41,759 results match your criteria Bronchitis

Mapping the intellectual structure of the coronavirus field (2000-2020): a co-word analysis.

Scientometrics 2021 Jun 15:1-33. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department Library & Information Science, Carlos III University, Madrid, Spain.

Over the two last decades, coronaviruses have affected human life in different ways, especially in terms of health and economy. Due to the profound effects of novel coronaviruses, growing tides of research are emerging in various research fields. This paper employs a co-word analysis approach to map the intellectual structure of the coronavirus literature for a better understanding of how coronavirus research and the disease itself have developed during the target timeframe. Read More

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Lower airway collapse: Revisiting the definition and clinicopathologic features of canine bronchomalacia.

Vet J 2021 Jul 20;273:105682. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Sciences Cliniques, Faculté de Médecine Vétérinaire, Université de Montréal, St-Hyacinthe, Canada.

Bronchomalacia (BM) is an inconsistently defined term in dogs, impairing understanding of clinical presentation, therapeutic response and prognosis. Herein the authors propose to clarify the definition of canine bronchomalacia (CBM) as regional to diffuse dynamic airway collapse of segmental and/or subsegmental bronchi with associated clinical signs due to airflow limitation. In contrast to tracheal collapse, mainstem bronchial collapse, and in some cases lobar collapse, CBM requires advanced imaging. Read More

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COVID-19 among young adults in Sweden: self-reported long-term symptoms and associated factors.

Scand J Public Health 2021 Jun 19:14034948211025425. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Center for Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Region Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden.

Aims: The main aim of the study was to describe self-reported symptoms of COVID-19 and examine if long-term symptoms are associated with lifestyle factors or common chronic diseases among Swedish young adults. A secondary aim was to compare the prevalence of smoking and snuff use before and during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: The study population includes 1644 participants aged 23-26 years from the Swedish population-based birth cohort BAMSE. Read More

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Plastic bronchitis associated with influenza.

J Pediatr 2021 Jun 17. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Department of Medical Subspecialties, Division of Infectious Diseases, National Center for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address:

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Everything That Wheezes Is Not Asthma: A Case Report.

Pediatr Allergy Immunol Pulmonol 2021 Jun 18. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, Michigan, USA.

This case report provides the general pediatrician with insight on a unique presentation of an already rare disease. Plastic bronchitis (PB) is an exceedingly rare disease that presents with the formation of casts in the endobronchial tree. This typically occurs in patients with congenital heart defects that have undergone repair, however, it is atypical to be seen in otherwise healthy patients. Read More

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Proteomic analysis of chicken bone marrow-derived dendritic cells in response to an inactivated IBV + NDV poultry vaccine.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 16;11(1):12666. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Department of Biomolecular Health Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Inactivated poultry vaccines are subject to routine potency testing for batch release, requiring large numbers of animals. The replacement of in vivo tests for cell-based alternatives can be facilitated by the identification of biomarkers for vaccine-induced immune responses. In this study, chicken bone marrow-derived dendritic cells were stimulated with an inactivated vaccine for infectious bronchitis virus and Newcastle disease virus, as well as inactivated infectious bronchitis virus only, and lipopolysaccharides as positive control, or left unstimulated for comparison with the stimulated samples. Read More

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Arerugi 2021 ;70(4):310-314

Department of Pediatrics, Saitama Medical University Hospital.

A 12-year-old boy visited our hospital with complaints of chronic cough and dyspnea. Chest X-ray and CT revealed diffuse granular shadow in the bilateral lung fields and "Tree-in-bud appearance" in the peripheral airways, respectively. Sinusitis was present, and restrictive disorder was predominantly found in pulmonary function. Read More

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High-flow nasal cannula failure: can clinical outcomes determine early interruption?

Einstein (Sao Paulo) 2021 11;19:eAO5846. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective: To evaluate the evolution of clinical outcomes in children with bronchiolitis who used a high-flow nasal cannula, and to determine after long of non-clinical improvement the therapy should be discontinued, and treatment should be escalated to other forms of ventilatory support.

Methods: An observational retrospective study of infants with bronchiolitis who used a high-flow nasal cannula. Patients were divided into two study groups according to success or failure of high-flow nasal cannula therapy, namely the Success Group and the Failure Group. Read More

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Infectious bronchitis virus in Australia: a model of coronavirus evolution - A Review.

Avian Pathol 2021 Jun 15:1-46. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Asia-Pacific Centre for Animal Health, Melbourne Veterinary School, Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Parkville 3010, Victoria, Australia.

Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) was first isolated in Australia in 1962. Ongoing surveillance and characterisation of Australian IBVs have shown that they have evolved separately from strains found throughout the rest of the world, resulting in the evolution of a range of unique strains and changes in the dominant wild type strains, affecting tissue tropism, pathogenicity, antigenicity, and gene arrangement. Between 1961 and 1976 highly nephropathogenic genotype GI-5 and GI-6 strains, causing mortalities of 40% to 100%, predominated, while strains causing mainly respiratory disease, with lower mortality rates have predominated since then. Read More

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The contribution of the immune response to enhanced colibacillosis upon preceding viral respiratory infection in broiler chicken in a dual infection model.

Vet Immunol Immunopathol 2021 May 27;238:110276. Epub 2021 May 27.

Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Department Biomolecular Health Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 1, 3584 CL Utrecht, the Netherlands.

Colibacillosis in chickens caused by avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) is known to be aggravated by preceding infections with infectious bronchitis virus (IBV), Newcastle disease virus (NDV) and avian metapneumovirus (aMPV). The mechanism behind these virus-induced predispositions for secondary bacterial infections is poorly understood. Here we set out to investigate the immunopathogenesis of enhanced respiratory colibacillosis after preceding infections with these three viruses. Read More

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A high docosahexaenoic acid diet alters lung inflammation and recovery following repetitive exposure to aqueous organic dust extracts: Role of DHA in repetitive organic dust exposure.

J Nutr Biochem 2021 Jun 11:108797. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Division of Biomedical Sciences, School of Medicine, University of California, Riverside, Riverside, CA 92521; Pulmonary, Critical Care, Sleep and Allergy Division, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198, USA. Electronic address:

Agricultural workers, especially those who work in swine confinement facilities, are at increased risk for developing pulmonary diseases including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and chronic bronchitis due to exposures to fumes, vapors, and organic dust. Repetitive exposure to agricultural dust leads to unresolved inflammation, a common underlying mechanism that worsens lung disease. Besides occupational exposure to dusts, diet also significantly contributes to inflammation and disease progression. Read More

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In Silico Designing of Nanoclusters with a Late Transition Metal for NO Adsorption: An Efficient Approach toward the Development of NO Sensing Materials.

ACS Omega 2021 Jun 21;6(22):14191-14199. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Chemistry, COMSATS University Islamabad, Abbottabad Campus, Abbottabad 22060, Pakistan.

Gas sensors are widely used for detection of environmental pollution caused by various environmental factors such as road traffic and combustion of fossil fuels. Nitrogen dioxide (NO) is one of the leading pollutants of the present age, which causes a number of serious health issues including acute bronchitis, cough, and phlegm, particularly in children. Nowadays, researchers are focused on designing new sensor materials for detection and removal of NO from the environment. Read More

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Review on Pneumococcal Infection in Children.

Cureus 2021 May 9;13(5):e14913. Epub 2021 May 9.

Paediatrics, Base Hospital, Mahaoya, LKA.

Childhood pneumococcal infection is a growing concern among paediatricians especially, in countries where there is no routine vaccination program against . The disease is associated with significant morbidity and mortality in young children particularly those who are under the age of two years. Its main virulent factors include polysaccharide capsule, autolysin, pneumolysin, choline-binding Protein A, the higher chance for genetic transformation, and the presence of pilli that facilitate enhanced binding of bacteria to host cellular surfaces. Read More

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Prulifloxacin Effectiveness in Moderate-to-Severe Acute Exacerbations of Chronic Bronchitis: Α Noninterventional, Multicentre, Prospective Study in Real-Life Clinical Practice-The "AIOLOS" Study.

Can Respir J 2021 25;2021:6620585. Epub 2021 May 25.

University Respiratory Clinic, University General Hospital of Heraklion (PE.PA.GNI), Heraklion 71110, Greece.

Real-world evidence regarding the effectiveness of prulifloxacin in the treatment of acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis (AECB) is limited. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the rates and time to symptom improvement and resolution in patients with moderate-to-severe AECB who were given prulifloxacin in the routine care in Greece. This observational, prospective study, conducted in 15 hospital-based clinics across Greece, enrolled outpatients >40 years old, with moderate-to-severe AECB, for whom the physician had decided to initiate treatment with prulifloxacin. Read More

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Two similar patient instances for a rare disease: "Bronchitis plastica".

Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann 2021 Jun 14:2184923211025414. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, School of Medicine, Ege University , Izmir, Turkey.

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Primary Hodgkin lymphoma of the lung arising with hemoptysis and pulmonary consolidation: a case report.

Monaldi Arch Chest Dis 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Division of Thoracic Surgery, IRCCS Sacro Cuore-Don Calabria Hospital, Negrar (VR).

Classic Hodgkin lymphomas are neoplasms originating from lymphoid tissue. Primary extranodal classic Hodgkin lymphoma (PE-cHL) of the lung is rare. A 37-year-old Caucasian male was referred to our hospital for recurrent episodes of hemoptysis, cough and bronchitis. Read More

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Pertussis in Individuals with Co-morbidities: A Systematic Review.

Infect Dis Ther 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

inScience Communications, Chowley Oak Business Park, Chowley Oak Lane, Tattenhall, Cheshire, UK.

Pertussis is a highly contagious disease of the respiratory tract caused by Bordetella pertussis. Although the burden of pertussis is highest in children, available data suggests that pertussis in the elderly and those with underlying chronic conditions or illnesses can result in significant morbidity, mortality and costs. We undertook a comprehensive review to assess the association between pertussis and chronic conditions/illnesses. Read More

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Prescribing Antibiotics in Adults with Respiratory Tract Infections in Lebanon.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 Jun 12:e14514. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Family Medicine, American University of Beirut Medical Center (AUBMC, Beirut, Lebanon.

Background: Antibiotic resistance is a global concern that has significant health and economic burden. The inappropriate use of antibiotics is a major cause of antibiotic resistance; this includes both unnecessary and incorrect prescriptions. Most antibiotics are prescribed in primary care, mainly for respiratory tract infections. Read More

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Genetic and pathogenic characterization of a novel recombinant avian infectious bronchitis virus derived from GI-1, GI-13, GI-28, and GI-19 strains in Southwestern China.

Poult Sci 2021 Apr 29;100(7):101210. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Animal Disease Prevention and Food Safety Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province; Key Laboratory of Bio-Resources and Eco-Environment, Ministry of Education, College of Life Science Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China. Electronic address:

Avian infectious bronchitis (IB), caused by avian infectious bronchitis virus (IBV), is an acute and highly contagious disease that is extremely harmful to the poultry industry throughout the world. The cross-using of different attenuated live vaccine strains has led to the occurrence of diverse IBV serotypes. In this study, we isolated an IBV strain from a chicken farm in southwest China and designated it CK/CH/SCMY/160315. Read More

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Distribution and molecular characterization of avian infectious bronchitis virus in southern China.

Poult Sci 2021 Mar 27;100(7):101169. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

Guangdong Provincial Animal Virus Vector Vaccine Engineering Technology Research Center, College of Animal Science, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, 510642, P.R. China; Key Laboratory of Healthy Animal Husbandry and Environmental Control of Guangdong Province, Guangzhou, 510642, Guangdong, P.R. China. Electronic address:

Avian infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) is causing considerable economic losses in the world poultry industry. The main difficulty of prevention and control of IB disease is the numerous genotypes and serotypes. The genetic analysis of IBV was mainly based on the S1 gene which played an important role in infectivity. Read More

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Ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemistry, pharmacological activities and toxicological profile of Glycosmis pentaphylla (Retz.) DC.: A review.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Jun 8;278:114313. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Chittagong, Chittagong, 4318, Bangladesh; Faculty of Pharmacy, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 50300, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Glycosmis pentaphylla (Retz.) DC. is a perennial shrub indigenous to the tropical and subtropical regions of India, China, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippine, Java, Sumatra, Borneo and Australia. Read More

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Thyme oil alleviates Ova-induced bronchial asthma through modulating Th2 cytokines, IgE, TSLP and ROS.

Biomed Pharmacother 2021 Jun 8;140:111726. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Medical Laboratories, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Qassim University, Buraydah, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:

Bronchial asthma (BA) is a heterogeneous allergic respiratory disease with diverse inflammatory symptoms, pathology, and responses to treatment. Thyme is a natural product which is consisted of multiple phenolic compounds of therapeutic significance for treatment of cough and bronchitis. This study evaluated the efficacy of thyme oil against ovalbumin (OVA)-induced BA in an experimental rabbit model. Read More

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Excessive Mucous Production in COPD Patients is Similar Regardless of the Presence of Bronchiectasis in the COPDGene Cohort.

Chronic Obstr Pulm Dis 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

HealthPartners Institute, Bloomington, Minnesota, United States.

Purpose: To assess whether the presence or absence of bronchiectasis has an impact on the patient reported symptoms of COPD patients.

Methods: The study included subjects from the COPDGene Cohort with available high resolution chest tomography (HRCT) reporting the presence or absence of bronchiectasis (BE+/BE-) and survey data reporting the presence or absence of chronic bronchitis symptoms (CB+/CB-). Patient symptoms based on the St. Read More

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[General introduction to animal and human coronaviruses].

Bull Acad Natl Med 2021 May 28. Epub 2021 May 28.

Académie nationale de médecine et Académie vétérinaire de France, 16, rue Bonaparte, 75006 Paris, France.

Coronaviruses are RNA viruses classified into Alphacoronavirus, Betacoronavirus, Gammacoronavirus and Deltacoronavirus. Their name comes from their conformation with the observation of spicules forming a sort of crown. Coronaviruses seem to come from bats, and more particularly Alphacoronaviruses and Betacoronaviruses (the genus where zoonoses are observed), while birds are the source of Gammacoronaviruses and Deltacoronaviruses. Read More

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A novel Filobacterium sp can cause chronic bronchitis in cats.

PLoS One 2021 9;16(6):e0251968. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Centre for Veterinary Education, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Background: Cilia-associated respiratory bacillus (CARB; now known as Filobacterium rodentium gen. nov., sp. Read More

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Identification of novel T-cell epitopes on infectious bronchitis virus N protein and development of a multi-epitope vaccine.

J Virol 2021 Jun 9:JVI0066721. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Key Laboratory of Animal Epidemiology of the Ministry of Agriculture, College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, People's Republic of China.

Cellular immune responses play a key role in the control of viral infection. The nucleocapsid (N) protein of infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) is a major immunogenic protein that can induce protective immunity. To screen for potential T-cell epitopes on IBV N protein, forty overlapping peptides covering the entirety of the N protein were designed and synthesized. Read More

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A protected complex of biofactors and antioxidants improved growth performance and modulated the immunometabolic phenotype of broiler chickens undergoing early life stress.

Poult Sci 2021 Apr 20;100(7):101176. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

USDA-ARS, Southern Plains Agricultural Research Center, College Station, TX, USA.

We evaluated the supplementation of a protected complex of biofactors and antioxidants [P(BF+AOx)] on growth performance, antioxidant activity, expression of immune-related genes, and immunometabolic phenotype of broilers submitted to early life stressors. The treatments were a nutritionally complete basal diet supplemented or not with P(BF+AOx) (Jefo Nutrition Inc., Saint-Hyacinthe, QC, Canada) from 1 to 14 d of age. Read More

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An initial assessment of the involvement of transglutaminase2 in eosinophilic bronchitis using a disease model developed in C57BL/6 mice.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 7;11(1):11946. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Sino-French Hoffmann Institute, Guangzhou, China.

The detailed pathogenesis of eosinophilic bronchitis (EB) remains unclear. Transglutaminase 2 (TG2) has been implicated in many respiratory diseases including asthma. Herein, we aim to assess preliminarily the relationship of TG2 with EB in the context of the development of an appropriate EB model through ovalbumin (OVA) sensitization and challenge in the C57BL/6 mouse strain. Read More

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Lung macrophages drive mucus production and steroid-resistant inflammation in chronic bronchitis.

Respir Res 2021 Jun 7;22(1):172. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Bioscience COPD/IPF, Research and Early Development, Respiratory and Immunology (R&I), BioPharmaceuticals R&D, AstraZeneca, Pepparedsleden 1, 43153, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Background: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) frequently suffer from chronic bronchitis (CB) and display steroid-resistant inflammation with increased sputum neutrophils and macrophages. Recently, a causal link between mucus hyper-concentration and disease progression of CB has been suggested.

Methods: In this study, we have evaluated the steroid sensitivity of purified, patient-derived sputum and alveolar macrophages and used a novel mechanistic cross-talk assay to examine how macrophages and bronchial epithelial cells cross-talk to regulate MUC5B production. Read More

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Inappropriate prescription of intravenous antibiotics at a tertiary children's hospital in China.

Minerva Pediatr (Torino) 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, National Children's Medical Centre, Shanghai China -

Background: Antibiotics are one of the most frequently prescribed medication classes worldwide. Inappropriate prescription of antibiotics has increased the risk of drug-resistant infections and associated mortality. The aim of this study was to examine the patterns of intravenous antibiotics prescribing in emergency and outpatient departments of a tertiary children's hospital in China. Read More

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