7,683 results match your criteria Bulimia Nervosa


Multi-method assessment of palatable food exposure in women with and without eating disorders.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

TEDp (Temple Eating Disorders Program), Temple University, 1701 North 13th Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 19122, USA.

Objective: Eating disorders (EDs) are characterized by dysregulated responses to palatable food. Using a multi-method approach, this study examined responses to palatable food exposure and subsequent ad libitum eating in women with binge-eating disorder (BED: n = 64), anorexia nervosa (AN: n = 16), and bulimia nervosa (BN: n = 35) and 26 healthy controls (HCs).

Method: Participants were exposed to palatable food followed by an ad libitum eating opportunity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2746DOI Listing

Personality correlates of eating pathology severity and subtypes in The National Comorbidity Survey Adolescent Supplement.

J Clin Psychol 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Psychology, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.

Objective: We examined how personality traits are associated with eating pathology (EP) across a range of severities and symptom subtypes.

Method: The National Comorbidity Survey Adolescent Supplement (N = 10,148) was used to compare personality across severities (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jclp.23021DOI Listing

Food Addiction among Female Patients Seeking Treatment for an Eating Disorder: Prevalence and Associated Factors.

Nutrients 2020 Jun 26;12(6). Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Addictology and Psychiatry Department, Hôpital Saint Jacques, University Hospital of Nantes, 85 rue Saint Jacques, CEDEX 1, 44 093 Nantes, France.

The concept of "food addiction" (FA) has aroused much focus because of evidence for similarities between overeating and substance use disorders (SUDs). However, few studies have explored this concept among the broad spectrum of eating disorders (ED), especially in anorexia nervosa (AN). This study aimed to assess FA prevalence in ED female patients and to determine its associated factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu12061897DOI Listing

Review of Randomized Controlled Trials Using e-Health Interventions for Patients With Eating Disorders.

Front Psychiatry 2020 12;11:568. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Eating Disorders Unit, Toronto General Hospital, University Health Network, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Background: In a world of technological advancements, electronic devices and services seem to be a promising way to increase patients' engagement in treatment and to help manage their symptoms. Here, we identified and analyzed the current evidence of RCTs to evaluate the effectiveness and acceptability of e-health interventions in the eating disorder (ED) field.

Methods: We screened an initial cluster of 581 papers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00568DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7304304PMC

Duration of untreated eating disorder and relationship to outcomes: A systematic review of the literature.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2020 Jun 23. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Section of Eating Disorder, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.

Objective: This systematic review assesses the average duration of untreated eating disorder (DUED) in help-seeking populations at the time of first eating disorder (ED) treatment and investigates the relationship between DUED and symptom severity/clinical outcomes.

Method: PRISMA guidelines were followed throughout. Selected studies provided information on either: (i) length of DUED, (ii) components of DUED, (iii) cross-sectional associations between DUED and symptom severity, (iv) associations between DUED and clinical outcomes, or (v) experimental manipulation of DUED. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2745DOI Listing

Eye blink and reward prediction error response in anorexia nervosa.

Int J Eat Disord 2020 Jun 22. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Department of Psychiatry, University of California at San Diego, San Diego, California, USA.

Background: Functional brain imaging has been used to study brain reward function and behavioral traits in anorexia nervosa (AN). Here we tested whether eye blink relates to behavior and brain imaging response as a method that is less costly and more accessible.

Method: We recruited 26 women with AN and 50 healthy matched controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eat.23332DOI Listing

The Binge Eating Genetics Initiative (BEGIN): study protocol.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 Jun 16;20(1):307. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Department of Psychology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA.

Background: The Binge Eating Genetics Initiative (BEGIN) is a multipronged investigation examining the interplay of genomic, gut microbiota, and behavioral factors in bulimia nervosa and binge-eating disorder.

Methods: 1000 individuals who meet current diagnostic criteria for bulimia nervosa or binge-eating disorder are being recruited to collect saliva samples for genotyping, fecal sampling for microbiota characterization, and recording of 30 days of passive data and behavioral phenotyping related to eating disorders using the app Recovery Record adapted for the Apple Watch.

Discussion: BEGIN examines the interplay of genomic, gut microbiota, and behavioral factors to explore etiology and develop predictors of risk, course of illness, and response to treatment in bulimia nervosa and binge-eating disorder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02698-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7298834PMC

Exploring Changes in Event-Related Potentials After a Feasibility Trial of Inhibitory Training for Bulimia Nervosa and Binge Eating Disorder.

Front Psychol 2020 27;11:1056. Epub 2020 May 27.

Department of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, Paris-Lodron-University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria.

In a feasibility trial comparing two forms of combined inhibitory control training and goal planning (i.e., food-specific and general) among patients with bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED), we found evidence of symptomatic benefit, with stronger effects among participants receiving a food-specific intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01056DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7269126PMC

Weight suppression increases odds for future onset of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and purging disorder, but not binge eating disorder.

Am J Clin Nutr 2020 Jun 13. Epub 2020 Jun 13.

Saint Michael's College, Colchester, VT, USA.

Background: Eating disorders affect 13% of females and contribute to functional impairment and mortality, but few studies have identified risk factors that prospectively correlate with future onset of anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), binge eating disorder (BED), and purging disorder (PD). Identifying risk factors specific to each eating disorder is critical for advancing etiologic knowledge and designing effective prevention programs.

Objectives: This study examined whether weight suppression (the difference between a person's highest past weight at their adult height and their current weight) correlates with future onset of AN, BN, BED, and PD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqaa146DOI Listing

Family-based treatment via videoconference: Clinical recommendations for treatment providers during COVID-19 and beyond.

Int J Eat Disord 2020 Jul 13;53(7):1142-1154. Epub 2020 Jun 13.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA.

The necessity to employ distance-based methods to deliver on-going eating disorder care due to the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic represents a dramatic and urgent shift in treatment delivery. Yet, TeleHealth treatments for eating disorders in youth have not been adequately researched or rigorously tested. Based on clinical experience within our clinic and research programs, we aim to highlight the common challenges clinicians may encounter in providing family-based treatment (FBT) via TeleHealth for children and adolescents with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eat.23326DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7323318PMC

Eating Disorders in Male Athletes.

Sports Health 2020 Jul/Aug;12(4):327-333. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

West Virginia University School of Medicine-Charleston Division.

Context: Eating disorders (EDs) in male athletes are potentially debilitating disorders with significant medical, psychological, and athletic performance consequences.

Evidence Acquisition: Searches were performed across PubMed, EBSCOhost, and PSYCinfo from 1990 to 2019. Keywords searched were , and . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1941738120928991DOI Listing

Investigating resting brain perfusion abnormalities and disease target-engagement by intranasal oxytocin in women with bulimia nervosa and binge-eating disorder and healthy controls.

Transl Psychiatry 2020 Jun 8;10(1):180. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

Department of Neuroimaging, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, De Crespigny Park, London, SE5 8AF, UK.

Advances in the treatment of bulimia nervosa and binge-eating disorder (BN/BED) have been marred by our limited understanding of the underpinning neurobiology. Here we measured regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) to map resting perfusion abnormalities in women with BN/BED compared with healthy controls and investigate whether intranasal oxytocin (OT), proposed as a potential treatment, can restore perfusion in disorder-related brain circuits. Twenty-four women with BN/BED and 23 healthy women participated in a randomized, double-blind, crossover, placebo-controlled study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41398-020-00871-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7280271PMC

Striatal volumes as potential biomarkers in Eating Disorders: A pilot study.

Rev Psiquiatr Salud Ment 2020 Jun 5. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Complutense University Medical School, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain.

Introduction: Differences in bulimic and impulsive behaviours in Eating Disorders (ED) have been associated with cortico-striatal circuit dysfunction at a neurobiological level. We sought to investigate neo-striatal volume as a biomarker in ED subgroups as well as the possible relationship with trauma history.

Material And Methods: We studied 24 female patients: Anorexia Nervosa AN (n=8), Bulimia Nervosa BN (n=9), comorbid ED with borderline personality disorder (EDc; n=7), and a group of Healthy Controls (n=19). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rpsm.2020.01.003DOI Listing

Early Impact of COVID-19 on Individuals with Eating Disorders: A survey of ~1000 Individuals in the United States and the Netherlands.

medRxiv 2020 May 29. Epub 2020 May 29.

We received rapid ethical permission to evaluate the early impact of COVID-19 on people with eating disorders. Participants in the United States (US, N=511) and the Netherlands (NL, N=510), recruited through ongoing studies and social media, completed an online baseline survey that included both quantitative measures and free-text responses assessing the impact of COVID-19 on situational circumstances, eating disorder symptoms, eating disorder treatment, and general well-being. Results revealed strong and wide-ranging effects on eating disorder concerns and illness behaviors that were consistent with diagnoses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1101/2020.05.28.20116301DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7274236PMC

Resting energy expenditure in acutely ill and stabilized patients with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.

Int J Eat Disord 2020 Jun 7. Epub 2020 Jun 7.

Pediatric Psychosomatic Department, Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel.

Objective: Determining resting energy expenditure (REE) may be important in the nutritional assessment of adolescents with eating disorders (EDs). Calculated equations assessing REE, developed according to data from healthy people, may under- or overestimate REE in EDs. We have sought to compare the REE measured in clinical settings to that calculated using equations in actively ill adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN), and following stabilization of weight and disordered eating. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eat.23301DOI Listing

Childhood food neglect and adverse experiences associated with DSM-5 eating disorders in U.S. National Sample.

J Psychiatr Res 2020 Aug 15;127:75-79. Epub 2020 May 15.

Department of Health Policy, Management, and Behavior, University at Albany, State University of New York, United States.

Objective: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and restricted food access have been associated with risk for eating disorders (EDs). This study examined the relationship between childhood food neglect, an ACE specifically involving restricted food access, and DSM-5-defined EDs in a nationally representative sample of U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2020.05.011DOI Listing

Oral yeast colonization in patients with eating disorders: commensal acquisition or due to purgative habits?

Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 2020 29;62:e32. Epub 2020 May 29.

Departamento de Estomatologia, Faculdade de Odontologia, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Oral problems are common in patients diagnosed with Eating Disorders (ED) and still require better elucidation. We aimed to analyze the prevalence of oral Candida spp in individuals with ED. The sample of the study was comprised of 30 women with purgative habits and 15 without purgative habits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1678-9946202062032DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7266616PMC

Treatment interventions for Severe and Enduring Eating Disorders: Systematic review.

Int J Eat Disord 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.

Objective: Approximately 20% of people with Anorexia Nervosa (AN) and 10% with Bulimia Nervosa (BN) will eventually develop a long-standing illness. Although there is no set definition for Severe and Enduring eating Disorder (SE-ED), the common criteria relate to a long duration of the disorder and a number of unsuccessful treatment attempts. Research evidence for treatment of SE-ED remains limited, thus the objective of this systematic review was to describe different treatment interventions and their effects on SE-ED-related outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eat.23322DOI Listing

A virtual issue highlighting animal studies of eating disorders as valuable tools for examining neurobiological underpinnings and treatment of eating disorders.

Int J Eat Disord 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA.

While studies in humans suggest a role for psychosocial factors as well as biological and genetic processes in the development of eating disorders, the specific etiologic mechanisms remain largely unknown. In this virtual issue, we present a collection of 14 archived articles from the International Journal of Eating Disorders to highlight the utility of animal studies of eating disorders to advance our understanding of eating disorder etiology. Selected articles establish animal studies as valid tools to study disordered eating behavior, offer insight into potential neurobiological mechanisms, and highlight novel targets for future pharmacological treatments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eat.23302DOI Listing

Eating disorders in the age of COVID-19.

Psychiatry Res 2020 May 29;290:113122. Epub 2020 May 29.

Family Health Team, Etobicoke Medical Center, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113122DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7259905PMC
May 2020
2.467 Impact Factor

Family-Based Treatment for a Preadolescent With Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder With Sensory Sensitivity: A Case Report.

Front Psychiatry 2020 8;11:350. Epub 2020 May 8.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, United States.

Background: Individuals with Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) experience eating problems that cause persistent failure to meet appropriate nutritional and/or energy needs. These eating problems are not driven by body image concerns but rather by persistent low appetite, sensory sensitivity, or fear of aversive consequences of eating (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00350DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7232571PMC

Emotional reactivity and eating disorder related attitudes in response to the trier social stress test: An experimental study in people with anorexia nervosa and with bulimia nervosa.

J Affect Disord 2020 May 21;274:23-30. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli" Largo Madonna delle Grazie, 80138 , Naples, Italy.

Background: In order to experimentally asses the role of socio-emotional problems in Eating Disorder (ED) psychopathology, we have measured affective states and ED-related attitudes in response to an acute psychosocial stress and their relationships with interpersonal sensitivity in people with Anorexia Nervosa (AN) and Bulimia Nervosa (BN).

Methods: Twenty-one women with AN, 21 with BN and 27 healthy women underwent an acute psycho-social challenge, the Trier Social Stress Test. Anxiety feelings, hunger perception, amount of desired food and body dissatisfaction were measured throughout the experimental procedure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.05.051DOI Listing

Reward and psychopathological correlates of eating disorders: The explanatory role of leptin.

Psychiatry Res 2020 May 17;290:113071. Epub 2020 May 17.

Psychiatry Unit, Department of Health Sciences, University of Florence, Florence, Italy. Electronic address:

It has been hypothesized that leptin level alterations in Eating Disorders (EDs) represent a maintaining factor for pathological reward-related ED behaviors, given leptin role in the dopaminergic reward systems. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of leptin in EDs as a mediator for the relationship between Body Mass Index (BMI) and several pathological behaviors, such as dietary restraint, compensatory exercise, vomiting, binge eating and emotional eating. Sixty-two patients with EDs and 41 healthy controls (HC) had their blood drawn and completed psychometric tests for the evaluation of general psychopathology, ED psychopathology and emotional eating. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113071DOI Listing
May 2020
2.467 Impact Factor

Dissociable hormonal profiles for psychopathology and stress in anorexia and bulimia nervosa.

Psychol Med 2020 May 28:1-11. Epub 2020 May 28.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Herchel Smith Building, Addenbrooke's Hospital, CambridgeCB2 0SZ, UK.

Background: Anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) are complex psychiatric conditions, in which both psychological and metabolic factors have been implicated. Critically, the experience of stress can precipitate loss-of-control eating in both conditions, suggesting an interplay between mental state and metabolic signaling. However, associations between psychological states, symptoms and metabolic processes in AN and BN have not been examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291720001440DOI Listing

How do you define recovery? A qualitative study of patients with eating disorders, their parents, and clinicians.

Int J Eat Disord 2020 May 26. Epub 2020 May 26.

Division of Adolescent/Young Adult Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Objective: Recovery from an eating disorder (ED) may be defined differently by different stakeholders. We set out to understand the definition of ED recovery from the perspective of patients, their parents, and clinicians.

Method: We recruited patients with EDs (n = 24, ages 12-23 years) representing different diagnoses (anorexia nervosa n = 17, bulimia nervosa n = 4, binge-ED n = 2, avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder n = 1), along with their parents (n = 20), dietitians (n = 11), therapists (n = 14), and primary care providers (n = 9) from three sites: Boston Children's Hospital, University of Michigan C. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eat.23294DOI Listing

Long-term effectiveness of web-based cognitive behavioral therapy for patients with eating disorders.

Eat Weight Disord 2020 May 24. Epub 2020 May 24.

Medical School Twente, Medisch Spectrum Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands.

Purpose: To evaluate the long-term effectiveness of a web-based therapist-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for patients with eating disorders (ED).

Methods: We used follow-up data from a randomized controlled trial that evaluated a web-based CBT on ED psychopathology and related health, compared to a waiting list control (WL) condition. As participants of the WL condition started the intervention after their waiting period, follow-up data included participants from both groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40519-020-00929-0DOI Listing

Eating disorders in a community-based sample of women with alcohol use disorder and nicotine dependence.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2020 Jul 25;212:107981. Epub 2020 Apr 25.

Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid, CB 8134, St. Louis, MO 63110 USA; George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University, One Brookings Drive, CB 1196, St. Louis, MO 63130 USA.

Background: Studies consistently report a higher prevalence of substance use disorders (SUDs) among women with eating disorders than control women. However, limited research exists on the prevalence of eating disorder symptoms and diagnoses in women with SUDs, especially in community-based populations. We examined the prevalence of eating disorder symptoms and diagnosis by the presence or absence of lifetime alcohol use disorder (AUD) and/or nicotine dependence (ND) in a community-based sample of women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2020.107981DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7293939PMC

Resting state heart rate variability in clinical and subthreshold disordered eating: A meta-analysis.

Int J Eat Disord 2020 Jul 21;53(7):1021-1033. Epub 2020 May 21.

Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio, USA.

Objective: Research has demonstrated mixed results regarding the direction of the association between vagal activation and disordered eating. The current meta-analysis examined studies testing the link between resting-state heart rate variability indices of vagal activation (vmHRV), and both clinical and subthreshold disordered eating.

Method: A systematic search of the literature resulted in the inclusion of studies that were correlational (associations between HRV and disordered eating symptoms) and that examined group differences (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eat.23287DOI Listing

Which Symptoms, Complaints and Complications of the Gastrointestinal Tract Occur in Patients With Eating Disorders? A Systematic Review and Quantitative Analysis.

Front Psychiatry 2020 20;11:195. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.

Background: Eating disorders (ED) such as anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge eating disorder (BED) are often accompanied by a variety of psychological and physical comorbidities. Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms are a classical feature in most patients with ED. The heterogeneity of studies on this topic is high, making it difficult to have a clear overview. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00195DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7212454PMC

Binge eating and alcohol consumption: an integrative review.

Eat Weight Disord 2020 May 18. Epub 2020 May 18.

Eating Disorders Care Group (GRATA), Clinical Hospital, University of São Paulo at Ribeirão Preto Medical College, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil.

Objective: To identify the relationship between binge eating and alcohol consumption.

Methods: This is an integrative literature review of publications from 2015 to 2019, using the Pubmed, Cinhahl, Psynet, Lilacs, Embase and Web of Science virtual databases and the descriptors ("Binge-Eating" OR "Bulimia") AND Alcohol* in English, Spanish and Portuguese.

Results: A total of 964 articles were found. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40519-020-00923-6DOI Listing

A yoga-based therapy program designed to improve body image among an outpatient eating disordered population: program description and results from a mixed-methods pilot study.

Eat Disord 2020 May 18:1-18. Epub 2020 May 18.

Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Poor body image is a critical barrier to eating disorder recovery. This pilot project was designed as a feasibility study to examine a novel group-based, therapeutic yoga and body image program (YBI) for addressing negative body image in those clinically diagnosed with an eating disorder (anorexia, bulimia nervosa, and other specified feeding or eating disorder) receiving outpatient level treatment at an eating disorder treatment center located in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10640266.2020.1740912DOI Listing

Changes in disordered eating behaviors over 10 or more years: A meta-analysis.

Int J Eat Disord 2020 Jul 16;53(7):1034-1055. Epub 2020 May 16.

Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Objective: The present meta-analysis evaluated changes in individuals' risk of engaging in distinct disordered eating behaviors (DEBs) in the long-term.

Method: Longitudinal studies assessing changes in DEBs via ≥2 assessments with a time lag of ≥10 years were included. Risk ratios were calculated for baseline to 10-14. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eat.23288DOI Listing

Emotion Regulation Difficulties During and After Partial Hospitalization Treatment Across Eating Disorders.

Behav Ther 2020 May 11;51(3):401-412. Epub 2019 Jul 11.

Eating Disorder Center for Treatment and Research, UC San Diego Health.

Emotion regulation deficits are associated with eating disorder (ED) symptoms, regardless of eating disorder diagnosis. Thus, recent treatment approaches for EDs, such as dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), have focused on teaching patients skills to better regulate emotions. The present study examined changes in emotion regulation among adult patients with EDs during DBT-oriented partial hospital treatment, and at follow-up (M[SD] = 309. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2019.07.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7225176PMC

Gastric interoception and gastric myoelectrical activity in bulimia nervosa and binge-eating disorder.

Int J Eat Disord 2020 May 13. Epub 2020 May 13.

Institute for Health and Behaviour, Department of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences, University of Luxembourg, Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg.

Objective: Identifying factors that control food intake is crucial to the understanding and treatment of eating disorders characterized by binge eating. In healthy individuals, stomach distension plays an important role in the development of satiation, but gastric sensations might be overridden in binge eating. The present study investigated the perception of gastric signals (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eat.23291DOI Listing
May 2020
3.126 Impact Factor

Endocannabinoid System Components as Potential Biomarkers in Psychiatry.

Front Psychiatry 2020 27;11:315. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Instituto de Neurociencias, Universidad Miguel Hernández-CSIC, Alicante, Spain.

The high heterogeneity of psychiatric disorders leads to a lack of diagnostic precision. Therefore, the search of biomarkers is a fundamental aspect in psychiatry to reach a more personalized medicine. The endocannabinoid system (ECS) has gained increasing interest due to its involvement in many different functional processes in the brain, including the regulation of emotions, motivation, and cognition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00315DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7197485PMC

Vegetarians and omnivores with diagnosed eating disorders exhibit no difference in symptomology: a retrospective clinical chart review.

Eat Weight Disord 2020 May 7. Epub 2020 May 7.

Department of Psychology, Social Sciences 399, University at Albany, State University of New York, 1400 Washington Avenue, Albany, NY, 12222, USA.

Purpose: Past work suggests that vegetarianism is common in patients diagnosed with eating disorders (EDs), but the exact nature of this association is unclear, with reports conflicting as to whether vegetarianism is a risk factor for EDs, complicates ED treatment, or is wholly innocuous. Since vegetarianism has been on the rise, the need for current data on possible links with EDs is substantial.

Methods: We collected data on demographics, vegetarian status, ED diagnosis, current body mass index (BMI), highest and lowest BMI, Eating Attitudes Test, and Multifactorial Assessment of Eating Disorders Symptoms scores at intake in 124 patients (84. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40519-020-00903-wDOI Listing

Familial co-aggregation of schizophrenia and eating disorders in Sweden and Denmark.

Mol Psychiatry 2020 May 7. Epub 2020 May 7.

Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Eating disorders and schizophrenia are both moderately to highly heritable and share significant genetic risk despite distinct diagnostic criteria. Large-scale family studies on the co-aggregation of these disorders are lacking. Thus, we aimed to estimate the co-occurrence and familial co-aggregation of these disorders within the entire Swedish and Danish population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41380-020-0749-xDOI Listing

Eating Disorders, Heredity and Environmental Activation: Getting Epigenetic Concepts into Practice.

J Clin Med 2020 May 3;9(5). Epub 2020 May 3.

Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1A1, Canada.

Epigenetic mechanisms are believed to link environmental exposures to alterations in gene expression, and in so doing, to provide a physical substrate for the activation of hereditary potentials by life experiences. In keeping with this idea, accumulating data suggest that epigenetic processes are implicated in eating-disorder (ED) etiology. This paper reviews literature on putative links between epigenetic factors and EDs, and examines ways in which epigenetic programming of gene expression could account for gene-environment interactions acting in the EDs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm9051332DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7291135PMC

Reproductive health outcomes among eating disordered females: a register-based follow-up study among former adolescent psychiatric inpatients.

J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol 2020 May 6:1-7. Epub 2020 May 6.

Department of Psychiatry, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland.

To analyze an association of eating disorders (EDs) to reproductive health outcomes among former adolescent psychiatric inpatients, hospitalized between the ages 13 and 17 years. The register-based follow-up information on psychiatric comorbidity and use of prescribed addictive psychotropic medication up to early adulthood were also explored. A total of 31 (10. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0167482X.2020.1759544DOI Listing

Relationship between Psychosocial Impairment, Food Choice Motives, and Orthorexic Behaviors among Polish Adults.

Nutrients 2020 Apr 26;12(5). Epub 2020 Apr 26.

Department of Food Market and Consumer Research, Institute of Human Nutrition Sciences, Warsaw University of Life Sciences (SGGW-WULS), Nowoursynowska 159C, 02-776 Warsaw, Poland.

Orthorexic behaviors correlate not only with health motives when choosing food but may also coexist with psychosocial impairment. The aim of this study was to assess the motives of food choice and psychosocial impairment among adults with orthorexic behaviors through the use of ORTO-15 and ORTO-7. The data for the study were collected from a sample of 1007 Polish adults through a cross-sectional quantitative survey conducted in 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu12051218DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7282249PMC

Orthorexia nervosa in yoga practitioners: relationship with personality, attitudes about appearance, and yoga engagement.

Eat Weight Disord 2020 Apr 30. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Psychology Research Centre (CIP/UAL), Universidade do Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, 8005-139, Faro, Portugal.

Purpose: Disordered eating symptoms and a high prevalence of orthorexia nervosa can be found in yoga practitioners. Given that yoga is increasingly used as a complementary treatment for eating disorders (ED), understanding the relationship between yoga practice and the development of disordered eating is crucial to guide treatment recommendations. The goal of this work is, therefore, to study the relationships between orthorexia nervosa (ON) and potential risk factors for ON, in an international sample of experienced yoga practitioners. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40519-020-00911-wDOI Listing

T-wave morphology descriptors in patients with bulimia nervosa.

Eat Weight Disord 2020 Apr 30. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Purpose: Bulimia nervosa (BN) is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease and arrhythmias. Some reports found abnormal electrocardiographic markers of arrhythmias in BN, while others did not. This study investigated novel parameters of T-wave morphology that were reported to be associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes in other patient groups, among patients with BN under medical care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40519-020-00905-8DOI Listing

[Eating disorders - diagnosis and characteristics].

Pol Merkur Lekarski 2020 Apr;48(284):133-138

Faculty of Health Sciences in Bytom, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland: Department of Human Nutrition.

Eating disorders are characterized by eating and appetite disorders, which develop on a mental basis. Currently, there is a rapid increase in the frequency of these disorders, especially among children and adolescents. Eating disorders include anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and EDNOS, which include a dozen or so disorders, but this group is still expanding. Read More

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Evening chronotype, disordered eating behavior, and poor dietary habits in bipolar disorder.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2020 Apr 26. Epub 2020 Apr 26.

Lindner Center of HOPE, Mason, OH, USA.

Objective: Our aim was to evaluate the relationship between evening chronotype, a proxy marker of circadian system dysfunction, and disordered eating behavior and poor dietary habits in individuals with bipolar disorder (BD).

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, we evaluated 783 adults with BD. Chronotype was determined using item 5 from the reduced Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.13179DOI Listing
April 2020
5.605 Impact Factor

Coping strategies and stress-induced natural killer cell redistribution in women with eating disorders.

Int J Eat Disord 2020 Jun 25;53(6):964-971. Epub 2020 Apr 25.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Extremadura, Badajoz, Spain.

Background: Patients with eating disorders (ED) are very sensitive and responsive to psychosocial stress. Stress response includes changes in immune cell distribution and may be modulated by the capability to cope with stressors. Thus, the present study sought to analyze the association between coping strategies and immune response (natural killer [NK] cell redistribution following psychosocial stress) in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) and healthy controls (HC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eat.23278DOI Listing

Necrotizing Sialometaplasia and Bulimia: A Case Report.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2020 Apr 19;56(4). Epub 2020 Apr 19.

Egas Moniz University Institute, 2829-511 Caparica, Portugal.

Bulimia is an eating disorder with a great prevalence in young women. Due to its multifactor ethiology, bulimia has systemic consequences. In the literature, necrotising sialometaplasia is seldom associated with bulimia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/medicina56040188DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7231379PMC

Empathy, mentalizing, and cognitive functioning in anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.

Soc Neurosci 2020 May 13:1-12. Epub 2020 May 13.

First Department of Psychiatry, National & Kapodistrian University of Athens, Eginition Hospital, Athens, Greece.

The existing evidence on the specific profile and the determinants of empathic and mentalizing abilities in anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) is not conclusive. Moreover, it is not clear whether patients with eating disorders also exhibit diminished ability to accurately appraise their own empathic skills. We examine in AN and BN: (a) the impairments in various aspects of empathy and theory of mind (ToM), while accounting for the effect of other cognitive functions and (b) the accuracy of self-appraisal of empathy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2020.1760131DOI Listing

Embodying Experiences with Nature in Everyday Life Recovery for Persons with Eating Disorders.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 Apr 17;17(8). Epub 2020 Apr 17.

Department of Health, Social and Welfare Studies, University of South-Eastern Norway, Postboks 235, 3603 Kongsberg, Norway.

Eating disorders can be understood as attempts to manage a problematic relationship with one's own body. The objective of this qualitative study was to explore and discuss perspectives of embodying "experiences with nature" related to recovery in everyday life for persons experiencing eating disorders. The study was carried out in the context of a hermeneutic phenomenological approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082784DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7215786PMC

Sequence analysis of five exons of SLC6A4 gene in Mexican patients with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.

Gene 2020 Jul 18;748:144675. Epub 2020 Apr 18.

Clínica de Trastornos Alimentarios, Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente Muñiz, Calz. México-Xochimilco 101, Col. San Lorenzo Huipulco, Mexico City 14370, Mexico.

Background: Accumulating evidence indicates that alterations in the serotonin system are related to changes in eating behavior. The serotonin transporter is encoded by the SLC6A4 gene and has been an interesting candidate for anorexia nervosa- restrictive type (AN-R) and bulimia nervosa (BN). Interestingly, functional variants have been identified in the coding region that could contribute to understand the role of this gene in eating disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2020.144675DOI Listing

Not all body image constructs are created equal: Predicting eating disorder outcomes from preoccupation, dissatisfaction, and overvaluation.

Int J Eat Disord 2020 Jun 18;53(6):954-963. Epub 2020 Apr 18.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.

Objective: Diverse terminology has been used to operationalize body image disturbance in eating disorders. However, the differential validity of these terms and their underlying constructs to predict outcomes among heterogeneous eating disorders is unknown. This study evaluated the validity of body image constructs to predict eating disorder and negative psychological symptoms concurrently and prospectively over 2 years in a transdiagnostic clinical sample. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eat.23277DOI Listing