41,305 results match your criteria Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases [Journal]


Factors that can influence the survival rates of coral snakes (Micrurus corallinus) for antivenom production.

J Anim Sci 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Laboratório de Herpetologia do Instituto Butantan, Av. Vital Brazil, São Paulo - Brasil.

Envenoming and deaths resulting from snakebites are a particularly important public health problem in rural tropical areas of Africa, Asia, Latin America and New Guinea. In 2015 The Lancet highlighted snake-bite envenoming as a neglected tropical disease and urged the world to increase antivenom production. In Brazil around 20,000 snakebites occur per year affecting mostly agricultural workers and children, of which 1% are caused by coral snakes (Micrurus sp). Read More

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December 2018

Rotavirus analyses by SYBR Green real-time PCR and microbiological contamination in bivalves cultivated in coastal water of Amazonian Brazil.

J Water Health 2018 Dec;16(6):970-979

Instituto Evandro Chagas, IEC, BR-316 km 7, Ananindeua, Para, Brazil E-mail:

The contamination of mussels and oysters by viruses and bacteria is often associated with water contamination and gastroenteritis in humans. The present study evaluated viral and bacterial contamination in 380 samples, from nine mollusk-producing regions in coastal water north of the Brazilian Amazon. Rotavirus contamination was studied for groups A to H, using a two-step SYBR Green RT-qPCR (quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction), and bacterial families Enterobacteriaceae, Vibrionaceae, and Aeromonadaceae by classical and molecular methods. Read More

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December 2018

TRANSLATION, CROSS-CULTURAL ADAPTATION AND PRELIMINARY EVALUATION OF THE BRAZILIAN VERSIONOF THE PAIN CATASTROPHIZING SCALE-PARENTS.

Rev Paul Pediatr 2018 Oct-Dec;36(4):428-436

Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, GO, Brasil.

Objective: In Brazil, there is no scale to assess parental catastrophizing about their child's pain. This study aimed to translate and cross-culturally adapt the Pain Catastrophizing Scale-Parents to the Brazilian Portuguese language, as well as to preliminarily evaluate its psychometric properties among parents/guardians of children with and without a toothache.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 237 parents/other relatives of 237 children. Read More

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Variation in the prevalence and abundance of acanthocephalans in brown-nosed coatis Nasua nasua and crab-eating foxes Cerdocyon thous in the Brazilian Pantanal.

Braz J Biol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Laboratório de Biologia e Parasitologia de Mamíferos Silvestre Reservatórios, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - IOC, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz - FIOCRUZ, Avenida Brasil, 4365, Manguinhos, CEP 21045-900, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.

Host infection by parasites is influenced by an array of factors, including host and environmental features. We investigated the relationship between host sex, body size and age, as well as seasonality on infection patterns by acanthocephalan in coatis (Procyonidae: Nasua nasua) and in crab-eating foxes (Canidae: Cerdocyon thous ) from the Brazilian Pantanal wetlands. Between 2006 and 2009, we collected faecal samples from these hosts and analyzed for the presence of acanthocephalan eggs. Read More

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December 2018

Parasitoids diversity in organic Sweet Pepper (Capsicum annuum) associated with Basil (Ocimum basilicum) and Marigold (Tagetes erecta ).

Braz J Biol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Laboratório de Controle Biológico Conservativo, Departamento de Entomologia, Universidade Federal de Lavras - UFLA, Av. Doutor Sylvio Menicucci, 1001, Kennedy, CEP 37200-000, Lavras, MG, Brasil.

The sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) is one of the most important crops in Brazilian farming. Many insect are related to this crop, compromising the quantity and quality of the fruit, representing a production problem. Read More

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December 2018
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RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE BRAZILIAN SOCIETY OF HEPATOLOGY FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF ACUTE KIDNEY INJURY IN PATIENTS WITH CIRRHOSIS.

Arq Gastroenterol 2018 Jul-Sep;55(3):314-320

Hospital Português, Unidade de Gastroenterologia e Hepatologia, Salvador, BA, Brasil.

Acute kidney injury is a common complication of cirrhosis, occurring in up to 20% of patients hospitalized with cirrhosis. This field is rapidly changing, with significant advances in classification, biomarkers and therapy over the last few years. On the behalf of the Brazilian Society of Hepatology, a panel of experts in Hepatology and Nephrology reviewed published evidence to integrate findings and develop the recommendations presented in this manuscript. Read More

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HEPATITIS B AND C IN PREGNANT WOMEN ATTENDED BY A PRENATAL PROGRAM IN AN UNIVERSITARY HOSPITAL IN RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL: RETROSPECTIVE STUDY OF SEROPREVALENCE SCREENING.

Arq Gastroenterol 2018 Jul-Sep;55(3):267-273

Universidade Federal Fluminense, Faculdade de Medicina, Departamento de Medicina Interna, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.

Background: Hepatitis B and C are diseases with high morbimortality and constitute a global public health problem. In Brazil, the prevalence is not homogeneous, oscillating among different regions, but it is estimated that currently about 1% of the population present chronic disease related to the B virus and that there are 1.5 million infected with the C virus. Read More

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PANCREATIC CANCER IN BRAZIL: MORTALITY TRENDS AND PROJECTIONS UNTIL 2029.

Arq Gastroenterol 2018 Jul-Sep;55(3):230-236

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Departamento de Saúde Coletiva, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Coletiva, Natal, RN, Brasil.

Background: Pancreatic cancer is one of the main cancer-related causes of death in developed countries, and one of the most lethal malignant neoplasms. This type of cancer is classified as the ninth most frequent in the world.

Objective: Analyze temporal trends for pancreatic cancer in Brazil in the period 2000-2014 and calculate mortality projections for the period 2015-2029. Read More

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February 2018
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INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE: IMPACT ON SCORES OF QUALITY OF LIFE, DEPRESSION AND ANXIETY IN PATIENTS ATTENDING A TERTIARY CARE CENTER IN BRAZIL.

Arq Gastroenterol 2018 Jul-Sep;55(3):202-207

Programa de Pós-Graduação: Ciências da Gastroenterologia e Hepatologia, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

Background: Inflammatory bowel disease frequently affects patients at working age, compromising their quality of life in several levels: physical, psychological, familial and social. Few studies have evaluated the impact of Inflammatory bowel disease on quality of life, anxiety and depression in Brazilian patients.

Objective: Evaluate quality of life and its correlation with psychological aspects of patients with inflammatory bowel disease through the Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Read More

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November 2017

Characterisation of plasmid-mediated rmtB-1 in Enterobacteriaceae clinical isolates from São Paulo, Brazil.

Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 2018 Dec 10;113(12):e180392. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Departamento de Medicina Interna, Divisão de Doenças Infecciosas, Laboratório Alerta, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

OBJECTIVES The emergence of 16S rRNA methyltranferases (16 RMTAses) has jeopardised the clinical use of aminoglycosides. RmtB is one of the most frequently reported in Gram-negatives worldwide. In this study, we aimed to estimate the frequency of 16S RMTAses encoding genes in Enterobacteriaceae isolated in a three-month period from a tertiary Brazilian hospital. Read More

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December 2018

Polymorphisms in the TGFB1 and IL2RA genes are associated with clinical forms of leprosy in Brazilian population.

Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 2018 Dec 10;113(12):e180274. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Instituto Lauro de Souza Lima, Bauru, SP, Brasil.

BACKGROUND Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae, and compromises the skin and peripheral nerves. This disease has been classified as multibacillary (MB) or paucibacillary (PB) depending on the host immune response. Genetic epidemiology studies in leprosy have shown the influence of human genetic components on the disease outcomes. Read More

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December 2018
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Nurses' contributions to good practices in child care: an integrative literature review.

Rev Bras Enferm 2018 ;71(suppl 6):2808-2817

Universidade Federal Fluminense, Department of Nursing. Rio das Ostras, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Objective: to identify scientific evidence on the contribution of nurses' work to good practices in child care in the Brazilian literature.

Method: integrative review of the literature, carried out in Latin American and Caribbean in Health Sciences Literature (LILACS), Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Brazilian Nursing Database (BDENF), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and Scientific Electronic Library Online (SCIELO) database, from 2008 to 2018.

Results: 14 complete studies were selected for interpretative analysis. Read More

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January 2018

Nursing students' perception about humanized care: an integrative review.

Rev Bras Enferm 2018 ;71(suppl 6):2800-2807

Universidade Federal Fluminense, School of Nursing. Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Objective: To analyze the productions of knowledge about the students' perception of humanized care.

Method: Study of bibliographical revision of the integrative type. The databases Pubmed, Lilacs, Cuiden and the SciELO virtual library were chosen for selection in October 2017, using the health descriptors "Students, Nursing", "Perception" and "Humanization of assistance", in the languages Portuguese, English and Spanish. Read More

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January 2018

Electroconvulsive therapy: historical construction of nursing care (1989-2002).

Rev Bras Enferm 2018 ;71(suppl 6):2743-2750

Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Anna Nery Nursing School. Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Objective: to describe the nursing care performed by the nursing team to the person with mental disorder submitted to ECT and to analyze the implications of the Psychiatric Reform in this care.

Method: socio-historical study, which uses the Thematic Oral History method.

Results: the nursing team is present in a continuous way in the monitoring of people submitted to ECT, performing care before, during and after the same, as well as visualizing the evolution of the technique and also of nursing care itself, however, does not recognize the Psychiatric Reform as agent for this change. Read More

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January 2018

Nursing professionals' knowledge regarding the management of waste produced in primary health care.

Rev Bras Enferm 2018 ;71(suppl 6):2728-2734

Universidade Federal do Piauí, Department of Nursing. Teresina, Piauí, Brazil.

Objective: To evaluate the knowledge of Nursing professionals regarding waste management in primary healthcare services.

Method: Descriptive study with a mixed approach, developed with 42 nursing professionals who worked in basic health units of a capital in the Brazilian Northeast Region. Quantitative variables were analyzed by the SPSS 20. Read More

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January 2018

Ethical dilemmas for the areas of Nursing and Health in relation to Preprints.

Rev Bras Enferm 2018 ;71(suppl 6):2602-2603

Full Professor of the Nursing Department of the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina and the Graduate Program in Nursing. Director of the Research and Study Center of ABEn Nacional, management from 2016 to 2019. Associate Editor of Revista Texto & Contexto Enfermagem. Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil.

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January 2018

Importance of cerebrospinal fluid investigation during dengue infection in Brazilian Amazonia Region.

Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 2018 Dec 10;114:e180450. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro/Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.

BACKGROUND Amazon, the largest tropical forest of the world, has suffered from dengue outbreaks since 1998. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients, from Amazonas state, suspected of central nervous system (CNS) viral infection was studied using molecular and immunological methods. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the importance of CSF investigation in patients with acute dengue virus (DENV) infection of CNS. Read More

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December 2018

Brazilian guidelines for the management of psychomotor agitation. Part 1. Non-pharmacological approach.

Braz J Psychiatr 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Comissão de Emergências Psiquiátricas, Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria (ABP), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

Objective: To present the essential guidelines for non-pharmacological management of patients with psychomotor agitation in Brazil.

Methods: These guidelines were developed based on a systematic review of articles published from 1997 to 2017, retrieved from MEDLINE (PubMed), Cochrane Database of Systematic Review, and SciELO. Other relevant articles identified by searching the reference lists of included studies were also used to develop these guidelines. Read More

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December 2018

Early childhood maltreatment experience and later sexual behavior in Brazilian adults undergoing treatment for substance dependence.

Braz J Psychiatr 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Departamento de Psiquiatria,Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective: To investigate the prevalence of early childhood maltreatment and associations with later sexual behavior among adult substance users.

Methods: A cross-sectional study enrolled 134 substance dependents who sought outpatient care in São Paulo, Brazil. Childhood trauma prevalence was assessed using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ). Read More

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December 2018

[Evaluation of satisfaction with dental care from the standpoint of adult Brazilian users: a multilevel analysis].

Cien Saude Colet 2018 Dec;23(12):4339-4349

Departamento de Odontologia, Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros. Montes Claros MG Brasil.

The scope of this paper was to evaluate the satisfaction regarding dental care services and to identify the association between dissatisfaction and contextual/individual variables. It involved a cross-sectional study of a representative sample of 8,943 adults from 177 municipalities, in which 14.9% of adults were dissatisfied. Read More

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December 2018

Expenditure trends in ambulatory care sensitive conditions in the under-fives in Bahia, Brazil.

Cien Saude Colet 2018 Dec;23(12):4331-4338

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Coletiva, Universidade Estadual do Ceará. Fortaleza CE Brasil.

This study analyses expenditure trends in Hospitalizations for Ambulatory Care Sensitive Conditions (ACSCs) in children. It is an ecological time-series study, including hospitalizations of children under five in Bahia, between 2000 and 2012. We calculate the annual ACSC rates, as well as the total and average expenditure on these hospitalizations. Read More

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December 2018

Education-service integration in the context of Brazilian medical schools: an integrative review.

Cien Saude Colet 2018 Dec;23(12):4241-4248

Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo. Santos SP Brasil.

This paper aimed to characterize the historical trajectory, including the advances and challenges, of the teaching-service integration in the medical training process. In this context, through scientific studies indexed in databases, a critical review of the literature was performed from the search for works of reference until the present moment. Most of the works consulted were reference material on the topic published in scientific journals and indexed in the databases of the Virtual Health Library. Read More

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December 2018

Brazilian National School Food Program as a promoter of local, healthy and sustainable food systems: evaluating the financial implementation.

Cien Saude Colet 2018 Dec;23(12):4189-4197

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Nutrição, Departamento de Nutrição, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Florianópolis SC Brasil.

This study aimed to analyze the financial investment used for the procurement of food for the Brazilian National School Food Program (PNAE) in a city in the South of Brazil. The bidding process, the public calls and accountability reports of the PNAE were analyzed in the following variables: I) municipal financial complementation values; II) percentage of resources used to purchase foods from Family Farmer (FF), and Recommended, Restricted, Prohibited and others foods. The comparison of proportions was employed as a test to identify differences between investments. Read More

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December 2018

The new food classification: theory, practice and difficulties.

Cien Saude Colet 2018 Dec;23(12):4165-4176

Divisão de Planejamento, UFGD. Dourados MS Brasil.

The objective of this work was to present the theory, propose the practice and evaluate the difficulties of the new food classification system that was presented in the second edition of the Dietary Guidelines for the Brazilian Population. The questionnaire used included a list of 30 foods divided into four groups: in natura or minimally processed foods (I), culinary ingredients (C), processed foods (P) and ultra-processed foods (U). The participants categorized the foods before and after a mini-course. Read More

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December 2018
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[Purchase of products directly from family farms for the National School Feeding Program (PNAE): cross-sectional study with the universe of brazilian municipalities].

Cien Saude Colet 2018 Dec;23(12):4153-4164

Centro Colaborador em Alimentação e Nutrição do Escolar do Estado de Santa Catarina, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Campus Universitário, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Departamento de Nutrição Sala 215, Trindade. 88040-900 Florianópolis SC Brasil.

The integration of family farming with school meals has the potential to improve the variety of school menus thereby bringing the production and consumption of food into closer alignment. This study researched the Brazilian municipalities with respect to the purchase of food from family farms for the National School Food Program. It involved a cross-sectional study conducted via an electronic questionnaire sent to 5,565 municipalities in the country. Read More

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December 2018

Health and Food and Nutritional Security Policies: challenges in controlling childhood obesity.

Cien Saude Colet 2018 Dec;23(12):4143-4152

Departamento de Nutrição Social, Faculdade de Nutrição, Universidade Federal Fluminense. R. Mario Santos Braga 30/4º, Centro. 24020-140 Niterói RJ Brasil.

The study analyzed the initiatives of prevention and control of childhood obesity, especially those of Adequate and Healthy Food Promotion (PAAS) which have been part of the policies of the Brazilian federal government for the last 15 years. All documents that feature PAAS initiatives in the food and nutrition security, as well as public health policy fields, were evaluated according to the following criteria: (1) the approach to PAAS initiatives; (2) the aspects of obesitythat they intend to affect and (3) potential interest disputes. The main PAAS initiatives identified are intended to encourage: food and nutrition education; agroecological production systems; family agriculture; food accessibility; healthy environments and regulatory measures. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Healthy Eating Index: adaptation for children aged 1 to 2 years.

Cien Saude Colet 2018 Dec;23(12):4095-4106

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Coletiva, Departamento de Saúde Pública, UFMA. São Luís MA Brasil.

The goal was to adapt the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) to the US Dietary Guidelines for Brazilian children. Cross-sectional study conducted in a population-based sample of 1185 children 13-35 months old of São Luís municipality (MA). A 24-hour dietary recall Survey measured the food consumption and set the intrapersonal variance diet. Read More

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December 2018
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Sodium content and food additives in major brands of Brazilian children's foods.

Cien Saude Colet 2018 Dec;23(12):4065-4075

Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia de Goiás. Av.Universitária Vereador Vagner da Silva Qd 01, Lt 1-A Parque Itatiaia, 74968-755 Aparecida de Goiânia GO Brasil.

The objective of this paper is to evaluate the sodium content and additive usage in packaged food products targeted at Brazilian children. Commercial database and manufactures' websites were used to identify major brands of child-oriented foods. Samples were categorized as "children's foods" (n = 214) and "infant's foods" (n = 86). Read More

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December 2018
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[Challenges facing Food and Nutrition Security in the Amazon: availability and consumption in households with adolescents].

Cien Saude Colet 2018 Dec;23(12):4043-4054

Instituto de Saúde Coletiva, Faculdade de Ciências Exatas e da Terra, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso (UFMT). Cuiabá MT Brasil.

Food and nutritional insecurity remains a challenge to the accomplishment of the right to adequate food in the Brazilian scenario. The scope of this study was to analyze the food and nutrition insecurity situation of adolescents both in households and on an individual level. A cross-sectional population-based study was conducted with 363 households and 95 adolescents in urban municipalities of the Brazilian Amazon. Read More

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December 2018

VITAMIN D DEFICIENCY AND PARATOHOMMONIUM INCREASE IN LATE POSTOPERATIVE GASTRIC BYPASS IN ROUX-EN-Y.

Arq Bras Cir Dig 2018 Dec 6;31(4):e1407. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Lane Clinic, Campinas, SP, Brazil.

Background : Roux-en-Y gastric bypass patients can experience changes in calcium metabolism and hyperparathyroidism secondary to vitamin D deficiency.

Aim : To evaluate nutritional deficiencies related to the calcium metabolism of patients undergoing gastric bypass with a 10-year follow-up.

Method : This is a longitudinal retrospective study of patients submitted to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass at a multidisciplinary clinic located in the Brazilian southeast region. Read More

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December 2018

Adverse perinatal outcomes are associated with severe maternal morbidity and mortality: evidence from a national multicentre cross-sectional study.

Arch Gynecol Obstet 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, University of Campinas, Rua Alexander Fleming 101, Campinas, São Paulo, 13083-891, Brazil.

Purpose: To assess the association between maternal potentially life-threatening conditions (PLTC), maternal near miss (MNM), and maternal death (MD) with perinatal outcomes.

Methods: Cross-sectional study in 27 Brazilian referral centers from July, 2009 to June, 2010. All women presenting any criteria for PLTC and MNM, or MD, were included. Read More

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December 2018

Estrogen receptor gene is associated with dental fluorosis in Brazilian children.

Clin Oral Investig 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

School of Health and Biological Sciences, Universidade Positivo, Rua Professor Pedro Viriato Parigot de Souza, 5300, Campo Comprido, Curitiba, Paraná, 80740-050, Brazil.

Objectives: The aim of this study was investigate the association between genetic polymorphisms in ESR1, ESR2, and ESRRB and dental fluorosis (DF) in a well-characterized sample of children from Curitiba, Brazil.

Material And Methods: From a representative sample of 538 children, 12-year-old were evaluated. DF was assessed in erupted permanent teeth by the Dean's index modified. Read More

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December 2018

Re: Brazilian Consensus Recommendation on the Use of Polymethylmethacrylate Filler in Facial and Corporal Aesthetics by Túlio Armanini Blanco Souza, Letícia Marques Colomé, Eduardo André Bender, Gottfriede Lemperle Aesthethic Plastic Surgery 2018; 42(5): 1244-51.

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Brazilian Society of Plastic Surgery (Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Plástica), Rua Funchal, 129, 2 andar - Vila Olímpia, São Paulo, SP, CEP 04551-060, Brazil.

The self-titled study Brazilian Consensus Recommendation cannot be considered a consensus and more specifically cannot be considered a Brazilian consensus. The study does not represent the point-of-view of members of the Brazilian Society of Plastic Surgery. The content of this paper is plenty of contradictory and questionable affirmations. Read More

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December 2018

Genetically Modified Labeling Policies: Moving Forward or Backward?

Front Bioeng Biotechnol 2018 27;6:181. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Biotechnology Group, Federal University of Espírito Santo, Vitória, Brazil.

One of the priorities to address food security is to increase the access of farmers to biotechnology, through the application of scientific advances, such as genetically modified organisms and food (GMF). However, the spread of (mis)information about their safety strengthens the clamor for mandatory GMF labeling. This paper provides an overview of food labeling policies, considering the principles suggested by the Codex Alimentarius Commission, and analyzes the consequences for the world food security of the Brazilian labeling policies compared to developed countries. Read More

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November 2018

Questionnaires for knee instability assessment in people with anterior cruciate ligament injury: a systematic review of original questionnaires and their translated versions.

Disabil Rehabil 2018 Dec 11:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

c Department of Community and Allied Health , La Trobe University , Bendigo , Australia.

Purpose: To verify the quality of questionnaires/scales regarding knee instability caused by anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) insufficiency and their translated versions.

Materials And Methods: Searches were conducted on Web of Science, Pubmed, Medline, Cinahl, and SportDiscuss. The COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of Health Measurement INstruments (COSMIN) scale was used to assess the article's quality; and the measurement properties of each questionnaire/scale were also analysed. Read More

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December 2018

"Our Voices, Our Meaning": The Social Representations of Sports for Brazilian Athletes With Disabilities.

Adapt Phys Activ Q 2018 Dec 12:1-19. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

1 University of Porto.

This study aimed to identify the social representations of sports for Brazilian athletes with disabilities and to understand the extent to which sports can contribute to their empowerment. A total of 153 Brazilian athletes of various sports and with different types of disabilities took part in the study (122 men and 31 women; M = 31.91 years, SD = 9. Read More

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December 2018

Putative contributions of the sex chromosome proteins SOX3 and SRY to neurodevelopmental disorders.

Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

LIM23, Instituto de Psiquiatria, Hospital das Clinicas HCFMUSP, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil.

The male-biased prevalence of certain neurodevelopmental disorders and the sex-biased outcomes associated with stress exposure during gestation have been previously described. Here, we hypothesized that genes distinctively targeted by only one or both homologous proteins highly conserved across therian mammals, SOX3 and SRY, could induce sexual adaptive changes that result in a differential risk for neurodevelopmental disorders. ChIP-seq/chip data showed that SOX3/SRY gene targets were expressed in different brain cell types in mice. Read More

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December 2018
3.416 Impact Factor

Fasting insulin resistance affects the prevalence of metabolically healthy obesity in Brazilian adolescents.

Acta Paediatr 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Departamento de Medicina Preventiva, Faculdade de Medicina FMUSP, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, BR.

Aim: We aimed to assess the influence of fasting insulin resistance on metabolically healthy obesity (MHO) prevalence in adolescents and to identify associated factors.

Methods: This retrospective, registry-based, cross-sectional study included 418 (51.9% girls) 10-18 year-old adolescents with obesity from a tertiary outpatient clinic in Sao Paulo, Brazil, between 2009 and 2013. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Intellectual, adaptive and behavioural characteristics in four patients with 18p deletion syndrome.

J Intellect Disabil Res 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Genetics Division, Department of Morphology and Genetics, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: The association of behavioural phenotype assessment with cytogenomic characterisation may provide a better comprehension of genotype-phenotype correlations in syndromes caused by chromosomal abnormalities, such as 18p deletion syndrome.

Method: We report on four Brazilian patients with 18p deletion syndrome characterised by cytogenomic techniques and detailed neuropsychological evaluation. Intellectual, adaptive and behavioural characteristics were assessed through the Wechsler's Scales, the Vineland-II Scale and the Child Behaviour Checklist, respectively. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Sexuality Education in Schools.

Authors:

Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet 2018 Dec 7;40(12):731-732. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

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December 2018

Mutation screening of TP53, CHEK2 and BRCA genes in patients at high risk for hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) in Brazil.

Breast Cancer 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Universidade Federal de São João del Rei (UFSJ), 400 Sebastião Gonçalves Coelho Ave., Chanadour, Divinópolis, MG, 35501-296, Brazil.

Background: Few studies related to hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome (HBOC) have been conducted in Brazil, and they are restricted to only small areas of the country. Here, we report the mutation profile of BRCA1/2, CHEK2 and TP53 genes in a cohort from Minas Gerais state.

Methods: These genes from 44 patients at high risk for HBOC were screened through high-resolution melting and/or sequencing. Read More

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December 2018

A rare case of deafness and renal abnormalities in HDR syndrome caused by a de novo mutation in the GATA3 gene.

Genet Mol Biol 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Laboratório de Genética Molecular Humana, Centro de Engenharia Molecular e Genética, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Unicamp), Campinas, SP, Brazil.

HDR syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in the GATA3 gene and characterized by hypoparathyroidism, sensorineural deafness and renal abnormalities. Here we report a Brazilian family, from which the proband, his mother and his grandfather were diagnosed with bilateral sensorineural hearing loss. Molecular screening of the GJB2, GJB6 and MTRNR1 genes in the proband showed no alterations; however, whole exome sequencing detected a heterozygous mutation, c. Read More

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November 2018

Method Development for Assessing Carbamazepine, Caffeine, and Atrazine in Water Sources from the Brazilian Federal District Using UPLC-QTOF/MS.

Int J Anal Chem 2018 11;2018:4593793. Epub 2018 Nov 11.

Environmental Sanitation Company of the Federal District (CAESB), Águas Claras 71928-720, Brazil.

About 3.0 million people living under a typical tropical savannah climate in the Brazilian Federal District (FD) have faced an unprecedented water crisis. Considering the need for indirect reuse of wastewater for public supply, this work aimed to investigate FD water sources regarding the presence and risks of three contaminants of emerging concern: caffeine, carbamazepine, and atrazine. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Antivenomic approach of different venoms.

J Venom Anim Toxins Incl Trop Dis 2018 26;24:34. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

1Department of Physics and Chemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Av. do Café s/n, Monte Alegre, Ribeirão Preto, SP 14040-903 Brazil.

Background: Our group has previously performed a proteomic study verifying that individual variations can occur among venoms. These variations may lead to differences in venom toxicity and may result in lack of neutralization of some components by antivenom. In this way, this study aimed to evaluate the Brazilian anticrotalic serum capacity in recognizing twenty-two venoms, as well as their fractions. Read More

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November 2018

Maltreatment and Emotion Recognition Among Brazilian Adolescents.

Front Psychiatry 2018 26;9:625. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Psiquiatria da Infância e Adolescencia, Departamento de Psiquiatria, Faculdade de Medicina, Hospital das Clinicas HCFMUSP, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

The experience of maltreatment can impair child development, including changes in the process of emotions recognition, which may result in impairment of social interactions and behavioral disabilities. In order to measure the association between maltreatment and changes on emotion recognition among Brazilian adolescents, the Emotional Recognition Test on Human Faces (ERTHF) was applied to a sample of 50 adolescents who had suffered different intensities and types of abuse. The social and clinical characteristics of the participants were analyzed and, from ERTHF data, the accuracy and response time for the emotion recognition. Read More

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November 2018

Full-Genome Sequencing of a Virus from a 33-Year-Old Sample Demonstrates that Is Synonymous with .

Microbiol Resour Announc 2018 Nov 29;7(21). Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Institute of Agriculture, Faculty of Science, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia.

We describe here the first genome sequence of Arracacha virus Y (ArVY) derived from an arracacha (Arracacia xanthorrhiza) sample originally collected in 1976 in Peru and compare it with other potyvirus genome sequences. It had a 79% nucleotide identity with a 2013 Brazilian Arracacha mottle virus (AMoV) sequence, suggesting that AMoV is ArVY. Read More

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November 2018

Draft Genome Sequence of Rhodopirellula baltica Strain BR-MGV, a Planctomycete Isolated from Brazilian Mangrove Soil.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2018 Oct 11;7(14). Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Soil Microbiology Laboratory, Luiz de Queiroz College of Agriculture, University of São Paulo-ESALQ/USP, Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil.

Members of the phylum Planctomycetes, which are capable of surviving in a wide range of environments, are some of the least-explored bacteria. Here, we report the near-complete draft genome sequence and annotation of the planctomycete Rhodopirellula baltica BR-MGV, which was isolated from the soil of a contaminated Brazilian mangrove. Read More

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October 2018

Coming out in a harsh environment: a new genus and species for a land flatworm (Platyhelminthes: Tricladida) occurring in a ferruginous cave from the Brazilian savanna.

PeerJ 2018 4;6:e6007. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Instituto de Pesquisas de Planárias, Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos-UNISINOS, São Leopoldo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Faunal inventories in ferruginous caves from an area belonging to the Brazilian savanna (Cerrado phytophysiognomy), on the eastern margin of the Serra do Espinhaço Plateau, in southeastern Brazil, have revealed the occurrence of land flatworms. Herein, a flatworm sampled in such subterranean environment is described as a new genus and species of the Neotropical subfamily Geoplaninae, gen. nov. Read More

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December 2018

Anxiety, depression symptoms, and physical activity levels of eutrophic and excess-weight Brazilian elite police officers: a preliminary study.

Psychol Res Behav Manag 2018 14;11:589-595. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Institute of Primary Care, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Police officers are subjected to high work-related stress. This scenario of irregular and insalubrious working conditions may be related to an increase in psychiatric disorders and overweight. In particular, low levels of physical activity and high work stress levels may predispose police officers to obesity, poor lifestyles, and, consequently, major risk of psychological disorders. Read More

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November 2018