Acta Biomed 2019 12 23;90(4):504-509. Epub 2019 Dec 23.
Department of General Surgery, Breast Unit, Guglielmo da Saliceto Hospital, Piacenza, Italy 2. Department of Medicine and Surgery, Plastic Surgery Division, University of Parma, Parma, Italy, and The Cutaneous, Mininvasive, Regenerative, and Plastic Surgery Unit, Parma University Hospital, Parma, Italy.
The umbilicus is a unique physiologic scar of human life resulting from the healing process of the cut umbilical cord at birth. Its absence leads to an unnatural abdominal appearance, and an abnormally shaped or misplaced umbilicus may draw undue attention to the central abdomen. Loss of the umbilicus can be an embarrassing deformity; this occurs when older techniques of umbilical hernia or incisional hernia repair are employed and after abdominoplasty, urachal cyst repair, omphalocele repair, gastroschisis repair, some tumor excisions, and mobilization of bipedicled or bilateral TRAM/DIEP flaps for breast reconstruction. Read More