10,602 results match your criteria Bulletin of the World Health Organization[Journal]


Finance, data and technology initiatives for noncommunicable disease control.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb 21;97(2):166-168. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Tampere, P.O. Box 100, 33014, Tampere, Finland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.220558DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357561PMC
February 2019

Systems approaches to global and national physical activity plans.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb 19;97(2):162-165. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Prevention of Noncommunicable Diseases Department, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.220533DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357559PMC
February 2019

Climate change, air pollution and noncommunicable diseases.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb 19;97(2):160-161. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Department of Public Health, Environmental and Social Determinants of Health, World Health Organization, avenue Appia 20, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland.

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/2/18-224295.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.224295DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357572PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Development of a sweetened beverage tax, Philippines.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb 1;97(2):154-159. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Strategy, Economics and Results Group, Department of Finance, Manila, Philippines.

Problem: Both sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and the incidence of obesity have increased in the Philippines in recent years.

Approach: A proposal to tax sugar-sweetened beverages was introduced in the House of Representatives and merged into a proposed comprehensive Tax Reform for Acceleration and Inclusion (TRAIN) Bill to increase the likelihood of acceptance. The health department and finance department recommended a policy that would maximize benefits to both public health and government revenue. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/2/18-220459.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.220459DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357562PMC
February 2019
4 Reads

Integrating noncommunicable disease services into primary health care, Botswana.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb 8;97(2):142-153. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

Despite the rising burden of noncommunicable diseases, access to quality decentralized noncommunicable disease services remain limited in many low- and middle-income countries. Here we describe the strategies we employed to drive the process from adaptation to national endorsement and implementation of the . The strategies included detailed multilevel assessment with broad stakeholder inputs and in-depth analysis of local data; leveraging academic partnerships; facilitating development of supporting policy instruments; and embedding noncommunicable disease guidelines within broader primary health-care guidelines in keeping with the health ministry strategic direction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.221424DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357568PMC
February 2019

Implementation of national action plans on noncommunicable diseases, Bhutan, Cambodia, Indonesia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Viet Nam.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb 19;97(2):129-141. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

International Health Policy Program, Ministry of Public Health, Tivanond Road, Muang District, Nonthaburi 11000, Thailand.

By 2016, Member States of the World Health Organization (WHO) had developed and implemented national action plans on noncommunicable diseases in line with the In 2018, we assessed the implementation status of the recommended best-buy noncommunicable diseases interventions in seven Asian countries: Bhutan, Cambodia, Indonesia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Viet Nam. We gathered data from a range of published reports and directly from health ministries. We included interventions that addressed the use of tobacco and alcohol, inadequate physical activity and high salt intake, as well as health-systems responses, and we identified gaps and proposed solutions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.220483DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357573PMC
February 2019

The palm oil industry and noncommunicable diseases.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb 8;97(2):118-128. Epub 2018 Jan 8.

College of Medicine and Health, University of Exeter, Exeter, England.

Large-scale industries do not operate in isolation, but have tangible impacts on human and planetary health. An often overlooked actor in the fight against noncommunicable diseases is the palm oil industry. The dominance of palm oil in the food processing industry makes it the world's most widely produced vegetable oil. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/2/18-220434.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.220434DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357563PMC
February 2019
5 Reads

Legal capacities required for prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb 20;97(2):108-117. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Health Systems Development Department, World Health Organization Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, Cairo, Egypt.

Law lies at the centre of successful national strategies for prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases. By law we mean international agreements, national and subnational legislation, regulations and other executive instruments, and decisions of courts and tribunals. However, the vital role of law in global health development is often poorly understood, and eclipsed by other disciplines such as medicine, public health and economics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.213777DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357565PMC
February 2019

Modelling the impact of a tax on sweetened beverages in the Philippines: an extended cost-effectiveness analysis.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb 5;97(2):97-107. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Department of Science and Technology, Manila, Philippines.

Objective: To assess the potential impact of a new tax on sweetened beverages on premature deaths associated with noncommunicable diseases in the Philippines.

Methods: In January 2018, the Philippines began imposing a tax of 6 Philippine pesos per litre (around 13%) on sweetened beverages to curb the obesity burden. Using national data sources, we conducted an extended cost-effectiveness analysis to estimate the effect of the tax on the numbers of premature deaths averted attributed to type 2 diabetes mellitus, ischaemic heart disease and stroke, across income quintiles over the period 2018-2037. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.219980DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357567PMC
February 2019

World Trade Organization membership and changes in noncommunicable disease risk factors: a comparative interrupted time-series analysis, 1980-2013.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb 6;97(2):83-96A. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Health Policy and Management, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA.

Objective: To investigate the relationship between joining the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the availability of several commodities with both harmful and protective effects for the development of noncommunicable diseases.

Methods: We used a natural experiment design to compare trends in the domestic supply of tobacco, alcohol and seven food groups, between 1980 and 2013, in 21 countries or territories joining WTO after 1995 and 26 non-member countries, using propensity score weights. We applied a comparative interrupted time-series framework, by using multivariate random-effects linear models, adjusted for gross domestic product per capita, the percentages of urban population and female labour force participation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.218057DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357569PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Kalpana Balakrishnan: the power of data to drive positive change.

Authors:

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb;97(2):81-82

Gary Humphreys talks to Kalpana Balakrishnan about her background in biophysics and how science has informed her public health work. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.030219DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357574PMC
February 2019

Air pollution in Mongolia.

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Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb;97(2):79-80

Starting in May, the government of Mongolia will introduce a coal burning ban in the capital, Ulaanbaatar, as part of efforts to clean up the city's air. Implementing the ban is going to be a challenge, but reducing air pollution is of fundamental importance to improving population health. Sophie Cousins reports. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.020219DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357570PMC
February 2019

Public health round-up.

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Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb;97(2):77-78

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.010219DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357566PMC
February 2019

Implications of self-care for health service provision.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb;97(2):76-76A

Defeat NCD Partnership, United Nations Office for Project Services, Geneva, Switzerland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.228890DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357575PMC
February 2019

Actions needed to prevent noncommunicable diseases and improve mental health.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb;97(2):75-75A

Health, Nutrition and Population Global Practice, The World Bank Group, Washington DC, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.228700DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357564PMC
February 2019

Overcoming internal challenges and external threats to noncommunicable disease control.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb;97(2):74-74A

International Health Policy Program, Ministry of Public Health, Tiwanon Road, Muang District, Nonthaburi 11000, Thailand.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.228809DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357571PMC
February 2019

Guidelines for contributors.

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Bull World Health Organ 2019 Jan;97(1):71-72

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.960119DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307508PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Indigenous language and inequitable maternal health care, Guatemala, Mexico, Peru and the Plurinational State of Bolivia.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Jan 31;97(1):59-67. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Public Health Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alcalá, Crtra Madrid-Barcelona Km 33.6, Alcalá de Henares, 28871, Spain.

Latin America and the Caribbean still have high maternal mortality rates and access to health care is very uneven in some countries. Indigenous women, in particular, have poorer maternal health outcomes than the majority of the population and are less likely to benefit from health-care services. Therefore, inequities in maternal health between different ethnic groups should be monitored to identify critical factors that could limit health-care coverage. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/1/18-216184.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.216184DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307509PMC
January 2019
14 Reads

Canine rabies control and human exposure 1951-2015, Guangzhou, China.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Jan 27;97(1):51-58. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Guangzhou Center for Disease Control and Prevention, No. 1 Qi De road, Baiyun District, Guangzhou, China.

Objective: To describe changes in rabies surveillance and management in Guangzhou, China between 1951 and 2015, and to analyse human rabies cases over that period.

Methods: Rabies control policies and strategies implemented by the Guangzhou government were reviewed for three periods: 1951 to 1978, 1979 to 2000 and 2001 to 2015. Data on human rabies deaths and exposure were obtained from Guangzhou and national health and disease records. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/1/18-217372.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.217372DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307510PMC
January 2019
8 Reads

National age-of-consent laws and adolescent HIV testing in sub-Saharan Africa: a propensity-score matched study.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Jan 20;97(1):42-50. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Division of Adolescent Medicine, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada.

Objective: To estimate the association between legal age of consent and coverage of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing among adolescents in countries with high HIV-burden.

Methods: We analysed data from adolescents aged 15-18 years, who participated in Demographic and Health Surveys or AIDS Indicator Surveys between 2011 and 2016, in 15 sub-Saharan African countries. To improve balance in the distribution of measured individual- and country-level characteristics, we used propensity score matching between adolescents in countries with more versus less restrictive age-of-consent laws (≤ 15 years versus ≥ 16 years). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.212993DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307515PMC
January 2019
1 Read

HIV prevalence in young people and children living on the streets, Kenya.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Jan 6;97(1):33-41. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

School of Medicine, Moi University College of Health Sciences, Eldoret, Kenya.

Objective: To obtain an estimate of the size of, and human immunodeficiency (HIV) prevalence among, young people and children living on the streets of Eldoret, Kenya.

Methods: We counted young people and children using a point-in-time approach, ensuring we reached our target population by engaging relevant community leaders during the planning of the study. We acquired point-in-time count data over a period of 1 week between the hours of 08:00 and 23:00, from both a stationary site and by mobile teams. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.210211DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307507PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Using the polio programme to deliver primary health care in Nigeria: implementation research.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Jan 6;97(1):24-32. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

National Primary Health Care Development Agency, Ministry of Health, Abuja, Nigeria.

Objective: To evaluate a project that integrated essential primary health-care services into the oral polio vaccine programme in hard-to-reach, underserved communities in northern Nigeria.

Methods: In 2013, Nigeria's polio emergency operation centre adopted a new approach to rapidly raise polio immunity and reduce newborn, child and maternal morbidity and mortality. We identified, trained and equipped eighty-four mobile health teams to provide free vaccination and primary-care services in 3176 hard-to-reach settlements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.211565DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307512PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Multimorbidity and care for hypertension, diabetes and HIV among older adults in rural South Africa.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Jan 31;97(1):10-23. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, USA.

Objective: To examine how multimorbidity might affect progression along the continuum of care among older adults with hypertension, diabetes and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in rural South Africa.

Methods: We analysed data from 4447 people aged 40 years or older who were enrolled in a longitudinal study in Agincourt sub-district. Household-based interviews were completed between November 2014 and November 2015. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/1/18-217000.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.217000DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307505PMC
January 2019
7 Reads

Catalina Devandas Aguilar: empowering people with disabilities.

Authors:

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Jan;97(1):8-9

Catalina Devandas Aguilar talks to Stephanie Cheng about the impact of the 2008 the importance of listening to people living with disabilities and what United Nations agencies can do to support their further empowerment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.030119DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307513PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Zika: the continuing threat.

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Bull World Health Organ 2019 Jan;97(1):6-7

The steep decline in Zika cases since 2016 has led to a perception that the threat posed by the virus has diminished. Recent outbreaks and global spread underline the need for continued vigilance. Tatum Anderson and Gary Humphreys report. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/1/19-020119.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.020119DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307503PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Public health round-up.

Authors:

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Jan;97(1):4-5

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.010119DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307506PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Proxy indicators for antibiotic consumption; surveillance needed to control antimicrobial resistance.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Jan;97(1):3-3A

Essential Medicines and Health Products, World Health Organization, avenue Appia 20, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland.

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/1/18-227348.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.227348DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307504PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Corrigendum.

Authors:

Bull World Health Organ 2018 12;96(12):864

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.2471/BLT.18. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.101218DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249709PMC
December 2018
1 Read

The natural environment: a critical missing link in national action plans on antimicrobial resistance.

Bull World Health Organ 2018 Dec 10;96(12):858-860. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Department of Environment and Geography, University of York, York, England.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.210898DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249705PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Improving access to antidotes and antivenoms, Thailand.

Bull World Health Organ 2018 Dec 29;96(12):853-857. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, 270 Rama 6 Road, Thung Phayathai Subdistrict, Ratchathewi District, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand.

Problem: Historically in Thailand, access to poison antidotes was limited and antivenom stock management was inefficient.

Approach: In 2010, the country established a national antidote programme, which created national and subnational antidote stocks, managed their distribution and trained health-care providers on clinical management and antidote use. In 2013, the programme incorporated antivenoms to improve stock management and avoid wastage due to stock expiry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.217075DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249700PMC
December 2018
1 Read

People-centred integrated care in urban China.

Bull World Health Organ 2018 Dec 1;96(12):843-852. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

China National Health Development Research Centre, Beijing, China.

In most countries, the demand for integrated care for people with chronic diseases is increasing as the population ages. This demand requires a fundamental shift of health-care systems towards more integrated service delivery models. To achieve this shift in China, the World Health Organization, the World Bank and the Chinese government proposed a tiered health-care delivery system in accordance with a people-centred integrated care model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.214908DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249708PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Cost of a human papillomavirus vaccination project, Zimbabwe.

Bull World Health Organ 2018 Dec 17;96(12):834-842. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Ministry of Health and Child Care, Government of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Objective: To determine the cost of Zimbabwe's human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination demonstration project.

Methods: The government of Zimbabwe conducted the project from 2014-2015, delivering two doses of HPV vaccine to 10-year-old girls in two districts. School delivery was the primary vaccination strategy, with health facilities and outreach as secondary strategies. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/96/12/18-211904.p
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.211904DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249702PMC
December 2018
8 Reads

Employment and health after retirement in Japanese men.

Bull World Health Organ 2018 Dec 27;96(12):826-833. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Faculty of Economics, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan.

Objective: To estimate the average treatment effect of working past the current retirement age on the health of Japanese men.

Methods: We used publicly available data from the National Survey of Japanese Elderly, extracting a sample of 1288 men who were 60 years or older. Survey respondents were followed-up for at most 15 years for the onset of four health outcomes: death, cognitive decline, stroke and diabetes. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/96/12/18-215764.p
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.215764DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249707PMC
December 2018
6 Reads

Oral cholera vaccination in hard-to-reach communities, Lake Chilwa, Malawi.

Bull World Health Organ 2018 Dec 27;96(12):817-825. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Epicentre, 8 rue Saint-Sabin, 75011 Paris, France.

Objective: To evaluate vaccination coverage, identify reasons for non-vaccination and assess satisfaction with two innovative strategies for distributing second doses in an oral cholera vaccine campaign in 2016 in Lake Chilwa, Malawi, in response to a cholera outbreak.

Methods: We performed a two-stage cluster survey. The population interviewed was divided in three strata according to the second-dose vaccine distribution strategy: (i) a standard strategy in 1477 individuals (68 clusters of 5 households) on the lake shores; (ii) a simplified cold-chain strategy in 1153 individuals (59 clusters of 5 households) on islands in the lake; and (iii) an out-of-cold-chain strategy in 295 fishermen (46 clusters of 5 to 15 fishermen) in floating homes, called . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.17.206417DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249704PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Applying the international classification of diseases to perinatal mortality data, South Africa.

Bull World Health Organ 2018 Dec 17;96(12):806-816. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Maternal and Infant Health Care Strategies Unit, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.

Objective: To examine the feasibility of applying the International Classification of Diseases-perinatal mortality (ICD-PM) coding to an existing data set in the classification of perinatal deaths.

Methods: One author, a researcher with a non-clinical public health background, applied the ICD-PM coding system to South Africa's national perinatal mortality audit system, the Perinatal Problem Identification Program. The database for this study included all perinatal deaths ( = 26 810), defined as either stillbirths (of birth weight > 1000 g and after 28 weeks of gestation) or early neonatal deaths (age 0-7 days), that occurred between 1 October 2013 and 31 December 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.17.206631DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249699PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Jean-Jacques Muyembe Tamfum: a life's work on Ebola.

Authors:

Bull World Health Organ 2018 Dec;96(12):804-805

Jean-Jacques Muyembe Tamfum was part of the research team that investigated the first known outbreak of Ebola virus disease in 1976. He talks to Fiona Fleck about those experiences and how he and his colleagues are using the knowledge they have built up in recent Ebola outbreaks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.031218DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249701PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Europe's hepatitis challenge.

Authors:

Bull World Health Organ 2018 Dec;96(12):802-803

A hidden epidemic is coming to light in Europe but under-reporting and late diagnosis continue to hamper progress in preventing hepatitis B and C infections. Vijay Shankar Balakrishnan reports. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.021218DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249703PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Public Health Round-up.

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Bull World Health Organ 2018 Dec;96(12):800-801

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.011218DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249710PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Improving the quality of health care across the health system.

Bull World Health Organ 2018 Dec;96(12):799

Department of Service Delivery & Safety, World Health Organization, avenue Appia 20, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.226266DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249706PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Shifting global health governance towards the sustainable development goals.

Bull World Health Organ 2018 Dec;96(12):798-798A

College of Medicine and Health, University of Exeter, Exeter, England.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.209668DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249697PMC
December 2018
6 Reads

Corrigendum.

Authors:

Bull World Health Organ 2018 11;96(11):796

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.2471/BLT.17. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.101118DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6239012PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Field-based measurement of cardiorespiratory fitness to evaluate physical activity interventions.

Bull World Health Organ 2018 Nov 12;96(11):794-796. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

Kinesiology and Public Health Education, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, United States of America.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.213728DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6239007PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Recognizing noncommunicable diseases as a global health security threat.

Bull World Health Organ 2018 Nov 1;96(11):792-793. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Pan American Health Organization, 525 Twenty Third Street NW, Washington, DC, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.17.205732DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6239014PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Increasing transparency and accountability in national pharmaceutical systems.

Bull World Health Organ 2018 Nov 30;96(11):782-791. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

WHO Essential Medicines and Health Products Department, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

Access to safe, effective, good-quality medicines can be compromised by poor pharmaceutical system governance. This system is particularly vulnerable to inefficiencies and to losses from corruption, because it involves a complex mix of actors with diverse responsibilities. A high level of transparency and accountability is critical for minimizing opportunities for fraud and leakage. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/96/11/17-206516.p
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.17.206516DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6239016PMC
November 2018
9 Reads

Body mass index vs deuterium dilution method for establishing childhood obesity prevalence, Ghana, Kenya, Mauritius, Morocco, Namibia, Senegal, Tunisia and United Republic of Tanzania.

Bull World Health Organ 2018 Nov 10;96(11):772-781. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

School of Psychological Science and Health, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland.

Objective: To compare the World Health Organization (WHO) body mass index (BMI)-for-age definition of obesity against measured body fatness in African children.

Methods: In a prospective multicentre study over 2013 to 2017, we recruited 1516 participants aged 8 to 11 years old from urban areas of eight countries (Ghana, Kenya, Mauritius, Morocco, Namibia, Senegal, Tunisia and United Republic of Tanzania). We measured height and weight and calculated BMI-for-age using WHO standards. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/96/11/17-205948.p
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.17.205948DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6239005PMC
November 2018
29 Reads
5.089 Impact Factor

Cost-effectiveness of results-based financing, Zambia: a cluster randomized trial.

Bull World Health Organ 2018 Nov 29;96(11):760-771. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Development Research Group, The World Bank Group, Washington DC, USA.

Objective: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of results-based financing and input-based financing to increase use and quality of maternal and child health services in rural areas of Zambia.

Methods: In a cluster-randomized trial from April 2012 to June 2014, 30 districts were allocated to three groups: results-based financing (increased funding tied to performance on pre-agreed indicators), input-based financing (increased funding not tied to performance) or control (no additional funding), serving populations of 1.33, 1. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/96/11/17-207100.p
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.17.207100DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6239017PMC
November 2018
13 Reads

Hepatitis B and C virus seroprevalence, Burkina Faso: a cross-sectional study.

Bull World Health Organ 2018 Nov 29;96(11):750-759. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Pathogenesis and Control of Chronic Infections, Université de Montpellier, U 1058, 60 rue de Navacelles Montpellier, 34394 cedex 5, France.

Objective: To estimate population-wide hepatitis B and C seroprevalence using dried blood spot samples acquired for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) surveillance as part of the 2010-2011 Demographic and Health Survey in Burkina Faso.

Methods: We used the database acquired during the multistage, clustered, population-based survey, in which 15 377 participants completed questionnaires and provided dried blood spot samples for HIV testing. We extracted sociodemographic and geographic data including age, sex, ethnicity, education, wealth, marital status and region for each participant. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/96/11/18-208603.p
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.208603DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6239015PMC
November 2018
11 Reads

Accuracy of diabetes screening methods used for people with tuberculosis, Indonesia, Peru, Romania, South Africa.

Bull World Health Organ 2018 Nov 27;96(11):738-749. Epub 2018 Aug 27.

Population Health Research Institute, St George's University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 0RE, England.

Objective: To evaluate the performance of diagnostic tools for diabetes mellitus, including laboratory methods and clinical risk scores, in newly-diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis patients from four middle-income countries.

Methods: In a multicentre, prospective study, we recruited 2185 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis from sites in Indonesia, Peru, Romania and South Africa from January 2014 to September 2016. Using laboratory-measured glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) as the gold standard, we measured the diagnostic accuracy of random plasma glucose, point-of-care HbA1c, fasting blood glucose, urine dipstick, published and newly derived diabetes mellitus risk scores and anthropometric measurements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.17.206227DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6239004PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

Rolling out Rwanda's national palliative care programme.

Authors:

Bull World Health Organ 2018 Nov;96(11):736-737

Only 14% of people worldwide who need palliative care receive it. Christian Ntizimira talks to Tatum Anderson about the challenges of applying Western models of palliative care in an African setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.031118DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6239010PMC
November 2018
11 Reads