2,649 results match your criteria British Journal Of Mathematical & Statistical Psychology[Journal]


The Effect of Access Cavity Designs and Sizes of Root Canal Preparations on the Biomechanical Behavior of an Endodontically Treated Mandibular First Molar: A Finite Element Analysis.

J Endod 2020 Jul 5. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

Department of Conservative Dentistry, Pusan National University School of Dentistry, Dental Research Institute, Yangsan, Korea. Electronic address:

Introduction: This study aimed to compare the biomechanical properties of a mandibular first molar with different endodontic cavity designs and increasing sizes of root canal preparations using finite element analysis (FEA).

Methods: The experimental FE models were designed with three different endodontic access cavities and two sizes of canal preparations; traditional access cavity (TRD), conservative access cavity (CON), and truss access cavity (TUS), and #30/.04 and #40/. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joen.2020.06.040DOI Listing

Strategies and support for Black, Indigenous, and people of colour in ecology and evolutionary biology.

Nat Ecol Evol 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41559-020-1252-0DOI Listing

Effects of forced taxonomic transitions on metabolic composition and function in microbial microcosms.

Environ Microbiol Rep 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Biodiversity Research Centre, University of British Columbia, Canada.

Surveys of microbial systems indicate that in many situations taxonomy and function may constitute largely independent ("decoupled") axes of variation. However, this decoupling is rarely explicitly tested experimentally, partly because it is hard to directly induce taxonomic variation without affecting functional composition. Here we experimentally evaluate this paradigm using microcosms resembling lake sediments and subjected to two different levels of salinity (0 and 19) and otherwise similar environmental conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1758-2229.12866DOI Listing

A infection model with free boundary.

J Biol Dyn 2020 Dec;14(1):515-542

Department of Mathematics & Statistics, Statistics, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, Canada.

Scientists have been seeking ways to use to eliminate the mosquitoes that spread human diseases. Could be the determining factor in controlling the mosquito-borne infectious diseases? To answer this question mathematically, we develop a reaction-diffusion model with free boundary in a one-dimensional environment. We divide the female mosquito population into two groups: one is the uninfected mosquito population that grows in the whole region while the other is the mosquito population infected with that occupies a finite small region. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17513758.2020.1784474DOI Listing
December 2020

Does conventional early life academic excellence predict later life scientific Discovery? An assessment of the lives of Great Medical Innovators.

QJM 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Aims: When young, can we predict who will be the great innovators? For example, in medicine who will change clinical practice? We have therefore assessed whether the current academic excellence approach to medical school entrance would have captured previous great innovators in medicine, assuming that they should all have well fulfilled current entrance requirements.

Methods: The authors assembled a list of 100 great medical innovators which was then approved, rejected or added to by a jury of 12 MD Fellows of the Royal Society of Canada. Two reviewers, who had taken both the past and present Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) as part of North American medical school entrance requirements, independently assessed each innovator's early life educational history in order to predict the innovator's likely success at medical school entry, assuming excellence in all entrance requirements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/qjmed/hcaa210DOI Listing

Adult-born hippocampal neurons undergo extended development and are morphologically distinct from neonatally-born neurons Prolonged development of adult-born neurons.

J Neurosci 2020 Jun 22. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Department of Psychology, Djavad Mowafaghian Centre for Brain Health, University of British Columbia, 2211 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T 2B5

During immature stages, adult-born neurons pass through critical periods for survival and plasticity. It is generally assumed that by 2 months of age adult-born neurons are mature and equivalent to the broader neuronal population, raising questions of how they might contribute to hippocampal function in old age when neurogenesis has declined. However, few have examined adult-born neurons beyond the critical period, or directly compared them to neurons born in infancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1665-19.2020DOI Listing

Evidence for transmission of COVID-19 prior to symptom onset.

Elife 2020 Jun 22;9. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Mathematics, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Canada.

We collated contact tracing data from COVID-19 clusters in Singapore and Tianjin, China and estimated the extent of pre-symptomatic transmission by estimating incubation periods and serial intervals. The mean incubation periods accounting for intermediate cases were 4.91 days (95%CI 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.57149DOI Listing

Measurement of the Lund Jet Plane Using Charged Particles in 13 TeV Proton-Proton Collisions with the ATLAS Detector.

Authors:
G Aad B Abbott D C Abbott A Abed Abud K Abeling D K Abhayasinghe S H Abidi O S AbouZeid N L Abraham H Abramowicz H Abreu Y Abulaiti B S Acharya B Achkar S Adachi L Adam C Adam Bourdarios L Adamczyk L Adamek J Adelman M Adersberger A Adiguzel S Adorni T Adye A A Affolder Y Afik C Agapopoulou M N Agaras A Aggarwal C Agheorghiesei J A Aguilar-Saavedra F Ahmadov W S Ahmed X Ai G Aielli S Akatsuka T P A Åkesson E Akilli A V Akimov K Al Khoury G L Alberghi J Albert M J Alconada Verzini S Alderweireldt M Aleksa I N Aleksandrov C Alexa T Alexopoulos A Alfonsi F Alfonsi M Alhroob B Ali M Aliev G Alimonti S P Alkire C Allaire B M M Allbrooke B W Allen P P Allport A Aloisio A Alonso F Alonso C Alpigiani A A Alshehri M Alvarez Estevez D Álvarez Piqueras M G Alviggi Y Amaral Coutinho A Ambler L Ambroz C Amelung D Amidei S P Amor Dos Santos S Amoroso C S Amrouche F An C Anastopoulos N Andari T Andeen C F Anders J K Anders A Andreazza V Andrei C R Anelli S Angelidakis A Angerami A V Anisenkov A Annovi C Antel M T Anthony E Antipov M Antonelli D J A Antrim F Anulli M Aoki J A Aparisi Pozo L Aperio Bella J P Araque V Araujo Ferraz R Araujo Pereira C Arcangeletti A T H Arce F A Arduh J-F Arguin S Argyropoulos J-H Arling A J Armbruster A Armstrong O Arnaez H Arnold Z P Arrubarrena Tame G Artoni S Artz S Asai N Asbah E M Asimakopoulou L Asquith J Assahsah K Assamagan R Astalos R J Atkin M Atkinson N B Atlay H Atmani K Augsten G Avolio R Avramidou M K Ayoub A M Azoulay G Azuelos H Bachacou K Bachas M Backes F Backman P Bagnaia M Bahmani H Bahrasemani A J Bailey V R Bailey J T Baines M Bajic C Bakalis O K Baker P J Bakker D Bakshi Gupta S Balaji E M Baldin P Balek F Balli W K Balunas J Balz E Banas A Bandyopadhyay Sw Banerjee A A E Bannoura L Barak W M Barbe E L Barberio D Barberis M Barbero G Barbour T Barillari M-S Barisits J Barkeloo T Barklow R Barnea S L Barnes B M Barnett R M Barnett Z Barnovska-Blenessy A Baroncelli G Barone A J Barr L Barranco Navarro F Barreiro J Barreiro Guimarães da Costa S Barsov R Bartoldus G Bartolini A E Barton P Bartos A Basalaev A Basan A Bassalat M J Basso R L Bates S Batlamous J R Batley B Batool M Battaglia M Bauce F Bauer K T Bauer H S Bawa J B Beacham T Beau P H Beauchemin F Becherer P Bechtle H C Beck H P Beck K Becker M Becker C Becot A Beddall A J Beddall V A Bednyakov M Bedognetti C P Bee T A Beermann M Begalli M Begel A Behera J K Behr F Beisiegel A S Bell G Bella L Bellagamba A Bellerive P Bellos K Beloborodov K Belotskiy N L Belyaev D Benchekroun N Benekos Y Benhammou D P Benjamin M Benoit J R Bensinger S Bentvelsen L Beresford M Beretta D Berge E Bergeaas Kuutmann N Berger B Bergmann L J Bergsten J Beringer S Berlendis G Bernardi C Bernius F U Bernlochner T Berry P Berta C Bertella I A Bertram O Bessidskaia Bylund N Besson A Bethani S Bethke A Betti A J Bevan J Beyer D S Bhattacharya P Bhattarai R Bi R M Bianchi O Biebel D Biedermann R Bielski K Bierwagen N V Biesuz M Biglietti T R V Billoud M Bindi A Bingul C Bini S Biondi M Birman T Bisanz J P Biswal D Biswas A Bitadze C Bittrich K Bjørke K M Black T Blazek I Bloch C Blocker A Blue U Blumenschein G J Bobbink V S Bobrovnikov S S Bocchetta A Bocci D Boerner D Bogavac A G Bogdanchikov C Bohm V Boisvert P Bokan T Bold A S Boldyrev A E Bolz M Bomben M Bona J S Bonilla M Boonekamp C D Booth H M Borecka-Bielska A Borisov G Borissov J Bortfeldt D Bortoletto D Boscherini M Bosman J D Bossio Sola K Bouaouda J Boudreau E V Bouhova-Thacker D Boumediene S K Boutle A Boveia J Boyd D Boye I R Boyko A J Bozson J Bracinik N Brahimi G Brandt O Brandt F Braren B Brau J E Brau W D Breaden Madden K Brendlinger L Brenner R Brenner S Bressler B Brickwedde D L Briglin D Britton D Britzger I Brock R Brock G Brooijmans W K Brooks E Brost J H Broughton P A Bruckman de Renstrom D Bruncko A Bruni G Bruni L S Bruni S Bruno M Bruschi N Bruscino P Bryant L Bryngemark T Buanes Q Buat P Buchholz A G Buckley I A Budagov M K Bugge F Bührer O Bulekov T J Burch S Burdin C D Burgard A M Burger B Burghgrave J T P Burr C D Burton J C Burzynski V Büscher E Buschmann P J Bussey J M Butler C M Buttar J M Butterworth P Butti W Buttinger C J Buxo Vazquez A Buzatu A R Buzykaev G Cabras S Cabrera Urbán D Caforio H Cai V M M Cairo O Cakir N Calace P Calafiura A Calandri G Calderini P Calfayan G Callea L P Caloba A Caltabiano S Calvente Lopez D Calvet S Calvet T P Calvet M Calvetti R Camacho Toro S Camarda D Camarero Munoz P Camarri D Cameron R Caminal Armadans C Camincher S Campana M Campanelli A Camplani A Campoverde V Canale A Canesse M Cano Bret J Cantero T Cao Y Cao M D M Capeans Garrido M Capua R Cardarelli F Cardillo G Carducci I Carli T Carli G Carlino B T Carlson L Carminati R M D Carney S Caron E Carquin S Carrá J W S Carter M P Casado A F Casha D W Casper R Castelijn F L Castillo V Castillo Gimenez N F Castro A Catinaccio J R Catmore A Cattai V Cavaliere E Cavallaro M Cavalli-Sforza V Cavasinni E Celebi F Ceradini L Cerda Alberich K Cerny A S Cerqueira A Cerri L Cerrito F Cerutti A Cervelli S A Cetin Z Chadi D Chakraborty W S Chan W Y Chan J D Chapman B Chargeishvili D G Charlton T P Charman C C Chau S Che S Chekanov S V Chekulaev G A Chelkov M A Chelstowska B Chen C Chen C H Chen H Chen J Chen J Chen S Chen S J Chen X Chen Y-H Chen H C Cheng H J Cheng A Cheplakov E Cheremushkina R Cherkaoui El Moursli E Cheu K Cheung T J A Chevalérias L Chevalier V Chiarella G Chiarelli G Chiodini A S Chisholm A Chitan I Chiu Y H Chiu M V Chizhov K Choi A R Chomont S Chouridou Y S Chow M C Chu X Chu J Chudoba A J Chuinard J J Chwastowski L Chytka D Cieri K M Ciesla D Cinca V Cindro I A Cioară A Ciocio F Cirotto Z H Citron M Citterio D A Ciubotaru B M Ciungu A Clark M R Clark P J Clark C Clement Y Coadou M Cobal A Coccaro J Cochran H Cohen A E C Coimbra L Colasurdo B Cole A P Colijn J Collot P Conde Muiño S H Connell I A Connelly S Constantinescu F Conventi A M Cooper-Sarkar F Cormier K J R Cormier L D Corpe M Corradi E E Corrigan F Corriveau A Cortes-Gonzalez M J Costa F Costanza D Costanzo G Cowan J W Cowley J Crane K Cranmer S J Crawley R A Creager S Crépé-Renaudin F Crescioli M Cristinziani V Croft G Crosetti A Cueto T Cuhadar Donszelmann A R Cukierman W R Cunningham S Czekierda P Czodrowski M J Da Cunha Sargedas De Sousa J V Da Fonseca Pinto C Da Via W Dabrowski F Dachs T Dado S Dahbi T Dai C Dallapiccola M Dam G D'amen V D'Amico J Damp J R Dandoy M F Daneri N P Dang N S Dann M Danninger V Dao G Darbo O Dartsi A Dattagupta T Daubney S D'Auria C David T Davidek D R Davis I Dawson K De R De Asmundis M De Beurs S De Castro S De Cecco N De Groot P de Jong H De la Torre A De Maria D De Pedis A De Salvo U De Sanctis M De Santis A De Santo K De Vasconcelos Corga J B De Vivie De Regie C Debenedetti D V Dedovich A M Deiana J Del Peso Y Delabat Diaz D Delgove F Deliot C M Delitzsch M Della Pietra D Della Volpe A Dell'Acqua L Dell'Asta M Delmastro C Delporte P A Delsart D A DeMarco S Demers M Demichev G Demontigny S P Denisov L D'Eramo D Derendarz J E Derkaoui F Derue P Dervan K Desch C Deterre K Dette C Deutsch M R Devesa P O Deviveiros A Dewhurst F A Di Bello A Di Ciaccio L Di Ciaccio W K Di Clemente C Di Donato A Di Girolamo G Di Gregorio B Di Micco R Di Nardo K F Di Petrillo R Di Sipio D Di Valentino C Diaconu F A Dias T Dias Do Vale M A Diaz J Dickinson E B Diehl J Dietrich S Díez Cornell A Dimitrievska W Ding J Dingfelder F Dittus F Djama T Djobava J I Djuvsland M A B Do Vale M Dobre D Dodsworth C Doglioni J Dolejsi Z Dolezal M Donadelli B Dong J Donini A D'onofrio M D'Onofrio J Dopke A Doria M T Dova A T Doyle E Drechsler E Dreyer T Dreyer A S Drobac D Du Y Duan F Dubinin M Dubovsky A Dubreuil E Duchovni G Duckeck A Ducourthial O A Ducu D Duda A Dudarev A C Dudder E M Duffield L Duflot M Dührssen C Dülsen M Dumancic A E Dumitriu A K Duncan M Dunford A Duperrin H Duran Yildiz M Düren A Durglishvili D Duschinger B Dutta D Duvnjak G I Dyckes M Dyndal S Dysch B S Dziedzic K M Ecker R C Edgar M G Eggleston T Eifert G Eigen K Einsweiler T Ekelof H El Jarrari M El Kacimi R El Kosseifi V Ellajosyula M Ellert F Ellinghaus A A Elliot N Ellis J Elmsheuser M Elsing D Emeliyanov A Emerman Y Enari M B Epland J Erdmann A Ereditato M Errenst M Escalier C Escobar O Estrada Pastor E Etzion H Evans A Ezhilov F Fabbri L Fabbri V Fabiani G Facini R M Faisca Rodrigues Pereira R M Fakhrutdinov S Falciano P J Falke S Falke J Faltova Y Fang Y Fang G Fanourakis M Fanti M Faraj A Farbin A Farilla E M Farina T Farooque S Farrell S M Farrington P Farthouat F Fassi P Fassnacht D Fassouliotis M Faucci Giannelli W J Fawcett L Fayard O L Fedin W Fedorko A Fehr M Feickert L Feligioni A Fell C Feng M Feng M J Fenton A B Fenyuk S W Ferguson J Ferrando A Ferrante A Ferrari P Ferrari R Ferrari D E Ferreira de Lima A Ferrer D Ferrere C Ferretti F Fiedler A Filipčič F Filthaut K D Finelli M C N Fiolhais L Fiorini F Fischer W C Fisher I Fleck P Fleischmann R R M Fletcher T Flick B M Flierl L Flores L R Flores Castillo F M Follega N Fomin J H Foo G T Forcolin A Formica F A Förster A C Forti A G Foster M G Foti D Fournier H Fox P Francavilla S Francescato M Franchini S Franchino D Francis L Franconi M Franklin A N Fray P M Freeman B Freund W S Freund E M Freundlich D C Frizzell D Froidevaux J A Frost C Fukunaga E Fullana Torregrosa E Fumagalli T Fusayasu J Fuster A Gabrielli A Gabrielli S Gadatsch P Gadow G Gagliardi L G Gagnon C Galea B Galhardo G E Gallardo E J Gallas B J Gallop G Galster R Gamboa Goni K K Gan S Ganguly J Gao Y Gao Y S Gao C García J E García Navarro J A García Pascual C Garcia-Argos M Garcia-Sciveres R W Gardner N Garelli S Gargiulo V Garonne P Gaspar A Gaudiello G Gaudio I L Gavrilenko A Gavrilyuk C Gay G Gaycken E N Gazis A A Geanta C M Gee C N P Gee J Geisen M Geisen C Gemme M H Genest C Geng S Gentile S George T Geralis L O Gerlach P Gessinger-Befurt G Gessner S Ghasemi M Ghasemi Bostanabad M Ghneimat A Ghosh A Ghosh B Giacobbe S Giagu N Giangiacomi P Giannetti A Giannini G Giannini S M Gibson M Gignac D Gillberg G Gilles D M Gingrich M P Giordani F M Giorgi P F Giraud G Giugliarelli D Giugni F Giuli S Gkaitatzis I Gkialas E L Gkougkousis P Gkountoumis L K Gladilin C Glasman J Glatzer P C F Glaysher A Glazov G R Gledhill M Goblirsch-Kolb D Godin S Goldfarb T Golling D Golubkov A Gomes R Goncalves Gama R Gonçalo G Gonella L Gonella A Gongadze F Gonnella J L Gonski S González de la Hoz S Gonzalez-Sevilla G R Gonzalvo Rodriguez L Goossens N A Gorasia P A Gorbounov H A Gordon B Gorini E Gorini A Gorišek A T Goshaw M I Gostkin C A Gottardo M Gouighri D Goujdami A G Goussiou N Govender C Goy E Gozani I Grabowska-Bold E C Graham J Gramling E Gramstad S Grancagnolo M Grandi V Gratchev P M Gravila F G Gravili C Gray H M Gray C Grefe K Gregersen I M Gregor P Grenier K Grevtsov C Grieco N A Grieser A A Grillo K Grimm S Grinstein J-F Grivaz S Groh E Gross J Grosse-Knetter Z J Grout C Grud A Grummer L Guan W Guan C Gubbels J Guenther A Guerguichon J G R Guerrero Rojas F Guescini D Guest R Gugel T Guillemin S Guindon U Gul J Guo W Guo Y Guo Z Guo R Gupta S Gurbuz G Gustavino M Guth P Gutierrez C Gutschow C Guyot C Gwenlan C B Gwilliam A Haas C Haber H K Hadavand N Haddad A Hadef S Hageböck M Haleem J Haley G Halladjian G D Hallewell K Hamacher P Hamal K Hamano H Hamdaoui M Hamer G N Hamity K Han L Han S Han Y F Han K Hanagaki M Hance D M Handl B Haney R Hankache E Hansen J B Hansen J D Hansen M C Hansen P H Hansen E C Hanson K Hara T Harenberg S Harkusha P F Harrison N M Hartmann Y Hasegawa A Hasib S Hassani S Haug R Hauser L B Havener M Havranek C M Hawkes R J Hawkings D Hayden C Hayes R L Hayes C P Hays J M Hays H S Hayward S J Haywood F He M P Heath V Hedberg L Heelan S Heer K K Heidegger W D Heidorn J Heilman S Heim T Heim B Heinemann J J Heinrich L Heinrich J Hejbal L Helary A Held S Hellesund C M Helling S Hellman C Helsens R C W Henderson Y Heng L Henkelmann S Henkelmann A M Henriques Correia G H Herbert H Herde V Herget Y Hernández Jiménez H Herr M G Herrmann T Herrmann G Herten R Hertenberger L Hervas T C Herwig G G Hesketh N P Hessey A Higashida S Higashino E Higón-Rodriguez K Hildebrand E Hill J C Hill K K Hill K H Hiller S J Hillier M Hils I Hinchliffe F Hinterkeuser M Hirose S Hirose D Hirschbuehl B Hiti O Hladik D R Hlaluku X Hoad J Hobbs N Hod M C Hodgkinson A Hoecker D Hohn D Hohov T Holm T R Holmes M Holzbock L B A H Hommels S Honda T M Hong J C Honig A Hönle B H Hooberman W H Hopkins Y Horii P Horn L A Horyn S Hou A Hoummada J Howarth J Hoya M Hrabovsky J Hrdinka I Hristova J Hrivnac A Hrynevich T Hryn'ova P J Hsu S-C Hsu Q Hu S Hu Y F Hu D P Huang Y Huang Y Huang Z Hubacek F Hubaut M Huebner F Huegging T B Huffman M Huhtinen R F H Hunter P Huo A M Hupe N Huseynov J Huston J Huth R Hyneman S Hyrych G Iacobucci G Iakovidis I Ibragimov L Iconomidou-Fayard Z Idrissi P Iengo R Ignazzi O Igonkina R Iguchi T Iizawa Y Ikegami M Ikeno D Iliadis N Ilic F Iltzsche G Introzzi M Iodice K Iordanidou V Ippolito M F Isacson M Ishino W Islam C Issever S Istin F Ito J M Iturbe Ponce R Iuppa A Ivina H Iwasaki J M Izen V Izzo P Jacka P Jackson R M Jacobs B P Jaeger V Jain G Jäkel K B Jakobi K Jakobs T Jakoubek J Jamieson K W Janas R Jansky J Janssen M Janus P A Janus G Jarlskog N Javadov T Javůrek M Javurkova F Jeanneau L Jeanty J Jejelava A Jelinskas P Jenni J Jeong N Jeong S Jézéquel H Ji J Jia H Jiang Y Jiang Z Jiang S Jiggins F A Jimenez Morales J Jimenez Pena S Jin A Jinaru O Jinnouchi H Jivan P Johansson K A Johns C A Johnson K Jon-And R W L Jones S D Jones S Jones T J Jones J Jongmanns P M Jorge J Jovicevic X Ju J J Junggeburth A Juste Rozas A Kaczmarska M Kado H Kagan M Kagan A Kahn C Kahra T Kaji E Kajomovitz C W Kalderon A Kaluza A Kamenshchikov M Kaneda N J Kang L Kanjir Y Kano V A Kantserov J Kanzaki L S Kaplan D Kar K Karava M J Kareem S N Karpov Z M Karpova V Kartvelishvili A N Karyukhin L Kashif R D Kass A Kastanas C Kato J Katzy K Kawade K Kawagoe T Kawaguchi T Kawamoto G Kawamura E F Kay V F Kazanin R Keeler R Kehoe J S Keller E Kellermann D Kelsey J J Kempster J Kendrick K E Kennedy O Kepka S Kersten B P Kerševan S Ketabchi Haghighat M Khader F Khalil-Zada M Khandoga A Khanov A G Kharlamov T Kharlamova E E Khoda A Khodinov T J Khoo E Khramov J Khubua S Kido M Kiehn C R Kilby Y K Kim N Kimura O M Kind B T King D Kirchmeier J Kirk A E Kiryunin T Kishimoto D P Kisliuk V Kitali O Kivernyk T Klapdor-Kleingrothaus M Klassen M H Klein M Klein U Klein K Kleinknecht P Klimek A Klimentov T Klingl T Klioutchnikova F F Klitzner P Kluit S Kluth E Kneringer E B F G Knoops A Knue D Kobayashi T Kobayashi M Kobel M Kocian P Kodys P T Koenig T Koffas N M Köhler T Koi M Kolb I Koletsou T Komarek T Kondo K Köneke A X Y Kong A C König T Kono R Konoplich V Konstantinides N Konstantinidis B Konya R Kopeliansky S Koperny K Korcyl K Kordas G Koren A Korn I Korolkov E V Korolkova N Korotkova O Kortner S Kortner T Kosek V V Kostyukhin A Kotsokechagia A Kotwal A Koulouris A Kourkoumeli-Charalampidi C Kourkoumelis E Kourlitis V Kouskoura A B Kowalewska R Kowalewski C Kozakai W Kozanecki A S Kozhin V A Kramarenko G Kramberger D Krasnopevtsev M W Krasny A Krasznahorkay D Krauss J A Kremer J Kretzschmar P Krieger F Krieter A Krishnan K Krizka K Kroeninger H Kroha J Kroll J Kroll K S Krowpman J Krstic U Kruchonak H Krüger N Krumnack M C Kruse J A Krzysiak T Kubota O Kuchinskaia S Kuday J T Kuechler S Kuehn A Kugel T Kuhl V Kukhtin R Kukla Y Kulchitsky S Kuleshov Y P Kulinich M Kuna T Kunigo A Kupco T Kupfer O Kuprash H Kurashige L L Kurchaninov Y A Kurochkin A Kurova M G Kurth E S Kuwertz M Kuze A K Kvam J Kvita T Kwan A La Rosa L La Rotonda F La Ruffa C Lacasta F Lacava D P J Lack H Lacker D Lacour E Ladygin R Lafaye B Laforge T Lagouri S Lai I K Lakomiec S Lammers W Lampl C Lampoudis E Lançon U Landgraf M P J Landon M C Lanfermann V S Lang J C Lange R J Langenberg A J Lankford F Lanni K Lantzsch A Lanza A Lapertosa S Laplace J F Laporte T Lari F Lasagni Manghi M Lassnig T S Lau A Laudrain A Laurier M Lavorgna S D Lawlor M Lazzaroni B Le E Le Guirriec M LeBlanc T LeCompte F Ledroit-Guillon A C A Lee C A Lee G R Lee L Lee S C Lee S J Lee S Lee B Lefebvre H P Lefebvre M Lefebvre F Legger C Leggett K Lehmann N Lehmann G Lehmann Miotto W A Leight A Leisos M A L Leite C E Leitgeb R Leitner D Lellouch K J C Leney T Lenz R Leone S Leone C Leonidopoulos A Leopold C Leroy R Les C G Lester M Levchenko J Levêque D Levin L J Levinson D J Lewis B Li B Li C-Q Li F Li H Li H Li J Li K Li L Li M Li Q Li Q Y Li S Li X Li Y Li Z Li Z Liang B Liberti A Liblong K Lie S Lim C Y Lin K Lin T H Lin R A Linck J H Lindon A L Lionti E Lipeles A Lipniacka T M Liss A Lister A M Litke J D Little B Liu B L Liu H B Liu H Liu J B Liu J K K Liu K Liu M Liu P Liu Y Liu Y L Liu Y W Liu M Livan A Lleres J Llorente Merino S L Lloyd C Y Lo F Lo Sterzo E M Lobodzinska P Loch S Loffredo T Lohse K Lohwasser M Lokajicek J D Long R E Long L Longo K A Looper J A Lopez I Lopez Paz A Lopez Solis J Lorenz N Lorenzo Martinez A M Lory M Losada P J Lösel A Lösle X Lou X Lou A Lounis J Love P A Love J J Lozano Bahilo M Lu Y J Lu H J Lubatti C Luci A Lucotte C Luedtke F Luehring I Luise L Luminari B Lund-Jensen M S Lutz D Lynn H Lyons R Lysak E Lytken F Lyu V Lyubushkin T Lyubushkina H Ma L L Ma Y Ma G Maccarrone A Macchiolo C M Macdonald J Machado Miguens D Madaffari R Madar W F Mader N Madysa J Maeda T Maeno M Maerker A S Maevskiy V Magerl N Magini D J Mahon C Maidantchik T Maier A Maio K Maj O Majersky S Majewski Y Makida N Makovec B Malaescu Pa Malecki V P Maleev F Malek U Mallik D Malon C Malone S Maltezos S Malyukov J Mamuzic G Mancini I Mandić L Manhaes de Andrade Filho I M Maniatis J Manjarres Ramos K H Mankinen A Mann A Manousos B Mansoulie I Manthos S Manzoni A Marantis G Marceca L Marchese G Marchiori M Marcisovsky L Marcoccia C Marcon C A Marin Tobon M Marjanovic Z Marshall M U F Martensson S Marti-Garcia C B Martin T A Martin V J Martin B Martin Dit Latour L Martinelli M Martinez V I Martinez Outschoorn S Martin-Haugh V S Martoiu A C Martyniuk A Marzin S R Maschek L Masetti T Mashimo R Mashinistov J Masik A L Maslennikov L Massa P Massarotti P Mastrandrea A Mastroberardino T Masubuchi D Matakias A Matic N Matsuzawa P Mättig J Maurer B Maček D A Maximov R Mazini I Maznas S M Mazza S P Mc Kee T G McCarthy W P McCormack E F McDonald J A Mcfayden G Mchedlidze M A McKay K D McLean S J McMahon P C McNamara C J McNicol R A McPherson J E Mdhluli Z A Meadows S Meehan T Megy S Mehlhase A Mehta T Meideck B Meirose D Melini B R Mellado Garcia J D Mellenthin M Melo F Meloni A Melzer S B Menary E D Mendes Gouveia L Meng X T Meng S Menke E Meoni S Mergelmeyer S A M Merkt C Merlassino P Mermod L Merola C Meroni G Merz O Meshkov J K R Meshreki A Messina J Metcalfe A S Mete C Meyer J-P Meyer H Meyer Zu Theenhausen F Miano M Michetti R P Middleton L Mijović G Mikenberg M Mikestikova M Mikuž H Mildner M Milesi A Milic D A Millar D W Miller A Milov D A Milstead R A Mina A A Minaenko M Miñano Moya I A Minashvili A I Mincer B Mindur M Mineev Y Minegishi L M Mir A Mirto K P Mistry T Mitani J Mitrevski V A Mitsou M Mittal O Miu A Miucci P S Miyagawa A Mizukami J U Mjörnmark T Mkrtchyan M Mlynarikova T Moa K Mochizuki P Mogg S Mohapatra R Moles-Valls M C Mondragon K Mönig J Monk E Monnier A Montalbano J Montejo Berlingen M Montella F Monticelli S Monzani N Morange D Moreno M Moreno Llácer C Moreno Martinez P Morettini M Morgenstern S Morgenstern D Mori M Morii M Morinaga V Morisbak A K Morley G Mornacchi A P Morris L Morvaj P Moschovakos B Moser M Mosidze T Moskalets H J Moss J Moss E J W Moyse S Muanza J Mueller R S P Mueller D Muenstermann G A Mullier D P Mungo J L Munoz Martinez F J Munoz Sanchez P Murin W J Murray A Murrone M Muškinja C Mwewa A G Myagkov A A Myers J Myers M Myska B P Nachman O Nackenhorst A Nag Nag K Nagai K Nagano Y Nagasaka J L Nagle E Nagy A M Nairz Y Nakahama K Nakamura T Nakamura I Nakano H Nanjo F Napolitano R F Naranjo Garcia R Narayan I Naryshkin T Naumann G Navarro P Y Nechaeva F Nechansky T J Neep A Negri M Negrini C Nellist M E Nelson S Nemecek P Nemethy M Nessi M S Neubauer M Neumann R Newhouse P R Newman Y S Ng Y W Y Ng B Ngair H D N Nguyen T Nguyen Manh E Nibigira R B Nickerson R Nicolaidou D S Nielsen J Nielsen N Nikiforou V Nikolaenko I Nikolic-Audit K Nikolopoulos P Nilsson H R Nindhito Y Ninomiya A Nisati N Nishu R Nisius I Nitsche T Nitta T Nobe Y Noguchi I Nomidis M A Nomura M Nordberg N Norjoharuddeen T Novak O Novgorodova R Novotny L Nozka K Ntekas E Nurse F G Oakham H Oberlack J Ocariz A Ochi I Ochoa J P Ochoa-Ricoux K O'Connor S Oda S Odaka S Oerdek A Ogrodnik A Oh S H Oh C C Ohm H Oide M L Ojeda H Okawa Y Okazaki M W O'Keefe Y Okumura T Okuyama A Olariu L F Oleiro Seabra S A Olivares Pino D Oliveira Damazio J L Oliver M J R Olsson A Olszewski J Olszowska D C O'Neil A P O'neill A Onofre P U E Onyisi H Oppen M J Oreglia G E Orellana D Orestano N Orlando R S Orr V O'Shea R Ospanov G Otero Y Garzon H Otono P S Ott M Ouchrif J Ouellette F Ould-Saada A Ouraou Q Ouyang M Owen R E Owen V E Ozcan N Ozturk J Pacalt H A Pacey K Pachal A Pacheco Pages C Padilla Aranda S Pagan Griso M Paganini G Palacino S Palazzo S Palestini M Palka D Pallin I Panagoulias C E Pandini J G Panduro Vazquez P Pani G Panizzo L Paolozzi C Papadatos K Papageorgiou S Parajuli A Paramonov D Paredes Hernandez S R Paredes Saenz B Parida T H Park A J Parker M A Parker F Parodi E W Parrish J A Parsons U Parzefall L Pascual Dominguez V R Pascuzzi J M P Pasner F Pasquali E Pasqualucci S Passaggio F Pastore P Pasuwan S Pataraia J R Pater A Pathak T Pauly J Pearkes B Pearson M Pedersen L Pedraza Diaz R Pedro T Peiffer S V Peleganchuk O Penc H Peng B S Peralva M M Perego A P Pereira Peixoto D V Perepelitsa F Peri L Perini H Pernegger S Perrella A Perrevoort K Peters R F Y Peters B A Petersen T C Petersen E Petit A Petridis C Petridou P Petroff M Petrov F Petrucci M Pettee N E Pettersson K Petukhova A Peyaud R Pezoa L Pezzotti T Pham F H Phillips P W Phillips M W Phipps G Piacquadio E Pianori A Picazio R H Pickles R Piegaia D Pietreanu J E Pilcher A D Pilkington M Pinamonti J L Pinfold M Pitt L Pizzimento M-A Pleier V Pleskot E Plotnikova P Podberezko R Poettgen R Poggi L Poggioli I Pogrebnyak D Pohl I Pokharel G Polesello A Poley A Policicchio R Polifka A Polini C S Pollard V Polychronakos D Ponomarenko L Pontecorvo S Popa G A Popeneciu L Portales D M Portillo Quintero S Pospisil K Potamianos I N Potrap C J Potter H Potti T Poulsen J Poveda T D Powell G Pownall M E Pozo Astigarraga P Pralavorio S Prell D Price M Primavera S Prince M L Proffitt N Proklova K Prokofiev F Prokoshin S Protopopescu J Proudfoot M Przybycien D Pudzha A Puri P Puzo J Qian Y Qin A Quadt M Queitsch-Maitland A Qureshi M Racko F Ragusa G Rahal J A Raine S Rajagopalan A Ramirez Morales K Ran T Rashid S Raspopov D M Rauch F Rauscher S Rave B Ravina I Ravinovich J H Rawling M Raymond A L Read N P Readioff M Reale D M Rebuzzi A Redelbach G Redlinger K Reeves L Rehnisch J Reichert D Reikher A Reiss A Rej C Rembser M Renda M Rescigno S Resconi E D Resseguie S Rettie B Reynolds E Reynolds O L Rezanova P Reznicek E Ricci R Richter S Richter E Richter-Was O Ricken M Ridel P Rieck O Rifki M Rijssenbeek A Rimoldi M Rimoldi L Rinaldi G Ripellino I Riu J C Rivera Vergara F Rizatdinova E Rizvi C Rizzi R T Roberts S H Robertson M Robin D Robinson J E M Robinson C M Robles Gajardo A Robson A Rocchi E Rocco C Roda S Rodriguez Bosca A Rodriguez Perez D Rodriguez Rodriguez A M Rodríguez Vera S Roe O Røhne R Röhrig R A Rojas C P A Roland J Roloff A Romaniouk M Romano N Rompotis M Ronzani L Roos S Rosati G Rosin B J Rosser E Rossi E Rossi E Rossi L P Rossi L Rossini R Rosten M Rotaru J Rothberg D Rousseau G Rovelli A Roy D Roy A Rozanov Y Rozen X Ruan F Rühr A Ruiz-Martinez A Rummler Z Rurikova N A Rusakovich H L Russell L Rustige J P Rutherfoord E M Rüttinger M Rybar G Rybkin E B Rye A Ryzhov J A Sabater Iglesias P Sabatini G Sabato S Sacerdoti H F-W Sadrozinski R Sadykov F Safai Tehrani B Safarzadeh Samani P Saha S Saha M Sahinsoy A Sahu M Saimpert M Saito T Saito H Sakamoto A Sakharov D Salamani G Salamanna J E Salazar Loyola A Salnikov J Salt D Salvatore F Salvatore A Salvucci A Salzburger J Samarati D Sammel D Sampsonidis D Sampsonidou J Sánchez A Sanchez Pineda H Sandaker C O Sander I G Sanderswood M Sandhoff C Sandoval D P C Sankey M Sannino Y Sano A Sansoni C Santoni H Santos S N Santpur A Santra A Sapronov J G Saraiva O Sasaki K Sato F Sauerburger E Sauvan P Savard N Savic R Sawada C Sawyer L Sawyer C Sbarra A Sbrizzi T Scanlon J Schaarschmidt P Schacht B M Schachtner D Schaefer L Schaefer J Schaeffer S Schaepe U Schäfer A C Schaffer D Schaile R D Schamberger N Scharmberg V A Schegelsky D Scheirich F Schenck M Schernau C Schiavi S Schier L K Schildgen Z M Schillaci E J Schioppa M Schioppa K E Schleicher S Schlenker K R Schmidt-Sommerfeld K Schmieden C Schmitt S Schmitt S Schmitz J C Schmoeckel U Schnoor L Schoeffel A Schoening P G Scholer E Schopf M Schott J F P Schouwenberg J Schovancova S Schramm F Schroeder A Schulte H-C Schultz-Coulon M Schumacher B A Schumm Ph Schune A Schwartzman T A Schwarz Ph Schwemling R Schwienhorst A Sciandra G Sciolla M Scodeggio M Scornajenghi F Scuri F Scutti L M Scyboz C D Sebastiani P Seema S C Seidel A Seiden B D Seidlitz T Seiss J M Seixas G Sekhniaidze K Sekhon S J Sekula N Semprini-Cesari S Sen C Serfon L Serin L Serkin M Sessa H Severini T Šfiligoj F Sforza A Sfyrla E Shabalina J D Shahinian N W Shaikh D Shaked Renous L Y Shan J T Shank M Shapiro A Sharma A S Sharma P B Shatalov K Shaw S M Shaw M Shehade Y Shen A D Sherman P Sherwood L Shi S Shimizu C O Shimmin Y Shimogama M Shimojima I P J Shipsey S Shirabe M Shiyakova J Shlomi A Shmeleva M J Shochet J Shojaii D R Shope S Shrestha E M Shrif E Shulga P Sicho A M Sickles P E Sidebo E Sideras Haddad O Sidiropoulou A Sidoti F Siegert Dj Sijacki M Silva M V Silva Oliveira S B Silverstein S Simion R Simoniello S Simsek P Sinervo V Sinetckii N B Sinev S Singh M Sioli I Siral S Yu Sivoklokov J Sjölin E Skorda P Skubic M Slawinska K Sliwa R Slovak V Smakhtin B H Smart J Smiesko N Smirnov S Yu Smirnov Y Smirnov L N Smirnova O Smirnova J W Smith M Smizanska K Smolek A Smykiewicz A A Snesarev H L Snoek I M Snyder S Snyder R Sobie A Soffer A Søgaard F Sohns C A Solans Sanchez E Yu Soldatov U Soldevila A A Solodkov A Soloshenko O V Solovyanov V Solovyev P Sommer H Son W Song W Y Song A Sopczak A L Sopio F Sopkova C L Sotiropoulou S Sottocornola R Soualah A M Soukharev D South S Spagnolo M Spalla M Spangenberg F Spanò D Sperlich T M Spieker R Spighi G Spigo M Spina D P Spiteri M Spousta A Stabile B L Stamas R Stamen M Stamenkovic E Stanecka B Stanislaus M M Stanitzki M Stankaityte B Stapf E A Starchenko G H Stark J Stark S H Stark P Staroba P Starovoitov S Stärz R Staszewski G Stavropoulos M Stegler P Steinberg A L Steinhebel B Stelzer H J Stelzer O Stelzer-Chilton H Stenzel T J Stevenson G A Stewart M C Stockton G Stoicea M Stolarski S Stonjek A Straessner J Strandberg S Strandberg M Strauss P Strizenec R Ströhmer D M Strom R Stroynowski A Strubig S A Stucci B Stugu J Stupak N A Styles D Su S Suchek V V Sulin M J Sullivan D M S Sultan S Sultansoy T Sumida S Sun X Sun K Suruliz C J E Suster M R Sutton S Suzuki M Svatos M Swiatlowski S P Swift T Swirski A Sydorenko I Sykora M Sykora T Sykora D Ta K Tackmann J Taenzer A Taffard R Tafirout H Takai R Takashima K Takeda T Takeshita E P Takeva Y Takubo M Talby A A Talyshev N M Tamir J Tanaka M Tanaka R Tanaka S Tapia Araya S Tapprogge A Tarek Abouelfadl Mohamed S Tarem K Tariq G Tarna G F Tartarelli P Tas M Tasevsky T Tashiro E Tassi A Tavares Delgado Y Tayalati A J Taylor G N Taylor W Taylor A S Tee R Teixeira De Lima P Teixeira-Dias H Ten Kate J J Teoh S Terada K Terashi J Terron S Terzo M Testa R J Teuscher S J Thais T Theveneaux-Pelzer F Thiele D W Thomas J O Thomas J P Thomas A S Thompson P D Thompson L A Thomsen E Thomson E J Thorpe R E Ticse Torres V O Tikhomirov Yu A Tikhonov S Timoshenko P Tipton S Tisserant K Todome S Todorova-Nova S Todt J Tojo S Tokár K Tokushuku E Tolley K G Tomiwa M Tomoto L Tompkins B Tong P Tornambe E Torrence H Torres E Torró Pastor C Tosciri J Toth D R Tovey A Traeet C J Treado T Trefzger F Tresoldi A Tricoli I M Trigger S Trincaz-Duvoid D A Trischuk W Trischuk B Trocmé A Trofymov C Troncon M Trovatelli F Trovato L Truong M Trzebinski A Trzupek F Tsai J C-L Tseng P V Tsiareshka A Tsirigotis V Tsiskaridze E G Tskhadadze M Tsopoulou I I Tsukerman V Tsulaia S Tsuno D Tsybychev Y Tu A Tudorache V Tudorache T T Tulbure A N Tuna S Turchikhin D Turgeman I Turk Cakir R J Turner R T Turra P M Tuts S Tzamarias E Tzovara G Ucchielli K Uchida I Ueda F Ukegawa G Unal A Undrus G Unel F C Ungaro Y Unno K Uno J Urban P Urquijo G Usai Z Uysal V Vacek B Vachon K O H Vadla A Vaidya C Valderanis E Valdes Santurio M Valente S Valentinetti A Valero L Valéry R A Vallance A Vallier J A Valls Ferrer T R Van Daalen P Van Gemmeren I Van Vulpen M Vanadia W Vandelli M Vandenbroucke E R Vandewall A Vaniachine D Vannicola R Vari E W Varnes C Varni T Varol D Varouchas K E Varvell M E Vasile G A Vasquez F Vazeille D Vazquez Furelos T Vazquez Schroeder J Veatch V Vecchio M J Veen L M Veloce F Veloso S Veneziano A Ventura N Venturi A Verbytskyi V Vercesi M Verducci C M Vergel Infante C Vergis W Verkerke A T Vermeulen J C Vermeulen M C Vetterli N Viaux Maira M Vicente Barreto Pinto T Vickey O E Vickey Boeriu G H A Viehhauser L Vigani M Villa M Villaplana Perez E Vilucchi M G Vincter G S Virdee A Vishwakarma C Vittori I Vivarelli M Vogel P Vokac S E von Buddenbrock E Von Toerne V Vorobel K Vorobev M Vos J H Vossebeld M Vozak N Vranjes M Vranjes Milosavljevic V Vrba M Vreeswijk R Vuillermet I Vukotic P Wagner W Wagner J Wagner-Kuhr S Wahdan H Wahlberg V M Walbrecht J Walder R Walker S D Walker W Walkowiak V Wallangen A M Wang C Wang C Wang F Wang H Wang H Wang J Wang J Wang J Wang P Wang Q Wang R-J Wang R Wang R Wang S M Wang W T Wang W Wang W X Wang Y Wang Z Wang C Wanotayaroj A Warburton C P Ward D R Wardrope N Warrack A Washbrook A T Watson M F Watson G Watts B M Waugh A F Webb S Webb C Weber M S Weber S A Weber S M Weber A R Weidberg J Weingarten M Weirich C Weiser P S Wells T Wenaus T Wengler S Wenig N Wermes M D Werner M Wessels T D Weston K Whalen N L Whallon A M Wharton A S White A White M J White D Whiteson B W Whitmore W Wiedenmann M Wielers N Wieseotte C Wiglesworth L A M Wiik-Fuchs F Wilk H G Wilkens L J Wilkins H H Williams S Williams C Willis S Willocq J A Wilson I Wingerter-Seez E Winkels F Winklmeier O J Winston B T Winter M Wittgen M Wobisch A Wolf T M H Wolf R Wolff R Wölker J Wollrath M W Wolter H Wolters V W S Wong N L Woods S D Worm B K Wosiek K W Woźniak K Wraight S L Wu X Wu Y Wu T R Wyatt B M Wynne S Xella Z Xi L Xia X Xiao I Xiotidis D Xu H Xu L Xu T Xu W Xu Z Xu Z Xu B Yabsley S Yacoob K Yajima D P Yallup N Yamaguchi Y Yamaguchi A Yamamoto M Yamatani T Yamazaki Y Yamazaki Z Yan H J Yang H T Yang S Yang X Yang Y Yang W-M Yao Y C Yap Y Yasu E Yatsenko J Ye S Ye I Yeletskikh M R Yexley E Yigitbasi K Yorita K Yoshihara C J S Young C Young J Yu R Yuan X Yue S P Y Yuen M Zaazoua B Zabinski G Zacharis E Zaffaroni J Zahreddine A M Zaitsev T Zakareishvili N Zakharchuk S Zambito D Zanzi D R Zaripovas S V Zeißner C Zeitnitz G Zemaityte J C Zeng O Zenin T Ženiš D Zerwas M Zgubič B Zhang D F Zhang G Zhang H Zhang J Zhang L Zhang L Zhang M Zhang R Zhang S Zhang X Zhang Y Zhang Z Zhang Z Zhang P Zhao Y Zhao Z Zhao A Zhemchugov Z Zheng D Zhong B Zhou C Zhou M S Zhou M Zhou N Zhou Y Zhou C G Zhu C Zhu H L Zhu H Zhu J Zhu Y Zhu X Zhuang K Zhukov V Zhulanov D Zieminska N I Zimine S Zimmermann Z Zinonos M Ziolkowski L Živković G Zobernig A Zoccoli K Zoch T G Zorbas R Zou L Zwalinski

Phys Rev Lett 2020 Jun;124(22):222002

CERN, Geneva, Switzerland.

The prevalence of hadronic jets at the LHC requires that a deep understanding of jet formation and structure is achieved in order to reach the highest levels of experimental and theoretical precision. There have been many measurements of jet substructure at the LHC and previous colliders, but the targeted observables mix physical effects from various origins. Based on a recent proposal to factorize physical effects, this Letter presents a double-differential cross-section measurement of the Lund jet plane using 139  fb^{-1} of sqrt[s]=13  TeV proton-proton collision data collected with the ATLAS detector using jets with transverse momentum above 675 GeV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.222002DOI Listing
June 2020
7.512 Impact Factor

Development and evaluation of an educational game to support pharmacy students.

Curr Pharm Teach Learn 2020 Jul 22;12(7):786-803. Epub 2020 Mar 22.

Head of Department of Pharmacy, Kingston University, Penrhyn Road, Kingston KT1 2EE, England, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Introduction: United Kingdom pharmacy students need to efficiently navigate the British National Formulary (BNF), a standard medicines reference source. "Pharmacy Challenge" is a web-based prototype game based on the BNF. This research aimed to evaluate the game in terms of design, content, and impact on students' performance and confidence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cptl.2020.02.006DOI Listing

Moody and thin-skinned? The interplay of neuroticism and momentary affect in older romantic couples.

Br J Psychol 2020 Jun 15. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Humboldt University of Berlin, Germany.

Neuroticism is associated with heightened reactivity to social stressors. However, little is known about the micro-processes through which neuroticism shapes - and is shaped by - affective experiences in close relationships. We examine the extent to which momentary affect is coupled with one's relationship partner, whether the strength of this coupling differs depending on levels of neuroticism, and whether this coupling and partner's overall level of positive or negative affect prospectively contribute to differential (rank-order) changes in neuroticism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12452DOI Listing

A hybrid gravity and route choice model to assess vector traffic in large-scale road networks.

R Soc Open Sci 2020 May 20;7(5):191858. Epub 2020 May 20.

Department of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Human traffic along roads can be a major vector for infectious diseases and invasive species. Though most road traffic is local, a small number of long-distance trips can suffice to move an invasion or disease front forward. Therefore, understanding how many agents travel over long distances and which routes they choose is key to successful management of diseases and invasions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsos.191858DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7277278PMC

Learning-Challenged Youth Show an Abnormal Relationship Between Fronto-Parietal Myelination and Mathematical Ability.

J Neuroimaging 2020 Jun 13. Epub 2020 Jun 13.

Department of Educational & Counselling Psychology, and Special Education, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Background And Purpose: Differences in the microstructure of fronto-parietal white matter tracts have been associated with mathematical achievement. However, much of the supporting evidence relies on nonspecific diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging, making it difficult to isolate the role of myelin in math ability.

Methods: We used myelin water imaging to measure brain myelin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jon.12741DOI Listing

Fatty acids in the de novo lipogenesis pathway and incidence of type 2 diabetes: A pooled analysis of prospective cohort studies.

PLoS Med 2020 Jun 12;17(6):e1003102. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

Background: De novo lipogenesis (DNL) is the primary metabolic pathway synthesizing fatty acids from carbohydrates, protein, or alcohol. Our aim was to examine associations of in vivo levels of selected fatty acids (16:0, 16:1n7, 18:0, 18:1n9) in DNL with incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D).

Methods And Findings: Seventeen cohorts from 12 countries (7 from Europe, 7 from the United States, 1 from Australia, 1 from Taiwan; baseline years = 1970-1973 to 2006-2010) conducted harmonized individual-level analyses of associations of DNL-related fatty acids with incident T2D. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1003102DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7292352PMC

Explosive Higher-Order Kuramoto Dynamics on Simplicial Complexes.

Phys Rev Lett 2020 May;124(21):218301

School of Mathematical Sciences, Queen Mary University of London, E1 4NS London, United Kingdom and Alan Turing Institute, The British Library, London, United Kingdom.

The higher-order interactions of complex systems, such as the brain, are captured by their simplicial complex structure and have a significant effect on dynamics. However, the existing dynamical models defined on simplicial complexes make the strong assumption that the dynamics resides exclusively on the nodes. Here we formulate the higher-order Kuramoto model which describes the interactions between oscillators placed not only on nodes but also on links, triangles, and so on. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.218301DOI Listing

Climate drivers of plague epidemiology in British India, 1898-1949.

Proc Biol Sci 2020 Jun 10;287(1928):20200538. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

The Zeeman Institute: SBIDER, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK.

Plague, caused by infection, continues to threaten low- and middle-income countries throughout the world. The complex interactions between rodents and fleas with their respective environments challenge our understanding of human plague epidemiology. Historical long-term datasets of reported plague cases offer a unique opportunity to elucidate the effects of climate on plague outbreaks in detail. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2020.0538DOI Listing

Solution Blow Spinning of Polyvinylidene Fluoride Based Fibers for Energy Harvesting Applications: A Review.

Polymers (Basel) 2020 Jun 7;12(6). Epub 2020 Jun 7.

Department of Mechanical and Construction Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 8ST, UK.

Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF)-based piezoelectric materials (PEMs) have found extensive applications in energy harvesting which are being extended consistently to diverse fields requiring strenuous service conditions. Hence, there is a pressing need to mass produce PVDF-based PEMs with the highest possible energy harvesting ability under a given set of conditions. To achieve high yield and efficiency, solution blow spinning (SBS) technique is attracting a lot of interest due to its operational simplicity and high throughput. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/polym12061304DOI Listing

Single platelet variability governs population sensitivity and initiates intrinsic heterotypic responses.

Commun Biol 2020 Jun 4;3(1):281. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO17 1BJ, UK.

Investigations into the nature of platelet functional variety and consequences for homeostasis require new methods for resolving single platelet phenotypes. Here we combine droplet microfluidics with flow cytometry for high throughput single platelet function analysis. A large-scale sensitivity continuum was shown to be a general feature of human platelets from individual donors, with hypersensitive platelets coordinating significant sensitivity gains in bulk platelet populations and shown to direct aggregation in droplet-confined minimal platelet systems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s42003-020-1002-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7272428PMC

Treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer after progression on nivolumab or pembrolizumab.

Curr Oncol 2020 Apr 1;27(2):76-82. Epub 2020 May 1.

BC Cancer-Victoria, Victoria, BC.

Background: Although PD-1 antibodies (PD1 Ab) are the standard of care for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (ansclc), most patients will progress. We compared survival outcomes for patients with ansclc who received systemic therapy (st) after progression and for those who did not. Additionally, clinical characteristics that predicted receipt of st after PD1 Ab failure were evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/co.27.5495DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7253749PMC

Radiological diagnostic accuracy study comparing Lenke, Bridwell, BSF, and CT-HU fusion grading scales for minimally invasive lumbar interbody fusion spine surgery and its correlation to clinical outcome.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 May;99(21):e19979

Neurosurgeon and Minimally Invasive Spine Surgeon of The American-British Cowdray Medical Center IAP. Campus Santa Fe Neurosurgeon of the Regional General Hospital #25, Mexican Institute of Social Security (HGR#25, IMSS).

Prospective randomized double-blinded diagnostic accuracy study about radiological grading of fusion after minimally invasive lumbar interbody fusion procedures (MI-LIFP).To determinate the intra and the inter-observer correlation between different radiological lumbar interbody fusion grading scales (RLIFGS) in patients undergoing MI-LIFP and their correlation to clinical outcome.Besides technological improvements in medical diagnosis and the many existing RLIFGS, surgical exploration continues to be the gold-standard to assess fusion in patients with radiological pseudarthrosis, with little if any research on the relationship between RLIFGS and clinical outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000019979DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7250056PMC

Reply to Daybog and Kolodny: Necessary requirements for holobiont-level selection are robust to model assumptions.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2020 Jun 28;117(22):11864. Epub 2020 May 28.

Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2005559117DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7275759PMC

Earlier parasite arrival reduces the repeatability of host adaptive radiation.

ISME J 2020 May 22. Epub 2020 May 22.

School of Biological Sciences, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, 30332, USA.

Although parasites are known to have various effects on their hosts, we know little about their role in the assembly of diversifying host populations. Using an experimental bacterium (Pseudomonas fluorescens SBW25)-bacteriophage (ϕ2) system, we show that earlier parasite arrival significantly reduced the repeatability of host diversification. Earlier parasite arrival amplified the priority effects associated with the stochastic emergence of novel SBW25 phenotypes, translating into greater historical contingency in SBW25 diversification. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41396-020-0681-8DOI Listing

Solution Blow Spinning of High-Performance Submicron Polyvinylidene Fluoride Fibres: Computational Fluid Mechanics Modelling and Experimental Results.

Polymers (Basel) 2020 May 16;12(5). Epub 2020 May 16.

Department of Mechanical and Construction Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 8ST, UK.

Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) was used to investigate characteristics of high-speed air as it is expelled from a solution blow spinning (SBS) nozzle using a k-ε turbulence model. Air velocity, pressure, temperature, turbulent kinetic energy and density contours were generated and analysed in order to achieve an optimal attenuation force for fibre production. A bespoke convergent nozzle was used to produce polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) fibres at air pressures between 1 and 5 bar. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/polym12051140DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7284647PMC

On the relation between transversal and longitudinal scaling in cities.

PLoS One 2020 19;15(5):e0233003. Epub 2020 May 19.

Department of Mathematics, City University of London, London, United Kingdom.

Does the scaling relationship between population sizes of cities with urban metrics like economic output and infrastructure (transversal scaling) mirror the evolution of individual cities in time (longitudinal scaling)? The answer to this question has important policy implications, but the lack of suitable data has so far hindered rigorous empirical tests. In this paper, we advance the debate by looking at the evolution of two urban variables, GDP and water network length, for over 5500 cities in Brazil. We find that longitudinal scaling exponents are city-specific. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0233003PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7236989PMC

Analysis of Cardiac Amyloidosis Progression Using Model-Based Markers.

Front Physiol 2020 30;11:324. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom.

Deposition of amyloid in the heart can lead to cardiac dilation and impair its pumping ability. This ultimately leads to heart failure with worsening symptoms of breathlessness and fatigue due to the progressive loss of elasticity of the myocardium. Biomarkers linked to the clinical deterioration can be crucial in developing effective treatments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2020.00324DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7203577PMC

A Mathematical Model for the Kinetics of the MalFGK[Formula: see text] Maltose Transporter.

Bull Math Biol 2020 May 15;82(5):62. Epub 2020 May 15.

Department of Mathematics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

The MalFGK[Formula: see text] transporter regulates the movement of maltose across the inner membrane of E. coli and serves as a model system for bacterial ATP binding cassette (ABC) importers. Despite the wealth of biochemical and structural data available, a general model describing the various translocation pathways is still lacking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11538-020-00737-8DOI Listing

Modeling COVID-19 and Its Impacts on U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) Detention Facilities, 2020.

J Urban Health 2020 May 15. Epub 2020 May 15.

Opioid Policy Research Collaborative, Heller School for Social Policy and Management, Brandeis University, 415 South Main St. MS 035, Waltham, MA, 02454-9110, USA.

U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) facilities house thousands of undocumented immigrants in environments discordant with the public health recommendations to reduce the transmission of 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11524-020-00441-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7228433PMC

Pitfalls in assessing stromal tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (sTILs) in breast cancer.

NPJ Breast Cancer 2020 12;6:17. Epub 2020 May 12.

21Division of Research and Cancer Medicine, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC Australia.

Stromal tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (sTILs) are important prognostic and predictive biomarkers in triple-negative (TNBC) and HER2-positive breast cancer. Incorporating sTILs into clinical practice necessitates reproducible assessment. Previously developed standardized scoring guidelines have been widely embraced by the clinical and research communities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41523-020-0156-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7217863PMC

Report on computational assessment of Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes from the International Immuno-Oncology Biomarker Working Group.

NPJ Breast Cancer 2020 12;6:16. Epub 2020 May 12.

74Department of Pathology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL USA.

Assessment of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) is increasingly recognized as an integral part of the prognostic workflow in triple-negative (TNBC) and HER2-positive breast cancer, as well as many other solid tumors. This recognition has come about thanks to standardized visual reporting guidelines, which helped to reduce inter-reader variability. Now, there are ripe opportunities to employ computational methods that extract spatio-morphologic predictive features, enabling computer-aided diagnostics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41523-020-0154-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7217824PMC

Indigenous Genomic Databases: Pragmatic Considerations and Cultural Contexts.

Front Public Health 2020 24;8:111. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Department of Mathematics & Statistics, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.

The potential to grow genomic knowledge and harness the subsequent clinical benefits has escalated the building of background variant databases (BVDs) for genetic diagnosis across the globe. Alongside the upsurge of this precision medicine, potential benefits have been highlighted for both rare genetic conditions and other diagnoses. However, with the ever-present "genomic divide," Indigenous peoples globally have valid concerns as they endure comparatively greater health disparities but stand to benefit the least from these novel scientific discoveries and progress in healthcare. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2020.00111DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7193324PMC

Addressing Challenges of Economic Evaluation in Precision Medicine Using Dynamic Simulation Modeling.

Value Health 2020 May 26;23(5):566-573. Epub 2020 Mar 26.

Department of Health Technology and Services Research, Technical Medical Centre, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands; Cancer Health Services Research, University of Melbourne Centre for Cancer Research, School of Population and Global Health, Melbourne, Australia.

Objectives: The objective of this article is to describe the unique challenges and present potential solutions and approaches for economic evaluations of precision medicine (PM) interventions using simulation modeling methods.

Methods: Given the large and growing number of PM interventions and applications, methods are needed for economic evaluation of PM that can handle the complexity of cascading decisions and patient-specific heterogeneity reflected in the myriad testing and treatment pathways. Traditional approaches (eg, Markov models) have limitations, and other modeling techniques may be required to overcome these challenges. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jval.2020.01.016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7218800PMC

Search for Electron Antineutrino Appearance in a Long-Baseline Muon Antineutrino Beam.

Authors:
K Abe R Akutsu A Ali C Alt C Andreopoulos L Anthony M Antonova S Aoki A Ariga Y Asada Y Ashida E T Atkin Y Awataguchi S Ban M Barbi G J Barker G Barr D Barrow C Barry M Batkiewicz-Kwasniak A Beloshapkin F Bench V Berardi S Berkman L Berns S Bhadra S Bienstock A Blondel S Bolognesi B Bourguille S B Boyd D Brailsford A Bravar D Bravo Berguño C Bronner A Bubak M Buizza Avanzini J Calcutt T Campbell S Cao S L Cartwright M G Catanesi A Cervera A Chappell C Checchia D Cherdack N Chikuma G Christodoulou J Coleman G Collazuol L Cook D Coplowe A Cudd A Dabrowska G De Rosa T Dealtry P F Denner S R Dennis C Densham F Di Lodovico N Dokania S Dolan T A Doyle O Drapier J Dumarchez P Dunne L Eklund S Emery-Schrenk A Ereditato P Fernandez T Feusels A J Finch G A Fiorentini G Fiorillo C Francois M Friend Y Fujii R Fujita D Fukuda R Fukuda Y Fukuda K Fusshoeller K Gameil C Giganti T Golan M Gonin A Gorin M Guigue D R Hadley J T Haigh P Hamacher-Baumann M Hartz T Hasegawa N C Hastings T Hayashino Y Hayato A Hiramoto M Hogan J Holeczek N T Hong Van F Iacob A K Ichikawa M Ikeda T Ishida T Ishii M Ishitsuka K Iwamoto A Izmaylov M Jakkapu B Jamieson S J Jenkins C Jesús-Valls M Jiang S Johnson P Jonsson C K Jung M Kabirnezhad A C Kaboth T Kajita H Kakuno J Kameda D Karlen S P Kasetti Y Kataoka T Katori Y Kato E Kearns M Khabibullin A Khotjantsev T Kikawa H Kim J Kim S King J Kisiel A Knight A Knox T Kobayashi L Koch T Koga A Konaka L L Kormos Y Koshio A Kostin K Kowalik H Kubo Y Kudenko N Kukita S Kuribayashi R Kurjata T Kutter M Kuze L Labarga J Lagoda M Lamoureux M Laveder M Lawe M Licciardi T Lindner R P Litchfield S L Liu X Li A Longhin L Ludovici X Lu T Lux L N Machado L Magaletti K Mahn M Malek S Manly L Maret A D Marino L Marti-Magro J F Martin T Maruyama T Matsubara K Matsushita V Matveev K Mavrokoridis E Mazzucato M McCarthy N McCauley K S McFarland C McGrew A Mefodiev C Metelko M Mezzetto A Minamino O Mineev S Mine M Miura L Molina Bueno S Moriyama J Morrison Th A Mueller L Munteanu S Murphy Y Nagai T Nakadaira M Nakahata Y Nakajima A Nakamura K G Nakamura K Nakamura S Nakayama T Nakaya K Nakayoshi C Nantais T V Ngoc K Niewczas K Nishikawa Y Nishimura T S Nonnenmacher F Nova P Novella J Nowak J C Nugent H M O'Keeffe L O'Sullivan T Odagawa K Okumura T Okusawa S M Oser R A Owen Y Oyama V Palladino J L Palomino V Paolone W C Parker J Pasternak P Paudyal M Pavin D Payne G C Penn L Pickering C Pidcott G Pintaudi E S Pinzon Guerra C Pistillo B Popov K Porwit M Posiadala-Zezula A Pritchard B Quilain T Radermacher E Radicioni B Radics P N Ratoff E Reinherz-Aronis C Riccio E Rondio S Roth A Rubbia A C Ruggeri C A Ruggles A Rychter K Sakashita F Sánchez C M Schloesser K Scholberg J Schwehr M Scott Y Seiya T Sekiguchi H Sekiya D Sgalaberna R Shah A Shaikhiev F Shaker A Shaykina M Shiozawa W Shorrock A Shvartsman A Smirnov M Smy J T Sobczyk H Sobel F J P Soler Y Sonoda J Steinmann S Suvorov A Suzuki S Y Suzuki Y Suzuki A A Sztuc M Tada M Tajima A Takeda Y Takeuchi H K Tanaka H A Tanaka S Tanaka L F Thompson W Toki C Touramanis T Towstego K M Tsui T Tsukamoto M Tzanov Y Uchida W Uno M Vagins S Valder Z Vallari D Vargas G Vasseur C Vilela W G S Vinning T Vladisavljevic V V Volkov T Wachala J Walker J G Walsh Y Wang D Wark M O Wascko A Weber R Wendell M J Wilking C Wilkinson J R Wilson R J Wilson K Wood C Wret Y Yamada K Yamamoto C Yanagisawa G Yang T Yano K Yasutome S Yen N Yershov M Yokoyama T Yoshida M Yu A Zalewska J Zalipska K Zaremba G Zarnecki M Ziembicki E D Zimmerman M Zito S Zsoldos A Zykova

Phys Rev Lett 2020 Apr;124(16):161802

Institute for Nuclear Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.

Electron antineutrino appearance is measured by the T2K experiment in an accelerator-produced antineutrino beam, using additional neutrino beam operation to constrain parameters of the Pontecorvo-Maki-Nakagawa-Sakata (PMNS) mixing matrix. T2K observes 15 candidate electron antineutrino events with a background expectation of 9.3 events. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.161802DOI Listing

Assessment of Treatment Strategies to Achieve Hepatitis C Elimination in Canada Using a Validated Model.

JAMA Netw Open 2020 May 1;3(5):e204192. Epub 2020 May 1.

British Columbia Centre for Disease Control, Vancouver, Canada.

Importance: Achievement of the World Health Organization (WHO) target of eliminating hepatitis C virus (HCV) by 2030 will require an increase in key services, including harm reduction, HCV screening, and HCV treatment initiatives in member countries. These data are not available for Canada but are important for informing a national HCV elimination strategy.

Objective: To use a decision analytical model to explore the association of different treatment strategies with HCV epidemiology and HCV-associated mortality in Canada and to assess the levels of service increase needed to meet the WHO elimination targets by 2030. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.4192DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7203608PMC

Gene-educational attainment interactions in a multi-ancestry genome-wide meta-analysis identify novel blood pressure loci.

Authors:
Lisa de Las Fuentes Yun Ju Sung Raymond Noordam Thomas Winkler Mary F Feitosa Karen Schwander Amy R Bentley Michael R Brown Xiuqing Guo Alisa Manning Daniel I Chasman Hugues Aschard Traci M Bartz Lawrence F Bielak Archie Campbell Ching-Yu Cheng Rajkumar Dorajoo Fernando P Hartwig A R V R Horimoto Changwei Li Ruifang Li-Gao Yongmei Liu Jonathan Marten Solomon K Musani Ioanna Ntalla Tuomo Rankinen Melissa Richard Xueling Sim Albert V Smith Salman M Tajuddin Bamidele O Tayo Dina Vojinovic Helen R Warren Deng Xuan Maris Alver Mathilde Boissel Jin-Fang Chai Xu Chen Kaare Christensen Jasmin Divers Evangelos Evangelou Chuan Gao Giorgia Girotto Sarah E Harris Meian He Fang-Chi Hsu Brigitte Kühnel Federica Laguzzi Xiaoyin Li Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen Ilja M Nolte Alaitz Poveda Rainer Rauramaa Muhammad Riaz Rico Rueedi Xiao-Ou Shu Harold Snieder Tamar Sofer Fumihiko Takeuchi Niek Verweij Erin B Ware Stefan Weiss Lisa R Yanek Najaf Amin Dan E Arking Donna K Arnett Sven Bergmann Eric Boerwinkle Jennifer A Brody Ulrich Broeckel Marco Brumat Gregory Burke Claudia P Cabrera Mickaël Canouil Miao Li Chee Yii-Der Ida Chen Massimiliano Cocca John Connell H Janaka de Silva Paul S de Vries Gudny Eiriksdottir Jessica D Faul Virginia Fisher Terrence Forrester Ervin F Fox Yechiel Friedlander He Gao Bruna Gigante Franco Giulianini Chi Charles Gu Dongfeng Gu Tamara B Harris Jiang He Sami Heikkinen Chew-Kiat Heng Steven Hunt M Arfan Ikram Marguerite R Irvin Mika Kähönen Maryam Kavousi Chiea Chuen Khor Tuomas O Kilpeläinen Woon-Puay Koh Pirjo Komulainen Aldi T Kraja J E Krieger Carl D Langefeld Yize Li Jingjing Liang David C M Liewald Ching-Ti Liu Jianjun Liu Kurt K Lohman Reedik Mägi Colin A McKenzie Thomas Meitinger Andres Metspalu Yuri Milaneschi Lili Milani Dennis O Mook-Kanamori Mike A Nalls Christopher P Nelson Jill M Norris Jeff O'Connell Adesola Ogunniyi Sandosh Padmanabhan Nicholette D Palmer Nancy L Pedersen Thomas Perls Annette Peters Astrid Petersmann Patricia A Peyser Ozren Polasek David J Porteous Leslie J Raffel Treva K Rice Jerome I Rotter Igor Rudan Oscar-Leonel Rueda-Ochoa Charumathi Sabanayagam Babatunde L Salako Pamela J Schreiner James M Shikany Stephen S Sidney Mario Sims Colleen M Sitlani Jennifer A Smith John M Starr Konstantin Strauch Morris A Swertz Alexander Teumer Yih Chung Tham André G Uitterlinden Dhananjay Vaidya M Yldau van der Ende Melanie Waldenberger Lihua Wang Ya-Xing Wang Wen-Bin Wei David R Weir Wanqing Wen Jie Yao Bing Yu Caizheng Yu Jian-Min Yuan Wei Zhao Alan B Zonderman Diane M Becker Donald W Bowden Ian J Deary Marcus Dörr Tõnu Esko Barry I Freedman Philippe Froguel Paolo Gasparini Christian Gieger Jost Bruno Jonas Candace M Kammerer Norihiro Kato Timo A Lakka Karin Leander Terho Lehtimäki Patrik K E Magnusson Pedro Marques-Vidal Brenda W J H Penninx Nilesh J Samani Pim van der Harst Lynne E Wagenknecht Tangchun Wu Wei Zheng Xiaofeng Zhu Claude Bouchard Richard S Cooper Adolfo Correa Michele K Evans Vilmundur Gudnason Caroline Hayward Bernardo L Horta Tanika N Kelly Stephen B Kritchevsky Daniel Levy Walter R Palmas A C Pereira Michael M Province Bruce M Psaty Paul M Ridker Charles N Rotimi E Shyong Tai Rob M van Dam Cornelia M van Duijn Tien Yin Wong Kenneth Rice W James Gauderman Alanna C Morrison Kari E North Sharon L R Kardia Mark J Caulfield Paul Elliott Patricia B Munroe Paul W Franks Dabeeru C Rao Myriam Fornage

Mol Psychiatry 2020 May 5. Epub 2020 May 5.

Institute of Molecular Medicine, McGovern Medical School, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX, 70808, USA.

Educational attainment is widely used as a surrogate for socioeconomic status (SES). Low SES is a risk factor for hypertension and high blood pressure (BP). To identify novel BP loci, we performed multi-ancestry meta-analyses accounting for gene-educational attainment interactions using two variables, "Some College" (yes/no) and "Graduated College" (yes/no). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41380-020-0719-3DOI Listing
May 2020
14.496 Impact Factor

Comparative Survival of Asian and White Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer Men Treated With Docetaxel.

JNCI Cancer Spectr 2020 Apr 29;4(2):pkaa003. Epub 2020 Jan 29.

Medical Oncology and Urology, Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

There are few data regarding disparities in overall survival (OS) between Asian and white men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). We compared OS of Asian and white mCRPC men treated in phase III clinical trials with docetaxel and prednisone (DP) or a DP-containing regimen. Individual participant data from 8820 men with mCRPC randomly assigned on nine phase III trials to receive DP or a DP-containing regimen were combined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jncics/pkaa003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7190204PMC

Characterizing the distinctive acoustic cues of Mandarin tones.

J Acoust Soc Am 2020 Apr;147(4):2570

Department of Linguistics, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045, USA.

This study aims to characterize distinctive acoustic features of Mandarin tones based on a corpus of 1025 monosyllabic words produced by 21 native Mandarin speakers. For each tone, 22 acoustic cues were extracted. Besides standard F0, duration, and intensity measures, further cues were determined by fitting two mathematical functions to the pitch contours. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/10.0001024DOI Listing

Systematic review and meta-analysis of case-crossover and time-series studies of short term outdoor nitrogen dioxide exposure and ischemic heart disease morbidity.

Environ Health 2020 May 1;19(1):47. Epub 2020 May 1.

Environmental Health Science and Research Bureau, Health Canada, 420-757 West Hastings St. - Federal Tower, Vancouver, BC, V6C 1A1, Canada.

Background: Nitrogen dioxide (NO) is a pervasive urban pollutant originating primarily from vehicle emissions. Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is associated with a considerable public health burden worldwide, but whether NO exposure is causally related to IHD morbidity remains in question. Our objective was to determine whether short term exposure to outdoor NO is causally associated with IHD-related morbidity based on a synthesis of findings from case-crossover and time-series studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-020-00601-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7195719PMC

On the range of lattice models in high dimensions.

Probab Theory Relat Fields 2020 6;176(3):941-1009. Epub 2019 Jul 6.

2Department of Mathematics, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T1Z2 Canada.

We investigate the scaling limit of the (the set of visited vertices) for a general class of critical lattice models, starting from a single initial particle at the origin. Conditions are given on the random sets and an associated "ancestral relation" under which, conditional on longterm survival, the rescaled ranges converge weakly to the range of super-Brownian motion as random sets. These hypotheses also give precise asymptotics for the limiting behaviour of the probability of exiting a large ball, that is for the . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00440-019-00933-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7175636PMC

Genetic Diversity and Connectivity of Southern Right Whales (Eubalaena australis) Found in the Brazil and Chile-Peru Wintering Grounds and the South Georgia (Islas Georgias del Sur) Feeding Ground.

J Hered 2020 May;111(3):263-276

British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, UK.

As species recover from exploitation, continued assessments of connectivity and population structure are warranted to provide information for conservation and management. This is particularly true in species with high dispersal capacity, such as migratory whales, where patterns of connectivity could change rapidly. Here we build on a previous long-term, large-scale collaboration on southern right whales (Eubalaena australis) to combine new (nnew) and published (npub) mitochondrial (mtDNA) and microsatellite genetic data from all major wintering grounds and, uniquely, the South Georgia (Islas Georgias del Sur: SG) feeding grounds. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jhered/esaa010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7238439PMC

Anisogamy selects for male-biased care in self-consistent games with synchronous matings.

Evolution 2020 Jun 17;74(6):1018-1032. Epub 2020 May 17.

Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Karnataka, 560012, India.

We reexamine the influential parental investment hypothesis proposed by Trivers for the causal relationship between anisogamy and widespread female-biased parental care. We build self-consistent versions of Maynard Smith's simple evolutionary game between males and females over parental care, and incorporate consequences of anisogamy for gamete production and its trade-off with parental care, and for patterns of mate limitation. As male mating opportunities are limited by females, frequency-dependent selection acts on male strategies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evo.13969DOI Listing

Search for an Invisibly Decaying Z^{'} Boson at Belle II in e^{+}e^{-}→μ^{+}μ^{-}(e^{±}μ^{∓}) Plus Missing Energy Final States.

Authors:
I Adachi P Ahlburg H Aihara N Akopov A Aloisio N Anh Ky D M Asner H Atmacan T Aushev V Aushev T Aziz V Babu S Baehr P Bambade Sw Banerjee V Bansal M Barrett J Baudot J Becker P K Behera J V Bennett E Bernieri F U Bernlochner M Bertemes M Bessner S Bettarini F Bianchi D Biswas A Bozek M Bračko P Branchini R A Briere T E Browder A Budano L Burmistrov S Bussino M Campajola L Cao G Casarosa C Cecchi D Červenkov M-C Chang R Cheaib V Chekelian Y Q Chen Y-T Chen B G Cheon K Chilikin K Cho S Cho S-K Choi S Choudhury D Cinabro L Corona L M Cremaldi S Cunliffe T Czank F Dattola E De La Cruz-Burelo G De Nardo M De Nuccio G De Pietro R de Sangro M Destefanis S Dey A De Yta-Hernandez F Di Capua Z Doležal I Domínguez Jiménez T V Dong K Dort D Dossett S Dubey S Duell G Dujany S Eidelman M Eliachevitch J E Fast T Ferber D Ferlewicz G Finocchiaro S Fiore A Fodor F Forti B G Fulsom E Ganiev M Garcia-Hernandez R Garg V Gaur A Gaz A Gellrich J Gemmler T Geßler R Giordano A Giri B Gobbo R Godang P Goldenzweig B Golob P Gomis W Gradl E Graziani D Greenwald Y Guan C Hadjivasiliou S Halder T Hara O Hartbrich K Hayasaka H Hayashii C Hearty M T Hedges I Heredia de la Cruz M Hernández Villanueva A Hershenhorn T Higuchi E C Hill M Hoek C-L Hsu Y Hu T Iijima K Inami G Inguglia J Irakkathil Jabbar A Ishikawa R Itoh Y Iwasaki W W Jacobs D E Jaffe E-J Jang H B Jeon S Jia Y Jin C Joo K K Joo J Kahn H Kakuno A B Kaliyar J Kandra G Karyan Y Kato T Kawasaki B H Kim C-H Kim D Y Kim K-H Kim S-H Kim Y K Kim Y Kim T D Kimmel H Kindo C Kleinwort P Kodyš T Koga S Kohani I Komarov S Korpar N Kovalchuk T M G Kraetzschmar P Križan R Kroeger P Krokovny T Kuhr J Kumar M Kumar R Kumar K Kumara S Kurz A Kuzmin Y-J Kwon S Lacaprara C La Licata L Lanceri J S Lange K Lautenbach I-S Lee S C Lee P Leitl D Levit L K Li Y B Li J Libby K Lieret L Li Gioi Z Liptak Q Y Liu D Liventsev S Longo T Luo Y Maeda M Maggiora E Manoni S Marcello C Marinas A Martini M Masuda T Matsuda K Matsuoka D Matvienko F Meggendorfer J C Mei F Meier M Merola F Metzner M Milesi C Miller K Miyabayashi H Miyake R Mizuk K Azmi G B Mohanty T Moon T Morii H-G Moser F Mueller F J Müller Th Muller G Muroyama R Mussa E Nakano M Nakao M Nayak G Nazaryan D Neverov C Niebuhr N K Nisar S Nishida K Nishimura M Nishimura B Oberhof K Ogawa Y Onishchuk H Ono Y Onuki P Oskin H Ozaki P Pakhlov G Pakhlova A Paladino A Panta E Paoloni H Park B Paschen A Passeri A Pathak S Paul T K Pedlar I Peruzzi R Peschke R Pestotnik M Piccolo L E Piilonen V Popov C Praz E Prencipe M T Prim M V Purohit P Rados R Rasheed S Reiter M Remnev P K Resmi I Ripp-Baudot M Ritter G Rizzo L B Rizzuto S H Robertson D Rodríguez Pérez J M Roney C Rosenfeld A Rostomyan N Rout G Russo D Sahoo Y Sakai S Sandilya A Sangal L Santelj P Sartori Y Sato V Savinov B Scavino J Schueler C Schwanda R M Seddon Y Seino A Selce K Senyo C Sfienti C P Shen J-G Shiu B Shwartz A Sibidanov F Simon R J Sobie A Soffer A Sokolov E Solovieva S Spataro B Spruck M Starič S Stefkova Z S Stottler R Stroili J Strube M Sumihama T Sumiyoshi D J Summers S Y Suzuki M Tabata M Takizawa U Tamponi S Tanaka K Tanida N Taniguchi P Taras F Tenchini E Torassa K Trabelsi T Tsuboyama M Uchida K Unger Y Unno S Uno Y Ushiroda S E Vahsen R van Tonder G S Varner K E Varvell A Vinokurova L Vitale A Vossen M Wakai H M Wakeling W Wan Abdullah C H Wang M-Z Wang A Warburton M Watanabe J Webb S Wehle C Wessel J Wiechczynski H Windel E Won B Yabsley S Yamada W Yan S B Yang H Ye J H Yin M Yonenaga C Z Yuan Y Yusa L Zani Z Zhang V Zhilich Q D Zhou X Y Zhou V I Zhukova

Phys Rev Lett 2020 Apr;124(14):141801

P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 119991.

Theories beyond the standard model often predict the existence of an additional neutral boson, the Z^{'}. Using data collected by the Belle II experiment during 2018 at the SuperKEKB collider, we perform the first searches for the invisible decay of a Z^{'} in the process e^{+}e^{-}→μ^{+}μ^{-}Z^{'} and of a lepton-flavor-violating Z^{'} in e^{+}e^{-}→e^{±}μ^{∓}Z^{'}. We do not find any excess of events and set 90% credibility level upper limits on the cross sections of these processes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.141801DOI Listing

Temporal trends in emergency department volumes and crowding metrics in a western Canadian province: a population-based, administrative data study.

BMC Health Serv Res 2020 Apr 26;20(1):356. Epub 2020 Apr 26.

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry, University of Alberta, 3-524 Edmonton Clinic Health Academy, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 1C9, Canada.

Background: Emergency Department (ED) crowding is a pervasive problem, yet there have been few comparisons of the extent of, and contributors to, crowding among different types of EDs. The study quantifies and compares crowding metrics for 16 high volume regional, urban and academic EDs in one Canadian province.

Methods: The National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS) provided ED presentations by adults to 16 high volume Alberta EDs during April 2010 to March 2015 for this retrospective cohort study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12913-020-05196-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7183635PMC

Examining Trajectories of Change for Prosperous Forest Landscapes in Cambodia.

Environ Manage 2020 Jul 24;66(1):72-90. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Centre for Tropical Environmental and Sustainability Science, James Cook University, Cairns, QLD, 4870, Australia.

Tropical forest landscapes are undergoing rapid transition. Rural development aspirations are rising, and land use change is contributing to deforestation, degradation, and biodiversity loss, which threaten the future of tropical forests. Conservation initiatives must deal with complex social, political, and ecological decisions involving trade-offs between the extent of protected areas and quality of conservation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00267-020-01290-9DOI Listing

A multiparameter regression model for interval-censored survival data.

Stat Med 2020 Jun 24;39(14):1903-1918. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Limerick, Munster, Ireland.

We develop flexible multiparameter regression (MPR) survival models for interval-censored survival data arising in longitudinal prospective studies and longitudinal randomised controlled clinical trials. A multiparameter Weibull regression survival model, which is wholly parametric, and has nonproportional hazards, is the main focus of the article. We describe the basic model, develop the interval-censored likelihood, and extend the model to include gamma frailty and a dispersion model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/sim.8508DOI Listing

Assessing a syndemic: Gibraltar in the time of cholera.

Soc Sci Med 2020 Mar 25:112956. Epub 2020 Mar 25.

Department of Computer and Mathematical Sciences, University of Toronto, Scarborough, 1265 Military Trail, Toronto, ON, M1C 1A4, Canada.

More than a decade ago Singer (2009) described Gibraltar's experience with cholera and smallpox in 1865 as a syndemic. In this study, we provide a reassessment of that event and, consequently, propose a methodology to identify a syndemic at the population level. We propose that the concept of the harvesting effect from demographic studies on crisis mortality provides a useful framework for evaluating the presence of a syndemic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2020.112956DOI Listing

The foundations of mathematical development in Williams syndrome and Down syndrome.

J Appl Res Intellect Disabil 2020 Apr 20. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Department of Psychology, Ulster University, Coleraine, UK.

Background: Studies in Down syndrome (DS) and Williams syndrome (WS) have suggested that mathematical abilities are impaired. However, it is unclear which domain-general or domain-specific abilities impact on mathematical development in these developmental disorders.

Method: The current study examined the foundations of mathematical development across participants with WS (n = 24) and DS (n = 26) compared to typically developing (TD) children (n = 26) in relation to domain-general (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jar.12730DOI Listing

Pooled variable scaling for cluster analysis.

Bioinformatics 2020 Jun;36(12):3849-3855

Department of Statistics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada.

Motivation: Many popular clustering methods are not scale-invariant because they are based on Euclidean distances. Even methods using scale-invariant distances, such as the Mahalanobis distance, lose their scale invariance when combined with regularization and/or variable selection. Therefore, the results from these methods are very sensitive to the measurement units of the clustering variables. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btaa243DOI Listing

Hematoporphyrin monomethyl ether mediated sonodynamic antimicrobial chemotherapy on porphyromonas gingivalis in vitro.

Microb Pathog 2020 Jul 7;144:104192. Epub 2020 Apr 7.

Condensed Matter Science and Technology Institute, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, 150080, China; Department of Mathematics and Materials Research Institute, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, 16802, USA. Electronic address:

This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of hematoporphyrin monomethyl ether (HMME)-mediated sonodynamic antimicrobial chemotherapy (SACT) on Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis). P. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.micpath.2020.104192DOI Listing
July 2020
2.000 Impact Factor

Morphometric approach to 3D soft-tissue craniofacial analysis and classification of ethnicity, sex, and age.

PLoS One 2020 9;15(4):e0228402. Epub 2020 Apr 9.

Department of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Seri Kembangan, Selangor, Malaysia.

Background: The application of three-dimensional scan models offers a useful resource for studying craniofacial variation. The complex mathematical analysis for facial point acquisition in three-dimensional models has made many craniofacial assessments laborious.

Method: This study investigates three-dimensional (3D) soft-tissue craniofacial variation, with relation to ethnicity, sex and age variables in British and Irish white Europeans. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0228402PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7145022PMC

Predicting the short-term success of human influenza virus variants with machine learning.

Proc Biol Sci 2020 04 8;287(1924):20200319. Epub 2020 Apr 8.

Department of Mathematics, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada V5A 1S6.

Seasonal influenza viruses are constantly changing and produce a different set of circulating strains each season. Small genetic changes can accumulate over time and result in antigenically different viruses; this may prevent the body's immune system from recognizing those viruses. Due to rapid mutations, in particular, in the haemagglutinin (HA) gene, seasonal influenza vaccines must be updated frequently. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2020.0319DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7209065PMC

Rights, interests and expectations: Indigenous perspectives on unrestricted access to genomic data.

Nat Rev Genet 2020 Jun 6;21(6):377-384. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Native Nations Institute at the Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA.

Addressing Indigenous rights and interests in genetic resources has become increasingly challenging in an open science environment that promotes unrestricted access to genomic data. Although Indigenous experiences with genetic research have been shaped by a series of negative interactions, there is increasing recognition that equitable benefits can only be realized through greater participation of Indigenous communities. Issues of trust, accountability and equity underpin Indigenous critiques of genetic research and the sharing of genomic data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41576-020-0228-xDOI Listing