48,315 results match your criteria Brazilian Archives Of Biology And Technology[Journal]


Maternal cigarette use during pregnancy and school readiness: An analysis of preschool age children in São Paulo, Brazil.

Early Hum Dev 2020 Jun 5;148:105103. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, United States of America.

Background: Barriers to early childhood development (ECD) are a global concern. Limited research exists on prenatal smoking and ECD in vulnerable populations, especially as it relates to school readiness (SR).

Aims: To examine how maternal cigarette use during pregnancy is associated with SR in a sample of Brazilian preschool-age children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2020.105103DOI Listing

DNA Damage Induced by Late Spring Sunlight in Antarctica.

Photochem Photobiol 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Depto. de Microbiologia, Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Sunlight ultraviolet (UV) radiation constitutes an important environmental genotoxic agent that organisms are exposed to, as it can damage DNA directly, generating pyrimidine dimers, and indirectly, generating oxidized bases and single-strand breaks (SSBs). These lesions can lead to mutations, triggering skin and eye disorders, including carcinogenesis and photoaging. Stratospheric ozone layer depletion, particularly in the Antarctic continent, predicts an uncertain scenario of UV incidence on the Earth in the next decades. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/php.13307DOI Listing

Does relational mobility vary across national regions? A within-country examination.

PLoS One 2020 2;15(7):e0235172. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.

Relational mobility is a socio-ecological construct quantifying how much freedom and opportunity a society affords individuals to choose and dispose of interpersonal relationships. Past research has confirmed that relational mobility varies across nations, but no large-scale study has examined the degree to which relational mobility may vary within a single nation. We report two studies (Study 1, N = 647; Study 2, N = 7343) exploring within-country similarity or variability in relational mobility across all 27 states and five geo-socio-political regions in the continent-size country of Brazil. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0235172PLOS

Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia in a Sickle Cell Trait Patient: A Report of a Rare Case with Use of Nuclear Medicine, and a Literature Review.

Am J Case Rep 2020 Jul 2;21:e923355. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Medical School, Fluminense Federal University, Niterói, RJ, Brazil.

BACKGROUND Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT), also known as Rendu-Osler-Weber syndrome, is a rare autosomal dominant disease. CASE REPORT Here, we report a case of a 49-year-old Brazilian woman with a history of multiple hospitalizations, sometimes life-threatening anemia, and uncommon clinical manifestations. CONCLUSIONS We provide a brief literature review regarding the most common signs and symptoms, history, diagnosis, and treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.923355DOI Listing

Zika virus changes methylation of genes involved in immune response and neural development in Brazilian babies born with congenital microcephaly.

J Infect Dis 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Institute of Tropical Medicine of Rio Grande do Norte and Department of Biochemistry, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Rio de Grande do Norte, Brazil.

The recent increase in babies born with brain and eye malformations in Brazil is associated with Zika virus (ZIKV) infection in utero. ZIKV alters host DNA methylation in vitro. Using genome-wide DNA methylation profiling we compared 18 babies born with congenital ZIKV microcephaly with 20 controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiaa383DOI Listing

Complete chloroplast genome sequence of Caryocar brasiliense Camb. (Caryocaraceae) and comparative analysis brings new insights into the plastome evolution of Malpighiales.

Genet Mol Biol 2020 ;43(2):e20190161

Universidade Federal de Goiás (UFG), Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Laboratório de Genética e Biodiversidade (LGBio), Goiânia, GO, Brazil.

Caryocar brasiliense (Caryocaraceae) is a Neotropical tree species widely distributed in Brazilian Savannas. This species is very popular in central Brazil mainly by the use of its fruits in the local cuisine, and indeed it is one of the candidates, among Brazilian native plants, for fast track incorporation into cropping systems. Here we sequenced the complete chloroplast genome of C. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1678-4685-GMB-2019-0161DOI Listing
January 2020

Acute Effects of Progressive Sled Loading on Resisted Sprint Performance and Kinematics.

J Strength Cond Res 2020 May 20. Epub 2020 May 20.

1Physical Performance & Sports Research Center, Pablo de Olavide University, Seville, Spain; 2NAR-Nucleus of High Performance in Sport, São Paulo Brazil; 3Department of Human Movement Science, Federal University of São Paulo, Santos, São Paulo, Brazil; 4UCAM Research Center for High Performance Sport - Catholic University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain; 5Faculty of Sport Sciences, Catholic University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain; 6CBRu-Brazilian Rugby Confederation, São Paulo, Brazil; and 7University of South Wales, Pontypridd, Wales, United Kingdom.

Pareja-Blanco, F, Pereira, LA, Freitas, TT, Alcaraz, PE, Reis, VP, Guerriero, A, Arruda, AFS, Zabaloy, S, De Villarreal, ES, and Loturco, I. Acute effects of progressive sled loading on resisted sprint performance and kinematics. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2020-We examined the effects of 5 loading conditions (0, 20, 40, 60, and 80% of body-mass [BM]) on resisted sprint performance and kinematics in male rugby players over different distances. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003656DOI Listing

The discovery of the HLA-DQB1*02:02:13 allele, found in a Brazilian individual.

HLA 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Laboratório de Histocompatibilidade e Criopreservação, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Avenida Marechal Rondon 381, 20950-003, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Identification of the HLA-DQB1*02:02:13 that differs from HLA-DQB1*02:02:01:01 by a synonymous substitution in exon 2. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tan.13987DOI Listing

Tunneling-current-induced local excitonic luminescence in p-doped WSe monolayers.

Nanoscale 2020 Jul;12(25):13460-13470

Applied Physics Department, "Gleb Wataghin" Institute of Physics, University of Campinas - UNICAMP, 13083-859, Campinas, SP, Brazil.

We have studied the excitonic properties of exfoliated tungsten diselenide (WSe2) monolayers transferred to gold substrates using the tunneling current in a Scanning Tunneling Microscope (STM) operated in air to excite the light emission locally. In obtained spectra, emission energies are independent of the applied bias voltage and resemble photoluminescence (PL) results, indicating that, in both cases, the light emission is due to neutral and charged exciton recombination. Interestingly, the electron injection rate, that is, the tunneling current, can be used to control the ratio of charged to neutral exciton emission. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/d0nr03400bDOI Listing

Clostridium massiliamazoniense sp. nov., New Bacterial Species Isolated from Stool Sample of a Volunteer Brazilian.

Curr Microbiol 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

IHU-Méditerranée Infection, 19-21 Boulevard Jean Moulin, 13385, Marseille Cedex 05, France.

The study of the gut microbiota by the "culturomics concept" permitted us to isolate, from human stool sample, an unknown anaerobic bacterium within the genus Clostridium for which we propose the name Clostridium massiliamazoniense sp. nov. It was isolated from the fecal flora of a healthy 49-year-old Brazilian male. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00284-020-02099-9DOI Listing

Evaluation of Urinary NGAL as a Diagnostic Tool for Acute Kidney Injury in Critically Ill Patients With Infection: An Original Study.

Can J Kidney Health Dis 2020 19;7:2054358120934215. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Escola de Medicina, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil.

Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication in critical care patients. The presence of AKI is a marker for poor outcomes such as longer hospitalization durations, more hospital readmissions, and especially, higher mortality rates. Sepsis is one of the major causes of AKI within the intensive care unit (ICU) population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2054358120934215DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7307396PMC

Children and Young Anxiety ScaleCYAS: Scale Development and Psychometric Properties in Brazilian Sample.

Int J Psychol Res (Medellin) 2019 Jul-Dec;12(2):37-47

Doc. of the Stricto Sensu Post-Graduation Program in Psychology, São Francisco University. Road of Rhodia, 7250, house 33, village Holandia, Campinas-São Paulo Brazil. CEP 1308-902. São Francisco University Brazil.

The aim of the study was to search for evidence of validity based on the relationship with external variables, and incrementally for the Child-Youth Anxiety Scale (CYAS). The convenience sample consists of 500 children and adolescents aged 10 to 18 years. The correlation between the scores of the CYAS factors and the scores of the instruments of the other constructs ADHD (MTA-SNAP-IV), anxiety (OQPS), rumination (QRR) and mood states (BRUMS) was initially performed, finding medium and strong correlations, which shows a satisfactory linear relation between the constructs to attest validity based on the relation with external variables. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21500/20112084.4203DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7318388PMC

Correction to: Differences in factors influencing the use of eRehabilitation after stroke; a cross-sectional comparison between Brazilian and Dutch healthcare professionals.

BMC Health Serv Res 2020 Jul 1;20(1):607. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Orthopaedics, Rehabilitation and Physical Therapy, Leiden University Medical Center, Albinusdreef 2, 2333, ZA, Leiden, The Netherlands.

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12913-020-05457-2DOI Listing

Particle motion measurements near a rocky shore off Cabo Frio Island.

J Acoust Soc Am 2020 Jun;147(6):4009

Instituto de Estudos do Mar Almirante Paulo Moreira, Brazilian Navy, Arraial do Cabo, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

This paper describes the lessons learned from the experiment BIOCOM'19 carried out in January 2019, in a shallow water bay off the island of Cabo Frio (RJ, Brazil). A dual accelerometer vector sensor hydrophone was deployed for two days, near a rocky shore covered with a significant benthic fauna. The results show that the frequency band above approximately 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/10.0001392DOI Listing

Of Drugs and Trypanosomatids: New Tools and Knowledge to Reduce Bottlenecks in Drug Discovery.

Genes (Basel) 2020 Jun 29;11(7). Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Department of Pathology and Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Université de Montréal, Saint-Hyacinthe, QC J2S 2M2, Canada.

Leishmaniasis ( species), sleeping sickness (), and Chagas disease () are devastating and globally spread diseases caused by trypanosomatid parasites. At present, drugs for treating trypanosomatid diseases are far from ideal due to host toxicity, elevated cost, limited access, and increasing rates of drug resistance. Technological advances in parasitology, chemistry, and genomics have unlocked new possibilities for novel drug concepts and compound screening technologies that were previously inaccessible. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/genes11070722DOI Listing

Naturally Acquired Humoral Immunity against Malaria Parasites in Non-Human Primates from the Brazilian Amazon, Cerrado and Atlantic Forest.

Pathogens 2020 Jun 29;9(7). Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Instituto de Medicina Tropical, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP 05403-000, Brazil.

Non-human primates (NHPs) have been shown to be infected by parasites of the genus , the etiological agent of malaria in humans, creating potential risks of zoonotic transmission. , a parasite species similar to of humans, have been described in NHPs from Central and South America, including Brazil. The merozoite surface protein 1 (MSP1), besides being a malaria vaccine candidate, is highly immunogenic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/pathogens9070525DOI Listing

Structure and process associated with the efficiency of intensive care units in low-resource settings: An analysis of the CHECKLIST-ICU trial database.

J Crit Care 2020 Jun 18;59:118-123. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

D'Or Institute for Research and Education (IDOR), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil; Brazilian Research in Intensive Care Network (BRICNet), Brazil; Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (FIOCRUZ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. Electronic address:

Purpose: Characteristics of structure and process impact ICU performance and the outcomes of critically ill patients. We sought to identify organizational characteristics associated with efficient ICUs in low-resource settings.

Materials And Methods: This is a secondary analysis of a multicenter cluster-randomized clinical trial in Brazil (CHECKLIST-ICU). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrc.2020.06.008DOI Listing

Fetal ultrasound estimated weight and correlation to Brazilian newborn weight.

J Ultrason 2020 15;20(81):e106-e110. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Department of Pediatrics, Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC) Florianopolis-SC , Brazil.

To compare the best fetal weight formula with different biometric tables on the weight of Brazilian newborns. This observational study has tested the performance of different common fetal weight formulas and biometric tables. Weight estimates were performed by the methods of Warsof . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15557/JoU.2020.0017DOI Listing

Lifespan-extending interventions enhance lipid-supported mitochondrial respiration in Caenorhabditis elegans.

FASEB J 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Departamento de Bioquímica, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Dietary restriction and reduced reproduction have been linked to long lifespans in the vast majority of species tested. Although decreased mitochondrial mass and/or function are hallmarks of aging, little is known about the mechanisms by which these organelles contribute to physiological aging or to the effects of lifespan-extending interventions, particularly with respect to oxidative phosphorylation and energy production. Here, we employed the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans to examine the effects of inhibition of germline proliferation and dietary restriction, both of which extend the lifespan of C. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1096/fj.201901880RDOI Listing

Estimation and prediction of COVID-19 cases in Brazilian metropolises.

Rev Lat Am Enfermagem 2020 26;28:e3345. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Universidade Estadual do Ceará, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil.

Objective: to estimate the transmission rate, the epidemiological peak, and the number of deaths by the new coronavirus.

Method: a mathematical and epidemiological model of susceptible, infected, and recovered cases was applied to the nine Brazilian capitals with the highest number of cases of the infection. The number of cases for the 80 days following the first case was estimated by solving the differential equations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1518-8345.4501.3345DOI Listing

Healthcare telemonitoring and business dynamics: challenges and opportunities for SUS.

Rev Saude Publica 2020 26;54:65. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.

Objective: To point out challenges and opportunities for the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS) with the use of telemonitoring to face the increasing costs of non-communicable chronic diseases, based on its general panorama in Brazil, business dynamics and reapplication of data from American studies.

Methods: Quali-quantitative approach with exploratory research. The field work focused on the analysis of the national market from private companies, since no experiences or studies related to this theme were identified in the SUS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11606/s1518-8787.2020054001996DOI Listing

Occupation and maternal mortality in Brazil.

Rev Saude Publica 2020 26;54:64. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Universidade Federal da Bahia. Instituto de Saúde Coletiva. Programa Integrado em Saúde Ambiental e do Trabalhador (PISAT). Salvador, BA, Brasil.

Objective: To estimate maternal mortality ratio according to occupation in Brazil.

Methods: This is a mortality study conducted with national data from the Mortality Information System (SIM) and the Live Birth Information System (SINASC) in 2015. Maternal mortality ratios were estimated according to the occupation recorded in death certificates, using the Brazilian Classification of Occupation (CBO), version 2002. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11606/s1518-8787.2020054001736DOI Listing

Metagenomic analysis of the bacterial microbiota associated with cultured oysters (Crassostrea sp.) in estuarine environments.

An Acad Bras Cienc 2020 26;92(suppl 1):e20180432. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Grupo Integrado de Aquicultura e Estudos Ambientais, Setor de Ciências Agrárias, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Rua dos Funcionários, 1540, 80035-050 Curitiba, PR, Brazil.

In this work, we identified the bacterial microbiota associated with farmed oystersin estuarine regions of four states in the north eastern region of Brazil. During the drought and rainy seasons, for eight months, twenty oysters were sampled seasonally from seven different marine farms. In the laboratory, DNA extraction, amplification, and sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene were performed to establish the taxonomic units. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765202020180432DOI Listing

Recommendations in covid-19 times: a view for home care.

Rev Bras Enferm 2020 29;73Suppl 2(Suppl 2):e20200310. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Universidade Federal do Paraná, Complexo Hospital de Clínicas. Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil.

Objective: To suggest recommendations for the practice of Home Nursing in the context of COVID-19.

Method: Reflective study, originated from readings associated with the theme, available in current guidelines from the Pan American Health Organization, World Health Organization and the Ministry of Health.

Results: Recommendations were developed from current scientific evidence for prevention of infections, control of epidemics and pandemics in the Brazilian home scenario. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0034-7167-2020-0310DOI Listing

Children's (in)visibility in social vulnerability and the impact of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19).

Rev Bras Enferm 2020 29;73Suppl 2(Suppl 2):e20200302. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Objective: To examine the impact of the infection by the novel coronavirus on Brazilian children in situation of social vulnerability based on the Millennium Sustainable Development Goals.

Method: Reflective study based on discursive formulation in three aspects: principles of the objectives and goals for the millennium sustainable development; impact of the pandemic on the health of children and their families living in social vulnerability; and the role of pediatric nursing in the care provided - limits and challenges.

Results: In January 2020, the news of COVID 19 is released as a pandemic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0034-7167-2020-0302DOI Listing

Crustacean parasites of Leporinus affinis, an Anostomidae fish from the Brazilian Amazon.

Rev Bras Parasitol Vet 2020 26;29(2):e001820. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Embrapa Amapá, Macapá, AP, Brasil.

This study investigated the fauna of ectoparasitic crustaceans in Leporinus affinis from Reservoir Coaracy Nunes, in eastern Amazon (Brazil), as well as the parasite-host interactions. The mouth, gills and tegument of 50.9% of the fish examined were parasitized by Argulus chicomendesi, Ergasilus turucuyus and Excorallana berbicensis, and a total of 118 parasites were collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1984-29612020040DOI Listing

Strategies to deal with the COVID-19 pandemic.

Braz Oral Res 2020 Jun 24;34:e068. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro - UERJ, Faculdade de Odontologia, Departamento de Odontologia Preventiva e Comunitária, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

The World Health Organization declared a COVID-19 pandemic on March 11, 2020, when there were 4,293 confirmed cumulative deaths. By May 17, 2020 this number increased to 315,005. The risk of death is higher above the age of 60, but there are many deaths below 60 (for example, in Sao Paulo, 25%). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1807-3107bor-2020.vol34.0068DOI Listing

Are Brazilian dentists and dental students using the ICCC recommendations for caries management?

Braz Oral Res 2020 Jun 24;34:e062. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Universidade de Brasília - UnB. School of Heath Sciences. Department of Dentistry. Brasília. DF. Brazil.

The aim of this study was to evaluate whether dentists and dental undergraduate students know the terminology of the International Caries Consensus Collaboration (ICCC), and make their restorative treatment decisions regarding carious tissue removal accordingly. Data collection was performed using an electronic questionnaire, considering: a) profile of the respondent; b) analysis of four clinical cases with respect to possible management strategies; and c) questions on cariology field terminology. Sample size consisted of 175 dentists and 66 last semester dental students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1807-3107bor-2020.vol34.0062DOI Listing

Oral health status of schoolchildren living in rural and urban areas in southern Brazil.

Braz Oral Res 2020 Jun 24;34:e060. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Universidade Federal de Santa Maria - UFSM, School of Dentistry, Department of Stomatology, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil.

This study assessed the effect of area of residence (rural vs. urban) on dental caries experience among southern Brazilian schoolchildren. This cross-sectional survey was conducted in Rosário do Sul, southern Brazil, and included 373 9-14-year-old schoolchildren attending public municipal schools (122 living in the rural area, and 251, in the urban area). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1807-3107bor-2020.vol34.0060DOI Listing

Vocabulary assessment in Brazilian children: a systematic review with three instruments.

Codas 2020 26;32(3):e20180245. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Universidade Estadual de Londrina - UEL - Londrina (PR), Brasil.

Purpose: To investigate, through a systematic review, how three assessment instruments for children's vocabulary (Test of Childhood language ABFW, Expressive Vocabulary Test - EVT, and Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test - PPVT) have been used in Brazilian research, verifying its purposes of uses and the main results of the researches.

Research Strategy: This review was organized in three studies. Study 1 referred to the process of a priori search and Study 2 referred to the a posteriori search. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2317-1782/20202018245DOI Listing

How to translate scientific knowledge into practice? Concepts, models and application.

Rev Bras Enferm 2020 1;73(5):e20190179. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

University of Ottawa. Ottawa, Canada.

Objectives: to present the concept of Knowledge Translation and Exchange as it has been used in the international literature and in Canada, particularly. Next, to describe a renowned conceptual model to guide its implementation, entitled Knowledge-to-Action Cycle.

Results: we described the use of the model in the context of the municipal primary health care system in southern Brazil for the implementation of pain management strategies during vaccination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0034-7167-2019-0179DOI Listing

The systems and signs of political militants in/of Brazilian nursing.

Rev Bras Enferm 2020 1;73(5):e20180971. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana. Feira de Santana, Bahia, Brazil.

Objectives: to analyze the systems and signs in the constitution of militant nurses.

Methods: a historical and qualitative research based on oral history carried out with 11 nurses who had been working in the professional field since 1980. Data collected from semi-structured interviews were organized into NVivo software 10, being analyzed through dialectical hermeneutics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0034-7167-2018-0971DOI Listing

Adaptation and validation of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Leader Empowering Behavior scale.

Rev Bras Enferm 2020 1;73(5):20180757. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Universidade de São Paulo, Hospital de Reabilitação de Anomalias Craniofaciais. Bauru, São Paulo, Brazil.

Objectives: to adapt and validate the Leader Empowering Behavior scale for Brazilian Portuguese in a sample of Brazilian nurses.

Methods: cross-sectional study through translation, back-translation, expert evaluation, application and analysis of content, criteria and construct of the scale.

Results: the title of the final version was Comportamento Empoderador do Líder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0034-7167-2019-0157DOI Listing

The health care experience of individuals with morbid obesity assisted in public healthcare services.

Rev Esc Enferm USP 2020 26;54:e03559. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Enfermagem, Departamento de Enfermagem Materno-Infantil e Psiquiátrica, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective: To understand the health care experience of individuals with morbid obesity assisted in public healthcare services.

Method: This was a qualitative study based on Alfred Schütz's social phenomenology, carried out in the medical-surgical clinic of a public hospital in São Paulo, Brazil. Interviews with open questions were conducted between January and April 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1980-220X2018049903559DOI Listing

Life expectancy with negative physical oral health impact on quality of life in older adults.

Cad Saude Publica 2020 26;36(6):e00119119. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Instituto René Rachou, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Belo Horizonte, Brasil.

Oral impairments can affect overall health and life expectancy in older adults. Our study evaluates the life expectancy with negative physical oral health impact on quality of life (POHIQoL) among older adults. Life expectancy with negative POHIQoL was estimated by the Sullivan method, using the prevalence of POHIQoL - obtained in the Health, Well-being and Ageing (SABE Study); and official mortality data for adults aged 60 years or older living in São Paulo, Brazil. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00119119DOI Listing

Temporal trend of tuberculosis in Brazil.

Cad Saude Publica 2020 26;36(6):e00081319. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, Brasil.

The objective was to analyze the temporal trend of tuberculosis incidence rates in Brazilian states and regions to identify patterns and inequalities. We carried out an ecological study of incidence rates per 100,000 inhabitants aged between 20 and 59 years with tuberculosis in Brazil and in their respective states from 2001 to 2017 according to annual percentage change and joinpoint regression. A significant decrease of -15. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00081319DOI Listing

UNDERWATER ENDOSCOPIC MUCOSAL RESECTION FOR NON-PEDUNCULATED COLORECTAL LESIONS. A PROSPECTIVE SINGLE-ARM STUDY.

Arq Gastroenterol 2020 Apr-Jun;57(2):193-197

Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina, Departamento de Gastroenterologia, Instituto do Câncer do Estado de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Background: Underwater endoscopic mucosal resection (UEMR) has emerged as a revolutionary method allowing resection of colorectal lesions without submucosal injection. Brazilian literature about this technique is sparse.

Objective: The aim of this study was evaluate the efficacy and safety of UEMR technique for removing non-pedunculated colorectal lesions in two Brazilian tertiary centers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-2803.202000000-37DOI Listing
January 2020

PORTUGUESE VERSION OF THE SNAQ QUESTIONNAIRE: TRANSLATION AND CULTURAL ADAPTATION.

Arq Gastroenterol 2020 Apr-Jun;57(2):178-181

Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Saúde Pública, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Background: Poor appetite is common through the aging process and increases the risk of weight loss, protein-energy malnutrition, immunossupression, sarcopenia and frailty. The Simplified Nutritional Appetite Questionnaire (SNAQ) has the aim to monitor appetite and identify older adults at risk of weight loss.

Objective: To describe the process of translation and cultural adaptation to Brazilian Portuguese of the SNAQ. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-2803.202000000-33DOI Listing
December 2019

DIAGNOSTIC ACCURACY OF GASTROPANEL® FOR ATROPHIC GASTRITIS IN BRAZILIAN SUBJECTS AND THE EFFECT OF PROTON PUMP INHIBITORS.

Arq Gastroenterol 2020 Apr-Jun;57(2):154-160

Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, Divisão de Endoscopia, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Background: It has been proposed that the combination of gastrin-17 (G-17), pepsinogens I and II (PGI and PGII), and anti-Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) antibodies (GastroPanel®, BIOHIT HealthCare, Helsinki, Finland) could serve as biomarkers of atrophic gastritis.

Objective: This study aimed to ensure the diagnostic accuracy of GastroPanel® and evaluate the effect of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) on these biomarkers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-2803.202000000-29DOI Listing
November 2019

PATTERNS OF FIBER INTAKE AMONG BRAZILIAN ADULTS: PERCEPTIONS FROM AN ONLINE NATIONWIDE SURVEY.

Arq Gastroenterol 2020 Apr-Jun;57(2):144-149

Takeda Pharmaceuticals Brazil, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Background: Adequate fiber intake is associated with digestive health and reduced risk of several noncommunicable diseases and is recognized as essential for human health (World Health Organization, 2003). The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends a daily fiber consumption of ≥25 g, but previous studies observed a fiber intake in Brazil lower than recommended.

Objective: We aimed to describe fiber intake among adults in Brazil and also respondents' knowledge and perceptions about their fiber intake. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-2803.202000000-26DOI Listing
October 2019

Analysis of the profile of cardiovascular risk in Brazilian schoolchildren: metabolic and behavioral indicators.

Arch Endocrinol Metab 2020 Jun 29. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Centro de Pesquisa em Hipertensão e Metabolismo, Faculdade de Medicina de Marília, Marília, SP, Brasil.

Objective: There is evidence demonstrating that cardiovascular diseases (CVD) manifesting during adulthood result from an intense interaction among risk factors that may have originated during childhood and adolescence. To compare the prevalence and clustering of cardiovascular risk factors in Brazilian schoolchildren with a 15-year interval between samples.

Subjects And Methods: A cross-sectional analysis based on the scores for cardiovascular risk factors was used to investigate 1,232 Brazilian schoolchildren of both sexes aged 12 to 18 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.20945/2359-3997000000269DOI Listing

The change in the clinical presentation of Graves' disease: a 30 years retrospective survey in an academic Brazilian tertiary center.

Arch Endocrinol Metab 2020 Jun 29. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Endocrinologia e Metabolismo, Hospital da Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas (PUC-Campinas), Campinas,SP, Brasil.

Objective: Graves' disease (GD) is the main cause of hyperthyroidism among adults. It is an autoimmune condition classically marked by the Merserburg Triad (goiter, thyrotoxicosis, and orbitopathy), but the change in presentation of GD over time has rarely been studied. To determine changes in the clinical presentation of patients with GD in the last 30 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.20945/2359-3997000000265DOI Listing

Suspected COVID-19 case definition: a narrative review of the most frequent signs and symptoms among confirmed cases.

Epidemiol Serv Saude 2020 22;29(3):e2020233. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina , Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde , Tubarão , SC , Brasil.

Objective: to describe the most frequent signs and symptoms of infection by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).

Methods: this is a narrative literature review carried out in April 2020; the search was performed on electronic databases and complemented with a manual review of the references of the selected papers and Brazilian Ministry of Health publications.

Results: the spectrum of clinical disease was wide; fever, coughing and dyspnea were the most frequent signs/symptoms, however, they may not be present, thus hindering case definition; gastrointestinal symptoms and loss of taste or smell have been reported among mild cases; dyspnea was frequent among severe and fatal cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5123/S1679-49742020000300018DOI Listing

Coloniality and perspectivism in psychology: from damnation to ecosophical care relations.

Int Rev Psychiatry 2020 Jul 1:1-7. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Psychology, Federal University of Parnaíba's Delta - UFDPAR, Parnaíba, Brazil.

Inspired by Amerindian peoples' philosophy, this article aims to problematise the modern philosophical anthropology that underlies psychology as a social practice, and to use the Amerindian perspectivist philosophy proposed by Viveiros de Castro as a critique of Western values. Thus, we approach some of coloniality's epistemological implications in the institution of subject-object and nature-culture separations that grounds psychology. On the one hand, there is a totalising unification, which operates alongside a transcendental subject that subjugates its object. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540261.2020.1765747DOI Listing

The use of the CALL Risk Score for predicting mortality in Brazilian heart failure patients.

ESC Heart Fail 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Postgraduate Division, São José do Rio Preto Medical School, São José do Rio Preto, São Paulo, Brazil.

Aims: This study aimed to develop and validate a simple method for predicting long-term all-cause mortality in ambulatory patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) residing in an area where Chagas disease is endemic, which will be important not only for patients living in Latin America but also to those living in developed non-endemic countries.

Methods And Results: A total of 677 patients with a wide spectrum of aetiologies for left ventricular systolic dysfunction and receiving optimized evidence-based treatment for CHF were prospectively followed for approximately 11 years. We established a risk score using Cox proportional hazard regression models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ehf2.12770DOI Listing

Demographics and self-reported well-being of Brazilian adults as a function of pet ownership: A pilot study.

Heliyon 2020 Jun 20;6(6):e04069. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

Departamento de Psicologia Experimental, Instituto de Psicologia, Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Prof. Mello Moraes, 1721, 05508-030, São Paulo, Brazil.

The goals of the present study were to investigate socio-demographic characteristics and well-being indicators associated with pet ownership. The respondents (N = 801, 53.8% females; 56. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e04069DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7305914PMC

Genetic structure among morphotypes of the endangered Brazilian palm Mart (Arecaceae).

Ecol Evol 2020 Jun 19;10(12):6039-6048. Epub 2020 May 19.

Departamento de Ciências Biológicas Centro de Biotecnologia e Genética Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz Ilhéus Brazil.

(Arecaceae) Mart has high ecological and economic importance providing food resources for more than 58 species of birds and 20 species of mammals, including humans. . is the second most exploited nontimber product from Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.6348DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7319139PMC

DNA mini-barcoding of leporids using noninvasive fecal DNA samples and its significance for monitoring an invasive species.

Ecol Evol 2020 Jun 5;10(12):5219-5225. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Departamento de Genética e Evolução Universidade Federal de São Carlos São Carlos Brazil.

Introduced in South America at the end of the 19th century, the European hare population has expanded dramatically and now represents a risk to native Brazilian forest rabbits. Monitoring the invasive and its coexistence with native is a challenge that can be efficiently addressed by the use of molecular tools. This work describes a set of primers useful for amplifying three mini-barcodes for the molecular identification of both invasive and native leporid species using degraded fecal DNA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.5863DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7319127PMC