6,105 results match your criteria Burns Thermal


A systematic review of foam dressings for partial thickness burns.

Am J Emerg Med 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Emergency Medicine, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Partial thickness burns are the most common form of thermal burns. Traditionally, dressing for these burns is simple gauze with silver sulfadiazine (SSD) changed on a daily basis. Foam dressings have been proposed to offer the advantage of requiring less frequent dressing change and better absorption of exudates. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07356757193023
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2019.04.014DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Plasma for burn shock resuscitation: is it time to go back to the future?

Transfusion 2019 Apr;59(S2):1578-1586

US Army Institute of Surgical Research, San Antonio, Texas.

Patients with burn shock can be challenging to resuscitate. Burn shock produces a variety of physiologic derangements: Patients are hypovolemic from volume loss, have a increased systemic vascular resistance, and may have a depressed cardiac output depending on the extent of the thermal injury. Additionally, the burn wound produces a significant inflammatory cascade of events that contributes to the shock state. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/trf.15243DOI Listing

A review of forensic analysis of dental and maxillofacial skeletal trauma.

Forensic Sci Int 2019 Mar 24;299:80-88. Epub 2019 Mar 24.

Forensic Anthropology Center, Texas State University, 601 University Dr, San Marcos, TX, 78666, United States. Electronic address:

Dental and maxillofacial trauma analysis in the forensic context, includes assessment of both living and deceased persons. It is required in all cases where human abuse is suspected and where signs of skeletal trauma are detected in human remains. Skeletal trauma refers to the damage inflicted to bone, teeth and other hard tissues. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.03.027DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Negative pressure wound therapy versus microcurrent electrical stimulation in wound healing in burns.

J Wound Care 2019 Apr;28(4):214-219

Assistant Professor, Department of Basic Science for Physical Therapy, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Egypt.

Objective: To compare the efficacy of negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) with that of microcurrent electrical stimulation (MES) on wound surface area, length of stay (LoS) and colony count of wounds in patients with burns.

Method: Patients with thermal dermal burn injuries covering 25-40% of total body surface area were enrolled in this clinical trial. Participants were randomly allocated into three, equal-sized groups: patients receiving NPWT, patients receiving MES and a control group which received standard wound care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12968/jowc.2019.28.4.214DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The nursing profession: a critical component of the growing need for a nuclear global health workforce.

Confl Health 2019 25;13. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

5Department of Health Policy and Management, Institute for Disaster Management, University of Georgia, College of Public Health, Athens, USA.

Background: Instability in the global geopolitical climate and the continuing spread of nuclear weapons and increase in their lethality has made the exchange of nuclear weapons or a terrorist attack upon a nuclear power plant a serious issue that demands appropriate planning for response. In response to this threat, the development of a nuclear global health workforce under the technical expertise of the International Atomic Energy Agency and the World Health Organization Radiation Emergency Medical Preparedness and Assistance Network has been proposed.

Main Body Of The Abstract: As the largest component of the global healthcare workforce, nurses will play a critical role in both the leadership and health care effectiveness of a response to any public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC) resulting from the unprecedented numbers of trauma, thermal burn, and radiation affected patients that will require extensive involvement of the nursing professional community. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13031-019-0197-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434856PMC

Effectiveness of Parkland formula in the estimation of resuscitation fluid volume in adult thermal burns.

Chin J Traumatol 2019 Mar 2. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Department of Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamilnadu, India. Electronic address:

Purpose: Acute burn resuscitation in initial 24 h remains a challenge to plastic surgeons. Though various formulae for fluid infusion are available but consensus is still lacking, resulting in under resuscitation or over resuscitation. Parkland formula is widely used but recently its adequacy is questioned in studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cjtee.2019.01.006DOI Listing

[Lacrimal Stenosis after Chemical and Thermal Ocular Burns].

Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Universitätsklinik und Poliklinik für Augenheilkunde, Universitätsklinikum Halle.

Background: Chemical or thermal burns of the ocular surface are an urgent ophthalmologic emergency. Consecutive epiphora causes a high level of suffering for affected patients.

Method: Based on a review of current literature, and our own longstanding experiences, recommendations are given on the treatment of secondary lacrimal duct obstruction due to ocular surface damage after chemical or thermal burns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0808-4909DOI Listing

Targeted GC-MS analysis of firefighters' exhaled breath: Exploring biomarker response at the individual level.

J Occup Environ Hyg 2019 Apr 1:1-12. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

d Illinois Fire Service Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign , Champaign , Illinois.

Biomarker measurements can provide unambiguous evidence of environmental exposures as well as the resultant biological responses. Firefighters have a high rate of occupational cancer incidence, which has been proposed to be linked in part to their increased environmental exposure to byproducts of combustion and contaminants produced during fire responses. In this article, the uptake and elimination of targeted volatile organic compounds were investigated by collecting the exhaled breath of firefighters on sorbent tubes before and after controlled structure burns and analyzing samples using automated thermal desorption-gas chromatography (ATD-GC/MS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15459624.2019.1588973DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Protecting Offspring Against Fire: Lessons From Seed Pods.

Front Plant Sci 2019 12;10:283. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Biomaterials, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Research Campus Golm, Potsdam, Germany.

Wildfires are a natural component in many terrestrial ecosystems and often play a crucial role in maintaining biodiversity, particularly in the fire-prone regions of Australia. A prime example of plants that are able to persist in these regions is the genus . Most species that occur in fire-prone regions produce woody seed pods (follicles), which open during or soon after fire to release seeds into the post-fire environment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2019.00283DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6424018PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Mitochondrial DNA-Induced Inflammatory Responses and Lung Injury in Thermal Injury Murine Model: Protective Effect of Cyclosporine-A.

J Burn Care Res 2019 Mar 30. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, P. R. China.

Burn trauma is generally associated with profound inflammation and organ injuries, especially the lung. Damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs), such as mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), released after tissue injuries, play a crucial role in the development of the inflammation. The aim of our study was to investigate the protective profiles of cyclosporine-A (CsA) in murine models with thermal injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jbcr/irz029DOI Listing
March 2019
1.550 Impact Factor

Suppression of TRPV1 and P2Y nociceptors by honokiol isolated from Magnolia officinalis in 3 degree burn mice by inhibiting inflammatory mediators.

Biomed Pharmacother 2019 Mar 26;114:108777. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, 45320, Pakistan. Electronic address:

Burn pain is one of the worst imaginable pain, associated with considerable morbidity and mortality worldwide. The management of pain made significant progress; however, more research is needed for burn pain. In the present study, the antinociceptive effect of honokiol extracted from Magnolia officinalis was assessed for 3 consecutive days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopha.2019.108777DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads
2.023 Impact Factor

Deaths due to thermal injury from cigarette smoking in a 13-year national cohort of nursing home residents.

Int J Older People Nurs 2019 Mar 29:e12233. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Health Law and Ageing Research Unit, Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Southbank, Victoria, Australia.

Objectives: To examine the nature and frequency of deaths due to thermal injuries from cigarette smoking reported to Australian coroners and to examine the decisions which surround these deaths.

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting And Participants: Residents dwelling in accredited nursing homes whose deaths were reported to coroners between 1 July 2000 and 30 June 2013 and attributed to thermal injuries from cigarette smoking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/opn.12233DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

From ice to ocean: changes in the thermal function of harp seal pelt with ontogeny.

J Comp Physiol B 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Biological Sciences, California Polytechnic State University, 1 Grand Ave., San Luis Obispo, CA, 93407, USA.

Many animals exhibit ontogenetic changes associated with adaptations for survival. Harp seals (Pagophilus groenlandicus) live in the Arctic and rely on thick insulation to maintain thermal homeostasis. Adult harp seals primarily use blubber for insulation, but newborn harp seals rely on a lanugo pelt while nursing, as their blubber layer develops and their first-year pelage grows. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00360-019-01214-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00360-019-01214-yDOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

MRI safety risks in the obese: The case of the disposable lighter stored in the pannus.

Radiol Case Rep 2019 May 15;14(5):634-638. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University School of Medicine, 4921 Parkview Place, St. Louis, MO 63110, US.

Obese patients constitute 40% of the adult population. MRIs of obese patients are typically challenging because of the effects of a large field of view on image quality and the increased risk of thermal burns from contact with the bore. In this case report, the impacts of obesity on MRI procedures and safety are introduced. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radcr.2019.02.023DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6424094PMC

New lupeol esters as active substances in the treatment of skin damage.

PLoS One 2019 28;14(3):e0214216. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Dr Irena Eris Centre for Science and Research, Piaseczno, Poland.

The purpose of the research was to obtain new derivatives of natural triterpene lupeol and to evaluate their potential as active substances in the treatment of skin damage. Four new lupeol esters (propionate, succinate, isonicotinate and acetylsalicylate) and lupeol acetate were obtained using an eco-friendly synthesis method. In the esterification process, the commonly used hazardous reagents in this type of synthesis were replaced by safe ones. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0214216PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438679PMC
March 2019
7 Reads

Carbon debris and fiber cleaving: Effects on potassium-titanyl-phosphate laser energy and chorioallantoic membrane model vessel coagulation.

Laryngoscope 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Center for Laryngeal Surgery and Voice Rehabilitation, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A.

Objectives/hypothesis: Photoangiolytic precision afforded by the 532-nm potassium-titanyl-phosphate (KTP) laser relies on predictable energy delivery. Inadequate energy output can cause vessel rupture, and excessive energy can cause thermal damage. The quality of the cleaved surface and carbon deposits from ablated tissue are two factors that could negatively impact fiber performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27948DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Characterization and genome annotation of a newly detected bacteriophage infecting multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii.

Arch Virol 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

State Key Laboratory of Trauma, Burns and Combined Injury, Institute of Burn Research, Southwest Hospital, Chongqing, China.

A novel virulent bacteriophage, φAbp2, infecting multidrug-resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter baumannii was isolated from the wastewater of a sewage management centre at Southwest Hospital, China. Transmission electron microscopy and phylogenetic analysis revealed that φAbp2 belongs to the subfamily Peduovirinae. A one-step growth curve demonstrated that φAbp2 had a latent period of 15 min, a lysis period of 35 min, and a burst size of 222 particles per infected host cell. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00705-019-04213-0DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Respiratory Management in Smoke Inhalation Injury.

J Burn Care Res 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Respiratory Therapy, Fu Jen Catholic University Hospital, Fu Jen Catholic University, New Taipei City, Taiwan.

Smoke inhalation injury is a major morbidity and cause of mortality in patients with burns. Damage caused by inhalation of thermal or chemical irritants, including toxic fumes and chemicals, leads to respiratory cilia and epithelial cell injuries, which turn to severe bronchospasm and alveolar damage and results in acute respiratory distress syndrome. Respiratory management plays a vital role in the treatment of smoke inhalation injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jbcr/irz043DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

The unexpected surface of asteroid (101955) Bennu.

Nature 2019 04 19;568(7750):55-60. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA.

NASA'S Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification and Security-Regolith Explorer (OSIRIS-REx) spacecraft recently arrived at the near-Earth asteroid (101955) Bennu, a primitive body that represents the objects that may have brought prebiotic molecules and volatiles such as water to Earth. Bennu is a low-albedo B-type asteroid that has been linked to organic-rich hydrated carbonaceous chondrites. Such meteorites are altered by ejection from their parent body and contaminated by atmospheric entry and terrestrial microbes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1033-6DOI Listing

Influence of Adipose Tissue-Derived Stem Cells on the Burn Wound Healing Process.

Stem Cells Int 2019 11;2019:2340725. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Evangelical Faculty of Paraná, Brazil.

Burns are lesions in which the thermal energy of the causative agent transfers heat to the surface of the body, causing superficial or deep damage to the skin with protein denaturation in cells and biochemical maladjustments, which delay and disrupt the cicatricial process, increasing the chances of functional and aesthetic sequelae. This study evaluates the influence of adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs) on burn healing in terms of the size of the cicatricial space and quantified measures of collagen deposition, inflammatory infiltrate, blood vessels, and lymphatic vessels. Initially, intra-abdominal adipose tissue was resected from a single donor Wistar rat that was not part of any of the subsequent groups to obtain ADSCs by isolation and cell culture. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/sci/2019/2340725/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2340725DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6388323PMC
February 2019
11 Reads

A study on the comprehension of differences in specific kinetic energy of TKX-50 and HMX from the perspective of gas products.

Phys Chem Chem Phys 2019 Mar 11;21(12):6600-6605. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Institute of Chemical Materials, China Academy of Engineering Physics (CAEP), P. O. Box 919-327, Mianyang, Sichuan 621900, People's Republic of China.

5,5'-Bitetrazole-1,1'-dioxydihydroxylamine salt (TKX-50), a high-energy energetic material, possesses good safety and energy properties. The energy characteristic data of TKX-50 are commonly generated via theoretical simulation and experimental measurements. Interestingly, the detonation velocity of TKX-50 is higher than HMX, but the specific kinetic energy of TKX-50 is the opposite. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c8cp07487aDOI Listing

Airbag deployment: Infrared thermography and evaluation of thermal damage.

Proc Inst Mech Eng H 2019 Apr 7;233(4):424-431. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Faculty of Engineering, Islamic Azad University-North Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran.

The performance of airbag and its deployment are based on a fast exothermic-chemical reaction. The hot gas resulting from the chemical reaction which results in airbag deployment can cause thermal damage and skin burning for the car passenger. The thermal burns due to airbags are of two types: burns due to direct contact with the airbag surface and burns resulting from exposure to the hot gas leaving the deflation vents of the airbag. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0954411919832038DOI Listing
April 2019
1.144 Impact Factor

Potential role of adipose tissue and its hormones in burns and critically III patients.

Burns 2019 Feb 27. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Institute of Inflammation and Ageing, Birmingham University Medical School, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom; Scar Free Foundation Centre for Burns Research, University Hospital Birmingham Foundation Trust, Birmingham B15 2WB, United Kingdom; NIHR Surgical Reconstruction and Microbiology Research Centre, University Hospital Birmingham Foundation Trust, Birmingham B15 2WB, United Kingdom.

Obesity has become a world-wide pandemic and is considered a major risk factor for various diseases. Despite this, recent intriguing clinical observations have been made suggesting that being overweight has some advantages. Overweight and some obese patients were reported to have significantly lower all-cause mortality, described as the 'obesity paradox'. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2019.01.012DOI Listing
February 2019

Killing brain cells and skin cells simultaneously with inhalant abuse: Pearls from the National Burn Repository.

J Burn Care Res 2019 Feb 26. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Department of Surgery, Division of Acute Care Surgery & Burns Arnold Luterman Regional Burn Center University of South Alabama Medical Center, Suite, Mobile, Alabama.

Background: Over 20 million Americans have abused inhalants at least once in their lifetime. It is widely known that 'huffing' increases risk for liver disease, renal failure, hypoxia, respiratory failure, dysrhythmias, and cardiac arrest. However, it is lesser known that inhalants can also cause thermal or frostbite injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jbcr/irz025DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

The effects of different burn dressings on length of telomere and expression of telomerase in children with thermal burns.

J Burn Care Res 2019 Feb 26. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Department of Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, Malatya, Turkey.

Background: Burns are a common traumatic injury triggered by local tissue damage and a systemic response. In this study, we evaluated the effects of different burn dressings on telomere kinetics in children with thermal burn injury.

Methods: Sixty children with thermal burn,were included in this prospective study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jbcr/irz019DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Instantaneous Specific Burn Debridement With an Enzymatic Debriding Agent: A New Resource for the Treatment of Burns.

Plast Surg Nurs 2019 Jan/Mar;39(1):18-21

Enrique Salmerón-González, MD, is a plastic surgeon, Department of Plastic Surgery and Burns, University and Polytechnic Hospital La Fe, Valencia, Spain. Elena García-Vilariño, MD, is a plastic surgeon, Department of Plastic Surgery and Burns, University and Polytechnic Hospital La Fe, Valencia, Spain. M. Dolores Pérez-del-Caz, MD, is Head of the Department, Department of Plastic Surgery and Burns, University and Polytechnic Hospital La Fe, Valencia, Spain. Alberto Sánchez-García, MD, is a plastic surgeon, Department of Plastic Surgery and Burns, University and Polytechnic Hospital La Fe, Valencia, Spain. Alfonso A. Valverde-Navarro, PhD, is a director, Department of Human Anatomy and Embryology, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain.

Nexobrid is a new resource for debridement that has emerged in recent years and is gaining relevance in the treatment of all kinds of thermal injuries. This product is an ointment (formed with a mixture of pineapple-derived enzymes enriched with bromelain) that is directly applied over the burn. With a single application, it performs a burned tissue-specific debridement in less than 4 hr, leaving a vital and completely debrided wound bed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSN.0000000000000250DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

Systematic review of clinical outcome reporting in randomised controlled trials of burn care.

BMJ Open 2019 Feb 15;9(2):e025135. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Population Health Sciences, Bristol Medical School, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.

Introduction: Systematic reviews collate trial data to provide evidence to support clinical decision-making. For effective synthesis, there must be consistency in outcome reporting. There is no agreed set of outcomes for reporting the effect of burn care interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025135DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6398699PMC
February 2019

The role of collagenase ointment in acute burns: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Wound Care 2019 Feb;28(Sup2):S9-S15

Assistant Professor; Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, US. Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, US.

Objective:: A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to summarise the state of the literature in regard to the efficacy and uses of clostridial collagenase ointment (CCO) in the burn patient.

Method:: A systematic review of articles available on PubMed, Scopus and OvidSP Medline was performed. Keywords used in the search process included burns, thermal injury, collagenase, enzymatic debridement, wound care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12968/jowc.2019.28.Sup2.S9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6383798PMC
February 2019
5 Reads

Study of negative pressure wound therapy as an adjunct treatment for acute burns in children (SONATA in C): protocol for a randomised controlled trial.

Trials 2019 Feb 13;20(1):130. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Centre for Children's Burns and Trauma Research, Level 7, Children's Health Research Center, The University of Queensland, 62 Graham St., South Brisbane, QLD, 4101, Australia.

Background: Although negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is widely used in the management of several wound types, its efficacy as a primary therapy for acute burns has not yet been adequately investigated, with research in the paediatric population particularly lacking. There is limited evidence, however, that NPWT might benefit children with burns, amongst whom scar formation, wound progression and pain continue to present major management challenges. The purpose of this trial is to determine whether NPWT in conjunction with standard therapy accelerates healing, reduces wound progression and decreases pain more effectively than standard treatment alone. Read More

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https://trialsjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13063-019-3223-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6374905PMC
February 2019
15 Reads

Second-degree Skin Burn from A Radiofrequency Grounding Pad: A Case Report and Review of Risk Mitigation Strategies.

PM R 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

University of Utah, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Salt Lake City, UT.

Thermal radiofrequency neurotomy (RFN) is used for a variety of indications. Thermal energy is used to thermocoagulate a target structure. Current introduced into the body through the RFN electrode exits the body via an electrical dispersive pad (EDP). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pmrj.12143DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

A Surgical Instrument Cover for the Prevention of Thermal Injuries During Laparoscopic Operations.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

2 Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Rome "Tor Vergata," Rome, Italy .

Introduction: Accidental thermal injuries are infrequent, nonetheless, dangerous complications in laparoscopic surgery. Burns are produced because of direct contact, lack of instrument insulation and capacitive coupling. Biological fluids on the surface of laparoscopic instruments behave as electric conductors on the sheath and may be responsible for accidental thermal injuries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lap.2018.0742DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The Cutaneous Inflammatory Response to Thermal Burn Injury in a Murine Model.

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Jan 28;20(3). Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand.

Many burn interventions aim to target the inflammatory response as a means of enhancing healing or limiting hypertrophic scarring. Murine models of human burns have been developed, but the inflammatory response to injury in these models has not been well defined. The aim of this study was to profile inflammatory cell populations and gene expression relative to healing and scarring in a murine model of thermal burns. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/20/3/538
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20030538DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6387172PMC
January 2019
6 Reads

The effect of diabetes on burn patients: a retrospective cohort study.

Crit Care 2019 Jan 28;23(1):28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Sunnybrook Research Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Hyperglycemia during the acute phase after burn is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. There is little knowledge regarding the effect of pre-existing hyperglycemia in the form of diabetes on the outcomes after severe burns. The objective is to determine the impact of diabetes on clinical outcomes after burns. Read More

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https://ccforum.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13054-01
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13054-019-2328-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348623PMC
January 2019
8 Reads

The development of primary cutaneous CD4+ small/medium-sized pleomorphic T-cell lymphoproliferative disorder at the site of a melanoma excision scar.

Dermatol Online J 2018 Sep 15;24(9). Epub 2018 Sep 15.

University of Texas Health Science Center, McGovern Medical School, Houston, Texas Department of Dermatology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas.

Primary cutaneous CD4+ small/medium-sized pleomorphic T-cell lymphoproliferative disorder (PCSM-LPD) is a rare and low-grade form of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL), representing 2% of all primary cutaneous lymphomas. Because of its rarity, the etiology or exact clinicopathology of PCSM-LPD remains unclear. We present the first case of PCSM-LPD, to our knowledge, arising at a past melanoma excision site. Read More

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September 2018
2 Reads

Infant burns: A single institution retrospective review.

Burns 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Paediatric Surgery, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital and Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, South Africa.

Thermal injuries amongst infants are common and a cause of significant mortality and morbidity in South Africa. This has been attributed to the lack of an enabling environment (poverty-related lack of safe living conditions) and the cognitive and physical developmental immaturity of infants, who depend on their surroundings and adults to keep them safe. This is a retrospective observational study of 548 infant admissions over 48 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2018.11.005DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Timely access to care for patients with critical burns in India: a prehospital prospective observational study.

Emerg Med J 2019 Mar 11;36(3):176-182. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA.

Background: Low/middle-income countries carry a disproportionate burden of the morbidity and mortality from thermal burns. Nearly 70% of burn deaths worldwide are from thermal burns in India. Delays to medical care are commonplace and an important predictor of outcomes. Read More

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http://emj.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/emermed-2018-207900
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/emermed-2018-207900DOI Listing
March 2019
9 Reads

New pattern hair loss in young Turkish women; What's wrong in their daily life?

Skin Res Technol 2019 Jan 5. Epub 2019 Jan 5.

Department of Dermatology, Yildirim Beyazit University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: The application of heat, used to straighten the typically coiled hair, has long been hypothesized to play a role in the etiologic factor for central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia (CCCA). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of thermal hair straightening on hair loss pattern in Asian women exist.

Materials And Methods: Thirty-five patients with hair loss who have been using hair straightening devices and 25 patients with telogen effluvium were enrolled in this prospective study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/srt.12662DOI Listing
January 2019
10 Reads

Effectiveness of a hydrogel dressing as an analgesic adjunct to first aid for the treatment of acute paediatric thermal burn injuries: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.

Trials 2019 Jan 6;20(1):13. Epub 2019 Jan 6.

Centre for Children's Burns and Trauma Research, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

Background: Burns are a painful and traumatic experience, particularly in children. Reduced pain and anxiety positively influences re-epithelialisation rates in paediatric burn patients, however current literature fails to fully explain the effects of pain and anxiety and their links with wound healing. This study will determine if Burnaid® hydrogel dressing is an effective treatment for reducing pain in the acute period of a burn injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13063-018-3057-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6322255PMC
January 2019
7 Reads

Nano-silver modified porcine small intestinal submucosa for the treatment of infected partial-thickness burn wounds.

Burns 2018 Dec 27. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Division of Colorectal Surgery, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, No 415, Fengyang Road, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Background And Aim: Silver has been widely used as a topical antimicrobial agent in burn wound care. In a previous study, we demonstrated the introduction of nano-silver particles to porcine small intestinal submucosa (NS-PSIS) led to significant enhancement in antibacterial property in repairing contaminated abdominal defect. In this study, we explored the efficacy of NS-PSIS in the treatment of Pseudomonas aeruginosa-infected partial-thickness burn wounds. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03054179183089
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2018.12.002DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads
1.836 Impact Factor

Preventing External Skin Burns During Thermal Radiofrequency Neurotomy.

Pain Med 2019 04;20(4):852-853

Affordable Pain Management, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pm/pny274DOI Listing
April 2019
6 Reads

Beware of thermal epiglottis! A case report describing 'teapot syndrome'.

BMC Anesthesiol 2018 12 22;18(1):203. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Department of Anaesthesiology, Maasstad Ziekenhuis, Maasstadweg 21, 3079 DZ, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Background: The type of scalding injury known as 'teapot syndrome', where hot liquid is grabbed by the child with the aim of ingestion and falls over a child causing burns on the face, upper thorax and arms, is known to cause peri-oral and facial oedema. Thermal epiglottitis following scalds to face, neck and thorax is rare and can occur even in absence of ingestion of a damaging agent or intraoral burns, Awareness of the possibility of thermal epiglottitis, also in scald burns, is imperative to ensure prompt airway protection.

Case Presentation: We report the case of a child with thermal epiglottitis after a scalding burn from boiling milk resulting in mixed deep burns of the face, neck and chest, but no history of ingestion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12871-018-0665-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304004PMC
December 2018
23 Reads

Premixed LPG + Air Combustion in a Bubbling FBC with Variable Content of Solid Particles in the Bubbles.

Flow Turbul Combust 2018 7;101(3):953-969. Epub 2018 May 7.

Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Cracow University of Technology, ul. Warszawska 24, 31-155 Kraków, Poland.

This paper presents the results of studies on the combustion of gaseous LPG in a bubbling fluidized bed. Relationships between the temperature, the bed mass and the location of the combustion zone and the NO and CO concentrations in exhaust gases are described. The concentrations of both gases increase with rising temperature and then quickly decline. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10494-018-9925-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6267672PMC

Modified moist occlusive burn therapy may be a superior therapy for severe thermal burns.

Burns 2019 Mar 12;45(2):503-505. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, PR China. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2018.11.009DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Pneumonia Risk in Urgently Intubated Burn Patients.

Isr Med Assoc J 2018 Dec;20(12):737-740

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Rambam Health Care Campus, affiliated with Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel.

Background: Pneumonia is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in burn patients with inhalation injuries. An increased risk of pneumonia has been demonstrated in trauma and burn patients urgently intubated in the field vs. emergency departments (EDs). Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Laser-assisted Lipolysis Burn Safety: Proposed Detailed Parameters with Assessment of Their Efficacy and Safety.

Authors:
Yasser Helmy Ali

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2018 Oct 3;6(10):e1934. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Plastic and Burn Surgery Department, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.

Background: Many recent studies have evaluated the clinical safety and efficacy of therapeutic lasers in laser lipolysis, but without detailed description of the safe and effective parameters.

Purpose: To propose a method for adjusting safe and effective parameters for laser lipolysis.

Methods: Detailed calculations of the safe and effective laser parameters for fat melting are proposed in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/GOX.0000000000001934DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6250476PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Inhalational injury and the larynx: A review.

Burns 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Paediatrics Otolaryngology Head & Neck Surgery, Princess Margaret Hospital for Children, Roberts Road, Subiaco, Western Australia 6008, Australia; Murdoch ENT, Wexford Medical Centre, St John of God Hospital (Murdoch), Suite 17-18, Level 1, 3 Barry Marshall Parade, Murdoch, Western Australia 6150, Australia; School of Surgery, University of Western Australia, Stirling Highway, Crawley, Perth, Western Australia 6009, Australia; St John of God Hospital (Murdoch), Wexford Medical Center, Suite 17-18, Level 1, 3 Barry Marshall Parade, Murdoch 6150, Western Australia, Australia.

Objective: To review and discuss the existing research on the pathophysiology, impact and management of inhalational injury on the larynx and lower respiratory tract.

Data Sources: A literature search was conducted on the PubMed, MedLine, Embase, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases based on the keywords "airway burn", "inhalational injury" and "larynx".

Review Methods: Inclusion criteria included English language studies containing original and review data on airway injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2018.10.025DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

The impact of non-thermal injuries in combined burn trauma: A retrospective analysis over the past 35 years.

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2019 Mar 13;72(3):438-446. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery, Burn Center, University Hospital Zurich, Raemistrasse 100, CH-8091 Zurich, Switzerland; University of Zurich, Pestalozzistrasse 3, CH-8091 Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Introduction: Combined burn trauma is rather uncommon and frequently difficult to manage. Historically combined burn trauma contributed to high mortality rates in severely injured patients. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence, mechanisms and impact of non-thermal injuries in patients with severe burns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjps.2018.10.022DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Efficacy of a repair cream containing Rhealba oat plantlets extract l-ALA-l-GLU dipeptide, and hyaluronic acid in wound healing following dermatological acts: a meta-analysis of >2,000 patients in eight countries corroborated by a dermatopediatric clinical case.

Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol 2018 13;11:579-589. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Pierre Fabre Dermo-Cosmétique, A-DERMA, Lavaur, France,

Background: The frequency of dermatological acts is increasing. These procedures often cause injuries and traumatic alterations in specific skin layers, slowing down wound healing.

Patients And Methods: An open observational study lasting 1 month was conducted on 2,363 patients who had undergone various dermatological procedures. Read More

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https://www.dovepress.com/efficacy-of-a-repair-cream-contain
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CCID.S177614DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6239097PMC
November 2018
14 Reads

Adjuvant effect of oral Silymarin on patients' wound healing process caused by thermal injuries.

Caspian J Intern Med 2018 ;9(4):341-346

Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: According to the side effects of the usual treatment of burns, in improving the patients' prognosis, there is a need to introduce faster and more effective adjuvant therapies to treat wounds, thus to improve the prognosis of patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of adjuvant treatment with oral silymarin on wound healing process caused by second degree-burns among the patients admitted to Valiasr Hospital of Arak.

Methods: This randomized, double-blind clinical trial study was carried out on 80 patients with second-degree burns covering 20 to 30 percent of the body with flame. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22088/cjim.9.4.341DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6230456PMC
January 2018

[Enzymatic débridement as a treatment option for deep dermal burns of the hand].

Unfallchirurg 2019 Apr;122(4):323-327

Universitätsklinik für Plastische, Wiederherstellende und Handchirurgie, Zentrum für Schwerbrandverletzte, Paracelsus Medizinische Privatuniversität, Klinikum Nürnberg, Breslauer Straße 201, 90471, Nürnberg, Deutschland.

Burns and thermal injuries from other causes often affect exposed body regions such as the hands. Besides aesthetic aspects, deep dermal burns of the skin are often critical from a functional point of view, especially for important subcutaneous structures. This article reports the course of two patients who received enzymatic debridement with bromelain-based salve as a treatment for deep grade burns of the hands. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00113-018-0583-7DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read