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    434 results match your criteria British Journal of Developmental Psychology [Journal]

    1 OF 9

    'Things aren't so bad!': Preschoolers overpredict the emotional intensity of negative outcomes.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Sep 13. Epub 2017 Sep 13.
    University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
    Adults often overpredict the emotional intensity of future events, but little is known about whether this 'intensity bias' is present in early childhood. We asked 48 3- to 5-year-olds to (1) predict and (2) report their emotions concerning two desirable (receiving four stickers, scoring up to two points in a ball toss) and two undesirable (receiving one sticker, scoring no points) outcomes. Children showed the intensity bias by overpredicting how negatively they would feel if they received one sticker, but not for scoring no points. Read More

    Serial order working memory and numerical ordinal processing share common processes and predict arithmetic abilities.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Sep 12. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    Psychology and Neuroscience of Cognition Research Unit, University of Liege, Belgium.
    Recent studies have demonstrated that both ordinal number processing and serial order working memory (WM) abilities predict calculation achievement. This raises the question of shared ordinal processes operating in both numerical and WM domains. We explored this question by assessing the interrelations between numerical ordinal, serial order WM, and arithmetic abilities in 102 7- to 9-year-old children. Read More

    Visualization instructions enhance preschoolers' spatial problem-solving.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Sep 11. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA.
    This study explores whether verbal instructions to visualize an event can improve children's ability to make predictions about a difficult spatial problem. Three-year-olds (N = 48) were introduced to two intertwined tubes, and prior to predicting how a ball would travel through a given tube, one group of children was told to imagine the ball rolling down the tube, one group was told an explicit rule about where the ball would land, and a third group was given no instructions. Children were prevented from interacting with the apparatus to investigate the effect of the different verbal instructions alone on their problem-solving. Read More

    Perceptual support promotes strategy generation: Evidence from equation solving.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Aug 30. Epub 2017 Aug 30.
    University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana, USA.
    Over time, children shift from using less optimal strategies for solving mathematics problems to using better ones. But why do children generate new strategies? We argue that they do so when they begin to encode problems more accurately; therefore, we hypothesized that perceptual support for correct encoding would foster strategy generation. Fourth-grade students solved mathematical equivalence problems (e. Read More

    The approximate number system and domain-general abilities as predictors of math ability in children with normal hearing and hearing loss.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Aug 29. Epub 2017 Aug 29.
    University of Aberdeen, UK.
    Many children with hearing loss (CHL) show a delay in mathematical achievement compared to children with normal hearing (CNH). This study examined whether there are differences in acuity of the approximate number system (ANS) between CHL and CNH, and whether ANS acuity is related to math achievement. Working memory (WM), short-term memory (STM), and inhibition were considered as mediators of any relationship between ANS acuity and math achievement. Read More

    The underlying structure of visuospatial working memory in children with mathematical learning disability.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Aug 18. Epub 2017 Aug 18.
    Department of Psychology, University of Cambridge, UK.
    This study examined visual, spatial-sequential, and spatial-simultaneous working memory (WM) performance in children with mathematical learning disability (MLD) and low mathematics achievement (LMA) compared with typically developing (TD) children. Groups were matched on reading decoding performance and verbal intelligence. Besides statistical significance testing, we used bootstrap confidence interval estimation and computed effect sizes. Read More

    Level-2 perspectives computed quickly and spontaneously: Evidence from eight- to 9.5-year-old children.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Aug 18. Epub 2017 Aug 18.
    Institute of Psychology, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary.
    It has been widely assumed that computing how a scene looks from another perspective (level-2 perspective taking, PT) is an effortful process, as opposed to the automatic capacity of tracking visual access to objects (level-1 PT). Recently, adults have been found to compute both forms of visual perspectives in a quick but context-sensitive way, indicating that the two functions share more features than previously assumed. However, the developmental literature still shows the dissociation between automatic level-1 and effortful level-2 PT. Read More

    The relationship between learning mathematics and general cognitive ability in primary school.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Aug 12. Epub 2017 Aug 12.
    Psychology and Human Development, UCL Institute of Education, London, UK.
    Three relationships between learning mathematics and general cognitive ability have been hypothesized: The educational hypothesis that learning mathematics develops general cognitive skills, the psychometric hypothesis that differences in general cognitive ability cause differences in mathematical attainment, and the reciprocal influence hypothesis that developments in mathematical ability and general cognitive ability influence each other. These hypotheses are assessed with a sample of 948 children from the Twins Early Development Study who were assessed at 7, 9, and 10 years on mathematics, English, and general cognitive ability. A cross-lagged path analysis with mathematics and general cognitive ability measures supports the reciprocal influence hypothesis between 7 and 9 and between 9 and 10. Read More

    Two-year-olds can socially learn to think divergently.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Aug 9. Epub 2017 Aug 9.
    Department of Psychology, University of Sheffield, UK.
    This study aimed to discover whether 2-year-olds can socially learn to think divergently. Two-year-olds (N = 22) who saw an experimenter model a high level of divergent thinking on the Unusual Box Test (modelling 25 different actions, once each) went on to demonstrate a higher level of divergent thinking themselves than (N = 22) children who saw a low level of modelling (five different actions, once each), where divergent thinking was measured by the number of different actions children produced that had not been modelled by the experimenter. Additionally, all children in both High and Low Divergence conditions had higher divergent thinking than imitation scores, where imitation involved copying the experimenter's previous actions. Read More

    Infants preferentially approach and explore the unexpected.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Aug 9. Epub 2017 Aug 9.
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA.
    Looking time experiments based on the violation-of-expectation (VOE) method have consistently demonstrated that infants look longer when their expectations are violated. However, it remains an open question whether similar effects will be observed in infants' approach behaviours. Specifically, do infants selectively approach and explore sources that violate their expectations? In this study, we address this question by examining how infants' looking times are related to their approach and exploration behaviours. Read More

    The developmental stability of inhibition from 2 to 5 years.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Aug 9. Epub 2017 Aug 9.
    Department of Developmental Psychology, Ludwig-Maximilian-University Munich, Germany.
    Executive functions or cognitive self-regulatory control processes are critical for children's ability to successfully navigate their academic and social environment. In this study, we focused on the development of one critical executive function skill, that of inhibitory control. In a longitudinal study, we tested 96 children at 24, 30, 36, 50, and 60 months of age with age-appropriate measures of inhibition. Read More

    The role of sleep in the relation between young children's mobile media use and effortful control.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Aug 9. Epub 2017 Aug 9.
    University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    We explored the relations among young children's mobile media use, sleep, and a form of self-regulation, temperamental effortful control (EC), among a national sample of 402 mothers who completed an online survey. We found that the relation between mobile media use and EC was moderated by children's sleep time. Tablet use was negatively related to EC only among children who slept less at night (40% of our sample). Read More

    'Will I want these stickers tomorrow?' Preschoolers' ability to predict current and future needs.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Jul 20. Epub 2017 Jul 20.
    Centre for Behaviour and Evolution, Newcastle University, UK.
    Between 3 and 5 years of age, children develop the ability to plan for their own and others' future needs; however, they have great difficulty predicting future needs that conflict with current ones. Importantly, this ability has only been tested in the domain of physiological states (e.g. Read More

    The development of non-essentialist concepts of ethnicity among children in a multicultural London community.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Jul 19. Epub 2017 Jul 19.
    School of Applied Social Studies, Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, UK.
    Ethnic constancy, the belief that a person cannot change ethnicity, is an important component of ethnic essentialism, the conviction that members of ethnic groups share an immutable underlying essence. Most children in previous research viewed ethnicity as increasingly immutable with age. However, some evidence suggests that children growing up in communities, which define ethnicity primarily in terms of changeable features (e. Read More

    Antecedents of transition patterns of depressive symptom trajectories from adolescence to young adulthood.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Jul 14. Epub 2017 Jul 14.
    Department of Human Development and Family Science, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA.
    This study examined (a) transition patterns from adolescent-specific depressive symptom trajectory classes to young adult-specific trajectory classes (N = 537; 15-26 years) and (b) identified risk factors associated with these transition patterns. The latent classes and transition analyses identified three transitional patterns of depressive symptom trajectories, including a deteriorating pattern (8.2%), a recovering pattern (22. Read More

    The influence of familiar characters and other appealing images on young children's preference for low-quality objects.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Sep 29;35(3):476-481. Epub 2017 Jun 29.
    School of Behavioral and Brain Sciences, The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, Texas, USA.
    This study examines the factors underlying young children's preference for products bearing a familiar character's image. Three-year-olds (N = 92) chose between low-quality objects with images on or near the objects and high-quality objects without images. Children showed stronger preferences for damaged objects bearing images of a preferred familiar character than for objects bearing images of a preferred colour star, and they showed weak preferences for damaged objects with the character near, but not on, the object. Read More

    Strategic communication related to academic performance: Evidence from China.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Sep 23;35(3):469-475. Epub 2017 Jun 23.
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA.
    We examined a range of forms of strategic communication relevant to academic performance among 151 seventh- and eleventh-grade adolescents in China. Participants were asked to rate the frequency of their engagement of strategic communication and to evaluate the possible motives for each strategy. The most commonly adopted strategy was to give a vague response about one's own performance, and the predominant motives for strategic communication were the desires to outcompete others, to be prosocial, and to be modest. Read More

    Child shyness and peer likeability: The moderating role of pragmatics and vocabulary.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Jun 20. Epub 2017 Jun 20.
    Department of Psychology, National University of Singapore, Singapore.
    The association between shyness and children's likeability by peers was examined, with pragmatic difficulty and receptive and expressive vocabularies as moderators. Participants were 164 preschoolers (72 boys, 92 girls) between 52 and 79 months old in Singapore. A cross-informant methodology was used, with peers and teachers contributing to separate peer likeability ratings. Read More

    Changing predictions, stable recognition: Children's representations of downward incline motion.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Jun 17. Epub 2017 Jun 17.
    University of Cambridge, UK.
    Various studies to-date have demonstrated children hold ill-conceived expressed beliefs about the physical world such as that one ball will fall faster than another because it is heavier. At the same time, they also demonstrate accurate recognition of dynamic events. How these representations relate is still unresolved. Read More

    Predictors and the distal outcome of general Internet use: The identification of children's developmental trajectories.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 May 17. Epub 2017 May 17.
    Utah State University, Logan, Utah, USA.
    This study examined the predictors and distal outcome in relation to the frequency of online activities and investigated the presence of prototypical trajectories following different patterns of general Internet use over 5 years. The data set consisted of a nationally representative sample of 2,840 fourth graders (Mage  = 9.86 years) in South Korea at baseline. Read More

    The effects of early institutionalization on emotional face processing: evidence for sparing via an experience-dependent mechanism.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Sep 4;35(3):439-453. Epub 2017 May 4.
    Harvard Medical School, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.
    Early psychosocial deprivation has profound adverse effects on children's brain and behavioural development, including abnormalities in physical growth, intellectual function, social cognition, and emotional development. Nevertheless, the domain of emotional face processing has appeared in previous research to be relatively spared; here, we test for possible sleeper effects emerging in early adolescence. This study employed event-related potentials (ERPs) to examine the neural correlates of facial emotion processing in 12-year-old children who took part in a randomized controlled trial of foster care as an intervention for early institutionalization. Read More

    Reliability and validity of advanced theory-of-mind measures in middle childhood and adolescence.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Sep 2;35(3):454-462. Epub 2017 May 2.
    The Graduate Center, City University of New York, New York, USA.
    Although theory-of-mind (ToM) development is well documented for early childhood, there is increasing research investigating changes in ToM reasoning in middle childhood and adolescence. However, the psychometric properties of most advanced ToM measures for use with older children and adolescents have not been firmly established. We report on the reliability and validity of widely used, conventional measures of advanced ToM with this age group. Read More

    Developing understanding of object fall: Going beyond inhibitory processes.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Sep 2;35(3):463-468. Epub 2017 May 2.
    Faculty of Education, University of Cambridge, UK.
    A study is reported where 118 participants aged between 10 years and early 20s drew the trajectories they expected objects to follow as they fell. The younger participants typically anticipated backward trajectories during fall from moving carriers while forward but non-parabolic trajectories were relatively more frequent amongst the older participants. Both patterns suggest strong sociocultural influences, with implications for models that regard development in this area as purely the inhibition of principles established in infancy. Read More

    Adolescent externalizing behaviour, psychological control, and peer rejection: Transactional links and dopaminergic moderation.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Sep 24;35(3):420-438. Epub 2017 Mar 24.
    Parenting and Special Education Research Group, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, KU Leuven, Belgium.
    This study investigated (1) reciprocal links among parental psychological control, peer rejection, and adolescent externalizing (aggressive and rule-breaking behaviour), and (2) the moderating effect of an adolescent genetic factor (biologically informed polygenic score for dopamine signalling). Three-year longitudinal data from 1,116 adolescents (51% boys; M age = 13.79) and their parents included psychological measures (adolescent-reported psychological control, peer-reported rejection, and parent-reported aggressive and rule-breaking behaviour). Read More

    The development and correlates of gender role attitudes in African American youth.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Sep 23;35(3):406-419. Epub 2017 Feb 23.
    The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, USA.
    This research examined the longitudinal trajectories and family correlates of gender role attitudes in African American youth in a sample of 166 sibling pairs residing with their mothers and fathers. Multilevel modelling revealed that (1) girls and boys exhibited significant declines in gender attitude traditionality from ages 9 to 15 that levelled off through age 18, (2) mothers' (but not fathers') gender role attitude traditionality was positively related to youth's attitude traditionality, and (3) within-person variation in mothers' (but not fathers') racial discrimination experiences was negatively related to within-person variation in youth's gender role attitude traditionality. The utility of applying a cultural ecological framework within an ethnic homogenous, accelerated longitudinal design to understand African American family processes, in conjunction with the intersectionality between race and gender, is the focus of the discussion. Read More

    Profiles of adolescent religiousness using latent profile analysis: Implications for psychopathology.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Mar;35(1):91-105
    Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA.
    Prior research has documented robust associations between adolescent religiousness/spirituality (R/S) and psychopathology outcomes including externalizing and internalizing symptomatology, yet no previous studies have examined these associations with adolescent R/S profiles using a person-centred approach. We examined whether there are identifiable subgroups characterized by unique multidimensional patterns of R/S experiences and how these experiences may be related to externalizing and internalizing symptomatology. The sample consisted of 220 Appalachian adolescents between 12 and 18 years old who were primarily White and primarily Christian. Read More

    Is God just a big person? Children's conceptions of God across cultures and religious traditions.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Mar;35(1):60-75
    University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.
    The present research examines the influence of intuitive cognitive domain and religion on the God concepts of children growing up in religious traditions that present God in ways varying from abstract to concrete. In Study 1, we compared children from a Latter-Day Saints (LDS) background with those from mainstream Christian (MC) backgrounds in the United States. In contrast to MC theology that holds that God is all-knowing, all-powerful, and disembodied, LDS theology depicts God as embodied. Read More

    Progress on nature and nurture: Commentary on Granqvist and Nkara's 'Nature meets nurture in religious and spiritual development'.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Mar;35(1):156-161
    Bucknell University, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, USA.
    This commentary addresses several key ideas in the Granqvist and Nkara (this issue) conceptual piece on the need for a more sophisticated understanding of how nature and nurture interact to influence religious and spiritual development. Cultural and genetic factors are explored. Read More

    Varieties of social experience: The religious cultural context of diverse spiritual exemplars.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Mar;35(1):127-141
    Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California, USA.
    From cultural developmental and relational developmental systems perspectives, the current study employed an exemplar research design along with qualitative content analysis to gain deeper understanding of how adolescents perceived the social influences on their religious and spiritual development (RSD) among religiously and culturally diverse youth. The sample included interviews of 28 highly spiritual youth aged 12-21 years (M = 17.73 years) from six countries and eight different religious traditions. Read More

    Religious and spiritual development are determined 100% by nature, and 100% by nurture: A playful response to Boyatzis.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Mar;35(1):162-165
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, USA.
    In this response, we respond to Boyatzis' commentary to our paper 'Nature meets nurture in religious and spiritual development'. We also provide additional elaborations on how nurture might co-sculpt nature in the context of religious and spiritual development. Read More

    Birth order and preschool children's cooperative abilities: A within-family analysis.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Sep 16;35(3):392-405. Epub 2017 Feb 16.
    University of Toronto/Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, Ontario, Canada.
    There is evidence for a laterborn sibling advantage in some social skills, although this has not been investigated in children's early capacities for cooperation. Using a within-family design, this study compared firstborn and laterborn (i.e. Read More

    The role of parental anxiety sensitivity and learning experiences in children's anxiety sensitivity.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Sep 25;35(3):359-375. Epub 2017 Jan 25.
    Health Psychology, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Science of Education, University of Liege, Belgium.
    This study evaluated the impact of the mother's and father's anxiety sensitivity (AS) and learning experiences on children's AS, and the influence of two moderators: the children's femininity orientation and the children's emotional intelligence (EI). The sample comprised 200 non-clinical children, aged 9-13 years, and their parents (mothers and fathers). Results revealed that the effect of parental AS on children's AS is moderated by the children's EI for maternal AS and by their femininity traits for paternal AS. Read More

    Muslim American adolescents' explanations of changing religious practices: Cultural tools in cultural contexts.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Mar 23;35(1):21-36. Epub 2017 Jan 23.
    Gettysburg College, Pennsylvania, USA.
    To examine the culturally embedded nature of religious practices, we conducted a mixed-methods study in which Muslim American adolescents described how and why their religious practices had changed in recent years (see Etengoff & Daiute, 2013, J. Adolesc. Res. Read More

    Maltreatment increases spontaneous false memories but decreases suggestion-induced false memories in children.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Sep 17;35(3):376-391. Epub 2017 Jan 17.
    Maastricht University, The Netherlands.
    We examined the creation of spontaneous and suggestion-induced false memories in maltreated and non-maltreated children. Maltreated and non-maltreated children were involved in a Deese-Roediger-McDermott false memory paradigm where they studied and remembered negative and neutral word lists. Suggestion-induced false memories were created using a misinformation procedure during which both maltreated and non-maltreated children viewed a negative video (i. Read More

    The development of semantic blocking in children.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Jun 16;35(2):310-315. Epub 2017 Jan 16.
    Institute of Psychology and Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition, Leiden University, The Netherlands.
    Pictures are named more slowly in the context of semantically related pictures than in the context of unrelated pictures. This semantic blocking effect has been studied extensively in adult participants, and one study has revealed its presence in 6-year-old children. However, little is known about the development of the effect with age. Read More

    Nature meets nurture in religious and spiritual development.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Mar 5;35(1):142-155. Epub 2017 Jan 5.
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA.
    We consider nurture's (including culture's) sculpting influences on the evolved psychological predispositions that are expressed in religious and spiritual (R&S) development. An integrated understanding of R&S development requires a move away from the largely one-sided (nature-or-nurture) and additive (nature + nurture) accounts provided in the extant literature. R&S development has been understood as an expression of evolved cognitive modules (nature) on the one hand, and of socialization and social learning (nurture) on the other, or in similar albeit additive terms (e. Read More

    Chinese children's early knowledge about writing.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Sep 26;35(3):349-358. Epub 2016 Dec 26.
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri, USA.
    Much research on literacy development has focused on learners of alphabetic writing systems. Researchers have hypothesized that children learn about the formal characteristics of writing before they learn about the relations between units of writing and units of speech. We tested this hypothesis by examining young Chinese children's understanding of writing. Read More

    A cultural take on the links between religiosity, identity, and meaning in life in religious emerging adults.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Mar 26;35(1):106-126. Epub 2016 Dec 26.
    KU Leuven, Belgium.
    Identity and meaning in life are core developmental assets in emerging adulthood. We analysed how religiosity is related to these intentional strivings in emerging adults enrolled in theological education, by depicting (1) identity strivings and meaning in life accounts in faith narratives (Study 1) and (2) links between personal identity and meaning in life profiles and religious beliefs, behaviours, and subjective experiences (Study 2). Both studies highlighted that a Foreclosed status, with high personal commitment and reduced exploration, was dominant in faith narratives and personal identity profiles. Read More

    Children's use of decomposition strategies mediates the visuospatial memory and arithmetic accuracy relation.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Jun 14;35(2):303-309. Epub 2016 Dec 14.
    Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, USA.
    This study examined the mediating role of children's use of decomposition strategies in the relation between visuospatial memory (VSM) and arithmetic accuracy. Children (N = 78; Age M = 9.36) completed assessments of VSM, arithmetic strategies, and arithmetic accuracy. Read More

    Long-term effects of peer victimization on social outcomes through the fourth decade of life in individuals born at normal or extremely low birthweight.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Sep 10;35(3):334-348. Epub 2016 Dec 10.
    Department of Psychology, Neuroscience, & Behaviour, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
    Exposure to early adversity is known to have deleterious effects on brain-behaviour relations across the lifespan and across a range of domains. Here, we tested a cumulative risk hypothesis of adult social functioning and health outcomes in the fourth decade of life, using the oldest known longitudinally followed cohort of survivors of extremely low birthweight (ELBW; <1,000 g). We investigated the additional impact of peer victimization in youth on social outcomes at age 29-36 years in ELBW survivors and matched normal birthweight (NBW; >2,500 g) participants. Read More

    Sound effects: Multimodal input helps infants find displaced objects.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Sep 21;35(3):317-333. Epub 2016 Nov 21.
    Royal Holloway, University of London, UK.
    Before 9 months, infants use sound to retrieve a stationary object hidden by darkness but not one hidden by occlusion, suggesting auditory input is more salient in the absence of visual input. This article addresses how audiovisual input affects 10-month-olds' search for displaced objects. In AB tasks, infants who previously retrieved an object at A subsequently fail to find it after it is displaced to B, especially following a delay between hiding and retrieval. Read More

    The coexistence of natural and supernatural explanations within and across domains and development.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Mar 27;35(1):4-20. Epub 2016 Oct 27.
    Department of Psychology, The University of Texas at Austin, Texas, USA.
    People across highly diverse cultural contexts use both natural and supernatural explanations to explain questions of fundamental concern such as death, illness, and human origins. The present study examines the development of explanatory coexistence within and across domains of existential concern in individuals in Tanna, Vanuatu. We examined three age groups: 7- to 12-year-old children, 13- to 18-year-old adolescents, and 19- to 70-year-old adults (N = 72). Read More

    The role of religious context in children's differentiation between God's mind and human minds.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Mar 26;35(1):37-59. Epub 2016 Oct 26.
    University of California, Riverside, California, USA.
    The current study examined the cultural factors (i.e., religious background, religious participation, parents' views of prayer, and parents' concepts of God) that contribute to children's differentiation between the capabilities of human minds and God's mind. Read More

    Modelling goal adjustment in social relationships: Two experimental studies with children and adults.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Jun 23;35(2):267-287. Epub 2016 Oct 23.
    University of Hildesheim, Germany.
    In two experiments, we investigated observational learning in social relationships as one possible pathway to the development of goal adjustment processes. In the first experiment, 56 children (M = 9.29 years) observed their parent as a model; in the second, 50 adults (M = 32. Read More

    The contributions of mental state understanding and executive functioning to preschool-aged children's lie-telling.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Jun 23;35(2):288-302. Epub 2016 Oct 23.
    Department of Educational and Counseling Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
    In this study, preschool-aged children's lie-telling behaviour was examined in relation to mental state understanding and executive functioning. Sixty-seven children aged between 25 and 43 months (Mage in months  = 34.80, SD = 4. Read More

    The space-math link in preschool boys and girls: Importance of mental transformation, targeting accuracy, and spatial anxiety.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Jun 20;35(2):249-266. Epub 2016 Oct 20.
    Department of Psychology, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
    Spatial abilities are pertinent to mathematical competence, but evidence of the space-math link has largely been confined to older samples and intrinsic spatial abilities (e.g., mental transformation). Read More

    From imitation to implementation: How two- and three-year-old children learn to enforce social norms.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Jun 22;35(2):237-248. Epub 2016 Sep 22.
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany.
    Young children enforce social norms from early on, but little research has examined how this enforcement behaviour emerges. This study investigated whether observing an adult's norm enforcement influences children's own enforcement of that norm compared with observing an action demonstration without enforcement. Additionally, children experienced enforcement either following their own (second-party) or a third-party's transgression (N = 120). Read More

    Processes and conditions underlying the link between shyness and school adjustment among Turkish children.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Jun 21;35(2):218-236. Epub 2016 Sep 21.
    Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
    This study examined the underlying processes and conditions that contribute to the school adjustment of shy children in Turkey, where children's interpersonal relationships in social settings and academic achievement are highly emphasized. First, we examined the unique mediating roles of children's feelings of social anxiety, depressive symptoms, and loneliness in the associations between shyness and indices of school outcomes (academic achievement and school liking/avoidance). Second, we explored the moderating role of children's peer acceptance in these associations. Read More

    Bye-bye mummy - Word comprehension in 9-month-old infants.
    Br J Dev Psychol 2017 Jun 13;35(2):202-217. Epub 2016 Sep 13.
    University of Lincoln, UK.
    From the little research that exists on the onset of word learning in infants under the age of 1 year, the evidence suggests an idiosyncratic comprehensive vocabulary is developing. To further this field, we tested 49 nine-month-old infants by pre-assessing their vocabularies using a UK version of the MacArthur-Bates Communicative Developmental Inventory. Intermodal preferential looking (IPL) was then used to examine word comprehension including: (a) words parents reported as understood, (b) words infants are expected to understand according to age-related frequency data, and (c) words parents had reported infants not to understand. Read More

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