2,865 results match your criteria Bronchiectasis Imaging


CT evaluation of hyperattenuating mucus to diagnose allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis in the special condition of cystic fibrosis.

J Cyst Fibros 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

CHU de Bordeaux, Service d'Imagerie Thoracique et Cardiovasculaire, Service des Maladies Respiratoires, Service d'Exploration Fonctionnelle Respiratoire, Unité de Pneumologie pédiatrique, Service de Parasitologie-Mycologie, CIC 1401, F-33600 Pessac, France; Univ. Bordeaux, Centre de Recherche Cardio-Thoracique de Bordeaux, U1045, CIC 1401, F-33000 Bordeaux, France; Inserm, Centre de Recherche Cardio-Thoracique de Bordeaux, U1045, CIC 1401, F-33000 Bordeaux, France. Electronic address:

Background: Mucus plugging (MP), central bronchiectasis (CB), and consolidation/atelectasia (CA) are conventional CT signs to diagnose allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) in cystic fibrosis (CF). Hyperattenuating mucus (HAM) has recently been described and may improve diagnostic accuracy. The goal of our study was to compare HAM versus conventional CT signs to diagnose ABPA in CF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcf.2019.02.002DOI Listing
February 2019

Single-breath washout and association with structural lung disease in children with cystic fibrosis.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Respiratory Medicine, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Background: In children with cystic fibrosis (CF) lung clearance index (LCI) from multiple-breath washout (MBW) correlates with structural lung disease. As a shorter test, single-breath washout (SBW) represents an attractive alternative to assess the ventilation distribution, however, data for the correlation with lung imaging are lacking.

Methods: We assessed correlations between phase III slope (SIII) of double-tracer gas SBW, nitrogen MBW indices (LCI and moment ratios for overall ventilation distribution, Scond, and Sacin for conductive and mainly acinar ventilation, respectively) and structural lung disease assessed by chest computed tomography (CT) in children with CF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ppul.24271DOI Listing
February 2019

Not All Strokes Are Strokes An Example of Diagnostic Confirmation Bias.

Eur J Case Rep Intern Med 2019 8;6(1):001006. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

West Middlesex University Hospital, London, United Kingdom.

A 72-year-old woman presented with a complex partial seizure and right hemiparesis, after a four-week history of cognitive decline, apraxia and speech disturbance. She previously had chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) and had finished chemotherapy one year prior to presentation. She was receiving monthly intravenous immunoglobulins for bronchiectasis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12890/2019_001006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372046PMC
January 2019

Imaging in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: diagnosis and mimics.

Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2019 Feb 4;74:e225. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Divisao Pulmonar, Instituto do Coracao (InCor), Hospital das Clinicas HCFMUSP, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, BR.

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a chronic disease of unknown etiology that usually has a progressive course and is commonly associated with a poor prognosis. The main symptoms of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, including progressive dyspnea and dry cough, are often nonspecific. Chest high-resolution computed tomography is the primary modality used in the initial assessment of patients with suspected idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and may have considerable influence on subsequent management decisions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6061/clinics/2019/e225DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Evaluation of 3 T lung magnetic resonance imaging in children with allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis: Pilot study.

Eur J Radiol 2019 Feb 30;111:88-92. Epub 2018 Dec 30.

Department of Pulmonary Medicine, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India.

Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of 3 T lung magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in children with allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA).

Materials And Methods: This study protocol was approved by the institutional ethics committee. From October 2015 to January 2018, we prospectively evaluated twenty-seven consecutive children with ABPA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrad.2018.12.021DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Case 40-2018: A 47-Year-Old Woman with Recurrent Sinusitis, Cough, and Bronchiectasis.

N Engl J Med 2018 Dec;379(26):2558-2565

From the Departments of Medicine (J.E.M., C.J.R.), Radiology (J.S.H.), and Pathology (L.P.H.), Massachusetts General Hospital, and the Departments of Medicine (J.E.M., C.J.R.), Radiology (J.S.H.), and Pathology (L.P.H.), Harvard Medical School - both in Boston.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMcpc1810388DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Automated computed tomographic scoring of lung disease in adults with primary ciliary dyskinesia.

BMC Pulm Med 2018 Dec 18;18(1):194. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Radiology Department, Groupe Hospitalier Cochin-Hôtel Dieu, AP-HP, Université Paris Descartes - Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France.

Background: The present study aimed to develop an automated computed tomography (CT) score based on the CT quantification of high-attenuating lung structures, in order to provide a quantitative assessment of lung structural abnormalities in patients with Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia (PCD).

Methods: Adult (≥18 years) PCD patients who underwent both chest CT and spirometry within a 6-month period were retrospectively included. Commercially available lung segmentation software was used to isolate the lungs from the mediastinum and chest wall and obtain histograms of lung density. Read More

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https://bmcpulmmed.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12890
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12890-018-0758-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6299576PMC
December 2018
8 Reads
2.721 Impact Factor

A retrospective study of factors associated with treatment decision for nontuberculous mycobacterial lung disease in adults without altered systemic immunity.

BMC Infect Dis 2018 Dec 14;18(1):659. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Département des Maladies infectieuses et tropicales, Hôpital de la Croix-Rousse, Hospices Civils de Lyon, 103, Grande-Rue de la Croix-Rousse, 69317, cedex 04, Lyon, France.

Background: Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) lung diseases are increasingly recognized as chronic opportunistic infections, occurring in individuals with a wide variety of underlying conditions. In the absence of systemic immunodeficiency, decision of NTM lung disease treatment must relies on a careful risk/benefit assessment, given the requirement of long-term administration of multidrug therapies supported by limited evidence. The primary objective was to identify the factors associated with anti-NTM treatment initiation. Read More

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https://bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s128
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-018-3559-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6295085PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Imaging of Bronchial Pathology in Antibody Deficiency: Data from the European Chest CT Group.

J Clin Immunol 2019 Jan 13;39(1):45-54. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Paediatric Immunology Unit, Department of Paediatric Pulmonology, Allergology and Neonatology, Hanover Medical School, Carl-Neuberg Str. 1, 30625, Hannover, Germany.

Studies of chest computed tomography (CT) in patients with primary antibody deficiency syndromes (ADS) suggest a broad range of bronchial pathology. However, there are as yet no multicentre studies to assess the variety of bronchial pathology in this patient group. One of the underlying reasons is the lack of a consensus methodology, a prerequisite to jointly document chest CT findings. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10875-018-0577-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10875-018-0577-9DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

The association between computed tomography scan findings of pulmonary infection caused by atypical mycobacteria and bacillus count in sputum samples.

Int J Mycobacteriol 2018 Oct-Dec;7(4):355-357

Pediatric Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: The use of imaging techniques is important for prompt diagnosis and treatment of atypical mycobacterial infections; it also reduces the burden of these infections. The purpose of the present study was to determine the association between computed tomography (CT) scan findings of pulmonary infection caused by atypical mycobacteria and bacillus count in sputum samples.

Methods: This cross-sectional, observational, comparative study included 50 consecutive patients with pulmonary infection caused by atypical mycobacteria, who were hospitalized in Masih-Daneshvari Hospital of Tehran, Iran during 2012-2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijmy.ijmy_139_18DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Recurrence of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis after adjunctive surgery for aspergilloma: a case report with long-term follow-up.

BMC Pulm Med 2018 Dec 4;18(1):185. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Eiju General Hospital, 2-23-16 Higashi Ueno, Taito-ku, Tokyo, 110-8645, Japan.

Background: Coexistence of aspergilloma and allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) has rarely been reported. Although the treatment for ABPA includes administration of corticosteroids and antifungal agents, little is known about the treatment for coexisting aspergilloma and ABPA. Furthermore, the impact of surgical resection for aspergilloma on ABPA is not fully understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12890-018-0743-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6280523PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Paediatric and adult bronchiectasis: Monitoring, cross-infection, role of multidisciplinary teams and self-management plans.

Respirology 2019 Feb 30;24(2):115-126. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Child Health Division, Menzies School of Health Research, Darwin, NT, Australia.

Bronchiectasis is a chronic lung disease associated with structurally abnormal bronchi, clinically manifested by a persistent wet/productive cough, airway infections and recurrent exacerbations. Early identification and treatment of acute exacerbations is an integral part of monitoring and annual review, in both adults and children, to minimize further damage due to infection and inflammation. Common modalities used to monitor disease progression include clinical signs and symptoms, frequency of exacerbations and/or number of hospital admissions, lung function (forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV )% predicted), imaging (radiological severity of disease) and sputum microbiology (chronic infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/resp.13451DOI Listing
February 2019
10 Reads

Pulmonary vascular pruning in smokers with bronchiectasis.

ERJ Open Res 2018 Oct 23;4(4). Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Dept of Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

There are few studies looking at the pulmonary circulation in subjects with bronchiectasis. We aimed to evaluate the intraparenchymal pulmonary vascular structure, using noncontrast chest computed tomography (CT), and its clinical implications in smokers with radiographic bronchiectasis. Visual bronchiectasis scoring and quantitative assessment of the intraparenchymal pulmonary vasculature were performed on CT scans from 486 smokers. Read More

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http://openres.ersjournals.com/lookup/doi/10.1183/23120541.0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/23120541.00044-2018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6250564PMC
October 2018
11 Reads

Tomographic assessment of thoracic fungal diseases: a pattern and signs approach.

Radiol Bras 2018 Sep-Oct;51(5):313-321

Department of Radiology, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

Pulmonary fungal infections, which can be opportunistic or endemic, lead to considerable morbidity and mortality. Such infections have multiple clinical presentations and imaging patterns, overlapping with those of various other diseases, complicating the diagnostic approach. Given the immensity of Brazil, knowledge of the epidemiological context of pulmonary fungal infections in the various regions of the country is paramount when considering their differential diagnoses. Read More

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http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0100-3984.2017.0223DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6198837PMC
October 2018
15 Reads

Interstitial Lung Abnormalities in the Queensland Lung Cancer Screening Study: Prevalence and Progression Over Two Years of Surveillance.

Intern Med J 2018 Oct 22. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

University of Queensland Thoracic Research Centre, Department of Thoracic Medicine, The Prince Charles Hospital, Rode Road, Chermside Queensland, Australia, 4032.

Background: We report the prevalence and progression of incidentally-detected interstitial lung abnormalities (ILA) in the Queensland Lung Cancer Screening Study (QLCSS) cohort.

Methods: 256 volunteers aged 60-74, with ≥30 pack years smoking history and FEV1≥50% predicted underwent low dose Computed Tomography (CT) chest screening. Electronic search of baseline (T0) and two year follow-up (T2) CT reports identified candidate cases using Fleischner Society interstitial terminology. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/imj.14148
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/imj.14148DOI Listing
October 2018
15 Reads

[Bronchiectasis imaging].

Rev Pneumol Clin 2018 Oct 19;74(5):299-314. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Unité d'imagerie thoracique, groupe hospitalier Cochin-Broca-Hôtel-Dieu, AP-HP, 27, rue du Faubourg-Saint-Jacques, 75014 Paris, France.

Bronchiectasis are defined as an irreversible focal or diffuse dilatation of the bronchi and can be associated with significant morbidity. The prevalence is currently increasing, probably due to an increased use of thoracic computed tomography (CT). Indeed, the diagnosis relies on imaging and chest CT is the gold standard technique. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07618417183021
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pneumo.2018.09.009DOI Listing
October 2018
12 Reads

Unexpected False-positive I-131 Uptake in Patients with Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma

Mol Imaging Radionucl Ther 2018 Oct;27(3):99-106

Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nuclear Medicine, İzmir, Turkey

Objective: Radioiodine is the most specific radionuclide for differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) imaging. Despite its high specificity and sensitivity, false-positive I-131 uptake could be seen on whole body scan (WBS) that may lead to misdiagnosis and unnecessary radioiodine treatment. In this study, we aimed to present the I-131 WBS and concomitant single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) images of unexpected false-positive radioiodine uptake along with the patients’ clinical outcomes and the contribution of SPECT/CT imaging. Read More

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http://cms.galenos.com.tr/Uploads/Article_19776/MIRT-27-99-E
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4274/mirt.37450DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191736PMC
October 2018
9 Reads

Rabbit's ears sign: Mucoid impaction in bronchi.

J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 2018 Oct;62 Suppl 1:40-41

Department of Radiology, Concord Repatriation General Hospital, Concord, New South Wales, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1754-9485.27_12785DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

[Azitromycin efficacy in Bronchial Asthma refractory to conventional therapy.]

Rev Fac Cien Med Univ Nac Cordoba 2018 09 8;75(3):17736. Epub 2018 Sep 8.

Hospital Rawson.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31053/1853.0605.v75.n3.17736DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Clinical characteristics of dermatomyosits/polymyositis associated interstitial lung disease according to the autoantibody.

J Med Invest 2018 ;65(3.4):251-257

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Okinawa Chubu Hospital.

Background: Dermatomyositis (DM) and polymyositis (PM) often have association with interstitial lung disease (ILD) which have disease specific autoantibody.

Methodology: We reviewed medical records of DM/PM associated ILD from January 2000 to December 2017 according to the autoantibody.

Result: We identified 52 patients, of whom 30 were antibody negative, 18 had anti aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (ARS) antibodies and 4 had anti melanoma differentiation-associated gene (MDA)-5 antibody. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2152/jmi.65.251DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads

Arterial embolization for hemoptysis in patients with chronic pulmonary tuberculosis and in patients with bronchiectasis.

Acta Radiol 2018 Oct 3:284185118805258. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Department of Interventional Radiology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, PR China.

Background Previous studies suggest that recurrence of hemoptysis after arterial embolization is associated with the underlying pulmonary disease. Purpose To compare the baseline information and imaging findings in patients with hemoptysis due to either chronic pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) or bronchiectasis and to identify predictors of rebleeding after embolization treatment. Material and Methods Clinical data of all consecutive chronic PTB and bronchiectasis patients who underwent arterial embolization for hemoptysis from January 2010 to January 2017 in a single center were reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0284185118805258DOI Listing
October 2018
9 Reads

[Pulmonary tuberculosis: Radiological evolution of broncho-pulmonary lesions at the end of treatment].

Rev Mal Respir 2019 Jan 17;36(1):22-30. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Service de radiologie, hôpital Avicenne, Bobigny, France.

Objectives: To describe the residual broncho-pulmonary lesions and evaluate the role of CT scanning at the end of treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis.

Materials And Methods: Analysis of the initial and end of treatment CT scans of 56 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis according to a reading grid including parenchymatous and airways lesions. The CT data at the end of treatment were analysed in relation to the clinical and microbiological data, and the original CT scan. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07618425183026
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmr.2018.08.005DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Coexisting cystic lung disease as a rare extra-renal manifestation of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease.

Radiol Case Rep 2018 Oct 18;13(5):1048-1052. Epub 2018 May 18.

Division of Cardiothoracic Imaging, Department of Radiology, Temple University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA, United States.

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) classically presents with multiple bilateral renal cysts and ultimately progresses to end stage renal disease. While many of the extra-renal manifestations of ADPKD are well-documented, associated pulmonary findings are particularly rare, having only been recently been reported in a handful of studies to date. A 69-year-old female with ADPKD presented to our hospital with respiratory complaints. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radcr.2018.04.013DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6137387PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Case of Missing Plastic: Foreign Body Bronchiectasis.

Cureus 2018 Jul 12;10(7):e2974. Epub 2018 Jul 12.

Pulmonary and Critical Care, Cleveland Clinic Florida, Weston, USA.

Bronchiectasis is a well-known entity where the airways abnormally dilate losing their natural function. Most common causes of non-cytic fibrosis bronchiectasis in the middle age group include secondary immunodeficiency, aspiration, and allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA). Obstructive foreign body is an uncommon cause of bronchiectasis and is often a missed diagnosis in a localized disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.2974DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6136889PMC
July 2018
2 Reads

Bronchiectasis in children: diagnosis and treatment.

Lancet 2018 09;392(10150):866-879

Royal Brompton Harefield NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK; Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia; Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia; Department of Infectious Diseases and Department of Paediatrics, Gold Coast Health, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia.

Bronchiectasis is conventionally defined as irreversible dilatation of the bronchial tree. Bronchiectasis unrelated to cystic fibrosis is an increasingly appreciated cause of chronic respiratory-related morbidity worldwide. Few randomised controlled trials provide high-level evidence for management strategies to treat the children affected by bronchiectasis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31554-XDOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Radioaerosol Imaging Predicts the Utility of Aerosolized Antifungal Therapy in Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis.

Clin Nucl Med 2018 Nov;43(11):830-831

From the Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH.

A 10-year-old girl with a history of complicated cystic fibrosis was hospitalized for pulmonary exacerbation with allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis and severe right upper lobe bronchiectasis diagnosed with chest radiograph and CT. She was started on itraconazole during the hospitalization in attempt to decrease her systemic steroid dose, but she had ongoing coughing and wheezing. The possibility was raised that the right upper lobe bronchiectasis may be a nidus for ongoing aspergillosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RLU.0000000000002264DOI Listing
November 2018
13 Reads

Sinonasal computed tomography in pediatric cystic fibrosis: do we know the indications?

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Oct 29;113:204-207. Epub 2018 Jul 29.

Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Brazil.

Objectives: To investigated the correlation between sinonasal computed tomography (SNCT) findings and sinonasal symptoms, genotype, chronic colonization by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1), body mass index (BMI), Shwachman-Kulczycki (SK) score, and Bhalla score in patients with cystic fibrosis.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 61 patients aged 2-16 years who received care at the Pediatric Cystic Fibrosis Center of our institution over a 10-year period. SNCT findings were graded using the Lund-Mackay scoring system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2018.07.049DOI Listing
October 2018
14 Reads

Latent class analysis to define radiological subgroups in pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacterial disease.

BMC Pulm Med 2018 Aug 31;18(1):145. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, London, UK.

Background: Nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) pulmonary disease has conventionally been classified on the basis of radiology into fibrocavitary and nodular-bronchiectatic disease. Whilst being of great clinical utility, this may not capture the full spectrum of radiological appearances present. The aim of this study was to use latent class analysis (LCA) as an unbiased method of grouping subjects with NTM-pulmonary disease based on their CT features and to compare the clinical characteristics of these groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12890-018-0675-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6119278PMC
August 2018
11 Reads

Radiological Patterns of Lung Involvement in Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

Gastroenterol Res Pract 2018 12;2018:5697846. Epub 2018 Aug 12.

Department of Radiology, Careggi University Hospital, Florence, Italy.

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a form of chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, including two major entities: ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. Although intestinal imaging of IBD is well known, imaging of extraintestinal manifestations is not extensively covered. In particular, the spectrum of IBD-associated or related changes in the chest is broad and may mimic other conditions. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/grp/2018/5697846/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5697846DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6109524PMC
August 2018
3 Reads

The broad spectrum of lung diseases in primary antibody deficiencies.

Eur Respir Rev 2018 Sep 29;27(149). Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Dept of Medicine - DIMED, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.

Human primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDs) represent a heterogeneous group of more than 350 disorders. They are rare diseases, but their global incidence is more relevant than generally thought. The underlying defect may involve different branches of the innate and/or adaptive immune response. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/16000617.0019-2018DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

[Esophageal bronchial fistula secondary to esophageal diverticulum: A case report and literature review].

Authors:
C Y Zuo Z J Xu

Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi 2018 Aug;41(8):622-627

Department of Respiratory Disease, Third Hospital of Xiamen, Xiamen 361100, China.

To investigate the clinical characteristics and causes of misdiagnosis of esophageal bronchial fistula secondary to esophageal diverticulum. A case of esophageal bronchial fistula secondary to esophageal diverticulum was described with regard to its diagnosis and treatment process. A systematic literature review was performed for similar published cases in Wanfang, CNKI and Pubmed databases, using the key words "esophageal diverticulum, esophageal bronchial fistula" from January 1946 to August 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1001-0939.2018.08.010DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis-more than just skin deep.

Hong Kong Med J 2018 08;24(4):423-425

Department Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Queen Mary Hospital, Pokfulam, Hong Kong.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12809/hkmj166048DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

Post-primary pulmonary TB haemoptysis - When there is more than meets the eye.

Respir Med Case Rep 2018 29;25:96-99. Epub 2018 Jul 29.

Department of Internal Medicine, Chris Hani Baragwanath Academic Hospital and Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Haemoptysis is concerning for both patient and healthcare provider and points to the presence of severe underlying lung disease warranting investigation. Approximately 8% of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) infection will experience haemoptysis at some point during their life . The aetiology of haemoptysis in the setting of PTB is diverse and may occur during active or following prior PTB infection due to pulmonary complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmcr.2018.07.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6080505PMC
July 2018
1 Read

Respiratory care in familial dysautonomia: Systematic review and expert consensus recommendations.

Respir Med 2018 08 21;141:37-46. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Department of Neurology, Dysautonomia Center, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, United States. Electronic address:

Background: Familial dysautonomia (Riley-Day syndrome, hereditary sensory autonomic neuropathy type-III) is a rare genetic disease caused by impaired development of sensory and afferent autonomic nerves. As a consequence, patients develop neurogenic dysphagia with frequent aspiration, chronic lung disease, and chemoreflex failure leading to severe sleep disordered breathing. The purpose of these guidelines is to provide recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of respiratory disorders in familial dysautonomia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmed.2018.06.017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6084453PMC
August 2018
19 Reads

New insights in the diagnosis of chronic refractory cough.

Respir Med 2018 08 28;141:103-110. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Department of Medicine, National Jewish Health, 1400 Jackson St, Denver, CO, 80206, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Chronic Refractory Cough (CRC) is a common condition that significantly impairs patients' quality of life. Unfortunately, in many situations patients continue to experience CRC in spite of following published guidelines for diagnosis and treatment.

Methods: 99 patients were referred to National Jewish Health (NJH), a specialty respiratory center for evaluation of CRC (cough ≥ 8 weeks duration). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmed.2018.06.024DOI Listing
August 2018
14 Reads

Radiolabelled leucocytes in human pulmonary disease.

Br Med Bull 2018 Sep;127(1):69-82

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Brighton and Sussex Medical School, Brighton, East Sussex, UK.

Introduction: Radionuclides for leucocyte kinetic studies have progressed from non-gamma emitting cell-labelling radionuclides through gamma emitting nuclides that allow imaging of leucocyte kinetics, to the next goal of positron emission tomography (PET).

Sources Of Data: Mostly the authors' own studies, following on from studies of the early pioneers.

Areas Of Controversy: From early imaging studies, it appeared that the majority of the marginated granulocyte pool was located in the lungs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bmb/ldy022DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6312042PMC
September 2018
4 Reads

Kartagener's syndrome.

Pan Afr Med J 2018;29:160. Epub 2018 Mar 19.

Dermatology Division, Department of Medical Clinics, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2018.29.160.14927DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6057558PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

68Ga-PSMA Uptake in Middle Lobe Syndrome.

Clin Nucl Med 2018 Oct;43(10):e376-e377

Prostate cancer cells have abundant expression of the cell surface protein prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA). In recent years, PET radioligands detecting this protein has therefore gained substantial interest in prostate cancer staging. It turned out that PSMA expression can be evident in both malignant and benign lesions, and we have previously reported that pulmonary opacities and bronchiectasis can be avid on Ga-PSMA PET/CT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RLU.0000000000002213DOI Listing
October 2018
22 Reads

High prevalence of bronchiectasis in emphysema-predominant COPD patients.

Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 2018 27;13:2041-2047. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, People's Republic of China,

Background: COPD has been identified as an etiology or related disease of bronchiectasis, and bronchiectasis has been classified as a comorbidity of COPD. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of bronchiectasis in different phenotypes of COPD subjects and the correlation between bronchiectasis and different phenotypes, especially emphysema.

Methods: COPD patients were recruited from April 2012 to December 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S163243DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6029612PMC
January 2019
6 Reads

Sarcomatoid Carcinoma of the Lung Presenting as Localized Bronchiectasis: A Case Report and Review of Literature.

Respir Med Case Rep 2018 17;24:143-146. Epub 2018 May 17.

Department of Pulmonary/Critical Care, Northwell Health Staten Island University Hospital, 475 Seaview Avenue, Staten Island, NY 10305, USA.

Sarcomatoid carcinoma (SC) of the lung is a rare and aggressive biphasic lung tumor with a 5-year survival of 20%. Early detection and treatment is the only way to improve outcomes in patients with SC of the lung. We present a case of primary SC identified early based on high suspicion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmcr.2018.05.016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6010667PMC
May 2018
5 Reads

Organized blood clot masquerading as endobronchial tumor: A review of management and recent advances.

Respir Med Case Rep 2018 18;24:165-169. Epub 2018 May 18.

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Bronx Care Health System, 1650 Grand Concourse, Bronx, NY 10457, USA.

Central airway obstruction, a frequently encountered emergency, is usually associated with blood clots, tumors, foreign bodies or mucus plugs. Airway obstruction due to blood clots can be seen as a complication of lung malignancies, infections, bronchiectasis, arteriovenous malformations or pulmonary infarction. In patients with long standing blood clots, the thrombus gets organized and firmly adherent to the airway. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmcr.2018.05.020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6010643PMC
May 2018
8 Reads

Radiological Report of Pilot Study for the Korean Lung Cancer Screening (K-LUCAS) Project: Feasibility of Implementing Lung Imaging Reporting and Data System.

Korean J Radiol 2018 Jul-Aug;19(4):803-808. Epub 2018 Jun 14.

Cancer Early Detection Branch, National Cancer Control Institute, National Cancer Center, Goyang 10408, Korea.

Objective: To report the radiological results of a pilot study for the Korean Lung Cancer Screening project conducted to evaluate the feasibility of lung cancer screening using low-dose chest computed tomography (LDCT) in Korea.

Materials And Methods: The National Cancer Center and three regional cancer centers participated in this study. Asymptomatic current or ex-smokers aged 55-74 years with a smoking history of at least 30 pack-years who had used tobacco within the last 15 years were considered eligible. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3348/kjr.2018.19.4.803DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6005960PMC
June 2018
4 Reads

Is a normal chest radiograph sufficient to exclude pulmonary abnormalities potentially associated with chronic cough?

Adv Respir Med 2018 ;86(3)

Department of Internal Medicine, Pulmonary Diseases and Allergy, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

Introduction: There are few original studies on the true role of normal chest radiograph (CXR) in exclusion of pulmonary conditions that may be associated with chronic cough. Thus, the aim of the study was to assess whether a plain CXR is a sufficient tool to exclude relevant pulmonary causes of chronic cough.

Material And Methods: A retrospective analysis of chest computed tomography (CT) scans in non-smoking patients with chronic cough and normal CXR was performed. Read More

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https://journals.viamedica.pl/advances_in_respiratory_medici
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/ARM.2018.0018DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

Pulmonary hemangioma mimicking bronchiectasis: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Jun;97(25):e11203

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, the Second Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, China.

Rationale: Pulmonary hemangioma is a rare thoracic condition that can lead to hemoptysis. Here we report a case that presented with lumen dilatation suggestive of bronchiectasis on high-resolution computed tomography (CT) and was misdiagnosed as bronchiectasis for more than 10 years.

Patient Concerns: A 41-year-old female patient was admitted to the Department of Respiratory Medicine due to hemoptysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000011203DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6024479PMC
June 2018
1 Read
5.723 Impact Factor

Gold in the lungs.

Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann 2018 Jul 20;26(6):492-493. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Government Medical College, Kottayam, Kerala, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0218492318785251DOI Listing

[Acquired hypogammaglobulinemia associated with thymoma: Good syndrome].

Pan Afr Med J 2017 22;28:253. Epub 2017 Nov 22.

Service de Pneumologie D, Université de Tunis El Manar, Faculté de Médecine de Tunis, Hôpital Abderrahmen Mami, Ariana, Tunisie.

Good syndrome (GS) is defined as the association between thymoma and immune deficiency. It is often complicated by broncho-pulmonary bacterial infections and rhinosinusitis. This disease accounts for only 5% of all parathymic syndromes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2017.28.253.11352DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5989270PMC
June 2018
19 Reads

Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis in the Epidural Space in a Patient with Acute Myelogenous Leukemia with Myelodysplasia-related Changes: A Case Study and Literature Review of Vertebral Aspergillosis in Japan.

Intern Med 2018 Nov 6;57(21):3205-3212. Epub 2018 Jun 6.

Division of Hematology, Shonan Kamakura General Hospital, Japan.

Vertebral aspergillosis is a rare infectious disease with a high mortality rate. We herein report a 70-year-old woman with acute myelogenous leukemia with myelodysplasia-related changes, nontuberculous mycobacteriosis, and bronchiectasis who presented with a fever and cough. Her clinical symptoms and laboratory test results suggested febrile neutropenia and pneumonia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.1135-18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6262695PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Comparison of findings on thoracic computed tomography with the severity and duration of bronchial asthma in patients with eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis.

Respir Med 2018 06 9;139:101-105. Epub 2018 May 9.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Kyorin University School of Medicine, Mitaka, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA) is a systemic necrotizing vasculitis with eosinophilia. EGPA can occur in patients with comorbid bronchial asthma (BA) and other pulmonary diseases. However, because of its rarity, there are few reports on thoracic computed tomography (CT) findings in patients with EGPA, especially in relation to comorbid BA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmed.2018.05.003DOI Listing
June 2018
2 Reads

Subjective and objective comparisons of image quality between ultra-high-resolution CT and conventional area detector CT in phantoms and cadaveric human lungs.

Eur Radiol 2018 Dec 29;28(12):5060-5068. Epub 2018 May 29.

Department of Radiology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-2 Yamadaoka, Suita-city, Osaka, 565-0871, Japan.

Objectives: To compare the image quality of the lungs between ultra-high-resolution CT (U-HRCT) and conventional area detector CT (AD-CT) images.

Methods: Image data of slit phantoms (0.35, 0. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00330-018-5491-2
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-018-5491-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6223853PMC
December 2018
9 Reads

Clinical characteristics and validation of bronchiectasis severity score systems for post-tuberculosis bronchiectasis.

Clin Respir J 2018 Aug;12(8):2346-2353

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Introduction: Lung damage related to tuberculosis is a major contributor to the etiology of bronchiectasis in China. It is unknown whether bronchiectasis severity score systems are applicable in these cases.

Objectives: To evaluate the clinical characteristics and validation of bronchiectasis severity score systems for post-tuberculosis bronchiectasis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/crj.12911DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads