106,841 results match your criteria Burn Rehabilitation


Non-GVHD ocular complications after hematopoietic cell transplantation: expert review from the Late Effects and Quality of Life Working Committee of the CIBMTR and Transplant Complications Working Party of the EBMT.

Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro, Madrid, Spain.

Non-graft-versus-host disease (non-GVHD) ocular complications are generally uncommon after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), but can cause prolonged morbidity affecting activities of daily living and quality of life. Here we provide an expert review of non-GVHD ocular complications in a collaboration between transplant physicians and ophthalmologists through the Late Effects and Quality of Life Working Committee of the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research and the Transplant Complications Working Party of the European Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation. Complications discussed in this review include cataracts, glaucoma, ocular infections, ocular involvement with malignancy, ischemic microvascular retinopathy, central retinal vein occlusion, retinal hemorrhage, retinal detachment and ocular toxicities associated with medications. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Body composition and sarcopenia: the next-generation of personalized oncology and pharmacology?

Pharmacol Ther 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Medical Oncology, CAncer Research for PErsonalized Medicine (CARPEM), Paris Centre Teaching Hospitals, Paris Descartes University, USPC, Paris, France.

Body composition has gained increasing attention in oncology in recent years due to fact that sarcopenia has been revealed to be a strong prognostic indicator for survival across multiple stages and cancer types and a predictive factor for toxicity and surgery complications. Accumulating evidence over the last decade has unraveled the "pharmacology" of sarcopenia. Lean body mass may be more relevant to define drug dosing than the "classical" body surface area or flat-fixed dosing in patients with cancer. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Uterine contractility changes in a perfused swine uterus model induced by local anesthetics procaine, lidocaine, and ropivacaine.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0206053. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Gynecological Endocrinology and Fertility Disorders, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.

Background: Local anesthetics (LAs) are increasingly used as therapeutics due to their multiple molecular effects. They may be potential agents also in gynecology and reproductive medicine. The objective of this study was to investigate the contractility response of the perfused swine uterus to different concentrations of the LAs procaine, lidocaine, and ropivacaine. Read More

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December 2018

Characterization of the Blister Fluid Proteome for Pediatric Burn Classification.

J Proteome Res 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Blister fluid (BF) is a novel and viable research matrix for burn injury study, which can reflect both systemic and local micro-environmental responses. The protein abundance in BF from different burn severities were initially observed using a 2D SDS-PAGE approach. Subsequently, a quantitative data independent acquisition (DIA) method - SWATHTM was employed to characterize the proteome of pediatric burn blister fluid. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Dermoscopic evaluation of melanocytic nevi changes after photoepilation techniques: a prospective study.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Dermatology Clinic - Department of Medical Science and Public Health, University of Cagliari, Via Ospedale 54, 09124, Cagliari, Italy.

Background: The clinical and dermoscopic changes of melanocytic nevi under the effects of photo-epilation are poorly known.

Objective: Prospective study on clinical and dermatoscopic effects of photoepilation on melanocytic nevi.

Methods: Eighteen patients exposed to photo-epilation gave consent to a follow-up program from 2008 to 2017 at the Videodermatoscopic Office of the Dermatology Clinic of Cagliari (Italy), with clinical and dermoscopic assessment. Read More

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December 2018

Colo-Pro: a pilot randomised controlled trial to compare standard bolus-dosed cefuroxime prophylaxis to bolus-continuous infusion-dosed cefuroxime prophylaxis for the prevention of infections after colorectal surgery.

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Old Medical School, Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds, LS1 3EX, UK.

Standard bolus-dosed antibiotic prophylaxis may not inhibit growth of antibiotic resistant colonic bacteria, a cause of SSIs after colorectal surgery. An alternative strategy is continuous administration of antibiotic throughout surgery, maintaining concentrations of antibiotics that inhibit growth of resistant bacteria. This study is a pilot comparing bolus-continuous infusion with bolus-dosed cefuroxime prophylaxis in colorectal surgery. Read More

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December 2018

Tri-culture system for pro-hapten sensitizer identification and potency classification.

Technology (Singap World Sci) 2018 Jun 29;6(2):67-74. Epub 2018 Jun 29.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, 599 Taylor Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA.

Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) is an inflammatory disease that impacts 15-20% of the general population and accurate screening methods for chemical risk assessment are needed. However, most approaches poorly predict pre- and pro-hapten sensitizers, which require abiotic or metabolic conversion prior to inducing sensitization. We developed a tri-culture system comprised of MUTZ-3-derived Langerhans cells, HaCaT keratinocytes, and primary dermal fibroblasts to mimic the cellular and metabolic environments of skin sensitization. Read More

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June 2018
2 Reads

Prospective randomised controlled trial of Algisite™ M, Cuticerin™, and Sorbact® as donor site dressings in paediatric split-thickness skin grafts.

Burns Trauma 2018 27;6:33. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Pegg Leditschke Children's Burns Centre, Queensland Children's Hospital, Children's Health Queensland Hospital and Health Service, South Brisbane, Queensland Australia.

Background: This is a parallel three-arm prospective randomised controlled trial (RCT) comparing Algisite™ M, Cuticerin™, and Sorbact® as donor site dressings in paediatric split-thickness skin grafts (STSG). All three were in current use within the Pegg Leditschke Children's Burn centre (PLCBC), the largest paediatric burns centre in Queensland, Australia. Our objective was to find the best performing dressing, following on from previous trials designed to rationalise dressings for the burn wound itself. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Cognitive Profiles and Atrophy Ratings on MRI in Senior Patients With Mild Cognitive Impairment.

Front Aging Neurosci 2018 21;10:384. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

In this cross-sectional study, we sought to describe cognitive and neuroimaging profiles of Memory clinic patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). 51 MCI patients and 51 controls, matched on age, sex, and socio-economic status (SES), were assessed with an extensive neuropsychological test battery that included a measure of intelligence (General Ability Index, "GAI," from WAIS-IV), and structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MCI subtypes were determined after inclusion, and z-scores normalized to our control group were generated for each cognitive domain in each MCI participant. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Efficacy of a repair cream containing Rhealba oat plantlets extract l-ALA-l-GLU dipeptide, and hyaluronic acid in wound healing following dermatological acts: a meta-analysis of >2,000 patients in eight countries corroborated by a dermatopediatric clinical case.

Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol 2018 13;11:579-589. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Pierre Fabre Dermo-Cosmétique, A-DERMA, Lavaur, France,

Background: The frequency of dermatological acts is increasing. These procedures often cause injuries and traumatic alterations in specific skin layers, slowing down wound healing.

Patients And Methods: An open observational study lasting 1 month was conducted on 2,363 patients who had undergone various dermatological procedures. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Differential effects of type 1 diabetes mellitus and subsequent osteoblastic β-catenin activation on trabecular and cortical bone in a mouse model.

Exp Mol Med 2018 Dec 5;50(12):158. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

State Key Laboratory of Trauma, Burn and Combined Injury, Department of War Wound Rescue Skills Training, Base of Army Health Service Training, Army Medical University, 400038, ChongQing, China.

Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a pathological condition associated with osteopenia. WNT/β-catenin signaling is implicated in this process. Trabecular and cortical bone respond differently to WNT/β-catenin signaling in healthy mice. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Prolonged length of stay in the emergency department and increased risk of hospital mortality in patients with sepsis requiring ICU admission.

Emerg Med J 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Internal Medicine, Mercer University School of Medicine, Macon, Georgia, USA.

Background And Objectives: Delayed patient admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) from the ED is common in China. Patients with severe sepsis or septic shock requiring ICU admission are in need of specialised monitoring and tailored treatment. Delayed admission to the ICU might be associated with adverse clinical outcomes for patients with sepsis. Read More

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December 2018
1.776 Impact Factor

Patient safety after implementation of a coproduced family centered communication programme: multicenter before and after intervention study.

BMJ 2018 Dec 5;363:k4764. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Objective: To determine whether medical errors, family experience, and communication processes improved after implementation of an intervention to standardize the structure of healthcare provider-family communication on family centered rounds.

Design: Prospective, multicenter before and after intervention study.

Setting: Pediatric inpatient units in seven North American hospitals, 17 December 2014 to 3 January 2017. Read More

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December 2018

Increased risk of chronic fatigue syndrome following burn injuries.

J Transl Med 2018 Dec 5;16(1):342. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, United States.

Background: The overlapping symptoms and pathophysiological similarities between burn injury and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) are noteworthy. Thus, this study explores the possible association between burn injury and the subsequent risk of CFS.

Method: We used data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance system to address the research topic. Read More

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December 2018

Accuracy of Children's Perceived Skill Competence and its Association With Physical Activity.

J Phys Act Health 2018 Dec 5:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Background: Perceived movement competence is important in the relationship between actual competence and physical activity (PA). This study examines the accuracy of children's perceptions and investigates the relationship between perceived competence (PC) and PA.

Methods: Data collected were part of Project Spraoi, a PA and nutrition-based intervention. Read More

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December 2018

Management of bacterial skin and skin structure infections with polymicrobial aetiology.

Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

b AORN dei Colli Dept of Infectious Diseases , Naples , Italy .

Introduction: Skin and Soft Tissue Infections (SSTIs) are some of the most commonly occurring bacterial infections, with a wide range of possible aetiological pathogens and a considerable variety of clinical presentations and severity; from mild to severe life-threatening infections. Several classifications have been proposed based on a specific variable, such as anatomical localization, skin extension, progression rate, clinical presentation, severity and etiological agent. Areas covered: The last criteria allows the differentiation of SSTIs as mono-microbial and poly-microbial. Read More

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December 2018

How Would You Manage This Patient With Gout?: Grand Rounds Discussion From Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center.

Ann Intern Med 2018 Dec;169(11):788-795

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts (R.B.B., C.C.S., R.H.S., A.T.).

Gout is the most common form of inflammatory arthritis. In 2012, the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) issued a guideline, which was followed in 2017 by one from the American College of Physicians (ACP). The guidelines agree on treating acute gout with a corticosteroid, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, or colchicine and on not initiating long-term urate-lowering therapy (ULT) for most patients after a first gout attack and in those whose attacks are infrequent (<2 per year). Read More

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December 2018

Increased Hematocrit Due to Electrical-Waveform Exposures in Splenectomized Sus scrofa.

J Forensic Sci 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Bioeffects Division, Airman Systems Directorate, 711th Human Performance Wing, U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory, Joint Base San Antonio, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, 78234.

In laboratory studies of the pig Sus scrofa, hematocrit has consistently increased after conducted-electrical-weapon (CEW) exposures, possibly due to contraction of the spleen. Splenectomized animals and intact sham control animals were exposed, each for 30 sec, to a benchtop-produced electrical waveform of net charge levels similar to those of some CEWs. Changes in the blood were compared statistically. Read More

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December 2018

Complex abdominopelvic reconstruction by combined tensor fascia latae and superficial circumflex iliac artery perforator flaps.

Microsurgery 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Plastic, Reconstructive, Aesthetic Surgery and Burns, CHRU Rangueil, Toulouse, France.

Background: Extensive full thickness abdominopelvic defects pose a difficult challenge to surgeons. Autologous tissues are versatile and can provide a satisfying reconstructive option for this type of defects. The tensor fascia latae (TFL) and superficial circumflex iliac perforator (SCIP) flaps provide a large area of vascularized tissue and their use in reconstructive surgery is well-known. Read More

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December 2018

Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticle/Gelatin: A Potential Burn Wound Healing Biomaterial.

Wounds 2018 Dec;30(12):372-379

University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.

Introduction: Over the past few decades, the application of nanotechnology has gained progressive interest for the regeneration of injured and burned tissues.

Objective: This study evaluates the effects of titanium dioxide (TiO₂) nanoparticle (NP)/gelatin on burn wound healing in mice.

Materials And Methods: Sixty healthy male BALB/c mice with a full-thickness burn wound were randomized into 4 experimental groups of 15 animals each: (1) control group was treated with normal saline; (2) gelatin group was treated with gelatin-based ointment; (3) silver sulfadiazine group was treated with silver sulfadiazine 1% ointment; and (4) TiO₂ NP/gelatin group (TNG) received TiO₂ NP/gelatin. Read More

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December 2018

Ultraviolet radiation, both UVA and UVB, influences the composition of the skin microbiome.

Exp Dermatol 2018 Dec 2. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Department of Dermatology, University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), Birmingham, AL.

Background: Studies have begun to investigate the complex relationship between host and microorganisms in non-infectious pathologies such as acne, atopic dermatitis, and psoriasis. Though the skin is exposed to environmental stressors such as ultraviolet radiation (UVR), no studies exist examining the effects of both UVA and UVB on the skin microbiome.

Objective: To test the effect of UVA and UVB on human skin microbiome. Read More

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December 2018

High-Risk Comorbidity Combinations in Older Patients Undergoing Emergency General Surgery.

J Am Geriatr Soc 2018 Dec 2. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Department of Population and Quantitative Health Sciences, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio.

Background/objectives: Over a million older patients in the United States are admitted yearly for emergency general surgery (EGS) conditions. Seven procedure types dominate: colon, small bowel, gallbladder, ulcer disease, adhesiolysis, appendix, and laparotomy operations. A higher comorbidity burden is known to increase mortality in this population, but the impact of specific comorbidity combinations is unknown. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Salmon fibrinogen and chitosan scaffold for tissue engineering: in vitro and in vivo evaluation.

J Mater Sci Mater Med 2018 Nov 30;29(12):182. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Immunology, Institute of Biomedicine and Translational Medicine, University of Tartu, 50411, Tartu, Estonia.

3D fibrous scaffolds have received much recent attention in regenerative medicine. Use of fibrous scaffolds has shown promising results in tissue engineering and wound healing. Here we report the development and properties of a novel fibrous scaffold that is useful for promoting wound healing. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Cutaneous Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy: A Diagnostic Challenge for Dermatologist.

Indian Dermatol Online J 2018 Nov-Dec;9(6):435-437

Department of Psychaitry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

Munchausen syndrome by proxy (MSBP) is a rare psychiatric disorder of a caregiver (commonly mother) who induces injury or symptoms on victim because of his or her psychiatry illness. The victims are usually under 6 years of age who cannot complain regarding inflicted injury. Diagnosis is challenging to the physician. Read More

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December 2018

Early discharge after lung resection is safe: 10-year experience.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Oct;10(10):5870-5878

Division of Thoracic and Esophageal Surgery, Department of Surgery, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center and Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Background: The average hospitalization after lung resection is 6 days, but some patients are discharged early in the post-operative period. The patient factors associated with early discharge (ED) and the safety of this approach are unknown. We hypothesized that specific patient populations are associated with ED, and that complications in this practice are low. Read More

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October 2018

Large adipose tissue generation in a mussel-inspired bioreactor of elastic-mimetic cryogel and platelets.

J Tissue Eng 2018 Jan-Dec;9:2041731418808633. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Soft tissue generation, especially in large tissue, is a major challenge in reconstructive surgery to treat congenital deformities, posttraumatic repair, and cancer rehabilitation. The concern is along with the donor site morbidity, donor tissue shortage, and flap necrosis. Here, we report a dissection-free adipose tissue chamber-based novel guided adipose tissue regeneration strategy in a bioreactor of elastic gelatin cryogel and polydopamine-assisted platelet immobilization intended to improve angiogenesis and generate large adipose tissue in situ. Read More

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November 2018

Reply - Management of vascular anomalies: Review of institutional management algorithm.

Indian J Plast Surg 2018 May-Aug;51(2):255-257

Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Burn Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

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December 2018

Encounter of plastic surgeons with pentazocine abuse: Lack of awareness or information overloaded.

Indian J Plast Surg 2018 May-Aug;51(2):250-252

Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India.

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December 2018

An important superficial vein of the radial aspect of the forearm: An anatomical study.

Indian J Plast Surg 2018 May-Aug;51(2):231-234

Department of Anatomy, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India.

Introduction: The superficial veins of upper limbs are seldom talked about. They are always avoided quoting them to be variable in anatomy. Other than the cephalic and basilic veins, no other superficial vein has caught the eyes of anatomists and other health professionals significantly. Read More

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December 2018

Adipofascial perforator flaps: Its role in reconstruction of soft-tissue defects of lower leg and ankle.

Indian J Plast Surg 2018 May-Aug;51(2):216-221

Department of Burns, Plastic and Maxillofacial Surgery, Safdarjung Hospital and VMMC, New Delhi, India.

Background: Despite advances in surgical skills, adipofascial flaps are still less preferred option for coverage of leg defect. We evaluate the use of perforator-based adipofascial flap in small-to-medium-sized soft-tissue defects in the lower limb.

Patients And Methods: After localisation of perforators along the major axial vessels in the lower limb using handheld Doppler, adipofascial flap based on the nearest best perforator of anterior tibial artery, posterior tibial artery and peroneal artery was raised to cover soft-tissue defect in 21 patients. Read More

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December 2018

The role of plastic and reconstructive surgeon in trauma care: Perspectives from a Level 1 trauma centre in India.

Indian J Plast Surg 2018 May-Aug;51(2):170-176

Department of Plastic Reconstructive and Burns Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Background: As the morbidity and mortality due to trauma are ever increasing, there is proportionally growing need of trauma care facilities across the country. In the context of expanding designated trauma care facilities, the role of plastic and reconstructive surgeon needs to be analysed and defined at least at a Level 1 trauma centre.

Materials And Methods: We included the patients who were operated under the department of plastic, reconstructive & burns surgery at a Level 1 urban trauma centre between January 2016 and December 2017. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Oral cholera vaccination in hard-to-reach communities, Lake Chilwa, Malawi.

Bull World Health Organ 2018 Dec 27;96(12):817-825. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Epicentre, 8 rue Saint-Sabin, 75011 Paris, France.

Objective: To evaluate vaccination coverage, identify reasons for non-vaccination and assess satisfaction with two innovative strategies for distributing second doses in an oral cholera vaccine campaign in 2016 in Lake Chilwa, Malawi, in response to a cholera outbreak.

Methods: We performed a two-stage cluster survey. The population interviewed was divided in three strata according to the second-dose vaccine distribution strategy: (i) a standard strategy in 1477 individuals (68 clusters of 5 households) on the lake shores; (ii) a simplified cold-chain strategy in 1153 individuals (59 clusters of 5 households) on islands in the lake; and (iii) an out-of-cold-chain strategy in 295 fishermen (46 clusters of 5 to 15 fishermen) in floating homes, called . Read More

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December 2018

Impact of an Acinetobacter baumannii outbreak on kidney events in a burn unit: A targeted machine learning analysis.

Am J Infect Control 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

AP-HP, GH St-Louis-Lariboisière, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care and Burn Unit, Paris, France; Université Paris Diderot, Paris, France; UMR INSERM 942, Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM), Paris, France; F-CRIN, INICRCT Network, Paris, France.. Electronic address:

Background: Multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria outbreaks represent a major threat in intensive care units. Patients may then be exposed to drug-related direct toxicity during such outbreaks. The objective of this study was to explore the impact of an outbreak of imipenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (IR-AB) on renal outcomes. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Synthesis and characterization of pyridoxine, nicotine and nicotinamide salts of dithiophosphoric acids as antibacterial agents against resistant wound infection.

Bioorg Med Chem 2018 Nov 13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Institute of Fundamental Medicine and Biology, Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University, 420008 Kazan, 18 Kremlyovskaya St., Russia. Electronic address:

The pyridine-derived biomolecules are of considerable interest in developing medicinal compounds with various specific activities. Novel ammonium salts of pyridoxine, (S)-(-)-nicotine and nicotinamide with O,O-diorganyl dithiophosphoric acids (DTPA) were synthesized and characterized. The complexation of chiral monoterpenyl DTPA, including (S)-(-)-menthyl, (R)-(+)-menthyl, (1R)-endo-(+)-fenchyl, (1S,2S,3S,5R)-(+)-isopinocampheolyl derivatives, with pyridoxine and nicotine provided effective antibacterial compounds 3a,b,e,f, and 5a,b,d,f with MIC values against Gram-positive bacteria as low as 10 µM (6 µg/mL). Read More

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November 2018

Plasma Ameliorates Endothelial Dysfunction in Burn Injury.

J Surg Res 2019 Jan 22;233:459-466. Epub 2018 Sep 22.

Firefighters' Burn and Surgical Research Laboratory, MedStar Health Research Institute, Washington, DC; The Burn Center, Department of Surgery, MedStar Washington Hospital Center, Washington, DC. Electronic address:

Background: A complex inflammatory response mediates the systemic effects of burn shock. Disruption of the endothelial glycocalyx causes shedding of structural glycoproteins, primarily syndecan-1 (SDC-1), leading to endothelial dysfunction. These effects may be mitigated by resuscitative interventions. Read More

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January 2019

Do Autopsies Still Matter? The Influence of Autopsy Data on Final Injury Severity Score Calculations.

J Surg Res 2019 Jan 22;233:453-458. Epub 2018 Sep 22.

Division of Trauma and Burns, Department of Surgery, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. Electronic address:

Background: Despite a proven record of identifying injuries missed during clinical evaluation, the effect of autopsy on injury severity score (ISS) calculation is unknown. We hypothesized that autopsy data would alter final ISS and improve the accuracy of outcome data analyses.

Materials And Methods: All trauma deaths from January 2010 through June 2014 were reviewed. Read More

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January 2019

Failure to Rescue After Emergency General Surgery in Geriatric Patients: Does Frailty Matter?

J Surg Res 2019 Jan 17;233:397-402. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Division of Trauma, Critical Care, Emergency Surgery, and Burns, Department of Surgery, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona. Electronic address:

Background: Failure to rescue (FTR) is considered as an index of quality of care provided by a hospital. However, the role of frailty in FTR remains unclear. We hypothesized that the FTR rate is higher for frail geriatric emergency general surgery (EGS) patients than nonfrail geriatric EGS patients. Read More

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January 2019

A High Ratio of Plasma: RBC Improves Survival in Massively Transfused Injured Children.

J Surg Res 2019 Jan 31;233:213-220. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, Texas. Electronic address:

Background: Massive transfusion protocols with balanced blood product ratios have been associated with improved outcomes in adult trauma. The impact on pediatric trauma is unclear.

Material And Methods: A retrospective review of the Pediatric Trauma Quality Improvement Program data set was performed using data from January 2015 to December 2016. Read More

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January 2019

Day of Hospital Admission and Effect on Outcomes: The Weekend Effect in Acute Gallstone Pancreatitis.

J Surg Res 2019 Jan 31;233:192-198. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Division of Trauma, Critical Care, Emergency Surgery, and Burns, Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona. Electronic address:

Background: The aim of our study was to evaluate outcomes in patients who are admitted on weekend compared with those admitted on a weekday for acute gallstone pancreatitis.

Methods: We performed a 3-y (2010-2012) analysis of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database. Patients with acute gallstone pancreatitis who underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) were included and were divided into two groups: admission on the weekend versus the weekday. Read More

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January 2019

Radiographic and Clinical Factors in Pediatric Patients With Surgical Small-bowel Intussusception.

J Surg Res 2019 Jan 27;233:167-172. Epub 2018 Aug 27.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of General Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana. Electronic address:

Background: When evaluating a pediatric patient with abdominal pain, identification of a small bowel-to-small bowel intussusception (SBI) on radiologic imaging can create a diagnostic dilemma. The clinical significance and need for surgical exploration of SBI is highly variable, as most of them are considered clinically insignificant. We hypothesize that combination of clinical and radiologic factors in an exclusively SBI population will yield factors that guide the clinician in making operative decisions. Read More

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January 2019

Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy is Safe Both Day and Night.

J Surg Res 2019 Jan 24;233:163-166. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

Division of Burns, Department of Surgery, Trauma and Critical Care, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas.

Background: It is reported that performing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) at night leads to increased rates of complications and conversion to open. We hypothesize that it is safe to perform LC at night in appropriately selected patients.

Materials And Methods: We performed a retrospective review of nonelective LC in adults at our institution performed between April 2007 and February 2015. Read More

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January 2019

The ultra postage stamp skingraft.

Burns 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Plastic Surgery, 50 Leopoldsplein, Hasselt 3500, Belgium.

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November 2018

The Preparation of Cyclic Butylene Terephthalate Fibers with Novel Morphology Based on Melt Electrospinning.

J Nanosci Nanotechnol 2019 May;19(5):3012-3015

College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun, 130012, P. R. China.

Electrospinning of low molecular weight compounds is relatively under-investigated compared to that of polymers. In this paper, cyclic butylene terephthalate oligomers (CBT) were fabricated into a novel fiber structure without any carrier polymer or template via melt electrospinning technique. The electrospun CBT fibers were prepared at 190 °C and characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Read More

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Implementation of the foil-on-hohlraum technique for the magnetic recoil spectrometer for time-resolved neutron measurements at the National Ignition Facility.

Rev Sci Instrum 2018 Nov;89(11):113508

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA.

The next-generation Magnetic Recoil Spectrometer, called MRSt, will provide time-resolved measurements of the deuterium-tritium-neutron spectrum from inertial confinement fusion implosions at the National Ignition Facility. These measurements will provide critical information about the time evolution of the fuel assembly, hot-spot formation, and nuclear burn. The absolute neutron spectrum in the energy range of 12-16 MeV will be measured with high accuracy (∼5%), unprecedented energy resolution (∼100 keV) and, for the first time ever, time resolution (∼20 ps). Read More

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November 2018

Dendritic cell-expressed common gamma-chain recruits IL-15 for trans-presentation at the murine immunological synapse.

Wellcome Open Res 2018 17;3:84. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust, London, WC1N 3JH, UK.

Mutations of the common cytokine receptor gamma chain (γc) cause Severe Combined Immunodeficiency characterized by absent T and NK cell development. Although stem cell therapy restores these lineages, residual immune defects are observed that may result from selective persistence of γc-deficiency in myeloid lineages. However, little is known about the contribution of myeloid-expressed γc to protective immune responses. Read More

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October 2018

Mindfulness in allied health and social care professional education: a scoping review.

Disabil Rehabil 2018 Dec 5:1-13. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

a School of Occupational Therapy , Western University , London , Canada.

Background: Investigations into the use of mindfulness with allied health and social care students, many of whom ultimately work in rehabilitation settings, is in the nascent stages and no systematic mapping of the literature has occurred. The purpose of this scoping review was to identify, summarise, and describe the current state of knowledge on mindfulness in allied health and social care professional education.

Methods: Arksey and O'Malley's scoping review methodology was adopted. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads