41,339 results match your criteria Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology [Journal]


Molecular epidemiology of MRSA in the Brazilian primary health care system.

Trop Med Int Health 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Departamento de Microbiologia e Imunologia, Instituto de Biociências de Botucatu, Univ Estadual Paulista, Botucatu, Brazil.

Objective: To evaluate the molecular epidemiology and to georeference Staphylococcus aureus isolated from wounds and nares of patients seen at Basic Health Units (BHUs) of a Brazilian city.

Methods: Observational, cross-sectional study conducted from 2010 to 2013. A total of 119 S. Read More

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December 2018

Root dentinal microcracks: a post-extraction experimental phenomenon?

Int Endod J 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

School of Dentistry, College of Biomedical and Life Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK.

Aim: To investigate the prevalence, location, and pattern of preexisting microcracks in non-endodontically treated teeth from fresh cadavers. Micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) technology was used as the analytical tool enabling full screening of the root dentine with the teeth retained in their original alveolar socket.

Methodology: As a pilot study and to validate the present method, a series of 4 high-resolution scans were performed on one bone-block specimen with teeth collected postmortem: (i) entire bone-block including the teeth, (ii) second molar tooth extracted atraumatically from the bone-block (iii) extracted tooth dehydrated to induce dentinal defects and (iv) entire bone-block following reinsertion of the extracted tooth into its matching alveolar socket. Read More

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December 2018

Beliefs about managing dental problems among older people and dental professionals in Southern Brazil.

Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Faculty of Dentistry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Objectives: To explore the sociocultural context in which patients and dentists in urban and rural communities in Southern Brazil interpret dental problems.

Method: Beliefs and experiences related to dental problems were explored in eight focus groups involving a total of 41 older patients, and in direct interviews with two dentists and two dental assistants. The interactions were audio recorded and transcribed for thematic analysis. Read More

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December 2018

TBX21-1993T/C polymorphism association with Th1 and Th17 response at periapex and with periapical lesions development risk.

J Leukoc Biol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Biological Sciences, School of Dentistry of Bauru, University of Sao Paulo, Bauru, Brazil.

TBX21-1993T/C (rs4794067) polymorphism increases the transcriptional activity of the Tbx21, essential for interferon gamma (IFNg) transcription, but its functional impact on development Th1- response in vivo remains unclear, as well its potential influence over inflammatory osteolytic conditions, such as periapical lesions. Therefore, this study comprises a case-control and functional investigation of Tbx21 genetic variations impact on Th1 response in vivo and in vitro, and its impact on periapical lesions risk and outcome, performed with a population of healthy controls (H; N = 283) and patients presenting periapical lesions (L; N = 188) or deep caries (DC; N = 152). TBX21-1993T/C genotyping demonstrated that the polymorphic allele C, as well TC/TC+CC genotypes, was significantly less frequent in the L patients compared to H and DC groups. Read More

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December 2018

A comparison of the EU regulatory approach to directed mutagenesis with that of other jurisdictions, consequences for international trade and potential steps forward.

New Phytol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Biotechnology Directorate, Ministry of AgroIndustry, Buenos Aires, Argentina; National University of Quilmes, Bernal, Argentina.

A special regulatory regime applies to products of recombinant nucleic acid modifications. A ruling from the European Court of Justice has interpreted this regulatory regime in a way that it also applies to emerging mutagenesis techniques. Elsewhere regulatory progress is also ongoing. Read More

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December 2018

Morphology and Phylogeny of Calyptospora paranaidji n. sp. (Eimeriorina: Calyptosporidae), an Apicomplexan Parasite of the Hepatic Tissue of Cichla piquiti Kullander & Ferreira, 2006, From a Reservoir in the Brazilian Amazon Region.

J Eukaryot Microbiol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Postgraduate Program in Biology of Infectious and Parasitic Agents /, Federal University of Pará - PPgBAIP / UFPA. Research Laboratory Carlos Azevedo / Federal Rural University of the Amazon - LPCA / UFRA, Pará, Brazil.

The coccidians of the family Calyptosporidae are parasites of the tissue and organs of fish and aquatic invertebrates, in particular in the tropical region. In contrast with other apicomplexans of the suborder Eimeriorina, the diversity and ecology of the species of the genus Calyptospora have been poorly investigated, resulting in a lacuna that restricts the understanding of the distribution and prevalence of this group of eukaryote microparasites in the Amazon region. In the present study, the integrated comparative analysis of morphological characteristics, histological and structural traits, and the sequences of a fragment of the 18S rRNA gene, provides support for the identification of a new species of Calyptospora, found parasitising the hepatic tissue of the piscivorous blue peacock bass, Cichla piquiti, captured in the reservoir of the Estreito hydroelectric dam on the middle Tocantins River in northern Brazil. Read More

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December 2018

The Effects of Victimization and Fear of Crime on the Legal Socialization of Young Adolescents in São Paulo, Brazil.

Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 2018 Dec 14:306624X18818810. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

2 University of São Paulo, Brazil.

It is important to understand how young adolescents come to view authorities during formative years. Experiencing, witnessing, and fearing victimization have been linked to the process of legal socialization and subsequent attitudes and behavior. In addition, procedural justice may influence adolescent perceptions of fairness of the authorities. Read More

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December 2018

Studies on transmission of hepatitis A virus to squirrel monkeys.

Primates 2000 Apr;41(2):127-135

Departamento de Virologia, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz/FIOCRUZ, Av Brasil 4365, 21040-360, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

Non-human primates have been playing an essential role in the study of hepatitis A virus (HAV) biology, pathogenesis and for testing candidate HAV vaccines. This study was to determine the suitability of squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) as animal model for HAV infection. Animals were inoculated, either intragastrically or intravenously, with a Brazilian HAV isolate (HAF-203). Read More

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Réduire les inégalités subies par une communauté amérindienne au Brésil : le rôle social de l?université.

Sante Publique 2018 Sep;S2(HS2):105-110

The objective of this article is to describe and analyse the actions developed by a health promotion programme between 2013 and 2014 in an indigenous Kiriri community in Bahia, Brazil. One of the specificities of the programme was that it was conducted in the context of the extension activities of Brazilian universities. This programme illustrates the actions of extension, a longstanding social function of Brazilian universities and the value of involving the university in community health actions. Read More

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September 2018
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Oxford Cognitive Screen - Brazilian Portuguese version (OCS-Br) A pilot study.

Dement Neuropsychol 2018 Oct-Dec;12(4):427-431

Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology Group - Hospital das Clínicas, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Cognitive impairment is very common in stroke patients and underdiagnosed. Symptoms such as language, praxis, visuospatial, visuoconstructive and memory impairment are prominent. The screening cognitive tests available do not address some specific characteristics of stroke patients and have major limitations in relation to the most impaired cognitive domains. Read More

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December 2018

Common mental disorder among family carers of demented older people in Brazil.

Dement Neuropsychol 2018 Oct-Dec;12(4):402-407

MD,PhD, Department of Internal Medicine, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Botucatu Medical School, Botucatu, SP, Brazil.

Objective: Population aging is a global phenomenon associated with a rising prevalence of chronic degenerative diseases such as dementia. Dementia poses a challenge not only for patients but also their family caregivers who, in exercising this role, are at higher risk of mental illness. The present study investigated the prevalence of common mental disorders (CMD) in family caregivers of demented elderly seen at a geriatric outpatient clinic of a Brazilian teaching hospital. Read More

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December 2018

Applicability of the Test of Variables of Attention - T.O.V.A in Brazilian adults.

Dement Neuropsychol 2018 Oct-Dec;12(4):394-401

Department of Neurology, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

The functioning of attention is complex, a primordial function in several cognitive processes and of great interest to neuropsychology. The Test of Variables of Attention (T.O. Read More

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December 2018

The Mini-Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination (M-ACE) as a brief cognitive screening instrument in Mild Cognitive Impairment and mild Alzheimer's disease.

Dement Neuropsychol 2018 Oct-Dec;12(4):368-373

Grupo de Neurologia Cognitiva e do Comportamento (GNCC), Departamento de Neurologia, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

The Mini-Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination (M-ACE) is a brief cognitive screening test that evaluates four main cognitive domains (orientation, memory, language and visuospatial function) with a maximum score of 30 points and administration time of five minutes.

Objective: To assess the performance of healthy elderly, MCI patients and mild AD patients using the Brazilian version of the M-ACE.

Methods: The test was applied to a group of 36 Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), 23 mild Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and 25 cognitive healthy elderly. Read More

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December 2018

Highlights from the International Summit on Intellectual Disability and Dementia Implications for Brazil.

Dement Neuropsychol 2018 Oct-Dec;12(4):329-336

University of Illinois at Chicago, USA.

In October of 2016, an interdisciplinary group representing North and South American and European countries met in Glasgow, Scotland, to scrutinize universal issues regarding adults with intellectual disability (ID) affected by dementia and to produce recommendations and guidelines for public policy, practice, and further research. The aim of this paper is to apprise relevant outcomes of the Summit targeting Brazilian researchers, clinicians, and nongovernmental organizations in the field of ageing and dementia that are committed to developing the Brazilian national dementia plan. Three core themes were covered by the Summit: i) human rights and personal resources, ii) personalized services and caregiver support, and iii) advocacy and public impact. Read More

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December 2018

Repeat variants for the SbMATE transporter protect sorghum roots from aluminum toxicity by transcriptional interplay in and .

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Embrapa Maize and Sorghum, Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation, 35701-970 Sete Lagoas, MG, Brazil;

Acidic soils, where aluminum (Al) toxicity is a major agricultural constraint, are globally widespread and are prevalent in developing countries. In sorghum, the root citrate transporter SbMATE confers Al tolerance by protecting root apices from toxic Al, but can exhibit reduced expression when introgressed into different lines. We show that allele-specific transactivation occurs and is caused by factors located away from Using expression-QTL mapping and expression genome-wide association mapping, we establish that transcription is controlled in a bipartite fashion, primarily in but also in Multiallelic promoter transactivation and ChIP analyses demonstrated that intermolecular effects on expression arise from a WRKY and a zinc finger-DHHC transcription factor (TF) that bind to and -activate the promoter. Read More

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December 2018

Fat Mass Ratio in Brazilian HIV-infected Patients Under Antiretroviral Therapy and Its Relationship With Anthropometric Measurents.

J Clin Densitom 2018 Aug 22. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

Post Graduation Program in Medical Sciences, UFF, Brazil.

Introduction: Human immunodeficiency virus-related lipodystrophy is characterized by a variety of phenotypes and metabolic changes; however, consensus has not yet been reached on its diagnostic criteria. Different cutoff values for fat mass ratio have been proposed for this specific population as an objective diagnostic criterion for lipodystrophy. This study aimed to establish sex-specific reference values for fat mass ratio and to correlate them with anthropometric measurements for the diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus-related lipodystrophy. Read More

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Web System Prototype based on speech recognition to construct medical reports in Brazilian Portuguese.

Int J Med Inform 2019 Jan 26;121:39-52. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Laboratory of Bioinformatics, Western Paraná State University, Presidente Tancredo Neves Avenue, 6731, ZIP code 85867-900, Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil; Service of Coloproctology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Campinas, Tessália Vieira de Camargo Street, 126, ZIP code 13083-887, Campinas, Brazil. Electronic address:

The overall purpose of automatic speech recognition systems is to make possible the interaction between humans and electronic devices through speech. For example, the content captured from user's speech using a microphone can be transcribed into text. In general, such systems should be able to overcome adversities such as noise, communication channel variability, speaker's age and accent, speech speed, concurrent speeches from other speakers and spontaneous speech. Read More

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January 2019

Music therapy intervention in cardiac autonomic modulation, anxiety, and depression in mothers of preterms: randomized controlled trial.

BMC Psychol 2018 Dec 13;6(1):57. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

School of Medicine, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, GO, Brazil.

Background: Mothers of preterm infants often have symptoms of anxiety and depression, recognized as risk factors for the development of cardiovascular diseases and associated with low rates of heart rate variability (HRV). This study aimed to evaluate the influence of music therapy intervention on the autonomic control of heart rate, anxiety, and depression in mothers.

Methods: Prospective randomized clinical trial including 21 mothers of preterms admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of a tertiary hospital, recruited from August 2015 to September 2017, and divided into control group (CG; n = 11) and music therapy group (MTG; n = 10). Read More

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December 2018

Who Is Serving Us? Food Safety Rules Compliance Among Brazilian Food Truck Vendors.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Dec 10;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Brasília (UnB), Campus Darcy Ribeiro, Asa Norte, Brasilia DF 70910-900, Brazil.

The rise of food trucks as an eating out option requires knowledge of this sector. Balancing the reality of the food truck sector with access to safe food should guide actions and public policies to cater to its peculiarities. Therefore, this study aimed to characterize the Brazilian food truck vendors' profile regarding their socioeconomic status and compliance with food safety rules. Read More

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December 2018

Modulation of the Antibiotic Activity by the (Buriti) Fixed Oil against Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) and Other Multidrug-Resistant (MDR) Bacterial Strains.

Pathogens 2018 Dec 10;7(4). Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Technology Center, Laboratory Analysis Physical Chemistry of Food, Faculty of Technology Cariri, Juazeiro do Norte 63041-190, Brazil.

(buriti) is a typical Brazilian palm tree found in swampy regions with many plant forms. The fruit has various purposes with the pulps to the seeds being used for ice creams, sweets, creams, jellies, liqueurs, and vitamin production. A physicochemical characterization of the fixed pulp oil and its antibacterial and aminoglycoside antibiotic modifying activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative multiresistant bacterial strains were performed using broth microdilution assays. Read More

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December 2018

Importance of Urban Parks in Conserving Biodiversity of Flower Chafer Beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea: Cetoniinae) in Brazilian Cerrado.

Environ Entomol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Universidade do Estado de Minas Gerais, Frutal, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

The Brazilian Cerrado, a hotspot and the largest savannah in the world, has been undergoing intense changes in land use for urbanization. The creation and maintenance of urban parks and public squares is one efficient biodiversity conservation strategy in urbanized landscapes. In this study, our objective was to evaluate the potential of urban parks with native vegetation for conservation of flower chafer beetles (Coleoptera: Cetoniinae), a beetle group usually used as a bioindicator in African landscapes, in Brazilian Cerrado. Read More

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December 2018

Composition, antioxidant capacity and cytotoxic activity of Eugenia uniflora L. chemotype-oils from the Amazon.

J Ethnopharmacol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Química, Universidade Federal do Pará, 66075-110 Belém, PA, Brazil. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Oils and extracts of Eugenia uniflora have been reported as antimicrobial, antifungal, antinociceptive, antiprotozoal, antioxidant and cytotoxic.

Aim Of The Study: The oils of five specimens (E1 to E5) that occur in the Brazilian Amazon were extracted, analyzed for their chemical composition, and submitted to antioxidant and cytotoxic assays.

Material And Methods: Oils were hydrodistilled, analyzed by GC and GC-MS, and submitted to PCA and HCA analyses. Read More

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December 2018

Antibacterial Activity of Discaria americana Gillies ex Hook (Rhamnaceae).

J Ethnopharmacol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Departamento de Química, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria,Santa Maria, RS, Brazil. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacology Relevance: Discaria americana Gillies ex Hook (sin. Discaria febrifuga and Discaria longispina) (Rhamnaceae) is a plant native from Rio Grande do Sul (Southern Brazil), Uruguay and Argentine, and has been used in Brazilian traditional medicine as antipyretic agent, and for stomach disorders. In Rio Grande do Sul, Uruguay and Argentine, the roots, in decoction, are used as tonic and febrifuge. Read More

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December 2018

Endemicity of the High-Risk Clone Klebsiella pneumoniae ST340 Coproducing QnrB, CTX-M-15, and KPC-2 in a Brazilian Hospital.

Microb Drug Resist 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

3 Centro de Investigação de Microrganismos - Departamento de Doenças Dermatológicas, Infecciosas e Parasitárias, Faculdade de Medicina de São José do Rio Preto, São José do Rio Preto, Brazil.

The dissemination of multiresistant Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC)-2-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates belonging to international high-risk clones poses a major health care threat. In this study, 48 nonduplicated, carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae isolated from 2011 to 2014 in a tertiary hospital were investigated. Read More

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December 2018

Predicting latent classes of drug use among adolescents through parental alcohol use and parental style: a longitudinal study.

Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Rua Botucatu, 740/404, São Paulo, 04023-062, Brazil.

Purpose: The present study examined the roles of parental alcohol use and parental style as predictors of adolescent patterns of drug use.

Methods: 6391 students in the 7th and 8th grades at 72 Brazilian public schools participated in a three-wave randomized controlled trial to evaluate a school drug-use prevention program. Patterns of drug use were identified through two latent class analyses using measures of the adolescents' past-year drug use. Read More

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December 2018

Simple discrimination training with differential responses to establish functional and equivalence classes with preschool children.

J Exp Anal Behav 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

California State University, Sacramento.

The present study assessed whether simple discrimination training with differential responses would produce functional and equivalence classes with preschool children. In Experiment 1, we exposed 10 children to simple successive discrimination training in which they had to press different buttons (selection-based responses). Response 1 (R1) was reinforced only in the presence of A1, B1, or C1, and Response 2 (R2) was reinforced only in the presence of A2, B2, or C2. Read More

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December 2018

Oral Health Impact Profile and Associated Variables in Southern Brazilian Drug Users.

Iran J Public Health 2018 Oct;47(10):1466-1475

Dept. of Dentistry, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil.

Background: This study investigated the association between sociodemographic, behavioral, oral health, variables of drug consumption, and the short version of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14), in Southern Brazilian drug users.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 202 drug users aged 18 or over admitted for treatment at the Institute for Research and Treatment of Alcoholism ( -IPTA) from the municipality of Campo Largo, PR, Brazil, from 2012 to 2014, were involved. They answered a questionnaire and were examined by a calibrated researcher. Read More

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October 2018

Mango Firmness Modeling as Affected by Transport and Ethylene Treatments.

Front Plant Sci 2018 20;9:1647. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Horticulture and Product Physiology, Wageningen University, Wageningen, Netherlands.

More and more, tropical fruit are subjected to accelerated ripening at receiving markets until "ready to eat." We propose a kinetic model that incorporates the effects of temperature and ethylene on the firmness behavior of "Keitt" and "Kent" mangoes. Stiffness of individual mangoes, as measured by the acoustic firmness tester, was measured repeatedly over time. Read More

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November 2018

Relationships Between Aerobic and Anaerobic Parameters With Game Technical Performance in Elite Goalball Athletes.

Front Physiol 2018 20;9:1636. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

School of Physical Education and Sport of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Our aims were to compare physiological parameters from the laboratory environment (LaB) and simulated goalball games (GaM), test relationships between physiological parameters in the laboratory and game technical performance (GTP), and examine the associations between physiological and technical responses during games. Seven elite athletes from the Brazilian National Team performed in LaB environment; (i) an incremental test to determine peak oxygen consumption (O), its corresponding speed, and peak blood lactate concentration and (ii) submaximal and supramaximal efforts to estimate maximal anaerobic contribution (AnC). In GaM condition, simulated games were also performed to determine physiological responses throughout the game, and to analyze the GTP (number of throws, defenses, recovery, and density of actions). Read More

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November 2018

Needed Improvements in Diabetes Prevention and Management in Brazil.

Prev Chronic Dis 2018 12 6;15:E153. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Nutrition Department, School of Nursing, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte (MG), Brazil.

Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common chronic diseases worldwide and its prevalence continues to increase. Adherence to good health behaviors provides better control of the disease. This study analyzed trends in the prevalence of diabetes among Brazilian adults between 2006 and 2016 and compared the frequency of key health behaviors between people with and without diabetes. Read More

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December 2018

Comparison between household food purchase and individual food consumption in Brazil.

Public Health Nutr 2018 Dec 7:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

1Institute of Social Medicine,Rio de Janeiro State University (UERJ),São Francisco Xavier 524 - UERJ,Rio de Janeiro,RJ20550-013,Brazil.

Objective: The present study aimed to compare Household Budget Survey (HBS) data on food purchasing and individual food consumption, collected in the same nationwide survey.

Design: Food purchase information for each household was collected by a seven-day collective acquisition diary, applied to 55 970 households. Food consumption information was obtained from household members over 10 years old by the application of two non-consecutive food records in a sub-sample of the HBS. Read More

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December 2018
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Factors that can influence the survival rates of coral snakes (Micrurus corallinus) for antivenom production.

J Anim Sci 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Laboratório de Herpetologia do Instituto Butantan, Av. Vital Brazil, São Paulo - Brasil.

Envenoming and deaths resulting from snakebites are a particularly important public health problem in rural tropical areas of Africa, Asia, Latin America and New Guinea. In 2015 The Lancet highlighted snake-bite envenoming as a neglected tropical disease and urged the world to increase antivenom production. In Brazil around 20,000 snakebites occur per year affecting mostly agricultural workers and children, of which 1% are caused by coral snakes (Micrurus sp). Read More

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December 2018

Rotavirus analyses by SYBR Green real-time PCR and microbiological contamination in bivalves cultivated in coastal water of Amazonian Brazil.

J Water Health 2018 Dec;16(6):970-979

Instituto Evandro Chagas, IEC, BR-316 km 7, Ananindeua, Para, Brazil E-mail:

The contamination of mussels and oysters by viruses and bacteria is often associated with water contamination and gastroenteritis in humans. The present study evaluated viral and bacterial contamination in 380 samples, from nine mollusk-producing regions in coastal water north of the Brazilian Amazon. Rotavirus contamination was studied for groups A to H, using a two-step SYBR Green RT-qPCR (quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction), and bacterial families Enterobacteriaceae, Vibrionaceae, and Aeromonadaceae by classical and molecular methods. Read More

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December 2018

TRANSLATION, CROSS-CULTURAL ADAPTATION AND PRELIMINARY EVALUATION OF THE BRAZILIAN VERSIONOF THE PAIN CATASTROPHIZING SCALE-PARENTS.

Rev Paul Pediatr 2018 Oct-Dec;36(4):428-436

Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, GO, Brasil.

Objective: In Brazil, there is no scale to assess parental catastrophizing about their child's pain. This study aimed to translate and cross-culturally adapt the Pain Catastrophizing Scale-Parents to the Brazilian Portuguese language, as well as to preliminarily evaluate its psychometric properties among parents/guardians of children with and without a toothache.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 237 parents/other relatives of 237 children. Read More

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Variation in the prevalence and abundance of acanthocephalans in brown-nosed coatis Nasua nasua and crab-eating foxes Cerdocyon thous in the Brazilian Pantanal.

Braz J Biol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Laboratório de Biologia e Parasitologia de Mamíferos Silvestre Reservatórios, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - IOC, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz - FIOCRUZ, Avenida Brasil, 4365, Manguinhos, CEP 21045-900, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.

Host infection by parasites is influenced by an array of factors, including host and environmental features. We investigated the relationship between host sex, body size and age, as well as seasonality on infection patterns by acanthocephalan in coatis (Procyonidae: Nasua nasua) and in crab-eating foxes (Canidae: Cerdocyon thous ) from the Brazilian Pantanal wetlands. Between 2006 and 2009, we collected faecal samples from these hosts and analyzed for the presence of acanthocephalan eggs. Read More

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December 2018

Parasitoids diversity in organic Sweet Pepper (Capsicum annuum) associated with Basil (Ocimum basilicum) and Marigold (Tagetes erecta ).

Braz J Biol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Laboratório de Controle Biológico Conservativo, Departamento de Entomologia, Universidade Federal de Lavras - UFLA, Av. Doutor Sylvio Menicucci, 1001, Kennedy, CEP 37200-000, Lavras, MG, Brasil.

The sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) is one of the most important crops in Brazilian farming. Many insect are related to this crop, compromising the quantity and quality of the fruit, representing a production problem. Read More

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December 2018
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RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE BRAZILIAN SOCIETY OF HEPATOLOGY FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF ACUTE KIDNEY INJURY IN PATIENTS WITH CIRRHOSIS.

Arq Gastroenterol 2018 Jul-Sep;55(3):314-320

Hospital Português, Unidade de Gastroenterologia e Hepatologia, Salvador, BA, Brasil.

Acute kidney injury is a common complication of cirrhosis, occurring in up to 20% of patients hospitalized with cirrhosis. This field is rapidly changing, with significant advances in classification, biomarkers and therapy over the last few years. On the behalf of the Brazilian Society of Hepatology, a panel of experts in Hepatology and Nephrology reviewed published evidence to integrate findings and develop the recommendations presented in this manuscript. Read More

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HEPATITIS B AND C IN PREGNANT WOMEN ATTENDED BY A PRENATAL PROGRAM IN AN UNIVERSITARY HOSPITAL IN RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL: RETROSPECTIVE STUDY OF SEROPREVALENCE SCREENING.

Arq Gastroenterol 2018 Jul-Sep;55(3):267-273

Universidade Federal Fluminense, Faculdade de Medicina, Departamento de Medicina Interna, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.

Background: Hepatitis B and C are diseases with high morbimortality and constitute a global public health problem. In Brazil, the prevalence is not homogeneous, oscillating among different regions, but it is estimated that currently about 1% of the population present chronic disease related to the B virus and that there are 1.5 million infected with the C virus. Read More

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PANCREATIC CANCER IN BRAZIL: MORTALITY TRENDS AND PROJECTIONS UNTIL 2029.

Arq Gastroenterol 2018 Jul-Sep;55(3):230-236

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Departamento de Saúde Coletiva, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Coletiva, Natal, RN, Brasil.

Background: Pancreatic cancer is one of the main cancer-related causes of death in developed countries, and one of the most lethal malignant neoplasms. This type of cancer is classified as the ninth most frequent in the world.

Objective: Analyze temporal trends for pancreatic cancer in Brazil in the period 2000-2014 and calculate mortality projections for the period 2015-2029. Read More

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February 2018
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INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE: IMPACT ON SCORES OF QUALITY OF LIFE, DEPRESSION AND ANXIETY IN PATIENTS ATTENDING A TERTIARY CARE CENTER IN BRAZIL.

Arq Gastroenterol 2018 Jul-Sep;55(3):202-207

Programa de Pós-Graduação: Ciências da Gastroenterologia e Hepatologia, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

Background: Inflammatory bowel disease frequently affects patients at working age, compromising their quality of life in several levels: physical, psychological, familial and social. Few studies have evaluated the impact of Inflammatory bowel disease on quality of life, anxiety and depression in Brazilian patients.

Objective: Evaluate quality of life and its correlation with psychological aspects of patients with inflammatory bowel disease through the Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Read More

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November 2017

Characterisation of plasmid-mediated rmtB-1 in Enterobacteriaceae clinical isolates from São Paulo, Brazil.

Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 2018 Dec 10;113(12):e180392. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Departamento de Medicina Interna, Divisão de Doenças Infecciosas, Laboratório Alerta, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

OBJECTIVES The emergence of 16S rRNA methyltranferases (16 RMTAses) has jeopardised the clinical use of aminoglycosides. RmtB is one of the most frequently reported in Gram-negatives worldwide. In this study, we aimed to estimate the frequency of 16S RMTAses encoding genes in Enterobacteriaceae isolated in a three-month period from a tertiary Brazilian hospital. Read More

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December 2018

Polymorphisms in the TGFB1 and IL2RA genes are associated with clinical forms of leprosy in Brazilian population.

Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 2018 Dec 10;113(12):e180274. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Instituto Lauro de Souza Lima, Bauru, SP, Brasil.

BACKGROUND Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae, and compromises the skin and peripheral nerves. This disease has been classified as multibacillary (MB) or paucibacillary (PB) depending on the host immune response. Genetic epidemiology studies in leprosy have shown the influence of human genetic components on the disease outcomes. Read More

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December 2018
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Nurses' contributions to good practices in child care: an integrative literature review.

Rev Bras Enferm 2018 ;71(suppl 6):2808-2817

Universidade Federal Fluminense, Department of Nursing. Rio das Ostras, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Objective: to identify scientific evidence on the contribution of nurses' work to good practices in child care in the Brazilian literature.

Method: integrative review of the literature, carried out in Latin American and Caribbean in Health Sciences Literature (LILACS), Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Brazilian Nursing Database (BDENF), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and Scientific Electronic Library Online (SCIELO) database, from 2008 to 2018.

Results: 14 complete studies were selected for interpretative analysis. Read More

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January 2018

Nursing students' perception about humanized care: an integrative review.

Rev Bras Enferm 2018 ;71(suppl 6):2800-2807

Universidade Federal Fluminense, School of Nursing. Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Objective: To analyze the productions of knowledge about the students' perception of humanized care.

Method: Study of bibliographical revision of the integrative type. The databases Pubmed, Lilacs, Cuiden and the SciELO virtual library were chosen for selection in October 2017, using the health descriptors "Students, Nursing", "Perception" and "Humanization of assistance", in the languages Portuguese, English and Spanish. Read More

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January 2018

Electroconvulsive therapy: historical construction of nursing care (1989-2002).

Rev Bras Enferm 2018 ;71(suppl 6):2743-2750

Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Anna Nery Nursing School. Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Objective: to describe the nursing care performed by the nursing team to the person with mental disorder submitted to ECT and to analyze the implications of the Psychiatric Reform in this care.

Method: socio-historical study, which uses the Thematic Oral History method.

Results: the nursing team is present in a continuous way in the monitoring of people submitted to ECT, performing care before, during and after the same, as well as visualizing the evolution of the technique and also of nursing care itself, however, does not recognize the Psychiatric Reform as agent for this change. Read More

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January 2018

Nursing professionals' knowledge regarding the management of waste produced in primary health care.

Rev Bras Enferm 2018 ;71(suppl 6):2728-2734

Universidade Federal do Piauí, Department of Nursing. Teresina, Piauí, Brazil.

Objective: To evaluate the knowledge of Nursing professionals regarding waste management in primary healthcare services.

Method: Descriptive study with a mixed approach, developed with 42 nursing professionals who worked in basic health units of a capital in the Brazilian Northeast Region. Quantitative variables were analyzed by the SPSS 20. Read More

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January 2018

Ethical dilemmas for the areas of Nursing and Health in relation to Preprints.

Rev Bras Enferm 2018 ;71(suppl 6):2602-2603

Full Professor of the Nursing Department of the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina and the Graduate Program in Nursing. Director of the Research and Study Center of ABEn Nacional, management from 2016 to 2019. Associate Editor of Revista Texto & Contexto Enfermagem. Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil.

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January 2018

Importance of cerebrospinal fluid investigation during dengue infection in Brazilian Amazonia Region.

Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 2018 Dec 10;114:e180450. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro/Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.

BACKGROUND Amazon, the largest tropical forest of the world, has suffered from dengue outbreaks since 1998. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients, from Amazonas state, suspected of central nervous system (CNS) viral infection was studied using molecular and immunological methods. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the importance of CSF investigation in patients with acute dengue virus (DENV) infection of CNS. Read More

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December 2018

Brazilian guidelines for the management of psychomotor agitation. Part 1. Non-pharmacological approach.

Braz J Psychiatr 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Comissão de Emergências Psiquiátricas, Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria (ABP), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

Objective: To present the essential guidelines for non-pharmacological management of patients with psychomotor agitation in Brazil.

Methods: These guidelines were developed based on a systematic review of articles published from 1997 to 2017, retrieved from MEDLINE (PubMed), Cochrane Database of Systematic Review, and SciELO. Other relevant articles identified by searching the reference lists of included studies were also used to develop these guidelines. Read More

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December 2018

Early childhood maltreatment experience and later sexual behavior in Brazilian adults undergoing treatment for substance dependence.

Braz J Psychiatr 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Departamento de Psiquiatria,Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective: To investigate the prevalence of early childhood maltreatment and associations with later sexual behavior among adult substance users.

Methods: A cross-sectional study enrolled 134 substance dependents who sought outpatient care in São Paulo, Brazil. Childhood trauma prevalence was assessed using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ). Read More

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December 2018