45 results match your criteria Breathing-Related Sleep Disorder

  • Page 1 of 1

Voice Disorders in Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Prevalence, Risk Factors, and the Role of CPAP.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2018 Dec 21:3489418819541. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

3 Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, The University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA.

Objective:: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is characterized by frequent interruptions in breathing related to upper airway collapse during sleep and may adversely affect phonatory function. This study aimed to: (1) establish the prevalence, risks, and quality of life burden of voice disorders in OSA and (2) explore the relation between voice disorders and positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy.

Study Design:: Cross-sectional, descriptive epidemiology study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0003489418819541DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

Prothrombotic state in children with obstructive sleep apnea.

Sleep Med 2019 Jan 13;53:101-105. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Institut d'Investigació Sanitària de les Illes Balears (IdISBa), Palma de Mallorca, Spain; CIBER Enfermedades Respiratorias (CibeRes) (CB06/06), Spain; Department of Respiratory Medicine, Hospital Universitari Son Espases, Palma de Mallorca, Spain.

Objective: Increased blood coagulation might be one important mechanism linking obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with cardiovascular diseases. We tested the association between several hemostatic parameters and sleep breathing-related variables in a representative pediatric population with a clinical suspicion of OSA.

Methods: Polysomnography was performed in 152 snoring children to diagnose OSA. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2018.09.022DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

On the generalizability of ECG-based obstructive sleep apnea monitoring: merits and limitations of the Apnea-ECG database.

Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2018 Jul;2018:6022-6025

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a sleep disorder that affects a large part of the population and the development of algorithms using cardiovascular features for OSAS monitoring has been an extensively researched topic in the last two decades. Several studies regarding automatic apneic event classification using ECG derived features are based on the public Apnea-ECG database available on PhysioNet. Although this database is an excellent starting point for apnea topic investigations, in our study we show that algorithms for apneic-epochs classification that are successfully trained on this database (sensitivity < 85%, false detection rate <20%) perform poorly (sensitivity\textit<55%, false detection rate < 40%) in other databases which include patients with a broader spectrum of apneic events and sleep disorders. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2018.8513660DOI Listing
July 2018
2 Reads

A Review on Detection and Treatment Methods of Sleep Apnea.

J Clin Diagn Res 2017 Mar 1;11(3):VE01-VE03. Epub 2017 Mar 1.

Professor, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, PSNA College of Engineering and Technology, Dindigul, Tamil Nadu, India.

This paper presents a review on detection and treatment methods of sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is the most common type of breathing-related sleep disorder. It manifests in a variety of behaviours from teeth grinding to night terrors as involuntary night-time events. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7860/JCDR/2017/24129.9535DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5427412PMC
March 2017
11 Reads

A nationwide, cross-sectional survey on unusual sleep postures and sleep-disordered breathing-related symptoms in people with Down syndrome.

J Intellect Disabil Res 2017 07 5;61(7):656-667. Epub 2017 Apr 5.

Department of Health Sciences, Kyushu University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Fukuoka, Japan.

Background: People with Down syndrome (DS) often have sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). Unusual sleep postures, such as leaning forward and sitting, are observed in people with DS. This study aimed to clarify the prevalence of unusual sleep postures and their relationships with SDB-related symptoms (SDB-RSs), such as snoring, witnessed apnoea, nocturnal awakening and excessive daytime sleepiness. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jir.12379
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jir.12379DOI Listing
July 2017
11 Reads

Sleep Outcomes in Children With Single-Suture Craniosynostosis Compared With Unaffected Controls.

Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2017 11 12;54(6):734-738. Epub 2016 Aug 12.

Objective: To compare risk for sleep-disordered breathing between children with and without single-suture craniosynostosis.

Participants: A total of 184 children with single-suture craniosynostosis and 184 controls.

Main Outcome Measures: Parent reported sleep-disordered breathing-related symptoms. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1597/16-090DOI Listing
November 2017
5 Reads

Advances and New Approaches to Managing Sleep-Disordered Breathing Related to Chronic Pulmonary Disease.

Sleep Med Clin 2016 Jun 8;11(2):257-64. Epub 2016 Mar 8.

Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 1st Street Southwest, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. Electronic address:

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common disease affecting about 20 million US adults. Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) problems are frequent and poorly characterized for patients with COPD. Both the well-known success of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) in the acute COPD exacerbation in the hospital setting and that NIV is the cornerstone of chronic therapy for SDBs have urged the attention of the medical community to determine the impact of NIV on chronic COPD management with and without coexisting SDBs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsmc.2016.01.002DOI Listing
June 2016
9 Reads

Text Mining of Journal Articles for Sleep Disorder Terminologies.

PLoS One 2016 20;11(5):e0156031. Epub 2016 May 20.

School of Nursing, College of Nursing, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Objective: Research on publication trends in journal articles on sleep disorders (SDs) and the associated methodologies by using text mining has been limited. The present study involved text mining for terms to determine the publication trends in sleep-related journal articles published during 2000-2013 and to identify associations between SD and methodology terms as well as conducting statistical analyses of the text mining findings.

Methods: SD and methodology terms were extracted from 3,720 sleep-related journal articles in the PubMed database by using MetaMap. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0156031PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4874549PMC
July 2017
11 Reads

Respiratory Variability during Sleep in Methadone Maintenance Treatment Patients.

J Clin Sleep Med 2016 Apr 15;12(4):607-16. Epub 2016 Apr 15.

Woolcock Institute of Medical Research and Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Glebe, New South Wales, Australia.

Study Objectives: Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) patients have a high prevalence of central sleep apnea and ataxic breathing related to damage to central respiratory rhythm control. However, the quantification of sleep apnea indices requires laborious manual scoring, and ataxic breathing pattern is subjectively judged by visual pattern recognition. This study proposes a semi-automated technique to characterize respiratory variability in MMT patients. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5664/jcsm.5702DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4795289PMC
April 2016
8 Reads

Prevalence of Sleep-Disordered Breathing-Related Symptoms in Patients with Chronic Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction.

Can J Cardiol 2015 Jul 25;31(7):839-45. Epub 2015 Feb 25.

Department of Internal Medicine II, University Hospital Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany. Electronic address:

Background: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is highly prevalent in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and is associated with a poor prognosis. Data on SDB-related symptoms and vigilance impairment in patients with CHF and SDB are rare. Thus, the objective of the present study was to assess a wide spectrum of SDB-related symptoms and objective vigilance testing in patients with CHF with and without SDB. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cjca.2015.02.025DOI Listing
July 2015
16 Reads

Poor sleep quality and silent markers of cerebral small vessel disease: a population-based study in community-dwelling older adults (The Atahualpa Project).

Sleep Med 2015 Mar 28;16(3):428-31. Epub 2015 Jan 28.

Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Jacksonville, FL, United States.

Background/objectives: Evidence of a relationship between non-breathing-related sleep symptoms and silent markers of cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) is scarce. The present study aimed to evaluate this association in older people living in rural Ecuador, where the burden of stroke is on the rise.

Methods: A group of Atahualpa residents, aged ≥60 years, were interviewed with a validated Spanish version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for identification of silent markers of SVD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2014.10.023DOI Listing
March 2015
14 Reads

Auto-adjusting and advanced positive airway pressure therapeutic modalities.

Semin Respir Crit Care Med 2014 Oct 29;35(5):593-603. Epub 2014 Oct 29.

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Clinical Immunology and Allergy, David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California.

Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy is the first-line treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Although the gold standard for the treatment of OSA, CPAP may not be the optimal modality to treat more complex sleep disordered breathing such as Cheyne-Stokes respirations, opioid-induced central apnea, and complex sleep disordered breathing related to chronic hypoventilation syndromes (obesity-hypoventilation syndrome, restrictive thoracic disease due to neuromuscular or thoracic cage disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). Newer generation auto-adjusting PAP devices are increasingly being used to treat OSA. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0034-1390067
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0034-1390067DOI Listing
October 2014
15 Reads

Sleep-disordered breathing-related neurocognitive impairment, time to think beyond hypoxia and sleep fragmentation?

Sleep Breath 2015 Mar 4;19(1):23-4. Epub 2014 Jun 4.

Department of Respiratory and Sleep Medicine, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Missenden Rd, Camperdown, NSW, 2050, Australia,

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11325-014-1013-x
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11325-014-1013-xDOI Listing
March 2015
12 Reads

Modeling the pharyngeal anatomical effects on breathing resistance and aerodynamically generated sound.

Med Biol Eng Comput 2014 Jul 10;52(7):567-77. Epub 2014 May 10.

School of Engineering and Technology, Central Michigan University, 1200 South Franklin Street, Mount Pleasant, MI, 48858, USA,

The objective of this study was to systematically assess the effects of pharyngeal anatomical details on breathing resistance and acoustic characteristics by means of computational modeling. A physiologically realistic nose-throat airway was reconstructed from medical images. Individual airway anatomy such as the uvula, pharynx, and larynx was then isolated for examination by gradually simplifying this image-based model geometry. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2Fs11517-014-11
Web Search
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11517-014-1160-z
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11517-014-1160-zDOI Listing
July 2014
25 Reads

Breathing related arousals: call them what you want, but please count them.

Authors:
Nancy Collop

J Clin Sleep Med 2014 Feb 15;10(2):125-6. Epub 2014 Feb 15.

Emory University, Atlanta, GA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5664/jcsm.3434DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3899313PMC
February 2014
7 Reads

Recessive spinocerebellar ataxia with paroxysmal cough attacks: a report of five cases.

Cerebellum 2014 Apr;13(2):215-21

Center for the Research and Rehabilitation of the Hereditary Ataxias (CIRAH), Carretera Central Km 5 ½ Reparto Edecío Pérez, 80100, Holguín, Cuba,

Hereditary ataxias are a heterogeneous group of neurological diseases characterized by progressive cerebellar syndrome and numerous other features, which result in great diversity of ataxia subtypes. Despite the characterization of a number of both autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive ataxias, it is thought that a large group of these conditions remains to be identified. In this study, we report the characterization of five patients (three Mexicans and two Italians) who exhibit a peculiar form of recessive ataxia associated with coughing. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12311-013-0526-3DOI Listing
April 2014
28 Reads

Common sleep disorders: management strategies and pregnancy outcomes.

J Midwifery Womens Health 2013 Jul-Aug;58(4):368-77. Epub 2013 Jul 15.

University of Colorado Denver, Campus, Anchutz Outpatient Pavilion, 1635 North Aurora Court, Aurora, CO 80045, USA.

Sleep disorders, prevalent in industrialized countries, are associated with adverse health outcomes such as hypertension, diabetes, and obesity. Disturbed sleep during pregnancy is frequently overlooked by health care providers, yet recent studies suggest there is an association between sleep disorders and adverse pregnancy outcomes, including preeclampsia, elevated serum glucose, depression, prolonged labor, and cesarean birth. Growing evidence indicates that the recognition and management of prenatal sleep disorders may minimize adverse pregnancy outcomes and improve maternal and fetal well-being. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jmwh.12004
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jmwh.12004DOI Listing
March 2014
10 Reads

Non-breathing-related sleep disorders following stroke.

Neurologia 2014 Nov-Dec;29(9):511-6. Epub 2013 Jun 28.

Clínica de Enfermedad Vascular Cerebral, Instituto Nacional de Neurología MVS, México D.F., México. Electronic address:

Introduction: It has been shown that sleep-related breathing disorders, especially sleep apnea, are very common in patients who have had a stroke, and that they also reduce the potential for neurological recovery. Nevertheless, other sleep disorders caused by stroke (excessive daytime sleepiness, insomnia, sleep related movement disorders) can also cause or increase stroke-related disability, and this fact is less commonly known.

Development: Studies with polysomnography have shown many abnormalities in sleep architecture during the acute phase of stroke; these abnormalities have a negative impact on the patient's quality of life although they tend to improve with time. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nrl.2013.04.004DOI Listing
August 2015
4 Reads

Rodent models of sleep apnea.

Respir Physiol Neurobiol 2013 Sep 27;188(3):355-61. Epub 2013 May 27.

Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA. Electronic address:

Rodent models of sleep apnea have long been used to provide novel insight into the generation and predisposition to apneas as well as to characterize the impact of sleep apnea on cardiovascular, metabolic, and psychological health in humans. Given the significant body of work utilizing rodent models in the field of sleep apnea, the aims of this review are three-fold: first, to review the use of rodents as natural models of sleep apnea; second, to provide an overview of the experimental interventions employed in rodents to simulate sleep apnea; third, to discuss the refinement of rodent models to further our understanding of breathing abnormalities that occur during sleep. Given mounting evidence that sleep apnea impairs cognitive function, reduces quality of life, and exacerbates the course of multiple chronic diseases, rodent models will remain a high priority as a tool to interrogate both the pathophysiology and sequelae of breathing related abnormalities during sleep and to improve approaches to diagnosis and therapy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.resp.2013.05.022DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4010146PMC
September 2013
9 Reads

Asymmetric sleep in apneic human patients.

Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 2013 Feb 28;304(3):R232-7. Epub 2012 Nov 28.

Laboratori de Neurofisiología, Institut Universitari de Ciències de la Salut, Universitat de les Illes Balears, Palma, Majorca, Spain.

Unilateral sleep in marine mammals has been considered to be a defense against airway obstruction, as a sentinel for pod maintenance, and as a thermoregulatory mechanism. Birds also show asymmetric sleep, probably to avoid predation. The variable function of asymmetric sleep suggests a general capability for independence between brain hemispheres. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/ajpregu.00302.2011DOI Listing
February 2013
9 Reads

Sleep disruption as a correlate to cognitive and adaptive behavior problems in autism spectrum disorders.

Res Dev Disabil 2012 Sep-Oct;33(5):1408-17. Epub 2012 Apr 21.

The Ohio State University, Nationwide Children’s Hospital Developmental Assessment Program, 187 West Schrock Road, Westerville, OH 43081, USA.

Sleep problems associated with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have been well documented, but less is known about the effects of sleep problems on day-time cognitive and adaptive performance in this population. Children diagnosed with autism or pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) (N = 335) from 1 to 10 years of age (M = 5.5 years) were evaluated for the relationships of Behavioral Evaluation of Disorders of Sleep (BEDS; Schreck, 1998) scores to measures of intelligence and adaptive behavior. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2012.03.013DOI Listing
October 2012
13 Reads

[Selective stimulations and lesions of the rat brain nuclei as the models for research of the human sleep pathology mechanisms].

Authors:
Jasna Šaponjić

Glas Srp Akad Nauka Med 2011 (51):85-97

Many complex behavioral phenomena such as sleep can not be explained without multidisciplinary experimental approach, and complementay approaches in the animal models "in vivo" and human studies. Electrophysiological, pharmacological, anatomical and immunohistochemical techniques, and particularly stereotaxically guided local nanovolume microinjection technique, enable us to selectively stimulate and lesion the brain nuclei or their specific neuronal subpopulation, and to reslove the mechanisms of certain brain structure regulatory role, and its afferent-efferent connectivity within the brain. Local stereotaxically guided nanovolume microinjection technique enable us to investigate in animals the brain nulcei functional topography with a resolution of < or = 10 microM, and at a level of 300 microM of effective radius within the brain tissue "in vivo". Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2012
21 Reads

Testing the reliability and validity of DSM-IV-TR and ICSD-2 insomnia diagnoses. Results of a multitrait-multimethod analysis.

Arch Gen Psychiatry 2011 Oct 6;68(10):992-1002. Epub 2011 Jun 6.

Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA.

Context: Distinctive diagnostic classification schemes for insomnia diagnoses are available, but the optimal insomnia nosology has yet to be determined.

Objectives: To test the reliability and validity of insomnia diagnoses listed in the American Psychiatric Association's DSM-IV-TR and the International Classification of Sleep Disorders, second edition (ICSD-2).

Design: Multitrait-multimethod correlation design. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2011.64DOI Listing
October 2011
33 Reads

Three-dimensional computed tomographic airway analysis of patients with obstructive sleep apnea treated by maxillomandibular advancement.

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2011 Mar;69(3):677-86

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA.

Purpose: To evaluate changes in airway size and shape in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) after maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) and genial tubercle advancement (GTA).

Materials And Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study, enrolling a sample of adults with polysomnography-confirmed OSA who underwent MMA + GTA. All subjects who had preoperative and postoperative 3-dimensional computed tomography (CT) scans to evaluate changes in airway size and shape after MMA + GTA were included. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joms.2010.11.037DOI Listing
March 2011
6 Reads

Obstructive sleep apnoea hypopnea syndrome - an overview.

Malays Fam Physician 2011 30;6(1):2-6. Epub 2011 Apr 30.

MBBS (Glasgow), MRCP (UK), MD (Glasgow).

Obstructive sleep apnoea hypopnoea syndrome (OSAHS) is a common cause of breathing-related sleep disorder, causing excessive daytime sleepiness. Common clinical features of OSAHS include snoring, fragmented sleep, daytime somnolence and fatigue. This article aims to provide a comprehensive review of the condition, including its management. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4267015PMC
January 2015
7 Reads

Influence of body mass index on treatment of breathing-related sleep disorders.

Eur J Med Res 2010 Nov;15 Suppl 2:36-40

Department of Anatomy, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland.

Background: Breathing-related sleep disorders cover several conditions (isolated snoring, UARS - upper airway resistance syndrome, obstructive sleep apnea, hypopnea, obesity hypoventilation syndrome) characterized by a variety of symptoms and complex etiology. The conditions can be successfully treated in most cases. Excessive body mass is a factor increasing the probability of the disorders. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4360327PMC
November 2010
6 Reads

The effects of posterior fossa decompressive surgery in adult patients with Chiari malformation and sleep apnea.

J Neurosurg 2010 Apr;112(4):800-7

Neurosurgical Service, Hospital do Servidor publico do Estado de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Object: One of the feared consequences of craniovertebral junction diseases is apnea. Although several cases of patients with central apnea have been described, obstructive sleep apnea has been identified as the most frequent manifestation of sleep respiratory disorder. Neuronal involvement may be responsible for both central and obstructive apneas. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2009.7.JNS09174DOI Listing
April 2010
12 Reads

Dreams in patients with sleep disorders.

Authors:
Michael Schredl

Sleep Med Rev 2009 Jun 14;13(3):215-21. Epub 2009 Jan 14.

Sleep Laboratory, Central Institute of Mental Health, PO Box 12 21 20, 68072 Mannheim, Germany.

Dreaming is defined as mental activity which occurs during sleep. This review will focus on sleep disorders which have been studied in relation to dreaming: insomnia, sleep apnea syndrome, narcolepsy, and the restless legs syndrome. Dream recall is heightened in patients with insomnia and their dreams reflect current stressors. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10870792080005
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.smrv.2008.06.002DOI Listing
June 2009
5 Reads

Adults with ADHD and sleep complaints: a pilot study identifying sleep-disordered breathing using polysomnography and sleep quality assessment.

J Atten Disord 2006 Feb;9(3):550-5

Pediatric Psychopharmacology Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Cambridge 02138, USA.

Objective: ADHD and sleep-disordered breathing are both prevalent in adulthood. Because both conditions may be responsible for similar symptoms of cognitive impairment, the authors investigate whether their presentation may overlap in adults diagnosed with ADHD.

Method: Data are collected from six adults with sleep complaints who were diagnosed with ADHD using rigorous clinical criteria. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1087054705282121DOI Listing
February 2006
31 Reads

Hypersomnia.

Dialogues Clin Neurosci 2005 ;7(4):347-56

Service de Neurologie B, Hôpital Gui-de-Chauliac, INSERM E0361, Montpellier, France.

Hypersomnia, a complaint of excessive daytime sleep or sleepiness, affects 4% to 6% of the population, with an impact on the everyday life of the patient Methodological tools to explore sleep and wakefulness (interview, questionnaires, sleep diary, polysomnography, Multiple Sleep Latency Test, Maintenance of Wakefulness Test) and psychomotor tests (for example, psychomotor vigilance task and Oxford Sleep Resistance or Osler Test) help distinguish between the causes of hypersomnia. In this article, the causes of hypersomnia are detailed following the conventional classification of hypersomnic syndromes: narcolepsy, idiopathic hypersomnia, recurrent hypersomnia, insufficient sleep syndrome, medication- and toxin-dependent sleepiness, hypersomnia associated with psychiatric disorders, hypersomnia associated with neurological disorders, posttraumatic hypersomnia, infection (with a special emphasis on the differences between bacterial and viral diseases compared with parasitic diseases, such as sleeping sickness) and hypersomnia, hypersomnia associated with metabolic or endocrine diseases, breathing-related sleep disorders and sleep apnea syndromes, and periodic limb movements in sleep. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3181743PMC
March 2006
9 Reads

Depression and Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA).

Ann Gen Psychiatry 2005 Jun 27;4:13. Epub 2005 Jun 27.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305-5550, USA.

For over two decades clinical studies have been conducted which suggest the existence of a relationship between depression and Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). Recently, Ohayon underscored the evidence for a link between these two disorders in the general population, showing that 800 out of 100,000 individuals had both, a breathing-related sleep disorder and a major depressive disorder, with up to 20% of the subjects presenting with one of these disorders also having the other. In some populations, depending on age, gender and other demographic and health characteristics, the prevalence of both disorders may be even higher: OSA may affect more than 50% of individuals over the age of 65, and significant depressive symptoms may be present in as many as 26% of a community-dwelling population of older adults. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1744-859X-4-13DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1181621PMC
June 2005
5 Reads

Sleep-disordered breathing and the association with cardiovascular risk.

Authors:
Sharon L Merritt

Prog Cardiovasc Nurs 2004 ;19(1):19-27

Center for Narcolepsy Research, College of Nursing, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

Breathing-related sleep disorders, particularly obstructive sleep apnea, have been largely undiagnosed in people with cardiovascular disease, probably due to limited health care provider awareness of the association between the two conditions. Solid evidence is emerging that the apneic events that occur during sleep lead to acute and chronic hemodynamic changes during wake time, including elevated sympathetic tone, decreased stroke volume and cardiac output, increased heart rate, and changes in circulating hormones that regulate blood pressure, fluid volume, vasoconstriction, and vasodilation. Obstructive sleep apnea is associated with known cardiovascular risk factors such as obesity and hyperlipidemia, and is considered by many sleep clinicians to be an independent risk factor for hypertension. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
April 2004
7 Reads

The effects of breathing-related sleep disorders on mood disturbances in the general population.

Authors:
Maurice M Ohayon

J Clin Psychiatry 2003 Oct;64(10):1195-200; quiz, 1274-6

Stanford Sleep Epidemiology Research Center, School of Medicine, Stanford University, 3430 West Bayshore Road, Suite 102, Palo Alto, CA 94303, USA.

Background: Results of clinical studies suggest that there may be a relationship between breathing-related sleep disorders and depressive disorders. This study aims to assess the impact of breathing-related sleep disorder on major depressive disorder in the general population.

Method: A cross-sectional telephone survey was carried out between 1994 and 1999 in the general population of the United Kingdom, Germany, Italy, Portugal, and Spain. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
October 2003
24 Reads

Clinical significance of pulse rate rise during sleep as a screening marker for the assessment of sleep fragmentation in sleep-disordered breathing.

Sleep Med 2003 Nov;4(6):537-42

Department of Post Genomics and Diseases, Division of Psychiatry and Behavioral Proteomics, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, D-3, 2-2, Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.

Objective: To assess the clinical utility of the frequencies of transient increases of pulse rate, non-invasively measured with a pulseoximeter, as an indirect indication of the degree of cortical arousal, measured conventionally on an electroencephalogram (EEG), in obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) patients.

Patients And Methods: Thirty-three consecutive patients referred with suspected OSAHS were studied. Polysomnography (PSG) with determination of esophageal pressure (Pes) and pulseoximetry was monitored to identify breathing-related EEG arousal (B-Ar) associated with apnea, hypopnea or respiratory effort and the frequencies of pulse rate increases. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
November 2003
12 Reads

Sleep and posttraumatic stress disorder: a review.

Clin Psychol Rev 2003 May;23(3):377-407

Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, OX1 3UD, UK.

Research seeking to establish the relationship between sleep and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is in its infancy. An empirically supported theory of the relationship is yet to emerge. The aims of the present paper are threefold: to summarise the literature on the prevalence and treatment of sleep disturbance characteristic of acute stress disorder (ASD) and PTSD, to critically review this literature, and to draw together the disparate theoretical perspectives that have been proposed to account for the empirical findings. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
May 2003
22 Reads

Three components of obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome.

Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 2003 Apr;57(2):197-203

Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Course of Advanced Medicine, Department of Post-Genomics and Diseases, Division of Psychiatry and Behavioral Proteomics, Japan.

The aims of this study were to calculate the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), which represented as the number of apnea-hypopnea occurrences per hour, the 4% oxygen desaturation index (ODI4) and the breathing-related arousal index (B-ArI) in polysomnographic studies of obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) patients and to investigate whether there was any relationship between each pair of scoring schemes. Thirty-four cases of OSAHS were studied. Total OSAHS patients were subdivided into those with a high AHI (> 25), and those with a low AHI (< 25). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1440-1819.2003.01101.xDOI Listing
April 2003
9 Reads

Obstructive sleep apnea and depression.

CNS Spectr 2003 Feb;8(2):128-34

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Box 153, 2500 North State Street, Jackson, MS 39216-4505, USA.

Is there an association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and depression? OSA is a common breathing-related sleep disorder. There have been reports that depressive symptoms can be associated with this sleep disorder. A number of investigations have addressed this issue. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2003
8 Reads

An individually adjustable oral appliance vs continuous positive airway pressure in mild-to-moderate obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.

Chest 2002 Aug;122(2):569-75

Klinik Ambrock, Hagen, Germany.

Background: For the treatment of nonsevere obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), mandibular advancement devices (MADs) are employed as an alternative to nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy. However, very few specific data on the effectiveness of MADs in this group of patients are available. We therefore compared an individually adjustable intraoral sleep apnea device (ISAD) that permits movements of the lower jaw in three dimensions, with CPAP in the treatment of patients with an apnea/hypopnea index (AHI) < or = 30/h. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
August 2002
8 Reads

[Prader-Willi syndrome: medical, emotional and cognitive facets].

Harefuah 2000 May;138(10):833-6, 910

Neuropediatric Unit, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem.

Prader-Willi syndrome, first described in 1956, is characterized by marked hypotonia, hyperphagia, severe obesity, short stature, hypogonadism, orthopedic problems, breathing-related sleep disorders, mild to moderate mental retardation and behavioral abnormalities. The incidence of this syndrome, an expression of a genetic imprinting error in chromosome 15, is 1:10,000-1:25,000. We describe the medical, emotional and cognitive parameters of 34 patients in our multidisciplinary clinic for Prader-Willi syndrome. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
May 2000
3 Reads

Frequent breathing-related electroencephalogram arousals in four patients with mild obstructive sleep apneas.

Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 1999 Apr;53(2):307-9

Department of Medical Science III, School of Health and Sport Sciences, Osaka University, Japan.

We report cases of four patients with mild obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) with frequent breathing-related electroencephalogram (EEG) arousals which led to excessive daytime sleepiness. In spite of a relatively low apnea hypopnea index (AHI), sleep was disrupted by frequent EEG arousals associated with respiratory effort as observed in upper airway resistance syndrome. The effects of sleep stage and sleep position on EEG arousals were also investigated. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1440-1819.1999.00513.xDOI Listing
April 1999
5 Reads

Prevalence of snoring and sleep breathing-related disorders in Chinese, Malay and Indian adults in Singapore.

Authors:
T P Ng A Seow W C Tan

Eur Respir J 1998 Jul;12(1):198-203

Dept of Community, Occupational and Family Medicine, National University of Singapore, Lower Kent Ridge.

This study investigated the prevalence of snoring and symptoms of sleep breathing-related disorders in the multi-ethnic population of Singapore (3 million people, comprising 75% Chinese, 15% Malay and 7% Indian). A multistaged, area cluster, disproportionate stratified, random sampling of adults aged 20-74 yrs was used to obtain a sample of 2,298 subjects (65% response), with approximately equal numbers of Chinese, Malay and Indian and in each 10 yr age group. An interviewer-administered field questionnaire was used to record symptoms of snoring and breathing disturbances during sleep witnessed by a room-mate and other personal and health-related data. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
July 1998
6 Reads

[Dream contents of sleep disordered patients].

Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol 1998 Feb;48(2):39-45

Schlaflabor, Zentralinstitut für Seelische Gesundheit, Mannheim.

The present study investigates dreams reports of patients with sleep disorders. Whereas, the findings scarcely showed specific dream contents for different sleep disorders, e.g. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 1998
4 Reads

Recognition of sleep-disordered breathing in children.

Pediatrics 1996 Nov;98(5):871-82

Standford University Sleep Disorders Clinic, California, USA.

Objective: To determine whether upper airway resistance syndrome (UARS) can be recognized and distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in prepubertal children based on clinical evaluations, and, in a subgroup of the population, to compare the efficacy of esophageal pressure (Pes) monitoring to that of transcutaneous carbon dioxide pressure (tcPCO2) and expired carbon dioxide (CO2) measurements in identifying UARS in children.

Study Design: A retrospective study was performed on children, 12 years and younger, seen at our clinic since 1985. Children with diagnoses of sleep-disordered breathing were drawn from our database and sorted by age and initial symptoms. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
November 1996
8 Reads

Sleep apnea syndrome and end-stage renal disease. Cure after renal transplantation.

Chest 1993 May;103(5):1330-5

Intensive Care Unit, Hôpital Croix-Rousse, Lyon, France.

We report two patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis who presented with sleep apnea syndrome (SAS). The first patient is a 36-year-old man with a terminal Berger's glomerulopathy and associated obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) (apnea-hypopnea index [AHI] = 80). He was receiving home hemodialysis and was treated by nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
May 1993
5 Reads

Sleep-related breathing disorders.

Am J Otolaryngol 1981 Aug;2(3):228-39

Disorders of breathing related to sleep are relatively newly recognized and less than fully understood. This review presents the terminology used to describe them, and describes the physiology of sleep and the control of ventilation, the pathophysiology of breathing disorders during sleep, their various clinical manifestations, current diagnostic techniques, and the treatment modalities available at present. Among the diagnostic approaches discussed are airway fluoroscopy during sleep, pneumography, and polysomnography. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
August 1981
10 Reads
  • Page 1 of 1