725 results match your criteria Brazilian journal of physical therapy[Journal]


The influence of isokinetic peak torque and muscular power on the functional performance of active and inactive community-dwelling elderly: a cross-sectional study.

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Postgraduate Program in Rehabilitation Sciences, Universidade de Brasília (UnB) - Campus Ceilândia, Brasília, DF, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: To verify the importance of the isokinetic muscular torque and power of knee extensors and flexors on the functional performance of active and inactive elderly women.

Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted with 116 community-dwelling women (≥60 years old) without severe cognitive and/or motor dysfunction. Isokinetic muscle function was measured by peak torque and muscle power at 60°/s (5 repetitions) and 180°/s (15 repetitions), respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.03.003DOI Listing

Influence of posture, sex, and age on breathing pattern and chest wall motion in healthy subjects.

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Mar 1. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Department of Physical Therapy, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: We evaluated the effects of posture, sex, and age on breathing pattern and chest wall motion during quiet breathing in healthy participants.

Methods: Eighty-three participants aged 42.72 (SD=21. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S14133555183027
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.02.007DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Does trunk and hip muscles strength predict the performance during a core stability test?

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Mar 30. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Graduate Program in Rehabilitation and Funcional Performance, Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri (UFVJM), Diamantina, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Background: A better understanding about the relationship between trunk and hip muscles strength and core stability may improve evaluation and interventions proposed to improve core stability.

Objectives: To investigate if trunk and hip muscles strength predict pelvic posterior rotation during the bridge test with unilateral knee extension.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.03.001DOI Listing
March 2019
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The London Chest Activity of Daily Living scale cut-off point to discriminate functional status in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Mar 26. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Center for Assistance, Teaching and Research in Pulmonary Rehabilitation (NuReab), Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina (UDESC), Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil; Human Movement Sciences Graduate Program, Centro de Ciências da Saúde e do Esporte (CEFID), Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina (UDESC), Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil; Physical Therapy Graduate Program, Centro de Ciências da Saúde e do Esporte (CEFID), Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina (UDESC), Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: To determine the cut-off point for the London Chest Activity of Daily Living scale in order to better discriminate functional status. Secondarily, to determine which of the scores (total or %total) is better associated with clinical outcomes of a pulmonary rehabilitation program.

Methods: Sixty-one patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease performed the following tests: spirometry; Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Assessment Test; Saint George's Respiratory Questionnaire; modified Medical Research Council, the body-mass index, airflow obstruction, dyspnea, and exercise capacity index; six-minute walk test; physical activity in daily life assessment and London Chest Activity of Daily Living scale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.03.002DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

The Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy (BJPT) Special Issue on Women's Health Physical Therapy.

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Mar - Apr;23(2):77-78

Norwegian School of Sports Science, Oslo, Norway.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.02.015DOI Listing
February 2019

Do older adults with shoulder disorders who meet the minimal clinically important difference also present low disability at discharge? An observational study.

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Feb 27. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Professor and program director, Doctor of Physical Therapy Division, Duke Clinical Research Institute, Duke University, 2200 W. Main St. Durham, NC, USA 27708.

Background: The choice of outcome success thresholds may influence clinical management, pay-for-performance, and assessment of value-based care.

Objective: To evaluate outcomes success thresholds in older adults using two different methods: 1) Minimal clinically important differences (MCIDs) of the Quick-DASH and 2) Dichotomization of the Quick-DASH based on low disability rating at discharge DESIGN: An observational design (retrospective database study).

Setting: Dataset of 1109 patients with shoulder disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.02.003DOI Listing
February 2019

Physical and psychological predictors on pain intensity in conscripts with plantar fasciitis.

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Mar 11. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand. Electronic address:

Background: Plantar fasciitis is commonly found among the physically active population, including conscripts. Some studies have reported that being overweight and having psychological symptoms contribute to pain from plantar fasciitis. However, there is a lack of information regarding the physical predictors, and more research is needed to determine the relationship between such predictors and pain intensity from plantar fasciitis in conscripts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.02.014DOI Listing
March 2019
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Satisfaction levels with physical therapy in hospitalized patients.

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Mar 1. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Master's and Doctoral Programs in Physical Therapy, Universidade Cidade de São Paulo (UNICID), São Paulo, SP, Brazil; Pulmonology Division, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: Patient's satisfaction level is considered an indicator that interferes with interventions effectiveness. There is evidence from other health professionals that patients with higher satisfaction level recover faster. However, benefits toward physical therapy intervention is poorly known. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.02.012DOI Listing

Measurement properties of self-report physical activity assessment tools for patients with stroke: a systematic review.

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Feb 27. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Department of Physical Therapy, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: Individuals with stroke demonstrate low levels of physical activity. Self-report measures of physical activity are frequently used and the choice of the best one to use for each purpose and context should take into account the measurement properties of these instruments.

Objective: To summarize the measurement properties and clinical utility of self-report measures of physical activity of post-stroke subjects and to evaluate both the methodological quality of the studies and the quality of the measurement properties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.02.004DOI Listing
February 2019
0.979 Impact Factor

Inter-day reliability of the Upper Body Test for shoulder and pelvic girdle stability in adults.

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Mar 1. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Physical Education Department, Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS), São Cristóvão, Sergipe, Brazil.

Background: There are a limited number of tests for the assessment of shoulder and pelvic girdle stability. Reliable instruments are important to evaluate movement dysfunction at these joints in order to provide more objective parameters.

Objective: To evaluate the inter-day reliability of the Upper Body Test in young adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.02.009DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Response the letter to the editor: Incorrect use of PNF-techniques and principles, a response to: Areeudomwong P, Buttagat V. Braz J Phys Ther. 2018.

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Feb 27. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health Science, Mae Fah Luang University, Chiang Rai, Thailand.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.02.005DOI Listing
February 2019

Cardiac rehabilitation availability and delivery in Brazil: a comparison to other upper middle-income countries.

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Mar 5. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

School of Kinesiology and Health Science, York University, Toronto, Canada; Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Canada.

Background: Brazil has insufficient cardiac rehabilitation capacity, yet density and regional variation in unmet need is unknown. Moreover, South America has CR guidelines, but whether delivery conforms has not been described.

Objective: This study aimed to establish: (1) cardiac rehabilitation volumes and density, and (2) the nature of programmes, and (3) compare these by: (a) Brazilian region and (b) to other upper middle-income countries (upper-MICs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.02.011DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Post-stroke shoulder pain subtypes classifying criteria: towards a more specific assessment and improved physical therapeutic care.

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Mar 4. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Complexo Hospitalario Universitario de A Coruña (CHUAC), SERGAS, Department of Neurology, A Coruña, Spain.

Background: Post-stroke Shoulder Pain (PSSP) is a common stroke-related syndrome that prolongs hospitalization and diminishes quality of life. PSSP studies were unsuccessful in clarifying pathophysiological mechanisms. Therefore, cohort's studies with greater variety of the sample and larger follow-up period could provide additional clinical data and may improve medical care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.02.010DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Heart rate variability: are you using it properly? Standardisation checklist of procedures.

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Feb 26. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

School of Technology and Sciences, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Presidente Prudente, SP, Brazil.

Background: Heart rate variability heart rate variability is used as an assessment method for cardiac autonomic modulation. Since the Task Force's publication on heart rate variability in 1996, the European Heart Rhythm Association Position Paper in 2015 and a recent publication in 2017, attention has been paid to recommendations on using heart rate variability analysis methods, as well as their applications in different physiological conditions and clinical studies. This analysis has proved to be useful as a complementary tool for clinical evaluation and to assess the effect of non-pharmacological therapeutic interventions, such as physical exercise programmes, on cardiac autonomic modulation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.02.006DOI Listing
February 2019

Reduced version of the Activity Measure for Post-Acute Care (AM-PAC) for inpatients, "6-clicks": Brazilian-Portuguese cross-cultural adaptation and measurement properties.

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Mar 1. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Graduate Program in Rehabilitation Science, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil; Physical Therapy Department, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: The "6-clicks" is the reduced version of the Activity Measure for Post-Acute Care for inpatients that assesses limitations in basic mobility, daily activity, and applied cognitive, simply and quickly.

Objective: Cross-culturally adapt the "6-clicks" into Brazilian-Portuguese and verify its measurement properties.

Methods: Cross-cultural adaptation followed recommendations from international guidelines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.02.008DOI Listing
March 2019
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Brazilian versions of the Measure of Processes of Care-20 and Measure of Processes of Care-Service Providers: translation, cross-cultural adaptation and reliability.

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Feb 27. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Physical Therapy Department, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: The Measure of Processes of Care (MPOC) questionnaires evaluate Family-Centered Practice (FCP) in services for children with developmental disorders. The MPOC-20 and MPOC-SP are completed by parents and by rehabilitation professionals, respectively, and are widely used in several countries.

Objectives: To translate and cross-culturally adapt the MPOC-20 and MPOC-SP to Brazilian Portuguese and evaluate their reliability and internal consistency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.02.013DOI Listing
February 2019
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Influence of reducing anterior pelvic tilt on shoulder posture and the electromyographic activity of scapular upward rotators.

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Feb 25. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

School of Physical Education, Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy, Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate Program in Rehabilitation Sciences, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: Modifications of posture in a segment may influence the posture of adjacent and nonadjacent segments and muscular activity. The spine-shoulder and spine-pelvis relationships suggest that the pelvis may influence shoulder posture.

Objective: To investigate the effect of the active reduction of the anterior pelvic tilt on shoulder and trunk posture during static standing posture and on the electromyographic activity of the scapular upward rotators during elevation and lowering of the arm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.02.002DOI Listing
February 2019

Kinesiologic considerations for targeting activation of scapulothoracic muscles - part 2: trapezius.

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Feb 3. Epub 2019 Feb 3.

Department of Physical Therapy, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI, USA.

Background: The trapezius is an extensive muscle subdivided into upper, middle, and lower parts. This muscle is a dominant stabilizer of the scapula, normally operating synergistically with other scapular muscles, most notably the serratus anterior. Altered activation, poor control, or reduced strength of the different parts of the trapezius have been linked with abnormal scapular movements, often associated with pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.01.011DOI Listing
February 2019

Low back pain and some associated factors: is there any difference between genders?

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Programa de Mestrado em Fisioterapia na Saúde Funcional, Universidade do Sagrado Coração (USC), Bauru, SP, Brazil.

Objective: To compare men and women with low back pain and identify the prevalence and some of its associated factors in a population-based sample of adults aged 20 and over a seven day period.

Methods: Cross-sectional study based on a population survey. 600 individuals were interviewed on the following: (1) characteristics of the participants (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.01.012DOI Listing
February 2019
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Measurement properties of quality assessment tools for studies of diagnostic accuracy.

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

School of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia; Neuroscience Research Australia (NeuRA), Sydney, Australia.

Objectives: To determine the reliability, internal consistency, measurement error, convergent validity, and floor and ceiling effects of three quality assessment tools commonly used to evaluate the quality of diagnostic test accuracy studies in physical therapy. A secondary aim was to describe the quality of a sample of diagnostic accuracy studies.

Study Design And Setting: 50 studies were randomly selected from a comprehensive database of physical therapy-relevant diagnostic accuracy studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.01.009DOI Listing
January 2019

Kinesiologic considerations for targeting activation of scapulothoracic muscles: part 1: serratus anterior.

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Feb 2. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Laboratory of Analysis and Intervention of the Shoulder Complex, Department of Physical Therapy, Universidade Federal de São Carlos, São Carlos, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: The serratus anterior (SA) is capable of a wide range of actions across the scapulothoracic joint. Furthermore, the lack of control, strength, or activation of this important muscle is believed to be associated with several painful conditions involving the shoulder complex. Studies and clinical intuition have therefore identified several exercises that selectively target the activation of the SA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.01.008DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Higher order thinking about differential diagnosis.

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Canada Research Chair in Shared Decision Making and Knowledge Translation, Université Laval, Faculty of Medicine, Québec, Canada.

Background: Differential diagnosis is a systematic process used to identify the proper diagnosis from a set of possible competing diagnoses.

Methods: The goal of this masterclass is to discuss the higher order thinking components of differential diagnosis.

Conclusions: For healthcare providers, diagnosis is one of many necessary components during the clinical decision making process and it is hallmarked by differentiation of competing structures for a definitive understanding of the underlying condition. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S14133555183106
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.01.010DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Neuromuscular electrical stimulation to improve gross motor function in children with cerebral palsy: a meta-analysis.

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Rehabilitation Sciences Graduate Program, Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre (UFCSPA), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Pediatrics Graduate Program, Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre (UFCSPA), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Objective: To systematically review the effectiveness of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) as an adjuvant therapy to improve gross motor function in children with spastic cerebral palsy.

Methods: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane CENTRAL, PEDro and Scopus were searched. We included randomized controlled trials examining the effects of NMES combined with other therapies on gross motor function as assessed by the Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM) and its functional dimensions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.01.006DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Showing confidence (intervals).

Authors:
Steven J Kamper

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Jan 18. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

University of Sydney, School of Public Health, Institute for Musculoskeletal Health, Australia; Centre for Pain, Health and Lifestyle, Australia. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.01.003DOI Listing
January 2019

Pelvic floor muscle training versus no treatment, or inactive control treatments, for urinary incontinence in women: a cochrane systematic review abridged republication.

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Mar - Apr;23(2):93-107. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Rehabilitation Teaching and Research Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand.

Background: Pelvic floor muscle training is the most commonly used physical therapy treatment for women with urinary incontinence.

Objectives: To assess the effects of Pelvic floor muscle training for women with urinary incontinence in comparison to a control treatment and to summarize relevant economic findings.

Methods: Cochrane Incontinence Group Specialized Register (February 12, 2018). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.01.002DOI Listing
January 2019

Effectiveness of pelvic floor muscle training and bladder training for women with urinary incontinence in primary care: a pragmatic controlled trial.

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Mar - Apr;23(2):116-124. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Rehabilitation Sciences Program, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: Although the efficacy of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) and bladder training are well established, there is a paucity of patient centered models using these interventions to treat women with UI at primary level of health assistance in Brazil.

Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of a physical therapy intervention to treat women with UI in primary health centers.

Methods: Pragmatic non-randomized controlled trial in which women with UI from the community participated in a supervised physical therapy program consisting of bladder training plus 12 weeks of PFMT, performed either at home or in the health center. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S14133555183029
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.01.007DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Does low and heavy load resistance training affect musculoskeletal pain in overweight and obese women? Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial.

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Mar - Apr;23(2):156-163. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sports Sciences, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Overweight and obesity are associated with musculoskeletal pain, particularly in the female population. However, regular resistance training may positively affect these complaints.

Objective: The present study aimed to investigate between group differences in musculoskeletal pain in previously inactive women, allocated to three different resistance-training modalities available in health- and fitness clubs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.01.005DOI Listing
January 2019

Development and analysis of measurement properties of the "maternal perception of childbirth fatigue questionnaire" (MCFQ).

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Mar - Apr;23(2):125-131. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Physical Therapy Department, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: To develop and analysis of measurement properties an instrument to assess maternal perception of fatigue during childbirth.

Methods: The study was developed in three steps: elaboration of the initial version of the questionnaire from literature review and semi-structured interviews of the health professionals and the women during labor; consultation of Brazilian specialists through a Delphi Study, to define the items that should compose the final version of the document; validation and factor analysis.

Results: A 51-item questionnaire, comprised of the perception of general health, physical, emotional and cognitive aspects of the parturient was composed through both literature search and the interview of health professionals and women during labor. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.01.004DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Reduced flexion rotation test in women with chronic and episodic migraine.

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Department of Biomechanics, Medicine and Locomotor Apparatus Rehabilitation, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil.

Objective: To compare flexion rotation test and global active cervical mobility in women with chronic migraine, episodic migraine, and headache-free controls. The influence of neck pain-related disability on the flexion rotation test was also analyzed.

Methods: Women with chronic migraine (n=25), episodic migraine (n=30), and those who were headache-free (n=30) were evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.01.001DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Understanding and interpreting confidence and credible intervals around effect estimates.

Braz J Phys Ther 2018 Dec 31. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Masters and Doctoral Programs in Physical Therapy, Universidade Cidade de São Paulo (UNICID), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Introduction: Reporting confidence intervals in scientific articles is important and relevant for evidence-based practice. Clinicians should understand confidence intervals in order to determine if they can realistically expect results similar to those presented in research studies when they implement the scientific evidence in clinical practice. The aims of this masterclass are: (1) to discuss confidence intervals around effect estimates; (2) to understand confidence intervals estimation (frequentist and Bayesian approaches); and (3) to interpret such uncertainty measures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.12.006DOI Listing
December 2018

Explaining pain following cancer: a practical guide for clinicians.

Braz J Phys Ther 2018 Dec 21. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Department of Physiotherapy, Human Physiology and Anatomy, Faculty of Physical Education & Physiotherapy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium; Transcare Transdisciplinary Pain Management Center, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Background: Pain is one of the most prevalent and debilitating symptom following cancer treatment.

Objectives: This paper entails a practical guide for clinicians willing to apply pain neuroscience education (PNE) in this specific population, or clinical researchers willing to examine the effects of PNE in patients suffering from pain following cancer.

Results: Patient-specific information (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.12.003DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Walking speed best explains perceived locomotion ability in ambulatory people with chronic stroke, assessed by the ABILOCO questionnaire.

Braz J Phys Ther 2018 Dec 24. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

NeuroGroup, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: The identification of the predictors of locomotion ability could help professionals select variables to be considered during clinical evaluations and interventions.

Objective: To investigate which impairment measures would best predict locomotion ability in people with chronic stroke.

Methods: Individuals (n=115) with a chronic stroke were assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.12.005DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Clinical and scientific recommendations for the use of photobiomodulation therapy in exercise performance enhancement and post-exercise recovery: current evidence and future directions.

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Jan - Feb;23(1):71-75. Epub 2018 Dec 23.

Physiotherapy Research Group, Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Background: There is about ten years since the first randomized controlled trial looking for the effects of photobiomodulation therapy using low-level laser therapy and/or light emitting diodes therapy in athletic performance enhancement was published. Since then, the knowledge in this field has increasing exponentially.

Objective: Given the fast advance in clinical interest, research and development in the use of photobiomodulation therapy for athletic performance enhancement and also to accelerate post-exercise recovery, as pioneers in this research field we felt the need to establish recommendations to ensure the correct use of the therapy, and also to guide the further studies in this area looking for the achievement of highest scientific evidence. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S14133555183102
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.12.002DOI Listing
December 2018
14 Reads

Complexity of knee extensor torque in patients with frailty syndrome: a cross-sectional study.

Braz J Phys Ther 2018 Dec 20. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Department of Physical Therapy, Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCar), São Carlos, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: Frailty syndrome is characterized by a marked reduction in physiological reserves and a clinical state of vulnerability to stress. Torque complexity analysis could reveal changes in the musculoskeletal systems that are the result of having the syndrome.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the complexity of submaximal isometric knee extensor torque in frail, pre-frail, and non-frail older adults. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S14133555183006
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.12.004DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Interventions used for Rehabilitation and Prevention of Patellar Tendinopathy in athletes: a survey of Brazilian Sports Physical Therapists.

Braz J Phys Ther 2018 Dec 19. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Physical Therapy Department, Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCar), São Carlos, SP, Brazil; Postgraduate Program of Physical Therapy, Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCar), São Carlos, SP, Brazil.

Objectives: (1) To identify the type and frequency of interventions used by Brazilian physical therapists to treat and prevent the occurrence of patellar tendinopathy in athletes and the criteria used to return to sport; (2) to compare the interventions used to the grade of recommendation of current evidence.

Methods: Design: cross-sectional study.

Setting: online survey throughout sports physical therapy association. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S14133555183022
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.12.001DOI Listing
December 2018
14 Reads

Impact of exercise during pregnancy on gestational weight gain and birth weight: an overview.

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Mar - Apr;23(2):164-169. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

AFIPE Research Group, Faculty of Sciences for Physical Activity and Sport, INEF, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM), Madrid, Spain.

Objective: This article presents the state of knowledge related to the impact of exercise on gestational weight gain and birth weight.

Transcendence Of Baby Weight: Birth weight is an important indicator of intrauterine environment and maternal and newborn health. There are several factors that can affect birth weight including mother's pre-pregnancy Body Mass Index (BMI), gestational weight gain, Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM), chronic diabetes and gestational age at birth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.11.012DOI Listing
November 2018

Exercise for the prevention of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women: an evidence-based guide to the optimal prescription.

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Mar - Apr;23(2):170-180. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Section of Integrative Physiology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Osteoporosis and related fragility fractures are a global public health problem in which pharmaceutical agents targeting bone mineral density (BMD) are the first line of treatment. However, pharmaceuticals have no effect on improving other key fracture risk factors, including low muscle strength, power and functional capacity, all of which are associated with an increased risk for falls and fracture, independent of BMD. Targeted exercise training is the only strategy that can simultaneously improve multiple skeletal and fall-related risk factors, but it must be appropriately prescribed and tailored to the desired outcome(s) and the specified target group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.11.011DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Exploring the pre-morbid contexts in which central sensitisation developed in individuals with non-specific chronic low back pain. A qualitative study.

Braz J Phys Ther 2018 Nov 8. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Faculty of Health, Psychology and Social Care, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, Birley Campus, Manchester, United Kingdom.

Background: Central sensitisation pain is a predominant mechanism in a proportion of individuals with non-specific chronic low back pain and is associated with poor outcomes. It is proposed that the pre-morbid experiences and contexts may be related to the development of central sensitisation.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to explore the pre-morbid experiences and personal characteristics of participants with central sensitisation pain from a non-specific chronic low back pain population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.10.012DOI Listing
November 2018
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Cross-cultural adaptation of the Pelvic Girdle Questionnaire (PGQ) into Brazilian Portuguese and clinimetric testing of the PGQ and Roland Morris questionnaire in pregnancy pelvic pain.

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Mar - Apr;23(2):132-139. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

Masters and Doctoral Programs in Physical Therapy, Universidade Cidade de São Paulo (UNICID), São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: To translate and cross-culturally adapt the Pelvic Girdle Questionnaire (PGQ) into Brazilian Portuguese and test the measurement properties of the PGQ and the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ) in women with pelvic pain during pregnancy.

Methods: Thirty pregnant women were included in the assessment of the pre-test of the final version of the PGQ and 100 were included in the assessment of the measurement properties. In the initial assessment, the PGQ, RMDQ, pain numerical rating scale, and WHOQOL-BREF were applied to test the internal consistency and construct validity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.11.003DOI Listing
November 2018

How does context influence arm use after stroke? A qualitative content analysis among rural community-dwelling stroke survivors.

Braz J Phys Ther 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Physiotherapy, School of Allied Health Sciences, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India; Centre for Comprehensive Stroke Rehabilitation and Research, Manipal Acdemy of Higher Education, Manipal, India.

Objective: To explore the personal and environmental contextual factors that influence use of affected arm for function among stroke survivors.

Methods: We conducted a qualitative phenomenological study using an interpretivist paradigm among 23 stroke survivors in their late sub-acute and chronic stages and their relatives living in the rural regions of India using maximum variation sampling. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to identify personal and environmental contextual factors relevant to arm use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.11.008DOI Listing
November 2018

Hip muscle weakness and reduced joint range of motion in patients with femoroacetabular impingement syndrome: a case-control study.

Braz J Phys Ther 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre (UFCSPA), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome is a hip joint motion-related clinical disorder characterized by abnormal contact between the hip joint structures. Abnormal hip morphology and joint pain may impair the hip joint range of motion (ROM) and muscle function. However, FAI effects on hip joint ROM and muscle strength remain controversial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.11.010DOI Listing
November 2018
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The minimal important difference for Glittre-ADL test in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: minimal important difference for Glittre-ADL test.

Braz J Phys Ther 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Center for Assistance, Teaching and Research in Pulmonary Rehabilitation (NuReab), Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina (UDESC), Florianópolis, SC, Brazil; Human Movement Sciences Graduate Program, Centro de Ciências da Saúde e do Esporte (CEFID), Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina (UDESC), Florianópolis, SC, Brazil; Physical Therapy Graduate Program, Centro de Ciências da Saúde e do Esporte (CEFID), Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina (UDESC), Florianópolis, SC, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: To determine Glittre-ADL test minimal important difference in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Methods: This is quasi-experimental study. Sixty patients with moderate to very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (age 64. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.11.009DOI Listing
November 2018
18 Reads
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Stabilization exercises combined with neuromuscular electrical stimulation for patients with chronic low back pain: a randomized controlled trial.

Braz J Phys Ther 2018 Oct 18. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, United States.

Background: One proposed mechanism of chronic low back pain might be paraspinal muscle impairment. Commonly, this impairment is treated with stabilization exercises. However, the effect size of stabilization exercises has been previously reported to be small. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S14133555183043
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.10.003DOI Listing
October 2018
16 Reads

The impact of gynaecological cancer treatment on physical activity levels: a systematic review of observational studies.

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Mar - Apr;23(2):79-92. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

Department of Physiotherapy, School of Primary and Allied Health Care, Monash University, Frankston, Victoria, Australia; Centre for Allied Health Research and Education, Cabrini Institute, Malvern, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: The natural history of physical activity levels during and following gynaecological cancer treatment is not well understood. This is required in order to establish the time at which physical activity levels are lowest in order to target cancer rehabilitation or exercise interventions in gynaecological cancer population accordingly.

Objectives: To conduct a systematic review to evaluate the impact of gynaecological cancer treatments on physical activity levels and to summarise the pattern of changes in physical activity levels over time among patients with gynaecological cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.11.007DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Evidence of stabilizing exercises for low back- and pelvic girdle pain - a critical review.

Authors:
Britt Stuge

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Mar - Apr;23(2):181-186. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway. Electronic address:

Background: Pregnancy-related low back pain (LBP) and pelvic girdle pain (PGP) have been associated with an alteration in the strategy for lumbopelvic stabilization. Different core stabilization approaches exist, the evidence is however controversial.

Methods: This paper discusses how to improve the evidence of exercises for women suffering from LBP and PGP during and after pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.11.006DOI Listing
November 2018
22 Reads

Does the speed of aquatic therapy exercise alter arm volume in women with breast cancer related lymphoedema? A cross-over randomized controlled trial.

Braz J Phys Ther 2019 Mar - Apr;23(2):140-147. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

Bendigo Health, Bendigo, Australia.

Objective: To identify whether slow aquatic exercise in the form of modified Ai Chi is more effective than conventional (faster pace) aquatic therapy at reducing arm volume in women with or at risk of breast cancer related lymphoedema.

Methods: Randomized, cross-over controlled trial with concealed allocation and blinded assessment. Eighteen women with a history of breast cancer related lymphoedema were recruited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.11.004DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

EMG breakthrough during cortical silent period in congenital hemiparesis: a descriptive case series.

Braz J Phys Ther 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Division of Rehabilitation Science, Medical School, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, United States. Electronic address:

Background: The cortical silent period is a transient suppression of electromyographic activity after a transcranial magnetic stimulation pulse, attributed to spinal and supraspinal inhibitory mechanisms. Electromyographic breakthrough activity has been observed in healthy adults as a result of a spinal reflex response within the cortical silent period.

Objectives: The objective of this case series is to report the ipsilesional and contralesional cortical silent period and the electromyographic breakthrough activity of 7 children with congenital hemiparesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.11.002DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

What are the clinical implications of knee crepitus to individuals with knee osteoarthritis? An observational study with data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative.

Braz J Phys Ther 2018 Nov 16. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

The University of Sydney, Discipline of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Background: Crepitus is a common clinical feature of knee osteoarthritis. However, the importance of crepitus in the overall clinical presentation of individuals with knee osteoarthritis is unknown.

Objective(s): (A) To compare function, pain and quality of life between individuals with knee osteoarthritis with and without crepitus; (B) to compare whether individuals with knee osteoarthritis in both knees, but crepitus in just one, differ in terms of function pain, and knee strength. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.11.001DOI Listing
November 2018
25 Reads

Reliability of two functional clinical tests to evaluate trunk and lumbopelvic neuromuscular control and proprioception in a healthy population.

Braz J Phys Ther 2018 Nov 10. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Ghent University, Campus UZ Gent, Ghent, Belgium.

Objectives: The need to accurately assess trunk and lumbopelvic proprioception and neuromuscular control is widely accepted. However, based on current literature, there is a lack of reliable clinical tests to evaluate these aspects in clinical practice. The objective of this study is to investigate intra- and inter-tester reliability of the lateral step down test and the lumbopelvic position-reposition test in a healthy population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.10.014DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read