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    The FLIR ONE thermal imager for the assessment of burn wounds: Reliability and validity study.
    Burns 2017 May 20. Epub 2017 May 20.
    Burn Center, Department of Surgery, Red Cross Hospital, Beverwijk, The Netherlands; Association of Dutch Burn Centers, P.O. Box 1015, 1940 EA Beverwijk, The Netherlands; Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Hand Surgery, Red Cross Hospital, Beverwijk, The Netherlands; Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Hand Surgery and MOVE Research Institute, VU Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Background: Objective measurement tools may be of great value to provide early and reliable burn wound assessment. Thermal imaging is an easy, accessible and objective technique, which measures skin temperature as an indicator of tissue perfusion. These thermal images might be helpful in the assessment of burn wounds. Read More

    Operating room fires in periocular surgery.
    Int Ophthalmol 2017 May 20. Epub 2017 May 20.
    Ophthalmic Mutual Insurance Company, San Francisco, CA, USA.
    Aim: A survey of ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgeons as well as seven-year data regarding claims made to the Ophthalmic Mutual Insurance Company (OMIC) is used to discuss operating room fires in periocular surgery.

    Methods: A retrospective review of all closed claim operating room fires submitted to OMIC was performed. A survey soliciting personal experiences with operating room fires was distributed to all American Society of Oculoplastic and Reconstructive Surgeons. Read More

    Noninvasive imaging analysis of biological tissue associated with laser thermal injury.
    Biomed J 2017 Apr 4;40(2):106-112. Epub 2017 May 4.
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.
    Background: The purpose of our study is to use a noninvasive tomographic imaging technique with high spatial resolution to characterize and monitor biological tissue responses associated with laser thermal injury.

    Methods: Optical doppler tomography (ODT) combines laser doppler flowmetry (LDF) with optical coherence tomography (OCT) to obtain high resolution tomographic velocity and structural images of static and moving constituents in highly scattering biological tissues. A SurgiLase XJ150 carbon dioxide (CO2) laser using a continuous mode of 3 watts (W) was used to create first, second or third degree burns on anesthetized Sprague-Dawley rats. Read More

    Impairment of tear film and the ocular surface in patients with facial burns.
    Burns 2017 May 13. Epub 2017 May 13.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Hallym University Medical Center, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
    Aim: The aim of this study is to investigate the factors affecting tear film and ocular surface in patients with facial burns.

    Methods: A total of 273 patients with facial burns, treated at Hallym University Hangang Sacred Heart Hospital from November 2012 to July 2015, were included. Tear break-up time (TBUT), Schirmer's tear secretion test, fluorescein staining score (FSS), ocular surface disease index (OSDI), and visual analogue pain score (VAS) were compared according to burned surface area, burn site, burn cause, time since burn injury, or lid abnormality. Read More

    Influence of Initial Moisture Content on Heat and Moisture Transfer in Firefighters' Protective Clothing.
    ScientificWorldJournal 2017 30;2017:9365814. Epub 2017 Mar 30.
    State Key Laboratory of Fire Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230027, China.
    This paper presents a model for heat and moisture transfer through firefighters' protective clothing (FPC) during radiation exposure. The model, which accounts for air gaps in the FPC as well as heat transfer through human skin, investigates the effect of different initial moisture contents on the thermal insulation performance of FPC. Temperature, water vapor density, and the volume fraction of liquid water profiles were monitored during the simulation, and the heat quantity absorbed by water evaporation was calculated. Read More

    Stevens-Johnson Syndrome and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis: A Concise Review with a Comprehensive Summary of Therapeutic Interventions Emphasizing Supportive Measures.
    Adv Ther 2017 Apr 24. Epub 2017 Apr 24.
    Department of Dermatology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.
    Introduction: Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are two of the most severe dermatologic conditions occurring in the inpatient setting. There is a lack of consensus regarding appropriate management of SJS and TEN.

    Purpose: The scientific literature pertaining to SJS and TEN (subsequently referred to as SJS/TEN) is summarized and assessed. Read More

    Does Excision of Heterotopic Ossification of the Elbow Result in Satisfactory Patient-Rated Outcomes?
    Malays Orthop J 2017 Mar;11(1):35-40
    Department of Orthopaedics, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry, India.
    Introduction: Treatment of heterotopic ossification (HO) of the elbow is challenging and fraught with complications. Patients who sustain direct trauma to the elbow joint, the central nervous system, and thermal burns are at increased risk for development of HO. There is a paucity of studies and reports on patient's self-evaluation after the excision of the heterotopic ossification. Read More

    The occurrence of single and multiple organ dysfunction in pediatric electrical versus other thermal burns.
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2017 May;82(5):946-951
    From the Department of Surgery (G.H., P.W., C.V., J.C-D., C.C.F., D.N.H., L.K.B.), University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas; Shriners Hospitals for Children-Galveston, Galveston, Texas (G.H., P.W., C.V., J.C-D., C.C.F., D.N.H., L.K.B.); Division of Plastic, Aesthetic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery (P.W., J.C-D.), Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria; Sealy Center for Molecular Medicine and the Institute for Translational Sciences, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas (C.C.F.); and School of Medicine, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas (A.F., V.C.).
    Background: Multiple organ failure (MOF) is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality in burned children. While various complications induced by electrical injuries have been described, the incidence and severity of single organ failure (SOF) and MOF associated with this type of injury are unknown. The study was undertaken to compare the incidence and severity of SOF and MOF as well as other complications between electrically and thermally burned children. Read More

    Relationship between oxygen concentration and temperature in an exothermic warming device.
    Emerg Med J 2017 Apr 17. Epub 2017 Apr 17.
    NIHR Respiratory Biomedical Research Unit, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Southampton, UK.
    Introduction: Actively warming hypothermic patients or preventing hypothermia is critical in optimising outcomes in patients with traumatic injuries. Our aim was to investigate the effect of ambient oxygen concentration on the rate and change in temperature of the TechTrade Ready-Heat II exothermic (oxygen-activated) warming blanket, to evaluate safety and ascertain the risk of thermal injury.

    Methods: A mannequin covered with an exothermic blanket was placed in a sealed oxygen tent. Read More

    Acute kidney injury after burn.
    Burns 2017 Apr 12. Epub 2017 Apr 12.
    University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Department of Surgery, Division of Burn, Trauma, and Critical Care, Dallas, TX, USA. Electronic address:
    Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common and morbid complication after severe burn, with an incidence and mortality as high as 30% and 80%, respectively. AKI is a broad clinical condition with many etiologies, which makes definition and diagnosis challenging. The most recent Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) consensus guidelines defined stage and severity of AKI based on changes of serum creatinine and urine output (UOP) across time. Read More

    A model of recovery from inhalation injury and cutaneous burn in ambulatory swine.
    Burns 2017 Apr 11. Epub 2017 Apr 11.
    United States Army Institute of Surgical Research, United States. Electronic address:
    Inhalation injury commonly accompanies thermal injury, increasing the likelihood of mortality and multiple organ dysfunction (MOD). Large animal models have given important insight into the pathophysiology of this injury; however recapitulating late MOD has remained difficult. The current report describes experiments using a smoke inhalation and burn model, with follow-up of ambulatory swine for 14days with bronchoscopy, CT scanning, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF)/blood collection. Read More

    Different sequelae of electrical brain injury - MRI patterns.
    Burns 2017 Jun 8;43(4):e7-e10. Epub 2017 Apr 8.
    Section of Neuroradiology, Trauma Center Murnau, Germany. Electronic address:
    Purpose: Electrical injury to the central nervous system may lead to neurologic compromise via pleiotropic mechanisms. It may cause current-related, thermal or nonthermal damage followed by secondary mechanisms.

    Methods: We herein report a case of a 20-year old man, who experienced a low-voltage electric injury due to an occupational accident. Read More

    Early Diagnosis and Prevention of Ischemic Enterocolitis in Massive Burns.
    J Burn Care Res 2017 Apr 3. Epub 2017 Apr 3.
    From the *University of Utah General Surgery; and †Department of Surgery, University of Utah Burn Center.
    To summarize the most salient literature regarding the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and prevention of ischemic enterocolitis (IE) in thermal injury. IE is a poorly characterized gastrointestinal complication associated with large burns. This entity occurs irrespective of abdominal trauma. Read More

    Thermal injury model in the rabbit ear with quantifiable burn progression and hypertrophic scar.
    Wound Repair Regen 2017 Apr 1. Epub 2017 Apr 1.
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois.
    Hypertrophic scar is a major clinical outcome of deep-partial thickness to full thickness thermal burn injury. Appropriate animal models are a limitation to burn research due to the lack of, or access to, animal models which address the endpoint of hypertrophic scar. Lower species, such as rodents, heal mainly by contracture, which limits the duration of study. Read More

    Enzymatic debridement of deeply burned faces: Healing and early scarring based on tissue preservation compared to traditional surgical debridement.
    Burns 2017 Mar 28. Epub 2017 Mar 28.
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Hand Surgery, Burn Center, University of Witten/Herdecke, Cologne-Merheim Medical Center (CMMC), Cologne, Germany.
    Introduction: Facial burns occur frequently and depending on the injured skin layers often heal with scars which may cause permanent functional and cosmetic sequelae. Preservation of the sensitive facial skin layers, especially of the dermis is essential for scarless epithelialisation. Enzymatic debridement of deep thermal burns has already been shown to assist with preserving viable dermis. Read More

    Reconstruction of the Adult and Pediatric Burned Hand.
    Hand Clin 2017 May;33(2):333-345
    Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Shriner's Hospital for Children, 51 Blossom Street, Boston, MA 02114, USA; MGH Hand Surgery Fellowship, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, MA 02114, USA. Electronic address:
    Thermal injuries of the hand can have a great impact on function. Initial treatment should focus on the prevention of contracture through the use of tissue-sparing techniques and optimized occupational therapy. Surgical intervention should follow the standard reconstructive ladder and can involve several techniques from simple to complex including minimally invasive techniques, such as laser and steroid injection, contracture release and skin grafting, and local tissue rearrangement and regional flaps as well as distant pedicled and free flaps. Read More

    Soft Tissue Reconstruction of Complete Circumferential Defects of the Upper Extremity.
    Arch Plast Surg 2017 Mar 15;44(2):117-123. Epub 2017 Mar 15.
    Division of Plastic Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA.
    Background: Upper extremity soft tissue defects with complete circumferential involvement are not common. Coupled with the unique anatomy of the upper extremity, the underlying etiology of such circumferential soft tissue defects represent additional reconstructive challenges that require treatment to be tailored to both the patient and the wound. The aim of this study is to review the various options for soft tissue reconstruction of complete circumferential defects in the upper extremity. Read More

    Burn-related peripheral neuropathy: A systematic review.
    Burns 2017 Jun 24;43(4):693-699. Epub 2017 Mar 24.
    Joseph M. Still Burn and Reconstruction Center, Jackson, MS, USA. Electronic address:
    Peripheral neuropathy is the most frequent disabling neuromuscular complication of burns. However, the insidious and progressive onset of burn neuropathy makes it often undiagnosed or overlooked. In our study, we reviewed the current studies on the burn-related peripheral neuropathy to summarize the morbidity, mechanism, detecting method and management of peripheral neuropathy in burn patients. Read More

    Vascularized Composite Allotransplantation-An Emerging Concept for Burn Reconstruction.
    J Burn Care Res 2017 Mar 15. Epub 2017 Mar 15.
    From the *Center for Transplantation Sciences, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School; and †Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.
    Vascularized composite allotransplantation (VCA) has demonstrated utility in the reconstruction of extensive soft-tissue defects following severe burns. However, pre-VCA events such as multiple transfusions, previous transplantation and pregnancies, the use of skin allografts, and mechanical support devices may result in sensitization and ultimately exclude a burn patient, who may benefit most through VCA, from a hand or face transplant. The authors sought to identify the immunologic challenges involved. Read More

    Cost Analysis of a Novel Enzymatic Debriding Agent for Management of Burn Wounds.
    Biomed Res Int 2017 15;2017:9567498. Epub 2017 Feb 15.
    Section of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Emergency and Organ Transplantation, University of Bari, 11 Piazza Giulio Cesare, 70124 Bari, Italy.
    Introduction. Given its efficacy and safety, NexoBrid™ (NXB) has become part of our therapeutic options in burns treatment with satisfactory results. However, no cost analysis comparing NXB to the standard of care (SOC) has been carried out as of today. Read More

    Ann Burns Fire Disasters 2016 Dec;29(4):300-306
    CHU Nantes, France.
    The 2016 SFB congress focused on 'non-thermal burns', and this session lasted the whole day of Thursday 2nd June. While the reports on radiation-induced burns are currently being prepared by the presenters themselves, this paper on chemical and electrical burns was put together by the above-mentioned authors using notes taken during the session and video of the presentations. Any reader desiring further information on a topic can contact the author of the relevant presentation directly. Read More

    Ann Burns Fire Disasters 2016 Dec;29(4):289-294
    Professeur émérite de chirurgie plastique, Toulouse, France.
    During a judicial inquiry, the forensic doctor is frequently required to examine the hospitalized fire victim. He has to produce a certificate on the burns, defining their origin, seriousness and prognosis. The expert assessment of serious burn victims consists in an overall evaluation of functional and psychological sequelae, and can be conducted only after the long period of treatment needed for them to heal. Read More

    Enzymatic debridement after mobile phone explosion: a case report.
    Ann Burns Fire Disasters 2016 Dec;29(4):273-275
    Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Biotechnology and Life Sciences (DBSV), University of Insubria, Varese, Italy.
    It is estimated that over 90% of people own a mobile phone. Although rare, lithium-ion battery explosions can cause varying degrees of thermal burn injury. Recently, selective enzymatic debridement has gained importance in the management of burn patients, thanks to its simplicity, minimum invasiveness and safety. Read More

    Effect of probiotic administration in the therapy of pediatric thermal burn.
    Ann Burns Fire Disasters 2016 Dec;29(4):268-272
    Plastic, Reconstructive Surgery and Burns Department, Tanta Faculty of Medicine, Tanta, Egypt.
    Oral probiotic administration has been advocated for treatment and prevention of a diverse range of disorders. This study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of probiotic supplementation on outcome of pediatric post-burn patients. Forty thermally-injured pediatric patients with total body surface burns between 20-50% and depth between 5-10% were randomized in a prospective, double-blind, controlled clinical trial into two even groups: probiotic group (n=20), who received probiotic preparations, and placebo control group (n=20). Read More

    Paediatric burn injuries requiring hospitalization in Fars, Southern Iran.
    Ann Burns Fire Disasters 2016 Dec;29(4):245-248
    Department of Surgery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
    The aim of this study was to determine the demographic characteristics of burnt children in need of hospitalization, causes of burns and associated complications in Fars province, Iran. This is a retrospective cross-sectional study. Files of all children under 15 years of age who were hospitalized in the only burn referral centre of Fars province were evaluated. Read More

    Percutaneous collagen induction as an additive treatment for scar formation following thermal injuries: Preliminary experience in 47 children.
    Burns 2017 Mar 7. Epub 2017 Mar 7.
    Department of Pediatric Surgery, Medical Center Mannheim (UMM), Heidelberg University, Theodor-Kutzer-Ufer 1-3, D-68167, Mannheim, Germany.
    Background: Thermal injuries are one of the most physically and psychologically devastating causes of pediatric trauma. Post-traumatic sequelae such as hypertrophic scars and contractures often result in long lasting morbidity and disfigurement. Conservative therapy, including pressure garments and silicone, is the gold standard for scar management in the pediatric population. Read More

    Flame time of a cigarette lighter to achieve temperature capable of inflicting a burn.
    Burns 2017 Mar 6. Epub 2017 Mar 6.
    Department of Pediatrics, St. Christopher's Hospital for Children, 160 E. Erie Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19134 USA; Drexel University College of Medicine, 2900 W. Queen Lane, Philadelphia, PA 19129 USA. Electronic address:
    Objective: Cigarette lighters are frequent vectors in intentional contact burns. Time and temperature needed to cause thermal injury are considered to differentiate accidental from inflicted burns. This study examines the minimum time needed to heat a cigarette lighter's top to temperatures capable of inflicting any clinically visible skin burn. Read More

    Heterogeneity of mast cells and expression of Annexin A1 protein in a second degree burn model with silver sulfadiazine treatment.
    PLoS One 2017 9;12(3):e0173417. Epub 2017 Mar 9.
    Integrated College Padre Albino Foundation (FIPA), Catanduva, São Paulo, Brazil.
    Mast cells (MCs) participate in all stages of skin healing and one of their mediators is the Annexin A1 protein (AnxA1), linked to inflammation, proliferation, migration and apoptosis processes, but not studied in thermal burns yet. Therefore, our objectives were to evaluate the behavior of MCs and AnxA1 in a second degree burn model, treated or not with silver sulfadiazine 1% (SDP 1%) and associated to macrophages quantification and cytokines dosages. MCs counts showed few cells in the early stages of repair but increased MCs in the final phases in the untreated group. Read More

    Canary in the coal mine-Initial reports of thermal injury secondary to electronic cigarettes.
    Burns 2017 May 27;43(3):e38-e42. Epub 2016 Oct 27.
    University of Arizona Medical Center, Department of Trauma, Critical Care, Burns and Emergency Surgery, United States. Electronic address:
    The use of electronic cigarettes has become increasingly popular with claims suggesting healthier alternatives to tobacco cigarettes. However, research regarding the safety of such devices has been limited to an analysis of the inhaled vapor and the short and long-term effects on the body. A lesser recognized risk of electronic cigarette use is that of lithium-ion battery failure causing ignition, leading to severe thermal injury. Read More

    A case report on a burned ear: Elastic memory of cartilage following temporary burial in a skin pocket.
    Burns 2017 May 27;43(3):e33-e35. Epub 2016 Oct 27.
    MOVE Research Institute and Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Hand Surgery, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Dutch Burn Centre & Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Hand Surgery, Red Cross Hospital, Beverwijk, The Netherlands; Association of Dutch Burn Centres, Beverwijk, The Netherlands.
    Preserving exposed ear cartilage following a facial burn remains a major challenge. Normally, burned ear cartilage cannot be preserved in case of a full thickness burn of the overlying skin, and the cartilage has to be surgically removed. Sometimes, reconstructions can be performed at a later stage. Read More

    Effects of early versus delayed excision and grafting on the return of the burned hand function.
    J Res Med Sci 2016 7;21:109. Epub 2016 Nov 7.
    Department of Occupational Therapy, Burn Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: Despite a general consensus regarding the impacts of early excision and grafting (EE and G) of burned hand on the reducing of treatment cost and hospital stay, there are some controversial issues about its effect on the outcome of hand function. This study conducted to compare the results of the EE and G and delayed skin grafting in deep hand burns regarding the hand functional outcome.

    Materials And Methods: This study was conducted from April 2012 to November 2013 in sixty patients with deep thermal burns of the dorsal hand with total body surface area (TBSA) <20% who were admitted to special burn hospital. Read More

    Human survival in volcanic eruptions: Thermal injuries in pyroclastic surges, their causes, prognosis and emergency management.
    Burns 2017 Feb 21. Epub 2017 Feb 21.
    Department of Geosciences, Penn State University, USA.
    This study of burns patients from two eruptions of Merapi volcano, Java, in 1994 and 2010, is the first detailed analysis to be reported of thermal injuries in a large series of hospitalised victims of pyroclastic surges, one of the most devastating phenomena in explosive eruptions. Emergency planners in volcanic crises in populated areas have to integrate the health sector into disaster management and be aware of the nature of the surge impacts and the types of burns victims to be expected in a worst scenario, potentially in numbers and in severity that would overwhelm normal treatment facilities. In our series, 106 patients from the two eruptions were treated in the same major hospital in Yogyakarta and a third of these survived. Read More

    Fms-like tyrosine kinase-3 ligand increases resistance to burn wound infection through effects on plasmacytoid dendritic cells.
    BMC Immunol 2017 Feb 22;18(1). Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Texas Medical Branch and Shriners Hospitals for Children, 301 University Boulevard, Galveston, TX, 77555-0877, USA.
    Background: Patients experiencing large thermal injuries are susceptible to opportunistic infections that can delay recovery and lead to sepsis. Dendritic cells (DC) are important for the detection of pathogens and activation of the innate and acquired immune responses. DCs are significantly decreased in burn patients early after injury, and the development of sepsis is associated with persistent DC depletion. Read More

    Treatment of Burn and Surgical Wounds With Recombinant Human Tropoelastin Produces New Elastin Fibers in Scars.
    J Burn Care Res 2017 Feb 15. Epub 2017 Feb 15.
    From the *Center for Regenerative Medicine, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland; †Department of Surgery, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland; ‡Oregon Biomedical Engineering Institute, Wilsonville; §Nike, Inc., Beaverton, Oregon; ‖Department of Hematology, General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan, China; and ¶CVPath Institute, Gaithersburg, Maryland.
    Tropoelastin (TE), the soluble precursor of insoluble elastin fibers, is produced in minimal amounts in adults. Burn injuries result in inflexible collagen-rich scars because of lack of elastin fiber formation. We studied the feasibility of using recombinant human tropoelastin to enable elastin fiber production in burn and surgical scars to improve skin flexibility. Read More

    The biochemical alterations underlying post-burn hypermetabolism.
    Biochim Biophys Acta 2017 Feb 20. Epub 2017 Feb 20.
    Ross Tilley Burn Centre, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, M4N 3M5, Canada. Electronic address:
    A severe burn can trigger a hypermetabolic state which lasts for years following the injury, to the detriment of the patient. The drastic increase in metabolic demands during this phase renders it difficult to meet the body's nutritional requirements, thus increasing muscle, bone and adipose catabolism and predisposing the patient to a host of disorders such as multi-organ dysfunction and sepsis, or even death. Despite advances in burn care over the last 50 years, due to the multifactorial nature of the hypermetabolic phenomenon it is difficult if not impossible to precisely identify and pharmacologically modulate the biological mediators contributing to this substantial metabolic derangement. Read More

    Current techniques to treat pathologic perforator veins.
    J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord 2017 Mar 16;5(2):293-296. Epub 2017 Jan 16.
    Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC. Electronic address:
    Pathologic perforating veins have become an interest to the venous specialist caring for patients with CEAP 4 to 6 disease. Historically, open perforator ligation and then subdermal endoscopic perforator ligation was described. These methods had clear shortcomings. Read More

    Mitochondrial DNA-Induced Inflammatory Responses and Lung Injury in Thermal Injury Rat Model: Protective Effect of Epigallocatechin Gallate.
    J Burn Care Res 2017 Feb 6. Epub 2017 Feb 6.
    From the *Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, People's Republic of China; †Department of Anesthesiology, Chengdu Women and Children's Central Hospital, People's Republic of China; and ‡West China School of Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu, People's Republic of China.
    Lungs are easily damaged by the inflammatory responses induced after extensive burns. The aim here was to investigate the protective role of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)-mediated inflammatory responses and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in a rat model of thermal injury. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to five groups. Read More

    Thermal Variations of Operative Microscopes in Otology.
    Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2017 Feb 1:194599817690118. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    1 Department of Otolaryngology and Communication Sciences, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, New York, USA.
    Objectives (1) Measure temperature variations achieved by common otomicroscopes. (2) Raise awareness about possible thermal injury during otologic procedures with the advent of newer, high-powered otomicroscopes. (3) Describe optical technology that aims to reduce the potential for thermal injury. Read More

    Burns and frostbite in the Red Army during World War II.
    Mil Med Res 2017 8;4. Epub 2017 Feb 8.
    Department of Thermal Injuries of the S.M. Kirov Military Medical Academy, Major of Medical Service, Zagorodnyy Prospect, 47, 190013 Saint-Petersburg, Russia.
    The start of World War II (WWII) led to the deployment of combat troops in several continents. Destruction and many casualties among both the military and civilians became an inevitable consequence. A large amount of people injured were in need of life-saving treatment and a speedy return to duty. Read More

    Overexpression of ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCHL1) in serum of children after thermal injury.
    Adv Med Sci 2017 Mar 11;62(1):83-86. Epub 2017 Feb 11.
    Department of Pediatric Surgery, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland.
    Purpose: The study aims to determinate concentrations of ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase 1 (UCHL1), which hydrolyzes amino acids from ubiquitin and cleave di-ubiquitins, in serum of children after thermal injury.

    Patients/methods: 42 children scalded by hot water, managed at the Department of Pediatric Surgery, with burns in 4-20% TBSA were included into the study (age 9 months up to 14 years, mean age 2.5±1 years). Read More

    Neurologic complications of acute environmental injuries.
    Handb Clin Neurol 2017 ;141:685-704
    Neurological Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA. Electronic address:
    Environmental injuries can result in serious neurologic morbidity. This chapter reviews neurologic complications of thermal burns, smoke inhalation, lightning strikes, electric injury, near drowning, decompression illness, as well as heat stroke and accidental hypothermia. Knowing the pathophysiology and clinical presentation of such injuries is essential to proper management of primary and secondary medical complications. Read More

    Caregiver-related predictors of thermal burn injuries among Iranian children: A case-control study.
    PLoS One 2017 2;12(2):e0170982. Epub 2017 Feb 2.
    Managerial Epidemiology Research Center, Department of Public Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Maragheh University of Medical Sciences, Maragheh, Iran.
    Purpose: Burns are a common and preventable cause of injury in children. The aim of this study was to investigate child and caregiver characteristics which may predict childhood burn injuries among Iranian children and to examine whether confounding exists among these predictors.

    Methods: A hospital based case-control study was conducted using 281 burn victims and 273 hospital-based controls, which were matched by age, gender and place of residence (rural/urban). Read More

    Extensive burn injury caused by fundamental electronic cigarette design flaw.
    Ann Burns Fire Disasters 2016 Sep;29(3):231-233
    Department of Plastic and Hand Surgery - Burn Centre, University Clinics RWTH Aachen, Germany.
    Currently, electronic cigarette (EC) devices are widely used as an alternative to conventional smoking. The underlying technical principle is an electric coil-based vaporizer unit, which vaporizes various solutions for inhalation purposes with a rechargeable lithium battery unit as power source. We report a case of extensive burn injury resulting from the thermal explosion of a battery unit within an EC device. Read More

    Long-term outcome of allogeneic cultivated limbal epithelial transplantation for symblepharon caused by severe ocular burns.
    BMC Ophthalmol 2017 Jan 31;17(1). Epub 2017 Jan 31.
    State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base, Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Shandong Eye Institute, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, 5 Yanerdao Road, 266071, Qingdao, China.
    Background: The therapeutic effects of allogeneic cultivated limbal epithelial transplantation (CLET) for symblephara at different degrees caused by ocular burns were evaluated in this study.

    Methods: A series of interventional cases were involved in this retrospective study. Eighty eyes (80 patients) with symblephara underwent CLET and the success rates of surgical treatment as well as corneal conditions and risk factors for recurrent symblepharon were analyzed. Read More

    Thermal injury patterns associated with electronic cigarettes.
    Int J Burns Trauma 2017 15;7(1):1-5. Epub 2017 Jan 15.
    U.S. Army Institute of Surgical Research Fort Sam Houston, Texas, United States of America.
    E-cigarettes are typically lithium-ion battery-operated devices that simulate smoking by heating a nicotine-solution into a vapor that the user inhales. E-cigarette use is becoming rapidly popular as an alternative to traditional cigarette smoking. This report describes an emerging problem associated with e-cigarettes, consisting of 10 thermally injured patients seen at a single burn center over a 2-year period from 2014 to 2016. Read More

    The involvement of endoplasmic reticulum stress response in immune dysfunction of dendritic cells after severe thermal injury in mice.
    Oncotarget 2017 Feb;8(6):9035-9052
    State Key Laboratory of Trauma, Burns and Combined Injury, Research Institute of Surgery, Daping Hospital, The Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China.
    Suppressed adaptive immune function is one of the major concerns responsible for the development of opportunistic infections and subsequent sepsis with high mortality in severe burns. Endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) is the endogenous self-protective mechanism, and it plays an important role in almost every process of living by regulating the balance between homeostasis and apoptosis. The current study investigated the involvement of ERS in the pathogenesis of dysfunction of dendritic cells (DCs) in burn mice. Read More

    Effect of thermal annealing Super Yellow emissive layer on efficiency of OLEDs.
    Sci Rep 2017 Jan 20;7:40805. Epub 2017 Jan 20.
    School of Chemistry Physics and Mechanical Engineering, Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Brisbane QLD 4000, Australia.
    Thermal annealing of the emissive layer of an organic light emitting diode (OLED) is a common practice for solution processable emissive layers and reported annealing temperatures varies across a wide range of temperatures. We have investigated the influence of thermal annealing of the emissive layer at different temperatures on the performance of OLEDs. Solution processed polymer Super Yellow emissive layers were annealed at different temperatures and their performances were compared against OLEDs with a non-annealed emissive layer. Read More

    [Analysis of microRNA expression profile in serum of patients with electrical burn or thermal burn].
    Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi 2017 Jan;33(1):37-42
    Institute of Burns, Tongren Hospital of Wuhan University & Wuhan Third Hospital, Wuhan 430060, China.
    Objective: To explore the differential expression of microRNAs in the serum among patients with electrical burn or thermal burn and healthy persons and to explore the significance. Methods: In this study we included three patients with electrical burn and three patients with thermal burn, conforming to the inclusion criteria and hospitalized in our burn ward from June to August 2015, and three healthy adult volunteers. Their serum samples were separated from whole blood and divided into electrical burn group, thermal burn group, and normal control group. Read More

    At-a-glance, Emergency department surveillance of thermal burns and scalds, electronic Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program, 2013.
    Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can 2017 Jan;37(1):30-31
    Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
    Introduction: Although fatality and hospitalization rates for burns in Canada have declined over time, less serious cases still commonly present to the emergency department (ED).

    Methods: The Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (CHIRPP) is an injury and poisoning surveillance system administered by the Public Health Agency of Canada, operating in emergency departments of 17 hospitals.

    Results: Overall, cases reported in 2013 were scalds and contact burns from hot objects. Read More

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