Search our Database of Scientific Publications and Authors

I’m looking for a

    454 results match your criteria British Journal of Developmental Psychology [Journal]

    1 OF 10

    My mind, your mind, and God's mind: How children and adults conceive of different agents' moral beliefs.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2018 Jan 16. Epub 2018 Jan 16.
    Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, USA.
    Extending prior research on belief attributions, we investigated the extent to which 5- to 8-year-olds and adults distinguish their beliefs and other humans' beliefs from God's beliefs. In Study 1, children reported that all agents held the same beliefs, whereas adults drew greater distinctions among agents. For example, adults reported that God was less likely than humans to view behaviors as morally acceptable. Read More

    Parenting differentially influences the development of boys' and girls' inhibitory control.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2018 Jan 3. Epub 2018 Jan 3.
    Western University, London, Ontario, Canada.
    Effortful control (EC) has important implications for children's development. While both child sex and parenting are related to child EC, and while a literature shows early sex differences in children's responses to care, interactions between care and child sex in predicting EC are not well understood. We therefore examined associations between child sex and early caregiving as predictors of children's development of a specific aspect of EC, inhibitory control (IC). Read More

    Feeling out a link between feeling and infant sociomoral evaluation.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Dec 28. Epub 2017 Dec 28.
    Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
    Recent research has shown that infants selectively approach prosocial versus antisocial characters, suggesting that foundations of sociomoral development may be present early in life. Despite this, to date, the mental processes involved in infants' prosocial preferences are poorly understood. To explore a possible role of emotions in early social evaluations, the current studies examined whether four samples of infants and toddlers express different emotional reactions after observing prosocial (giving) versus antisocial (taking) events. Read More

    Mental rotation and the human body: Children's inflexible use of embodiment mirrors that of adults.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Dec 25. Epub 2017 Dec 25.
    Institute of Psychology, University of Kassel, Germany.
    Adults' mental rotation performance with body-like stimuli is enhanced if these stimuli are anatomically compatible with a human body, but decreased by anatomically incompatible stimuli. In this study, we investigated these effects for kindergartners and first-graders: When asked to mentally rotate cube configurations attached with human body parts in an anatomically compatible way, allowing for the projection of a human body, children performed better than with pure cube combinations. By contrast, when body parts were attached in an anatomically incompatible way, disallowing the projection of a human body, children performed worse than with pure combinations. Read More

    Developmental effects of stimulus gender and the social context in which it appears on threat detection.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Dec 19. Epub 2017 Dec 19.
    Psychology Department and the Integrated Brain and Behavior Research Center, University of Haifa, Israel.
    This study used a hands-free eye-tracking visual search (VS) task to examine possible developmental differences in target detection. Thirty-two young adults and 27 youth were asked to detect a fearful face (male or female) among a crowd of either neutral or happy faces. Fearful male faces were detected faster than fearful female faces, but only by young adults and only when displayed among neutral faces. Read More

    Strong and strategic conformity understanding by 3- and 5-year-old children.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Dec 18. Epub 2017 Dec 18.
    Emory Infant and Child Lab, Department of Psychology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.
    'Strong conformity' corresponds to the public endorsement of majority opinions that are in blatant contradiction to one's own correct perceptual judgements of the situation. We tested strong conformity inference by 3- and 5-year-old children using a third-person perspective paradigm. Results show that at neither age, children spontaneously expect that an ostracized third-party individual who wants to affiliate with the majority group will show strong conformity. Read More

    Reluctance to express emotion explains relation between cognitive distortions and social competence in anxious children.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Dec 12. Epub 2017 Dec 12.
    Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, USA.
    Guided by social information processing and affective social competence models, the focal objective of this research was to examine the relations among anxious children's cognitive distortions, social skill competence, and reluctance to express emotion. In addition, we explored whether children's attention control played any meaningful role. Using a sample of 111 anxious children (Mage  = 9. Read More

    Which limb is it? Responses to vibrotactile stimulation in early infancy.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Dec 11. Epub 2017 Dec 11.
    Laboratoire Psychologie de la Perception, Centre Biomédical des Saints-Pères, Université Paris Descartes, CNRS UMR 8242, France.
    This study focuses on how the body schema develops during the first months of life, by investigating infants' motor responses to localized vibrotactile stimulation on their limbs. Vibrotactile stimulation was provided by small buzzers that were attached to the infants' four limbs one at a time. Four age groups were compared cross-sectionally (3-, 4-, 5-, and 6-month-olds). Read More

    Family and individual variables associated with young Filipino children's numeracy interest and competence.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Nov 23. Epub 2017 Nov 23.
    The Chinese University of Hong Kong, China.
    Children's early numeracy outcomes set the foundation for mathematics learning in their future school years. This study examined how different family and individual variables were associated with the numeracy interest and competence of disadvantaged young children in the Philippines. The numeracy and literacy skills of 673 children living in low-middle income communities were tested. Read More

    Grade-related differences in strategy use in multidigit division in two instructional settings.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Nov 23. Epub 2017 Nov 23.
    Center for Instructional Psychology and Technology, KU Leuven, Belgium.
    We aimed to investigate upper elementary children's strategy use in the domain of multidigit division in two instructional settings: the Netherlands and Flanders (Belgium). A cross-sectional sample of 119 Dutch and 122 Flemish fourth to sixth graders solved a varied set of multidigit division problems. With latent class analysis, three distinct strategy profiles were identified: children consistently using number-based strategies, children combining the use of column-based and number-based strategies, and children combining the use of digit-based and number-based strategies. Read More

    The I in autism: Severity and social functioning in autism are related to self-processing.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Nov 21. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
    Division of Psychology, Abertay University, Dundee, UK.
    It is well established that children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) show impaired understanding of others and deficits within social functioning. However, it is still unknown whether self-processing is related to these impairments and to what extent self impacts social functioning and communication. Using an ownership paradigm, we show that children with ASD and chronological- and verbal-age-matched typically developing (TD) children do show the self-referential effect in memory. Read More

    Longitudinal pathways between mental health difficulties and academic performance during middle childhood and early adolescence.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Nov 18. Epub 2017 Nov 18.
    UCL Institute of Education, University College London, UK.
    There is a growing appreciation that child functioning in different domains, levels, or systems are interrelated over time. Here, we investigate links between internalizing symptoms, externalizing problems, and academic attainment during middle childhood and early adolescence, drawing on two large data sets (child: mean age 8.7 at enrolment, n = 5,878; adolescent: mean age 11. Read More

    Unique contribution of Ecuadorian kindergartners' spontaneous focusing on numerosity to their early numerical abilities.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Nov 14. Epub 2017 Nov 14.
    KU Leuven, Belgium.
    Recent evidence indicates that young children's spontaneous focusing on numerosity (SFON) uniquely contributes to their early numerical abilities. This study complements previous findings by validating the relation between young children's SFON and their early numerical abilities in a developing country, namely Ecuador. We analysed 355 Ecuadorian 5- to 6-year-olds' SFON in relation to their early numerical abilities at the start of kindergarten, controlling for children's socio-demographic (socio-economic status, age) and general cognitive (working memory, intelligence) characteristics. Read More

    Children's understanding of multiplication and division: Insights from a pooled analysis of seven studies conducted across 7 years.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Nov 14. Epub 2017 Nov 14.
    McGill University and University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada.
    Research suggests that children's conceptual understanding of multiplication and division is weak and that it remains poor well into the later elementary school years. Further, children's understanding of fundamental concepts such as inversion and associativity does not improve as they progress from grades 6 to 8. Instead, some children simply possess strong understanding while others do not. Read More

    Longitudinal development of subtraction performance in elementary school.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Oct 5. Epub 2017 Oct 5.
    LEAD Graduate School & Research Network, University of Tuebingen, Germany.
    A major goal of education in elementary mathematics is the mastery of arithmetic operations. However, research on subtraction is rather scarce, probably because subtraction is often implicitly assumed to be cognitively similar to addition, its mathematical inverse. To evaluate this assumption, we examined the relation between the borrow effect in subtraction and the carry effect in addition, and the developmental trajectory of the borrow effect in children using a choice reaction paradigm in a longitudinal study. Read More

    Developmental cascade models linking peer victimization, depression, and academic achievement in Chinese children.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Oct 4. Epub 2017 Oct 4.
    China Executive Leadership Academy, Shanghai, China.
    This study explored the longitudinal relations among peer victimization, depression, and academic achievement in Chinese primary school students. Participants were N = 945 fourth-grade students (485 boys, 460 girls; Mage  = 10.16 years, SD = 2 months) attending elementary schools in Shanghai, People's Republic of China. Read More

    Assessment and conceptual remediation of basic calculation skills in elementary school students.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Sep 26. Epub 2017 Sep 26.
    Medical Department (Labor Widen), School of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece.
    The specific domain model for math disabilities postulates a core number deficit which presents a prime target for remedial interventions. This longitudinal study identified two groups of Grade 3 students based on their basic calculation abilities: students with persistent difficulties through Grade 4 (PD group) and students whose performance improved into the average range (IP group). Baseline data revealed a distinct cognitive profile for students in the PD group featuring predominant deficits in symbolic number processing. Read More

    Social, cognitive, and physiological aspects of humour perception from 4 to 8 months: Two longitudinal studies.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Sep 25. Epub 2017 Sep 25.
    Department of Behavioral Sciences, Johnson State College, Johnson, Vermont, USA.
    Infants laugh by 4 months, but whether they understand humour based on social or cognitive factors is unclear. We conducted two longitudinal studies of 4-, 6-, and 8-month-olds (N = 60), and 5-, 6-, and 7-month-olds (N = 53) to pinpoint the onset of independent humour perception and determine when social and cognitive factors are most salient. Infants were shown six events in randomized repeated-measures designs: two ordinary events and two absurd iterations of those events, with parents' affect manipulated (laugh or neutral) during the latter. Read More

    Children's reasoning with peers in cooperative and competitive contexts.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Sep 21. Epub 2017 Sep 21.
    Department of Developmental and Comparative Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany.
    We report two studies that demonstrate how five- and seven-year-olds adapt their production of arguments to either a cooperative or a competitive context. Two games elicited agreements from peer dyads about placing animals on either of two halves of a playing field owned by either child. Children had to produce arguments to justify these decisions. Read More

    'Things aren't so bad!': Preschoolers overpredict the emotional intensity of negative outcomes.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Nov 13;35(4):623-627. Epub 2017 Sep 13.
    University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
    Adults often overpredict the emotional intensity of future events, but little is known about whether this 'intensity bias' is present in early childhood. We asked 48 3- to 5-year-olds to (1) predict and (2) report their emotions concerning two desirable (receiving four stickers, scoring up to two points in a ball toss) and two undesirable (receiving one sticker, scoring no points) outcomes. Children showed the intensity bias by overpredicting how negatively they would feel if they received one sticker, but not for scoring no points. Read More

    Serial order working memory and numerical ordinal processing share common processes and predict arithmetic abilities.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Sep 12. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    Psychology and Neuroscience of Cognition Research Unit, University of Liege, Belgium.
    Recent studies have demonstrated that both ordinal number processing and serial order working memory (WM) abilities predict calculation achievement. This raises the question of shared ordinal processes operating in both numerical and WM domains. We explored this question by assessing the interrelations between numerical ordinal, serial order WM, and arithmetic abilities in 102 7- to 9-year-old children. Read More

    Visualization instructions enhance preschoolers' spatial problem-solving.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Sep 11. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA.
    This study explores whether verbal instructions to visualize an event can improve children's ability to make predictions about a difficult spatial problem. Three-year-olds (N = 48) were introduced to two intertwined tubes, and prior to predicting how a ball would travel through a given tube, one group of children was told to imagine the ball rolling down the tube, one group was told an explicit rule about where the ball would land, and a third group was given no instructions. Children were prevented from interacting with the apparatus to investigate the effect of the different verbal instructions alone on their problem-solving. Read More

    Perceptual support promotes strategy generation: Evidence from equation solving.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Aug 30. Epub 2017 Aug 30.
    University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana, USA.
    Over time, children shift from using less optimal strategies for solving mathematics problems to using better ones. But why do children generate new strategies? We argue that they do so when they begin to encode problems more accurately; therefore, we hypothesized that perceptual support for correct encoding would foster strategy generation. Fourth-grade students solved mathematical equivalence problems (e. Read More

    The approximate number system and domain-general abilities as predictors of math ability in children with normal hearing and hearing loss.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Aug 29. Epub 2017 Aug 29.
    University of Aberdeen, UK.
    Many children with hearing loss (CHL) show a delay in mathematical achievement compared to children with normal hearing (CNH). This study examined whether there are differences in acuity of the approximate number system (ANS) between CHL and CNH, and whether ANS acuity is related to math achievement. Working memory (WM), short-term memory (STM), and inhibition were considered as mediators of any relationship between ANS acuity and math achievement. Read More

    The underlying structure of visuospatial working memory in children with mathematical learning disability.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Aug 18. Epub 2017 Aug 18.
    Department of Psychology, University of Cambridge, UK.
    This study examined visual, spatial-sequential, and spatial-simultaneous working memory (WM) performance in children with mathematical learning disability (MLD) and low mathematics achievement (LMA) compared with typically developing (TD) children. Groups were matched on reading decoding performance and verbal intelligence. Besides statistical significance testing, we used bootstrap confidence interval estimation and computed effect sizes. Read More

    Level-2 perspectives computed quickly and spontaneously: Evidence from eight- to 9.5-year-old children.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Nov 18;35(4):609-622. Epub 2017 Aug 18.
    Institute of Psychology, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary.
    It has been widely assumed that computing how a scene looks from another perspective (level-2 perspective taking, PT) is an effortful process, as opposed to the automatic capacity of tracking visual access to objects (level-1 PT). Recently, adults have been found to compute both forms of visual perspectives in a quick but context-sensitive way, indicating that the two functions share more features than previously assumed. However, the developmental literature still shows the dissociation between automatic level-1 and effortful level-2 PT. Read More

    The relationship between learning mathematics and general cognitive ability in primary school.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Aug 12. Epub 2017 Aug 12.
    Psychology and Human Development, UCL Institute of Education, London, UK.
    Three relationships between learning mathematics and general cognitive ability have been hypothesized: The educational hypothesis that learning mathematics develops general cognitive skills, the psychometric hypothesis that differences in general cognitive ability cause differences in mathematical attainment, and the reciprocal influence hypothesis that developments in mathematical ability and general cognitive ability influence each other. These hypotheses are assessed with a sample of 948 children from the Twins Early Development Study who were assessed at 7, 9, and 10 years on mathematics, English, and general cognitive ability. A cross-lagged path analysis with mathematics and general cognitive ability measures supports the reciprocal influence hypothesis between 7 and 9 and between 9 and 10. Read More

    Two-year-olds can socially learn to think divergently.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Aug 9. Epub 2017 Aug 9.
    Department of Psychology, University of Sheffield, UK.
    This study aimed to discover whether 2-year-olds can socially learn to think divergently. Two-year-olds (N = 22) who saw an experimenter model a high level of divergent thinking on the Unusual Box Test (modelling 25 different actions, once each) went on to demonstrate a higher level of divergent thinking themselves than (N = 22) children who saw a low level of modelling (five different actions, once each), where divergent thinking was measured by the number of different actions children produced that had not been modelled by the experimenter. Additionally, all children in both High and Low Divergence conditions had higher divergent thinking than imitation scores, where imitation involved copying the experimenter's previous actions. Read More

    Infants preferentially approach and explore the unexpected.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Nov 9;35(4):596-608. Epub 2017 Aug 9.
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA.
    Looking time experiments based on the violation-of-expectation (VOE) method have consistently demonstrated that infants look longer when their expectations are violated. However, it remains an open question whether similar effects will be observed in infants' approach behaviours. Specifically, do infants selectively approach and explore sources that violate their expectations? In this study, we address this question by examining how infants' looking times are related to their approach and exploration behaviours. Read More

    The developmental stability of inhibition from 2 to 5 years.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Nov 9;35(4):582-595. Epub 2017 Aug 9.
    Department of Developmental Psychology, Ludwig-Maximilian-University Munich, Germany.
    Executive functions or cognitive self-regulatory control processes are critical for children's ability to successfully navigate their academic and social environment. In this study, we focused on the development of one critical executive function skill, that of inhibitory control. In a longitudinal study, we tested 96 children at 24, 30, 36, 50, and 60 months of age with age-appropriate measures of inhibition. Read More

    The role of sleep in the relation between young children's mobile media use and effortful control.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Aug 9. Epub 2017 Aug 9.
    University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    We explored the relations among young children's mobile media use, sleep, and a form of self-regulation, temperamental effortful control (EC), among a national sample of 402 mothers who completed an online survey. We found that the relation between mobile media use and EC was moderated by children's sleep time. Tablet use was negatively related to EC only among children who slept less at night (40% of our sample). Read More

    'Will I want these stickers tomorrow?' Preschoolers' ability to predict current and future needs.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Nov 20;35(4):568-581. Epub 2017 Jul 20.
    Centre for Behaviour and Evolution, Newcastle University, UK.
    Between 3 and 5 years of age, children develop the ability to plan for their own and others' future needs; however, they have great difficulty predicting future needs that conflict with current ones. Importantly, this ability has only been tested in the domain of physiological states (e.g. Read More

    The development of non-essentialist concepts of ethnicity among children in a multicultural London community.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Nov 19;35(4):546-567. Epub 2017 Jul 19.
    School of Applied Social Studies, Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, UK.
    Ethnic constancy, the belief that a person cannot change ethnicity, is an important component of ethnic essentialism, the conviction that members of ethnic groups share an immutable underlying essence. Most children in previous research viewed ethnicity as increasingly immutable with age. However, some evidence suggests that children growing up in communities, which define ethnicity primarily in terms of changeable features (e. Read More

    Antecedents of transition patterns of depressive symptom trajectories from adolescence to young adulthood.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Nov 14;35(4):498-515. Epub 2017 Jul 14.
    Department of Human Development and Family Science, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA.
    This study examined (a) transition patterns from adolescent-specific depressive symptom trajectory classes to young adult-specific trajectory classes (N = 537; 15-26 years) and (b) identified risk factors associated with these transition patterns. The latent classes and transition analyses identified three transitional patterns of depressive symptom trajectories, including a deteriorating pattern (8.2%), a recovering pattern (22. Read More

    The influence of familiar characters and other appealing images on young children's preference for low-quality objects.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Sep 29;35(3):476-481. Epub 2017 Jun 29.
    School of Behavioral and Brain Sciences, The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, Texas, USA.
    This study examines the factors underlying young children's preference for products bearing a familiar character's image. Three-year-olds (N = 92) chose between low-quality objects with images on or near the objects and high-quality objects without images. Children showed stronger preferences for damaged objects bearing images of a preferred familiar character than for objects bearing images of a preferred colour star, and they showed weak preferences for damaged objects with the character near, but not on, the object. Read More

    Strategic communication related to academic performance: Evidence from China.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Sep 23;35(3):469-475. Epub 2017 Jun 23.
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA.
    We examined a range of forms of strategic communication relevant to academic performance among 151 seventh- and eleventh-grade adolescents in China. Participants were asked to rate the frequency of their engagement of strategic communication and to evaluate the possible motives for each strategy. The most commonly adopted strategy was to give a vague response about one's own performance, and the predominant motives for strategic communication were the desires to outcompete others, to be prosocial, and to be modest. Read More

    Child shyness and peer likeability: The moderating role of pragmatics and vocabulary.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Nov 20;35(4):531-545. Epub 2017 Jun 20.
    Department of Psychology, National University of Singapore, Singapore.
    The association between shyness and children's likeability by peers was examined, with pragmatic difficulty and receptive and expressive vocabularies as moderators. Participants were 164 preschoolers (72 boys, 92 girls) between 52 and 79 months old in Singapore. A cross-informant methodology was used, with peers and teachers contributing to separate peer likeability ratings. Read More

    Changing predictions, stable recognition: Children's representations of downward incline motion.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Nov 17;35(4):516-530. Epub 2017 Jun 17.
    University of Cambridge, UK.
    Various studies to-date have demonstrated children hold ill-conceived expressed beliefs about the physical world such as that one ball will fall faster than another because it is heavier. At the same time, they also demonstrate accurate recognition of dynamic events. How these representations relate is still unresolved. Read More

    Predictors and the distal outcome of general Internet use: The identification of children's developmental trajectories.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Nov 17;35(4):483-497. Epub 2017 May 17.
    Utah State University, Logan, Utah, USA.
    This study examined the predictors and distal outcome in relation to the frequency of online activities and investigated the presence of prototypical trajectories following different patterns of general Internet use over 5 years. The data set consisted of a nationally representative sample of 2,840 fourth graders (Mage  = 9.86 years) in South Korea at baseline. Read More

    The effects of early institutionalization on emotional face processing: evidence for sparing via an experience-dependent mechanism.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Sep 4;35(3):439-453. Epub 2017 May 4.
    Harvard Medical School, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.
    Early psychosocial deprivation has profound adverse effects on children's brain and behavioural development, including abnormalities in physical growth, intellectual function, social cognition, and emotional development. Nevertheless, the domain of emotional face processing has appeared in previous research to be relatively spared; here, we test for possible sleeper effects emerging in early adolescence. This study employed event-related potentials (ERPs) to examine the neural correlates of facial emotion processing in 12-year-old children who took part in a randomized controlled trial of foster care as an intervention for early institutionalization. Read More

    Reliability and validity of advanced theory-of-mind measures in middle childhood and adolescence.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Sep 2;35(3):454-462. Epub 2017 May 2.
    The Graduate Center, City University of New York, New York, USA.
    Although theory-of-mind (ToM) development is well documented for early childhood, there is increasing research investigating changes in ToM reasoning in middle childhood and adolescence. However, the psychometric properties of most advanced ToM measures for use with older children and adolescents have not been firmly established. We report on the reliability and validity of widely used, conventional measures of advanced ToM with this age group. Read More

    Developing understanding of object fall: Going beyond inhibitory processes.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Sep 2;35(3):463-468. Epub 2017 May 2.
    Faculty of Education, University of Cambridge, UK.
    A study is reported where 118 participants aged between 10 years and early 20s drew the trajectories they expected objects to follow as they fell. The younger participants typically anticipated backward trajectories during fall from moving carriers while forward but non-parabolic trajectories were relatively more frequent amongst the older participants. Both patterns suggest strong sociocultural influences, with implications for models that regard development in this area as purely the inhibition of principles established in infancy. Read More

    Adolescent externalizing behaviour, psychological control, and peer rejection: Transactional links and dopaminergic moderation.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Sep 24;35(3):420-438. Epub 2017 Mar 24.
    Parenting and Special Education Research Group, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, KU Leuven, Belgium.
    This study investigated (1) reciprocal links among parental psychological control, peer rejection, and adolescent externalizing (aggressive and rule-breaking behaviour), and (2) the moderating effect of an adolescent genetic factor (biologically informed polygenic score for dopamine signalling). Three-year longitudinal data from 1,116 adolescents (51% boys; M age = 13.79) and their parents included psychological measures (adolescent-reported psychological control, peer-reported rejection, and parent-reported aggressive and rule-breaking behaviour). Read More

    The development and correlates of gender role attitudes in African American youth.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Sep 23;35(3):406-419. Epub 2017 Feb 23.
    The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, USA.
    This research examined the longitudinal trajectories and family correlates of gender role attitudes in African American youth in a sample of 166 sibling pairs residing with their mothers and fathers. Multilevel modelling revealed that (1) girls and boys exhibited significant declines in gender attitude traditionality from ages 9 to 15 that levelled off through age 18, (2) mothers' (but not fathers') gender role attitude traditionality was positively related to youth's attitude traditionality, and (3) within-person variation in mothers' (but not fathers') racial discrimination experiences was negatively related to within-person variation in youth's gender role attitude traditionality. The utility of applying a cultural ecological framework within an ethnic homogenous, accelerated longitudinal design to understand African American family processes, in conjunction with the intersectionality between race and gender, is the focus of the discussion. Read More

    Profiles of adolescent religiousness using latent profile analysis: Implications for psychopathology.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Mar;35(1):91-105
    Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA.
    Prior research has documented robust associations between adolescent religiousness/spirituality (R/S) and psychopathology outcomes including externalizing and internalizing symptomatology, yet no previous studies have examined these associations with adolescent R/S profiles using a person-centred approach. We examined whether there are identifiable subgroups characterized by unique multidimensional patterns of R/S experiences and how these experiences may be related to externalizing and internalizing symptomatology. The sample consisted of 220 Appalachian adolescents between 12 and 18 years old who were primarily White and primarily Christian. Read More

    Is God just a big person? Children's conceptions of God across cultures and religious traditions.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Mar;35(1):60-75
    University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.
    The present research examines the influence of intuitive cognitive domain and religion on the God concepts of children growing up in religious traditions that present God in ways varying from abstract to concrete. In Study 1, we compared children from a Latter-Day Saints (LDS) background with those from mainstream Christian (MC) backgrounds in the United States. In contrast to MC theology that holds that God is all-knowing, all-powerful, and disembodied, LDS theology depicts God as embodied. Read More

    Progress on nature and nurture: Commentary on Granqvist and Nkara's 'Nature meets nurture in religious and spiritual development'.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Mar;35(1):156-161
    Bucknell University, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, USA.
    This commentary addresses several key ideas in the Granqvist and Nkara (this issue) conceptual piece on the need for a more sophisticated understanding of how nature and nurture interact to influence religious and spiritual development. Cultural and genetic factors are explored. Read More

    Varieties of social experience: The religious cultural context of diverse spiritual exemplars.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Mar;35(1):127-141
    Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California, USA.
    From cultural developmental and relational developmental systems perspectives, the current study employed an exemplar research design along with qualitative content analysis to gain deeper understanding of how adolescents perceived the social influences on their religious and spiritual development (RSD) among religiously and culturally diverse youth. The sample included interviews of 28 highly spiritual youth aged 12-21 years (M = 17.73 years) from six countries and eight different religious traditions. Read More

    1 OF 10