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    The role of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) in ex-vivo examination of human skin burn injury treatment.
    Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 2018 Feb 13;196:344-352. Epub 2018 Feb 13.
    Faculty of Materials, Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Bielsko-Biała, Poland.
    Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is one of the most versatile solvents in biological science, therefore it is frequently used as a solvent in biological studies and as a vehicle for drug therapy. DMSO readily penetrates, diffuses through biological membranes and ipso facto increases fluidity of liposomal membranes modelling stratum corneum. Thermal injury is associated with the appearance of lipid peroxidation products in the burned skin. Read More

    ArF excimer laser debrides burns without destruction of viable tissue: A pilot study.
    Burns 2018 Feb 15. Epub 2018 Feb 15.
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-8165, United States; Department of Dermatology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-8165, United States; Department of Medicine, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-8165, United States. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Recent evidence indicates that early removal of eschar by tangential debridement can promote healing. Laser debridement can be used for debridement of areas that prove challenging for debridement using tangential excision. In particular, irradiation with an ArF excimer laser ablates desiccated eschar and is self-terminating, preserving hydrated or viable tissue. Read More

    The first isolation of Westerdykella dispersa in a critically burned patient.
    Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2018 Feb 17. Epub 2018 Feb 17.
    Department of Burns and Reconstructive Surgery, University Hospital Brno, Jihlavska 20, 620 00, Brno, Czech Republic.
    Patients with critical thermal trauma belong to one of the most high-risk groups for development of infectious complications. Fungal infections are not among frequent complications during therapy of patients with thermal trauma, yet their incidence dramatically aggravates the prognosis for patients with this disorder. In the case report, we present the case of a young man with a critical burn, where Westerdykella dispersa was isolated. Read More

    Determination of lymphocytes surface markers in patients with thermal burns and the influence of burn size on mononuclear cell subsets.
    Med J Islam Repub Iran 2017 15;31:38. Epub 2017 Jul 15.
    Department of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Thermal burn injuries impair the host defence system. Hence, in the present study, we aimed at investigating the changes in the number and phenotype of peripheral blood lymphocyte populations (T, B, and natural killer cells) and their subpopulations in patients with thermal burns and determining the relationships with different sizes of total body surface area (TBSA).Blood samples from 67 patients, admitted to Motahary Burn Center in Tehran, with burns from 30% to more than 70% TBSA were collected on Days 3 and 7 postburn. Read More

    Comparative Analysis of Mesenchymal Stem Cells from Bone Marrow, Adipose Tissue, and Dental Pulp as Sources of Cell Therapy for Zone of Stasis Burns.
    J Invest Surg 2018 Feb 14:1-14. Epub 2018 Feb 14.
    g Osmangazi University , Faculty of Medicine, Department of Biostatistics , Eskişehir , Turkey.
    Introduction: The implantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has been shown to exert benefits for the survival of the zone-of-stasis. However, the clinical experience indicates the importance of selecting the right source and type of stem cells. Therefore, we planned the current study to perform a quantitative comparison of MSCs isolated from three different sources to provide information useful in selection of the optimal source and to see whether critical mechanisms are conserved between different populations. Read More

    Soluble GPVI is elevated in injured patients: shedding is mediated by fibrin activation of GPVI.
    Blood Adv 2018 Feb;2(3):240-251
    Australian Cancer Research Foundation Department of Cancer Biology and Therapeutics, John Curtin School of Medical Research, and.
    Soluble glycoprotein VI (sGPVI) is shed from the platelet surface and is a marker of platelet activation in thrombotic conditions. We assessed sGPVI levels together with patient and clinical parameters in acute and chronic inflammatory conditions, including patients with thermal injury and inflammatory bowel disease and patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) for elective cardiac surgery, trauma, acute brain injury, or prolonged ventilation. Plasma sGPVI was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and was elevated on day 14 after thermal injury, and was higher in patients who developed sepsis. Read More

    Gasoline-related injuries and fatalities in the United States, 1995-2014.
    Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot 2018 Feb 12:1-8. Epub 2018 Feb 12.
    a Drago Expert Services , Plymouth , MA 02360 , USA.
    This descriptive study examines twenty years of gasoline-related fatalities and emergency department treated injuries in the United States, based on data from the US Consumer Product Safety Commission. Thermal burns consistently accounted for the majority (56%) of gasoline-related injuries and for most (82%) gasoline-related deaths, and were commonly (57-71%) associated with the use of gasoline as an accelerant. Poisoning accounted for 13% of injuries and 17% of deaths. Read More

    Reconstruction of the plantar toe with a distal reverse instep sensory island flap.
    Microsurgery 2018 Feb 10. Epub 2018 Feb 10.
    Department of general surgery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, College of medicine, Emam Hosein Hospital, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: Plantar toe ulcers are a challenging surgical problem. There are several methods for reconstruction, but no attention has been given to the preservation of sensation. This report proposes a method to provide protective sensation for the reconstructed area. Read More

    Nose resurfacing with free fasciocutaneous flaps in burns patients.
    Microsurgery 2018 Feb 10. Epub 2018 Feb 10.
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Linko, Taiwan.
    Background: Nasal reconstruction after burn injury can be challenging due to limited availability of local flaps. We present our experience of free flap reconstruction for full-thickness nasal defect after severe facial burn injury.

    Methods: Between August 1998 and September 2015, six patients underwent nasal reconstruction with seven free flaps after burn injury. Read More

    Where is the fracture? Penetrating injury with a foreign bone.
    Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2018 Jan 26. Epub 2018 Jan 26.
    Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Ankara University Medical School, Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address:
    Injuries in the explosion scenarios are usually hollow organ injuries including rapid gas expansion, thermal injuries, penetrating injuries due to secondary projectiles and secondary injuries like falls and burns. Our case is a penetrating injury that was considered open knee fracture (Gustilo Anderson Type 3A) and peroneal nerve palsy in the emergency service after bomb attack but later it was seen that the secondary projectile was a foreign bone and the patient's bone integrity was intact. Our aim is to show that specific human tissues must be considered as a factor in the secondary injuries. Read More

    Incidence of risk factors for bloodstream infections in patients with major burns receiving intensive care: A retrospective single-center cohort study.
    Burns 2018 Jan 29. Epub 2018 Jan 29.
    Medical University of Vienna, Department of Medicine I, Division of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Vienna, Austria; Jena University Hospital, Center of Infectious Diseases and Infection Control, Jena, Germany. Electronic address:
    Objectives: The objective was primarily to identify risk factors for bloodstream infections (BSI) caused by different pathogens.

    Methods: A retrospective single-center cohort study was performed on 472 burn patients with an abbreviated burn severity index (ABSI)≥3, a total burn surface area (TBSA)≥10%, and an ICU stay of at least 24h. Risk factors for different BSI pathogens were analyzed by competing risks regression model of Fine and Gray. Read More

    Matrix metalloproteinase-2 and its correlation with basal membrane components laminin-5 and collagen type IV in paediatric burn patients measured with Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging (SPRI) biosensors.
    Burns 2018 Jan 30. Epub 2018 Jan 30.
    Paediatric Surgery Department, Medical University of Bialystok, Poland.
    The purpose of this study was the determination of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and its correlation with basal membrane components laminin-5 and collagen type IV in the blood plasma of burn patients measured with Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging (SPRI) biosensors.

    Material And Methods: 31 children scalded by hot water who were managed at the Department of Paediatric Surgery between 2014-2015, after primarily presenting with burns in 4-20% TBSA were included into the study (age 9 months up to 14 years, mean age 2,5+1 years). There were 10 girls and 21 boys. Read More

    Dorsal thermal necrosis in dogs: a retrospective analysis of 16 cases in the southwestern USA (2009-2016).
    Vet Dermatol 2018 Feb 1. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
    DVM Pathology, 4122 East Agave Road, Phoenix, AZ, 85044, USA.
    Background: Prolonged sun exposure in high ambient temperatures has been recognized as a cause of thermal burns on the dorsal skin of dogs, termed dorsal thermal necrosis (DTN).

    Hypotheses/objectives: To characterize the clinical presentation, histopathology and outcomes of 16 dogs diagnosed with DTN and to identify associated risk factors.

    Animals: Sixteen dogs diagnosed with DTN. Read More

    [Clinical trial: regeneration of skin perception after deep-degree burns in childhood].
    Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir 2018 Feb 1. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
    Poliklinik und Universitätsklinik für Kinderchirurgie, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg.
    Background:  Cutaneous aesthesia is frequently impaired following thermal injury. The perception of pressure and touch is compromised.

    Methods:  We analysed 352 patient files retrospectively and tested the perception in deep burn-damaged skin of children. Read More

    Emergency department management of patients with thermal burns [digest].
    Emerg Med Pract 2018 Feb 1;20(2 Suppl Points & Pearls):1-2. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY.
    Thermal burn injuries are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In addition to treatment of the burns, emergency clinicians must assess for inhalation injury, exposure to toxic gases, and related traumatic injuries. Priorities for emergency resuscitation include stabilization of airway and breathing, intravenous fluid administration, pain control, and local wound care. Read More

    Emergency department management of patients with thermal burns.
    Emerg Med Pract 2018 Feb 1;20(2):1-24. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
    Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA; Harbor UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, CA.
    Thermal burn injuries are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In addition to treatment of the burns, emergency clinicians must assess for inhalation injury, exposure to toxic gases, and related traumatic injuries. Priorities for emergency resuscitation include stabilization of airway and breathing, intravenous fluid administration, pain control, and local wound care. Read More

    Pathophysiologic Mechanisms and Current Treatments for Cutaneous Sequelae of Burn Wounds.
    Compr Physiol 2017 Dec 12;8(1):371-405. Epub 2017 Dec 12.
    Quality Skin Collaborative for Advanced Reconstruction and Regeneration (Q-SCARRTM), Dental Craniofacial Trauma Research Division, US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Ft. Sam Houston, TX, USA.
    Burn injuries are a pervasive clinical problem. Extensive thermal trauma can be life-threatening or result in long-lasting complications, generating a significant impact on quality of life for patients as well as a cost burden to the healthcare system. The importance of addressing global or systemic issues such as resuscitation and management of inhalation injuries is not disputed but is beyond the scope of this review, which focuses on cutaneous pathophysiologic mechanisms for current treatments, both in the acute and long-term settings. Read More

    Treatment in the healing of burns with a cold plasma source.
    Int J Burns Trauma 2017 20;7(7):142-146. Epub 2017 Dec 20.
    Medical Center ISSEMYM TolucaMetepec, México.
    A cold plasma produced with helium gas was applied to two second-degree burns produced with boiling oil. These burns were located on a thigh and a shin of a 59-years-old male person. After the first treatment as benefit the patient neither presented itching nor pain and, after the second treatment, the patient presented new tissue. Read More

    Direct electrical injury to brachial plexus.
    Indian J Plast Surg 2017 May-Aug;50(2):217-219
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive surgery, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College and General Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
    Electrical current can cause neurological damage directly or by conversion to thermal energy. However, electrical injury causing isolated brachial plexus injury without cutaneous burns is extremely rare. We present a case of a 17-year-old boy who sustained accidental electrical injury to left upper extremity with no associated entry or exit wounds. Read More

    Perspectives on setting limits for RF contact currents: a commentary.
    Biomed Eng Online 2018 Jan 15;17(1). Epub 2018 Jan 15.
    Richard Tell Associates, Inc., 350 Falcon Ridge Parkway, Suite 103, Mesquite, NV, 89027, USA.
    Background: Limits for exposure to radiofrequency (RF) contact currents are specified in the two dominant RF safety standards and guidelines developed by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP). These limits are intended to prevent RF burns when contacting RF energized objects caused by high local tissue current densities. We explain what contact currents are and review some history of the relevant limits with an emphasis on so-called "touch" contacts, i. Read More

    Composition of minerals and trace elements at Mamasani thermal source: A possible preventive treatment for some skin diseases.
    J Educ Health Promot 2017 4;6:110. Epub 2017 Dec 4.
    Molecular Dermatology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
    Introduction: Some skin diseases are incurable and modern medicine can only control them. In addition, alternative treatment remedies including balneotherapy can be effective in improving skin conditions. However, there are only a limited number of studies on particular mineral or trace elements of mineral sources that have been identified in Iran. Read More

    [Epidemiological investigation on 2 133 hospitalized patients with electrical burns].
    Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi 2017 Dec;33(12):732-737
    Department of General Surgery, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan 430071, China.
    To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of the hospitalized patients with electrical burns in Institute of Burns of Tongren Hospital of Wuhan University & Wuhan Third Hospital (hereinafter referred to as Institute of Burns of Wuhan Third Hospital), so as to provide reference for the prevention and treatment of electrical burns.Medical records of all hospitalized burn patients in Institute of Burns of Wuhan Third Hospital from January 2004 to December 2016 were collected. Genders, ages, social categories, seasons of injury, total burn areas, depths of wounds, electrical voltages of injury, sites of wound, treatment methods, amputation rates, lengths of hospital stay, operation costs, hospitalization costs, and treatment outcomes of the electrical burn patients were collected. Read More

    Effects of Autologous Fat and ASCs on Swine Hypertrophic Burn Scars: A Multimodal Quantitative Analysis.
    Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2017 Nov 9;5(11):e1547. Epub 2017 Nov 9.
    Division of Plastic Surgey, Shriners Hospital for Children, Cincinnati, Ohio; and Division of Pediatric Plastic Surgery, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio.
    Background: Hypertrophic scar formation is unpredictable and poorly understood, afflicting both the pediatric and adult populations. Treatment methods with conservative and invasive approaches have low rates of compliance and high rates of morbidity. The purpose of this study was to test a reproducible scar model and investigate a new technique of scar modification through the use of adipose- derived progenitor stromal cells (ASCs). Read More

    [Undetected Cases of Non-Accidental Burns in Children - Preventive Strategies].
    Klin Padiatr 2017 Dec 19. Epub 2017 Dec 19.
    Department of Pediatric Surgery, University Hospital Hamburg Eppendorf, Hamburg.
    Background: Thermal injuries are a frequent cause of accidents within the pediatric population that may result in long periods of hospitalization as well as severe physical and mental impairment and lifelong consequences. Especially in infants, burns caused by scalding are the most common cause of injury. Beside accidental injuries, intential burns may also occur. Read More

    Phage Abp1 Rescues Human Cells and Mice from Infection by Pan-Drug Resistant Acinetobacter Baumannii.
    Cell Physiol Biochem 2017 15;44(6):2337-2345. Epub 2017 Dec 15.
    State Key Laboratory of Trauma, Burns and Combined Injury, Institute of Burn Research, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China.
    Background/aims: As an "ESKAPE" pathogen, Acinetobacter baumannii is one of the leading causes of drug-resistant infections in humans. Phage therapy may be a useful strategy in treating infections caused by drug-resistant A. baumannii. Read More

    Viable placental allograft as a biological dressing in the clinical management of full-thickness thermal occupational burns: Two case reports.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Dec;96(49):e9045
    aBozeman Deaconess Hospital, Wound and Hyperbaric Center, Bozeman, MontanabOsiris Therapeutics, Inc., Columbia, Maryland.
    Rationale: Occupational burn injuries can be detrimental and difficult to manage. The majority of complex cases are referred and managed at regional burn centers where access to specialized care is available. As an alternative to hospitalization with staged surgical procedures, placental products may be used for outpatient medical management of these common burn injuries, especially if access to a regional burn center is limited or restricted. Read More

    Pediatric Thermal Burns and Treatment: A Review of Progress and Future Prospects.
    Medicines (Basel) 2017 Dec 11;4(4). Epub 2017 Dec 11.
    Centre for Applied Genetics, Bangalore University, Bangalore 560056, India.
    Burn injuries are a devastating critical care problem. In children, burns continue to be a major epidemiologic problem around the globe resulting in significant morbidity and death. Apparently, treating these burn injuries in children and adults remains similar, but there are significant physiological and psychological differences. Read More

    Decellularised conjunctiva for ocular surface reconstruction.
    Acta Biomater 2018 02 8;67:259-269. Epub 2017 Dec 8.
    Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Duesseldorf, Heinrich-Heine-University, Germany. Electronic address:
    Conjunctival reconstruction is an integral component of ocular surface restoration. Decellularised tissues are frequently used clinically for tissue engineering. This study identifies porcine decellularised conjunctiva (PDC) and human decellularised conjunctiva (HDC) as promising substitutes for conjunctival reconstruction. Read More

    SPR imaging biosensor for the quantitation of fibronectin concentration in blood samples.
    J Pharm Biomed Anal 2018 Feb 29;150:1-8. Epub 2017 Nov 29.
    Department of Electrochemistry, Institute of Chemistry, University of Bialystok, Ciolkowskiego 1K, 15-245 Bialystok, Poland. Electronic address:
    The purpose of this study was presentation of a new biosensor capable of determination of fibronectin. This biosensor was based on the specific interaction of anti-fibronectin antibody produced in rabbit with fibronectin. The surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRI) technique was used as a detecting method. Read More

    Topically administered rhGM-CSF affects PPARβ expression in the stasis zone.
    Exp Ther Med 2017 Nov 20;14(5):4825-4830. Epub 2017 Sep 20.
    Department of Burns, The First People's Hospital of Zhengzhou City, Zhengzhou, Henan 450004, P.R. China.
    Using a rat comb thermal damage model, we investigated the effects of topically administered recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (rhGM-CSF) on peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor PPARβ expression. We created bilateral comb scald models on the backs of fifty Sprague-Dawley rats. The left sides of the backs served as the experimental group and the right sides served as the control group. Read More

    Panretinal Photocoagulation: A Review of Complications.
    Semin Ophthalmol 2018 27;33(1):83-88. Epub 2017 Nov 27.
    a Retina Service , Massachusetts Eye and Ear, Harvard Medical School , Boston , MA , USA.
    Panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) is a mainstay of therapy for retinal ischemic disease. The procedure involves creating thermal burns in the peripheral retina leading to tissue coagulation, the overall consequence of which is improved retinal oxygenation. While highly effective, there have been concerns historically regarding the anatomic effects and visual complications following PRP, the most common of which include choroidal effusions, exudative retinal detachments, macular edema, visual field deficits, and night vision defects. Read More

    Limbal Stem Cell Transplantation and Complications.
    Semin Ophthalmol 2018 27;33(1):134-141. Epub 2017 Nov 27.
    a Massachusetts Eye and Ear, Department of Ophthalmology , Harvard Medical School , Boston , MA , USA.
    Corneal epithelial stem cells are adult somatic stem cells located at the limbus and represent the ultimate source of transparent corneal epithelium. When these limbal stem cells become dysfunctional or deficient, limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD) develops. LSCD is a major cause of corneal scarring and is particularly prevalent in chemical and thermal burns of the ocular surface. Read More

    Detection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biomarkers from thermally injured mice in situ using imaging mass spectrometry.
    Anal Biochem 2017 12 28;539:144-148. Epub 2017 Oct 28.
    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717, USA. Electronic address:
    Monitoring patients with burn wounds for infection is standard practice because failure to rapidly and specifically identify a pathogen can result in poor clinical outcomes, including death. Therefore, a method that facilitates detection and identification of pathogens in situ within minutes of biopsy would be a significant benefit to clinicians. Mass spectrometry is rapidly becoming a standard tool in clinical settings, capable of identifying specific pathogens from complex samples. Read More

    Characterization of variables for potential impact on vancomycin pharmacokinetics in thermal or inhalation injury.
    Burns 2017 Oct 30. Epub 2017 Oct 30.
    Medical Director, Department of Plastic Surgery, Firefighters Regional Burn Center, Regional One Health, 877 Jefferson Avenue, Memphis, TN 38103, USA; Professor, Department of Plastic Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN 38103, USA. Electronic address:
    Objective: To characterize the pharmacokinetics of vancomycin dosing in thermal or inhalation injury as they relate to percent total body surface area burn (TBSA) and days since injury (DSI).

    Methods: This retrospective 3-year study included patients with thermal or inhalation injury receiving vancomycin. Patient demographics and course data were collected using the institution's electronic medical record. Read More

    Rediscovery of an old article reporting that the area around the epicenter in Hiroshima was heavily contaminated with residual radiation, indicating that exposure doses of A-bomb survivors were largely underestimated.
    J Radiat Res 2017 Sep;58(5):745-754
    School of Pharmacy, Shujitsu University, 1-6-1 Nishigawara, Naka Ward, Okayama City 703-8234, Japan.
    The A-bomb blast released a huge amount of energy: thermal radiation (35%), blast energy (50%), and nuclear radiation (15%). Of the 15%, 5% was initial radiation released within 30 s and 10% was residual radiation, the majority of which was fallout. Exposure doses of hibakusha (A-bomb survivors) were estimated solely on the basis of the initial radiation. Read More

    Assessment of novel tobacco heating product THP1.0. Part 3: Comprehensive chemical characterisation of harmful and potentially harmful aerosol emissions.
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 2018 Mar 25;93:14-33. Epub 2017 Oct 25.
    Research and Development, British American Tobacco Investments Ltd, Regents Park Road, Southampton, Hampshire SO15 8TL, UK.
    For a tobacco heating product (THP), which heats rather than burns tobacco, the emissions of toxicants in the aerosol were compared with those in cigarette smoke under a machine-puffing regimen of puff volume 55 ml, puff duration 2 s and puff interval 30 s. The list of toxicants included those proposed by Health Canada, the World Health Organization Study Group on Tobacco Product Regulation (TobReg), the US Food and Drug Administration and possible thermal breakdown products. In comparison to the University of Kentucky 3R4F reference cigarette the toxicant levels in the THP1. Read More

    Heparinase Is Essential for Pseudomonas aeruginosa Virulence during Thermal Injury and Infection.
    Infect Immun 2018 Jan 19;86(1). Epub 2017 Dec 19.
    Department of Immunology and Molecular Microbiology, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, Texas, USA
    The opportunistic pathogenis a major cause of sepsis in severely burned patients. If it is not eradicated from the wound, it translocates to the bloodstream, causing sepsis, multiorgan failure, and death. We recently described theheparinase-encoding gene,, whose expression was significantly enhanced whenstrain UCBPP_PA14 (PA14) was grown in whole blood from severely burned patients. Read More

    Burns caused by electronic vaping devices (e-cigarettes): A new classification proposal based on mechanisms.
    Burns 2017 Oct 19. Epub 2017 Oct 19.
    Department of Plastic Reconstructive Surgery, Burn Center, Hôpital Saint Louis, AP-HP 1 Avenue Claude Vellefaux, 75010 Paris, France.
    Introduction With more than 10 million of daily users, e-cigarettes encountered a great success. But in the past few years, the number of medical reports of injuries caused by the explosion of e-cigarettes has significantly increased. This article aims at reporting our series and reviewing the literature to propose a new classification based on the mechanisms of injuries related to e-cigarettes that can guide non-specialists and specialists in the management of these patients. Read More

    Comparison of non-surgical methods for the treatment of deep partial thickness skin burns of the hand.
    Burns 2017 Oct 9. Epub 2017 Oct 9.
    Department of Thermal Injuries, Republican Vilnius University Hospital, Lithuania.
    This paper describes a randomized, controlled, parallel-group, single-center clinical trial designed to compare non surgical treatment methods of deep partial thickness skin burns of the hand. All patients were scanned with the Laser Doppler Imaging device to determine the depth of the burn wound. Viable keratinocytes sites were determined according to the established Perfusion Units (PU) measurement system. Read More

    Prospective comparative evaluation study of Laser Doppler Imaging and thermal imaging in the assessment of burn depth.
    Burns 2018 Feb 9;44(1):124-133. Epub 2017 Oct 9.
    Scar Free Foundation Centre for Burns Research, University Hospital Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust, Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham, Mindelsohn Way, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2WB, UK; University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK. Electronic address:
    Introduction: The accurate assessment of burn depth is challenging but crucial for surgical excision and tissue preservation. Laser Doppler Imaging (LDI) has gained increasing acceptance as a tool to aid depth assessment but its adoption is hampered by high costs, long scan times and limited portability. Thermal imaging is touted as a suitable alternative however few comparison studies have been done. Read More

    The effect of adipose derived stromal vascular fraction on stasis zone in an experimental burn model.
    Burns 2017 Oct 9. Epub 2017 Oct 9.
    Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Department of General Surgery, Ankara, Turkey.
    Background: Stasis zone is the surrounding area of the coagulation zone which is an important part determining the extent of the necrosis in burn patients. In our study we aim to salvage the stasis zone by injecting adipose derived stromal vascular fraction (ADSVF).

    Methods: Thermal injury was applied on dorsum of Sprague-Dawley rats (n=20) by the "comb burn" model as described previously. Read More

    Safety and efficacy of uninterrupted perioperative enteral feeding in pediatric burn patients.
    Burns 2017 Oct 9. Epub 2017 Oct 9.
    Burn Program, Division of Pediatric Surgery, Nationwide Children's Hospital, The Ohio State University, United States.
    Introduction: Burn injuries are a significant cause of morbidity. Early enteral nutrition has been shown to improve outcomes, however enteral nutrition is often held for procedures receiving general anesthesia. Limited data is available on uninterrupted perioperative nutrition in pediatric burn patients. Read More

    The application of mesenchymal stem cells to treat thermal and radiation burns.
    Adv Drug Deliv Rev 2018 Jan 12;123:75-81. Epub 2017 Oct 12.
    Beckman Research Centre, Department of Experimental Therapeutics, City of Hope, Duarte, CA 91010, United States. Electronic address:
    Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been developed for a number of indications due to their regenerative and anti-inflammatory phenotypes and their utility is enhanced by the fact that allogeneic transplant is feasible with this cell type. Animal studies and early human cases indicate that this has the potential to be an exciting new therapy for treating chronic non-healing wounds such as diabetic ulcers, burns and cutaneous radiation burns. This review will focus on the use of MSCs to treat thermal and radiation burns. Read More

    Burn injury: review of pathophysiology and therapeutic modalities in major burns.
    Ann Burns Fire Disasters 2017 Jun;30(2):95-102
    Division of Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon.
    Despite a considerable decrease in their incidence worldwide, burn injuries remain one of the commonest forms of trauma and account for a weighty proportion of trauma cases in health-care emergencies around the globe. Although the latest data reveal a substantial decline in burn-related mortality and hospital admissions in the US over the past three decades, severe thermal injuries continue to trigger devastating morbidity and significant mortality while their management remains a dynamic challenge for the entire medical and paramedical community. Concrete evidence continues to be established regarding burn-associated pathophysiologic responses, and their destructive sequelae and deleterious effects in survivors at cellular, systemic as well as socio-economic level. Read More

    Epidemiology and outcome of 2,590 burned patients in Northwest Iran.
    Ann Burns Fire Disasters 2017 Jun;30(2):85-90
    Department of Surgery, Ayatollah Mousavi Hospital, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.
    Burns are calamities with considerable morbidity and mortality rates. We attempted to examine the epidemiology of burns in Zanjan city, in northwest Iran, by a systematic study of existing information. The medical files of 2,590 thermal burn patients treated in our hospital in Zanjan city, Iran, from December 2010 to November 2016 were studied. Read More

    Elevated Aqueous Cytokine Levels in Eyes With Ocular Surface Diseases.
    Am J Ophthalmol 2017 Dec 5;184:42-51. Epub 2017 Oct 5.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Tokyo Dental College, Ichikawa General Hospital, Chiba, Japan.
    Purpose: To evaluate cytokine and protein levels in the aqueous humor (AqH) of eyes with ocular surface diseases.

    Design: Prospective consecutive case series.

    Methods: This study includes 14 patients (aged 62. Read More

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