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    2822 results match your criteria Bulletin of the Belgian Societies of Ophthalmology [Journal]

    1 OF 57

    [Marcus Gunn Syndrome. Study of 3 rare cases].
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2013 (322):125-32
    Purpose: reporting three rare cases of Marcus Gunn Syndrome and analyzing the clinical features of this entity.

    Methods: Case reports of three patients with a Marcus Gunn Syndrome, treated at the Ophthalmology B CHU service Rabat - Morocco.

    Results: Our patients are two boys aged 1 and 2 years old, and a 31 year old woman with a Marcus Gunn Syndrome. Read More

    [Ocular manifestations of children living with HIV/AIDS in Kinshasa].
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2013 (322):117-24
    Objective: to determine the frequency of ocular manifestations in Congolese children aged 0 to 15 years infected with HIV/AIDS and to identify the predicted clinical and/or biological elements.

    Methods: This was a prospective, descriptive and cross-sectional study performed from November 2010 to April 2011 in five sanitary structures who take care of children infected with HIV/AIDS. During the period of study, one hundred children infected with VIH/AIDS were examined. Read More

    [Management of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment with unseen breaks: about 50 cases].
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2013 (322):111-5
    Purpose: To evaluate the clinical and therapeutic characteristics of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) with unseen retinal breaks.

    Patients And Methods: Retrospective study 50 eyes (50 patients) with RRD with unseen retinal breaks in the pre and intraoperative examination. These patients were treated between 2005 and 2010 by vitrectomy or scleral buckling. Read More

    Long term IOP lowering efficacy of bimatoprost/timolol fixed combination: a 12 month prospective study.
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2013 (322):105-10
    Purpose: To evaluate the long-term IOP-lowering effect of an initially successful switch from prostaglandine-analog (PGA) monotherapy to bimatoprosttimolol fixed combination (BTFC) METHODS: Prospective, monocentric, open-labeled clinical trial. 30 patients with insufficient intraocular pressure (lOP) control under PGA monotherapy were screened. Following a one month run-in period of BTFC, patients who presented an effective IOP-lowering response were prospectively studied for an additional 11-month period. Read More

    The range of the waveform score of the ocular response analyzer (ora) in healthy subjects.
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2013 (322):91-7
    Purpose: The waveform score (WS) indicates the reliability of each intraocular pressure (lOP) measurement signal performed with the Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA, Reichert). We aimed to assess i) the range of waveform score in IOP measurements with ORA in healthy subjects and to ii) identify a cut-off WS value under which an ORA measurement should be discarded.

    Methods: Prospective study including three ORA IOP measurements performed in the right eye of 80 healthy normal subjects. Read More

    Pseudoxanthoma elasticum confirmed by genetic analysis but not by skin biopsy: a case report and review of the literature.
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2013 (322):83-7
    In patients with angioid streaks, additional investigations are useful to identify underlying systemic disease, unless age and short peripapillary streaks are indicative of senile streaks as an isolated abnormality. In middle-aged or young adults with angioid streaks and no obvious systemic disease, the possibility of a hemoglobulinopathy or pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) as etiologic entities should be investigated. Hemoglobinopathies can be excluded based on blood screening and the absence of typical ocular fundus changes, such as retinal vessel tortuosity. Read More

    Bifocal optic and facial nerve t-cell lymphoma.
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2013 (322):63-9
    Purpose: Optic nerve and optic nerve sheath infiltration by a systemic lymphoma is uncommon, but is exceedingly rare when caused by a T-cell lymphoma. This then generally occurs in association with central nervous system (CNS) involvement. We report on a rare case of optic and facial nerve T-cell lymphoma infiltration, without CNS involvement. Read More

    Vitrectomy in uveitis patients.
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2013 (322):55-61
    Purpose: To evaluate the causes and success rates of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) in uveitis patients.

    Methods: Retrospective study of the charts of 26 uveitis patients (28 eyes) who underwent PPV between the years 2008 and 2011. We examined surgical indications and success rates, based on visual outcomes, complications and diagnosis in case of vitreous biopsy. Read More

    [Spontaneous peeling of the epimacular membrane after cryotherapy of retinal vasoproliferative tumors: report of a case].
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2013 (322):49-54
    Epimacular membranes when responsible for a significant loss of visual acuity, generally require treatment by vitrectomy and peeling of the membrane. We report the case of a spontaneous peeling of a macular pucker after cryotherapy of peripheral retinal vasoproliferative tumors. Review of the literature. Read More

    Benefit of surgery in presence of orbital metastasis.
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2013 (322):43-7
    Purpose: Malignant tumors metastatic to the orbit are rare and only about 5% of orbital tumors are metastasis. We report on orbital surgery in a patient with orbital metastasis from small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC).

    Methods: A 75-year-old man complained of pain in the left orbital region and proptosis. Read More

    [Maculopathy and dengue fever].
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2013 (322):33-42
    The authors report a case of a 20 year old female who presented a bilateral decrease in vision. Detailed history revealed that 15 days before the onset of symptoms, the patient presented a dengue fever during her stay in Martinique. On initial examination, the fundus exam revealed a bilateral loss of foveal reflection. Read More

    Giant cell arteritis: the internist should not be a lone rider in this potentially blinding condition.
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2013 (322):27-32
    We report the case of a 66-year-old woman with visual loss due to anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy. The diagnosis of giant cell arteritis was made on the basis of classic clinical characteristics and haematological abnormalities. Despite corticosteroid treatment, involvement of the other eye occured, resulting in a bilateral and permanent loss of vision. Read More

    Ocular syphilis, a case of acute posterior placoid chorioretinitis.
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2013 (322):21-5
    Purpose: To report a case of acute posterior placoid chorioretinitis, a rare manifestation of ocular syphilis.

    Methods: The patient was examined at age 59 with symptoms of subacute severe unilateral vision loss of the right eye. He underwent fundus examination, automated perimetry, optical coherence tomography imaging and fluorescein angiography. Read More

    The effect of different doses of subconjunctival bevacizumab on the recurrence rate of excised primary pterygium.
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2013 (322):13-20
    Purpose: To evaluate the safety of different doses of subconjunctival bevacizumab and their effects on the recurrence rate after primary pterygium excision.

    Methods: This prospective randomized placebo-controlled clinical study was conducted on 59 eyes (59 patients). The visual acuity, refractive astigmatism, horizontal length of the pterygium, and recurrence risk factors were recorded. Read More

    Subconjunctival bevacizumab injection in the surgery of primary pterygium: comparison with intraoperative mitomycin-C.
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2013 (322):7-12
    Purpose: To assess the efficacy of subconjunctival bevacizumab injection as adjuvant therapy in the prevention of recurrence following the surgical treatment of pterygium by comparison with intraoperative mitomycin-C application.

    Methods: This prospective comparative study included thirty consecutive patients with primary nasal pterygium that were surgically treated with simple excision. In addition to surgical excision, subconjunctival bevacizumab was injected in 15 eyes (group A), and, in the remaining 15 eyes, topical mitomycin-C 0. Read More

    The effect of phacoemulsification and combined phaco/glaucoma procedures on the intraocular pressure in open-angle glaucoma. A review of the literature.
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2012 (320):51-66
    Purpose: This review article addresses the different aspects that influence the choice and sequence of surgical treatment in patients with coexisting open-angle glaucoma and cataract. The effect of phacoemulsification on the intraocular pressure (lOP) and on a preexisting bleb is discussed and phacotrabeculectomy and trabeculectomy are compared. Moreover, the most recent surgical pressure lowering techniques in combination with phacoemulsification are reviewed: iStent, Trabectome, Hydrus, Cypass and Canaloplasty. Read More

    [Keratouveitis and lens opacity caused by butterfly hair].
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2012 (320):29-32
    Université des Montagnes, Bangangte, Cameroun.
    Butterfly hair is known to cause eye injury. In Africa, incriminated butterflies are Hylesia (spp). We report a case of a sub-epithelial keratitis associated with anterior uveitis following a trauma by a butterfly that was complicated by late lens opacity due to butterfly hair. Read More

    [Unilateral panuveitis following intravesical therapy with bacille of Calmette et Guerin].
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2012 (320):23-8
    Service d'Ophthalmologie, CHU La Rabta, Faculté de Médecine de Tunis el Manar, Tunis, Tunisie.
    Uveitis occuring after Mycobacterium bovis-bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) intravesical therapy for bladder carcinoma is rare. Only a few cases have been described. Its physiopathology is still unknown. Read More

    [Congenital corneal anesthesia. A case report].
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2012 (320):17-22
    Service d'Ophtalmologie, CHU Mohammed VI, Marrakech, MAROC.
    Congenital corneal anesthesia (CCA) is an uncommon condition difficult to diagnose. We report the case of a 4-year-old girl who presented with bilateral congenital corneal anesthesia revealed by a corneal ulcer which had been unresponsive to adapted local treatment. Self-inflicted corneal injuries were present. Read More

    [Optical coherence tomography in Sjögren-Larsson Syndrome diagnosis].
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2012 (320):11-5
    Service d'ophtalmologie CHU La Rabta, Tunis, Tunisie.
    Purpose: To study the clinical and the optical coherence tomography (OCT) features of crystalline_macular dystrophy in a 14-year-old man with Sjögren-Larsson syndrome (SLS).

    Case Report: A 14-year-old man was hospitalized because of a severe hyperkeratosis, epilepsy, spastic paraplegia and mental retardation. The diagnosis of SLS was considered. Read More

    Chiasmal optic neuritis in a 4-year-old girl: a case report and review of the literature.
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2012 (320):5-10
    Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospitals Leuven, Belgium.
    We report a 4-year-old girl presenting with sudden severe bilateral visual loss. Ophthalmological examination revealed optic disc pallor. Further neurological examination was normal. Read More

    Oximetry: recent insights into retinal vasopathies and glaucoma.
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2012 (319):75-83
    University Hospitals Leuven, Department of Ophthalmology St. Raphael, Leuven, Belgium.
    This review will highlight a new technology and recent insights into measuring retinal oxygen saturation in several ophthalmic diseases. A growing body of evidence suggests that disturbances in retinal blood flow and oxygenation are related to several retinopathies and glaucoma, which can severely impair vision. The retinal oximeter may allow researchers and physicians to gain deeper insights into retinal physiology and clarify the impact of ischemia on retinal health and function. Read More

    [Clinical characteristics and therapeutic challenges of retinal detachment in highly myopic eyes].
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2012 (319):69-74
    Hedi Rais Institute of Ophthalmology, Tunis, Tunisia.
    Purpose: To evaluate the clinical characteristics and therapeutic challenges of retinal detachment in highly myopic eyes.

    Patients And Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 83 eyes in 79 patients with high myopia (> 6.00 diopters or axial length > or = 26. Read More

    [Tolerance of porous polyethylene orbital implants in children].
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2012 (319):61-7
    Service d'Ophtalmologie, CHU Hassan II, Fès, Maroc.
    Introduction: The purpose of our study is to determine the incidence of orbital complications that occurred after insertion of orbital porous polyethylene implant in children under the age of 15 years.

    Material And Methods: We report a series of 21 eyes of 21 patients younger than 15 years and in which a porous polyethylene implant is used for reconstruction of the orbital cavity after enucleation between January 2003 and December 2008.All patients were operated on by the same surgeon using the same technique. Read More

    [Diabetic retinopathy in Lubumbashi].
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2012 (319):51-9
    Service d'Ophtalmologie, Cliniques Universitaires de Lubumbashi, Lubumbashi, République Démocratique du Congo (RDC).
    Purpose: To evaluate the frequency of diabetic retinopathy in Lubumbashi (Democratic Republic of Congo).

    Methods: Descriptive survey including 369 diabetic patients examined in our department of Ophthalmology of Lubumbashi from May 2006 to March 2008. Rates of glycaemia and blood pressure were noted. Read More

    Outcome after multifocal intraocular lens exchange because of severely impaired quality of vision.
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2012 (319):43-50
    Antwerp University Hospital.
    Purpose: To evaluate the surgical outcome after intraocular lens exchange in patients implanted with a multifocal intraocular lens (MIOL) who presented impairing visual complaints

    Setting: Department of Ophthalmology, Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium.

    Methods: 25 eyes of 17 consecutive patients underwent IOL exchange. Pre- and postoperative evaluation consisted of: determining patient's complaints, type of IOL before and after IOL exchange, degree of glare and aberrometry (mainly preoperative data), pre and postoperative DCVA and NCVA. Read More

    [Prevalence and risk factors of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in a Tunisian hospital population].
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2012 (319):35-41
    Service d'ophtalmologie B, Institut Hédi Rais d'ophtalmologie de Tunis.
    Purpose: To describe the prevalence and the risk factors for the age related macular degeneration (AMD) in a Tunisian hospital population.

    Patients And Methods: A total of 2204 subjects 50 years of age and older were enrolled in a prospective study conducted between august 2004 and February 2009. Medical history was reviewed. Read More

    Symptomatic bilateral choroidal metastasis from breast cancer as first clinical sign of advanced metastatic tumor disease 31 years after diagnosis.
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2012 (319):29-33
    Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital, De Pintelaan 185, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium.
    We report a 62-year-old caucasian woman with bilateral choroidal metastases as only clinical presenting sign of advanced metastatic tumour disease. She presented with decreased vision in the left eye since 5 days. She was treated for breast cancer 31 years before. Read More

    An unusual localization of rhabdomyosarcoma: about a case report.
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2012 (319):23-8
    Department of Ophthalmology, Mohammed VI University Hospital Center, Marrakesh, Morocco.
    Rhabdomyosarcoma is a malignant mesenchymal tumor of childhood. The eyelid localization is unusual. We report the case of a 7-year-old child with upper palpebral rhabdomyosarcoma revealed by an isolated blepharoptosis. Read More

    [Conjunctival melanoma and xeroderma pigmentosum, a rare association].
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2012 (319):17-21
    Service d'Ophtalmologie, CHU Hassan II, Fès, Maroc.
    Ocular involvement in the xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) can be located on the eyelids, conjunctiva or cornea. Malignant melanoma of the conjunctiva is a rare tumor, and even more so in children. Only five cases associated with XP have been published since 1960. Read More

    [Posterior microphthalmos: contribution of OCT/SLO].
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2012 (319):11-6
    Faculté de Médecine de Tunis.
    Purpose: To analyze the clinical features of the posterior segment in posterior microphthalmos and to describe the aspects of this anomaly in Ocular Coherence Tomography (OCT).

    Case Report: A diagnosis of posterior picrophthalmos could be confirmed in a 18- year-old young man based on the presence of high hypermetropiea, axial length of the globe measurement of 14 mm and a thickening of the fovea in OCT. Family history was also positive in two other members. Read More

    Anterior segment ischemia with rubeosis iridis after a circular buckling operation treated successfully with an intravitreal bevacizumab injection: a case report and review of the literature.
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2012 (319):5-9
    Purpose: To report a case of anterior segment ischemia (ASI) with rubeosis iridis after circular buckling surgery in a highly-myopic patient which was successfully treated with a second intravitreal bevacizumab injection.

    Methods: Case report and review of the literature.

    Discussion: ASI is a rare but potentially serious complication of posterior segment surgery. Read More

    [Diagnosis of visual impairment: information requirements for health professionals].
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2011 (318):51-79
    For some years now, the Braille League has been thinking about ways of improving information of the public with visual impairment about the assistance and services that it can seek. The conclusion that this information was inadequate was highlighted by all those in charge of assisting people with disabilities. As one of the key moments is the announcement of the diagnosis, the association wanted to contact health professionals in order to measure the level of information in their possession and pass on their expectations. Read More

    Hyphema revealing retinoblastoma in childhood. A case report.
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2011 (318):41-3
    University Hospital Hassan II of Fez, Omar Drissi Hospital, Department of Ophthalmology, Batha, Fez, Morocco.
    We present a case dealing with an uncommon presentation of retinoblastoma. An 4-year-old boy presented to the ophthalmic department for a red painful eye following trauma. The examination showed decreased visual acuity, total hyphema and ocular hypertony. Read More

    [Endogenous postpartum panophthalmitis induced by sphingomonas paucimobili].
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2011 (318):37-40
    Hôpital militaire Avicenne, Marrakech, Maroc.
    Endogenous panophthalmitis is a rare eye disease with purulent necrosis of all the ocular structures. It is a rare but serious condition that occurs when bacteria cross the blood-ocular barrier and multiply within the eye. Although rare, endogenous panophthamitis is a potentially devastating intraocular infection resulting in a poor visual and anatomic prognosis. Read More

    [Third cranial nerve palsies in childhood. A case report of sellar germ cell tumor].
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2011 (318):31-6
    Service d'Ophtalmologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège.
    Purpose: Third cranial nerve palsies are unfrequent in childhood and adolescence and are most often congenital. The association of sellar germ cell tumor and ophthalmoplegia is considered as being very rare at this age.

    Case Report: A 11-year-old young girl was examined in emergency with a third left cranial nerve partial palsy associated with one- year duration history of hypopituitarism with insipid diabetes and growth retardation. Read More

    [Optical coherence tomography for surveillance of optic disc melanocytoma].
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2011 (318):25-30
    Habib Thameur Hospital, Tunis, Montfleury, Tunisie.
    Introduction: Melanocytoma of the optic disc is a stable condition that unfrequently undergoes malignant transformation.

    Case Report: We reported the case of a 42-year-old woman who presented with a pigmented tumoral lesion of the optic disc in her left eye. We described its characteristics in optical coherence tomography (OCT). Read More

    Drug-induced uveitis in aids patients: two case reports.
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2011 (318):19-23
    Dept of Ophthalmology CHU Saint-Pierre and Brugmann, Brussels, Belgium.
    Patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) can develop severe uveitis. Although infectious and autoimmune causes must always be considered, drug induced uveitis is also an important etiology. Herein, we present two case reports illustrating the classical presentation of rifabutin and cidofovir induced uveitis. Read More

    [Bilateral simultaneous central retinal artery occlusion revealing giant cell arteritis].
    Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2011 (318):11-7
    Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Kara, Kara Togo.
    Aim: To point out the importance of the early diagnosis of giant cell arteritis (GCA) (Horton's disease).

    Materials And Methods: a case report of a sudden bilateral blindness that had revealed GCA.

    Case Report: A 68-year old female patient with a history of elevated blood pressure and diabetes mellitus type 2, was examined in emergency for a right painful headache developed one week previously. Read More

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