502 results match your criteria British Journal Of Developmental Psychology[Journal]


Gender and age differences in pre-schoolers' weight bias beliefs and behavioural intentions.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Social Science Division, Pepperdine University, Malibu, California.

Weight bias is present in children as young as 3 years old; however, research regarding gender differences is mixed. This study examined gender and age differences in weight bias attitudes in a sample of 3- to 5-year-old pre-schoolers. Children assigned positive or negative adjectives to thin, average, or large targets and selected one of these targets as their best friend. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12286DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Peer problems, bullying involvement, and affective decision-making in adolescence.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Psychology and Human Development, UCL Institute of Education, University College London, UK.

We investigated, using a cross-lagged design, the longitudinal association of bullying involvement and peer problems with affective decision-making in adolescence (ages 11 and 14 years) in 13,888 participants of the Millennium Cohort Study. Affective decision-making (risk-taking, quality of decision-making, risk adjustment, deliberation time, and delay aversion) was measured with the Cambridge Gambling Task, bullying involvement (bully, bully-victim, victim, or 'neutral' status) with self-report measures, and peer problems with the parent-reported Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. In general, peer problems were associated with decision-making in the unadjusted model but not after controlling for confounding. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/bjdp.12287
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12287DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

The role of sex-related voice variation in children's gender-role stereotype attributions.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

School of Psychology, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK.

In the absence of clear sex differences in vocal anatomy, the expression of gender in pre-pubertal children's voices has a strong behavioural dimension. However, whether children are sensitive to this gender-related variation in the voice and use it to make inferences about their peers' masculinity and femininity remains unexplored. Using a cross-modal matching task, thirty-one 7- to 8-year-olds and forty-two adults were asked to associate prototypical voices of boys and girls, and their re-synthesized masculinized and feminized versions, to fictional stereotypically masculine, gender-neutral, and stereotypically feminine child characters. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12281DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Parental predictors of children's executive functioning from ages 6 to 10.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 Feb 28. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

NTNU Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.

According to prominent models of child development, parental factors may contribute to individual differences in children's executive functioning (EF). Here, we examine the relative importance of parents' socio-economic status, mental health, and parenting as predictors of EF development, drawing on a large (n = 1,070) community sample of Norwegian children who received biennial EF assessments from 6 to 10 years of age. We measure EF by means of the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12282DOI Listing
February 2019

Screen time and the development of emotion understanding from age 4 to age 8: A community study.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 Feb 28. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.

Recent increase in children's screen activities has raised concerns that screen time may replace face-to-face interaction, and hence impair children's development of emotion understanding. This longitudinal community study of 960 Norwegian 4-year-olds, followed up at ages 6 and 8, examined bidirectional relations between screen use and emotion understanding. Results revealed that more screen time at age 4 predicted lower levels of emotion understanding at age 6. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12283DOI Listing
February 2019

A qualitative, prospective study of children's understanding of weight gain.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

This study examined 3- to 5-year-old children's understandings of increases in body size via a qualitative prospective approach. A sample of 259 children (55.2% girls) was interviewed at 3, 4, and 5 years old. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12279DOI Listing
February 2019

The picture superiority effect in associative memory: A developmental study.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Psychology, Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Germany.

We tested whether semantic relatedness between to-be-remembered items and item presentation format (pictorial vs. verbal) affects associative recall. Fifty-nine children (11-13 years old) and forty young adults (age 18-30) completed a learning and recall task for semantically related (e. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12280DOI Listing
February 2019

Predicting children's school grades: Unique and interactive effects of parental beliefs and child inattention/hyperactivity symptoms.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 Jun 6;37(2):300-307. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida, USA.

Parental beliefs about school involvement are key in predicting individual differences in children's academic success. The current study examined unique and interactive relations between parental beliefs and child inattention/hyperactivity symptoms in predicting children's achievement. Participants (N = 348) were caregivers of children aged 8-12. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12276DOI Listing

Expressivity in children's drawings of themselves for adult audiences with varied authority and familiarity.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 Jan 24. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

University of Chichester, UK.

This study investigated whether children's expressive drawings of themselves vary as a function of audience authority and familiarity. One hundred and seventy-five children, 85 boys and 90 girls, aged between 8 years 1 months and 9 years 2 months (M = 8 years 5 months) were allocated into seven groups: a reference group (n = 25), where no audience was specified, and six audience groups (n = 25 per group) varying by audience type (policeman vs. teacher vs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12278DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

'H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, PEE! Get it? Pee!': Siblings' shared humour in childhood.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Department of Psychology, SUNY Geneseo, New York, USA.

Humour is a central feature of social interactions in childhood that has received little attention. In a sample of 86 7-year-old children (M age = 7.82 years, SD = 0. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12277DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The effects of self- and other-awareness on Chinese children's truth-telling.

Br J Dev Psychol 2018 Dec 30. Epub 2018 Dec 30.

Department of Psychology, Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada.

Several honesty promotion techniques have been established for children living in Western cultures; however, limited research has examined the effectiveness of these techniques among non-Western children. Recently, inducing self-awareness (by looking at oneself in a mirror) was found to be effective in promoting young Western children's honesty. The present investigation compared the effectiveness of this self-awareness technique to a novel other-awareness technique (looking at a photograph of a peer) in promoting young Chinese children's honesty. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12275DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

The role of in-group norms and group status in children's and adolescents' decisions to rectify resource inequalities.

Br J Dev Psychol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Goldsmiths, University of London, UK.

Children's and adolescents' resource allocation was examined in a context of inequality between schools and a peer group norm of either equality or equity. Participants (N = 257; children, 7-11 years old and adolescents, 13-16 years old) were inducted into groups with either a lot (advantaged) or few (disadvantaged) art resources, in the context of an art competition. Participants were prescribed an equality (equal distribution) or equity (more resources for disadvantaged groups) norm, before allocating resources between groups. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12274DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Language development and intelligence in midlife.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 Jun 21;37(2):269-283. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Unit of Medical Psychology, Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

Individual differences in early language skills have been found to be associated with other cognitive outcomes in childhood and adolescence. However, research is limited on whether these associations persist into adulthood. In this study, we examined potential associations of the timing of early language milestones with cognitive ability in a prospective cohort study of 938 singletons from the Copenhagen Perinatal Cohort (CPC), who participated in a 50-year follow-up examination in 2009-2011. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12271DOI Listing
June 2019
5 Reads

Anthropomorphism, social understanding, and imaginary companions.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 Jun 20;37(2):284-299. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon, USA.

In two studies, we investigated the correlates of anthropomorphism, the attribution of unobservable mental states to inanimate entities and non-human animals. In Study 1, we investigated the relations between anthropomorphism, social understanding, empathy, prosocial attitudes, and history of childhood imaginary companions in a college sample (N = 264; M  = 19 years, 2 months). In Study 2, we explored the relations between two different measures of anthropomorphism, theory of mind, imaginary companions, and social preferences in 73 children (M  = 5 years, 5 months). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12272DOI Listing
June 2019
2 Reads

Comparing adolescent and parent reports of externalizing problems: A longitudinal population-based study.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 Jun 5;37(2):247-268. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Discipline of Paediatrics and Child Health, The University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Adolescent and parent reports of adolescent mental health problems often correlate poorly, and understanding this discrepancy has clinical importance. Yet contextual factors have only been inconsistently explained. At the 14- and 17-year follow-ups of the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study, 1,596 parent-child dyads completed the parent-reported Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL) and the adolescent-rated Youth Self-Report (YSR). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/bjdp.12270
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12270DOI Listing
June 2019
18 Reads

Friendships in middle childhood: Links to peer and school identification, and general self-worth.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 Jun 31;37(2):211-229. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

University of Greenwich, London, UK.

Children's friendships are important for well-being and school adjustment, but few studies have examined multiple indices of friendships together in middle childhood. The current study surveyed 7- to 11-year-olds (n = 314) about their friendships, best friendships, friendship quality and indices of self-worth, identification with peers, and identification with school. Peer relationships were positively related to self-worth, but not identification with peers or school. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12268DOI Listing
June 2019
1 Read

The role of audience familiarity and activity outcome in children's understanding of disclaimers.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 Jun 29;37(2):230-246. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, UK.

Disclaimers are used prior to expected poor performance to protect the individual from being evaluated negatively by the audience (Lee et al., 1999, Personality and Individual Differences, 26, 701). In this study, 8-, 11-, and 14-year-olds (N = 147) heard stories of a protagonist telling a familiar or unfamiliar peer that they did not think that they would perform well today, followed by either no disclaimer or a disclaimer and the activity outcome. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12269DOI Listing
June 2019
2 Reads

Post-encoding wakeful resting supports the retention of new verbal memories in children aged 13-14 years.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 Jun 26;37(2):199-210. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

University of Innsbruck, Austria.

Evidence primarily exists in adults that engaging in task-related mental activity after new learning results in increased forgetting of learned information, compared with quietly resting in the minutes that follow learning, where less forgetting is observed. The current study investigated whether the beneficial effect of post-encoding rest can be observed in children aged 13-14 years. Each child (N = 102) encoded two word lists. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/bjdp.12267
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12267DOI Listing
June 2019
7 Reads

Modelling the executive components involved in processing false belief and mechanical/intentional sequences.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 Jun 10;37(2):184-198. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

University of Nottingham, UK.

To understand the executive demands of the false-belief (FB) task relative to an alternative theory-of-mind (or mechanical causality) task, picture sequencing, the present study used path analyses. One hundred and sixty-six children between 3 and 6 years old completed the FB and picture-sequencing tasks, three executive function tasks (updating, inhibition, and shifting), and the receptive language test. The model with the best fit indicated that FB performance had a direct contribution from shifting of attention and inhibitory control, which was independent of the significant contribution made by picture sequencing. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12266DOI Listing
June 2019
1 Read

Exploring individual differences in self-reference effects for agency and ownership in 5- to 7-year-olds.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 Jun 19;37(2):168-183. Epub 2018 Aug 19.

Swansea University, UK.

Evidence that self-relevant information enjoys a privileged status in memory is termed the self-reference effect (SRE). Testing 5-to 7-year-olds (n = 39), we aimed to shed light on the SRE by examining the memorial advantage for self-relevant information as a function of general ability, theory of mind, empathy, and recollection. Playing in pairs, children were presented with an array of pictures and took turns to select pictures (agency) and turn them over to reveal to whom they belonged (ownership). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12265DOI Listing
June 2019
1 Read

The role of intelligence in decision-making in early adolescence.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 03 19;37(1):101-111. Epub 2018 Aug 19.

Centre for Longitudinal Studies, UCL Institute of Education, University College London, UK.

This study investigated the role of intelligence and its development across childhood in decision-making in adolescence (age 11 years). The sample was 12,514 children from the UK's Millennium Cohort Study, followed at ages 3, 5, 7, and 11 years. Decision-making (risk-taking, quality of decision-making, risk adjustment, deliberation time, and delay aversion) was measured with the Cambridge Gambling Task. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/bjdp.12261
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12261DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Older (but not younger) preschoolers reject incorrect knowledge claims.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 03 9;37(1):130-145. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

International Junior Research Group Developmental Origins of Human Normativity, Department of Psychology, LMU Munich, Germany.

As epistemic and normative learners, children are dependent on their developing skills for evaluating others' claims. This competence seems particularly important in the current digital age in which children need to discern valid from invalid assertions about the world in both real-life and virtual interactions to ultimately gather and accumulate robust knowledge. We investigated whether younger and older preschoolers (N = 48) understand that a speaker's knowledge claim ('I know where X is') may be correct or incorrect given objectively accessible information (about whether the speaker had perceptual access to a critical event). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12264DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Native-born German and immigrant children's development of emotion knowledge: A latent growth curve analysis.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 03 1;37(1):112-129. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Institute of Psychology, Leuphana University, Lueneburg, Germany.

Young children in immigrant families tend to face more challenges and can often call upon fewer resources than their native-born peers. This situation adversely affects their social-emotional development. In this study, the development of emotion knowledge of 576 immigrant and native-born German children, aged 3-6 years, was compared at three time points over a 12-month period by means of a latent growth curve analysis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12262DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Parental use of spatial language and gestures in early childhood.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 Jun 1;37(2):149-167. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Koç University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Parents' use of spatial language and gestures is closely linked to children's spatial language development. Little is known about the quantity and quality of early spatial input and how infants' individual characteristics may be related to the spatial input they receive. Here, we examine (1) the amount and type of spatial input 16- to 21-month-old Turkish-learning children (n = 34) received in the context of a spatial activity (puzzle play) and (2) whether parental spatial input in the form of speech and gesture varies based on children's age, sex, and early spatial vocabulary comprehension assessed in an earlier session. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12263DOI Listing
June 2019
4 Reads

Stability of child temperament: Multiple moderation by child and mother characteristics.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 03 23;37(1):51-67. Epub 2018 Jul 23.

Bristol University, UK.

This 3-wave longitudinal study focuses on stability of child temperament from 3 to 6 years and considers child age, gender, birth order, and term status as well as mother age, education, anxiety, and depression as moderators of stability. Mothers of approximately 10,000 children participating in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children rated child temperament. Stability coefficients for child temperament scales were medium to large, and stability was generally robust across moderators except child gender and birth order and mother age and education, which had small moderating effects on reports of stability of child temperament. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12253DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344333PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

Individual differences in the effectiveness of self-distancing for young children's emotion regulation.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 03 15;37(1):84-100. Epub 2018 Jul 15.

Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota-Twin Cities, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.

Self-distancing has been shown to improve children's self-regulation in a variety of tasks. However, it is unknown whether this strategy is more effective for some children than others. This study investigated self-distancing in relation to individual differences in executive function (EF) and effortful control (EC). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12259DOI Listing
March 2019
12 Reads

How self-generated labelling shapes transfer of learning during early childhood: The role of individual differences.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 03 7;37(1):68-83. Epub 2018 Jul 7.

Department of Psychology, Binghamton University, New York, USA.

Multiple factors influence imitation during toddlerhood, including task complexity, social contingency, and individual differences. We conducted a secondary data analysis of individual differences in self-generated labelling using data collected from a complex puzzle imitation task with 355 2- to 3-year-olds. This analysis indicated that toddlers' ability to label the completed puzzle (fish or boat) was associated with better imitation performance. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12254DOI Listing
March 2019
25 Reads

The moral self and moral identity: Developmental questions and conceptual challenges.

Br J Dev Psychol 2018 11 6;36(4):652-666. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

Early Start & School of Psychology, University of Wollongong, NSW, Australia.

Research into moral identity has provided much support for its role in mature moral functioning, yet the developmental course of this construct remains poorly understood. In this review, we examine the dominant developmental model of moral identity, which emphasizes its key relation with the moral self of early childhood. In reviewing evidence for the model, the assumption of correspondence between the moral self of early childhood and moral identity in adolescence is challenged, in terms of both the moral component and the sense-of-self entailed in both constructs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12260DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

The cost of helping: An exploration of compassionate responding in children.

Br J Dev Psychol 2018 11 10;36(4):673-678. Epub 2018 Jun 10.

School of Psychology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Children engage in prosocial behaviour from an early age. Whether children will reliably provide compassionate help to a suffering individual is unclear. To investigate this, 73 4-years-olds were presented with three novel tasks in which they and a puppet had opportunity to win stickers by completing respective versions of the same tasks. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12252DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Cognition, emotion, and arithmetic in primary school: A cross-cultural investigation.

Br J Dev Psychol 2018 06;36(2):255-276

Laboratory for Cognitive Investigations and Behavioural Genetics, Tomsk State University, Tomsk, Russia.

The study investigated cross-cultural differences in variability and average performance in arithmetic, mathematical reasoning, symbolic and non-symbolic magnitude processing, intelligence, spatial ability, and mathematical anxiety in 890 6- to 9-year-old children from the United Kingdom, Russia, and China. Cross-cultural differences explained 28% of the variance in arithmetic and 17.3% of the variance in mathematical reasoning, with Chinese children outperforming the other two groups. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12248DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6001455PMC
June 2018
4 Reads

Editorial.

Authors:
Victoria Simms

Br J Dev Psychol 2018 06;36(2):151-152

School of Psychology, Ulster University.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12249DOI Listing
June 2018
3 Reads

Symbolic play promotes non-verbal communicative exchange in infant-caregiver dyads.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 03 28;37(1):33-50. Epub 2018 May 28.

The Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia.

Symbolic play has long been considered a fertile context for communicative development (Bruner, 1983, Child's talk: Learning to use language, Oxford University Press, Oxford; Vygotsky, 1962, Thought and language, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA; Vygotsky, 1978, Mind in society: The development of higher psychological processes. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA). In the current study, we examined caregiver-infant interaction during symbolic play and compared it to interaction in a comparable but non-symbolic context (i. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12251DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Thin idealization and causal attributions mediate the association between culture and obesity stereotypes: An examination of Chinese and American adolescents.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 03 28;37(1):14-32. Epub 2018 May 28.

Effat University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Few studies have examined age or cultural differences in the stereotypes adolescents have of persons with obesity. The present research explored the hypotheses that American adolescents have more negative obesity stereotypes than Chinese adolescents and that the effects of culture are mediated by weight attributions and thin idealization. Participants (N = 335; 181 female; M age = 14. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12250DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Consider the source: Children link the accuracy of text-based sources to the accuracy of the author.

Br J Dev Psychol 2018 11 6;36(4):634-651. Epub 2018 May 6.

Psychology, California State University San Marcos, California, USA.

The present research investigated whether young children link the accuracy of text-based information to the accuracy of its author. Across three experiments, three- and four-year-olds (N = 231) received information about object labels from accurate and inaccurate sources who provided information both in text and verbally. Of primary interest was whether young children would selectively rely on information provided by more accurate sources, regardless of the form in which the information was communicated. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12247DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

Negativity bias in infants' expectations about agents' dispositions.

Br J Dev Psychol 2018 11 1;36(4):620-633. Epub 2018 May 1.

Department of Psychology, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.

This study investigated 6- and 10-month-old infants' abilities to infer others' preferences based on social interactions using looking time and choice measures. Infants were randomly assigned to either a helping/neutral or hindering/neutral condition. Those in the helping/neutral condition were first familiarized with a helping event, in which an agent helped a circle climb a hill, and a neutral event, in which another agent followed the same path as the helping agent but had no interaction with the circle. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12246DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Preschoolers' conformity (and its motivation) is linked to own and parents' personalities.

Br J Dev Psychol 2018 11 31;36(4):573-588. Epub 2018 Mar 31.

Uppsala Child and Baby Lab, Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Sweden.

Previous studies on conformity have primarily focused on factors that moderate conformity rates overall and paid little attention to explaining the individual differences. In this study, we investigate five-factor model personality traits of both parents and children and experimentally elicited conformity in 3.5-year-olds (N = 59) using an Asch-like paradigm with which we measure both overt conformity (public responses) and covert opinions (private beliefs after conformist responses): A correct covert opinion after an incorrect conformist response results from a socially normative motivation, whereas an incorrect covert opinion results from an informational motivation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12243DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

Longitudinal associations between younger children's humour styles and psychosocial adjustment.

Br J Dev Psychol 2018 11 31;36(4):589-605. Epub 2018 Mar 31.

School of Psychology, Keele University, UK.

Whilst a multitude of studies have examined links between different styles of humour and aspects of adjustment, longitudinal research is noticeably lacking. Following a study which identified bidirectional associations between humour styles and psychosocial adjustment in older children, the current research aimed to investigate these associations in younger children. In total, 413 children aged 8-11 years completed the humour styles questionnaire for younger children (HSQ-Y) alongside measures of psychosocial adjustment in both the autumn and the summer over the course of a school year. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12244DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

Connection-based and object-based grouping in multiple-object tracking: A developmental study.

Br J Dev Psychol 2018 11 30;36(4):606-619. Epub 2018 Mar 30.

Laboratory of Experimental Psychology, Department of Brain and Cognition, KU Leuven, Belgium.

Developmental research on Gestalt laws has previously revealed that, even as young as infancy, we are bound to group visual elements into unitary structures in accordance with a variety of organizational principles. Here, we focus on the developmental trajectory of both connection-based and object-based grouping, and investigate their impact on object formation in participants, aged 9-21 years old (N = 113), using a multiple-object tracking paradigm. Results reveal a main effect of both age and grouping type, indicating that 9- to 21-year-olds are sensitive to both connection-based and object-based grouping interference, and tracking ability increases with age. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12245DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6221178PMC
November 2018
5 Reads

Inventing a new measurement for inhibitory control in preschoolers.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 03 25;37(1):1-13. Epub 2018 Mar 25.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Philipps-University Marburg, Germany.

One of the most prominent tasks to measure spatial-conflict inhibitory control in preschoolers is the windows task (Russell et al., 1991, Br. J. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12242DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Children's emotion understanding in relation to attachment to mother and father.

Br J Dev Psychol 2018 11 2;36(4):557-572. Epub 2018 Mar 2.

School of Psychology, University of Exeter, UK.

Although attachment plays a key role in children's socio-emotional development, little attention has been paid to the role of children's attachment to their father. This study examined whether insecure attachment to each parent was associated with reduced emotion understanding in children and whether children showed consistent attachments to their mother and father. We measured children's attachment to each parent using the Manchester Child Attachment Story Task and child emotion understanding using the Test of Emotion Comprehension (children's M  = 5. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12239DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

Preschoolers' knowledge about language-specific properties of writing.

Br J Dev Psychol 2018 11 25;36(4):667-672. Epub 2018 Feb 25.

Department of Foreign Languages and Literatures, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.

According to the differentiation hypothesis, young children's attempts to write show characteristics common to all writing systems, such as linearity. Characteristics that are specific to the writing system of the child's culture emerge only later. We tested this hypothesis by presenting adults who knew both Chinese and English with written productions of Chinese and United States 2- to 5-year-olds and asking them to judge the nationality of the writer. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12240DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6109433PMC
November 2018
7 Reads

Faces presenting sadness enhance self-control abilities in gifted adolescents.

Br J Dev Psychol 2018 Sep 23;36(3):514-520. Epub 2018 Feb 23.

University Service of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University Hospital of Lausanne (CHUV), Switzerland.

Self-regulation skills refer to processes allowing emotional and cognitive adaptation of the individual. Some gifted adolescents are known for their imbalance between high intellectual abilities and low emotional skills. Thus, this study aimed at examining the interplay between emotion and cognition in gifted and non-gifted adolescents. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12241DOI Listing
September 2018
6 Reads

Saudi Arabian children's reasoning about religion-based exclusion.

Br J Dev Psychol 2018 Sep 20;36(3):508-513. Epub 2018 Feb 20.

University of Surrey, UK.

This study examined how Saudi Arabian children (M = 10.50 years, SD = 1.61, Range = 8-10 years) evaluate peer exclusion based on religion when the perpetrator of exclusion was a peer or a father. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12238DOI Listing
September 2018
8 Reads

Profiling children's emotion regulation behaviours.

Br J Dev Psychol 2018 11 20;36(4):540-556. Epub 2018 Feb 20.

School of Psychology, Massey University, Massey, New Zealand.

Callear, Harvey, and Bimler (2016, International Journal of Behavioral Development, 41, 456) organized children's emotion regulation behaviours into a coherent structure. However, further investigation is needed to identify core patterns of these emotion regulation behaviours. To identify clusters and prototypal constellations of emotion regulation behaviours, the 85 behavioural items comprising the Children's Emotion Regulation Inventory (ChERI) were ranked by 151 parents in order of applicability, using an ordinal sorting procedure (Method of Successive Sorts). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12237DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Investigating the relationship between two home numeracy measures: A questionnaire and observations during Lego building and book reading.

Br J Dev Psychol 2018 06 2;36(2):354-370. Epub 2018 Feb 2.

Brain and Cognition, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, KU Leuven, Belgium.

Home numeracy has been defined as the parent-child interactions that include experiences with numerical content in daily-life settings. Previous studies have commonly operationalized home numeracy either via questionnaires or via observational methods. These studies have shown that both types of measures are positively related to variability in children's mathematical skills. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12235DOI Listing
June 2018
10 Reads

Intergenerational associations of the approximate number system in toddlers and their parents.

Br J Dev Psychol 2018 11 29;36(4):521-539. Epub 2018 Jan 29.

Learning Research and Development Center, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.

From birth, humans are able to discriminate quantities using the approximate number system (ANS). However, previous methods have only been suitable to examine ANS functioning in infancy and older children. The goals of this study were twofold: first, to modify an existing method of assessing ANS functioning for toddlerhood; and second, to investigate individual differences in toddlers' ANS performance by examining correlations with their parents' ANS acuity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12234DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

Icon arrays help younger children's proportional reasoning.

Br J Dev Psychol 2018 06 22;36(2):313-333. Epub 2018 Jan 22.

Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA.

We investigated the effects of two context variables, presentation format (icon arrays or numerical frequencies) and time limitation (limited or unlimited time), on the proportional reasoning abilities of children aged 7 and 10 years, as well as adults. Participants had to select, between two sets of tokens, the one that offered the highest likelihood of drawing a gold token, that is, the set of elements with the greater proportion of gold tokens. Results show that participants performed better in the unlimited time condition. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12233DOI Listing
June 2018
5 Reads

Young children's preference for solitary play: Implications for socio-emotional and school adjustment.

Br J Dev Psychol 2018 Sep 22;36(3):501-507. Epub 2018 Jan 22.

Department of Psychology, Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada.

The purpose of this study was to provide additional psychometric support for the Preference for Solitary Play Interview (PSPI) and to examine the associations between self-reported preference for solitary play and indices of adjustment in early childhood. Participants were N = 340 children attending kindergarten and grade 1. Children completed the PSPI, and teachers provided assessments of children's socio-emotional and school adjustment. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12236DOI Listing
September 2018
5 Reads

My mind, your mind, and God's mind: How children and adults conceive of different agents' moral beliefs.

Br J Dev Psychol 2018 Sep 16;36(3):467-481. Epub 2018 Jan 16.

Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, USA.

Extending prior research on belief attributions, we investigated the extent to which 5- to 8-year-olds and adults distinguish their beliefs and other humans' beliefs from God's beliefs. In Study 1, children reported that all agents held the same beliefs, whereas adults drew greater distinctions among agents. For example, adults reported that God was less likely than humans to view behaviors as morally acceptable. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12231DOI Listing
September 2018
7 Reads

Parenting differentially influences the development of boys' and girls' inhibitory control.

Br J Dev Psychol 2018 Sep 3;36(3):371-383. Epub 2018 Jan 3.

Western University, London, Ontario, Canada.

Effortful control (EC) has important implications for children's development. While both child sex and parenting are related to child EC, and while a literature shows early sex differences in children's responses to care, interactions between care and child sex in predicting EC are not well understood. We therefore examined associations between child sex and early caregiving as predictors of children's development of a specific aspect of EC, inhibitory control (IC). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12220DOI Listing
September 2018
6 Reads