12,634 results match your criteria British Journal Of Nutrition[Journal]


Exploring the relationship between the Mediterranean diet and weight loss maintenance: the MedWeight study.

Br J Nutr 2020 May 21:1-19. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Health Sciences & Education, Harokopio University, Athens, Greece.

Weight loss maintenance is crucial for obesity management, yet optimal dietary patterns for this period are not established. We aimed to explore the relationship between adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and weight loss maintenance. Sample includes 565 adults (62% women) of the MedWeight study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001798DOI Listing

Dietary supplementation with modified gut microbiota, bile acid profile and glucose homeostasis in weaning piglets.

Br J Nutr 2020 May 21:1-35. Epub 2020 May 21.

Key Laboratory for Animal Disease Resistance Nutrition of the Ministry of Education, Animal Nutrition Institute, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu611130, China.

Bile acids (BA) have emerged as signaling molecules regulating intestinal physiology. The importance of intestinal microbiota in production of secondary BA, e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001774DOI Listing

Autoimmune Thyroid Diseases after 25 years of Universal Salt Iodization: An Epidemiologic Study of Chinese Adults in Areas with Different Water Iodine Levels.

Br J Nutr 2020 May 21:1-30. Epub 2020 May 21.

Centre for Endemic Disease Control, Chinese Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, Harbin Medical University, Harbin City, Heilongjiang Province 150081, People's Republic of China.

The present study aimed to evaluate the status of iodine nutrition and thyroid function in adults, to understand the distribution of thyroid disease in people with autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) in different water iodine areas, and to explore the relationship between serum iodine, urine iodine and thyroid function in people with AITD. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in areas of Shandong Province with different water iodine levels and subsequently 1225 adults were enrolled from I-deficient (ID), I-adequate (IA), and I-excess (IE) areas. Urinary iodine, water iodine, salt iodine, serum iodine, thyroid function were measured. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001786DOI Listing

Vegetarian, Pescatarian and Flexitarian Diets: Socio-Demographic Determinants and Association with Cardiovascular Risk Factors in a Swiss Urban Population.

Br J Nutr 2020 May 18:1-23. Epub 2020 May 18.

Unit of Population Epidemiology, Department of Primary Care Medicine, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland.

Prevalence and trends of different vegetarian diets remain unknown, with estimates varying depending on the source. Evidence suggests that vegetarian diets are associated with a more favorable cardiovascular risk profile. This study aimed to assess the prevalence and trends of different types of vegetarian diets in a population-based representative sample, socio-demographic characteristics of participants following such diets and the association of these diets with cardiovascular risk factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001762DOI Listing

Consuming decaffeinated coffee with milk and sugar added before a high glycaemic index meal improves postprandial glycaemic and insulinaemic responses in healthy adults.

Br J Nutr 2020 May 18:1-30. Epub 2020 May 18.

School of Biological Sciences, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

This study aimed to compare the effects of drinking different types of coffee before a high glycaemic index (GI) meal on postprandial glucose metabolism and to assess the effects of adding milk and sugar into coffee. In this randomised, crossover acute feeding study, apparently healthy adults (n = 21) consumed the test drink followed by a high GI meal in each session. Different types of coffee (espresso, instant, boil, and decaffeinated, all with milk and sugar) and plain water were tested in separate sessions, while a subset of the participants (n = 10) completed extra sessions using black coffees. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001750DOI Listing

Effects of dietary Zn level on growth performance, lipolysis and expression of genes involved in the CaCaMKKβ/AMPK pathway in juvenile Pacific white shrimp.

Br J Nutr 2020 May 15:1-31. Epub 2020 May 15.

Laboratory of Fish and Shellfish Nutrition, School of Marine Sciences, Ningbo University, Ningbo315211, China.

The present study evaluated the effects of dietary zinc level on growth performance, serum and hepatopancreas metabolites, and expression of genes involved in lipid and energy metabolism, and the signal pathway of dietary Zn-induced lipolysis. Five isonitrogenous and isolipidic diets were formulated to contain different zinc levels: 46.4 (basal diet), 77. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001725DOI Listing

Are the Nutrient and Textural Properties of Australian Commercial Infant and Toddler Foods Consistent with Infant Feeding Advice?

Br J Nutr 2020 May 14:1-19. Epub 2020 May 14.

Discipline of Paediatrics, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia.

Infant Feeding Guidelines worldwide recommend first foods be iron rich with no added sugars and that nutrient poor discretionary foods be avoided. Feeding guidelines also recommend exposing infants to a variety of foods and flavours with increasingly complex textures. Here, we compare nutritional and textural properties of commercial infant and toddler foods available in Australia with established infant feeding guidelines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001695DOI Listing

Dietary patterns and relative expression levels of , , and genes in benign breast diseases: a case-control and consecutive case-series designs.

Br J Nutr 2020 May 14:1-28. Epub 2020 May 14.

Drug Applied Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; and also

We aimed to study the associations of dietary patterns with the relative expression levels of PPAR-γ, VEGF-A, and HIF-1α in women with benign breast disease (BBD). The study design was combinative, included a case-series and case-control compartments. Initially, eligible BBD patients (n=77, aged 19-52 years old) were recruited at Nour-Nejat hospital, Tabriz, Iran (2012-2014). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001737DOI Listing

Klason lignin is a nutritionally heterogeneous fraction unsuitable for prediction of forage neutral detergent fibre digestibility in ruminants.

Br J Nutr 2020 May 14:1-22. Epub 2020 May 14.

The AgModels Foundation, Tully, NY.

Although lignin has been negatively correlated with neutral detergent fibre (NDF) digestibility (NDFD) in ruminants and used to predict potential extent of NDF digestion of forages, selection of an analysis, Klason lignin (KL) or acid detergent lignin (ADL), to describe the nutritionally relevant lignin has not been resolved. Dismissed as an artifact is the difference between KL and ADL (∆L). A question is whether ∆L influences digestibility of NDF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001713DOI Listing

Comparison between Tibetan and Small-tailed Han sheep in adipocyte phenotype, lipid metabolism and energy homeostasis regulation of adipose tissues when consuming diets of different energy levels.

Br J Nutr 2020 May 14:1-30. Epub 2020 May 14.

State Key Laboratory of Grassland and Agro-Ecosystems, International Centre for Tibetan Plateau Ecosystem Management, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou730000, China.

The nutrient intake of Tibetan sheep on the harsh Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP) is often below maintenance requirements, especially during the long, cold winter. This study aimed to gain insight into how adipose tissue of Tibetan sheep regulates energy homeostasis to cope with low energy intake under the harsh environment of the QTP. We compared Tibetan and Small-tailed Han sheep (n = 24 of each breed), all wethers and 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001701DOI Listing

New developments in the .

Authors:
John C Mathers

Br J Nutr 2020 May 13:1-2. Epub 2020 May 13.

Editor-in-Chief, Human Nutrition Research Centre, Population Health Sciences Institute, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001452DOI Listing

'Scientific Strabismus' or Two Related Pandemics: COVID-19 & Vitamin D Deficiency.

Br J Nutr 2020 May 12:1-20. Epub 2020 May 12.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Hacettepe University Medical School, Ankara, Turkey.

World Health Organization announced the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak to be a global pandemic. The distribution of community outbreaks shows seasonal patterns along certain latitude, temperature, and humidity i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001749DOI Listing

The Effect of the National Birth Defects Intervention Project on the Prevention of Congenital Disabilities among Children in China: A Natural Experiment.

Br J Nutr 2020 May 8:1-18. Epub 2020 May 8.

Institute of Population Research, Peking University, Beijing100871, China.

Most childhood disabilities are caused by congenital factors such as birth defects. The present study aims to evaluate the effect of periconceptional nutrition intervention on the prevention of congenital disability among Chinese children using the National Birth Defects Intervention Project as a natural experiment. We obtained individual-level data from the Second National Sample Survey on Disability, a nationally representative survey, and 110,365 children born between Sep. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001622DOI Listing

Introduction to complementary feeding in the first year of life and risk of overweight at 24 months of age: changes from 2004 to 2015 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort.

Br J Nutr 2020 May 8:1-24. Epub 2020 May 8.

Post-Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil.

Complementary feeding (CF) and overweight relation during early childhood is inconsistent in the literature. We described CF during the first year of life and risk of overweight at 24-months of age association in the population-based 2004- and 2015-Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohorts (2004c and 2015c). CF introduction was evaluated at the 3- and 12-month follow-ups by asking mothers using a list of foods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001634DOI Listing

EFFECTS OF THE DIETARY FAT QUALITY ON METABOLIC ENDOTOXEMIA: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW.

Br J Nutr 2020 May 8:1-30. Epub 2020 May 8.

Department of Nutrition and Health, Federal University of Viçosa, Avenida PH Rolfs, s/n, Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil. CEP 36570-000.

In this systematic review, we critically evaluated human clinical trials that assessed the effects of dietary fat quality on metabolic endotoxemia. The studies were selected from three databases (PubMed, Scopus and Cochrane Library) and the keywords were defined according to the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) indexing terminology. Two authors searched independently, according to pre-defined selection criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001658DOI Listing

Thermodynamic assessment of allocation of energy and exergy of the nutrients for the life processes during pregnancy.

Br J Nutr 2020 May 8:1-30. Epub 2020 May 8.

Yeditepe University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Food Engineering, Istanbul, Turkey.

Thermodynamic analyses are performed to quantify allocation of the nutritional energy and exergy to most of the life processes by pregnant mice. In these analyses, "internal work performance" is calculated for the first time in the literature for metabolism during pregnancy and found substantially higher than the "external work performance". Variation of the daily entropy generation rates and the daily internal work performance rates during the course of pregnancy showed a highly similar phasic behaviour. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001646DOI Listing

Associations of fat and carbohydrate intake with becoming overweight and obese: An 11-year longitudinal cohort study.

Br J Nutr 2020 May 7:1-29. Epub 2020 May 7.

Department of Epidemiology and Statistics, Hebei Key Laboratory of Environment and Human Health, School of Public Health, Hebei Medical University, 361 East Zhong Shan Road, Shijiazhuang050017, China.

The effects of macronutrient intake on obesity are controversial. This research aims to investigate the associations between macronutrient intake and new-onset overweight/obesity. The relationship between the consumption of carbohydrate and total fat and obesity was assessed by the multivariable Cox model in this 11-year cohort, which included 6,612 adults (3,321 women and 3,291 men) who were free of overweight and obesity at baseline. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001579DOI Listing

Effects of different delivering matrices of β-glucan on lipids in mildly hypercholesterolemic individuals, a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Br J Nutr 2020 May 7:1-45. Epub 2020 May 7.

Key Laboratory of Environmental Medicine and Engineering of Ministry of Education, and Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Southeast University, Nanjing210009, P.R. China.

β-glucan has been reported for its health benefits on blood lipids in hypercholesterolemic individuals for years. However, people has paid little attention to the effects in population with mildly hypercholesterolemic as well as the various delivering matrices of β-glucan. Our objective was to perform a meta-analysis to analyze the effects of β-glucan with different delivering matrices in mildly hypercholesterolemic individuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001610DOI Listing

Long-term Iodine nutrition is associated with longevity in older adults: a 20-year follow-up of the Randers-Skagen study.

Br J Nutr 2020 May 7:1-15. Epub 2020 May 7.

Department of Geriatric Medicine, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark.

Iodine intake affects the occurrence of thyroid disorders. However, the association of iodine intake with longevity remains to be described. This led us to perform a 20-year follow-up on participants from the Randers-Skagen (RaSk) study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001592DOI Listing

Predictors of decline in vitamin D status in middle-aged and elderly individuals: A 5-year follow-up study.

Br J Nutr 2020 May 7:1-18. Epub 2020 May 7.

Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Niigata University Hospital, Niigata, Japan.

Little is known about predictors of decline in vitamin D status (vitamin D decline) over time. We aimed to determine demographic and lifestyle variables associated with vitamin D decline by sufficiently controlling for seasonal effects of vitamin D uptake in a middle-aged to elderly population. Using a longitudinal study design within the larger framework of the Murakami Cohort Study, we examined 1,044 individuals aged between 40 and 74 years, who provided blood samples at baseline and at 5-year follow-up, the latter of which were taken on a date near the baseline examination (±14 days). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001580DOI Listing

Dietary calcium and vitamin K are associated with osteoporotic fracture risk in middle-aged and elderly Japanese women, but not men: the Murakami Cohort Study.

Br J Nutr 2020 May 7:1-25. Epub 2020 May 7.

Division of Preventive Medicine, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata, Japan.

Although dietary calcium, vitamin D, and vitamin K are nutritional factors associated with osteoporosis, little is known about their effects on incident osteoporotic fractures in East Asian populations. This study aimed to determine whether intakes of these nutrients predict incident osteoporotic fractures. We adopted a cohort-study design with a 5-year follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001567DOI Listing

Dietary fibre intake and its association with inflammatory markers in adolescents.

Br J Nutr 2020 May 7:1-21. Epub 2020 May 7.

Menzies Institute for Medical Research, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia.

A high dietary fibre intake has been associated with improvements in inflammatory conditions in adults. However, little is known on whether associations between dietary fibre and inflammation are evident during adolescence. We examined the relationship between dietary fibre intake measured by food frequency questionnaire and the inflammatory marker high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and the adipokines leptin and adiponectin cross-sectionally in 17-year-olds participating in the Raine Study (n=621). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001609DOI Listing

THE EFFECTS OF PRE-SLEEP CONSUMPTION OF CASEIN PROTEIN ON NEXT-MORNING MEASURES OF RESTING METABOLIC RATE AND APPETITE COMPARED BETWEEN SEDENTARY PRE- AND POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN.

Br J Nutr 2020 May 4:1-29. Epub 2020 May 4.

Department of Nutrition, Food and Exercise Sciences, The Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL32306, USA.

The purpose of this study was to compare next-morning responses of resting metabolic rate (RMR) and appetite to pre-sleep consumption of casein protein (CP) in pre and postmenopausal women. The study was a randomized, crossover, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Seven sedentary premenopausal (age: 19. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001506DOI Listing

Influence of dietary zinc on growth, zinc bioaccumulation and expression of genes involved in antioxidant and innate immune in juvenile mud crab ().

Br J Nutr 2020 May 4:1-37. Epub 2020 May 4.

Laboratory of Fish and Shellfish Nutrition, School of Marine Sciences, Ningbo University, Ningbo315211, China.

The aim of present study was to investigate the effects of dietary Zn level on growth performance, Zn bioaccumulation, antioxidant capacity and innate immunity in juvenile mud crab (Scylla paramamosain). Six semi-purified diets were formulated to contain dietary Zn levels of 44.5, 56. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001531DOI Listing
May 2020
3.453 Impact Factor

Association between overall fruit and vegetable intake, and fruit and vegetable sub-types and blood pressure: the PRIME study (Prospective Epidemiological Study of Myocardial Infarction).

Br J Nutr 2020 May 4:1-24. Epub 2020 May 4.

Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, United Kingdom.

Increased fruit and vegetable (FV) intake is associated with reduced blood pressure. However, it is not clear whether the effect of FV on blood pressure depends on the type of FV consumed. Furthermore, there is limited research regarding the comparative effect of juices or whole FV on blood pressure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001518DOI Listing

Associations between serum carotenoid levels and the risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma: a case-control study.

Br J Nutr 2020 Apr 30:1-31. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Department of Lymphoma, Cancer Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University.

Limited studies have investigated the effects of serum carotenoids on the risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and the findings have been inconclusive. This study aims to assess the association between serum total or specific carotenoid levels and NHL risk. This 1:1 matched, hospital-based case-control study enrolled 512 newly diagnosed (within 1 month) NHL patients and 512 healthy controls who were matched by age (±5 years) and sex in Urumqi, China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S000711452000152XDOI Listing

The effect on satiety of ingesting isosweet and isoenergetic sucrose- and isomaltulose-sweetened beverages: a randomised crossover trial.

Br J Nutr 2020 Apr 24:1-7. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin9054, New Zealand.

Generating feelings of satiety may be important in maintaining weight control. It has been hypothesised that the circulating concentration of glucose is a major determinant of satiety, yet the relationship between postprandial glycaemia and satiety is inconclusive. Our aim was to assess satiety following ingestion of beverages differing in glycaemic index (GI) containing either 50 g of sucrose (GI 65) or isomaltulose (PalatinoseTM) (GI 32). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520000884DOI Listing

Plasma concentrations of vitamin B and folate and global cognitive function in an older population: Cross-sectional findings from The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA).

Br J Nutr 2020 Apr 24:1-25. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

School of Medicine, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin2, Ireland.

The uncertainty surrounding high intakes of folic acid and associations with cognitive decline in older adults with low vitamin B12 status has been an obstacle to mandatory folic acid fortification for many years. We estimated the prevalence of combinations of low/normal/high vitamin B12 and folate status and compared associations with global cognitive function using two approaches, of individuals in a population-based study of those aged ≥50 years in the Republic of Ireland. Cross-sectional data from 3,781 men and women from Wave 1 of The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing were analysed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001427DOI Listing

A Data Mining Approach to Investigate Food Groups related to Incidence of Bladder Cancer in the BLadder cancer Epidemiology and Nutritional Determinants International Study.

Br J Nutr 2020 Apr 23:1-28. Epub 2020 Apr 23.

CAPHRI School for Public Health and Primary Care, University of Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

At present, the analysis of diet and bladder cancer (BC) is mostly based on the intake of individual foods. The examination of food combinations provides a scope to deal with the complexity and unpredictability of the diet and aims to overcome the limitations of the study of nutrients and foods in isolation. This article aims to demonstrate the usability of supervised data mining methods to extract the food groups related to BC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001439DOI Listing

Definition and diagnosis of constitutional thinness: a systematic review.

Br J Nutr 2020 Apr 23:1-30. Epub 2020 Apr 23.

Université Clermont Auvergne, CRNH, AME2P, F-63000Clermont-Ferrand, France,

The existing literature about the definition and diagnostic criteria of constitutional thinness appears equivocal. The present work systematically reviewed the criteria used in the diagnosis of adult individuals with constitutional thinness (PROSPERO registration number: CRD42019138236). Five electronic bibliographic databases were searched between December 2018 and November 2019: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL (Cochrane Library), Google Scholar and CLINICAL TRIALS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001440DOI Listing

Effect of walnut consumption on markers of blood glucose control: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Br J Nutr 2020 Apr 21:1-33. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

School of Medicine, Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health, University of Wollongong, New South Wales2522, Australia.

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a chronic disease increasing in global prevalence. While habitual consumption of walnuts is associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, there is inconsistent evidence for the impact of walnut consumption on markers of glycaemic control. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to examine the effect of walnut consumption on markers of blood glucose control. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001415DOI Listing

Do infants of breast-feeding mothers benefit from additional LCPUFA from fish oil? A six-year follow up.

Br J Nutr 2020 Apr 21:1-23. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

School of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Western Australia, Perth.

Fish-oil supplements are marketed as enhancing intelligence and cognitive performance. However, empirical data concerning the utility of these products in healthy term infants is mixed, particularly with respect to lasting effects into childhood. We evaluated whether fish-oil supplementation during infancy leads to better neurocognitive/behavioural development at 6-years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S000711452000135XDOI Listing

The role of socioeconomic factors in food consumption of Portuguese children and adolescents: results from the National Food, Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey 2015-2016.

Br J Nutr 2020 Apr 21:1-23. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

EPIUnit - Institute of Public Health, University of Porto, Rua das Taipas, nº 135, 4050-600Porto, Portugal.

This study aimed to evaluate the association between socioeconomic factors and the food consumption of the young population. Participants were from the Portuguese National Food, Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (IAN-AF 2015-2016) aged from 3 to 17 years (n=1153). Food consumption was assessed using two non-consecutive days of food diaries in children and two 24-hour recalls for adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001373DOI Listing

Maternal total energy, macronutrient and vitamin intakes during pregnancy associated with the offspring's birth size in the Japan Environment and Children's Study.

Br J Nutr 2020 Apr 21:1-26. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Public Health, Department of Social Medicine, Osaka University, Graduate School of Medicine, 2-2 Yamadaoka, Suita Shi, Osaka565-0871, Japan.

Maternal diet during pregnancy can influence foetal growth; however, the available evidence is controversial. We aimed to assess whether maternal diet of Japanese women in mid-pregnancy can affect their offspring's birth size via collection of questionnaire and medical record data. The studied sample was a large cohort of paired mothers and their singleton offspring (n= 78,793) from 15 areas allover Japan who participated in the Japan Environment and Children's Study (JECS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001397DOI Listing

Ileal and hindgut fermentation in the growing pig fed a human-type diet.

Br J Nutr 2020 Apr 21:1-27. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Riddet Institute, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand.

Dietary fibre fermentation in humans and monogastric animals is considered to occur in the hindgut, but it may also occur in the lower small intestine. This study aimed to compare ileal and hindgut fermentation in the growing pig fed a human-type diet using a combined in vivo/in vitro methodology. Five pigs (23±1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001385DOI Listing

Effect of garlic powder supplementation on hepatic steatosis, liver enzymes and lipid profile in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: a double-blind randomised controlled clinical trial.

Br J Nutr 2020 Apr 21:1-7. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Food and Beverages Safety Research Center, Department of Nutrition, School of Medicine, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, PO Box 5756115111, West Azarbaijan Province, Urmia, Iran.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) includes a range of disorders from simple steatosis to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. There is no proven drug treatment for NAFLD, and diet modification is considered part of the main line of treatment for this disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of garlic supplementation in NAFLD patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001403DOI Listing

Frequent use of selected sugary products associates with thinness, but not overweight during preadolescence: a cross-sectional study.

Br J Nutr 2020 Apr 21:1-25. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Folkhälsan Research Center, Topeliuksenkatu 20, 00250 Helsinki, Finland.

Convincing evidence suggests diets laden with added sugar, specifically sugar-sweetened beverages, associate with excess weight in children. The relationships between sugar consumption frequency and BMI remain less well-studied. We, therefore, evaluated children's consumption frequency of selected sugary products (n=8461; mean age, 11. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001361DOI Listing

Intake of total cruciferous vegetable and its contents of glucosinolates and isothiocyanates, polymorphisms, and breast cancer risk: a case-control study in China.

Br J Nutr 2020 Apr 20:1-25. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou510080, People's Republic of China.

Cruciferous vegetables contained high levels of glucosinolates (GSL) and isothiocyanates (ITC). ITC is known to induce glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) thus exert its anticarcinogenic effects. This study explored the combined effects of cruciferous vegetables, GSL, ITC intake and GST polymorphisms on breast cancer risk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001348DOI Listing

Effect of Daily Consumption of Cranberry Beverage on Insulin Sensitivity and Modification of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Obese Adults: A Pilot Randomized Placebo-Controlled Study.

Br J Nutr 2020 Apr 17:1-27. Epub 2020 Apr 17.

Ocean Spray Cranberries, Inc., One Ocean Spray Drive, Lakeville-Middleboro, MA02349.

Cranberries are high in polyphenols and epidemiologic studies have shown a high polyphenol diet may reduce risk factors for diabetes and cardiovascular disease. This study aimed to determine if short term cranberry beverage consumption would improve insulin sensitivity and other cardiovascular risk factors. Thirty-five obese individuals with elevated fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance participated in a randomized, double blind, placebo controlled, parallel designed pilot trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001336DOI Listing

A detailed exploration of early infant milk feeding in a prospective birth cohort study in Ireland: combination feeding of breast milk and infant formula and early breast-feeding cessation.

Br J Nutr 2020 Apr 14:1-10. Epub 2020 Apr 14.

Cork Centre for Vitamin D and Nutrition Research, School of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University College Cork, Cork, Republic of Ireland.

Breast-feeding initiation and continuation rates in the UK and Ireland are low relative to many European countries. As a core outcome of the prospective Cork Nutrition and Development Maternal-Infant Cohort (COMBINE) study (Cork, Ireland), we aimed to describe infant milk feeding practices in detail and examine the prevalence and impact of combination feeding of breast milk and infant formula on breast-feeding duration. COMBINE recruited 456 nulliparous mothers (2015-2017) for maternal-infant follow-up via interview at hospital discharge (median 3 (interquartile range (IQR) 2, 4) d (n 453)), 1 (n 418), 2 (n 392), 4 (n 366), 6 (n 362) and 9 (n 345) months of age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001324DOI Listing

Resistant starch supplementation increases crypt cell proliferative state in the rectal mucosa of older healthy participants.

Br J Nutr 2020 Apr 13:1-12. Epub 2020 Apr 13.

Human Nutrition Research Centre, Population Health Sciences Institute, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon TyneNE2 4HH, UK.

There is strong evidence that foods containing dietary fibre protect against colorectal cancer, resulting at least in part from its anti-proliferative properties. This study aimed to investigate the effects of supplementation with two non-digestible carbohydrates, resistant starch (RS) and polydextrose (PD), on crypt cell proliferative state (CCPS) in the macroscopically normal rectal mucosa of healthy individuals. We also investigated relationships between expression of regulators of apoptosis and of the cell cycle on markers of CCPS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001312DOI Listing
April 2020
3.453 Impact Factor

Dietary inclusion of Antarctic krill meal during the finishing feed period improves health and fillet quality of Atlantic salmon ( L.).

Br J Nutr 2020 Apr 7:1-14. Epub 2020 Apr 7.

Department of Fish Health, Nofima (Norwegian Institute of Food, Fisheries and Aquaculture Research), NO-9291 Tromsø, Norway.

There is an urgent need to find alternative feed resources that can further substitute fishmeal in Atlantic salmon diets without compromising health and food quality, in particular during the finishing feeding period when the feed demand is highest and flesh quality effects are most significant. This study investigates efficacy of substituting a isoprotein (35 %) and isolipid (35 %) low fishmeal diet (FM, 15 %) with Antarctic krill meal (KM, 12 %) during 3 months with growing finishing 2·3 kg salmon (quadruplicate sea cages/diet). Final body weight (3·9 (se 0·04) kg) was similar in the dietary groups, but the KM group had more voluminous body shape, leaner hearts and improved fillet integrity, firmness and colour. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001282DOI Listing

Longitudinal associations between dietary quality and Alzheimer's Disease genetic risk on cognitive performance among African American adults.

Br J Nutr 2020 Apr 6:1-38. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Laboratory of Epidemiology and Population Sciences, National Institute on Aging, NIA/NIH/IRP, Baltimore, MD.

Poor diet quality is associated with poor cognition and increased neurodegeneration, including Alzheimer's disease (AD). We are interested in the role of diet quality on cognitive functioning (by sex and increasing genetic risk for AD), in a sample of African American (AA) middle-aged adults. We analyzed a sub-group of participants (~55% women; mean follow-up time~4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001269DOI Listing

Longitudinal associations between ultra-processed foods and blood lipids in childhood.

Br J Nutr 2020 Apr 6:1-8. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Graduate Program of Health Sciences, Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

Emerging evidence suggests that the consumption of ultra-processed foods (UPF) plays a role in the development of chronic diseases, but evidence of their influence in children is limited. Our objective was to study longitudinal trends of UPF intake and determine their impact on blood lipids in young children. The present study was a follow-up of a randomised field trial of children (n 308) from Porto Alegre, Brazil. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001233DOI Listing

Physiological responses to maximal eating in men.

Br J Nutr 2020 Apr 6:1-11. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Department for Health, University of Bath, BathBA2 7AY, UK.

This study investigated metabolic, endocrine, appetite and mood responses to a maximal eating occasion in fourteen men (mean: age 28 (sd 5) years, body mass 77·2 (sd 6·6) kg and BMI 24·2 (sd 2·2) kg/m2) who completed two trials in a randomised crossover design. On each occasion, participants ate a homogenous mixed-macronutrient meal (pizza). On one occasion, they ate until 'comfortably full' (ad libitum) and on the other, until they 'could not eat another bite' (maximal). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001270DOI Listing
April 2020
3.453 Impact Factor

Utility of published skinfold thickness equations for prediction of body composition in very young New Zealand children.

Br J Nutr 2020 Apr 6:1-12. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Liggins Institute, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Measurement of body composition is increasingly important in research and clinical settings but is difficult in very young children. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and air displacement plethysmography (ADP) are well-established but require specialist equipment so are not always feasible. Our aim was to determine if anthropometry and skinfold thickness measurements can be used as a substitute for BIA or ADP for assessing body composition in very young New Zealand children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001221DOI Listing

Diet and the gut microbiome: from hype to hypothesis.

Authors:
Hannelore Daniel

Br J Nutr 2020 Apr 2:1-31. Epub 2020 Apr 2.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001142DOI Listing

Maternal use of folic acid and multivitamin supplements and infant risk of birth defects in Norway, 1999-2013.

Br J Nutr 2020 Apr 2:1-14. Epub 2020 Apr 2.

Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

The association between folic acid supplementation and birth defects other than neural tube defects (NTD) remains unclear. We used a log-binomial regression model to investigate if periconceptional folic acid and/or multivitamin use was associated with birth defects in Norway with prospectively collected data from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway (MBRN) during 1999-2013. We used the European Surveillance of Congenital Anomalies (EUROCAT) classification system to define eleven organ-specific major birth defect groups (nervous system, eye, ear-face-neck, cardiovascular system, respiratory system, oral clefts, digestive system, abdominal wall, urinary system, genital organs and limb), with additional subgroups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520001178DOI Listing