906 results match your criteria British Journal Of Health Psychology[Journal]


Development and validation of the Treatment Expectations in Chronic Pain Scale.

Br J Health Psychol 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Alan Edwards Pain Management Unit, Montreal General Hospital, QC, Canada.

Objectives: To develop and examine the psychometric properties of the Treatment Expectations in Chronic Pain (TEC) scale, a brief measure of treatment expectations of chronic non-cancer pain treatment.

Design: A cross-sectional study design was used.

Methods: After conducting a literature review and expert discussions, a preliminary version of the TEC scale was developed. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/bjhp.12371
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12371DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

'It's difficult, I think it's complicated': Health care professionals' barriers and enablers to providing opportunistic behaviour change interventions during routine medical consultations.

Br J Health Psychol 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Manchester Centre for Health Psychology, Division of Psychology and Mental Health, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, and NIHR Manchester Biomedical Research Centre and Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust (MFT), and NIHR Greater Manchester Patient Safety Translational Research Centre, The University of Manchester, UK.

Objectives: Internationally, public health strategies encourage health care professionals to deliver opportunistic behaviour change interventions. The present study: (1) examines the barriers and enablers to delivering interventions during routine consultations, and (2) provides recommendations for the design of interventions to increase delivery of opportunistic behaviour change interventions.

Design: Qualitative interview study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12368DOI Listing

Trajectories of pain predict disabilities affecting daily living in arthritis.

Br J Health Psychol 2019 Apr 7. Epub 2019 Apr 7.

School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, UK.

Purpose: To examine the interplay between pain and disability in arthritis when adjusting for patient heterogeneity in pain progression. There is consistent evidence to suggest that people experience osteoarthritis heterogeneously, with subgroups of people having different trajectories of pain. However, at present it is unclear how these pain trajectories are related to functional disability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12364DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Development and validation of the Health Visual Information Preference Scale.

Br J Health Psychol 2019 Apr 7. Epub 2019 Apr 7.

Department of Psychological Medicine, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, New Zealand.

Objective: Patients are likely to have individual preferences for learning about health, which may influence their comprehension and utilization of health information. Some patients may prefer visual health information, which can make complex health information easier to understand. Aligning health information presentation with preferences may increase understanding and improve health outcomes, yet no scale measures preferences for visual health information. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/bjhp.12370
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12370DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

A matter of habit: Recognizing the multiple roles of habit in health behaviour.

Br J Health Psychol 2019 May;24(2):241-249

Research Department of Behavioural Science and Health, University College London, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12369DOI Listing

Psychological distress among persons with upper extremity limb loss.

Br J Health Psychol 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Therapeutic Services, Advanced Arm Dynamics, Inc., Irving, Texas, USA.

Objective: We examined predictors of clinically significant levels of psychological distress among individuals with upper limb loss (ULL).

Design: A multisite, cross-sectional study completed at six prosthetic rehabilitation centres throughout the United States.

Methods: Oral administration of a brief assessment battery to 307 participants with ULL including demographic variables, injury information, screening instruments for PTSD and depression, pain interference, and activity restriction measures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12360DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

The role of optimism, self-esteem, and self-efficacy in moderating the relation between health comparisons and subjective well-being: Results of a nationally representative longitudinal study among older adults.

Br J Health Psychol 2019 Mar 30. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Department of Health Economics and Health Services Research, Hamburg Center for Health Economics, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Germany.

Objectives: It has been shown that negative health comparisons (i.e., when one's health is viewed as worse than the health of relevant others) are associated with subjective well-being (SWB). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12367DOI Listing

Changing from the inside out? Examining relationships between overweight identification, dieting behaviours, and body measurements over time.

Br J Health Psychol 2019 May 28;24(2):460-476. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Simon Fraser University, Canada.

Objective: To investigate whether changes in overweight identification were associated with dieting behaviours and body measurements over time.

Design: Longitudinal study with assessments at three time points: before and twice during (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12363DOI Listing

Does other-affirmation increase self-directed exposure to and persuasiveness of a threatening anti-alcohol message?

Br J Health Psychol 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Liverpool, UK.

Objective: Self-affirmation of personal values can reduce defensive responses to threatening health promotion messages, probably because it induces a positive and expansive view of the self. However, coping with threat is also an interpersonal process. We developed other-affirmation inductions that focus on values held by others. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12365DOI Listing

Responding to social cues: An experimental paradigm exploring the link between context sensitivity and pain.

Br J Health Psychol 2019 May 24;24(2):443-459. Epub 2019 Mar 24.

Center for Health and Medical Psychology (CHAMP), School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Sweden.

Objectives: The term context sensitivity refers to whether a response is in tune with the ever changing demands of the context, while insensitivity is the lack of responding to these cues. To date, we know little about how well patients with pain respond emotionally to changes in the cues provided by the social context, that is, how emotionally context (in)sensitive they are and if this is related to problem severity. The aim of this experimental study was to test a method for determining levels of context sensitivity in individuals with subacute and chronic pain and to explore the link between context (in)sensitivity and pain-related problems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12362DOI Listing

Couple-focused interventions for men with localized prostate cancer and their spouses: A randomized clinical trial.

Br J Health Psychol 2019 May 10;24(2):396-418. Epub 2019 Mar 10.

Helen F. Graham Cancer Center, Newark, Delaware, USA.

Objectives: Few couple-focused interventions have improved psychological and relationship functioning among men diagnosed with localized prostate cancer and their spouses. This study compared the impact of intimacy-enhancing therapy (IET), a general health and wellness intervention (GHW), and usual care (UC) on the psychological and relationship functioning of localized prostate cancer patients and their partners. Relationship length, relationship satisfaction, and patient masculinity were evaluated as moderators. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12359DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Subacute fatigue in primary care - two sides of the story.

Br J Health Psychol 2019 May 8;24(2):419-442. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Health Psychology Section, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, UK.

Objectives: Fatigue is a common symptom in primary care. Chronic fatigue research highlights the value of preventing chronicity, but little research has investigated the early, subacute stage of the fatigue trajectory (<3 months). We aimed to examine patient and general practitioner (GP) perspectives of subacute fatigue in primary care: (1) to gain a better understanding of fatigue during this stage and (2) to explore how management could be improved. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12361DOI Listing

Why do women fast during breast cancer chemotherapy? A qualitative study of the patient experience.

Br J Health Psychol 2019 May 1;24(2):381-395. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Epsylon Laboratory EA 4556, Paul-Valéry University of Montpellier, France.

Background: Why do patients practice fasting? The effects of fasting before treatment with chemotherapy for cancer in humans are currently unknown. However, there is an apparent enthusiasm for fasting among cancer patients. This qualitative study provides data on the motivations to fast and the experience of fasting among a population of women with breast cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12358DOI Listing

Adherence to medication in adults with Cystic Fibrosis: An investigation using objective adherence data and the Theoretical Domains Framework.

Br J Health Psychol 2019 May 1;24(2):357-380. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

School of Health and Related Research (ScHARR), University of Sheffield, UK.

Objectives: Adherence to nebulizer treatment in adults with Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is poor, and interventions are needed. This research aimed to identify the factors affecting nebulizer adherence using the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) and to compare these for participants with different levels of adherence.

Design: Data-prompted interviews using the TDF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12357DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Examining the theory-effectiveness hypothesis: A systematic review of systematic reviews.

Br J Health Psychol 2019 May 21;24(2):334-356. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Faculty of Kinesiology, University of New Brunswick, Canada.

Purpose: Health interventions based on theory may be more effective than those that are not. This review of reviews synthesizes all published randomized controlled trial (RCT) meta-analytic evidence from the last decade to examine whether theory-based interventions were found to be associated with more effective adult health behaviour change interventions.

Methods: Systematic reviews including meta-analyses were identified by searching Medline, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and CDSR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12356DOI Listing

Bidirectional relationship of stress and affect with physical activity and healthy eating.

Br J Health Psychol 2019 May 22;24(2):315-333. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Ulm University, Germany.

Objectives: Physical activity and healthy eating seem to be protective against experiencing stress and negative affect as well as increase positive affect. At the same time, previous studies showed that people reduce salutogenic behaviours such as physical activity and healthy eating in the face of stress and negative affect while increasing such behaviours in the context of positive affect. Due to daily fluctuations of these behaviours, the present study examined these relationships in daily life using ecological momentary assessment (EMA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12355DOI Listing

Resilience characteristics and prior life stress determine anticipatory response to acute social stress in children aged 7-11 years.

Br J Health Psychol 2019 May 13;24(2):282-297. Epub 2019 Jan 13.

Department of Health, University of Bath, UK.

Objectives: To assess the interplay of prior life stress and characteristics of resilience in determining how children cope with potentially stressful situations, using a two-phase study that triangulates parent-child dyadic interview data with subsequent experience of an acute laboratory stressor in 7-11-year-olds.

Methods: Participants (n = 34) were designated as being in one of four groups based on high/low levels of prior stress experience and high/low resilience ratings assessed during at-home interviews and from questionnaires measuring recent life events, hassles, and trait coping. During a subsequent laboratory stress protocol, salivary cortisol and heart rate were monitored, and a verbal subjective report was provided. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12353DOI Listing
May 2019
3 Reads

Parental strategies restricting screen use among children, screen home environment, and child screen use as predictors of child body fat: A prospective parent-child study.

Br J Health Psychol 2019 May 11;24(2):298-314. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Wroclaw Faculty of Psychology, SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Wroclaw, Poland.

Objectives: This study provides an insight into associations between: (1) parental and child perceptions of parental strategies restricting screen use among children, (2) child perceptions of the presence and availability of screen-based equipment at home, (3) child sedentary screen use behaviours, and (4) child body fat.

Design: A prospective study with two assessment periods (Time 1, T1; Time 2, T2), spanning 7-8 months.

Methods: At T1, 879 parent-child dyads (83. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12354DOI Listing

Living with tinnitus and the health care journey: An interpretative phenomenological analysis.

Br J Health Psychol 2019 May 4;24(2):250-264. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Royal National Throat Nose and Ear Hospital, London, UK.

Objectives: Tinnitus is a very common experience, and although usually mild, in a significant proportion of people, it is intrusive, persistent, and disabling. This paper explores the lived experience of chronic disabling tinnitus, with the aim of understanding how distress and chronicity occur, and what might help to reduce this.

Design: Nine individuals were interviewed 6 months after completing mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) as part of a randomized controlled trial. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/bjhp.12351
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12351DOI Listing
May 2019
10 Reads

The relationship between the cortisol awakening response and cortisol reactivity to a laboratory stressor.

Br J Health Psychol 2019 May 2;24(2):265-281. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, UK.

Objectives: The cortisol awakening response (CAR) and cortisol reactivity to an acute laboratory stressor both involve steep increases in cortisol secretion and are associated with preparing the body to deal with stressors ahead. Alterations in both have been linked to negative clinical and health outcomes. However, these two aspects of our biological stress response have rarely been directly compared, and the extant research focuses on state, rather than trait CAR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12352DOI Listing

The centrality of health behaviours: A network analytic approach.

Br J Health Psychol 2019 02 13;24(1):215-236. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

School of Psychological Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Israel.

Objectives: Since behavioural risk factors are the foremost causes of disability and premature mortality, developing new perspectives for understanding them is of utmost importance. This paper describes an innovative approach that conceptualizes health-related behaviours as nodes in a weighted network.

Design & Methods: Using self-reported data from a representative sample (n = 374), a network of 37 health behaviours was analysed, with the aim of identifying 'central' nodes, that is, behaviours that are likely to co-occur with others and potentially influence them. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12350DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Use of dynamic systems methods to characterize dyadic interactions in smoking cessation behavioural support sessions: A feasibility study.

Br J Health Psychol 2019 02 29;24(1):192-214. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

University College London, UK.

Background: Understanding how behaviour change techniques (BCTs) operate in practice requires a method for characterizing the reciprocal, dynamic, and real-time nature of behavioural support interactions between practitioners and clients. State space grids (SSGs) are an observational, dynamic systems methodology used to map the trajectory of dyadic interactions in real time. By mapping the flow of events in terms of practitioner and client actions, SSGs are potentially well suited to characterize behavioural support sessions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12347DOI Listing
February 2019

Gratitude - more than just a platitude? The science behind gratitude and health.

Br J Health Psychol 2019 02 28;24(1):1-9. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Psychological Medicine, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, New Zealand.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12348DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Benefit finding in renal transplantation and its association with psychological and clinical correlates: A prospective study.

Br J Health Psychol 2019 02 28;24(1):175-191. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Health Psychology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, The Netherlands.

Objectives: The identification of positive psychological changes, including benefit finding (BF), in chronic illness has gained substantial interest. However, less is known about BF in the context of a positive medical intervention. End-stage renal disease (ESRD) can be regarded as a burdensome condition, but transplantation is expected to restore physical and psychological functioning to a large extent after a period of illness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12346DOI Listing
February 2019
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'What if I'm not dead?' - Myth-busting and organ donation.

Br J Health Psychol 2019 02 21;24(1):141-158. Epub 2018 Oct 21.

Division of Psychology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling, UK.

Objectives: In the United Kingdom, three people die every day awaiting an organ transplant. To address this, Scotland and England plan to follow Wales and introduce opt-out donor consent. However, emotional barriers, myths, and misconceptions may deter potential registrants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12344DOI Listing
February 2019

Cross-cultural differences in the relationship between conformity to masculine norms and health behaviour among men in Hong Kong.

Authors:
Tina L Rochelle

Br J Health Psychol 2019 02 14;24(1):159-174. Epub 2018 Oct 14.

Department of Social and Behavioural Sciences, City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon, Hong Kong.

Objective: Examine differences in the relationship between conformity to masculine norms and engagement in health behaviour among a cross-cultural sample of Hong Kong Chinese, mainland Chinese, Caucasian, and South Asian men living in Hong Kong.

Design: Cross-sectional.

Methods: A community sample of 495 Hong Kong Chinese (n = 161), mainland Chinese (n = 107), Caucasian (n = 122), and South Asian (n = 105) men enrolled in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12345DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Using photo-elicitation to explore the lived experience of informal caregivers of individuals living with dementia.

Br J Health Psychol 2019 02 7;24(1):102-122. Epub 2018 Oct 7.

Department of Nursing, Midwifery and Health, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK.

Objectives: This study aims to explore the subjective lived experience of informal caregivers supporting an individual with dementia.

Design: This study uses the interpretive phenomenological approach utilizing the method of photo-elicitation and in-depth semi-structured interviews.

Methods: Six individuals were given a disposable camera to capture photographs which they felt illustrated their own lived experiences of being a caregiver of an individual living with dementia. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/bjhp.12342
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12342DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Reciprocal relationships between self-efficacy, outcome satisfaction, and attendance at an exercise programme.

Br J Health Psychol 2019 02 7;24(1):123-140. Epub 2018 Oct 7.

Western University, London, Ontario, Canada.

Objectives: The objectives of this study were to (i) investigate directional influences of self-efficacy, outcome satisfaction, and attendance during an exercise programme and (ii) examine the predictive capabilities of self-efficacy and outcome satisfaction on participant dropout.

Methods: Adults aged 35-65 years were recruited to a 12-month exercise programme. Self-efficacy was collected at baseline, three, six, nine, and 12 months, and outcome satisfaction at the same time-points except baseline. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12343DOI Listing
February 2019

The diagnosis of asymptomatic disease is associated with fewer healthy days: A cross sectional analysis from the national health and nutrition examination survey.

Br J Health Psychol 2019 02 28;24(1):88-101. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Health System Innovation and Research, University of Utah Schools of the Health Sciences, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.

Objective: To examine the effect of the diagnosis of asymptomatic disease on health-related quality of life (HRQoL).

Design: Secondary analysis of a national data set.

Method: We analysed adult participants in the 2011-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) of the civilian non-institutionalized US general population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12341DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6329646PMC
February 2019
6 Reads

Do interventions containing risk messages increase risk appraisal and the subsequent vaccination intentions and uptake? - A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Br J Health Psychol 2018 11 17;23(4):1084-1106. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

University of Manchester, UK.

Purpose: There is good evidence that for many behaviours, increasing risk appraisal can lead to a change in behaviour, heightened when efficacy appraisals are also increased. The present systematic review addressed whether interventions presenting a risk message increase risk appraisal and an increase in vaccination intentions and uptake.

Method: A systematic search identified randomized controlled trials of interventions presenting a risk message and measuring risk appraisal and intentions and uptake post-intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12340DOI Listing
November 2018

A visual affective analysis of mass media interventions to increase antimicrobial stewardship amongst the public.

Br J Health Psychol 2019 02 16;24(1):66-87. Epub 2018 Sep 16.

Safeguarding Health through Infection Prevention (SHIP), School of Health and Life Sciences, Glasgow Caledonian University, UK.

Objectives: In an innovative approach to improve the contribution of health psychology to public health we have analysed the presence and nature of affect within the visual materials deployed in antimicrobial stewardship interventions targeting the public identified through systematic review.

Design: A qualitative analysis focused on the affective content of visual materials garnered from a systematic review of antibiotic stewardship (k = 20).

Methods: A novel method was devised drawing on concepts from semiotics to analyse the affective elements within intervention materials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12339DOI Listing
February 2019

Effects of self-regulatory skill usage on weight management behaviours: Mediating effects of induced self-efficacy changes in non-obese through morbidly obese women.

Authors:
James J Annesi

Br J Health Psychol 2018 11 11;23(4):1066-1083. Epub 2018 Aug 11.

YMCA of Metro Atlanta, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

Objectives: Self-regulation is thought to play a role in overcoming barriers to weight management behaviour changes. This research assessed the extent that relationship is manifested through associated changes in self-efficacy, and effects based on degree of obesity.

Design: Data sets from three previous studies of the present research group were utilized. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12338DOI Listing
November 2018

Positive excessive drinker prototypes predict greater drinking and alcohol problems.

Br J Health Psychol 2018 11 6;23(4):1000-1020. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

Behavioral Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

Objectives: According to the prototype willingness model, risky behaviours such as heavy drinking may be influenced by images of others who engage in this behaviour. In this study, we examined whether college students' prototypes of an individual who frequently drinks "over the limit" were associated with their own alcohol consumption and experience of alcohol-related problems during their first 2 years in college.

Methods: We assessed students' (N = 340) prototypes of excessive drinkers and their own alcohol consumption and problems at four time points, across their first 2 years in college. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12335DOI Listing
November 2018

Social support as a comfort or an encouragement: A systematic review on the contrasting effects of social support on cardiovascular reactivity.

Br J Health Psychol 2018 11 6;23(4):1040-1065. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

North Dakota State University, Fargo, North Dakota, USA.

Purpose: The stress-buffering hypothesis (Cohen & McKay, 1984, Handbook of psychology and health IV: Social psychological aspects of health (pp. 253-256). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum) suggests that one way social support enhances health is by attenuating cardiovascular reactivity (CVR) to stress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12337DOI Listing
November 2018

Shaping parents, shaping penises: How medical teams frame parents' decisions in response to hypospadias.

Br J Health Psychol 2018 11 27;23(4):967-981. Epub 2018 Jul 27.

School of Psychology, University of Surrey, UK.

Introduction: Psychological research provides insights into how parents approach medical decisions on behalf of children. The medical decision of concern here is the surgical alteration of a hypospadic penis, whose urethral opening does not appear at the tip. Hypospadias surgery is routinely carried out in infancy, despite criticism by international organizations concerned about children's rights. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12333DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Measuring social support for healthy eating and physical activity in obesity.

Br J Health Psychol 2018 11 27;23(4):1021-1039. Epub 2018 Jul 27.

Boden Institute of Obesity, Nutrition, Exercise and Eating Disorders, Charles Perkins Centre, University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Objectives: This study sought to investigate the psychometric properties of two commonly used measures of social support in obesity, namely, the Social Support for Eating Habits (SSEH) and Social Support for Physical Activity (SSPA) scales.

Design: Cross-sectional and longitudinal study design.

Methods: Participants were 200 adults with obesity taking part in a 12-month cognitive behavioural weight loss programme. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12336DOI Listing
November 2018
59 Reads

Motive- and appearance awareness-based explanations for body (dis)satisfaction following exercise in daily life.

Br J Health Psychol 2018 11 24;23(4):982-999. Epub 2018 Jul 24.

College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia.

Objective: Although exercise is typically found to improve body satisfaction, this effect may be reduced or even reversed for trait body-dissatisfied individuals. The reasons for this remain unclear. This study tested the possibility that these effects are due to appearance-related motives and/or increased appearance awareness post-exercise. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12334DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Medication adherence for resistant hypertension: Assessing theoretical predictors of adherence using direct and indirect adherence measures.

Br J Health Psychol 2018 11 16;23(4):949-966. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

Medication Adherence Across the Lifespan (MEDAL) Group, School of Psychology, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.

Objectives: This study examined theoretical predictors of long-term medication adherence (i.e., treatment-related beliefs, coherence of beliefs from experience with medication, habit strength, and pill burden) for patients with apparent treatment-resistant hypertension in primary care, using a composite adherence score derived from direct and indirect measures (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12332DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

Ethical issues surrounding the study of nocebo effects: Recommendations for deceptive research.

Br J Health Psychol 2018 11 14;23(4):775-781. Epub 2018 Jul 14.

King's College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12331DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6175410PMC
November 2018

Developing and testing a web-based intervention to encourage early help-seeking in people with symptoms associated with lung cancer.

Br J Health Psychol 2019 02 12;24(1):31-65. Epub 2018 Jul 12.

School of Health Sciences, University of Manchester, UK.

Objectives: To detail the development method used to produce an online, tailored, theory-based, user-centred intervention to encourage help-seeking for potential lung cancer symptoms.

Design: Intervention development was structured around the person-based approach. The feasibility study involved a randomized controlled trial design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12325DOI Listing
February 2019

The role of causal models and beliefs in interpreting health claims.

Br J Health Psychol 2018 11 10;23(4):933-948. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

School of Psychology, University of Surrey, UK.

Objective: Health claims on food packaging are regulated to inform and protect consumers; however, many consumers do not accurately interpret the meaning of the claims. Whilst research has shown different types of misinterpretation, it is not clear how those interpretations are formed. The aim of this study was to elicit the causal beliefs and causal models about food and health held by consumers, that is their understanding of the causal relationships between nutrients, health outcomes, and the causal pathways connecting them, and investigate how well this knowledge explains the variation in inferences they draw about health benefits from health claims. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12330DOI Listing
November 2018

Initiating discussions about weight in a non-weight-specific setting: What can we learn about the interactional consequences of different communication practices from an examination of clinical consultations?

Br J Health Psychol 2018 11 26;23(4):888-907. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

Division of Psychology and Mental Health, School of Health Sciences, The University of Manchester, UK.

Objectives: Effective clinical communication is fundamental to tackling overweight and obesity. However, little is known about how weight is discussed in non-weight-specific settings where the primary purpose of the interaction concerns clinical matters apparently unrelated to weight. This study explores how mental health clinicians initiate discussions about a patient's possible weight problem in the non-weight-specific setting of a UK NHS Gender Identity Clinic (GIC), where weight is topicalized during discussions about the risks of treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12322DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6174938PMC
November 2018

Behaviour change techniques associated with adherence to prescribed exercise in patients with persistent musculoskeletal pain: Systematic review.

Br J Health Psychol 2019 02 17;24(1):10-30. Epub 2018 Jun 17.

Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine, School of Population Health and Environmental Sciences, King's College London, UK.

Purpose: Exercise (planned, structured, repetitive movement) improves pain and function in people with persistent musculoskeletal pain (PMSK), but adherence is often poor. This systematic review evaluates the evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effectiveness of interventions to improve exercise adherence in people with PMSK and describes the content, context, and theoretical underpinning of behaviour change interventions designed to increase adherence.

Methods: Nine electronic databases were searched from inception dates to August 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12324DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Alcohol-related harm minimization practices among university students: Does the type of residence have an impact?

Br J Health Psychol 2018 11 12;23(4):843-856. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

Faculty of Education and Arts, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: The culture of 'risk-related alcohol use' has been identified as an intrinsic part of university life for many students, especially those in residential colleges in English-speaking countries. While the prevailing approach to managing drinking in these countries is harm minimization, little is known about students' uptake of these practices or the relationship of them to students' type of residence.

Objective: To examine the ways in which type of residence may impact alcohol-related harm minimization practices among university students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12319DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

An assessment of physiotherapist's delivery of behaviour change techniques within the SOLAS feasibility trial.

Br J Health Psychol 2018 11 10;23(4):908-932. Epub 2018 Jun 10.

UCD School of Public Health, Physiotherapy and Sports Science, Health Sciences Centre, University College Dublin, Belfield, Ireland.

Objectives: To investigate physiotherapist's (PTs) fidelity to 31 protocol-listed behaviour change techniques (BCTs) during a group-based self-management intervention. This study also explored the PTs delivery of these BCTs beyond the present or absent dichotomy, using a third variable, partial delivery (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12323DOI Listing
November 2018

Communication with children about sickle cell disease: A qualitative study of parent experience.

Br J Health Psychol 2018 09 9;23(3):685-700. Epub 2018 Jun 9.

Division of Psychology and Mental Health, The University of Manchester, UK.

Objectives: This study aimed to explore how parents communicate with children affected by sickle cell disease, a condition associated with social and cultural complexities that pose risks to open parent-child communication.

Design: A contextualist approach informed the qualitative exploration of parent experience using an individual interview design.

Methods: Twelve semi-structured interviews were conducted with parents whose child had a diagnosis of sickle cell disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12311DOI Listing
September 2018
34 Reads

An examination of accuracy and bias in perceptions of a partner's motives for health behaviour regulation.

Br J Health Psychol 2018 11 7;23(4):872-887. Epub 2018 Jun 7.

Department of Psychological Sciences, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio, USA.

Objectives: This study assessed accuracy and bias in people's perceptions of their romantic partner's adoption of short-term (avoid conflict) and long-term (later health) motives for interpersonally regulating their health behaviours.

Design: A cross-sectional Web-based survey of 114 cohabiting romantic couples (N = 228 individuals) living in the United States.

Methods: Romantic partners separately completed measures of their short-term and long-term motives for self-regulation and partner regulation of health behaviours, as well as their perceptions of partner regulation of their own health behaviours. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12321DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

The physical and psychological health benefits of positive emotional writing: Investigating the moderating role of Type D (distressed) personality.

Br J Health Psychol 2018 11 3;23(4):857-871. Epub 2018 Jun 3.

Stress Research Group, Department of Psychology, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.

Objectives: Type D personality is associated with psychological and physical ill-health. However, there has been limited investigation of the role of Type D personality in interventions designed to enhance well-being. This study investigated associations between Type D personality and the efficacy of positive emotional writing for reducing stress, anxiety, and physical symptoms. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/bjhp.12320
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12320DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6174944PMC
November 2018
8 Reads

What are the 'active ingredients' of interventions targeting the public's engagement with antimicrobial resistance and how might they work?

Br J Health Psychol 2018 11 27;23(4):804-819. Epub 2018 May 27.

Institute for Applied Health, Glasgow Caledonian University, UK.

Objectives: Changing public awareness of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) represents a global public health priority. A systematic review of interventions that targeted public AMR awareness and associated behaviour was previously conducted. Here, we focus on identifying the active content of these interventions and explore potential mechanisms of action. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12317DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6175406PMC
November 2018

Motivational and implicit processes contribute to incidental physical activity.

Br J Health Psychol 2018 11 27;23(4):820-842. Epub 2018 May 27.

School of Psychology, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Objectives: Physical activity can prevent health risks and even a slight increase in physical activity benefits health. This study investigated potential contributing factors to incidental physical activity.

Design: A two-part correlational study examined whether motivational properties (autonomous and controlled motivation) in interaction with implicit processes (implicit attitudes, attentional, and approach-avoid biases) contribute to incidental physical activity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12318DOI Listing
November 2018
24 Reads