6,391 results match your criteria Branchial Cleft Cysts Imaging


Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms of Regeneration in colonial and solitary Ascidians.

Dev Biol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA USA.

Regenerative ability is highly variable among the metazoans. While many invertebrate organisms are capable of complete regeneration of entire bodies and organs, whole-organ regeneration is limited to very few species in the vertebrate lineages. Tunicates, which are invertebrate chordates and the closest extant relatives of the vertebrates, show robust regenerative ability. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Stealth breathing of the angelshark.

Zoology (Jena) 2018 Oct 7;130:1-5. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

Okinawa Churaumi Aquarium, 424, Motobu, Okinawa, 905-0206, Japan.

For benthic fishes, breathing motion (e.g., oral, pharyngeal, and branchial movements) can result in detection by both prey and predators. Read More

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October 2018

Cystic lateral neck mass: Thyroid carcinoma metastasis to branchial cleft cyst.

J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Oct-Dec;14(6):1437-1438

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Akdeniz University School of Medicine, Antalya, Turkey.

Etiologies of lateral cervical masses are complex, most commonly these masses are branchial cleft cysts; however, metastatic thyroid carcinoma should be included in the differential. We report a case of lateral cystic neck mass in a 22-year-old female patient diagnosed as metastatic papillary thyroid carcinoma. The patient was diagnosed after she underwent surgery for branchial cleft cyst. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Species of Eunicidae (Annelida, Errantia, Eunicida) from rhodolith beds off the states of Paraíba and Pernambuco, northeastern Brazilian coast.

Zootaxa 2018 Nov 14;4521(3):376-390. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Laboratório de Poliquetologia (LaPol), Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade de São Paulo, Rua do Matão, travessa 14, n. 101, 05508-090, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Members of one species of Leodice Lamarck, 1818, one species of Lysidice Lamarck, 1818, and another of Palola Gray in Stair, 1847 were found among material from rhodolith beds, collected off the states of Paraíba and Pernambuco, northeastern Brazilian coast. Of those species, one is new to science and the other two are new records for the state of Pernambuco, although their occurrence on neighbouring areas was already known. Leodice calcaricola sp. Read More

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November 2018

Alteration in branchial NKA and NKCC ion-transporter expression and ionocyte distribution in adult hilsa during up-river migration.

J Comp Physiol B 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

ICAR-Central Institute of Fisheries Education, 32 GN block, Sector V, Salt Lake City, Calcutta, West Bengal, 700 091, India.

Hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha) is a clupeid that migrates from the off-shore area through the freshwater river for spawning. The purpose of this study was to investigate the involvement of branchial Na/K-ATPase (NKA) and Na/K/2Cl cotransporter (NKCC) in maintaining ionic homeostasis in hilsa while moving across the salt barriers. Hilsa, migrating through marine and brackish waters, did not show any significant decline in NKA activity, plasma osmolality, and plasma ionic concentration. Read More

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November 2018

Third Branchial Cleft Cyst with Infection.

OTO Open 2017 Apr-Jun;1(2):2473974X17705832. Epub 2017 May 5.

State University of New York Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York, USA.

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Disturbance of energetic homeostasis and oxidative damage provoked by trichlorfon as relevant toxicological mechanisms using silver catfish as experimental model.

Chem Biol Interact 2018 Nov 24. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil.

Recent evidences have suggested the involvement of phosphoryl transfer, catalyzed by creatine kinase (CK), adenylate kinase (AK) and pyruvate kinase (PK), to metabolic alterations and impairment of bioenergetics homeostasis linked to adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production, and utilization during exposure to pesticides. It is recognized that sublethal concentrations of trichlorfon alter hepatic and branchial metabolism, but the pathways involved in this process remains unknown. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate whether phosphoryl transfer network can be a pathway involved in the hepatic and branchial metabolic alterations during exposure to sublethal concentrations of trichlorfon. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Biallelic disruption of is associated with a skeletal disorder characterised by rhizomelic shortening of extremities and dysmorphic features.

J Med Genet 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Clinical Genomics, Ambry Genetics, Aliso Viejo, California, USA.

Background: During mouse embryonic development the protein kinase domain containing, cytoplasmic () gene, also known as is expressed in several tissues including the ventral midbrain, with particularly strong expression in branchial arches and limb buds. Homozygous knockout mice have dysmorphic features and shortened long bones as the most obvious morphological abnormalities. The human gene has currently not been associated with any disorders. Read More

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November 2018

Phenotypic spectrum associated with SPECC1L pathogenic variants: new families and critical review of the nosology of Teebi, Opitz GBBB, and Baraitser-Winter syndromes.

Eur J Med Genet 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Genetics, APHP-Robert DEBRE University Hospital, Sorbonne Paris-Cité University, and INSERM UMR 1141, Paris, France. Electronic address:

The SPECC1L protein plays a role in adherens junctions involved in cell adhesion, actin cytoskeleton organization, microtubule stabilization, spindle organization and cytokinesis. It modulates PI3K-AKT signaling and controls cranial neural crest cell delamination during facial morphogenesis. SPECC1L causative variants were first identified in individuals with oblique facial clefts. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Imaging Findings in Syndromes with Temporal Bone Abnormalities.

Neuroimaging Clin N Am 2019 Feb 29;29(1):117-128. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Radiology, University of Chicago, Pritzker School of Medicine, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. Electronic address:

There is a wide variety of congenital syndromes that can involve the temporal bone. Many of these have overlapping features due to common embryologic abnormalities, such as first and second branchial anomalies. Diagnostic imaging is often important in the workup of hearing deficits related to congenital syndromes. Read More

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February 2019
6 Reads

ASSESSMENT OF THE RESULTS OF ACCESSORY TO SUPRASCAPULAR NERVE TRANSFER.

Acta Ortop Bras 2018 ;26(5):332-334

Irmandade da Santa Casa de Misericórdia de São Paulo, Departament of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective: Nerve transfers are an alternative in the reconstruction of traumatic brachial plexus injuries. In this study, we report the results of branchial plexus reconstruction using accessory to suprascapular nerve transfer.

Methods: Thirty-three patients with traumatic brachial plexus injuries underwent surgical reconstruction with accessory to suprascapular nerve transfers. Read More

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January 2018
2 Reads

First report of carp edema virus in the mortality of wild common carp Cyprinus carpio in North America.

Dis Aquat Organ 2018 Nov;131(3):177-186

Office of Fish and Wildlife Health and Forensics, New Jersey Division of Fish and Wildlife, 605 Pequest Road, Oxford, NJ 07863, USA.

Carp edema virus (CEV) is an unclassified poxvirus that infects skin and gill tissue to cause koi sleepy disease. In the USA, CEV was first detected in 1996 in a California koi wholesaler, and has since been reported sporadically only within imported and domestic koi. Common carp Cyprinus carpio are a non-native species now present in most waterways in the USA. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Triploidy in white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus): Effects of acute stress and warm acclimation on physiological performance.

Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 2018 Nov 14;229:10-17. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Animal Science, University of California Davis, Davis, CA 95616, United States. Electronic address:

Previous studies have demonstrated reduced performance in triploid fish when reared under suboptimal conditions, which may be the result of a higher susceptibility to stressors when compared to diploids. The goal of this project was to investigate differences in the capacity of diploid (8 N) and triploid (12 N) white sturgeon, Acipenser transmontanus, to respond to both warm acclimation (6-weeks of acclimation to either 18 or 22 °C) and a subsequent acute stress (10-min low water stress). Following the 6-week acclimation, fish were sampled either before or following an acute low water stress. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Kat2a and Kat2b Acetyltransferase Activity Regulates Craniofacial Cartilage and Bone Differentiation in Zebrafish and Mice.

J Dev Biol 2018 Nov 12;6(4). Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Craniofacial Biology, School of Dental Medicine, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO 80045, USA.

Cranial neural crest cells undergo cellular growth, patterning, and differentiation within the branchial arches to form cartilage and bone, resulting in a precise pattern of skeletal elements forming the craniofacial skeleton. However, it is unclear how cranial neural crest cells are regulated to give rise to the different shapes and sizes of the bone and cartilage. Epigenetic regulators are good candidates to be involved in this regulation, since they can exert both broad as well as precise control on pattern formation. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

CT and MR imaging findings of infection-free and benign second branchial cleft cysts.

Radiol Med 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Radiology, Gifu University School of Medicine, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu, 501-1194, Japan.

Purpose: The present study aimed to assess CT and MR imaging findings of infection-free and benign second branchial cleft cysts (SBCCs).

Methods: Eleven patients with histopathologically confirmed infection-free and benign SBCCs underwent preoperative contrast-enhanced CT (CECT) and/or MR imaging. We assessed qualitative (presence and extent of wall thickening, degree of contrast enhancement of the thickened wall on CECT images, and signal intensity of the thickened wall on T2-weighted images) and quantitative (maximum thickness of the thickened wall) imaging findings. Read More

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November 2018

Symbiotic bacteria associated with ascidian vanadium accumulation identified by 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing.

Mar Genomics 2018 Nov 9. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Marine Genomics Unit, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University, Kunigami-gun, Okinawa, Japan.

Ascidians belonging to Phlebobranchia accumulate vanadium to an extraordinary degree (≤ 350 mM). Vanadium levels are strictly regulated and vary among ascidian species; thus, they represent well-suited models for studies on vanadium accumulation. No comprehensive study on metal accumulation and reduction in marine organisms in relation to their symbiotic bacterial communities has been published. Read More

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November 2018

The "dimple swallow" sign for branchial cleft anomalies.

CMAJ 2018 Nov;190(44):E1307

Department of Otolaryngology (Koltsidopoulos), General Hospital of Volos "Achillopoulio", Volos, Greece; Department of Otolaryngology (Skoulakis), University Hospital of Larissa, Larissa, Greece.

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November 2018

Congenital Neck Masses.

Clin Perinatol 2018 Dec 18;45(4):769-785. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Department of General Surgery, Greenville Health System, Greenville ENT Associates, 200 Patewood Drive Suite B400, Greenville, SC 29615, USA.

Congenital neck masses can be a developmental anomaly of cystic, solid, or vascular origin. They can also constitute neoplasms, including malignancies, although this is rare in the pediatric population. The history and examination can help quickly narrow the differential diagnosis. Read More

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December 2018
5 Reads

Integrated analysis of lncRNA-mRNA co-expression networks in the α-particle induced carcinogenesis of human branchial epithelial cells.

Int J Radiat Biol 2018 Nov 5:1-12. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

a Department of Radiation Biology, Beijing Key Laboratory for Radiobiology, Beijing Institute of Radiation Medicine , AMMS , Beijing , PR China.

Purpose: To identify the mRNA and long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) expression profiles and explore the lncRNA-mRNA co-expression networks associated with the carcinogenesis induced by α-particles.

Materials And Methods: Immortalized human bronchial epithelial cell line, BEP2D, and its two malignant transformed cell lines, BERP35T-1 and BERP35T-4, were investigated. The lncRNA and mRNA expression profiles of BEP2D, BERP35T-1 and BERP35T-4 were generated. Read More

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November 2018
7 Reads

[Congenital cysts and fistulas on the neck in adults].

Presse Med 2018 Oct 31. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Hôpital d'instruction des Armées-Percy, service d'ORL et de chirurgie cervico-faciale, 101, avenue Henri-Barbusse, 92140 Clamart, France.

Cervical congenital malformations are relatively common in children. They can also be found in adults. The embryological development of the cervical region is closely related to the branchial clefts. Read More

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October 2018
6 Reads

Toxicity of erythromycin to Oncorhynchus mykiss at different biochemical levels: detoxification metabolism, energetic balance, and neurological impairment.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Nov 1. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Departamento de Biologia, Universidade de Aveiro (UA), Campus de Santiago, 3810-193, Aveiro, Portugal.

During the last decades, the presence of antibiotics in different aquatic compartments has raised increasing interest and concern, since these compounds are usually persistent and bioactive pseudo pollutants. Erythromycin (ERY) is a macrolide antibiotic, prescribed for human and veterinary medicines but also used in aquaculture and livestock production. Taking into account the recorded environmental levels of ERY, its toxicity to non-target organisms has become a still poorly studied issue, particularly in fish. Read More

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November 2018

Evolution and development of the fish jaw skeleton.

Authors:
April DeLaurier

Wiley Interdiscip Rev Dev Biol 2018 Oct 31:e337. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Biology and Geology, University of South Carolina Aiken, Aiken, South Carolina.

The evolution of the jaw represents a key innovation in driving the diversification of vertebrate body plans and behavior. The pharyngeal apparatus originated as gill bars separated by slits in chordate ancestors to vertebrates. Later, with the acquisition of neural crest, pharyngeal arches gave rise to branchial basket cartilages in jawless vertebrates (agnathans), and later bone and cartilage of the jaw, jaw support, and gills of jawed vertebrates (gnathostomes). Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

Hairy polyps: A new case presentation and a pathogenetic hypothesis.

Laryngoscope 2018 Oct 29. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Otolaryngology and Communication Enhancement.

Hairy polyps are benign lesions found in the oropharynx or nasopharynx that are thought to be present at birth and can lead to upper airway obstruction in infants. Also known as naso-oropharyngeal choristoma, they are increasingly viewed as aggregates of bigeminal tissue, likely from the first or second branchial arches, found in aberrant locations. They are benign lesions that are usually successfully treated by surgical excision. Read More

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October 2018

Unraveling the transcriptional regulation of TWIST1 in limb development.

PLoS Genet 2018 Oct 29;14(10):e1007738. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Life Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel.

The transcription factor TWIST1 plays a vital role in mesoderm development, particularly in limb and craniofacial formation. Accordingly, haploinsufficiency of TWIST1 can cause limb and craniofacial malformations as part of Saethre-Chotzen syndrome. However, the molecular basis of TWIST1 transcriptional regulation during development has yet to be elucidated. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Prolactin controls branchial clcn2c but not atp1a1a.2 in zebrafish Danio rerio.

Authors:
J P Breves

J Fish Biol 2018 Oct 27. Epub 2018 Oct 27.

Department of Biology, Skidmore College, Saratoga Springs, USA.

This study examined the branchial epithelium of stenohaline zebrafish Danio rerio, Na -Cl cotransporter-like 2 (Slc12a10.2)-expressing ionocytes [Na -Cl cotransporter (Ncc)-cells], which mediate the active uptake of ions from freshwater environments. The study assessed whether the pituitary hormone prolactin (Prl) stimulates the expression of messenger (m)RNAs encoding a Clc Cl channel family member (clcn2c) and a Na -K -ATPase α1 subunit (atp1a1a. Read More

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October 2018

Immunological response to bacterial infection in a pelagic tunicate: Inflammation in the salp Thalia democratica.

J Invertebr Pathol 2018 Nov 22;159:28-40. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Department of Biology and Evolution of Marine Organisms, Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, Naples, Italy.

Thaliaceans are pelagic tunicates that play a key role in trophic chains of the oceans. In the field of tunicate immunity, a notable gap is the lack of data on their inflammatory response. The common salp, Thalia democratica, possesses scant immunocytes, represented by a phagocytic line (hyaline amebocytes) and a mast cell-like line (granular cells). Read More

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November 2018
7 Reads

Ontogenetic changes in cutaneous and branchial ionocytes and morphology in yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) larvae.

J Comp Physiol B 2018 Oct 24. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Marine Biology Research Division, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA, 92093, USA.

The development of osmoregulatory and gas exchange organs was studied in larval yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) from 2 to 25 days post-hatching (2.9-24.5 mm standard length, SL). Read More

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October 2018

Choristoma: Cervical Chondrocutaneous Branchial Remnants.

Cureus 2018 Aug 15;10(8):e3149. Epub 2018 Aug 15.

Anatomical Sciences, St. George's University School of Medicine, St. Georges, GRD.

Unilateral cervical chondrocutaneous branchial remnants (CCBRs) are rare, but when present, are typically located over the lateral aspect of the neck along the anterior margin of the sternocleidomastoid muscle. A CCBR in this location is called a choristoma. Here, we describe a choristoma in a 25-year-old female who disclosed a documented diagnosis of Meniere's disease, and an expressed interest in bearing children within the immediate future. Read More

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August 2018
3 Reads

[Effect of dexmedetomidine on supraclavicular brachial plexus block: a randomized double blind prospective study].

Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2018 Oct;50(5):845-849

Department of Anesthesiology, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing 100191, China.

Objective: To evaluate the effect of dexmedetomidine combined with ropivacaine on brachial plexus block in patients scheduled for elective shoulder arthroscopy.

Methods: Ninety patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) I or II, scheduled for elective shoulder arthroscopy, were randomly divided into three groups. In group R (n=30), the patients were given 10 mL of 0. Read More

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October 2018

Doppler ultrasound appearance of neck tumors.

J Ultrason 2018 ;18(73):96-102

Department of Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland.

Aim: The purpose of this study was the evaluation of the sonographic appearance of neck tumors and determining the features useful in differential diagnosis.

Material And Method: The studied group consisted of 57 patients: 16 patients with carotid body tumors, 9 patients with neurogenic tumors, 8 patients with venous anomalies, 12 patients with neck cysts, 6 patients with lipomas, 5 patients with extracranial carotid artery aneurysms and 1 with a laryngocele.

Results: All carotid paragangliomas were located within the carotid bifurcation and demonstrated rich low-resistance vascular flow, with higher maximum velocity and lower flow resistance parameters registered in the ipsilateral external carotid artery. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

Anatomic approximation approach to correction of transverse facial clefts.

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2018 Nov 12;71(11):1600-1608. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, M5X 1X8, Canada.

Transverse clefts of the oral cavity have significant impacts on both appearance and function. Many methods of repair have been described, but there is no consensus on optimal approach. In addition, dissatisfaction with scars, distortion of appearance, and recurrent deformity have led to complex surgical designs that are difficult to understand and reproduce. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Expression of trpv channels during Xenopus laevis embryogenesis.

Gene Expr Patterns 2018 12 13;30:64-70. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Department of Biology, Integrated Science Center, 540 Landrum Dr., College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA, 23185, USA. Electronic address:

Transient receptor potential (TRP) cation channel genes code for an extensive family of conserved proteins responsible for a variety of physiological processes, including sensory perception, ion homeostasis, and chemical signal transduction. The TRP superfamily consists of seven subgroups, one of which is the transient receptor potential vanilloid (trpv) channel family. While trpv channels are relatively well studied in adult vertebrate organisms given their role in functions such as nociception, thermoregulation, and osmotic regulation in mature tissues and organ systems, relatively little is known regarding their function during embryonic development. Read More

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December 2018
5 Reads

The effects of transfer from steady-state to tidally-changing salinities on plasma and branchial osmoregulatory variables in adult Mozambique tilapia.

Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 2019 Jan 11;227:134-145. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Hawai'i Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawai'i, Kāne'ohe, HI 96744, USA; Department of Human Nutrition, Food and Animal Sciences, University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA. Electronic address:

The Mozambique tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus, is a teleost fish native to estuarine waters that vary in salinity between fresh water (FW) and seawater (SW). The neuroendocrine system plays a key role in salinity acclimation by directing ion uptake and extrusion in osmoregulatory tissues such as gill. While most studies with O. Read More

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January 2019
1 Read

New species and records of Uncispionidae and Pygospiopsis (Polychaeta, Spionida) from deep water off the east and west coasts of North America, the Gulf of Mexico, the Antarctic Peninsula, and Southeast Asia.

Zootaxa 2018 Jul 24;4450(2):151-195. Epub 2018 Jul 24.

Aquatic Research & Consulting, 24 Hitty Tom Road, Duxbury, Massachusetts 02332 USA.

Five new species and one new genus of the obscure spioniform family Uncispionidae are described together with three new species of the rare and unusual spionid genus Pygospiopsis Blake, 1983. All species are from offshore habitats with most from deep-sea continental slope depths. Among the Uncispionidae are the second and third species of the genus Uncopherusa Fauchald Hancock, 1981, collected from off Brunei in the South China Sea and off Louisiana in the Gulf of Mexico; two new species of Uncispio Green, 1982, the third and fourth to be described, from deep water off the U. Read More

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July 2018
1 Read

Description of a new species of Sabellidae (Polychaeta, Annelida) from fresh and brackish waters in Europe, with some remarks on the branchial crown of Laonome.

Zootaxa 2018 Sep 21;4483(2):349-364. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Universität Rostock, Institut für Biowissenschaften, Allgemeine und Spezielle Zoologie, Universitätsplatz 2, D-18055 Rostock, Germany..

In 2009, a hitherto unknown Laonome species was found in the Canal Ghent-Terneuzen in the Netherlands and subsequently in other Dutch rivers, canals and estuaries. A few years later, more unknown Laonome specimens were found in the eastern part of the Baltic Sea and in the Don River estuary, Sea of Azov. Initially, it was assumed that these specimens could represent Laonome calida Capa, 2007, originally described from Australia. Read More

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September 2018

Gymnothorax odishi sp. nov. (Muraenidae: Muraeninae), a short brown unpatterned moray eel from Bay of Bengal, India.

Zootaxa 2018 May 14;4420(1):123-130. Epub 2018 May 14.

Estuarine Biology Regional Centre, Zoological Survey of India, Gopalpur-on-Sea, Ganjam, Odisha, India-761002..

Gymnothorax odishi sp. nov., a new short brown moray eel, is described here on the basis of eleven specimens collected from Gopalpur, Odisha, along the east coast of India, Bay of Bengal. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

Morphological revision of the Subgroup 1 Fauchald, 1970 of Marphysa de Quatrefages, 1865 (Eunicidae: Polychaeta).

Zootaxa 2018 Sep 14;4480(1):1-125. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

El Colegio de la Frontera Sur. Depto. Sistemática y Ecología Acuática. Estructura y Función del Bentos. Chetumal, Quintana Roo, México..

Fifteen species of Marphysa classified in the Subgroup 1 Fauchald (1970) were reviewed and evaluated in a morphological analysis of the subgroup. It was found that 13 of these have a characteristic morphological pattern distinct from that of Marphysa sensu stricto; as a consequence, a new genus is proposed, Paucibranchia n. gen. Read More

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September 2018

The serotonin transporter (SERT) and non-selective transporters are involved in peripheral serotonin uptake in the Gulf toadfish, Opsanus beta.

Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 2018 Oct 10. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Marine Biology and Ecology, RSMAS, University of Miami, United States.

In mammals, circulating serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) is sequestered by platelets via the 5-HT transporter (SERT) to prevent unintended signaling by this potent signaling molecule. Teleost fish appear to lack a similar circulating storage pool, although the diverse effects of 5-HT in teleosts likely necessitate an alternative method of tight regulation, such as uptake by peripheral tissues. Here, a 5-HT radiotracer was used to explore the 5-HT uptake capacity of peripheral tissues in the Gulf toadfish, Opsanus beta, and to elucidate the primary excretion routes of 5-HT and its metabolites. Read More

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October 2018

Sonographic diagnosis of coexisting ectopic thyroid and fourth branchial cleft cyst.

J Clin Ultrasound 2018 Nov 4;46(9):582-584. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Department of Radiology, Soonchunhyang University Seoul Hospital, Seoul, South Korea.

Ectopic thyroid and fourth branchial cleft anomaly are rare congenital anomalies of the neck. This is a case report of the coexistence of these two rare congenital anomalies in a 1-year-old girl. She had ectopic lingual thyroid and asymptomatic abscess in the fourth branchial cleft cyst, which was found in ultrasonography carried out to evaluate congenital hypothyroidism. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

[Goldenhar syndrome].

Authors:
D J Zha

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Aug;32(16):1244-1246

Goldenhar syndrome is a condition characterized by alterations involving the development of the structures of the first and second branchial arches. The abnormalities primarily affect the face, the eyes, the spine, and the ears, and the auricular abnormalities are associated with possible hearing loss. Here, we present a review of the literature on Goldenhar syndrome, discussing what is known about the clinical phenotype , the aetiology, audiological findings and treatment,in order to provide certain help for people about disease diagnosis, genetic counseling and hearing intervention. Read More

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[Emphasizing the application of genetic diagnosis in branchio-oto-renal syndrome].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Aug;32(16):1226-1231

Branchio-oto-renal syndrome (BOR) is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder characterized by branchial fistulas, hearing impairment, renal malformations and auricular anomalies. Pathogenic mutations have been discovered in several genes such as EYA1, SIX5, and SIX1. However, it has a high penetrance with variable expressivity. Read More

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A screening test based on hematological and histological biomarkers to evaluate the environmental impacts in tambaqui (Colossoma macropomum) from a protected area in Maranhão, Brazilian Amazon.

Chemosphere 2019 Jan 25;214:445-451. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Department of Chemistry and Biology, State University of Maranhão (UEMA), Campus Paulo VI, São Luis, Maranhão, Brazil.

Nowadays biomonitoring programs can benefit with mathematical models able to correlate biomarkers to monitor water pollution. The aim of this study was to develop a screening test based on hematological parameters and histological lesions in tambaqui (Colossoma macropomum), to allow the assessment of environmental impacts on fish inhabiting a protected area in Maranhão inside of Brazilian Amazon. Samples collected during three years (2012, 2013 and 2014) were grouped by season (dry and rainy) Water samples were also collected for physical chemistry analysis. Read More

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January 2019

Effects of sarpogrelate, eicosapentaenoic acid and pitavastatin on arterioslcerosis obliterans-related biomarkers in patients with type 2 diabetes (SAREPITASO study).

Vasc Health Risk Manag 2018 18;14:225-232. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

First Department of Internal Medicine, Kansai Medical University, Hirakata,

Background: The aim was to evaluate the significance of arteriosclerosis obliterans-related biomarkers in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and to compare the effects of sarpogrelate, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and pitavastatin on these markers.

Patients And Methods: Seventy-two arteriosclerosis obliterans patients with T2DM were classified into two groups, pitavastatin with either sarpogrelate (PS) or EPA (PE). We observed no differences in all biomarkers between the PS and PE groups before treatments. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Hox-A2 protein expression in mouse embryo middle ear ossicles.

Morphologie 2018 Sep 27. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Laboratoire d'anatomie, biomécanique et organogenèse (Dir: Prof. S. Louryan), faculté de médecine, université Libre de Bruxelles, route de Lennik, 808 (CP 619), B1070 Bruxelles, Belgium.

The origin of the mammalian middle ear ossicles from mandibular and hyoid pharyngeal arches remains controversial and discussed. Two adverse theories are proposed. The first claims that malleus and incus derive from the Meckel's cartilage of the mandibular arch, and stapes from Reichert's cartilage of the hyoid arch. Read More

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September 2018

The value of ankle-branchial index screening for cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2018 Sep 25:e3076. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai Clinical Medical Centre of Diabetes, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Diabetes, Shanghai Key Clinical Centre of Metabolic Diseases, Shanghai Institute for Diabetes, Shanghai, China.

Objective: To investigate the relationship between ankle-branchial index (ABI) and cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes patients.

Methods: A total of 634 inpatients with type 2 diabetes were recruited in this cross-sectional study. All patients were measured with ABI and computed tomography angiography (CTA) scan for coronary artery disease (CAD). Read More

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September 2018
2 Reads

Second branchial cleft anomalies in children: a literature review.

Pediatr Surg Int 2018 Dec 24;34(12):1251-1256. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Department of Otolaryngology, The First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, 79 Qingchun Road, Hangzhou, 310003, Zhejiang, China.

Branchial cleft anomalies are the second most common head and neck congenital lesions in children. It may sometimes be a part of branchio-oto-renal (BOR) syndrome, so in patients with branchial cleft anomalies associated with a complaint of auricular deformity or a similar history and findings in other family members, we should take an additional examination to find the possibility of BOR syndrome. Complete excision is essential for good prognosis. Read More

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December 2018

Optimal Timing of the First Barium Swallow Examination for Diagnosis of Pyriform Sinus Fistula.

AJR Am J Roentgenol 2018 Nov 21;211(5):1122-1127. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

1 Department of Radiology, Saitama Children's Medical Center, 1-2 Shintoshin Chuo-ku Saitama, Saitama, 330-8777 Japan.

Objective: Observation of a sinus tract during a barium swallow examination is important for the diagnosis of pyriform sinus fistula; however, to our knowledge, no reports have existed regarding the optimal timing of the examination in relation to the onset of symptoms. The purpose of this study was to compare the timing of the examination, patient age, the number of inflammatory episodes that occurred before the examination, and the barium concentration used for examinations with true-positive results versus those with false-negative results for the diagnosis of pyriform sinus fistula.

Materials And Methods: Twenty-three children with pyriform sinus fistula were included. Read More

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November 2018

Describing the mandible in patients with craniofacial microsomia based on principal component analysis and thin plate spline video analysis.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Sep 15. Epub 2018 Sep 15.

The Craniofacial Unit, Great Ormond Street Hospital, London, UK.

Craniofacial microsomia (CFM) is most often described as a unilateral malformation of derivatives of the first and second branchial arches. The mandible has been classified using several classification systems. However, all are based on two-dimensional imaging. Read More

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September 2018

Goldenhar Syndrome - ophthalmologist's perspective.

Rom J Ophthalmol 2018 Apr-Jun;62(2):96-104

Emergency Eye Hospital, Bucharest, Romania.

Goldenhar syndrome (oculo-auriculo-vertebral dysplasia, OAVS) is a rare, congenital disease arising from the abnormal development of the first and second branchial arches. The incidence is between 1:3500 and 1:5600, with a male: female ratio of 3:2. The etiopathogenesis is multifactorial and dependent on genetic and environmental factors but there are still many unknown aspects. Read More

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September 2018
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