6,358 results match your criteria Burns Thermal


Enzymatic Debridement of Porcine Burn Wounds via a Novel Protease, SN514.

J Burn Care Res 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

US Army Institute of Surgical Research, JBSA Fort Sam Houston, TX.

Necrotic tissue generated by a thermal injury is typically removed via surgical debridement. However, this procedure is commonly associated with blood loss and removal of viable healthy tissue. For some patients and contexts such as extended care on the battlefield, it would be preferable to remove devitalized tissue with a non-surgical debridement agent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jbcr/iraa111DOI Listing

Early Enteral Nutrition in Geriatric Burn Patients: Is There a Benefit?

J Burn Care Res 2020 Jun 29. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Division of Trauma, Critical Care, Emergency Surgery, and Burns, Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona.

Nutrition is a critical component of acute burn care and wound healing. There is no consensus over the appropriate timing of initiating enteral nutrition in geriatric burn patients. This study aimed to assess the impact of early enteral nutrition on outcomes in this patient population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jbcr/iraa109DOI Listing

Triage and Transfer to a Regional Burn Center - Impact of a Mobile Phone App.

J Burn Care Res 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Department of Surgery, University of Colorado School of Medicine.

Telemedicine technology can be used to facilitate consultations from non burn-trained referring providers. However, there is a paucity of evidence indicating these technologies influence transfer decisions and follow-up care. In 2016, our regional burn center implemented a mobile phone app, which allows a referring provider to send photos of the wound along with basic demographic and clinical data to the burn specialist. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jbcr/iraa098DOI Listing

Accuracy of Thermal Imaging Camera in Identification of Perforators.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2020 May;30(5):512-515

Jinnah Burn and Reconstructive Surgery Centre, AIMC, Lahore, Pakistan.

Objective: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of thermal imaging camera in the identification of perforators using peroperative visual inspection as gold standard.

Study Design: Descriptive study. Place of Study: Jinnah Burn and Reconstructive Surgery Centre / Allama Iqbal Medical College, Lahore, from October 2017 to September 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29271/jcpsp.2020.05.512DOI Listing

Radiofrequency ablation vs microwave ablation for osteoid osteomas: long-term results.

Skeletal Radiol 2020 Jun 20. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

Department of Radiology, University of Rochester Medical Center, 601 Elmwood Ave, Rochester, NY, 14642, USA.

Objective: Osteoid osteomas are benign bone tumors commonly treated using thermal ablation. We compare the technical success, complication rates, and long-term efficacy of the two most common ablation types: radiofrequency and microwave.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective study was performed of all osteoid osteoma ablation procedures between 2007 and 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00256-020-03518-5DOI Listing

Heater-Associated Erythema Ab Igne: Case Report and Review of Thermal-Related Skin Conditions.

Cureus 2020 May 11;12(5):e8057. Epub 2020 May 11.

Dermatology, San Diego Family Dermatology, National City, USA.

Erythema ab igne is a thermal-associated skin condition that can occur secondary to persistent direct or indirect contact with heat. Historically, erythema ab igne has been linked to fireplace and stove exposures; more recently, it has been associated with heaters, hot water bottles, and laptops. A 48-year-old woman presented for the evaluation of hyperpigmented, reticulated macular lesions on her distal legs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.8057DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7286585PMC

Endoscopic Z-plasty for Treatment of Supraglottic Stenosis: Experience on Nine Patients.

Authors:
Taner Yılmaz

Laryngoscope 2020 Jun 13. Epub 2020 Jun 13.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Objectives: Supraglottic stenosis is a rare type of laryngeal stenosis that is caused by congenital laryngotracheal anomalies, iatrogenic instrumentation injuries, autoimmune disorders, infection, irradiation, chemical or thermal burns, and external blunt or penetrating trauma. The author presents his experience on nine patients using this new endoscopic surgical technique for treatment of supraglottic stenosis.

Study Design: Individual retrospective cohort study, tertiary referral center, university hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.28787DOI Listing

Fatal laryngeal burn from ingestion of a hot fish cake: Case report and literature review.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

Lancashire Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Sharoe Green Lane, Fulwood, Preston PR2 9HT, United Kingdom.

Introduction: Laryngeal burn from hot food ingestion is a rare but potentially life-threatening presentation. It is essential that clinicians have a high index of suspicion of potential airway obstruction in such cases. To our knowledge, this is the only case of fatal laryngeal oedema caused by hot solid food ingestion reported in the literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2020.04.056DOI Listing

Reconstructive surgery of upper extremity after thermal burns: guidelines or experience?

Authors:
A Stritar M Mikša

Ann Burns Fire Disasters 2020 Mar;33(1):47-52

Medical Centre Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Hand burns are among the most common burns due to the fact that they are, apart from the face, most exposed to fire, and they are also used to protect the face against a severe trauma from fire. Although hand burns are relatively small with regard to the total body surface area affected, the severity of the damage goes beyond the affected area. Initial treatment is conservative, followed by surgical management. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7263726PMC

The Epidemiology of Burn Injuries in Saudi Arabia: A Systematic Review.

J Burn Care Res 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Division of Plastic and Hand Surgery King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Introduction: Burns are potentially catastrophic injuries that disproportionately affect non-Western countries. We summarize results on the epidemiology of burn injuries in Saudi Arabia of all eligible papers through 2019, specifically evaluating the age and gender of patients, the location and mechanism of injury, burn size and severity and outcomes.

Methods: Between July 5th and July 10th, 2019, a comprehensive literature review was performed on MEDLINE, EMBASE, Google scholar, and the Cochrane library. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jbcr/iraa084DOI Listing
June 2020
1.550 Impact Factor

Development of dynamic cell and organotypic skin models, for the investigation of a novel visco-elastic burns treatment using molecular and cellular approaches.

Burns 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

Center for Preventive Medicine, School of Health & Human Performance, Dublin City University, Dublin 9, Ireland; Integrative Cell & Molecular Physiology Group, School of Health & Human Performance, Dublin City University, Dublin 9, Ireland. Electronic address:

Background: Burn injuries are a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Despite advances in therapeutic strategies for the management of patients with severe burns, the sequelae are pathophysiologically profound, up to the systemic and metabolic levels. Management of patients with a severe burn injury is a long-term, complex process, with treatment dependent on the degree and location of the burn and total body surface area (TBSA) affected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2020.04.036DOI Listing

The Causes for the Loss of Cellular Material at the Qualification Stage and the Influence of the Patient's Flora on Culture Infection.

Transplant Proc 2020 May 27. Epub 2020 May 27.

School of Health Sciences of the University in Bielsko, Biała, Poland.

There are several causes leading to the loss of cellular material earmarked for transplantation. This paper aims to evaluate the number of lost donors and lost cells in the culture by means of verifying both the results of the qualification tests and the presence of microorganisms in the cellular material. The analysis involved 86 donors hospitalized for thermal burns, from whom cells were harvested for keratinocyte and fibroblast cultures in the years 2011 to 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2020.02.112DOI Listing

Role, Management, and Outcome of Free Flap Reconstruction for Acute Full-Thickness Burns in Hands.

Ann Plast Surg 2020 May 27. Epub 2020 May 27.

From the Department of Hand, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Microsurgery-Burn Center, BG Trauma Center Ludwigshafen/Rhine, Hand and Plastic Surgery, University Heidelberg, Ludwigshafen, Germany.

Introduction: Severe thermal trauma to the hand can result in major impairment and reduced function due to defective healing or even extremity loss. Full-thickness injuries frequently incur exposure of tendons or bone and require an early and stable coverage with soft tissue transplants to allow for rapid induction of exercise and to preserve structures and hand function. Free tissue transfer to the hand after thermal trauma is a rare indication, and safety, management, and outcome of free flap surgery for severe acute burn injuries to the hand remains underreported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SAP.0000000000002412DOI Listing

Thermal Injury in a Patient Using a Scalp Cooling System to Prevent Chemotherapy-Induced Alopecia.

JCO Oncol Pract 2020 May 26:OP2000021. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Dermatology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1200/OP.20.00021DOI Listing

Rapid enzymatic burn debridement: A review of the paediatric clinical trial experience.

Int Wound J 2020 May 22. Epub 2020 May 22.

Plastic Surgery Department and Burn Unit, Soroka University Medical Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba, Israel.

NexoBrid (NXB) has been proven to be an effective selective enzymatic debridement agent in adults. This manuscript presents the combined clinical trial experience with NXB in children. Hundred and ten children aged 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/iwj.13405DOI Listing

Application of Amniotic Stem Cells on an Acellular Dermal Matrix Scaffold in a Burned Patient: A Case Report.

Transplant Proc 2020 May 19. Epub 2020 May 19.

Dr Stanislaw Sakiel Centre for Burns Treatment, Siemianowice Śląskie, Poland.

Background: Advances in science have allowed newly created medicinal products based on gene therapy, somatic cell therapy, and tissue engineering to be used in the treatment of human diseases. December 2008 legislation aims to ensure they are both safe for patients and available throughout the European Union. Amniotic stem cells are designated by the European Medicines Agency Committee for Advanced Therapies as an advanced therapy medicinal product; therefore, production must be in accordance with Regulation (EC) No. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2020.01.110DOI Listing

Effects of inverse ratio ventilation combined with lung protective ventilation on pulmonary function in patients with severe burns for surgery.

Libyan J Med 2020 Dec;15(1):1767276

Department of Anesthesiology, Shijiazhuang First Hospital, Hebei Medical University , Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province, China.

Objective: To investigate the effects of inverse ratio ventilation combined with lung-protective ventilation on pulmonary function and inflammatory factors in severe burn patients undergoing surgery. : Eighty patients with severe burns undergoing elective surgery were divided randomly into two groups: control (CG, = 40) and experiment (EG, = 40). The CG had conventional ventilation, whereas the EG were ventilated with tidal volume (TV) of 6-8 ml/kg, I (inspiration): E (expiration) of 2:1, and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) 5 cm H2O. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19932820.2020.1767276DOI Listing
December 2020

Improving the heating efficiency of high intensity focused ultrasound ablation through the use of phase change nanodroplets and multifocus sonication.

Phys Med Biol 2020 May 21. Epub 2020 May 21.

Institute of Imaging Science, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, UNITED STATES.

Thermal ablation by ultrasound is being explored as a local therapy for cancers of soft tissue, such as the liver or breast. One challenge for these treatments are off-target effects, including heating outside of the intended region or skin burns. Improvements in heating efficiency can mitigate these undesired outcomes, and here, we describe methods for using phase-shift nanodroplets (PSNDs) with multi-focus sonications to enhance volumetric ablation and ablation efficiency at constant powers while increasing the surface temperature less than 6°C. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1361-6560/ab9559DOI Listing

Treatment of Oculoplastic and Ocular Surface Disease in Eyes Implanted with a Type I Boston Keratoprosthesis in Southern China: A Retrospective Study.

Adv Ther 2020 Jul 20;37(7):3206-3222. Epub 2020 May 20.

State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, 510060, China.

Introduction: This study aimed to describe the clinical features, surgical management of the eyelid and ocular surface, and outcomes of 16 patients implanted with a Boston type I keratoprosthesis (KPro).

Methods: A retrospective, single-center, consecutive case series of 16 patients with Stevens-Johnson syndrome (1), ocular chemical burns (12), and ocular thermal burns (3) implanted with KPro was studied. All subjects were men aged 27-51 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12325-020-01381-3DOI Listing

Analyse simplifiée des trois principaux phénomè-nes thermiques accompagnant les incendies.

Authors:
J F Schmauch

Ann Burns Fire Disasters 2019 Dec;32(4):255-260

Smoke production, flashover and backdraft are the three main thermal phenomena that occur during fires. Produced by any fire, smoke is responsible for 90% of fire-related deaths. Flashover and backdrafts, on the other hand, occur in confined fires. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7197914PMC
December 2019

Artiss® and burn treatment: a retrospective analysis contributing to current clinical practice.

Int J Burns Trauma 2020 15;10(2):21-27. Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Department of Plastic, Aesthetic and Reconstructive Surgery, University Hospitals of Leuven Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium.

Background: Tangential excision and autologous skin graft coverage is a foundational principle in burn surgery. Fibrin sealant (Artiss®) was developed recently as alternative to staples for graft fixation. The aim of this study was to assess whether graft-fixation with Artiss shows profit in terms of postoperative pain management compared to graft fixation with staples. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7218692PMC

Monitoring the Progress and Healing Status of Burn Wounds Using Infrared Spectroscopy.

Appl Spectrosc 2020 Jul 18;74(7):758-766. Epub 2020 May 18.

Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN-CNEN/SP), University of Sao Paulo (USP), Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Burns are one of the leading causes of morbidity worldwide and the most costly traumatic injuries. A better understanding of the molecular mechanisms in wound healing is required to accelerate tissue recovery and reduce the health economic impact. However, the standard techniques used to evaluate the biological events associated to wound repair are laborious, time-consuming, and/or require multiple assays/staining. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0003702820919446DOI Listing

Mechanical Occlusion Chemically Assisted Ablation (MOCA) for Saphenous Vein Insufficiency: A Meta-Analysis of a Randomized Trial.

Int J Vasc Med 2020 29;2020:8758905. Epub 2020 Jan 29.

PILAR Research and Education, Cambridge, UK.

Purpose: A previous meta-analysis has conducted nonrandomized trials for mechanochemical ablation (MOCA). Since medium-term follow-up data from randomized clinical trials (RCTs) are becoming available, we chose to perform a meta-analysis of RCTs to assess the efficacy and safety of MOCA for saphenous vein insufficiency.

Methods: A systematic search of all RCTs comparing the anatomical success of MOCA for saphenous vein insufficiency to thermal ablation was performed using the PubMed and Cochrane Library databases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/8758905DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7204279PMC
January 2020

[A 12-year-old girl with blisters on the arm].

Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2020 05 13;164. Epub 2020 May 13.

LUMC, afd. Dermatologie, Leiden.

This case concerns a girl with geometrically round blisters, mainly on the left arm since 1 month. Histopathologic examination of a skin biopsy showed a necrotic epidermis with subepidermalclefting suggesting thermal damage. Recently, similar thermal burns have been observed more often in adolescents following a so-called 'deo challenge'. Read More

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Risk Factors Associated With the Progression From Acute to Chronic Neuropathic Pain After Burn-Related Injuries.

Ann Plast Surg 2020 Jun;84(6S Suppl 5):S382-S385

From the Departments of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

Background: Pain, unrelated to the initial thermal trauma itself, can result after burn injury and prolong the recovery/rehabilitation phase of the patient's care. This pain, after discharge from the burn unit, may be acute and self-limiting or chronic and contribute to long-term patient morbidity. The purposes of this study were to compare burn patients who had, after discharge from the burn unit, only acute pain with burn patients who developed chronic, neuropathic pain (CNP) and to determine risks factors for progression from acute to chronic pain in the setting of a burn center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SAP.0000000000002428DOI Listing

Delayed fatal upper-airway obstruction due to laryngopharyngeal burns and thermal epiglottis.

Med Sci Law 2020 May 9:25802420918040. Epub 2020 May 9.

Forensic Science SA, Australia.

A 48-year-old man complained of throat swelling and difficulty swallowing after eating hot food. Several hours later, he collapsed and was observed to be gasping for breath. Bystander and ambulance-initiated cardiopulmonary resuscitation was unsuccessful, and he was pronounced deceased at the scene. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0025802420918040DOI Listing

Low-severity fire as a mechanism of organic matter protection in global peatlands: Thermal alteration slows decomposition.

Glob Chang Biol 2020 Jul 10;26(7):3930-3946. Epub 2020 May 10.

Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University Wetland Center, Durham, NC, USA.

Worldwide, regularly recurring wildfires shape many peatland ecosystems to the extent that fire-adapted species often dominate plant communities, suggesting that wildfire is an integral part of peatland ecology rather than an anomaly. The most destructive blazes are smoldering fires that are usually initiated in periods of drought and can combust entire peatland carbon stores. However, peatland wildfires more typically occur as low-severity surface burns that arise in the dormant season when vegetation is desiccated, and soil moisture is high. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/gcb.15102DOI Listing

Acute cortisol and behavior of dairy goat kids administered local anesthesia, topical anesthesia or systemic analgesia prior to cautery disbudding.

Physiol Behav 2020 Aug 6;222:112942. Epub 2020 May 6.

Veterinary Diagnostics and Production Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, 1809 South Riverside Drive, Ames, IA, United States. Electronic address:

Cautery disbudding of goat kids causes thermal burns and tissue destruction, which results in acute and post-operative pain and negatively affects animal welfare. The objectives of this study were to evaluate acute cortisol concentrations and behavioral responses associated with (1) injecting a lidocaine ring block prior to cautery disbudding and comparing this to saline injections and (2) pain mitigation strategies (lidocaine ring block, topical eutectic mixture of local anesthetics (EMLA) cream, oral meloxicam) on cautery disbudded dairy goat kids. Sixty doe kids were allocated to one of six treatments: (1) disbudding without pain relief (DB), (2) a ring block using 1% lidocaine (DBLA) 20 min before disbudding, (3) saline injection (DBSA) 20 min before disbudding, (4) oral meloxicam 60 min before disbudding (DBMEL), (5) EMLA cream rubbed into the buds 60 min before disbudding (DBEM) and (6) handled but not disbudded (HAND). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2020.112942DOI Listing

Thermal imaging via FLIR One - A promising tool in clinical burn care and research.

Burns 2020 Jun 25;46(4):988-989. Epub 2020 Apr 25.

COREMED - Cooperative Centre for Regenerative Medicine, JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Graz, Austria; Division of Plastic, Aesthetic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2020.02.017DOI Listing

Pediatric burn care: new techniques and outcomes.

Curr Opin Pediatr 2020 Jun;32(3):405-410

Department of Pediatric Surgery.

Purpose Of Review: Thermal injury is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children. This review highlights the current management of thermal injury and its complications.

Recent Findings: Many recent advances in burn care have improved the outcomes of patients with thermal injury; however, variability does exist, and there are many opportunities for improvement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MOP.0000000000000902DOI Listing

Infrared Thermal Imaging as a Method of Improving Skin Graft Qualification Procedure and Skin Graft Survivability.

Transplant Proc 2020 Apr 28. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Stanislaw Sakiel Burn Treatment Center, Siemianowice Śląskie, Polska.

Background: Appropriate wound classification (evaluation of skin damage depth) is a key element in the first days after the burn injury. In this study, we used a thermovision system to evaluate the degree of burn wound shortly after injury and the regenerative process of engraftment of autologous split-thickness skin grafts (STSGs). The results were referenced to wound assessment made by a physician. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2020.01.108DOI Listing

There is no fire without smoke! Pathophysiology and treatment of inhalational injury in burns: A narrative review.

Anaesth Intensive Care 2020 Mar 21;48(2):114-122. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Brisbane, Australia.

Smoke inhalation resulting in acute lung injury is a common challenge facing critical care practitioners caring for patients with severe burns, contributing significantly to morbidity and mortality. The intention of this review is to critically evaluate the published literature and trends in the diagnosis, management, implications and novel therapies in caring for patients with inhalation injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0310057X20913282DOI Listing

Les brûlures électriques par haut voltage de l’enfant, à propos de trois cas.

Ann Burns Fire Disasters 2019 Sep;32(3):190-196

Service de Réanimation Polyvalente Pédiatrique, CHU Ibn Sina, Faculté de Médecine et de Pharmacie, Université Mohamed V, Rabat, Maroc.

High-voltage electrical burn injuries are rare emergencies in pediatric units and always associated with a poor prognosis. Recklessness, lack of knowledge about electric currents and the lack of safety around public electricity infrastructures are the three main factors contributing to the occurrence of high-voltage electrical accidents in children. Mortality is due to acute cardiac and renal complications, and trauma associated with falls. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7155399PMC
September 2019

La prise en charge d´un afflux massif de brûlés en provenance d´une prison pour mineurs au Maroc.

Ann Burns Fire Disasters 2019 Sep;32(3):171-174

Service de Chirurgie Plastique Réparatrice et des Brûlés, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Ibn Sina, Rabat, Maroc.

Massive influx of burns (thermal, chemical or electrical) is a potential crisis situation in the world in peacetime. In fact, burn is one of the most frequently encountered injuries following natural or human disasters. The management of a massive influx of burn victims is considered to be a real challenge, not only from a medical point of view but also from a logistical and organizational point of view. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7155412PMC
September 2019

Esterified Hyaluronic Acid Matrix in Lower Extremity Reconstruction With Exposed Tendon and Bone: A Retrospective Review.

J Burn Care Res 2020 Jul;41(4):828-834

University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis; Firefighters' Regional Burn Center, Memphis, Tennessee.

Lower extremity wounds with exposed bone and tendon often need coverage to allow the underlying tissue to regenerate prior to skin graft. The surgeon is limited in his or her choices to augment tissue regeneration in these types of complicated cases; for instance, autologous skin should not be placed on exposed bone or tendon and is at risk for contracture when placed over the joints. Therefore, novel technologies are necessary to provide a scaffolding for tissue to regenerate and allow for a successful graft. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jbcr/iraa044DOI Listing

Burn-induced myocardial depression in a pediatric patient leading to fulminant cardiogenic shock and multiorgan failure requiring extracorporeal life support.

Clin Case Rep 2020 Apr 22;8(4):602-605. Epub 2020 Feb 22.

Department of Pediatrics Dell Children's Medical Center of Central Texas Austin TX USA.

Cardiac stress is a critical determinant of outcomes associated with severe thermal injury. The cardiovascular response to a catecholamine-mediated surge from severe burns passes through two phases. Initial hypovolemia with myocardial depression leads to a low cardiac output, which then progresses to a hyperdynamic-hypermetabolic phase with increased cardiac output. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccr3.2667DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7141738PMC

Polymodal Sensory Transduction in Mouse Corneal Epithelial Cells.

Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2020 Apr;61(4)

,.

Purpose: Contact lenses, osmotic stressors, and chemical burns may trigger severe discomfort and vision loss by damaging the cornea, but the signaling mechanisms used by corneal epithelial cells (CECs) to sense extrinsic stressors are not well understood. We therefore investigated the mechanisms of swelling, temperature, strain, and chemical transduction in mouse CECs.

Methods: Intracellular calcium imaging in conjunction with electrophysiology, pharmacology, transcript analysis, immunohistochemistry, and bioluminescence assays of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) release were used to track mechanotransduction in dissociated CECs and epithelial sheets isolated from the mouse cornea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1167/iovs.61.4.2DOI Listing
April 2020
3.404 Impact Factor

Application of High-Resolution Mass Spectrometry and a Theoretical Model to the Quantification of Multifunctional Carbonyls and Organic Acids in e-Cigarette Aerosol.

Environ Sci Technol 2020 May 23;54(9):5640-5650. Epub 2020 Apr 23.

Department of Environmental Toxicology, University of California Davis, Davis, California 95616, United States.

Electronic (e-) cigarette aerosol (particle and gas) is a complex mixture of chemicals, of which the profile is highly dependent on device operating parameters and e-liquid flavor formulation. The thermal degradation of the e-liquid solvents propylene glycol and glycerol often generates multifunctional carbonyls that are challenging to quantify because of unavailability of standards. We developed a theoretical method to calculate the relative electrospray ionization sensitivities of hydrazones of organic acids and carbonyls with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine based on their gas-phase basicities (Δ). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.9b07387DOI Listing

Patients With Combined Thermal and Intraabdominal Injuries: More Salvageable Than Not.

J Burn Care Res 2020 Jul;41(4):835-840

Department of Trauma and Burn Surgery, Cook County Health, Chicago, Illinois.

This study aims to better characterize the course and outcome of the uncommon subset of trauma patients with combined thermal and intraabdominal organ injuries. The National Trauma Data Bank was queried for burn patients with intraabdominal injury treated in all U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jbcr/iraa052DOI Listing

Ocular Thermal Burn Injury in the Emergency Department.

Cureus 2020 Feb 28;12(2):e7137. Epub 2020 Feb 28.

Emergency Medicine, Envision Physician Services, Orlando, USA.

We present a case of an ocular thermal burn from a cooking accident where vegetable oil splashed into the patient's face. The emergency department evaluation and management of ocular thermal burns is discussed. Prompt evaluation, copious irrigation, and consultation with ophthalmology are recommended. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.7137DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7105268PMC
February 2020

New guidelines for the management of severe thermal burns in the acute phase in adults and children: Is it time for a global surviving burn injury campaign (SBIC)?

Anaesth Crit Care Pain Med 2020 Apr 11;39(2):195-196. Epub 2020 Mar 11.

Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Butterfield street, QLD 4029 Herston, Australia; The University of Queensland, QLD 4072 Saint-Lucia, Australia; Jamieson Trauma Institute, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, QLD 4029 Herston, Australia; Nîmes University Hospital, University of Montpellier, Nîmes, France.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.accpm.2020.03.009DOI Listing

Characterization and Preparation of Furanic-Glyoxal Foams.

Polymers (Basel) 2020 Mar 20;12(3). Epub 2020 Mar 20.

LERMAB, University of Lorraine, 88000 Epinal, France.

Synthetic foams have become an essential industrial product for a great variety of applications. Furfuryl alcohol, as a biomass chemical, was reacted with glyoxal at room temperature to prepare furanic-glyoxal rigid foams, and p-toluenesulfonic acid was used as a catalyst to initiate the reaction. Foams with different molar ratios (furfuryl alcohol/glyoxal) were prepared in this work, and uniform cells foams have been obtained. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/polym12030692DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7183269PMC

"Virtual Biopsies" of Normal Skin and Thermal and Chemical Burn Wounds.

Adv Skin Wound Care 2020 Jun;33(6):307-312

Frederick H. Silver, PhD, is Professor of Pathology and Lab Medicine, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ; and Chief Scientific Officer, OptoVibronex, LLC, Mt. Bethel, Pennsylvania. Ruchit Shah, PhD, graduated from the Graduate Program in Biomedical Engineering, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ. Acknowledgments: The device described in this article is not cleared for use by the FDA. One or more of the authors may receive financial remuneration in the future from the sale of the device used in this research. The authors have disclosed no other financial relationships related to this article. Submitted April 9, 2019; accepted May 14, 2019, published ahead of print March 23, 2020.

The search for noninvasive methods to image and measure the mechanical properties of skin has been a frequent subject of research for many years. Although suction testing, elastography, and other testing can be noninvasive, these tests fail to yield comparable results to destructive tests such as uniaxial tensile testing. Accordingly, researchers have developed a technique to combine optical coherence tomography with vibrational analysis (vibrational optical coherence tomography) to image and analyze the biomechanical properties of tissues noninvasively and nondestructively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.ASW.0000655480.87532.27DOI Listing

[Standards in medical treatment of burns].

Chirurg 2020 Apr;91(4):361-376

Klinik für Plastische, Ästhetische, Hand- und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Carl-Neuberg-Str. 1, 30625, Hannover, Deutschland.

Thermal injuries occur in every age group and are caused by flames, fluids, steam and direct contact. They are often trivialized but should actually be treated immediately to reduce secondary complications, such as infections and hypertrophic scars. Besides the pain, large wound areas are given priority. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00104-020-01154-2DOI Listing

Polyacrylamide-Metilcellulose Hydrogels Containing Extract as Dressing for Treatment of Chronic Cutaneous Skin Lesions.

Polymers (Basel) 2020 Mar 19;12(3). Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology, College of Pharmacy, Federal University of Pará, Belém 66075-110, Brazil.

Chronic wounds are severe breaks in the skin barrier that fail to heal in an acceptable time-frame, thus preventing the complete restoration of the tissue's anatomical and functional integrity, increasing the likelihood of infections and apoptosis. Hydrogels are known as a drug delivery system and have the potential to cover wounds and burns on the skin. contains over 75 different bioactive compounds which are responsible for its anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/polym12030690DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7183280PMC

STEPP IN: Working Together to Keep Infants Warm in the Perioperative Period.

Pediatrics 2020 04 19;145(4). Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Department of Pediatrics, Children's Mercy Kansas City, Kansas City, Missouri.

Objectives: Reduce postoperative hypothermia by up to 50% over a 12-month period in children's hospital NICUs and identify specific clinical practices that impact success.

Methods: Literature review, expert opinion, and benchmarking were used to develop clinical practice recommendations for maintaining perioperative euthermia that included the following: established euthermia before transport to the operating room (OR), standardized practice for maintaining euthermia on transport to and from the OR, and standardized practice to prevent intraoperative heat loss. Process measures were focused on maintaining euthermia during these time points. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2019-1121DOI Listing

Prophylactic Tracheostomy for Inhalational Burns.

World J Plast Surg 2020 Jan;9(1):10-13

Department of Plastic Surgery, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Pondicherry, 605006, India.

Background: Various studies have reported different conclusions over the safety and benefits of early tracheostomy in burns. Our study aimed to assess the role of prophylactic tracheostomy in treatment and improvement of outcomes in inhalational burns in India.

Methods: In a retrospective descriptive analysis of burns admitted over 1 year in Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER) Tertiary Burns Center in India, patients with thermal burns of TBSA less than 60% and those with indirect evidence of airway burns were enrolled and divided into two groups who underwent prophylactic tracheostomy vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/wjps.9.1.10DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7068194PMC
January 2020

[Volcano in the Pocket: Danger Induced by Electronic Cigarettes].

Praxis (Bern 1994) 2020 ;109(4):297-300

Institut für Notfallmedizin, Universitätsspital Zürich.

Volcano in the Pocket: Danger Induced by Electronic Cigarettes We report two cases of male patients with deep second-degree burns at the lower extremities after thermal runaway of lithium-ion-batteries, which were carried in their trouser pockets as spare batteries for their electronic cigarettes. Both patients were treated according to the official burns guidelines. Here we would like to focus on the fact that irrigation with water is not recommended as the initial treatment for chemical burns caused by lithium. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1024/1661-8157/a003382DOI Listing
January 2020

High ligation of sapheno-femoral junction and thermal ablation for lower limb primary varicosity in day hospital setting.

Ann Ital Chir 2020 ;91:61-64

Aim: The traditional surgical treatment for lower limb primary varicosity has been for a long time high ligation of sapheno-femoral junction and stripping of great saphenous vein. Surgery, however, has been frustrated by postoperative pains and discomfort and recurrences so that it has been challenged by minimally invasive endovenous techniques such as laser treatment and radiofrequency ablation. The aim of the article is to assess the feasibility, in a day hospital setting, of a combined approach to greater saphenous vein reflux: high ligation of sapheno-femoral junction and thermal treatment of the great sapenous vein. Read More

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January 2020

Creation of rapid and reproducible burn in animal model with a newly developed burn device.

Burns 2020 Aug 10;46(5):1142-1149. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

Institute of Nuclear Medicine & Allied Sciences, Defence Research and Development Organization, Lucknow Road, Timarpur, Delhi 110054, India.

Background: The currently available practices for creation of burns in the animals are mostly manual which may lead to lack of uniform wound. There is a need to develop a suitable device that could reproduce and uniformly create burn wound in animal models without the procedural variations and human variability. Present study deals with development of a burn device which has been designed for creation of animal models for burn injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2019.12.005DOI Listing
August 2020
1.836 Impact Factor