10,085 results match your criteria Bulimia Nervosa


Eating disorders in biological males: clinical presentation and consideration of sex differences in a pediatric sample.

J Eat Disord 2018 26;6:40. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

1Provincial Specialized Eating Disorders Program for Children & Adolescents, British Columbia Children's Hospital, Box 178, 4500 Oak St., Vancouver, BC V6H 3N1 Canada.

Background: The growing body of research on eating disorders among male adolescents reveals some sex differences in clinical presentation. The current study set out to replicate and extend recent research on the clinical and medical characteristics of male youth with eating disorders, and examine sex differences between biological males and females in a tertiary pediatric eating disorder treatment setting.

Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted with all biological males who were admitted to the Eating Disorders Programs at British Columbia Children's Hospital (2003-2015) or the Looking Glass Residence (2011-2015). Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

The use of a positive mood induction video-clip to target eating behaviour in people with bulimia nervosa or binge eating disorder: An experimental study.

Appetite 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience (IoPPN), King's College London (KCL), London, United Kingdom.

Recent theoretical models and empirical research have indicated that momentary negative affect increases the likelihood of binge eating episodes for individuals with bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder. However, relatively little research has explored the potential for positive mood to serve a protective effect in reducing the likelihood of overeating behaviour in bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder. The current study included 30 women with bulimia nervosa or binge eating disorder in a within-subjects crossover design. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Disgust, impulsivity and depressive dimensions in subjects at risk for bulimia nervosa and/or binge eating disorder.

Asian J Psychiatr 2018 Nov 27;39:32-34. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Psychiatry, Hotel Dieu de France Hospital, Achrafieh, Lebanon.

Purpose: the study aims to assess the depressive symptoms, the disgust feeling and the impulsivity index in subjects showing a high risk of binge eating disorder (BED) and/or bulimia nervosa (BN) through a cross-sectional study of 150 participants.

Results: There was no significant difference regarding age, sex, employment and marital status between subjects at high risk for BED/BN (Group A) and controls (Group B). However, participants in group A presented higher scores of depressions (p = 0. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Family-based treatment: Where are we and where should we be going to improve recovery in child and adolescent eating disorders.

Int J Eat Disord 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Psychiatry and UCSF Weill Institute for Neurosciences, University of California, San Francisco, California.

Objective: Family therapy has long been advocated as an effective intervention for eating disorders. A specific form of family therapy, one that utilizes family resources, has proven especially effective for adolescents with anorexia or bulimia nervosa (AN and BN). First developed in London, a behaviorally focused adaptation, called family-based treatment (FBT), has been manualized and systematically studied in six randomized clinical trials for adolescent AN and two for adolescent BN. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

The QTc interval and risk of cardiac events in bulimia nervosa: A long-term follow-up study.

Int J Eat Disord 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Cardiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.

Objective: An association between bulimia nervosa (BN) and prolonged corrected QT interval (QTc) in the electrocardiogram has been suggested, but results of previous studies are conflicting, and the risk of cardiac events in patients with BN has yet to be investigated.

Method: We estimated mean QTc interval and relative risk of borderline (QTc >440 ms) and prolonged QTc (QTc >460 ms) between adult women with BN (N = 531) and healthy controls (N = 123). In follow-up analyses, we investigated the risk of a primary endpoint (syncope, ventricular tachycardia, and cardiac arrest) and all-cause mortality in patients with BN (N = 702) compared with a population-based cohort derived from the Danish Civil Register (N = 7,020). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Disordered Eating Attitudes and Behavioral and Neuroelectric Indices of Cognitive Flexibility in Individuals with Overweight and Obesity.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 4;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA.

Impairment in cognitive flexibility is a trait characteristic among individuals with diagnosed eating disorders. However, the extent to which these relationships exist in individuals with overweight or obesity remains unclear. Furthermore, there is a lack of knowledge characterizing the neural underpinnings of these relationships. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Efficacy of psychotherapies and pharmacotherapies for Bulimia nervosa.

Psychol Med 2018 Dec 5:1-13. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy,University of Freiburg,Engelbergerstrasse 41, 79085 Freiburg,Germany.

Background: Bulimia nervosa (BN), a mental disorder that causes significant impairment, can be treated with psychological, pharmacological, nutrition-based and self-help interventions. We conducted a pre-registered meta-analysis of randomized-controlled trials (RCTs) to assess the efficacy of these interventions in up to 19 different interventions.

Methods: Database search terms were combined for BN and RCTs from database inception to March 2017. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Managing Risk of Non-Communicable Diseases in Women with Bulimia Nervosa or Binge Eating Disorders: A Randomized Trial with 12 Months Follow-Up.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 3;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Sports and Physical Education and Outdoor Sciences, University of South-Eastern Norway, N-3800 Bø in Telemark, Norway.

Persons with bulimia nervosa (BN) or binge eating disorder (BED) have an elevated risk of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). However, lowering this risk is rarely addressed in standard cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT). We aimed to compare CBT with an intervention combining physical exercise and dietary therapy (PED-t), and hypothesized that the PED-t would do better than CBT in lowering the risk of NCD both initially and longitudinally. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

The Course of Eating Disorders Involving Bingeing and Purging Among Adolescent Girls: Prevalence, Stability, and Transitions.

J Adolesc Health 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Epidemiology, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, Rhode Island; Department of Pediatrics, Warren Alpert Medical School, Providence, Rhode Island.

Purpose: To quantify eating disorder (ED) stability and diagnostic transition among a community-based sample of adolescents and young adult females in the United States.

Methods: Using 11 prospective assessments from 9,031 U.S. Read More

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November 2018

Having an Eating Disorder and Still Being Able to Flourish? Examination of Pathological Symptoms and Well-Being as Two Continua of Mental Health in a Clinical Sample.

Front Psychol 2018 15;9:2145. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Psychology, Health, & Technology, Centre for eHealth and Wellbeing Research, University of Twente, Enschede, Netherlands.

Eating Disorders (EDs) are serious psychiatric disorders, impacting physical and psychosocial functioning, often with a chronic course and high mortality rates. The two continua model of mental health states that mental health is a complete state, that is, not merely the absence of mental illness, but also the presence of mental health. This model was studied among ED patients by examining the presence and correlates of well-being and psychopathology. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Waking up every day in a body that is not yours: a qualitative research inquiry into the intersection between eating disorders and pregnancy.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2018 Nov 29;18(1):463. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Biostatistics, West Virginia University School of Public Health, Morgantown, WV, USA.

Background: Women with eating disorders are more likely to negatively react to finding out they are pregnant, although this difference in attitudes between women with eating disorders and controls disappears at 18-weeks' gestation. Those with anorexia also are twice as likely to have an unplanned pregnancy and those with bulimia have a 30-fold increased chance compared with healthy controls. Therefore, due to these considerations, pregnancy and the transition to motherhood can be an extremely challenging time for these women both psychologically and physically. Read More

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November 2018

Liquorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra): the journey of the sweet root from Mesopotamia to England.

Authors:
M R Lee

J R Coll Physicians Edinb 2018 Dec;48(4):378-382

112 Polwarth Terrace, Merchiston, Edinburgh EH11 1NN, UK.

Liquorice is a very ancient plant widely used in the East for millennia. It has often been employed in sweets and confectionery and also for minor ailments including cough, constipation and dyspepsia. It was probably carried to Europe by the Cluniac order of monks. Read More

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December 2018
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The perceived knowledge, skill and clinical practice of psychologists, naturopaths and fitness instructors when working with eating disorders.

Early Interv Psychiatry 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

School of Psychology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Aims: When it comes to working with eating disorders (EDs), few studies have explored: the clinical practice; service provision barriers; and self-perceptions of knowledge/skill and the ability to detect EDs in practice against measured ability to do so, of common health providers including psychologists, naturopaths and fitness instructors.

Methods: Of the 115 participants, 90.4% were female with a mean age of 40. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

National population-based data on the incidence, prevalence, and psychiatric comorbidity of eating disorders in Taiwanese adolescents and young adults.

Int J Eat Disord 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Institute of Clinical Medicine, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan.

Objective: Nationwide data on eating disorders (EDs) among East Asian populations are scarce. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence, incidence, and psychiatric comorbidities of EDs in Taiwan.

Method: Drawing from the National Health Research Institute database, we identified the study subjects aged 11-34 years who received an ED diagnosis during ambulatory visits or hospitalization from 2001 to 2012. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

The role of self-esteem in the treatment of patients with anorexia nervosa - A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Int J Eat Disord 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Medical Centre, Hamburg-Eppendorf & Schön Clinic Hamburg Eilbek, Hamburg, Germany.

Objective: We aimed to provide a comprehensive overview of the role of self-esteem in the treatment of patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). Specifically, our objectives were to investigate the differences in self-esteem between individuals with AN and healthy controls, or individuals with other eating disorders, and to examine self-esteem as an outcome, predictor, moderator, and mediator in AN treatment.

Method: The databases PsycINFO, PSYNDEXplus, Ovid MEDLINE®, and ProQuest were searched for studies published from 1990 to 2018. Read More

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November 2018

Emotional eating and cognitive conflicts as predictors of binge eating disorder in patients with obesity.

Int J Clin Health Psychol 2018 Jan-Apr;18(1):52-59. Epub 2017 Oct 16.

Universitat de Barcelona, Spain.

Binge Eating Disorder (BED) is often associated with obesity. In order to identify the variables that allow to better detect the presence of BED, people with overnutrition were compared with and without BED in the presence of cognitive conflicts, eating symptoms and anxious-depressive symptoms. The inclusion of cognitive conflicts had been relevant in bulimia studies but had not been investigated with respect to BED. Read More

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October 2017
2 Reads

[Behavioural variant of frontotemporal dementia as the presenting symptom of corticobasal degeneration].

Rev Neurol 2018 Dec;67(11):436-440

Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Vigo, 36200 Vigo, Espana.

Introduction: The behavioural variant of frontotemporal dementia is characterised by progressive social, cognitive and personality deterioration associated with several molecular pathologies of frontotemporal lobar dementia (FTLD): FTLD-tau, FTLD-TDP and FTLD-FUS. Its diagnosis requires pathological studies.

Case Report: A 61-year-old male, with a three-year progressive history of behavioural disorder, apathy, poor language skills, perseveration, lack of empathy, bulimia and executive dysfunction. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Power of Cognition: How Dysfunctional Cognitions and Schemas Influence Eating Behavior in Daily Life Among Individuals With Eating Disorders.

Front Psychol 2018 13;9:2138. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Mainz, Germany.

Eating disorders (EDs) are characterized by marked cognitive distortions and maladaptive schemas. Cognitive models of EDs highlight the direct impact of cognitive dysfunctions on eating-related disturbances, insofar as specific cognitive contents such as thoughts about diet rules and food or loss of control may trigger disturbed eating behavior. Moreover, early maladaptive schemas that reflect perfectionist standards and relate to achievement and performance seem to be associated with disturbed eating, e. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Double standards in body evaluation? How identifying with a body stimulus influences ratings in women with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.

Int J Eat Disord 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Osnabrück University, Osnabrück, Germany.

Objective: Women with eating disorders (ED) evaluate their own body more negatively than do women without ED. However, it is unclear whether this negative rating is due to objective bodily features or different standards for one's own body and others' bodies. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine whether women with ED apply double standards when rating bodies by disentangling the objective features of one's own body from the feelings of ownership. Read More

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November 2018
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Latin American countries lead in Google search volumes for anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa: Implications for global mental health research.

Authors:
Karin Eli

Int J Eat Disord 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Objective: Although eating disorders occur worldwide, prevalence data beyond Euro-American contexts are sparse, and eating disorders largely remain outside global mental health agendas. This study aims to address this gap in the epidemiological literature through a global infodemiological comparison of Google search volumes for the topics "Anorexia nervosa" and "Bulimia nervosa."

Method: Data were generated through Google Trends, a tool that assesses the relative search volumes of keywords and topics. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Differences between unipolar mania and bipolar-I disorder: Evidence from nine epidemiological studies.

Bipolar Disord 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital of Lausanne, Prilly, Switzerland.

Objectives: Although clinical evidence suggests important differences between unipolar mania and bipolar-I disorder (BP-I), epidemiological data are limited. Combining data from 9 population-based studies, we compared subjects with mania (M) or mania with mild depression (Md) to those with BP-I with both manic and depressive episodes with respect to demographic and clinical characteristics in order to highlight differences.

Methods: Participants were compared for gender, age, age at onset of mania, psychiatric comorbidity, temperament and family history of mental disorders. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

A longitudinal study on the association between facets of mindfulness and eating disorder symptoms in individuals diagnosed with eating disorders.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky, USA.

Mindfulness-based treatments for eating disorders could be improved by understanding how facets of mindfulness predict eating disorder symptoms over time. We examined whether facets of mindfulness predict eating disorder symptoms over time and vice versa. Individuals with an eating disorder diagnosis (N = 124; 87. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Neuromodulation in eating disorders and obesity: a promising way of treatment?

Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2018 26;14:2817-2835. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Department of Neurosurgery, Mutua de Accidentes de Zaragoza (Servicio de Neurocirugía), Zaragoza, Spain.

Neuromodulation can affect the functioning of the central nervous system (CNS), and emotional/eating behavior is an exciting facet of that functioning. Therefore, it would be possible to offer an alternative (or complement) treatment to psychotropic medications and different psychological and nutritional approaches to both eating disorders (EDs) and obesity. Although there are a number of publications in these areas, a systematic review has not been conducted to date. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

Eating Disorders Impact on Vigilance and Decision Making of a Community Sample of Treatment Naive Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Young Adults.

Front Psychiatry 2018 6;9:531. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Institute of Psychiatry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Although impulsivity is suggested as a possible link to explain the association of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) with an Eating Disorder (ED), there is little research on how clinical and cognitive/neuropsychological functioning might change when this comorbidity occurs. ADHD individuals are at a higher of developing ED and also obesity. Some research has described the impact of ADHD in clinical treatment-seeking samples of ED patients. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

The potential of calibrated fMRI in the understanding of stress in eating disorders.

Neurobiol Stress 2018 Nov 18;9:64-73. Epub 2018 Aug 18.

SDSU/UC San Diego Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego, CA, USA.

Eating disorders (ED), including Anorexia Nervosa (AN), Bulimia Nervosa (BN), and Binge Eating Disorder (BED), are medically dangerous psychiatric disorders of unknown etiology. Accumulating evidence supports a biopsychosocial model that includes genetic heritability, neurobiological vulnerability, and psychosocial factors, such as stress, in the development and maintenance of ED. Notably, stress hormones influence appetite and eating, and dysfunction of the physiological stress response has been implicated in ED pathophysiology. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

The revised short-form of the Eating Beliefs Questionnaire: Measuring positive, negative, and permissive beliefs about binge eating.

J Eat Disord 2018 6;6:37. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Clinical Psychology Unit, School of Psychology, The University of Sydney, 94 Mallett St, Camperdown, 2050 Australia.

Background: The Eating Beliefs Questionnaire (EBQ) is a self-report assessment tool that measures and beliefs about food and eating that are believed to play a key role in maintaining binge eating behaviour that occurs in individuals with Bulimia Nervosa, Binge Eating Disorder and other atypical eating disorders. The present study aimed to further refine this measure with the addition of a third scale to assess beliefs about eating, also thought to play a crucial role in the maintenance of binge eating. Permissive beliefs are defined as beliefs about eating that provide justification for the individual to engage in a binge eating episode. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

Neuroendocrine aspects of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.

Neuro Endocrinol Lett 2018 Sep;39(3):172-178

Department of Neurology, Medical University of Warsaw, Bielanski Hospital, Warsaw,, Poland.

Endocrine dysfunctions in eating disorders (anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa) result from disturbed regulation of hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal, hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal, hypothalamo-pituitary-thyroid and hypothalamo-pituitary-GH-IGF1 axes as well as of altered peripheral endocrine metabolism. Some peptides of hypothalamic origin, as well as those secreted by the adipose tissue and gastrointestinal tract including pancreatic hormones, are involved in the control of appetite and satiety. These peptides play also an important role in the mechanism of hormonal secretion. Read More

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September 2018
6 Reads

Evolutionary Psychology of Eating Disorders: An Explorative Study in Patients With Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa.

Front Psychol 2018 31;9:2122. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

LWL University Hospital Bochum, Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Preventive Medicine, Division of Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, Ruhr University Bochum, Bochum, Germany.

Prior research on non-clinical samples has lent support to the sexual competition hypothesis for eating disorders (SCH) where the drive for thinness can be seen as an originally adaptive strategy for women to preserve a nubile female shape, which, when driven to an extreme, may cause eating disorders. Restrictive versus impulsive eating behavior may also be relevant for individual differences in allocation of resources to either mating effort or somatic growth, reflected in an evolutionary concept called "Life History Theory" (LHT). In this study, we aimed to test the SCH and predictions from LHT in female patients with clinically manifest eating disorders. Read More

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October 2018
15 Reads

An Investigation of the Clinical Utility of the Proposed ICD-11 and DSM-5 Diagnostic Schemes for Eating Disorders Characterized by Recurrent Binge Eating in People with a High BMI.

Nutrients 2018 Nov 13;10(11). Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Eating Disorders Program (PROATA), Department of Psychiatry, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), São Paulo 04017030, Brazil.

The aims of this paper were to compare (1) the proportion of participants diagnosed with threshold or subthreshold Bulimia Nervosa (BN) and Binge Eating Disorder (BED) (clinical utility), and (2) the severity of participants' clinical features and mental Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) (convergent validity), when diagnosed according to either the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5th edition (DSM-5) or the proposed International Classification of Diseases 11th edition (ICD-11) schemes. One hundred and seven adult men and women, with a high Body Mass Index (BMI) were evaluated by interview to confirm their eating disorder diagnoses. All participants completed self-report assessments of current symptoms and mental HRQoL. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Prevalence of orthorexia nervosa in university students and its relationship with psychopathological aspects of eating behaviour disorders.

BMC Psychiatry 2018 Nov 13;18(1):364. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Faculty of Nursing, University of Castilla-La-Mancha, Cuenca, Spain.

Introduction: Orthorexia nervosa (ON) is characterized by an obsession with healthy eating, which may lead to severe physical, psychological and social disorders. It is particularly important to research this problem in populations that do not receive clinical care in order to improve early detection and treatment.

Objective: The aim of this study was to research the prevalence of ON in a population of Spanish university students and to analyze the possible associations between ON and psychological traits and behaviors that are common to ED. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Illicit Drug Use, Cigarette Smoking, and Eating Disorder Symptoms: Associations in an Adolescent Twin Sample.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2018 Sep;79(5):720-724

Department of Psychiatry, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.

Objective: Twin studies have shown that genetic factors in part explain the established relation between alcohol use (i.e., problematic use or abuse/dependence) and eating disorder symptoms in adolescent and adult females. Read More

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September 2018
6 Reads

Psychometric properties of the "Autonomous and Controlled Motivation for Treatment Questionnaire" in women with eating disorders.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Eating Disorders Continuum, Douglas Mental Health Institute, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Objective: To validate the Autonomous and Controlled Motivation for Treatment Questionnaire (ACMTQ) for use in women with an eating disorder (ED).

Method: Data were available for 463 individuals. We assessed factor structure, internal reliability, test-retest reliability, convergent/divergent validity, and incremental predictive validity. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Undesirable course of an oral implant rehabilitation in a patient with a long history of bulimia nervosa: case report and review of the literature.

Quintessence Int 2018 Nov 8:2-13. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Background: Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder resulting in an intended weight loss due to decreased food intake, induced vomiting, or hyperactivity, and is observed frequently between 12 and 25 years of age. One of the complications is early tooth loss. Moreover, since bulimia nervosa patients suffer from increased atrophy of the alveolar processes, oral rehabilitation even with short dental implants may be impossible. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Confidence in eating disorder knowledge does not predict actual knowledge in collegiate female athletes.

PeerJ 2018 29;6:e5868. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Psychology, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, United States of America.

Background: Eating disorders are serious psychological disorders with long term health impacts. Athletic populations, tend to have higher incidences of eating disorders compared to the general population. Yet there is little known about athletes' eating disorder knowledge and how it relates to their confidence in their knowledge. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

Night eating syndrome in patients with eating disorders: Is night eating syndrome distinct from bulimia nervosa?

J Formos Med Assoc 2018 Nov 2. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Department of Medical Research, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei 10055, Taiwan.

Background/purpose: Night eating syndrome (NES) is a diagnosis newly introduced in the fifth version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. This study investigated the characteristics of NES in individuals with eating disorders and the clinical significance of NES in individuals with bulimia nervosa (BN).

Methods: We recruited participants with eating problems at psychiatric outpatient clinics and from Internet referrals and age, sex, and educational level-comparable controls from September 2013 to April 2017. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Neuroendocrinology of reward in anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa: Beyond leptin and ghrelin.

Mol Cell Endocrinol 2018 Nov 2. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

University of California, San Diego, Eating Disorders Center for Treatment and Research, Department of Psychiatry, United States.

The pathophysiology of anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) are still poorly understood, but psychobiological models have proposed a key role for disturbances in the neuroendocrines that signal hunger and satiety and maintain energy homeostasis. Mounting evidence suggests that many neuroendocrines involved in the regulation of homeostasis and body weight also play integral roles in food reward valuation and learning via their interactions with the mesolimbic dopamine system. Neuroimaging data have associated altered brain reward responses in this system with the dietary restriction and binge eating and purging characteristic of AN and BN. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

The metabolic underpinning of eating disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis of insulin sensitivity.

Mol Cell Endocrinol 2018 Oct 28. Epub 2018 Oct 28.

Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, UK. Electronic address:

Background: A recent study reported a positive genetic correlation between anorexia nervosa and insulin sensitivity using data from genome-wide association studies. Epidemiological studies have, on the other hand, suggested that bulimia nervosa and binge-eating disorder are associated with decreased insulin sensitivity. The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of insulin sensitivity across the spectrum of eating disorders. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

Neuronal variability of Resting State activity in Eating Disorders: increase and decoupling in Ventral Attention Network and relation with clinical symptoms.

Eur Psychiatry 2018 Oct 29;55:10-17. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

The Royal's Institute of Mental Health Research & University of Ottawa Brain and Mind Research Institute, Centre for Neural Dynamics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, 145 Carling Avenue, Rm. 6435, Ottawa, ON, K1Z 7K4 Canada.

Background: Despite the great number of resting state functional connectivity studies on Eating Disorders (ED), no biomarkers could be detected yet. Therefore, we here focus on a different measure of resting state activity that is neuronal variability. The objective of this study was to investigate neuronal variability in the resting state of women with ED and to correlate possible differences with clinical and psychopathological indices. Read More

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October 2018
7 Reads

Verbal emotional expressiveness in women with eating disorders: recalling autobiographical memories.

Eat Weight Disord 2018 Oct 31. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

School of Psychology, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal.

Purpose: This study aimed to study autobiographical memories in women with eating disorders regarding emotional verbal expression, according to age. Our hypotheses are threefold: due to the emotional avoidance that occurs in women with eating disorders, in the younger ages, it was hypothesized that younger participants with anorexia and bulimia nervosa will present a lower number of emotional expressions in the descriptions of their memories than women without eating disorders; that older participants with anorexia and bulimia nervosa will present a greater number of negative verbal expressions in the reports of their memories than women without eating disorders, given the development of negative bias that occurs with age in women with eating disorders; and that women with eating disorders will use more words in a description of their sad memories than women without eating disorders because of the existence of negative bias.

Methods: With a sample of 90 women and combining age and the presence or absence of eating disorders, we formed four groups. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Resurgence of Eating Disorders with Olanzapine.

J Palliat Med 2018 Oct 27. Epub 2018 Oct 27.

2 Center for Palliative Medicine , Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.

Background: Olanzapine is commonly utilized in palliative care for the treatment of nausea, and a known side effect of olanzapine is increased appetite. Olanzapine is also known to cause re-emergence of eating disorders (EDs) in patients utilizing olanzapine for its antipsychotic effects. It is unclear to what extent this may also occur in patients with serious/life-limiting illness. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

An update on gastrointestinal disturbances in eating disorders.

Mol Cell Endocrinol 2018 Oct 22. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Medical University Hospital Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany; Charité Center for Internal Medicine and Dermatology, Department for Psychosomatic Medicine, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Corporate Member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin Institute of Health, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address:

Eating disorders, namely anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder are frequent diseases and often complicated by comorbidities, e.g. psychiatric or cardiovascular comorbidities. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

Abnormalities in the EEG power spectrum in bulimia nervosa, binge-eating disorder, and obesity: A systematic review.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2018 Oct 25. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Integrated Research and Treatment Center AdiposityDiseases, Departments of Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology and Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University of Leipzig Medical Center, Leipzig, Germany.

To provide a basis for electroencephalography (EEG) neurofeedback protocols for bulimia nervosa (BN), binge-eating disorder (BED), and obesity, this systematic review investigates alterations in EEG-measured brain activity, specifically frequency bands. A systematic literature search with predefined search terms yielded N = 7 studies meeting the inclusion criteria. The risk of bias was assessed for all studies. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

Trends in college students' mental health diagnoses and utilization of services, 2009-2015.

J Am Coll Health 2018 Oct 25:1-11. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

b American College Health Association Health Promotion Section Research Committee , Silver Spring , MD , USA.

Objective: To examine changes in diagnoses/treatment for 12 mental health (MH) conditions, previous use of campus MH services, and willingness to seek MH services in the future.

Participants: ACHA-NCHA II participants from 2009 to 2015 (n = 454,029).

Methods: Hierarchical binary logistic regression with step 1 controlling for demographics and step 2 considering time. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Anxiety disorder symptoms at age 10 predict eating disorder symptoms and diagnoses in adolescence.

J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2018 Oct 24. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

Background: Cross-sectional associations between anxiety disorders and eating disorders (EDs) have been well documented; however, limited research has examined whether symptoms of anxiety disorders are prospectively associated with EDs. Identifying these longitudinal associations can aid in discerning relationships among eating and anxiety disorders and point toward a mechanistic understanding of developmental psychopathology. This study investigated the prospective associations between parent-reported anxiety in mid-childhood (age 10) and child-reported ED behaviors and disorders in adolescence (at ages 14 and 16 years) in a population-based sample. Read More

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October 2018
9 Reads

Parental eating disorders symptoms in different clinical diagnoses.

Psicothema 2018 Nov;30(4):382-387

Complejo Universitario Hospitalario Albacete.

Background: The influence of parents can be an important variable in the development of eating disorders (EDs). However, few studies exist which simultaneously assess parents and their children, especially in different clinical groups.

Methods: Our study examines the differences in ED symptoms as measured on the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI), in parents and their children as patients with anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), unspecified eating disorder (UED) and a control group (CG). Read More

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November 2018
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Epigenetics in eating disorders: a systematic review.

Mol Psychiatry 2018 Oct 23. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Eating disorders are complex heritable conditions influenced by both genetic and environmental factors. Given the progress of genomic discovery in anorexia nervosa, with the identification of the first genome-wide significant locus, as well as animated discussion of epigenetic mechanisms in linking environmental factors with disease onset, our goal was to conduct a systematic review of the current body of evidence on epigenetic factors in eating disorders to inform future directions in this area. Following PRISMA guidelines, two independent authors conducted a search within PubMed and Web of Science and identified 18 journal articles and conference abstracts addressing anorexia nervosa (n = 13), bulimia nervosa (n = 6), and binge-eating disorder (n = 1), published between January 2003 and October 2017. Read More

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October 2018
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[Neuropsychological profiles in anorexia and bulimia nervosa].

Rev Neurol 2018 Nov;67(9):355-364

Universidad Francisco de Vitoria, Madrid, Espana.

Introduction: Eating disorders are severe mental disorders that appear in different diagnostic forms, such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. In recent years, a number of studies have highlighted the involvement of neuropsychological processes in anorexia and bulimia nervosa.

Aim: To review the evidence on the deficits in the executive functions, attentional biases and central coherence in anorexia and bulimia nervosa in relation to a neuropsychological risk profile, a different neuropsychological profile associated with the aforementioned eating pathologies and the role of variables (body mass index, age, anxiety, impulsiveness, alexithymia, mood, body image) in the presence of neuropsychological deficits. Read More

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November 2018
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The effectiveness of internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy for those with bulimic symptoms: a systematic review : A review of iCBT treatment for bulimic symptoms.

BMC Res Notes 2018 Oct 22;11(1):748. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Division of Psychiatry, Royal Edinburgh Hospital, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, EH10 5HF, UK.

Objective: This review looked at internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT) as a possible treatment for patients with bulimic symptoms. CBT has been established as an effective treatment; however, waiting lists lead to delayed initiation of treatment. iCBT is a possible delivery method to combat this. Read More

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October 2018
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Eating disorders: experiences of and attitudes toward oral health and oral health behavior.

Eur J Oral Sci 2018 Dec 19;126(6):500-506. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Department of Odontology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

It is well known that early signs of eating disorders (EDs), such as dental erosion and enlarged salivary glands, may be recognized in the dental clinic. Dentists acknowledge that approaching a patient to discuss the suspicion of an ED is difficult. However, little is known about how persons with EDs experience and manage dental visits. Read More

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December 2018
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