6,766 results match your criteria British Journal of Sports Medicine [Journal]


Prevention strategies to reduce future impact of low back pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Br J Sports Med 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Health Professions, Faculty of Medicine, Health and Human Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Objective: To evaluate the evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) on the effectiveness of prevention strategies to reduce future impact of low back pain (LBP), where impact is measured by LBP intensity and associated disability.

Design: Systematic review with meta-analysis.

Data Sources: MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, PEDro and The Cochrane (CENTRAL) databases from inception to 22 October 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2019-101436DOI Listing

Time for mental healthcare guidelines for recreational sports: a call to action.

Br J Sports Med 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

School of Health and Human Sciences, Southern Cross University, Coffs Harbour, New South Wales, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2019-101591DOI Listing

Football facing a future with global warming: perspectives for players health and performance.

Br J Sports Med 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Centre of Health Sciences, Faculty of Natural and Health Sciences, University of the Faroe Islands, Thorshavn, Faroe Islands.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2020-102193DOI Listing

Remote assessment in sport and exercise medicine (SEM): a narrative review and teleSEM solutions for and beyond the COVID-19 pandemic.

Br J Sports Med 2020 Jun 30. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Sports Medicine Department, Aspetar Qatar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Ad Dawhah, Qatar.

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic forces sport and exercise medicine (SEM) physicians to think differently about the clinical care of patients. Many rapidly implement eHealth and telemedicine solutions specific to SEM without guidance on how best to provide these services.

Aim: The aim of this paper is to present some guiding principles on how to plan for and perform an SEM consultation remotely (teleSEM) based on a narrative review of the literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2020-102650DOI Listing

Is the COVID-19 lockdown nudging people to be more active: a big data analysis.

Br J Sports Med 2020 Jun 30. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Prevention Research Collaboration, Sydney School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Camperdown, New South Wales, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2020-102575DOI Listing

Validating new discoveries in sports medicine: we need FAIR play beyond p values.

Br J Sports Med 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Congdon School of Health Sciences, High Point University, High Point, North Carolina, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2019-101797DOI Listing

Patient-centred care: the cornerstone for high-value musculoskeletal pain management.

Br J Sports Med 2020 Jun 25. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2019-101918DOI Listing

Epidemiology of injury and illness in 153 Australian international-level rowers over eight international seasons.

Br J Sports Med 2020 Jun 25. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Queensland Sports Medicine Centre, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Aim: To report the epidemiology of injury and illness in elite rowers over eight seasons (two Olympiads).

Methods: All athletes selected to the Australian Rowing Team between 2009 and 2016 were monitored prospectively under surveillance for injury and illness. The incidence and burden of injury and illness were calculated per 1000 athlete days (ADs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2019-101402DOI Listing

Infographic. Graduated return to play guidance following COVID-19 infection.

Br J Sports Med 2020 Jun 22. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Sports Medicine, English Institute of Sport, Manchester, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2020-102637DOI Listing

Infographic. COFIT-19: let's get moving through the COVID-19 pandemic!

Br J Sports Med 2020 Jun 19. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Exercise and Sports Science Australia, Ascot, Queensland, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2020-102661DOI Listing

Resurgence of sport in the wake of COVID-19: cardiac considerations in competitive athletes.

Br J Sports Med 2020 Jun 19. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Cardiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2020-102516DOI Listing

Infographic. Keep it cool and beat the heat: cooling strategies for exercise in hot and humid conditions.

Br J Sports Med 2020 Jun 19. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Radboud Institute for Health Sciences, Department of Physiology, Radboud university medical center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2020-102294DOI Listing

Complete resolution of a hamstring intramuscular tendon injury on MRI is not necessary for a clinically successful return to play.

Br J Sports Med 2020 Jun 19. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Aspetar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar.

Background: Clinical decision-making around intramuscular tendon injuries of the hamstrings is a controversial topic in sports medicine. For this injury, MRI at return to play (RTP) might improve RTP decision-making; however, no studies have investigated this.

Objective: Our objectives were to describe MRI characteristics at RTP, to evaluate healing and to examine the association of MRI characteristics at RTP with reinjury for clinically recovered hamstring intramuscular tendon injuries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2019-101808DOI Listing

Systematic video analysis of ACL injuries in professional male football (soccer): injury mechanisms, situational patterns and biomechanics study on 134 consecutive cases.

Br J Sports Med 2020 Jun 19. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Education and Research Department, Isokinetic Medical Group, FIFA Medical Centre of Excellence, Bologna, Italy.

Background: A few small studies have reported on the mechanisms of ACL injury in professional male football.

Aim: To describe the mechanisms, situational patterns and biomechanics (kinematics) of ACL injuries in professional male football matches.

Methods: We identified 148 consecutive ACL injuries across 10 seasons of professional Italian football. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2019-101247DOI Listing

Sexual violence in sport: American Medical Society for Sports Medicine Position Statement.

Br J Sports Med 2020 Jun 18. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota, USA.

The American Medical Society for Sports Medicine (AMSSM) convened a group of experts to develop a Position Statement addressing the problem of sexual violence in sport. The AMSSM Sexual Violence in Sport Task Force held a series of meetings over 7 months, beginning in July 2019. Following a literature review, the Task Force used an iterative process and expert consensus to finalise the Position Statement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2020-102226DOI Listing

Infographic. What kinds of exercise are best for chronic low back pain?

Br J Sports Med 2020 Jun 16. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2020-102024DOI Listing
June 2020
5.025 Impact Factor

Recommendations for altitude training programming to preserve athletes' health after COVID-19 pandemic.

Br J Sports Med 2020 Jun 12. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Department of Molecular Medicine, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2020-102561DOI Listing

Clinical outcomes in adult athletes with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: a 7-year follow-up study.

Br J Sports Med 2020 Jun 12. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Departement of Medicine, Azienda Ospedaliera Sant Andrea, Roma, Lazio, Italy.

Objective: Current guidelines recommend precautionary disqualification from competitive sports in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). We assessed the incidence of cardiovascular events in a cohort of patients with HCM engaged in long-term exercise programmes and competitive sport.

Methods: We reviewed data on 88 consecutive athletes diagnosed with HCM, from 1997 to 2017; 92% male, 98% Caucasian, median age 31 (IQR: 19-44) years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2019-100890DOI Listing

Infographic. Cooling strategies to attenuate PPE-induced heat strain during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Br J Sports Med 2020 Jun 10. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Department of Physiology, Radboud Institute for Health Sciences, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2020-102528DOI Listing

The patient as person: an update.

Authors:
Dawn P Richards

Br J Sports Med 2020 Jun 10. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Five02 Labs Inc, Toronto, ON M6R 2J6, Canada

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2020-102418DOI Listing

Better reporting standards are needed to enhance the quality of hop testing in the setting of ACL return to sport decisions: a narrative review.

Br J Sports Med 2020 Jun 10. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Division of Sports Medicine, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.

Background/aim: There is a lack of consistency in return to sport (RTS) assessments, in particular hop tests to predict who will sustain a reinjury following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Inconsistent test battery content and methodological heterogeneity might contribute to variable associations between hop test performance and subsequent injury. Our aim was to investigate whether commonly used hop tests are administered in a consistent manner and in accordance with reported guidelines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2019-101245DOI Listing

Response to Discussion: 'Which specific modes of exercise training are most effective for treating low back pain? Network meta-analysis'.

Br J Sports Med 2020 Jun 10. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Biostatistics Unit, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2020-102673DOI Listing
June 2020
5.025 Impact Factor

Which treatment is most effective for patients with Achilles tendinopathy? A living systematic review with network meta-analysis of 29 randomised controlled trials.

Br J Sports Med 2020 Jun 10. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Department of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, Zuid-Holland, The Netherlands.

Objective: To provide a consistently updated overview of the comparative effectiveness of treatments for Achilles tendinopathy.

Design: Living systematic review and network meta-analysis.

Data Sources: Multiple databases including grey literature sources were searched up to February 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2019-101872DOI Listing

Why can't I exercise during pregnancy? Time to revisit medical 'absolute' and 'relative' contraindications: systematic review of evidence of harm and a call to action.

Br J Sports Med 2020 Jun 8. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

Program for Pregnancy and Postpartum Health, Faculty of Kinesiology, Sport, and Recreation, Women and Children's Health Research Institute, Alberta Diabetes Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Background: Clinical guidelines recommend pregnant women without contraindication engage in regular physical activity. This is based on extensive evidence demonstrating the safety and benefits of prenatal exercise. However, certain medical conditions or contraindications warrant a reduction, modification or cessation of activity due to potential health risks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2020-102042DOI Listing

The Stanford Hall consensus statement for post-COVID-19 rehabilitation.

Br J Sports Med 2020 May 31. Epub 2020 May 31.

Defence Medical Rehabilitation Centre, Stanford Hall, Loughborough, United Kingdom.

The highly infectious and pathogenic novel coronavirus (CoV), severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-CoV-2, has emerged causing a global pandemic. Although COVID-19 predominantly affects the respiratory system, evidence indicates a multisystem disease which is frequently severe and often results in death. Long-term sequelae of COVID-19 are unknown, but evidence from previous CoV outbreaks demonstrates impaired pulmonary and physical function, reduced quality of life and emotional distress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2020-102596DOI Listing

Physical activity and health in Chinese children and adolescents: expert consensus statement (2020).

Br J Sports Med 2020 May 29. Epub 2020 May 29.

Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, Oregon, USA.

China is experiencing significant public health challenges related to social and demographic transitions and lifestyle transformations following unprecedented economic reforms four decades ago. Of particular public health concern is the fourfold increase in overweight and obesity rates in the nation's youth population, coupled with the low prevalence of adolescents meeting recommended levels of physical activity. Improving the overall health of China's more than 170 million children and adolescents has become a national priority. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2020-102261DOI Listing

Redefining mental healthcare: going multidisciplinary to manage multimorbidity.

Br J Sports Med 2020 May 28. Epub 2020 May 28.

NICM Health Research Institute, Western Sydney University, Westmead, New South Wales, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2019-101691DOI Listing
May 2020
5.025 Impact Factor

Specifying the treatment targets of exercise interventions: do we?

Br J Sports Med 2020 May 28. Epub 2020 May 28.

Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2020-101981DOI Listing

Is Physiological Equivalent Temperature (PET) a superior screening tool for heat stress risk than Wet-Bulb Globe Temperature (WBGT) index? Eight years of data from the Gothenburg half marathon.

Br J Sports Med 2020 May 28. Epub 2020 May 28.

Department of Earth Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Background: The Wet-Bulb Globe Temperature (WBGT) index is a common tool to screen for heat stress for sporting events. However, the index has a number of limitations. Rational indices, such as the physiological equivalent temperature (PET) and Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI), are potential alternatives. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2019-100632DOI Listing
May 2020
5.025 Impact Factor

Seven red flags for internships and work experience in top professional sport.

Br J Sports Med 2020 May 28. Epub 2020 May 28.

MinterEllison, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2017-099005DOI Listing

Symbiotic bacteria enhance exercise performance.

Br J Sports Med 2020 May 23. Epub 2020 May 23.

Physiology and Pharmacology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2020-102094DOI Listing

Why a dearth of sports and exercise medicine/physiotherapy research using hospital electronic medical records? A success story and template for researchers.

Br J Sports Med 2020 May 21. Epub 2020 May 21.

Sydney School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2019-101622DOI Listing

Infographic. Running myth: switching to a non-rearfoot strike reduces injury risk and improves running economy.

Br J Sports Med 2020 May 18. Epub 2020 May 18.

La Trobe Sports and Exercise Research Centre, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2020-102262DOI Listing

Effects of yoga on depressive symptoms in people with mental disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Br J Sports Med 2020 May 18. Epub 2020 May 18.

School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Objective: To assess whether physically active yoga is superior to waitlist control, treatment as usual and attention control in alleviating depressive symptoms in people with a diagnosed mental disorder recognised by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM).

Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines.

Data Sources: Data were obtained from online databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsychINFO, CENTRAL, EMCARE, PEDro). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2019-101242DOI Listing
May 2020
5.025 Impact Factor

No detectable remodelling in adult human menisci: an analysis based on the C bomb pulse.

Br J Sports Med 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

Section for Sportstraumatology M51, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark

Objectives: Bone and other human tissues remodel through life, for example, as a response to increasing load, and this prevents permanent destruction of the tissue. Non-traumatic meniscal rupture is a common musculoskeletal disease, but it is unknown if it is caused by inability of the menisci to remodel. The aim of this study was to determine whether meniscal collagen is remodelling throughout life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2019-101360DOI Listing

Return to play after COVID-19: a sport cardiologist's view.

Br J Sports Med 2020 May 7. Epub 2020 May 7.

Department of Cardiology, Luz Hospital Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2020-102482DOI Listing

Infographic. Doping without drugs: how para-athletes may self-harm to boost performance.

Br J Sports Med 2020 May 7. Epub 2020 May 7.

International Collaboration on Repair Discoveries, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2020-101980DOI Listing

Prevalence of therapeutic use exemptions at the Olympic Games and association with medals: an analysis of data from 2010 to 2018.

Br J Sports Med 2020 May 6. Epub 2020 May 6.

Science and Medicine, World Anti-Doping Agency, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Objectives: The percentage of athletes with Therapeutic Use Exemptions (TUEs) competing in elite sport and the association with winning medals has been a matter of speculation in the absence of validated competitor numbers. We used International Olympic Committee (IOC) and World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) data to identify athletes competing with TUEs at five Olympic Games (Games) and a possible association between having a TUE and winning an Olympic medal.

Methods: We used the IOC's competition results and WADA's TUE database to identify the number of TUEs for athlete competitions (ACs, defined as one athlete competing in one event) and any associations with medals among athletes competing in individual competitions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2020-102028DOI Listing

Improving function in people with hip-related pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis of physiotherapist-led interventions for hip-related pain.

Br J Sports Med 2020 May 6. Epub 2020 May 6.

Latrobe Sports Exercise Medicine Research Centre, School of Allied Health, Human Services and Sport, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia.

Objective: To report the effectiveness of physiotherapist-led interventions in improving pain and function in young and middle-aged adults with hip-related pain.

Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

Data Sources: A comprehensive, reproducible search strategy was performed on five databases in May 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2019-101690DOI Listing

Long overdue remarriage for better physical activity advice for all: bringing together the public health and occupational health agendas.

Br J Sports Med 2020 May 6. Epub 2020 May 6.

Charles Perkins Centre, Faculty of Medicine and Health, School of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2019-101719DOI Listing

Sports medicine highlights from other journals #13.

Br J Sports Med 2020 May 26;54(10):623-624. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Respiratory Medicine, Royal College of Physicians of Ireland, Dublin, Ireland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2018-100410DOI Listing

Statement on methods in sport injury research from the 1st METHODS MATTER Meeting, Copenhagen, 2019.

Br J Sports Med 2020 May 4. Epub 2020 May 4.

Amsterdam Collaboration on Health and Safety in Sports, Department of Public and Occupational Health, Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam Movement Sciences, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

High quality sports injury research can facilitate sports injury prevention and treatment. There is scope to improve how our field applies best practice methods-methods matter (greatly!). The 1st METHODS MATTER Meeting, held in January 2019 in Copenhagen, Denmark, was the forum for an international group of researchers with expertise in research methods to discuss sports injury methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2019-101323DOI Listing

How the menstrual cycle and menstruation affect sporting performance: experiences and perceptions of elite female rugby players.

Br J Sports Med 2020 Apr 29. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

School of Health and Life Sciences, University of West of Scotland, Lanarkshire, UK

Objectives: To explore athletes' past and current experiences and perceptions of the menstrual cycle in relation to its impact on sporting performance.

Methods: 15 international female rugby players participated in individual semi-structured interviews (age: 24.5±6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2019-101486DOI Listing

Preventing injuries in alpine skiing giant slalom by shortening the vertical distance between the gates rather than increasing the horizontal gate offset to control speed.

Br J Sports Med 2020 Apr 27. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Sports Medical Research Group, Department of Orthopaedics, Balgrist Balgrist University Hospital, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background/aim: To set a safe giant slalom course, speed needs to be controlled in certain sections. Speed may be reduced by adjusting how the gates are set on a course. We studied the effect of elements of course-setting, entrance speed and terrain incline on the mechanics of turning (ie, turn speed, turn radius, and ground reaction force and impulse). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2019-101692DOI Listing

Strong and stringent hamstring strain science: trials and error!

Br J Sports Med 2020 Apr 23. Epub 2020 Apr 23.

Sports Orthopaedic Research Center-Copenhagen (SORC-C), Arthroscopic Center, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Copenhagen University Hospital, Amager-Hvidovre, Denmark, Amager-Hvidovre Hospital, Hvidovre, Copenhagen, Denmark.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2020-102213DOI Listing

How to manage travel fatigue and jet lag in athletes? A systematic review of interventions.

Br J Sports Med 2020 Apr 17. Epub 2020 Apr 17.

Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, Department of Statistics, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.

Objectives: We investigated the management of travel fatigue and jet lag in athlete populations by evaluating studies that have applied non-pharmacological interventions (exercise, sleep, light and nutrition), and pharmacological interventions (melatonin, sedatives, stimulants, melatonin analogues, glucocorticoids and antihistamines) following long-haul transmeridian travel-based, or laboratory-based circadian system phase-shifts.

Design: Systematic reviewRandomised controlled trials (RCTs), and non-RCTs including experimental studies and observational studies, exploring interventions to manage travel fatigue and jet lag involving actual travel-based or laboratory-based phase-shifts. Studies included participants who were athletes, except for interventions rendering no athlete studies, then the search was expanded to include studies on healthy populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2019-101635DOI Listing