6,246 results match your criteria British Journal of Sports Medicine [Journal]


Sports medicine highlights from other journals.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jul 13. Epub 2018 Jul 13.

Irish society of chartered physiotherapists, Dublin, Ireland.

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Mechanisms of acute adductor longus injuries in male football players: a systematic visual video analysis.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jul 13. Epub 2018 Jul 13.

Aspetar Sports Groin Pain Centre/Research dept./Rehabilitation dept./Sports Medicine dept./Aspetar Sports Injury and Illness Prevention Programme (ASPREV), Aspetar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar.

Background: Change of direction and kicking have been described as the main actions resulting in adductor longus injury. Video descriptions of inciting events are lacking.

Objective: Perform a standardised visual video analysis of a series of acute adductor longus injuries in football. Read More

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Sitting behaviour and physical activity: two sides of the same cardiovascular health coin?

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jul 10. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.

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Importance of both increasing physical activity and reducing sitting time.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jul 10. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

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Do the associations of sedentary behaviour with cardiovascular disease mortality and cancer mortality differ by physical activity level? A systematic review and harmonised meta-analysis of data from 850 060 participants.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jul 10. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Division of Preventive Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Objective: To examine whether the associations between sedentary behaviours (ie, daily sitting/TV-viewing time) and mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer differ by different levels of physical activity (PA).

Design: Harmonised meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. Data on exposure variables were harmonised according to a predefined protocol and categorised into four groups for sedentary behaviours and into quartiles of PA (MET-hour/week). Read More

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Serum androgen levels are positively correlated with athletic performance and competition results in elite female athletes.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jul 7. Epub 2018 Jul 7.

Department of Women's and Children's Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

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Match injury incidence during the Super Rugby tournament is high: a prospective cohort study over five seasons involving 93 641 player-hours.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jun 29. Epub 2018 Jun 29.

Blue Bulls Rugby Union, Pretoria, South Africa.

Objectives: To determine the incidence and nature of injuries in the Super Rugby tournament over a 5-year period.

Methods: 482 male professional rugby union players from six South African teams participating in the Super Rugby tournament were studied (1020 player-seasons). Medical staff of participating teams (2012-2016 tournaments) recorded all time loss injuries (total injuries and match injuries) and exposure hours (93 641 total playing hours; 8032 match hours). Read More

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June 2018
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Comparative effectiveness of treatment options for plantar heel pain: a systematic review with network meta-analysis.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jun 28. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Research Institute for Primary Care & Health Sciences, Arthritis Research UK Primary Care Centre, Keele, Staffordshire, UK.

Objective: To evaluate the comparative effectiveness of current treatment options for plantar heel pain (PHP).

Design: Systematic review and network meta-analysis (NMA).

Data Sources: Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, AMED, PEDro, Cochrane Database, Web of Science and WHO Clinical Trials Platform were searched from their inception until January 2018. Read More

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June 2018
2 Reads

Peak ACL force during jump landing in downhill skiing is less sensitive to landing height than landing position.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jun 28. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Department of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.

Background: Competitive skiers face a high risk of sustaining an ACL injury during jump landing in downhill skiing. There is a lack of knowledge on how landing height affects this risk.

Objectives: To evaluate the effect of varied landing height on peak ACL force during jump landing and to compare the effect of the landing height with the effect of the landing position varied by the trunk lean of the skier. Read More

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Does the intramuscular tendon act like a free tendon?

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jun 27. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

Physical Therapies, Australian Institute of Sport, Bruce, Australia.

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Is it time to reframe how we care for people with non-traumatic musculoskeletal pain?

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jun 25. Epub 2018 Jun 25.

Health Sciences Division, School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

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Infographic. Exercise therapy for meniscal tears: evidence and recommendations.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jun 23. Epub 2018 Jun 23.

Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.

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Treatment after traumatic shoulder dislocation: a systematic review with a network meta-analysis.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jun 23. Epub 2018 Jun 23.

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Helsinki University Hospital, Töölö Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.

Objective: To review and compare treatments (1) after primary traumatic shoulder dislocation aimed at minimising the risk of chronic shoulder instability and (2) for chronic post-traumatic shoulder instability.

Design: Intervention systematic review with random effects network meta-analysis and direct comparison meta-analyses.

Data Sources: Electronic databases (Ovid MEDLINE, Cochrane Clinical Trials Register, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Embase, Scopus, CINAHL, Ovid MEDLINE Epub Ahead of Print, In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, Ovid MEDLINE Daily, DARE, HTA, NHSEED, Web of Science) and reference lists were searched from inception to 15 January 2018. Read More

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Achilles tendon rupture: the evaluation and outcome of percutaneous and minimally invasive repair.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jun 23. Epub 2018 Jun 23.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Princess Royal Hospital, Shrewsbury and Telford Hospital NHS Trust, Shropshire, UK.

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'What should I prescribe?': time to improve reporting of resistance training programmes to ensure accurate translation and implementation.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jun 23. Epub 2018 Jun 23.

La Trobe Sport and Exercise Medicine Research Centre, School of Allied Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

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'Only by speaking out can we create lasting change': what can we learn from the Dr Larry Nassar tragedy?

Authors:
Margo Mountjoy

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jun 23. Epub 2018 Jun 23.

Department of Family Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

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June 2018
2 Reads

Epidemiology of injuries in outdoor and indoor hockey players over one season: a prospective cohort study.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jun 23. Epub 2018 Jun 23.

Institute of Sport Science, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Jena, Germany.

Objectives: To determine the incidence and characteristics of hockey ('field hockey') injuries over the course of one outdoor and indoor season. Comparisons of female versus male players, outdoor versus indoor season and match versus practice were performed.

Methods: Female and male teams of the first, second, third, regional and youth divisions were recruited among a local hockey association in Northern Germany, and followed over an indoor and an outdoor season. Read More

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Taking the pain out of the patellofemoral joint: articulating a bone of contention.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jun 23. Epub 2018 Jun 23.

Research Unit for General Practice in Aalborg, Department of Clinical Medicine, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark.

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Effects of short-term, medium-term and long-term resistance exercise training on cardiometabolic health outcomes in adults: systematic review with meta-analysis.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jun 22. Epub 2018 Jun 22.

Department of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation, University of Northumbria at Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.

Objective: To examine the effects of short-term, medium-term and long-term resistance exercise training (RET) on measures of cardiometabolic health in adults.

Design: Intervention systematic review.

Data Sources: MEDLINE and Cochrane Library databases were searched from inception to February 2018. Read More

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June 2018
2 Reads

Impact of exercise on articular cartilage in people at risk of, or with established, knee osteoarthritis: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jun 22. Epub 2018 Jun 22.

University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.

Objective: To investigate the impact of knee joint loading exercise on articular cartilage in people at risk of, or with established, knee osteoarthritis (OA) by conducting a systematic review of randomised controlled trials (RCTs).

Design: We followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses guidelines.

Data Sources: We performed a literature search with no restriction on publication year or language in MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Web of Science up to September 2017. Read More

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Musculoskeletal pain and exercise-challenging existing paradigms and introducing new.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jun 20. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

Division of Rehabilitation and Ageing, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.

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2018 Consensus statement on exercise therapy and physical interventions (orthoses, taping and manual therapy) to treat patellofemoral pain: recommendations from the 5th International Patellofemoral Pain Research Retreat, Gold Coast, Australia, 2017.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jun 20. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

La Trobe Sport and Exercise Medicine Research Centre, College of Science, Health and Engineering, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Patellofemoral pain affects a large proportion of the population, from adolescents to older adults, and carries a substantial personal and societal burden. An international group of scientists and clinicians meets biennially at the International Patellofemoral Research Retreat to share research findings related to patellofemoral pain conditions and develop consensus statements using best practice methods. This consensus statement, from the 5th International Patellofemoral Research Retreat held in Australia in July 2017, focuses on exercise therapy and physical interventions (eg, orthoses, taping and manual therapy) for patellofemoral pain. Read More

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June 2018
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From guidelines to the sidelines: implementation of cardiovascular preparticipation evaluation in sports clubs is lagging.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jun 19. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Clinical Physiology and Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.

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Muscular weakness in adolescence is associated with disability 30 years later: a population-based cohort study of 1.2 million men.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jun 19. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

PROmoting FITness and Health through physical activity research group (PROFITH), Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.

Objective: To investigate the associations of muscular strength in adolescence with later disability pension (DP), across different body mass index (BMI) categories and in combination with aerobic fitness.

Method: This prospective cohort study consisted of males aged 16-19 years, recruited from the Swedish military conscription register between 1969 and 1994. A total of 1 212 503 adolescents met all the inclusion criteria and were therefore included in the analyses. Read More

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June 2018
6 Reads

Towards a complex systems approach in sports injury research: simulating running-related injury development with agent-based modelling.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jun 18. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Faculty of Arts, Business and Law, Centre for Human Factors and Sociotechnical Systems, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore DC, Queensland, Australia.

Objectives: There have been recent calls for the application of the complex systems approach in sports injury research. However, beyond theoretical description and static models of complexity, little progress has been made towards formalising this approach in way that is practical to sports injury scientists and clinicians. Therefore, our objective was to use a computational modelling method and develop a dynamic simulation in sports injury research. Read More

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Some methodological issues in the design and analysis of cluster randomised trials.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jun 14. Epub 2018 Jun 14.

Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, Centre for Statistics in Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

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Physical exercise programme during pregnancy decreases perinatal depression risk: a randomised controlled trial.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jun 13. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

R Samuel McLaughlin Foundation - Exercise and Pregnancy Laboratory, School of Kinesiology, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada.

Introduction: The incidence of depression is high during the perinatal period. This mood disorder can have a significant impact on the mother, the child and the family.

Objective: To examine the effect of an exercise programme during pregnancy on the risk of perinatal depression. Read More

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Is the time right for quantitative public health guidelines on sitting? A narrative review of sedentary behaviour research paradigms and findings.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jun 10. Epub 2018 Jun 10.

Division of Preventive Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Sedentary behaviour (SB) has been proposed as an 'independent' risk factor for chronic disease risk, attracting much research and media attention. Many countries have included generic, non-quantitative reductions in SB in their public health guidelines and calls for quantitative SB targets are increasing. The aim of this narrative review is to critically evaluate key evidence areas relating to the development of guidance on sitting for adults. Read More

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The Adductor Strengthening Programme prevents groin problems among male football players: a cluster-randomised controlled trial.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jun 10. Epub 2018 Jun 10.

Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Groin injuries represent a considerable problem in male football. Previous groin-specific prevention programmes have not shown a significant reduction in groin injury rates. An exercise programme using the Copenhagen Adduction exercise increases hip adduction strength, a key risk factor for groin injuries. Read More

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Prevalence of knee osteoarthritis features on magnetic resonance imaging in asymptomatic uninjured adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jun 9. Epub 2018 Jun 9.

La Trobe Sports and Exercise Medicine Research Centre, School of Allied Health, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Knee MRI is increasingly used to inform clinical management. Features associated with osteoarthritis are often present in asymptomatic uninjured knees; however, the estimated prevalence varies substantially between studies. We performed a systematic review with meta-analysis to provide summary estimates of the prevalence of MRI features of osteoarthritis in asymptomatic uninjured knees. Read More

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June 2018
3 Reads

Structured clinical assessment: a brake to stop the ankle joint 'rolling'.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jun 9. Epub 2018 Jun 9.

College of Health Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA.

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June 2018
1 Read

Indeed association does not equal prediction: the never-ending search for the perfect acute:chronic workload ratio.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jun 9. Epub 2018 Jun 9.

Gabbett Performance Solutions, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

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June 2018
2 Reads

Concussion in sport: best from Berlin, direction from Dublin and gems from gridiron.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jul 9;52(14):903-904. Epub 2018 Jun 9.

Section of Sports Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, Johannesburg, South Africa.

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July 2018
1 Read

Football is medicine: it is time for patients to play!

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jun 9. Epub 2018 Jun 9.

DBU Zealand, Roskilde, Denmark.

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June 2018
1 Read

Clinical assessment of acute lateral ankle sprain injuries (ROAST): 2019 consensus statement and recommendations of the International Ankle Consortium.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jun 9. Epub 2018 Jun 9.

Division of Athletic Training, College of Health Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA.

Lateral ankle sprain injury is the most common musculoskeletal injury incurred by individuals who participate in sports and recreational physical activities. Following initial injury, a high proportion of individuals develop long-term injury-associated symptoms and chronic ankle instability. The development of chronic ankle instability is consequent on the interaction of mechanical and sensorimotor insufficiencies/impairments that manifest following acute lateral ankle sprain injury. Read More

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June 2018
1 Read

Defining adherence to therapeutic exercise for musculoskeletal pain: a systematic review.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jun 6. Epub 2018 Jun 6.

Research Institute for Primary Care and Health Sciences, Keele University, Staffordshire, UK.

Objective: To establish the meaning of the term 'adherence' (including conceptual and measurement definitions) in the context of therapeutic exercise (TE) for musculoskeletal (MSK) pain.

Design: Systematic review using a search strategy including terms for: adherence, TE and MSK pain. Identified studies were independently screened for inclusion by two researchers. Read More

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June 2018
1 Read

Low energy availability surrogates correlate with health and performance consequences of Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Jun 2. Epub 2018 Jun 2.

Female Athlete Program, Division of Sports Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Low energy availability (EA) is suspected to be the underlying cause of both the Female Athlete Triad and the more recently defined syndrome, Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (RED-S). The International Olympic Committee (IOC) defined RED-S as a syndrome of health and performance impairments resulting from an energy deficit. While the importance of adequate EA is generally accepted, few studies have attempted to understand whether low EA is associated with the health and performance consequences posited by the IOC. Read More

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June 2018
4 Reads