3,334 results match your criteria Breathe Sheffield England[Journal]


Incentivizing healthy lifestyle behaviors to reduce cardiovascular risk in people with serious mental illness: An equipoise randomized controlled trial of the wellness incentives program.

Contemp Clin Trials 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Division of Behavioral Health, New Hampshire Department of Health and Human Services, Concord, NH, United States of America.

Background: Medicaid recipients with serious mental illness die 25-30 years earlier than people in the general population due to health conditions that are modifiable through lifestyle changes. Cardiovascular diseases from excess weight, smoking, and sedentary lifestyle contribute substantially to this life expectancy disparity. The current study evaluated the impact of incentives on participation in weight management programming (for overweight and obese adults) and smoking cessation treatment (for regular smokers). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S15517144183055
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cct.2019.04.005DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Renal acid excretion contributes to acid-base regulation during hypercapnia in air-exposed swamp eel ().

J Exp Biol 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Zoophysiology, Department of Bioscience, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark

The swamp eel () uses its buccal cavity to air-breathe while the gills are strongly reduced. They burrow into mud during the dry season, are highly tolerant of air-exposure, and experience severe hypoxia in both their natural habitat and in aquaculture. To study their ability to compensate for respiratory acidosis, we implanted catheters to sample both arterial blood and urine during hypercapnia (4% CO) in either water and air, or during whole animal air-exposure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1242/jeb.198259DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Development of an Anatomical Silicone Model for Simulation-based Medical Training of Obstetric Anal Sphincter Injury Repair in Bangladesh.

Cureus 2019 Jan 31;11(1):e3991. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Emergency Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, CAN.

Advancing global healthcare in developing countries has traditionally been an area of interest for many North American medical organizations, as they strive to improve patient outcomes by helping to control disease and death-related illnesses. Women's healthcare in developing countries, in particular, presents a unique set of complexities, revealing high maternal mortality statistics surrounding pregnancy, labor, and childbirth, which is often tied to home births without medically trained attendants. In September 2018, Team Broken Earth, a Canadian-based outreach initiative, hosted a three-day women's healthcare course in Dhaka, Bangladesh, which included simulation-based training stations, for the purpose of advancing clinical skills and education in regards to local labor and delivery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3991DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6443516PMC
January 2019
1 Read

A stochastic game model of searching predators and hiding prey.

J R Soc Interface 2019 Apr;16(153):20190087

3 Institut Universitaire de France IUF, Institut de Recherche sur la Biologie de l'Insecte, UMR-CNRS-7261, UFR Sciences et Techniques, Université François Rabelais , Tours , France.

When the spatial density of both prey and predators is very low, the problem they face may be modelled as a two-person game (called a 'search game') between one member of each type. Following recent models of search and pursuit, we assume the prey has a fixed number of heterogeneous 'hiding' places (for example, ice holes for a seal to breathe) and that the predator (maybe polar bear) has the time or energy to search a fixed number of these. If he searches the actual hiding location and also successfully pursues the prey there, he wins the game. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2019.0087DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

"If you can breathe, you can dance": Fine lines contemporary dance for mature bodies in Melbourne, Australia.

J Women Aging 2019 Mar 30:1-20. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

b Faculty of Arts and Education , Deakin University , Melbourne , Australia.

Older women ballet and contemporary dancers resist the pervasive stereotypes of the dancing body as young, graceful, and athletic. They embody and enact a generative habitus, resisting cultural socialization that would deny them voice, visibility, and validation. This study explores the understandings of a group of older women dancers who are members of the Fine Lines contemporary dance ensemble for mature bodies, Melbourne, Australia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08952841.2019.1591890DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Establishment and characterization of a multi-purpose large animal exposure chamber for investigating health effects.

Rev Sci Instrum 2019 Mar;90(3):035115

Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Bourns College of Engineering, Center for Environmental Research and Technology, University of California Riverside, 1084 Columbia Ave, Riverside, California 92507, USA.

Air pollution poses a significant threat to the environment and human health. Most in vivo health studies conducted regarding air pollutants, including particulate matter (PM) and gas phase pollutants, have been either through traditional medical intranasal treatment or using a tiny chamber, which limit animal activities. In this study, we designed and tested a large, whole-body, multiple animal exposure chamber with uniform dispersion and exposure stability for animal studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.5042097DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Defining characteristics and related factors of the nursing diagnosis for ineffective breathing pattern.

Rev Bras Enferm 2019 Jan-Feb;72(1):221-230

Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Paulista Nursing School. São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Objective: To identify in the literature the defining characteristics and related factors of the nursing diagnosis "ineffective breathing pattern".

Method: Integrative review with the steps: problem identification, literature search, evaluation and analysis of data and presentation of results.

Results: Twenty articles and two dissertations were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0034-7167-2018-0061DOI Listing
February 2018

Diving-related fatalities: multidisciplinary, experience-based investigation.

Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Research Group on Clinical Anatomy, Embryology and Neuroscience (NEOMA), Department of Medical Sciences, University of Girona, Girona, Spain.

To describe the technical characteristics of fatal diving mishaps and to elucidate the causes of death using a sequence analysis and a multidisciplinary investigation of diving-related fatalities. All cases of diving deaths recorded on the coast of Girona (Spain) between January 2009 and May 2018 were analyzed. Most data were obtained from the police technical reports and the forensic pathology service. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12024-019-00109-2DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Prevalence and reasons for Juul use among college students.

J Am Coll Health 2019 Mar 26:1-5. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

e Division of Biomedical Informatics, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine , University of Kentucky , Lexington , KY , USA.

Objective: Examine Juul use patterns, sociodemographic and personal factors associated with Juul use, and reasons for Juul initiation and current use, among college students.

Participants: Convenience sample of 371 undergraduates at a large university in the southeast; recruited April 2018.

Methods: Cross-sectional design using an online survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07448481.2019.1577867DOI Listing

Molecular Characterization of Atmospheric Organic Aerosol by Mass Spectrometry.

Annu Rev Anal Chem (Palo Alto Calif) 2019 Mar 22. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716, USA; email:

Atmospheric aerosol, particulate matter suspended in the air we breathe, exerts a strong impact on our health and the environment. Controlling the amount of particulate matter in air is difficult, as there are many ways particles can form by both natural and anthropogenic processes. We gain insight into the sources of particulate matter through chemical composition measurements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-anchem-061516-045135DOI Listing

An mHealth Assistive System "MyLung" to Empower Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Design Science Research.

JMIR Form Res 2019 Mar 19;3(1):e12489. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Center for Information Systems & Technology, Claremont Graduate University, Claremont, CA, United States.

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) comprises a group of progressive diseases that deteriorate lung functions. When patients cannot breathe, nothing else in their lives matter. Breathlessness has negative implications on patients' lives, which leads to physical and psychological limitations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/12489DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6444216PMC
March 2019
1 Read

A Heartbreaking Sadness: Does Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Breathe New Life Into the Health Status of Patients With Chronic Total Occlusion?

JACC Cardiovasc Interv 2019 Apr 13;12(7):659-661. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Medicine, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcin.2019.02.002DOI Listing

E-cigarettes and Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease: What Clinicians and Researchers Need to Know.

Curr Atheroscler Rep 2019 Mar 16;21(5):15. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

BREATHE, College of Nursing, University of Kentucky, 2265 Harrodsburg Road, Suite 202, Lexington, KY, 40504, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Electronic cigarettes, commonly known as electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), e-cigarettes, or vapes, are growing in use and popularity. E-cigarettes are not one distinct type of product. These devices have evolved from the initial "cigarette-alike" designs to larger tank-style devices and most recently, smaller "mod-pods" that can be easily hidden. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11883-019-0777-7DOI Listing

Analysis of Machine Learning Algorithms for Diagnosis of Diffuse Lung Diseases.

Methods Inf Med 2018 11 15;57(5-06):272-279. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Instituto de Computação, Universidade Federal de Alagoas, Maceió, Brazil.

Computational Intelligence Re-meets Medical Image Processing A Comparison of Some Nature-Inspired Optimization Metaheuristics Applied in Biomedical Image Registration BACKGROUND:  Diffuse lung diseases (DLDs) are a diverse group of pulmonary disorders, characterized by inflammation of lung tissue, which may lead to permanent loss of the ability to breathe and death. Distinguishing among these diseases is challenging to physicians due their wide variety and unknown causes. Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) is a useful approach to improve diagnostic accuracy, by combining information provided by experts with Machine Learning (ML) methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1681086DOI Listing
November 2018

Inequity in consumption of goods and services adds to racial-ethnic disparities in air pollution exposure.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2019 Mar 11;116(13):6001-6006. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Department of Bioproducts and Biosystems Engineering, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108

Fine particulate matter (PM) air pollution exposure is the largest environmental health risk factor in the United States. Here, we link PM exposure to the human activities responsible for PM pollution. We use these results to explore "pollution inequity": the difference between the environmental health damage caused by a racial-ethnic group and the damage that group experiences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1818859116DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6442600PMC
March 2019
1 Read

: Thierry Troosters.

Authors:

Breathe (Sheff) 2019 Mar;15(1):90-92

http://ow.ly/fRXX30ng1tb. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/20734735.1511-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6395984PMC

Assembly 13: placing the pulmonary circulation in the heart of ERS.

Breathe (Sheff) 2019 Mar;15(1):88-89

Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Dept of Pulmonary Medicine, Amsterdam Cardiovascular Sciences, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

http://ow.ly/9t2430n2MhU. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/20734735.0349-2018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6395985PMC

Assessing ethical climates in critical care and their impact on patient outcomes.

Breathe (Sheff) 2019 Mar;15(1):84-87

Royal Liverpool and Broadgreen University Hospitals NHS Trust, Liverpool, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/20734735.0335-2018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6395987PMC

Low-dose computed tomography instead of radiography in suspected pneumonia.

Breathe (Sheff) 2019 Mar;15(1):81-83

Dept of Radiology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

http://ow.ly/265z30n1Mox. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/20734735.0319-2018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6395993PMC

Was the implementation strategy of the ProACT trial adequately proactive?

Breathe (Sheff) 2019 Mar;15(1):77-80

Division of Infection, Immunity and Respiratory Medicine, School of Biological Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.

http://ow.ly/Enfr30n2TK6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/20734735.0338-2018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6395982PMC

Transfer coefficient of the lung for carbon monoxide and the accessible alveolar volume: clinically useful if used wisely.

Breathe (Sheff) 2019 Mar;15(1):69-76

Laboratory of Clinical Exercise Physiology and Respiratory Investigation Unit, Division of Respirology and Sleep Medicine, Dept of Medicine, Kingston Health Science Center and Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada.

http://ow.ly/AVgu30na1vu. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/20734735.0345-2018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6395977PMC

How to validate a diagnosis recorded in electronic health records.

Breathe (Sheff) 2019 Mar;15(1):64-68

Dept of Non-Communicable Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

http://ow.ly/iHQ630np4xU. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/20734735.0344-2018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6395976PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Preview of Sleep and Breathing Conference 2019 and report on Early Career Member international collaboration.

Breathe (Sheff) 2019 Mar;15(1):60-63

Unitat de Biofísica i Bioenginyeria, Facultat de Medicina i Ciències de la Salut, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

http://ow.ly/IUpi30n2DSL. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/20734735.0336-2018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6395988PMC

A Vietnamese woman with a 2-week history of cough.

Breathe (Sheff) 2019 Mar;15(1):55-59

Radiology, Hanoi French Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam.


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http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/20734735.0256-2018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6395992PMC

Overdiagnosis of pulmonary embolism: definition, causes and implications.

Authors:
Claudia C Dobler

Breathe (Sheff) 2019 Mar;15(1):46-53

Evidence-Based Practice Center, Robert D. and Patricia E. Kern Center for the Science of Health Care Delivery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

Overuse of computed tomography pulmonary angiography to diagnose pulmonary embolism in people who have only a low pre-test probability of pulmonary embolism has received significant attention in the past. The issue of overdiagnosis of pulmonary embolism, a potential consequence of overtesting, has been less explored. The term "overdiagnosis", used in a narrow sense, describes a correct (true positive) diagnosis in a person but without any associated harm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/20734735.0339-2018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6395986PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Pregnant pause: should we screen for sleep disordered breathing in pregnancy?

Breathe (Sheff) 2019 Mar;15(1):36-44

Midwifery and Reproductive Health, College of Human and Health Sciences, Swansea University, Swansea, UK.

Physiological and hormonal changes in pregnancy can contribute towards sleep disordered breathing in pregnant women (SDBP). When present, SDBP increases the risk of several adverse maternal and fetal outcomes independent of factors such as age, weight and pre-existing maternal comorbidities. SDBP is underdiagnosed and may be hard to recognise because the presentation can be difficult to differentiate from normal pregnancy and the severity may change over the course of gestation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/20734735.0343-2018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6395990PMC
March 2019
13 Reads

Under- and over-diagnosis of COPD: a global perspective.

Breathe (Sheff) 2019 Mar;15(1):24-35

Population Health Research Institute, Division of Respirology, Dept of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.

Globally, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the fourth major cause of mortality and morbidity and projected to rise to third within a decade as our efforts to prevent, identify, diagnose and treat patients at a global population level have been insufficient. The European Respiratory Society and American Thoracic Society, along with the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) strategy document, have highlighted key pathological risk factors and suggested clinical treatment strategies in order to reduce the mortality and morbidity associated with COPD. This review focuses solely on issues related to the under- and over-diagnosis of COPD across the main geographical regions of the world and highlights some of the associated risk factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/20734735.0346-2018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6395975PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

Does aggressive management of solitary pulmonary nodules pay off?

Breathe (Sheff) 2019 Mar;15(1):15-23

Dept of Respiratory Medicine and Allergy, Medical School, King's College London, London, UK.

Indeterminate solitary pulmonary nodules (SPNs), measuring up to 3 cm in diameter, are incidental radiological findings. The ever-growing use of modern imaging has increased their detection. The majority of those nodules are benign; however, the possibility of diagnosing early-stage lung cancer still stands. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/20734735.0275-2018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6395991PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

Con: should asymptomatic patients with moderate-to-severe 
OSA be treated?

Breathe (Sheff) 2019 Mar;15(1):11-14

Adelaide Institute for Sleep Health: A Flinders Centre of Research Excellence, College of Medicine and Public Health, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia.

http://ow.ly/qqqi30nok4d. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/20734735.0347-2018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6395989PMC

Pro: should asymptomatic patients with moderate-to-severe OSA be treated?

Authors:
Silke Ryan

Breathe (Sheff) 2019 Mar;15(1):7-10

Pulmonary and Sleep Disorders Unit, St. Vincent's University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/20734735.0340-2018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6395978PMC

Thoracic imaging: course report.

Breathe (Sheff) 2019 Mar;15(1):4-6

National Center of Cardiology and Internal Medicine, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan.


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http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/20734735.0353-2018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6395980PMC

Too much or too little medicine? Overdiagnosis, underdiagnosis, overtreatment and undertreatment in respiratory diseases.

Authors:
Claudia C Dobler

Breathe (Sheff) 2019 Mar;15(1):2-3

Dept of Respiratory Medicine, Liverpool Hospital, and University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/20734735.0006-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6395983PMC

A biodiversity hypothesis.

Authors:
Tari Haahtela

Allergy 2019 Mar 5. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Skin and Allergy Hospital, Helsinki University Hospital, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Biodiversity hypothesis states that contact with natural environments enriches the human microbiome, promotes immune balance and protects from allergy and inflammatory disorders. We are protected by two nested layers of biodiversity, microbiota of the outer layer (soil, natural waters, plants, animals) and inner layer (gut, skin, airways). The latter inhabits our body and is colonized from the outer layer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.13763DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

ERS International Congress 2018: highlights from best-abstract awardees.

Breathe (Sheff) 2018 Dec;14(4):e137-e142

REVAL - Rehabilitation Research Center, BIOMED - Biomedical Research Institute, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hasselt University, Diepenbeek, Belgium.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/20734735.0337-2018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6388651PMC
December 2018

Respiratory training in Turkey.

Breathe (Sheff) 2018 Dec;14(4):e134-e136

Yedikule Chest Diseases and Thoracic Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

http://ow.ly/XMe430n2JRx. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/20734735.035618DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6388650PMC
December 2018

An interesting case of incidental solitary pulmonary nodule.

Breathe (Sheff) 2018 Dec;14(4):e128-e133

Department of pulmonary medicine, ESI PGIMSR, New Delhi, India.


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http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/20734735.019018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6388654PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Talk to Patients About: Polio.

Authors:
Sean Price

Tex Med 2019 Feb 1;115(2):47. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Polio once terrified Americans. In the late 1940s and early 1950s, the virus crippled around 35,000 Americans a year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Because polio often attacked abdominal muscles used to breathe, many died or permanently needed a respirator called an iron lung. Read More

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February 2019
4 Reads

The human lung and Aspergillus: You are what you breathe in?

Med Mycol 2019 Apr;57(Supplement_2):S145-S154

Nacional Institute of Health Dr. Ricardo Jorge - URSZ- Infectious Diseases Department, Lisbon, Portugal.

The diversity of fungal species comprising the lung mycobiome is a reflection of exposure to environmental and endogenous filamentous fungi and yeasts. Most lung mycobiome studies have been culture-based. A few have utilized next generation sequencing (NGS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/mmy/myy149DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6394755PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Evaluation of a breathing retraining intervention to improve quality of life in asthma: quantitative process analysis of the BREATHE randomized controlled trial.

Clin Rehabil 2019 Feb 27:269215519832942. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

5 Primary Care and Population Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.

Objective:: Explore qualitative differences between interventions (DVD and booklet (DVDB) versus face-to-face and booklet (F2FB) versus usual care) in the BREATHE (Breathing Retraining for Asthma Trial of Home Exercises) trial of breathing retraining for asthma.

Design:: Quantitative process analysis exploring group expectancy, experience and practice before and after intervention delivery for the main trial.

Setting:: Primary care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0269215519832942DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

A case-control study of trace-element status and lung cancer in Appalachian Kentucky.

PLoS One 2019 27;14(2):e0212340. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Markey Cancer Center, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, United States of America.

Appalachian Kentucky (App KY) leads the nation in lung cancer incidence and mortality. Trace elements, such as As, have been associated with lung cancers in other regions of the country and we hypothesized that a population-based study would reveal higher trace element concentrations in App KY individuals with cancer compared to controls. Using toenail and drinking water trace element concentrations, this study investigated a possible association between lung cancer incidence and trace-element exposure in residents of this region. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0212340PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6392268PMC
February 2019

Interactive effects of changing stratospheric ozone and climate on tropospheric composition and air quality, and the consequences for human and ecosystem health.

Photochem Photobiol Sci 2019 Mar 27;18(3):775-803. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Centre for Toxicology and School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, ON, Canada.

The composition of the air we breathe is determined by emissions, weather, and photochemical transformations induced by solar UV radiation. Photochemical reactions of many emitted chemical compounds can generate important (secondary) pollutants including ground-level ozone (O) and some particulate matter, known to be detrimental to human health and ecosystems. Poor air quality is the major environmental cause of premature deaths globally, and even a small decrease in air quality can translate into a large increase in the number of deaths. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c8pp90064gDOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Atlanto-occipital dislocation in a patient presenting with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a case report and literature review.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Feb 26;13(1):44. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Division of General Anaesthesiology, Emergency and Intensive Care Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 5, 8036, Graz, Austria.

Background: Atlanto-occipital dislocation is a rare and severe injury of the upper spine associated with a very poor prognosis.

Case Presentation: We report the case of a 59-year-old European man who suffered from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest following a motor vehicle accident. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation was initiated immediately by bystanders and continued by emergency medical services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1926-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6390378PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

The family house-A safe haven: A qualitative study of families' experiences staying in a hospital family house during their children's hospitalisation.

J Clin Nurs 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Institute of Public Health, Section of Nursing, Aarhus University, Aarhus C, Denmark.

Aims: To gain knowledge about families' experiences while staying in a hospital family house during their child's hospitalisation.

Background: When a child is hospitalised with a chronic, serious or life-threatening disease, the entire family is stressed as normal everyday life is disrupted. In Denmark, accompanying the ill child to the paediatric wards is often possible only for one of the parents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocn.14827DOI Listing
February 2019

Patient Preferences for Endobronchial Valve Treatment of Severe Emphysema.

Chronic Obstr Pulm Dis 2018 Dec 11;6(1):51-63. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Patients with severe emphysema have limited treatment options. Little is known about patients' willingness to accept risks for new treatments that offer meaningful benefits. We determined treatment preferences of patients with severe emphysema using a web-based discrete-choice experiment survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15326/jcopdf.6.1.2018.0147DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6373586PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Video-Delivered Relaxation Intervention Reduces Late-Life Anxiety: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial.

Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 2019 May 17;27(5):514-525. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences (CEG, KS, SAB), Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA; Mental Illness Research Education and Clinical Center (SAB), VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA.

Objective: The study's aim was to demonstrate the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a 4-week video-delivered relaxation program called Breathing, Relaxation, and Education for Anxiety Treatment in the Home Environment (BREATHE) for reducing anxiety and increasing activity engagement in older adults with anxiety disorders.

Methods: This was an 8-week pilot randomized controlled trial performed as outpatient and self-directed learning at home among 40 community-dwelling adults aged 60years or older who met criteria for an anxiety disorder (generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, panic disorder, agoraphobia, or anxiety disorder unspecified). The study looked at the BREATHE intervention compared with a wait list control condition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jagp.2018.12.018DOI Listing
May 2019
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Sexual Dimorphism in Wax Secretion Offers Ecological Adaptability During Ericerus pela (Hemiptera: Coccidae) Evolution.

Environ Entomol 2019 04;48(2):410-418

Key Laboratory of Cultivating and Utilization of Resources Insects of State Forestry Administration, Research Institute of Resources Insects, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Kunming, Yunnan, China.

The scale insect, Ericerus pela Chavannes, shows a typical sexual dimorphism. Males and females are different not only in morphology, but also in their ability to secrete wax and ecological adaptability. Here we report the morphological and structural characteristics of wax glands on E. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/ee/article/48/2/410/5316744
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ee/nvz009DOI Listing
April 2019
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Studies on gas exchange in the meadow spittlebug, : the metabolic cost of feeding on, and living in, xylem sap.

J Exp Biol 2019 Feb 11;222(Pt 3). Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4, Canada

Spittlebugs (superfamily Cercopoidea) live within a mass of frothy, spittle-like foam that is produced as a by-product of their xylem-feeding habits. The wet spittle represents a unique respiratory environment for an insect, potentially acting either as a reserve of trapped oxygen (O) or as a significant barrier to O diffusion from the surrounding atmosphere. Feeding on xylem sap under tension is also assumed to be energetically expensive, potentially placing further constraints on their gas exchange. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1242/jeb.191973DOI Listing
February 2019