2,146 results match your criteria British Journal Of Psychology[Journal]


A developmental study of the bat/ball problem of CRT: How to override the bias and its relation to executive functioning.

Br J Psychol 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Camilo José Cela University, Madrid, Spain.

In two experiments, we explored the nature of the bias observed in the bat/ball problem of the cognitive reflection test (Frederick, 2005, J. Econ. Perspect. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12400DOI Listing

Random word generation reveals spatial encoding of syllabic word length.

Br J Psychol 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology & School of Psychology, University of Glasgow, UK.

Existing random number generation studies demonstrate the presence of an embodied attentional bias in spontaneous number production corresponding to the horizontal Mental Number Line: Larger numbers are produced on right-hand turns and smaller numbers on left-hand turns (Loetscher et al.,, Curr. Biol. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12399DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Social anxiety modulates visual exploration in real life - but not in the laboratory.

Br J Psychol 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Psychology, Julius Maximilian University of Würzburg, Germany.

In clinical reports, individuals high on social anxiety are often described to avoid gaze at other people, whereas several experimental studies employing images of persons yielded conflicting results. Here, we show that gaze avoidance crucially depends on the possibility of social interactions. We examined gaze behaviour in individuals with varying degrees of social anxiety in real-life and in a second group of participants using a closely matched laboratory condition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12396DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Face averages and multiple images in a live matching task.

Br J Psychol 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

School of Psychology, University of Lincoln, UK.

We know from previous research that unfamiliar face matching (determining whether two simultaneously presented images show the same person or not) is very error-prone. A small number of studies in laboratory settings have shown that the use of multiple images or a face average, rather than a single image, can improve face matching performance. Here, we tested 1,999 participants using four-image arrays and face averages in two separate live matching tasks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12388DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Opium of the people? National identification predicts well-being over time.

Br J Psychol 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Media Innovation Lab, Department of Communication, University of Vienna, Austria.

Social group membership and its social-relational corollaries, for example, social contact, trust, and support, are prophylactic for health. Research has tended to focus on how direct social interactions between members of small-scale groups (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12398DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Profiles of adversity and resilience resources: A latent class analysis of two samples.

Br J Psychol 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Adversities refer to events that are characterized by perceived or actual threat to human functioning. Often considered deleterious for health and well-being, recent work supports an alternative picture of the effects of adversity on human functioning, such that a moderate amount of adversity - when compared with none or high levels - can be beneficial. We extend this body of work in the current study by considering the breadth or type of adversities experienced simultaneously (referred to as polyadversity), with a focus on individual profiles of lifetime adversities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12397DOI Listing

The role of visuo-spatial abilities in environment learning from maps and navigation over the adult lifespan.

Br J Psychol 2019 Mar 29. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of General Psychology, University of Padova, Italy.

Visuo-spatial abilities have an important role in environment learning. The aim of the present study was to explore whether these abilities relate to spatial recall after learning an environment from a map or a video, and irrespective of the learner's age (from youth to old age). The study involved 431 participants from 25 to 84 years old, who were assessed for their visuo-spatial working memory, object-based mental rotation, and perspective-taking abilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12384DOI Listing

Do facial first impressions reflect a shared social reality?

Br J Psychol 2019 Mar 29. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Psychology, University of York, UK.

Influential facial impression models have repeatedly shown that trustworthiness, youthful-attractiveness, and dominance dimensions subserve a wide variety of first impressions formed from strangers' faces, suggestive of a shared social reality. However, these models are built from impressions aggregated across observers. Critically, recent work has now shown substantial inter-observer differences in facial impressions, raising the important question of whether these dimensional models based on aggregated group data are meaningful at the individual observer level. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12390DOI Listing

A task- and role-based perspective on super-recognizers: Commentary on 'Super-recognizers: From the laboratory to the world and back again'.

Br J Psychol 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

School of Psychology, Open University, Milton Keynes, UK.

This article provides a commentary on recent work by Ramon et al. (2019, PLoS ONE, in press) on super-recognizers. The commentary advocates a task- and role-based approach to SR research and greater collaboration between researchers and the applied community. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12394DOI Listing

We need to talk about super-recognizers : Invited commentary on: Ramon, M., Bobak, A. K., & White, D. Super-recognizers: From the lab to the world and back again. British Journal of Psychology.

Br J Psychol 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Psychology, University of Huddersfield, UK.

Whilst we agree with much of what Ramon et al. (, British Journal of Psychology) say, we emphasize the additional importance of taking into account the often-neglected psychometric properties of existing and future techniques. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12395DOI Listing

Is the news making us unhappy? The influence of daily news exposure on emotional states.

Br J Psychol 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Open University of the Netherlands, Heerlen, The Netherlands.

There is evidence that exposure to negative news is making people feel bad, but not much is known about why this only affects some people or whether this also applies to everyday news exposure. This study examined the direct and indirect effects of daily news exposure on people's affective states. Using ecological momentary assessment (EMA), 63 respondents (24 men and 39 women) reported their news exposure and affective states five times a day for 10 days. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/bjop.12389
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12389DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Breaking face processing tasks apart to improve their predictive value in the real world: A comment on Ramon, Bobak, and White (2019).

Authors:
Christel Devue

Br J Psychol 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

School of Psychology, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand.

In this commentary, I will expand on three aspects suggested by Ramon et al. (British Journal of Psychology, 2019) to improve the predictive value of laboratory-based tasks in real-world applications. There are potential benefits that may arise from three interrelated considerations, particularly in terms of predicting agents' susceptibility to errors in operational settings. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/bjop.12391
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12391DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Consolidation, wider reflection, and policy: Response to 'Super-recognisers: From the lab to the world and back again'.

Br J Psychol 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

School of Psychology, University of Kent, Canterbury, UK.

Here, David Robertson and Markus Bindemann respond to a recent BJP Target Article on 'super-recognisers' (SRs). They outline the need to consider human factors that could influence SR performance after selection and the need for a co-ordinated effort to ensure best practice in the implementation of SRs in applied contexts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12393DOI Listing

Super-recognizers: From the lab to the world and back again.

Br J Psychol 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

UNSW Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

The recent discovery of individuals with superior face processing ability has sparked considerable interest amongst cognitive scientists and practitioners alike. These 'Super-recognizers' (SRs) offer clues to the underlying processes responsible for high levels of face processing ability. It has been claimed that they can help make societies safer and fairer by improving accuracy of facial identity processing in real-world tasks, for example when identifying suspects from Closed Circuit Television or performing security-critical identity verification tasks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12368DOI Listing

Parents' postnatal depressive symptoms and their children's academic attainment at 16 years: Pathways of risk transmission.

Br J Psychol 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

School of Psychology, University of Exeter, UK.

The aim of the study was to examine whether parents' increased postnatal depressive symptoms predicted children's academic attainment over time and whether the parent-child relationship, children's prior academic attainment, and mental health mediated this association. We conducted secondary analyses on the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children data (12,607 mothers, 9,456 fathers). Each parent completed the Edinburgh-Postnatal Depression Scale at 8 weeks after the child's birth (predictor) and a questionnaire about the mother-child and father-child relationship at 7 years and 1 month (mediator). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12378DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Redefining super recognition in the real world: Skilled face or person identity recognizers?

Br J Psychol 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Division of Psychology, College of Health and Life Sciences, Brunel University, London, UK.

While there has been growing interest in the deployment of superior face recognizers in policing and security settings, it is likely that most real-world tasks tap person rather than face recognition skills. We suggest that changes in real-world screening tasks and terminology are required to distinguish these individuals from laboratory-identified superior face recognizers, who have more potential in developing our theoretical understanding of the face recognition system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12392DOI Listing

Mood regulation and relationship quality predict change in homesickness during college.

Br J Psychol 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri, USA.

Recent theorizing has implicated affect regulation as central to the experience of homesickness. Conceptualized as grief due to losing social connections with close others when relocating, homesickness is associated with poor emotional and social adjustment. The present study examined how mood regulation and relationship quality - at home and in college - predict homesickness and negative affect among college students (N = 168). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12386DOI Listing

Depletion manipulations decrease openness to dissent via increased anger.

Br J Psychol 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

School of Social Sciences, Singapore Management University, Singapore.

We investigated a potential outcome of ego depletion manipulations and an important factor behind cooperative failure: a lack of openness to others' dissenting opinions. Across five studies in a variety of task settings, we examined the effect of depletion manipulations on openness to dissent and investigated two negative emotions as potential mediators of this process: fatigue and anger. The results demonstrated a negative effect of depletion manipulations on openness to dissent through increased anger rather than fatigue (Studies 1-5). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12387DOI Listing

Exposure to intergroup conspiracy theories promotes prejudice which spreads across groups.

Br J Psychol 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

University of Kent, Canterbury, UK.

This research experimentally examined the effects of exposure to intergroup conspiracy theories on prejudice and discrimination. Study 1 (N = 166) demonstrated that exposure to conspiracy theories concerning immigrants to Britain from the European Union (vs. anti-conspiracy material or a control) exacerbated prejudice towards this group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12385DOI Listing

Too exhausted to go to bed: Implicit theories about willpower and stress predict bedtime procrastination.

Br J Psychol 2019 Mar 10. Epub 2019 Mar 10.

Technische Universität Dresden, Germany.

While most people are aware of the importance of sleep for their health, well-being, and performance, bedtime procrastination is a pervasive phenomenon that can be conceptualized as a case of self-control failure (Kroese et al., Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 2014, 1). Two daily diary studies (N  = 185, N  = 137) investigated beliefs about willpower and stress as interactive predictors of bedtime procrastination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12382DOI Listing

The effectiveness of short-format refutational fact-checks.

Br J Psychol 2019 Mar 2. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

School of Psychological Science, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Fact-checking has become an important feature of the modern media landscape. However, it is unclear what the most effective format of fact-checks is. Some have argued that simple retractions that repeat a false claim and tag it as false may backfire because they boost the claim's familiarity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12383DOI Listing

Illusory perception of auditory filled duration is task- and context-dependent.

Br J Psychol 2019 Feb 28. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

School of Psychological and Cognitive Sciences and Beijing Key Laboratory of Behavior and Mental Health, Peking University, Beijing, China.

In filled-duration illusion, a continuous (long) tone or an auditory sequence with multiple clicks is typically perceived as longer than the same physical duration (i.e., empty interval) enclosed by two auditory clicks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12379DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Flexible representations in visual working memory and interactions with long-term learning: Commentary on the special issue.

Br J Psychol 2019 May 24;110(2):449-460. Epub 2019 Feb 24.

Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA.

This special issue of the British Journal of Psychology brings together cutting edge research on a range of topics in visual working memory (VWM). In this commentary, we attempt to summarize common themes in current VWM research exemplified in this issue. The articles include several reviews of important topics as well as empirical papers covering three main themes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12380DOI Listing

Current directions in visual working memory research: An introduction and emerging insights.

Br J Psychol 2019 May 8;110(2):193-206. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department Psychologie, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, München, Germany.

Visual working memory (VWM) is a core construct in the cognitive (neuro-)sciences, assumed to serve as a hub for information exchange and thus supporting a multitude of cognitive functions related to processing visual information. Here, we give an introduction into key terms and paradigms and an overview of ongoing debates in the field, to which the articles collected in this Special Issue on 'Current Directions in Visual Working Memory Research' contribute. Our aim is to extract, from this overview, some 'emerging' theoretical insights concerning questions such as the optimal way to examine VWM, which types of mental representations contribute to performance on VWM tasks, and how VWM keeps features from the same object together and apart from features of concurrently maintained objects (the binding problem). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12377DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Social categorization and individuation in the own-age bias.

Br J Psychol 2019 Jan 24. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

School of Psychology, Curtin University, Bentley, Western Australia, Australia.

Young adults recognize other young adult faces more accurately than older adult faces, an effect termed the own-age bias (OAB). The categorization-individuation model (CIM) proposes that recognition memory biases like the OAB occur as unfamiliar faces are initially quickly categorized. In-group faces are seen as socially relevant which motivates the processing of individuating facial features. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/bjop.12376
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12376DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

The British Journal of Psychology in 2019 and beyond.

Authors:
Romina Palermo

Br J Psychol 2019 02;110(1):1-2

School of Psychological Science, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12373DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Imagination links with schizotypal beliefs, not with creativity or learning.

Br J Psychol 2019 Jan 10. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Department of Psychiatry, University College London, UK.

Imagination refers to creating mental representations of concepts, ideas, and sensations that are not contemporaneously perceived by the senses. Although it is key to human individuality, research on imagination is scarce. To address this gap, we developed here a new psychometric test to assess individual differences in imagination and explored the role of imagination for learning, creativity, and schizotypal beliefs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12369DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Evidence from masked-priming that initial identification of brand names is via abstract letter identities.

Br J Psychol 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

School of Psychological Science, University of Bristol, UK.

Although visual-word recognition is often assumed to proceed on the basis of case-invariant letter representations, previous research has shown a role for letter-case in recognizing brand names. One recent study reported early effects of letter-case in a brand-decision task using masked primes (Perea et al., 2015, British Journal of Psychology, 106, 162). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12362DOI Listing
January 2019

Recall cues interfere with retrieval from visuospatial working memory.

Br J Psychol 2019 May 2;110(2):288-305. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Oxford, UK.

Visuospatial working memory allows us to hold multiple visual objects over short delays. It is typically tested by presenting an array of objects, then after a delay showing a 'probe' indicating which memory item to recall or reproduce by adjusting a target feature. However, recent studies demonstrate that information at the time of probe can disrupt recall. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/bjop.12374
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12374DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Evidence for a young adult face bias in accuracy and consensus of age estimates.

Br J Psychol 2018 Dec 28. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Department of Psychology, Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada.

Adults' face processing may be specialized for the dimensions of young adult faces. For example, young and older adults exhibit increased accuracy in normality judgments and greater agreement in attractiveness ratings for young versus older adult faces. The present study was designed to examine whether there is a similar young adult face bias in facial age estimates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12370DOI Listing
December 2018

Inferential false memories for emotional events in older adults.

Br J Psychol 2018 Dec 28. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Department of General Psychology, University of Padova, Italy.

Emotional events have been shown to protect individuals against false memory when remembering scripted material. Whether the same is true also for older adults, however, is unclear, and it has been investigated in the present study. Seventy-six older adults (age range 65-89 years) were presented with a series of photographs depicting scripted events. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12371DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Affective variability in depression: Revisiting the inertia-instability paradox.

Br J Psychol 2018 Dec 26. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Department of Developmental Psychology, Behavioural and Social Sciences, University of Groningen, The Netherlands.

How can depression be associated with both instability and inertia of affect? Koval et al. (2013, Emotion, 13, 1132) showed that this paradox can be solved by accounting for the statistical overlap between measures of affect dynamics. Nevertheless, these measures are still often studied in isolation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12372DOI Listing
December 2018

The effects of presentation time on preference for curvature of real objects and meaningless novel patterns.

Br J Psychol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Human Evolution and Cognition Group (EvoCog), University of the Balearic Islands and IFISC, Associated Unit to CSIC, Palma de Mallorca, Spain.

Objects with curved contours are generally preferred to sharp-angled ones. In this study, we aim to determine whether different presentation times influence this preference. We used images of real objects (experiment 1) and meaningless novel patterns (experiment 2). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12367DOI Listing
December 2018
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Two good reasons to say 'change!' - ensemble representations as well as item representations impact standard measures of VWM capacity.

Br J Psychol 2019 May 2;110(2):328-356. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Department Psychologie, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany.

Visual working memory (VWM) is a central bottleneck in human information processing. Its capacity is most often measured in terms of how many individual-item representations VWM can hold (k). In the standard task employed to estimate k, an array of highly discriminable colour patches is maintained and, after a short retention interval, compared to a test display (change detection). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12359DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Creativity and involvement in art in different types of synaesthesia.

Br J Psychol 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Institute of Psychology, University of Bern, Switzerland.

The aim of the present study was to test the relationship between different types of synaesthesia and their involvement in art, creative, and visual abilities. We tested 20 grapheme-colour, 18 sound-colour, 19 grapheme-colour-and-sound-colour, 20 sequence-space synaesthetes, and the same number of controls matched by age, gender, and education. We assessed the number of artistic professions, involvement in art, and the performance in psychometric tests of divergent and convergent creativity, as well as visual and visuo-spatial abilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12363DOI Listing
November 2018

The rich are different: Unravelling the perceived and self-reported personality profiles of high-net-worth individuals.

Br J Psychol 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Psychology, University of Münster, Germany.

Beyond money and possessions, how are the rich different from the general population? Drawing on a unique sample of high-net-worth individuals from Germany (≥1 million Euro in financial assets; N = 130), nationally representative data (N = 22,981), and an additional online panel (N = 690), we provide the first direct investigation of the stereotypically perceived and self-reported personality profiles of high-net-worth individuals. Investigating the broad personality traits of the Big Five and the more specific traits of narcissism and locus of control, we find that stereotypes about wealthy people's personality are accurate albeit somewhat exaggerated and that wealthy people can be characterized as stable, flexible, and agentic individuals who are focused more on themselves than on others. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12360DOI Listing
November 2018

Acute stress responses after indirect exposure to the MH17 airplane crash.

Br J Psychol 2018 Nov 18. Epub 2018 Nov 18.

Department of Developmental Psychology, University of Groningen, The Netherlands.

People can experience disasters vicariously (indirectly) via conversation, social media, radio, and television, even when not directly involved in a disaster. This study examined whether vicarious exposure to the MH17-airplane crash in Ukraine, with 196 Dutch victims, elicited affective and somatic responses in Dutch adults about 2,600 km away, who happened to participate in an ongoing diary study. Participants (n = 141) filled out a diary three times a day for 30 days on their smartphones. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/bjop.12358
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12358DOI Listing
November 2018
16 Reads

Should I trust you? Autistic traits predict reduced appearance-based trust decisions.

Br J Psychol 2018 Nov 13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

ARC Centre of Excellence in Cognition and its Disorders, School of Psychological Science, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia.

Facial impressions of trustworthiness guide social decisions in the general population, as shown by financial lending in economic Trust Games. As an exception, autistic boys fail to use facial impressions to guide trust decisions, despite forming typical facial trustworthiness impressions (Autism, 19, 2015a, 1002). Here, we tested whether this dissociation between forming and using facial impressions of trustworthiness extends to neurotypical men with high levels of autistic traits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12357DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Trait interpersonal vulnerability attenuates beneficial effects of constructive criticism on failure responses.

Br J Psychol 2018 Oct 30. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA.

The extant literature on interpersonal criticism suggests that relative to destructive criticism, constructive criticism significantly minimizes the injurious psychological aftermath people experience after failure. However, we propose the possibility that for some people, these psychological benefits of constructive criticism are less apparent. Specifically, we hypothesized that for people high in trait interpersonal vulnerability, a construct marked by maladaptive cognitive-emotional responses in interpersonal contexts and/or by dysfunctional relational concerns, effects of constructive (vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12356DOI Listing
October 2018

Perceptual grouping boosts visual working memory capacity and reduces effort during retention.

Authors:
Candice C Morey

Br J Psychol 2019 May 21;110(2):306-327. Epub 2018 Oct 21.

School of Psychology, Cardiff University, UK.

Consistent, robust boosts to visual working memory capacity are observed when colour-location arrays contain duplicate colours. The prevailing explanation suggests that duplicated colours are encoded as one perceptual group. If so, then we should observe not only higher working memory capacity overall for displays containing duplicates, but specifically an improved ability to remember unique colours from displays including duplicates compared with displays comprising all uniquely coloured items. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/bjop.12355
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12355DOI Listing
May 2019
16 Reads

Electroencephalographic evidence for improved visual working memory performance during standing and exercise.

Br J Psychol 2019 May 12;110(2):400-427. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Department of Experimental Psychology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany.

While a substantial body of research has investigated the effects of aerobic exercise on cognitive performance, few have monitored exercise-concurrent cognitive processes via electroencephalography and fewer still using an event-related potential (ERP) approach. As such, little is known regarding how the temporal dynamics of cognitive processing are influenced during aerobic activity. Here, we aimed to elucidate the influence of aerobic exercise on the temporal dynamics of concurrent visual working memory (VWM) performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12352DOI Listing

New perspectives on binding in visual working memory.

Br J Psychol 2019 May 8;110(2):207-244. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Department of Psychology, University of Cambridge, UK.

How does visual working memory (WM) store the binding between different features of a visual object (like colour, orientation, and location), and does memorizing these bindings require additional resources beyond memorizing individual features? These questions have traditionally been addressed by comparing performance across different types of change detection task. More recently, experimental tasks such as analogue (cued) recall, combined with analysis methods including Bayesian hypothesis testing and formal model comparison, have shed new light on the properties of WM. A significant new perspective is that noise in neural representation limits the precision of recall, and several recent models incorporate this view to account for failures of binding in WM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12345DOI Listing

Facebook use and sleep quality: Light interacts with socially induced alertness.

Br J Psychol 2018 Oct 5. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

School of Psychology, University of Lincoln, UK.

It has been demonstrated that the use of social networking sites late at night can lead to sleep-related problems that extend into the next day. A common explanation is that the light emitted from screens is disrupting the users' circadian rhythms. An alternative explanation is that the social cognition inherent in the use of social networking sites is responsible. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/bjop.12351
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12351DOI Listing
October 2018
46 Reads

Is there a burden attached to synaesthesia? Health screening of synaesthetes in the general population.

Br J Psychol 2018 Oct 3. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

School of Psychology, University of Sussex, UK.

Synaesthesia has long been considered a benign alternative form of perception most often associated with positive rather than negative outcomes. The condition has been associated with a variety of cognitive and perceptual advantages, including benefits in memory, processing speed, and creativity. It is not currently recognized in the DSM-IV. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/bjop.12354
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12354DOI Listing
October 2018
24 Reads

Facial and self-report questionnaire measures capture different aspects of romantic partner preferences.

Br J Psychol 2018 Sep 30. Epub 2018 Sep 30.

Department of Psychology, University of York, UK.

Romantic relationship researchers often use self-report measures of partner preferences based on verbal questionnaires. These questionnaires show that partner preferences involve an evaluation in terms of underlying factors of vitality-attractiveness, status-resources, and warmth-trustworthiness. However, when people first encounter a potential partner, they can usually derive a wealth of impressions from their face, and little is known about the relationship between verbal self-reports and impressions derived from faces. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/bjop.12347
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12347DOI Listing
September 2018
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A secondary task is not always costly: Context-based guidance of visual search survives interference from a demanding working memory task.

Br J Psychol 2019 May 10;110(2):381-399. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

Department of Psychology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany.

Repeatedly encountering a visual search display with the target located at a fixed position relative to the distractors facilitates target detection, relative to novel displays - which is attributed to search guidance by (acquired) long-term memory (LTM) of the distractor 'context' of the target. Previous research has shown that this 'contextual cueing' effect is severely impeded during learning when participants have to perform a demanding spatial working memory (WM) task concurrently with the search task, though it does become manifest when the WM task is removed. This has led to the proposal that search guidance by LT context memories critically depends on spatial WM to become 'expressed' in behaviour. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12346DOI Listing

How many voices did you hear? Natural variability disrupts identity perception from unfamiliar voices.

Br J Psychol 2018 Sep 16. Epub 2018 Sep 16.

Division of Psychology, Department of Life Sciences, Brunel University, London, UK.

Our voices sound different depending on the context (laughing vs. talking to a child vs. giving a speech), making within-person variability an inherent feature of human voices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12348DOI Listing
September 2018

Walking through doorways differentially affects recall and familiarity.

Br J Psychol 2019 Feb 16;110(1):173-184. Epub 2018 Sep 16.

Department of Psychology, Durham University, UK.

Previous research has reported that walking through a doorway to a new location makes memory for objects and events experienced in the previous location less accurate. This effect, termed the location updating effect, has been used to suggest that location changes are used to mark boundaries between events in memory: memories for objects encountered within the current event are more available than those from beyond an event boundary. Within a computer-generated memory task, participants navigated through virtual rooms, walking through doorways, and interacting with objects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12343DOI Listing
February 2019

Two types of serial dependence in visual working memory.

Br J Psychol 2019 May 10;110(2):256-267. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

Institute of Medical Psychology, Goethe University Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

Stimulus representations in working memory depend on memory traces of past stimuli both from previous trials and from the current trial. However, it is unclear whether the same or different mechanisms underlie this serial dependence across and within trials. We directly contrasted estimates of bias for pairs of immediately successive stimuli across and within trials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12349DOI Listing

Superstition predicts perception of illusory control.

Br J Psychol 2018 Aug 24. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

School of Psychology, UNSW Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Superstitions are common, yet we have little understanding of the cognitive mechanisms that bring them about. This study used a laboratory-based analogue for superstitious beliefs that involved people monitoring the relationship between undertaking an action (pressing a button) and an outcome occurring (a light illuminating). The task was arranged such that there was no objective contingency between pressing the button and the light illuminating - the light was just as likely to illuminate whether the button was pressed or not. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/bjop.12344
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12344DOI Listing
August 2018
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