981 results match your criteria British Journal Of Health Psychology[Journal]


Enhanced life distress inventory: Development and validation in two African countries.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

UNICEF Office of Research-Innocenti, Florence, Italy.

Objective: Poverty is linked to poor mental health, and stress is a key pathway. Most existing stress scales were developed in high-income settings. We use primary data collected from three large population-based studies in Ghana and Tanzania to examine the performance and psychometric properties of a new measure of self-perceived stress, the Enhanced Life Distress Inventory (ELDI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12448DOI Listing

Do specific types of sleep disturbances represent risk factors for poorer health-related quality of life in inflammatory bowel disease? A longitudinal cohort study.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 Jul 7:e12457. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Clinical Psychology Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Sheffield, UK.

Objectives: Poor global sleep quality is commonly reported in people with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and is linked to poorer health-related quality of life (HRQoL). However, understanding is currently limited by a lack of: (1) longitudinal research and (2) research investigating the impact of specific types of problems sleeping on IBD-related outcomes, particularly on HRQoL.

Design: Observational longitudinal cohort study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12457DOI Listing

Women's experience of social media breastfeeding support and its impact on extended breastfeeding success: A social cognitive perspective.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 Jul 5:e12451. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

Ulster University, Colerine, UK.

Objective: This paper investigates the experiences of women using a social media Facebook group for breastfeeding support and attempts to explore whether it has aided in extended breastfeeding success. In addition, it aims to explore the value of social cognitive theory (SCT) in explaining these experiences.

Design: Exploratory, deductive approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12451DOI Listing

The value of core outcome sets in health psychology.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 Jul 1:e12447. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

School of Psychology, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12447DOI Listing

Understanding face mask use to prevent coronavirus and other illnesses: Development of a multidimensional face mask perceptions scale.

Authors:
Matt C Howard

Br J Health Psychol 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Mitchell College of Business, The University of South Alabama, Mobile, Alabama, USA.

Face masks are an avenue to curb the spread of coronavirus, but few people in Western societies wear face masks. Social scientists have rarely studied face mask wearing, leaving little guidance for methods to encourage these behaviours. In the current article, we provide an approach to address this issue by developing the 32-item and 8-dimension Face Mask Perceptions Scale (FMPS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12453DOI Listing

Habits and self-efficacy moderate the effects of intentions and planning on physical activity.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 Jun 25. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Department of Education and Psychology, Health Psychology, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany.

Objectives: Behavioural intentions as well as action planning can facilitate the adoption and maintenance of physical activity under certain conditions. The present study examined levels of plan-specific self-efficacy and habit strength as possible conditions that may modify this relationship.

Design: As a secondary analysis of a larger randomized trial to improve physical activity, n = 225 recipients of a planning intervention were followed up at five measurement points over one year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12452DOI Listing

Looking out for myself: Exploring the relationship between conspiracy mentality, perceived personal risk, and COVID-19 prevention measures.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 Jun 25. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Department of Psychology, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.

Objectives: This research examined how conspiracy mentality may affect compliance with preventive health measures necessary to fight the COVID-19 pandemic, and the underlying motivations to comply.

Design And Method: We conducted two cross-sectional studies (Study 1 N = 762, Study 2 N = 229) on a French population, measuring conspiracy mentality, compliance with preventive health measures, and perceived risks related to COVID-19. We also measured motivations to comply with preventive measures in Study 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12449DOI Listing

Daily emotional well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 Jun 23. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

School of Economics & Geary Institute, University College Dublin, Ireland.

The COVID-19 outbreak has become one of the largest public health crises of our time. Governments have responded by implementing self-isolation and physical distancing measures that have profoundly impacted daily life throughout the world. In this study, we aimed to investigate how people experience the activities, interactions, and settings of their lives during the pandemic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12450DOI Listing

Thematic analysis of acceptability and fidelity of engagement for behaviour change interventions: The Let's Move It intervention interview study.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 Jun 22. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Helsinki, Finland.

Objectives: Intervention participants' responses to and engagement with interventions are a key intermediate step between interventions and intended outcomes. The aim of this study was to qualitatively investigate crucial aspects of engagement, namely acceptability (experienced cognitive and emotional responses to the intervention), receipt (comprehension of intervention content), and skill enactment (skill performance in target settings), within the Let's Move It, a multi-component school-based physical activity intervention.

Design: A longitudinal qualitative study embedded in a cluster-randomized trial, with individual interviews of purposefully sampled intervention participants immediately post-intervention (n = 21) and at 14 months (n = 14). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12433DOI Listing

Preferences for scarce medical resource allocation: Differences between experts and the general public and implications for the COVID-19 pandemic.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 Jun 20:e12439. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

Norwegian Business School (BI), Olso, Norway.

This study concerns what lay people believe is the best way to allocate scarce medical resources. A sample of 515 individuals completed a short questionnaire asking them to rank-order eight different ethical positions with respect to the allocation of scarce resources. They showed a strong preference for the 'saves most lives' and 'sickest first' options, with 'reciprocity' and a 'lottery' being least favoured. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12439DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7323072PMC

How can use of the Theoretical Domains Framework be optimized in qualitative research? A rapid systematic review.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 Jun 19. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Manchester Centre for Health Psychology, School of Health Sciences, The University of Manchester, UK.

Purpose: The Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) is an integrative framework which can facilitate comprehensive assessment of behavioural determinants in qualitative studies. However, studies can become entirely deductive if they adhere rigidly to the provided guidance and may thus overlook important factors. This review identified the number of TDF-related qualitative publications employing health care professional (HCP) or patient/public samples (stage 1) and investigated the specific methods used and impact on findings in research involving patient/public populations, with consideration of how TDF use could be optimized in such studies (stage 2). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12437DOI Listing

Living with persistent insomnia after cancer: A qualitative analysis of impact and management.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 Jun 17:e12446. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

School of Psychological Sciences and Health, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK.

Objectives: To conduct a qualitative exploration of the lived experience of insomnia disorder and its management amongst a sample of mixed-diagnoses cancer survivors.

Methods: Twenty-seven cancer survivors with persistent insomnia were recruited to this qualitative study following completion of treatment for breast (12), prostate (7), colorectal (7), and gynaecological (1) cancers. Eleven males and 16 females (mean age 62 years), who met DSM-5 criteria for insomnia disorder, contributed to one of four focus group discussions, designed to explore the lived experience of persistent insomnia and its management within cancer care services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12446DOI Listing

The psychosocial impact of facial palsy: A systematic review.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 Jun 15. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Oxford Facial Palsy Service, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, UK.

Purpose: Facial palsy is a condition which can lead to significant changes in facial function and appearance. People with facial palsy often report psychosocial difficulties, including withdrawal from social activities, anxiety, negative body image, and low mood. This paper aimed to review all published research investigating the psychosocial impact of facial palsy on adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12440DOI Listing

Ready Exerciser One: Effects of music and virtual reality on cycle ergometer exercise.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 Jun 15:e12445. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Brunel University London, Middlesex, UK.

Objectives: Physical inactivity remains a major global health concern, and researchers have been encouraged to explore the role of technology in the promotion of physical activity. Technologies that deliver audio-visual stimuli are frequently applied in the exercise domain. However, there is a paucity of research that examines the efficacy of modern virtual reality (VR) technology in this context. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12445DOI Listing

Optimizing patient expectations to improve therapeutic response to medical treatment: A randomized controlled trial of iron infusion therapy.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 Jun 10. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Department of Psychological Medicine, University of Auckland, New Zealand.

Objectives: Patient expectations have the ability to influence health outcomes and have been shown to play an important role as part of the placebo effect to influence the response to medical treatments. Increasing positive expectations have been proposed as an intervention to improve treatment response, although evidence for this to date is limited. We investigated whether a brief 10-min intervention directly targeting patient expectations prior to an iron infusion could enhance expectations and improve treatment response, in terms of patients' reported fatigue. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12435DOI Listing

The coronavirus (COVID-19) fatality risk perception of US adult residents in March and April 2020.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 Jun 10. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg.

The study compares empirical results on the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (causing COVID-19) fatality risk perception of US adult residents stratified for age, gender, and race in mid-March 2020 (N  = 1,182) and mid-April 2020 (N  = 953). While the fatality risk perception has increased from March 2020 to April 2020, our findings suggest that many US adult residents severely underestimated their absolute and relative fatality risk (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12438DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7300951PMC

Effectiveness of a self-regulation intervention for weight loss: A randomized controlled trial.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, UK.

Objectives: To evaluate effectiveness and acceptability of a novel intervention, based on self-regulation theory, for weight loss.

Design: A two-arm parallel group design was employed.

Methods: Adult participants with a BMI ≥ 30 kg/m and the aim to lose weight were recruited and randomized to either a control or intervention group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12436DOI Listing

Primary care providers' use of and attitudes towards placebos: An exploratory focus group study with US physicians.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 May 30. Epub 2020 May 30.

General Medicine and Primary Care Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Objective: To examine how primary care physicians define placebo concepts, use placebos in clinical practice, and view open-label placebos (OLPs).

Design: Semi-structured focus groups that were audio-recorded and content-coded.

Methods: Two focus groups with a total of 15 primary care physicians occurred at medical centres in the New England region of the United States. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12429DOI Listing

Caregiving burden among informal caregivers of people with disability.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 May 30. Epub 2020 May 30.

Global and Community Mental Health Research Group, Department of Psychology, University of Macau, Macao (SAR), China.

Objective: Chinese informal caregivers experience burden due to their caregiving responsibilities that violate their belief of reciprocal parent-child relationship, but little is known about this burden and coping processes among Chinese. It is believed that internal coping (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12434DOI Listing

COVID-19-related anxiety predicts somatic symptoms in the UK population.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 May 27. Epub 2020 May 27.

University of Sheffield, UK.

This study aimed to estimate the association between anxiety associated with COVID-19 and somatic symptoms, using data from a large, representative sample (N = 2,025) of the UK adult population. Results showed that moderate to high levels of anxiety associated with COVID-19 were significantly associated with general somatic symptoms and in particular with gastrointestinal and fatigue symptoms. This pattern of associations remained significant after controlling for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), pre-existing health problems, age, gender, and income. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12430DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7283836PMC

'Barbed wire wrapped around my feet': Metaphor use in chronic pain.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 May 25:e12432. Epub 2020 May 25.

Discipline of Clinical Psychology, Graduate School of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Broadway, New South Wales, Australia.

Objectives: As there is no objective test for pain, sufferers rely on language to communicate their pain experience. Pain description frequently takes the form of metaphor; however, there has been limited research in this area. This study thus sought to extend previous findings on metaphor use in specific pain subgroups to a larger, heterogeneous chronic pain sample, utilizing a systematic method of metaphor analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12432DOI Listing

Reducing SARS-CoV-2 transmission in the UK: A behavioural science approach to identifying options for increasing adherence to social distancing and shielding vulnerable people.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 May 19. Epub 2020 May 19.

Emergency Response Department, Public Health England, Salisbury, UK.

Purpose: To describe and discuss a systematic method for producing a very rapid response (3 days) to a UK government policy question in the context of reducing SARS-CoV-2 transmission.

Methods: A group of behavioural and social scientists advising the UK government on COVID-19 contributed to the analysis and writing of advice through the Government Office for Science. The question was as follows: What are the options for increasing adherence to social distancing (staying at home except for essential journeys and work) and shielding vulnerable people (keeping them at home and away from others)? This was prior to social distancing legislation being implemented. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12428DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7276722PMC

Capability, opportunity, and motivation to enact hygienic practices in the early stages of the COVID-19 outbreak in the United Kingdom.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 May 16. Epub 2020 May 16.

University of Sheffield, UK.

Objectives: The COVID-19 pandemic is one of the greatest global health threats facing humanity in recent memory. This study aimed to explore influences on hygienic practices, a set of key transmission behaviours, in relation to the Capability, Opportunity, Motivation-Behaviour (COM-B) model of behaviour change (Michie et al., 2011). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12426DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7276910PMC

Exposure to coronavirus news on mainstream media: The role of risk perceptions and depression.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 May 16:e12427. Epub 2020 May 16.

Department of Biomedical and Health Information Sciences, College of Applied Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Objective: The mainstream media tend to rely on news content that will increase risk perceptions of pandemic outbreaks to stimulate public response and persuade people to comply with preventive behaviours. The objective of this study was to examine associations between exposure to coronavirus disease (COVID-19) news, risk perceptions, and depressive symptoms.

Methods: Cross-sectional data were collected from 501 participants who were ≥18 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12427DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7267047PMC

The Motivational Thought Frequency Scales for increased physical activity and reduced high-energy snacking.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 May 16. Epub 2020 May 16.

Centre for Youth Substance Abuse Research, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Objectives: The Motivational Thought Frequency (MTF) Scale has previously demonstrated a coherent four-factor internal structure (Intensity, Incentives Imagery, Self-Efficacy Imagery, Availability) in control of alcohol and effective self-management of diabetes. The current research tested the factorial structure and concurrent associations of versions of the MTF for increasing physical activity (MTF-PA) and reducing high-energy snacks (MTF-S).

Design: Study 1 examined the internal structure of the MTF-PA and its concurrent relationship with retrospective reports of vigorous physical activity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12422DOI Listing

Depression in people with skin conditions: The effects of disgust and self-compassion.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 May 11. Epub 2020 May 11.

The University of Sheffield, UK.

Objectives Skin conditions can be accompanied by significant levels of depression; there is therefore a need to identify the associated psychological factors to assist with the development of appropriate interventions. This study sought to examine the effects of disgust propensity, disgust sensitivity, self-focused/ruminative disgust, and self-compassion on depression in people with skin conditions. Design A cross-sectional survey with follow-up survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12421DOI Listing

Social support facilitates physical activity by reducing pain.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 May 5. Epub 2020 May 5.

Research School of Psychology, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia.

Objectives The link between social support and physical activity has primarily been examined cross-sectionally, with a focus on the direct association between the two variables. In a distinct body of work, there has been growing interest in the role of social support in reducing pain (emotional and physical). We examined the relationship between social support and physical activity over time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12424DOI Listing

Predictors of positive and negative post-traumatic psychological outcomes in a sample of Iranian cancer survivors.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 Apr 29. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

Turner Institute for Brain and Mental Health, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Objectives This study aimed to identify predictors of positive and negative post-traumatic psychological outcomes within a sample of Iranian cancer survivors. Methods In this cross-sectional research, 300 (167 females; age M = 53.00, SD = 27. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12412DOI Listing

Coronavirus (COVID-19) in the United Kingdom: A personality-based perspective on concerns and intention to self-isolate.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 Apr 29. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

Department of Psychology, City, University of London, UK.

Objectives Public behaviour change is necessary to contain the spread of coronavirus (COVID-19). Based on the reinforcement sensitivity theory (RST) framework, this study presents an examination of individual differences in some relevant psychological factors. Design Cross-sectional psychometric. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12423DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7267391PMC

Barriers to seasonal influenza vaccine uptake among health care workers in long-term care facilities: A cross-sectional analysis.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 Apr 22. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Health Behaviour Change Research Group, School of Psychology, NUI Galway, Ireland.

Objectives The vaccination of health care workers (HCWs) against influenza is recommended by numerous public health authorities. Despite these recommendations, the rate of vaccine uptake is poor, particularly among those working in long-term care. The current study aimed to use the theoretical domains framework to identify the barriers associated with influenza vaccine uptake among HCWs in long-term care facilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12419DOI Listing

Baring all: The impact of the hospital gown on patient well-being.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 Apr 20. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

University of Suffolk, UK.

Objectives The importance of personalized and dignified care is increasingly being recognized in health care policy and practice. Despite the known impact of clothing on social identity and self-expression, the impact of hospital clothing on patient well-being has been widely overlooked. Patients are often required to wear hospital clothing, commonly a backless gown, during medical procedures and surgeries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12416DOI Listing

Acceptability, reliability, and validity of a brief measure of capabilities, opportunities, and motivations ("COM-B").

Br J Health Psychol 2020 Apr 20. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Division of Psychology and Mental Health, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, Manchester Centre for Health Psychology, School of Health Sciences, The University of Manchester, UK.

Objectives The Capabilities, Opportunities, Motivations, Behaviour (COM-B) model is being used extensively to inform intervention design, but there is no standard measure with which to test the predictive validity of COM or to assess the impact of interventions on COM. We describe the development, reliability, validity, and acceptability of a generic 6-item self-evaluation COM questionnaire. Design and methods The questionnaire was formulated by behaviour change experts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12417DOI Listing

An oral history of health psychology in the UK.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 Apr 20. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

School of Psychology, Bangor University, UK.

Purpose An oral history of the development of health psychology in the United Kingdom. Methods Standard oral history methods produced interviews with 53 UK health psychologists, averaging 92 min in length. All interviewees entered the field from the 1970s to the 2000s, representing all four countries in the United Kingdom. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12418DOI Listing

Associations between health literacy and health care utilization and mortality in patients with coexisting diabetes and end-stage renal disease: A prospective cohort study.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 Apr 18. Epub 2020 Apr 18.

City University, University of London, UK.

Objectives Health literacy encompasses a broad skill set linked to patients' self-management ability and the complexity of their health care environments. Self-management in the context of multimorbidity is particularly challenging, placing patients at risk of poor clinical outcomes. This study aimed to explore the prognostic associations between health literacy domains, depression, and 12-month health care utilization and mortality in patients with diabetes and end-stage renal disease (DM-ESRD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12413DOI Listing

Exploring how health behaviours are supported and changed in people with severe mental illness: A qualitative study of a cardiovascular risk reducing intervention in Primary Care in England.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 Apr 13. Epub 2020 Apr 13.

Department of Primary Care and Population Health, University College London, UK.

Objectives This study explored how health behaviours were supported and changed in people with severe mental illness by primary health care professionals trained in delivering behaviour change techniques (BCTs) within a cardiovascular disease risk reducing intervention. Design Secondary qualitative analysis of 30 staff and patient interviews. Methods We mapped coded data to the BCT Taxonomy (version 1) to identify BCT application. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12415DOI Listing

Health psychology and the coronavirus (COVID-19) global pandemic: A call for research.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 05 30;25(2):231-232. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12414DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7228384PMC

Child catastrophizing about parent chronic pain: A potential child vulnerability factor.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 May 20;25(2):339-357. Epub 2020 Mar 20.

Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

Objective Robust evidence suggests children's catastrophizing about their own pain is a risk factor for poor child pain-related outcomes. In children of parents with chronic pain, child catastrophizing about their parents' pain might be a unique predictor of child pain-related outcomes given their increased exposure to parental chronic pain and disability. The objective of this study was to examine associations between child and parent catastrophizing about their own and each other's pain and child and parent pain-related outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12410DOI Listing

'Always take your doctor's advice': Does trust moderate the effect of information on inappropriate antibiotic prescribing expectations?

Br J Health Psychol 2020 May 20;25(2):358-376. Epub 2020 Mar 20.

Department of Psychology, University of Essex, UK.

Objectives To reduce overprescribing, health campaigns urge physicians to provide people with information regarding appropriate antibiotic use and encourage the public to trust their physicians' prescribing decisions. We test (1) whether providing individuals with complete information about the viral aetiology of an illness and the ineffectiveness of antibiotics will reduce inappropriate antibiotic expectations, (2) whether individuals with greater trust in their physician will have lower expectations, and (3) whether individuals with greater trust in their physician will benefit more from the complete information provision and have lower expectations. Design Experiment 1 features a between-subjects design (information provision: baseline vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12411DOI Listing

From 'neurotic' to 'managing' mother: The 'medical career' experienced by mothers of a child diagnosed with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 May 9;25(2):324-338. Epub 2020 Mar 9.

School of Psychology, University of Leeds, UK.

Objective Despite increased research into how caring for a child diagnosed with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) affects mothers, more needs to be known about ways in which such experiences transform their lives. Insight into the experiences of such mothers was sought through analysis of interviews with eight mothers and one father caring for a child with JIA. Design The study is situated within a larger project involving families with a child with JIA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12409DOI Listing

Psychosocial markers of pre-hospital decision delay and psychological distress in acute coronary syndrome patients.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 May 17;25(2):305-323. Epub 2020 Feb 17.

Mind, Brain, and Behavior Research Center (CIMCYC), University of Granada, Spain.

Objectives Both pre-hospital decision delay - the time patients wait before seeking medical attention after symptoms have started - and high psychological distress after the cardiac episode predict poor prognosis of patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). We aimed to identify psychosocial markers of these prognostic factors. Design A cross-sectional study of 102 consecutive, clinically stable ACS survivors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12408DOI Listing

Development and validation of a 6-item Revised UCLA Loneliness Scale (RULS-6) using Rasch analysis.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 May 30;25(2):233-256. Epub 2020 Jan 30.

Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Thailand.

Objective: The UCLA Loneliness Scale, containing 20 items, is one of the commonly used loneliness scales. Some shorter versions have been developed using factor analysis. The study aimed to shorten the UCLA Loneliness Scale using Rasch and factor analysis methods and test the psychometric properties of the new scale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12404DOI Listing

A collaborative approach to developing sustainable behaviour change interventions for childhood obesity prevention: Development of the Choosing Healthy Eating for Infant Health (CHErIsH) intervention and implementation strategy.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 May 30;25(2):275-304. Epub 2020 Jan 30.

Health Behavior Change Research Group, School of Psychology, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.

Objectives And Design: There is growing recognition of the need for effective behaviour change interventions to prevent chronic diseases that are feasible and sustainable and can be implemented within routine health care systems. Focusing on implementation from the outset of intervention development, and incorporating multiple stakeholder perspectives to achieve this, is therefore essential. This study explores the development of the Choosing Healthy Eating for Infant Health (CHErIsH) childhood obesity prevention intervention and implementation strategy to improve infant feeding behaviours. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12407DOI Listing

'It's like being conscripted, one volunteer is better than 10 pressed men': A qualitative study into the views of people who plan to opt-out of organ donation.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 May 30;25(2):257-274. Epub 2020 Jan 30.

Division of Psychology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling, UK.

Objectives To overcome the shortage of organ donors, Scotland and England are introducing an opt-out organ donor registration system in 2020. This means individuals will be automatically considered to consent for donation unless they actively opt-out of the register. Research has found that emotional barriers play a key role in donor decisions under opt-in legislation, yet little is known about factors that influence donor decisions under opt-out consent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12406DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7216962PMC

Cancer and changes in facial appearance: A meta-ethnography of qualitative studies.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 02 2;25(1):129-151. Epub 2020 Jan 2.

School of Clinical Dentistry, University of Sheffield, UK.

Introduction: Living with an altered facial appearance as a result of treatment for cancer requires considerable psychological adjustment. As such it is essential that health care professionals understand the lived experience of people affected. This systematic review provides a meta-ethnography of studies that have explored the experience of changed facial appearance as a result of cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12398DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7003786PMC
February 2020

Health and health belief factors associated with screening and help-seeking behaviours for breast cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis of the European evidence.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 02 26;25(1):107-128. Epub 2019 Dec 26.

Department of Psychological Sciences, Birkbeck College, University of London, UK.

Purpose: The aim of this systematic review was to identify health or health belief factors associated with mammography attendance or with self-initiated medical help-seeking for breast cancer symptoms among women in Europe.

Methods: Five databases were searched for articles published between 2005 and 2018. Meta-analyses were conducted for 13 factors related to screening attendance and two factors associated with help-seeking behaviour. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12397DOI Listing
February 2020

Reasoned and implicit processes in heavy episodic drinking: An integrated dual-process model.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 02 26;25(1):189-209. Epub 2019 Dec 26.

School of Applied Psychology, Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Objectives University students commonly engage in heavy episodic drinking (HED), which contributes to injury risk, deleterious educational outcomes, and economic costs. Identification of the determinants of this risky behaviour may provide formative evidence on which to base effective interventions to curb HED in this population. Drawing from theories of social cognition and dual-process models, this study tested key hypotheses relating to reasoned and implicit pathways to action for HED in a sample of Australian university students who drink alcohol. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12401DOI Listing
February 2020

Social cognitions and smoking behaviour: Temporal resolution matters.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 02 9;25(1):210-227. Epub 2019 Dec 9.

College of Health and Medicine, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia.

Objectives Health behaviour theories outline how cognitions predict behaviours, but rarely specify the temporal relation between cognitions and behaviours. It is not known whether these predictive relationships vary depending on temporal resolution or whether the relative influence of cognitions varies with measurement schedules. The current exploratory study therefore investigates whether the associations between behavioural cognitions (self-efficacy, intention, and risk perception) and smoking vary when measured momentarily, at day level, or using the more common baseline-follow-up design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12402DOI Listing
February 2020

Illness Risk Representation beliefs underlying adolescents' cardiovascular disease risk appraisals and the preventative role of physical activity.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 02 9;25(1):171-188. Epub 2019 Dec 9.

Department of Behavioural Science & Health, University College London, UK.

Objectives: The primary aim was to explore adolescents' cardiovascular disease risk appraisals and establish whether they understood the preventative role of physical activity (PA). The secondary aim was to examine whether adolescents' cardiovascular disease risk appraisal fitted with the Illness Risk Representations (IRR) framework.

Design: Qualitative. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12400DOI Listing
February 2020

Classism and dehumanization in chronic pain: A qualitative study of nurses' inferences about women of different socio-economic status.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 02 6;25(1):152-170. Epub 2019 Dec 6.

Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL) & Centro de Investigação e Intervenção Social (CIS-IUL), Lisbon, Portugal.

Objectives: Class-based dehumanization in health is poorly investigated. Beliefs about social class are often shared across cultures, with people of lower socio-economic status (SES) being typically dehumanized. This study specifically examined how nurses' perceptions of pain patients' SES were associated with (more or less) dehumanizing inferences about their pain and different treatment recommendations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12399DOI Listing
February 2020
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Forms, interactions, and responses to social support: A qualitative study of support and adherence to photoprotection amongst patients with Xeroderma Pigmentosum.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 02 22;25(1):89-106. Epub 2019 Nov 22.

Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine, School of Cancer and Pharmaceutical Sciences, King's College London, UK.

Objectives: Social support influences adherence to treatment in chronic illness, but there is uncertainty about its facilitators and constraints. This study explored the forms, processes, and responses associated with mobilization of informal support across three life contexts amongst patients with Xeroderma Pigmentosum (XP), a condition requiring rigorous photoprotection to reduce cancer risks.

Design: Qualitative interview study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12396DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7004138PMC
February 2020