Clin Breast Cancer 2020 12 8;20(6):e723-e748. Epub 2020 Jun 8.
Department of Surgical Oncology, Cancer Centre, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands.
Pathologic nipple discharge (PND) is one of the most common breast-related complaints for referral because of its supposed association with breast cancer. The aim of this network meta-analysis (NMA) was to compare the diagnostic efficacy of ultrasound, mammogram, cytology, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and ductoscopy in patients with PND, as well as to determine the best diagnostic strategy to assess the risk of malignancy as cause for PND. Cochrane Library, PubMed, and Embase were searched to collect relevant literature from the inception of each of the diagnostic methods until January 27, 2020. Read More