368 results match your criteria Bulletin of emergency and trauma[Journal]


Blunt Trauma to the Neck Presenting as Dysphonia and Dysphagia in a Healthy Young Woman; A Rare Case of Traumatic Laryngocele.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2020 Apr;8(2):129-131

Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine(LECOM), Erie, Pennsylvania, USA.

Laryngocele is not a common clinical entity that presents itself in a trauma setting. In the literature, there are currently two types of laryngocele, internal and mixed. Laryngocele may be congenital or acquired, and most often will present later in life. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.30476/BEAT.2020.46455DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7211389PMC

Isolated, Closed Superficial Femoral Artery Rupture without Fracture Following Blunt Trauma; A Case Report and Literature Review.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2020 Apr;8(2):125-128

Department of Orthopaedics, Post-Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Sector 12, Chandigarh 160012, India.

Injury to the femoral artery usually occurs either in open penetrating injuries or in association with fractures, but is unlikely with closed blunt trauma without fracture. We reported a 24-year-old female with a right-sided closed complete rupture of the superficial femoral artery without any bone injury and contralateral femoral shaft fracture following riding a bike and hitting by a tractor over both lower limbs. The right thigh and knee were swollen and tender with absent distal pulses without any knee instability. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.30476/BEAT.2020.46454DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7211384PMC

The Role of Lung Ultrasonography in Etiologic Diagnosis of Acute Dyspnea in a Resource Limited Setting.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2020 Apr;8(2):121-124

The Hong Kong Children's Hospital, Hong Kong.

The aim of the current study was to describe lung ultrasonography (LUS) characteristics and to evaluate the agreement between LUS and chest radiography (CXR) in diagnosis of four conditions causing most acute dyspnea in children, namely, pneumonia, pleural effusion, pneumothorax and acute pulmonary edema in children at a teaching hospital in Vietnam. We reviewed the records of the chidren between January and June 2018, who presented to emergency department (ED) or pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) at children hospital 1 (CH1) with acute dyspnea and had final diagnosis of one of four etiologies including pneumonia, pleural effusion, pneumothorax and acute pulmonary edema. All patients underwent CXR and LUS at the time of admission. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.30476/BEAT.2020.46453DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7211395PMC

Accuracy of the Emergency Department Triage System using the Emergency Severity Index for Predicting Patient Outcome; A Single Center Experience.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2020 Apr;8(2):115-120

Department of Emergency Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Objective: To evaluate the accuracy of the five-level triage system using the emergency severity index (ESI) and to determine the compliance of the triage level with patient outcomes.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study which was performed in the emergency department of Imam Reza Hospital of Mashhad during 2017. We included all the adult patients (≥15 years of age) referring to the emergency department. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.30476/BEAT.2020.46452DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7211387PMC

Diagnostic Accuracy of Physical Examination and History Taking in Traumatic Rib Fracture; A Single Center Experience.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2020 Apr;8(2):111-114

Department of Emergency Medicine, Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom, Iran.

Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of history taking and physical examination in the patients with traumatic rib fractures.

Methods: In a cross-sectional study, all patients with multiple traumas who referred to the emergency department were evaluated for the mechanism of injury, chief complaints, vital signs and oxygen saturation. History taking and physical examination were performed according to Barbara Bates reference. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.30476/BEAT.2020.46451DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7211385PMC

Higher Risk of Mortality in Intentional Traumatic Injuries; A Multivariate Regression Analysis of a Trauma Registry.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2020 Apr;8(2):107-110

Karolinska Institute, Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Imperial College Health Care, St Mary´s Hospital, London UK.

Objectives: To assess whether intentional traumatic injuries are associated with higher mortality rate when compared to unintentional injuries.

Methods: Data from SweTrau (Swedish National Trauma Registry). Information regarding age, gender, injury severity score (ISS), new injury severity score (NISS), Glasgow coma scale (GCS), systolic blood pressure, and respiratory rate were collected via "SweTrau". Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.30476/BEAT.2020.46450DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7211394PMC

Developing Pedestrians' Red-light Violation Behavior Questionnaire (PRVBQ); Assessment of Content Validity and Reliability.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2020 Apr;8(2):98-106

Social Development and Health Promotion Research Center, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran.

Objective: To develop a self-completion pedestrians' red-light violation behavior questionnaire (PRVBQ) based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) and assess the content validity and reliability.

Methods: This study was conducted in three phases of (i) PRVBQ development study; (ii) Content validity study including face validity; and (iii) Reliability assessment. The directed content analysis method was used for the analysis of the qualitative interviews. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.30476/BEAT.2020.46449DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7211388PMC

Functional Outcome of Surgical versus Conservative Therapy in Patients with Traumatic Thoracolumbar Fractures and Thoracolumbar Injury Classification and Severity Score of 4; A Non-randomized Clinical Trial.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2020 Apr;8(2):89-97

Department of Neurology, Bou Ali Sina Hospital, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.

Objective: To compare the effectiveness of surgical intervention to conservative treatment in patients with thoracolumbar fracture and thoracolumbar injury classification and severity score (TLICS) of 4.

Methods: Twenty-five patients with TLICS 4 were enrolled in this non-randomized clinical trial. Based on clinical symptoms and radiologic findings, patients were considered under surgical or conservative treatments. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.30476/BEAT.2020.46448DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7211391PMC

Relationship between End-Tidal CO (ETCO) and Lactate and their Role in Predicting Hospital Mortality in Critically Ill Trauma Patients; A Cohort Study.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2020 Apr;8(2):83-88

Department of Emergency Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Objective: To investigate the relationship between end-tidal CO (ETCO) and serum lactate and their predictive role in hospital mortality of intubated multiple trauma patients.

Methods: In a cohort study, intubated multiple trauma patients who referred to the emergency department for two years were enrolled. After orotracheal intubation using Rapid Sequence Intubation (RSI) method, ETCO2 was immediately measured by capnography. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.30476/BEAT.2020.46447DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7211390PMC

Comparison of Intravenous Regional Anesthesia with Single-Cuff Forearm Tourniquet and Hematoma Block and Traditional Method in Patients with Distal Radius Fractures; A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2020 Apr;8(2):77-82

CRNA, Chamran Hospital, Shiraz, Iran.

Objective: To investigate the effect of intravenous regional anesthesia with single-cuff forearm tourniquet and hematoma block on intraoperative and postoperative pain intensity of patients with distal radial bone fracture.

Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, a total number of 52 patients with distal radius fractures were randomly assigned to receive either a traditional Bier block with 3 mg.kg lidocaine (D group) or a single-cuff forearm tourniquet intravenous regional anesthesia with 1. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.30476/BEAT.2020.46446DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7211393PMC

Factors Affecting the Effectiveness of Hospital Incident Command System; Findings from a Systematic Review.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2020 Apr;8(2):62-76

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.

Objective: To examine all aspects affecting the functioning of the system and the most important factors in its assessment through a systematic review during 1990 to 2017.

Methods: This systematic review of the current literature study was conducted during July 2017, and all articles, books, guidelines, manuals and dissertations pertaining to the Incident Command System were analyzed. A total of articles and relevant documents were identified and finally these articles, which we found, were analyzed based on the specified indicators. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.30476/BEAT.2020.46445DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7211386PMC

Distal Locked versus Unlocked Intramedullary Nailing in Intertrochanteric Fracture; A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized and Non-Randomized Trials.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2020 Apr;8(2):56-61

Department of Orthopaedics, Lady Hardinge Medical college and associated hospitals, New Delhi, India.

Objective: To compare the outcome of distal locked and unlocked intramedullary nailing in patients with intertrochanteric fractures through systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized and non-randomized clinical trials.

Methods: Randomized or non-randomized controlled studies comparing the effects of unlocked and locked nails for treatment of intertrochanteric fractures were searched using the search strategy of Cochrane collaboration up to April 2019. Four eligible studies involving 691 patients were included. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.30476/BEAT.2020.46444DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7211383PMC

Tranexamic Acid; A Glittering Player in the Field of Trauma.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2020 Apr;8(2):53-55

Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.30476/BEAT.2020.46443DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7211392PMC

Systematic Reviews: Are They Actually Well Conducted and Reported in Accordance with PRISMA?

Bull Emerg Trauma 2020 Jan;8(1):51-52

Iranian Center of Excellence in Health Management (IceHM), Department of Health Service Management, School of Management and Medical Informatics, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-080110DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7071932PMC
January 2020

Methodological Issues on the Importance of Instrument Validation in Cross-Sectional Health Research.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2020 Jan;8(1):49-50

Iranian Center of Excellence in Health Management (IceHM), Department of Health Service Management, School of Management and Medical Informatics, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-080109DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7071930PMC
January 2020

Point of Care Ultrasound in Pyogenic Tenosynovitis: A Case Report.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2020 Jan;8(1):41-46

Department of Emergency Medicine, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA.

Pyogenic tenosynovitis is caused by hematogenous spread of infection or trauma with direct inoculation of a tendon sheath. Symptoms and clinical examination findings associated with pyogenic tenosynovitis may be confused with superficial soft tissue infections, however management plans between pyogenic tenosynovitis and superficial soft tissue infection vary significantly. In patients with pyogenic tenosynovitis, operative intervention and subsequent irrigation and debridement offer a definitive therapy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-080107DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7071934PMC
January 2020

Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fracture and Single Balloon Extrapedicular Kyphoplasty: Findings and Technical Considerations.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2020 Jan;8(1):34-40

Department of Spine Center, MIOT International Chennai, India.

Objective: To evaluate the functional and radiological outcome of balloon kyphoplasty and to endorse the unilateral single balloon extrapedicular kyphoplasty as practically more feasible and safer method in comparison to the conventional methods.

Methods: Totally, 81 patients were presented to our center with osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture. Among these, 59 patients (61 vertebrae) were enrolled with stable wedge osteoporotic compression fracture. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-080106DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7071935PMC
January 2020

A Comparative Study of Injury Severity Scales as Predictors of Mortality in Trauma Patients: Which Scale Is the Best?

Bull Emerg Trauma 2020 Jan;8(1):27-33

Trauma Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Objective: To compare the injury severity scales as predictors of mortality in trauma patients to search for the best scale.

Methods: In a prospective cohort study and systematical random sampling conducted from March to September 2017, trauma patients over the age of 13 years were enrolled. The investigated variables were age, gender, systolic blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate, injured body region, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), injury severity score (ISS), revised trauma score (RTS), trauma injury severity score (TRISS) and the outcome. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-080105DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7071938PMC
January 2020

Identification of Factors Contributing to Traffic Accidents amongst Girls in Tehran with Specific Focus on Psychosocial Factors.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2020 Jan;8(1):19-26

Country Coordinating Mechanism, Global Fund, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: To identify the human factors contributing to traffic accidents with a special focus on psychosocial factors amongst young girls of Tehran, Iran.

Methods: In a descriptive study conducted in Tehran, Iran in 2013, 108 girls aged 18-24 were enrolled by using a stratified cluster sampling method. Participants filled a wide range of validated questionnaires about traffic psychology. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-080104DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7071933PMC
January 2020

Regenerative Capacities of Chitosan-Nanoselenium Conduit on Transected Sciatic Nerve in Diabetic Rats: An Animal Model Study.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2020 Jan;8(1):10-18

Department of Clinical Science, Faculty of Specialized Veterinary Sciences, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: To assess regenerative capacities of chitosan-nanoselenium conduit on transected sciatic nerve in diabetic rats.

Methods: A 10-mm sciatic nerve defect was bridged using a chitosan-nanoselenium conduit filled with phosphate buffered saline. In chitosan group, the chitosan conduit was filled with phosphate buffered saline solution. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-080103DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7071936PMC
January 2020

Lateral Approach Versus Combined Lateral and Anteromedial Approach for Surgical Treatment of Terrible Triad of Elbow: A Meta-Analysis.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2020 Jan;8(1):4-9

Department of Orthopedics, Lady Hardinge Medical College(LHMC) and Associated Hospitals, New Delhi, India .

Objective: To find out which surgical approach, optimize the functional outcomes and reduce the risk of complications in terrible triad of elbow".

Methods: Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar were searched to identify relevant studies, which were included if they were retrospective or prospective in design, involved participants who had terrible triad of elbow (TTIE) that compared lateral approach (LA) with combined lateral and anteromedial approach (CML), and were published in English. Outcomes of interest were functional outcomes, complications, and operative time. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-080102DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7071937PMC
January 2020

Search Strategy for Search Performance; Off-the-cuff or Being Sensitive.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Oct;7(4):431-432

Trauma Research Center, Shahid Rajaee (Emtiaz) Trauma Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-070417DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6911708PMC
October 2019

How to Report Systematic Review Studies; A Critical Review of Some Methodological Issues and Recommendations to Consider When Conducting These Studies.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Oct;7(4):429-430

Iranian Center of Excellence in Health Management (IceHM), Department of Health Service Management, School of Management and Medical Informatics, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-070416DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6911714PMC
October 2019

Streptococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome in a Patient with a Phlycten.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Oct;7(4):427-428

Intensive Medicine Service, Centro Hospitalar Universitário de São João, Porto, Portugal.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-070415DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6911726PMC
October 2019

From Juvenile Nasopharyngeal Angiofibroma to Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma; A Rare Case Report of Nasopharyngeal Mass.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Oct;7(4):424-426

Department of Rhinology and Skull Base Surgery, ENT and Head and Neck Research Center, Hazrat Rasoul Hospital, The Five Senses Institute, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Nasopharyngeal masses in young males, first of all presumes Juvenile Nasopharyngeal Angiofibroma (JNA) in the mind, but other benign or malignant tumors should be considered for successful and adequate management of patients and also for minimizing morbidity from unnecessary interventions. We herein present a patient with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) mimicking JNA. The patient was presumed as JNA and underwent excessive surgical intervention and the final histopathology report was NPC. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-070414DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6911716PMC
October 2019

Aneurysm of the Internal Carotid Artery Misdiagnosed as Cervical Paraganglioma; A Case Report and Literature Review.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Oct;7(4):420-423

Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

The aneurysms of the extracranial segment of the internal carotid artery are not common and are associated with severe neurologic deficits. They could be misdiagnosed with several lesion of the cervical region. We herein report a case of internal carotid artery aneurysm misdiagnosed as paraganglioma. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-070413DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6911723PMC
October 2019

Uncomplicated Wide Oblique Clivus Fracture, the First Case to be Included in the List of Classification; Report of the Case and Review of Literature.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Oct;7(4):416-419

Department of Neurosurgery, Sina Hospital, Emam Ave. Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Sheno-occipital diastasis happens more frequently in children and is accompanied with neural and vascular injuries leading to a high rate of mortality. We present a rare type of clival fracture in a 21 years old man who could survive without any deficit even though the fracture extended widely from left Asterion to the right orbit accompanied by widespread damage of the skull base air sinuses in 3D CT scan. To the best knowledge of the authors, neither this type of fracture, nor the clinical presentation, has been reported in relevant literature. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-070412DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6911711PMC
October 2019

Three-Stage Treatment of Transcalcaneal Talonavicular Fracture Dislocation; A Case Report and Literature Review.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Oct;7(4):411-415

Bone and Joint Diseases Research Center, Department of Orthopedics Surgery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Transcalcaneal talonavicular fracture dislocation is an extremely rare debilitating injury with high complication rates. The present case report demonstrates highly comminuted joint-depressed fracture of left calcaneus treated with primary subtalar arthrodesis following reduction and fixation of the calcaneus. The right ankle sustained a highly comminuted fracture of calcaneal body with completely-destroyed posterior facet, fracture dislocation of the calcaneocuboid joint, dorsally dislocated talonavicular joint, fracture of anterior of tibial plafond, and subluxation of the tibiotalar joint. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-070411DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6911717PMC
October 2019

Results of a Campaign for Motorcycle Helmets Advocacy in a City in Southwest of Iran; A Population-Based Intervention Study.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Oct;7(4):404-410

Health Policy Research Center, Institute of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Objective: We conducted a triple phase project for motorcycle helmets advocacy in Darab, a city in southwest Iran. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the project on decreasing the hazards of motorcycle accidents.

Methods: Using a questionnaire, data for ICU admission rates, hospital costs for patients who required ICU admission, rate of helmet usage, mortality and the duration of ICU care for patients admitted to Darab hospital due to motorcycle accidents in Winter 2015 (before conducting the project) and Winter 2016 (after conducting the project) were gathered and compared. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-070410DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6911718PMC
October 2019

Barriers to and Facilitators of Road Traffic Injuries Prevention in Iran; A Qualitative Study.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Oct;7(4):390-398

Road Traffic Injury Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Objective: To identify the barriers to and facilitators of the prevention of road traffic accidents (RTIs) in Iran.

Methods: In this qualitative study 42 key stakeholders and experts in the field of traffic injuries in Iran were selected based on purpose and theoretical sampling to reach informational saturation. Their views concerning barriers to and facilitators of the prevention of traffic injuries in Iran were studied using semi-structured interviews. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-070408DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6911722PMC
October 2019

Identification and Prioritization of Key Components Influencing Prehospital Emergency Related to Preventable Road Traffic Injuries Deaths in Iran; A Delphi Study.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Oct;7(4):381-389

Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: To identify and prioritize the key Components of prehospital emergency system to prevent mortality in road traffic injuries.

Methods: A total of 25 emergency medicine practitioners, emergency ward nurses, and managers of prehospital emergency centers participated in this adjusted Delphi study in three rounds. After extracting the primary components through reviewing systematic studies and interviewing experts, the Delphi rounds were performed with the presence of experts. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-070407DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6911724PMC
October 2019

Five-Year Forecasting Deaths Caused by Traffic Accidents in Fars Province of Iran.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Oct;7(4):373-380

Legal Medicine Research Center, Legal medicine organization, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: The aim of study was to conduct a time-based analysis to utilize the obtained knowledge for forecasting the trend of accidents in the future.

Methods: The present study, which was conducted as a cross-sectional research, investigated deaths from traffic accidents in Fars Province during a five-year period from 2013 to 2018. The pseudo-regression model of Spline was used to predict the increase in mortality rate by 2021. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-070406DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6911725PMC
October 2019

Evaluation of the Effect of Titatnium Dioxide Nanoparticles/Gelatin Composite on Infected Skin Wound Healing; An Animal Model Study.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Oct;7(4):366-372

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: To evaluate effects of titanium dioxide /gelatin nanocomposite on wound healing in mice as a model study.

Methods: Fifty male rats were randomized into five groups of ten animals each. In group I, 0. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-070405DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6911721PMC
October 2019

Procalcitonin and D-dimer for Predicting 28-Day-Mortality Rate and Sepsis Severity based on SOFA Score; A Cross-sectional Study.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Oct;7(4):361-365

Prehosptal and Hospital Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: To determine the possible relationship of procalcitonin (PCT) and D-dimer with the 28-day-mortality rate and severity of sepsis based on sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, patients were enrolled based on their signs and symptoms of sepsis confirmed by essential laboratory studies. Demographic data, Glasgow coma scale and vital signs, serum PCT and D-dimer levels, creatinine, bilirubin level, arterial blood gas analysis and platelet count were recorded. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-070404DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6911710PMC
October 2019

The Outcome Analysis and Complication Rates of Tracheostomy Tube Insertion in Critically Ill Neurosurgical Patients; A Data Mining Study.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Oct;7(4):355-360

Department of Neurosurgery, Narayna Medical College Hospital, Chinthareddypalem, Nellore-524003, Andhra Pradesh.

Objectives: To assess the impact, timing, the intra and early post-operative complications and the survival outcome of tracheostomy in critically ill neurosurgery patients.

Methods: This study was a retrospective data mining where data was collected from hospital records from 175 consecutive patients who underwent tracheostomy in the department of Neurosurgery at the Narayna Medical College Hospital, Nellore, India from Jan 2016 to April 2018. A proforma was used to note down the details on the patient status before and after tracheostomy: Glasgow coma scale (GCS), procedure and intra and post-operative complications, type of tracheostomy cannula, details of decannulation, respiration difficulties, and problems with wound, swallowing difficulties, and voice difficulties, stay in intensive care unit (ICU) and hospital and survival status of the patient. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-070403DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6911712PMC
October 2019

Development and Validation of a Nomogram for Predicting the Mortality after Penetrating Traumatic Brain Injury.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Oct;7(4):347-354

Division of Neurological Surgery, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Songklanagarind Hospital, Prince of Songkla University, Songkla, Thailand.

Objective: To determine the factors associated with mortality in penetrating brain injury (PTBI) and proposed the nomogram predicting the risk of death.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted on all patients who had sustained PTBI between 2009 and 2018. Collected data included clinical characteristics, neuroimaging findings, treatment, and outcomes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-070402DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6911715PMC
October 2019

Drug Related Hospital Admissions; A Systematic Review of the Recent Literatures.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Oct;7(4):339-346

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Gondar University, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Objective: To derive findings from different studies done on drug related hospital admissions and comprehensively express the incidence and preventability of drug related hospital admissions; identify the common types of drug related problems that caused hospital admission, and identify factors associated with drug related hospital admission.

Methods: Literatures that assessed hospitalization due to drug related problems were searched online using Pub Med and Google Scholar databases. The relevant reference lists of retrieved articles were also searched manually on Google. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-070401DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6911719PMC
October 2019

Methodological Issue on Reporting of Systematic Review of Diagnostic Accuracy of Rapid Ultrasound in Shock.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Jul;7(3):337-338

Department of Rehabilitation and Sport Medicine , School of Allied Medical Sciences, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-0703021DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6681881PMC
July 2019
1 Read

Orbital Cellulitis Due To Leech Therapy.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Jul;7(3):335-336

Department of Emergency Medicine, Kartal Dr. Lütfi Kırdar Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-0703020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6681886PMC
July 2019
4 Reads

Delayed Intracerebral Hemorrhage after Synthetic Cannabis (Bonsai) Abuse; Case Report and Literature Review.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Jul;7(3):330-334

Kırıkkale University School of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Kirikkale, Turkey.

Bonsai is a synthetic cannabinoid (SC) substance which can cause lung toxicity with chronic use. However, there are few case reports in literature related to bonsai-induced intracerebral hemorrhage in literature. A 25-year-old man presented at the Emergency Room (ER) with dyspnea, hemoptysis and agitation subsequent to bonsai use. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-0703019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6681887PMC
July 2019
1 Read

Acute Subdural Hemorrhage of a Convexity Meningioma in the Postpartum Period; Case Report and Literature Review.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Jul;7(3):324-329

Department of Radiology, Baylor college of medicine, Houston, Texas, USA.

New onset seizures in pregnancy or the postpartum period can be of great importance and denote various underlying pathologies. Eclampsia and cerebrovascular accidents are common, and brain tumors are uncommon causes of postpartum seizures among others. Acute presentation of brain tumors in pregnancy or the postpartum period is extremely rare. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-0703018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6681878PMC
July 2019
4 Reads

Successful Medical Management of Methamphetamine Induced Ileus; A Rare Case Report and Literature Review.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Jul;7(3):320-323

Pharmaceutical Research Center, Pharmaceutical Technology Institute, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Ileus is a very rare complication of methamphetamine (MET) intoxication. We herein report a 15-year-old non-addict girl who ingested about 5 gr of MET. She suffered from bowel obstruction manifestations. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-0703017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6681882PMC
July 2019
5 Reads

Is Emergency Medical Services (EMS) in Islamic Republic of Iran Practical and Efficient in Facing Ebola?

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Jul;7(3):315-319

Department of Anesthesia, School of Paramedical, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran.

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and preparedness of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) in Islamic Republic of Iran to face Ebola.

Methods: The present study is cross-sectional and somehow descriptive. We used a standard questionnaire that was designed by "center for disease control and prevention". Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-0703016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6681877PMC

Dispatcher-Assisted Bystander Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (Telephone-CPR) and Outcomes after Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Jul;7(3):307-313

Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.

Objective: To determine the effects of the implementation of the telephone cardiopulmonary resuscitation (T-CPR) program on the outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA).

Methods: In this prospective study, Emergency Medical Service (EMS) dispatchers and all bystanders attending to patients with OHCA were included. The consensus sampling was carried out based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-0703015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6681871PMC

Developing a Model for Hospitals' Emergency Department Preparedness in Radiation and Nuclear Incidents and Nuclear Terrorism in Iran.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Jul;7(3):300-306

Department of Health in Disasters and Emergencies, Health Human Resources Research Center, School of Management and Medical Informatics, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Objective: To develop a national model for hospitals' Emergency Department (ED) preparedness when facing radiation and nuclear incidents as well as nuclear terrorism in Iran.

Methods: This analytical study was carried out in 2019 via Delphi technique in two rounds and prioritization using a pairwise questionnaire. Using classic Delphi technique and pairwise comparison, the components were given to 32 specialists in emergency medicine, nuclear medicine, medical physics, nuclear physics, radiobiology and radiation protection, health in disaster and emergency, and passive defense. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-0703014DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6681888PMC