3,151 results match your criteria Bulletin Of The Iranian Mathematical Society[Journal]


Agro-financing and food production in Nigeria.

Heliyon 2020 May 28;6(5):e04001. Epub 2020 May 28.

Department of Economics, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka.

This study examines how agro-financing impacts on food production in Nigeria supporting Goal 2 of the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) which aims to . The study covers the period 1981-2018 using annual data sourced from the World Development Indicators (WDI) of the World Bank, Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) Statistical Bulletin. The Johansen and the Canonical Cointegration approaches are employed and findings reveal that agro-financing is statistically significant in explaining the level of food production in Nigeria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e04001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7260288PMC

Peripartum thromboprophylaxis.

BJOG 2020 May 24. Epub 2020 May 24.

Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA.

Prophylaxis with low-molecular-weight heparin during pregnancy is advocated for women at risk of venous thromboembolism due to its single daily dosing, expectable therapeutic response and low risk of bleeding occurrences (ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 196. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1471-0528.16332DOI Listing

The role of social media for persons affected by infertility.

BMC Womens Health 2020 May 24;20(1):112. Epub 2020 May 24.

Department of Clinical Science and Education, Karolinska Institutet, Södersjukhuset, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Infertility remains a common universal disorder and a whole range of assisted reproductive technologies has been established. Society may fail to recognize the grief caused by infertility, which may lead to those struggling with it hiding their feelings. Previous research points out that infertile persons experience shortcomings in fertility care regarding continuity of care and social support. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12905-020-00964-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7245829PMC

Thyroid Disease in Pregnancy: ACOG Practice Bulletin, Number 223.

Authors:

Obstet Gynecol 2020 Jun;135(6):e261-e274

Both thyrotoxicosis and hypothyroidism are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. There also is concern about the effect of overt maternal thyroid disease on fetal development. In addition, medications that affect the maternal thyroid gland can cross the placenta and affect the fetal thyroid gland. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003893DOI Listing

Gestational Hypertension and Preeclampsia: ACOG Practice Bulletin, Number 222.

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Obstet Gynecol 2020 Jun;135(6):e237-e260

Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy constitute one of the leading causes of maternal and perinatal mortality worldwide. It has been estimated that preeclampsia complicates 2-8% of pregnancies globally (). In Latin America and the Caribbean, hypertensive disorders are responsible for almost 26% of maternal deaths, whereas in Africa and Asia they contribute to 9% of deaths. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003891DOI Listing

Thyroid Disease in Pregnancy: ACOG Practice Bulletin Summary, Number 223.

Authors:

Obstet Gynecol 2020 Jun;135(6):1496-1499

Both thyrotoxicosis and hypothyroidism are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. There also is concern about the effect of overt maternal thyroid disease on fetal development. In addition, medications that affect the maternal thyroid gland can cross the placenta and affect the fetal thyroid gland. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003894DOI Listing

Gestational Hypertension and Preeclampsia: ACOG Practice Bulletin Summary, Number 222.

Authors:

Obstet Gynecol 2020 Jun;135(6):1492-1495

Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy constitute one of the leading causes of maternal and perinatal mortality worldwide. It has been estimated that preeclampsia complicates 2-8% of pregnancies globally (). In Latin America and the Caribbean, hypertensive disorders are responsible for almost 26% of maternal deaths, whereas in Africa and Asia they contribute to 9% of deaths. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003892DOI Listing

Driving the Future with Photocatalytic Solar Fuels.

Authors:
Tierui Zhang

Chemphyschem 2020 May 20. Epub 2020 May 20.

Key Laboratory of Photochemical Conversion and Optoelectronic Materials, Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry (TIPC), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing, 100190, China.

Tierui Zhang is a full Professor in Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the director of Key Laboratory of Photochemical Conversion and Optoelectronic Materials, CAS. He is associate editor of Science Bulletin and also serves as an editorial board member for several peer-reviewed journals including Advanced Energy Materials, ChemPhysChem, Scientific Reports, and Solar RRL. He has published more than 200 papers in refereed SCI journals, including Nat. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cphc.202000339DOI Listing

Extension of the dual-memory model of test-enhanced learning to distributions and individual differences.

Psychon Bull Rev 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, San Diego, CA, 91093, USA.

The dual-memory model of test-enhanced learning (Rickard & Pan, 2018, Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 25[3], 847-869) provides empirically supported quantitative predictions about multiple core phenomena for the case of cued recall. That model has been evaluated to date only for mean proportion correct. However, it also makes predictions about the distribution over subjects for both test-condition proportion correct and testing-effect magnitude. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/s13423-020-01734-7DOI Listing

Further Studies into Crack Growth in Additively Manufactured Materials.

Materials (Basel) 2020 May 12;13(10). Epub 2020 May 12.

Faculty of Aerospace Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Kluyverweg 1, 2629 HS Delft, The Netherlands.

Understanding and characterizing crack growth is central to meeting the damage tolerance and durability requirements delineated in USAF Structures Bulletin EZ-SB-19-01 for the utilization of additive manufacturing (AM) in the sustainment of aging aircraft. In this context, the present paper discusses the effect of different AM processes, different build directions, and the variability in the crack growth rates related to AM Ti-6Al-4V, AM Inconel 625, and AM 17-4 PH stainless steel. This study reveals that crack growth in these three AM materials can be captured using the Hartman-Schijve crack growth equation and that the variability in the various versus curves can be modeled by allowing the terms Δ and to vary. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ma13102223DOI Listing

[Comparison of Trauma Triage System in Prehospital Care Based on the Clinical Parameters with the ISS Score in Severely Injured Patients in the Czech Republic].

Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech 2020 ;87(2):120-126

Jesseniova lekárska fakulta v Martine, Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave.

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The purpose of the study is to verify the sensitivity of pre-hospital triage algorithm used in the Czech Republic, which decides on directing the patients at risk of a failure of vital functions into a trauma centre. Another aim is to find out whether the triage algorithm extension by items F4-persistent traumatic paralysis and M7-buried under heavy objects, implemented in 2015, resulted in an increased sensitivity of triage. MATERIAL AND METHODS It is a retrospective, observational, monocentric study. Read More

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Incidental learning of list membership is affected by serial position in the list.

Memory 2020 May 12;28(5):669-676. Epub 2020 May 12.

Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA.

Cowan, Donnell, and Saults [(2013). A list-length constraint on incidental item-to-item associations. , 20, 1253-1258] examined incidental memory of whether two words had occurred in the same list or different lists, after the lists had been presented with an orienting task that did not require memorisation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2020.1761398DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7265995PMC

Identification of Patient Needs and Preferences in Pigmented Villonodular Synovitis (PVNS) Using a Qualitative Online Bulletin Board Study.

Adv Ther 2020 Jun 11;37(6):2813-2828. Epub 2020 May 11.

Novartis Healthcare Pvt. Ltd., Hyderabad, India.

Introduction: Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS), also known as giant-cell tumour of the tendon sheath (GCTT), is a rare, benign proliferative tumour affecting the inner lining of synovial joints and tendon sheets. Information on treatment needs of PVNS patients to inform drug development is currently scarce. We conducted an exploratory qualitative study with PVNS patients to generate insights into the objective and emotional aspects related to their medical journey and experiences of living with this disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12325-020-01364-4DOI Listing

The ICMR bulletin on targeted hydroxychloroquine prophylaxis for Covid-19: Need to interpret with caution.

Authors:
Migita D'Cruz

Indian J Med Ethics 2020 Apr-Jun;V(2):100-102

Senior Resident, Geriatric Clinic and Services, Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru, 56 0029, INDIA.

The National Task Force for Covid-19 of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) in a bulletin dated March 21, 2020 recommended the use of hydroxychloroquine for prophylaxis in asymptomatic health care workers caring for suspected or confirmed patients and household contacts of confirmed patients. This is cause for concern with regard to bioethics and good clinical practice. The evidence for the efficacy of chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine is currently derived from open label trials and cell culture studies with no conclusive evidence available from randomised clinical trials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.20529/IJME.2020.040DOI Listing

Errata for Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin.

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Biol Pharm Bull 2020 ;43(5):917

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1248/bpb.b20-e4305DOI Listing
January 2020

rtmpt: An R package for fitting response-time extended multinomial processing tree models.

Behav Res Methods 2020 May 6. Epub 2020 May 6.

Department of Psychology, University of Freiburg, Engelbergerstrasse, 41, 79106, Freiburg, Germany.

Response-time extended multinomial processing tree models (RT-MPT; Klauer and Kellen, Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 82, 111-130 2018) provide estimates of process-completion times for cognitive processes modeled by means of multinomial processing tree (MPT) models (Batchelder and Riefer, Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 6, 57-86 1999). We present the R package rtmpt with which it is possible to fit RT-MPT models easily. The package is free and open source, it can be used with two established MPT syntaxes, and has a number of useful features, such as suppressing process-completion times for specific process outcomes, holding process probabilities constant, and changing some prior parameters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/s13428-019-01318-xDOI Listing

Urban mosquito management administration: Mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) habitat surveillance and questionnaire survey in Wuhan, Central China.

PLoS One 2020 5;15(5):e0232286. Epub 2020 May 5.

Disinfection and Vector Control Section, Wuhan Centers for Disease Prevention & Control, Wuhan, Hubei Province, People's Republic of China.

Background: Creating National Sanitary City (CNSC) promotes appearance, environment sanitation and public health including vector management of cities in China. However, vector management especially mosquito management and the related administrative productivity of Patriotic Health Campaign System (PHCS) of National Sanitary Cities (NSCs) were questioned by many pest control professionals and citizens. In this study, we studied mosquito management of NSCs taking Wuhan as an example. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0232286PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7199959PMC

The effect of a comprehensive mobile application program (CMAP) for family caregivers of home-dwelling patients with dementia: A preliminary research.

Jpn J Nurs Sci 2020 May 3. Epub 2020 May 3.

College of Nursing, Research Institute of Nursing Science, Keimyung University, Daegu, South Korea.

Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a comprehensive mobile application program in managing behavior and psychological symptoms of home-dwelling patients with dementia in South Korea.

Methods: A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was conducted. A total of 26 family caregivers participated in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jjns.12343DOI Listing

Motivational Interviewing and Return to Work for People with Musculoskeletal Disorders: A Systematic Mapping Review.

J Occup Rehabil 2020 Apr 30. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Department of Physiotherapy, Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo, Norway.

Purpose There is limited knowledge about motivational interviewing (MI) for people on sick leave with musculoskeletal disorders. Hence, our objective was to investigate what research on MI as a method to facilitate return to work for individuals who are on sick leave due to musculoskeletal disorders exists, and what are the results of the research? Methods We systematically searched MEDLINE, PsycINFO, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, Web of Science, Sociological Abstracts, Epistemonikos, SveMed + and DARE & HTA (covering 1983 to August 2019). We also searched the MINT bulletin and relevant web pages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10926-020-09892-0DOI Listing

COVID-19-Related Web Search Behaviors and Infodemic Attitudes in Italy: Infodemiological Study.

JMIR Public Health Surveill 2020 05 5;6(2):e19374. Epub 2020 May 5.

Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

Background: Since the beginning of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak, fake news and misleading information have circulated worldwide, which can profoundly affect public health communication.

Objective: We investigated online search behavior related to the COVID-19 outbreak and the attitudes of "infodemic monikers" (ie, erroneous information that gives rise to interpretative mistakes, fake news, episodes of racism, etc) circulating in Italy.

Methods: By using Google Trends to explore the internet search activity related to COVID-19 from January to March 2020, article titles from the most read newspapers and government websites were mined to investigate the attitudes of infodemic monikers circulating across various regions and cities in Italy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/19374DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7202310PMC

In memoriam Ching-I Peng (1950-2018)-an outstanding scientist and mentor with a remarkable legacy.

Authors:
Kuo-Fang Chung

Bot Stud 2020 Apr 25;61(1):14. Epub 2020 Apr 25.

Research Museum and Herbarium (HAST), Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.

Ching-I Peng, the most prolific and internationally recognized Taiwanese plant taxonomist of his generation, passed away on May 1, 2018. Dr. Peng was an eminent worker on the taxonomy of East Asian plants and the genus Ludwigia, and the foremost expert on Asian Begonia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-020-00291-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7182648PMC

External Cephalic Version: ACOG Practice Bulletin, Number 221.

Authors:

Obstet Gynecol 2020 May;135(5):e203-e212

In the United States, there is a widespread belief that the overall cesarean birth rate is higher than necessary. Efforts are being directed toward decreasing the number of these procedures, in part by encouraging physicians to make changes in their management practices. Because breech presentations are associated with a high rate of cesarean birth, there is renewed interest in techniques such as external cephalic version (ECV) and vaginal breech delivery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003837DOI Listing

Management of Genital Herpes in Pregnancy: ACOG Practice Bulletinacog Practice Bulletin, Number 220.

Authors:

Obstet Gynecol 2020 May;135(5):e193-e202

Genital herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection during pregnancy poses a risk to the developing fetus and newborn. Genital herpes is common in the United States. Among 14- to 49-year-old females, the prevalence of HSV-2 infection is 15. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003840DOI Listing

External Cephalic Version: ACOG Practice Bulletin Summary, Number 221.

Authors:

Obstet Gynecol 2020 May;135(5):1239-1241

In the United States, there is a widespread belief that the overall cesarean birth rate is higher than necessary. Efforts are being directed toward decreasing the number of these procedures, in part by encouraging physicians to make changes in their management practices. Because breech presentations are associated with a high rate of cesarean birth, there is renewed interest in techniques such as external cephalic version (ECV) and vaginal breech delivery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003838DOI Listing

Management of Genital Herpes in Pregnancy: ACOG Practice Bulletin Summary, Number 220.

Authors:

Obstet Gynecol 2020 May;135(5):1236-1238

Genital herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection during pregnancy poses a risk to the developing fetus and newborn. Genital herpes is common in the United States. Among 14- to 49-year-old females, the prevalence of HSV-2 infection is 15. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003841DOI Listing

Vaginitis in Nonpregnant Patients: ACOG Practice Bulletin Number 215.

Obstet Gynecol 2020 May;135(5):1229-1230

University of Helsinki, Finland Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Faculty of Medicine, Heather Pavilion East, Vancouver British Columbia, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003857DOI Listing

Gamified Mobile Computerized Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Japanese University Students With Depressive Symptoms: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial.

JMIR Res Protoc 2020 Apr 7;9(4):e15164. Epub 2020 Apr 7.

Department of Psychological Medicine, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Background: Evidence shows that computerized self-help interventions are effective for reducing symptoms of depression. One such intervention, SPARX, is a gamified mobile computerized cognitive behavioral therapy (cCBT) developed for adolescents in New Zealand, which was shown to be as effective as usual care for young people with mild-to-moderate symptoms of depression. However, gamified cCBT has not yet been tested in Japan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/15164DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7175183PMC

Addressing apical support during hysterectomy for prolapse: a NSQIP review.

Int Urogynecol J 2020 Apr 2. Epub 2020 Apr 2.

Division of FPMRS, 3219 Clifton Avenue, Suite 100, Cincinnati, OH, 45220, USA.

Objective: To describe national practice patterns regarding apical support procedures at time of hysterectomy for prolapse prior to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) 2017 Practice Bulletin on pelvic organ prolapse.

Methods: This retrospective descriptive study analyzed 24 months of data from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database, from 2015 and 2016. Patients undergoing hysterectomy for the indication of pelvic organ prolapse were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00192-020-04281-wDOI Listing

Errata for Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin.

Authors:

Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) 2020 ;68(4):403

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1248/cpb.c20-e6804DOI Listing
January 2020

Effect of Health Education on Healthcare-Seeking Behavior of Migrant Workers in China.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 Mar 30;17(7). Epub 2020 Mar 30.

School of Finance, Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, Chengdu 611130, China.

Health education is considered to be an effective way to improve the healthcare-seeking behavior of migrant workers. This study examined the impact of health education on healthcare-seeking behavior of migrant workers in China and explored the differences in different health education methods. This paper used the 2017 China Migrants Dynamic Survey (CMDS) to analyze the relationship between health education and healthcare-seeking behavior. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072344DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7177837PMC

Operative Vaginal Birth: ACOG Practice Bulletin, Number 219.

Authors:

Obstet Gynecol 2020 Apr;135(4):e149-e159

Despite significant changes in management of labor and delivery over the past few decades, operative vaginal birth remains an important component of modern labor management, accounting for 3.3% of all deliveries in 2013 (). Use of obstetric forceps or vacuum extractor requires that an obstetrician or other obstetric care provider be familiar with the proper use of the instruments and the risks involved. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003764DOI Listing

Operative Vaginal Birth: ACOG Practice Bulletin Summary, Number 219.

Authors:

Obstet Gynecol 2020 Apr;135(4):982-984

Despite significant changes in management of labor and delivery over the past few decades, operative vaginal birth remains an important component of modern labor management, accounting for 3.3% of all deliveries in 2013 (1). Use of obstetric forceps or vacuum extractor requires that an obstetrician or other obstetric care provider be familiar with the proper use of the instruments and the risks involved. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003765DOI Listing

If not now, when?

Authors:
Norman A Poole

BJPsych Bull 2020 Mar 27:1-2. Epub 2020 Mar 27.

Department of Neuropsychiatry, St George's Hospital, South West London and St George's Mental Health NHS Trust, UK.

Summary: The editor of the BJPsych Bulletin reflects on the extraordinary recent events triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic. Mental health professionals are at the front line of managing the pandemic and emergency changes should lead to a much needed refocus on what is really vital. In these unsettling times we ought to review how we manage the crisis, and its aftermath, both personally and professionally. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjb.2020.37DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7156545PMC

On Attenuated Interactions, Measurement Error, and Statistical Power: Guidelines for Social and Personality Psychologists.

Pers Soc Psychol Bull 2020 Mar 25:146167220913363. Epub 2020 Mar 25.

The University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, USA.

The replication crisis has seen increased focus on best practice techniques to improve the reliability of scientific findings. What remains elusive to many researchers and is frequently misunderstood is that predictions involving interactions dramatically affect the calculation of statistical power. Using recent papers published in (PSPB), we illustrate the pitfalls of improper power estimations in studies where attenuated interactions are predicted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0146167220913363DOI Listing

Travailler auprès des familles indigentes : les gardes-malades catholiques à l'avant-garde de la santé communautaire au Canada (1934-1959).

Can Bull Med Hist 2020 23;37(1):173-194. Epub 2020 Mar 23.

École des sciences infirmières, Université d'Ottawa.

Several articles in the and the refer to the personalist philosophy. In this article, we posit that this philosophy influenced the "social sense" promoted by the Church among nurses from 1934 to 1959 and that it enabled the transfer from a charitable model to one challenging the social order. We present the as agents of resistance to a science perceived as being devoid of morality, in the face of a growing administrative technocracy seen as detrimental to human beings' living conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/cbmh.349-042019DOI Listing

A review of the use of hormonal contraception in women with non-cardiovascular coexisting medical conditions. A comprehensive review.

Minerva Ginecol 2020 Apr 17;72(2):82-89. Epub 2020 Mar 17.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, McGill University Health Center, McGill University, Montréal, QC, Canada -

Introduction: Previously, the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) had published an excellent practice bulletin addressing the use of hormone contraception in women with pre-existing medical conditions. This practice bulletin became out of date. The Centers for Disease Control and prevention (CDC) of the USA subsequently developed a point form guideline for the use of oral contraceptives in women with coexisting medical conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0026-4784.20.04509-8DOI Listing

Review of Requirements for the Durability and Damage Tolerance Certification of Additively Manufactured Aircraft Structural Parts and AM Repairs.

Materials (Basel) 2020 Mar 15;13(6). Epub 2020 Mar 15.

Centre of Expertise for Structural Mechanics, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia.

The USAF requirements for the durability and damage tolerance certification for additively manufactured (AM) aircraft structural parts, which are detailed in Structures Bulletin EZ-19-01, raise a number of new and, as yet, unanswered questions. The present paper attempts to address three questions: How to perform a fracture mechanics-based analysis of crack growth in an AM part so as to account for the residual stresses, how to perform a fracture mechanics-based durability analysis of a cold spray repair so as to account for both the induced residual stresses and the presence of multiple co-located cracks, and how to perform a fracture mechanics-based durability analysis of an AM part so as to account for the presence of multiple collocated surface braking cracks. In this context, the present paper reveals the potential of the Hartman-Schijve variant of the NASGRO crack growth equation to accurately predict the growth of each of the individual (collocated) cracks that arose in a cold spray-repaired specimen and in a specimen from a crack that nucleated and grew from a rough surface. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ma13061341DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7143087PMC

Jealousy as a Function of Rival Characteristics: Two Large Replication Studies and Meta-Analyses Support Gender Differences in Reactions to Rival Attractiveness But Not Dominance.

Pers Soc Psychol Bull 2020 Mar 10:146167220904512. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.

Jealousy is a key emotion studied in the context of romantic relationships. One seminal study (Dijkstra, P., & Buunk, B. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0146167220904512DOI Listing

What is the evidence for the use of potassium permanganate for wound care?

Authors:
Varinder Rai

Drug Ther Bull 2020 May 2;58(5):71-74. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

London Medicines Information Sevice, NHS Specialist Pharmacy Service, London, UK

Topics for (DTB) review articles are selected by DTB's editorial board to provide concise overviews of medicines and other treatments to help patients get the best care. Articles include a summary of key points and a brief overview for patients. Articles may also have a series of multiple choice CME questions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/dtb.2019.000064DOI Listing

High-level athletes' motivation for sport and susceptibility to doping: The mediating role of eating behaviours.

Eur J Sport Sci 2020 Mar 12:1-9. Epub 2020 Mar 12.

Faculty of Sport Sciences, Laboratory of Human Motricity Expertise Sport and Health (LAMHESS - EA 6312), Université Côte d'Azur, LAMHESS, Nice, France.

Both doping (e.g. Hodge, K. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2020.1736642DOI Listing

Chronic Pelvic Pain: ACOG Practice Bulletin, Number 218.

Authors:

Obstet Gynecol 2020 Mar;135(3):e98-e109

Chronic pelvic pain is a common, burdensome, and costly condition that disproportionately affects women. Diagnosis and initial management of chronic pelvic pain in women are within the scope of practice of specialists in obstetrics and gynecology. The challenging complexity of chronic pelvic pain care can be addressed by increased visit time using appropriate coding modifiers, as well as identification of multidisciplinary team members within the practice or by facilitated referral. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003716DOI Listing

Prelabor Rupture of Membranes: ACOG Practice Bulletin, Number 217.

Authors:

Obstet Gynecol 2020 Mar;135(3):e80-e97

Preterm birth occurs in approximately 10% of all births in the United States and is a major contributor to perinatal morbidity and mortality (). Prelabor rupture of membranes (PROM) that occurs preterm complicates approximately 2-3% of all pregnancies in the United States, representing a significant proportion of preterm births, whereas term PROM occurs in approximately 8% of pregnancies (). The optimal approach to assessment and treatment of women with term and preterm PROM remains challenging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003700DOI Listing

Chronic Pelvic Pain: ACOG Practice Bulletin Summary, Number 218.

Authors:

Obstet Gynecol 2020 Mar;135(3):744-746

Chronic pelvic pain is a common, burdensome, and costly condition that disproportionately affects women. Diagnosis and initial management of chronic pelvic pain in women are within the scope of practice of specialists in obstetrics and gynecology. The challenging complexity of chronic pelvic pain care can be addressed by increased visit time using appropriate coding modifiers, as well as identification of multidisciplinary team members within the practice or by facilitated referral. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003717DOI Listing

Prelabor Rupture of Membranes: ACOG Practice Bulletin Summary, Number 217.

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Obstet Gynecol 2020 Mar;135(3):739-743

Preterm birth occurs in approximately 10% of all births in the United States and is a major contributor to perinatal morbidity and mortality (). Prelabor rupture of membranes (PROM) that occurs preterm complicates approximately 2-3% of all pregnancies in the United States, representing a significant proportion of preterm births, whereas term PROM occurs in approximately 8% of pregnancies (). The optimal approach to assessment and treatment of women with term and preterm PROM remains challenging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003701DOI Listing

Executive Summary: Collected Papers of the American College of Surgeons Metabolic Surgery Symposium.

Obes Surg 2020 May;30(5):1961-1970

American College of Surgeons, Chicago, IL, USA.

On August 9-10, 2017, the American College of Surgeons hosted a symposium on metabolic surgery, with 12 follow-on papers published serially in the Bulletin of the College. The current synopsis outlines the varied contents of these papers, often in the original words of their authors, who are cited within their topic sections. Topics covered include the following: history and definition of metabolic surgery, bariatric surgery, international bariatric surgery, mechanisms of metabolic surgery, diabetes and the metabolic syndrome, frontiers of metabolic surgery, institutional collaborations, accreditations and quality initiatives, professional training, the role of the National Institutes of Health, and advocacy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-020-04451-1DOI Listing

A Disclosure Form for Work Submitted to Medical Journals.

Dtsch Arztebl Int 2020 ;117(5):61-63

Secretary, ICMJE, Executive Editor, Annals of Internal Medicine; Representative and Associate Director for Library Operations, National Library of Medicine; Chief Scientific Editor, Deutsches Ärzteblatt (German Medicine Journal) & Deutsches Ärzteblatt International; Editor-in-Chief, JAMA (Journal of the American Medical Association) and the JAMA Network; Executive Managing Editor, Vice President, Editorial Operations, JAMA (Journal of the American Medical Association) and the JAMA Network; Editor, Revista Medica de Chile (Medical Journal of Chile); FRACS, Editor-in-Chief, New Zealand Medical Journal; Editor-in-Chief, The BMJ (British Medical Journal); Editor, Bulletin of the World Health Organization, Coordinator, WHO Press; Editor-in-Chief, Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences; Editor-in-Chief, Journal of Korean Medical Science; Editor, The Lancet; Deputy Editor, The Lancet; Editor-in-Chief, Annals of Internal Medicine; Assistant to the Editor, Special Projects, New England Journal of Medicine; Scientific Editor-in-Chief, Ugeskrift for Laeger (Danish Medical Journal); Editor-in-Chief, New England Journal of Medicine; Representative and Past President, World Association of Medical Editors.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3238/arztebl.2020.0061DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7054594PMC

The Implementation of Nursing Specialties in Spain, 2005-2018: A Documental Study.

Clin Nurse Spec 2020 Mar/Apr;34(2):75-84

Author Affiliations: Technical Advisor (Dr de Almeida Souza) Spanish Institute of Nursing Research; PhD Student (Mr Cuevas-Budhart), Complutense University of Madrid, Spain, and Mexican Institute of Social Security, Guerrero México; President (Mr Perez-Raya), and Former President (Dr González Jurado) Spanish General Council of Nursing; and Professor (Dr Gómez del Pulgar), Francisco Vitoria University, Madrid, Spain.

Nursing specialization is considered a significant professional requirement to meet the challenges and needs of the health systems under evolving epidemiological patterns and scientific, technological, and social advances. In Spain, experiences in the training of specialist nurses have followed the same pattern and have been consolidated through legislation. This study aimed to analyze the implementation of the Spanish Nursing Specialty process according to the Royal Decree 450/2005. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NUR.0000000000000508DOI Listing