17 results match your criteria Bulletin Of The American Meteorological Society[Journal]

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Incorporation and Use of Earth Remote Sensing Imagery within the NOAA/NWS Damage Assessment Toolkit.

Bull Am Meteorol Soc 2020 Mar 31;101(3):E323-E340. Epub 2020 Mar 31.

Earth Science Branch, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, Alabama.

Severe weather events including tornadoes, damaging winds, hail, and their combination produce changes in land surface vegetation and urban settings that are frequently observed through remote sensing. Capabilities continue to improve through a growing constellation of governmental and commercial assets, increasing the spatial resolution of visible, near to shortwave infrared, and thermal infrared remote sensing. Here, we highlight cases where visual interpretation of imagery benefitted severe weather damage assessments made within the NOAA/NWS Damage Assessment Toolkit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-19-0097.1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7263478PMC

Cloud System Evolution in the Trades-CSET: Following the Evolution of Boundary Layer Cloud Systems with the NSF/NCAR GV.

Bull Am Meteorol Soc 2019 Feb;100(1):93-121

Univ. of Colorado.

The Cloud System Evolution in the Trades (CSET) study was designed to describe and explain the evolution of the boundary layer aerosol, cloud, and thermodynamic structures along trajectories within the north-Pacific trade-winds. The study centered on 7 round-trips of the NSF NCAR Gulfstream V (GV) between Sacramento, CA and Kona, Hawaii between 1 July and 15 August 2015. The CSET observing strategy was to sample aerosol, cloud, and boundary layer properties upwind from the transition zone over the North Pacific and to resample these areas two days later. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0180.1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7008952PMC
February 2019

Is precipitation a good metric for model performance?

Bull Am Meteorol Soc 2019 Mar;100(2):223-233

Department of Meteorology and Atmospheric Science, and Center for Advanced Data Assimilation and Predictability Techniques, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802.

Precipitation has often been used to gauge the performances of numerical weather and climate models, sometimes together with other variables such as temperature, humidity, geopotential, and clouds. Precipitation, however, is singular in that it can present a high spatial variability and probably the sharpest gradients amongst all meteorological fields. Moreover, its quantitative measurement is plagued with difficulties and there are even notable differences among different reference datasets. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0218.1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6951255PMC

Earth Observations from DSCOVR/EPIC Instrument.

Bull Am Meteorol Soc 2018 Sep 9;99(9):1829-1850. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

NASA/GSFC.

The NOAA Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR) spacecraft was launched on February 11, 2015, and in June 2015 achieved its orbit at the first Lagrange point or L1, 1.5 million km from Earth towards the Sun. There are two NASA Earth observing instruments onboard: the Earth Polychromatic Imaging Camera (EPIC) and the National Institute of Standards and Technology Advanced Radiometer (NISTAR). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0223.1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6208167PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Climate Process Team on Internal Wave-Driven Ocean Mixing.

Bull Am Meteorol Soc 2017 Nov 1;98(11):2429-2454. Epub 2017 Dec 1.

Applied Physics Laboratory, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.

Diapycnal mixing plays a primary role in the thermodynamic balance of the ocean and, consequently, in oceanic heat and carbon uptake and storage. Though observed mixing rates are on average consistent with values required by inverse models, recent attention has focused on the dramatic spatial variability, spanning several orders of magnitude, of mixing rates in both the upper and deep ocean. Away from ocean boundaries, the spatio-temporal patterns of mixing are largely driven by the geography of generation, propagation and dissipation of internal waves, which supply much of the power for turbulent mixing. Read More

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http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0030.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0030.1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6157636PMC
November 2017
9 Reads

Key Issues for Seamless Integrated Chemistry-Meteorology Modeling.

Bull Am Meteorol Soc 2018 ;98:2285-2292

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany.

Online coupled meteorology-atmospheric chemistry models have greatly evolved in recent years. Although mainly developed by the air quality modeling community, these integrated models are also of interest for numerical weather prediction and climate modeling, as they can consider both the effects of meteorology on air quality and the potentially important effects of atmospheric composition on weather. This paper summarizes the main conclusions from the "Symposium on Coupled Chemistry-Meteorology/Climate Modelling: Status and Relevance for Numerical Weather Prediction, Air Quality and Climate Research," which was initiated by the European COST Action ES1004 "European Framework for Online Integrated Air Quality and Meteorology Modelling (EuMetChem). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00166.1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6145459PMC
January 2018
1 Read

THE OLYMPIC MOUNTAINS EXPERIMENT (OLYMPEX).

Bull Am Meteorol Soc 2017 Oct 30;98(10):2167-2188. Epub 2017 Oct 30.

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington.

OLYMPEX is a comprehensive field campaign to study how precipitation in Pacific storms is modified by passage over coastal mountains. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0182.1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6101968PMC
October 2017
1 Read

SAM-CAAM: A Concept for Acquiring Systematic Aircraft Measurements to Characterize Aerosol Air Masses.

Bull Am Meteorol Soc 2017 Oct 30;98(No 10):2215-2228. Epub 2017 Oct 30.

Center for Aerosol and Cloud Chemistry, Aerodyne Research, Inc. Billerica MA 01821.

A modest program of systematic aircraft measurements can resolve key satellite-aerosol-data-record limitations. Satellite observations provide frequent, global aerosol-amount maps, but offer only loose aerosol property constraints needed for climate and air quality applications. We define and illustrate the feasibility of flying an aircraft payload to measure key aerosol optical, microphysical, and chemical properties . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0003.1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5745363PMC
October 2017
11 Reads

The First International Summer Snowfall Workshop: Scattering properties of realistic frozen hydrometeors from simulations and observations, as well as defining a new standard for scattering databases.

Bull Am Meteorol Soc 2018 19;March 2018. Epub 2018 Apr 19.

Department of Meteorology, University of Reading, Reading, UK.

What: The work-shop gathered almost 50 scientists from Europe and the United States to discuss the progress towards developing electromagnetic scattering databases for ice and snow particles in the microwave region, their applications, the physical approximations used to compute these scattering properties, and how remote sensing and in situ observations can be used to validate scattering datasets. One of the main priorities of the workshop was to foster communication between users and developers of scattering databases, and to define standards and conventions for scattering data structures and variables. When: 28-30 June 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0208.1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6894400PMC

A Statistical Framework to Evaluate Extreme Weather Definitions from A Health Perspective: A Demonstration Based on Extreme Heat Events.

Bull Am Meteorol Soc 2016 Oct 22;97(10):1817-1830. Epub 2016 Nov 22.

School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia.

A statistical framework for evaluating definitions of extreme weather phenomena can help weather agencies and health departments identify the definition(s) most applicable for alerts nd other preparedness operations related to extreme weather episodes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00181.1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5584545PMC
October 2016
11 Reads

Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) Mission Products and Services at the NASA Goddard Earth Sciences (GES) Data and Information Services Center (DISC).

Bull Am Meteorol Soc 2017 Mar;Volume 98(No 3):437-444

NASA Goddard Earth Sciences (GES) Data and Information Services Center (DISC).

This article describes NASA/JAXA Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission products and services at the NASA Goddard Earth Sciences (GES) Data and Information Services Center (DISC). Built on the success of the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM), the next generation GPM mission consists of new precipitation measurement instruments and a constellation of international research and operational satellites to provide improved measurements of precipitation globally. To facilitate data access, research, applications, and scientific discovery, the GES DISC has developed a variety of data services for GPM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0023.1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6749173PMC

WMO World Record Lightning Extremes: Longest Reported Flash Distance and Longest Reported Flash Duration.

Bull Am Meteorol Soc 2017 Jun 13;98(6):1153-1168. Epub 2016 Sep 13.

School of Geographical Sciences, Arizona State University.

A World Meteorological Organization weather and climate extremes committee has judged that the world's longest reported distance for a single lightning flash occurred with a horizontal distance of 321 km (199.5 mi) over Oklahoma in 2007, while the world's longest reported duration for a single lightning flash is an event that lasted continuously for 7.74 seconds over southern France in 2012. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0061.1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5240975PMC
June 2017
27 Reads

So, how much of the Earth's surface covered by rain gauges?

Bull Am Meteorol Soc 2017 Jan 23;98(1):69-78. Epub 2017 Jan 23.

NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, 20771.

The measurement of global precipitation, both rainfall and snowfall, is critical to a wide range of users and applications. Rain gauges are indispensable in the measurement of precipitation, remaining the standard for precipitation information across the Earth's surface for hydro-meteorological purposes. However, their distribution across the globe is limited: over land their distribution and density is variable, while over oceans very few gauges exist and where measurements are made, they may not adequately reflect the rainfall amounts of the broader area. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00283.1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6039978PMC
January 2017
2 Reads

THE EARTH SYSTEM PREDICTION SUITE: Toward a Coordinated U.S. Modeling Capability.

Bull Am Meteorol Soc 2016 Jul 22;97(7):1229-1247. Epub 2016 Aug 22.

Earth System Research Laboratory, NOAA-CIRES, Boulder, CO.

The Earth System Prediction Suite (ESPS) is a collection of flagship U.S. weather and climate models and model components that are being instrumented to conform to interoperability conventions, documented to follow metadata standards, and made available either under open source terms or to credentialed users. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00164.1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5859946PMC

THE USE OF COMMUNITY ASSESSMENT FOR PUBLIC HEALTH EMERGENCY RESPONSE TO EVALUATE NWS WARNINGS.

Bull Am Meteorol Soc 2014 Jan 1;95(1):18-21. Epub 2014 Jan 1.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Environmental Health, Atlanta, Georgia.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4902263PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-12-00123.1DOI Listing
January 2014
7 Reads
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