48,448 results match your criteria Brazilian Journal Of Probability And Statistics[Journal]


Induction of Allergic Contact Dermatitis and Pervasive Face Edema due to Brazilian Keratin Treatment.

J Cosmet Dermatol 2020 Jul 11. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Hatay Mustafa Kemal University, Hatay, Turkey.

Brazilian keratin treatment (BKT) is a prevalent hair straightening method widely used by women in the world. The degree of concentration of formaldehyde safe for sensitive patients is still obscure. Report claims that these products contain intolerably high levels of formaldehyde. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocd.13605DOI Listing

Is shortage of heart donors a real problem? Insights from a Brazilian Mid-West heart transplant program.

J Card Surg 2020 Jul 11. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Instituto de Cardiologia do Distrito Federal, Brasilia, Distrito Federal, Brazil.

Background And Aim Of The Study: In developed countries, the shortage of viable donors is the main limiting factor of heart transplantation. The aim of this study is to determine whether the same reality applies to Brazil.

Methods: Between January 2012 and December 2014, 299 adult heart donor offers were studied in terms of donor profiles and reasons for refusal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocs.14781DOI Listing

Sociodemographic factors and prenatal care behaviors associated with unplanned pregnancy in a Brazilian birth cohort study.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2020 Jul 11. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Ribeirao Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil.

Objective: To identify the sociodemographic factors and prenatal behavior characteristics associated with unplanned pregnancy.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted of mothers of newborns enrolled in a birth cohort in Ribeirão Preto, Brazil. Questionnaires were administered to postpartum women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijgo.13305DOI Listing

From prohibition to harm reduction? An analysis of the adoption of the Dutch harm reduction approach in Brazilian drug laws and practice.

Int J Drug Policy 2020 Jul 8;83:102842. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Leiden University, Institute for Criminal Law & Criminology, PO-box 9520, 2300 RA Leiden, Netherland. Electronic address:

Background: Brazilian drugs law and policy used to focus on prohibition of drug use. In 2006, inspired by the Dutch harm reduction approach, Brazil adopted Law 11.343/06, a new drugs law focused at harm reduction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2020.102842DOI Listing

Limonene, a food additive, and its active metabolite perillyl alcohol improve regeneration and attenuate neuropathic pain after peripheral nerve injury: Evidence for IL-1β, TNF-α, GAP, NGF and ERK involvement.

Int Immunopharmacol 2020 Jul 8;86:106766. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Laboratory of Neuroscience and Pharmacological Assays (LANEF), Department of Physiology, Federal University of Sergipe, São Cristóvão, SE 49100-000, Brazil; Franco-Brazilian Network on Natural Products (FB2NP), Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: Limonene (LIM) and its main metabolite perillyl alcohol (POH) are ingredients found in food with promising chemical entities due to their pharmacological profile. In this study, we hypothesized that LIM and POH are two molecules capable of accelerating the regenerative process and alleviating neuropathic pain.

Methods: Animals were treated daily (LIM, POH and saline) for 28 days and during this period evaluated for mechanical hyperalgesia, astrocyte participation by immunofluorescence for GFAP, and ELISA was used to quantify IL-1β and TNF-α in the spinal cord. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.intimp.2020.106766DOI Listing

Biting Midges in Jamari National Forest, in the Brazilian Amazon, With 12 New Records of Culicoides Species (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) for the State of Rondônia.

J Med Entomol 2020 Jul 11. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Laboratório de Entomologia, Fiocruz Rondônia, Rua da Beira, Lagoa, Porto Velho, RO, Brazil.

Culicoides biting midges are small hematophagous flies, some species of which transmit pathogens to livestock and humans. In the Brazilian Amazon Basin, Culicoides diversity has remained largely unexamined. Jamari National Forest (JNF) is a conservation area in Rondônia State where research and environmental education are conducted in conjunction with the protection of natural resources, and the recovery of degraded areas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjaa138DOI Listing

After the pandemic: the role of science in the future of the countries.

Braz J Infect Dis 2020 May - Jun;24(3):189-190

Institute of Infectious Diseases Emílio Ribas, São Paulo, SP, Brazil; Brazilian Society for Infectious Diseases, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjid.2020.06.006DOI Listing

Sofosbuvir shows a protective effect against vertical transmission of Zika virus and the associated congenital syndrome in rhesus monkeys.

Antiviral Res 2020 Jul 7:104859. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Laboratório de Desenvolvimento Tecnológico Em Virologia, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Avenida Brasil, 4365, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. Electronic address:

The outbreaks of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection in Brazil, 2015-2016, were associated with severe congenital malformations. Our translational study aimed to test the efficacy of the antiviral agent sofosbuvir (SOF) against vertical transmission of ZIKV and the associated congenital syndrome (CZS), using a rhesus monkey model. Eight pregnant macaques were successfully infected during the organogenesis phase with a Brazilian ZIKV strain; five of them received SOF from two to fifteen days post-infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.antiviral.2020.104859DOI Listing

Evidence-Based Practical Guidance for the Antithrombotic Management in Patients With Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) in 2020.

Clin Appl Thromb Hemost 2020 Jan-Dec;26:1076029620936350

Hemostasis & Thrombosis Research Laboratories at Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, IL, USA.

This practical guidance, endorsed by the Brazilian Society of Thrombosis and Hemostasis and The Brazilian Society of Angiology and Vascular Surgery, the International Union of Angiology and the European Venous Forum, aims to provide physicians with clear guidance, based on current best evidence-based data, on clinical strategies to manage antithrombotic strategies in patients with coronavirus disease 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1076029620936350DOI Listing

Influence Of Fundão Tailings Dam Breach on Water Quality in the Doce River Watershed.

Integr Environ Assess Manag 2020 Jul 10. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Golder, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

The Fundão Dam (Minas Gerais, Brazil) breach resulted in the transport and deposition of iron mine tailings and debris for approximately 670 kilometers along the Doce River watershed. Following the event, an extensive water quality monitoring program was implemented. The results generated by this program was used to assess the temporal and spatial impacts of the event on water quality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ieam.4311DOI Listing

Increase in submissions to International Brazilian Journal of Urology during Covid-19 quarentine.

Int Braz J Urol 2020 Sep-Oct;46(5):689-690

Unidade de Pesquisa Urogenital - Universidade Estadual do Rio de Janeiro - Uerj, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1677-5538.IBJU.2020.05.01DOI Listing

Genetic polymorphisms in the Interleukins IL1B, IL4, and IL6 are associated with concomitant periodontitis and type 2 diabetes mellitus in Brazilian patients.

J Periodontal Res 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Morphology, Genetics, Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry, São Paulo State University-UNESP, School of Dentistry at Araraquara, Araraquara, Brazil.

Objective: To assess whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the IL10, IL1A, IL1B, IL4, TNFA, IL6, OPG, RANK, and RANKL genes, "classically" related with periodontitis, could be associated with susceptibility to T2DM, and also with both diseases concomitantly.

Background: There are common pathogenic mechanisms in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and periodontitis, but the knowledge of the genetic aspect of this is limited. In patients affected by concomitant T2DM and periodontitis, whose incidence is increasing, there is scarce information regarding the gene-phenotype association, including whether there are genes able to influence both diseases as comorbidities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jre.12784DOI Listing

Species richness both impedes and promotes alien plant invasions in the Brazilian Cerrado.

Sci Rep 2020 Jul 9;10(1):11365. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Biology, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Pleinlaan 2, 1050, Brussels, Belgium.

Worldwide, alien plant invasions have been intensively studied in the past decades, but mechanisms controlling the invasibility of native communities are not fully understood yet. The stochastic niche hypothesis predicts that species-rich plant communities are less prone to alien plant invasions than species-poor communities, which is supported by some but not all field studies, with some very species-rich communities such as the Brazilian Cerrado becoming heavily invaded. However, species-rich communities potentially contain a greater variety of facilitative interactions in resource exploitation than species-poor communities, from which invasive plants might benefit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-68412-5DOI Listing

Absence of the c.169+50delTAAACAG mutation of SOD1 gene in a sample of keratoconus patients in Brazilian population.

BMC Res Notes 2020 Jul 9;13(1):328. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Biology Department, Instituto de Biociências, Letras e Ciências Exatas, IBILCE-UNESP, Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho,", Rua Cristóvão Colombo, 2265, São José do Rio Preto, São Paulo, 15054-000, Brazil.

Objective: To determine the presence of the 7-bp deletion c.169+50delTAAACAG in intron 2 of Superoxide Dismutase-1 gene in keratoconic patients from the State of São Paulo, Brazil, which promotes splicing variations, resulting in non-functional Superoxide Dismutase-1 antioxidant proteins, which may damage the corneal structure.

Results: A group of 35 keratoconic patients, from whom 35 peripheral blood samples and 58 samples of corneal fragments were evaluated, and a control group of 89 individuals, from whom 41 blood samples and 149 samples of corneal fragments were collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05166-3DOI Listing

Food Safety Conditions in Home-Kitchens: A Cross-Sectional Study in the Federal District/Brazil.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 Jul 7;17(13). Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Brasilia, Brasilia 70910-900, Brazil.

This study aimed to analyze the food safety conditions in home kitchens from the Brazilian Federal District. A previously validated instrument composed of 77 items (in four blocks) was used to evaluate the safety conditions in home kitchens. A survey was carried out with on-site application with 226 home kitchens' food handlers in the Federal District, Brazil to evaluate Brazilian home kitchens' good practices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134897DOI Listing

A single nucleotide polymorphism in the HOMER1 gene is associated with sleep latency and theta power in sleep electroencephalogram.

PLoS One 2020 9;15(7):e0223632. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Psychobiology, Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP), São Paulo, Brazil.

Glutamate is the most excitatory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system and it is involved in the initiation and maintaining of waking and rapid-eye-movement (REM) sleep. Homer proteins act in the trafficking and/or clustering of metabotropic glutamate receptors, and polymorphisms in the HOMER1 gene have been associated with phenotypes related to glutamate signaling dysregulation. In this study, we report the association of a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the HOMER1 gene (rs3822568) with specific aspects of sleep in a sample of the Brazilian population. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0223632PLOS

Modelling the effect of compliance with WHO salt recommendations on cardiovascular disease mortality and costs in Brazil.

PLoS One 2020 9;15(7):e0235514. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Global Health and Sustainability, School of Public Health, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) represent the main cause of death among non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Brazil, and they have a high economic impact on health systems. Most populations around the world, including Brazilians, consume excessive sodium, which increases blood pressure and the risk of CVDs.

Objective: To model the estimated deaths and costs associated with CVDs, which are mediated by increased blood pressure attributable to excessive sodium consumption in adults from the perspective of the Brazilian public health system in 2017. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0235514PLOS

Serosurvey of Eastern, Western, and Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Viruses in Wild Boars (), Hunting Dogs, and Hunters of Brazil.

Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, Federal University of Paraná State, Curitiba, Brazil.

A total of 102 free-range wild boars, 170 hunting dogs, and 49 hunters from 3 Brazilian regions were sampled and tested for antibodies to eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV), western equine encephalitis virus, and Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus. Three of the 102 (2.9%) wild boars were positive for antibodies against EEEV by microplate serum neutralization test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/vbz.2019.2596DOI Listing

Minimizing laboratory waste and improving material reuse through chemical waste exchange: Case of a Brazilian institution.

Waste Manag Res 2020 Jul 9:734242X20938459. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Sanitary and Environmental Engineering, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Concern over the management of chemical wastes from laboratories has been gaining importance since the 1990s. For a good management of chemical wastes generated from laboratories, it is recommended that managers encourage an environment of cooperation and exchange, thus reusing chemical reagents. The institution under study implemented the Chemical Waste Exchange, whose objective is to capture reagents past their expiry dates that would be discarded and make them available internally to other areas or even to other institutions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0734242X20938459DOI Listing

Genetic polymorphisms in and were associated with dental caries and gingivitis.

Acta Odontol Scand 2020 Jul 9:1-7. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

School of Dentistry, Federal University of Alfenas, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Objective: Evaluate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in () gene (rs1800795) and in () gene (rs1143627 and rs1143629) with dental caries and gingivitis in Brazilian children.

Material And Methods: Three hundred and fifty-three children aged 8-11 years were included. Visible biofilm and gingival bleeding were evaluated by Community Periodontal Index. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016357.2020.1788722DOI Listing

The MAF1 Phosphoregulatory Region Controls MAF1 Interaction with the RNA Polymerase III C34 Subunit and Transcriptional Repression in Plants.

Plant Cell 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Brazilian Center for Research in Energy and Materials CITY: Campinas STATE: SP Brazil [BR]

MAF1 is a phosphoprotein that plays a critical role in cell growth control as the central regulator of RNA polymerase (Pol) III activity. Citrus MAF1 (CsMAF1) was identified as a direct target of PthA4, a bacterial effector protein required to induce tumors in citrus. CsMAF1 binds to Pol III to restrict transcription, however, how exactly CsMAF1 interacts with the polymerase and how phosphorylation modulates this interaction is unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1105/tpc.20.00297DOI Listing

Characterization of two family AA9 LPMOs from Aspergillus tamarii with distinct activities on xyloglucan reveals structural differences linked to cleavage specificity.

PLoS One 2020 8;15(7):e0235642. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Faculty of Chemistry, Biotechnology and Food Science, Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU), Ås, Norway.

Aspergillus tamarii grows abundantly in naturally composting waste fibers of the textile industry and has a great potential in biomass decomposition. Amongst the key (hemi)cellulose-active enzymes in the secretomes of biomass-degrading fungi are the lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases (LPMOs). By catalyzing oxidative cleavage of glycoside bonds, LPMOs promote the activity of other lignocellulose-degrading enzymes. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0235642PLOS

Plasmodium vivax AMA1: Implications of distinct haplotypes for immune response.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2020 Jul 8;14(7):e0008471. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Instituto Carlos Chagas, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz-FIOCRUZ. Curitiba, PR, Brazil.

In Brazil, Plasmodium vivax infection accounts for around 80% of malaria cases. This infection has a substantial impact on the productivity of the local population as the course of the disease is usually prolonged and the development of acquired immunity in endemic areas takes several years. The recent emergence of drug-resistant strains has intensified research on alternative control methods such as vaccines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0008471DOI Listing

Conditional Cash Transfer Program and Leprosy Incidence: Analysis of 12.9 Million Families From the 100 Million Brazilian Cohort.

Am J Epidemiol 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Centro de Integração de Dados e Conhecimentos para Saúde (Cidacs), Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Salvador, Brazil.

Leprosy is a neglected tropical disease predominately affecting poor and marginalized populations. To test the hypothesis that poverty-alleviating policies may be associated with reduced leprosy incidence, we evaluated the association between the Brazilian Bolsa Familia conditional cash transfer Program (BFP) and new leprosy case detection using linked records from 12,949,730 families in the 100 Million Brazilian Cohort (2007-2014). After propensity score matching BFP beneficiary to non-beneficiary families, we used Mantel-Haenszel tests and Poisson regressions to estimate incidence rate ratios (IRRs) for new leprosy case detection and secondary endpoints related to operational classification and leprosy-associated disabilities at diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwaa127DOI Listing

Interaction Between ACTN3 (R577X), ACE (I/D), and BDKRB2 (-9/+9) Polymorphisms and Endurance Phenotypes in Brazilian Long-Distance Swimmers.

J Strength Cond Res 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Physical Education, Catholic University of Brasília, Brasília, DF, Brazil.

Neto, SLdA, Herrera, JJB, Rosa, TS, de Almeida, SS, Silva, GCB, Ferreira, CES, dos Santos, MAP, Silvino, VO, de Melo, GF. Interaction between ACTN3 (R577X), ACE (I/D), and BDKRB2 (-9/+9) polymorphisms and endurance phenotypes in Brazilian long-distance swimmers. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2020-This study investigated the interactions between the polymorphisms ACTN3 (R577X), ACE (I/D), and BDKRB2 (-9/+9) and their association with endurance phenotypes in Brazilian long-distance swimmers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003685DOI Listing

Vitamin D levels are not associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease severity in a Brazilian population.

Int J Vitam Nutr Res 2020 Jul 8:1-8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Departamento de Clínica Médica, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Some epidemiological evidence suggests an inverse correlation between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) frequency and vitamin D levels. Likewise, a beneficial effect of vitamin D on diabetes mellitus (DM) and insulin resistance has been observed, but this is an unsolved issue. Thus, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D in a NAFLD Brazilian population and its association with disease severity and presence of comorbidities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1024/0300-9831/a000667DOI Listing

C. elegans ACAT regulates lipolysis and its related lifespan in fasting through modulation of the genes in lipolysis and insulin/IGF-1 signaling.

Biofactors 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

School of Food and Biological Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, China.

Overly active acyl-coenzyme A: cholesterol acyltransferases (ACATs) are known to contribute to the development of atherosclerosis, cancer cell proliferation and de novo lipogenesis. However, the role of ACAT in systemic lipid metabolism and its consequence of aging is unknown. Using avasimibe, a clinically proven ACAT inhibitor, and mboa-1 mutant strain, a homologous to mammalian ACAT, herein, we found that Ava treatment and mboa-1 mutant exhibited a decreased fat accumulation during feeding and increased lipolysis with extended lifespan of C. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/biof.1666DOI Listing

Temporal trend in the prevalence of indicators related to driving a motor vehicle after alcohol consumption, between 2007 and 2018.

Rev Bras Epidemiol 2020 3;23 Suppl 1:e200012.SUPL.1. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, GO, Brazil.

Objective: To analyze the temporal trend of indicators related to motor vehicle driving after alcohol consumption, in the general population and among drivers.

Methods: Temporal trend study of indicators related to driving motorized vehicles after alcohol consumption, between 2007 and 2018, based on information from Vigitel. The population consisted of adults (≥ 18 years old) living in Brazilian capitals with a landline. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720200012.supl.1DOI Listing

Profile of cases due to burn attended in emergency care units in Brazilian capitals in 2017.

Rev Bras Epidemiol 2020 3;23 Suppl 1:e200005.SUPL.1. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Organização Pan-Americana da Saúde, Organização Mundial da Saúde, Washington, D.C., Estados Unidos.

Objectives: To describe the profile of burn victims attended in emergency services and to identify associations between the variables investigated.

Methods: Cross-sectional study based on data from the 2017 survey "Surveillance of violence and accidents in emergency units". We used descriptive analysis, according to demographic characteristics and aspects related to the burn injury, as well as the correspondence analysis technique, which allowed to verify possible associations between the variables investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720200005.supl.1DOI Listing

Female motorcycle mortality in Brazilian municipalities, 2005, 2010 and 2015.

Rev Bras Epidemiol 2020 3;23 Suppl 1:e200010.SUPL.1. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Escola de Enfermagem, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Objective: To analyze the spatial distribution of female mortality due to motorcycle accidents in Brazilian municipalities between 2005 and 2015, as well as the variation in rates in the same period.

Methods: Female mortality rates for the years 2005, 2010 and 2015 were estimated considering a three-year moving average around the base year, standardized by the direct method. Rates were standardized using the same pattern (Brazilian females in 2010) for each year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720200010.supl.1DOI Listing

Aggressions in urgency and emergency care in Brazilian capitals: perspectives of 2011, 2014 and 2017 VIVA Survey.

Rev Bras Epidemiol 2020 3;23 Suppl 1:e200009.SUPL.1. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Departamento de Enfermagem Materno Infantil e Saúde Pública, Programa de Pós-graduação em Enfermagem, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Objectives: To describe the profile of care provided by aggressions in emergency units from the VIVA Survey 2011, 2014 and 2017 data, and to compare the evolution of six indicators over four (2011 to 2014) and seven years (2011 to 2017).

Methods: Cross-sectional study, using data from the last three editions of the VIVA Survey carried out in the Federal District and in 19 Brazilian capitals. The types of occurrence were selected: aggression/mistreatment and intervention by a public agent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720200009.supl.1DOI Listing

Violence against adolescents: analysis of health sector notifications, Brazil, 2011-2017.

Rev Bras Epidemiol 2020 3;23 Suppl 1:e200004.SUPL.1. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências e Tecnologias em Saúde, Universidade de Brasília, Brasília, DF, Brazil.

Introduction: Violence experienced in adolescence results in serious damage and suffering to society. This study aims to characterize the profile of violence victims and likely perpetrators of violence against adolescents, as well as to describe the percentage of notifying municipalities according to the federation unit.

Methods: Cross-sectional study conducted with data on notification of violence against adolescents from the Information System for Notifiable Diseases, from 2011 to 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720200004.supl.1DOI Listing

Risk and protective factors related to domestic violence against Brazilian adolescents.

Rev Bras Epidemiol 2020 3;23 Suppl 1:e200003.SUPL.1. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Escola de Enfermagem, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Objective: To describe the factors associated with domestic violence against Brazilian adolescents.

Methodology: Descriptive analysis of the variables and calculation of the prevalence of intrafamily violence reported by the students was performed, followed by multinomial regression with calculation of the adjusted odds ratio to analyze the association between the variables and the outcome investigated.

Results: Black skin color (ORa = 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720200003.supl.1DOI Listing

Analysis of notifications of intimate partner violence against women, Brazil, 2011-2017.

Rev Bras Epidemiol 2020 3;23 Suppl 1:e200007.SUPL.1. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Departamento de Análise de Saúde e Vigilância de Doenças não Transmissíveis, Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde, Ministério da Saúde, Brasília, DF, Brazil.

Objective: To analyze notifications of intimate partner violence (IPV) against women.

Methods: Cross-sectional study on IPV against women (≥ 15 years old) registered in Brazilian Notification Disease Information System (Sinan) from 2011 to 2017, analyzed using the chi-square test (χ2) and Poisson regression with robust variance to estimate proportion ratios (PR) and their respective 95% confidence intervals (95%CI).

Results: A total 454,984 cases of violence perpetrated by men against women were reported, of which 62. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720200007.supl.1DOI Listing

Helmet use and injury severity among crashed motorcyclists in Brazilian state capitals: an analysis of the violence an accidents survey 2017.

Rev Bras Epidemiol 2020 3;23 Suppl 1:e200011.SUPL.1. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Objective: To analyze the effect of helmet use on injury severity among motorcyclists and passengers involved in traffic accidents.

Methods: Cross-sectional study of traffic accidents involving motorcyclists attended at the emergency healthcare units participating in the Violence and Accidents Survey Conducted in Sentinel Emergency Departments (Viva Survey) 2017.

Results: There was a predominance of individuals aged 18 to 29 years old (46. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720200011.supl.1DOI Listing

Evaluation of the fibulin 5 gene polymorphism as a factor related to the occurrence of pelvic organ prolapse.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2020 May 3;66(5):680-686. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Departamento de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia, Faculdade de medicina do ABC, Santo André, SP, Brasil.

OBJECTIVE Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a very frequent situation in our population that may lead to a significant decrease in patients' quality of life. Currently, we are looking for predictive factors for the development of POPs; thus, this study seeks to evaluate whether the Fibulin 5 polymorphism (FBLN5) is associated with the occurrence of POP. METHODS This is a cohort study with postmenopausal women who were divided into groups by POP stage: POP stages 0 and I (control group) and POP stages III and IV (case group). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.66.5.680DOI Listing

Brazilian Justice response to protect the prison population from Covid-19.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2020 05 3;66(5):577-579. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Complexo de Ciências Médicas e Enfermagem, Departamento de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Alagoas, Arapiraca, Alagoas, Brasil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.66.5.577DOI Listing

SEVERE ACUTE TOXIC EXPOSURES IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS: CASE SERIES.

Rev Paul Pediatr 2021 3;39:e2019262. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brazil.

Objective: To describe a case series of severe acute toxic exposures (SATE) in individuals <20 years old followed-up by a regional Poison Control Center (PCC).

Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study. All patients who were <20yo and classified as score 3 (severe) and 4 (fatal) following Poisoning Severity Score were included for analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1984-0462/2021/39/2019262DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7333941PMC

INTERNET ADDICTION AMONG ADOLESCENTS IN A WESTERN BRAZILIAN AMAZONIAN CITY.

Rev Paul Pediatr 2021 3;39:e2019270. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Universidade Federal do Acre, Rio Branco, AC, Brazil.

Objective: Analyze the prevalence and factors associated with internet addiction in a sample of high school adolescents in Acre, a state in northern Brazil.

Methods: A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted with 1,387 adolescents between 14 and 18 years old enrolled in high schools in the city of Rio Branco, Acre. A structured questionnaire with questions about demographics, family and behavioral patterns was applied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1984-0462/2021/39/2019270DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7333942PMC

Cross-cultural adaptation, validity and reproducibility of the Back Beliefs Questionnaire among older Brazilians with acute low back pain. A cross-sectional study.

Sao Paulo Med J 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Postgraduate Program on Rehabilitation Sciences, Department of Physical Therapy, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Background: Low back pain (LBP) has emerging as an epidemic, multifactorial and multidimensional condition in older age. Assessment of attitudes and beliefs of patients with back pain is necessary for understanding the impact of psychosocial factors on pain perception and management.

Objectives: To cross-culturally adapt and examine the validity and reproducibility (intra and interrater reliability and agreement) of the Back Beliefs Questionnaire (BBQ) in older Brazilians with acute LBP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1516-3180.2019.0542.r2.16042020DOI Listing

Reasons for non-vaccination against influenza among older adults with hypertension in Brazil: a cross-sectional study.

Sao Paulo Med J 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Department of Collective Health, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brazil.

The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of non-vaccination against influenza among Brazilian older adults with systemic arterial hypertension and determine the main reasons for non-adherence. A cross-sectional study was conducted using data from older adults (≥ 60 years of age) with hypertension who participated in the 2013 National Health Survey and reported not having been vaccinated against flu over the previous 12 months (n = 1,295). The analyses were performed using the Stata 14. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1516-3180.2020.0042.r1.15052020DOI Listing

Prevention of infections associated with peripheral catheters: construction and validation of clinical scenario.

Rev Bras Enferm 2020 6;73(5):e20190390. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Universidade Federal de São Carlos, São Carlos, São Paulo, Brazil.

Objectives: to describe the process of construction and content validation of a clinical setting for teaching and learning the recommended practices for preventing bloodstream infection, associated with peripheral venous catheters, for nursing professionals.

Methods: methodological study of the construction of the scenario based on the National League Nursing Jeffries Simulation Theory, International Nursing Association for Clinical Simulation and Learning, and the Brazilian Health Regulatory Agency. Twelve experts performed content validation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0034-7167-2019-0390DOI Listing

Access of the patient to the cancer network under the "Sixty-Day Law": Integrative Review.

Rev Bras Enferm 2020 6;73(5):e20190406. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho, Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil.

Objectives: to analyze Brazilian scientific production on patient access to the oncology network under the "Sixty-Day Law".

Methods: integrative review of the literature in the databases Lilacs, PubMed and Scielo. The descriptors used were: neoplasms, health services accessibility, early detection of cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0034-7167-2019-0406DOI Listing

Surgical cancer care in the COVID-19 era: front line views and consensus.

Rev Col Bras Cir 2020 3;47:e20202601. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Brazilian Society of Oncological Surgery, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

Objective: to suggest a script for surgical oncology assistance in COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil.

Method: a narrative review and a "brainstorming" consensus were carried out after discussion with more than 350 Brazilian specialists and renowned surgeons from Portugal, France, Italy and United States of America.

Results: consensus on testing for COVID-19: 1- All patients to be operated should be tested between 24 and 48 before the procedure; 2- The team that has contact with sick or symptomatic patients should be tested; 3 - Chest tomography was suggested to investigate pulmonary changes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0100-6991e-20202601DOI Listing

One year follow-up Assessment of Patients Included in the Brazilian Registry of Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACCEPT).

Arq Bras Cardiol 2020 Jun 29;114(6):995-1003. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Instituto de Cardiologia, Fundação Universitária de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

Background There is lack of prospective data on evolution within one year of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) in a representative population of Brazilian patients. Objectives To assess the prescription of evidence-based therapies, the incidence of severe outcomes and the predictors for these outcomes in a multicenter Brazilian registry of ACS patients. Methods The ACCEPT is a prospective observational study, which included patients hospitalized with a diagnostic of ACS in 47 Brazilian hospitals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.36660/abc.20190879DOI Listing

Position Statement: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation of Patients with Confirmed or Suspected COVID-19 - 2020.

Arq Bras Cardiol 2020 06 3;114(6):1078-1087. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Hospital Alberto Urquiza Wanderley, João Pessoa, PB, Brasil.

Care for patients with cardiac arrest in the context of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has several unique aspects that warrant particular attention. This joint position statement by the Brazilian Association of Emergency Medicine (ABRAMEDE), Brazilian Society of Cardiology (SBC), Brazilian Association of Intensive Care Medicine (AMIB), and Brazilian Society of Anesthesiology (SBA), all official societies representing the corresponding medical specialties affiliated with the Brazilian Medical Association (AMB), provides recommendations to guide health care workers in the current context of limited robust evidence, aiming to maximize the protection of staff and patients alike. It is essential that full aerosol precautions, which include wearing appropriate personal protective equipment, be followed during resuscitation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.36660/abc.20200548DOI Listing

Explosion in mortality in the Amazonian epicenter of the COVID-19 epidemic 19.

Cad Saude Publica 2020 3;36(7):e00120020. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Manaus, the capital of the Brazilian State of Amazonas, is the current epicenter of the COVID-19 epidemic in Amazonia. The sharp increase in deaths is a huge concern for health system administrators and society. The study aimed to analyze excess overall mortality according to Epidemiological Week (EW) in order to identify changes potentially associated with the epidemic in Manaus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-311x00120020DOI Listing