548 results match your criteria British Journal Of Developmental Psychology[Journal]


Epistemic vigilance online: Textual inaccuracy and children's selective trust in webpages.

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 Apr 28. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, UK.

In this age of 'fake news', it is crucial that children are equipped with the skills to identify unreliable information online. Our study is the first to examine whether children are influenced by the presence of inaccuracies contained in webpages when deciding which sources to trust. Forty-eight 8- to 10-year-olds viewed three pairs of webpages, relating to the same topics, where one webpage per pair contained three obvious inaccuracies (factual, typographical, or exaggerations, according to condition). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12335DOI Listing

Theory of Mind and diverse intelligences in 4-year-olds: Modelling associations of false beliefs with children's numerate-spatial, verbal, and social intelligence.

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 Apr 19. Epub 2020 Apr 19.

Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany.

Theory of Mind (ToM) and the structure of intelligence were investigated in 115 4-year-olds. Specifically, we asked whether children's intelligence involves both general and specific aspects and whether standard ToM measures of false belief can serve as indicators of social intelligence. Psychometric intelligence and children's domain-specific understanding of number concepts and of mental states (false belief) were measured in the laboratory; communication and social skills were assessed through mothers' report. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12336DOI Listing

The effect of economic inequality on young children's prosocial decision-making.

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 Apr 12. Epub 2020 Apr 12.

School of Psychology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

An emerging body of literature has documented the negative implications high economic inequality can have on children's social and cognitive development. However, little experimental research has directly addressed how wealth discrepancies impact the way children treat others. The current study thus aimed to address the implications of economic inequality on prosocial decision-making in children prior to commencing formal schooling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12334DOI Listing

Developmental trajectories of event centrality and socio-emotional well-being after transition to high school.

Authors:
Shuhei Iimura

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 Apr 4. Epub 2020 Apr 4.

The University of Tokyo, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Japan.

Although the transition from junior high or middle school to high school can be a stressful turning point for youth socio-emotional development, the role of individual differences in susceptibility to the transition in adolescents' socio-emotional well-being remains unclear. The current study examined the developmental relation between how central the high school transition is to a student's identity or life course (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12333DOI Listing

Child maltreatment is linked to difficulties in identifying with social groups as a young adult.

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 Mar 29. Epub 2020 Mar 29.

Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, UK.

Subjective feelings of disconnectedness from social groups have been found to be detrimental to mental health. However, little is known about the factors determining people's ability to attach to groups. We contend that child maltreatment will impair people's ability to group identification across the lifespan, and present a cross-sectional study involving 396 young adults from Spain, aimed at testing this hypothesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12332DOI Listing

Do infants expect others to be helpful?

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 Mar 25. Epub 2020 Mar 25.

Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea.

This study examined whether infants assume that people will help others to achieve specific goals. Seventeen-month-old infants watched familiarization events in which a competent agent succeeded in climbing hills while an incompetent agent failed to do so. In subsequent test events, the competent agent either helped the incompetent agent reach the top of the hill (helping event) or simply passed the incompetent agent and reached the top of the hill alone (ignoring event). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12331DOI Listing

Can drawings facilitate symbolic understanding of figurative language in children?

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 Mar 25. Epub 2020 Mar 25.

Lancaster University, UK.

Understanding figurative language develops during middle childhood. Drawing can facilitate recall and may aid other aspects of linguistic expression. We examined whether children provide more symbolic interpretations of figurative statements in drawings relative to verbal explanations, and whether drawing facilitates overall symbolic interpretation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12330DOI Listing

Gender differences in the development of semantic and spatial processing of numbers.

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 Mar 25. Epub 2020 Mar 25.

Department of Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hang Zhou, China.

This study recruited kindergarteners and first graders to investigate gender and grade differences in semantic and spatial processing of number magnitude. Results based on the Bayesian statistics showed that (1) there was extreme evidence in favour of grade differences in both semantic processing and spatial processing; (2) there were no gender differences in semantic processing; and (3) boys developed earlier than girls in spatial processing of numbers, especially for the more difficult task. These results are discussed in terms of gender differences in cognitive mechanisms underlying semantic and spatial processing of number magnitude. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12329DOI Listing

Early pathways to bullying: A prospective longitudinal study examining the influences of theory of mind and social preference on bullying behaviour during the first 3 years of school.

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 Mar 13. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

School of Psychology, The University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Research has focused on the role of theory of mind (ToM) for positive social behaviour, while the association between ToM and negative social behaviours is less well understood. This longitudinal study compares two mediation models examining the role of ToM and peer-rated social preference at ages 5 and 6 for bullying at age 7. Participants were 114 children (58 boys, M  = 67 months) at entry to primary school (T1). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12328DOI Listing

Does motor coordination and sleep difficulties predict peer functioning in children and adolescents with attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder after accounting for existing ADHD symptomology?

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 Mar 13. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service, Department of Health, Complex Attention and Hyperactivity Disorders (CAHDS), Perth, Western Australia, USA.

Children with attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are more likely to experience peer problems compared to their non-ADHD peers, though ADHD-specific symptoms only partially explain this association. This study examined whether sleep difficulties and motor coordination problems are additional predictors of peer problems in an ADHD population. An ADHD sample of 72 participants aged 6-14 years (M = 9. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12327DOI Listing

Gender Intensification and Gender Generalization Biases in Pre-adolescents, Adolescents, and Emerging Adults.

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 Mar 1. Epub 2020 Mar 1.

School of Psychological Sciences, University of Northern Colorado, Greeley, Colorado, USA.

The gender intensification hypothesis claims that the socialization pressures of early adolescence lead to the adoption of traditional sex-typed roles. We tested this proposal by examining how extensively children (M  = 9.39 years; N = 69, 31 female), early adolescents (M  = 12. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12326DOI Listing

Distinguishing spontaneous from deliberate mind wandering in adolescents: The role of attentional control and depressive symptoms.

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 Feb 24. Epub 2020 Feb 24.

Department of Education, Languages, Intercultures, Literatures and Psychology, University of Florence, Italy.

Research on individual differences in mind wandering (MW) in healthy adults has supported the separation of spontaneous and deliberate MW given their different association with a number of psychological traits. This study aimed to further test this distinction by investigating the associations of the two types of MW with attentional control and depressive symptomatology in adolescents. Data were collected on 439 9-10th graders, who completed measures of spontaneous and deliberate MW, distractibility, difficulty in attentional shifting, and depressive symptomatology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12325DOI Listing
February 2020

Social anxiety and perceptions of likeability by peers in children.

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 Jun 16;38(2):319-336. Epub 2020 Feb 16.

Developmental Psychology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

The current study aimed to investigate the discrepancy between self-reported and peer-reported likeability among children, and the relation with social anxiety, depression, and social support. In total, 532 children between 7 and 12 years completed questionnaires about social anxiety symptoms, depressive symptoms, and social support, estimated their own likeability, and indicated how much they liked their classmates. Children with higher levels of social anxiety or depression overestimated their likeability less or even underestimated their likeability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12324DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7216937PMC

The effects of gendered information in stories on preschool children's development of gender stereotypes.

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 Feb 13. Epub 2020 Feb 13.

Department of Psychology IV, Julius-Maximilians-University Würzburg, Germany.

Social-cognitive theory posits that children learn gender stereotypes through gendered information. The present study examined whether children learn new gender stereotypes from stories when unknown words are linked to a gendered protagonist or context information. In Experiment 1, 40 3- to 6-year-old preschoolers were read stories with either a gendered protagonist embedded within a non-gendered context, or a non-gendered protagonist embedded within a gendered context. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12323DOI Listing
February 2020

Developing an understanding of others' emotional states: Relations among affective theory of mind and empathy measures in early childhood.

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 Jun 27;38(2):151-166. Epub 2020 Jan 27.

Department of Psychology, Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada.

Theory of mind (ToM) consists of cognitive and affective components; however, few studies have evaluated the coherence of affective ToM measures and their associations with empathy. This research examined the relations among affective ToM tasks and assessments of empathy, measured directly and via parent reports in 4- to 6-year-olds. Children (N = 117) completed: an Appearance-Reality Emotion Task, an adapted Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test, an Affective Stories Task, and an empathy task. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12322DOI Listing

Episodic context reinstatement promotes memory retention in older but not younger elementary schoolchildren.

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 Jun 20;38(2):304-318. Epub 2020 Jan 20.

School of Psychology, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou, China.

Previous studies have shown that reinstatement of spatial and temporal background information during learning can promote memory retention in adults. However, the effect in children is unclear. In order to explore the effect of episodic context reinstatement on the memory retention of different age groups, first-grade students, third-grade students, and third-year college students studied two word lists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12321DOI Listing

Theory of mind development from adolescence to adulthood: Testing the two-component model.

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 Jun 20;38(2):289-303. Epub 2020 Jan 20.

Department of Psychology, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany.

The ability to infer mental and affective states of others is crucial for social functioning. This ability, denoted as Theory of Mind (ToM), develops rapidly during childhood, yet results on its development across adolescence and into young adulthood are rare. In the present study, we tested the two-component model, measuring age-related changes in social-perceptual and social-cognitive ToM in a sample of 267 participants between 11 and 25 years of age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12320DOI Listing

When is gossiping wrong? The influence of valence and relationships on children's moral evaluations of gossip.

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 Jun 11;38(2):219-238. Epub 2020 Jan 11.

Faculty of Education, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Gossip is a common social activity that children admit to engaging in. Although children disapprove of negative gossip (Kuttler, Parker, & La Greca, 2002, Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 48, 105), less is known about how it is perceived morally compared to positive gossip and how this changes developmentally as children enter adolescence. Interestingly, misbehaviours are evaluated differently depending on who commits the act and whom it targets (Slomkowski & Killen, 1992, International Journal of Behavioral Development, 15, 247), but this has not been examined in the context of gossip. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12319DOI Listing

Immediate impact of fantastical television content on children's executive functions.

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 Jun 24;38(2):268-288. Epub 2019 Dec 24.

Child Life and Health / Centre for Clinical Brain Sciences, University of Edinburgh, UK.

Recent research has suggested that particular content of television programmes, such as watching fantastical scenes, can have negative consequences on cognitive functions in young children. We examined the effects of watching fantastical programmes on executive functions measured at both pre- and post-television viewing. Eighty 5- to 6-year-old children participated and were randomized into either fantastical or non-fantastical conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12318DOI Listing

Parents' observed responses to children's emotional distress: Relations with social competence in preschool.

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 Jun 14;38(2):186-204. Epub 2019 Dec 14.

York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Although affective interactions in the family are important for development, home observational data are sparse. We replicated and extended one such study, Roberts & Strayer (1987, Developmental Psychology, 23, 415). Interactions in 33 two-parent families (mean child age = 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12315DOI Listing

The role of executive functions in kindergarteners' persistent and non-persistent behaviour.

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 Jun 14;38(2):337-343. Epub 2019 Dec 14.

Department of Developmental Psychology, Institute of Psychology, University of Bern, Switzerland.

The aim of the study was to examine whether cognitive skills are related to persistence. Thus, children's (N = 157, mean age: 5.9 years) persistent and non-persistent behaviours (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12317DOI Listing

Conflicting perspectives mediate the relation between parents' and preschoolers' self-referent mental state talk during collaboration.

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 Jun 11;38(2):255-267. Epub 2019 Dec 11.

Boston University, Massachusetts.

We examined the relations between the referent of parents and preschoolers' mental state talk during a collaborative puzzle-solving task (N = 146 dyads; n = 81 3-year-olds, n = 65 4-year-olds). The results showed that parents' references to their own knowledge and beliefs (self-referent cognitive talk), and references to their child's knowledge and beliefs (child-referent cognitive talk) were both related to children's (primarily self-referent) cognitive talk. We then tested whether any of the observed relations could be explained by the presence of conflicting perspectives within the collaborative interaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12316DOI Listing

Early lexical development of children raised in institutional care in Russia.

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 Jun 2;38(2):239-254. Epub 2019 Dec 2.

Saint-Petersburg State University, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation.

Children abandoned to institutions display a host of developmental delays, including those involving general cognition and language. The majority of published studies focus on children over 3 years of age; little is known about whether these delays may be detected earlier when children undergo rapid lexical development. To investigate the early language development of children raised in institutional settings in the Russian Federation, we compared a group of children in institutional care (n = 36; 8-35 months) to their age-matched peers raised in biological families, who have never been institutionalized (n = 72) using the Russian version of the CDI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12314DOI Listing

Attachment security and attention to facial emotional expressions in preschoolers: An eye-tracking study.

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 Jun 28;38(2):167-185. Epub 2019 Nov 28.

Department Psychology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany.

According to attachment theory, internal working models of attachment affect the way in which social and emotional information is processed. The current study examined this theoretical claim by investigating the association between attachment security and attention to facial emotional expressions in 5-year-old children. Attachment security was assessed on a representational level using an Attachment Story Completion Task. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12313DOI Listing

Effects of a mirror on young children's transgression in a gift-delay task.

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 Jun 27;38(2):205-218. Epub 2019 Nov 27.

Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, Victoria, Australia.

While the development of self-recognition in a mirror by toddlers is well documented, less is known about how the presence of a mirror affects young children's behaviour. Here, we explored how the presence of a mirror affected 2.5- to 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12312DOI Listing

Attachment and emotion regulation: A person-centred examination and relations with coping with rejection, friendship closeness, and emotional adjustment.

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 03 19;38(1):125-143. Epub 2019 Nov 19.

School of Applied Psychology, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.

Guided by attachment theory of emotion regulation (ER), the current study utilized a person-centred approach to identify clusters of individuals that differed in their attachment representations and ER, and further examined individual differences in socio-emotional functioning based on these profiles. Participants included 658 emerging adults (M = 19.9, SD = 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12310DOI Listing

Development of body knowledge as measured by arm differentiation in infants: From global to local?

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 03 9;38(1):108-124. Epub 2019 Nov 9.

Integrative Neuroscience and Cognition Center, CNRS, Université Paris Descartes, France.

The ability to sense and use the body parts in an organized and differentiated manner is a precursor of body knowledge in infancy. To acquire this ability, the infant's brain might explore the perceptual consequences of its bodily actions. Undifferentiated body movements would gradually be replaced by more precise actions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12309DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7065080PMC

Developmental changes in executive functions during adolescence: A study of inhibition, shifting, and working memory.

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 03 6;38(1):74-89. Epub 2019 Oct 6.

School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences, University of Edinburgh, UK.

The development of executive functions (EFs) has primarily been studied among younger children, despite research suggesting that particular aspects of EFs continue to develop throughout adolescence and into adulthood. This study investigated whether EFs continue to develop during the later stages of adolescence: three related, yet separable EF components - inhibition, shifting, and working memory - were examined in a cross-sectional sample of 347 adolescents (aged 14-18 years). After adjusting for covariates, age was found to be a significant predictor of pupils' performance on the inhibition but not the shifting or working memory tasks, suggesting different developmental trajectories for the three EF components. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12307DOI Listing

Taming anger and trusting others: Roles of skin conductance, anger regulation, and trust in children's aggression.

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 03 27;38(1):42-58. Epub 2019 Sep 27.

Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada.

Proactive and reactive aggression subtypes are distinguishable as early as the preschool years. However, their early physiological and social-emotional correlates have not been examined simultaneously. We tested whether children's skin conductance level, anger regulation, and trust in others were differentially related to their proactive and reactive aggression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12304DOI Listing
March 2020
2 Reads

Parental psychological control and academic functioning in Chinese high school students: A short-term longitudinal study.

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 03 26;38(1):90-107. Epub 2019 Sep 26.

Shanghai Key Laboratory of Brain Functional Genomics, Shanghai Changning-ECNU Mental Health Center, School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China.

The present study aimed to examine the reciprocal relationship between parental psychological control and students' academic functioning in urban China. Participants were 731 Chinese high school students in grade 10 (356 boys; M  = 15.64 years, SD = 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12308DOI Listing

Preschoolers' sharing expectations towards friends relate to their kindergarten peer status.

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 03 26;38(1):1-14. Epub 2019 Sep 26.

Developmental Psychology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany.

Recent research has provided evidence for a substantial impact of children's peer status on positive and adaptive development. The current study investigated how 3- to 7-year-old preschoolers' (N = 118) sharing behaviour and sharing expectations towards a friend and a non-friend relate to their popularity among their peers. Children distributed resources between themselves and a friend as well as themselves and a non-friend and predicted another protagonist's behaviour in the same situation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12300DOI Listing

Age-related changes in duration production for familiar actions.

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 03 26;38(1):59-73. Epub 2019 Sep 26.

Cognition, Languages, Language & Ergonomics - Work and Cognition Laboratory (CLLE-LTC), University of Toulouse 2 Jean-Jaurès, Toulouse, France.

The present study dealt with an aspect of temporal cognition that is rarely discussed in the literature: the ability to estimate the duration of familiar actions. In everyday life, we often have to process both very short durations (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12306DOI Listing

Looking smart: Preschoolers' judgements about knowledge based on facial appearance.

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 03 25;38(1):31-41. Epub 2019 Sep 25.

Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.

Preschoolers use others' behaviours to make inferences about what traits they possess (Harris et al., 2018, Ann. Rev. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12303DOI Listing

Some but not all aspects of (advanced) theory of mind predict loneliness.

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 03 25;38(1):144-148. Epub 2019 Sep 25.

Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany.

Children's (advanced) theory of mind (AToM) has been related to numerous real-world social consequences, including regarding their feelings of loneliness. A recent study has shown that AToM does not rely on a single underlying ability, instead involving three distinct factors: social reasoning, reasoning about ambiguity, and recognizing transgressions of social norms. The present study of 229 5- to 8-year-olds investigated whether and how these three aspects of AToM cognition are related to children's feelings of loneliness while controlling for the influence of self-esteem. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12302DOI Listing

Aware and tuned to care: Children with better distress recognition and higher sympathy anticipate more guilt after harming others.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 11 11;37(4):600-610. Epub 2019 Sep 11.

Department of Psychology, University of Toronto Mississauga, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada.

Helping children recognize the distress of their victims and feel sympathy may facilitate the optimal socialization of ethical guilt. With a sample of 150 eight-year-olds, we tested the main and interactive relations of distress recognition and sympathy to ethical guilt after hypothetically stealing and pushing. Better fear recognition and higher sympathy were uniquely associated with higher ethical guilt. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12305DOI Listing
November 2019
1 Read

Prospective associations between children's depressive symptoms and peer victimization: The role of social helplessness.

Br J Dev Psychol 2020 03 6;38(1):15-30. Epub 2019 Sep 6.

Department of Psychology, University of Richmond, Virginia, USA.

Investigating precursors to peer victimization, a particularly damaging form of peer maltreatment, represents an important research objective. This study's purpose was to evaluate the hypothesis that social helplessness is one mechanism underlying the pathway from early depressive symptoms to subsequent peer victimization among preadolescents in the third through fifth grades (N = 230; 126 girls; Mage at recruitment = 9.48; SD = 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12301DOI Listing

The relative contribution of parenting practices in predicting trait emotional intelligence in an Italian adolescent sample.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 11 30;37(4):585-599. Epub 2019 Aug 30.

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Messina, Italy.

This study examines the relationship between trait emotional intelligence (trait EI), support, and parental psychological control practices. Three hundred adolescents, between 11 and 13 years old, took part in the study (163 were males and 137 were females). Participants completed the Perceptions of Parents Scales for the parental support, the Dependency (DPC)- and Achievement (APC)-oriented Psychological Control Scales for the parental psychological control, and the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire-Child Form for the child's trait EI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12299DOI Listing
November 2019

Corrigendum.

Authors:

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 Sep 21;37(3):444. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12284DOI Listing
September 2019

Call for Papers: Special Issue: Cognitive and applied ageing.

Authors:

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 09;37(3):445-446

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12298DOI Listing
September 2019
1 Read

When friends behave badly: Loneliness and children's expectations of friends and responses to transgressions.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 11 23;37(4):551-570. Epub 2019 Jul 23.

Manchester Institute of Education, University of Manchester, UK.

Previous research has shown that friendships buffer against loneliness, but some children remain lonely despite having best friends. The current study examines relationships between loneliness and Friendship Functions, expectations, and responses to friendship transgressions in children with best friends (8-11 years; N = 177). Children completed questionnaires that measured loneliness, fulfilment of Friendship Functions, Friendship Expectations, and the Transgressions of Friendship Expectations Questionnaire (MacEvoy & Asher, Child Development, 83, 2012, 104). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12296DOI Listing
November 2019
1 Read

Children's selective trust: When a group majority is confronted with past accuracy.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 11 20;37(4):571-584. Epub 2019 Jul 20.

Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Petrolina, Pernambuco, Brazil.

In two experiments, 3- to 5-year-old children were tested for their preferences when seeking and accepting information about novel animals. In Experiment 1, children watched as two adults named unfamiliar animals - one adult was predominantly accurate, whereas the other was predominantly inaccurate, as judged by a teacher. In a subsequent test phase, participants viewed additional unfamiliar animals and were invited to endorse one of two conflicting names. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12297DOI Listing
November 2019

The influence of narrative competence on mental state talk in kindergarten and primary school children.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 11 4;37(4):535-550. Epub 2019 Jul 4.

Department of Education and Psychology, University of Florence, Italy.

This study investigates the relationships between narrative competence and mental state talk at different age levels. Specifically, we explored whether a higher level of structure in narratives is associated with children's mental state talk, and whether this effect is moderated by age (kindergarten, lower and upper primary school). The participants in the study were 172 Italian children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12295DOI Listing
November 2019

Teachers, not parents, are able to predict time processing skills in preschoolers.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 11 2;37(4):519-534. Epub 2019 Jul 2.

Department of Psychology, University of Milan-Bicocca, Italy.

Time processing difficulties are associated with developmental disorders. Questionnaires for assessing children's sense of time are available from primary school, but we lack valid proxy-report tools for younger children, who are not able to complete self-reports. This study aimed to assess the criterion validity of a questionnaire investigating preschoolers' sense of time from the points of view of their parents and teachers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12294DOI Listing
November 2019
1 Read

Rapid face processing for positive and negative emotions in 5-, 7-, and 12-month-old infants: An exploratory study.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 11 17;37(4):486-504. Epub 2019 Jun 17.

Laboratories of Cognitive Neuroscience, Division of Developmental Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Processing of positive and negative facial expressions in infancy follows a distinct course with a bias towards fearful facial expressions starting at 7 months of age; however, little is known about the developmental trajectory of fear processing and other facial expressions, and if this bias is driven by specific regions of the face. This study used eye tracking to examine the processing of positive and negative emotional faces in independent groups of 5- (n = 43), 7- (n = 60), and 12-month-old infants (n = 70). Methods: Infants were shown static images of female faces exhibiting happy, anger, and fear expressions, for one-second each. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12288DOI Listing
November 2019
14 Reads

Fairness, prosociality, hypocrisy, and happiness: Children's and adolescents' motives for showing unselfish behaviour and positive emotions.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 11 4;37(4):505-518. Epub 2019 Jun 4.

Department of Psychology, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.

The present study examined what motives account for age-related decreases in selfish behaviour and whether these motives equally predict positive emotions when making a moral decision. The study was based on a sample of 190 children and adolescents (101 females) from three different age groups (childhood, early adolescence, and middle adolescence, M = 12.9 years, SD = 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12289DOI Listing
November 2019
2 Reads

Similarity attracts: The role of personality in similarity perceptions and children's attitudes towards refugees.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 11 19;37(4):447-460. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Social Psychology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Previous research has shown that children's intergroup similarity judgements are based not only on ethnicity but also on other dimensions such as sports interest. The present research investigates the role of personality in perceived similarity between ingroup children and refugee outgroup children. A study was conducted among 9- to 12-year-old children (N = 124) at two elementary schools in the Netherlands. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12285DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6850161PMC
November 2019
42 Reads

Gender and age differences in pre-schoolers' weight bias beliefs and behavioural intentions.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 11 11;37(4):461-465. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Social Science Division, Pepperdine University, Malibu, California.

Weight bias is present in children as young as 3 years old; however, research regarding gender differences is mixed. This study examined gender and age differences in weight bias attitudes in a sample of 3- to 5-year-old pre-schoolers. Children assigned positive or negative adjectives to thin, average, or large targets and selected one of these targets as their best friend. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12286DOI Listing
November 2019
31 Reads

Peer problems, bullying involvement, and affective decision-making in adolescence.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 11 11;37(4):466-485. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Psychology and Human Development, UCL Institute of Education, University College London, UK.

We investigated, using a cross-lagged design, the longitudinal association of bullying involvement and peer problems with affective decision-making in adolescence (ages 11 and 14 years) in 13,888 participants of the Millennium Cohort Study. Affective decision-making (risk-taking, quality of decision-making, risk adjustment, deliberation time, and delay aversion) was measured with the Cambridge Gambling Task, bullying involvement (bully, bully-victim, victim, or 'neutral' status) with self-report measures, and peer problems with the parent-reported Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. In general, peer problems were associated with decision-making in the unadjusted model but not after controlling for confounding. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/bjdp.12287
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12287DOI Listing
November 2019
20 Reads

The role of sex-related voice variation in children's gender-role stereotype attributions.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 09 20;37(3):396-409. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

School of Psychology, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK.

In the absence of clear sex differences in vocal anatomy, the expression of gender in pre-pubertal children's voices has a strong behavioural dimension. However, whether children are sensitive to this gender-related variation in the voice and use it to make inferences about their peers' masculinity and femininity remains unexplored. Using a cross-modal matching task, thirty-one 7- to 8-year-olds and forty-two adults were asked to associate prototypical voices of boys and girls, and their re-synthesized masculinized and feminized versions, to fictional stereotypically masculine, gender-neutral, and stereotypically feminine child characters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12281DOI Listing
September 2019
2 Reads

Parental predictors of children's executive functioning from ages 6 to 10.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 09 28;37(3):410-426. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

NTNU Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.

According to prominent models of child development, parental factors may contribute to individual differences in children's executive functioning (EF). Here, we examine the relative importance of parents' socio-economic status, mental health, and parenting as predictors of EF development, drawing on a large (n = 1,070) community sample of Norwegian children who received biennial EF assessments from 6 to 10 years of age. We measure EF by means of the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12282DOI Listing
September 2019
3 Reads