çanakkale, Turkey.

Materials And Methods: S.aureus isolates were collected from hand and nasal swabs of 300 individuals working in 17 food businesses and 9 hospital kitchens. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3906/sag-1712-207DOI Listing

Perspectives on gender parity in STEM/Bioanalysis: an interview with Binodh DeSilva.

Authors:
Binodh De Silva

Bioanalysis 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Head, Analytical Strategy & Operations, Bristol-Myers Squibb, New Brunswick, NJ 08903, USA.

Biography Binodh DeSilva, PhD Vice President Analytical Strategy & Operations at Bristol-Myer Squibb (BMS) Company in New Brunswick, NJ, USA. She is responsible for leading the regulated analytical (small and large molecule), microbiology and industrial hygiene laboratories as well as the Chemistry, Manufacturing & Controls (CMC) regulatory document management functions in Product Development. She received her Bachelor's in Analytical Chemistry from the University of Colombo, Sri Lanka in 1987, and a PhD in Chemistry (Bioanalytical) in 1994 from the University of Kansas. Read More

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https://www.future-science.com/doi/10.4155/bio-2019-0068
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4155/bio-2019-0068DOI Listing
April 2019
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Is the type and location of grocery stores a predictor of healthy and unhealthy food availability? A cross-sectional study.

Nutr Diet 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Nutrition, Dietetics and Food, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Aim: To investigate whether geographical location or type of store is associated with differences in healthy and unhealthy food availability in grocery stores.

Methods: A cross-sectional study using the Victorian Healthy Food Basket to measure food availability (44 'healthy' and 10 'unhealthy' items) in a convenience sample of 112 stores in urban and regional Victoria, Australia. Logistic regression analyses assessed whether location (regional, urban), distance from capital city central business district (km) and type of store (chain supermarket, independent supermarket and general store) predicted the number of missing healthy and unhealthy food items. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1747-0080.12541DOI Listing

Sustained reduction of catheter-associated bloodstream infections with enhancement of catheter bundle by chlorhexidine dressings over 11 years.

Intensive Care Med 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Background: Prospective randomized controlled studies have demonstrated that addition of chlorhexidine (CHG) dressings reduces the rate of catheter (central venous and arterial)-associated bloodstream infections (CABSIs). However, studies confirming their impact in a real-world setting are lacking.

Methods: We conducted a real-world data study evaluating the impact of incrementally introducing chlorhexidine dressings (sponge or gel) in addition to an ongoing catheter bundle on the rates of CABSI, expressed as incidence density rates per 1000 catheter-days measured as part of a surveillance program. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00134-019-05617-xDOI Listing

Crowdsourcing in medical research: concepts and applications.

PeerJ 2019 12;7:e6762. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Kenan-Flagler School of Business, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Crowdsourcing shifts medical research from a closed environment to an open collaboration between the public and researchers. We define crowdsourcing as an approach to problem solving which involves an organization having a large group attempt to solve a problem or part of a problem, then sharing solutions. Crowdsourcing allows large groups of individuals to participate in medical research through innovation challenges, hackathons, and related activities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.6762DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6463854PMC

How the health-seeking behaviour of pregnant women affects neonatal outcomes: findings of system dynamics modelling in Pakistan.

BMJ Glob Health 2019 30;4(2):e001242. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Background: Limited studies have explored how health-seeking behaviour during pregnancy through to delivery affect neonatal outcomes. We modelled health-seeking behaviour across urban and rural settings in Pakistan, where poor neonatal outcomes persist with wide disparities.

Methods And Findings: A system dynamics model was developed and parameterised. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjgh-2018-001242DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6441297PMC