10,626 results match your criteria Bulletin of the World Health Organization[Journal]


Connectivity of rapid-testing diagnostics and surveillance of infectious diseases.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Mar 4;97(3):242-244. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

NIHR Health Protection Research Unit in Healthcare Associated Infections and Antimicrobial Resistance, Hammersmith Hospital Campus, London W12 0NN, England.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.219691DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453318PMC

Prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases: lessons from the HIV experience.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Mar 1;97(3):239-241. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, Level 2, Lincoln Square North, University of Melbourne, 3052 Melbourne, Australia.

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/3/18-216820.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.216820DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453320PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Countdown to 2030: eliminating hepatitis B disease, China.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Mar 28;97(3):230-238. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Peking University, No.38, Xueyuan Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100191, China.

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major public health problem worldwide. China has the world's largest burden of HBV infection and will be a major contributor towards the global elimination of hepatitis B disease by 2030. The country has made good progress in reducing incidence of HBV infection in the past three decades. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/3/18-219469.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.219469DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453311PMC
March 2019
1 Read

A decade of cigarette taxation in Bangladesh: lessons learnt for tobacco control.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Mar 21;97(3):221-229. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada.

Bangladesh has achieved a high share of tax in the price of cigarettes (greater than the 75% benchmark), but has not achieved the expected health benefits from reduction in cigarette consumption. In this paper we explore why cigarette taxation has not succeeded in reducing cigarette smoking in Bangladesh. Using government records over 2006-2017, we link trends in tax-paid cigarette sales to cigarette excise tax structure and changes in cigarette taxes and prices. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/3/18-216135.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.216135DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453316PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Lessons from the Thai Health Promotion Foundation.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Mar 19;97(3):213-220. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

International Health Policy Program, Ministry of Public Health, Muang, Nonthaburi 11000, Thailand.

To facilitate the policy response to noncommunicable diseases in Thailand, parliament adopted the Health Promotion Foundation Act in 2001. This Act led to the establishment of an autonomous government body, the Thai Health Promotion Foundation, called ThaiHealth. The foundation receives its revenue from a 2% surcharge of excise taxes on tobacco and alcohol. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/3/18-220277.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.220277DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453312PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Implementing prevention policies for mother-to-child transmission of HIV in rural Malawi, South Africa and United Republic of Tanzania, 2013-2016.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Mar 28;97(3):200-212. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, England.

Objective: To assess adoption of World Health Organization (WHO) guidance into national policies for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and to monitor implementation of guidelines at facility level in rural Malawi, South Africa and the United Republic of Tanzania.

Methods: We summarized national PMTCT policies and WHO guidance for 15 indicators across the cascades of maternal and infant care over 2013-2016. Two survey rounds were conducted (2013-2015 and 2015-2016) in 46 health facilities serving five health and demographic surveillance system populations. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/3/18-217471.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.217471DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453322PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Changes in reporting for unintentional injury deaths, United States of America.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Mar 18;97(3):190-199. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, Xiangya School of Public Health, Central South University, 110 Xiangya Road, Changsha, Hunan, China.

Objective: To quantify how changes in reporting of specific causes of death and of selecting underlying cause from among multiple causes of death contribute to trends in mortality from unintentional injury in Americans aged 65 years or older.

Methods: We extracted age-standardized unintentional injury mortality data in the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention online databases from 1999 to 2016. We used an attribution method to calculate two indicators: the proportion of mortality with specific codes out of all mortality; and the proportion of mortality with underlying cause of death selected from multiple causes of death. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/3/18-215327.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.215327DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453323PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Evaluation of the early warning, alert and response system after Cyclone Winston, Fiji, 2016.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Mar 18;97(3):178-189C. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Division of Pacific Technical Support, World Health Organization, Suva, Fiji.

Objective: To assess the performance of an early warning, alert and response system (EWARS) developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) - EWARS in a Box - that was used to detect and control disease outbreaks after Cyclone Winston caused destruction in Fiji on 20 February 2016.

Methods: Immediately after the cyclone, Fiji's Ministry of Health and Medical Services, supported by WHO, started to implement EWARS in a Box, which is a smartphone-based, automated, early warning surveillance system for rapid deployment during health emergencies. Both indicator-based and event-based surveillance were employed. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/3/18-211409.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.211409DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453321PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Paula Radcliffe: elite athlete and clean air advocate.

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Bull World Health Organ 2019 Mar;97(3):176-177

Paula Radcliffe tells Gary Humphreys about her journey from athlete to clean air advocate and her hopes for a clean air initiative launched by the International Association of Athletics Federation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.030319DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453314PMC

Cochlear implants: a transformative technology.

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Bull World Health Organ 2019 Mar;97(3):174-175

Cochlear implants bring sound to people living with permanent hearing loss. But making them accessible to all in need is a major challenge. Andrey Shukshin reports. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.020319DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453315PMC

Public health round-up.

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Bull World Health Organ 2019 Mar;97(3):172-173

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.010319DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453317PMC

Governance for health: the HIV response and general global health.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Mar;97(3):170-170A

Centre for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.230417DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453319PMC

Immunization programmes and notifications of vital events.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Apr 28;97(4):306-308. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, Global Health Campus, Chemin du Pommier 40, 1218 Grand-Saconnex Geneva, Switzerland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.210807DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438247PMC
April 2019
3 Reads

Adapting home-based records for maternal and child health to users' capacities.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Apr 14;97(4):296-305. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Japan International Cooperation Agency, Nibancho Center Building, 5-25, Niban-cho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-8012, Japan.

Home-based records have been used in both low- and high-income countries to improve maternal and child health. Traditionally, these were mostly stand-alone records that supported a single maternal and child health-related programme, such as the child vaccination card or growth chart. Recently, an increasing number of countries are using integrated home-based records to support all or part of maternal and child health-related programmes, as in the maternal and child health handbook. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.216119DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438250PMC
April 2019
3 Reads

Commercial determinants of health: advertising of alcohol and unhealthy foods during sporting events.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Apr 25;97(4):290-295. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

MRC/CSOSocial and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland.

Tobacco, alcohol and foods that are high in fat, salt and sugar generate much of the global burden of noncommunicable diseases. We therefore need a better understanding of how these products are promoted.The promotion of tobacco products through sporting events has largely disappeared over the last two decades, but advertising and sponsorship continues bycompanies selling alcohol, unhealthy food and sugar-sweetened beverage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.220087DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438257PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Evidence needed for antimicrobial resistance surveillance systems.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Apr 28;97(4):283-289. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Canada.

One Health surveillance for antimicrobial resistance has been promoted by the scientific community and by international organizations for more than a decade. In this article, we highlight issues that need to be addressed to improve the understanding of the effectiveness of One Health surveillance for antimicrobial resistance. We also outline the evidence needed to support countries planning to increase the level of integration of their surveillance system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.218917DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438253PMC
April 2019
1 Read

India's Integrated Child Development Services programme; equity and extent of coverage in 2006 and 2016.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Apr 25;97(4):270-282. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Poverty, Health and Nutrition Division, The International Food Policy Research Institute, 2001 K Street NW, Washington DC, 20005, United States of America.

Objective: To investigate coverage and equity of India's Integrated Child Development Services programme across the continuum of care from pregnancy to early childhood, before and after the programme was expanded to provide universal access.

Methods: The programme offers nutrition and health services to pregnant and lactating mothers and young children. We used data from nationally representative surveys in 2005-2006 and 2015-2016, including 36 850 mother-child pairs in 2006 and 190 804 in 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.221135DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438246PMC

Controlled impact evaluation of a birth registration intervention, Burkina Faso.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Apr 25;97(4):259-269. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Department of Human Sciences, Libera Università Maria SS. Assunta University, Rome, Italy.

Objective: To evaluate the impact of the introduction of secondary civil registration centres on birth registrations within 60 days of birth, in Burkina Faso.

Methods: The faith-based organization Sant'Egidio supported the inauguration of secondary birth registration centres within seven health centres in Réo from July 2015 and four health centres in Godyr from February 2015, at which delivery and vaccination services were available. We calculated the number of timely registrations per 1000 population before and after the launch of the intervention in both the intervention and control municipalities. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/4/18-221705.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.221705DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438249PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Estimates of number of children and adolescents without access to surgical care.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Apr 28;97(4):254-258. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Rady Children's Hospital-University of California San Diego, 3030 Children's Way, San Diego, California, CA 92123, United States of America (USA).

Objective: To estimate how many children and adolescent worldwide do not have access to surgical care.

Methods: We estimated the number of children and adolescents younger than 19 years worldwide without access to safe, affordable and timely surgical care, by using population data for 2017 from the United Nations and international data on surgical access in 2015. We categorized countries by World Bank country income group and obtained the proportion of the population with no access to surgical care from a study by the Commission on Global Surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.216028DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438256PMC
April 2019
2 Reads
5.089 Impact Factor

Mirfin Mpundu: accessing medicines, fighting resistance.

Authors:

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Apr;97(4):252-253

Mirfin Mpundu spoke to Gary Humphreys about his experiences in African countries and in the United States of America, the prospects for containing antimicrobial resistance, and the contribution that faith-based organizations make to health systems in African countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.030419DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438254PMC

Striving to provide universal health coverage in Kazakhstan.

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Bull World Health Organ 2019 Apr;97(4):250-251

Four decades after the declaration of Alma Ata, Kazakhstan still struggles to provide basic health care to its citizens. This may now be changing. Andrey Shukshin reports. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.020419DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438255PMC

Public health round-up.

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Bull World Health Organ 2019 Apr;97(4):248-249

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.010419DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438248PMC

Taking a complexity perspective when developing public health guidelines.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Apr;97(4):247-247A

Department of Information, Evidence and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.230987DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438252PMC
April 2019
1 Read
5.089 Impact Factor

Substance use services for refugees.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Apr;97(4):246-246A

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, John Hopkins University, 615 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, United States of America.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.225086DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438258PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Finance, data and technology initiatives for noncommunicable disease control.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb 21;97(2):166-168. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Tampere, P.O. Box 100, 33014, Tampere, Finland.

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/2/18-220558.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.220558DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357561PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Systems approaches to global and national physical activity plans.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb 19;97(2):162-165. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Prevention of Noncommunicable Diseases Department, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.220533DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357559PMC
February 2019

Climate change, air pollution and noncommunicable diseases.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb 19;97(2):160-161. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Department of Public Health, Environmental and Social Determinants of Health, World Health Organization, avenue Appia 20, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland.

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/2/18-224295.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.224295DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357572PMC
February 2019
11 Reads

Development of a sweetened beverage tax, Philippines.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb 1;97(2):154-159. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Strategy, Economics and Results Group, Department of Finance, Manila, Philippines.

Problem: Both sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and the incidence of obesity have increased in the Philippines in recent years.

Approach: A proposal to tax sugar-sweetened beverages was introduced in the House of Representatives and merged into a proposed comprehensive Tax Reform for Acceleration and Inclusion (TRAIN) Bill to increase the likelihood of acceptance. The health department and finance department recommended a policy that would maximize benefits to both public health and government revenue. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/2/18-220459.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.220459DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357562PMC
February 2019
9 Reads

Integrating noncommunicable disease services into primary health care, Botswana.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb 8;97(2):142-153. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

Despite the rising burden of noncommunicable diseases, access to quality decentralized noncommunicable disease services remain limited in many low- and middle-income countries. Here we describe the strategies we employed to drive the process from adaptation to national endorsement and implementation of the . The strategies included detailed multilevel assessment with broad stakeholder inputs and in-depth analysis of local data; leveraging academic partnerships; facilitating development of supporting policy instruments; and embedding noncommunicable disease guidelines within broader primary health-care guidelines in keeping with the health ministry strategic direction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.221424DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357568PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Implementation of national action plans on noncommunicable diseases, Bhutan, Cambodia, Indonesia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Viet Nam.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb 19;97(2):129-141. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

International Health Policy Program, Ministry of Public Health, Tivanond Road, Muang District, Nonthaburi 11000, Thailand.

By 2016, Member States of the World Health Organization (WHO) had developed and implemented national action plans on noncommunicable diseases in line with the In 2018, we assessed the implementation status of the recommended best-buy noncommunicable diseases interventions in seven Asian countries: Bhutan, Cambodia, Indonesia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Viet Nam. We gathered data from a range of published reports and directly from health ministries. We included interventions that addressed the use of tobacco and alcohol, inadequate physical activity and high salt intake, as well as health-systems responses, and we identified gaps and proposed solutions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.220483DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357573PMC
February 2019
6 Reads

The palm oil industry and noncommunicable diseases.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb 8;97(2):118-128. Epub 2018 Jan 8.

College of Medicine and Health, University of Exeter, Exeter, England.

Large-scale industries do not operate in isolation, but have tangible impacts on human and planetary health. An often overlooked actor in the fight against noncommunicable diseases is the palm oil industry. The dominance of palm oil in the food processing industry makes it the world's most widely produced vegetable oil. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/2/18-220434.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.220434DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357563PMC
February 2019
13 Reads

Legal capacities required for prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb 20;97(2):108-117. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Health Systems Development Department, World Health Organization Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, Cairo, Egypt.

Law lies at the centre of successful national strategies for prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases. By law we mean international agreements, national and subnational legislation, regulations and other executive instruments, and decisions of courts and tribunals. However, the vital role of law in global health development is often poorly understood, and eclipsed by other disciplines such as medicine, public health and economics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.213777DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357565PMC
February 2019

Modelling the impact of a tax on sweetened beverages in the Philippines: an extended cost-effectiveness analysis.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb 5;97(2):97-107. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Department of Science and Technology, Manila, Philippines.

Objective: To assess the potential impact of a new tax on sweetened beverages on premature deaths associated with noncommunicable diseases in the Philippines.

Methods: In January 2018, the Philippines began imposing a tax of 6 Philippine pesos per litre (around 13%) on sweetened beverages to curb the obesity burden. Using national data sources, we conducted an extended cost-effectiveness analysis to estimate the effect of the tax on the numbers of premature deaths averted attributed to type 2 diabetes mellitus, ischaemic heart disease and stroke, across income quintiles over the period 2018-2037. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.219980DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357567PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

World Trade Organization membership and changes in noncommunicable disease risk factors: a comparative interrupted time-series analysis, 1980-2013.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb 6;97(2):83-96A. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Health Policy and Management, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA.

Objective: To investigate the relationship between joining the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the availability of several commodities with both harmful and protective effects for the development of noncommunicable diseases.

Methods: We used a natural experiment design to compare trends in the domestic supply of tobacco, alcohol and seven food groups, between 1980 and 2013, in 21 countries or territories joining WTO after 1995 and 26 non-member countries, using propensity score weights. We applied a comparative interrupted time-series framework, by using multivariate random-effects linear models, adjusted for gross domestic product per capita, the percentages of urban population and female labour force participation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.218057DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357569PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Kalpana Balakrishnan: the power of data to drive positive change.

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Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb;97(2):81-82

Gary Humphreys talks to Kalpana Balakrishnan about her background in biophysics and how science has informed her public health work. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.030219DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357574PMC
February 2019

Air pollution in Mongolia.

Authors:

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb;97(2):79-80

Starting in May, the government of Mongolia will introduce a coal burning ban in the capital, Ulaanbaatar, as part of efforts to clean up the city's air. Implementing the ban is going to be a challenge, but reducing air pollution is of fundamental importance to improving population health. Sophie Cousins reports. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.020219DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357570PMC
February 2019

Public health round-up.

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Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb;97(2):77-78

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.010219DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357566PMC
February 2019

Implications of self-care for health service provision.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb;97(2):76-76A

Defeat NCD Partnership, United Nations Office for Project Services, Geneva, Switzerland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.228890DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357575PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Actions needed to prevent noncommunicable diseases and improve mental health.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb;97(2):75-75A

Health, Nutrition and Population Global Practice, The World Bank Group, Washington DC, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.228700DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357564PMC
February 2019

Overcoming internal challenges and external threats to noncommunicable disease control.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb;97(2):74-74A

International Health Policy Program, Ministry of Public Health, Tiwanon Road, Muang District, Nonthaburi 11000, Thailand.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.228809DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357571PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Guidelines for contributors.

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Bull World Health Organ 2019 Jan;97(1):71-72

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.960119DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307508PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Indigenous language and inequitable maternal health care, Guatemala, Mexico, Peru and the Plurinational State of Bolivia.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Jan 31;97(1):59-67. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Public Health Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alcalá, Crtra Madrid-Barcelona Km 33.6, Alcalá de Henares, 28871, Spain.

Latin America and the Caribbean still have high maternal mortality rates and access to health care is very uneven in some countries. Indigenous women, in particular, have poorer maternal health outcomes than the majority of the population and are less likely to benefit from health-care services. Therefore, inequities in maternal health between different ethnic groups should be monitored to identify critical factors that could limit health-care coverage. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/1/18-216184.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.216184DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307509PMC
January 2019
22 Reads

Canine rabies control and human exposure 1951-2015, Guangzhou, China.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Jan 27;97(1):51-58. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Guangzhou Center for Disease Control and Prevention, No. 1 Qi De road, Baiyun District, Guangzhou, China.

Objective: To describe changes in rabies surveillance and management in Guangzhou, China between 1951 and 2015, and to analyse human rabies cases over that period.

Methods: Rabies control policies and strategies implemented by the Guangzhou government were reviewed for three periods: 1951 to 1978, 1979 to 2000 and 2001 to 2015. Data on human rabies deaths and exposure were obtained from Guangzhou and national health and disease records. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/1/18-217372.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.217372DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307510PMC
January 2019
13 Reads

National age-of-consent laws and adolescent HIV testing in sub-Saharan Africa: a propensity-score matched study.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Jan 20;97(1):42-50. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Division of Adolescent Medicine, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada.

Objective: To estimate the association between legal age of consent and coverage of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing among adolescents in countries with high HIV-burden.

Methods: We analysed data from adolescents aged 15-18 years, who participated in Demographic and Health Surveys or AIDS Indicator Surveys between 2011 and 2016, in 15 sub-Saharan African countries. To improve balance in the distribution of measured individual- and country-level characteristics, we used propensity score matching between adolescents in countries with more versus less restrictive age-of-consent laws (≤ 15 years versus ≥ 16 years). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.212993DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307515PMC
January 2019
1 Read

HIV prevalence in young people and children living on the streets, Kenya.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Jan 6;97(1):33-41. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

School of Medicine, Moi University College of Health Sciences, Eldoret, Kenya.

Objective: To obtain an estimate of the size of, and human immunodeficiency (HIV) prevalence among, young people and children living on the streets of Eldoret, Kenya.

Methods: We counted young people and children using a point-in-time approach, ensuring we reached our target population by engaging relevant community leaders during the planning of the study. We acquired point-in-time count data over a period of 1 week between the hours of 08:00 and 23:00, from both a stationary site and by mobile teams. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.210211DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307507PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Using the polio programme to deliver primary health care in Nigeria: implementation research.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 01 6;97(1):24-32. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

National Primary Health Care Development Agency, Ministry of Health, Abuja, Nigeria.

Objective: To evaluate a project that integrated essential primary health-care services into the oral polio vaccine programme in hard-to-reach, underserved communities in northern Nigeria.

Methods: In 2013, Nigeria's polio emergency operation centre adopted a new approach to rapidly raise polio immunity and reduce newborn, child and maternal morbidity and mortality. We identified, trained and equipped eighty-four mobile health teams to provide free vaccination and primary-care services in 3176 hard-to-reach settlements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.211565DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307512PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Multimorbidity and care for hypertension, diabetes and HIV among older adults in rural South Africa.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Jan 31;97(1):10-23. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, USA.

Objective: To examine how multimorbidity might affect progression along the continuum of care among older adults with hypertension, diabetes and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in rural South Africa.

Methods: We analysed data from 4447 people aged 40 years or older who were enrolled in a longitudinal study in Agincourt sub-district. Household-based interviews were completed between November 2014 and November 2015. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/1/18-217000.pd
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.217000DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307505PMC
January 2019
13 Reads

Catalina Devandas Aguilar: empowering people with disabilities.

Authors:

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Jan;97(1):8-9

Catalina Devandas Aguilar talks to Stephanie Cheng about the impact of the 2008 the importance of listening to people living with disabilities and what United Nations agencies can do to support their further empowerment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.030119DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307513PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Zika: the continuing threat.

Authors:

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Jan;97(1):6-7

The steep decline in Zika cases since 2016 has led to a perception that the threat posed by the virus has diminished. Recent outbreaks and global spread underline the need for continued vigilance. Tatum Anderson and Gary Humphreys report. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/1/19-020119.pd
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.020119DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307503PMC
January 2019
6 Reads

Public health round-up.

Authors:

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Jan;97(1):4-5

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.010119DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307506PMC
January 2019
1 Read