2,264 results match your criteria Brazilian Journal Of Otorhinolaryngology[Journal]


MicroRNA-223-3p regulates allergic inflammation by targeting INPP4A.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Jun 25. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Hospital of Nantong University, Institute of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Nantong, Jiangsu Province, China; Hospital of Nantong University, Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Nantong, Jiangsu Province, China. Electronic address:

Introduction: Emerging evidence indicates that physiological and pathological conditions of the nose are posttranscriptionally regulated by microRNAs, a class of small noncoding RNAs. Recently, microRNA-223-3p has been increasingly implicated in the modulation of allergic rhinitis OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the role and mechanism of microRNA-223-3p in a mouse model of allergic rhinitis.

Methods: The expression level of miR-223-3p was measured in the serum of 41 allergic rhinitis patients and 39 healthy controls using quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.05.020DOI Listing

Prognostic value of pre-operative peripheral inflammation markers in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the external auditory canal.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Jun 24. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Fudan University, Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Hospital, Department of Otology and Skull Base Surgery, Shanghai, People's Republic of China; Key Laboratory of Hearing Medicine, Ministry of Health, Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Introduction: Squamous cell carcinoma of the external auditory canal is a rare entity. Previous studies have suggested predictors for tumor recurrence. However, most of the prognostic factors were from the clinicopathological aspect. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.05.018DOI Listing

Development and accuracy of a hearing screening application.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 May 5. Epub 2020 May 5.

Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (HSL-PUCRS), Escola de Medicina, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Electronic address:

Introduction: Hearing impairment, or hearing loss, can be caused by several factors and the implications vary according to the type, degree, cause and age of occurrence. Hearing screening should be a common procedure, allowing the pre-clinical identification and necessary referrals, avoiding the consequences of auditory deprivation. Mobile apps have shown to be a good alternative for hearing assessment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.03.009DOI Listing

Hearing and communicative skills in the first years of life in children with congenital Zika syndrome.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Jun 11. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE, Brazil.

Introduction: Microcephaly is recognized as one of the main consequences of congenital Zika syndrome, but other serious problems such as global hypertonia, irritability, excessive crying, swallowing disorders, seizures, visual impairment and sensorineural hearing loss have been identified as associated with the syndrome.

Objective: Describe the developmental characteristics of hearing and language skills in the first year of life of children with normal hearing thresholds' and congenital Zika syndrome.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study that evaluated hearing and language skills in the first year of life of 88 children with normal peripheral hearing and confirmed congenital Zika syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.05.007DOI Listing

Video head impulse test in bilateral vestibulopathy.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Jun 18. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Alexandria University, Audiovestibular Unit, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Egypt.

Introduction: Bilateral vestibulopathy is a rare chronic condition with multiple etiologies. Bilateral vestibulopathy is characterized mainly by unsteadiness when walking or standing, which worsens in darkness, as well as oscillopsia. The degree of handicap caused by bilateral vestibulopathy is variable and remains controversial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.05.014DOI Listing

Middle ear adenomatous neuroendocrine tumors: suggestion for surgical strategy.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Jun 15. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Nanchang, China; Jiangxi Biomedical Engineering Research Center for Auditory Research, Nanchang, China. Electronic address:

Introduction: Middle ear adenomatous neuroendocrine tumors are extremely rare neoplasms with epithelial and neuroendocrine differentiation, accounting for fewer than 2% of all middle and inner ear tumors. Universal standard surgical procedures for different stages of these tumors remain elusive due to the limitation of the small number of case reports or investigations.

Objective(s): This study intends to investigate proper surgical strategies for patients with middle ear adenomatous neuroendocrine tumors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.05.011DOI Listing

A meta-analysis of pre- and postoperative corticosteroids for reducing the complications following facial reconstructive and aesthetic surgery.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Jun 20. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

King Saud Univeristy, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Introduction: Edema and ecchymosis after facial plastic surgery are a troublesome concern for both patients and surgeons. Corticosteroid administration is thought to shorten the recovery period and reduce these sequelae. Data regarding the efficacy of corticosteroid administration remains controversial among surgeons. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.05.015DOI Listing

Management of refractory cervical anastomotic fistula after esophagectomy using the pectoralis major myocutaneous flap.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Jun 15. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Cancer Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Shantou, Guangdong, PR China. Electronic address:

Introduction: A refractory cervical anastomotic fistula which postoperatively remains unhealed for more than 2 months under conservative care severely impacts the quality of life of the patient and potentially leads to anastomotic stricture after the fistula heals. It is widely accepted that, to avoid this complication, refractory cervical anastomotic fistulas should undergo more aggressive treatments. However, when and which surgical intervention should be considered is unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.05.009DOI Listing

Carcinoma of the posterior wall of the hypopharynx: surgical treatment with larynx preservation.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Jun 15. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Koç University, School of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address:

Introduction: Posterior pharyngeal wall is the most rare subsite for hypopharyngeal carcinomas. Because of its rarity, there are few studies published in the literature specifically concerning posterior pharyngeal wall carcinoma.

Objectives: To report our functional results in patients with the carcinoma of the posterior wall of the hypopharynx after surgical treatment by resection via a lateral or infrahyoid pharyngotomy approach, with the preservation of the larynx and reconstruction with a radial forearm free flap. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.05.013DOI Listing

Clinical characteristics of patients with multi-canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Jun 16. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Department of Neurology, Aerospace Center Hospital, Peking University Aerospace School of Clinical Medicine, Beijing 100049, P.R. China. Electronic address:

Introduction: Multi-canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is considered to be a rare and controversial type in the new diagnostic guidelines of Bárány because the nystagmus is more complicated or atypical, which is worthy of further study.

Objective: Based on the diagnostic criteria for multi-canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo proposed by International Bárány Society, the study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of multi-canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.

Methods: A total of 41 patients with multi-canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo were included and diagnosed by Roll, Dix-Hallpike and straight head hanging tests. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.05.012DOI Listing

The impact of positive airway pressure on midface growth: a literature review.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Jun 15. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Universidade Federal de São Paulo (Unifesp), Departamento de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia de Cabeça e Pescoço, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Introduction: The treatment of obstructive sleep apnea with positive airway pressure in children is restricted due to concerns that it could affect maxilla growth over time.

Objective: To undertake a systematic review of the literature about the long-term impact of using a positive airway pressure mask on the midface in growing individuals.

Methods: The literature search was conducted in September 2019 using the keywords ("long-term" OR "long term" OR "side effects" OR longitudinal) AND (children OR child OR preschool OR adolescents OR adolescent OR infant OR infants) AND (craniofacial OR "mid-face" OR midface OR midfacial OR facial OR maxillary) AND ("airway pressure" OR ventilation) in the databases PubMed, Web of Science and Lilacs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.05.010DOI Listing

Olfactory and taste disorders in COVID-19: a systematic review.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Jun 9. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Universidade Estadual de Ciências da Saúde de Alagoas (UNCISAL), Maceió, Alagoas, Brazil.

Introduction: The SARS-CoV-2 virus causes COVID-19, and it is responsible for the largest pandemic since the 1918 H1N1 influenza outbreak. The classic symptoms of the disease have been well defined by the World Health Organization; however, olfactory/gustatory disorders have been reported in some studies, but there are still several missing points in the understanding and in the consensus about the clinical management of these cases.

Objective: To identify evidence in the scientific literature about olfactory/gustatory disorders, their clinical presentation, prevalence and possible specific treatments associated with COVID-19. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.05.008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7280089PMC

Clinicopathologic factors and preoperative ultrasonographic characteristics for predicting central lymph node metastasis in papillary thyroid microcarcinoma: a single center retrospective study.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Jun 4. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Cancer Hospital of China Medical University, Liaoning Cancer Hospital & Institute, Department of Medical Imaging, Liaoning Province, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Introduction: The treatment of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma remains controversial. Central lymph node metastasis is common in papillary thyroid microcarcinoma and it is an important consideration in treatment strategy selection.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate clinicopathologic risk factors and thyroid nodule sonographic characteristics for central lymph node metastasis in papillary thyroid microcarcinoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.05.004DOI Listing

Mean platelet volume and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio in patients with tinnitus: a case-control study.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Jun 4. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Haydarpaşa Numune Training and Research Hospital, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Istanbul, Turkey.

Introduction: Different theories have been proposed on the etiology of tinnitus, including metabolic and audiologic causes. We suggest that mean platelet volume and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio levels change in tinnitus, indicating microcirculatory disturbance and inflammatory process in the etiopathogenesis of tinnitus.

Objectives: We aimed to evaluate the mean platelet volume and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio in patients with tinnitus in comparison to healthy controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.05.006DOI Listing

The changes of endotracheal tube intracuff pressures after ear and head and neck surgery-related positions: a prospective observational study.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Jun 4. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Istanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Istanbul, Turkey.

Introduction: The cuff of an endotracheal tube seals the airway to facilitate positive-pressure ventilation and reduce subglottic secretion aspiration. However, an increase or decrease in endotracheal tube intracuff pressure can lead to many morbidities.

Objective: The main purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of different head and neck positions on endotracheal tube intracuff pressure during ear and head and neck surgeries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.05.005DOI Listing

Smell and taste disorders: warning signs for SARS-CoV-2 infection.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 May 30. Epub 2020 May 30.

Centro Universitário Cesmac, Maceió, AL, Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.05.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7261090PMC

The close relationship between sudden loss of smell and COVID-19.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 May 25. Epub 2020 May 25.

Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM), Department of Otorhinolaryngology, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Introduction: The real number of COVID-19 cases may be underestimated since several countries have difficulty offering laboratory tests for all the population. Therefore, finding a symptom with a high predictive value would help in diagnostic and isolation strategies.

Objective: To correlate the sudden loss of the sense of smell in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic with results of diagnostic tests for COVID-19. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.05.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7247493PMC

Efficacy of nasal irrigation with hypertonic saline on chronic rhinosinusitis: systematic review and meta-analysis.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 May 16. Epub 2020 May 16.

Chongqing Medical University, The First Affiliated Hospital, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Chongqing, China. Electronic address:

Introduction: Currently, several different concentrations of saline are recommended for use in nasal irrigation. Increasing studies show that nasal irrigation with hypertonic saline is more effective than traditional saline in the treatment of rhinosinusitis, but there have been few systematic analyses of the effect of nasal irrigation with hypertonic saline on chronic rhinosinusitis.

Objective: We sought to compare the effects of hypertonic saline and isotonic saline in the treatment of rhinosinusitis in order to provide a reference for clinical nasal irrigation for chronic rhinosinusitis treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.03.008DOI Listing

Incomplete and late recovery of sudden olfactory dysfunction in COVID-19.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 May 25. Epub 2020 May 25.

Associação Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia Cérvico-Facial (ABORL-CCF), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Introduction: Sudden olfactory dysfunction is a new symptom related to COVID-19, with little data on its duration or recovery rate.

Objective: To characterize patients with sudden olfactory dysfunction during the COVID-19 pandemic, especially their recovery data.

Methods: An online survey was conducted by the Brazilian Society of Otorhinolaryngology and Cervico-Facial Surgery, and Brazilian Academy of Rhinology, including doctors who assessed sudden olfactory dysfunction patients starting after February 1st, 2020. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.05.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7247498PMC

Effects of subchronic inhalation exposure to an organophosphorus insecticide compound containing dichlorvos on wistar rats' otoacoustic emissions.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 May 19. Epub 2020 May 19.

Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre, Laboratório de Pesquisa Toxicológica, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Patologia, Departamento de Fármaco-ciências, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Electronic address:

Introduction: Considering that previous studies suggest that pesticides may cause hearing disorders in humans, as well as the lack of studies proving the specific mechanisms of injury and the difficulty of separating concomitant etiological factors of the hearing damage, such as noise and vibration, it is important to develop studies using animal models to elucidate the effects of exposure to those substances isolated from other hearing damage etiologies.

Objective: To evaluate if the exposure to a dichlorvos based organophosphorus insecticide may induce ototoxicity.

Methods: 36 male Wistar rats were assigned to 3 groups (12 rats/group): control (exposed to water), positive control (treated with cisplatin to induce hearing damage) and experimental (exposed to dichlorvos based organophosphorus insecticide). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.04.005DOI Listing

Prospective evaluation of the effect of early nasal layer closure on definitive repair in cleft palate patients.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 May 5. Epub 2020 May 5.

University of Kufa, College of Medicine, Department of Surgery, Najaf, Iraq.

Introduction: The cleft palate is one of the most common congenital anomalies treated by plastic surgeons. The cleft width increases the tension of repair and necessitates excessive dissection that might affect maxillary growth. Decreasing the width of cleft minimize tension, dissection and may limit the impact on maxillary growth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.04.003DOI Listing

Repair of large traumatic tympanic membrane perforation using ofloxacin otic solution and gelatin sponge.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 May 5. Epub 2020 May 5.

Jining NO.1 People's Hospital, Department of Otolaryngology, Shandong Province, China. Electronic address:

Introduction: Traumatic large tympanic membrane perforations usually fail to heal and require longer healing times. Few studies have compared the healing and hearing outcomes between gelatin sponge patching and ofloxacin otic solution.

Objectives: To compare the healing outcomes of large traumatic tympanic membrane perforations treated with gelatin sponge, ofloxacin otic solution, and spontaneous healing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.03.007DOI Listing

Provision of the frequency modulation system for the hearing impaired.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Apr 27. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Departamento de Odontologia, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Natal, RN, Brazil.

Introduction: The personal frequency modulation system is an assisted technology resource used in the accessibility of individuals with hearing impairment, being very important in the school environment. Ordinance number 1274/2013 included this device into the Brazilian unified health system.

Objective: To analyze the distribution the personal frequency modulation system concession in the national territory by the Brazilian unified health system from 2013 to 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.03.004DOI Listing

Is noise-induced hearing loss still a public health problem after decades of legislation?

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 04 10. Epub 2020 Apr 10.

Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Departamento de Oftalmo e Otorrinolaringologia, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.04.001DOI Listing

Evaluation of olfactory function in patients undergoing endoscopic skull base surgery with nasoseptal flap.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Apr 27. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Santa Casa de Misericórdia de São Paulo, Departamento de Otorrinolaringologia, São Paulo, SP, Brazil; Faculdade de Ciências Médicas da Santa Casa de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Introduction: Endoscopic transnasal access to the skull base, both for treatment and reconstruction, can cause olfactory morbidity. Knowing the main consequences of this intervention is essential to have objective criteria for decision-making regarding the appropriate surgical technique.

Objectives: The aim of this study is to determine the impact on olfactory function of the endonasal endoscopic access to the skull base with the creation of the nasoseptal flap. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.03.006DOI Listing

Association between cytogenetic alteration and the audiometric profile of individuals with Turner syndrome.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Apr 27. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

Introduction: Turner syndrome is a frequent genetic disorder that affects female individuals and covers a large phenotypic variability. Scientific literature suggests an association between hearing loss and Turner syndrome, but it remains a controversial topic.

Objective: To associate the cytogenetic alteration with the audiometric profile of individuals with Turner syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.03.005DOI Listing

An update on COVID-19 for the otorhinolaryngologist - a Brazilian Association of Otolaryngology and Cervicofacial Surgery (ABORL-CCF) Position Statement.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 May - Jun;86(3):273-280. Epub 2020 Apr 11.

Associação Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia Cérvico-Facial (ABORL-CCF), São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Introduction: We are facing a pandemic with a great impact worldwide, as a result of the rapid spread of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19). The medical community is still getting to know behavior of this virus and the consequences from a population point of view. All this knowledge is extremely dynamic, so some behaviors are still not well established. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.04.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7151294PMC

Cultural adaptation of the speech, spatial and qualities of hearing scale to Colombian Spanish.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Apr 10. Epub 2020 Apr 10.

Universidade de Brasília (UnB), Faculdade de Ciências da Saúde (FCS), Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde (PPG), Brasília, DF, Brazil; Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Faculdade de Medicina (FM), Faculdade de Oftalmologia e Otorrinolaringologia, São Paulo, SP, Brazil; Instituto Brasileiro de Otorrinolaringologia, Brasilia, DF, Brazil. Electronic address:

Introduction: The Speech, Spatial and Qualities of Hearing Scale has been widely used to assess the subjective sense of auditory ability, functional hearing loss and the resulting benefit of the hearing correction strategy.

Objective: To translate and culturally adapt the Speech, Spatial and Qualities of Hearing Scale to the Colombian Spanish from Brazilian Portuguese by means of a final version that demonstrates an understanding percentage greater than 85%.

Methods: The study was divided into three phases: in the first one the translation was done, the retro translation and the modifications were defined by the evaluation team, and in the other two, two pilot tests were made to 50 participants: in the first one the understanding of each of the statements that made up the Speech, Spatial and Qualities of Hearing Scale was examined in 25 people and adjustments were made, and in the second, the same procedure was carried out in 25 other individuals but the document was not changed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.02.005DOI Listing

Possible effects of low testosterone levels on olfactory function in males.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Apr 11. Epub 2020 Apr 11.

University of Health Sciences, Istanbul Training and Research Hospital, Department of Otorhinolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, Istanbul, Turkey.

Introduction: Functions attributed to androgens have increased, ranging from the role in hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis and reproductive behaviors to modulation of cognition, mood and some other functions. Sex differences and changes in circulating sex hormones affect human sensory function. In the literature, authors reported this kind of influence for olfaction predominantly in females. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.03.001DOI Listing

Which risk factors are associated with stomal recurrence after total laryngectomy for laryngeal cancer? A meta-analysis of the last 30 years.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Apr 11. Epub 2020 Apr 11.

Cancer Hospital of China Medical University, Liaoning Cancer Hospital & Institute, Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Liaoning Province, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Introduction: Stomal recurrence is a troublesome complication after total laryngectomy Despite a large number of studies having been performed, there is still controversy about which risk factors are most significant for the development of stomal recurrence.

Objective: The objective of the present meta-analysis was to analyze the potential factors leading to stomal recurrence after total laryngectomy.

Methods: PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and Ovid databases were systematically searched using multiple search terms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.03.002DOI Listing

Morbidity in the postoperative follow-up of endoscopic anterior skull base surgery.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Apr 11. Epub 2020 Apr 11.

Departamento de Morfologia da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Brasília, Brasília, DF, Brazil.

Introduction: Endoscopic access to the sellar region by videoendoscopy shows a low rate of surgical complications, with findings that indicate risk factors for reducing morbidities during and after the postoperative period.

Objective: To evaluate, over a nine-year period, the acquisition of skills by the anterior skull base surgical team, according to the time of elimination of nasal crusts and/or the presence of morbidities in the postoperative follow-up of individuals treated in a tertiary public hospital.

Methods: After confirming the diagnosis of skull base pathologies, the individuals in this study underwent endoscopic surgery according to the rostrocaudal or coronal axis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.02.006DOI Listing

Factors associated with incomplete surgical margins in basal cell carcinoma of the head and neck.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Apr 8. Epub 2020 Apr 8.

Centro Integrado de Oncologia, Hospital Ana Nery, Santa Cruz do Sul, RS, Brazil.

Introduction: Cutaneous basal cell carcinoma recurrence is associated with inadequate surgical margins. The frequency of and the factors associated with compromised or inadequate surgical margins in head and neck basal cell carcinoma varies.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and pathological factors associated with inadequate surgical margins in head and neck basal cell carcinoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.02.007DOI Listing

Distance learning and telemedicine in the area of Otorhinolaryngology: lessons in times of pandemic.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 May - Jun;86(3):271-272. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Unicamp), Disciplina de Otorrinolaringologia, Cirurgia de Cabeça e Pescoço, Campinas, SP, Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.03.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7135734PMC

What is the effectiveness of beta-glucan for treatment of acute otitis media?

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Mar 19. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

University of Inonu, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Toxicology, Malatya, Turkey.

Introduction: As a supplement, beta-glucan has various therapeutic healing effects generated by the immune cells. It has been scientifically approved and proven to be a biological defense modifier. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of beta-glucan on treatments administered in an acute otitis media model OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the effect of beta-glucan on the treatment of acute otitis media in an acute otitis media -induced animal model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.02.004DOI Listing

Eustachian tube dysfunction in sleep apnea patients and improvements afforded by continuous positive airway pressure therapy.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Mar 12. Epub 2020 Mar 12.

Giresun University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of ENT, Giresun, Turkey.

Introduction: Upper airway resistance may accompany eustachian dysfunction and alter middle ear pressure in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.

Objective: To investigate effects of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and continuous positive airway pressure treatment on eustachian tube functions.

Methods: Forty-two mild obstructive sleep apnea syndrome patients, 45 moderate obstructive sleep apnea syndrome patients, 47 severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome patients with continuous positive airway pressure therapy, 32 severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome patients without continuous positive airway pressure therapy, and 88 individuals without sleep apnea (controls) were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.02.003DOI Listing

An alternative to skin graft for superficial surgical defect in oral cancer surgery.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Mar 11. Epub 2020 Mar 11.

Azienda Sanitaria Universitaria Integrata di Trieste, Head and Neck Department, ENT Clinic, Trieste, Italy. Electronic address:

Introduction: After surgery for oral cavity cancer, superficial surgical defects are usually covered with a skin graft that can be harvested with different thicknesses depending on the reconstructive need. Despite its popularity and efficacy, this solution has the disadvantage of excessive harvesting times and scarring of the donor site. Other surgeons have proposed the use of bovine pericardium as a reconstructive solution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.02.002DOI Listing

Understanding Eustachian tube function.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Feb 28. Epub 2020 Feb 28.

University of Pittsburgh, School of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology, Pittsburgh, United States. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.02.001DOI Listing
February 2020

Clinical characteristics for conservative therapy of pediatric parapharyngeal abscesses.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Dec 23. Epub 2019 Dec 23.

Children's Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China. Electronic address:

Introduction: The role of surgical drainage versus conservative therapy in treating patients with parapharyngeal abscesses is still a theme of debate.

Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the characteristics associated with good outcomes in pediatric patients with parapharyngeal abscesses treated with conservative therapy.

Methods: This retrospective chart review was performed on children aged 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2019.10.015DOI Listing
December 2019

Diagnosis and treatment of deep neck abscess due to congenital piriform sinus fistula in children.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Jan 25. Epub 2020 Jan 25.

Children's Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China. Electronic address:

Introduction: Congenital piriform sinus fistula is a relatively rare type of disease in clinical practice, most occurring during childhood, but doctors have insufficient knowledge regarding this disease, easily misdiagnosing it.

Objectives: This study aimed to identify the characteristics of deep neck abscess due to congenital piriform sinus fistula in children.

Methods: We performed a retrospective study of 21 cases from January 2016 to August 2018 in our hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2019.12.008DOI Listing
January 2020

Video head impulse test in vestibular migraine.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Feb 12. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Introduction: Vestibular migraine as an entity was described in 1999 and its pathophysiology is still not established. Simultaneously with research to better understand vestibular migraine, there has been an improvement in vestibular function assessment. The video-head impulse test is one of the latest tools to evaluate vestibular function, measuring its vestibular-ocular reflex gain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2019.12.009DOI Listing
February 2020

Prospective evaluation of clarithromycin in recurrent chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Nov 2. Epub 2019 Nov 2.

Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (FMUSP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Introduction: The antiinflammatory effects of macrolides, especially clarithromycin, have been described in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis without polyps and also other chronic inflammatory airway diseases. There is no consensus in the literature regarding the effectiveness of clarithromycin in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with sinonasal polyposis and the national literature does not report any prospective studies on the efficacy of clarithromycin in chronic rhinosinusitis in our population.

Objective: To evaluate the effect of clarithromycin in the adjunctive treatment of recurrent chronic rhinosinusitis with sinonasal polyposis refractory to clinical and surgical treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2019.09.008DOI Listing
November 2019

Effect of infiltrating nasal packing with local anesthetics in postoperative pain and anxiety following sinonasal surgeries: a systemic review and meta-analysis.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 May - Jun;86(3):376-382. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Taipei Medical University, Wang Fang Hospital, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Taipei, Taiwan; Taipei Medical University, School of Medicine, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Introduction: Packing of the nasal cavity has traditionally been used for postoperative bleeding control and decreasing synechia formation in patients undergoing nasal surgeries. Although absorbable nasal packing has been gaining popularity in the recent years, nonabsorbable nasal packing is still often used in nasal surgeries in various parts of the world. It is known to be associated with pain and discomfort especially upon and during removal, and previous reviews have only evaluated the effects of local anesthetic infiltration of nasal packing in septal surgeries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2019.12.011DOI Listing

Nuocytes from mesenteric lymph node promote allergic responses in a mouse model.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Feb 12. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Huashan Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Introduction: Nuocytes play an important role in Type 2 immunity. However, the contribution of ILC2s to allergic rhinitis remains to be clearly elucidated.

Objective: To evaluate the role of nuocytes from mesenteric lymph node on allergic responses in mice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2019.12.010DOI Listing
February 2020

Efficacy of pillar suture for post-tonsillectomy morbidity in children: a meta-analysis.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Jan 25. Epub 2020 Jan 25.

The Catholic University of Korea, College of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Introduction: Several surgical techniques have been used during tonsillectomy to reduce complications.

Objectives: To assess the effects of pillar suture in conjunction with tonsillectomy as compared to tonsillectomy without suture in children.

Methods: Two authors independently searched five databases (PubMed, SCOPUS, Embase, the Web of Science, and the Cochrane database) for studies published as recent as December 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2019.12.007DOI Listing
January 2020

The styloid process and the formation of sigmoid sinus diverticulum: is there a link?

Authors:
Zheng-Cai Lou

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Jan 15. Epub 2020 Jan 15.

Yiwu Central Hospital, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Yiwu City, Zhejiang Province, China. Electronic address:

Introduction: Sigmoid sinus diverticulum has been considered the most common cause of pulsatile tinnitus; the mechanism underlying sigmoid sinus diverticulum formation is unclear. To the best of our knowledge, no previous studies have assessed whether the formation of sigmoid sinus diverticulum is related to compression of the internal jugular vein by the styloid process.

Objective: To discuss the relationship between the styloid process and the formation of sigmoid sinus diverticulum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2019.12.006DOI Listing
January 2020

Aquatic physiotherapy: a vestibular rehabilitation option.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Jan 13. Epub 2020 Jan 13.

Hospital Universitário de Brasília, Brasília, DF, Brazil; Universidade de Brasília (UNB), Faculdade de Ciências de Saúde - Asa Norte, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde, Brasília, DF, Brazil. Electronic address:

Introduction: Vestibular rehabilitation is a fundamental resource for vestibular symptom control. Its performance in the aquatic environment is considered safe for the physical activities of the elderly, because they act simultaneously on musculoskeletal disorders and balance improvement.

Objective: To evaluate the effects of an aquatic physiotherapy protocol in individuals with peripheral vestibular alterations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2019.12.003DOI Listing
January 2020

High PI3K/mTOR and low MAPK/JNK activity results in decreased apoptosis and autophagy in nasal polyposis.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Jan 15. Epub 2020 Jan 15.

Izmir Katip Celebi University, Atatürk Training and Research Hospital, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Izmir, Turkey.

Introduction: Nasal polyposis is a progressive inflammatory disease that reduces the quality of life. The role - of apoptotic and autophagic pathways in nasal polyposis pathogenesis is not yet clearly known.

Objective: In this study we aimed to investigate apoptotic (MAPK/JNK), anti-apoptotic (PI3K/mTOR) and autophagic (LC3) pathways which are related each other in the nasal polyposis tissues. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2019.12.005DOI Listing
January 2020

Central auditory processing: behavioral and electrophysiological assessment of children and adolescents diagnosed with stroke.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Dec 9. Epub 2019 Dec 9.

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Departamento de Saúde e Comunicação Humana, Rio Grande do Sul, RS, Brazil.

Introduction: Central auditory processing refers to the efficiency and effectiveness with which the central nervous system uses auditory information: it may be altered in neurological disorders and brain injuries, such as strokes. However, despite evidence of probable alterations in the pediatric population, functional abilities and post-stroke limitations are still not well documented in the literature.

Objective: To analyze the findings of the electrophysiological and behavioral evaluations of central auditory processing of children and adolescents diagnosed with stroke from a reference outpatient clinic, as well as to investigate possible associations with the variables: type and location of the stroke and age group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2019.10.010DOI Listing
December 2019

Correlation of PET-CT, MRI and histopathology findings in the follow-up of patients with nasopharyngeal cancer.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Jan 13. Epub 2020 Jan 13.

University of Health Sciences Ankara Dr. Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Oncology, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Ankara,Turkey.

Introduction: Surgical treatment options are limited for nasopharyngeal cancer for many reasons including epidemiological and histological properties, proximity to important structures, heavy lymphatic drainage, and the difficulty in ensuring a safe surgical margin; therefore primary treatment is generally radiotherapy and chemotherapy. With current radiotherapy technology, oncological success has been increased and the quality of life of patients during the post- radiotherapy period is improved.

Objective: The role of magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission-computed tomography in the follow-up of recurrent nasopharyngeal cancer patients who were initially treated with radiotherapy was evaluated with respect to histopathological findings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2019.12.004DOI Listing
January 2020