11,570 results match your criteria Bulimia


Social media and eating disorder recovery: An exploration of Instagram recovery community users and their reasons for engagement.

Eat Behav 2022 Jun 22;46:101651. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

School of Psychology, University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia. Electronic address:

Objective: Online recovery communities offer support for people with eating disorders who may not otherwise seek professional help. Instagram is a popular platform that is widely used for eating disorder recovery, but little is known about the population that uses it or its potential benefits.

Method: A mixed-methods study surveyed 163 users of the Instagram recovery community to identify their descriptive characteristics, their reasons for using the community, and what they perceived to be helpful or unhelpful about the platform. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Intact general and food-specific task-switching abilities in bulimia-spectrum eating disorders.

Eat Behav 2022 Jun 6;46:101636. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

WELL Center, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Objective: Prior work evaluating cognitive flexibility (i.e., the ability to alter behavior in response to environmental changes) in bulimia-spectrum eating disorders (BN-ED) has produced mixed findings, perhaps due to reliance on set-shifting paradigms that do not effectively isolate cognitive flexibility. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Brain serotonin deficiency and fluoxetine lead to sex-specific effects on binge-like food consumption in mice.

Psychopharmacology (Berl) 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Villanova University, Villanova, PA, USA.

Rationale: Although pharmacotherapies are often effective in reducing binge eating in conditions such as bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder, subsets of patients do not benefit sufficiently from existing treatments, and the reasons for treatment failure remain unclear.

Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate whether genetic reductions in brain serotonin influence binge eating and/or the ability of fluoxetine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, to reduce binge eating in mice.

Methods: This study used a validated model of binge-like consumption of high-fat diet to compare binge-like food intake in control and fluoxetine-treated wild-type and serotonin-deficient mice from the tryptophan hydroxylase 2 (R439H) knock-in line. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Orthorexia nervosa and eating disorder behaviors: A systematic review of the literature.

Appetite 2022 Jun 21:106134. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

University of South Alabama, Department of Psychology, Mobile, AL, 36688, USA.

Background: Orthorexia nervosa (ON) involves obsessive thoughts about healthy eating and distress related to this obsession. There is still dispute over whether ON should be considered on the obsessive-compulsive spectrum, the eating disorder (ED) spectrum, or as its own disorder. Based on current research, orthorexic behaviors seem to be closely related to eating disorder behaviors. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Helpful or harmful? The impact of the ketogenic diet on eating disorder outcomes in type 1 diabetes mellitus.

Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab 2022 Jun 24:1-13. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Division of Biomedical Sciences, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK.

Introduction: Eating disorders (EDs) are common complications in people with type 1 diabetes (PwT1D), given the rigid focus on food and insulin dose adjustment. Dietary recommendations for T1D match those for the general population, yet many fail to achieve target HbA1c. Evidence suggests that lower carbohydrate meals and thus reduced insulin requirements may decrease inconsistencies in insulin absorption, maintain euglycemia and weight. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Characterization, epidemiology and trends of eating disorders].

Nutr Hosp 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Departamento de Biomedicina, Biotecnología y Salud Pública. Facultad de Enfermería y Fisioterapia. Universidad de Cádiz.

Background: Eating disorders are a group of conditions in which negative beliefs about food, body shape, and body weight together with behaviors such as restricted food intake, binge eating, excessive exercise, self-induced vomiting, and use of laxatives. They can become serious, affect quality of life, and lead to multiple physical and even psychiatric complications with a fatal outcome. The purpose of this chapter is to describe the characteristics, epidemiology, and trends of eating disorders with updated information based on the most recent publications. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Documento de consenso para la prevención de los trastornos de la conducta alimentaria SENPE-SENC-SEPEAP-SEMERGEN. Resumen Ejecutivo].

Nutr Hosp 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Servicio de Endocrinología y Nutrición. Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro Majadahonda.

Los TCA configuran un grupo de problemas de salud en los que la insatisfacción con la imagen corporal se combina con alteraciones en la conducta alimentaria, baja autoestima, problemas de perfeccionismo, depresión o ansiedad social, entre otros. Estos trastornos pueden ser graves y acompañarse de serias complicaciones y comorbilidades. Se presentan generalmente en adolescentes y adultos jóvenes y los mejor caracterizados son la anorexia nerviosa (AN), la bulimia nerviosa (BN) y el trastorno por atracón (TA). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Eating Disorders and Disordered Eating Behaviors in Cystic Fibrosis: A Neglected Issue.

Children (Basel) 2022 Jun 18;9(6). Epub 2022 Jun 18.

Department of Public Health Policy, School of Public Health, University of West Attica, Athens University Campus, 196 Alexandra's Avenue, 11521 Athens, Greece.

As with the majority of chronic diseases having specific nutrition recommendations, in cystic fibrosis (CF), the emphasis placed on patients regarding their diet and ideal body weight status often increases the risk of developing disordered eating behaviors and by inference, eating disorders (EDs). Body weight appears to be an important concern for patients with CF, with many patients struggling to lose weight. Between sexes, women appear more preoccupied with dieting compared to men, but exhibit a better body image, mainly due to their preference for a lower weight. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Eating disorders].

Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2022 05 3;166. Epub 2022 May 3.

Arkin, Novarum, Amsterdam.

Eating disorders, such as anorexia, bulimia and binge eating disorder, are a common mental health problem, but are even so easily missed in the medical field. Patients experience a lot of shame to come up with their eating problem. Doctors tend to forget asking for eating pattern and purging when a patient has a normal weight or is obese. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Attachment insecurity predicts worse outcome in patients with eating disorders treated with enhanced cognitive behavior therapy: A one-year follow-up study.

Int J Eat Disord 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Psychiatry Unit, Department of Health Sciences, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.

Objective: This study aimed to explore the role of attachment insecurity in predicting a worse longitudinal trend of eating disorder (ED) psychopathology and body uneasiness in patients with Anorexia Nervosa (AN) or Bulimia Nervosa (BN) treated with Enhanced Cognitive Behavior Therapy, considering the longitudinal interplay between these dimensions.

Method: In total, 185 patients with AN or BN performed the baseline assessment, and 123 were re-evaluated after 1 year of treatment. Participants completed questionnaires evaluating ED psychopathology (Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire) and body uneasiness (body uneasiness test). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

What happens in the course of positive mirror exposure? Effects on eating pathology, body satisfaction, affect, and subjective physiological arousal in patients with anorexia and bulimia nervosa.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Institute of Psychology, Unit of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Osnabrück University, Osnabrück, Germany.

Objective: Mirror exposure (ME) is a therapeutic technique to improve body image disturbance. However, evidence on the effectiveness of different forms of ME in clinical populations is lacking. The present study therefore analysed effects of ME on trait-like and state measures of body image in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Trauma exposure and eating disorders: Results from a United States nationally representative sample.

Int J Eat Disord 2022 Jun 19. Epub 2022 Jun 19.

San Diego State University/University of California San Diego Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego, California.

Objective: Sexual assault, child abuse, and combat have been linked to eating disorders (EDs). However, noninterpersonal trauma is relatively understudied, and therefore it is unknown whether noninterpersonal trauma is associated with EDs. Furthermore, most previous studies do not account for multiple trauma exposures, or the relative association of traumatic events with EDs in the same statistical model. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Malocclusion and its relationship with oral health-related quality of life in patients with eating disorders.

Dental Press J Orthod 2022 10;27(2):e2220305. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Universidade Estadual de São Paulo (UNESP), Faculdade de Odontologia, Departamento de Odontologia Preventiva e Restauradora (Araçatuba/SP, Brazil).

Objective: To evaluate the prevalence and severity of malocclusion and its impact on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and self-reported satisfaction of patients with anorexia and bulimia nervosa.

Methods: The sample consisted of sixty women who attended a specialized mental health clinic of a Brazilian medical school. Participants were distributed into two groups: patients with anorexia and bulimia nervosa (ABN; n=30) and control patients without eating disorders (CN; n=30). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Neural mechanisms underlying social recognition and theory of mind in adolescent patients with bulimia nervosa and transdiagnostic comparison with anorexia nervosa.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2022 Jun 14. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Clinic for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, University Hospital Aachen, Aachen, Germany.

Introduction: Theory of mind (ToM) is important for social interactions and typical development and has been found to be impaired in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN). Hypoactivation in frontotemporal brain regions seems to be the underlying neural mechanism in AN while whole-brain analyses in BN are lacking.

Methods: We used the well-validated social recognition task fMRI paradigm to assess ToM in a total of 72 female adolescents (16 BN, 18 AN and 38 matched healthy controls [HC]). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

An Examination of Factors Affecting State Legislators' Support for Parity Laws for Different Mental Illnesses.

Community Ment Health J 2022 Jun 11. Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Prevention Research Center, Brown School, Washington University in St. Louis, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO, 63130, USA.

Mental health parity legislation can improve mental health outcomes. U.S. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Feasibility and acceptability of a digital tele-guided intervention targeting components of the addictive appetite model for bulimia nervosa and binge-eating disorder in Korea.

Int J Eat Disord 2022 Jun 10. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Section of Eating Disorders, Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.

Objective: We aimed to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, and potential impact of a tele-guided digital-based intervention based on the addictive appetite model of recurrent binge eating.

Method: Female college students with bulimia nervosa (BN) or binge-eating disorder (BED) (n = 22) received a 6-week guided intervention targeting addictive processes and emotion regulation. The feasibility of the intervention was evaluated, and the outcomes were assessed at baseline, the end of the intervention, and 1-month follow-up. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Eating Disorders: An Analysis of Self-Induced Vomiting, Binge Eating, and Oral Hygiene Behavior.

Int J Clin Pract 2022 23;2022:6210372. Epub 2022 Apr 23.

Department of Clinical Dentistry-Prosthodontics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Background: Self-induced vomiting (SIV) is often present in patients with eating disorders (ED) and potentially damaging for oral health. Related behaviors, such as binge eating and oral hygiene habits, may equally increase the risk for dental damage. This study aimed to investigate behaviors and habits in patients with ED and SIV in relation to oral health. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Gender Differences in Treatment Outcomes for Eating Disorders: A Case-Matched, Retrospective Pre-Post Comparison.

Nutrients 2022 May 27;14(11). Epub 2022 May 27.

University Clinic for Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Medical Faculty, Campus East-Westphalia, Ruhr-University Bochum, 32312 Luebbecke, Germany.

Eating disorders (EDs) are increasingly emerging as a health risk in men, yet men remain underrepresented in ED research, including interventional trials. This underrepresentation of men may have facilitated the development of women-centered ED treatments that result in suboptimal outcomes for men. The present study retrospectively compared pre- vs. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Broad and Narrow Transdiagnostic Risk Factors in Eating Disorders: A Preliminary Study on an Italian Clinical Sample.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 06 4;19(11). Epub 2022 Jun 4.

Department of General Psychology, University of Padova, 35131 Padova, Italy.

Eating disorders are multifaceted psychopathologies and the transdiagnostic approach is currently considered a useful framework to understand their complexity. This preliminary study aimed to investigate both broad (i.e. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Knowledge and Myths about Eating Disorders in a German Adolescent Sample: A Preliminary Investigation.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 06 3;19(11). Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Center for Psychotherapy Research, Heidelberg University Hospital, 69115 Heidelberg, Germany.

Eating disorder mental health literacy (ED-MHL) refers to knowledge about the symptoms, causes, and treatment of eating disorders (EDs) and is an important factor in people's attitudes towards individuals with EDs and help-seeking for EDs. Associations between ED-MHL, stigma, ED symptomatology, and gender were investigated in a sample of N = 194 German high school students. Knowledge and myths about EDs were assessed with 18 factual statements about EDs and agreement/disagreement with common myths about ED. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A community-based feasibility randomized controlled study to test food-specific inhibitory control training in people with disinhibited eating during COVID-19 in Italy.

Eat Weight Disord 2022 Jun 6. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

School of Psychology, University of Exeter, Exeter, Devon, UK.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to expand the evidence on the feasibility and impact of food-specific inhibitory control training in a community sample of people with disinhibited eating.

Methods: Recruitment and data collection were conducted during the COVID-19 outbreak, in Italy. Ninety-four adult individuals with disinhibited eating were randomised to one of two conditions: App-based food-specific inhibitory control training or waiting list. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Network Analysis of Eating Disorders Symptoms Co-occurring With Impulsive Personality Traits and Negative Mood States in Patients With Bulimia Nervosa.

Front Psychiatry 2022 18;13:899757. Epub 2022 May 18.

Shanghai Mental Health Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Background: Bulimia nervosa (BN) is characterized by recurrent episodes of eating large amounts of food without control. Studies have found positive correlations of BN symptoms with impulsive traits and negative affect. However, the network relationship supporting BN symptoms is unclear. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The effects of response inhibition training following binge memory retrieval in young adults binge eaters: a randomised-controlled experimental study.

Sci Rep 2022 Jun 3;12(1):9281. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, UK.

Binge eating is increasingly prevalent among adolescents and young adults and can have a lasting harmful impact on mental and physical health. Mechanistic insights suggest that aberrant reward-learning and biased cognitive processing may be involved in the aetiology of binge eating. We therefore investigated whether recently developed approaches to catalyse brief interventions by putatively updating maladaptive memory could also boost the effects of cognitive bias modification training on binge eating behaviour. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Young women who develop anorexia nervosa exhibit a persistently low premorbid body weight on average: A longitudinal investigation of an important etiologic clue.

J Psychopathol Clin Sci 2022 Jul 2;131(5):479-492. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Oregon Research Institute.

Objective: test whether (1) young women who subsequently show onset of anorexia nervosa (AN) exhibit persistently lower average premorbid BMI than those who subsequently show onset of bulimia nervosa (BN), binge eating disorder (BED), purging disorder (PD), or no eating disorder; (2) a proximal spike in other risk factors occurs immediately before AN emergence; and (3) psychological and behavioral factors differentiate youth who show persistently low BMI from those who do not.

Method: Data from a sample ( = 1952) of young women at high-risk for eating disorders followed for 3 years and a socioethno-racially representative sample ( = 496) of adolescent girls followed for 8 years were used to address these aims.

Results: Participants who developed AN exhibited significantly lower average measured premorbid BMI over repeated assessments than those who showed onset of other or no eating disorders. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Passive Sensor Data for Characterizing States of Increased Risk for Eating Disorder Behaviors in the Digital Phenotyping Arm of the Binge Eating Genetics Initiative: Protocol for an Observational Study.

JMIR Res Protoc 2022 Jun 2;11(6):e38294. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Department of Psychology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, United States.

Background: Data that can be easily, efficiently, and safely collected via cell phones and other digital devices have great potential for clinical application. Here, we focus on how these data could be used to refine and augment intervention strategies for binge eating disorder (BED) and bulimia nervosa (BN), conditions that lack highly efficacious, enduring, and accessible treatments. These data are easy to collect digitally but are highly complex and present unique methodological challenges that invite innovative solutions. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Risk of disordered eating in emerging adulthood: media, body and weight-related correlates among Hungarian female university students.

J Prev Med Hyg 2022 Mar 26;63(1):E83-E89. Epub 2022 Apr 26.

Department of Sociology & Criminology, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA.

Background: University years often are accompanied by dramatic lifestyle changes resulting in an elevated risk of disordered eating among females. We examined the associations of disordered eating with body image, weight and media-related variables.

Methods: Hungarian female university students (n = 261, mean age = 22. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A Computer-Based Platform for Aiding Clinicians in Eating Disorder Analysis and Diagnosis.

J Vis Exp 2022 05 10(183). Epub 2022 May 10.

Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet; Mandometer Clinic;

Eating disorders (anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge-eating disorder, and other specified eating or feeding disorders) have a combined prevalence of 13% and are associated with severe physical and psychosocial problems. Early diagnosis, which is important for effective treatment and prevention of undesirable long-term health consequences, imposes problems among non-specialist clinicians unfamiliar with these patients, such as those working in primary care. Early, accurate diagnosis, particularly in primary care, allows expert interventions early enough in the disorder to facilitate positive treatment outcomes. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Binge-eating episode as a direct cause of death in a young individual without eating disorder.

Med Leg J 2022 May 29:258172221091329. Epub 2022 May 29.

Department of Anatomical, Histological, Forensic and Orthopaedic Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy.

Binge eating is characterised by the ingestion of large quantities of food in a short time. Cases in the literature deal exclusively with gastric perforation in people with a history of anorexia nervosa, binge eating disorder or bulimia nervosa.We report the case of a young woman with no previous diagnosis of mental illness and a history of only two binge-eating episodes that occurred a few years earlier. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Binge Eating Disorder Is a Social Justice Issue: A Cross-Sectional Mixed-Methods Study of Binge Eating Disorder Experts' Opinions.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 05 20;19(10). Epub 2022 May 20.

Helfgott Research Institute, National University of Natural Medicine, Portland, OR 97201, USA.

Background: Binge eating disorder is an autonomous DSM-V diagnosis characterized by discrete rapid consumption of objectively large amounts of food without compensation, associated with loss of control and distress. Environmental factors that contribute to binge eating disorder continue to evolve. This mixed-methods cross-sectional study assessed whether there is consensus among experts in the field about environmental factors that influence adult binge eating disorder pathology. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Virtual Reality-Based Immersive Rehabilitation for Cognitive- and Behavioral-Impairment-Related Eating Disorders: A VREHAB Framework Scoping Review.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 05 10;19(10). Epub 2022 May 10.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong 999077, China.

Virtual reality (VR) technology is one of the promising directions for rehabilitation, especially cognitive rehabilitation. Previous studies demonstrated successful rehabilitation in motor, cognitive, and sensorial functions using VR. The objective of this review is to summarize the current designs and evidence on immersive rehabilitation interventions using VR on cognitive- or behavioral-related eating disorders, which was mapped using a VREHAB framework. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF