2,114 results match your criteria Brazilian Journal Of Otorhinolaryngology[Journal]


Evaluation of serum prolidase enzyme activity and oxidative stress in patients with tinnitus.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 15. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Hitit University, Faculty of Medicine, Neurosurgery Department, Çorum, Turkey.

Introduction: Tinnitus is defined as the perception of sound in the head or in the head in the absence of external sounds. The cause of tinnitus is still unknown.

Objective: We aimed to compare the serum levels of total oxidant status, total antioxidant status, serum prolidase enzyme activity and the oxidative stress index in patients with tinnitus to those of normal subjects. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18088694183083
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2019.01.009DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potentials and video head impulse test in Ménière disease.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM), Disciplina de Otologia e Otoneurologia, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Introduction: Ménière's disease is among the most frequent causes of vestibular disorders. Although it is a clinical diagnosis, a better understanding of the pathophysiology and clinical course of the disease through tests would allow improvement in the prognosis and more effective treatments.

Objectives: To describe the results of the cervical vestibular evoked myogenic and video-head impulse test in patients with a defined diagnosis of Ménière's disease and to correlate them with disease duration. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18088694183062
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2019.02.002DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Trismus and oral health conditions during diagnosis of malignant oral neoplasms.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

A.C. Camargo Câncer Center, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Introduction: Trismus has been considered a late complication of cancer treatment. It can occur prior to treatment, mainly caused by tumor invasion or muscle spasms induced by the presence of the tumor.

Objective: In this study, we evaluated the incidence of trismus and its effect on oral health in patients with malignant neoplasms of the oral cavity before performing the cancer treatment. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18088694193001
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2019.02.004DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Functional outcomes and survival of patients with oral and oropharyngeal cancer after total glossectomy.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Hospital Regional do Vale do Paraíba (HRVP), Taubaté, SP, Brazil.

Introduction: Cancer of the oral cavity and oropharynx exhibits an aggressive behavior and its diagnosis is, in most cases, attained at advanced stages. Total glossectomy is a therapeutic option in locally advanced cancer, and the only choice in the presence of recurrent or residual disease after chemoradiotherapy.

Objective: To evaluate the clinical-epidemiological profile, postoperative complications, survival rates and functional aspects of patients with oral cavity and oropharynx cancer after total glossectomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2019.02.005DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Non-squamous cell carcinoma diseases of the larynx: clinical and imaging findings.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Erciyes University Medical Faculty, Department of Radiology, Kayseri, Turkey.

Introduction: Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common laryngeal neoplasm and accounts for approximately 95% of all malignant neoplams of the larynx. However, various benign and malignant tumors and inflammatory diseases may affect the larynx.

Objective: The purpose of this study is to analyze the clinical and imaging findings of non-squamous cell neoplasms and inflammatory diseases of the larynx. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18088694183022
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2019.02.003DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Diagnosing acquired syphilis through oral lesions: the 12 year experience of an Oral Medicine Center.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 23. Epub 2019 Feb 23.

Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Faculdade de Odontologia, Department of Oral Surgery and Oral Pathology, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. Electronic address:

Introduction: A resurgence of syphilis in Brazil has been reported in recent years.

Objective: With this in mind, the present study sought to investigate the frequency, demographics, and clinical characteristics of patients with acquired syphilis with oral involvement who received medical care at an Oral Medicine Reference Center in a Brazilian Public Hospital.

Methods: A retrospective study, spanning a period of 12 years, was performed to identify changing trends in syphilis over time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2018.12.010DOI Listing
February 2019

Cortical auditory evoked potential in babies and children listeners.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil.

Introduction: Cortical auditory evoked potentials have been increasingly used in research and audiological routines. However, there is a lack of studies with a large number of children who are stratified by age group. These would help clarify the variations in latency and amplitude of cortical auditory evoked potentials, and thus help establish reference values in children of different ages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2019.01.007DOI Listing
February 2019

Auditory attention in individuals with tinnitus.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 8. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Universidade Federal da Paraíba (UFPB), Departamento de Fonoaudiologia, Programa Associado de Pós-graduaçao em Fonoaudiologia, João Pessoa, PB, Brazil; Grupo de Estudos e Pesquisas em Audição, Equilíbrio e Zumbido (GEPAEZ), João Pessoa, PB, Brazil. Electronic address:

Introduction: Tinnitus is characterized by the presence of a sound in the absence of external sound stimulus. In individuals with normal audiometry, it may be associated with auditory attention difficulty, especially in those who report high tinnitus annoyance.

Objective: To investigate auditory attention ability in individuals with tinnitus complaint. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2019.01.011DOI Listing

Assessment of inflammatory markers in otosclerosis patients.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 8. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Mustafa Kemal University, Ear-Nose-Throat Department, Medicine Faculty Antakya, Antakya, Hatay, Turkey.

Introduction: Otosclerosis is an idiopathic disease characterized by new bone formation in foci of the human otic capsule. It is more common in Caucasian populations; affecting females twice as often as males. Its etiopathogenesis has not yet been fully elucidated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2018.12.014DOI Listing

Influence of speech-language therapy on P300 outcome in patients with language disorders: a meta-analysis.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 8. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Universidade Federal de Alagoas (UFAL), Rede Nordeste de Biotecnologia (RENORBIO), Biotecnologia em Saúde, Maceió, AL, Brazil. Electronic address:

Introduction: The patient's evolution in the audiology and speech-language clinic acts as a motivator of the therapeutic process, contributing to patient adherence to the treatment and allowing the therapist to review and/or maintain their clinical therapeutic conducts. Electrophysiological measures, such as the P300 evoked potential, help in the evaluation, understanding and monitoring of human communication disorders, thus facilitating the prognosis definition in each case.

Objective: To determine whether the audiology and speech-language therapy influences the variation of P300 latency and amplitude in patients with speech disorders undergoing speech therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2019.01.012DOI Listing
March 2019
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LwPTL: a novel classification for upper airway collapse in sleep endoscopies.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 8. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

University Mansoura, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Mansoura, Egypt.

Introduction: There is no consensus on a single classification system for the obstructive findings in drug-induced sleep endoscopy. Previous classification systems have neglected to address the upper retropalatal obstruction, the segmental division of the lateral pharyngeal wall and the primary or secondary nature of laryngeal collapse.

Objective: To propose, illustrate and evaluate a more comprehensive and yet simple classification for drug-induced sleep endoscopy findings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2019.01.010DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Allergic laryngitis: chronic laryngitis and allergic sensitization.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 4. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

The Cleveland Clinic, Head and Neck Institute, Cleveland, OH, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2019.02.001DOI Listing
March 2019
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Factors influencing the quality of life of children with cochlear implants.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Faculdade de Odontologia (FOB), Bauru, SP, Brazil.

Introduction: The multidimensional impact of hearing loss on the various demands of life in children using cochlear implants is represented by variables that can influence the hearing, language and quality of life outcomes of this population.

Objective: To evaluate the factors influencing the quality of life of children with cochlear implantation considering age, hearing age, age at evaluation, hearing skills, spoken language, family degree of receptiveness, schooling and socioeconomic status of the parents.

Methods: 30 children using cochlear implants, aged 6-12 years and their respective parents participated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2019.01.004DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Results of endoscopic transcanal tympanoplasty performed by a young surgeon in a secondary hospital.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 28. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Siirt State Hospital, Department of Otolaryngology, Siirt, Turkey.

Introduction: Tympanoplasty is performed to close the tympanic membrane perforation and recover the hearing level of patients with non-suppurative chronic otitis media. Endoscopic tympanoplasty has recently been increasingly preferred by ear nose and throat surgeons to treat tympanic membrane perforations.

Objective: The aim of this study is to discuss the outcomes of patients undergoing endoscopic tympanoplasty performed by a young surgeon in a secondary hospital in the context of the literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2018.12.012DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Polymorphism in GRHL2 gene may contribute to noise-induced hearing loss susceptibility: a meta-analysis.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 23. Epub 2019 Feb 23.

Nanjing Zhongyangmen Community Health Service Center, Kang'ai Hospital, Center of Diagnosis and Treatment for Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip, Jiangsu, China. Electronic address:

Instruction: Noise-induced hearing loss is a leading occupational disease caused by gene-environment interaction. The Grainy Like 2, GRHL2, is a candidate gene. In this regard, many studies have evaluated the association between GRHL2 and noise-induced hearing loss, although the results are ambiguous and conflicting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2019.01.003DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Surgical outcomes of sinonasal inverted papilloma: a 17 year review.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Centro Hospitalar São João, Departamento de Otorrinolaringologia, Porto, Portugal.

Introduction: Inverted papillomas represent one of the most common benign neoplasic lesions located in the sinonasal tract. Owing to the local erosive behavior, tendency to recur and the potential for malignant transformation, surgical management of inverted papillomas is often challenging.

Objective: This study aimed to analyze the surgical outcomes of patients with inverted papillomas, according to the Krouse staging and the different surgical approaches. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18088694183047
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2018.12.011DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

Changes in substance P levels of inferior turbinate in patients with mucosal contact headache.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Akdeniz University Medical Faculty, Department of Medical Pharmacology, Antalya, Turkey.

Introduction: Mucosal contact headache is a referred pain that arises from contact between the nasal septum and the lateral nasal wall. Evidence supports the role of substance P in a contact headache such that release of substance P from sensory nerve endings causes inflammation and allergy.

Objective: This study aimed to determine possible differences in substance P levels in inferior turbinate hypertrophy creating a contact headache. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2019.01.006DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Nasal lavage cytology and mucosal histopathological alterations in patients with rhinitis.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Universidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR), Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde da Criança e do Adolescente, Curitiba, PR, Brazil; Universidade Federal do Parana (UFPR), Curitiba, PR, Brazil. Electronic address:

Introduction: The extent of epithelial lesion in allergic and non-allergic rhinitis and its association with inflammatory changes in nasal lavage has not been clarified.

Objective: To verify the association between the inflammatory cells in the nasal lavage, epithelial lesion extent and basement membrane thickness, in the nasal mucosa of patients with rhinitis; to determine the cutoff point of the percentage of eosinophils in the nasal lavage associated with the atopic patients.

Methods: Patients with rhinitis and indication for septoplasty and (or) turbinectomy for turbinate hypertrophy were selected, and were submitted to allergy skin tests, nasal lavage with measurement of albumin and interleukin-8 levels, total and differential counting of cells, and mucosal histopathological analysis to determine the extent of epithelial lesion, and degree of basement membrane thickening. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2019.01.005DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Normative values for singing voice handicap index - systematic review and meta-analysis.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Medical University of Warsaw, Department of Otolaryngology, Warsaw, Poland.

Introduction: There are no official diagnostic protocols for singing voice assessment. In this publication, on the basis of a literature review, standards for the singing voice handicap index exclusively dedicated to voice disorders in singing have been given.

Objective: The study aims to determine the normative values for the singing voice handicap index. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2018.12.004DOI Listing
February 2019

Endoscopic cartilage tympanoplasty: full thickness and partial thickness tragal graft.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Rajiv Gandhi Medical College & Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Hospital, Kalwa, Thane, India.

Introduction: Cartilage is the grafting material of choice in certain disorders of the middle ear. The indications for its routine use remain controversial due to the possible detrimental effect on post-operative hearing.

Objective: The present study was done to report personal experience with "tragal cartilage shield" tympanoplasty. Read More

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February 2019
3 Reads

Molecular study of hearing loss in Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Universidade Federal de São João del Rei, Divinópolis, MG, Brazil. Electronic address:

Introduction: Deafness is the most frequent sensory deficit in humans. Incidence is estimated at 4:1000 births in Brazil. Specific programs for clinical care of patients with hearing loss are still scarce in Brazil and the issue is an important public health problem. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2018.12.005DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Prevention of upper aerodigestive tract cancer through active search strategies and use of equipped propaedeutics.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), Postgraduate Program in Otorhinolaryngology (PPG/ORL), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Introduction: Upper aerodigestive tract cancer is among the most frequent malignancies and has epidemiological importance worldwide. Most cases are already advanced at the diagnosis, with a strong negative impact on survival and high cost to the government. Campaigns directed against these cancers have often failed in Brazil. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2019.01.002DOI Listing
February 2019

Osteoporosis and hearing loss: findings from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2009-2011.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Gyeongsang National University Hospital, Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Jinju, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Introduction: Age-related hearing impairment is the most common sensory dysfunction in older adults. In osteoporosis, the mass of the ossicles will be decreased, affecting the bone density of the cochlea, and interfering with the sound transmission to the cochlea. Age related hearing loss might be closely related to osteoporosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2018.12.009DOI Listing
February 2019

Evaluation of circulating cell free DNA in plasma as a biomarker of different thyroid diseases.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Vocational School of Health Services, Canakkale, Turkey; Human Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle University, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, United Kingdom.

Introduction: Many studies have been done on proteomics, genomics, epigenetic, immunogenetics in many body fluids. Among these, circulating cell-free DNA (ccfDNA) entered the literature in 1948, but it has not been studied for many years due to technological deficiencies. Following recent advances, geno-metastasis has been mentioned and new research is needed in this area. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18088694183065
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2018.12.008DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Efficacy of topical clotrimazole vs. topical tolnaftate in the treatment of otomycosis. A randomized controlled clinical trial.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa, Hospital, Centro de Investigación y Docencia en Ciencias de la Salud, Otolaryngology Department, Culiacán, Mexico.

Introduction: Otomycosis, an infection of the ear canal by fungi, is prevalent in hot and humid weather. Nevertheless, there is not sufficient evidence for the effectiveness of different topical antifungal treatments. Tolnaftate, is a topical antifungal agent described to be effective in the treatment of otomycosis. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18088694183027
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2018.12.007DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Use of scanning electron microscopy in the cochlea of guinea pigs.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Introduction: The use of electron microscopy in the study of the inner ear has allowed us to observe minute details of the hair cells, especially in ototoxicity studies; however, the preparation of this material is a difficult and delicate task. In an attempt to simplify the handling of these materials, two agents, toluidine blue and ethylenediamine tetra-acetic acid were tested, in addition to the elimination of osmium tetroxide during the preparation of albino guinea pig cochleae. We also tested the applicability of these methodologies in an ototoxicity protocol. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2018.11.008DOI Listing
January 2019

Speech-in-noise perception ability can be related to auditory efferent pathway function: a comparative study in reading impaired and normal reading children.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Iran University of Medical Sciences, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Department of Audiology, Tehran, Iran.

Introduction: Deficient auditory processing can cause problems with speech perception and affect the development and evolution of reading skills. The efferent auditory pathway has an important role in normal auditory system functions like speech-in-noise perception, but there is still no general agreement on this.

Objective: To study the performance of the efferent auditory system in a group of children with reading impairment in comparison with normal reading and evaluation of its relationship with speech-in-noise perception. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2018.11.010DOI Listing
January 2019

Hearing function of gold miners with and without a history of tuberculosis treatment: a retrospective data review.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

University of the Witwatersrand, School of Human and Community Development, Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology, Johannesburg, South Africa. Electronic address:

Introduction: South Africa has a high prevalence of co-existing tuberculosis and HIV. As ototoxicity linked to the treatments for these conditions occurs with concomitant exposure to other ear toxins such as hazardous noise exposure, it is important to investigate the combination impact of these toxins. Limited published evidence exists on the co-occurrence of these conditions within this population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2018.12.003DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Laryngopharyngeal reflux concept: what is known and what should we focus on?

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar - Apr;85(2):133-135. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Acıbadem Bakırköy Hospital, Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Istanbul, Turkey.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2019.01.001DOI Listing

Ultrasonography guided fine needle aspiration cytology in patients with laryngo-hypopharyngeal lesions.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Dec 28. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

All India Institute Of Medical sciences, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, New Delhi, India.

Introduction: Laryngeal lesions are usually evaluated by microlaryngoscopy/direct laryngoscopy under anaesthesia for disease mapping and tissue diagnosis. However patients with anticipated airway compromise due to laryngeal mass may require either a protective tracheotomy or emergency tracheotomy to secure the airway. To minimise risk of unplanned tracheotomy and expedite the diagnosis we performed ultrasound-guided transcutaneous fine needle aspiration cytology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2018.11.005DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Predicting bacteria causing acute bacterial rhinosinusitis by clinical features.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Dec 29. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

Chulalongkorn University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology, Bangkok, Thailand; King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Endoscopic Nasal and Sinus Surgery Excellence Center, Bangkok, Thailand. Electronic address:

Introduction: Clinicians rely on clinical presentations to select therapeutic agents for acute bacterial rhinosinusitis. Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae are common in acute bacterial rhinosinusitis. Drug resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae require different antibiotics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2018.12.002DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Brainstem auditory evoked potentials with speech stimulus in neonates.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Dec 29. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Speech Therapy and Audiology Course, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Introduction: Brainstem auditory evoked potentials in response to complex sounds, such as speech sounds, investigate the neural representation of these sounds at subcortical levels, and faithfully reflect the stimulus characteristics. However, there are few studies that utilize this type of stimulus; for it to be used in clinical practice it is necessary to establish standards of normality through studies performed in different populations.

Objective: To analyze the latencies and amplitudes of the waves obtained from the tracings of brainstem auditory evoked potentials using speech stimuli in Brazilian neonates with normal hearing and without auditory risk factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2018.11.006DOI Listing
December 2018

What do otolaryngologists want to learn? An educational targeted needs assessment study.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Dec 31. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Akdeniz University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Education, Antalya, Turkey.

Introduction: Targeted needs assessment which includes identifying the needs of learners is a key step of program development. However, this step is commonly underestimated in postgraduate medical education programs, including otolaryngology residency training. Determining the needs of otolaryngologists may help educators to design more purposeful continuing medical education training programs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2018.12.001DOI Listing
December 2018
20 Reads

Salvage total laryngectomy: is a flap necessary?

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Dec 31. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Departamento de Otorrinolaringología, Cirugía de Cabeza y Cuello, Madrid, Spain.

Introduction: Pharyngocutaneous fistula is the most significant complication after salvage total laryngectomy in patients who have received previous treatment with radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy.

Objective: Our purpose is to review the fistula rate in radiated patients undergoing salvage total laryngectomy, to determine if the use of pectoralis major flap interposition reduces the incidence and duration of fistula, and to examine other risk factors.

Methods: We made a retrospective review of patients undergoing salvage total laryngectomy for exclusively larynx cancer after failure of primary curative radiotherapy between 2000 and 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2018.11.007DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Evaluation of choroidal thickness measurements in patients with marked nasal septal deviation.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Dec 31. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Istanbul Kanuni Sultan Süleyman Training and Research Hospital, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Istanbul, Turkey.

Introduction: Chronic upper airway obstruction due to marked nasal septal deviation may cause chronic hypoxia. It may change the balance of the sympathetic-parasympathetic system and may affect blood flow in choroid.

Objective: To assess choroidal thickness measurements of patients with marked nasal septal deviation. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18088694183056
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2018.11.009DOI Listing
December 2018
13 Reads

The investigation of semantic memory deficit in chronic tinnitus: a behavioral report.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Dec 28. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Iran University of Medical Sciences (IUMS), School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Department of Audiology, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Introduction: Tinnitus is a central auditory disorder in which different processing systems are involved as a network. One of these networks is memory. Previous studies have demonstrated some deficits in various types of memory in chronic tinnitus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2018.11.003DOI Listing
December 2018

Gadolinium-enhanced MRI reveals dynamic development of endolymphatic hydrops in Ménière's disease.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Dec 20. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Shanghai East Hospital, Department of Otorhinolaryngology Shanghai, Shanghai, China.

Introduction: Meniere's disease is associated with impaired hearing, tinnitus, vertigo, and aural fullness. Many anatomical studies have suggested idiopathic endolymphatic hydrops as the pathological basis of Meniere's disease, which now can be visualized by using gadolinium -enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of the inner ear.

Objective: To investigate the development of endolymphatic hydrops in Meniere's disease by monitoring the vestibules and cochleae of affected patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2018.10.014DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Is there any association between Helicobacter pylori and otitis media with effusion?

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Dec 19. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Kerman University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology, Kerman, Iran. Electronic address:

Introduction: It is proposed that Helicobacter pylori can be responsible for the development of otitis media with effusion.

Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence of H. pylori in the adenoid tissue and fluid of the middle ear in patients who suffer from adenoid hyperplasia and otitis media with effusion in comparison with those who suffer from adenoid hyperplasia without otitis media with effusion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2018.11.002DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Using craniofacial characteristics to predict optimum airway pressure in obstructive sleep apnea treatment.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), Departamento de Psicobiologia, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Introduction: Manual titration is the gold standard to determinate optimal continuous positive airway pressure, and the prediction of the optimal pressure is important to avoid delays in prescribing a continuous positive airway pressure treatment.

Objective: To verify whether anthropometric, polysomnographic, cephalometric, and upper airway clinical assessments can predict the optimal continuous positive airway pressure setting for obstructive sleep apnea patients.

Methods: Fifty men between 25 and 65 years, with body mass indexes of less than or equal to 35kg/m were selected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2018.10.012DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

The effect of very low dose pulsed magnetic waves on cochlea.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Çukurova University, Department of Biophysics, Adana, Turkey.

Introduction: In daily life biological systems are usually exposed to magnetic field forces at different intensities and frequencies, either directly or indirectly. Despite negative results, the therapeutic use of the low dose magnetic field has been found in recent studies. The effect of magnetic field forces on cochlear cells is not clear in the literature. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18088694183030
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2018.10.013DOI Listing
December 2018
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Pediatric airway reconstruction: results after implementation of an airway team in Brazil.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital das Clinicas, Campinas, SP, Brazil.

Introduction: Since development of pediatric intensive care units, children have increasingly and appropriately been treated for complex surgical conditions such as laryngotracheal stenosis. Building coordinated airway teams to achieve acceptable results is still a challenge.

Objective: To describe patient demographics and surgical outcomes during the first 8years of a pediatric airway reconstruction team. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2018.10.011DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Relative contributions of auditory and cognitive functions on speech recognition in quiet and in noise among older adults.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Kuliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences International Islamic University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Introduction: Hearing acuity, central auditory processing and cognition contribute to the speech recognition difficulty experienced by older adults. Therefore, quantifying the contribution of these factors on speech recognition problem is important in order to formulate a holistic and effective rehabilitation.

Objective: To examine the relative contributions of auditory functioning and cognition status to speech recognition in quiet and in noise. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2018.10.010DOI Listing
December 2018
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Prevalence of hearing impairment and associated factors in school-aged children and adolescents: a systematic review.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar - Apr;85(2):244-253. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Faculdade de Ciências da Saúde de Trairi (FACISA), Santa Cruz, RN, Brazil.

Introduction: Hearing impairment is one of the communication disorders of the 21st century, constituting a public health issue as it affects communication, academic success, and life quality of students. Most cases of hearing loss before 15 years of age are avoidable, and early detection can help prevent academic delays and minimize other consequences.

Objective: This study researched scientific literature for the prevalence of hearing impairment in school-aged children and adolescents, with its associated factors. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18088694183032
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2018.10.009DOI Listing
December 2018
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Ossicular chain reconstruction in chronic otitis media: hearing results and analysis of prognostic factors.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Oct 18. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Hospital Governador Celso Ramos, Departamento de Otorrinolaringologia, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil.

Introduction: The goal of ossiculoplasty is to improve hearing and the success of this procedure depends on several factors.

Objective: Analyze the hearing results in patients with chronic otitis media undergoing ossicular chain reconstruction, as well as predictive factors for successful surgery.

Methods: Charts of patients undergoing ossiculoplasty between 2006 and 2016 were reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2018.09.005DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Is the C-reactive protein/albumin ratio a prognostic and predictive factor in sudden hearing loss?

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Health Sciences University, Konya Training and Research Hospital, Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Konya, Turkey.

Introduction: Sudden hearing loss is a significant otologic emergency. Previous studies have revealed a coexistence of sudden hearing loss with chronic inflammation. The predictive importance of C-reactive protein/albumin values as a prognostic factor has been shown in various inflammatory and tumoral conditions. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18088694183026
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2018.10.007DOI Listing
November 2018
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The efficacy and safety of ciclesonide for the treatment of perennial allergic rhinitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, Sichuan, China; The Teaching Hospital of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, Sichuan, China. Electronic address:

Introduction: Allergic rhinitis is a chronic inflammatory disease which affects 1 out of 6 individuals. Perennial allergic rhinitis accounts for 40% of AR cases. Ciclesonide is one of the relatively new intranasal steroid for allergic rhinitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2018.10.008DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Association of glutamate metabotropic receptor polymorphisms and sensorineural hearing loss in adults of different age groups.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2018 May 18. Epub 2018 May 18.

Fuzhou General Hospital, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Fujian Sheng, China. Electronic address:

Introduction: Sensorineural hearing loss is a common challenge all over the world, including a section of the young population. While there have been many published reports associating glutamate metabotropic receptor 7 with sensorineural hearing loss, there is no report, till date, about the association of glutamate metabotropic receptor 7 polymorphisms with sensorineural hearing loss at different ages.

Objective: To test the association between the single nucleotide polymorphisms rs11928865 and rs11920109 of the glutamate metabotropic receptor 7 with sensorineural hearing loss in adults of different age groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2018.04.007DOI Listing
May 2018
2 Reads

The efficacy and safety of multiple sessions of multisite transcranial random noise stimulation in treating chronic tinnitus.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Jun 28. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Iran University of Medical Sciences (IUMS), ENT and Head & Neck Research Center, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Introduction: Random noise stimulation was reported as the more effective and safer type of electrical stimulation techniques in relieving tinnitus symptoms. The multisite protocol of transcranial random noise stimulation has shown additional favorable effects.

Objective: Here we will discuss the role of applying eight sessions of multisite transcranial random noise stimulation in decreasing tinnitus loudness and annoyance without exerting additional adverse effects. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18088694183035
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2018.05.010DOI Listing
June 2018
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Language evaluation in children with pre-lingual hearing loss and cochlear implant.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru (FOB), Departamento de Fonoaudiologia, Bauru, SP, Brazil.

Introduction: The cochlear implant is an effective device for children with severe and/or profound prelingual hearing loss, since it provides considerable improvement in oral language acquisition through the auditory pathway. The use of a cochlear implant contributes to the development of auditory perception, favoring the acquisition of the linguistic processes related to communication skills, which might have a positive effect on other areas of development.

Objective: The aim of this study was to verify the performance of children using cochlear implants for expressive and receptive oral language. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2018.10.006DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads