1,575 results match your criteria British Journal Of Clinical Psychology[Journal]


Characteristics of severe life events, attachment style, and depression - Using a new online approach.

Br J Clin Psychol 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Social Genetic & Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London, UK.

Objectives: Severe life events are established as provoking agents for depression in combination with vulnerability factors. Identifying features of severe events improves the prediction of disorder but are rarely utilized, mainly because life event research is increasingly dominated by self-report checklists with no capacity for inferring such characteristics. This paper investigates the association of severe life events' features with depression and insecure attachment styles using a new online measure of life events in a clinical and control sample. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/bjc.12221
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12221DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

The Beliefs in Trichotillomania Scale (BiTS): Factor analyses and preliminary validation.

Br J Clin Psychol 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Psychological Sciences, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Objectives: The role of cognitions and beliefs in trichotillomania (TTM; hair pulling disorder) has been the subject of only limited investigation. This study aimed to develop and validate the Beliefs in TTM Scale (BiTS).

Methods: A pool of 50 items based upon themes identified in previous research was administered online to 841 participants with and without self-reported problematic, non-cosmetic hair pulling behaviours. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12219DOI Listing

The link between rejection sensitivity and borderline personality disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Br J Clin Psychol 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Department of Psychology, University of Bath, UK.

Objective: People with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) may experience heightened rejection sensitivity (RS), a disposition developing from repeated childhood rejecting experiences. It is not known whether the full RS model accounts for the cognitive-affective experiences common in BPD. This systematic review extends upon previous reviews, firstly by assessing the link between childhood rejecting experiences and adult RS, and secondly by considering the link between BPD and RS in both non-clinical and clinical samples. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12216DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Self-reported affective biases, but not all affective performance biases, are present in depression remission.

Br J Clin Psychol 2019 Mar 10. Epub 2019 Mar 10.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Objective: Individuals with active major depressive disorder (MDD) have shown affective biases in cognitive flexibility and memory, particularly for negatively valenced stimuli. We evaluated whether impairments in affective flexibility would remain even during remission (rMDD), potentially representing trait- or scar-like effects of illness.

Method: Participants completed the Emotion Card Sort Test (ECST), a measure of cognitive flexibility containing emotionally valenced stimuli, and the Emotion Word Stimulus Test (EWST), a measure of affective biases in delayed recall and recognition memory, and several self-report measures. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/bjc.12217
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12217DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Anticipatory pleasure for future experiences in schizophrenia spectrum disorders and major depression: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Br J Clin Psychol 2019 Mar 10. Epub 2019 Mar 10.

Department of Clinical Psychology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Objectives: Deficits in anticipating pleasure may be an important dimension of anhedonia and functioning in psychiatric disorders, particularly schizophrenia and depression; however, inconsistent findings have limited the conclusions that can be drawn. We conducted the first systemic review and meta-analysis of the extant literature for research comparing psychiatric groups to healthy control groups on anticipatory pleasure.

Methods: Academic Search Complete, Science Direct, and CINAHL databases were systematically searched up to 9 June 2018 for relevant peer-reviewed articles, book chapters, and dissertations. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12218DOI Listing

Long-term efficacy of Metacognitive Training for Depression (D-MCT): A randomized controlled trial.

Br J Clin Psychol 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Department of Medical Psychology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Germany.

Objectives: The availability of treatment for depression needs to be improved. Among the barriers are the dearth of group programmes and the high demand of many programmes with regard to staff expertise. The Metacognitive Training for Depression (D-MCT) is a new, easy-to-administer, cognitive behaviour-based group intervention. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/bjc.12213
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12213DOI Listing
December 2018
17 Reads

'I Am Worthless and Kind'; the specificity of positive and negative self-evaluation in adolescent depression.

Br J Clin Psychol 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, UK.

Objectives: Adolescence represents a critical phase when the concept of self is developed and consolidated. Depressed adolescents globally endorse more negative and fewer positive self-descriptive words compared with non-depressed adolescents. Yet, the methods used have not allowed for more detailed exploration of the specific content of these self-endorsements. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12215DOI Listing
December 2018

Reduced fear-of-self is associated with improvement in concerns related to repugnant obsessions in obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Br J Clin Psychol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Centre de recherche de l'Institut universitaire en santé mentale de Montréal, Quebec, Canada.

Objective: The potential causal and maintaining role of vulnerable self-themes and beliefs about the self in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have received increasing attention from cognitive-behavioural theorists. This interest was translated into the development of a self-report measurement of the feared self (the fear of who one might be or become), a construct theoretically and empirically pertinent to unwanted thoughts and impulses in OCD (i.e. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12214DOI Listing
December 2018

Hoarding symptoms and workplace impairment.

Br J Clin Psychol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Centre for Emotional Health, Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Objectives: A prior study found that over 50% of treatment-seeking individuals who hoard incur at least one psychiatric work impairment day (i.e., they are unable to work or are less effective at work due to poor mental health) each month. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12212DOI Listing
December 2018

A feasibility study of a cross-diagnostic, CBT-based psychological intervention for acute mental health inpatients: Results, challenges, and methodological implications.

Br J Clin Psychol 2019 Jun 2;58(2):211-230. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

School of Health and Social Care, Edinburgh Napier University, UK.

Objectives: Acute psychiatric inpatient wards are characterized by minimal provision of therapeutic activities and high readmission rates. Implementation of a comprehensive inpatient psychological intervention service has been recommended to overcome these problems; however, whether this is feasible or effective remains unclear.

Methods: This non-randomized parallel cluster feasibility trial examined the feasibility of delivering and evaluating cross-diagnostic psychologically informed acute psychiatric care the Edinburgh-Acute Psychological Inpatient Therapy Service (EDAPTS) and gathered preliminary clinical outcome data. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12209DOI Listing
June 2019
1 Read

Are acceptance and mindfulness-based interventions 'value for money'? Evidence from a systematic literature review.

Br J Clin Psychol 2019 Jun 29;58(2):187-210. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

School of Psychology, University of Liverpool, UK.

Objectives: Acceptance and mindfulness-based interventions (A/MBIs) are recommended for people with mental health conditions. Although there is a growing evidence base supporting the effectiveness of different A/MBIs for mental health conditions, the economic case for these interventions has not been fully explored. The aim of this systematic review was to identify and appraise all available economic evidence of A/MBIs for the management of mental health conditions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12208DOI Listing

Comparing cognitive styles in social anxiety and major depressive disorders: An examination of rumination, worry, and reappraisal.

Br J Clin Psychol 2019 Jun 28;58(2):231-244. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.

Objective: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) are commonly occurring and frequently comorbid disorders. Though individuals with SAD and MDD are more likely to engage in rumination and worry, relatively few studies have compared individuals with SAD, MDD, or both disorders on their use of these cognitive styles. Similarly, the extent to which the disorders differ in their use of reappraisal remains unclear. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12210DOI Listing

Depression diagnoses, but not individual differences in depression symptoms, are associated with reduced autobiographical memory specificity.

Br J Clin Psychol 2019 Jun 15;58(2):173-186. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

University of Leuven, Belgium.

Objectives: Difficulties recalling specific events from one's autobiographical past have been associated with a range of emotional disorders. We present the first examination of whether diagnoses of depression or individual differences in depression severity explain the most variance in autobiographical memory specificity. We also examine the contribution of other key cognitive factors associated with reduced memory specificity - rumination and verbal fluency - to these effects. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/bjc.12207
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12207DOI Listing
June 2019
5 Reads

Testing models of post-traumatic intrusions, trauma-related beliefs, hallucinations, and delusions in a first episode psychosis sample.

Br J Clin Psychol 2019 Jun 13;58(2):154-172. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Orygen, The National Centre of Excellence in Youth Mental Health, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

Objective: There is increasing evidence that childhood trauma may play a role in the aetiology of psychosis. Cognitive models implicate trauma-related symptoms, specifically post-traumatic intrusions and trauma-related beliefs as primary mechanisms, but these models have not been extensively tested. This study investigated relationships between childhood trauma, psychotic symptoms (hallucinations and delusions), post-traumatic intrusions, and trauma-related beliefs while accounting for comorbid symptoms. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12206DOI Listing
June 2019
2 Reads

Valence-related impairments in the retrieval of specific autobiographical memories amongst patients with schizophrenia.

Br J Clin Psychol 2019 Jun 25;58(2):140-153. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Albacete, Spain.

Objectives: People with schizophrenia have difficulty recalling specific autobiographical events from their past. However, the nature of this difficulty (e.g. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/bjc.12205
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12205DOI Listing
June 2019
11 Reads

Improving empathy with motivational strategies in batterer intervention programmes: Results of a randomized controlled trial.

Br J Clin Psychol 2019 Jun 21;58(2):125-139. Epub 2018 Oct 21.

Department of Psychobiology, University of Valencia, Spain.

Objectives: Empathy (i.e., the ability to decode emotions, as well as cognitive and emotional empathy) is involved in moral reasoning, prosocial behaviour, social and emotional adequacy, mood and behaviour regulation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/bjc.12204
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12204DOI Listing
June 2019
18 Reads

Validation of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire in older community-dwelling adults.

Br J Clin Psychol 2019 Mar 27;58(1):110-122. Epub 2018 Aug 27.

School of Social Sciences and Psychology, Western Sydney University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Objective: To examine the psychometric properties of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) among a sample of older community-dwelling males and females and to also assess gender differences in the association between emotion regulation and positive and negative affect.

Method: The ERQ and the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule-10 were administered to 252 older adults (age range 60-89 years; 48.4% female). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/bjc.12203
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12203DOI Listing
March 2019
13 Reads

Editorial.

Br J Clin Psychol 2018 09;57(3):271-273

UNSW Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12201DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Anticipated and imagined futures: prospective cognition and depressed mood following brain injury.

Br J Clin Psychol 2019 Mar 21;58(1):91-109. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK.

Objectives: Depression, which is common following acquired brain injury (ABI), has been shown to predict cognitive impairment, rehabilitation outcome, and quality of life. Whilst many studies have examined links between depression and cognitive-affective processing in the non-ABI population, their applicability to this important clinical group, where cognitive difficulties can be marked, remains unknown. Here, we investigated biases in prospective cognition, which is known to be disrupted in (non-ABI) depression yet important for well-being. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/bjc.12202
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12202DOI Listing
March 2019
19 Reads

Adverse childhood experiences, daily worries, and positive thoughts: A daily diary multi-wave study.

Br J Clin Psychol 2018 Nov 25;57(4):514-519. Epub 2018 Jul 25.

Department of Psychology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Objective: To examine adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) as a prospective predictor of the day-to-day associations between worries and positive thinking among late adolescents.

Method: Cumulative ACEs were measured from parent and youth reports between the ages of 9.9 and 18. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12200DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6170718PMC
November 2018

Paranoia and interpersonal functioning across the continuum from healthy to pathological - Network analysis.

Br J Clin Psychol 2019 Mar 20;58(1):19-34. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

School of Behavioral and Brain Sciences, The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, Texas, USA.

Objective: Previous research has suggested that paranoia is associated with impaired social functioning in patients with schizophrenia and healthy individuals with high levels of paranoid ideation. This study analysed the relationship between paranoia and interpersonal functioning across the paranoia continuum using network analysis.

Method: Levels of paranoid ideation and interpersonal functioning were measured in a non-clinical sample (N = 853) and in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (N = 226). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12199DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6339834PMC
March 2019
15 Reads

Brief group-based acceptance and commitment therapy for stroke survivors.

Br J Clin Psychol 2019 Mar 12;58(1):70-90. Epub 2018 Jul 12.

South Wales Doctoral Programme in Clinical Psychology, Cardiff University, UK.

Objectives: To date, the efficacy of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) for stroke survivors has not been established. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of group-based ACT for stroke survivors in comparison with treatment as usual (TAU) controls.

Methods: Fifty-three participants were randomly assigned either to group-based ACT (ACTivate Your Life after Stroke) or to a TAU control group (60% male; mean age: 63 years). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12198DOI Listing
March 2019
17 Reads

Does the addition of cognitive therapy to exposure and response prevention for obsessive compulsive disorder enhance clinical efficacy? A randomized controlled trial in a community setting.

Br J Clin Psychol 2019 Mar 8;58(1):1-18. Epub 2018 Jul 8.

Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Objectives: Exposure and response prevention (ERP) remains the most empirically supported psychological treatment for obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). Clinical guidelines recommend the addition of cognitive approaches to ERP although the presumed additive benefits have not been directly tested. The aim of this was to compare a treatment that integrated cognitive therapy with ERP (ERP + CT) to traditional, manualized ERP to test the additive benefits. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12188DOI Listing
March 2019
26 Reads

Schizotypal personality traits and social cognition are associated with childhood trauma exposure.

Br J Clin Psychol 2018 Nov 20;57(4):397-419. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Randwick, New South Wales, Australia.

Objectives: Childhood trauma is a common risk factor for adult psychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar-I disorder (BD). However, its association with schizotypal personality traits, as well as cognitive and social cognitive abilities, is less well studied in these populations.

Methods: In a cohort of 79 SZ cases, 84 BD cases, and 75 healthy controls (HCs), clinically significant levels of childhood trauma exposure (according to scores on the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire; CTQ) were evident in 54 SZ, 55 BD, and 26 HC individuals. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12187DOI Listing
November 2018
13 Reads

Dissociative absorption, mind-wandering, and attention-deficit symptoms: Associations with obsessive-compulsive symptoms.

Br J Clin Psychol 2019 Mar 5;58(1):51-69. Epub 2018 Jun 5.

Consciousness and Psychopathology Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel.

Objective: Dissociative absorption is a tendency to become absorbed in imagination or in an external stimulus (movie, book) to the point of obliviousness to one's surroundings and reduced self-awareness. It has been hypothesized to play a role in the maintenance of obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms. However, because absorption is a trait of reduced attentional control, a possible confound may be attention-deficit/hyperactivity (ADHD) symptoms, which have been reported to be comorbid with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12186DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Self-focused processing after severe traumatic brain injury: Relationship to neurocognitive functioning and mood symptoms.

Br J Clin Psychol 2019 Mar 28;58(1):35-50. Epub 2018 May 28.

School of Applied Psychology, Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Nathan, Qld, Australia.

Objective: To investigate the impact of neurocognitive functioning on the self-focused processing styles of rumination and reflection, and the relationship to mood symptoms after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Design: A cross-sectional design with a between-group component comparing self-focused processing styles and mood symptoms of adults with TBI and age- and gender-matched controls.

Method: Fifty-two participants with severe TBI (75% male, M age = 36. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12185DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

The combined influence of cognitions in adolescent depression: Biases of interpretation, self-evaluation, and memory.

Br J Clin Psychol 2018 Nov 25;57(4):420-435. Epub 2018 May 25.

School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, UK.

Objectives: Depression is characterized by a range of systematic negative biases in thinking and information processing. These biases are believed to play a causal role in the aetiology and maintenance of depression, and it has been proposed that the combined effect of cognitive biases may have greater impact on depression than individual biases alone. Yet little is known about how these biases interact during adolescence when onset is most common. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12184DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6175080PMC
November 2018

Neurocognitive functioning over the course of trauma-focused psychotherapy for PTSD: Changes in verbal memory and executive functioning.

Br J Clin Psychol 2018 Nov 1;57(4):436-452. Epub 2018 May 1.

Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Centre at the University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Objectives: Individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have neurocognitive deficits in verbal memory and executive functioning. In this study, we examined whether memory and executive functioning changed over the course of treatment and which clinical variables were associated with change.

Design: Neuropsychological assessments were administered at baseline and endpoint of a randomized controlled trial as secondary outcome. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12183DOI Listing
November 2018
14 Reads

Psychological therapy for inpatients receiving acute mental health care: A systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled trials.

Br J Clin Psychol 2018 Nov 16;57(4):453-472. Epub 2018 Apr 16.

School of Health and Social Care, Edinburgh Napier University, UK.

Objectives: The effectiveness of psychological therapies for those receiving acute adult mental health inpatient care remains unclear, partly because of the difficulty in conducting randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in this setting. The aim of this meta-analysis was to synthesize evidence from all controlled trials of psychological therapy carried out with this group, to estimate its effects on a number of important outcomes and examine whether the presence of randomization and rater blinding moderated these estimates.

Method: A systematic review and meta-analysis of all controlled trials of psychological therapy delivered in acute inpatient settings was conducted, with a focus on psychotic symptoms, readmissions or emotional distress (anxiety and depression). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12182DOI Listing
November 2018

Staff perceptions of borderline personality disorder and recovery: A Q-sort method approach.

Br J Clin Psychol 2018 Nov 16;57(4):473-490. Epub 2018 Apr 16.

Division of Psychology and Mental Health, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, School of Health Sciences, University of Manchester, UK.

Objectives: This study was the first to explore how staff that work with people diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) perceive recovery in this client group. These views are important because of the crucial role that staff play in the care of people with BPD, and the challenges that staff experience with these clients.

Design: A Q methodology design was used, containing 58 statements about recovery. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12180DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Preventing family transmission of anxiety: Feasibility RCT of a brief intervention for parents.

Br J Clin Psychol 2018 Sep 25;57(3):351-366. Epub 2018 Mar 25.

Research and Development, Sussex Education Centre, Mill View Hospital, Hove, UK.

Objectives: Children of anxious parents are at high risk of anxiety disorders themselves. The evidence suggests that this is due to environmental rather than genetic factors. However, we currently do little to reduce this risk of transmission. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/bjc.12177
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12177DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Impact of culture on autobiographical life structure in depression.

Br J Clin Psychol 2018 Sep 23;57(3):382-396. Epub 2018 Mar 23.

Psychiatry Department, Universiti Putra, Serdang, Malaysia.

Objectives: Distortions in autobiographical memory have been implicated in major depressive disorder (MDD). Those with MDD demonstrate a 'depressogenic' autobiographical life structure. Research has not examined how culture influences this process. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12181DOI Listing
September 2018
6 Reads

The Coping with Unusual Experiences for Children Study (CUES): A pilot randomized controlled evaluation of the acceptability and potential clinical utility of a cognitive behavioural intervention package for young people aged 8-14 years with unusual experiences and emotional symptoms.

Br J Clin Psychol 2018 Sep 12;57(3):328-350. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

School of Psychology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Australian Catholic University, Banyo, Queensland, Australia.

Objectives: Health care guidelines recommend psychological interventions for childhood unusual experiences that are associated with distress or adverse functional impact (UEDs), based on adult, rather than child-specific, evidence. We report the first randomized controlled evaluation of the acceptability and potential clinical utility of cognitive behavioural therapy for childhood UEDs (CBT-UED).

Design: Pilot randomized controlled trial. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12176DOI Listing
September 2018
6 Reads

Clinician-rated and self-reported psychotic-like experiences in individuals accessing a specialist Youth Mental Health Service.

Br J Clin Psychol 2018 Sep 27;57(3):367-381. Epub 2018 Feb 27.

School of Psychology, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK.

Aim: The prevalence of psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) was explored in a sample of 14- to 25-year-olds with non-psychotic mental health difficulties. Associations between PLEs, psychopathology, functioning, trauma history, and pathways to care were examined.

Methods: Data were collected for 202 young people. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12178DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

The measurement of cognitive reactivity to sad mood in patients remitted from major depressive disorder.

Br J Clin Psychol 2018 Sep 27;57(3):313-327. Epub 2018 Feb 27.

Department of Psychiatry, Program for Mood Disorders, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Objectives: Cognitive reactivity (CR) to sad mood is a risk factor for major depressive disorder (MDD). CR is usually measured by assessing change on the Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale (DAS-change) after sad mood-induction. It has, however, been suggested that the versions of the DAS (A/B) are not interchangeable, impacting the reliability and validity of the change score. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12175DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6099317PMC
September 2018
4 Reads

Expressive suppression is associated with state paranoia in psychosis: An experience sampling study on the association between adaptive and maladaptive emotion regulation strategies and paranoia.

Br J Clin Psychol 2018 Sep 20;57(3):291-312. Epub 2018 Feb 20.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Marburg Center for Mind, Brain and Behavior, Philipps-University of Marburg, Germany.

Objectives: Although emotional instability and problems in emotion regulation (ER) are known to be linked to the formation and maintenance of psychosis and paranoia, it remains unclear whether the use of specific ER strategies is associated with it. The first aim of the study was to explore the association between emotional instability and paranoia. The second and third aims were to investigate whether the use of maladaptive ER strategies leads to paranoia in patients with psychosis in daily life and whether the use of more adaptive ER strategies reduces paranoia. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12174DOI Listing
September 2018
16 Reads

Emotional preferences and goals and emotion dysregulation in children with Asperger's syndrome and typically developing children.

Br J Clin Psychol 2018 Sep 5;57(3):274-290. Epub 2018 Feb 5.

School of Psychology, Plymouth University, UK.

Objectives: Emotion goals lie at the heart of emotion regulation, as people have to first decide what emotions they want to feel before engaging in emotion regulation. Given that children with Asperger's syndrome (AS) are characterized by exhibiting difficulties in emotion regulation, studying whether they display similar or different emotion goals compared to typically developing (TD) children may provide insightful information.

Methods: Thirty AS and 30 TD children (10-12 years) reported about their general (i. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12173DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Corrigendum.

Authors:

Br J Clin Psychol 2018 03;57(1):133

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12167DOI Listing

The role of negative cognitions, emotion regulation strategies, and attachment style in complex post-traumatic stress disorder: Implications for new and existing therapies.

Br J Clin Psychol 2018 Jun 22;57(2):177-185. Epub 2018 Jan 22.

School of Medicine, Cardiff University, UK.

Objective: We set out to investigate the association between negative trauma-related cognitions, emotional regulation strategies, and attachment style and complex post-traumatic stress disorder (CPTSD). As the evidence regarding the treatment of CPTSD is emerging, investigating psychological factors that are associated with CPTSD can inform the adaptation or the development of effective interventions for CPTSD.

Method: A cross-sectional design was employed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/bjc.12172
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12172DOI Listing
June 2018
17 Reads

Symptoms of social anxiety, depression, and stress in parents of children with social anxiety disorder.

Br J Clin Psychol 2018 Jun 16;57(2):148-162. Epub 2018 Jan 16.

School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, UK.

Objectives: It has been suggested that elevated maternal social anxiety may play a disorder-specific role in maintaining childhood social anxiety disorder (SAD), but few studies have examined whether mothers of children with SAD are more socially anxious than mothers of children with other anxiety disorders (ANX). This study set out to examine whether symptoms of social anxiety were more severe amongst mothers of 7-12 year old children presenting for treatment with SAD (n = 260) compared to those presenting with ANX (n = 138). In addition, we examined whether there were differences between these two groups in terms of maternal and paternal general anxiety, depression, and stress. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12170DOI Listing
June 2018
7 Reads

The dissociative post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) subtype: A treatment outcome cohort study in veterans with PTSD.

Br J Clin Psychol 2018 Jun 7;57(2):203-222. Epub 2018 Jan 7.

Department of Clinical Psychology, Utrecht University, The Netherlands.

Objectives: Dissociation is a prevalent phenomenon among veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that may interfere with the effectiveness of treatment. This study aimed to replicate findings of a dissociative PTSD subtype, to identify corresponding patterns in coping style, symptom type, and symptom severity, and to investigate its impact on post-traumatic symptom improvement.

Methods: Latent profile analysis (LPA) was applied to baseline data from 330 predominantly (97%) male treatment-seeking veterans (mean age 39. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12169DOI Listing
June 2018
7 Reads

The Emotional Resources Group: Provisional outcome data for a pilot six-session emotion regulation programme for secondary care.

Br J Clin Psychol 2018 Jun 7;57(2):223-239. Epub 2018 Jan 7.

NHS Fife Psychology Department, Lynebank Hospital, Dunfermline, UK.

Objective: To examine the effectiveness of a new, six-session emotion regulation group intervention designed for the secondary care setting: The Emotional Resources Group (ERG).

Method: In this pilot study, participants were recruited by referral from secondary care mental health services. Forty-seven individuals participated in the study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12171DOI Listing
June 2018
2 Reads

Individual and interpersonal emotion regulation among adults with substance use disorders and matched controls.

Br J Clin Psychol 2018 Jun 25;57(2):186-202. Epub 2017 Dec 25.

School of Psychology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Objectives: Self-report studies show that negative emotional states and ineffective use of emotion regulation strategies are key maintaining factors of substance use disorders (SUD). However, experimental research into emotional processing in adults with SUD is in its infancy. Theoretical conceptualizations of emotion regulation have shifted from a focus on individual (internal) processes to one that encompasses social and interpersonal functions - including the regulation of facial expression of emotion. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12168DOI Listing
June 2018
4 Reads

Estimating verbal fluency and naming ability from the test of premorbid functioning and demographic variables: Regression equations derived from a regional UK sample.

Br J Clin Psychol 2018 Jun 6;57(2):135-147. Epub 2017 Dec 6.

South Tees Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Middlesbrough, UK.

Objectives: Neuropsychological assessment requires accurate estimation of an individual's premorbid cognitive abilities. Oral word reading tests, such as the test of premorbid functioning (TOPF), and demographic variables, such as age, sex, and level of education, provide a reasonable indication of premorbid intelligence, but their ability to predict other related cognitive abilities is less well understood. This study aimed to develop regression equations, based on the TOPF and demographic variables, to predict scores on tests of verbal fluency and naming ability. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12166DOI Listing
June 2018
2 Reads

Evaluation of a computerized cognitive behavioural therapy programme, MindWise (2.0), for adults with mild-to-moderate depression and anxiety.

Br J Clin Psychol 2018 Jun 2;57(2):255-269. Epub 2017 Dec 2.

Clinical Psychology, School of Psychology, University College Dublin, Ireland.

Objectives: To investigate the acceptability and utility of a newly developed computerized cognitive behavioural therapy (cCBT) programme, MindWise (2.0), for adults attending Irish primary care psychology services.

Method: Adult primary care psychology service users across four rural locations in Ireland were invited to participate in this study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12165DOI Listing
June 2018
3 Reads

A relative weights comparison of trauma-related shame and guilt as predictors of DSM-5 posttraumatic stress disorder symptom severity among US veterans and military members.

Br J Clin Psychol 2018 Jun 23;57(2):163-176. Epub 2017 Oct 23.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA.

Objectives: Veterans and military service members have increased risk for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and consequent problems with health, psychosocial functioning, and quality of life. In this population and others, shame and guilt have emerged as contributors to PTSD, but there is a considerable need for research that precisely demonstrates how shame and guilt are associated with PTSD. This study examined whether a) trauma-related shame predicts PTSD severity beyond the effects of trauma-related guilt and b) shame accounts for a greater proportion of variance in PTSD symptoms than guilt. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12163DOI Listing
June 2018
12 Reads

Compassion focused therapy: Exploring the effectiveness with a transdiagnostic group and potential processes of change.

Br J Clin Psychol 2018 Jun 17;57(2):240-254. Epub 2017 Oct 17.

School of Psychology, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland.

Objectives: This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of a compassion focused therapy (CFT) group with a transdiagnostic population, as compared to treatment as usual (TAU). A secondary aim was to explore the potential processes of change within the treatment.

Design: A non-randomized control trial was used. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12162DOI Listing
June 2018
101 Reads

A randomized waitlist control community study of Social Cognition and Interaction Training for people with schizophrenia.

Br J Clin Psychol 2018 Mar 9;57(1):116-130. Epub 2017 Oct 9.

Metro North Mental Health, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital Herston, Queensland, Australia.

Objective: Social Cognition and Interaction Training (SCIT) has demonstrated effectiveness in improving social cognition and functioning of people with schizophrenia. This pilot study examines the acceptability, feasibility, and effectiveness of SCIT with individuals who have schizophrenia-spectrum disorders and are receiving care through a public mental health service.

Method: In a pragmatic randomized waitlist controlled trial, 36 participants (aged 19-55 years) with a schizophrenia spectrum disorder were randomly allocated to SCIT or treatment as usual (TAU). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12161DOI Listing
March 2018
16 Reads

Differential diagnosis and comorbidity of ADHD and anxiety in adults.

Br J Clin Psychol 2018 Mar 12;57(1):99-115. Epub 2017 Sep 12.

School of Psychology, University College Dublin, Ireland.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine symptom profiles of people diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and/or anxiety (ANX) in order to determine the validity of widely used ADHD and ANX rating scales for differential diagnostic use and to develop modified measures that take symptom overlap into account.

Design: A cross-sectional design was used to assess differences in rating scale scores between clinical (n = 52) and control (n = 74) samples as well as differences among subgroups of the clinical sample (22 ADHD; 16 ADHD + ANX; 14 ANX).

Method: Participants completed an online questionnaire where they responded to the Conners Adult ADHD Rating Scale (CAARS; Conners, Erhardt, & Sparrow, ) and State Trait Anxiety Inventory scales (STAI; Spielberger, Gorsuch, Lushene, Vagg, & Jacobs, ). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12156DOI Listing
March 2018
34 Reads