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    Suppression of Excited ϒ States Relative to the Ground State in Pb-Pb Collisions at sqrt[s]_{NN}=5.02  TeV.
    Phys Rev Lett 2018 Apr;120(14):142301
    University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA.
    The relative yields of ϒ mesons produced in pp and Pb-Pb collisions at sqrt[s_{NN}]=5.02  TeV and reconstructed via the dimuon decay channel are measured using data collected by the CMS experiment. Double ratios are formed by comparing the yields of the excited states, ϒ(2S) and ϒ(3S), to the ground state, ϒ(1S), in both Pb-Pb and pp collisions at the same center-of-mass energy. Read More

    Measurement of the Splitting Function in pp and Pb-Pb Collisions at sqrt[s_{NN}]=5.02  TeV.
    Phys Rev Lett 2018 Apr;120(14):142302
    University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
    Data from heavy ion collisions suggest that the evolution of a parton shower is modified by interactions with the color charges in the dense partonic medium created in these collisions, but it is not known where in the shower evolution the modifications occur. The momentum ratio of the two leading partons, resolved as subjets, provides information about the parton shower evolution. This substructure observable, known as the splitting function, reflects the process of a parton splitting into two other partons and has been measured for jets with transverse momentum between 140 and 500 GeV, in pp and PbPb collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 5. Read More

    Aesthetic considerations in flap reconstruction of the burnt face in males: A demonstrative case report.
    Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 Apr 16;46:47-49. Epub 2018 Apr 16.
    The Division of Plastic Surgery, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; The Division of Plastic Surgery, National Hospital (CARE), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:
    Introduction: The face is unique because functional and aesthetic considerations are equally important. Extensive deep chemical burns of the face are usually reconstructed with flaps. In males, the use of the hair - bearing superficial temporal artery flap has the advantage of achieving a satisfactory outcome with regards to both function and aesthetics. Read More

    Long-term scar quality after hydrosurgical versus conventional debridement of deep dermal burns (HyCon trial): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.
    Trials 2018 Apr 19;19(1):239. Epub 2018 Apr 19.
    Burn Center, Maasstad Hospital, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
    Background: Deep dermal burns require tangential excision of non-viable tissue and skin grafting to improve wound healing and burn-scar quality. Tangential excision is conventionally performed with a knife, but during the last decade hydrosurgery has become popular as a new tool for tangential excision. Hydrosurgery is generally thought to be a more precise and controlled manner of burn debridement leading to preservation of viable tissue and, therefore, better scar quality. Read More

    Resolving Confined Li Dynamics of Uranyl Peroxide Capsule U.
    Inorg Chem 2018 Apr 18. Epub 2018 Apr 18.
    Department of Chemistry , University of Minnesota , 207 Pleasant Street SE , Minneapolis , Minnesota 55455 , United States.
    We obtained a kerosene-soluble form of the lithium salt [UO(O)(OH)] phase (Li-U), by adding cetyltrimethylammonium bromide surfactant to aqueous Li-U. Interestingly, its variable-temperature solution Li NMR spectroscopy resolves two narrowly spaced resonances down to -10 °C, which shift upfield with increasing temperature, and finally coalesce at temperatures > 85 °C. Comparison with solid-state NMR demonstrates that the Li dynamics in the Li-U-CTA phase involves only exchange between different local encapsulated environments. Read More

    Ciprofloxacin-lidocaine-based hydrogel: development, characterization, and in vivo evaluation in a second-degree burn model.
    Drug Deliv Transl Res 2018 Apr 13. Epub 2018 Apr 13.
    Unidad de Investigación y Desarrollo en Tecnología Farmacéutica (UNITEFA)-CONICET and Departamento de Ciencias Farmacéuticas, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Haya de la Torre y Medina Allende, 5000, Córdoba, Argentina.
    The purpose of this work was to develop an effective carbomer hydrogel to be used to treat second-degree burns that combined ciprofloxacin and lidocaine (CbCipLid hydrogel). Its antibiotic and anesthetic efficacy and the physical and chemical properties of the CbCipLid hydrogel (release rate and kinetics, rheology, appearance, and drug content) were evaluated both before and after a sterilization cycle and also after 6 months of storage. For the in vivo studies, second-degree burns were developed in a rat model. Read More

    [Deep alkali burns: Evaluation of a two-step surgical strategy].
    Ann Chir Plast Esthet 2018 Apr 10. Epub 2018 Apr 10.
    Service de chirurgie plastique, reconstructrice et esthétique, centre de traitement des brûlures, hôpital R. Salengro, CHU de Lille, 59000 Lille, France.
    Introduction: Chemical burns are rare but often lead to deep cutaneous lesions. Alkali agents have a deep and long lasting penetrating power, causing burns that evolve over several days. The local treatment for these patients is excision of the wound and split thickness skin graft. Read More

    Implementation of physiological fluids to provide insight into the characterization, fate, and biological interactions of silver nanoparticles.
    Nanotechnology 2018 Jun 4;29(25):254001. Epub 2018 Apr 4.
    Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Dayton, Dayton, OH 45469, United States of America.
    Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are being increasingly utilized in consumer and medical applications. However, there remains conflicting reports on their safety, which are evaluated through a combination of in vitro and in vivo exposure models. These discrepancies may arise, in part, due to the inherent differences between cell-based and animal systems. Read More

    [Wet cement skin burns].
    Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi 2018 Mar;34(3):190-192
    Department of Burns & Skin Wounds Repair Center, Tongren Hospital of Wuhan University & Wuhan Third Hospital, Wuhan 430060, China.
    Under certain condition, wet cement can cause skin chemical burns, which belongs to alkaline burns. As the symptoms are insidious in onset, the patients may be initially unaware of the injury until several hours later. It often causes full-thickness burns especially in knees, the lower limbs, and ankles. Read More

    Prolonged toxicity from Kambo cleansing ritual.
    Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2018 Apr 2:1-2. Epub 2018 Apr 2.
    a California Poison Control System , San Francisco , CA , USA.
    Context: Kambo cleanse is a purification, cleansing ritual traditionally performed by South American shaman to confer luck and health to hunters.

    Case Details: We report a patient who presented to the emergency department with prolonged symptoms of vomiting, flushing, facial swelling, altered mental status, and agitation requiring chemical restraints, 22 h after a Kambo cleanse. The patient was found with four small, circular, superficial burns to the ankle at the site where the resin was introduced. Read More

    [Autologous serum tears: Long-term treatment in dry eye syndrome].
    J Fr Ophtalmol 2018 Mar 27;41(3):246-254. Epub 2018 Mar 27.
    Service d'ophtalmologie, CHU de Hôpital La Timone, 264, rue Saint-Pierre, 13385 Marseille, France.
    Introduction: Dry eye disease is a multifactorial pathology of the ocular surface. The high incidence of this pathology, as well as its significant impact on quality of life and vision and its financial cost, makes it a real public health problem. While the treatment of mild cases is generally simple and effective, treatment of severe forms is often disappointing. Read More

    Boston keratoprosthesis type 1 for limbal stem cell deficiency after severe chemical corneal injury: A systematic review.
    Ocul Surf 2018 Mar 26. Epub 2018 Mar 26.
    Disruptive Technology Laboratory, Mass. Eye & Ear, 243 Charles Street, Boston, MA 02114, USA. Electronic address:
    Purpose: To systematically review the published literature on outcomes of Boston keratoprosthesis type 1 for the treatment of limbal stem cell deficiency secondary to severe chemical corneal injury.

    Methods: Literature searches were conducted in MEDLINE (Ovid), Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Central Register. The main outcome measures assessed were the proportion of eyes with best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) ≥ 20/200 and the proportion retaining their original keratoprosthesis, both at the last recorded visit. Read More

    Amperometric determination of hydroquinone and catechol using a glassy carbon electrode modified with a porous carbon material doped with an iron species.
    Mikrochim Acta 2017 Dec 7;185(1):37. Epub 2017 Dec 7.
    State Key Laboratory of Trauma, Burns and Combined Injury, Institute of Surgery Research, Daping Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 400042, China.
    A porous carbon material doped with an iron species (Fe/PC) was prepared by carbonizing a mixture of zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 in the presence of iron(II) ions. The resulting material was characterized by X-ray diffraction, nitrogen adsorption isotherms, transmission electron microscopy, and by Raman and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Fe/PC was the deposited on the surface of glassy carbon electrode (GCE) to obtain a sensor for amperometric determination of phenolic compounds. Read More

    Hydroxyethyl methacrylate grafted carboxy methyl tamarind (CMT-g-HEMA) polysaccharide based matrix as a suitable scaffold for skin tissue engineering.
    Carbohydr Polym 2018 Jun 1;189:87-98. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
    School of Biotechnology, Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology, Patia, Bhubaneswar 751024, India; School of Chemical Technology, Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology, Patia, Bhubaneswar 751024, India. Electronic address:
    Patho-physiologies related to skin are diverse in nature such as burns, skin ulcers, atopic dermatitis, psoriasis etc. which impose severe bio-medical problems and thus enforce requirement of new and healthy skin prepared through tissues engineering methodologies. However, fully functional and biodegradable matrix for attachment, growth, proliferation and differentiation of the relevant cells is not available. Read More

    Concise Review: Altered Versus Unaltered Amniotic Membrane as a Substrate for Limbal Epithelial Cells.
    Stem Cells Transl Med 2018 May 23;7(5):415-427. Epub 2018 Mar 23.
    Department of Oral Biology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Oslo, Norway.
    Limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD) can result from a variety of corneal disorders, including chemical and thermal burns, infections, and autoimmune diseases. The symptoms of LSCD may include irritation, epiphora, blepharospasms, photophobia, pain, and decreased vision. There are a number of treatment options, ranging from nonsurgical treatments for mild LSCD to various forms of surgery that involve different cell types cultured on various substrates. Read More

    Captivation with encapsulation: a dozen years of exploring uranyl peroxide capsules.
    Dalton Trans 2018 Mar 21. Epub 2018 Mar 21.
    Department of Chemistry, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA.
    Uranyl peroxide clusters containing from 16 to 124 uranyl ions self-assemble in aqueous solution and exhibit tremendous topological complexity. Most of these clusters are cages, with the inside and outside surfaces passivated by oxygen atoms that are triply bonded to U(vi) cations (yl oxygen). It has become increasing apparent that the counter cations associated with these anionic cage clusters impact their assembly, topologies, and behavior in solution, including aggregation and aqueous solubility. Read More

    TANK-Binding Kinase 1-Dependent Responses in Health and Autoimmunity.
    Front Immunol 2018 6;9:434. Epub 2018 Mar 6.
    Inflammation Division, The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Parkville, VIC, Australia.
    The pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is driven by genetic predisposition and environmental triggers that lead to dysregulated immune responses. These include the generation of pathogenic autoantibodies and aberrant production of inflammatory cytokines. Current therapies for RA and other autoimmune diseases reduce inflammation by targeting inflammatory mediators, most of which are innate response cytokines, resulting in generalized immunosuppression. Read More

    Peripubertal serum dioxin concentrations and subsequent sperm methylome profiles of young Russian adults.
    Reprod Toxicol 2018 Mar 14;78:40-49. Epub 2018 Mar 14.
    Department of Genomics and Human Genetics, Vavilov Institute of General Genetics, Russian Academy of Sciences, 3 Gubkina St., 119991, Moscow, Russia; Chapaevsk Medical Association, 3a Meditsinskaya st., 446100, Chapaevsk, Samara region, Russia; A.N. Belozersky Research Institute of Physico-Chemical Biology, Moscow State University, Leninskye Gory, House 1, Building 40, 119992, Moscow, Russia. Electronic address:
    Background: The association of exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals in the peripubertal period with subsequent sperm DNA methylation is unknown.

    Objective: We examined the association of peripubertal serum 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) concentrations with whole-genome bisulfite sequencing (WGBS) of sperm collected in young adulthood.

    Methods: The Russian Children's Study is a prospective cohort of 516 boys who were enrolled at 8-9 years of age and provided semen samples at 18-19 years of age. Read More

    [Scalp burns induced by hair bleaching].
    Ann Dermatol Venereol 2018 Mar 14. Epub 2018 Mar 14.
    Service de dermatologie-allergologie, CHRU Brabois, 6, rue du Morvan, 54500 Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy, France.
    Background: Hair bleaching is increasingly being carried out in hairdressing salons. The products used are a mixture of hydrogen peroxide and persulfates, both active chemical agents. Scalp burns secondary to hair bleaching are a traumatic adverse effect rarely discussed in publications that continue to be little known among healthcare professionals. Read More

    Observation of Correlated Azimuthal Anisotropy Fourier Harmonics in pp and p+Pb Collisions at the LHC.
    Phys Rev Lett 2018 Mar;120(9):092301
    University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA.
    The azimuthal anisotropy Fourier coefficients (v_{n}) in 8.16 TeV p+Pb data are extracted via long-range two-particle correlations as a function of the event multiplicity and compared to corresponding results in pp and PbPb collisions. Using a four-particle cumulant technique, v_{n} correlations are measured for the first time in pp and p+Pb collisions. Read More

    Observation of Electroweak Production of Same-Sign W Boson Pairs in the Two Jet and Two Same-Sign Lepton Final State in Proton-Proton Collisions at sqrt[s]=13  TeV.
    Phys Rev Lett 2018 Feb;120(8):081801
    University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
    The first observation of electroweak production of same-sign W boson pairs in proton-proton collisions is reported. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9    fb^{-1} collected at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. Read More

    Inclusive Search for a Highly Boosted Higgs Boson Decaying to a Bottom Quark-Antiquark Pair.