4,283 results match your criteria British Journal of Neurosurgery[Journal]


A prospective randomized clinical trial to evaluate the impact of intraoperative ventilation with high oxygen content on the extent of postoperative pneumocephalus in patients undergoing craniotomies.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Feb 20:1-6. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

a Department of Anesthesiology , The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center , Columbus , Ohio , USA.

Purpose of the article: To determine whether intraoperative ventilation with pure oxygen during the last stage of surgery reduces the occurrence and volume of postoperative pneumocephalus when compared to conventional air/oxygen mixture in patients undergoing craniotomy.

Material And Methods: prospective randomized single-blinded study to compare the rate of occurrence and volume of postoperative pneumocephalus in patients undergoing craniotomy receiving intraoperative ventilation with pure oxygen (Group B) versus a conventional air/oxygen 1:1 mixture (Group A) during the last stage of surgery. This trial was registered in ClinicalTrials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1562031DOI Listing
February 2019

Serum calcium levels at admission is associated with the outcomes in patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Feb 18:1-4. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

a The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University , Suzhou , China.

Background/objective: Hypertensive spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhages (ICH) cause significant morbidity and mortality. In this study, we aimed to investigate the association between calcium level at admission and outcome in hypertensive ICH patients.

Methods: 658 hypertensive ICH patients were enrolled from January 2012 to January 2016 in this retrospective study, and demographic, clinical, laboratory, radiographic, and outcome data were collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1571162DOI Listing
February 2019

An enemy hides in the ceiling; pediatric traumatic brain injury caused by metallic ceiling fan: Case series and literature review.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Feb 18:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

d Department of Neurosurgery , Tokyo Women's Medical University Medical Center East , Tokyo , Japan.

Purpose: We report a series of 29 pediatric patients who sustained head injuries due to metallic ceiling fans. They all were admitted to the Emergency Department of Neurosurgery Teaching Hospital in Baghdad, Iraq, during January 2015 to January 2017.

Results: Pediatric ceiling fan head injuries are characterized by four traits which distinguish them from other types of head injuries; 1- Most of them were because of climbing on or jumping from furniture between the ages of two and five. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1573312DOI Listing
February 2019

Rosai-Dorfman disease with spinal and multiple intracranial involvement: a case report and literature review.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Feb 18:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

b Department of Pathology , People's Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region , Nanning , Guangxi , China.

Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is a condition of unknown etiology, and characterized by the proliferation of histiocytes. RDD most commonly affects lymph nodes, and central nervous system (CNS) involvement is rare. Here, we describe the case of a 43-year-old man who presented with an intradural tumour of the thoracic spine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1567681DOI Listing
February 2019

Endoscopic endonasal surgery for Clival Chordomas - a single institution experience and short term outcomes.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Feb 11:1-6. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

a Department of Neurosurgery , Birmingham University Hospital , Birmingham , England.

Purpose: Clival Chordomas are locally aggressive tumours which pose a significant treatment challenge. Endoscopic endonasal approach for clival chordomas is correlated with higher resection rates and lower morbidity rates in comparison to open approaches. We present our initial single institution experience and short-term patient outcomes following endoscopic endonasal approach for resection of clival chordomas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1567683DOI Listing
February 2019

Tectal region papillary neuroglial tumour: a case report.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Feb 11:1-3. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

a Department of Neurological Surgery , University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics , Madison , WI, USA.

Papillary glioneuronal tumor (PGNT) is a rare central nervous system neoplasm. Of reported cases, the vast majority are located in the frontal and temporal lobes. We present the case of a 39-year-old male who presented with a one day history of gait disturbance following chemotherapy treatment for metastatic rectal adenocarcinoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1562035DOI Listing
February 2019

Intra-operative imaging for spinal level localisation in lumbar surgery.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Feb 11:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

a Department of Neurosurgery , Cork University Hospital , Wilton, Cork , Republic of Ireland.

Study Design: Retrospective review of the practice of 3 surgeons in a single centre during a 1-year period.

Objective: We aimed to investigate our adherence to the Society of British Neurological Surgeons (SBNS) guidelines regarding intra-operative imaging during lumbar surgery and to determine if this has any impact on length of surgery or complications rates, in particular rates of wrong-level surgery.

Background: The SBNS recommends three x-rays for intra-operative spinal localisation - one prior to incision, the second after exposure of the laminae and before the commencement of decompression, and the third at the end of the operation to confirm the adequacy of decompression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1562030DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Primary neurolymphomatosis of the trigeminal nerve.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Feb 11:1-4. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

a Department of Neurosurgery , Asahikawa Medical University , Hokkaido , Japan.

We report a case of a primary malignant lymphoma of the trigeminal nerve that was associated with facial pain. A 65-year-old man was examined at another hospital for unilateral facial pain. Carbamazepine was prescribed, but his symptoms did not improve. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1568391DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

One year failure rates for de-novo ventriculo-peritoneal shunts in under 3-month-old children.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Feb 8:1-3. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

a Department of Paediatric Neurosurgery , University Hospital of Wales , Cardiff , UK.

Introduction: Ventriculo-peritoneal shunts (VPS) are still the mainstay treatment for hydrocephalus in children. It is generally accepted that VPS failure and infection rates are higher for neonates than for older children. We compared our 1-year failure and infection rates in under 3-month-old children compared with older children in our department. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1563286DOI Listing
February 2019

Polymethylmethacrylate cranioplasty using low-cost customised 3D printed moulds for cranial defects - a single Centre experience: technical note.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Feb 8:1-3. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

a Department of Neurosurgery, Clinical Hospital Centre Zagreb , Zagreb University School of Medicine , Zagreb , Croatia.

We report our experience with 3D customised cranioplasties for large cranial defects. They were made by casting bone cement in custom made moulds at the time of surgery. Between October 2015 and January 2018, 29 patients underwent the procedure; 25 underwent elective cranioplasties for large cranial defects and four were bone tumour resection and reconstruction cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1566514DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Trends, past current and future.

Authors:
Patrick Mitchell

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Feb 5:1-2. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

a Newcastle University, Neurosurgical Trials Unit, C.A.V. , Newcastle , UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1558747DOI Listing
February 2019

Surgical treatment of foreign body embolus in the Middle cerebral artery secondary to neck injury.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 29:1-6. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

a Department of Neurosurgery, The Third Affiliated Hospital , Sun Yat-Sen University , Guangzhou , China.

Background: We report a case of a foreign body embolus to the middle cerebral artery and reviewed similar cases previously reported.

Methods: A 30-year-old man was seen 72 days after a penetrating neck injury with a 1-month history of numbness in the left limb and impairment of the fine movement in the left hand. Radiological examination revealed a foreign body in the M2 portion of the right middle cerebral artery (MCA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1556781DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Evacuation assisted by endoscopy has better efficacy for supratentorial intracerebral hematoma than CT-guided minimally invasive aspiration: a retrospective observational cohort study.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 29:1-4. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

a Department of Neurosurgery , The Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University , Suzhou , China.

Objective: This retrospective study aimed to compare the efficacy of evacuation assisted by endoscopy and CT-guided minimally invasive aspiration for supratentorial intracerebral hematoma (SICH).

Methods: Total 81 patients were classified into two groups to receive evacuation assisted by endoscopy or CT-guided minimally invasive aspiration. The therapeutic outcomes were compared between two groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1559273DOI Listing
January 2019

Good functional outcome following bilateral external capsule hemorrhage mimicking bilateral basal ganglia hemorrhage in a coma patient.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 29:1-3. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

a Neurology Department, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College , Huazhong University of Science and Technology , Wuhan , China.

Simultaneous spontaneous bilateral external capsule hemorrhage is a rare clinical entity with extremely poor outcome. However, knowledge on the effective management of this fatal disease is limited. Herein,we described a case of a 42-year-old man with acute coma and quadriplegia as well as respiratory failure related to the disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1559276DOI Listing
January 2019
0.947 Impact Factor

Neurosurgery summer event for students by students: sharing interests.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 29:1-2. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

b Department of Neurosurgery , Radboud University Medical Center , Nijmegen , The Netherlands.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1540768DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Cranial vault unicameral bone cyst.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 29:1-2. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

b Clinical Neuropathology , Kings College Hospital NHS Trust , London , UK.

Introduction: Unicameral bone cysts (UBC), also known as simple bone cysts, are common benign bone lesions filled with fluid, primarily occurring in children and adolescents. Although they can develop in any bone, UBCs usually affect the long bones.

Materials & Methods: A 53 year old male patient was found incidentally to have a calvarian lesion in the parietal region overlying the superior sagittal sinus (SSS) ( Figure 1 ). Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02688697.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1519113DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The largest malignant peripheral nerve sheath arising from the gluteal region: case report.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 27:1-3. Epub 2019 Jan 27.

b Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine , Jordan University of Science & Technology , Irbid , Jordan.

We report a unique case of a huge malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor with probable smooth muscle differentiation. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02688697.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1562033DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

High altitude hypoxia on brain ultrastructure of rats and Hsp70 expression changes.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 27:1-4. Epub 2019 Jan 27.

b Neurosurgery , Lanzhou University Second Hospital , Lanzhou , China.

Objective: This study aims to investigate the biological significance of heat shock protein (HSP70) in adaptation to high altitude hypoxia.

Methods: Ninety male SD rats were randomly divided into 10 groups: Acute plateau hypoxia group (group 5) and chronic high altitude hypoxia group (group 3), and control group (group 2).Changes in HSP gene and HSP protein expression in brain tissues of SD rats at different altitudes were determined by Western blot and conventional RT-PCR, while an optical and transmission electron microscope was used to observe the cell structure changes of animal brain tissues. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02688697.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1519108DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Percutaneous endoscopic decompression for calcified thoracic disc herniation using a novel T rigid bendable burr.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 28:1-3. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

c Orthopedic Department , The General Hospital of Chinese PLA , Beijing , China.

Background: The basic endoscopic instruments are not suitable for removing calcified or hard discs in patients with thoracic disc herniations (TDH). We describe a percutaneous endoscopic technique for the treatment of calcified TDH using an endoscopic drill system with a T rigid bendable burr.

Methods: Eleven patients (8 males, mean age 42. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1557593DOI Listing
January 2019

Obstructive hydrocephalus secondary to a perianeurysmal cyst: a case report.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 27:1-3. Epub 2019 Jan 27.

a Department of Neurosurgery , Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham , Birmingham , United Kingdom.

Perianeurysmal cysts are an extremely rare association with cerebral aneurysms. We report the case of a 64 year old male who presented with obstructive hydrocephalus due to a perianeurysmal cyst. The cyst originated in association with a thrombosed, right-sided, terminal internal carotid artery aneurysm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1559277DOI Listing
January 2019

Association of CD40 SNPs with Moyamoya in a Chinese children population.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 25:1-4. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

a Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery , Children's Hospital of Fudan University , Shanghai , China.

Background: The etiology of Moyamoya disease (MMD) remains unknown to a large extent. Immune and inflammation dysfunction may play a role in the pathogenesis of this rare disease. Coexisting Kawasaki disease (KD) with MMD were reported and both diseases have a feature of vasculopathy, raising the hypothesis that there may be some common pathologic factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1559275DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Quantitative and qualitative analyses of spinal canal encroachment during cervical laminectomy using the kerrison rongeur versus High-Speed burr.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 25:1-4. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

a The Spine Hospital , New York Presbyterian/Columbia University Medical Center , New York , NY , USA.

Background: Several cervical laminectomy techniques have been described. One commonly used method involves making bilateral trough laminotomies using either a Kerrison rongeur or a high speed burr, and then removing the lamina en-bloc. Alternatively, some surgeons prefer to thin the lamina with the burr, and then remove the lamina in a piecemeal fashion using Kerrison rongeurs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1559274DOI Listing
January 2019

Fluorescein sodium-guided resection of a cerebellar lymphoma: case report and literature review.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 25:1-4. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

a Department of Neurosurgery , Galeazzi Research and Clinical Hospital , Milan , Italy.

We report on a patient, who underwent the resection of a cerebellar primary central nervous system lymphoma and was administered intraoperative fluorescein sodium to improve the visualization of the tumor and guide surgery. Low-dosage fluorescein was administered prior to opening the dura so to distinguish contrast-enhanced lymphomatous tissue from the surrounding unenhanced brain cerebellar parenchyma. Intraoperatively, the tumor was indistinguishable from cerebellar parenchyma under the white light, however, after the administration of low-dose intravenous fluorescein, it appeared brightly fluorescent under yellow light, and was safely resected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1556779DOI Listing
January 2019

C7 transfer in a posterior intradural approach for treating hemiplegic upper-limbs: hypothesis and a cadaver feasibility study.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 25:1-5. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

a Department of Hand Surgery , Huashan Hospital, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University , Shanghai , China.

Objective: Contralateral C7 nerve root transfer surgery has been successfully applied to rescue motor function of a hemiplegic upper extremity in patients with central neurological injury. This surgical technique is challenging, and limited anatomical space makes it difficult to manipulate tissues and may lead to higher complication rates. The authors hypothesis a new surgical route in which cervical nerve roots of both donor and recipient sides are exposed from a posterior intradural approach and neurorrhaphy is performed easily and clearly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1552754DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

A rare case of sclerosing meningioma with immunohistochemical features.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 25:1-2. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

a Department of Neurosurgery , Bezmialem Vakıf University Medical School , Istanbul , Turkey.

To identify histological types of Meningiomas', immunohistochemically markers are used. We present Phosphohistone-H3 (PHH-3) staining for the first time. The patient's case notes were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1556780DOI Listing
January 2019

Extent of resection predicts risk of progression in adult pilocytic astrocytoma.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 17:1-5. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

a Department of Neurosurgery , The Walton Centre NHS Foundation Trust , Lower Lane , Liverpool , UK.

Object: Pilocytic astrocytomas are rare tumours in adults. Presentation, management and prognostic factors are poorly characterised.

Methods: Retrospective single centre study from 2000 to 2016. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02688697.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1549315DOI Listing
January 2019
10 Reads

The autoimmune basis of hypopituitarism in traumatic brain injury: fiction or reality?

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 17:1-4. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

a Neurosurgery , Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences , Ranchi , Jharkhand , India.

Post-traumatic hypopituitarism has remained as an obscured cause of worsening morbidity and mortality in head injury patients. Researchers have for decades been puzzled by the mechanism of pituitary dysfunction in these cases. Amongst other causes like direct injury, vascular injury etc, an immunological basis of hypopituitarism has been suggested in some animal studies as well as human research. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02688697.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1485875DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Cryptococcal granuloma of the the basal ganglia with fatal haemorrhage after stereotactic biopsy: case report.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 17:1-3. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

a Department of Neurosurgery , the Second Affiliated Hospital of Jiaxing University , Jiaxing , China.

This paper presents a male, immunocompetent case aged 62-year-old with cryptococcal granuloma in the basal ganglia. No cryptococcal infection occurred in other areas. The diagnosis was made by biopsy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1550190DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Ventriculo-peritoneal shunting is a safe and effective treatment for idiopathic intracranial hypertension.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 17:1-9. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

a Department of Neurosurgery , Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust , Cambridge , UK.

Purpose: To determine the outcome of ventriculo-peritoneal shunts as a treatment for idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) Materials and Methods: Retrospective case series of 28 patients with IIH and evidence of raised intracranial pressure (ICP) who underwent shunt insertion. Patients were identified from a prospectively updated operative database. A case-notes review was performed and data on type of shunt, pre- and post-operative symptoms, ophthalmological findings and post-operative complications were recorded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1538478DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Rotational vertebral artery occlusion in a patient with basilar invagination.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 17:1-3. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

a Department of Neurology , Guangdong 999 Brain Hospital , Guangzhou , China.

Basilar invagination (BI) is a congenital or acquired craniovertebral junction (CVJ) anomaly with odontoid process superiorly migrating into the foramen magnum. Compression of neural structures is the most relevant complication of BI. However BI is also a rare cause of ischemic stroke. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1540763DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Untreated meningomyelocele and squamous cell carcinoma: a case report and literature review.

Authors:
Nese Kurt-Ozkaya

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 17:1-3. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

a Department of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery , Cumhuriyet University Faculty of Medicine , Sivas , Turkey.

Background: Early closure of the meningocele, meningomyelocele, is essential to prevent complications such as hypothermia, infection in the postnatal period. But for some reasons, it is not always possible to repair early. The possibility of malign transformation should be considered in long-term due to nonhealing ulcers and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistula and frequent infections in an adult patient with meningomyelocele. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02688697.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1554178DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Motor cortex relocation after complete anatomical hemispherectomy for intractable epilepsy secondary to Rasmussen's encephalitis.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 17:1-3. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

a Department of Neurosurgery , The Walton Centre NHS Foundation Trust , Liverpool , UK.

Background: The authors report a case with interesting clinical and radiological outcomes following complete anatomical hemispherectomy.

Methods: A seven-year-old female with medically refractory epilepsy secondary to Rasmussen's encephalitis was treated with a complete right-sided anatomical hemispherectomy.

Results: Surgical intervention provided seizure relief, and at eleven-years post-operatively she was independently mobile, with spasticity of the upper limb. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1549316DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

A simple technique for easier anterior odontoid screw fixation.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 14:1-5. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

b Orthopaedic department , Faculty of medicine, Cairo University , Giza , Egypt.

Background: Anterior odontoid screw fixation (AOSF) is an osteosynthetic technique used for fixation of type 2 and rostral type 3 odontoid fractures. Compared to other treatment modalities, it provides immediate stability, preservation of the majority of the remaining C1-2 motion and an achieved union rate of 80-100%. AOSF requires a stable and reduced odontoid to allow for placement of guide wire and cannulated screw. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1550191DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read
0.947 Impact Factor

Skull base angiomatous leiomyoma: a case report and review of literature.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 12:1-3. Epub 2019 Jan 12.

b Department of Neurosurgery , Royal Hallamshire Hospital , Sheffield , UK.

Leiomyomas, benign neoplasms of mesenchymal origin, are common in gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts. They are comprised of well-differentiated smooth muscle cells with few mitotic figures. Leiomyomas should not exhibit metastatic potential, though metastasis has been reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1555636DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

The top 50 most-cited articles on low-grade glioma: a bibliometric analysis.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 12:1-5. Epub 2019 Jan 12.

c Neurosurgery Clinic , Tekirdag State Hospital , Tekirdag , Turkey.

Purpose: There is an abundance of articles published on low-grade glioma. The aim of this study was to identify and review the 50 most-cited articles on low-grade glioma, and to perform a bibliometric analysis.

Methods: In June 2017, we performed a basic search of the Web of Science database using "low-grade glioma management and/or treatment" as our search terms without publication date restrictions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1549314DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Spinal cord stimulation for complex regional pain syndrome type I with spinal myoclonus - a case report and review of literature.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 12:1-3. Epub 2019 Jan 12.

b Senior Consultant Neurosurgeon, Institute of Neurosciences, Medanta The Medicity , Gurgaon , Haryana , India.

Background: Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a chronic neuropathic painful condition, sometimes associated with spinal myoclonus. For intractable cases spinal cord stimulation is an important modality of treatment but the response of specifically myoclonus to this treatment is not well described.

Case Description: A 40-year old male, had a history of trauma 12 years back since when he had intractable neuropathic pain in his both upper limbs with superimposed severely disabling myoclonic jerks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1552755DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Traumatic cervical posterior spondyloptosis: report of a rare case.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 12:1-2. Epub 2019 Jan 12.

a Iran University of Medical Sciences , Tehran , Iran.

Traumatic spinal spondyloptosis is the extreme degree of spondylolisthesis and is not common. Traumatic cervical anterior spondyloptosis has been reported but we could not find reports of posterior traumatic cervical spondyloptosis. We present an 18-year-old female with this type of injury and cervical complete cord syndrome below C5 and explain our treatment approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1554179DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read
0.947 Impact Factor

Transcranial endoscopic treatment of thalamic neuroepithelial cyst: case report and review of the literature.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 12:1-4. Epub 2019 Jan 12.

a Neurosurgery Department , Ibni Sina Hospital, Ankara University School of Medicine , Ankara , Turkey.

Thalamic neuroepithelial cysts are rare, benign lesions. Thirteen cases have been published in eight articles. The most frequent symptoms are headache, hemiparesis, tremor and related signs of hydrocephalus such as gait disturbance, confusion, and Paranaud's syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1552753DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

BJNS status report.

Authors:
Patrick Mitchell

Br J Neurosurg 2018 Dec 2;32(6):583-584. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1552774DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Cerebrospinal fluid untargeted metabolomic profiling of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: an exploratory study.

Br J Neurosurg 2018 Dec 26;32(6):637-641. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

d Division of Neurosurgery , University of Connecticut Health Center , Farmington , CT , USA.

Introduction: Despite advancements in medical and surgical therapies, clinical outcomes of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) continue to be poor. Currently, aSAH pathophysiology remains poorly understood. No aSAH biomarkers are commonly used in the clinical setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1519107DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads
0.947 Impact Factor

Consent for post-operative visual loss in prone spinal surgery: aligning clinical practice with legal standards.

Br J Neurosurg 2018 Dec 18:1-6. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

a Atkinson Morley Department of Neurosurgery , St George's Hospital , London , UK.

In March 2015, the Supreme Court's landmark ruling on the common law case of Montgomery vs Lanarkshire Health Board established the doctrine of informed patient consent, setting the legal standards that doctors should abide by. In this review, our primary aim has been to establish whether, despite the well-publicised implications of the ruling in the legal community, the medical profession has altered its practice. To do this, we reviewed the consenting methods applied by surgeons within our field of neurosurgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1519111DOI Listing
December 2018
79 Reads
0.947 Impact Factor

Tonsillar herniation as a complication of lumboperitoneal shunt: case report and literature review.

Br J Neurosurg 2018 Dec 6:1-4. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

a Department of Neurosurgery, An Nan Hospital , China Medical University , Tainan , Taiwan.

Tonsillar herniation is a rare and seldom reported complication after lumboperitoneal (LP) shunting. There have been only few reports that have presented possible options for treatment with varying degrees of success. In this report, we describe a rare case of tonsillar herniation after LP shunting and review related literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1538481DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Two-level reverse Bohlman transsoseous approach for treatment of symptomatic pseudarthrosis.

Br J Neurosurg 2018 Dec 6:1-4. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

a Department of Neurological Surgery , Oregon Health & Science University , Portland , OR , USA.

Surgical treatment for high-grade spondylolisthesis with high sacral slope remains controversial and no definitive gold standard procedure has been identified. The Bohlman technique, in which a fibular strut is reamed posteriorly across the L5-S1 disc space in an oblique, inferior to superior trajectory, has been increasingly utilized. Recently, a Reverse Bohlman technique has been described, in which a graft is reamed anteriorly across a single disc space in a superior to inferior trajectory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1525481DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Interleaving programming in pallidal deep brain stimulation improves outcomes in a patient with Meige syndrome.

Br J Neurosurg 2018 Dec 11;32(6):661-662. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

a Beijing Institute of Function Neurosurgery , Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University , Xicheng , Beijing , China.

We present the effectiveness of interleaving programming in pallidal deep brain stimulation in a patient with Meige syndrome. This patient's symptoms were initially inadequately relieved by conventional programming methods. Then, we switched to the interleaving programming strategy, which produced an individual electrical density and improved her symptoms significantly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1504883DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Functional connection between the stereotyped behavior and the motor front area in children with autism.

Br J Neurosurg 2018 Dec 11:1-4. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

a Department of Medical Imaging , Xi'an Children's Hospital , Xi'an , Shaanxi Province , P.R. China.

Object: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is characterized by stereotyped behavior, attention deficit and/or impaired sensory perception to external stimuli. Its neurobiological mechanisms remain unclear. In this study we examined the resting-state functional connectivity of the premotor area and investigated its correlation with behavioral variables to determine whether connectivity alterations can distinguish ASD from healthy controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1498966DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

A low cost dural closure simulation model for tomorrow's spinal neurosurgeons.

Br J Neurosurg 2018 Nov 26:1-4. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

a Department of Neurosurgery , Institute of Neurological Sciences , Glasgow , UK.

Introduction: We present a low cost model that can be used to improve a trainee's skills in spinal dural closure. Development of microsurgical skills in a simulated environment provides a safe environment in which patients are protected. We argue that this is likely to improve the quality of dural closure, especially for surgeons early in their training and may lead to a commensurate reduction in post-operative CSF leak. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1540765DOI Listing
November 2018
19 Reads

Pituitary apoplexy secondary to metastatic breast carcinoma into a gonadotroph cell adenoma of the pituitary.

Br J Neurosurg 2018 Nov 26:1-4. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

a Department of Neurosurgery , Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust , Sheffield , United Kingdom.

A 65 year-old lady with metastatic breast cancer presented with pituitary apoplexy. Following surgery, histopathology confirmed metastatic breast carcinoma into a gonadotroph cell adenoma of the pituitary. Tumours that metastasise to a normal pituitary gland are unusual. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1540766DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Dysphagia following C1 laminectomy and posterior atlantoaxial fixation for retro-odontoid pseudotumor: a case report.

Br J Neurosurg 2018 Nov 19:1-4. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

b Department of Neurosurgery , Mie University Graduate School of Medicine , Tsu , Mie , Japan.

Purpose: Although dysphagia is known potential complication of cervical spine surgery, it rarely occurs after a posterior approach. We describe an unusual case of a retro-odontoid pseudotumor that suffered dysphagia following a C1 laminectomy and posterior atlantoaxial fixation.

Materials And Methods: A 79-year-old man presented with progressive tetraparesis and bladder and bowel dysfunction due to severe compression to cervical cord at C1 from a retro-odontoid pseudotumor. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02688697.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1538485DOI Listing
November 2018
13 Reads

Cerebellopontine angle epidermoid with ipsilateral external ear atresia: an embryological association or a coincidence?

Br J Neurosurg 2018 Nov 19:1-3. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

a Department of Neurosurgery , Sawai Maan Singh Medical College , Jaipur , India.

The cerebellopontine angle (CPA) is the most common site for intracranial epidermoids. They may have varied presentations viz facial pain, hemifacial spasms, headache and uncommonly features of raised intracranial pressure. Their association with external ear atresia has not been reported in literature to date. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02688697.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1533106DOI Listing
November 2018
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Long-term pain relief at five years after medical, repeat surgical procedures or no management for recurrence of trigeminal neuralgia after microvascular decompression: analysis of a historical cohort.

Br J Neurosurg 2018 Nov 19:1-6. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

b Oral Medicine Unit, Eastman Dental Institute , UCLH NHS Foundation Trust , London , UK.

Background: Management strategies for the recurrence of trigeminal neuralgia after microvascular decompression include repeat procedures, medical management or no further therapy. No consensus exists as to which strategy is best for pain relief. The aim of this study was to determine the characteristics of patients with recurrences after microvascular decompression in the cohort, and to compare long-term pain relief between different management strategies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1538484DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads