12,260 results match your criteria British Journal Of Nutrition[Journal]


Transglycosylated starch accelerated intestinal transit and enhanced bacterial fermentation in the large intestine using a pig model.

Br J Nutr 2019 Apr 15:1-36. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Institute of Animal Nutrition and Functional Plant Compounds.

Resistant starch can alter the intestinal nutrient availability and bulk of digesta, thereby modulating the substrate available for microbial metabolic activity along the gastrointestinal tract. This study elucidated the effect of transglycosylated starch (TGS) on the retention of digesta in the upper digestive tract, ileal flow and hindgut disappearance of nutrients, and subsequent bacterial profiles in pigs. Fourteen ileal-cannulated growing pigs were fed either the TGS or control (CON) diet in a complete crossover design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000849DOI Listing

Egg white hydrolysate enhances insulin sensitivity in high fat diet induced insulin resistant rats via AKT activation.

Br J Nutr 2019 Apr 15:1-25. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Dept. of Agricultural,Food and Nutritional Science.

Agents that block the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) improve glucoregulation in the Metabolic Syndrome disorder. We evaluated the effects of egg white hydrolysate (EWH), previously shown to modulate the protein abundance of RAS component in vivo, on glucose homeostasis in diet-induced insulin resistant rats. Sprague Dawley rats were fed a high fat diet (HFD) for 6 weeks to induce insulin resistance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000837DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Postprandial incorporation of EPA and DHA from transgenic Camelina sativa oil into blood lipids is equivalent to that from fish oil in healthy humans.

Br J Nutr 2019 Apr 12:1-27. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

School of Human Development and Health, Faculty of Medicine,University of Southampton,Southampton SO16 6YD,UK.

Eicosapentaenoic (EPA) and docosahexaenoic (DHA) acids are important components of cell membranes. Since humans have limited ability for EPA and DHA synthesis, these must be obtained from the diet, primarily from oily fish. Dietary EPA and DHA intakes are constrained by the size of fish stocks and by food choice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000825DOI Listing

Positive relationship between consumption of specific fish type and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in milk of Hong Kong lactating mothers.

Br J Nutr 2019 Apr 12:1-30. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Laboratory for Infant & Child Nutrition,Food Safety and Technology Research Centre, Department of Applied Biology and Chemical Technology, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University,Hong Kong.

Residents of Hong Kong have undergone a dietary transition from a traditional Chinese diet that is high in seafood to a more western diet. This may have affected the nutritional composition of breast milk of Hong Kong mothers. The present study aims to investigate the relationship between the dietary pattern and the fatty acid profile of the breast milk of lactating women in Hong Kong. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000801DOI Listing
April 2019
3.453 Impact Factor

Development of a nutrient quality score for the complementary diets of Indonesian infants and relationships with linear growth and stunting: a longitudinal analysis.

Br J Nutr 2019 Apr 12:1-19. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of Human Nutrition,University of Otago,Dunedin,New Zealand.

Reducing multifactorial stunting is a priority for the 2025 World Health Organization Global Nutrition Target. In the plant-based complementary diets of low income countries, deficits in several growth-limiting micronutrients may contribute to stunting. Hence the intercorrelation between multiple micronutrients in terms of their intake and impact is important. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000813DOI Listing

Development and validation of an individual sustainable diet index in the NutriNet-Santé study cohort.

Br J Nutr 2019 Apr 11:1-12. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

1EREN, INSERM (U1153),INRA (U1125),Centre d'Epidémiologie et Statistiques Paris Cité,CNAM,COMUE Sorbonne-Paris-Cité,Université Paris 13,74 rue Marcel Cachin,93017 Bobigny,France.

In the current context of unsustainable food systems, we aimed to develop and validate an index, the sustainable diet index (SDI), assessing the sustainability of dietary patterns, including multidimensional individual indicators of sustainability. Based on the FAO's definition of sustainable diets, the SDI includes seven indicators categorised into four standardised sub-indexes, respectively, environmental, nutritional, economic and sociocultural. The index (range: 4-20) was obtained by summing the sub-indexes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000369DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

A clinical audit of the growth of preterm infants fed predominantly pasteurised donor human milk v. those fed mother's own milk in the neonatal intensive care unit.

Br J Nutr 2019 Apr 5:1-8. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

1Medical School,University of Western Australia,Crawley,WA6009,Australia.

Preterm infants whose mothers are unable to produce sufficient breast milk are increasingly being supplemented with pasteurised donor human milk (PDHM) instead of commercial preterm infant formula. Concerns have been raised that this practice can result in reduced growth. This retrospective clinical audit collected data from the medical records of a cohort of preterm infants (≤30 weeks gestational age) receiving either ≥28 d of PDHM (n 53) or ≥28 d of their mother's own milk (MOM, n 43) with standard fortification supplied to both groups during admission. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000357DOI Listing

Fish oil supplementation during adolescence attenuates metabolic programming of perinatal maternal high-fat diet in adult offspring.

Br J Nutr 2019 Apr 3:1-30. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Instituto de Biofísica Carlos Chagas Filho,Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro,RJ,Brazil.

Perinatal maternal high-fat diet (HFD) increases susceptibility to obesity and fatty liver diseases in adult offspring, which can be attenuated by potent hypolipidemic action of fish oil (FO), an n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid source, during adult life. Previously, we described that adolescent HFD offspring showed resistance to FO hypolipidemic effects, although FO promoted hepatic molecular changes suggestive of reduced lipid accumulation. Here, we investigated whether this FO intervention only during adolescence period could impact the offspring metabolism in adulthood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000771DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Consumption of plant extract supplement reduces platelet activating factor-induced platelet aggregation and increases platelet activating factor catabolism: a randomised, double-blind and placebo-controlled trial.

Br J Nutr 2019 Apr 3:1-10. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics,Harokopio University,70 Eleftheriou Venizelou Avenue Kallithea,17671Athens,Greece.

Platelet-activating factor (PAF) is a potent mediator of inflammation that plays a crucial role in atherosclerosis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a dietary supplement containing mainly plant extracts on PAF actions and metabolism in healthy volunteers. A double-blind, placebo-controlled, 8 weeks' duration study was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000308DOI Listing
April 2019
7 Reads

Maternal plasma vitamin B12 concentrations during pregnancy and infant cognitive outcomes at 2 years of age.

Br J Nutr 2019 Apr 2:1-26. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences,Agency for Science and Technology Research,Singapore.

Evidence on long term influences of maternal vitamin B12 deficiency or concentrations on infant cognition is limited. We examined associations between maternal plasma vitamin B12 and cognitive development in 24-months old infants. Maternal plasma vitamin B12 concentrations were measured at 26-28 weeks' gestation; infant cognitive development assessed with the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development-III at 24 months, for 443 mother-infant pairs from the Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes cohort. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000746DOI Listing

Impact of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D on cardiac prognosis in Chinese patients with heart failure.

Br J Nutr 2019 Apr 2:1-24. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of General Medicine,Linyin people's Hospital, Linyi,China.

There is a growing evidence that suggests the association of vitamin D status with the development and progression of Heart failure (HF). The objective of this study is to assess the impact of concentration of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] on cardiac prognosis in patients with HF. Between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2016, we consecutively recruited patients with HF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000795DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Prediction Model for the Efficacy of Folic Acid Therapy on Hyperhomocysteinaemia based on genetic risk score methods.

Br J Nutr 2019 Apr 2:1-25. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health,Zhengzhou University,Zhengzhou, Henan,China.

No risk assessment tools for the efficacy of folic acid treatment for hyperhomocysteinaemia (HHcy) have been developed. We aimed to use two common genetic risk score (GRS) methods to construct prediction models for the efficacy of folic acid therapy on HHcy, and the best gene-environment prediction model was screened out. A prospective cohort study enrolling 638 HHcy patients was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000783DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Serum folate concentrations at diagnosis are associated with hepatocellular carcinoma survival in the Guangdong Liver Cancer Cohort study.

Br J Nutr 2019 Apr 2:1-38. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health,Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou,China.

ABSTRACTExisting data on folate status and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) prognosis are scarce. We prospectively examined whether serum folate concentrations at diagnosis were associated with liver cancer-specific survival (LCSS) and overall survival (OS) among 982 patients with newly diagnosed, previously untreated HCC, who were enrolled in the Guangdong Liver Cancer Cohort (GLCC) study between September 2013 and February 2017. Serum folate concentrations were measured using chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000734DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Effect of lifelong carnitine supplementation on plasma and tissue carnitine status, hepatic lipid metabolism and stress signalling pathways and skeletal muscle transcriptome in mice at advanced age.

Br J Nutr 2019 Apr 2:1-28. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Institute of Animal Nutrition and Nutrition Physiology,Justus-Liebig-University Giessen,Heinrich-Buff-Ring 26-32, 35392 Giessen,Germany.

While strong evidence from clinical studies suggests benefial effects of carnitine supplementation on metabolic health, serious safety concerns associated with carnitine supplementation have been raised from studies in mice. Considering that the carnitine doses in these mice studies were up to 100 times higher than in clinical studies, the present study aimed to address possible safety concerns associated with longterm supplementation of a carnitine dose used in clinical trials. Two groups of NMRI mice were fed either a control or a carnitine-supplemented diet (1 g/kg diet) from weaning to 19 mo of age, and parameters of hepatic lipid metabolism and stress signalling and skeletal muscle gene expression were analyzed in the mice at 19 mo of age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000709DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Dietary patterns modify the association between FTO genetic variations and changes in obesity phenotypes.

Br J Nutr 2019 Apr 1:1-18. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Endocrine Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences,Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences,Tehran,Iran.

This study investigated whether dietary patterns could interact with fat mass and obesity associated (FTO) polymorphisms in relation to changes in body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) over 3.6 years of follow-up. Subjects were selected from participants of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (n=4292, 43. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000643DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Association between an individual dietary index based on the British Food Standard Agency Nutrient Profiling System and asthma symptoms.

Br J Nutr 2019 Mar 29:1-22. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Université Paris 13,Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN), Centre d'Epidémiologie et Statistiques Sorbonne Paris Cité, Inserm (U1153), Inra (U1125), Bobigny,France.

ABSTRACTThe role of diet in asthma is still debated. In France, a front-of-pack (FOP) nutrition label based on a modified British Food Standards Agency Nutrient Profiling System/High Council for Public Health (FSAm-NPS/HCSP) has recently been implemented to help consumers to make healthier food choices during purchase. At the individual level, the FSAm-NPS dietary index (DI) has been shown to reflect the nutritional quality of the diet. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000655DOI Listing

CD36 gene polymorphism (rs1761667) is associated with dietary monounsaturated fatty acid intake and hypertension in a Japanese population.

Br J Nutr 2019 Mar 29:1-37. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Pathophysiological Laboratory Sciences,Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine,1-1-20 Daikominami, Higashi-ku, Nagoya 461-8673Japan.

CD36 is a membrane receptor expressed on a wide variety of human cells. CD36 polymorphisms are reportedly associated with oral fat perception, dietary intake, and metabolic disorders. The present study examined associations of two CD36 polymorphisms (rs1761667 and rs1527483) and dietary fat intake, and metabolic phenotypes in a Japanese population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000679DOI Listing

Gut Prevotella as a possible biomarker of diet and its eubiotic versus dysbiotic roles-A comprehensive literature review.

Br J Nutr 2019 Mar 29:1-24. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Faculty of Food Science and Technology,Institute of Life Sciences,University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine,Cluj-Napoca, CJ,Romania.

Gut microbiota has a profound impact on human health. Emerging data shows that dietary patterns are associated with different communities of bacterial species within the gut. Prevotella species have been correlated with plant rich diets, abundant in carbohydrates and fibres. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000680DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

The effect of chronic oral vitamin D supplementation on adiposity and insulin secretion in hypothalamic obese rats.

Br J Nutr 2019 Mar 29:1-27. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Biologics Science and Health Center, Laboratory of Endocrine and Metabolic Physiology,University of West Parana (UNIOESTE),Cascavel, PR,Brazil.

Reduced plasma vitamin D levels may contribute to excessive white adipose tissue, insulin resistance and dyslipidemia. We evaluated the effect of chronic oral vitamin D supplementation on adiposity and insulin secretion in monosodium glutamate (MSG)-treated rats. During their first five days of life, male neonate rats received subcutaneous injections of MSG (4g/Kg), while the control (CON) group received saline solution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000667DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

A comparison of the effect of a Growing Up Milk - Lite (GUMLi) v. cows' milk on longitudinal dietary patterns and nutrient intakes in children aged 12-23 months: the GUMLi randomised controlled trial.

Br J Nutr 2019 Mar;121(6):678-687

1Discipline of Nutrition and Dietetics,Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences,The University of Auckland,Private Bag 92019, Auckland 1142,New Zealand.

The second year of life is a period of nutritional vulnerability. We aimed to investigate the dietary patterns and nutrient intakes from 1 to 2 years of age during the 12-month follow-up period of the Growing Up Milk - Lite (GUMLi) trial. The GUMLi trial was a multi-centre, double-blinded, randomised controlled trial of 160 healthy 1-year-old children in Auckland, New Zealand and Brisbane, Australia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114518003847DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads
3.453 Impact Factor

Relationship between BMI and adiposity among different ethnic groups in 2-year-old New Zealand children.

Br J Nutr 2019 Mar;121(6):670-677

2Liggins Institute,University of Auckland,Private Bag 92019,Victoria Street West,Auckland 1142,New Zealand.

Age- and sex-based BMI cut-offs are used to define overweight and obesity, but the relationship between BMI and body composition has not been very well studied in children or compared between children of different ethnic groups. Body size and composition in childhood are also influenced by size at birth. Our aim was to compare body size and composition at 2 years in children with different ethnicity and size at birth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S000711451800380XDOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Effect of cocoa on the brain and gut in healthy subjects: a randomised controlled trial.

Br J Nutr 2019 Mar;121(6):654-661

5Department of Nuclear Medicine and PET/CT-Center North-West Switzerland,St. Claraspital,CH-4058 Basel,Switzerland.

Dark chocolate is claimed to have effects on gastrointestinal function and to improve well-being. This randomised controlled study tested the hypothesis that cocoa slows gastric emptying and intestinal transit. Functional brain imaging identified central effects of cocoa on cortical activity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114518003689DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Insulin-like growth factor I, binding proteins -1 and -3, risk of type 2 diabetes and macronutrient intakes in men.

Br J Nutr 2019 Apr 22;121(8):938-944. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

1Department of Public Health Solutions,National Institute for Health and Welfare,Helsinki,Finland.

The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) axis may be involved in the development of type 2 diabetes. We examined the associations of IGF-I and IGF binding proteins (IGFBP)-1 and -3 with diabetes risk and evaluated macronutrient intakes related to the observed associations. In a nested case-control study of the Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta-Carotene Cancer Prevention Study of Finnish male smokers aged 50-69 years, the IGF variables were measured from baseline serum samples for a random sample of 310 men with diabetes diagnosed during a 12-year follow-up and for 310 controls matched by age, recruitment day and intervention group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000321DOI Listing

A randomised controlled trial comparing the efficacy of micellised and fat-soluble vitamin D3 supplementation in healthy adults.

Br J Nutr 2019 Apr 22;121(8):859-865. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

3Department of Dermatology,All India Institute of Medical Sciences,New Delhi 110 029,India.

Nanoemulsion formulation of vitamin D3 have been shown to have better bioavailability than the coarse emulsion preparation in vitro and in vivo animal studies. In the absence of randomised trial in humans, comparing the efficacy of nanotechnology-based miscellised vitamin D3 over conventional vitamin D3, we undertook this study. A total of 180 healthy adults were randomised to receive either micellised (DePura, group A) or conventional vitamin D3 (Calcirol, group B) at a monthly dose of 60 000 IU (1500μg) for 6 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114518003215DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read
3.453 Impact Factor

The association between intake of dietary lycopene and other carotenoids and gestational diabetes mellitus risk during mid-trimester: a cross-sectional study.

Br J Nutr 2019 Mar 22:1-22. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene,Hubei Key Laboratory of Food Nutrition and Safety and the Ministry of Education (MOE) Key Laboratory of Environment and Health,School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College,Huazhong University of Science and Technology,13 Hangkong Road, Wuhan 430030,People's Republic of China.

This study aimed to determine whether increased carotenoids intake was associated with reduced risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). We performed a cross-sectional analysis using data from Tongji Maternal and Child Health Cohort study. The dietary carotenoids intake of 1978 pregnant women was assessed using a researcher-administered FFQ before undertaking an oral glucose tolerance test at 24-28 weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000606DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads
3.453 Impact Factor

Milk intake and risk of colorectal cancer.

Authors:
Tomoyuki Kawada

Br J Nutr 2019 Mar 21:1-4. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Department of Hygiene and Public Health, Nippon Medical School.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S000711451900059XDOI Listing

Among the water-soluble vitamins, dietary intakes of vitamins C, B2 and folate are associated with the reduced risk of diabetes in Japanese women but not men.

Br J Nutr 2019 Mar 20:1-22. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Public Health,Faculty of Medicine,Hokkaido University,Japan.

Recent studies have shown that micronutrients are involved in the pathology of type 2 diabetes. Micronutrients with antioxidant effects; such as vitamins C and B2 may have protective effects. Moreover, homocysteine-lowering vitamins including B6, folate and B12 may have possible roles. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S000711451
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S000711451900062XDOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Comparison of phytosterol intake from FFQ with repeated 24HDRs of the Adventist Health Study-2 calibration sub-study.

Br J Nutr 2019 Mar 20:1-16. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Adventist Health Studies,School of Public Health,Loma Linda University,Loma Linda, CA,USA.

We evaluated the performance of a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) in estimating phytosterol intake against multiple 24 hr dietary recalls (24HDRs) using data from 1,011 participants of the calibration sub-study of the Adventist Health Study-2 (AHS-2) cohort. Dietary assessments of phytosterol intake included a self-administered FFQ and six 24HDRs and plasma sterols. Plasma sterols were determined using the gas-liquid chromatography (GLC) flame ionization method. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S000711451
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000618DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Invited commentary in response to: "Development of a nutritional documentation tool (NDoc): a Delphi study".

Br J Nutr 2019 Mar 20:1-2. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Senior Associate Dean for ResearchLarner College of MedicineThe University of Vermont Burlington,VermontUSA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000588DOI Listing

Beneficial Effects of Green Banana Biomass Consumption in Patients with Pre-diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes: a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Br J Nutr 2019 Mar 19:1-38. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Medicine,Universidade Federal de São Paulo,UNIFESP, São Paulo, SP,Brazil.

Diabetes mellitus is a global epidemic, characterized as a heterogeneous group of metabolic disorders associated with high risk of cardiovascular disease. Green banana biomass, which is composed of resistant starches (RS) and cannot be hydrolysed by amylases, delays gastric emptying and modulates insulin sensitivity thus contributing to improve metabolic disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of consumption of RS from green banana biomass on body composition, fasting plasma glucose, HbA1c, and HOMA-IR in subjects with pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes on top of treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000576DOI Listing

Substitutions between dairy products and risk of stroke: Results from the EPIC-NL cohort.

Br J Nutr 2019 Mar 14:1-21. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Public Health, Section for Epidemiology,Aarhus University,Aarhus,Denmark.

The association between intake of different dairy products and the risk of stroke remains unclear. We therefore investigated substitutions between dairy product subgroups and risk of stroke. We included 36,886 Dutch men and women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000564DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Iron status and associations with physical performance during basic combat training in female New Zealand Army recruits.

Br J Nutr 2019 Apr 13;121(8):887-893. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

2School of Sport,Exercise and Nutrition,College of Health,Massey University,North Shore,Auckland 0745,New Zealand.

Decreases in Fe status have been reported in military women during initial training periods of 8-10 weeks. The present study aimed to characterise Fe status and associations with physical performance in female New Zealand Army recruits during a 16-week basic combat training (BCT) course. Fe status indicators - Hb, serum ferritin (sFer), soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR), transferrin saturation (TS) and erythrocyte distribution width (RDW) - were assessed at the beginning (baseline) and end of BCT in seventy-six volunteers without Fe-deficiency non-anaemia (sFer 10 mg/l at baseline or end. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000199DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read
3.453 Impact Factor

Comparing the serum triglyceride response to high-dose supplementation with either DHA or EPA among individuals with increased cardiovascular risk: The ComparED study.

Br J Nutr 2019 Mar 11:1-32. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Institut sur la nutrition et les aliments fonctionnels (INAF),Pavillon des Services,Université Laval,Québec,Canada.

Studies show that the reduction in serum triglyceride concentrations with long-chain omega-3 fatty acid supplementation is highly variable among individuals. The objectives of this study were to compare the proportions of individuals whose triglyceride concentrations are lowered after high-dose docosahexaenoic (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and to identify predictors of the response to both modalities. In a double-blind controlled crossover study, 154 men and women were randomized to three supplemented phases of 10 weeks each: 1) 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000552DOI Listing
March 2019
12 Reads

Impact of three different daily doses of vitamin D3 supplementation in healthy schoolchildren and adolescents from North India: a single-blind prospective randomised clinical trial.

Br J Nutr 2019 Mar;121(5):538-548

9Central Council of Homeopathic Research,Ministry of Ayush,New Delhi 110023,India.

In India, there is a lack of information about the adequate daily dose of vitamin D3 supplementation in school children. Hence, we undertook this study to evaluate the adequacy and efficacy of different doses of vitamin D3 in schoolchildren. A total of 1008 vitamin D-deficient (VDD) children, aged 6-16 years with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels <50nmol/l, were cluster randomised into three groups (A-344, B-341 and C-232) for supplementation (600, 1000 and 2000 IU daily) of vitamin D3 under supervision for 6 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114518003690DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads
3.453 Impact Factor

Porcine lactoferrin-derived peptide LFP-20 modulates immune homeostasis to defend lipopolysaccharide-triggered intestinal inflammation in mice.

Br J Nutr 2019 Mar 6:1-24. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

1College of Animal Science,Zhejiang University,Hangzhou,Zhejiang Province 310058,People's Republic of China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000485DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Dietary carbohydrate intake, glycemic index, glycemic load, and digestive system cancers: an updated dose-response meta-analysis.

Br J Nutr 2019 Mar 6:1-39. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

4Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics,Zhejiang University,Hangzhou,People's Republic of China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000424DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Starch digestion kinetics and mechanisms of hydrolysing enzymes in growing pigs fed processed and native cereal based diets.

Br J Nutr 2019 Mar 6:1-29. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

1Animal Nutrition Group,Wageningen University and Research,De Elst 1,6708 WD Wageningen,The Netherlands.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000503DOI Listing

Maternal betaine status, but not that of choline or methionine, is inversely associated with infant birth weight.

Br J Nutr 2019 Mar 6:1-22. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

1Department of Maternal and Child Health,School of Public Health,Peking University,Beijing 100191,People's Republic of China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000497DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads
3.453 Impact Factor

Associations of calcium and dairy product intakes with all-cause, all-cancer, colorectal cancer, and coronary heart disease mortality among older women in the Iowa Women's Health Study.

Br J Nutr 2019 Mar 5:1-33. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

1Department of Epidemiology,Rollins School of Public Health,Emory University,1518 Clifton Rtttoad NE,Atlanta,Georgia30322.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S000711451900045XDOI Listing

Healthy choice label does not substantially improve consumers' ability to select healthier cereals: Results of an online experiment.

Br J Nutr 2019 Mar 5:1-24. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

ETH Zurich,Department of Health Sciences and Technology,Consumer Behavior,Zurich,Switzerland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000448DOI Listing

Endogenous biosynthesis of n-3 LC PUFA in Atlantic salmon.

Br J Nutr 2019 Mar 5:1-34. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

1Deakin University,Geelong,Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000473DOI Listing
March 2019
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Dietary alpha-lactalbumin alters energy balance, gut microbiota composition and intestinal nutrient transporter expression in high-fat diet fed mice.

Br J Nutr 2019 Mar 5:1-26. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

1Food Biosciences Department,Teagasc Food Research Centre,Moorepark,Fermoy,County Cork,Republic of Ireland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000461DOI Listing
March 2019
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Animal foods and postmenopausal breast cancer risk: a prospective cohort study.

Br J Nutr 2019 Mar 5:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

1Department of Epidemiology,Erasmus MC,PO Box 2040,3000 CA,Rotterdam,The Netherlands.

The role of diet on breast cancer risk is not well elucidated but animal food sources may play a role through, for example, the pathway of the insulin-like growth factor 1 system or cholesterol metabolism. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between animal foods and the risk of postmenopausal breast cancer. This study was embedded in the Rotterdam Study, a population-based prospective cohort study of subjects aged 55 years and over (61 % female). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000072DOI Listing

Dietary determinants of hepatic fat content and insulin resistance in children with overweight/obesity: a cross-sectional analysis of the PREDIKID study.

Br J Nutr 2019 Mar 5:1-20. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

1Institute for Innovation & Sustainable Development in Food Chain (IS-FOOD),Public University of Navarra,Pamplona,Spain.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000436DOI Listing

Vitamin D3 supplementation for 8 weeks leads to improved haematological status following the consumption of an iron-fortified breakfast cereal: a double-blind randomised controlled trial in iron-deficient women. (1-2).

Br J Nutr 2019 Mar 1:1-31. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

1From theFaculty of Medicine,Dentistry and Life Sciences,University of Chester,Parkgate Road,Chester,UK,CH1 4BJ.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000412DOI Listing

Spirulina supplementation in a mouse model of diet-induced liver fibrosis reduced the pro-inflammatory response of splenocytes.

Br J Nutr 2019 Apr 26;121(7):748-755. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

1Department of Nutritional Sciences,University of Connecticut,Storrs,CT 06269,USA.

Treatment of liver fibrosis is very limited as there is currently no effective anti-fibrotic therapy. Spirulina platensis (SP) is a blue-green alga that is widely supplemented in healthy foods. The objective of this study was to determine whether SP supplementation can prevent obesity-induced liver fibrosis in vivo. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000126DOI Listing
April 2019
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Acute dietary zinc deficiency in rats exacerbates myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion injury through depletion of glutathione.

Br J Nutr 2019 Feb 22:1-32. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

1Centre for Cardiometabolic Health Research,School of Pharmacy & Life Sciences,Robert Gordon University,Aberdeen,UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000230DOI Listing
February 2019
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Efficacy and safety of iron supplementation in patients with heart failure and iron deficiency: a meta-analysis.

Br J Nutr 2019 Apr 20;121(8):841-848. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

2Department of Cardiology,Union Hospital,Tongji Medical College,Huazhong University of Science and Technology,Wuhan,430022, People's Republic of China.

Fe therapy can be effective in heart failure patients both with and without anaemia. However, the role of Fe therapy in such patients is still uncertain. In this review, the aim was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Fe therapy in adult patients with heart failure who have reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S000711451900014XDOI Listing