67,724 results match your criteria Brief Psychotic Disorder


Does sponge pads wear affect the distribution of electric field generated by tDCS?

Authors:
Adam Wysokiński

Clin Neurophysiol 2021 May 20;132(8):1782-1784. Epub 2021 May 20.

Medical University of Lodz, Department of Old Age Psychiatry and Psychotic Disorders, Czechosłowacka 8/10, 92-216 Łódź, Poland. Electronic address:

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Long range temporal correlations (LRTCs) in MEG-data during emerging psychosis: Relationship to symptoms, medication-status and clinical trajectory.

Neuroimage Clin 2021 Jun 8;31:102722. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom; Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin, Germany.

Long-Range Temporal Correlations (LRTCs) index the capacity of the brain to optimally process information. Previous research has shown that patients with chronic schizophrenia present altered LRTCs at alpha and beta oscillations. However, it is currently unclear at which stage of schizophrenia aberrant LRTCs emerge. Read More

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Social isolation and psychosis: an investigation of social interactions and paranoia in daily life.

Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Psychosis Studies, King's College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, De Crespigny Park, London, SE5 8AF, UK.

Social isolation has been suggested to foster paranoia. Here we investigate whether social company (i.e. Read More

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Identification of transdiagnostic psychiatric disorder subtypes using unsupervised learning.

Neuropsychopharmacology 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Munich, Germany.

Psychiatric disorders show heterogeneous symptoms and trajectories, with current nosology not accurately reflecting their molecular etiology and the variability and symptomatic overlap within and between diagnostic classes. This heterogeneity impedes timely and targeted treatment. Our study aimed to identify psychiatric patient clusters that share clinical and genetic features and may profit from similar therapies. Read More

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Social Isolation During COVID-19 Pandemic. Perceived Stress and Containment Measures Compliance Among Polish and Italian Residents.

Front Psychol 2021 28;12:673514. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Developmental Psychiatry, Psychotic and Geriatric Disorders, Medical University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk, Poland.

Background: In this study, we analyze the association of social isolation in the first phase of the pandemic with perceived stress among residents of Poland and Italy with a look at how these populations adjust to and comply with implemented regulations, guidelines, and restrictions.

Materials And Methods: Internet survey with Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) and questions regarding mobility patterns, attitude, and propensity to adjust toward the implemented measures and current health condition was made among Polish and Italian residents (Cronbach's alpha 0.86 and 0. Read More

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The Differential Impact of Lockdown Measures Upon Migrant and Female Psychiatric Patients - A Cross-Sectional Survey in a Psychiatric Hospital in Berlin, Germany.

Front Psychiatry 2021 28;12:642784. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, St. Hedwig Hospital, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

The COVID-19 pandemic could have major effects on already vulnerable individuals with psychiatric disorders. It is important to assess how different patient groups respond to stress related to the pandemic, and what additional factors influence it, including family-related stress, migration background, and sex. We conducted a survey in a sample of 294 psychiatric patients in a large outpatient clinic in Berlin, measuring level of distress in relation to COVID-19 lockdown as well as family-related distress. Read More

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A systematic review of longitudinal studies investigating the impact of cannabis use in patients with psychotic disorders.

Expert Rev Neurother 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Centre de recherche de l'Institut Universitaire en Santé Mentale de Montréal; Montreal, Canada.

Introduction: Mounting evidence has begun establishing a link between cannabis use and adverse psychotic outcomes in patients affected by psychosis. However, we have yet to determine if this relationship is maintained when controlling for important confounding variables. As such, the following systematic review aims to investigate if the association between cannabis use and psychotic outcomes (relapse or change in positive symptoms) is preserved when accounting for important confounding variables, and whether discontinued use mitigates any potential negative impacts. Read More

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Functional Brain Network Dysfunctions in Subjects at High-risk for Psychosis: A Meta-analysis of Resting-state Functional Connectivity.

Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, University of Milan, Milan, Italy; Department of Neurosciences and Mental Health, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy. Electronic address:

Although emerging evidence suggests that altered functional connectivity (FC) of large-scale neural networks is associated with disturbances in individuals at high-risk for psychosis, the findings are still far to be conclusive. We conducted a meta-analysis of seed-based resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging studies that compared individuals at clinical high-risk for psychosis (CHR), first-degree relatives of patients with schizophrenia, or subjects who reported psychotic-like experiences with healthy controls. Twenty-nine studies met the inclusion criteria. Read More

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Warwick-India-Canada (WIC) global mental health group: rationale, design and protocol.

BMJ Open 2021 06 11;11(6):e046362. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Division of Mental Health & Wellbeing, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK.

Introduction: The primary aim of the National Institute of Health Research-funded global health research group, Warwick-India-Canada (WIC), is to reduce the burden of psychotic disorders in India. India has a large pool of undetected and untreated patients with psychosis and a treatment gap exceeding 75%. Evidence-based packages of care have been piloted, but delivery of treatments still remains a challenge. Read More

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[Validity of the "Structured Inventory of Malingered Symptomatology" [SIMS] in the Assessment of Healthy Individuals and Patients with Psychiatric Disorders Outside the Forensic Context].

Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Forensische Psychiatrie, Zentralinstitut für Seelische Gesundheit, Mannheim, Germany.

Objective: Assessment of the rate of false-positive results of the Structured Inventory of Malingered Symptomatology (SIMS) in healthy controls and authentic patients outside the forensic or rehabilitative context.

Methods: Beyond the SIMS scores, further variables (PANSS, Hamilton scale, MMSE) were obtained. SIMS scores of healthy individuals were compared with the SIMS scores of the different groups of patients. Read More

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The epidemiology of psychiatric disorders in Africa: a scoping review.

Lancet Psychiatry 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Division of Translational Epidemiology, Department of Psychiatry, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY, USA; Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons; New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address:

This scoping review of population-based epidemiological studies was done to provide background information on the prevalences and distribution of psychiatric disorders in Africa for calls to broaden diversity in psychiatric genetic studies. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science to retrieve relevant literature in English, French, and Portuguese from Jan 1, 1984, to Aug 18, 2020. In 36 studies from 12 African countries, the lifetime prevalence ranged from 3·3% to 9·8% for mood disorders, from 5·7% to 15·8% for anxiety disorders, from 3·7% to 13·3% for substance use disorders, and from 1·0% to 4·4% for psychotic disorders. Read More

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Case Report: Severe Adolescent Major Depressive Syndrome Turns Out to Be an Unusual Case of Anti-NMDA Receptor Encephalitis.

Front Psychiatry 2021 25;12:679996. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Mannheim, Germany.

Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is a neuroinflammatory condition mediated by autoantibodies against the GluN1 subunit of the receptor. Clinically, it is characterized by a complex neuropsychiatric presentation with rapidly progressive psychiatric symptoms, cognitive deficits, seizures, and abnormal movements. Isolated psychiatric manifestations of anti-NMDAR encephalitis are rare and usually dominated by psychotic symptoms. Read More

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Alcohol Use Disorder and Its Associate Factors Relating to Patients with Severe Mental Disorders Attending Psychiatric Follow-Ups in Northwest Ethiopia.

Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2021 4;17:1801-1810. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Emergency Medicine and Critical Care Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: Patients with mental disorders have high rates of co-existing alcohol use disorder and vice versa. Alcohol use disorder has emerged as a major challenge to intervene patients with severe mental disorders. It is under-recognized and has not been investigated well in low-income countries like Ethiopia. Read More

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Genome-wide association identifies the first risk loci for psychosis in Alzheimer disease.

Mol Psychiatry 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Neuroscience Department, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS, Milan, Italy.

Psychotic symptoms, defined as the occurrence of delusions or hallucinations, are frequent in Alzheimer disease (AD with psychosis, AD + P). AD + P affects ~50% of individuals with AD, identifies a subgroup with poor outcomes, and is associated with a greater degree of cognitive impairment and depressive symptoms, compared to subjects without psychosis (AD - P). Although the estimated heritability of AD + P is 61%, genetic sources of risk are unknown. Read More

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Stroke care and case fatality in people with and without schizophrenia: a retrospective cohort study.

BMJ Open 2021 06 10;11(6):e044766. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Schizophrenia is associated with an increased risk of death following stroke; however, the magnitude and underlying reasons for this are not well understood.

Objective: To determine the association between schizophrenia and stroke case fatality, adjusting for baseline characteristics, stroke severity and processes of care.

Design: Retrospective cohort study used linked clinical and administrative databases. Read More

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Spinal microglial β-endorphin signaling mediates IL-10 and exenatide-induced inhibition of synaptic plasticity in neuropathic pain.

CNS Neurosci Ther 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

King's Lab, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Pharmacy, Shanghai, China.

Aim: This study aimed to investigate the regulation of pain hypersensitivity induced by the spinal synaptic transmission mechanisms underlying interleukin (IL)-10 and glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonist exenatide-induced pain anti-hypersensitivity in neuropathic rats through spinal nerve ligations.

Methods: Neuropathic pain model was established by spinal nerve ligation of L5/L6 and verified by electrophysiological recording and immunofluorescence staining. Microglial expression of β-endorphin through autocrine IL-10- and exenatide-induced inhibition of glutamatergic transmission were performed by behavioral tests coupled with whole-cell recording of miniature excitatory postsynaptic currents (mEPSCs) and miniature inhibitory postsynaptic currents (mIPSCs) through application of endogenous and exogenous IL-10 and β-endorphin. Read More

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Chinese mental health workers' family-focused practices: a cross-sectional survey.

BMC Health Serv Res 2021 Jun 9;21(1):569. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Peking University Sixth Hospital, Peking University Institute of Mental Health, NHC Key Laboratory of Mental Health (Peking University), National Clinical Research Center for Mental Disorders (Peking University Sixth Hospital), Beijing, China.

Background: Mental disorders impose heavy burdens on patients' families and children. It is imperative to provide family-focused services to avoid adverse effects from mental disorders on patients' families and children. However, implementing such services requires a great deal of involvement of mental health workers. Read More

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Evolving Models and Tools for Microglial Studies in the Central Nervous System.

Neurosci Bull 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Shanghai Mental Health Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200030, China.

Microglia play multiple roles in such processes as brain development, homeostasis, and pathology. Due to their diverse mechanisms of functions, the complex sub-classifications, and the large differences between different species, especially compared with humans, very different or even opposite conclusions can be drawn from studies with different research models. The choice of appropriate research models and the associated tools are thus key ingredients of studies on microglia. Read More

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Demographic, clinical and forensic characteristics of alleged offenders referred to West End Specialised Hospital, Kimberley, South Africa.

Psychiatr Psychol Law 2020 May 5;27(6):925-938. Epub 2020 May 5.

Department of Psychiatry, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa.

The study investigated demographic, clinical and forensic characteristics of alleged offenders referred for forensic assessment. A data collection form was used to gather information from 155 offenders' clinical records. The subjects were mainly young males, aged between 18 and 35 years, with low educational levels and high unemployment rate. Read More

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Colorectal cancer Outcomes in people with Severe Mental Illness Cohort (COSMIC): a protocol for an Australian retrospective cohort using linked administrative data.

BMJ Open 2021 06 8;11(6):e044737. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

School of Clinical Medicine, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

Introduction: Colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality is significantly higher in those with severe mental illness (SMI) compared with the general population, despite similar incidence rates, suggesting that barriers to optimal screening and cancer care may contribute to disparities in CRC mortality in those with SMI. This study aims to compare participation in Australia's National Bowel Cancer Screening Programme (NBCSP) in those with SMI and those in the general population. We will also investigate treatment pathways after diagnosis to determine whether treatment variations could explain differences in CRC mortality. Read More

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The association between treated psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders and out-of-home care among Finnish children born in 1997.

Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Research Centre for Child Psychiatry and INVEST Research Flagship, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.

Comprehensive overviews of the use of psychiatric services among children and adolescents placed in out-of-home care (OHC) by child welfare authorities are scarce. We examine specialized service use for psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders among children and adolescents in a total population involving children in OHC. We used the longitudinal administrative data of a complete Finnish birth cohort 1997 (N = 57,174). Read More

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Impact of unemployment on mental disorders, physical health and quality of life: Findings from the Singapore Mental Health Study.

Ann Acad Med Singap 2021 05;50(5):390-401

Research Division, Institute of Mental Health, Singapore.

Introduction: Nutritional psychiatry is an emerging field of study that investigates the role of diet and nutrition in mental health. Studies conducted in the general population have linked depressive symptoms with poor dietary patterns. The aim of this study was to characterise the dietary intake and analyse the dietary pattern using the Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) in a sample of psychiatric patients in a multiethnic Asian nation. Read More

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Dietary intake of persons with depressive and psychotic disorders in Singapore.

Ann Acad Med Singap 2021 05;50(5):379-389

Research Division, Institute of Mental Health, Singapore.

Introduction: Nutritional psychiatry is an emerging field of study that investigates the role of diet and nutrition in mental health. Studies conducted in the general population have linked depressive symptoms with poor dietary patterns. The aim of this study was to characterise the dietary intake and analyse the dietary pattern using the Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) in a sample of psychiatric patients in a multiethnic Asian nation. Read More

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Traumatic events and psychotic experiences: a nationally representative study in Thailand.

Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci 2021 Jun 8;30:e47. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

ESRC Centre for Society and Mental Health, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.

Aims: Most research exploring the link between traumatic events and psychotic experiences has focused on either Australia, Europe or North America. In this study, we expand the existing knowledge to Thailand and investigate the impact of the type and the number of traumatic events on psychotic experiences in Thailand.

Methods: We used data from the nationally representative 2013 Thai National Mental Health Survey (TNMHS), including questions on traumatic events and psychotic experiences. Read More

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Sex-Dependent Shared and Nonshared Genetic Architecture Across Mood and Psychotic Disorders.

Biol Psychiatry 2021 Mar 23. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois; Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, North Shore University Health System, Evanston, Illinois.

Background: Sex differences in incidence and/or presentation of schizophrenia (SCZ), major depressive disorder (MDD), and bipolar disorder (BIP) are pervasive. Previous evidence for shared genetic risk and sex differences in brain abnormalities across disorders suggest possible shared sex-dependent genetic risk.

Methods: We conducted the largest to date genome-wide genotype-by-sex (G×S) interaction of risk for these disorders using 85,735 cases (33,403 SCZ, 19,924 BIP, and 32,408 MDD) and 109,946 controls from the PGC (Psychiatric Genomics Consortium) and iPSYCH. Read More

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[Disease burden of borderline personality disorder: cost of illness, somatic comorbidity and mortality].

Nervenarzt 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Klinik für Allgemeine Psychiatrie, Universitätsklinikum Heidelberg, Zentrum für Psychosoziale Medizin, Heidelberg, Deutschland.

Background: Severe mental illnesses (SMI) are characterized by high psychosocial impairment as well as by increased somatic morbidity and mortality. The term SMI commonly includes psychotic, bipolar and severe unipolar depressive disorders but borderline personality disorder (BPD) also shows severe sequelae of the disease.

Material And Methods: Published reviews and studies since 2010 examining disease burden of BPD, in terms of direct and indirect costs of illness, somatic comorbidity, and mortality were included. Read More

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Ten-year follow-up of social functioning and behaviour problems in people with schizophrenia and related disorders.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2021 Jun 6:207640211023083. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Mental Health Service, University Hospital Virgen del Rocío, Seville, Spain.

Background: In recent years, several variables in the course of schizophrenia and related psychotic disorders have been studied. However, an instrumental analysis of the evolution of social functioning and behaviour problems has scarcely been explored.

Aim: To analyse the evolution of social functioning and behaviour problems and find any diagnosis or gender differences. Read More

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Association of C677T Polymorphism With Antipsychotic-Induced Change of Weight and Metabolism Index.

Front Psychiatry 2021 21;12:673715. Epub 2021 May 21.

Institute of Mental Health, Peking University Sixth Hospital, Beijing, China.

Although antipsychotic medication contributed to the improvement of psychotic symptoms and reduced relapse, it induced weight gain and metabolic syndrome during antipsychotic medication treatment, which was seriously concerning. To investigate the association of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase () gene C677T (rs1801133) polymorphism with antipsychotic-induced weight gain and metabolism parameter change, we employed 1,868 patients with schizophrenia in this study and randomly allocated them to seven antipsychotic medication treatment groups. All patients received antipsychotics monotherapy and were followed up for 6 weeks. Read More

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