49 results match your criteria British Journal of Social Work [Journal]
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jul 2;46(5):1463-1471. Epub 2015 Sep 2.
The Louis and Gabi Weisfeld School of Social Work, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel.
This critical review shows that, despite increasing attention to fathers in social work practice and research, men are still largely the 'unheard gender'. Almost all the social work literature that deals with men discusses them as fathers, namely in terms of their function in the family. Very little of it looks at men in other roles or situations or concerns itself with men's experiences, feelings or needs. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jul 8;46(5):1446-1462. Epub 2015 Jun 8.
School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work, The University of Queensland, St Lucia (4072), Brisbane, Australia.
In the late twentieth century, the bio-psycho-social framework emerged as a powerful influence on the conceptualisation and delivery of health and rehabilitation services including social work services in these fields. The bio-psycho-social framework is built on a systems view of health and well-being ( Garland and Howard, 2009). The systems perspective encourages medical and allied health professions, including social work, to recognise and to respond to the multiple systems impacting on individual health and well-being ( Engel, 2003). Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jul 25;46(5):1429-1445. Epub 2015 Aug 25.
Dalla Lana School of Public Health, Faculty of the University of Toronto, 155 College Street, 5th Floor, Toronto, ON, Canada, M5 T 3M7.
In this paper, we argue for the importance of unsettling dominant narratives in the current terrain of harm-reduction policy, practice and research. To accomplish this, we trace the historical developments regarding the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) and harm-reduction policies and practice. We argue that multiple historical junctures rather than single causes of social exclusion engender the processes of marginalisation, propelled by social movements, institutional interests, state legislation, community practices, neo-liberalism and governmentality techniques. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jul 31;46(5):1411-1428. Epub 2015 Aug 31.
Department of Applied Social Sciences, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong SAR.
We examine the recent proliferation of religious discourses among front line social workers in the former British Colony of Hong Kong in order to explore the nature of 're-enchantment' in modern social work practice. In-depth qualitative interviews with twenty social workers who identify as 'Christian social workers' in a variety of social work organisations (both religious and secular) reveal the adoption of religious identities and discourses to navigate the encroachment of managerialism. A systematic analysis of these narratives suggests that Christian social workers evoke religion to reclaim feelings of authenticity in their work, to facilitate more personalised relationships with their clients, and to empower themselves following the introduction of managerialist policies. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jul 3;46(5):1394-1410. Epub 2015 Sep 3.
AMKFSC Community Services Ltd, Singapore.
This article proposes that Pargament's theory of religious coping can be a theoretical beacon to spiritually sensitive social work practice. It begins with a discussion of the of spiritually sensitive social work, which is examined as being able to cast a holistic and positive glow on social work. Then it provides an overview and a critique of Pargament's theory, emphasising that the theory offers a fuller and more impartial picture of religious coping. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jul 20;46(5):1372-1393. Epub 2015 Jun 20.
Diakonhjemmet University College, Oslo, Norway.
As a primary intervention, raising the topics of faith and religion with individuals traumatised by terrorism and/or natural disasters can be daunting for social workers, because victims often enter the helping relationship with feelings of helplessness, loss of personal control and of doubt about their relationships, environment, and their cultural and belief systems. Just as clients benefit from knowledge and awareness in the aftermath of a traumatic event, insights gleaned from traumatic experiences and from research can be useful for social workers grappling with the challenges associated with designing and deploying appropriate helping strategies with victims of disaster and terrorism. This article draws on extant literature and survey research, to explore how social workers might ethically assess clients' spiritual perspectives and incorporate helping activities that support clients' recovery, in the context of a spiritually sensitive helping relationship with victims of disaster and terrorism. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jul 2;46(5):1354-1371. Epub 2015 Sep 2.
Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Social Welfare Research Centre, Stensberggate 29, Post Box 4, St. Olavs Plass, N-0130 Oslo, Norway.
Using a cluster-randomised design, this study analyses the effects of a government-administered skill training programme for social workers in Norway. The training programme aims to improve social workers' professional competences by enhancing and systematising follow-up work directed towards longer-term unemployed clients in the following areas: encountering the user, system-oriented efforts and administrative work. The main tools and techniques of the programme are based on motivational interviewing and appreciative inquiry. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jul 16;46(5):1336-1353. Epub 2015 May 16.
University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, PO1 2HY, UK.
This paper brings a close analysis to bear on tensions in the main discourses within probation and the wider criminal justice system, namely between punitive, target-driven approaches and the opposing gender-responsive, strengths-based, humanitarian, individualised ones. Drawing on a pilot study, which is an early part of the author's Ph.D. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jul 2;46(5):1318-1335. Epub 2015 May 2.
Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, Israel.
We examined the ways in which the social worker is coping with obligation dilemma in an Israeli nursing home. The research was conducted using semi-structured, in-depth interviews carried out with fifteen social workers employed in nursing homes. The interviews were analysed thematically, using constant comparisons. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jul 23;46(5):1301-1317. Epub 2015 Apr 23.
School of Sociology and Social Policy, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, NG7 2RD, UK.
Increasing numbers of adults in the UK are living with acquired brain injury (ABI), with those affected requiring immediate medical care and longer-term rehabilitative and social care. Despite their social needs, limited attention has been paid to people with ABI within the social work literature and their needs are also often overlooked in policy and guidance. As a means of highlighting the challenge that ABI presents to statutory social work, this paper will start by outlining the common characteristics of ABI and consider the (limited) relevant policy guidance. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jul 15;46(5):1282-1300. Epub 2015 Apr 15.
RAND Europe, Westbrook Centre, Milton Road, Cambridge, CB4 1YG, UK.
Decision makers in adult social care are increasingly interested in using evidence from research to support or shape their decisions. The scope and nature of the current landscape of adult social care research (ASCR) need to be better understood. This paper provides a bibliometric assessment of ASCR outputs from 1996 to 2011. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jul 23;46(5):1266-1281. Epub 2015 Jun 23.
University College Ghent, Valentin Vaerwijckweg 1, Faculty of Education, Health and Social Work, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium.
From the late 1980s until now, scholars, educators and social workers have criticised the diminution of interest in the structural level of social problems. In this lament, former social work is beguiled, while critiques are targeted at the new generation of social workers. These critiques forewarn of important issues and problems, but at the same time they portray social work in a devolutionary way. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jul 8;46(5):1249-1265. Epub 2015 Sep 8.
University of Leuven, LUCAS-Centrum voor Zorgonderzoek en Consultancy, Minderbroedersstraat 8 - bus 5310, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium; University of Leuven, Centrum voor Sociologisch Onderzoek (OE), Parkstraat 45-bus 3601, 3000 Leuven, Belgium.
The use of information and communication technology (ICT) in child welfare services has increased significantly during the last decades, and so have the possibilities to process health data. Parton (2009) states that this evolution has led to a shift in the nature of social work itself: from 'the social' to 'the informational'. It is claimed that social workers primarily are becoming information processors concerned with the gathering, sharing and monitoring of information, instead of being focused on the relational dimensions of their work. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jul 19;46(5):1241-1248. Epub 2015 Aug 19.
School of Human Services and Social Work, Griffith University, Queensland, Australia.
Anecdotal evidence suggests that care farming practices have the potential to provide positive outcomes for young people in foster-care and residential care environments. A systematic review (searching; CINAHL, Web of Knowledge, PsychInfo) was conducted to explore how participation in care farming initiatives impacts attachment in children in foster-care and what aspects of care farming initiatives provides positive attachment outcomes. The systematic review did not identify any research publication in care farming and foster-care. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jul 2;46(5):1224-1240. Epub 2015 Sep 2.
University of Bristol, School for Policy Studies, 8 Priory Road, Bristol, BS8 1TZ, UK.
Adolescent-to-parent violence (APV) has received little attention in the social work literature, although it is known to be a factor in families whose children are at risk of entry to care. The behaviour patterns that characterise APV include coercive control, domination and intimidation. Crucially, parental behaviours are compromised by fear of violence. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jul 15;46(5):1208-1223. Epub 2015 Apr 15.
Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand.
This article examines the viability of the Risk Predictor Model (RPM) and its counterpart the actuarial risk assessment (ARA) tool in the form of the Tuituia Assessment Framework to address child vulnerability in New Zealand. In doing so, it suggests that these types of risk-assessment tools fail to address issues of contingency and complexity at the heart of the relationship-based nature of social work practice. Such developments have considerable implications for the capacity to enhance critical reflexive practice skills, whilst the introduction of these risk tools is occurring at a time when the reflexive space is being eroded as a result of the increased regulation of practice and supervision. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jul 5;46(5):1191-1207. Epub 2015 May 5.
Child and Family Research Centre, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.
This article describes a child-centred method for engaging with children involved in the child protection and welfare system. One of the primary arguments underpinning this research is that social workers need to be skilled communicators to engage with children about deeply personal and painful issues. There is a wide range of research that maintains play is the language of children and the most effective way to learn about children is through their play. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jul 25;46(5):1175-1190. Epub 2015 Aug 25.
School of Social and Political Science, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, EH8 9LD, UK.
The home visit is at the heart of social work practice with children and families; it is what children and families' social workers do more than any other single activity (except for recording), and it is through the home visit that assessments are made on a daily basis about risk, protection and welfare of children. And yet it is, more than any other activity, an example of what Pithouse has called an 'invisible trade': it happens behind closed doors, in the most secret and intimate spaces of family life. Drawing on conceptual tools associated with the work of Foucault, this article sets out to provide a critical, chronological review of research, policy and practice on home visiting. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jul 3;46(5):1158-1174. Epub 2015 Jul 3.
London South Bank University, London, UK.
Defensive practice has received attention through the Munro review of child protection, which has identified that current organisational cultures increase the likelihood of defensive practice. Whilst the wider socio-political climate that gives rise to defensive practice has been explored within the literature, little attention has been paid to the everyday realities of defensive practice. This paper reports the findings of a study into final year social work students' attitudes towards defensive practice within social work. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jul 27;46(5):1149-1157. Epub 2016 Jul 27.
University of Lincoln.
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jun 12;46(4):1131-1147. Epub 2015 Feb 12.
Department of Criminology, Vivian Tower, Swansea University, Swansea, SA2 8PP, Wales, UK.
Research on social work in the criminal justice system was well represented in the social work literature until the 1990s. Since then, changes in the organisation, training and research base of probation practice, particularly in England and Wales, have all contributed to a separation between probation research and the mainstream social work research literature. However, recent probation research, by focusing on individual practice skills and on the quality of relationships, is producing findings which resonate with traditional social work concerns. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jun 4;46(4):1115-1130. Epub 2014 Mar 4.
Lancaster University, Lancaster, LA1 4YD, UK.
It is now a full decade since Paylor and Orgel (2004) called for social work to 'wake up' to hepatitis C (HCV). In that time, a small but significant body of social research has developed which has highlighted the far-reaching social consequences of living with HCV. Using this as a foundation, Paylor and Mack (2010) expanded arguments on the role of social work and identified specific areas where social work might become involved, arguing that the profession is uniquely placed and skilled, to respond and provide support. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jun 28;46(4):1096-1114. Epub 2015 Jan 28.
Faculty of Social Work, University of Calgary (Central & Northern Region), #444, 11044-82nd Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G0T2, Canada.
Workplace expectations reflect an important consideration in employee experience. A higher prevalence of workplace congruence between worker and employer expectations has been associated with higher levels of productivity and overall workplace satisfaction across multiple occupational groups. Little research has investigated the relationship between workplace congruence and occupational health outcomes among social service workers. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jun 4;46(4):1076-1095. Epub 2015 Mar 4.
School of Social Work, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0411.
The well-documented day-to-day and long-term experiences of job stress and burnout among employees in child welfare organisations increasingly raise concerns among leaders, policy makers and scholars. Testing a theory-driven longitudinal model, this study seeks to advance understanding of the differential impact of job stressors (work-family conflict, role conflict and role ambiguity) and burnout (emotional exhaustion and depersonalisation) on employee disengagement (work withdrawal and exit-seeking behaviours). Data were collected at three six-month intervals from an availability sample of 362 front line social workers or social work supervisors who work in a large urban public child welfare organisation in the USA. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jun 5;46(4):1059-1075. Epub 2015 Feb 5.
University of Sheffield, Elmfield, Northumberland Road, Sheffield, S10 2TU, UK.
The circumstances of those who are, or have been, in the care system may augment concern about their use of mobile phones and the internet, but little is specifically known about such use. Presenting findings from an exploratory study which investigated the experiences and views of six care leavers and four looked after children, this paper considers their social contact via mobile phones and the internet. Exploration of the study data is located alongside wider empirical findings around internet use and critical consideration of theoretical insights from the work of Bauman, Castells and LaMendola. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jun 8;46(4):1044-1058. Epub 2015 Apr 8.
School of Social Work and Human Services, University of Queensland, St Lucia Campus, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
Recent developments in digital technology have facilitated the recording and retrieval of administrative data from multiple sources about children and their families. Combined with new ways to mine such data using algorithms which can 'learn', it has been claimed that it is possible to develop tools that can predict which individual children within a population are most likely to be maltreated. The proposed benefit is that interventions can then be targeted to the most vulnerable children and their families to prevent maltreatment from occurring. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jun 8;46(4):1027-1043. Epub 2015 Apr 8.
University of Agder, Department of Sociology and Social Work, University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway.
Drawing upon Foucault's concepts of power, this article shows how a course given to parents whose children are in foster-care encourages a particular form of self-management-most notably, that their internal dialogues must be altered so that the parents can view themselves as people in control of their behaviour who are in a position to choose new behaviour. The article is based on a qualitative study conducted in Norway and centres on the support and development of participants in the course. Study results show increased self-confidence and self-respect in the participants, both as individuals and as parents. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jun 4;46(4):1009-1026. Epub 2015 Mar 4.
University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
Strengths-based solution-focused approaches are gaining ground in statutory child protection work, but few studies have asked front line practitioners how they navigate the complex worker-client relationships such approaches require. This paper describes one component of a mixed-methods study in a large Canadian statutory child protection agency in which 225 workers described how they applied the ideas of strengths-based practice in their daily work. Interviews with twenty-four practitioners were analysed using an interpretive description approach. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jun 8;46(4):993-1008. Epub 2015 Apr 8.
School of Social Work, Saint Louis University, St Louis, MO 63103, USA.
This study examined the association between household food insecurity (insufficient access to adequate and nutritious food) and trajectories of externalising and internalising behaviour problems in children from kindergarten to fifth grade using longitudinal data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort (ECLS-K), a nationally representative study in the USA. Household food insecurity was assessed using the eighteen-item standard food security scale, and children's behaviour problems were reported by teachers. Latent growth curve analysis was conducted on 7,348 children in the ECLS-K, separately for boys and girls. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jun 21;46(4):974-992. Epub 2015 Feb 21.
The Tilda Goldberg Centre for Social Work and Social Care, Institute of Applied Social Research, University of Bedfordshire, University Square, Luton, LU1 3JU, UK.
This study compared the effectiveness and outcomes of different family finding methods in adoption in England, over-selecting harder to place children. The case files of 149 children with adoption recommendations in ten local authorities were reviewed and a sub-sample of sixty-seven cases were followed in real time, through interviews with professionals and families until six months after adoptive placement. Most matches were of good quality, but 14 per cent were fair and 13 per cent poor, involving serious compromises on matching requirements or adopters' preferences. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jun 1;46(4):960-973. Epub 2015 Feb 1.
School of Psychology, University of Queensland, St Lucia, Brisbane 4072, Australia.
The developmental needs of infants during the first year of life have been emphasised by recent research from a variety of sources highlighting the crucial role that early parent-infant interaction plays. Infants identified as being at significant risk of maltreatment need adequate protection within a time frame consistent with their developmental needs. This briefing paper describes a new care pathway established within a UK-based social care team, which aims to provide early identification, intensive support, timely assessment and decision making for a group of highly vulnerable, pregnant women, their partners and their infants. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jun 22;46(4):942-959. Epub 2015 Jan 22.
Centre for Criminology and Sociology, School of Law, Royal Holloway University of London, Egham Hill, Egham, Surrey, TW20 0EX. Chaitali Das is Policy and Student Support Co-ordinator, Jacobs University Bremen.
Family Group Conferences (FGCs) as a method of preventive work came into being over two decades ago. The FGC approach arose from a minority cultural perspective and the rising numbers of Maori children in state care in New Zealand. Two decades after the Family Rights Group first championed FGC in the UK, it is a great concern that we know little or nothing about how such an approach is being utilised with culturally diverse families in the UK. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jun 13;46(4):923-941. Epub 2016 May 13.
Kingston University and St Georges, University of London, London, UK.
This paper presents the results of an exploratory study linking the national data-sets for all children in need and child protection services in England. The study was informed by an emerging literature on systems thinking in public services, and aimed to examine variations and patterns of response in local authorities to demand for child welfare services in their area. One hundred and fifty-two local authority census returns and other statistical indicators covering up to a thirteen-year period were combined into a single data-set. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jun 7;46(4):906-922. Epub 2015 Apr 7.
School of Applied Social Science, University of Brighton, Brighton, UK.
This article explores the relevance of deliberative practices framed by feminist care ethics to social work practice with older people. It draws on two connected projects which brought together older people: practitioners and academics. The first was a participatory research project in which the significance of care to well-being in old age emerged. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jun 14;46(4):890-905. Epub 2015 Apr 14.
University of Connecticut School of Social Work, West Hartford, CT 06117, USA.
A human rights perspective must be embedded in the institutions, organisations or agencies where social work students find themselves. This paper will focus on one particular strategy that could be helpful to the process of solidifying a commitment to human rights for our students. Using a pedagogical tool from a school of social work in the USA originally developed to combat the social injustice of racism, the example transcends the academic institution and offers a solid link in connecting human rights, social justice and social work. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jun 14;46(4):873-889. Epub 2015 Apr 14.
National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.
In 2013, Michael Gove, then Secretary of State for Education and Health in the UK coalition government, criticised social workers for laying insufficient emphasis on the 'agency' of individuals and for being too preoccupied with social and economic inequalities. Such a perspective, which is not unique to Gove, needs to be countered by reaffirming the significance of an expansively critical sociology for social work. In this context, the thematic concerns of the French theorist, Loïc Wacquant, illuminates key aspects of social work engagement with clients which Gove and his ideological associates appear intent on ignoring. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jun 16;46(4):855-872. Epub 2015 Feb 16.
University of Warwick, School of Health and Social Studies, Coventry, Warwickshire, CV4 7AL, UK.
This article outlines innovative field training methods that foster the abilities of undergraduate social work students so that they are able to empower the local community and raise awareness of environmental issues. In this study, students were engaged in a local community assessment that sought to understand their views on environmental and community impacts of the Synchrotron-Light for Experimental Science and Applications in the Middle East (SESAME) Project on the lives of the host village's residents. A students' self-directed approach was applied for the fieldwork out of which interventions were developed ( Garrison, 1997). Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jun 8;46(4):839-854. Epub 2015 Apr 8.
Centre for the Study of Professions, Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Oslo, Norway; Volda University College, 6101 Volda, Norway.
The aim of this study is to examine how education affects students' identification with the social work profession. In particular, we examine the impact of students' experiences of their interactions with teachers, peers and supervisors at placement. A longitudinal design is applied. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jun 12;46(4):825-838. Epub 2015 Apr 12.
University of Central Lancashire, Adelphi Building, Preston, PR1 2HE, UK.
In this paper, we analyse the way in which social work, as a profession, has coped with and responded to the various forms of regulation to which it has been subject in England. First, we briefly detail the rise of external regulation of the professions, discussing both the rationale for, and criticisms of, such developments. Second, we take a closer look at developments within social work and the operation of the General Social Care Council (GSCC)'s conduct proceedings from its inception in 2001 until its dissolution in 2012. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2016 Jun 23;46(4):817-824. Epub 2016 Jun 23.
University of Hull.
Br J Soc Work 2015 Oct 9;45(7):2210-2223. Epub 2014 Jul 9.
New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY 10032, USA.
The purpose of this study was to assess the factor structure and psychometric properties of the original and a revised modification of the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) in 259 black and Latino males, aged thirty-five to sixty-seven, who had been released from a New York state prison or a New York City jail. The data were analysed using exploratory factor analysis, principal axis factoring and confirmatory factor analysis. Standardised factor loadings were evaluated at 0. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2010 Jun;41(4):689-707
Senior lecturer in social work in the School of Social Sciences at Cardiff University.
This article discusses some new ways in which social work research can explore the interaction between neighbourhoods and child and adult wellbeing. The authors note that social work practices are often criticised for taking an individualistic approach and paying too little attention to the service user's environment. The article uses examples of research projects from Chile, the United States of America and Wales, to discuss the use of spatially oriented research methods for understanding neighbourhood factors. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2010 Jan;40(1):100-114
Arizona State University.
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to examine parental monitoring practices and religious involvement (protective factors) and substance use among Mexican American and Non-Latino adolescents in the Southwest of the United States. FRAMEWORK: We also relied on social control theories to guide our investigation of why adolescents may choose not to use drugs. PARTICIPANTS: The sample was N=1087 adolescents, the age ranged from 13 to 15 years, and the gender distribution was approximately equal. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2009 Dec;39(8):1556-1574
Structural equation modelling (SEM) is serving an increasingly important role in developing knowledge for the social work profession. Numerous advances have made the software more user-friendly, enabling users to conduct analyses without fully understanding the underlying assumptions or the implications from their analytic decisions. Unlike other fields, there have not been any published reviews in social work research that systematically describe and critique the use of SEM. Read More
Br J Soc Work 2002 Mar;32(2):239-48
School of Social Relations, Keele University, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, UK.
Br J Soc Work 1995 Jun;25(3):295-311