5,152 results match your criteria Burn Rehabilitation


Estimation of Subglottal Pressure From Neck Surface Vibration in Patients With Voice Disorders.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2020 Jul 1:1-17. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Center for Laryngeal Surgery and Voice Rehabilitation, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston.

Purpose Given the established linear relationship between neck surface vibration magnitude and mean subglottal pressure (Ps) in vocally healthy speakers, the purpose of this study was to better understand the impact of the presence of a voice disorder on this baseline relationship. Method Data were obtained from participants with voice disorders representing a variety of glottal conditions, including phonotraumatic vocal hyperfunction, nonphonotraumatic vocal hyperfunction, and unilateral vocal fold paralysis. Participants were asked to repeat /p/-vowel syllable strings from loud-to-soft loudness levels in multiple vowel contexts (/pa/, /pi/, /pu/) and pitch levels (comfortable, higher than comfortable, lower than comfortable). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2020_JSLHR-19-00409DOI Listing

INTERVENTION CONTENT AND OUTCOMES OF POST-DISCHARGE REHABILITATION PROGRAMMES FOR ADULTS SURVIVING MAJOR BURNS: A SYSTEMATIC SCOPING REVIEW.

J Burn Care Res 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

School of Nursing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong.

Improvement in burn care has led to more patients surviving the injury but has also led to more burn survivors requiring rehabilitation for a protracted period after discharge. Thus, this review sought to map the intervention content and outcomes associated with existing post-discharge rehabilitation programmes for adults surviving major burns. A systematic scoping review approach was utilised. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jbcr/iraa110DOI Listing

The association between vitamin D levels and burn factors in different burn types.

Burns Trauma 2020 19;8:tkaa018. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, 22 Gwanpyeong-ro 170 Beon-gil Dongan-gu Anyang Gyeonggi-do 14068, Republic of Korea.

Background: Patients with burns present with different clinical features depending on the types of burn injury and burn patients with lower levels of vitamin D have worse prognoses and more complications. The study aims to investigate the association between vitamin D levels and burn factors according to each burn type in relation to early intensive rehabilitation therapy initiated for inpatients with burns.

Methods: In this retrospective study, we enrolled 757 of 1716 inpatients who underwent rehabilitative therapy between May 2013 and April 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/burnst/tkaa018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7306415PMC

Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Inhibits Synovitis via Enhancing the Efferocytosis of Macrophages.

Biomed Res Int 2020 26;2020:4307385. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Wound Repair and Rehabilitation Medicine, Center of Bone Metabolism and Repair, Laboratory for Prevention and Rehabilitation of Training Injuries, State Key Laboratory of Trauma, Burns and Combined Injury, Trauma Center, Research Institute of Surgery, Daping Hospital, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing 400042, China.

Synovitis plays an important role in the pathogenesis of arthritis, which is closely related to the joint swell and pain of patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) on synovitis and its underlying mechanisms. Destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM) model and air pouch inflammation model were established to induce synovitis in C57BL/6 mice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/4307385DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7273431PMC

Exosomes: roles and therapeutic potential in osteoarthritis.

Bone Res 2020 19;8:25. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Department of Wound Repair and Rehabilitation Medicine, Center of Bone Metabolism and Repair, Laboratory for Prevention and Rehabilitation of Training Injuries, State Key Laboratory of Trauma, Burns and Combined Injury, Trauma Center, Research Institute of Surgery, Daping Hospital, Army Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Exosomes participate in many physiological and pathological processes by regulating cell-cell communication, which are involved in numerous diseases, including osteoarthritis (OA). Exosomes are detectable in the human articular cavity and were observed to change with OA progression. Several joint cells, including chondrocytes, synovial fibroblasts, osteoblasts, and tenocytes, can produce and secrete exosomes that influence the biological effects of targeted cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41413-020-0100-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7305215PMC

[Advances in the research of psychological rehabilitation of pediatric burn patients].

Authors:
M M Xi F Lei W G Xie

Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi 2020 Jun;36(6):519-522

Institute of Burns, Tongren Hospital of Wuhan University & Wuhan Third Hospital, Wuhan 430060, China.

Pediatric burn patients are often accompanied by psychological disorders. The authors reviewed the types, prevalence, and treatment methods of common psychological disorders among pediatric burn patients in three stages according to the burn treatment process, in order to provide reference for study and treatment of pediatric burn patients' psychological rehabilitation. The review showed that during the admission and intensive care stage, pediatric medical traumatic stress and acute stress disorder were common, and it was recommended to focus on prevention and monitoring, including providing medical-related information for pediatric burn patients and their parents, encouraging parents to accompany pediatric burn patients, and screening these acute stress disorders in time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn501120-20190308-00095DOI Listing

[Focus on mental disorders induced by electrical burns].

Authors:
Q F Zhang

Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi 2020 Jun;36(6):415-418

Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery, the First Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Burns Treatment Project Technology Research Center of Hebei Province, Shijiazhuang 050031, China.

Electrical burn is a special type of injury with complex injury mechanism, which is one of the difficult issues in the treatment of burn injuries. It not only seriously damages the tissue and organs of body, but also significantly affects the mental health of patients. Many patients with electrical burn simultaneously suffer physical and mental agonies causing increased difficulty in treatment and prolonging the time of recovery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn501120-20200412-00221DOI Listing

Evaluation of Patient-Reported Outcomes in Burn Survivors Undergoing Reconstructive Surgery in the Rehabilitative Period.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2020 Jul;146(1):171-182

Stanford, Calif.; Seattle, Wash.; and Boston, Mass. From the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Stanford University; the Department of Surgery and the Center on Outcomes Research in Rehabilitation, University of Washington; and Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard University.

Background: Health-related quality of life is decreased in burn survivors, with scars implicated as a cause. The authors aim to characterize the use of reconstructive surgery following hospitalization and determine whether patient-reported outcomes change over time. The authors hypothesized improvement in health-related quality of life following reconstructive surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000006909DOI Listing

Pain Across Traumatic Injury Groups: A National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research Model Systems Study.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2020 Jun 24. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Department of Surgery, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.

Background: Pain is a common problem after traumatic injury. We describe pain intensity and interference at baseline and one-year post injury in burn, traumatic brain (TBI) and spinal cord injury (SCI) survivors and compare them to the general population (GP). We tested a custom PROMIS® pain interference short form developed for use in trauma populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000002849DOI Listing

Physical Management of Scar Tissue: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

J Altern Complement Med 2020 Jun 24. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium.

The aim of this systematic review with meta-analysis was to describe the status on the effects of physical scar treatments on pain, pigmentation, pliability, pruritus, scar thickening, and surface area. Systematic review and meta-analysis. Adults with any kind of scar tissue. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/acm.2020.0109DOI Listing

Efficacy of Maitland joint mobilization technique on pain intensity, mouth opening, functional limitation, kinesiophobia, sleep quality and quality of life in temporomandibular joint dysfunction following bilateral cervicofacial burns.

Burns 2020 May 30. Epub 2020 May 30.

Department of Physical Therapy and Health Rehabilitation, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Alkharj, Saudi Arabia; Department of Physical Therapy, Kasr Al-Aini Hospital, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

Background: Bilateral cervicofacial burn contracture initially affects facial expressions and later affects tempero mandibular joint (TMJ) function of the patient. It further tightens the ligaments and capsules around the TMJ and leads to tempero mandibular dysfunction. The consequences of temporomandibular joint dysfunction will be pain, limitation of mouth opening, functional disability and poor quality of life (Qol). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2020.05.017DOI Listing
May 2020
1.836 Impact Factor

"Individual Placement and Support" boosts employment for early psychosis clients, even when baseline rates are high.

Early Interv Psychiatry 2020 Jun 24. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Fraser Health Early Psychosis Intervention Program, New Westminster, British Columbia, Canada.

Aim: Individual Placement and Support is an effective vocational intervention for increasing competitive employment for people with severe mental illness. Little is known, however, about its effectiveness in the context of early psychosis. This study assesses improvements in clients' employment in a phase of illness during which functional abilities often decline. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/eip.13005DOI Listing

Seeding the value based health care and standardised measurement of quality of life after burn debate.

Burns 2020 May 30. Epub 2020 May 30.

Oscare, Organisation for Burns, Scar After-Care and Research, Antwerp, Belgium; Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy (REVAKI-MOVANT), Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2020.05.024DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7260548PMC

Reduced chronic pain: Another benefit of recovery at an inpatient rehabilitation facility over a skilled nursing facility?

Am J Surg 2020 May 19. Epub 2020 May 19.

Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma, Burn and Surgical Critical Care, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: We sought to compare outcomes 6-12 months post-injury between patients discharged to an inpatient rehabilitation facility (IRF) and a skilled nursing facility (SNF).

Methods: Trauma patients admitted to 3 Level-I trauma centers were interviewed to evaluate the presence of daily pain requiring medication, functional outcomes, and physical and mental health-related quality-of-life at 6-12 months post-injury. Inverse-probability-of-treatment-weighting (IPTW)-adjusted analyses were performed to compare outcomes between patients who were discharged to IRF vs SNF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2020.05.019DOI Listing

Interpreting Life Impact Burn Recovery Evaluation (LIBRE) Profile Scores for Use by Clinicians Burn Survivors and Researchers.

J Burn Care Res 2020 Jun 19. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA.

The Life Impact Burn Recovery Evaluation (LIBRE) Profile is a patient-reported outcome measure developed to assess social participation in adult burn survivors. This study identified numeric score cut-points that define different levels of social participation ability and described each level.

Methods: An expert panel identified numeric score cut-points that distinguish different levels of social participation for the six LIBRE Profile domains. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jbcr/iraa100DOI Listing

Longer term stroke risk in intracerebral haemorrhage survivors.

J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2020 Jun 17. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Stroke Research Centre, Department of Brain Repair and Rehabilitation, UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology and the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, London, United Kingdom

Objective: To evaluate the influence of intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) location on stroke outcomes.

Methods: We included patients recruited to a UK hospital-based, multicentre observational study of adults with imaging confirmed spontaneous ICH. The outcomes of interest were occurrence of a cerebral ischaemic event (either stroke or transient ischaemic attack) or a further ICH following study entry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jnnp-2020-323079DOI Listing

Keratinocyte growth factor ameliorates mycophenolate mofetil-induced intestinal barrier disruption in mice.

Mol Immunol 2020 Jun 10;124:61-69. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Department of Urology, Xinqiao Hospital, the Third Military Medical University, NO.83 Xinqiao Street, Shapingba District, Chongqing, China. Electronic address:

Objectives: Although mycophenolate mofetil-induced (MMF) effectively improves long-term graft survival, the gastrointestinal (GI) side effects due to MMF-induced GI barrier damage limit its use in clinic. Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) plays a crucial role in the intestinal protection and repair process. This study is designed to investigate the protective effect of KGF on MMF-induced intestinal mucosal barrier disruption and the potential mechanism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molimm.2020.04.012DOI Listing
June 2020
2.973 Impact Factor

A comparison of two scar massage protocols in pediatric burn survivors.

Burns 2020 May 22. Epub 2020 May 22.

Shriners Hospital for Children, Northern California, Department of Physical and Occupational Therapy, 2425 Stockton Blvd., Sacramento, CA 95817, United States. Electronic address:

The current evidence to support the use of massage for scar management is conflicting in the literature. The purpose of this study was to compare two scar massage protocols administered with pediatric burn survivors to determine if a more structured and standardized approach to scar massage could improve outcome. A retrospective review of the medical records of 100 children who received massage during the time period when two different protocols were implemented was conducted and data that was collected as part of the clinical exam regarding scar height, vascularity, pliability, itch and pain were extracted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2020.05.013DOI Listing

Patient-reported Outcomes at 6 to 12 Months Among Survivors of Firearm Injury in the United States.

Ann Surg 2020 Jan 16. Epub 2020 Jan 16.

Division of Trauma, Burn and Surgical Critical Care, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA.

Objective: Assess outcomes in survivors of firearm injuries after 6 to 12 months and compared them with a similarly injured trauma population.

Background: For every individual in the United States who died of a firearm injury in 2017, three survived, living with the burden of their injury. Current firearm research largely focuses on mortality and short-term health outcomes, while neglecting the long-term consequences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SLA.0000000000003797DOI Listing
January 2020

Clustering of functioning and disability profile based on the WHO disability assessment schedule 2.0 - a nationwide databank study.

Disabil Rehabil 2020 Jun 11:1-10. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Shuang Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan.

To compare and cluster the health status and disability restrictions associated with eight major physiological functions of body systems, using functioning domains of WHO Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0. Retrospective analyses of a nation-wide disability database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2020.1767703DOI Listing

Histoire Du Traitement Des Brûlures En France. La Place De L’Hôpital Léon Bérard (Hyères) : Rééducation, Société Savante, Association De Patients.

Ann Burns Fire Disasters 2020 Mar;33(1):69-82

Hôpital Léon Bérard, Hyères, France.

In the 50s and 60s, before burn centres appeared, burn patients were primarily treated in surgical departments. They were then referred to sanatorium-type institutions, moving towards functional rehabilitation but without a really structured service. In the early 70s, Jean-Pierre Jouglard, Marseille Surgeon, Head of the Burn Treatment Center of the University Hospital of Marseille, collaborated with Dr. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7263716PMC

Head and neck skin expansion: assessment of efficiency for the treatment of lesions in the lower half of the face.

Ann Burns Fire Disasters 2020 Mar;33(1):38-46

Saint-Louis Hospital, Paris, France.

The treatment of sequelae for burns or other loss of perioral tissues is complex due to the site where they occur, its functional importance, and social and esthetic aspects. Functional consequences of burns to this area are cutaneous retraction and a lack of skin that can lead to an inability to close the oral aperture, compromising the provision of dental hygiene and intubation procedures. The aim of the present publication was to evaluate the efficacy of chin, labial and jugal cutaneous expansions for the treatment of perioral lesions and lesions of the lower half of the face in our retrospective series of patients. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7263714PMC

Bone metabolism and fracture risk during and after critical illness.

Curr Opin Crit Care 2020 Jun 8. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

Department of Endocrinology and Diabetology, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria.

Purpose Of Review: There is growing evidence that bone health is impacted during and after critical illness in multiple ways. In this review, we provide a practical update on postcritical care bone loss with an insight on identification of persons at risk, prevention and treatment strategies.

Recent Findings: Critical illness is associated with an increase in bone turnover and with an uncoupling between bone resorption and bone formation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MCC.0000000000000734DOI Listing

Brown adipose tissue recruitment in a rodent model of severe burns.

Burns 2020 May 19. Epub 2020 May 19.

Department of Surgery, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, United States; Shriners Hospitals for Children, Galveston, TX, United States. Electronic address:

Background: Severe burns results in a prolonged hypermetabolic response. Brown adipose tissue (BAT), abundant in uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1), plays a key role in non-shivering thermogenesis. We set out to determine if BAT is recruited in response to severe burns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2020.04.034DOI Listing

Assessment and determinants of global outcomes among 445 mass-casualty burn survivors: A 2-year retrospective cohort study in Taiwan.

Burns 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Health, New Taipei City Government, 192-1 Ying-Shi Rd., New Taipei City 22006, Taiwan; Institute of Microbiology and Immunology, National Yang Ming University, 155, Sec. 2, Linong St., Taipei 112, Taiwan; Department of Biological Science and Technology, National Chiao-Tung University, 1001 University Rd., Hsinchu 300, Taiwan; Cancer Progression Research Center, National Yang Ming University, 155, Sec. 2, Linong St., Taipei 112, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Purpose: To study outcomes among survivors of the mass-casualty powder explosion on 27 June 2015, at Formosa Fun Coast Waterpark, New Taipei City, Taiwan.

Methods: Using retrospective data on Taiwanese survivors, we analyzed prehospital management, burns assessment and prognosis, functional recovery, and medical costs, followed-up through 30 June 2017. We related outcomes to burn extent, categorized according to the percentages of total body surface area with second/third-degree burns (%TBSA) or autologous split-thickness skin grafts (%STSG), and an investigational scale: f{SASG} = (%TBSA + %STSG)/2, stratified by %STSG. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2020.02.008DOI Listing

The Use of a Smartphone App and an Activity Tracker to Promote Physical Activity in the Management of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Randomized Controlled Feasibility Study.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2020 Jun 3;8(6):e16203. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

School of Health and Related Research, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom.

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is highly prevalent and significantly affects the daily functioning of patients. Self-management strategies, including increasing physical activity, can help people with COPD have better health and a better quality of life. Digital mobile health (mHealth) techniques have the potential to aid the delivery of self-management interventions for COPD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/16203DOI Listing

Post-Burn Pruritus.

Int J Mol Sci 2020 May 29;21(11). Epub 2020 May 29.

Department of Dermatology, Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University, Seoul 07441, Korea.

Post-burn pruritus is the pruritus that occurs after burn during the rehabilitation and healing process of burn wounds. The post-burn pruritus is a common and serious complication of burn injury, which severely lowers the quality of life of the patient. Many potential treatments are available for pruritus but there is no consensus of the best single treatment yet. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms21113880DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7313087PMC

Safety concept of fire related injuries in inhabitants of residential buildings in Iran: A qualitative study.

Injury 2020 May 24. Epub 2020 May 24.

Research Center for Nursing and Midwifery Care, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran. Electronic address:

Background And Aim: Fire is one of the major dangers that cause many casualty, injuries and property damages every year worldwide. Most of these losses occur in low- and middle-income countries. Exploring the stakeholders experience is a great source for understanding factors affecting the prevention of fires and its related injuries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2020.05.033DOI Listing
May 2020
2.137 Impact Factor

Effectiveness of robot-assisted gait training on patients with burns: a preliminary study.

Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin 2020 May 29:1-6. Epub 2020 May 29.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Hangang Sacred Heart Hospital, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Seoul, Korea.

Gait enables individuals to move forward and is considered a natural skill. However, gait disturbances are very common in patients with burn injury. Recent studies have emphasized the role of robot-assisted gait training (RAGT) in rehabilitation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10255842.2020.1769080DOI Listing

Effect of Combining Low Temperature Plasma, Negative Pressure Wound Therapy, and Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells on an Acute Skin Wound Healing Mouse Model.

Int J Mol Sci 2020 May 23;21(10). Epub 2020 May 23.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Hangang Sacred Heart Hospital, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Seoul 07247, Korea.

Low-temperature plasma (LTP; 3 min/day), negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT; 4 h/day), and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs; 1×10 cells/day) were used as mono- and combination therapy in an acute excisional skin wound-healing ICR mouse model. These therapies have been beneficial in treating wounds. We investigated the effectiveness of monotherapy with LTP, NPWT, and MSC and combination therapy with LTP + MSC, LTP + NPWT, NPWT + MSC, and LTP + NPWT + MSC on skin wounds in mice for seven consecutive days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms21103675DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7279345PMC

A case report of heterotopic ossification caused by high voltage electric injury.

J Burn Care Res 2020 May 26. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Burn and Plastic Surgery, Southeast Hospital Affiliated to Xiamen University, Zhangzhou, China.

This case report described the diagnosis and treatment of a patient with ectopic bone injury due to high pressure electric shock. A 24-years-old male patient suffered from burns that covered 50% of total body surface area, including on limbs and torso, after coming into contact with 10 Kv high-voltage electricity. A repeated Meek micrografting technique (MEEK) was applied for wound healing; skin grafts were cut into micrografts and expanded at a ratio of 1:4 to cover large areas after burn trauma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jbcr/iraa076DOI Listing

Stimulation of Stem Cell Niches and Tissue Regeneration in Mouse Skin by Switchable Protoporphyrin IX-Dependent Photogeneration of Reactive Oxygen Species In Situ.

J Vis Exp 2020 May 8(159). Epub 2020 May 8.

Department of Radiology, Rehabilitation & Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine, Complutense University.

Here, we describe a protocol to induce switchable in vivo photogeneration of endogenous reactive oxygen species (ROS) in mouse skin. This transient production of ROS in situ efficiently activates cell proliferation in stem cell niches and stimulates tissue regeneration as strongly manifested through the acceleration of burn healing and hair follicle growth processes. The protocol is based on a regulatable photodynamic treatment that treats the tissue with precursors of the endogenous photosensitizer protoporphyrin IX and further irradiates the tissue with red light under tightly controlled physicochemical parameters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3791/60859DOI Listing

A sectional complete denture for microstomic patients.

Dent Res J (Isfahan) 2020 Mar-Apr;17(2):162-166. Epub 2020 Mar 17.

Dental Material Research Center and Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Microstomic patients may experience a significant limitation in the mandibular opening. The prosthetic rehabilitation of microstomic patients presents difficulties at all stages, from preliminary impressions to prosthetic fabrication. This clinical report described the method of fabrication of sectional denture for patients with microstomia caused by burns. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7224258PMC

Résumé Des Tables Rondes Du 39ème Congrès De La SFB.

Ann Burns Fire Disasters 2019 Dec;32(4):321-330

Réanimation Chirurgicale et des Brûlés, CHU Nantes, Nantes, France.

This congress shared 3 main topics: inflammation - especially in the rehabilitation phase, fires and smoke inhalation, and flaps in sequelae. The first is reported by Valérie Chauvineau, the second by Ronan Le Floch and the third by Louise Pasquesoone. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7197910PMC
December 2019

Sepsis at ICU admission does not decrease 30-day survival in very old patients: a post-hoc analysis of the VIP1 multinational cohort study.

Ann Intensive Care 2020 May 13;10(1):56. Epub 2020 May 13.

Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Hospital Universitario Sagrat Cor, Viladomat 288, 08029, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: The number of intensive care patients aged ≥ 80 years (Very old Intensive Care Patients; VIPs) is growing. VIPs have high mortality and morbidity and the benefits of ICU admission are frequently questioned. Sepsis incidence has risen in recent years and identification of outcomes is of considerable public importance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13613-020-00672-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7221097PMC

Risk Factors Associated With the Progression From Acute to Chronic Neuropathic Pain After Burn-Related Injuries.

Ann Plast Surg 2020 Jun;84(6S Suppl 5):S382-S385

From the Departments of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

Background: Pain, unrelated to the initial thermal trauma itself, can result after burn injury and prolong the recovery/rehabilitation phase of the patient's care. This pain, after discharge from the burn unit, may be acute and self-limiting or chronic and contribute to long-term patient morbidity. The purposes of this study were to compare burn patients who had, after discharge from the burn unit, only acute pain with burn patients who developed chronic, neuropathic pain (CNP) and to determine risks factors for progression from acute to chronic pain in the setting of a burn center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SAP.0000000000002428DOI Listing

Validation of the Italian version of the Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease Pediatric Scale.

J Peripher Nerv Syst 2020 Jun 26;25(2):138-142. Epub 2020 May 26.

University of Sydney School of Health Sciences & Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

The Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease Pediatric Scale (CMTPedS) is a Rasch-built clinical outcome measure of disease severity. It is valid, reliable, and responsive to change for children and adolescents aged 3 to 20 years. The aim of this study was to translate and validate an Italian version of the CMTPedS using a validated framework of transcultural adaptation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jns.12383DOI Listing

Development of a novel neurogenic bowel patient reported outcome measure: the Spinal Cord Injury Patient Reported Outcome Measure of Bowel Function & Evacuation (SCI-PROBE).

Spinal Cord 2020 May 11. Epub 2020 May 11.

Department of Medicine, Division of Physiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

Study Design: Outcome measure item generation and reduction.

Objectives: To develop a patient reported outcome measure (PROM) addressing the impact of neurogenic bowel dysfunction (NBD) on individuals living with traumatic or nontraumatic spinal cord injury (SCI).

Setting: Tertiary rehabilitation center in Toronto, Canada. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41393-020-0467-xDOI Listing

Clinical Utility of Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy on Hypertrophic Scars of the Hand Caused by Burn Injury: A Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blinded Study.

J Clin Med 2020 May 7;9(5). Epub 2020 May 7.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Hangang Sacred Heart Hospital, College of Medicine Hallym University, Seoul 07247, Korea.

Postburn hypertrophic scarring is a common complication in burn injuries to the hands, often associated with impaired hand function. We evaluated the effects of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT), compared to a sham stimulation therapy, on hypertrophic scars of the hand caused by burn injury and investigated its effects on hand function. This was a double-blinded, randomized, controlled trial of 48 patients with a burn to their dominant right hand. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm9051376DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7290924PMC

Quality of Life in Adults with Lower Limb Burn Injury.

J Burn Care Res 2020 May 9. Epub 2020 May 9.

University of Health Sciences Lahore, Pakistan.

Background: Burn injury is an unpredictable incident which may result in the long-term disability. Complications after burn injury are most common for example contracture, hypertrophic scar or infection.

Methods: A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted at a burn unit in Pakistan, data was collected by "World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule v 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jbcr/iraa069DOI Listing

Feasibility of test administration and preliminary findings for cognitive control in the Burn 2 learn pilot randomised controlled trial.

J Sports Sci 2020 May 7:1-9. Epub 2020 May 7.

Priority Research Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Education, University of Newcastle , Callaghan, Australia.

The feasibility requirements of administering field-based cognitive assessments are rarely reported. We examined the feasibility of administering a group-based cognitive test battery in a school setting with older adolescents. Several types of reliability were also assessed in the control group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2020.1756673DOI Listing

Epidemiologic and Molecular Investigation of a MRSA Outbreak Caused by a Contaminated Bathtub for Carbon Dioxide Hydrotherapy and Review of the Literature.

Can J Infect Dis Med Microbiol 2020 14;2020:1613903. Epub 2020 Apr 14.

Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.

Methods: We conducted an outbreak investigation and performed a molecular typing of the outbreak strains with pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). In addition, we reviewed PubMed and the Outbreak Database for MRSA outbreaks related to hydrotherapy or other bathing activities.

Results: Four patients acquired nosocomial MRSA during the 4-week outbreak period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/1613903DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7181014PMC

A reverse transcriptase-mediated ribosomal RNA depletion (RTR2D) strategy for the cost-effective construction of RNA sequencing libraries.

J Adv Res 2020 Jul 2;24:239-250. Epub 2020 Jan 2.

Molecular Oncology Laboratory, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation Medicine, The University of Chicago Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60637, USA.

RNA sequencing (RNA-seq)-based whole transcriptome analysis (WTA) using ever-evolving next-generation sequencing technologies has become a primary tool for coding and/or noncoding transcriptome profiling. As WTA requires RNA-seq data for both coding and noncoding RNAs, one key step for obtaining high-quality RNA-seq data is to remove ribosomal RNAs, which can be accomplished by using various commercial kits. Nonetheless, an ideal rRNA removal method should be efficient, user-friendly and cost-effective so it can be adapted for homemade RNA-seq library construction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jare.2019.12.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7195496PMC

The War on COVID-19 Pandemic: Role of Rehabilitation Professionals and Hospitals.

Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2020 07;99(7):571-572

From the Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Speech and Hearing Clinic, University of Hawaii at Mānoa, John A. Burns School of Medicine, Honolulu, Hawaii (HLL); Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Richmond, Virginia (HLL, DXC); Burke Rehabilitation Hospital, White Plains, New York (MO-P); The Arthur S. Abramson Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Montefiore Health System, Bronx, New York (MO-P); US Department of Veterans Affairs, Montrose, Virginia (DXC); and Long-term Impact of Military-relevant Brain Injury Consortium - Chronic Effects of Neurotrauma Consortium (LIMBIC-CENC), Richmond, Virginia (DXC).

The global outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 has created an unprecedented challenge to the society. Currently, the United States stands as the most affected country, and the entire healthcare system is affected, from emergency department, intensive care unit, postacute care, outpatient, to home care. Considering the debility, neurological, pulmonary, neuromuscular, and cognitive complications, rehabilitation professionals can play an important role in the recovery process for individuals with coronavirus disease 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PHM.0000000000001460DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7268823PMC

[On the new classification of eye burns].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(2):134-142

S.M. Kirov Military Medical Academy, St. Petersburg, Russia.

The currently used classification of eye burns was proposed in 1973 by N.A. Puchkovskaya and V. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2020136021134DOI Listing
January 2020

Early rehabilitation of victims of traumatic ulnar injury using tendon transfer.

Injury 2020 Jul 21;51(7):1603-1607. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Department of Plastic Surgery Nil Ratan Sircar Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Background: Poor awareness among the patients and lack of resources for proper management of nerve injuries leads to delayed presentation of most traumatic ulnar nerve injuries. When this injury is present in the proximal forearm it leads to poor outcomes as Ulnar nerve repair with grafts takes a prolonged time to restore function. Addition of a tendon transfer to this procedure can allow patients to return to work earlier. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2020.04.007DOI Listing

Back pain from painful osteoporotic vertebral fractures: discrepancy between the actual fracture location and the location suggested by patient-reported pain or physical examination findings.

Osteoporos Int 2020 Apr 28. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Department of Spine Surgery, Center of Orthopedics, Daping Hospital (Army Medical Center of PLA), Army Medical University, No. 10 Changjiang Branch Road, Yuzhong District, Chongqing, China.

Caution is necessary when using symptom or physical examination findings to localize the osteoporotic vertebral fractures (VFs) attributable to the discrepant colocalized relationship.

Introduction: Whether the location of symptoms or physical examination findings delineates the appropriate spinal range for imaging has not been thoroughly investigated for VFs. The present study aims to analyze the consistency between the fractural vertebrae location and the location suggested by patient-reported pain or physical examination findings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00198-020-05434-9DOI Listing

Perceived Competence, Achievement Goals, and Return-To-Sport Outcomes: A Mediation Analysis.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 Apr 25;17(9). Epub 2020 Apr 25.

School of Medicine, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84101, USA.

The purpose of this study was to explore the potential mediating effect of achievement goals on perceived competence and return-to-sport outcomes among college athletes sustaining a sport injury. Altogether, 75 male and female college athletes from the United States who returned to sport after having missed competition for an average of 3 weeks due to injury, completed valid and reliable inventories measuring perceived competence, achievement goals, and return-to-sport outcomes. Results indicated that task-approach goals significantly mediated the relationship between perceived competence and a renewed sport perspective. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17092980DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7246734PMC

The biggest bang for the buck: cost-effective vegetation treatment outcomes across drylands of the western United States.

Ecol Appl 2020 Apr 27. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Utah Division of Wildlife Resources, Great Basin Research Center, Ephraim, Utah, 84627, USA.

Restoration and rehabilitation are globally implemented to improve ecosystem condition but often without tracking treatment expenditures relative to ecological outcomes. We evaluated the cost-effectiveness of widely conducted woody plant and herbaceous invasive plant removals and seeding treatments in drylands of the western United States from 2004 to 2018 to determine how land managers can optimize efforts. Woody plant cover decreased at a similar rate per dollar spent regardless of vegetation removal type, and the dominant invasive species was reduced by herbicide application. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eap.2151DOI Listing