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    1950 results match your criteria Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology [Journal]

    1 OF 39

    Downregulation of Notch4 - a prognostic marker in distinguishing oral verrucous carcinoma from oral squamous cell carcinoma.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Oct 31. Epub 2017 Oct 31.
    SRM University, School of Bioengineering, Department of Genetic Engineering, Kattankulathur, India. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Oral verrucous carcinoma is a special form of well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma which possesses specific clinical, morphologic and cytokinetic features that differ from other types of oral cancers and hence diagnosis requires immense experience in histopathology. Hence it is certainly important to distinguish such a lesion from other oral tumors as treatment strategies vary widely between them.

    Objective: In search of a critical diagnostic marker in distinguishing oral verrucous carcinoma from oral squamous cell carcinoma, Notch4 receptor, one of the key regulatory molecules of the Notch signaling family has been aberrantly activated in the progression of several types of tumors. Read More

    A predictive model to distinguish malignant and benign thyroid nodules based on age, gender and ultrasonographic features.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Nov 4. Epub 2017 Nov 4.
    Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre (UFCSPA), Departamento de Informática, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
    Introduction: A discussion in literature about a standardized decision support tool for the management of thyroid nodules remains.

    Objective: The purpose of this study was to create a statistical prediction model for thyroid nodules management.

    Methods: Two hundred and four benign and 57 malignant thyroid nodules were selected for a retrospective study. Read More

    The first postoperative-stimulated serum thyroglobulin is a prognostic factor for thyroid microcarcinomas.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Oct 31. Epub 2017 Oct 31.
    Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" (Unesp), Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu, Departamento de Medicina Interna, Botucatu, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Endogenous thyroid-stimulating hormone-stimulated thyroglobulin collected after total thyroidectomy is a useful predictor of better prognosis in patients with differentiated thyroid carcinomas in general, but studies with microcarcinomas are scarce.

    Objective: To assess whether the first postoperative stimulated thyroglobulin measurement is a prognostic factor in patients with microcarcinoma.

    Methods: The medical data of 150 differentiated thyroid carcinoma patients were studied retrospectively, and 54 (36%) cases with microcarcinoma were selected. Read More

    Comparison between chloral hydrate and propofol-ketamine as sedation regimens for pediatric auditory brainstem response testing.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Oct 28. Epub 2017 Oct 28.
    Indiana University Health, Indiana University School of Medicine and Riley Hospital for Children, Department of Pediatrics - Section of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, United States.
    Introduction: The use of diagnostic auditory brainstem response testing under sedation is currently the "gold standard" in infants and young children who are not developmentally capable of completing the test.

    Objective: The aim of the study is to compare a propofol-ketamine regimen to an oral chloral hydrate regimen for sedating children undergoing auditory brainstem response testing.

    Methods: Patients between 4 months and 6 years who required sedation for auditory brainstem response testing were included in this retrospective study. Read More

    Identification and management of inverted or everted edges of traumatic tympanic membrane perforations.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Oct 28. Epub 2017 Oct 28.
    Xinxiang Medical University, Department of Clinical Medicine, Xinxiang City, China.
    Introduction: Most of traumatic tympanic membrane perforations have inverted or everted edges, however, the effects of inverted and everted edges on the spontaneous healing of the eardrum remain controversial.

    Objective: We investigated the influence of inverted or everted edges on the spontaneous healing of traumatic tympanic membrane perforations.

    Methods: The clinical records of patients with a traumatic tympanic membrane perforations who met the study criteria were retrieved and categorized into two groups, based on whether the eardrum was inverted or everted. Read More

    Neutrophil-lymphocyte ratios in the prognostication of primary non-metastatic Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Oct 19. Epub 2017 Oct 19.
    Universiti Malaya, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
    Introduction: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is a geographically and racially variable disease which has a high incidence in Malaysia. Based on current concepts in tumour related inflammation the inflammatory marker, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio was tested to find its relationship with prognosis in nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

    Objective: To investigate the effect of the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio on prognosis in non-metastatic primary nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients and to further refine the cut off between high and low neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio values. Read More

    Side effects of intraoral devices for OSAS treatment.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Oct 14. Epub 2017 Oct 14.
    Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (FO-UERJ), Faculdade de Odontologia, Ortodontia, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil; North Carolina State University, Chapel Hill, USA.
    Introduction: Intraoral devices have increasingly assumed a key role in the treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome, but there are limitations to their indication and side effects that result from their continuous use, as well as the use of the Continuous Positive Airway Pressure device.

    Objectives: To evaluate the changes in dental positioning caused by the continuous use of mandibular advancement devices.

    Methods: A prospective longitudinal study with a sample of 15 patients, with evaluation of complete documentation after a mean time of 6. Read More

    Revision rhinoplasty: physician-patient esthetic and functional evaluation.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Sep 14. Epub 2017 Sep 14.
    Associação Paranaense de Otorrinolaringologia (ASPO), Liga de Otorrinolaringologia, Curitiba, PR, Brazil; Universidade Positivo, Curitiba, PR, Brazil.
    Introduction: Approximately 5-15% of patients submitted to rhinoplasty operations undergo revision surgery. Those patients have varied functional and esthetic complaints that should receive a detailed assessment that includes all the expectations the patient had before the previous procedure.

    Objective: To draw the profile of the main esthetic-functional complaints reported by patients to be submitted to revision rhinoplasty and to correlate them with the internal and external objective nasal evaluation performed by the surgeon. Read More

    Biofeedback in dysphonia - progress and challenges.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Aug 19. Epub 2017 Aug 19.
    Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Pernanbuco, PE, Brazil.
    Introduction: There is evidence that all the complex machinery involved in speech acts along with the auditory system, and their adjustments can be altered.

    Objective: To present the evidence of biofeedback application for treatment of vocal disorders, emphasizing the muscle tension dysphonia.

    Methods: A systematic review was conducted in Scielo, Lilacs, PubMed and Web of Sciences databases, using the combination of descriptors, and admitting as inclusion criteria: articles published in journals with editorial committee, reporting cases or experimental or quasi-experimental research on the use of biofeedback in real time as additional source of treatment monitoring of muscle tension dysphonia or for vocal training. Read More

    Effects of diabetes mellitus and systemic arterial hypertension on elderly patients' hearing.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Sep 21. Epub 2017 Sep 21.
    Hospital Universitario, Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Introduction: Chronic diseases can act as an accelerating factor in the auditory system degeneration. Studies on the association between presbycusis and diabetes mellitus and systemic arterial hypertension have shown controversial conclusions.

    Objective: To compare the initial audiometry (A1) with a subsequent audiometry (A2) performed after a 3 to 4-year interval in a population of elderly patients with diabetes mellitus and/or systemic arterial hypertension, to verify whether hearing loss in these groups is more accelerated when compared to controls without these clinical conditions. Read More

    Behavioural and objective vestibular assessment in persons with osteoporosis and osteopenia: a preliminary investigation.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Sep 21. Epub 2017 Sep 21.
    All India Institute of Speech and Hearing, Department of Audiology, Manasagangothri, Karnataka, India.
    Introduction: Calcium is vital for the functioning of the inner ear hair cells as well as for the neurotransmitter release that triggers the generation of a nerve impulse. A reduction in calcium level could therefore impair the peripheric vestibular functioning. However, the outcome of balance assessment has rarely been explored in cases with osteopenia and osteoporosis, the medical conditions associated with reduction in calcium levels. Read More

    Laryngeal and vocal alterations after thyroidectomy.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Sep 21. Epub 2017 Sep 21.
    Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" (UNESP), Disciplina de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia de Cabeça e Pescoço, Botucatu, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Dysphonia is a common symptom after thyroidectomy.

    Objective: To analyze the vocal symptoms, auditory-perceptual and acoustic vocal, videolaryngoscopy, the surgical procedures and histopathological findings in patients undergoing thyroidectomy.

    Methods: Prospective study. Read More

    Buccinator myomucosal flap for the treatment of velopharyngeal insufficiency in patients with cleft palate and/or lip.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Sep 12. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    Hospital SOBRAPAR, Instituto de Cirurgia Plástica Craniofacial, Campinas, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:
    Introduction: The interpretation of the speech results obtained with the buccinator myomucosal flap in the treatment of velopharyngeal insufficiency in patients with cleft palate has been limited by the restriction in the number of patients and the time of postoperative follow-up.

    Objective: To evaluate the effect of the buccinator myomucosal flap on speech hypernasality in the treatment of patients with cleft palate and velopharyngeal insufficiency.

    Methods: Patients with repaired cleft palate (± lip) who were submitted to surgical correction of velopharyngeal insufficiency using the bilateral buccinator myomucosal flap were assessed. Read More

    Temporomandibular disorder: otologic implications and its relationship to sleep bruxism.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Aug 23. Epub 2017 Aug 23.
    Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE, Brazil. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Temporomandibular disorder is an umbrella term for various clinical problems affecting the muscles of mastication, temporomandibular joint and associated structures. This disorder has a multifactor etiology, with oral parafunctional habits considered an important co-factor. Among such habits, sleep bruxism is considered a causal agent involved in the initiation and/or perpetuation of temporomandibular disorder. Read More

    Hashimoto's thyroiditis - an independent risk factor for papillary carcinoma.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Sep 14. Epub 2017 Sep 14.
    Comenius University, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Martin, Slovakia.
    Introduction: The link between Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) and thyroid carcinoma (TC) has long been a topic of controversy.

    Objective: The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence of TC and HT coexistence in histopathologic material of thyroidectomized patients.

    Methods: In a retrospective study, the clinicohistopathologic data of 2117 patients (1738 females/379 males), who underwent total or partial thyroidectomy for thyroid gland disorder at a single institution from the 1st of January 2005 to the 31st of December 2014 were analyzed. Read More

    Predictive factors for oropharyngeal dysphagia after prolonged orotracheal intubation.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Sep 13. Epub 2017 Sep 13.
    Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Faculdade de Medicina, Departamento de Fonoaudiologia, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.
    Introduction: Lesions in the oral cavity, pharynx and larynx due to endotracheal intubation can cause reduction in the local motility and sensitivity, impairing the swallowing process, resulting in oropharyngeal dysphagia.

    Objective: To verify the predictive factors for the development of oropharyngeal dysphagia and the risk of aspiration in patients with prolonged orotracheal intubation admitted to an intensive care unit.

    Methods: This is an observational, analytical, cross-sectional and retrospective data collection study of 181 electronic medical records of patients submitted to prolonged orotracheal intubation. Read More

    Computed tomography evaluation of the morphometry and variations of the infraorbital canal relating to endoscopic surgery.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Sep 8. Epub 2017 Sep 8.
    Necmettin Erbakan University, Meram Faculty of Medicine, Department of Anatomy, Konya, Turkey.
    Introduction: The course of the infraorbital canal may leave the infraorbital nerve susceptible to injury during reconstructive and endoscopic surgery, particularly when surgically manipulating the roof of the maxillary sinus.

    Objective: We investigated both the morphometry and variations of the infraorbital canal with the aim to show the relationship between them relative to endoscopic approaches.

    Methods: This retrospective study was performed on paranasal multidetector computed tomography images of 200 patients. Read More

    Validation of a Portuguese version of the health-related quality of life measure for active chronic otitis media (COMQ-12).
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Sep 1. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Faculdade de Medicina, Departamento de Otorrinolaringologia, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Introduction: Measuring the impact on quality of life, especially after the beginning of the treatment, is becoming increasingly important in healthcare.

    Objective: The aim of this study was to translate the Chronic Otitis Media Questionnaire-12 (COMQ-12) into Portuguese language and validate this version in a group of patients with chronic otitis media.

    Methods: The Portuguese version of COMQ-12 was obtained by translation and back translation. Read More

    Is there a best side for cochlear implants in post-lingual patients?
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Jul 29. Epub 2017 Jul 29.
    Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto (FMRP), Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Cochlear Implant is a sensory prosthesis capable of restoring hearing in patients with severe or profound bilateral sensorineural hearing loss.

    Objective: To evaluate if there is a better side to be implanted in post-lingual patients.

    Methods: Retrospective longitudinal study. Read More

    Effect of antioxidant supplementation on the auditory threshold in sensorineural hearing loss: a meta-analysis.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Aug 26. Epub 2017 Aug 26.
    Universidade Estadual de Ciências da Saúde de Alagoas (UNCISAL), Maceió, AL, Brazil.
    Introduction: Hearing loss is conceptualized as any impairment of the ability to hear and/or detect speech or environment sounds, regardless of cause, type, or degree. It may occur at different stages of life; during pregnancy or childbirth, in childhood, adulthood or old age. It should be noted that aging is the most common cause of sensorineural hearing loss followed by noise-induced hearing loss, and both are closely related to the formation of reactive oxygen species. Read More

    Incidence of bifid uvula and its relationship to submucous cleft palate and a family history of oral cleft in the Brazilian population.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Aug 24. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
    Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros (Unimontes), Programa de Pós-graduação em Cuidado Primário em Saúde, Montes Claros, MG, Brazil; Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros (Unimontes), Faculdade de Odontologia, Montes Claros, MG, Brazil.
    Introduction: Bifid uvula is a frequently observed anomaly in the general population and can be regarded as a marker for submucous cleft palate.

    Objective: In this study aimed to determine the frequency of bifid uvula and submucous cleft palate and their relationship with oral clefts in a Brazilian population.

    Methods: We conducted a transversal, descriptive and quantitative study of 1206 children between August 2014 and December 2015. Read More

    Multidimensional effects of voice therapy in patients affected by unilateral vocal fold paralysis due to cancer.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Aug 24. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
    AC Camargo Cancer Center, Fonoaudiologia, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Introduction: Patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis may demonstrate different degrees of voice perturbation depending on the position of the paralyzed vocal fold. Understanding the effectiveness of voice therapy in this population may be an important coefficient to define the therapeutic approach.

    Objective: To evaluate the voice therapy effectiveness in the short, medium and long-term in patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis and determine the risk factors for voice rehabilitation failure. Read More

    Clinicopathologic factors associated with recurrence in parotid carcinoma.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Aug 25. Epub 2017 Aug 25.
    Chonnam National University Medical School, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Hwasun, South Korea; Chonnam National University, Hwasun Hospital, Hwasun, South Korea.
    Introduction: Parotid carcinomas have varying histological types and diverse biologic behaviors. Establishing an adequate treatment plan and predicting recurrence is important.

    Objective: To analyze the risk factors associated with recurrence in our 5 year experience with 30 cases of primary parotid carcinoma undergoing surgery at a single institute. Read More

    Retro- and orthonasal olfactory function in relation to olfactory bulb volume in patients with hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Aug 24. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
    Interdisciplinary Center "Smell & Taste", Department of Otorhinolaryngology, TU Dresden, Dresden, Germany.
    Introduction: Idiopathic hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism (IHH) with an olfactory deficit is defined as Kallmann syndrome (KS) and is distinct from normosmic IHH.

    Objective: Because olfactory perception not only consists of orthonasally gained impressions but also involves retronasal olfactory function, in this study we decided to comprehensively evaluate both retronasal and orthonasal olfaction in patients with IHH.

    Methods: This case-control study included 31 controls and 45 IHH patients. Read More

    Effects of cavity reconstruction on morbidity and quality of life after canal wall down tympanomastoidectomy.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Aug 19. Epub 2017 Aug 19.
    Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Izmir, Turkey.
    Introduction: Canal wall down (CWD) tympanomastoidectomy is commonly used to treat advanced chronic otitis media or cholesteatoma. The advantages of CWD mastoidectomy are excellent exposure for disease eradication and postoperative control of residual disease; its disadvantages include the accumulation of debris requiring life-long otological maintenance and cleaning, continuous ear drainage, fungal cavity infections, and the occurrence of dizziness and vertigo by changing temperature or pressure.

    Objective: To evaluate whether cavity-induced problems can be eliminated and patient comfort can be increased with mastoid cavity reconstruction. Read More

    Psychoacoustic classification of persistent tinnitus.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Aug 1. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM), Departamento de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia Cabeça e Pescoço, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Introduction: Tinnitus is a difficult to treat symptom, with different responses in patients. It is classified in different ways, according to its origin and associated diseases.

    Objective: to propose a single and measurable classification of persistent tinnitus, through its perception as sounds of nature or of daily life and its comparison with pure tone or noise, of high or low pitch, presented to the patient by audiometer sound. Read More

    Endoscopic observation of different repair patterns in human traumatic tympanic membrane perforations.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Aug 3. Epub 2017 Aug 3.
    Xinxiang Medical University, Department of Clinical Medicine, Henan, China. Electronic address:
    Introduction: In the last decade, there has been an increasing use of biomaterial patches in the regeneration of traumatic tympanic membrane perforations. The major advantages of biomaterial patches are to provisionally restore the physiological function of the middle ear, thereby immediately improving ear symptoms, and act as a scaffold for epithelium migration. However, whether there are additional biological effects on eardrum regeneration is unclear for biological material patching in the clinic. Read More

    Prognostic significance of soft tissue deposits in laryngeal carcinoma.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Jul 31. Epub 2017 Jul 31.
    Uludag University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology, Bursa, Turkey.
    Introduction: Soft tissue deposits is tumorous islands apart from lymph nodes and occasionally diagnosed in neck dissection specimens. Their importance has begun to be recognized, however, their value has not been investigated in laryngeal cancer as a single tumor site.

    Objective: To investigate the prognostic value of soft tissue deposits in patients with laryngeal carcinoma. Read More

    Disease-specific quality of life after septoplasty and bilateral inferior turbinate outfracture in patients with nasal obstruction.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Jul 29. Epub 2017 Jul 29.
    Universidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR), Hospital de Clínicas, Serviço de Otorrinolaringologia, Curitiba, PR, Brazil.
    Introduction: Septal deviations might cause nasal obstruction and negative impact on the quality of life of individuals. The efficacy of septoplasty for treatment of septal deviation and the predictors of satisfactory surgical outcomes remain controversial. Technical variability, heterogeneity of research samples and absence of a solid tool for clinical evaluation are the main hindrances to the establishment of reliable statistical data regarding the procedure. Read More

    Familial misophonia or Selective Sound Sensitivity Syndrome: evidence for autosomal dominant inheritance?
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Jul 29. Epub 2017 Jul 29.
    Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Pós-graduação em Ciências da Reabilitação, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Introduction: Misophonia is a recently described, poorly understood and neglected condition. It is characterized by strong negative reactions of hatred, anger or fear when subjects have to face some selective and low level repetitive sounds. The most common ones that trigger such aversive reactions are those elicited by the mouth (chewing gum or food, popping lips) or the nose (breathing, sniffing, and blowing) or by the fingers (typing, kneading paper, clicking pen, drumming on the table). Read More

    Association of Ugrp2 gene polymorphisms with adenoid hypertrophy in the pediatric population.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Aug 1. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Yenimahalle Education and Research Hospital, Pediatric Clinic, Ankara, Turkey.
    Introduction: Adenoid hypertrophy is a condition that presents itself as the chronic enlargement of adenoid tissues; it is frequently observed in the pediatric population. The Ugrp2 gene, a member of the secretoglobin superfamily, encodes a low-molecular weight protein that functions in the differentiation of upper airway epithelial cells. However, little is known about the association of Ugrp2 genetic variations with adenoid hypertrophy. Read More

    Audiological and electrophysiological alterations in HIV-infected individuals subjected or not to antiretroviral therapy.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Aug 2. Epub 2017 Aug 2.
    Universidade de São Paulo (FMUSP), Faculdade de Medicina, Departamento de Moléstias Infecciosas e Parasitárias, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Introduction: The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and infections related to it can affect multiple sites in the hearing system. The use of High-Activity Anti-Retroviral Therapy (HAART) can cause side effects such as ototoxicity. Thus, no consistent patterns of hearing impairment in adults with Human Immunodeficiency Virus / Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome have been established, and the problems that affect the hearing system of this population warrant further research. Read More

    First Clinical Consensus and National Recommendations on Tracheostomized Children of the Brazilian Academy of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology (ABOPe) and Brazilian Society of Pediatrics (SBP).
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Sep - Oct;83(5):498-506. Epub 2017 Jun 27.
    Universidade São Paulo (USP), Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil.
    Introduction: Tracheostomy is a procedure that can be performed in any age group, including children under 1year of age. Unfortunately health professionals in Brazil have great difficulty dealing with this condition due to the lack of standard care orientation.

    Objective: This clinical consensus by Academia Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia Pediátrica (ABOPe) and Sociedade Brasileira de Pediatria (SBP) aims to generate national recommendations on the care concerning tracheostomized children. Read More

    Water protection after tympanostomy (Shepard) tubes does not decrease otorrhea incidence - retrospective cohort study.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Jul 17. Epub 2017 Jul 17.
    Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Departamento de Otorrinolaringologia, Cirurgia de Cabeça e Pescoço, Lisboa, Portugal.
    Introduction: Myringotomy for tube insertion is the most common otologic surgery. Otorrhea is a frequent complication of this procedure and, to prevent it, most surgeons strongly recommend avoiding contact with water as this is thought to adversely impact on post-operative quality of life.

    Objective: To understand the benefit of this recommendation. Read More

    Giant fronto-ethmoidal osteoma - selection of an optimal surgical procedure.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Jul 17. Epub 2017 Jul 17.
    Independent Public Research Hospital N° 7 of Silesian Medical University, Upper Silesian Medical Centre, Department of Laryngology and Laryngological Oncology, Katowice, Poland.
    Introduction: Osteomas of the paranasal sinuses are benign bone tumours that produce clinical signs depending on their size and location. In most reported cases large tumours are excised by an external approach or in conjunction with an endoscopic technique. Endoscopic treatment of such tumours is a huge challenge for the operator. Read More

    Histopathological comparison of bone healing effects of endonasal and percutaneous lateral osteotomy methods in rabbit rhinoplasty model.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Jul 17. Epub 2017 Jul 17.
    University of Health Sciences, Bagcilar Training and Research Hospital, Department of Pathology, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Introduction: Lateral osteotomy is mainly performed either endonasally or percutaneously in rhinoplasty which is a frequently performed operation for the correction of nasal deformities. Both techniques have both advantages and disadvantages relative to each other.

    Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the histopathological effects of endonasal and percutaneous osteotomy techniques performed in rhinoplasty on bone healing and nasal stability in an experimental animal model. Read More

    Bacteriology of peritonsillar abscess: the changing trend and predisposing factors.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Jul 17. Epub 2017 Jul 17.
    Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Tajen University, Department of Pharmacy and Graduate Institute of Pharmaceutical Technology, Pingtung, Taiwan. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Peritonsillar abscess is the most common deep neck infection. The infectious microorganism may be different according to clinical factors.

    Objective: To identify the major causative pathogen of peritonsillar abscess and investigate the relationship between the causative pathogen, host clinical factors, and hospitalization duration. Read More

    Performance of the phonatory deviation diagram in the evaluation of rough and breathy synthesized voices.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Jul 5. Epub 2017 Jul 5.
    Universidade Federal da Paraíba (UFPB), Departamento de Fonoaudiologia, João Pessoa, PB, Brazil.
    Introduction: Voice disorders alter the sound signal in several ways, combining several types of vocal emission disturbances and noise. The Phonatory Deviation Diagram (PDD) is a two-dimensional chart that allows the evaluation of the vocal signal based on the combination of periodicity (jitter, shimmer, and correlation coefficient) and noise (Glottal to Noise Excitation - GNE) measurements. The use of synthesized signals, where one has a greater control and knowledge of the production conditions, may allow a better understanding of the physiological and acoustic mechanisms underlying the vocal emission and its main perceptual-auditory correlates regarding the intensity of the deviation and types of vocal quality. Read More

    Quality of life and cochlear implant: results in adults with postlingual hearing loss.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Jul 5. Epub 2017 Jul 5.
    Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Faculdade de Medicina, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Introduction: Considering the variability of results found in the clinical population using a cochlear implant, researchers in the area have been interested in the inclusion of quality of life measures to subjectively assess the benefits of the implantation.

    Objective: To assess the quality of life of adult users of cochlear implant.

    Methods: A cross-sectional and clinical study in a group of 26 adults of both genders, with mean duration of cochlear implant use of 6. Read More

    Anthropometric study of the caucasian nose in the city of Curitiba: relevance of population evaluation.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Jul 3. Epub 2017 Jul 3.
    Universidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR), Hospital das Clínicas (HC), Departamento de Otorrinolaringologia, Curitiba, PR, Brazil.
    Introduction: Norms and patterns of nasal esthetics are essential for an adequate preoperative evaluation and surgical programming. The esthetic nasal patterns used are a blend of artistic beauty ideals and tracings in models and celebrities. Because they do not consider population measures, they vary according to the period, and allow a discrepancy between the surgeon's preference and the patient's real desire for rhinoplasty. Read More

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