71,393 results match your criteria Brief Psychotic Disorder


Traversing through half a century research timeline on Ginkgo biloba, in transforming a botanical rarity into an active functional food ingredient.

Biomed Pharmacother 2022 Jun 21;153:113299. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Poona College of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Bharati Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University), Erandwane, Pune 411038, Maharashtra, India. Electronic address:

Neurodegenerative diseases and various other chronic ailments have gradually transformed into public-health issues. Neurodegenerative disorders are a range of progressive neural abnormalities characterized by cellular dysfunctions, neuronal structure, and function loss. Among many chronic disorders, oxidative stress, inflammation, mitochondrial dysregulation, and cellular alterations in the human body are considered the most prevalent diagnostic symptoms. Read More

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Clinical features of UK Biobank subjects carrying protein-truncating variants in genes implicated in schizophrenia pathogenesis.

Authors:
David Curtis

Psychiatr Genet 2022 Jun 27. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

UCL Genetics Institute, University College London and Centre for Psychiatry, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK.

Objective: The SCHEMA consortium has identified 10 genes in which protein-truncating variants (PTVs) confer a substantial risk of schizophrenia. This study aimed to determine whether carrying these PTVs was associated with neuropsychiatric impairment in the general population.

Methods: Phenotype fields of exome-sequenced participants in the UK Biobank who carried PTVs in these genes were studied to determine to what extent they demonstrated features of schizophrenia or had neuropsychiatric impairment. Read More

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Menstrual cycle changes and mental health states of women hospitalized due to COVID-19.

PLoS One 2022 24;17(6):e0270658. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Faculty of Medicine University of Indonesia-Cipto Mangunkusumo National Hospital, Division of Reproductive Immunoendocrinology, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Purpose: Many studies have evaluated the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on women's mental health and menstrual changes. However, most of these studies only included nonhospitalized COVID-19 patients, while information on hospitalized women is very limited. Thus, this study aimed to examine the mental health status and menstrual changes in hospitalized female COVID-19 patients. Read More

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Atypical antipsychotic drugs in dual disorders: current evidence and clinical guidelines.

Curr Pharm Des 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Department of Neurosciences, Imaging and Clinical Sciences, Università degli Studi G. D'Annunzio, 66100 Chieti-Pescara, Italy.

Background: Concurrent disorder or dual diagnosis refers to a combination of substance use disorders and mental disorders that occur in the same patient simultaneously. These conditions pose significant clinical and healthcare impacts and are often underdiagnosed, undertreated, and complex to manage.

Objective: We assessed the quality of current pharmacological recommendations for the management of dual diagnosis, particularly by evaluating the use of second-generation antipsychotics (SGA). Read More

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The profile of offenders accused of rape referred to the Observation Ward of the Free State Psychiatric Complex, Bloemfontein, South Africa, 2011-2015.

S Afr J Psychiatr 2022 31;28:1807. Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa.

Background: Sexual assault in South Africa has reached alarming proportions. Mental illness amongst offenders accused of rape is one of the complicating factors.

Aim: To describe the sociodemographic, clinical and forensic profile of alleged offenders accused of rape referred to a South African tertiary public psychiatric hospital for forensic evaluation, as well as describe the profile of the reported victims. Read More

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Psychosis in Parkinson's Disease: A Lesson from Genetics.

Genes (Basel) 2022 Jun 20;13(6). Epub 2022 Jun 20.

School of Medicine and Surgery, University of Milano-Bicocca, 20900 Monza, Italy.

Psychosis in Parkinson's disease (PDP) represents a common and debilitating condition that complicates Parkinson's disease (PD), mainly in the later stages. The spectrum of psychotic symptoms are heterogeneous, ranging from minor phenomena of mild illusions, passage hallucinations and sense of presence to severe psychosis consisting of visual hallucinations (and rarely, auditory and tactile or gustatory) and paranoid delusions. PDP is associated with increased caregiver stress, poorer quality of life for patients and carers, reduced survival and risk of institutionalization with a significant burden on the healthcare system. Read More

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Exploring the Core Genes of Schizophrenia Based on Bioinformatics Analysis.

Genes (Basel) 2022 May 27;13(6). Epub 2022 May 27.

Clinical Research Center and Division of Mood Disorders, Shanghai Mental Health Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200030, China.

Schizophrenia is a clinical syndrome composed of a group of symptoms involving many obstacles such as perception, thinking, emotion, behavior, and the disharmony of mental activities. Schizophrenia is one of the top ten causes of disability globally, accounting for about 1% of the global population. Previous studies have shown that schizophrenia has solid genetic characteristics. Read More

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Relationship of Neuropeptide S with Clinical and Metabolic Parameters of Patients during Rehabilitation Therapy for Schizophrenia.

Brain Sci 2022 Jun 11;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Department of Psychiatry, Medical University of Warsaw, 02-091 Warsaw, Poland.

Neuropeptide S (NPS) is a factor associated with the central regulation of body weight, stress, anxiety, learning, memory consolidation, wakefulness-sleep cycle, and anti-inflammatory and neuroplastic effects. Its stress-reducing, anti-anxiety, arousal without anxiety, and pro-cognitive effects represent an interesting option for the treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders. The purpose of the study was to examine the potential associations of NPS levels in the blood with clinical and metabolic parameters during the rehabilitation therapy of patients with schizophrenia. Read More

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Association between Parents' Relationship, Emotion-Regulation Strategies, and Psychotic-like Experiences in Adolescents.

Children (Basel) 2022 May 31;9(6). Epub 2022 May 31.

Division of Medical Humanities & Behavioral Sciences, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200331, China.

This study aimed to examine the association between the psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) and emotion-regulation (ER) strategies of adolescents and their parents' relationship, and we hypothesized that the parents' relationship moderates the link between ER strategies and PLEs. We recruited a total of 2708 first-year college students (1659 males and 1049 females) aged 15-20 years (mean = 17.9). Read More

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CE: An Evidence-Based Yoga Practice for Hospitalized Adults on Medical-Psychiatric Units.

Am J Nurs 2022 Jul;122(7):28-36

Angela Dossett is clinical practice leader, Anne Smith is nursing practice leader, Marcia K. Gingerich is nurse manager, and Laura Cullen is evidence-based practice scientist, all at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City. Contact author: Angela Dossett, The project described in this article was supported through the Evidence-Based Practice Staff Nurse Internship program at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics. The authors and planners have disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise.

Background: Yoga-based treatments, which are recognized by the National Institutes of Health's National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health as a form of complementary and alternative medicine, have proven to be beneficial for people with various psychiatric disorders, including depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, and attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, as well as schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders.

Purpose: The purpose of this evidence-based practice (EBP) project was to offer structured yoga sessions as a means of providing stress relief, promoting relaxation, reducing anxiety, and improving quality of care among male and female adult patients (ages 18 years and older) hospitalized in a locked medical-psychiatric unit within an academic medical center for treatment of both acute medical and acute psychiatric conditions.

Practice Change And Implementation: The Iowa Model and Implementation Strategies for EBP provided the guiding framework for this pilot project. Read More

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Prevalence, Influencing Factors, and Clinical Characteristics of Cognitive Impairment in Elderly Patients With Schizophrenia.

Front Psychiatry 2022 6;13:910814. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Department of Geriatric Psychiatry, Shanghai Mental Health Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Aims: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence, influencing factors, and clinical characteristics of cognitive impairment in elderly patients with chronic schizophrenia.

Materials And Methods: A total of 264 elderly patients with chronic schizophrenia and 156 normal controls were enrolled in the current study. The Mini-mental State Examination (MMSE) was used to assess their overall cognitive function, the Positive And Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) was used to assess their psychotic symptoms, the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) was used to assess their depressive symptoms, while Activity of Daily Living Scale (ADL) was used to assess their daily living ability. Read More

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Correlation of BDNF, VEGF, TNF-α, and S100B with cognitive impairments in chronic, medicated schizophrenia patients.

Neuropsychopharmacol Rep 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Cognitive impairment is a prominent cause of disability in schizophrenia. Although antipsychotic drugs can rescue the psychotic symptoms, the cognitive impairments persist, with no treatment available. Alterations of BDNF, VEGF, TNF-α, and S100B have been linked to cognitive impairment in several neurological disorders. Read More

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Role of polygenic and environmental factors in the co-occurrence of depression and psychosis symptoms: a network analysis.

Transl Psychiatry 2022 Jun 22;12(1):259. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.

Depression and psychosis are often comorbid; they also have overlapping genetic and environmental risk factors, including trauma and area-level exposures. The present study aimed to advance understanding of this comorbidity via a network approach, by (1) identifying bridge nodes that connect clusters of lifetime depression and psychosis symptoms and (2) evaluating the influence of polygenic and environmental risk factors in these symptoms. This study included data from European ancestry participants in UK Biobank, a large population-based sample (N = 77,650). Read More

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Treating common mental disorder including psychotic experiences in the primary care improving access to psychological therapies programme (the TYPPEX study): protocol for a stepped wedge cluster randomised controlled trial with nested economic and process evaluation of a training package for therapists.

BMJ Open 2022 Jun 22;12(6):e056355. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Cambridgeshire and Peterborough NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, UK

Introduction: At least one in four people treated by the primary care improving access to psychological therapies (IAPT) programme in England experiences distressing psychotic experiences (PE) in addition to common mental disorder (CMD). These individuals are less likely to achieve recovery. IAPT services do not routinely screen for nor offer specific treatments for CMD including PE. Read More

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Letter to the Editor: Rethinking The Cost Of Antipsychotic Treatment: The Average Cost Of The Drugs Used In Turkey In 2020.

Turk Psikiyatri Derg 2022 ;33(2):146-148

Dear Editor, The costs of antipsychotic drugs (APDs) used in the treatment of mental disorders with psychosis are mentioned in treatment guidelines (APA 2021, NICE 2014). While the American Psychiatric Association guideline states that every specialist should make decisions according to the rules and conditions of their country and their region, the National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence guideline emphasizes that drug costs must be taken into consideration in the treatment process. Classical or first-generation antipsychotic drugs (FAPDs) are relatively cheaper in terms of sales prices compared to atypical or second-generation antipsychotic drugs (SAPDs) with a slightly different effect mechanism. Read More

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Stability of diagnostic coding of psychiatric outpatient visits across the transition from the second to the third version of the Danish National Patient Registry.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Affective Disorders, Aarhus University Hospital - Psychiatry, Aarhus, Denmark.

Objective: In Denmark, data on hospital contacts are reported to the Danish National Patient Registry (DNPR). The ICD-10 main diagnoses from the DNPR are often used as proxies for mental disorders in psychiatric research. With the transition from the second version of the DNPR (DNPR2) to the third (DNPR3) in February-March 2019, the way main diagnoses are coded in relation to outpatient treatment changed substantially. Read More

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One-year mortality of emergency department patients with substance-induced psychosis.

PLoS One 2022 21;17(6):e0270307. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Department of Emergency Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

Objectives: Psychosis is a well established complication of non-prescription drug use. We sought to measure the 1-year mortality of emergency department patients with substance-induced psychosis (SIP).

Methods: This study was a multi-centre, retrospective electronic medical records review of patients presenting to the ED with substance-induced psychosis (SIP). Read More

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Metabolic syndrome following a first episode of psychosis: results of a 1-year longitudinal study conducted in metropolitan Lisbon, Portugal.

J Int Med Res 2022 Jun;50(6):3000605221106703

Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal.

Objective: We aimed to assess the prevalence and course of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and the associated metabolic parameters during the year following a first episode pf psychosis (FEP).

Methods: We performed a 1-year longitudinal observation of 60 patients who experienced FEP. MetS was defined using the modified definition of the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III. Read More

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Cancer incidence and stage at diagnosis among people with recent-onset psychotic disorders: A retrospective cohort study using health administrative data from Ontario, Canada.

Psychooncology 2022 Jun 20. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: Prior evidence on the relative risk of cancer among people with psychotic disorders is equivocal. The objective of this study was to compare incidence and stage at diagnosis of cancer for people with psychotic disorders relative to the general population.

Method: We constructed a retrospective cohort of people with a first diagnosis of non-affective psychotic disorder and a comparison group from the general population using linked health administrative databases in Ontario, Canada. Read More

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De la relation à l’alliance thérapeutique auprès d’adolescents et jeunes adultes présentant un risque de transition psychotique : le point de vue de professionnels de santé mentale. Une étude exploratoire.

Rech Soins Infirm 2021 ;145(2):122-131

Introduction : Psychotic disorders usually begin during adolescence or early adulthood. The first psychotic symptoms are said to be attenuated in their prodromal phase. It is essential to identify them and initiate follow-up as early as possible to limit the severity of symptoms or even prevent a psychotic transition. Read More

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The impact of aversive personality traits on the psychotic-spectrum of disorders.

Encephale 2022 Jun 17. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Service SPANO, Department of Psychiatry, Lausanne University Hospital (CHUV), Lausanne, Switzerland.

Objectives: Though relatively unexplored in clinical populations, aversive personality traits have been shown to impact the expression, the management, and the outcomes of psychotic disorders. This paper seeks to gather and organize existing evidence of the complex interplay linking social ethics, personality and experiences of psychosis through the lens of the so-called Dark Triad personality model, comprising the three multidimensional constructs Machiavellianism, narcissism and psychopathy.

Methods: A semi-systematic review of major literature databases was conducted; search terms aimed at capturing each of the Dark Triad dimensions and their known relations with both clinical (with single-symptom approach) and non-clinical psychotic experiences. Read More

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Feasibility of a pharmacist-led physical health monitoring for patients on antipsychotic medications: protocol for a longitudinal study.

BMJ Open 2022 Jun 20;12(6):e059573. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Clinical and Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia

Introduction: Physical health conditions are the leading causes of death in people living with severe mental illness. In particular, the risk of metabolic syndrome; the constellation of abnormalities in weight, blood pressure, blood glucose and lipid levels, is high in this cohort. It has been recognised that commonly prescribed pharmacological agents for mental illness can further amplify the risk of developing metabolic syndrome; therefore, monitoring guidelines are in place for consumers prescribed antipsychotics. Read More

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Dissociative Symptoms and Disorders in Patients With Bipolar Disorders: A Scoping Review.

Front Psychiatry 2022 26;13:925983. Epub 2022 May 26.

Department of Psychiatry, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry, India.

Dissociative disorders are an important group of trauma-related disorders associated with significant disability. The co-occurrence of dissociative disorders (DD) and symptoms (DS) in bipolar disorder has been relatively understudied, but there is some evidence that this comorbidity may have significant mechanistic and clinical implications. This paper presents the results of a scoping review of the frequency and correlates of DS and DD in bipolar disorder. Read More

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Relationships between self-reflectiveness and clinical symptoms in individuals during pre-morbid and early clinical stages of psychosis.

Gen Psychiatr 2022 31;35(3):e100696. Epub 2022 May 31.

Shanghai Intelligent Psychological Evaluation and Intervention Engineering Technology Research Center, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Psychotic Disorders, Shanghai Mental Health Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Background: Self-reflectiveness, one dimension of cognitive insight, plays a protective role in an individual's mental state. Both high and low levels of self-reflectiveness have been reported in patients with schizophrenia and individuals at clinical high risk for the illness.

Aims: This study aimed to explore the relationship patterns between self-reflectiveness and clinical symptoms in individuals during the pre-morbid and early clinical stages of psychosis. Read More

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Electroencephalography Microstate Alterations in Otogenic Vertigo: A Potential Disease Marker.

Front Aging Neurosci 2022 3;14:914920. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.

Objectives: A huge population, especially the elderly, suffers from otogenic vertigo. However, the multi-modal vestibular network changes, secondary to periphery vestibular dysfunction, have not been fully elucidated. We aim to identify potential microstate electroencephalography (EEG) signatures for otogenic vertigo in this study. Read More

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Comorbidity Between Recent Diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes and Non-Psychotic Psychiatric Disorders: Metabolic Characteristics and Clinical Correlates.

Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2022 12;18:1151-1163. Epub 2022 Jun 12.

Centro de Atención Integral del Paciente con Diabetes (CAIPaDi), Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City, Mexico.

Purpose: To describe the metabolic status and clinical characteristics associated with NPPD in patients with less than five years of T2D diagnosis and explore the role of age in the presentation of psychiatric comorbidities.

Patients And Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of subjects who attended a comprehensive care program. Patients were assessed using the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview, and clinical and metabolic characteristics were registered. Read More

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The enduring gap in educational attainment in schizophrenia according to the past 50 years of published research: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Lancet Psychiatry 2022 07;9(7):565-573

Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.

Background: Educational attainment is associated with wellbeing and health, but patients with schizophrenia achieve lower levels of education than people without. Several effective interventions can ameliorate this situation. However, the magnitude of the education gap in schizophrenia and its change over time are unclear. Read More

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COVID-19 and first manic episodes: a systematic review.

Psychiatry Res 2022 Jun 9;314:114677. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Department of Neurosciences, Imaging and Clinical Sciences, "G. d'Annunzio" University of Chieti-Pescara, Chieti, Italy; CAST - Center for Advanced Studies and Technology, "G. d'Annunzio" University of Chieti-Pescara, Chieti, Italy; ITAB - Institute of Advanced Biomedical Technology, "G. d'Annunzio" University of Chieti-Pescara, Chieti, Italy; Institute for Mind Impairments and Neurological Disorders-iMIND, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA, United States. Electronic address:

Sars-CoV-2 is a respiratory virus that can access the central nervous system, as indicated by the presence of the virus in patients' cerebrospinal fluid and the occurrence of several neurological syndromes during and after COVID-19. Growing evidence indicates that Sars-CoV-2 can also trigger the acute onset of mood disorders or psychotic symptoms. COVID-19-related first episodes of mania, in subjects with no known history of bipolar disorder, have never been systematically analyzed. Read More

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High-quality large-scale longitudinal studies with detailed multimodal immunological phenotyping are warranted to disentangle the involvement of the immune system in psychosis.

Authors:
Michael E Benros

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2022 Jul;146(1):3-5

Biological and Precision Psychiatry, Copenhagen Research Centre for Mental Health, Mental Health Centre Copenhagen, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.

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