286 results match your criteria Bulletin of emergency and trauma[Journal]


High Risk Criteria in Level 2 May Provide a Source of Disagreement in Emergency Severity Index.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Jan;7(1):90-91

Department of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-0701016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360001PMC
January 2019

Rhino-orbital Mucormycosis.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Jan;7(1):88-89

Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-0701015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360008PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Ultrasonography Application for Detection and Management of Pneumothorax following Pleural Catheter Insertion; A Case Report.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Jan;7(1):84-87

Trauma Research Center, Rajaee (Emtiaz) Trauma Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Pneumothorax as a complication of pleural catheter insertion could be very dangerous in patients under mechanical ventilation. In ICU patients, physical examination and supine chest x-ray (CXR) are poorly sensitive in diagnosis of pneumothorax. Moreover, CT scan has also disadvantages, such as radiation, high cost, time consuming and need for patient transfer to radiology suit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-0701014DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360002PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Talocalcaneal Coalition Including Open Comminuted Calcaneal Fracture; A Case Report and Literature Review.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Jan;7(1):80-83

Medical University of Graz, Department of Orthopaedics and Trauma, Graz, Austria.

Tarsal coalition is an often unrecognised cause of foot and ankle pain and represents a congenital osseous, cartilaginous or fibrous connection between two or more tarsal bones. Fractures in combination with tarsal coalitions are rarely described in the literature. We report the case of a 43-year-old male patient with a talocalcaneal coalition who sustained an open comminuted calcaneal fracture and a closed transverse cuboid fracture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-0701013DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360003PMC
January 2019
9 Reads

Macular Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion as a Rare Complication of Periocular Scorpion Bite: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Jan;7(1):76-79

Poostchi Ophthalmology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-0701012DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360004PMC
January 2019

An Extremely Rare Complication of Widespread Retroperitoneal Abscess Originating from Anorectal Horseshoe Abscess.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Jan;7(1):72-75

Kirikkale University School of Medicine, Department of General Surgery, Kirikkale, Turkey.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-0701011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360016PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Protocols for Point-of-Care-Ultrasound (POCUS) in a Patient with Sepsis; An Algorithmic Approach.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Jan;7(1):67-71

Department of Emergency Medicine, Royal Bournemouth Hospital, Bournemouth, UK, BH7 7DW.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-0701010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360013PMC
January 2019

Prevalence and Socio-Economic Determinants of Disabilities Caused by Road Traffic Accidents in Iran; A National Survey.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Jan;7(1):60-66

National Board Social Medicine, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: To determine the prevalence and socio-economic disparity among victims with disabilities caused by RTAs in Iran as country with a high rate of accidents.

Method: The source of data was the Iranian Multiple Indicator Demographic and Health Survey, a nationwide cross-sectional study. The sampling framework was based on the population and housing census for Iran in 2006. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-070109DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360010PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

The Value of Red Cell Distribution Width (RDW) and Trauma-Associated Severe Hemorrhage (TASH) in Predicting Hospital Mortality in Multiple Trauma Patients.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Jan;7(1):55-59

Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Objective: To investigate the role of red cell distribution width (RDW) in comparison with Trauma-Associated Severe Hemorrhage (TASH) system in predicting the mortality of multiple trauma patients, referred to the hospital emergency department.

Methods: This follow-up study was conducted on multiple trauma patients (age ≥ 18 years) with Injury Severity Scores (ISS) of ≥ 16, who were referred to the emergency department from March 1, 2017, to December 1, 2017. First, all patients were evaluated based on the Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) guidelines, and then, their blood samples were sent for RDW measurements at baseline and 24 hours after admission. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-070108DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360011PMC
January 2019

Non-Operative Management of Blunt Liver Trauma: Safety, Efficacy and Complications of a Standardized Treatment Protocol.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Jan;7(1):49-54

Department of Surgery, A. Cardarelli Hospital, Via A. Cardarelli 9 80131 Naples, Italy.

Objective: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of NOM (non-operative management) in the treatment of blunt liver trauma, following a standardized treatment protocol.

Methods: All the hemodynamically stable patients with computed tomography (CT) diagnosis of blunt liver trauma underwent NOM. It included strict clinical and laboratory observation, 48-72h contrast enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) or CT follow-up, a primary angioembolization in case of admission CT evidence of vascular injuries and a secondary angioembolization in presence of vascular injuries signs at follow-up CEUS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-070107DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360015PMC
January 2019

Stereological Comparison of Imbibed Fibrinogen Gauze versus Simple Gauze in External Packing of Grade IV Liver Injury in Rats.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Jan;7(1):41-48

Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Objective: To evaluate the effect of imbibed fibrinogen gauze on survival, bleeding and healing in liver trauma.

Methods: This animal experimental study was conducted on 20 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats; with a mean weight of 300±50 gram; divided into two groups. Grade IV injury was induced to the subjects' liver. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-070106.DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360012PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Effects of Pyrroloquinoline Quinone (PQQ) on Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in Rat Ovaries: Histological and Biochemical Assessments.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Jan;7(1):35-40

Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Pathology, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran.

Objective: To evaluate effects of pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) on ischemia-reperfusion injury using a rat ovary model.

Method: Thirty healthy female Wistar rats with 250g were randomized into five experimental groups (n = 6): Group SHAM: The rats underwent only laparotomy. Group Ischemia: A 3- hour ischemia only. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-070105.DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360009PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Effect of Local Administration of Verapamil Combined with Chitosan Based Hybrid Nanofiber Conduit on Transected Sciatic Nerve in Rat.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Jan;7(1):28-34

Department of Surgery and Diagnostic Imaging, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran.

Objective: To assess the effect of locally administered verapamil on transected peripheral nerve regeneration and functional recovery.

Methods: Sixty male healthy white Wistar rats were divided into four experimental groups (n=15), randomly: In transected group (TC), left sciatic nerve was transected and stumps were fixed in the adjacent muscle. In treatment group defect was bridged using chitosan tube (CHIT/Verapamil) filled with 10 µL verapamil (100ng/mL). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-070104DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360005PMC
January 2019

Shock Index as a Predictor of Post-Intubation Hypotension and Cardiac Arrest; A Review of the Current Evidence.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Jan;7(1):21-27

Department of Accident and Trauma, Prince Sultan Bin Abdulaziz College for Emergency Medical Services, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdome of Saudi Arabia.

Endotracheal intubation is a lifesaving procedure that is performed in various settings within the hospital or even in the pre-hospital field. However, it can result in serious hemodynamic complications, such as post-intubation hypotension (PIH) and cardiac arrest. The most promising predictor of such complications is the shock index (SI), which holds great prognostic value for multiple disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-070103.DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360014PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Features and Results of Conducted Studies Using a Lean Management Approach in Emergency Department in Hospital: A Systematic Review.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Jan;7(1):9-20

Department of Health in Disasters and Emergencies, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: To perform a systematic review of the properties and results of the studies that their approaches are lean management in emergency departments and the factors which influence on their performance.

Method: The necessary information in the first stage was collected by searching these keywords: "Lean principles" "Lean Six Sigma", "Lean Process", "Lean thinking", "Lean Methodology", "Toyota Production System lean processing", "lean techniques", "emergency department", "emergency medicine", "emergency room" and "emergency care " . And in the next stage the keywords such as "lean management" and "emergency" was collected from SID, Medlib, IranDoc, Google Scholar, MagIran, IranMedex data bases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-070102.DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360007PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Self-immolation in Iran: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2019 Jan;7(1):1-8

Iranian Center of Excellence in Health Management, School of Management and Medical Informatics, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Objective: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of self-immolation epidemiology and characteristics in Iran.

Methods: This was a systematic review and meta-analysis study. PubMed, Scopus, Web of science and Science Direct were searched for English literature and SID and Magiran for Persian in the time period of 2000 to 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-070101DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360006PMC
January 2019

Post-Surgical Transitory Inferior Subluxation of Shoulder.

Authors:
Vikram Khanna

Bull Emerg Trauma 2018 Oct;6(4):379-380

Department of Orthopedics, Ranjana Hospital, Allahabad, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-060419DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215063PMC
October 2018

Isolated Mesenteric Injury causing Ileal Devascularisation with Uterine Perforation following Termination of Pregnancy; A Case Report and Literature Review.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2018 Oct;6(4):376-378

Dr Hemashree K, House Surgeon, Department of Surgery, BGS GIMS, Bangalore, 560060.

Surgical abortion is one of the leading causes of maternal mortality, constituting up to 20% of maternal deaths. Uterine perforation is a rare complication, accounting for4% of all the abortion related complications. Intestinal injury with uterine perforation following termination of pregnancy is even rare and is a potentially fatal complication with mortality of up to 10%. Read More

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https://www.beat-journal.com/index.php/BEAT/article/view/655
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-060418DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215067PMC
October 2018
11 Reads

Intrauterine Fetal Traumatic Brain Injury Following Motor Vehicle Accident; A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2018 Oct;6(4):372-375

Department of Neurosurgery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Trauma, especially traumatic injuries due to car accidents are one of the causes of maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity during pregnancy. Fetus brain injuries are usually caused fetus death. We herein report a pregnant woman in 28 weeks of gestation. Read More

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https://www.beat-journal.com/index.php/BEAT/article/view/648
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-060417DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215071PMC
October 2018
12 Reads

Surgical Management of Adult Traumatic Atlantoaxial Rotatory Subluxation with Unilateral Locked Facet; Case Report and Literature Review.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2018 Oct;6(4):367-371

Resident of Neurosurgery, Student Research Committee, Department of Neurosurgery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Atlantoaxial rotatory subluxation (AARS) is rarely occurred in adults with trauma as the most common cause. In type A and B it is usually managed with close reduction and external brace; however, in nonresponsive cases, surgical interventions might be needed. Our patient is a 21-year-old man with neck pain and torticollis after a car turn- over. Read More

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https://www.beat-journal.com/index.php/BEAT/article/view/728
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-060416DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215068PMC
October 2018
24 Reads

Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis in Afebrile Cirrhotic Patients; Report from a Referral Transplantation Center.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2018 Oct;6(4):363-366

Department of Emergency Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a complication of liver cirrhosis with adverse effect on patient prognosis. Early diagnosis and treatment is highly important, especially in patients without remarkable manifestations. We designed this study to determine the prevalence of SBP among afebrile cirrhotic patients and identify high-risk subgroups in a referral center in southern Iran. Read More

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https://www.beat-journal.com/index.php/BEAT/article/view/684
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-060415DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215066PMC
October 2018
11 Reads

Antimicrobial Survey of Local Herbal Drugs against Isolated from Patients Admitted to a Level-I Trauma Center.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2018 10;6(4):355-362

Medicinal and Natural Products Chemistry Research Center (MNCRC), Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Objective: To determine the antimicrobial activity and entity of several local herbal plants against isolated from trauma patients admitted to a Level-I trauma center.

Methods: The antibacterial activities of the oil and someselected Iranian medicinal plants ( and belonging to the Asteraceae/Compositae; and belonging to the Lamiaceae/Labiatae) were assayed on by microdilution and agar disc diffusion methods. Having obtained the acceptable antibacterial data, the shade-dried aerial parts of the plants were extracted by hydrodistillation method using Clevenger apparatus according to European pharmacopeia for 3 h. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-060414DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215076PMC
October 2018
4 Reads

Analysis of Risk Factors with Hospital Mortality in Pedestrian Injured Patients; A Dataset Analysis of a Level-I Trauma Center in Southern Iran.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2018 Oct;6(4):349-354

Trauma Research Center, Shahid Rajaee (Emtiaz) Trauma Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Objective: To determine the indicators predicting the hospital mortality in pedestrian injured patients admitted to a level I trauma center in Southern Iran.

Methods: This case control study was conducted in a Level-I trauma hospital in Shiraz. We selected all survived pedestrians who were admitted in the hospital with duration of admission more than 24 hours in one year from March 2016 to February 2017 as control group and compared with all non-survived pedestrian patients who expired in the hospital according to clinical from March 2012 to February 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-060413DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215079PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Analysis and Forecasting the Accident Mortality Trends in the Islamic Republic of Iran Applying Lee-Carter Model During the Years 2006 to 2035.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2018 Oct;6(4):341-348

ACECR, Futures Studies Research Group of IHSS, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: To predict the accident mortality trend in next two decades in Iran.

Methods: The study population comprised all deaths recorded in the system of registration and classification of causes of death of Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran during the years 2006 to 2015. The information was collected via death certificate, burial permit, and reporting forms. Read More

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https://www.beat-journal.com/index.php/BEAT/article/view/640
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-060412DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215062PMC
October 2018
13 Reads

Assessment of Care and its Associated Factors in Traumatic Patients in North of Iran.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2018 Oct;6(4):334-340

Nursing Education (Medical-Surgical), Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

Objective: To determine the status of pre-hospital emergency care and its associated factors in traumatic patients.

Methods: In across-sectional study, 577 traumatic patients who were transferred to Poursina hospital by EMS (Emergency Medical Services) personnel were selected by simple random sampling method. Pre-hospital emergency services were observed. Read More

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https://www.beat-journal.com/index.php/BEAT/article/view/525
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-060411DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215078PMC
October 2018
14 Reads

Validity and Reliability of the Emergency Severity Index and Triage System in Pediatric Emergency Care of Mofid Children's Hospital in Iran.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2018 Oct;6(4):329-333

Department of Emergency Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: To evaluate the validity, reliability, sensitivity, and specificity of the Emergency Severity Index (ESI) and Australasian Triage System (ATS) for children visiting admitted to the emergency department (ED).

Methods: This was a prospective study occurred in the Mofid children's Hospital in Iran from August 2017 to November 2018 and children had aged ≤14 years and presented at the ED with a medical symptom were considered eligible for participation. This study was divided into two phases: in the first phase, we determined the inter-rater reliability of ESI version 4 and ATS by triage nurses and pediatric residents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-060410DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215064PMC
October 2018
10 Reads

Effects of Body Mass Index on Outcome Measures of the Patients with Penetrating Injuries; A Single Center Experience.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2018 Oct;6(4):325-328

Natividad Medical Center, Salinas, CA.

Objective: To determine if there was any decrease in measures of injury severity or outcome with obese patients (body mass index greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2) as compared to non-obese patients (body mass index less than 30 kg/m2).

Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of the trauma database maintained by Natividad Medical Center's Level 2-Trauma program. From July 1st, 2014 to July 1st, 2017 there were 371 cases of penetrating trauma in adults between the ages of 18-80 years old. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-060409DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215065PMC
October 2018

Prognostic Value of Arterial Blood Gas Indices Regarding the Severity of Traumatic Injury and Fractures of the Femur and Pelvis.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2018 Oct;6(4):318-324

Department of Emergency Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Objective: To evaluate the prognostic value of arterial blood gas (ABG) indices, especially base excess (BE), regarding the severity of traumatic injury.

Methods: A total number of 96 trauma patients with fractures of femur and pelvis were included in this study. Demographic characteristics and clinical information of samples were recorded. Read More

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https://www.beat-journal.com/index.php/BEAT/article/view/688
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-060408DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215061PMC
October 2018
14 Reads

Pattern and Distribution of Shock Index and Age Shock Index Score Among Trauma Patients in Towards Improved Trauma Care Outcomes (TITCO) Dataset.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2018 Oct;6(4):313-317

Department of Neurosurgery, Narayana Medical College Hospital, Chinthareddypalem, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Objective: To compare the shock index (SI - which is the ratio of heart rate to systolic blood pressure) and Age SI (Age in years multiplied by SI) with survival outcome of the patients across multicenter trauma registry in India.

Methods: Study is based on Towards Improved Trauma Care Outcomes (TITCO) project. Records with valid details of age, heart rate, systolic blood pressure, Injury Severity Scale (ISS) and Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score was considered. Read More

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https://www.beat-journal.com/index.php/BEAT/article/view/586
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-060407DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215075PMC
October 2018
11 Reads

Outcome of Extra-Articular Distal Humerus Fractures Fixed by Single Column Extra-Articular Distal Humerus Locking Compression Plate Using Triceps Sparing Postero-Lateral Approach.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2018 Oct;6(4):306-312

Department of Orthopedics, SKIMS Medical College and Hospital, Bemina, India.

Objective: To determine the time to radiological union and final functional outcome of fixation of extra-articular distal humeral fractures with extra-artricular distal humerus locking plate.

Methods: This prospective study was conducted from March 2014 to February 2018 and included extra-articular distal humeral fractures managed by operative fixation using extra-articular distal humerus locking plate. All the fractures were approached using lateral para-tricepetal approach of Gervin, and stabilized with extra-articular distal humerus locking plate with or without lag screws. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-060406DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215070PMC
October 2018

The Effect of Hyoscine on Pain, Tenderness, and Rebound Tenderness in Patients with Appendicitis: Quasi-Interventional Study.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2018 Oct;6(4):300-305

Student Research Committee, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.

Objective: To evaluate the effect of hyoscine on pain and tenderness, rebound tenderness and appendicitis patients before surgery and this study can be considered as the first study investigated the efficacy of hyoscine on pain, tenderness, and rebound tenderness in patients with appendicitis.

Methods: In this single-group, prospective interventional study (before-after) according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, 70 patients with pain in the right lower abdomen and typical symptoms of appendicitis were evaluated and after surgery, diagnostic accuracy was examined by pathologic results. The pain was evaluated before and after administration of hyoscine by numerical and verbal examination. Read More

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https://www.beat-journal.com/index.php/BEAT/article/view/634
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-060405DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215073PMC
October 2018
17 Reads

Effect of Intramuscular Ketamine versus Haloperidol on Short-Term Control of Severe Agitated Patients in Emergency Department; A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2018 Oct;6(4):292-299

Emergency Medicine Research Center, Department of Emergency Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of intramuscular ketamine and haloperidol in sedation of severely agitated patients in emergency department (ED).

Methods: This randomized, double-blind clinical trial study was performed on agitated patients referring to two university educational hospitals. Patients were randomly assigned to receive intramuscular (IM) haloperidol (5 mg) or IM ketamine (4 mg/kg). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-060404DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215072PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Epidemiology of Road Traffic Injuries among Elderly People; A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2018 Oct;6(4):279-291

Road Traffic Injury Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Objective: To systematically review the epidemiological patterns and interventions for prevention of road traffic injuries (RTIs) among elderly.

Methods: Searching keywords including: accident, trauma, road injury, road traffic injuries, aging, old, elder, strategy, intervention, road traffic crash prevention and traffic accident in databases including, Google scholar, SID, IranMedex, PubMed and Scopus. English and non-Persian articles, articles presented in congresses, articles that considered elderly people to have age under than 60 years were excluded. Read More

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https://www.beat-journal.com/index.php/BEAT/article/view/636
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-060403DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215074PMC
October 2018
10 Reads

Diagnostic Accuracy of Rapid Ultrasound in Shock (RUSH) Exam; A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2018 Oct;6(4):271-278

Center for Health Related Social and Behavioral Sciences Research, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran.

Objective: To perform a diagnostic accuracy of the rapid ultrasound in shock (RUSH) to diagnose the etiology of undifferentiated shock in patients presenting to the emergency department (ED).

Methods: We searched the Medline via PubMed, Scopus, and ISI Web of Knowledge till July 2017. Two independent reviewers screened studies for eligibility. Read More

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https://www.beat-journal.com/index.php/BEAT/article/view/668
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-060402DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215077PMC
October 2018
13 Reads

Diaphragmatic Herniation of Ruptured Right Lobe of Liver with Hypertrophied Left Lobe.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2018 Jul;6(3):267-268

JPN Apex Trauma Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi-110029, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-060315DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6078480PMC
July 2018
2 Reads

Femoral Shaft Fracture during Bungee Jump: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2018 Jul;6(3):262-266

Western Sussex Hospitals, Worthing Hospital (Western Sussex Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust), Lyndhurst Road, Worthing, BN11 2DH, UK.

Bungee jumping is a recreational sport that is accepted to carry a level of risk. We present the case of a femoral fracture sustained during bungee jumping and examine the published literature on bungee jumping-related injuries. A previously well 31-year old female performed a 200ft bungee jump from a crane. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-060314DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6078473PMC

Handlebar Hernia with Triple Herniation and Perforation: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2018 Jul;6(3):257-261

Department of General Surgery, Dr Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College Kangra at Tanda Himachal Pradesh (Pin 176001), India.

Blunt trauma abdomen is a very common entity but traumatic abdominal wall hernia is not that common. Herniation through abdominal wall usually occurs following trauma with seat belt, motor cycle, bicycle handle bar etc. Handlebar hernia is a less known variety of traumatic abdominal wall hernia as a consequence of injury with handlebar of a bicycle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-060313DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6078476PMC
July 2018
7 Reads

Intracerebral Hemorrhage Secondary to Scorpion Toxin in the Northwest of Argentina; A Case Report.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2018 Jul;6(3):253-256

Intensive Care Unit, Hospital San Juan Bautista, Catamarca, Argentina.

Scorpionism is the clinical picture resulting from the inoculation of scorpion venom. It is considered a major public health problem, especially in countries with low resources and tropical or subtropical climate. Poisoning can be fatal especially in the first hours due to respiratory and / or cardiovascular collapse. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-060312DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6078472PMC
July 2018
24 Reads

Hyperthermia and Rigidity Following Overdose of an Unknown Drug; A Case Report and Literature Review.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2018 Jul;6(3):249-252

Consultant in Emergency and Intensive Care Medicine, Morriston Hospital, Swansea, UK.

Drug induced hyperthermia is a rare presentation which can rapidly lead to gross metabolic abnormality and death. These presentations are further complicated by the wide range of potentially causative agents. We present a case of rigidity and hyperthermia, following overdose of an initially unknown substance leading to challenging management decisions in the Emergency Department. Read More

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https://www.beat-journal.com/index.php/BEAT/article/view/611
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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-060311DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6078474PMC
July 2018
2 Reads

Epidemiology of Animal Bites and Associated Factors with Delay in Post-Exposure Prophylaxis; A Cross-Sectional Study.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2018 Jul;6(3):239-244

Department of Public Health, Nahavand Health Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.

Objective: To address the epidemiology of animal bites and associated factors with delay in post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) in Nahvand district, western Iran.

Methods: Data were obtained from Rabies Treatment Center (RTC) in Nahavan district from March 2015 to March 2017. All of referred cases to RTC include 1448 cases of animal bites using the census method were recruited. Read More

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https://www.beat-journal.com/index.php/BEAT/article/view/606
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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-060309DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6078470PMC
July 2018
16 Reads

Epidemiologic Aspects of Overall Injuries in Hamadan Province; A Six-Year Registry-Based Analysis.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2018 Jul;6(3):233-238

Psychosocial Injuries Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, IR Iran.

Objective: To investigate the epidemiological aspects of all-cause injuries in Hamadan province during a 6-year period.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study on injured subjects admitted to private or governmental hospitals in Hamadan province during March 2009 to March 2015. The epidemiological characteristics were retrieved from a registry-based system including gender, residency, injury mechanism and date of injury occurrence, outcome of hospitalization (full recovery/disability/death). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-060308DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6078468PMC
July 2018
18 Reads

Predictors of Incidence of Fall in Elderly Women; A Six-Month Cohort Study.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2018 Jul;6(3):226-232

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: To determine the incidence and predictive factors of the falls in elderly women in Northern Iran.

Methods: A total of 717 elderly women aged 60 years and above in Amirkola, Northern of Iran participated in this study. Age, history of falls during the 12 months leading to the study, accompanying diseases, status of balance, cognitive status, orthostatic hypotension, state of depressive symptoms, strength of quadriceps muscles and serum vitamin D level were assessed as independent variables during baseline measurement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-060307DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6078482PMC
July 2018
6 Reads

Experience and Availability of Pelvic Binders at Swedish Trauma Units; A Nationwide Survey.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2018 Jul;6(3):221-225

Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institute, Sweden.

Objective: To assess availability, experience, and knowledge about the Pelvic Circumferential Compression Device (PCCD) in Sweden.

Methods: A telephone interview with the current on-call trauma doctors at all trauma units in Sweden was conducted. After a short presentation and oral consent, the doctors were asked to answer four short questions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-060306DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6078475PMC

Massive Blood Transfusions and Outcomes in Trauma Patients; An Intention to Treat Analysis.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2018 Jul;6(3):217-220

Natividad Medical Center, Salinas, California, USA.

Objective: To determine if there exists an upper limit for amount of blood transfused in trauma patients before it reaches a point of futility.

Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted on 131 patients who received massive blood transfusion (MBT), defined as 10 U or higher of PRBCs received in the initial 24 hours. Data collected from a Level II trauma center registry were used to analyze reports of adult patients from July 2014 to 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-060305DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6078469PMC

Interaperitoneal Administration of Αlpha-Tocopherol Loaded Nanoparticles Improves Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in Rat Ovaries Torsion and Detorsion Model.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2018 Jul;6(3):207-216

Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azad University, Urmia, Iran.

Objective: To investigate effects of intraperitoneally administration of α-tocopherol loaded nanoparticles (TNP) on ischemia-reperfusion injury in ovaries.

Methods: Thirty-five healthy female Wistar rats ~250g were randomized into seven experimental groups (n = 5): Group SHAM: The rats underwent only laparotomy. Group Ischemia: A 3- hour ischemia only. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-060304DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6078481PMC
July 2018
3 Reads

The Effects of Chicken Embryo Brain Extract on Sciatic Nerve Regeneration of Male Rat; An Experimental Study.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2018 Jul;6(3):201-206

Department of Biology, Payame Noor University of Tehran Shargh, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: To determine the effects of chicken embryo brain extract (BE) on transects sciatic nerve in male rats.

Methods: Thirty adult male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 200 to 250 g, were randomized into three groups treated with (1) sham surgery, (2) normal saline (NS), and (3) brain extract (BE). The BE was taken from incubating chick embryos at day 8. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-060303DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6078471PMC
July 2018
14 Reads

Healing Effects of Dried and Acellular Human Amniotic Membrane and Mepitelas for Coverage of Skin Graft Donor Areas; A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2018 Jul;6(3):195-200

Hazrat Fatima Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: To compare the healing effects of dried and acellular human amniotic membrane and Mepitel for coverage of split-thickness graft donor site (STGDS).

Methods: Twenty patients who underwent STGDS regeneration surgery in identical anatomic regions were enrolled in this randomized controlled clinical trial conducted in Hazrate Fatemeh hospital (Iran). Patients were randomly assigned in 3 groups of wound dressing; group A by Mepitel, group B AmiCare (Dried amniotic membrane) and group C OcuReg-A (Acellular amniotic membrane). Read More

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https://www.beat-journal.com/index.php/BEAT/article/view/587
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-060302DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6078477PMC
July 2018
6 Reads

Mortality Rate and Predicting Factors of Traumatic Thoracolumbar Spinal Cord Injury; A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2018 Jul;6(3):181-194

Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: To estimate the summation of mortality rate and the contributing factors in patients with traumatic thoracolumbar spinal cord injuries (TLSCI).

Methods: A systematic search of observational studies that evaluated the mortality associated with TLSCI in MEDLINE and EMBASE was conducted. The study quality was evaluated using a modified quality assessment tool previously designed for observational studies. Read More

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https://www.beat-journal.com/index.php/BEAT/article/view/617
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-060301DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6078479PMC
July 2018
7 Reads