156,462 results match your criteria Brief Treatment and Crisis Intervention [Journal]


Brief reaching training with "sticky mittens" in preterm infants: Randomized controlled trial.

Hum Mov Sci 2018 Dec 8;63:138-147. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Physical Therapy Section, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo Grande, MS, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: To examine whether a brief reaching training with sticky mittens was effective to improve reaching behavior in newly reaching preterm infants.

Methods: In this randomized controlled trial, twenty four 5-month-old (±16-week-old corrected age) preterm infants were randomly allocated into experimental or control groups. Infants were assessed three times in a single session: pretraining (immediately before training), posttraining (immediately after training), and retention (4 min after the posttraining). Read More

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December 2018

Metabolic and physiological responses of Mediterranean high-mountain and Alpine plants to combined abiotic stresses.

Physiol Plant 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Departamento de Farmacología, Farmacognosia y Botánica, Unidad de Fisiología Vegetal. Facultad de Farmacia. Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain.

High-mountain areas provide excellent opportunities to study the effects of combined abiotic stresses on plant physiology given their variety of steep ecological gradients, low anthropogenic disturbance, and remarkable levels of taxonomic diversity. Efficient photoprotective and antioxidant scavenging mechanisms are vital for survival in high-mountain plants, having its altitudinal and seasonal variations determined by environmental or ontogenetic factors such as the decrease in mean temperatures and water availability. A number of stress indicators have been described in order to rapidly assess plant fitness in high-mountain environments. Read More

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December 2018

Recent Progress in Electrically Rechargeable Zinc-Air Batteries.

Adv Mater 2018 Dec 9:e1805230. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Department of Chemical Engineering, Waterloo Institute for Nanotechnology, Waterloo Institute for Sustainable Energy, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON, N2L 3G1, Canada.

Over the past decade, the surging interest for higher-energy-density, cheaper, and safer battery technology has spurred tremendous research efforts in the development of improved rechargeable zinc-air batteries. Current zinc-air batteries suffer from poor energy efficiency and cycle life, owing mainly to the poor rechargeability of zinc and air electrodes. To achieve high utilization and cyclability in the zinc anode, construction of conductive porous framework through elegant optimization strategies and adaptation of alternate active material are employed. Read More

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December 2018

The role of behavioural phenotypes on impaired driving recidivism risk and treatment response to brief intervention: a preliminary study.

Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Douglas Hospital Research Center.

Aims: Heterogeneity in the driving while impaired (DWI) offender population and modest outcomes from remedial programs are fueling interest in clarifying clinically significant DWI subtypes to better assess recidivism risk and target interventions. Previously, Brown et al. (2016) identified two putative behavioral phenotypes of DWI offenders with distinct behavioural, personality, cognitive and neurobiological profiles: 1) offenders primarily engaging in DWI (pDWI); and 2) offenders engaging in DWI and other traffic violations (MIXED). Read More

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December 2018

Inflammasomes in Clinical Practice: A Brief Introduction.

Exp Suppl 2018 ;108:1-8

Centro Andaluz de Biología del Desarrollo (CABD), Universidad Pablo de Olavide-CSIC-Junta de Andalucía, Sevilla, Spain.

Inflammasomes are multiprotein complexes formed and activated after exposure to pathogenic microbes and host danger signals that control the maturation and production of IL-1β and IL-18. Their implication in different diseases such as cardiovascular, neurodegenerative, psychiatric, and metabolic diseases opens a door to developing new therapeutic perspectives. However, the rapid increase in the knowledge about inflammasomes is associated with their involvement in clinical practice. Read More

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January 2018

The complexity of neuroinflammation consequent to traumatic brain injury: from research evidence to potential treatments.

Acta Neuropathol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Wicking Dementia Research and Education Centre, College of Health and Medicine, University of Tasmania, Hobart, TAS, Australia.

This review recounts the definitions and research evidence supporting the multifaceted roles of neuroinflammation in the injured brain following trauma. We summarise the literature fluctuating from the protective and detrimental properties that cytokines, leukocytes and glial cells play in the acute and chronic stages of TBI, including the intrinsic factors that influence cytokine responses and microglial functions relative to genetics, sex, and age. We elaborate on the pros and cons that cytokines, chemokines, and microglia play in brain repair, specifically neurogenesis, and how such conflicting roles may be harnessed therapeutically to sustain the survival of new neurons. Read More

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December 2018

A novel seizure quality index based on ictal parameters for optimizing clinical decision-making in electroconvulsive therapy. Part 2: Validation.

Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Central Institute of Mental Health, Heidelberg University, J5, 68159, Mannheim, Germany.

Early identification of patients who are at a high risk for an unfavorable outcome to ECT during the treatment course might be beneficial because it provides an opportunity for timely intensification or optimization of stimulus conditions. We aimed to validate a previously developed seizure quality index (SQI) that delivers a clinically relevant outcome prediction early in the treatment course and can be used within common clinical setting. Therefore, a prospective study was conducted. Read More

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December 2018
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Metabolic Host Response to Intracellular Infections.

Exp Suppl 2018 ;109:319-350

Life and Health Sciences Research Institute (ICVS), School of Medicine, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal.

The interaction between intracellular bacterial pathogens with the host immune response can result in multiple outcomes that range from asymptomatic clearance to the establishment of infection. At its core, these interactions result in multiple metabolic adaptations of both the pathogen and its host cell. There is growing evidence that the host metabolic response plays a key role in the development of immune responses against the invading pathogen. Read More

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January 2018

MicroRNA‑98/PTEN/AKT pathway inhibits cell proliferation and malignant progression of hypopharyngeal carcinoma by MTDH.

Oncol Rep 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, Heilongjiang 150001, P.R. China.

Laryngeal carcinoma is one of the most common tumors concerning otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery, however, the pathogenesis of laryngeal carcinoma remains unclear. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported to play vital roles in the pathogenesis of laryngeal carcinoma Herein, the present study was designed to explore the function and mechanism of miRNA‑98 in hypopharyngeal carcinoma. In brief, qRT‑PCR, MTT assay, western blot analysis, Transwell assay and luciferase reporter assay were performed. Read More

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December 2018

Network embedding in biomedical data science.

Brief Bioinform 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Healthcare Policy and Research, Weill Cornell Medicine at Cornell University, New York, NY, USA.

Owning to the rapid development of computer technologies, an increasing number of relational data have been emerging in modern biomedical research. Many network-based learning methods have been proposed to perform analysis on such data, which provide people a deep understanding of topology and knowledge behind the biomedical networks and benefit a lot of applications for human healthcare. However, most network-based methods suffer from high computational and space cost. Read More

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December 2018

En Route Resuscitation - Utilization of CCATT to Transport and Stabilize Critically Injured and Unstable Casualties.

Mil Med 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO.

Introduction: The U.S. Air Force utilizes specialized Critical Care Air Transport Teams (CCATT) for transporting "stabilized" patients. Read More

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December 2018

A micro X-ray computed tomography dataset of fossil echinoderms in an ancient obrution bed: a robust method for taphonomic and palaeoecologic analyses.

Gigascience 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

CT Scanner Facility, Central Analytical Facilities, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa.

Background: Taphonomic and palaeoecologic studies of obrution beds often employ conventional methods of investigation such as physical removal and extraction of fossils from their host rock (matrix) by mechanical preparation. This often-destructive method is not suitable for studying mould fossils, which are voids left in host rocks due to dissolution of the original organism in post-depositional processes.

Findings: Micro computed tomography (µCT) scan data of 24 fossiliferous rock samples revealed thousands of Palaeozoic echinoderms, and digitally "stitching" together individually µCT scanned rock samples within 3D space allows for quantifiable taphonomic data on a fossil echinoderm-rich obrution deposit from the Devonian (Emsian) of South Africa. Read More

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December 2018

Kinetic investigations and stability studies of two L-amino acid oxidases.

J Venom Anim Toxins Incl Trop Dis 2018 4;24:37. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

1Departamento de Análises Clínicas, Toxicológicas e Bromatológicas, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo (FCFRP-USP), Avenida do Café, s/n, B. Monte Alegre, Ribeirão Preto, SP CEP 14040-903 Brazil.

Background: L-amino acid oxidases isolated from snake venoms (SV-LAAOs) are enzymes that have great therapeutic potential and are currently being investigated as tools for developing new strategies to treat various diseases, including cancer and bacterial infections. The main objective of this study was to make a brief evaluation of the enzymatic stability of two LAAOs, one isolated from (BjussuLAAO-II) and the other from (BmooLAAO-I) venoms.

Methods And Results: The enzymatic activity and stability of both LAAOs were evaluated by microplate colorimetric assays, for which BjussuLAAO-II and BmooLAAO-I were incubated with different L-amino acid substrates, in the presence of different ions, and at different pH ranges and temperatures. Read More

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December 2018
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Quality of Life and its Relationship with Perceived Stigma among Opioid Use Disorder Patients: An Exploratory Study.

Indian J Psychol Med 2018 Nov-Dec;40(6):556-561

Department of Psychiatry and National Drug Dependence and Treatment Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Background: In view of recent global opioid epidemic and scarcity of literature assessing the quality of life (QoL) and stigma among opioid use disorder (OUD) patients, this study aimed to assess the overall QoL and examine its relationship with perceived stigma among them.

Materials And Methods: This cross-sectional study assessed patients with OUD at a tertiary care centre. QoL was assessed using the World Health Organization Quality of Life-brief version, whereas perceived stigma was measured using the Perceived Stigma of Substance Abuse Scale (PSAS). Read More

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December 2018

Draft Genome Sequence and Brief History of Rhodovulum sp. Strain BSW8.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2018 Aug 23;7(7). Epub 2018 Aug 23.

College of Science and Technology, Bellevue University, Bellevue, Nebraska, USA.

Rhodovulum is a marine Gram-negative purple photosynthetic bacterial genus that is a member of the . Strain BSW8 is a variant that does not appear to make a polysaccharide slime capsule, and its genome sequence further contributes to the diversity of sequenced genomes belonging to this genus. Read More

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Evaluation of volume status in a prehospital setting by ultrasonographic measurement of inferior vena cava and aorta diameters.

Turk J Emerg Med 2018 Dec 7;18(4):152-157. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Department of Emergency Medicine, Kaunas, Lithuania.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of ultrasonographic measurement of the diameter of the inferior vena cava (IVCD) and abdominal aorta (AAD) for assessing volume status.

Material And Methods: This was a prospective, observational study. A total of 23 volunteers participated in the study. Read More

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December 2018

Characterization and in vitro data of antibody drug conjugates (ADCs) derived from heterotrifunctional linker designed for the site-specific preparation of dual ADCs.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 6;21:2208-2220. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Antibody Discovery and Protein Engineering, MedImmune, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20878, United States.

Experimental procedures and H and C NMR of the heterotrifunctional linker used for preparation of dual drug conjugates and PBD payload are included. Procedure for carrying preparation of antibody linker conjugate via thiol maleimide conjugation and antibody drug conjugates (ADCs) using copper assisted click reaction and oxime ligation, their cell viability assay and western blotting procedures of the resultant conjugates are detailed. Also, reduced mass spectroscopy results and in vitro cytotoxicity of antibody drug conjugates used in this article are shown. Read More

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December 2018

Dataset on reflection and transmission coefficients of ultrasonic shear horizontal guided waves in plates with wall thinning.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 15;21:2179-2191. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry, U.K.

This data article reports the data for reflection and transmission coefficients of the SH0 and SH1 ultrasonic guided waves modes due to their interaction with tapered wall thinning in aluminium plates. Several thinning depths and edge taper angles were machined, at the total of 35 different samples. Periodic permanent magnet array electromagnet acoustic transducers were used to generate and receive the waves. Read More

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December 2018

Data and performance of an active-set truncated Newton method with non-monotone line search for bound-constrained optimization.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 20;21:2155-2169. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Dipartimento di Matematica, Università di Padova, Via Trieste, 63, 35121 Padua, Italy.

In this data article, we report data and experiments related to the research article entitled "A Two-Stage Active-Set Algorithm for Bound-Constrained Optimization", by Cristofari et al. (2017). The method proposed in Cristofari et al. Read More

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December 2018

The dataset for relationship between the nurses to patients ratio and patients satisfaction with nursing care.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 12;21:2149-2154. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Shahid Beheshti Nursing and Midwifery School of Rasht, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

The nurse to patient ratio is one of the impressive nursing care features. Evaluation of patient satisfaction with nursing care according to the number of available agents can be a valuable tool for understanding the quality of service the patient receive it used to adjust appropriate strategies. This data article involved 402 patients who were ready for discharge, in East Gilan hospitals in Iran in 2013. Read More

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December 2018

Data on preparation and characterization of an insect odorant receptor based biosensor.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 7;21:2142-2148. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Polymer Electronic Research Centre, School of Chemical Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland 1023, New Zealand.

Insect Odorant receptors (OrXs) can be used as the recognition element in a biosensor as they demonstrate high levels of sensitivity and selectivity towards volatile organic compounds. Herein, we describe a method to express and purify insect odorant receptors and reconstitute them into artificial lipid bilayers (liposomes). These OrX/liposomes were covalently attached to a gold surface and characterized using quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D). Read More

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December 2018

Stress relaxation in the presence of sudden strain bursts: Methodology and stress relaxation data of microcast aluminium microwires.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 14;21:2134-2141. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland.

This data article presents a methodology and the corresponding code developed to perform and process stress relaxation tests where samples display superimposed (i) classical, continuous logarithmic relaxation together with (ii) sudden displacements manifest as abrupt stress decreases. The method extracts the activation area characteristic of the thermally activated mechanism that drives continuous plastic deformation in the material. We report stress relaxation data appertaining to as-cast (27) and annealed (2) aluminium microwires produced through a microcasting process. Read More

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December 2018

Feature coding dataset for trained and untrained working memory tasks in randomized controlled trials of working memory training.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 14;21:2129-2133. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, University of Cambridge, England.

The data presented in this article are produced as part of the original research article entitled "Working memory training involves learning new skills" (Gathercole, Dunning, Holmes & Norris, in press). This article presents a dataset of coded features for pairs of trained and untrained working memory (WM) tasks from randomized controlled trials of WM training with active control groups. Feature coding is provided for 113 untrained WM tasks each paired with the most similar task in the training program, taken from 23 training studies. Read More

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December 2018

Mutational analysis of pentabrominated diphenyl-induced hepatocellular tumors in rats and mice, tissue levels of PBDE congeners in rats and mice, and AhR genotyping of Wistar Han rats.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 28;21:2125-2128. Epub 2018 Oct 28.

EPL, Inc., Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, United States.

This article describes data related to the research article entitled "Carcinogenic activity of pentabrominated diphenyl ether mixture (DE-71) in rats and mice" (Dunnick et al., 2018). PBDE-induced hepatocellular tumors harbored and mutations and the methods for these studies are provided. Read More

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December 2018

Dataset illustrating the construction of dislocations and running dislocation dynamics using the periodic array of dislocation quadrupoles in FCC Al.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 13;21:2122-2124. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute", 123182 Moscow, Russia.

The data illustrates the process of creation of dislocation quadrupoles in FCC Al. The density of dislocations in our data is 3.8 × 10 m which is the lowest published to date and is comparable to the density of dislocations in real crystals. Read More

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December 2018

Differential gene expression analysis and SNP/InDel marker discovery in resistant wild and susceptible in response to infection.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 13;21:2117-2121. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Arid Land Research Center, Tottori University, Tottori 680-0001, Japan.

This data article reports transcriptome analysis of resistant wild and susceptible plants 24 and 48 h post-inoculation (24 and 48 hpi) with . Differential gene expression (DGE) analysis demonstrated that several genes involved in secondary metabolites and plant-pathogen interactions are up-regulated in resistant wild relative to susceptible . The assembled contig sequences generated in this study were used to search single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and insertion/deletion (InDel) distribution in and plants. Read More

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December 2018

Data on differential multivariable risk prediction of appropriate shock vs. competing mortality.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 9;21:2110-2116. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

University Medical Center Göttingen, Dept. of Cardiology and Pneumology, Göttingen, Germany.

This data article features supplementary figures and tables related to the article "Differential Multivariable risk prediction of appropriate shock vs. competing mortality - a prospective cohort study to estimate benefits from implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapy" (Bergau et al., 2018) [1]. Read More

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December 2018

Dataset of mechanical properties from different types of wine stopper: Micro-agglomerated, natural cork and synthetic.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 16;21:2103-2109. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

INIA-CIFOR, Ctra. de La Coruña, km 7,5, 28040 Madrid, Spain.

The data in this paper are related to the research article entitled "Assessing the percentage of cork that a stopper should have from a mechanical perspective" (González and Terrazas, 2018). This data article contains data on the mechanical properties of different types of wine stoppers: 18 types of micro-agglomerated stoppers, three types of natural stoppers, and one type of co-extruded synthetic closure. Mechanical properties were evaluated with different analysis: Compression test for the maximum radial compression force, the young's moduli and the diameter recovery, relaxation test for the relaxation force and the extraction test for the displacement force. Read More

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December 2018

Data on the demographics, education, health and infrastructure: Wolaita Zone, Ethiopia.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 15;21:2095-2102. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Wolaita Sodo University, Sodo, Ethiopia.

This data article presents a comprehensive data set about Wolaita Zone (Ethiopia), and the Woredas / Districts within it. The tables cover administrative, demographic, educational, agricultural, transport, and water aspects of the zone. The majority of the data is from 2013/2014, however, a few tables provide trend data over recent years. Read More

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December 2018

Linkages between Chiropteran diversity and ecosystem services for sustainable fragmented forest conservation.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 14;21:2089-2094. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

School of Marine and Environmental Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia.

This data article informs about Chiropteran diversity, new records, ecosystem services and possible pathogen carriers in fragmented forests (sub-divided by utility corridors, man-made structures, untouched and secondary plantations) within districts Setiu (Setiu Research Station), Hulu Terengganu (Saok and Lasir waterfalls) and Besut (Gunung Tebu Forest Reserve) of state Terengganu, Peninsular Malaysia. These bats were captured using harp traps and mist nets that were set 10 m apart across flyways, streams and less cluttered trees in the 50 m × 50 m transect zones (identified at each site). All animals were distinguished by morphology and gender before their release at the site of capture. Read More

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December 2018

Exploring member data for Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) in California: Comparisons of former and current CSA members.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 13;21:2082-2088. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Geography Graduate Group, University of California, One Shields Ave., Davis, CA 95616, USA.

This article is a description of data related to the research article entitled "The (un)making of 'CSA people': member retention and the customization paradox in Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) in California" (Galt et al., in press). The data presented were collected through two statewide surveys, conducted via internet-based questionnaire, related to Community Supported Agriculture in California: a former CSA member survey, and a current CSA member survey. Read More

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December 2018

Data on the assessment of LV mechanics by speckle tracking echocardiography in ADPKD patients.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 14;21:2075-2081. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

IRCCS - Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche "Mario Negri", Clinical Research Centre for Rare Diseases "Aldo e Cele Daccò", Bergamo, Italy.

In this article, we report anthropometric, clinical and laboratory data from Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) patients with mild to moderate renal dysfunction and normal LV ejection fraction and from age- and sex-matched healthy controls and renal controls. Factors influencing LV untwisting rate in the group of ADPKD patients are also reported. For further interpretation and discussion please refer to the research article "Left ventricular dysfunction in ADPKD and effects of Octreotide-LAR: a cross-sectional and longitudinal sub study of the ALADIN trial" (Spinelli et al. Read More

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December 2018

Dataset of output impedances of current sources by analytical method and by experimental method.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 15;21:2063-2074. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

National Institute of Technology, Ashok Rajpath, Patna 800005, Bihar, India.

The dataset provided in this article are related to the research article entitled "The Journey of Universal Hybrid-pi model-from its Inception to Experimental Validation and its impact on Analog Circuit Design" (Sharma, in press). While analyzing dataset of the incremental output impedances of the BJT Current Sources, Conventional Hybrid-pi model, and Unilateral Model grossly underestimate the output impedances whereas Universal Hybrid-pi Model gives a much larger range of output impedances from ro to 40ro. The quest for these enhanced prediction led to the discovery of "Variable Latching Effect" (Sharma, 1990). Read More

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December 2018

Data on the characterization of Raney nickel powder and Raney-nickel-coated electrodes prepared by atmospheric plasma spraying for alkaline water electrolysis.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 3;21:2059-2062. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Korea University, 145 Anam-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 02841, South Korea.

The data presented in this article are related to the research article entitled: "Electrochemical characterization of Raney nickel electrodes prepared by atmospheric plasma spraying for alkaline water electrolysis" (Kim et al., 2018). This article describes the characterization of raw Ni-Al alloy and Raney Ni powders via X-ray diffraction (XRD) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), and presents the EDS data of the prepared electrodes. Read More

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December 2018

Structural and electronic data of three first-row transition octahedral hexaaquametal(II) ions, metal=Cr, Ni or Cu.

Authors:
Jeanet Conradie

Data Brief 2018 Dec 15;21:2051-2058. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Chemistry, University of the Free State, PO Box 339, Bloemfontein 9300, South Africa.

Structural and density functional theory calculated data of three octahedral hexaaquametal(II) ions containing different metals (Cr, Ni or Cu) are presented to illustrate different geometries these octahedral hexaaquametal(II) ions can have. The density functional theory optimized geometries exhibit either a regular octahedral geometry, an octahedral elongated or an octahedral compressed geometry. Experimental structures exhibit octahedral or distorted octahedral geometries, the latter includes octahedral elongated, octahedral compressed and orthorhombic distorted geometries. Read More

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December 2018

Soil microbiome data of two apple orchards in the UK.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 16;21:2042-2050. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

NIAB EMR, East Malling, West Malling, Kent ME19 6BJ, UK.

The microbial communities in two apple orchards were characterised using amplicon-based metabarcoding. Samples were taken from tree station locations along a linear transect and from adjacent grass aisles, at both orchards. Comparison was made between the communities occurring at tree station locations and the grass aisles, and between orchards. Read More

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December 2018

Quantitative analysis of skeletal muscle by computed tomography imaging-State of the art.

J Orthop Translat 2018 Oct 28;15:91-103. Epub 2018 Oct 28.

AP-HP, Department of Radiology, Hôpital Lariboisière, Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris & Université Paris Diderot, Paris, France.

The radiological assessment of muscle properties-size, mass, density (also termed radiodensity), composition, and adipose tissue infiltration-is fundamental in muscle diseases. More recently, it also became obvious that muscle atrophy, also termed muscle wasting, is caused by or associated with many other diseases or conditions, such as inactivity, malnutrition, chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder, cancer-associated cachexia, diabetes, renal and cardiac failure, and sarcopenia and even potentially with osteoporotic hip fracture. Several techniques have been developed to quantify muscle morphology and function. Read More

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October 2018

Migrating spinal intradural schwannoma with adjacent disc herniation: A case report and brief literature review.

Surg Neurol Int 2018 5;9:228. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Department of Neurosurgery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Schwannoma is the most common migrating tumor in the intradural space.

Case Description: We present a patient with migrating schwannoma of the cauda which admitted with buttock and thigh pain since 2 years ago. On two preoperative lumbosacral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), he had a L2/3 disc herniation concomitant with the intradural extra-axial mass at level of the L1/2 disc on the first MRI and then on the second one, his mass was just posterior to the L3 vertebral body, 22 months later. Read More

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November 2018

Barriers to and enablers of the implementation of an ICF-based intake tool in clinical otology and audiology practice-A qualitative pre-implementation study.

PLoS One 2018 11;13(12):e0208797. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Ear & Hearing, Amsterdam Public Health, De Boelelaan, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

The authors are developing an intake tool based on the Brief International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health Core Set for Hearing Loss, by operationalizing its categories into a Patient Reported Outcome Measure. This study was aimed at identifying enablers and barriers to using this tool as perceived by hearing health professionals (HHPs) and patients. Focus groups and interviews were held with HHPs (ENT surgeons, N = 14; audiologists, N = 8) and patients (N = 18). Read More

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December 2018

Setting larger session duration goals is associated with greater future physical activity.

PLoS One 2018 10;13(12):e0208644. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Behavioral & Social Sciences, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America.

Many national (US) and International guidelines for physical activity provide guidance that under-active and sedentary adults can begin by accumulating moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in bouts as brief as 10 minutes. This guidance fits well with Goal Setting theory in that goals should be realistic and achievable, and is also consistent with Social Cognitive theory since achieving small goals should boost self-efficacy and thus, encourage continued physical activity. In contrast, Behavioral Economics might suggest that fewer, longer bouts would be more conducive to the adoption of physical activity due to the costs incurred with each separate bout of MVPA. Read More

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December 2018

[Leiomyosarcoma of the adrenal gland - two cases report].

Pol Merkur Lekarski 2018 Nov;45(269):189-191

Maria Skłodowska-Curie Institute - Oncology Center of Warsaw, Poland: Department of Soft Tissue/Bone Sarcoma and Melanoma.

Primary adrenal leiomyosarcomas are very rare adrenal mesenchymal tumours, only few dozen has been reported in the English language literature so far. We present two cases of patients with primary adrenal leiomyoosarcomas. 80 year-old female admitted with left adrenal tumour with presumptive diagnosis of nonadenoma, laparoscopic adrenalectomy was performed and 85 year-old man who underwent surgical resection by laparotomy of adrenal tumour suspected for adrenal carcinoma. Read More

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November 2018

SEROUS MACULAR DETACHMENT ASSOCIATED WITH WALDENSTROM MACROGLOBULINEMIA MANAGED WITH IBRUTINIB: A CASE REPORT AND NEW INSIGHTS INTO PATHOGENESIS.

Retin Cases Brief Rep 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Ophthalmology, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois.

Purpose: To report a case of serous macular detachment in a patient with Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia treated with ibrutinib.

Methods: The patient underwent a complete ophthalmic examination and imaging at presentation and at follow-up visits up to 13 months.

Results: At presentation, there were serous macular detachments bilaterally with no dye leakage on fluorescein angiography or vasculature abnormalities on optical coherence tomography angiography. Read More

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December 2018

How Do You Deal With Uncertainty? Cochlear Implant Users Differ in the Dynamics of Lexical Processing of Noncanonical Inputs.

Ear Hear 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA.

Objectives: Work in normal-hearing (NH) adults suggests that spoken language processing involves coping with ambiguity. Even a clearly spoken word contains brief periods of ambiguity as it unfolds over time, and early portions will not be sufficient to uniquely identify the word. However, beyond this temporary ambiguity, NH listeners must also cope with the loss of information due to reduced forms, dialect, and other factors. Read More

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December 2018
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OPTIC DISK ASTROCYTOMA UNASSOCIATED WITH TUBEROUS SCLEROSIS COMPLEX MANAGED WITH SURGICAL EXCISION AND A 7-YEAR FOLLOW-UP.

Authors:
Yao Lu Yimin Xu

Retin Cases Brief Rep 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Ophthalmology, Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Vision Loss and Restoration, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, China.

Purpose: Optic disk astrocytoma is a rare variant of congenital hamartoma, which is usually associated with tuberous sclerosis complex. Generally, it is stationary but in rare cases, it can show progressive growth and cause severe local complications.

Methods: Clinical-pathologic correlation. Read More

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November 2018

Differences in neuroplasticity after spinal cord injury in varying animal models and humans.

Neural Regen Res 2019 Jan;14(1):7-19

Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA.

Rats have been the primary model to study the process and underlying mechanisms of recovery after spinal cord injury. Two weeks after a severe spinal cord contusion, rats can regain weight-bearing abilities without therapeutic interventions, as assessed by the Basso, Beattie and Bresnahan locomotor scale. However, many human patients suffer from permanent loss of motor function following spinal cord injury. Read More

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January 2019

Using the PHQ-9 and GAD-7 to screen for acute distress in transgender youth: findings from a pediatric endocrinology clinic.

J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Oregon Health and Science University, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Psychology, Portland, OR, USA.

Background Transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) youth are at higher risk for anxiety and depression than their peers. The referral rate for those seeking specialty medical care has rapidly increased in recent years. This paper examines the use of brief screening tools with clear cutoffs to assist physicians in rapidly identifying TGNC youth in acute distress. Read More

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December 2018

Effectiveness of a brief behavioural intervention to prevent weight gain over the Christmas holiday period: randomised controlled trial.

BMJ 2018 Dec 10;363:k4867. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, UK.

Objective: To test the effectiveness of a brief behavioural intervention to prevent weight gain over the Christmas holiday period.

Design: Two group, double blinded randomised controlled trial.

Setting: Recruitment from workplaces, social media platforms, and schools pre-Christmas 2016 and 2017 in Birmingham, UK. Read More

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December 2018

Emergency medical systems education may improve knowledge of pre-hospital stroke triage protocols.

J Neurointerv Surg 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Warren Alpert School of Medicine at Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.

Background: Following the results of randomized clinical trials supporting the use of mechanical thrombectomy (MT) with tissue plasminogen activator for emergent large vessel occlusion (ELVO), our state Stroke Task Force convened to: update legislation to recognize differences between Primary Stroke Centers (PSCs) and Comprehensive Stroke Centers (CSCs); and update Emergency Medical Services (EMS) protocols to triage direct transport of suspected ELVO patients to CSCs.

Purpose: We developed a single-session training curriculum for EMS personnel focused on the Los Angeles Motor Scale (LAMS) score, its use to correctly triage patients as CSC-appropriate in the field, and our state-wide EMS stroke protocol. We assessed the effect of our training on EMS knowledge. Read More

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December 2018