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Brazilian Journal Of Geology[Journal] Publications | PubFacts

42,787 results match your criteria Brazilian Journal Of Geology[Journal]


BZ043, a novel long-acting amylin analog, reduces gastric emptying, food intake, glycemia and insulin requirement in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.

Peptides 2019 Apr 14. Epub 2019 Apr 14.

National Institute of Science and Technology for Structural Biology and Bioimaging (INBEB-INCT), Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro 21941-590, Brazil. Electronic address:

Amylin analogs are important adjunctive drugs in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. However, a dual therapy with insulin involves inconvenient multiple injections. Here we describe a novel n-terminal PEGylated human amylin analog - BZ043 - and its potential to improve the control of glycemia using lower doses of insulin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.peptides.2019.04.004DOI Listing

Expanding Knowledge of the Host Range of and Host Plant Preference of MEAM1.

Plant Dis 2019 Apr 17:PDIS11181941RE. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

2 United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service, Salinas, CA, U.S.A.

The crinivirus (ToCV) is often found infecting tomato crops in Brazil, with variable incidence, but associated with prevalence of its primary vector, MEAM1. ToCV control is difficult because there are no resistant commercial tomato varieties or hybrids available and chemical spray for control of the whitefly vector has not been effective. The present study evaluated the partial host range of a Brazilian isolate of ToCV and the preference of MEAM1 for oviposition on those species identified as susceptible to the virus. Read More

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https://apsjournals.apsnet.org/doi/10.1094/PDIS-11-18-1941-R
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-11-18-1941-REDOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Human collectin-11 (COLEC11) and its synergic genetic interaction with MASP2 are associated with the pathophysiology of Chagas Disease.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2019 Apr 17;13(4):e0007324. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Laboratory of Molecular Immunopathology, Department of Clinical Pathology, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil.

Chagas Disease (CD) is an anthropozoonosis caused by Trypanosoma cruzi. With complex pathophysiology and variable clinical presentation, CD outcome can be influenced by parasite persistence and the host immune response. Complement activation is one of the primary defense mechanisms against pathogens, which can be initiated via pathogen recognition by pattern recognition molecules (PRMs). Read More

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http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007324
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007324DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Semantic memory, but not education or intelligence, moderates cognitive aging: a cross-sectional study.

Braz J Psychiatry 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Departamento de Saúde Mental, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Objective: Aging studies regularly assume that years of education are a protective factor for baseline cognition. In developing countries with specific sociocultural issues, this relationship may not work as expected, and an unmet need remains for alternative resilience factors. This study aimed to analyze different moderators for the relationship between aging and general cognition that could reflect better protective factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2018-0290DOI Listing

Predictors of quality of life in Brazilian medical students: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Braz J Psychiatry 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Departamento e Instituto de Psiquiatria, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo (USP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective: To examine predictors associated with quality of life (QoL) in Brazilian medical students.

Methods: PubMed, PsycINFO, EMBASE, LILACS, and Google Scholar were searched for research articles in English or Portuguese published through August 2018. Observational studies that measured QoL with standard instruments were selected. Read More

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http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2018-0116DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Psychometric properties of the WHOQOL-SRPB BREF, Brazilian Portuguese version.

Braz J Psychiatry 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psiquiatria e Ciências do Comportamento, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Objective: To test the reliability and the discriminant and convergent validity of the abbreviated Brazilian Portuguese World Health Organization's Quality of Life Instrument - Spirituality, Religion, and Personal Beliefs module (WHOQOL-SRPB BREF).

Methods: In a sample of 404 individuals, we applied a general questionnaire, the WHOQOL-BREF, the long-form SRPB, the Brief Religious-Spiritual Coping Scale (RCOPE), and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Priority was given to the 9-item SRPB assessment: its unidimensionality was tested through confirmatory factor analysis and Rasch analysis. Read More

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http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2018-0083DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Contributions of parenting styles and parental drunkenness to adolescent drinking.

Braz J Psychiatry 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Núcleo de Pesquisa em Saúde e Uso de Substâncias (NEPSIS), Departamento de Psicobiologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective: To estimate the association of parental drunkenness and parenting style with alcohol consumption among adolescents and the contributions of parental drunkenness and parenting style to the prevalence of binge drinking among adolescents.

Method: Cross-sectional survey of a representative sample of secondary students aged 13 to 18 from 27 Brazilian state capitals (n=17,028). Private and public schools were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2018-0041DOI Listing

Most common histopathological patterns of the Minas Gerais Association of the Centers of Nephrology.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):441-445. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

MD, Nephrologist, MSc in Science from Unifesp, São Paulo/ São João de Deus Hospital - Brasil.

Introduction: We analyzed the distribution and frequency of glomerular diseases in patients biopsied between 1992 and 2016 in centers that make up the AMICEN (Minas Gerais Association of Nephrology Centers).

Methods: We analyzed the biopsy reports of patients from 9 AMICEN nephrology centers. We took note of their age, gender, ultrasound use, post-biopsy resting time, whether the kidney was native or a graft, number of glomeruli and indication for the biopsy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.3.441DOI Listing

Depression in the workplace: screening and treatment.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar;65(3):295-315

Brazilian Medical Association.

The Guidelines Project, an initiative of the Brazilian Medical Association, aims to combine information from the medical field in order to standardize producers to assist the reasoning and decision-making of doctors. The information provided through this project must be assessed and criticized by the physician responsible for the conduct that will be adopted, depending on the conditions and the clinical status of each patient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.3.295DOI Listing

Prevalence of smoking in Brazilian schoolteachers, 2016.

Cad Saude Publica 2019 Apr 15;35Suppl 1(Suppl 1):e00180217. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Instituto de Ciências Agrárias, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Montes Claros, Brasil.

This cross-sectional study investigated the prevalence of smoking and associated factors in a nationally representative sample of 6,510 Brazilian schoolteachers. Data were obtained from telephone interviews using a questionnaire on sociodemographic information, health status, work absenteeism, and the characteristics of teaching work. Smoking was analyzed as a dichotomous variable using univariate and multivariate logistic regression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00180217DOI Listing

Work absenteeism due to voice disorders in Brazilian schoolteachers.

Cad Saude Publica 2019 Apr 15;35Suppl 1(Suppl 1):e00171717. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Instituto de Ciências Exatas, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Brasil.

The study aimed to investigate the prevalence and duration of work absenteeism due to voice disorders in Brazilian schoolteachers and the association with work-related factors and health status. This was a cross-sectional study with a representative sample of 6,510 female and male schoolteachers in basic education, from October 2015 to March 2016. The dependent variable was the teacher's report of some work absence due to a voice problem in the previous 12 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00171717DOI Listing

Sample design and participation in the Educatel Study.

Cad Saude Publica 2019 Apr 15;35Suppl 1(Suppl 1):e00167217. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brasil.

Educatel Brazil 2015/2016 was a cross-sectional study conducted by telephone interview with the aim of producing information on health and absenteeism in Brazilian schoolteachers. The nationally representative sampling plan was based on the simple stratified sampling method, with stratification defined to meet the analytical domains established for the study (five major geographic regions, two census areas, four age brackets, sex, three types of school administration, five types of teacher employment, and six grade levels) and selection by simple random sampling of teachers in each stratum. Teacher selection was based on the 2014 School Census conducted by the Brazilian National Institute for Educational Studies and Research "Anísio Teixeira". Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00167217DOI Listing

Multiple exposures to the risk of work absenteeism among Brazilian schoolteachers.

Cad Saude Publica 2019 Apr 15;35Suppl 1(Suppl 1):e00166517. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brasil.

The study aimed to identify multiple exposures to the risk of work absenteeism among Brazilian schoolteachers, independently of the reasons reported by teachers (n = 6,510). The data came from a telephone survey on health, working conditions, and absenteeism among schoolteachers in Brazil (Educatel Study, 2015/2016). Exposures were identified and studied by principal components analysis and Poisson regression, with a focus on working conditions and quality of school administration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00166517DOI Listing

Lessons from schoolteachers on their joys and pains at work.

Cad Saude Publica 2019 Apr 15;35Suppl 1(Suppl 1):e00049018. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Fundação Jorge Duprat Figueiredo de Segurança e Medicina do Trabalho, São Paulo, Brasil.

Why do schoolteachers get sick? The essay poses this question and points in some directions for answers. After discovering that the most prevalent diseases among Brazilian schoolteachers are the same as those in teachers the world over, the author concluded that the crux of the problem lies in the schoolteachers' work, the constant in the equation. Their work thus needs to be understood better, and their work should be the center of attention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00049018DOI Listing

Schistosomiasis mansoni in the northeast region of brazil: temporal modeling of positivity, hospitalization,and mortality rates.

Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 2019 Apr 11;52:e20180458. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Departamento de Medicina, Campus Arapiraca, Universidade Federal de Alagoas, Arapiraca, AL, Brasil.

Introduction: We aimed to analyze trends in Schistosomiasis positivity, mortality, and hospitalization rates in Northeast Brazil.

Methods: We conducted an ecological study using data from the Brazilian Schistosomiasis Control Program, and Hospital and Mortality Information Systems. A joinpoint regression model was used for temporal analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0458-2018DOI Listing

A case of envenomation caused by Oxybelis fulgidus (Serpentes, Colubridae) in Brazilian Amazon.

Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 2019 Apr 11;52:e20180423. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Núcleo de Medicina Tropical, Santarém, PA,Brasil.

A case of a bite inflicted by Oxybelis fulgidus in the wilds of Amazon is reported. The patient was a 67-year-old man who presented with dizziness, tachycardia and local pain, with erythema and bleeding in his left arm. The venom of Oxybelis fulgidus, a neotropical rear-fanged snake, contains one of the four three-finger toxins already isolated from colubrid snakes, called fulgimotoxin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0426-2018DOI Listing

Increase in the diagnosis of mycobacteremia after the implementation of semi-automated blood culture at a Brazilian public health laboratory.

Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 2019 Apr 11;52:e20180267. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Departamento de Biologia Médica, Seção de Micobactérias, Laboratório de Saúde Pública Dr. Giovanni Cysneiros, Goiânia, GO, Brasil.

Introduction: The prevalence of hematogenous dissemination of mycobacteria is high in immunosuppressed patients. The isolation of mycobacteria in culture remains the standard procedure.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study based on the results of solid (Löwenstein-Jensen medium) and semi-automated liquid (BACTEC 9240) blood cultures, obtained from the Lacen-GO database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0267-2018DOI Listing

Translation and Brazilian adaptation of the Relationship Scales Questionnaire (RSQ).

Trends Psychiatry Psychother 2019 Jan-Mar;41(1):69-77. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Gerontologia Biomédica, Escola de Medicina, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Objectives: To describe the process of translating and adapting the Relationship Scales Questionnaire (RSQ) from English into Brazilian Portuguese and to present the results of its test-retest reliability using the version developed for interview application.

Methodology: The process was based on the guidelines of the International Society for Pharmaeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR), which propose 10 steps for the translation and cross-cultural adaptation of self-administered instruments. The original authors of the RSQ have agreed to the translation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2237-6089-2018-0032DOI Listing

Satisfaction with care in a Brazilian psychiatric inpatient unit: differences in perceptions among patients according to type of health insurance.

Trends Psychiatry Psychother 2019 Jan-Mar;41(1):27-35. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Hospital São Lucas, PUCRS, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Introduction: User satisfaction assessment in mental health services is an important indicator of treatment quality. The objective of this study was to evaluate treatment satisfaction in a sample of inpatients with mental disorders and the associations between levels of satisfaction and clinical/sociodemographic variables.

Methods: This exploratory study investigated 227 psychiatric inpatients who answered the Patient Satisfaction with Mental Health Services Scale (SATIS-BR) and the Perception of Change Scale (EMP). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2237-6089-2017-0156DOI Listing

Consumption of Euterpe edulis fruit by wildlife: implications for conservation and management of the Southern Brazilian Atlantic Forest.

An Acad Bras Cienc 2019 8;91(1):e20180537. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Ciências Agrárias, Departamento de Fitotecnia, Rodovia Admar Gonzaga, 1346, Itacorubi, 88034-001 Florianópolis, SC, Brazil.

This study aimed to measure the wildlife consumption of Euterpe edulis fruit and use this data to discuss management possibilities. To estimate infructescence fruit volume consumed, collectors were installed in fruit-bearing palms. To characterize consumption from the ground, samples were placed next to fruiting palms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765201920180537DOI Listing

Exploring the Insecticide and Acaricide Potential of Development Regulators obtained from Restinga vegetation from Brazil.

An Acad Bras Cienc 2019 8;91(1):e20180381. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Laboratório de Estudos de Pragas e Parasitas, Departamento de Biologia Celular e Molecular, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Outeiro de São João Batista, s/n Centro, 24020 140 Niterói, RJ, Brazil.

As a part of our continuing search for insect and arthropod development regulators from Brazilian restinga vegetation of the Rio de Janeiro State, crude extracts, purified fractions and essential oils were submitted to screening tests seeking for biological activities on the development of the insects Rhodnius prolixus, Dysdercus peruvianus, Oncopeltus fasciatus and Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus. Up to now, 102 secondary metabolites have been detected in the fractions, among them monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes and two triterpenes which were obtained from the species, Eugenia sulcata, Pilocarpus spicatus, Manilkara subsericea, Myrciaria floribunda and Zanthoxylum caribaeum. These secondary plant metabolites are considered of interest for the use of studies related to arthropod endocrinology, vector-parasite interaction system, and population control of vector insect and agricultural pest. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765201920180381DOI Listing

Diet, sexual dimorphism and reproduction of sympatric racers Philodryas aestiva and Philodryas patagoniensis from the coastal Brazilian Pampa.

An Acad Bras Cienc 2019 8;91(1):e20180296. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Laboratório de Vertebrados, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande, Avenida Itália, s/n, Vila Carreiros, 96203-900 Rio Grande, RS, Brazil.

Herein we investigated diet, sexual dimorphism and reproductive biology of two sympatric congeneric species at the coastal Brazilian Pampa, Philodryas aestiva and P. patagoniensis. Analysis of the stomach content of the scansorial Philodryas aestiva revealed that it feeds mainly on Anura and small mammals, while it occasionally consumes Insecta, Squamata and Aves. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765201920180296DOI Listing

Development of an annual drought classification system based on drought severity indexes.

An Acad Bras Cienc 2019 8;91(1):e20180188. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Espírito Santo, Unidade Colatina, Av. Arino Gomes Leal, 1700, Santa Margarida, 29700-060 Colatina, ES, Brazil.

In order to characterize the occurrence and intensity of droughts in the Doce River Basin, as well as to develop a system for its classification, four different drought indexes were evaluated: Percent of Normal Precipitation (PNP), Deciles Method (DM), Rainfall Anomaly Index (RAI) and Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI). The indices were calculated annually, based on precipitation data from 89 rainfall stations of the Brazilian National Water Agency (ANA). Nine analysis units (AUs) were determined in the basin and the Thiessen Polygons method was used to obtain the average precipitation in the respective drainage areas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765201920180188DOI Listing

Evaluation of cytotoxicity and wound healing activity of Avicennia schaueriana in cream.

An Acad Bras Cienc 2019 8;91(1):e20180171. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Departamento de Histologia e Embriologia, Centro de Biociências, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Avenida Professor Moraes Rego, s/n, Cidade Universitária, 50670-901 Recife, PE, Brazil.

Avicennia schaueriana is found in Brazilian mangrove coast. The cytotoxicity in vitro of the Aqueous Extract of Leaves of Avicennia schaueriana (AELAs) and the healing activity of the plant in cream on mice skin wounds were evaluated in this study. The cytotoxic evaluation was performed on Vero cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765201920180171DOI Listing

On the occurrence and ecology of Glaucus atlanticus Forster, 1777 (Mollusca: Nudibranchia) along the Southwestern Atlantic coast.

An Acad Bras Cienc 2019 8;91(1):e20180154. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Laboratório de Ecologia do Zooplâncton, Instituto de Oceanografia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande/FURG, Av. Itália, Km 8, Campus Carreiros, 96203-900, Rio Grande, RS, Brazil.

Unlike the majority of the nudibranchs, Glaucidae lives adrift at the sea surface within Tropical and Subtropical ocean basins, feeding on cnidarians or using them to attach their egg strings as a reproductive strategy. The latitudinal distribution of Glaucus atlanticus throughout the Brazilian Province is influenced by the Brazil current and, in its austral limit, by seasonal shifts in the Subtropical Convergence Zone (especially under the influence of ENSO El Niño events). Once over the shelf, seasonal wind patterns and meteorological events can force a passive displacement of the species towards the shore. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765201920180154DOI Listing

Euphausiacea diversity in a trans-oceanic transect through the South Atlantic Ocean: the first Atlantic record of Thysanopoda astylata Brinton, 1975.

An Acad Bras Cienc 2019 8;91(1):e20180034. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Oceanografia Física, Química e Geológica/PPGOFQG, Instituto de Oceanografia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande, Caixa Postal 474, Avenida Itália, Km 8 , Campus Carreiros, 96203-900 Rio Grande, RS, Brazil.

Information about euphausiids in central South Atlantic Ocean is scarce; hence, we investigated species composition and distribution of euphausiids along a longitudinal transect in this region, with an emphasis on Thysanopoda. Zooplankton samples were collected from 44 stations during the first Transatlantic Commission (Brazil-Africa). Euphausiids comprised 21,390 individuals across larval stages (nauplius, calyptopis, and furcilia) and adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765201920180034DOI Listing

Experiences of transgender women/transvestites with access to health services: progress, limits, and tensions.

Cad Saude Publica 2019 8;35(4):e00111318. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de de Janeiro, Brasil.

Given both the changes in sexual customs, norms and policies and the persistent patterns in Brazil, the article analyzes the experiences of transgender women/transvestites with access to health services and discusses sexual/gender discrimination and their demands for gender transition and AIDS prevention services. The study involved interviews with nine transgender women/transvestites 23-45 years of age from low-income strata in the Baixada Fluminense region of Greater Metropolitan Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 2016 and observation of contexts of prostitution and sociability. Compared to the violence experienced years previously, the narratives of transgender women/transvestites highlight important social strides. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00111318DOI Listing

Body construction and health itineraries: a survey among travestis and trans people in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Cad Saude Publica 2019 8;35(4):e00110618. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Centre de Recherche en Épidémiologie et Santé des Populations, Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, University Paris Saclay - F- 94807 Villejuif, Paris, France.

The article examines health itineraries followed by Brazilian travestis, trans men and trans women in the affirmation of their gender, based on the survey Trans Uerj: Health and Citizenship of Trans People in Brazil. The survey's main objectives were to gauge the trans/travesti population's diversity and sociodemographic profile; and to map the various ways they access their rights as citizens, especially to healthcare services and body modification technologies. Interviewers, mainly trans people and travestis, applied 391 questionnaires in the city of Rio de Janeiro and its metropolitan region to interviewees of different social classes, schooling levels and gender identity configurations, contacted through the interviewers' social networks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00110618DOI Listing

[Inequality and discrimination in access to water and sanitation in the Belo Horizonte Metropolitan Region, Minas Gerais State, Brazil].

Cad Saude Publica 2019 8;35(4):e00100818. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Instituto René Rachou, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Belo Horizonte, Brasil.

Access to water and sanitation services by the population of the Belo Horizonte Metropolitan Region, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, has been marked by processes of socio-spatial segregation and social exclusion. Considering the recognition, in 2010, of the human rights to water and sanitation by the United Nations, we seek to assess the adequate access to these services in the Belo Horizonte Metropolitan Region through the principle of equality and non-discrimination. We used microdata from the demographic censuses, years 2000 and 2010, from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00100818DOI Listing

[Eating patterns among children aged 13 to 35 months and association with maternal characteristics].

Cad Saude Publica 2019 8;35(4):e00072618. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Universidade Federal do Maranhão, São Luís, Brasil.

This study sought to identify eating patterns among children and to verify their association with maternal characteristics. We studied 1,185 children aged 13 to 35 months. Food consumption was investigated using the 24h dietary recall and the eating patterns were identified using principal components factor analysis, followed by orthogonal varimax rotation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00072618DOI Listing

ERRATUM: Occurrence, antifungal susceptibility, and virulence factors of opportunistic yeasts isolated from Brazilian beaches.

Authors:

Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 2019 ;114:e180566ER

[This corrects the article doi: 10.1590/0074-02760180566]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0074-02760180566ERDOI Listing
January 2019

Serum Levels of Infliximab and Anti-Infliximab Antibodies in Brazilian Patients with Crohn's Disease.

Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2019 Apr 8;74:e824. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Laboratorio de Investigacao em Doencas Inflamatorias Intestinais, Servico de Coloproctologia, Faculdade de Ciencias Medicas, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, SP, BR.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the quantitative serum level of infliximab (IFX) as well as the detection of anti-infliximab antibodies (ATIs) in patients with Crohn's disease (CD).

Method: Forty patients with CD under treatment at a tertiary center in southeastern Brazil were evaluated. Their use of infliximab was continuous and regular. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6061/clinics/2019/e824DOI Listing

Prevalence of sarcopenia and its associated factors: the impact of muscle mass, gait speed, and handgrip strength reference values on reported frequencies.

Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2019 Apr 8;74:e477. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Laboratorio de Envelhecimento Humano - GeronLab, Faculdade de Ciencias Medicas, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, BR.

Objectives: Sarcopenia is a common treatable geriatric condition. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of sarcopenia and its associated factors in community-dwelling elderly living in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and to discuss the impact of different muscle mass, handgrip strength and gait speed cut-off values on the reported frequency of sarcopenia.

Methods: The health habits, functional capacity, and anthropometric measurements of 745 individuals aged ≥65 years from the Frailty in Brazilian Older People study were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6061/clinics/2019/e477DOI Listing

Elevated prevalence of high-risk HPV in healthy oral mucosa of users and nonusers of drugs in Northeastern Brazil.

Braz Oral Res 2019 11;33:e031. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Universidade Federal de Sergipe - UFS, Department of Morphology, Aracaju, SE, Brazil.

Variable rates of HPV infection have been reported in healthy oral mucosa worldwide. The main objective of this study was to detect and genotype HPV infection in users and nonusers of drugs with clinically healthy mucosa from the Northeast Brazil. Samples from 105 patients were amplified using the primers MY09/MY11 and GP5+/GP6+, and genotyping was performed by multiplex-PCR for HPV-6/11, 16 and 18. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1807-3107bor-2019.vol33.0031DOI Listing

Antibiotic Resistance in Enterobacteriaceae from Surface Waters in Urban Brazil Highlights the Risks of Poor Sanitation.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Cleveland VAMC Center for Antimicrobial Resistance and Epidemiology (Case VA CARES), Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio.

Surface waters are an unappreciated reservoir of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Poor sanitation brings different species of environmental bacteria into contact, facilitating horizontal gene transfer. To investigate the role of surface waters as potential reservoirs of AMR, we studied the point prevalence of fecal contamination, AMR genes, and Enterobacteriaceae in an urban lake and rural river system in Northeast Brazil in comparison with a lake and sewer system in Northeast Ohio in the United States. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.18-0726DOI Listing

Bruxism: an umbrella review of systematic reviews.

J Oral Rehabil 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Brazilian Centre for Evidence-Based Research, Department of Dentistry, Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil.

Objectives: To synthesize available knowledge about both sleep (SB) and awake bruxism (AB) as depicted by previous published systematic reviews (SR).

Methods: SR investigating any bruxism-related outcome were selected in a two-phase process. Searches were performed on seven main electronic databases and a partial grey literature search on three databases. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/joor.12801
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joor.12801DOI Listing
April 2019
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A semi-synthetic neolignan derivative from dihydrodieugenol B selectively affects the bioenergetic system of Leishmania infantum and inhibits cell division.

Sci Rep 2019 Apr 16;9(1):6114. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Centre for Parasitology and Mycology, Instituto Adolfo Lutz, São Paulo, 01246-000, Brazil.

Leishmaniasis is a neglected disease that affects more than 12 million people, with a limited therapy. Plant-derived natural products represent a useful source of anti-protozoan prototypes. In this work, four derivatives were prepared from neolignans isolated from the Brazilian plant Nectandra leucantha, and their effects against intracellular amastigotes of Leishmania (L. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42273-zDOI Listing

Detected microorganisms and new geographic records of Ornithodoros rietcorreai (Acari: Argasidae) from northern Brazil.

Ticks Tick Borne Dis 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Laboratório de Hantaviroses e Rickettsioses, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. Electronic address:

Reliable data on distributional ranges of soft ticks (Argasidae) and assessments of putative tick-borne agents enhance the understanding on tick-associated microorganisms. A total of 96 ticks morphologicaly and molecularly identified as Ornithodoros rietcorreai were collected in Tocantins State, Brazil, using Noireau traps with living bait as CO2 source. Ninety-six ticks (54 nymphs, 32 males, 10 females) with different engorgement degrees were collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ttbdis.2019.04.004DOI Listing

Leiomyomatous Hamartomas of the Oral Cavity: Clinicopathological and Immunohistochemical Features of 4 Cases and Literature Review.

Int J Surg Pathol 2019 Apr 16:1066896919843337. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

5 Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil.

Objective: To present 4 new cases of oral leiomyomatous hamartomas (OLH), describing its clinical, microscopical, and immunohistochemical features, and a literature review.

Methods: The OLH cases were retrieved from the files of 2 Brazilian and 1 Peruvian oral pathology services. Clinical data were obtained from the pathology reports. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1066896919843337DOI Listing

Developing animal models of Zika virus infection for novel drug discovery.

Expert Opin Drug Discov 2019 Apr 16:1-13. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

a Department of Microbiology, Institute of Biomedical Sciences , University of São Paulo , São Paulo , Brazil.

Introduction: Just before the Brazilian outbreak, Zika virus was related to a mild infection, causing fever and skin rash. Congenital Zika Syndrome was first described in Brazil, causing microcephaly and malformations in newborns. Three years after the outbreak, the mechanisms of Zika pathogenesis are still not completely elucidated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17460441.2019.1597050DOI Listing

Leisure time physical activity reduces the association between TV-viewing and depressive symptoms: A large study among 59,401 Brazilian adults.

J Affect Disord 2019 Mar 22;252:310-314. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Sergipe - UFS, São Cristóvão, Brazil.

Background: Both physical activity (PA) and TV-viewing are associated with depressive symptoms, but the combined association with depressive symptoms is unclear. Therefore, our aim was to analyze the joint association of PA and TV-viewing with depressive symptoms among a large cohort of adults.

Methods: We used data from the Brazilian National Survey, conducted in 2013 with 59,401 adults [≥18 years (34,282 women)]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.03.066DOI Listing

Functional variability of Bothrops atrox venoms from three distinct areas across the Brazilian Amazon and consequences for human envenomings.

Toxicon 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Laboratório de Imunopatologia, Brazil. Electronic address:

Variability in the composition of snake venoms occurs in different taxa and is usually correlated to snake fitness. Here, we compared B. atrox venoms from three different geographic regions across the Brazilian Amazon and found remarkable functional differences particularly between venoms from two populations separated by the Amazon River, in specimens born, raised and maintained under the same conditions at Instituto Butantan serpentary. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.toxicon.2019.04.001DOI Listing

The impact of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in obsessive-compulsive disorder subjects.

Depress Anxiety 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Unit (UPIA), Department of Psychiatry, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Recent findings suggest an association between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Thus, we evaluated the clinical associated features of ADHD in a large sample of adult OCD patients.

Methods: A cross-sectional study including 955 adult patients with OCD from the Brazilian Research Consortium of Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Disorders (C-TOC). Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/da.22898
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/da.22898DOI Listing
April 2019
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First cytogenetic information for Lonchothrix emiliae and taxonomic implications for the genus taxa Lonchothrix + Mesomys (Rodentia, Echimyidae, Eumysopinae).

PLoS One 2019 16;14(4):e0215239. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Centro de Estudos Avançados da Biodiversidade, Laboratório de Citogenética, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal do Pará, Belém, Pará, Brazil.

The taxonomic identification of Lonchothrix emiliae (Rodentia, Echimyidae, Eumysopinae) is problematic because of the overlap of morphological characters with its sister clade represented by species in the genus Mesomys which, like L. emiliae, is distributed throughout the Amazonian biome. Cytogenetic studies reported the karyotype of L. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215239PLOS

A. St.-Hil. as a Cardiovascular-Endowed Species: A Whole-Biological Investigation.

J Med Food 2019 Apr;22(4):393-407

2 Laboratory of Electrophysiology and Cardiovascular Pharmacology (LEFaC), Faculty of Health Sciences, Federal University of Grande Dourados, Dourados, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.

Although leaves of are used in Brazilian traditional medicine, there is no available data in the literature proving its efficacy and safety. Thus, the aim of the study was to perform a meticulous botanical, phytochemical, toxicological, and pharmacological investigation of in Wistar rats. At first, a morphoanatomical characterization of leaves and stems was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2018.0140DOI Listing

Early use of alcohol associated with sociodemographic, nutritional and lifestyle factors: survival analysis with Brazilian students.

J Public Health (Oxf) 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

National School of Public Health, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rua Leopoldo Bulhões, 1480 Manguinhos, Rio de Janeiro 21041-210, Brazil.

Background: To evaluate the early age of onset (AOO) of alcohol consumption and its association with sociodemographic, nutritional and lifestyle characteristics.

Methods: A national cross-sectional multi-centered study assessed 12-17-year old adolescents from 1247 public and private schools in 124 Brazilian municipalities with more than 100 000 habitants. Our variable of interest was the AOO of alcohol consumption. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdz036DOI Listing

Mesorhizobium atlanticum sp. nov., a new nitrogen-fixing species from soils of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest biome.

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

1​Embrapa Soja, C.P. 231, 86001-970 Londrina, Paraná, Brazil.

Biological nitrogen fixation performed by diazotrophic bacteria is a vital process for agricultural and environmental sustainability. In recent years, bacterial classification has been based on genomic data, accelerating our understanding about the diversity, and resulting in the description of several new species. In this study, four strains (CNPSo 3140, CNPSo 3235, CNPSo 3236 and CNPSo 3237) trapped by Phaseolus vulgaris and Mimosa pudica from soil samples of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest biome (Mata Atlântica) were submitted to polyphasic analysis to investigate their proper classification within the genus Mesorhizobium. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/ijsem.0.003397DOI Listing

Evaluation of the chemical composition and antioxidant activity of extracts and fractions of Ocotea notata (Ness) Mez (Lauraceae).

Nat Prod Res 2019 Apr 16:1-4. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

a Laboratory of Natural Products and Biological Assays Department of Natural Products and Foods Pharmacy Faculty , Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) , Rio de Janeiro , Brazil.

The specie Ocotea notata (Nees & Mart). Mez is a tree with 5 meters high, that can be found in restinga regions in the Brazilian coast. This study describes a phytochemical investigation, total phenolic content and the antioxidant activity of extracts and fractions by DPPH and ORAC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14786419.2019.1602828DOI Listing

Effect of contamination with Lactobacillus fermentum I2 on ethanol production by Spathaspora passalidarum.

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Chemical Engineering and Food Engineering Department, Santa Catarina Federal University, CP 476, Florianópolis, SC, Zip Code 88040-900, Brazil.

Second-generation bioethanol is a promising source of renewable energy. In Brazilian mills, the production of ethanol from sugarcane (first generation, 1G) is a consolidated process performed by Saccharomyces cerevisiae and characterized by high substrate concentrations, high cell density, and cell recycle. The main bacterial contaminants in 1G fermentation tanks are lactic acid bacteria, especially bacteria from the Lactobacillus genus, which is associated with a decrease in ethanol yield and yeast cell viability, among other negative effects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00253-019-09779-yDOI Listing