156,363 results match your criteria Brief Psychotic Disorder


The legacy of colonial fire management policies on traditional livelihoods and ecological sustainability in savannas: Impacts, consequences, new directions.

J Environ Manage 2018 Dec 3;232:600-606. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Darwin Centre for Bushfire Research, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Australia. Electronic address:

Land occupation and management systems have defined fire regimes and landscapes for millennia. The savanna biome is responsible for 86% of all fire events, contributes to 10% of the total carbon emissions annually and is home to 10% of the human population. European colonization has been associated with the implementation of fire suppression policies in many tropical savanna regions, markedly disrupting traditional fire management practices and transforming ecosystems. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Water drop-surface interactions as the basis for the design of anti-fogging surfaces: Theory, practice, and applications trends.

Adv Colloid Interface Sci 2018 Nov 24;263:68-94. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Laboratoire d'Ingénierie de Surface, Centre de Recherche sur les Matériaux Avancés, Département de Génie des Mines, de la Métallurgie et des Matériaux, Université Laval, 1065 Avenue de la médecine, Québec G1V 0A6, Canada; Centre de Recherche du Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Québec, Hôpital St-François d'Assise, 10 rue de l'Espinay, Québec G1L 3L5, Canada. Electronic address:

Glass- and polymer-based materials have become essential in the fabrication of a multitude of elements, including eyeglasses, automobile windshields, bathroom mirrors, greenhouses, and food packages, which unfortunately mist up under typical operating conditions. Far from being an innocuous phenomenon, the formation of minute water drops on the surface is detrimental to their optical properties (e.g. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Psychosocial interventions to reduce alcohol consumption in concurrent problem alcohol and illicit drug users.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 5;12:CD009269. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

BC Centre on Substance Use, BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, 611 Powell Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada, V6A 1H2.

Background: Problem alcohol use is common among people who use illicit drugs (PWID) and is associated with adverse health outcomes. It is also an important factor contributing to a poor prognosis among drug users with hepatitis C virus (HCV) as it impacts on progression to hepatic cirrhosis or opioid overdose in PWID.

Objectives: To assess the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions to reduce alcohol consumption in PWID (users of opioids and stimulants). Read More

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December 2018
5 Reads

[Foodbourne Botulism: A Forgotten Disease].

Acta Med Port 2018 Nov 30;31(11):691-693. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Serviço de Medicina Interna. Hospital Sousa Martins. Guarda. Portugal.

Botulism is a serious illness caused by exposure to botulinum toxin. It is manifested by flaccid, paralysis, symmetric and in descending pattern affecting cranial and peripheral nerves. Given the frequent need for invasive mechanical ventilation, these patients should be approached in an intensive care setting. Read More

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November 2018

Titin as a force generating muscle protein under regulatory control.

J Appl Physiol (1985) 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Institute of Physiology II, University of Muenster, Germany.

Titin has long been recognized as a mechanical protein in muscle cells that has a main function as a molecular spring in the contractile units, the sarcomeres. Recent work suggests that the titin spring contributes to muscle contraction in a more active manner than previously thought. In this review, we highlight this property, specifically the ability of the immunoglobulin-like (Ig) domains of titin to undergo unfolding-refolding transitions when isolated titin molecules or skeletal myofibrils are held at physiological force levels. Read More

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December 2018

Auxiliary subunits keep AMPA receptors compact during activation and desensitization.

Elife 2018 Dec 6;7. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Institute of Biology, Cellular Biophysics, Humboldt Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Signal transduction at vertebrate excitatory synapses involves the rapid activation of AMPA (a-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionate) receptors, glutamate-gated ion channels whose four subunits assemble as a dimer-of-dimers. Technical advances in cryo-electron microscopy brought a slew of full-length structures of AMPA receptors, on their own and in combination with auxiliary subunits. These structures indicate that dimers might undergo substantial lateral motions during gating, opening up the extracellular layer along the central 2-fold symmetry axis. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Case Report in Clinical Pediatric Dentistry: How to Review, Organize and Prepare a Manuscript.

J Clin Pediatr Dent 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

A case report is a useful type of publication to describe information on unusual clinical diseases or syndromes, new management techniques, potential risk factors/oral disease associations, and uncommon side effects or responses to traditional dental treatments. In the practice of Dentistry and Medicine, the publication of case reports has the purpose of sharing new clinical experiences and knowledge with interested colleagues. Case reports in the field of Evidence-Based Pediatric Dentistry convey unique contributions to the clinical practice and help improve the process of clinical decision making in the form of a brief written communication. Read More

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December 2018

A thiopyran derivative with low murine toxicity with therapeutic potential on lung cancer acting through a NF-κB mediated apoptosis-to-pyroptosis switch.

Apoptosis 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Chemical Biology Research Center, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, 325035, Zhejiang, China.

Pyroptosis is a novel manner of cell death that can be mediated by chemotherapy drugs. The awareness of pyroptosis is significantly increasing in the fields of anti-tumor research and chemotherapy drugs. Invoking the occurrence of pyroptosis is an attractive prospect for the treatment of lung cancer. Read More

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December 2018
6 Reads
3.685 Impact Factor

Sedentary Behavior and Quality of Life in People with Psychotic Disorders from a Low Income Country: A Study from Uganda.

Community Ment Health J 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Kyambogo University, Kampala, Uganda.

The current study examined the impact of sedentary behaviour (SB) on quality of life (QoL) in people with psychotic disorders. Thirty-six Ugandan women (mean age = 33.9 ± 8. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

High-performance stretchable conductive nanocomposites: materials, processes, and device applications.

Chem Soc Rev 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Center for Nanoparticle Research, Institute for Basic Science (IBS), Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea and Institute of Chemical Processing (ICP), Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea.

Highly conductive and intrinsically stretchable electrodes are vital components of soft electronics such as stretchable transistors and circuits, sensors and actuators, light-emitting diode arrays, and energy harvesting devices. Many kinds of conducting nanomaterials with outstanding electrical and mechanical properties have been integrated with elastomers to produce stretchable conductive nanocomposites. Understanding the characteristics of these nanocomposites and assessing the feasibility of their fabrication are therefore critical for the development of high-performance stretchable conductors and electronic devices. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Data concerning secondary structure and alpha-glucans-binding capacity of the CBM26.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 14;21:1944-1949. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), A.P. 70228, Ciudad Universitaria, Ciudad de México 04510, México.

Carbohydrate-binding modules (CBMs) are auxiliary domains into glycoside-hydrolases that allow the interaction between the insoluble substrate and the solubilized enzyme, through hydrophobic, CH-π interactions and hydrogen bonds. Here, we present the data article related to the interaction of one CBM26 and some mutated proteins with soluble α-glucans determined by enzyme-linked carbohydrate-binding assay, isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC), and affinity gel electrophoresis (AGE). The data of the behavior of proteins in presence and absence of substrate analyzed by circular dichroism CD and thermofluor are also presented. Read More

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December 2018

Simultaneous EEG, eye-tracking, behavioral, and screen-capture data during online German language learning.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 13;21:1937-1943. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth, 14 Engineering Drive, Hanover, NH 03755, United States.

This article presents concurrent multimodal data, including EEG, eye-tracking, and behavioral data (cursor movements and clicks), acquired from individuals ( = 22) while engaging in several German language lessons using the web-based Duolingo interface. Lessons were restricted to visual learning only (excluding audio and speech components), including reading and writing vocabulary words and sentences, and matching vocabulary to images. EEG data was collected using the open-source OpenBCI device utilizing dry Ag-AgCl electrodes, while eye-tracking data was recorded using the Gazepoint GP3 system. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Dataset of ptychographic X-ray computed tomography of inverse opal photonic crystals produced by atomic layer deposition.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 27;21:1924-1936. Epub 2018 Oct 27.

Institute of Advanced Ceramics, Hamburg University of Technology, Denickestraße 15, 21073 Hamburg, Germany.

This data article describes the detailed parameters for synthesizing mullite inverse opal photonic crystals via Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD), as well as the detailed image analysis routine used to interpret the data obtained by the measurement of such photonic crystals, before and after the heat treatment, via Ptychographic X-ray Computed Tomography (PXCT). The data presented in this article are related to the research article by Furlan and co-authors entitled "Photonic materials for high-temperature applications: Synthesis and characterization by X-ray ptychographic tomography" (Furlan et al., 2018). Read More

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December 2018

Data on health risk assessment to the nitrate in drinking water of rural areas in the Khash city, Iran.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 3;21:1918-1923. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

The main objective of this data was determination of the nitrate concentration and its health risk assessment in the drinking water resources. In the aim of this data article a number of 30 samples of nitrate concentration in drinking water resources were collected from villages of the Khash city, Sistan and Baluchistan province, Iran. The nitrate concentration was measured using a Spectrophotometer accordance standard methods for examination of water and wastewater. Read More

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December 2018

Petrology and geochemistry data of the precambrian granitoids from the Hyderabad area, part of Eastern Dharwar Craton, Telangana state India.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 7;21:1909-1917. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Department of Applied Geochemistry, Osmania University, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

The data presented in this article are related to research to the research article entitled 'Petrology and Geochemistry Data of the Precambrian granitoids from the Hyderabad part of Eastern Dharwar Craton, Telangana state, India'. The granitoids from the Hyderabad area of the Telangana State are confined to the Precambrian gneissic complex of the northern-eastern part of Eastern Dharwar Craton. They cover 7760 Sq. Read More

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December 2018

Sustainability indicators for bioenergy generation from Amazon׳s non-woody native biomass sources.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 14;21:1900-1908. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Graduate Program in Health Promotion, Human Development, and Society, Universidade Luterana do Brasil, Canoas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

This data article focuses on sustainability indicators for bioenergy generation from Brazilian Amazon׳s non-woody native biomass sources, considered to be modern forms of biomass. In the construction of the indicators, the Indicator-based Framework for Evaluation of Natural Resource Management Systems (MESMIS, from the original Spanish) method was used, with the application of the seven sustainability attributes to identify critical points and limiting and favorable factors for sustainability. The data yielded a list of 29 indicators distributed across 27 critical points, selected from three system evaluation areas: 11 environmental indicators, 11 social indicators, and 7 economic indicators. Read More

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December 2018

Data on European seafood biomass production by country, sectors, and species in 2004-2014 and on ecological characteristics of the main species produced.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 30;21:1895-1899. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Norwegian College of Fishery Science, UiT the Arctic University of Norway, 9037 Tromsø, Norway.

In this data article, we present the 2004-2014 average European seafood production volume by production sector, country, and species. The production data originates from the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) and covers three production sectors: Marine fisheries, marine aquaculture, and freshwater production. We present the main ecological characteristics of each species produced or harvested. Read More

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December 2018

Data on heavy metal concentration in common carp fish consumed in Shiraz, Iran.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 14;21:1890-1894. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Health, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran.

Food contamination by heavy metals can lead to the accumulation of these elements in the body of consumers and the contraction of diseases. Accordingly, heavy metal concentration in common carp fishes consumed in Shiraz, Iran was determined in the present study. The mean concentrations of Pb, Cd, Zn, and Cu were 0. Read More

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December 2018

Diatoms and pollen data from modern surface sediment samples collected from the Merang wetlands, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 3;21:1886-1889. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

School of Earth Science and Geological Engineering, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

The data presented here are related to the research paper entitled "A below-the-present late Holocene relative sea level and the glacial isostatic adjustment during the Holocene in the Malay Peninsula" (Tam et al., 2018) [1]. The diatoms and pollen data are collected from surface sediments of the Merang wetlands, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia, and are presented as percentages of total diatoms or total land pollen respectively. Read More

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December 2018
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Survey dataset on Muslim's religiosity, Muslim personality and work behavior.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 3;21:1880-1885. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Iqra University, Pakistan.

Data were collected from administration officers ranging from middle-management to top management of the five universities of Malaysia. The data was collected through a standardized and structured questionnaire. The variables of the study were religiosity, personality and work behavior of Muslims. Read More

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December 2018

Effects of extract Ze450 on mitochondria in models of oxidative stress in neuronal cells.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 26;21:1872-1879. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Institut für Pharmakologie und Klinische Pharmazie, Biochemisch-Pharmakologisches Centrum Marburg, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Karl-von-Frisch-Straße 1, 35032 Marburg, Germany.

This data article describes the influence of extract Ze 450 on neuronal cells in models of glutamate-induced excitotoxicity and cell death induced by oxidative stress. Effects of Ze 450 on glutamate-mediated excitotoxicity were assessed in primary cortical rat and mouse neurons and, further, glutamate-mediated oxidative stress was analyzed in HT22 cells lacking ionotropic glutamate receptors. This study especially focusses on mitochondrial parameters like mitochondrial ROS formation, mitochondrial membrane potential, ATP production and mitochondrial integrity. Read More

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December 2018
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An exploration of research information security data affecting organizational compliance.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 5;21:1864-1871. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Veterans Health Administration Office of Research Oversight, United States.

In this article, data collected from onsite assessments of federal healthcare research programs were reviewed and analyzed. 103 research programs were evaluated for adherence to federal and organizational information security requirements and the data clustered into three primary compliance groupings, technological, procedural, and behavioral. Frequency and cross-tabulation statistics were conducted and chi-square statistics used to test for associations. Read More

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December 2018

FTIR and Py-GC-MS data of wood from various living oak species and Iberian shipwrecks.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 10;21:1861-1863. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

Ciencia do Sistema Terra, Departamento de Edafoloxía e Química Agrícola, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Campus Sur s/n, Santiago de Compostela 15782, Spain.

Data in this article are related to the chemical characterization of various oak wood samples. Data have been obtained by the application of Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and pyrolysis-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (Py-GC-MS) to living tree species and shipwreck wood fragments. Measurements were performed on individual rings in order to facilitate the understanding of the variability in wood chemical composition along the radial cores, i. Read More

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December 2018

DNA insecticides: Data on the trial in the field.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 7;21:1858-1860. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Siberian Forest Research Station, 5a/2 Mechanization Street, 625017 Tyumen, Russia.

This data article is related to the research articles entitled "The RING for gypsy moth control: topical application of fragment of its nuclear polyhedrosis virus anti-apoptosis gene as insecticide" (Oberemok et al., 2016), "Molecular alliance of multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus and a short unmodified antisense oligonucleotide of its anti-apoptotic IAP-3 gene: a novel approach for gypsy moth control" (Oberemok et al., 2017), and "Topical treatment of LdMNPV-infected gypsy moth caterpillars with 18 nucleotides long antisense fragment from LdMNPV IAP-3 gene triggers higher levels of apoptosis in infected cells and mortality of the pest" (Oberemok et al. Read More

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December 2018

Dataset on the relation of synthetic super para magnetic nanoparticles coated with various electric charges and fibrillation of albumin protein.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 3;21:1853-1857. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

National Institute of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Tehran, Iran.

The data provided in this article are related to the research article entitled "Effect of Super Magnetic Nanoparticles Coated with Various Electric Charges on α-Synuclein Protein Fibrillation Process" (Javdani et al.). This article describes how electrically different charged and concentrated iron oxide nanoparticles synthesized using reverse co-precipitation method affects the fibrillation of albumin protein. Read More

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December 2018
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Dataset on the numbers and proportion of mortality attributable to hunting, trapping, and powerlines in wild and captive-bred migratory Asian houbara .

Data Brief 2018 Dec 3;21:1848-1852. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK.

The data shown in this article are the number and proportion of deaths attributable to hunting/trapping, powerline collisions and natural causes in migratory Asian houbara originating from a breeding population in Uzbekistan. For wild adult and juvenile Asian houbara wintering in Central Asia during the period 2011-2018, 53.9% and 52. Read More

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December 2018

Data on concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in roasted and fried chicken - A case study: Bushehr, Iran.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 6;21:1842-1847. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran.

In the present data article, the presence and amount of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were surveyed in Iranian roasted and fried chicken in Bushehr restaurants. For data collection, 73 samples (including 36 Roasted chicken and 37 Fried chicken samples) were collected from local restaurants and various retail outlets of Bushehr, Iran. The concentrations of 16 PAHs were determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

A dataset of synthetic hexagonal close packed 3D polycrystalline microstructures, grain-wise microstructural descriptors and grain averaged stress fields under uniaxial tensile deformation for two sets of constitutive parameters.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 3;21:1833-1841. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Carnegie Mellon University, United States.

This data article presents a data set comprised of 54 synthetic 3D equiaxed polycrystalline microstructures, the microstructural descriptors for each grain and the stress fields resulting from two sets of crystal plasticity simulations mimicking uniaxial tensile deformation to a total strain of 2%. This is related to the research article entitled "Applied Machine Learning to predict stress hotspots II: Hexagonal Close Packed Materials" (Mangal and Holm, 2018). The microstructures were created using an open source Dream. Read More

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December 2018

Data on chemical compositions and fermentation quality of silages made from low-market-value vegetables supplemented with potato protein concentrate, a byproduct of starch production.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 12;21:1829-1832. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Northern Biosphere Agriculture, Faculty of Bioindustry, Tokyo University of Agriculture, 196 Yasaka, Abashiri 099-2493, Japan.

This data article reports the chemical compositions (protein, fat, fiber, ash, lactic acid, acetic acid, propionic acid, butyric acid and valeric acid) and fermentation quality, represented by V-value determined from the proportion of ammonia nitrogen in total nitrogen and volatile fatty acid contents, in silages prepared from low-market-value vegetables (carrot roots, cabbage leaves, and radish leaves). Potato protein concentrate, a byproduct of starch production from potato tuber, was used to supplement the protein contents in the silages. The first type of silage was produced by fermentation of a mixture of wheat bran and either carrot, cabbage, or radish without supplemental potato protein. Read More

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December 2018

Dataset of relationships among social media marketing activities, brand loyalty, revisit intention. Evidence from the hospitality industry in Northern Cyprus.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 9;21:1823-1828. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Girne American University, Marketing Department, via Mersin 10, North Cyprus, Turkey.

The central purpose of this data article is to empirically investigate the relationships among social media marketing (SMM) activities, brand loyalty and revisit intention in five-star hotels in Northern Cyprus. Few researchers have investigated SMM activities, while none has looked at how SMM activities can be used toward improving brand loyalty and revisit intention in the tourism service industry. Hence, data gathered for the purposes of this research add to our understanding of today׳s social media marketing as a new generation marketing tool. Read More

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December 2018

Measurement and monitoring of anions, cations and metals in landfill leachate in Iranian metropolises.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 6;21:1818-1822. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran.

Leachate generation is a major problem for municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills and causes significant threat to surface and groundwater. Samples were collected from the landfills of Iranian metropolises (Ahwaz, Mashhad, Tehran (before and after treatment plant), Isfahan, Tabriz, Hamedan, Rasht, Sanandaj and Qazvin) based on the standard sampling methods and transferred to the laboratory. Cr, Cd, Hg, Pb, Ni, As, Ca, Mg, Fe, Mn, Na, K, Zn, Al, Ba, Li, Sr, Ti and V were analyzed. Read More

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December 2018

Data on the working population in Spain related to training, workplace conditions and accident rates.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 3;21:1810-1817. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

University of Cantabria, Spain.

Obtaining data on worker accident rates is necessary in order to analyze the causes and variables involved in the occurrence of said accidents. The majority of these data, collected after the accident occurs, do not consider the employee׳s working conditions. Here are presented the data on workplace accidents and the conditions of the workers by analyzing the generic data supplied as part of the 7th National Survey of Workplace Conditions (EWCS) in Spain, conducted in 2011. Read More

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December 2018

Assessing the Efficacy of Ventilation of Anesthetized Neonatal Calves Using a Laryngeal Mask Airway or Mask Resuscitator.

Front Vet Sci 2018 21;5:292. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Production Animal Health, University of Calgary Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Calgary, AB, Canada.

Calves that have undergone a dystocia are often hypoxic and acidemic, which can result in reduced vigor and subsequent mortality. Methods of field resuscitation of apneic newborn calves are often ineffective and therefore underutilized. This proof-of-concept study aimed to determine the efficacy of the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) as well as the current industry standard method of ventilation, the McCulloch Calf Aspirator/ Resuscitator (MMR) for positive pressure ventilation of neonatal calves. Read More

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November 2018

Chemometric Methods for Spectroscopy-Based Pharmaceutical Analysis.

Front Chem 2018 21;6:576. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Chemistry, University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy.

Spectroscopy is widely used to characterize pharmaceutical products or processes, especially due to its desirable characteristics of being rapid, cheap, non-invasive/non-destructive and applicable both off-line and in-/at-/on-line. Spectroscopic techniques produce profiles containing a high amount of information, which can profitably be exploited through the use of multivariate mathematic and statistic (chemometric) techniques. The present paper aims at providing a brief overview of the different chemometric approaches applicable in the context of spectroscopy-based pharmaceutical analysis, discussing both the unsupervised exploration of the collected data and the possibility of building predictive models for both quantitative (calibration) and qualitative (classification) responses. Read More

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November 2018

How to Best Convey Information About Intensive/Comfort Care to the Family Members of Premature Infants to Enable Unbiased Perinatal Decisions.

Front Pediatr 2018 16;6:348. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Neurology, PLA Army General Hospital, Beijing, China.

As the infant's best interests are determined through the perinatal decisions of family members and physicians, it is important to understand the factors that affect such decisions. This paper investigated the separate and combined effects of various factors related to perinatal decision making and sought to determine the best way to convey information in an unbiased manner to family members. In total, 613 participants were consecutively recruited. Read More

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November 2018

Comparison of Effects of Light Anesthetics, Diethyl Ether and Carbon Dioxide, on Hypothalamic Paraventricular Nucleus D and D Dopamine Receptors- and Glucosensitive Neurons-Induced Food Intake in Fasted Conscious Rats.

Basic Clin Neurosci 2018 Jul-Aug;9(4):269-274. Epub 2018 Jul 1.

Neurophysiology Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Introduction: Carbon Dioxide (CO) and diethyl ether are used as light anesthetics. However, experimental data about their side effects are scarce. In addition, in all our previous works on regulatory mechanisms of hypothalamus during food intake, including the effect of Paraventricular Nucleus (PVN) D and D dopamine receptors and glucosensitive neurons, the drug injections were performed under brief diethyl ether anesthesia. Read More

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Penetration and efficacy of transdermal NSAIDs in a model of acute joint inflammation.

J Pain Res 2018 13;11:2809-2819. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

InterVivo Solutions Inc, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Purpose: Prescription and OTC non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are ubiquitous treatments for pain and inflammation; however, oral administration of these drugs may produce gastrointestinal (GI) side effects. Transdermal (TD) administration of NSAIDs circumvents these adverse events by avoiding the GI tract and, presumably, achieves regional drug levels of therapeutic effect and thereby, fewer off-target complications.

Methods: A drug quantification method was developed for ibuprofen and celecoxib in canine plasma and synovial fluid using liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry. Read More

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November 2018

Therapists' techniques in the treatment of adolescent depression.

J Psychother Integr 2018 Dec;28(4):413-428

Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK.

When comparing the relative effectiveness of different psychological treatment approaches using clinical trials, it is essential to establish fidelity to each manualized therapy, and differentiation between the treatment arms. Yet few psychological therapy trials include details about the assessment of treatment integrity and little is known about the specific techniques used by therapists, or to what degree these techniques are shared or distinct across different therapeutic approaches. The aims of this study were: to establish the fidelity of two established psychological therapies - cognitive-behaviour therapy (CBT) and short-term psychoanalytic psychotherapy (STPP) - in the treatment of adolescent depression; and to examine whether they were delivered with adherence to their respective treatment modalities, and if they could be differentiated from each other and from a reference treatment (a brief psychosocial intervention; BPI). Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

H roaming chemistry and the formation of H from organic molecules in strong laser fields.

Nat Commun 2018 Dec 5;9(1):5186. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Chemistry, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA.

Roaming mechanisms, involving the brief generation of a neutral atom or molecule that stays in the vicinity before reacting with the remaining atoms of the precursor, are providing valuable insights into previously unexplained chemical reactions. Here, the mechanistic details and femtosecond time-resolved dynamics of H formation from a series of alcohols with varying primary carbon chain lengths are obtained through a combination of strong-field laser excitation studies and ab initio molecular dynamics calculations. For small alcohols, four distinct pathways involving hydrogen migration and H roaming prior to H formation are uncovered. Read More

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December 2018

Depressive symptoms, perceived stress, and metabolic health: The REGARDS study.

Int J Obes (Lond) 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA.

Objective: To describe the relationship between metabolic health parameters and depressive symptoms and perceived stress, and whether the co-occurrence of these two psychological stressors has an additive influence on metabolic dysregulation in adults at different levels of body mass index (BMI) without diabetes.

Methods: Participants without diabetes (N = 20,312) from the population-based REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study (recruited between 2003-2007) who had a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 18.5 kg/m were included in this cross-sectional analysis. Read More

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December 2018

Brief Overview of the Fall 2018 SNMMI-TS Board Meeting.

Authors:
Norman E Bolus

J Nucl Med Technol 2018 Dec;46(4):8A

SNMMI-TS President.

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December 2018

How Inclusive, User-Centered Design Research Can Improve Psychological Therapies for Psychosis: Development of SlowMo.

JMIR Ment Health 2018 Dec 5;5(4):e11222. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London, London, United Kingdom.

Background: Real-world implementation of psychological interventions for psychosis is poor. Barriers include therapy being insufficiently usable and useful for a diverse range of people. User-centered, inclusive design approaches could improve the usability of therapy, which may increase uptake, adherence, and effectiveness. Read More

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December 2018

Using operating room turnover time by anesthesia trainee level to assess improving systems-based practice milestones.

BMC Med Educ 2018 Dec 5;18(1):295. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, TX, USA.

Background: Operating room (OR) metrics are frequently cited when optimizing cost efficacy and quality of care (Weiss et al, Characteristics of operating room procedures in U.S. hospitals, 2011: Statistical brief #170, 2013; Macario A, Anesthesiology 105:237-240, 2006; Childers et al, JAMA Surg 153:e176233, 2018). Read More

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December 2018
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Norm values and psychometric properties of the brief symptom inventory-18 regarding individuals between the ages of 60 and 95.

BMC Med Res Methodol 2018 Dec 5;18(1):164. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.

Objective: The SCL-90 and the SCL-90-R are the most applied measures regarding psychological distress. To reduce and prevent an overload to of the individuals, the Brief Symptom Inventory with 18 items (BSI-18) was developed based on the SCL-90. Since psychological disorders more frequently occur at an older age, there is a growing need for efficient instruments to measure distress in the elderly. Read More

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December 2018

Development and use of an index for measuring implementation of a weight management program in children in primary care clinics in Texas.

BMC Fam Pract 2018 Dec 5;19(1):191. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Michael & Susan Dell Center for Healthy Living, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) School of Public Health in Austin, Austin, TX, USA.

Background: The Texas Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration study was an integrated, systems-oriented intervention that incorporated primary and secondary obesity prevention approaches targeting multiple sectors, including primary care clinics, to address childhood obesity. The primary care clinic component included the American Academy of Pediatrics' Next Steps weight management counseling materials that support brief healthy lifestyle-focused visits. The current study describes the methodology and assesses the implementation of the Next Steps program in the participating primary care clinics, as well as the association of implementation with enrollment of children with overweight and obesity in the secondary prevention intervention. Read More

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December 2018

Role of perceived stress in postoperative delirium: an investigation among elderly patients.

Aging Ment Health 2018 Dec 6:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

c Division of Surgical Critical Care and Trauma, Department of Surgery, Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital , Chiang Mai , Thailand.

Objectives: This study examined levels of perceived stress (PS), postoperative delirium (POD) and associated factors among Thai elderly patients undergoing elective noncardiac surgery.

Background And Aims: Preoperative PS and change after operation have not been widely studied. Moreover, psychological factors associated with PS and POD has been poorly investigated. Read More

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December 2018

Assessment of P values of demographic data in randomized controlled trials reported in Korean Journal of Anesthesiology between 2010 to 2017.

Korean J Anesthesiol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

In large number of randomized controlled trials, many of researchers would like to provide P values of demographic data which commonly described in table 1 for the purpose of emphasizing no difference between groups. The authors would intend to demonstrate that statistically insignificant P value in demographic data implicate randomization has been well performed between groups. However, insignificant P value does not necessarily reflect the successful randomization. Read More

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December 2018

Association of Low Lead Levels with Behavioral Problems and Executive Function Deficits in Schoolers from Montevideo, Uruguay.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Dec 4;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 4.

School of Public Health and Health Professions, University of Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA.

The negative effect of lead exposure on children's intelligence is well-documented. Less is known about the impact of lead on the use of executive functions to self-regulate behavior. We measured blood lead level (BLL) in a sample of first grade children from Montevideo, Uruguay (n = 206, age 6. Read More

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December 2018
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Psychometric properties and clinical utility of brief measures of depression, anxiety, and general distress: The PHQ-2, GAD-2, and K-6.

Gen Hosp Psychiatry 2018 Nov 22;56:13-18. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

MindSpot Clinic, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia; eCentreClinic, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia.

Objective: The nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), seven-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7), and ten-item Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K-10) are valid and reliable measures of depression, anxiety and general distress. However, the time required in their administration may limit their use in routine care. This study examines the utility of shorter versions (PHQ-2, GAD-2, and K-6) as screening instruments and measures of treatment response. Read More

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November 2018