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    Modeling Skin Injury from Hot Rice Porridge Spills.
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Apr 20;15(4). Epub 2018 Apr 20.
    Department of Engineering, Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, 5528 Haugesund, Norway.
    The present work analyzes skin burns from spills of hot rice and milk products. The traditional Norwegian rice porridge serves as an example. By testing spills on objects emulating an arm, it was concluded that spills were seldom thinner than 3 mm, and stayed in place due to the viscosity of the porridge for more than one minute. Read More

    Special traumatized populations : Burns and Hypothermia.
    Curr Pediatr Rev 2018 Apr 11. Epub 2018 Apr 11.
    Department of Pediatrics, Schulich School of Medicine, Western University. Canada.
    It is important for physicians treating children to be aware of unique presentation that require expertise and knowledge. Two areas of importance when caring for traumatized children are Thermal Burn Injuries, and Hypothermia. Burns commonly result in morbidity in children; as such, the appropriate identification of the severity of the burn and appropriate management are integral to minimize the complications of burns during the acute phase. Read More

    Molecular Mechanisms of Melatonin Protection from Gastric Mucosal Apoptotic Injury in Experimental Burns.
    Molecules 2018 Mar 24;23(4). Epub 2018 Mar 24.
    Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Medicine and Nutrigenomics, Medical University of Varna; Varna 9002, Bulgaria.
    Melatonin, a basic secretory pineal gland product, is a nontoxic, multifunctional molecule. It has antioxidant and anti-apoptotic activities and protects tissues from injury. The objective of the present study was to determine the molecular mechanism of melatonin anti-apoptotic effect on gastric injury in a rat burn model. Read More

    Long-lasting Glucagon-like Peptide 1 Analogue Exendin-4 Ameliorates the Secretory and Synthetic Function of Islets Isolated From Severely Scalded Rats.
    J Burn Care Res 2018 Mar 20. Epub 2018 Mar 20.
    Department of Burn and Plastic Surgery, Burns Institute, the First Affiliated Hospital of General Hospital of PLA, Beijing, China.
    The aim of this article was to observe the intracellular insulin content of islets isolated from severely scalded and Exendin-4-treated rats and to evaluate the stimulation of insulin mRNA synthesis and secretion by β cells at different glucose concentrations and during different periods of time. A 50% TBSA full-thickness scalded rat model was used. Rats were treated with Exendin-4, followed by islet isolation and functional measurements. Read More

    Genital burns in the United States: Disproportionate prevalence in the pediatric population.
    Burns 2018 Mar 22. Epub 2018 Mar 22.
    Department of Urology, University of California-San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, United States; Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of California-San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, United States. Electronic address:
    Introduction And Objectives: To describe the epidemiology of genital burns in the U.S. and investigate the underlying etiology. Read More

    Evaluation of the frequency of childhood hospitalization due to thermal injuries in the Provincial Polyclinical Hospital in Toruń, Poland, 2007-2011.
    Ann Agric Environ Med 2018 Mar 11;25(1):26-30. Epub 2017 Feb 11.
    Department of Paediatric Nursing, Collegium Medicum, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Toruń, Poland.
    Introduction: Burns constitute the most common and severe injuries suffered in childhood.

    Objective: The study was aimed at providing a retrospective analysis of the etiology, location, extent and depth of burns, as well as treatment methods and length of hospital stay.

    Material And Methods: A retrospective analysis of 508 cases of children treated due to a thermal injury between 1 January 2007 31 December 2011 was conducted at the Department of Paediatrics, Urology and Paediatric Surgery, Children's Hospital, L. Read More

    Concise Review: Altered Versus Unaltered Amniotic Membrane as a Substrate for Limbal Epithelial Cells.
    Stem Cells Transl Med 2018 May 23;7(5):415-427. Epub 2018 Mar 23.
    Department of Oral Biology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Oslo, Norway.
    Limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD) can result from a variety of corneal disorders, including chemical and thermal burns, infections, and autoimmune diseases. The symptoms of LSCD may include irritation, epiphora, blepharospasms, photophobia, pain, and decreased vision. There are a number of treatment options, ranging from nonsurgical treatments for mild LSCD to various forms of surgery that involve different cell types cultured on various substrates. Read More

    [Prevention of gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with advanced burns].
    Khirurgiia (Mosk) 2018 (3):42-48
    Pavlov First St. Petersburg State Medical University of Healthcare Ministry of the Russian Federation.
    Aim: To reduce the incidence of gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with advanced burns by developing a prophylactic algorithm.

    Material And Methods: The study consisted of retrospective group of 488 patients with thermal burns grade II-III over 20% of body surface area and prospective group of 135 patients with a similar thermal trauma. Standard clinical and laboratory examination was applied. Read More

    [Scalp burns induced by hair bleaching].
    Ann Dermatol Venereol 2018 Mar 14. Epub 2018 Mar 14.
    Service de dermatologie-allergologie, CHRU Brabois, 6, rue du Morvan, 54500 Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy, France.
    Background: Hair bleaching is increasingly being carried out in hairdressing salons. The products used are a mixture of hydrogen peroxide and persulfates, both active chemical agents. Scalp burns secondary to hair bleaching are a traumatic adverse effect rarely discussed in publications that continue to be little known among healthcare professionals. Read More

    Defining the criteria for intubation of the patient with thermal burns.
    Burns 2018 May 13;44(3):531-538. Epub 2018 Mar 13.
    University of Colorado, Department of Surgery, 12631 E. 17th Avenue, C-305, Aurora, CO 80045, United States. Electronic address:
    Objectives: Recent studies demonstrate that burn patients are undergoing unnecessary intubations. We sought to determine the clinical criteria that predict intubations with benefit.

    Methods: This was a retrospective review of intubated adults admitted to our center with thermal burns 2008-2013. Read More

    An efficient antimicrobial depot for infectious site-targeted chemo-photothermal therapy.
    J Nanobiotechnology 2018 Mar 16;16(1):23. Epub 2018 Mar 16.
    Institute of Burn Research, Southwest Hospital, State Key Lab of Trauma, Burn and Combined Injury, Third Military Medical University (Army Medical University), Chongqing, 400038, China.
    Background: Silver and photothermal therapy (PTT) have been widely used for eradicating the drug-resistant bacteria. However, the risks of excess of silver for humans and the low efficiency of PTT still limit their in vivo therapeutic application. Integration of two distinctive bactericides into one entity is a promising platform to improve the efficiency of antimicrobial agents. Read More

    Immunoproteasome in the Plasma of Paediatric Patients with Moderate and Major Burns, and its Correlation with Proteasome and UCHL1 Measured by SPR Imaging Biosensors.
    J Burn Care Res 2018 Mar 9. Epub 2018 Mar 9.
    Paediatric Surgery Department Medical University of Bialystok, Poland.
    The Aim: to determinate the immunoproteasome concentration in blood plasma of paediatric patients with moderate and major burns, and its correlation with circulating proteasome and UCHL1 with SPRI biosensor.

    Material And Methods: The study population comprised 30 patients with moderate (n=21), and severe burns (n=9), aged 9 months to 14 years. The control group represented 18 healthy, age matched patients, admitted for herniotomy. Read More

    The systemic immune response to pediatric thermal injury.
    Int J Burns Trauma 2018 5;8(1):6-16. Epub 2018 Feb 5.
    Center for Clinical and Translation Research, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital700 Children's Drive, Columbus 43205, OH.
    Background: The immune response to critical injury, including thermal injury, can heavily influence the recovery and long term prognosis for patients suffering such insults. A growing body of evidence supports that a suppressed immunologic state following critical injury can lead to adverse outcomes for adult and pediatric patients.

    Methods: A Pubmed literature search was conducted to review areas of the immune system that are impaired after thermal injury and identify key immune players that are potential targets for therapeutic intervention. Read More

    Potential Point of Care Testing for Dengue Virus in the Field.
    J Clin Microbiol 2018 Mar 7. Epub 2018 Mar 7.
    Program on Emerging Infectious Diseases, Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, Singapore.
    The four serotypes of dengue virus (DENV) cause one of the most important and rapidly emerging mosquito-borne viral diseases in humans. Of the currently available diagnostic tests for dengue, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay is the most sensitive and specific, and so it is commonly used as the gold standard test. However, the requirement of a sophisticated and expensive thermal cycler makes it very difficult to be a point-of-care diagnostic test in resource-limited regions where dengue is endemic. Read More

    Therapeutic mild hypothermia improves early outcomes in rats subjected to severe sepsis.
    Life Sci 2018 Apr 2;199:1-9. Epub 2018 Mar 2.
    Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Second Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine. No. 88 Jiefang Road, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China. Electronic address:
    Aims: Therapeutic hypothermia has shown beneficial effects in sepsis. This study focused on its mechanism.

    Main Methods: Sixteen male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent cecal ligation and perforation and subsequently were treated with either hypothermia (HT; body temperature cooled and maintained at 34 °C by ice pad for 10 h; n = 8) or normothermia (NT; n = 8). Read More

    Electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) battery-related burns presenting to US emergency departments, 2016.
    Inj Epidemiol 2018 Mar 5;5(1). Epub 2018 Mar 5.
    Center for Tobacco Products, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Avenue, Silver Spring, MD, 20993, USA.
    Background: Currently, an estimated 7.9 million US adults use electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS). Although published reports have identified fires and explosions related to use of ENDS since 2009, these reports do not provide national estimates of burn injuries associated with ENDS batteries in the US. Read More

    Thermal injuries from exploding electronic cigarettes.
    Burns 2018 Mar 1. Epub 2018 Mar 1.
    Massachusetts General Hospital, Department of Surgery, Sumner Redstone Burn Center, United States.
    Introduction: There are an estimated 2.75 million electronic cigarette (EC) users in the United States. ECs have become the most commonly used nicotine-containing product in young adults ages 18-24 years. Read More

    Emergency department management of smoke inhalation injury in adults [digest].
    Emerg Med Pract 2018 Mar 1;20(3 Suppl Points & Pearls):1-2. Epub 2018 Mar 1.
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY.
    Smoke inhalation injury portends increased morbidity and mortality in fire-exposed patients. Upper airway thermal burns, inflammation from lower airway irritants, and systemic effects of carbon monoxide and cyanide can contribute to injury. A standardized diagnostic protocol for inhalation injury is lacking, and management remains mostly supportive. Read More

    Emergency department management of smoke inhalation injury in adults.
    Emerg Med Pract 2018 Mar 1;20(3):1-24. Epub 2018 Mar 1.
    Clinical Assistant Professor, Residency Assistant Program Director, Department of Emergency Medicine, Stony Brook School of Medicine, Stony Brook, NY.
    Smoke inhalation injury portends increased morbidity and mortality in fire-exposed patients. Upper airway thermal burns, inflammation from lower airway irritants, and systemic effects of carbon monoxide and cyanide can contribute to injury. A standardized diagnostic protocol for inhalation injury is lacking, and management remains mostly supportive. Read More

    Detection of Perforators for Free Flap Planning Using Smartphone Thermal Imaging: A Concordance Study with Computed Tomographic Angiography in 120 Perforators.
    Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 Mar;141(3):787-792
    Santiago, Chile From the Department of Plastic Surgery and Burns, Hospital del Trabajador; and the Department of Plastic Surgery, Clínica Las Condes.
    Design and preoperative planning of microsurgical flaps are fundamental steps for successful surgery. Currently, computed tomographic angiography is considered the gold standard, and new technologies such as thermography could complement its usefulness. The aim of this study was to determine the concordance between thermographic images obtained with a smartphone thermal camera and computed tomographic angiography for detecting perforators using the anterolateral thigh flap area as a model. Read More

    Blood vessel occlusion with erythrocyte aggregates causes burn injury progression-microvasculature dilation as a possible therapy.
    Exp Dermatol 2018 Feb 25. Epub 2018 Feb 25.
    Departments of Dermatology, School of Medicine, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, USA.
    Burns are dynamic injuries characterized by progressive tissue death and continuous severe pain over the course of several days. The extent of burn injury progression determines the ultimate patient outcome. Initial burns result in a central zone of necrosis surrounded by a potentially viable zone of ischemia. Read More

    The role of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) in ex-vivo examination of human skin burn injury treatment.
    Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 2018 May 13;196:344-352. Epub 2018 Feb 13.
    Faculty of Materials, Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Bielsko-Biała, Poland.
    Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is one of the most versatile solvents in biological science, therefore it is frequently used as a solvent in biological studies and as a vehicle for drug therapy. DMSO readily penetrates, diffuses through biological membranes and ipso facto increases fluidity of liposomal membranes modelling stratum corneum. Thermal injury is associated with the appearance of lipid peroxidation products in the burned skin. Read More

    ArF excimer laser debrides burns without destruction of viable tissue: A pilot study.
    Burns 2018 May 15;44(3):589-595. Epub 2018 Feb 15.
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-8165, United States; Department of Dermatology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-8165, United States; Department of Medicine, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-8165, United States. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Recent evidence indicates that early removal of eschar by tangential debridement can promote healing. Laser debridement can be used for debridement of areas that prove challenging for debridement using tangential excision. In particular, irradiation with an ArF excimer laser ablates desiccated eschar and is self-terminating, preserving hydrated or viable tissue. Read More

    The first isolation of Westerdykella dispersa in a critically burned patient.
    Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2018 Feb 17. Epub 2018 Feb 17.
    Department of Burns and Reconstructive Surgery, University Hospital Brno, Jihlavska 20, 620 00, Brno, Czech Republic.
    Patients with critical thermal trauma belong to one of the most high-risk groups for development of infectious complications. Fungal infections are not among frequent complications during therapy of patients with thermal trauma, yet their incidence dramatically aggravates the prognosis for patients with this disorder. In the case report, we present the case of a young man with a critical burn, where Westerdykella dispersa was isolated. Read More

    Determination of lymphocytes surface markers in patients with thermal burns and the influence of burn size on mononuclear cell subsets.
    Med J Islam Repub Iran 2017 15;31:38. Epub 2017 Jul 15.
    Department of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Thermal burn injuries impair the host defence system. Hence, in the present study, we aimed at investigating the changes in the number and phenotype of peripheral blood lymphocyte populations (T, B, and natural killer cells) and their subpopulations in patients with thermal burns and determining the relationships with different sizes of total body surface area (TBSA). Blood samples from 67 patients, admitted to Motahary Burn Center in Tehran, with burns from 30% to more than 70% TBSA were collected on Days 3 and 7 postburn. Read More

    Comparative Analysis of Mesenchymal Stem Cells from Bone Marrow, Adipose Tissue, and Dental Pulp as Sources of Cell Therapy for Zone of Stasis Burns.
    J Invest Surg 2018 Feb 14:1-14. Epub 2018 Feb 14.
    g Osmangazi University , Faculty of Medicine, Department of Biostatistics , Eskişehir , Turkey.
    Introduction: The implantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has been shown to exert benefits for the survival of the zone-of-stasis. However, the clinical experience indicates the importance of selecting the right source and type of stem cells. Therefore, we planned the current study to perform a quantitative comparison of MSCs isolated from three different sources to provide information useful in selection of the optimal source and to see whether critical mechanisms are conserved between different populations. Read More

    Soluble GPVI is elevated in injured patients: shedding is mediated by fibrin activation of GPVI.
    Blood Adv 2018 Feb;2(3):240-251
    Australian Cancer Research Foundation Department of Cancer Biology and Therapeutics, John Curtin School of Medical Research, and.
    Soluble glycoprotein VI (sGPVI) is shed from the platelet surface and is a marker of platelet activation in thrombotic conditions. We assessed sGPVI levels together with patient and clinical parameters in acute and chronic inflammatory conditions, including patients with thermal injury and inflammatory bowel disease and patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) for elective cardiac surgery, trauma, acute brain injury, or prolonged ventilation. Plasma sGPVI was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and was elevated on day 14 after thermal injury, and was higher in patients who developed sepsis. Read More

    Gasoline-related injuries and fatalities in the United States, 1995-2014.
    Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot 2018 Feb 12:1-8. Epub 2018 Feb 12.
    a Drago Expert Services , Plymouth , MA 02360 , USA.
    This descriptive study examines twenty years of gasoline-related fatalities and emergency department treated injuries in the United States, based on data from the US Consumer Product Safety Commission. Thermal burns consistently accounted for the majority (56%) of gasoline-related injuries and for most (82%) gasoline-related deaths, and were commonly (57-71%) associated with the use of gasoline as an accelerant. Poisoning accounted for 13% of injuries and 17% of deaths. Read More

    Reconstruction of the plantar toe with a distal reverse instep sensory island flap.
    Microsurgery 2018 Feb 10. Epub 2018 Feb 10.
    Department of general surgery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, College of medicine, Emam Hosein Hospital, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: Plantar toe ulcers are a challenging surgical problem. There are several methods for reconstruction, but no attention has been given to the preservation of sensation. This report proposes a method to provide protective sensation for the reconstructed area. Read More

    Nose resurfacing with free fasciocutaneous flaps in burns patients.
    Microsurgery 2018 Feb 10. Epub 2018 Feb 10.
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Linko, Taiwan.
    Background: Nasal reconstruction after burn injury can be challenging due to limited availability of local flaps. We present our experience of free flap reconstruction for full-thickness nasal defect after severe facial burn injury.

    Methods: Between August 1998 and September 2015, six patients underwent nasal reconstruction with seven free flaps after burn injury. Read More

    Where is the fracture? Penetrating injury with a foreign bone.
    Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2018 Jan 26. Epub 2018 Jan 26.
    Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Ankara University Medical School, Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address:
    Injuries in the explosion scenarios are usually hollow organ injuries including rapid gas expansion, thermal injuries, penetrating injuries due to secondary projectiles and secondary injuries like falls and burns. Our case is a penetrating injury that was considered open knee fracture (Gustilo Anderson Type 3A) and peroneal nerve palsy in the emergency service after bomb attack but later it was seen that the secondary projectile was a foreign bone and the patient's bone integrity was intact. Our aim is to show that specific human tissues must be considered as a factor in the secondary injuries. Read More

    Incidence of risk factors for bloodstream infections in patients with major burns receiving intensive care: A retrospective single-center cohort study.
    Burns 2018 Jan 29. Epub 2018 Jan 29.
    Medical University of Vienna, Department of Medicine I, Division of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Vienna, Austria; Jena University Hospital, Center of Infectious Diseases and Infection Control, Jena, Germany. Electronic address:
    Objectives: The objective was primarily to identify risk factors for bloodstream infections (BSI) caused by different pathogens.

    Methods: A retrospective single-center cohort study was performed on 472 burn patients with an abbreviated burn severity index (ABSI)≥3, a total burn surface area (TBSA)≥10%, and an ICU stay of at least 24h. Risk factors for different BSI pathogens were analyzed by competing risks regression model of Fine and Gray. Read More

    Matrix metalloproteinase-2 and its correlation with basal membrane components laminin-5 and collagen type IV in paediatric burn patients measured with Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging (SPRI) biosensors.
    Burns 2018 Jan 30. Epub 2018 Jan 30.
    Paediatric Surgery Department, Medical University of Bialystok, Poland.
    The purpose of this study was the determination of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and its correlation with basal membrane components laminin-5 and collagen type IV in the blood plasma of burn patients measured with Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging (SPRI) biosensors.

    Material And Methods: 31 children scalded by hot water who were managed at the Department of Paediatric Surgery between 2014-2015, after primarily presenting with burns in 4-20% TBSA were included into the study (age 9 months up to 14 years, mean age 2,5+1 years). There were 10 girls and 21 boys. Read More

    Dorsal thermal necrosis in dogs: a retrospective analysis of 16 cases in the southwestern USA (2009-2016).
    Vet Dermatol 2018 Apr 1;29(2):139-e55. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
    DVM Pathology, 4122 East Agave Road, Phoenix, AZ, 85044, USA.
    Background: Prolonged sun exposure in high ambient temperatures has been recognized as a cause of thermal burns on the dorsal skin of dogs, termed dorsal thermal necrosis (DTN).

    Hypotheses/objectives: To characterize the clinical presentation, histopathology and outcomes of 16 dogs diagnosed with DTN and to identify associated risk factors.

    Animals: Sixteen dogs diagnosed with DTN. Read More

    [Clinical trial: regeneration of skin perception after deep-degree burns in childhood].
    Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir 2018 Feb 1. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
    Poliklinik und Universitätsklinik für Kinderchirurgie, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg.
    Background:  Cutaneous aesthesia is frequently impaired following thermal injury. The perception of pressure and touch is compromised.

    Methods:  We analysed 352 patient files retrospectively and tested the perception in deep burn-damaged skin of children. Read More

    Emergency department management of patients with thermal burns [digest].
    Emerg Med Pract 2018 Feb 1;20(2 Suppl Points & Pearls):1-2. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY.
    Thermal burn injuries are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In addition to treatment of the burns, emergency clinicians must assess for inhalation injury, exposure to toxic gases, and related traumatic injuries. Priorities for emergency resuscitation include stabilization of airway and breathing, intravenous fluid administration, pain control, and local wound care. Read More

    Emergency department management of patients with thermal burns.
    Emerg Med Pract 2018 Feb 1;20(2):1-24. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
    Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA; Harbor UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, CA.
    Thermal burn injuries are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In addition to treatment of the burns, emergency clinicians must assess for inhalation injury, exposure to toxic gases, and related traumatic injuries. Priorities for emergency resuscitation include stabilization of airway and breathing, intravenous fluid administration, pain control, and local wound care. Read More

    Pathophysiologic Mechanisms and Current Treatments for Cutaneous Sequelae of Burn Wounds.
    Compr Physiol 2017 Dec 12;8(1):371-405. Epub 2017 Dec 12.
    Quality Skin Collaborative for Advanced Reconstruction and Regeneration (Q-SCARRTM), Dental Craniofacial Trauma Research Division, US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Ft. Sam Houston, TX, USA.
    Burn injuries are a pervasive clinical problem. Extensive thermal trauma can be life-threatening or result in long-lasting complications, generating a significant impact on quality of life for patients as well as a cost burden to the healthcare system. The importance of addressing global or systemic issues such as resuscitation and management of inhalation injuries is not disputed but is beyond the scope of this review, which focuses on cutaneous pathophysiologic mechanisms for current treatments, both in the acute and long-term settings. Read More

    Treatment in the healing of burns with a cold plasma source.
    Int J Burns Trauma 2017 20;7(7):142-146. Epub 2017 Dec 20.
    Medical Center ISSEMYM TolucaMetepec, México.
    A cold plasma produced with helium gas was applied to two second-degree burns produced with boiling oil. These burns were located on a thigh and a shin of a 59-years-old male person. After the first treatment as benefit the patient neither presented itching nor pain and, after the second treatment, the patient presented new tissue. Read More

    Direct electrical injury to brachial plexus.
    Indian J Plast Surg 2017 May-Aug;50(2):217-219
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive surgery, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College and General Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
    Electrical current can cause neurological damage directly or by conversion to thermal energy. However, electrical injury causing isolated brachial plexus injury without cutaneous burns is extremely rare. We present a case of a 17-year-old boy who sustained accidental electrical injury to left upper extremity with no associated entry or exit wounds. Read More

    Perspectives on setting limits for RF contact currents: a commentary.
    Biomed Eng Online 2018 Jan 15;17(1). Epub 2018 Jan 15.
    Richard Tell Associates, Inc., 350 Falcon Ridge Parkway, Suite 103, Mesquite, NV, 89027, USA.
    Background: Limits for exposure to radiofrequency (RF) contact currents are specified in the two dominant RF safety standards and guidelines developed by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP). These limits are intended to prevent RF burns when contacting RF energized objects caused by high local tissue current densities. We explain what contact currents are and review some history of the relevant limits with an emphasis on so-called "touch" contacts, i. Read More

    Composition of minerals and trace elements at Mamasani thermal source: A possible preventive treatment for some skin diseases.
    J Educ Health Promot 2017 4;6:110. Epub 2017 Dec 4.
    Molecular Dermatology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
    Introduction: Some skin diseases are incurable and modern medicine can only control them. In addition, alternative treatment remedies including balneotherapy can be effective in improving skin conditions. However, there are only a limited number of studies on particular mineral or trace elements of mineral sources that have been identified in Iran. Read More

    [Epidemiological investigation on 2 133 hospitalized patients with electrical burns].
    Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi 2017 Dec;33(12):732-737
    Department of General Surgery, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan 430071, China.
    To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of the hospitalized patients with electrical burns in Institute of Burns of Tongren Hospital of Wuhan University & Wuhan Third Hospital (hereinafter referred to as Institute of Burns of Wuhan Third Hospital), so as to provide reference for the prevention and treatment of electrical burns. Medical records of all hospitalized burn patients in Institute of Burns of Wuhan Third Hospital from January 2004 to December 2016 were collected. Genders, ages, social categories, seasons of injury, total burn areas, depths of wounds, electrical voltages of injury, sites of wound, treatment methods, amputation rates, lengths of hospital stay, operation costs, hospitalization costs, and treatment outcomes of the electrical burn patients were collected. Read More

    Effects of Autologous Fat and ASCs on Swine Hypertrophic Burn Scars: A Multimodal Quantitative Analysis.
    Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2017 Nov 9;5(11):e1547. Epub 2017 Nov 9.
    Division of Plastic Surgey, Shriners Hospital for Children, Cincinnati, Ohio; and Division of Pediatric Plastic Surgery, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio.
    Background: Hypertrophic scar formation is unpredictable and poorly understood, afflicting both the pediatric and adult populations. Treatment methods with conservative and invasive approaches have low rates of compliance and high rates of morbidity. The purpose of this study was to test a reproducible scar model and investigate a new technique of scar modification through the use of adipose- derived progenitor stromal cells (ASCs). Read More

    [Undetected Cases of Non-Accidental Burns in Children - Preventive Strategies].
    Klin Padiatr 2018 Mar 19;230(2):61-67. Epub 2017 Dec 19.
    Department of Pediatric Surgery, University Hospital Hamburg Eppendorf, Hamburg.
    Background: Thermal injuries are a frequent cause of accidents within the pediatric population that may result in long periods of hospitalization as well as severe physical and mental impairment and lifelong consequences. Especially in infants, burns caused by scalding are the most common cause of injury. Beside accidental injuries, intential burns may also occur. Read More

    Phage Abp1 Rescues Human Cells and Mice from Infection by Pan-Drug Resistant Acinetobacter Baumannii.
    Cell Physiol Biochem 2017 15;44(6):2337-2345. Epub 2017 Dec 15.
    State Key Laboratory of Trauma, Burns and Combined Injury, Institute of Burn Research, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China.
    Background/aims: As an "ESKAPE" pathogen, Acinetobacter baumannii is one of the leading causes of drug-resistant infections in humans. Phage therapy may be a useful strategy in treating infections caused by drug-resistant A. baumannii. Read More

    Viable placental allograft as a biological dressing in the clinical management of full-thickness thermal occupational burns: Two case reports.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Dec;96(49):e9045
    aBozeman Deaconess Hospital, Wound and Hyperbaric Center, Bozeman, MontanabOsiris Therapeutics, Inc., Columbia, Maryland.
    Rationale: Occupational burn injuries can be detrimental and difficult to manage. The majority of complex cases are referred and managed at regional burn centers where access to specialized care is available. As an alternative to hospitalization with staged surgical procedures, placental products may be used for outpatient medical management of these common burn injuries, especially if access to a regional burn center is limited or restricted. Read More

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