10,078 results match your criteria Bulimia
Asian J Psychiatr 2018 Nov 27;39:32-34. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
Department of Psychiatry, Hotel Dieu de France Hospital, Achrafieh, Lebanon.
Purpose: the study aims to assess the depressive symptoms, the disgust feeling and the impulsivity index in subjects showing a high risk of binge eating disorder (BED) and/or bulimia nervosa (BN) through a cross-sectional study of 150 participants.
Results: There was no significant difference regarding age, sex, employment and marital status between subjects at high risk for BED/BN (Group A) and controls (Group B). However, participants in group A presented higher scores of depressions (p = 0. Read More
Int J Eat Disord 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Psychiatry and UCSF Weill Institute for Neurosciences, University of California, San Francisco, California.
Objective: Family therapy has long been advocated as an effective intervention for eating disorders. A specific form of family therapy, one that utilizes family resources, has proven especially effective for adolescents with anorexia or bulimia nervosa (AN and BN). First developed in London, a behaviorally focused adaptation, called family-based treatment (FBT), has been manualized and systematically studied in six randomized clinical trials for adolescent AN and two for adolescent BN. Read More
Int J Eat Disord 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Cardiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.
Objective: An association between bulimia nervosa (BN) and prolonged corrected QT interval (QTc) in the electrocardiogram has been suggested, but results of previous studies are conflicting, and the risk of cardiac events in patients with BN has yet to be investigated.
Method: We estimated mean QTc interval and relative risk of borderline (QTc >440 ms) and prolonged QTc (QTc >460 ms) between adult women with BN (N = 531) and healthy controls (N = 123). In follow-up analyses, we investigated the risk of a primary endpoint (syncope, ventricular tachycardia, and cardiac arrest) and all-cause mortality in patients with BN (N = 702) compared with a population-based cohort derived from the Danish Civil Register (N = 7,020). Read More
Nutrients 2018 Dec 4;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 4.
Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA.
Impairment in cognitive flexibility is a trait characteristic among individuals with diagnosed eating disorders. However, the extent to which these relationships exist in individuals with overweight or obesity remains unclear. Furthermore, there is a lack of knowledge characterizing the neural underpinnings of these relationships. Read More
Psychol Med 2018 Dec 5:1-13. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy,University of Freiburg,Engelbergerstrasse 41, 79085 Freiburg,Germany.
Background: Bulimia nervosa (BN), a mental disorder that causes significant impairment, can be treated with psychological, pharmacological, nutrition-based and self-help interventions. We conducted a pre-registered meta-analysis of randomized-controlled trials (RCTs) to assess the efficacy of these interventions in up to 19 different interventions.
Methods: Database search terms were combined for BN and RCTs from database inception to March 2017. Read More
Nutrients 2018 Dec 3;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Sports and Physical Education and Outdoor Sciences, University of South-Eastern Norway, N-3800 Bø in Telemark, Norway.
Persons with bulimia nervosa (BN) or binge eating disorder (BED) have an elevated risk of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). However, lowering this risk is rarely addressed in standard cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT). We aimed to compare CBT with an intervention combining physical exercise and dietary therapy (PED-t), and hypothesized that the PED-t would do better than CBT in lowering the risk of NCD both initially and longitudinally. Read More
J Adolesc Health 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Department of Epidemiology, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, Rhode Island; Department of Pediatrics, Warren Alpert Medical School, Providence, Rhode Island.
Purpose: To quantify eating disorder (ED) stability and diagnostic transition among a community-based sample of adolescents and young adult females in the United States.
Methods: Using 11 prospective assessments from 9,031 U.S. Read More
Front Psychol 2018 15;9:2145. Epub 2018 Nov 15.
Psychology, Health, & Technology, Centre for eHealth and Wellbeing Research, University of Twente, Enschede, Netherlands.
Eating Disorders (EDs) are serious psychiatric disorders, impacting physical and psychosocial functioning, often with a chronic course and high mortality rates. The two continua model of mental health states that mental health is a complete state, that is, not merely the absence of mental illness, but also the presence of mental health. This model was studied among ED patients by examining the presence and correlates of well-being and psychopathology. Read More
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2018 Nov 29;18(1):463. Epub 2018 Nov 29.
Department of Biostatistics, West Virginia University School of Public Health, Morgantown, WV, USA.
Background: Women with eating disorders are more likely to negatively react to finding out they are pregnant, although this difference in attitudes between women with eating disorders and controls disappears at 18-weeks' gestation. Those with anorexia also are twice as likely to have an unplanned pregnancy and those with bulimia have a 30-fold increased chance compared with healthy controls. Therefore, due to these considerations, pregnancy and the transition to motherhood can be an extremely challenging time for these women both psychologically and physically. Read More
J R Coll Physicians Edinb 2018 Dec;48(4):378-382
112 Polwarth Terrace, Merchiston, Edinburgh EH11 1NN, UK.
Liquorice is a very ancient plant widely used in the East for millennia. It has often been employed in sweets and confectionery and also for minor ailments including cough, constipation and dyspepsia. It was probably carried to Europe by the Cluniac order of monks. Read More
Early Interv Psychiatry 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.
School of Psychology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
Aims: When it comes to working with eating disorders (EDs), few studies have explored: the clinical practice; service provision barriers; and self-perceptions of knowledge/skill and the ability to detect EDs in practice against measured ability to do so, of common health providers including psychologists, naturopaths and fitness instructors.
Methods: Of the 115 participants, 90.4% were female with a mean age of 40. Read More
Int J Eat Disord 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.
Institute of Clinical Medicine, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan.
Objective: Nationwide data on eating disorders (EDs) among East Asian populations are scarce. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence, incidence, and psychiatric comorbidities of EDs in Taiwan.
Method: Drawing from the National Health Research Institute database, we identified the study subjects aged 11-34 years who received an ED diagnosis during ambulatory visits or hospitalization from 2001 to 2012. Read More
Int J Eat Disord 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.
Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Medical Centre, Hamburg-Eppendorf & Schön Clinic Hamburg Eilbek, Hamburg, Germany.
Objective: We aimed to provide a comprehensive overview of the role of self-esteem in the treatment of patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). Specifically, our objectives were to investigate the differences in self-esteem between individuals with AN and healthy controls, or individuals with other eating disorders, and to examine self-esteem as an outcome, predictor, moderator, and mediator in AN treatment.
Method: The databases PsycINFO, PSYNDEXplus, Ovid MEDLINE®, and ProQuest were searched for studies published from 1990 to 2018. Read More
Int J Clin Health Psychol 2018 Jan-Apr;18(1):52-59. Epub 2017 Oct 16.
Universitat de Barcelona, Spain.
Binge Eating Disorder (BED) is often associated with obesity. In order to identify the variables that allow to better detect the presence of BED, people with overnutrition were compared with and without BED in the presence of cognitive conflicts, eating symptoms and anxious-depressive symptoms. The inclusion of cognitive conflicts had been relevant in bulimia studies but had not been investigated with respect to BED. Read More
Rev Neurol 2018 Dec;67(11):436-440
Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Vigo, 36200 Vigo, Espana.
Introduction: The behavioural variant of frontotemporal dementia is characterised by progressive social, cognitive and personality deterioration associated with several molecular pathologies of frontotemporal lobar dementia (FTLD): FTLD-tau, FTLD-TDP and FTLD-FUS. Its diagnosis requires pathological studies.
Case Report: A 61-year-old male, with a three-year progressive history of behavioural disorder, apathy, poor language skills, perseveration, lack of empathy, bulimia and executive dysfunction. Read More
Front Psychol 2018 13;9:2138. Epub 2018 Nov 13.
Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Mainz, Germany.
Eating disorders (EDs) are characterized by marked cognitive distortions and maladaptive schemas. Cognitive models of EDs highlight the direct impact of cognitive dysfunctions on eating-related disturbances, insofar as specific cognitive contents such as thoughts about diet rules and food or loss of control may trigger disturbed eating behavior. Moreover, early maladaptive schemas that reflect perfectionist standards and relate to achievement and performance seem to be associated with disturbed eating, e. Read More
Int J Eat Disord 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Osnabrück University, Osnabrück, Germany.
Objective: Women with eating disorders (ED) evaluate their own body more negatively than do women without ED. However, it is unclear whether this negative rating is due to objective bodily features or different standards for one's own body and others' bodies. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine whether women with ED apply double standards when rating bodies by disentangling the objective features of one's own body from the feelings of ownership. Read More
Int J Eat Disord 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.
Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.
Objective: Although eating disorders occur worldwide, prevalence data beyond Euro-American contexts are sparse, and eating disorders largely remain outside global mental health agendas. This study aims to address this gap in the epidemiological literature through a global infodemiological comparison of Google search volumes for the topics "Anorexia nervosa" and "Bulimia nervosa."
Method: Data were generated through Google Trends, a tool that assesses the relative search volumes of keywords and topics. Read More
Bipolar Disord 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.
Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital of Lausanne, Prilly, Switzerland.
Objectives: Although clinical evidence suggests important differences between unipolar mania and bipolar-I disorder (BP-I), epidemiological data are limited. Combining data from 9 population-based studies, we compared subjects with mania (M) or mania with mild depression (Md) to those with BP-I with both manic and depressive episodes with respect to demographic and clinical characteristics in order to highlight differences.
Methods: Participants were compared for gender, age, age at onset of mania, psychiatric comorbidity, temperament and family history of mental disorders. Read More
Eur Eat Disord Rev 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky, USA.
Mindfulness-based treatments for eating disorders could be improved by understanding how facets of mindfulness predict eating disorder symptoms over time. We examined whether facets of mindfulness predict eating disorder symptoms over time and vice versa. Individuals with an eating disorder diagnosis (N = 124; 87. Read More
Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2018 26;14:2817-2835. Epub 2018 Oct 26.
Department of Neurosurgery, Mutua de Accidentes de Zaragoza (Servicio de Neurocirugía), Zaragoza, Spain.
Neuromodulation can affect the functioning of the central nervous system (CNS), and emotional/eating behavior is an exciting facet of that functioning. Therefore, it would be possible to offer an alternative (or complement) treatment to psychotropic medications and different psychological and nutritional approaches to both eating disorders (EDs) and obesity. Although there are a number of publications in these areas, a systematic review has not been conducted to date. Read More
Front Psychiatry 2018 6;9:531. Epub 2018 Nov 6.
Institute of Psychiatry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Although impulsivity is suggested as a possible link to explain the association of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) with an Eating Disorder (ED), there is little research on how clinical and cognitive/neuropsychological functioning might change when this comorbidity occurs. ADHD individuals are at a higher of developing ED and also obesity. Some research has described the impact of ADHD in clinical treatment-seeking samples of ED patients. Read More
Neurobiol Stress 2018 Nov 18;9:64-73. Epub 2018 Aug 18.
SDSU/UC San Diego Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego, CA, USA.
Eating disorders (ED), including Anorexia Nervosa (AN), Bulimia Nervosa (BN), and Binge Eating Disorder (BED), are medically dangerous psychiatric disorders of unknown etiology. Accumulating evidence supports a biopsychosocial model that includes genetic heritability, neurobiological vulnerability, and psychosocial factors, such as stress, in the development and maintenance of ED. Notably, stress hormones influence appetite and eating, and dysfunction of the physiological stress response has been implicated in ED pathophysiology. Read More
J Eat Disord 2018 6;6:37. Epub 2018 Nov 6.
Clinical Psychology Unit, School of Psychology, The University of Sydney, 94 Mallett St, Camperdown, 2050 Australia.
Background: The Eating Beliefs Questionnaire (EBQ) is a self-report assessment tool that measures and beliefs about food and eating that are believed to play a key role in maintaining binge eating behaviour that occurs in individuals with Bulimia Nervosa, Binge Eating Disorder and other atypical eating disorders. The present study aimed to further refine this measure with the addition of a third scale to assess beliefs about eating, also thought to play a crucial role in the maintenance of binge eating. Permissive beliefs are defined as beliefs about eating that provide justification for the individual to engage in a binge eating episode. Read More
Neuro Endocrinol Lett 2018 Sep;39(3):172-178
Department of Neurology, Medical University of Warsaw, Bielanski Hospital, Warsaw,, Poland.
Endocrine dysfunctions in eating disorders (anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa) result from disturbed regulation of hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal, hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal, hypothalamo-pituitary-thyroid and hypothalamo-pituitary-GH-IGF1 axes as well as of altered peripheral endocrine metabolism. Some peptides of hypothalamic origin, as well as those secreted by the adipose tissue and gastrointestinal tract including pancreatic hormones, are involved in the control of appetite and satiety. These peptides play also an important role in the mechanism of hormonal secretion. Read More
Front Psychol 2018 31;9:2122. Epub 2018 Oct 31.
LWL University Hospital Bochum, Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Preventive Medicine, Division of Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, Ruhr University Bochum, Bochum, Germany.
Prior research on non-clinical samples has lent support to the sexual competition hypothesis for eating disorders (SCH) where the drive for thinness can be seen as an originally adaptive strategy for women to preserve a nubile female shape, which, when driven to an extreme, may cause eating disorders. Restrictive versus impulsive eating behavior may also be relevant for individual differences in allocation of resources to either mating effort or somatic growth, reflected in an evolutionary concept called "Life History Theory" (LHT). In this study, we aimed to test the SCH and predictions from LHT in female patients with clinically manifest eating disorders. Read More
Nutrients 2018 Nov 13;10(11). Epub 2018 Nov 13.
Eating Disorders Program (PROATA), Department of Psychiatry, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), São Paulo 04017030, Brazil.
The aims of this paper were to compare (1) the proportion of participants diagnosed with threshold or subthreshold Bulimia Nervosa (BN) and Binge Eating Disorder (BED) (clinical utility), and (2) the severity of participants' clinical features and mental Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) (convergent validity), when diagnosed according to either the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5th edition (DSM-5) or the proposed International Classification of Diseases 11th edition (ICD-11) schemes. One hundred and seven adult men and women, with a high Body Mass Index (BMI) were evaluated by interview to confirm their eating disorder diagnoses. All participants completed self-report assessments of current symptoms and mental HRQoL. Read More
BMC Psychiatry 2018 Nov 13;18(1):364. Epub 2018 Nov 13.
Faculty of Nursing, University of Castilla-La-Mancha, Cuenca, Spain.
Introduction: Orthorexia nervosa (ON) is characterized by an obsession with healthy eating, which may lead to severe physical, psychological and social disorders. It is particularly important to research this problem in populations that do not receive clinical care in order to improve early detection and treatment.
Objective: The aim of this study was to research the prevalence of ON in a population of Spanish university students and to analyze the possible associations between ON and psychological traits and behaviors that are common to ED. Read More
J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2018 Sep;79(5):720-724
Department of Psychiatry, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.
Objective: Twin studies have shown that genetic factors in part explain the established relation between alcohol use (i.e., problematic use or abuse/dependence) and eating disorder symptoms in adolescent and adult females. Read More
Eur Eat Disord Rev 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.
Eating Disorders Continuum, Douglas Mental Health Institute, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Objective: To validate the Autonomous and Controlled Motivation for Treatment Questionnaire (ACMTQ) for use in women with an eating disorder (ED).
Method: Data were available for 463 individuals. We assessed factor structure, internal reliability, test-retest reliability, convergent/divergent validity, and incremental predictive validity. Read More
Quintessence Int 2018 Nov 8:2-13. Epub 2018 Nov 8.
Background: Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder resulting in an intended weight loss due to decreased food intake, induced vomiting, or hyperactivity, and is observed frequently between 12 and 25 years of age. One of the complications is early tooth loss. Moreover, since bulimia nervosa patients suffer from increased atrophy of the alveolar processes, oral rehabilitation even with short dental implants may be impossible. Read More
PeerJ 2018 29;6:e5868. Epub 2018 Oct 29.
Department of Psychology, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, United States of America.
Background: Eating disorders are serious psychological disorders with long term health impacts. Athletic populations, tend to have higher incidences of eating disorders compared to the general population. Yet there is little known about athletes' eating disorder knowledge and how it relates to their confidence in their knowledge. Read More
J Formos Med Assoc 2018 Nov 2. Epub 2018 Nov 2.
Department of Medical Research, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei 10055, Taiwan.
Background/purpose: Night eating syndrome (NES) is a diagnosis newly introduced in the fifth version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. This study investigated the characteristics of NES in individuals with eating disorders and the clinical significance of NES in individuals with bulimia nervosa (BN).
Methods: We recruited participants with eating problems at psychiatric outpatient clinics and from Internet referrals and age, sex, and educational level-comparable controls from September 2013 to April 2017. Read More
Mol Cell Endocrinol 2018 Nov 2. Epub 2018 Nov 2.
University of California, San Diego, Eating Disorders Center for Treatment and Research, Department of Psychiatry, United States.
The pathophysiology of anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) are still poorly understood, but psychobiological models have proposed a key role for disturbances in the neuroendocrines that signal hunger and satiety and maintain energy homeostasis. Mounting evidence suggests that many neuroendocrines involved in the regulation of homeostasis and body weight also play integral roles in food reward valuation and learning via their interactions with the mesolimbic dopamine system. Neuroimaging data have associated altered brain reward responses in this system with the dietary restriction and binge eating and purging characteristic of AN and BN. Read More
Mol Cell Endocrinol 2018 Oct 28. Epub 2018 Oct 28.
Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, UK. Electronic address:
Background: A recent study reported a positive genetic correlation between anorexia nervosa and insulin sensitivity using data from genome-wide association studies. Epidemiological studies have, on the other hand, suggested that bulimia nervosa and binge-eating disorder are associated with decreased insulin sensitivity. The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of insulin sensitivity across the spectrum of eating disorders. Read More
Eur Psychiatry 2018 Oct 29;55:10-17. Epub 2018 Oct 29.
The Royal's Institute of Mental Health Research & University of Ottawa Brain and Mind Research Institute, Centre for Neural Dynamics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, 145 Carling Avenue, Rm. 6435, Ottawa, ON, K1Z 7K4 Canada.
Background: Despite the great number of resting state functional connectivity studies on Eating Disorders (ED), no biomarkers could be detected yet. Therefore, we here focus on a different measure of resting state activity that is neuronal variability. The objective of this study was to investigate neuronal variability in the resting state of women with ED and to correlate possible differences with clinical and psychopathological indices. Read More
Eat Weight Disord 2018 Oct 31. Epub 2018 Oct 31.
School of Psychology, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal.
Purpose: This study aimed to study autobiographical memories in women with eating disorders regarding emotional verbal expression, according to age. Our hypotheses are threefold: due to the emotional avoidance that occurs in women with eating disorders, in the younger ages, it was hypothesized that younger participants with anorexia and bulimia nervosa will present a lower number of emotional expressions in the descriptions of their memories than women without eating disorders; that older participants with anorexia and bulimia nervosa will present a greater number of negative verbal expressions in the reports of their memories than women without eating disorders, given the development of negative bias that occurs with age in women with eating disorders; and that women with eating disorders will use more words in a description of their sad memories than women without eating disorders because of the existence of negative bias.
Methods: With a sample of 90 women and combining age and the presence or absence of eating disorders, we formed four groups. Read More
J Palliat Med 2018 Oct 27. Epub 2018 Oct 27.
2 Center for Palliative Medicine , Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.
Background: Olanzapine is commonly utilized in palliative care for the treatment of nausea, and a known side effect of olanzapine is increased appetite. Olanzapine is also known to cause re-emergence of eating disorders (EDs) in patients utilizing olanzapine for its antipsychotic effects. It is unclear to what extent this may also occur in patients with serious/life-limiting illness. Read More
Mol Cell Endocrinol 2018 Oct 22. Epub 2018 Oct 22.
Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Medical University Hospital Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany; Charité Center for Internal Medicine and Dermatology, Department for Psychosomatic Medicine, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Corporate Member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin Institute of Health, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address:
Eating disorders, namely anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder are frequent diseases and often complicated by comorbidities, e.g. psychiatric or cardiovascular comorbidities. Read More
Eur Eat Disord Rev 2018 Oct 25. Epub 2018 Oct 25.
Integrated Research and Treatment Center AdiposityDiseases, Departments of Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology and Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University of Leipzig Medical Center, Leipzig, Germany.
To provide a basis for electroencephalography (EEG) neurofeedback protocols for bulimia nervosa (BN), binge-eating disorder (BED), and obesity, this systematic review investigates alterations in EEG-measured brain activity, specifically frequency bands. A systematic literature search with predefined search terms yielded N = 7 studies meeting the inclusion criteria. The risk of bias was assessed for all studies. Read More
J Am Coll Health 2018 Oct 25:1-11. Epub 2018 Oct 25.
b American College Health Association Health Promotion Section Research Committee , Silver Spring , MD , USA.
Objective: To examine changes in diagnoses/treatment for 12 mental health (MH) conditions, previous use of campus MH services, and willingness to seek MH services in the future.
Participants: ACHA-NCHA II participants from 2009 to 2015 (n = 454,029).
Methods: Hierarchical binary logistic regression with step 1 controlling for demographics and step 2 considering time. Read More
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2018 Oct 24. Epub 2018 Oct 24.
Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.
Background: Cross-sectional associations between anxiety disorders and eating disorders (EDs) have been well documented; however, limited research has examined whether symptoms of anxiety disorders are prospectively associated with EDs. Identifying these longitudinal associations can aid in discerning relationships among eating and anxiety disorders and point toward a mechanistic understanding of developmental psychopathology. This study investigated the prospective associations between parent-reported anxiety in mid-childhood (age 10) and child-reported ED behaviors and disorders in adolescence (at ages 14 and 16 years) in a population-based sample. Read More
Psicothema 2018 Nov;30(4):382-387
Complejo Universitario Hospitalario Albacete.
Background: The influence of parents can be an important variable in the development of eating disorders (EDs). However, few studies exist which simultaneously assess parents and their children, especially in different clinical groups.
Methods: Our study examines the differences in ED symptoms as measured on the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI), in parents and their children as patients with anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), unspecified eating disorder (UED) and a control group (CG). Read More
Mol Psychiatry 2018 Oct 23. Epub 2018 Oct 23.
Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Eating disorders are complex heritable conditions influenced by both genetic and environmental factors. Given the progress of genomic discovery in anorexia nervosa, with the identification of the first genome-wide significant locus, as well as animated discussion of epigenetic mechanisms in linking environmental factors with disease onset, our goal was to conduct a systematic review of the current body of evidence on epigenetic factors in eating disorders to inform future directions in this area. Following PRISMA guidelines, two independent authors conducted a search within PubMed and Web of Science and identified 18 journal articles and conference abstracts addressing anorexia nervosa (n = 13), bulimia nervosa (n = 6), and binge-eating disorder (n = 1), published between January 2003 and October 2017. Read More
Rev Neurol 2018 Nov;67(9):355-364
Universidad Francisco de Vitoria, Madrid, Espana.
Introduction: Eating disorders are severe mental disorders that appear in different diagnostic forms, such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. In recent years, a number of studies have highlighted the involvement of neuropsychological processes in anorexia and bulimia nervosa.
Aim: To review the evidence on the deficits in the executive functions, attentional biases and central coherence in anorexia and bulimia nervosa in relation to a neuropsychological risk profile, a different neuropsychological profile associated with the aforementioned eating pathologies and the role of variables (body mass index, age, anxiety, impulsiveness, alexithymia, mood, body image) in the presence of neuropsychological deficits. Read More
BMC Res Notes 2018 Oct 22;11(1):748. Epub 2018 Oct 22.
Division of Psychiatry, Royal Edinburgh Hospital, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, EH10 5HF, UK.
Objective: This review looked at internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT) as a possible treatment for patients with bulimic symptoms. CBT has been established as an effective treatment; however, waiting lists lead to delayed initiation of treatment. iCBT is a possible delivery method to combat this. Read More
Eur J Oral Sci 2018 Dec 19;126(6):500-506. Epub 2018 Oct 19.
Department of Odontology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
It is well known that early signs of eating disorders (EDs), such as dental erosion and enlarged salivary glands, may be recognized in the dental clinic. Dentists acknowledge that approaching a patient to discuss the suspicion of an ED is difficult. However, little is known about how persons with EDs experience and manage dental visits. Read More
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw 2018 Oct;21(10):611-617
2 Valencian International University , Valencia, Spain .
Studies carried out in nonclinical samples have found an association between cyberbullying victimization and eating disorder (ED) psychopathology (negative emotions, low self-esteem, unhealthy eating behaviors, and body dissatisfaction); however, these previous studies were carried out with participants without an ED diagnosis. To extend the knowledge in this area of research, we aim to confirm these associations in two different samples: on the one hand, a sample composed of participants with ED diagnoses and, on the other hand, a sample composed of participants at high risk of ED. In study 1, the sample was composed of 80 participants diagnosed with EDs: 41. Read More
Eat Weight Disord 2018 Oct 16. Epub 2018 Oct 16.
Behavioral Science Department, Emek Yezreel Academic College, Emek Yezreel, Israel.
Objective: This study aimed to compare dietary patterns (timing and frequency of binge episodes, caloric intake and macronutrient composition) of patients with binge eating disorders (BE) with and without night eating syndrome (NES).
Design: The study includes 59 women (18-60) who sought treatment for Eating Disorders (EDs) and were diagnosed with BED or BN (BE) with or without NES. They were divided into two groups: NES-BE and BE-only. Read More