5,870 results match your criteria Burn Rehabilitation

Enabling Healthy Aging to AVOID Frailty in Community Dwelling Older Canadians.

Can Geriatr J 2022 Jun 1;25(2):202-211. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Canadian Frailty Network, Kingston, ON.

The Canadian population is aging. With aging, biological and social changes occur increasing the risk of developing chronic conditions and functional loss leading to frailty. Older adults living with frailty are more vulnerable to minor stressors, take longer to recover from illness, and have difficulty participating in daily activities. Read More

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Self-reported health measures in burn survivors undergoing burn surgery following acute hospitalization: A burn model system national database investigation.

Burns 2022 May 16. Epub 2022 May 16.

Department of Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States.

Introduction: Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) surveys such as PROMIS-29 may facilitate shared decision-making regarding surgery after burn injury. We aimed to examine whether scar revision and contracture release surgery after index hospitalization was associated with differences in HRQoL.

Methods: Patient and PROMIS-29 Profile v2. Read More

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Nonpharmacological approaches reduce symptoms of depression in dementia: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Ageing Res Rev 2022 Jun 14;79:101669. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Dementia Centre for Research Collaboration, School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia; Centre for Healthy Brain Ageing, School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Depression is a common psychological symptom associated with dementia. Pharmacological approaches are often used despite two large negative trials of efficacy. This meta-analysis examines nonpharmacological (i. Read More

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Heart Rehabilitation for All (HeRTA): Protocol for a feasibility study and pilot randomized trial.

PLoS One 2022 17;17(6):e0270159. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Center for Clinical Research and Prevention, Frederiksberg Hospital, Frederiksberg, Denmark.

Introduction: Today, 50% of people with cardiac disease do not participate in rehabilitation. The HeRTA-study aims to develop and test a sustainable rehabilitation model supporting vulnerable patients in participating in rehabilitation and long-term physical activity.

Methods: A feasibility study with a non-blinded pilot randomized trial was developed in collaboration with partners and cardiac patients to test a multi-component rehabilitation intervention across hospital, municipality, and civil society. Read More

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Functional reconstruction for severe heat press injury of the proper digits using immediate preserved subdermal vascular network (PSVN) skin graft: A case report.

J Burn Care Res 2022 Jun 16. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kansai Medical University, Osaka, Japan.

The patient was a 57-year-old woman who suffered third-degree burns to the dorsal side of her left fingers (non-dominant hand) when it was caught in a press machine heated to 200°C while she was cleaning clothes. At 20 hours after the injury, the necrotic tissue was excised and covered with a preserved subdermal vascular network (PSVN) skin graft, which allowed the patient to regain a very good hand function. Even for severe heat press injuries of the hand, the combination of immediate surgical intervention, a thick skin graft with PSVN, and early rehabilitation from the first postoperative week leads to good functional and cosmetic reconstruction outcomes. Read More

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Non-pharmacological interventions for sleep promotion in hospitalized children.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2022 06 15;6:CD012908. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA.

Background: Healthy sleep is an important component of childhood development. Changes in sleep architecture, including sleep stage composition, quantity, and quality from infancy to adolescence are a reflection of neurologic maturation. Hospital admission for acute illness introduces modifiable risk factors for sleep disruption that may negatively affect active brain development during a period of illness and recovery. Read More

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Sports injury and stressor-related disorder in competitive athletes: a systematic review and a new framework.

Burns Trauma 2022 11;10:tkac017. Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Faculty of Education and Human Development of Early Childhood Education The Education University of Hong Kong, 10 Lo Ping Road, Tai Po, New Territories 999077, Hong Kong.

Background: For professional athletes, sports injury has been considered one of the most influential factors determining their athletic careers' duration and quality. High-intensity training and competitiveness of the sports competition are perhaps critical causes of sports-related stress. This article reviews the relevant research on sports injuries and stressor-related disorders. Read More

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Impacts of Financial Assistance on Quality of Life Among People Living with Burn Injury: Matched Cohort Analysis of the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research Burn Model System Database.

J Burn Care Res 2022 Jun 14. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

UW Medicine Regional Burn Center, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.

Disparities in socioeconomic status and minority status impacts the risk of burn injury and the severity of that injury, thus impacting the subsequent cost of care. We aimed to characterize the demographic details surrounding receipt of financial assistance due to burn injury and its relationship with health-related quality of life scores. Participants ≥18 from Burn Model System National Longitudinal Database (BMS) with complete demographic data were included (n=4,330). Read More

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The sit-to-stand test as a patient-centered functional outcome for critical care research: a pooled analysis of five international rehabilitation studies.

Crit Care 2022 06 13;26(1):175. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.

Background: With ICU mortality rates decreasing, it is increasingly important to identify interventions to minimize functional impairments and improve outcomes for survivors. Simultaneously, we must identify robust patient-centered functional outcomes for our trials. Our objective was to investigate the clinimetric properties of a progression of three outcome measures, from strength to function. Read More

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Safety and efficacy of treating post-burn pathological scars with extracorporeal shock wave therapy: A meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials.

Wound Repair Regen 2022 Jun 12. Epub 2022 Jun 12.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, the Second Medical Center & National Clinical Research Center for Geriatric Diseases, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Haidian District, Beijing, China.

The clinical application of shockwave therapy has expanded to the treatment of pathological scars. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to quantitatively evaluate the efficacy and safety of extracorporeal shockwave therapy combined with comprehensive rehabilitation therapy on post-burn pathological scars compared to comprehensive rehabilitation therapy alone. The randomised controlled trials of extracorporeal shockwave therapy for post-burn pathological scars published in English and Chinese languages before October 2021 were included. Read More

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Patient-specific Implants for Treating Atrophic Mandibles.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2022 Jun 6;10(6):e4359. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel.

Extremely atrophic mandibles are difficult to treat. Most patients choose to live with removable dentures. However, what if the atrophy is so extreme that spontaneous fractures occur? The objective of this report is to offer a single-stage augmentation method, which uses patient-specific crib-shaped implants (PSI) combined with autogenous free bone grafts. Read More

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Post-discharge rehabilitation and functional recovery after pediatric injury.

Injury 2022 Jun 6. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Division of Trauma and Burn Surgery, Children's National Hospital, 111 Michigan Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20010, United States.

Introduction: Variability in rehabilitation disposition has been proposed as a trauma center quality metric. Benchmarking rehabilitation disposition is limited by a lack of objective measures of functional impairment at discharge. The primary aim of this study was to determine the relative contribution of patient characteristics and hospitalization factors associated with inpatient and outpatient rehabilitation after discharge. Read More

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Beyond the Expiratory Limb: A Complete Raw Spirometry Dataset.

Front Physiol 2022 23;13:898831. Epub 2022 May 23.

Airborne Hazards and Burn Pits Center of Excellence, War Related Illness and Injury Study Center, VA New Jersey Health Care System, East Orange, NJ, United States.

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An outcomes study of proximal interphalangeal joint silicone implant arthroplasty using the volar approach.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2022 Jun 8. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Department of Surgery, Section of Plastic Surgery, University of Michigan.

Background: Arthroplasty is performed at the proximal interphalangeal joint (PIP) for the management of disabling osteoarthritis. This prospective cohort study evaluated outcomes of the silicone implant for the PIP joint using the volar approach. We hypothesize that the volar approach without extensor mechanism disruption will provide improved motion, while maintaining joint extension. Read More

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Rehabilitation interventions after hand burn injury in adults: A systematic review.

Burns 2022 May 14. Epub 2022 May 14.

School of Physical and Occupational Therapy, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A 0G4, Canada; Hôpital de Réadaptation Villa Medica, Montreal, QC H2X 1C9, Canada. Electronic address:

The aim of this review was to summarise the current evidence regarding the effectiveness of rehabilitation interventions in improving hand function, range of motion (ROM), hand strength, scar outcome, return to work, level of impairment/disability, level of burn knowledge and decreasing edema following hand burns in adult burn survivors. This review provides evidence-based support for the use of rehabilitation interventions for burn rehabilitation professionals. The following data sources were searched: MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL from their inception up to February 2021, reference lists from all the included full-text articles were screened for additional relevant publications and monthly Google Scholar searches until December 23rd 2021 to make sure all new pertinent published articles after February 2021 would be included. Read More

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Impact of the Early COVID-19 Pandemic on Burn Care: A Multi-National Study.

J Burn Care Res 2022 Jun 6. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Department of Health Law, Policy & Management, Boston University School of Public Health.

This qualitative study documents and analyzes COVID-19's impacts on burn care in twelve nations. Burn care saw valuable improvements in surgical techniques, skin grafting, and other acute treatments during the decades before the COVID-19 pandemic which increased severely burned patients' survival rates and quality of life. Detailed interviews, conducted in the twelve nations reveal that the COVID-19 pandemic greatly affected the delivery of acute and rehabilitation services for burn patients. Read More

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Expansion of FGFR3-positive nucleus pulposus cells plays important roles in postnatal nucleus pulposus growth and regeneration.

Stem Cell Res Ther 2022 Jun 3;13(1):227. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Laboratory of Wound Repair and Rehabilitation Medicine, State Key Laboratory of Trauma, Burns and Combined Injury, Daping Hospital, Army Medical University, Chongqing, 400042, China.

Background: Intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) can cause low back pain, a major public health concern. IVDD is characterized with loss of cells especially those in nucleus pulposus (NP), due to the limited proliferative potential and regenerative ability. Few studies, however, have been carried out to investigate the in vivo proliferation events of NP cells and the cellular contribution of a specific subpopulation of NP during postnatal growth or regeneration. Read More

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New insights into the mechanism of alcohol-mediated organ damage via its impact on immunity, metabolism, and repair pathways: A Summary of the 2021 Alcohol and Immunology Research Interest Group (AIRIG) meeting.

Alcohol 2022 Jun 1. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Department of Surgery, University of Colorado Denver, Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO, USA; Alcohol Research Program, University of Colorado Denver, Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO, USA; Molecular Biology Graduate Program, University of Colorado Denver, Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO, USA; Medical Scientist Training Program, University of Colorado Denver, Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO, USA; VA Rocky Mountain Mental Illness Research Education and Clinical Center, Rocky Mountain Regional Veterans Affairs (VA) Medical Center, Aurora, CO, USA. Electronic address:

On November 19, 2021, the annual Alcohol and Immunology Research Interest Group (AIRIG) meeting was held at Loyola University Chicago Health Sciences Campus in Maywood, Illinois. The 2021 meeting focused on how alcohol misuse is linked to immune system derangements, leading to tissue and organ damage, and how this research can be translated into improve alcohol-related disease. This meeting was divided into three plenary sessions: first session focused on how alcohol misuse affects different parts of the immune systems; second session presented research on mechanisms of organ damage from alcohol misuse; the final session highlighted research on potential therapeutic targets for treating alcohol mediated tissue damage. Read More

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Environmental scan of mental health supports across Canadian burn centers: A healthcare providers' perspective.

Burns 2022 May 2. Epub 2022 May 2.

Manitoba Firefighters' Burn Unit, Health Sciences Centre, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada; Department of Surgery, Max Rady College of Medicine, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada; Department of Psychiatry, Max Rady College of Medicine, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada; Department of Children's Health, Max Rady College of Medicine, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

Background: Early mental health care and psychosocial support after burn injury provided by a variety of specialists and non-mental health professionals is instrumental in prevention of long-term mental health sequalae such as post-traumatic stress, depressive or substance use disorders. Diversity of mental health supports available to burn survivors vary across geography, resulting in variation of long-term mental health outcomes following burn injury.

Methods: A mixed-methods study utilizing a semi-structured questionnaire to explore resources available for burn survivors in Canada as an inpatient, outpatient, and more broadly in the aftercare community. Read More

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Telerehabilitation in the Middle East North Africa Region: A Structured Review.

Int J Telerehabil 2021 16;13(2):e6401. Epub 2021 Dec 16.

Faculty of Medicine and Health, the University of Sydney, Australia.

A structured review using the PRISMA guidelines, MeSH keywords and eight health databases was conducted (1990 to March 2021). Telerehabilitation research evidence from the Middle East and North Africa region (MENA) was summarized. Twelve studies from Iran, Israel, Morocco, and Saudi Arabia met inclusion criteria; nearly all had been published within the past five years. Read More

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December 2021

Clinical Practice Guideline: Early Mobilization and Rehabilitation of Critically Ill Burn Patients.

J Burn Care Res 2022 May 26. Epub 2022 May 26.

McGill University, Montréal, Quebec, Canada.

This Clinical Practice Guideline addresses early mobilization and rehabilitation (EMR) of critically ill adult burn patients in an intensive care unit (ICU) setting. We defined EMR as any systematic or protocolized intervention that could include muscle activation, active exercises in bed, active resistance exercises, active side-to-side turning, or mobilization to sitting at the bedside, standing, or walking, including mobilization using assistance with hoists or tilt tables, which was initiated within at least 14 days of injury, while the patient was still in an ICU setting. After developing relevant PICO (Population, Intervention, Comparator, Outcomes) questions, a comprehensive literature search was conducted with the help of a professional medical librarian. Read More

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COMbined Exercise Trial (COMET) to improve cognition in older adults: Rationale and methods.

Contemp Clin Trials 2022 Jul 27;118:106805. Epub 2022 May 27.

KU Alzheimer's Disease Research Center, Fairway, KS, USA; Department of Neurology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS, USA.

Substantial evidence suggests physical exercise may sustain cognitive function and perhaps prevent Alzheimer's Disease (1, 2). Current public health recommendations call for older adults to do at least 150 min a week of aerobic exercise (e.g. Read More

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CT-Angiography-Based Outcome Prediction on Diabetic Foot Ulcer Patients: A Statistical Learning Approach.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2022 Apr 25;12(5). Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Department of Burn, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200025, China.

The purpose of our study is to predict the occurrence and prognosis of diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) by clinical and lower extremity computed tomography angiography (CTA) data of patients using the artificial neural networks (ANN) model. DFU is a common complication of diabetes that severely affects the quality of life of patients, leading to amputation and even death. There are a lack of valid predictive techniques for the prognosis of DFU. Read More

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Experiences of individuals with multiple sclerosis and stroke using transcutaneous foot drop electrical stimulators: a systematic review and meta-synthesis of qualitative studies.

Disabil Rehabil 2022 May 24:1-10. Epub 2022 May 24.

School of Physiotherapy, Centre for Health, Activity, and Rehabilitation Research (CHARR), University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand.

Purpose: To explore the end users' experiences of foot drop electrical stimulator use for people with neurological conditions.

Materials And Methods: Electronic databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Scopus, and Google Scholar were searched in March 2022. Included articles were quality assessed using the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) checklist. Read More

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Rehabilitation of Burn Victims: Improving Quality of Life in Victims with Face and Neck Burn through an Augmented Reality Coupled Pamphlet.

J Burn Care Res 2022 May 23. Epub 2022 May 23.

Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

The present study aimed to investigate the effect of implementing rehabilitation programs using an Augmented Reality (AR) coupled pamphlet on the Quality of Life (QOL) of patients with face/neck burns. This randomized clinical trial was conducted on 60 patients (intervention=30, control=30) admitted to the burn center of Imam Reza Hospital, Mashhad, Iran. Patients in the intervention group, performed their rehabilitation program using AR coupled pamphlet during six weeks, while control patients used simple pamphlet. Read More

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[A prospective randomized controlled study on the effects of bicycle ergometer rehabilitation training on quadriceps and walking ability of patients with lower limb dysfunction caused by extensive burns].

Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi 2022 May;38(5):447-453

Department of Burns, Tongren Hospital of Wuhan University&Wuhan Third Hospital, Wuhan 430060, China.

To explore the effects of bicycle ergometer rehabilitation training on quadriceps and walking ability of patients with lower limb dysfunction caused by extensive burns. A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted. A total of 40 patients with extensive burns who met the inclusion criteria and were admitted to Tongren Hospital of Wuhan University&Wuhan Third Hospital from December 2017 to December 2020 were selected. Read More

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Effect of high-intensity interval training on hippocampal metabolism in older adolescents.

Psychophysiology 2022 May 22:e14090. Epub 2022 May 22.

Centre for Active Living and Learning, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, New South Wales, Australia.

Although well-evidenced in older adults, the effects of exercise on the hippocampus in youth are relatively unknown. This study examined the impact of a 6-month school-based physical activity intervention on hippocampal metabolism in adolescents using magnetic resonance spectroscopy. A subset of lower fit older adolescents [N = 56, 61% female, 16. Read More

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A Rapid Protocol for Direct Isolation of Osteoclast Lineage Cells from Mouse Bone Marrow.

Bio Protoc 2022 Mar 5;12(5):e4338. Epub 2022 Mar 5.

Law Sau Fai Institute for Advancing Translational Medicine in Bone and Joint Diseases, School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Osteoclast lineage cells (OLCs), including osteoclast precursors (OCPs) and mature osteoclasts (MOCs), participate in bone remodeling and mediate pathologic bone loss. Thus, it is essential to obtain OLCs for exploring their molecular features in both physiological and pathological conditions . However, the conventional protocols for obtaining OLCs are not only time-consuming, but also unable to capture the cellular status of OLCs . Read More

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Evaluation of the implementation of a speech and language therapist-led referring model for VFSS using the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR).

Int J Lang Commun Disord 2022 May 17. Epub 2022 May 17.

Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Metro North Hospital and Health Service, Herston, QLD, Australia.

Background: Speech and language therapists (SLTs) use videofluoroscopic swallow study (VFSS) results to manage dysphagia. Yet, in some services only doctors can directly request a VFSS, potentially creating workflow inefficiencies and delaying patient access to VFSS. An alternative model, where SLTs directly refer patients for VFSS, is used in many services in the UK and Australia. Read More

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Level I PD-MCI Using Global Cognitive Tests and the Risk for Parkinson's Disease Dementia.

Mov Disord Clin Pract 2022 May 29;9(4):479-483. Epub 2022 Apr 29.

Amsterdam Neuroscience Amsterdam The Netherlands.

Background: The criteria for PD-MCI allow the use of global cognitive tests. Their predictive value for conversion from PD-MCI to PDD, especially compared to comprehensive neuropsychological assessment, is unknown.

Methods: The MDS PD-MCI Study Group combined four datasets containing global cognitive tests as well as a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment to define PD-MCI (n = 467). Read More

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