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    6069 results match your criteria British Journal of Sports Medicine [Journal]

    1 OF 122

    ACL and meniscal injuries increase the risk of primary total knee replacement for osteoarthritis: a matched case-control study using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD).
    Br J Sports Med 2018 Jan 13. Epub 2018 Jan 13.
    NIHR Musculoskeletal Biomedical Research Unit, Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.
    Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate whether ACL injury (ACLi) or meniscal injury increases the risk of end-stage osteoarthritis (OA) resulting in total knee replacement (TKR).

    Methods: A matched case-control study of all TKRs performed in the UK between January 1990 and July 2011 and recorded in the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) was undertaken. The CPRD contains longitudinal data on approximately 3. Read More

    Increased leisure-time physical activity associated with lower onset of diabetes in 44 828 adults with impaired fasting glucose: a population-based prospective cohort study.
    Br J Sports Med 2018 Jan 13. Epub 2018 Jan 13.
    Institute for Applied Health Research, College of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.
    Aims: To evaluate the effects of habitual leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) on incident type 2 diabetes in a prospective cohort of Chinese adults with impaired fasting glucose (IFG).

    Methods: 44 828 Chinese adults aged 20-80 years with newly detected IFG but free from cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease were recruited and followed up from 1996 to 2014. Incident type 2 diabetes was identified by fasting plasma glucose ≥7 mmol/L. Read More

    Effectiveness of interventions for reducing non-occupational sedentary behaviour in adults and older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Br J Sports Med 2018 Jan 13. Epub 2018 Jan 13.
    Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Living, Victoria University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
    Background: No systematic reviews of the effectiveness of interventions for reducing non-occupational sedentary behaviour are available. Therefore, the aim of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness of interventions for reducing non-occupational sedentary behaviour in adults and older adults.

    Methods: An electronic search of nine databases was performed. Read More

    Are corticosteroid injections more beneficial than anaesthetic injections alone in the management of rotator cuff-related shoulder pain? A systematic review.
    Br J Sports Med 2018 Jan 5. Epub 2018 Jan 5.
    School of Health and Social Work, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, UK.
    Objective: To compare the effectiveness of corticosteroid injections to local anaesthetic injections in the management of rotator cuff-related shoulder pain (RCRSP).

    Design: Systematic review with best evidence synthesis.

    Data Sources: The Cochrane, PubMed, CINAHL Plus, PEDro and EMBASE electronic databases were searched (inception until 8 June 2017). Read More

    Epidemiology and return to play following isolated syndesmotic injuries of the ankle: a prospective cohort study of 3677 male professional footballers in the UEFA Elite Club Injury Study.
    Br J Sports Med 2017 Dec 21. Epub 2017 Dec 21.
    Department of Medicine and Health, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Aim: To determine the epidemiology of isolated syndesmotic injuries in professional football players.

    Methods: Data from 15 consecutive seasons of European professional football between 2001 and 2016 contributed to the dataset of this study. Match play and training data from a total of 3677 players from 61 teams across 17 countries have been included. Read More

    A Delphi developed syllabus for the medical specialty of sport and exercise medicine.
    Br J Sports Med 2017 12 20. Epub 2017 Dec 20.
    Department of Sports Medicine, Aspetar Orthopedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar.
    Training in the medical specialty of sport and exercise medicine is now available in many, but not all countries. Lack of resources may be a barrier to the development of this important specialty field and the International Syllabus in Sport and Exercise Medicine Group was convened to reduce one potential barrier, the need to develop a syllabus. The group is composed of 17 sport and exercise medicine specialists residing in 12 countries (Australia, Canada, India, Ireland, Malaysia, the Netherlands, Qatar, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, the UK and USA). Read More

    Seven sins when interpreting statistics in sports injury science.
    Br J Sports Med 2017 Dec 20. Epub 2017 Dec 20.
    Amsterdam Collaboration on Health and Safety in Sports, Public and Occupational Health, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


    Imaging-detected acute muscle injuries in athletes participating in the Rio de Janeiro 2016 Summer Olympic Games.
    Br J Sports Med 2017 Dec 7. Epub 2017 Dec 7.
    Department of Radiology, Quantitative Imaging Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
    Background: Acute muscle injuries in elite athletes are responsible for a large portion of time loss injuries.

    Aim: To describe the frequency, the anatomic distribution, and severity of imaging-detected acute muscle injuries among athletes who competed in the Rio de Janeiro 2016 Summer Olympics.

    Methods: We recorded all sports injuries reported by the National Olympic Committee medical teams and the Organising Committee medical staff during the 2016 Summer Olympics. Read More

    European normative values for physical fitness in children and adolescents aged 9-17 years: results from 2 779 165 Eurofit performances representing 30 countries.
    Br J Sports Med 2017 Nov 30. Epub 2017 Nov 30.
    The PROFITH Research Group, Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.
    Objective: To develop sex-specific and age-specific normative values for the nine Eurofit tests in European children and adolescents aged 9-17 years.

    Methods: A systematic review was undertaken to identify papers that explicitly reported descriptive results for at least one of nine Eurofit tests (measuring balance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, muscular power, flexibility, speed, speed-agility and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF)) on children and adolescents. Data were included on apparently healthy (free from known disease/injury) children and adolescents aged 9-17 years. Read More

    Isokinetic strength assessment offers limited predictive validity for detecting risk of future hamstring strain in sport: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Br J Sports Med 2017 Nov 29. Epub 2017 Nov 29.
    La Trobe Sport and Exercise Medicine Research Centre, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
    Objective: To examine the value of isokinetic strength assessment for predicting risk of hamstring strain injury, and to direct future research into hamstring strain injuries.

    Design: Systematic review.

    Data Sources: Database searches for Medline, CINAHL, Embase, AMED, AUSPORT, SPORTDiscus, PEDro and Cochrane Library from inception to April 2017. Read More

    Can we predict the clinical outcome of arthroscopic partial meniscectomy? A systematic review.
    Br J Sports Med 2017 Nov 28. Epub 2017 Nov 28.
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Erasmus MC, University Medical Centre Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
    Nhs-prospero Registration Number: 42016048592 OBJECTIVE: In order to make a more evidence-based selection of patients who would benefit the most from arthroscopic partial meniscectomy (APM), knowledge of prognostic factors is essential. We conducted a systematic review of predictors for the clinical outcome following APM.

    Design: Systematic review DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register, Web of Science, SPORTDiscus, PubMed Publisher, Google Scholar INCLUSION CRITERIA: Report an association between factor(s) and clinical outcome; validated questionnaire; follow-up >1 year. Read More

    Poor overall quality of clinical practice guidelines for musculoskeletal pain: a systematic review.
    Br J Sports Med 2017 Nov 25. Epub 2017 Nov 25.
    School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Objectives: Undertake a systematic critical appraisal of contemporary clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for common musculoskeletal (MSK) pain conditions: spinal (lumbar, thoracic and cervical), hip/knee (including osteoarthritis) and shoulder.

    Design: Systematic review of CPGs (PROSPERO number: CRD42016051653).Included CPGs were written in English, developed within the last 5 years, focused on adults and described development processes. Read More

    Cluster analysis of novel isometric strength measures produces a valid and evidence-based classification structure for wheelchair track racing.
    Br J Sports Med 2017 Nov 25. Epub 2017 Nov 25.
    School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
    Background: The Para athletics wheelchair-racing classification system employs best practice to ensure that classes comprise athletes whose impairments cause a comparable degree of activity limitation. However, decision-making is largely subjective and scientific evidence which reduces this subjectivity is required.

    Aim: To evaluate whether isometric strength tests were valid for the purposes of classifying wheelchair racers and whether cluster analysis of the strength measures produced a valid classification structure. Read More

    Reconstruction of head impacts in FIS World Cup alpine skiing.
    Br J Sports Med 2017 Nov 25. Epub 2017 Nov 25.
    Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Introduction: Prior to the 2013/2014 season, the International Ski Federation (FIS) increased the helmet testing speed from 5.4 to 6.8 m/s for alpine downhill, super-G and giant slalom. Read More

    Needle-use declarations at the Olympic Games Rio 2016.
    Br J Sports Med 2017 Nov 21. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
    Aim: We report on the results of the 'IOC Needle Policy' applied during the course of the Games of the XXXI Summer Olympiad in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The policy was intended to empower physicians to ensure appropriate clinical use of needles within team medical environments, enhance the safety of those responsible for housekeeping services and others in the Olympic environment, and permit documentation of such procedures as an adjunct to the doping control programme. Any needle use required the submission of an 'Injection Declaration Form' to IOC medical officials. Read More

    Updated systematic review of exercise studies in breast cancer survivors: attention to the principles of exercise training.
    Br J Sports Med 2017 Nov 21. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
    Rehabilitation Sciences Graduate Program, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
    Objectives: To update our previous evaluation of the exercise interventions used in randomised controlled trials of breast cancer survivors in relation to (1) the application of the principles of exercise training in the exercise prescription; (2) the reporting of the components of the exercise prescription; and (3) the reporting of adherence of participants to the prescribed interventions.

    Design: Systematic review.

    Data Sources: The OVID Medline, Embase, CINAHL and SPORTDiscus electronic databases were searched from January 2010 to January 2017. Read More

    Tackler's head position relative to the ball carrier is highly correlated with head and neck injuries in rugby.
    Br J Sports Med 2017 Nov 21. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Juntendo University, Tokyo, Japan.
    Objectives: To characterise the tackler's head position during one-on-one tackling in rugby and to determine the incidence of head, neck and shoulder injuries through analysis of game videos, injury records and a questionnaire completed by the tacklers themselves.

    Methods: We randomly selected 28 game videos featuring two university teams in competitions held in 2015 and 2016. Tackles were categorised according to tackler's head position. Read More

    Physical activity and cancer: an umbrella review of the literature including 22 major anatomical sites and 770 000 cancer cases.
    Br J Sports Med 2017 Nov 16. Epub 2017 Nov 16.
    Departamento de Medicina Preventiva, Faculdade de Medicina FMUSP, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
    Objective: To provide an overview of the breadth and validity of claimed associations between physical activity and risk of developing or dying from cancer.

    Design: Umbrella review.

    Data Sources: We searched Medline, Embase, Cochrane Database and Web of Science. Read More

    Head injury mechanisms in FIS World Cup alpine and freestyle skiers and snowboarders.
    Br J Sports Med 2018 Jan 13;52(1):61-69. Epub 2017 Nov 13.
    Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Introduction: Head injuries represent a concern in skiing and snowboarding, with traumatic brain injuries being the most common cause of death.

    Aim: To describe the mechanisms of head and face injuries among World Cup alpine and freestyle skiers and snowboarders.

    Methods: We performed a qualitative analysis of videos obtained of head and face injuries reported through the International Ski Federation Injury Surveillance System during 10 World Cup seasons (2006-2016). Read More

    Injuries in female and male elite taekwondo athletes: a 10-year prospective, epidemiological study of 1466 injuries sustained during 250 000 training hours.
    Br J Sports Med 2017 Nov 10. Epub 2017 Nov 10.
    Department of Special Education, Dankook University, Yongin, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea.
    Objectives: We aimed to determine the injury patterns associated with training activities in elite South Korean taekwondo athletes training for the Olympic Games.

    Methods: We collected data prospectively from 2007 to 2016 at the Korea National Training Center in Seoul, South Korea. A sports injury was defined as acute or chronic musculoskeletal signs and symptoms due to taekwondo activities during training sessions. Read More

    Mortality and health-related habits in 900 Finnish former elite athletes and their brothers.
    Br J Sports Med 2018 Jan 10;52(2):89-95. Epub 2017 Nov 10.
    Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland.
    Background: There is conflicting evidence on the associations between participation in vigorous sports, health habits, familial factors and subsequent mortality. We investigated all-cause mortality and health-related behaviour among former elite athletes and their brothers.

    Methods: The mortality of Finnish male former elite athletes, who had represented Finland between 1920 and 1965 (n=900) and their age-matched brothers (n=900), was followed from the time when athlete started an elite athlete career until 31 December 2015. Read More

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