42,811 results match your criteria Brazilian Journal Of Oceanography[Journal]


Understanding consumers' dynamic sensory perception for bacon smoked with different Brazilian woods.

Meat Sci 2019 Apr 8;154:46-53. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Universidade de São Paulo, Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz", Departamento de Agroindústria, Alimentos e Nutrição, Av. Pádua Dias 11, 13418-900 Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address:

The aim of the present study was to obtain the dynamic sensory profile of smoked bacon using Temporal Dominance of Sensations (TDS). Eight samples were studied considering different smoking process: six samples were submitted to conventional smoking using different woods from reforestation and two samples were manufactured with liquid smoke. Seventy-eight regular bacon consumers evaluated the samples using the TDS methodology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2019.04.006DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Gene expression, genotoxicity, and physiological responses in an Amazonian fish, Colossoma macropomum (CUVIER 1818), exposed to Roundup® and subsequent acute hypoxia.

Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Laboratory of Ecophysiology and Molecular Evolution (LEEM), Brazilian National Institute of Amazonian Research (INPA), 69067-375, André Araújo Avenue, 2936, Petrópolis, Manaus, AM, Brazil.

Roundup® (RD) is a glyphosate-based herbicide used to control weeds in agriculture, and fishponds. In the Amazon, hypoxia is a natural phenomenon in flooded areas. Beyond the challenge of hypoxia, fish need to cope with the use of pesticides as RD that increases in the aquatic environment through the leaching of agricultural areas, and in aquaculture fish tanks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpc.2019.04.010DOI Listing

Cytokine production in allergic and Trichuris trichiura-infected children from an urban region of the Brazilian northeast.

Parasitol Int 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Immunology Section, Keizo Asami Immunopathology Laboratory (LIKA), Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil; Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Health Sciences Center, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil. Electronic address:

The relationship between the cellular immune response during Trichuris trichiura infection and asthma has not yet been established. In this study, the cytokines interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α, IFN-γ and IL-17A were evaluated in asthmatic children harboring T. trichiura. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.parint.2019.04.015DOI Listing

Wheezing independently predicts viral infection in children with community-acquired pneumonia.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Pediatrics, Federal University of Bahia School of Medicine, Salvador, Brazil.

Aim: To assess whether there was a difference in the frequency of symptoms and signs among children with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) with viral or bacterial infection.

Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in Salvador, Brazil. Children less than 5-years-old hospitalized with CAP were recruited. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ppul.24339
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ppul.24339DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Training for US Service Members and Veterans with Symptoms of PTSD.

Mil Med 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Public Health, University of South Florida, 13201 Bruce B. Downs Blvd, Tampa, FL 33612.

Introduction: The United States has been actively involved in major armed conflicts over the last 15 years. As a result, a significant proportion of active duty service personnel and returning veterans have endured combat, putting them at risk for developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a disabling disorder that may occur after exposure to a traumatic event. Current therapies often require long-term, time-intensive and costly commitment from the patient and have variable degrees of success. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/milmed/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usz074DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Feasibility evaluation of a mindfulness-based stress reduction program for primary care professionals in Brazilian national health system.

Complement Ther Clin Pract 2019 May 11;35:8-17. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Coletiva, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC), Endereço: Campus Reitor João David Ferreira Lima, Rua Delfino Conti, s/n, Bloco H, Brasil. Electronic address:

Background And Purpose: In the last decades, an increasing body of scientific studies has shown mindfulness-based interventions as efficacious for reducing stress, including among primary care professionals. Despite the strength of the evidence, mindfulness-based interventions still are not widely adopted as a clinical practice in national health systems. The aim of the present study was to conduct a feasibility evaluation of a mindfulness-based stress reduction program for primary care professionals in Brazilian national health system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ctcp.2019.01.005DOI Listing

Positive association between facial and vocal femininity/masculinity in women but not in men.

Behav Processes 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Experimental Psychology, Institute of Psychology, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Multicomponent stimuli improve information reception. In women, perceived facial and vocal femininity-masculinity (FM) are concordant; however, mixed results are found for men. Some feminine and masculine traits are related to sex hormone action and can indicate reproductive qualities. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03766357183015
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beproc.2019.04.010DOI Listing
April 2019
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Development of a risk score for earlier diagnosis of chronic kidney disease in children.

PLoS One 2019 19;14(4):e0215100. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Nephrology Division, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Objective: To develop a clinical score for the early identification of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in children and adolescents. The early diagnosis of CKD in childhood allows the adoption of measures to slow the progression of the disease, thereby reducing morbidity and mortality. Nevertheless, the diagnosis is often made too late for proper patient management. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215100PLOS
April 2019
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An overview of the genetic basis of Epidermolysis Bullosa in Brazil: discovery of novel and recurrent disease-causing variants.

Clin Genet 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Postgraduate Program in Genetics and Molecular Biology, Department of Genetics, Biosciences Institute, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Epidermolysis Bullosa (EB) is a genodermatosis that encompasses a group of clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorders classified in four major types: EB simplex (EBS), junctional EB (JEB), dystrophic EB (DEB) and Kindler syndrome. Our aim was to characterize recurrent and novel mutations associated to EB in a sample of Brazilian patients. Eighty-seven patients (25 EBS, 4 JEB and 58 DEB) were studied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cge.13555DOI Listing

Impact of Number of Positive Lymph Nodes and Lymph Node Ratio on Survival of Women with Node-Positive Breast Cancer.

Eur J Breast Health 2019 Apr 1;15(2):76-84. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Clinical Research, Research Center, Instituto Nacional de Câncer (INCA), Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the association of axillary lymph node ratio (LNR) and number of positive lymph nodes (pN) with the risk of breast cancer recurrence and death.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective cohort study of node-positive stage II and III breast cancer patients diagnosed and treated between 2008 and 2009 at the Brazilian National Cancer Institute (INCA), Brazil. Overall and disease-free survival curves for number of positive lymph nodes (pN) and lymph node ratio (LNR) risk groups were constructed using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared by the log-rank test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/ejbh.2019.4414DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6456272PMC

Congenital Transmission of After Experimental Reinfection With Brazilian Typical Strains in Chronically Infected Sheep.

Front Vet Sci 2019 2;6:93. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science (FMVZ), University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

is a cause of congenital diseases, miscarriages and stillbirths in production animals. In Brazil, non-archetypal genotypes of the parasite may be related to severe disease. Experimental infection with was studied in sheep to analyse congenital transmission-related parameters in reinfections with different Brazilian parasite strains. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2019.00093DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454189PMC

Structural and Functional Characterization of the Type Three Secretion System (T3SS) Needle of .

Front Microbiol 2019 29;10:573. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CEA, CNRS, Institut de Biologie Structurale (IBS), Grenoble, France.

The type three secretion system (T3SS) is a macromolecular protein nano-syringe used by different bacterial pathogens to inject effectors into host cells. The extracellular part of the syringe is a needle-like filament formed by the polymerization of a 9-kDa protein whose structure and proper localization on the bacterial surface are key determinants for efficient toxin injection. Here, we combined , , and approaches to characterize the T3SS needle and its major component PscF. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fmicb.2019.00573
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2019.00573DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6455054PMC
March 2019
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Multimodal Analysis of Missense Variants Improves Interpretation of Clinically Relevant Variants in Dravet Syndrome.

Front Neurol 2019 28;10:289. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Medical Genetics and Genomic Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, The Brazilian Institute of Neuroscience and Neurotecnology, University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.

We aimed to improve the classification of missense variants in patients with Dravet syndrome (DS) by combining and modifying the current variants classification criteria to minimize inconclusive test results. We established a score classification workflow based on evidence of pathogenicity to adapt the classification of DS-related missense variants. In addition, we compiled the variants reported in the literature and our cohort and assessed the proposed pathogenic classification criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2019.00289DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6455056PMC

Surveys in the Chrysanthemum Production Areas of Brazil and Colombia Reveal That Weeds Are Potential Reservoirs of Chrysanthemum Stunt Viroid.

Viruses 2019 Apr 17;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Lab. Fitovirologia e Fisiopatologia, Centro de Pesquisa de Sanidade Vegetal, Instituto Biológico, São Paulo, SP 04014-002, Brazil.

The stunting disease, incited by chrysanthemum stunt viroid (CSVd), has become a serious problem in chrysanthemum production areas worldwide. Here we identified 46 weed species from chrysanthemum fields in two producing regions of the State of São Paulo, Brazil. The mechanical inoculation of these weeds with a Brazilian CSVd isolate revealed that this viroid was able to infect 17 of these species, in addition to chrysanthemum, tomato and potato. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/v11040355DOI Listing

Experimental Vertical Transmission of Chikungunya Virus by Brazilian and Florida Populations.

Viruses 2019 Apr 17;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

University of Florida, IFAS, Department of Entomology and Nematology, Florida Medical Entomology Laboratory, Vero Beach, FL 32962, USA.

Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a vector-borne alphavirus transmitted by the bites of mosquitoes, specifically infected, female mosquitoes of the invasive species. In nature, CHIKV can be maintained by vertical transmission, a phenomenon that relates to the transfer of CHIKV from the infected parent to their offspring within the ovary or during oviposition. In the present study, we conducted laboratory experiments to determine vertical transmission with populations from Brazil and Florida. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/1999-4915/11/4/353
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/v11040353DOI Listing
April 2019
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The historical development of pharmacopoeias and the inclusion of exotic herbal drugs with a focus on Europe and Brazil.

J Ethnopharmacol 2019 Apr 15:111891. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Cagliari, Via Ospedale 72, 09124, Cagliari, Italy. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: In spite of the rich bio-cultural diversity found in the Neotropics relatively few herbal drugs native to South-America are included in the global pharmacopoeia.

Material And Methods: In the attempt to historically explain the inclusion of herbal drugs into official pharmacopoeias we consider the disparate epidemiology and cultural evolution of the New and the Old World. We then trace the development of pharmacopoeias and review forces that worked towards and against the synchronization of pharmacopoeias and highlight the role of early chemical and pharmacological studies in Europe. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2019.111891DOI Listing

What we know about management and organisation of primary dental care in Brazil.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0215429. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Community and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

This cross-sectional study evaluated the management and organisation of primary dental care in Brazil. For this purpose, data from the National Program for Improving Access and Quality of Primary Care (PMAQ-AB) were used. Dentists from 18,114 Oral Health Teams (OHTs) answered a structured questionnaire in 2014. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215429PLOS

Actions developed by the Brazilian Physiological Society to promote women's participation in science.

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Jun;43(2):199-206

Instituto do Coração, University of São Paulo , São Paulo , Brazil.

Here we described two activities related to Women in Science: one main conference and one symposium, both developed during the Annual Congress of the Brazilian Physiological Society, which were held within the XXXIII Annual Meeting of the Federation of Brazilian Experimental Biology Societies, from September 3-6, 2018, in Campos do Jordão (SP/Brazil). This conference and the symposium were among the most popular activities of the congress. This is important because the activities addressed important issues, including the fact that only 29% of the worlds' researchers are women, and women have difficulty progressing in a scientific career. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00216.2018DOI Listing

Pedagogical training profile of basic health sciences faculty in biomedical and related fields at Brazilian public and private higher education institutions.

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Jun;43(2):180-190

Graduate Program in Biological Sciences: Physiology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul , Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul , Brazil.

Historically, Brazilian higher education teachers' pedagogical training has not been a concern. Even today, a graduate degree is the main requirement to be a faculty member. However, a set of competencies is necessary to teach: pedagogical competency, political competency, and knowledge of specific content. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00211.2018DOI Listing

Detection of enzootic nasal tumor virus (ENTV) in a sheep flock in southern Brazil.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Veterinary Pathology, Veterinary School, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

Enzootic nasal tumor (ENT) is a contagious neoplasm associated with enzootic nasal tumor virus (ENTV), which may induce disease in sheep (ENTV-1) and goats (ENTV-2). This study aimed to describe the occurrence of ENT in two Texel sheep (Ovis aries) from a 75-sheep flock, located in the city of Gravataí, southern Brazil. Animals used to be purchased from different origins, and no specific tests for disease monitoring or quarantine procedure were performed. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11250-019-01897-z
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11250-019-01897-zDOI Listing
April 2019
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Potent antiviral activity of carbohydrate-specific algal and leguminous lectins from the Brazilian biodiversity.

Medchemcomm 2019 Mar 14;10(3):390-398. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Rega Institute for Medical Research , Department of Microbiology and Immunology , KU Leuven , 3000 Leuven , Belgium . Email:

Brazil has one of the largest biodiversities in the world. The search for new natural products extracted from the Brazilian flora may lead to the discovery of novel drugs with potential to treat infectious and other diseases. Here, we have investigated 9 lectins extracted and purified from the Northeastern Brazilian flora, from both leguminous species: (ConBr), (ConM), (DLasiL) and (DSclerL), and algae (AML), (BSL), (HML), (MEL) and (SfL). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c8md00508gDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6430086PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Effect of Brazilian green propolis on microorganism contaminants of surface of Gorgonzola-type cheese.

J Food Sci Technol 2019 Apr 11;56(4):1978-1987. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

1Departament of Food Science, Federal University of Lavras, Campus Universitário, 3037, Lavras, MG 37200-000 Brazil.

Blue cheeses are susceptible to yeast and bacterial growth on their surface, which causes spoilage during ripening process and the formation of slime. The dairy industry frequently control the proliferation of undesirable microorganisms with natamycin and high salt concentration. The green propolis is a complex of substances that presents antimicrobial properties with great potential as preservative in the food industry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13197-019-03664-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6443765PMC

BZ043, a novel long-acting amylin analog, reduces gastric emptying, food intake, glycemia and insulin requirement in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.

Peptides 2019 Apr 14. Epub 2019 Apr 14.

National Institute of Science and Technology for Structural Biology and Bioimaging (INBEB-INCT), Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro 21941-590, Brazil. Electronic address:

Amylin analogs are important adjunctive drugs in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. However, a dual therapy with insulin involves inconvenient multiple injections. Here we describe a novel n-terminal PEGylated human amylin analog - BZ043 - and its potential to improve the control of glycemia using lower doses of insulin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.peptides.2019.04.004DOI Listing

Expanding Knowledge of the Host Range of and Host Plant Preference of MEAM1.

Plant Dis 2019 Apr 17:PDIS11181941RE. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

2 United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service, Salinas, CA, U.S.A.

The crinivirus (ToCV) is often found infecting tomato crops in Brazil, with variable incidence, but associated with prevalence of its primary vector, MEAM1. ToCV control is difficult because there are no resistant commercial tomato varieties or hybrids available and chemical spray for control of the whitefly vector has not been effective. The present study evaluated the partial host range of a Brazilian isolate of ToCV and the preference of MEAM1 for oviposition on those species identified as susceptible to the virus. Read More

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https://apsjournals.apsnet.org/doi/10.1094/PDIS-11-18-1941-R
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-11-18-1941-REDOI Listing
April 2019
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Human collectin-11 (COLEC11) and its synergic genetic interaction with MASP2 are associated with the pathophysiology of Chagas Disease.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2019 Apr 17;13(4):e0007324. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Laboratory of Molecular Immunopathology, Department of Clinical Pathology, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil.

Chagas Disease (CD) is an anthropozoonosis caused by Trypanosoma cruzi. With complex pathophysiology and variable clinical presentation, CD outcome can be influenced by parasite persistence and the host immune response. Complement activation is one of the primary defense mechanisms against pathogens, which can be initiated via pathogen recognition by pattern recognition molecules (PRMs). Read More

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http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007324
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007324DOI Listing
April 2019
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Semantic memory, but not education or intelligence, moderates cognitive aging: a cross-sectional study.

Braz J Psychiatry 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Departamento de Saúde Mental, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Objective: Aging studies regularly assume that years of education are a protective factor for baseline cognition. In developing countries with specific sociocultural issues, this relationship may not work as expected, and an unmet need remains for alternative resilience factors. This study aimed to analyze different moderators for the relationship between aging and general cognition that could reflect better protective factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2018-0290DOI Listing

Predictors of quality of life in Brazilian medical students: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Braz J Psychiatry 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Departamento e Instituto de Psiquiatria, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo (USP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective: To examine predictors associated with quality of life (QoL) in Brazilian medical students.

Methods: PubMed, PsycINFO, EMBASE, LILACS, and Google Scholar were searched for research articles in English or Portuguese published through August 2018. Observational studies that measured QoL with standard instruments were selected. Read More

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http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2018-0116DOI Listing
April 2019
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Psychometric properties of the WHOQOL-SRPB BREF, Brazilian Portuguese version.

Braz J Psychiatry 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psiquiatria e Ciências do Comportamento, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Objective: To test the reliability and the discriminant and convergent validity of the abbreviated Brazilian Portuguese World Health Organization's Quality of Life Instrument - Spirituality, Religion, and Personal Beliefs module (WHOQOL-SRPB BREF).

Methods: In a sample of 404 individuals, we applied a general questionnaire, the WHOQOL-BREF, the long-form SRPB, the Brief Religious-Spiritual Coping Scale (RCOPE), and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Priority was given to the 9-item SRPB assessment: its unidimensionality was tested through confirmatory factor analysis and Rasch analysis. Read More

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http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2018-0083DOI Listing
April 2019
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Contributions of parenting styles and parental drunkenness to adolescent drinking.

Braz J Psychiatry 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Núcleo de Pesquisa em Saúde e Uso de Substâncias (NEPSIS), Departamento de Psicobiologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective: To estimate the association of parental drunkenness and parenting style with alcohol consumption among adolescents and the contributions of parental drunkenness and parenting style to the prevalence of binge drinking among adolescents.

Method: Cross-sectional survey of a representative sample of secondary students aged 13 to 18 from 27 Brazilian state capitals (n=17,028). Private and public schools were included. Read More

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http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2018-0041DOI Listing
April 2019
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Most common histopathological patterns of the Minas Gerais Association of the Centers of Nephrology.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):441-445. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

MD, Nephrologist, MSc in Science from Unifesp, São Paulo/ São João de Deus Hospital - Brasil.

Introduction: We analyzed the distribution and frequency of glomerular diseases in patients biopsied between 1992 and 2016 in centers that make up the AMICEN (Minas Gerais Association of Nephrology Centers).

Methods: We analyzed the biopsy reports of patients from 9 AMICEN nephrology centers. We took note of their age, gender, ultrasound use, post-biopsy resting time, whether the kidney was native or a graft, number of glomeruli and indication for the biopsy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.3.441DOI Listing
March 2019
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Depression in the workplace: screening and treatment.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar;65(3):295-315

Brazilian Medical Association.

The Guidelines Project, an initiative of the Brazilian Medical Association, aims to combine information from the medical field in order to standardize producers to assist the reasoning and decision-making of doctors. The information provided through this project must be assessed and criticized by the physician responsible for the conduct that will be adopted, depending on the conditions and the clinical status of each patient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.3.295DOI Listing

Prevalence of smoking in Brazilian schoolteachers, 2016.

Cad Saude Publica 2019 Apr 15;35Suppl 1(Suppl 1):e00180217. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Instituto de Ciências Agrárias, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Montes Claros, Brasil.

This cross-sectional study investigated the prevalence of smoking and associated factors in a nationally representative sample of 6,510 Brazilian schoolteachers. Data were obtained from telephone interviews using a questionnaire on sociodemographic information, health status, work absenteeism, and the characteristics of teaching work. Smoking was analyzed as a dichotomous variable using univariate and multivariate logistic regression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00180217DOI Listing

Work absenteeism due to voice disorders in Brazilian schoolteachers.

Cad Saude Publica 2019 Apr 15;35Suppl 1(Suppl 1):e00171717. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Instituto de Ciências Exatas, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Brasil.

The study aimed to investigate the prevalence and duration of work absenteeism due to voice disorders in Brazilian schoolteachers and the association with work-related factors and health status. This was a cross-sectional study with a representative sample of 6,510 female and male schoolteachers in basic education, from October 2015 to March 2016. The dependent variable was the teacher's report of some work absence due to a voice problem in the previous 12 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00171717DOI Listing

Sample design and participation in the Educatel Study.

Cad Saude Publica 2019 Apr 15;35Suppl 1(Suppl 1):e00167217. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brasil.

Educatel Brazil 2015/2016 was a cross-sectional study conducted by telephone interview with the aim of producing information on health and absenteeism in Brazilian schoolteachers. The nationally representative sampling plan was based on the simple stratified sampling method, with stratification defined to meet the analytical domains established for the study (five major geographic regions, two census areas, four age brackets, sex, three types of school administration, five types of teacher employment, and six grade levels) and selection by simple random sampling of teachers in each stratum. Teacher selection was based on the 2014 School Census conducted by the Brazilian National Institute for Educational Studies and Research "Anísio Teixeira". Read More

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http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00167217DOI Listing
April 2019
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Multiple exposures to the risk of work absenteeism among Brazilian schoolteachers.

Cad Saude Publica 2019 Apr 15;35Suppl 1(Suppl 1):e00166517. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brasil.

The study aimed to identify multiple exposures to the risk of work absenteeism among Brazilian schoolteachers, independently of the reasons reported by teachers (n = 6,510). The data came from a telephone survey on health, working conditions, and absenteeism among schoolteachers in Brazil (Educatel Study, 2015/2016). Exposures were identified and studied by principal components analysis and Poisson regression, with a focus on working conditions and quality of school administration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00166517DOI Listing

Lessons from schoolteachers on their joys and pains at work.

Cad Saude Publica 2019 Apr 15;35Suppl 1(Suppl 1):e00049018. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Fundação Jorge Duprat Figueiredo de Segurança e Medicina do Trabalho, São Paulo, Brasil.

Why do schoolteachers get sick? The essay poses this question and points in some directions for answers. After discovering that the most prevalent diseases among Brazilian schoolteachers are the same as those in teachers the world over, the author concluded that the crux of the problem lies in the schoolteachers' work, the constant in the equation. Their work thus needs to be understood better, and their work should be the center of attention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00049018DOI Listing

Schistosomiasis mansoni in the northeast region of brazil: temporal modeling of positivity, hospitalization,and mortality rates.

Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 2019 Apr 11;52:e20180458. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Departamento de Medicina, Campus Arapiraca, Universidade Federal de Alagoas, Arapiraca, AL, Brasil.

Introduction: We aimed to analyze trends in Schistosomiasis positivity, mortality, and hospitalization rates in Northeast Brazil.

Methods: We conducted an ecological study using data from the Brazilian Schistosomiasis Control Program, and Hospital and Mortality Information Systems. A joinpoint regression model was used for temporal analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0458-2018DOI Listing

A case of envenomation caused by Oxybelis fulgidus (Serpentes, Colubridae) in Brazilian Amazon.

Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 2019 Apr 11;52:e20180423. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Núcleo de Medicina Tropical, Santarém, PA,Brasil.

A case of a bite inflicted by Oxybelis fulgidus in the wilds of Amazon is reported. The patient was a 67-year-old man who presented with dizziness, tachycardia and local pain, with erythema and bleeding in his left arm. The venom of Oxybelis fulgidus, a neotropical rear-fanged snake, contains one of the four three-finger toxins already isolated from colubrid snakes, called fulgimotoxin. Read More

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http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0426-2018DOI Listing
April 2019
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Increase in the diagnosis of mycobacteremia after the implementation of semi-automated blood culture at a Brazilian public health laboratory.

Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 2019 Apr 11;52:e20180267. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Departamento de Biologia Médica, Seção de Micobactérias, Laboratório de Saúde Pública Dr. Giovanni Cysneiros, Goiânia, GO, Brasil.

Introduction: The prevalence of hematogenous dissemination of mycobacteria is high in immunosuppressed patients. The isolation of mycobacteria in culture remains the standard procedure.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study based on the results of solid (Löwenstein-Jensen medium) and semi-automated liquid (BACTEC 9240) blood cultures, obtained from the Lacen-GO database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0267-2018DOI Listing

Translation and Brazilian adaptation of the Relationship Scales Questionnaire (RSQ).

Trends Psychiatry Psychother 2019 Jan-Mar;41(1):69-77. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Gerontologia Biomédica, Escola de Medicina, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Objectives: To describe the process of translating and adapting the Relationship Scales Questionnaire (RSQ) from English into Brazilian Portuguese and to present the results of its test-retest reliability using the version developed for interview application.

Methodology: The process was based on the guidelines of the International Society for Pharmaeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR), which propose 10 steps for the translation and cross-cultural adaptation of self-administered instruments. The original authors of the RSQ have agreed to the translation. Read More

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http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2237-6089-2018-0032DOI Listing
April 2019
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Satisfaction with care in a Brazilian psychiatric inpatient unit: differences in perceptions among patients according to type of health insurance.

Trends Psychiatry Psychother 2019 Jan-Mar;41(1):27-35. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Hospital São Lucas, PUCRS, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Introduction: User satisfaction assessment in mental health services is an important indicator of treatment quality. The objective of this study was to evaluate treatment satisfaction in a sample of inpatients with mental disorders and the associations between levels of satisfaction and clinical/sociodemographic variables.

Methods: This exploratory study investigated 227 psychiatric inpatients who answered the Patient Satisfaction with Mental Health Services Scale (SATIS-BR) and the Perception of Change Scale (EMP). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2237-6089-2017-0156DOI Listing

Consumption of Euterpe edulis fruit by wildlife: implications for conservation and management of the Southern Brazilian Atlantic Forest.

An Acad Bras Cienc 2019 8;91(1):e20180537. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Ciências Agrárias, Departamento de Fitotecnia, Rodovia Admar Gonzaga, 1346, Itacorubi, 88034-001 Florianópolis, SC, Brazil.

This study aimed to measure the wildlife consumption of Euterpe edulis fruit and use this data to discuss management possibilities. To estimate infructescence fruit volume consumed, collectors were installed in fruit-bearing palms. To characterize consumption from the ground, samples were placed next to fruiting palms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765201920180537DOI Listing
April 2019
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Exploring the Insecticide and Acaricide Potential of Development Regulators obtained from Restinga vegetation from Brazil.

An Acad Bras Cienc 2019 8;91(1):e20180381. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Laboratório de Estudos de Pragas e Parasitas, Departamento de Biologia Celular e Molecular, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Outeiro de São João Batista, s/n Centro, 24020 140 Niterói, RJ, Brazil.

As a part of our continuing search for insect and arthropod development regulators from Brazilian restinga vegetation of the Rio de Janeiro State, crude extracts, purified fractions and essential oils were submitted to screening tests seeking for biological activities on the development of the insects Rhodnius prolixus, Dysdercus peruvianus, Oncopeltus fasciatus and Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus. Up to now, 102 secondary metabolites have been detected in the fractions, among them monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes and two triterpenes which were obtained from the species, Eugenia sulcata, Pilocarpus spicatus, Manilkara subsericea, Myrciaria floribunda and Zanthoxylum caribaeum. These secondary plant metabolites are considered of interest for the use of studies related to arthropod endocrinology, vector-parasite interaction system, and population control of vector insect and agricultural pest. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765201920180381DOI Listing

Diet, sexual dimorphism and reproduction of sympatric racers Philodryas aestiva and Philodryas patagoniensis from the coastal Brazilian Pampa.

An Acad Bras Cienc 2019 8;91(1):e20180296. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Laboratório de Vertebrados, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande, Avenida Itália, s/n, Vila Carreiros, 96203-900 Rio Grande, RS, Brazil.

Herein we investigated diet, sexual dimorphism and reproductive biology of two sympatric congeneric species at the coastal Brazilian Pampa, Philodryas aestiva and P. patagoniensis. Analysis of the stomach content of the scansorial Philodryas aestiva revealed that it feeds mainly on Anura and small mammals, while it occasionally consumes Insecta, Squamata and Aves. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765201920180296DOI Listing

Development of an annual drought classification system based on drought severity indexes.

An Acad Bras Cienc 2019 8;91(1):e20180188. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Espírito Santo, Unidade Colatina, Av. Arino Gomes Leal, 1700, Santa Margarida, 29700-060 Colatina, ES, Brazil.

In order to characterize the occurrence and intensity of droughts in the Doce River Basin, as well as to develop a system for its classification, four different drought indexes were evaluated: Percent of Normal Precipitation (PNP), Deciles Method (DM), Rainfall Anomaly Index (RAI) and Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI). The indices were calculated annually, based on precipitation data from 89 rainfall stations of the Brazilian National Water Agency (ANA). Nine analysis units (AUs) were determined in the basin and the Thiessen Polygons method was used to obtain the average precipitation in the respective drainage areas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765201920180188DOI Listing
April 2019
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Evaluation of cytotoxicity and wound healing activity of Avicennia schaueriana in cream.

An Acad Bras Cienc 2019 8;91(1):e20180171. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Departamento de Histologia e Embriologia, Centro de Biociências, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Avenida Professor Moraes Rego, s/n, Cidade Universitária, 50670-901 Recife, PE, Brazil.

Avicennia schaueriana is found in Brazilian mangrove coast. The cytotoxicity in vitro of the Aqueous Extract of Leaves of Avicennia schaueriana (AELAs) and the healing activity of the plant in cream on mice skin wounds were evaluated in this study. The cytotoxic evaluation was performed on Vero cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765201920180171DOI Listing
April 2019
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On the occurrence and ecology of Glaucus atlanticus Forster, 1777 (Mollusca: Nudibranchia) along the Southwestern Atlantic coast.

An Acad Bras Cienc 2019 8;91(1):e20180154. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Laboratório de Ecologia do Zooplâncton, Instituto de Oceanografia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande/FURG, Av. Itália, Km 8, Campus Carreiros, 96203-900, Rio Grande, RS, Brazil.

Unlike the majority of the nudibranchs, Glaucidae lives adrift at the sea surface within Tropical and Subtropical ocean basins, feeding on cnidarians or using them to attach their egg strings as a reproductive strategy. The latitudinal distribution of Glaucus atlanticus throughout the Brazilian Province is influenced by the Brazil current and, in its austral limit, by seasonal shifts in the Subtropical Convergence Zone (especially under the influence of ENSO El Niño events). Once over the shelf, seasonal wind patterns and meteorological events can force a passive displacement of the species towards the shore. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765201920180154DOI Listing