4,314 results match your criteria British Journal of Neurosurgery[Journal]


Is 30-day readmission an accurate measure of morbidity in cranial meningioma surgery?

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Apr 10:1-4. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

a Department of Neurosurgery , University Hospital of Wales , Cardiff , UK.

Introduction: 30-day readmission rate is a widely adopted marker of quality and performance of acute care, but validity is not well demonstrated. Readmission data following cranial meningioma surgery is not well described and we sought to assess risk factors for readmission.

Subjects: All adult patients who underwent cranial meningioma resection from January 2015 to December 2017 in a single institution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1600658DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Description of the predictors of persistent post-concussion symptoms and disability after mild traumatic brain injury: the SHEFBIT cohort.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Apr 9:1-9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

a Sheffield Institute for Translational Neuroscience , University of Sheffield , Sheffield , UK.

Introduction: Several patients who suffer Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI) develop Persistent Post-Concussion Symptoms (PPCS) and long-term disability. Current prognostic models for mTBI have a large unexplained variance, which limits their use in a clinical setting.

Aim: This study aimed to identify background demographics and mTBI details that are associated with PPCS and long-term disability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1598542DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Spinal intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia. Case report and review of the literature.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Apr 9:1-3. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

c Neuropathology , Mikro Lab , Alsancak, Izmir , Turkey.

Intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia (Masson's vegetated hemangioendothelioma) is a rare condition affecting the neuroaxis. In the literature, only eight cases of this lesion involving the vertebral canal with spinal cord compression has been reported. We present a 37-year-old man with thoracic location mimicking schwannoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1597832DOI Listing

Peripheral nerve stimulation: black, white and shades of grey.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Apr 7:1-5. Epub 2019 Apr 7.

a Department of Neurosurgery , Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences , Ranchi , India.

Unbearable chronic neuropathic pain, which can often not be resolved by conservative pain management techniques, calls for peripheral nerve stimulation. The technique, based on the Gate control hypothesis, uses low intensity current to block depolarization and conduction of neuronal membrane. Conditions such as intractable migraine, occipital and trigeminal neuralgia, burn injury pain, transformed migraine, among others, which cause intense pain can be treated by PNS, especially when the pain is localised and can be traced back to a specific nerve. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1538479DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Surgery for ICH after MISTIE III.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Mar 25:1-2. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

a Neurosurgical Trials Unit , Newcastle University.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1592297DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Clinical features and management of traumatic ophthalmic artery aneurysm: a case report and literature review.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Mar 20:1-5. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

a Department of Neurosurgery , Tokyo Medical University , Tokyo , Japan.

We report a 52-year-old man with progressive disturbance of visual acuity following a head injury. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed an aneurysm of the internal carotid artery. Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) 57 days after onset found that the aneurysm originated in the proximal ophthalmic artery. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02688697.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1587382DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

MR neurography showed brachial plexus abnormalities in syringomyelia with shoulder Charcot arthropathy: a case report.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Mar 20:1-3. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

c College of Medical Imaging and Examination , Xiangnan University , Chenzhou , P. R. China.

Charcot shoulder is occasionally seen with syringomyelia. To the best of our knowledge this is the first report of brachial plexus abnormalities detected by magnetic resonance(MR) neurography in these patients. MR neurography is useful to evaluate small nerves and their disorders, and may contribute to the early diagnosis and differential diagnoses of such patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1590526DOI Listing

Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea associated with an incidental pituitary adenoma.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Mar 20:1-4. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

e Department of Neurosurgery, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine , Shanghai Jiao Tong University , District Pudong , China.

Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea presenting as the sole symptom of untreated pituitary adenoma is rare, with only 15 cases having been reported in the English literature. All these untreated pituitary adenoma contributing to spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea were diagnosed by the preoperative neuroimaging. Herein, we described an extraordinary rare patient with a pituitary microadenoma, presenting with spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea as the sole symptom. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1587384DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

The emerging role of leptin, Adiponectin and Visfatin in Ischemic/Hemorrhagic stroke.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Mar 20:1-4. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

c Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine , Firat University , Elazig , Turkey.

Introduction: Adipose tissue acts as an active endocrine organ and may be involved in the biological mechanism of stroke. Adipokines can serve as key messenger of central energy and metabolic homeostasis and can contribute to the crosstalk between adipose tissue and brain. Recent research has offered vague data on the relationships between adipose tissue, adipokines, and vascular disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1578862DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Endoscopic spinal surgery using a new tubular retractor with 15 mm outer diameter.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Mar 18:1-8. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

a Department of Neurosurgery , Saarland University Medical Center and Saarland University Faculty of Medicine , Homburg/Saar , Germany.

Purpose: To assess whether the instrument handling and image quality of endoscopic spinal decompression procedures is adequate and effects the treatment of degenerative spinal disorders.

Material And Methods: Forty-six patients underwent endoscopic procedures for radicular pain or sensorimotor deficit due to a degenerative disorder using a 15mm tubular retractor. Endoscopic video recordings were reviewed with focus on instrument handling and intraoperative complication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1584269DOI Listing

Measurement of changes in optic nerve sheath diameter using ultrasound and computed tomography scan before and after the ventriculoperitoneal shunt surgery in patients with hydrocephalus - A prospective observational trial.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Mar 18:1-6. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

e Department of Anaesthesiology and critical care , JIPMER , Pondicherry , India.

Background: The standard methods for measuring intracranial pressure (ICP) are invasive in nature. Non invasive methods such as ONSD may help circumvent these complications and may serve as a surrogate marker for increased ICP. The primary aim of this study was to assess the ONSD (optic nerve sheath diameter) changes using ultrasonography (USG) and computed tomography (CT) scan in hydrocephalus patients before and after the insertion of VP shunt. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1576856DOI Listing

Application of CUBE-STIR MRI and high-frequency ultrasound in contralateral cervical 7 nerve transfer surgery.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Mar 12:1-6. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

a Department of Hand Surgery, Huashan Hospital, Shanghai Medical College , Fudan University , Shanghai , China.

Objective: The objective of the study was to investigate the feasibility of CUBE-SITR MRI and high-frequency ultrasound for the structural imaging of the brachial plexus to exclude neoplastic brachial plexopathy or structural variation and measure the lengths of anterior and posterior divisions of the C7 nerve, providing guidelines for surgeons before contralateral cervical 7 nerve transfer.

Methods: A total of 30 patients with CNS and 20 with brachial plexus injury were enrolled in this retrospective study. All patients underwent brachial plexus CUBE-STIR MRI and high-frequency ultrasound, and the lengths of the anterior and posterior divisions of C7 nerve were measured before surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1584661DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Catheter guided cerebral glioma resection combined with awake craniotomy: its usefulness and surgical outcome.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Mar 12:1-8. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

a Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine , Chulalongkorn University and King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Thai Red Cross Society , Bangkok , Thailand.

Purpose: A challenging aspect of glioma surgery is to distinguish tumour tissue from surrounding eloquent structures and perform resection with accuracy. Various technologies have been used to address this issue including neuronavigator, intraoperative magnetic resonant imaging, intraoperative ultrasound, and fluorescence, each of which has certain drawbacks and limitations. In this study, authors demonstrate the technique of using stereotactically placed catheters as guidance during cerebral glioma resection and report the surgical outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1587380DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Vestibular schwannoma extending into the tympanic cavity and jugular fossa by invasion of the petrous bone.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Mar 11:1-3. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

a Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine , University of Tsukuba , Tsukuba , Japan.

Vestibular schwannomas usually originate in the internal acoustic meatus, and gradually extends into the cerebellopontine cistern. Invasive growth into the petrous bone is extremely rare. We describe a case of a vestibular schwannoma that aggressively extended into the petrous bone and extracranial space. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1588226DOI Listing

Pulsed radiofrequency energy device (PEAK plasmablade™) and CustomBone Cranioplasty: an appealing surgical rendez-vous.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Mar 11:1-7. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

a Department of Experimental Biomedicine and Clinical Neurosciences, School of Medicine, Postgraduate Residency Program in Neurological Surgery, Neurosurgical Clinic , AOUP "Paolo Giaccone" , Palermo , Italy.

Background: CustomBone prosthesis is a widely recognized effective and successful technique for the reconstruction of cranial bone defects. Prior the cranioplasty implant, meticulous dissection within thick scar tissue is required. During this delicate surgical manoeuvre is vital to avoid damage to the skin flap itself and to the underlying cerebrovascular structures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1584267DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Recurrent thoracic intramedullary schwannoma: report of two cases with long term follow up.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Mar 5:1-4. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

b Department of Neurosurgery , Park clinic , Kolkata , India.

Occurrence of intramedullary schwannomas is rare as Schwann cells are generally present in the nerve root and not in the spinal cord. To date, approximately around 60 cases of intramedullary schwannoma in patients without neurofibromatosis have been reported in the English literature, of which only eight were children. We describe two cases of thoracic intramedullary schwannomas that recurred after primary excision. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1566516DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Giant spinal nerve sheath tumours - Surgical challenges: case series and literature review.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Mar 5:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

f Consultant Neurosurgeon and Spinal Surgeon , Royal Hallamshire Hospital , Sheffield , UK.

Background: Giant nerve sheath tumours (GNST) are rare and literature on their management is scant. Spinal GNST present as a surgical challenge due to the involvement of anatomical regions often outside the "comfort zone" of a spinal surgeon. This case series aims to identify challenges in the surgical management of GNSTs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1567678DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Trocar assisted distal shunt tube insertion with intra-operative X-Ray confirmation.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Mar 5:1-4. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

a Department of Neurosurgery , Dr. Soliman Fakeeh Hospital , Jeddah , Saudi Arabia.

Trocar assisted distal shunt catheter placement could be an alternative to mini-laparotomy or laporoscopy with good results in comparison to other procedures.

Objects: We report our experience with trocar assisted distal shunt tube placement with intraoperative x-ray to rule-out misplacement.

Methods: Patients having peritoneal distal catheter site placement for ventriculo-peritoneal or lumbo-peritoneal shunts presenting to Dr. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1579890DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Complex spinal dysraphism: myelomenigocele associated with dorsal bony spur, split cord malformation type I, syringomyelia, lipoma and tethered cord.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Mar 5:1-3. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

a Govind Ballabh Pant Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (GIPMER) , Neurosurgery , New Delhi , India.

Variations in split cord malformation (SCM) are known. However, association of SCM type I with myelomeningocele along with same level dorsal bony spur has not been described previously. We report a 1-year old male child who presented with these findings with associated syringomyelia, lipoma and tethered cord. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1584660DOI Listing
March 2019
7 Reads
0.947 Impact Factor

Pituitary carcinomas: review of the current literature and report of atypical case.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Mar 5:1-6. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

a Department of Neurological Surgery, Wexner Medical Center , The Ohio State University College of Medicine , Columbus , OH , USA.

Introduction: Pituitary carcinomas are poorly understood, rare entities. They are distinguished from adenomas not by histopathological features but rather by the presence of metastases.

Objective: We discuss the diagnosis, mechanism of dissemination and pathogenesis based on a review of the literature and illustrated by a singular case. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1582750DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Spontaneous disappearance of a spinal dural arteriovenous fistula.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Mar 5:1-3. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

a Department of Neurosurgery , Paracelsus Medical University , Nuremberg , Germany.

We report a case of an unusual spontaneous obliteration of a spinal dural arteriovenous fistula after diagnosis confirmation through spinal angiography. To our knowledge, there are only two previously documented cases of spontaneous disappearance of non-traumatic spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1584268DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Treatment of L5-S1 spondyloptosis with stand-alone anterior lumbar interbody fusion in a patient with neurofibromatosis.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Mar 4:1-6. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

a Department of Neurological Surgery , Oregon Health & Science University , Portland , OR , USA.

Background: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a multisystem disorder that causes multiple tumor formations throughout the nervous system. Common spinal dysplasias seen with NF1, such as dural ectasia (DE), often undergo modulation and predispose these patients to spondylolisthesis, making surgical treatment challenging.

Case Description: A patient with NF1 presented with a 12-year-history of back and left lower extremity radicular pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1572868DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

The shrinking vestibular schwannoma.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Mar 4:1-2. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

a Neurosurgery , Beaumont Hospital , Dublin , Ireland.

We present a case of spontaneous 79% regression in the size of a vestibular schwannoma (VS). A 41-year-old lady with a large (36 mm) vestibular schwannoma underwent serial follow-up MRI scans which demonstrated the shrinkage over 9 years; the highest relative spontaneous regression recorded in the literature for vestibular schwannoma of this size. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1582749DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Optic nerve sheath fenestration in patients with visual failure associated with vestibular schwannoma.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Mar 4:1-7. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

a Department of Ophthalmology , Royal Hallamshire Hospital , Sheffield , UK.

Background: Papilloedema and visual failure can occur as a consequence of vestibular schwannoma without evidence of hydrocephalus on imaging. Conventional treatment usually includes CSF diversion procedures. We describe here the novel use of optic nerve sheath fenestration in these patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1538482DOI Listing

Splenic haematoma and rupture, a rare complication of ventriculoperitoneal shunt.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Mar 4:1-2. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

d Department of Neurosurgery , Royal Care International Hospital , Khartoum , Sudan.

Complications of ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunts have been well described in the literature. To our knowledge, only two cases with splenic tear have been reported to date. We report here a case of splenic haematoma and rupture caused by the distal catheter looping around the spleen, requiring urgent splenectomy for spontaneous rupture and massive haemorrhage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1522417DOI Listing

Meningioma and mood: exploring the potential for meningioma to affect psychological distress before and after surgical removal.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Mar 4:1-5. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

f Surrey and Borders Partnership NHS Foundation Trust , Leatherhead , United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Background: Much of the research exploring psychological distress with meningioma stem from studies including several brain tumour types (including malignant tumours) meaning that focus on meningioma is limited and that conclusions are based on small samples. Moreover, contradictory findings have been reported regarding the effects of meningioma on mood. Here, the authors present a study exploring pre and post mood scores in meningioma only patients using a sample size larger than any previous research attempt. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1571163DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Diffuse cerebral angiomatosis: a case report with fatal outcome.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Mar 4:1-4. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

a Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán , Mexico City , Mexico.

Diffuse cerebral angiomatosis is a rare disorder of the brain and only 5 cases have been reported to date. We report a 16-year-old female patient who presented to the emergency department with seizures. The patient had no hereditary syndromes, no epistaxis, no skin lesions and no telangiectasia. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02688697.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1567682DOI Listing
March 2019
11 Reads

Spinal epidural capillary hemangioma: case report and review of the literature.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Mar 4:1-4. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

a Department of Neuroscience, Neurosurgery , AOU Cittá della Salute e della Scienza di Torino , Turin , Italy.

Background: Almost all of the epidural hemangiomas reported are cavernous hemangiomas. Purely extradural spinal capillary hemangiomas are very rare. Capillary hemangiomas are hamartomatous malformations that result from proliferations of vascular endothelial cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1562034DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

A prospective randomized clinical trial to evaluate the impact of intraoperative ventilation with high oxygen content on the extent of postoperative pneumocephalus in patients undergoing craniotomies.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Feb 20:1-6. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

a Department of Anesthesiology , The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center , Columbus , Ohio , USA.

Purpose of the article: To determine whether intraoperative ventilation with pure oxygen during the last stage of surgery reduces the occurrence and volume of postoperative pneumocephalus when compared to conventional air/oxygen mixture in patients undergoing craniotomy.

Material And Methods: prospective randomized single-blinded study to compare the rate of occurrence and volume of postoperative pneumocephalus in patients undergoing craniotomy receiving intraoperative ventilation with pure oxygen (Group B) versus a conventional air/oxygen 1:1 mixture (Group A) during the last stage of surgery. This trial was registered in ClinicalTrials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1562031DOI Listing
February 2019

Serum calcium levels at admission is associated with the outcomes in patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Feb 18:1-4. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

a The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University , Suzhou , China.

Background/objective: Hypertensive spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhages (ICH) cause significant morbidity and mortality. In this study, we aimed to investigate the association between calcium level at admission and outcome in hypertensive ICH patients.

Methods: 658 hypertensive ICH patients were enrolled from January 2012 to January 2016 in this retrospective study, and demographic, clinical, laboratory, radiographic, and outcome data were collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1571162DOI Listing
February 2019

An enemy hides in the ceiling; pediatric traumatic brain injury caused by metallic ceiling fan: Case series and literature review.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Feb 18:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

d Department of Neurosurgery , Tokyo Women's Medical University Medical Center East , Tokyo , Japan.

Purpose: We report a series of 29 pediatric patients who sustained head injuries due to metallic ceiling fans. They all were admitted to the Emergency Department of Neurosurgery Teaching Hospital in Baghdad, Iraq, during January 2015 to January 2017.

Results: Pediatric ceiling fan head injuries are characterized by four traits which distinguish them from other types of head injuries; 1- Most of them were because of climbing on or jumping from furniture between the ages of two and five. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1573312DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads
0.947 Impact Factor

Rosai-Dorfman disease with spinal and multiple intracranial involvement: a case report and literature review.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Feb 18:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

b Department of Pathology , People's Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region , Nanning , Guangxi , China.

Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is a condition of unknown etiology, and characterized by the proliferation of histiocytes. RDD most commonly affects lymph nodes, and central nervous system (CNS) involvement is rare. Here, we describe the case of a 43-year-old man who presented with an intradural tumour of the thoracic spine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1567681DOI Listing
February 2019

Endoscopic endonasal surgery for Clival Chordomas - a single institution experience and short term outcomes.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Feb 11:1-6. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

a Department of Neurosurgery , Birmingham University Hospital , Birmingham , England.

Purpose: Clival Chordomas are locally aggressive tumours which pose a significant treatment challenge. Endoscopic endonasal approach for clival chordomas is correlated with higher resection rates and lower morbidity rates in comparison to open approaches. We present our initial single institution experience and short-term patient outcomes following endoscopic endonasal approach for resection of clival chordomas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1567683DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Tectal region papillary neuroglial tumour: a case report.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Feb 11:1-3. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

a Department of Neurological Surgery , University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics , Madison , WI, USA.

Papillary glioneuronal tumor (PGNT) is a rare central nervous system neoplasm. Of reported cases, the vast majority are located in the frontal and temporal lobes. We present the case of a 39-year-old male who presented with a one day history of gait disturbance following chemotherapy treatment for metastatic rectal adenocarcinoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1562035DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Intra-operative imaging for spinal level localisation in lumbar surgery.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Feb 11:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

a Department of Neurosurgery , Cork University Hospital , Wilton, Cork , Republic of Ireland.

Study Design: Retrospective review of the practice of 3 surgeons in a single centre during a 1-year period.

Objective: We aimed to investigate our adherence to the Society of British Neurological Surgeons (SBNS) guidelines regarding intra-operative imaging during lumbar surgery and to determine if this has any impact on length of surgery or complications rates, in particular rates of wrong-level surgery.

Background: The SBNS recommends three x-rays for intra-operative spinal localisation - one prior to incision, the second after exposure of the laminae and before the commencement of decompression, and the third at the end of the operation to confirm the adequacy of decompression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1562030DOI Listing
February 2019
8 Reads

Primary neurolymphomatosis of the trigeminal nerve.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Feb 11:1-4. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

a Department of Neurosurgery , Asahikawa Medical University , Hokkaido , Japan.

We report a case of a primary malignant lymphoma of the trigeminal nerve that was associated with facial pain. A 65-year-old man was examined at another hospital for unilateral facial pain. Carbamazepine was prescribed, but his symptoms did not improve. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1568391DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

One year failure rates for de-novo ventriculo-peritoneal shunts in under 3-month-old children.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Feb 8:1-3. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

a Department of Paediatric Neurosurgery , University Hospital of Wales , Cardiff , UK.

Introduction: Ventriculo-peritoneal shunts (VPS) are still the mainstay treatment for hydrocephalus in children. It is generally accepted that VPS failure and infection rates are higher for neonates than for older children. We compared our 1-year failure and infection rates in under 3-month-old children compared with older children in our department. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1563286DOI Listing
February 2019

Polymethylmethacrylate cranioplasty using low-cost customised 3D printed moulds for cranial defects - a single Centre experience: technical note.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Feb 8:1-3. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

a Department of Neurosurgery, Clinical Hospital Centre Zagreb , Zagreb University School of Medicine , Zagreb , Croatia.

We report our experience with 3D customised cranioplasties for large cranial defects. They were made by casting bone cement in custom made moulds at the time of surgery. Between October 2015 and January 2018, 29 patients underwent the procedure; 25 underwent elective cranioplasties for large cranial defects and four were bone tumour resection and reconstruction cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1566514DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Trends, past current and future.

Authors:
Patrick Mitchell

Br J Neurosurg 2019 02 5;33(1):1-2. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

a Newcastle University, Neurosurgical Trials Unit, C.A.V. , Newcastle , UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1558747DOI Listing
February 2019

Surgical treatment of foreign body embolus in the Middle cerebral artery secondary to neck injury.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 29:1-6. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

a Department of Neurosurgery, The Third Affiliated Hospital , Sun Yat-Sen University , Guangzhou , China.

Background: We report a case of a foreign body embolus to the middle cerebral artery and reviewed similar cases previously reported.

Methods: A 30-year-old man was seen 72 days after a penetrating neck injury with a 1-month history of numbness in the left limb and impairment of the fine movement in the left hand. Radiological examination revealed a foreign body in the M2 portion of the right middle cerebral artery (MCA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1556781DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Evacuation assisted by endoscopy has better efficacy for supratentorial intracerebral hematoma than CT-guided minimally invasive aspiration: a retrospective observational cohort study.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 29:1-4. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

a Department of Neurosurgery , The Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University , Suzhou , China.

Objective: This retrospective study aimed to compare the efficacy of evacuation assisted by endoscopy and CT-guided minimally invasive aspiration for supratentorial intracerebral hematoma (SICH).

Methods: Total 81 patients were classified into two groups to receive evacuation assisted by endoscopy or CT-guided minimally invasive aspiration. The therapeutic outcomes were compared between two groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1559273DOI Listing
January 2019

Good functional outcome following bilateral external capsule hemorrhage mimicking bilateral basal ganglia hemorrhage in a coma patient.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 29:1-3. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

a Neurology Department, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College , Huazhong University of Science and Technology , Wuhan , China.

Simultaneous spontaneous bilateral external capsule hemorrhage is a rare clinical entity with extremely poor outcome. However, knowledge on the effective management of this fatal disease is limited. Herein,we described a case of a 42-year-old man with acute coma and quadriplegia as well as respiratory failure related to the disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1559276DOI Listing
January 2019
0.947 Impact Factor

Neurosurgery summer event for students by students: sharing interests.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 29:1-2. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

b Department of Neurosurgery , Radboud University Medical Center , Nijmegen , The Netherlands.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1540768DOI Listing
January 2019
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Cranial vault unicameral bone cyst.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 29:1-2. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

b Clinical Neuropathology , Kings College Hospital NHS Trust , London , UK.

Introduction: Unicameral bone cysts (UBC), also known as simple bone cysts, are common benign bone lesions filled with fluid, primarily occurring in children and adolescents. Although they can develop in any bone, UBCs usually affect the long bones.

Materials & Methods: A 53 year old male patient was found incidentally to have a calvarian lesion in the parietal region overlying the superior sagittal sinus (SSS) ( Figure 1 ). Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02688697.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1519113DOI Listing
January 2019
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The largest malignant peripheral nerve sheath arising from the gluteal region: case report.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 27:1-3. Epub 2019 Jan 27.

b Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine , Jordan University of Science & Technology , Irbid , Jordan.

We report a unique case of a huge malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor with probable smooth muscle differentiation. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02688697.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1562033DOI Listing
January 2019
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High altitude hypoxia on brain ultrastructure of rats and Hsp70 expression changes.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 27:1-4. Epub 2019 Jan 27.

b Neurosurgery , Lanzhou University Second Hospital , Lanzhou , China.

Objective: This study aims to investigate the biological significance of heat shock protein (HSP70) in adaptation to high altitude hypoxia.

Methods: Ninety male SD rats were randomly divided into 10 groups: Acute plateau hypoxia group (group 5) and chronic high altitude hypoxia group (group 3), and control group (group 2).Changes in HSP gene and HSP protein expression in brain tissues of SD rats at different altitudes were determined by Western blot and conventional RT-PCR, while an optical and transmission electron microscope was used to observe the cell structure changes of animal brain tissues. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1519108DOI Listing
January 2019
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Percutaneous endoscopic decompression for calcified thoracic disc herniation using a novel T rigid bendable burr.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 28:1-3. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

c Orthopedic Department , The General Hospital of Chinese PLA , Beijing , China.

Background: The basic endoscopic instruments are not suitable for removing calcified or hard discs in patients with thoracic disc herniations (TDH). We describe a percutaneous endoscopic technique for the treatment of calcified TDH using an endoscopic drill system with a T rigid bendable burr.

Methods: Eleven patients (8 males, mean age 42. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1557593DOI Listing
January 2019

Obstructive hydrocephalus secondary to a perianeurysmal cyst: a case report.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 27:1-3. Epub 2019 Jan 27.

a Department of Neurosurgery , Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham , Birmingham , United Kingdom.

Perianeurysmal cysts are an extremely rare association with cerebral aneurysms. We report the case of a 64 year old male who presented with obstructive hydrocephalus due to a perianeurysmal cyst. The cyst originated in association with a thrombosed, right-sided, terminal internal carotid artery aneurysm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1559277DOI Listing
January 2019
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Association of CD40 SNPs with Moyamoya in a Chinese children population.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 25:1-4. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

a Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery , Children's Hospital of Fudan University , Shanghai , China.

Background: The etiology of Moyamoya disease (MMD) remains unknown to a large extent. Immune and inflammation dysfunction may play a role in the pathogenesis of this rare disease. Coexisting Kawasaki disease (KD) with MMD were reported and both diseases have a feature of vasculopathy, raising the hypothesis that there may be some common pathologic factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1559275DOI Listing
January 2019
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Quantitative and qualitative analyses of spinal canal encroachment during cervical laminectomy using the kerrison rongeur versus High-Speed burr.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 25:1-4. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

a The Spine Hospital , New York Presbyterian/Columbia University Medical Center , New York , NY , USA.

Background: Several cervical laminectomy techniques have been described. One commonly used method involves making bilateral trough laminotomies using either a Kerrison rongeur or a high speed burr, and then removing the lamina en-bloc. Alternatively, some surgeons prefer to thin the lamina with the burr, and then remove the lamina in a piecemeal fashion using Kerrison rongeurs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1559274DOI Listing
January 2019