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    1533 results match your criteria Branchial Cleft Cyst

    1 OF 31

    The Mandibular Angle Hydatid Cyst Mimicking Branchial Cleft Cyst: A Case Report.
    Iran J Parasitol 2016 Oct-Dec;11(4):591-594
    Department of Radiology, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.
    We report an unusual case of primary hydatid cyst of the mandibular angle without glands involvement, in the left supraclavicular region of the neck with no involvement of any other regions of the body. In July 2012, a 25-yr old woman, from Golestan Province, Northeast Iran was admitted to our ENT Clinic, with one-year history of a progressively increasing swelling, pain and gradually growing mass located in the left side of neck region. The patient was diagnosed by Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FANC) and histopathology examination. Read More

    Complications in head and neck surgery.
    Semin Pediatr Surg 2016 Dec 31;25(6):338-346. Epub 2016 Oct 31.
    Department of Surgery, Yale School of Medicine, PO Box 208062, New Haven, Connecticut 06510. Electronic address:
    Head and neck anatomy is topographically complex and the region is densely populated by vital nerves and vascular and lymphatic structures. Injury to many of these structures is associated with significant morbidity and may even be fatal. A thorough knowledge of regional anatomy is imperative and complications need to be managed in a thoughtful directed manner. Read More

    Diagnostic imaging of benign and malignant neck masses in children-a pictorial review.
    Quant Imaging Med Surg 2016 Oct;6(5):591-604
    Department of Radiology, Alder Hey Children's Hospital, Liverpool, UK.
    Neck masses are frequently encountered in pediatric medicine, and can present a diagnostic dilemma for the clinicians involved. There are several means by which neck masses in children can be subdivided, for example by age at presentation, anatomical location including compartments and fascia of the neck, their classical appearance when imaged, or by etiology. When imaging children the clinicians must be mindful of radiation exposure and as such ultrasound (US) is often attempted first. Read More

    (18)F-FDG PET/CT to differentiate malignant necrotic lymph node from benign cystic lesions in the neck.
    Ann Nucl Med 2017 Feb 5;31(2):101-108. Epub 2016 Dec 5.
    Department of Nuclear Medicine, Odense University Hospital, Søndre Boulevard 29, 5000, Odense C, Denmark.
    Objective: Patients presenting with cystic lesions in the neck without obvious signs of malignancy constitute a diagnostic challenge since fine needle aspiration is often insufficient and a diagnosis may not be reached until surgical resection/biopsy is performed. The differential diagnosis of a cystic cervical mass comprises a variety of benign conditions, but malignancy must be ruled out. We examined the diagnostic performance of fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) PET/CT to identify malignancy. Read More

    Branchial Cleft Cyst.
    Indian J Dermatol 2016 Nov-Dec;61(6):701
    Department of Consultant Dermatologist, Skin Care and Laser Clinic, Nasik, Maharashtra, India.
    Branchial cleft cyst, sinuses, and fistulae are among the most commonly encountered congenital anomalies in pediatric otolaryngic practice. They can present difficulty in diagnosis and surgical management. Here, I report a case of 14-year-old boy who presented with asymptomatic, congenital swelling located just below the jawline in the lateral part of the neck. Read More

    Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma Cervical Lymph Node Metastasis with Cystic Change Differentiated from Congenital Cystic Lesions with the Assistance of Immunohistochemistry: A Case Study.
    Head Neck Pathol 2016 Oct 21. Epub 2016 Oct 21.
    Department of Pathology, Yale School of Medicine, 310 Cedar Street, New Haven, CT, 208023, USA.
    Diagnosis of cystic papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) lymph node metastasis at head neck region can be a challenge in the absence of known PTC history. The congenital cystic lesions of head neck, especially thyroglossal duct cyst (TGDC) and branchial cleft cyst (BCC), are major differential diagnoses in this clinicopathological scenario. The location of cyst and morphology of lining epithelium are critical clues for reaching correct diagnosis. Read More

    Use of the GlideScope video laryngoscope for intubation during ex utero intrapartum treatment in a fetus with a giant cyst of the 4th branchial cleft: A case report.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2016 Sep;95(39):e4931
    aDepartment of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine bDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Catholic University of Daegu, Daegu, Republic of Korea.
    Introduction: In fetuses who are predicted to be at risk of catastrophic airway obstruction at delivery, the ex utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT) procedure is useful for securing the fetal airway while maintaining fetal oxygenation via placental circulation. Factors, including poor posture of the fetus and physician, narrow visual field, and issues of contamination in the aseptic surgical field, make fetal intubation during the EXIT procedure difficult. Herein, we report our experience of the usefulness of the GlideScope video laryngoscope (GVL) for intubation during the EXIT procedure. Read More

    Selected Case From the Arkadi M. Rywlin International Pathology Slide Seminar: Benign Warthin Tumor of the Thyroid.
    Adv Anat Pathol 2016 Sep;23(5):339-42
    *Department of Pathology, Charles University, Medical Faculty and Charles University Hospital Plzen †Biomedical Center, Faculty of Medicine in Plzen and Charles University Hospital Plzen, Pilsen ‡Department of Pathology, Liberec Regional Hospital, Liberec, Czech Republic.
    We report on an exceedingly rare lesion of the thyroid probably of a branchial cleft origin, which was not published in the world literature before. A 58-year-old woman underwent a total thyroidectomy for bilateral goiter. Grossly, there was one yellowish nodule sized 15 mm in the largest dimension found in the right lobe. Read More

    Avoiding surgical pitfalls during resection of a "hybrid" first and second branchial cleft cyst - A case report.
    Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2016 Aug 6;87:91-3. Epub 2016 Jun 6.
    Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, 243 Charles Street, Boston, MA 02114-3096, United States; Department of Otology and Laryngology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States. Electronic address:

    [A Case of Cystic Cervical Lymph Node Metastasis of HPV-positive Tonsil Cancer, Being Discriminated as the Branchiogenic Carcinoma].
    Nihon Jibiinkoka Gakkai Kaiho 2016 Feb;119(2):118-24
    In recent years, human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive oropharyngeal carcinomas have been increasing. The first manifestation of these tumors is frequently as cystic metastasis to cervical lymph nodes that may precede recognition of the primary tumor, so, they often result in misdiagnosis as branchial cleft cysts. We report a case of cystic cervical lymph node metastasis of HPV-positive tonsil cancer. Read More

    Cytokeratin 5/6 and P63 immunophenotype of thyroid lymphoepithelial complexes.
    Ann Diagn Pathol 2016 Aug 14;23:58-61. Epub 2016 Mar 14.
    Virginia Commonwealth System, Richmond, VA, USA. Electronic address:
    Thyroid lymphoepithelial complexes (LECos) are rare, being reported in lymphoma, Graves-Basedow disease, Hashimoto thyroiditis, pericarcinomatous thyroid or in the context of branchial cleft-like cysts. Here we report immunohistochemical expression of cytokeratin 5/6, P63 and TTF1 in 6 cases of thyroid LECos. Two cases had carbimazole treatment for hyperthyroidia and Graves disease. Read More

    Branchial cleft-like cysts in Hashimoto's thyroiditis: A case report and literature review.
    Pathol Int 2016 May;66(5):297-301
    Department of Pathology, Nikko Memorial Hospital, Muroran, Hokkaido, Japan.
    We report an extremely rare case of branchial cleft-like cysts in Hashimoto's thyroiditis. The patient was a 77-year-old man with a growing mass in the anterior neck. Ultrasonography and computed tomography revealed a cystic lesion with septum in the left thyroid and multiple small cystic lesions in the right thyroid. Read More

    Challenges in establishing the diagnosis of human papillomavirus-related oropharyngeal carcinoma.
    Laryngoscope 2016 Oct 14;126(10):2270-5. Epub 2016 Apr 14.
    Department of Radiation Therapy, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
    Objectives/hypothesis: To describe initial presentations and idiosyncrasies in establishing the diagnosis for human papillomavirus-related (HPV(+) ) compared to HPV-unrelated (HPV(-) ) oropharyngeal carcinoma (OPC).

    Study Design: A single institution retrospective series derived from an institutional prospectively compiled database supplemented by chart review.

    Methods: We reviewed consecutive OPC patients referred to an academic tertiary cancer center from 2009 to 2011. Read More

    Surgical Approaches to First Branchial Cleft Anomaly Excision: A Case Series.
    Case Rep Otolaryngol 2016 29;2016:3902974. Epub 2016 Feb 29.
    Department of Pediatric Otolaryngology Head & Neck Surgery, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37232, USA.
    Objectives. First branchial cleft anomalies (BCAs) constitute a rare entity with variable clinical presentations and anatomic findings. Given the high rate of recurrence with incomplete excision, identification of the entire tract during surgical treatment is of paramount importance. Read More

    Rapidly enlarging neck mass in a neonate causing airway compromise.
    Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) 2016 Apr;29(2):183-4
    Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center School of Medicine (Schmidt); and the Departments of Surgery (Leal, McGill) and Radiology (Jacob), Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center School of Medicine, Lubbock, Texas.
    Up to 20% of all congenital pediatric head and neck masses are branchial cleft cysts. Second branchial cleft cysts account for 95% of branchial anomalies, and fourth branchial cleft cysts are the rarest type. Their typical presentations include non-life-threatening symptoms, such as drainage, skin irritations, minor swelling, and tenderness. Read More

    Cytologic separation of branchial cleft cyst from metastatic cystic squamous cell carcinoma: A multivariate analysis of nineteen cytomorphologic features.
    Diagn Cytopathol 2016 Jul 9;44(7):561-7. Epub 2016 Mar 9.
    Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine and ARUP Laboratories, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah.
    Background: The separation of branchial cleft cysts from metastatic cystic squamous cell carcinomas in adults can be clinically and cytologically challenging. Diagnostic accuracy for separation is reported to be as low as 75% prompting some authors to recommend frozen section evaluation of suspected branchial cleft cysts before resection. We evaluated 19 cytologic features to determine which were useful in this distinction. Read More

    Intraoperative use of fibrin glue dyed with methylene blue in surgery for branchial cleft anomalies.
    Laryngoscope 2016 Sep 1;126(9):2147-50. Epub 2016 Mar 1.
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy.
    Objectives/hypothesis: We present a new method of optimizing the results of surgery for branchial cleft anomalies based on the intraoperative injection of fibrin glue combined with methylene blue dye.

    Study Design: Retrospective single-center cohort study.

    Methods: The method was applied in 17 patients suffering from branchial anomalies. Read More

    Ectopic congenital bronchogenic cyst accompanied by infection appearing in the cervical region of an elderly female patient: A case report.
    Oncol Lett 2016 Feb 10;11(2):1065-1068. Epub 2015 Dec 10.
    Department of Oromaxillofacial Head and Neck Oncology, Ninth People's Hospital, College of Stomatology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200011, P.R. China.
    Bronchogenic cysts (BCs) are rare congenital cystic lesions arising as a development malformation in the trachea-bronchial system during the embryonic period. The cysts mostly occur in the mediastinum, with an extremely low morbidity rate in the oromaxillofacial-head and neck region. The age distribution of patients who present with BCs shows a significant predominance towards young individuals compared with the elderly. Read More

    [Branchiogen cyst at unusual age and in rare localization. A case report].
    Fogorv Sz 2015 Dec;108(4):127-30
    Branchiogen anomalies represent a heterogeneous group of developmental abnormalities, they arise from incomplete obliteration of branchial clefts and pouches during embriogenesis. Clinically they can present as a cyst, fistula or sinus. Second cleft lesions account for 95% of the branchial anomalies. Read More

    Congenital midline cervical cleft: A retrospective case series of 8 children.
    Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2016 Feb 29;81:60-4. Epub 2015 Dec 29.
    Department of Pediatric Otolaryngology-Head Neck Surgery, Jeanne de Flandre Children's Hospital, University Hospital, Lille, France.
    Objectives: Congenital midline cervical cleft is a rare developmental abnormality of the ventral neck of unclear etiology. It consists of a midline skin defect. This study reports a case series of 8 patients with congenital midline cervical cleft. Read More

    [The application of three-dimensional CT in diagnosis of the branchial cleft cyst and fistula].
    Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2015 Aug;29(15):1392-3
    The patient complained of finding on the right side of the neck fistula with discharge nine years. In recently, fistula spills significantly increased compared with the previous. Special physical examination: Right sternocleidomastoid middle 1/3 front border is seen here in a small fistula, translucence jelly secretion were spilling out when squeezeing the fistula, no smell. Read More

    Branchial cleft anomalies: a pictorial review of embryological development and spectrum of imaging findings.
    Insights Imaging 2016 Feb 10;7(1):69-76. Epub 2015 Dec 10.
    Department of Radiology, Royal London Hospital, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, UK.
    Unlabelled: The branchial arches are the embryological precursors of the face, neck and pharynx. Anomalies of the branchial arches are the second most common congenital lesions of the head and neck in children, with second branchial arch anomalies by far the most common. Clinically, these congenital anomalies may present as cysts, sinus tracts, fistulae or cartilaginous remnants with typical clinical and radiological findings. Read More

    Branchial Cleft-Like Cysts Involving 3 Different Organs: Thyroid Gland, Thymus, and Parotid Gland.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2015 Oct;94(42):e1758
    From the Department of Pathology, Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Medicine and Engineering, University of Yamanashi, Yamanashi, Japan.
    Branchial cleft cysts (BCCs) are also named lateral cervical cysts and widely acknowledged as being derived from embryonic remnants. Lymphoepithelial cysts (LECs) generally show microscopic features that are identical to those of BCCs, and rarely occur at unusual sites or organs.A case of multiple cysts arising in both lobes of the thyroid gland, thymus, and right parotid gland in a 41-year-old man is reported. Read More

    Neonatal Presentation of an Air-Filled Neck Mass that Enlarges with Valsalva: A Case Report.
    AJP Rep 2015 Oct 7;5(2):e207-11. Epub 2015 Sep 7.
    Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Children's Mercy Hospital, University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine, Kansas City, Missouri.
    Branchial cleft cysts are common causes of congenital neck masses in the pediatric population. However, neonatal presentation of branchial cleft cysts is uncommon, but recognizable secondary to acute respiratory distress from airway compression or complications secondary to infection. We report a 1-day-old infant presenting with an air-filled neck mass that enlarged with Valsalva and was not associated with respiratory distress. Read More

    A rare, incidental submandibular hydatid cyst.
    Kulak Burun Bogaz Ihtis Derg 2015 ;25(5):306-9
    Department of Otolaryngology, Kayseri Training and Research Hospital, 65200 Kocasinan, Kayseri, Turkey.
    Hydatid cyst disease is a parasitic infestation caused by Echinococcus granulosus. It is transmitted via oral ingestion of eggs excreted by dog's stool. Liver and lungs are the most commonly involved organs. Read More

    Endoscope-assisted approach to excision of branchial cleft cysts.
    Laryngoscope 2016 Jun 15;126(6):1339-42. Epub 2015 Oct 15.
    Department of Otolaryngology.
    Objectives/hypothesis: The purpose of this study is to describe an endoscope-assisted surgical technique for the excision of branchial cleft cysts and compare it to the standard approach.

    Study Design: Retrospective case series review.

    Methods: Twenty-seven cases described as branchial cleft excisions performed by a single surgeon at one academic medical center were identified between 2007 and 2014. Read More

    Ciliated HPV-related Carcinoma: A Well-differentiated Form of Head and Neck Carcinoma That Can Be Mistaken for a Benign Cyst.
    Am J Surg Pathol 2015 Nov;39(11):1591-5
    Departments of *Pathology †Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery ‡Oncology, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD.
    Although human papillomavirus (HPV)-related oropharyngeal carcinomas (HPV-OPCs) are generally regarded as "poorly differentiated," they actually maintain a close resemblance to the lymphoepithelium of the tonsillar crypts from which they arise: they are basaloid, exhibit minimal keratinization, and are often permeated by lymphocytes. In rare cases, the presence of cilia in a primary HPV-OPC and their persistence in lymph node metastasis can confound the distinction between a benign and malignant process. Three cases of ciliated HPV-OPCs were identified from the archives of The Johns Hopkins Head and Neck Pathology consultation service. Read More

    Branchial cysts: an unusual cause of a mediastinal mass: a case report.
    J Med Case Rep 2015 Sep 29;9:208. Epub 2015 Sep 29.
    Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Kenyatta National Hospital, Hospital Road, Nairobi, 00202, Kenya.
    Introduction: Complex embryological processes form the head and neck of humans. It is not flawless; remnants lead to sinuses or cysts, commonly in the head and neck region.

    Case Presentation: We present the a case of an 8-year-old boy, a primary school pupil, from rural Kenya with chronic cough, wheezing, difficulty in breathing and dyspnea on exertion. Read More

    Branchial cleft and pouch anomalies in childhood: a report of 50 surgical cases.
    J Endocrinol Invest 2016 May 24;39(5):529-35. Epub 2015 Sep 24.
    Department of Pediatric Surgery, Children's Hospital A. Meyer, University of Florence, Via Luca Giordano 13, 50132, Florence, Italy.
    Background And Aims: Branchial abnormalities occur when there is disturbance in the maturation of the branchial apparatus during fetal development. Branchial anomalies are congenital lesions usually present in childhood, even if they can be diagnosed later for enlargement or infection. A correct diagnosis will lead to proper management: complete surgical excision is the treatment of choice. Read More

    Surgery versus endoscopic cauterization in patients with third or fourth branchial pouch sinuses: A systematic review.
    Laryngoscope 2016 Jan 15;126(1):212-7. Epub 2015 Sep 15.
    Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Pediatric Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Utrecht, the Netherlands.
    Objectives: To systematically review the current literature on treatment of third and fourth branchial pouch sinuses with endoscopic cauterization, including chemocauterization and electrocauterization, in comparison to surgical treatment.

    Data Sources: PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library.

    Review Methods: We conducted a systematic search. Read More

    Oropharyngeal trauma mimicking a first branchial cleft anomaly.
    Laryngoscope 2016 Jun 15;126(6):E224-E226. Epub 2015 Sep 15.
    Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Department of Surgery, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    We present a unique and challenging case of a remnant foreign body that presented to us in a child disguised as a strongly suspected congenital branchial cleft anomaly. This case entailed oropharyngeal trauma, with a delayed presentation as a retroauricular cyst accompanied by otorrhea that mimicked the classic presentation of an infected first branchial cleft anomaly. During surgical excision of the presumed branchial anomaly, a large wooden stick was found in the tract. Read More

    Bronchogenic cancer: It still exists.
    Laryngoscope 2016 Mar 15;126(3):638-42. Epub 2015 Sep 15.
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany.
    Objectives/hypothesis: Branchial cleft cysts rank among the most common differential diagnoses of cystic cervical masses. Rarely, classic cystic structures exhibit a squamous cell carcinoma differentiation that represents a bronchogenic carcinoma. The existence of bronchogenic carcinoma is controversial due to the lack of systematic immunohistologic workup. Read More

    Excision versus trichloroacetic acid (TCA) chemocauterization for branchial sinus of the pyriform fossa.
    J Pediatr Surg 2015 Nov 14;50(11):1949-53. Epub 2015 Jul 14.
    Department of Otolaryngology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine and Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
    Purpose: We analyzed the outcomes of open surgical excision and endoscopic trichloroacetic acid (TCA) chemocauterization for the treatment of branchial sinus of the pyriform fossa (BSPF).

    Method: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 27 patients (16 males and 11 females) who were treated for BSPF at the Asan Medical Center between 1996 and 2013.

    Results: The median age of the 27 patients was 4. Read More

    Papillary Thyroid Microcarcinoma with a Large Cystic Dilated Lymph Node Metastasis to the Neck Mimicking a Branchial Cleft Cyst: A Potential Pitfall.
    Case Rep Otolaryngol 2015 9;2015:796358. Epub 2015 Jul 9.
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, Istanbul Medeniyet University Goztepe Training and Research Hospital, 34730 Istanbul, Turkey.
    Lateral cervical cystic mass in a young adult very rarely could be a first sign of an occult thyroid papillary microcarcinoma metastasis. In this paper, we presented a 37-year-old male patient whose preoperative 6 cm left lateral cervical cystic mass was initially diagnosed as branchial cleft cyst, but then the postoperative histopathological examination of the mass was revealed as papillary thyroid carcinoma metastasis. Preoperative fine needle aspiration biopsy was relevant with a branchial cleft cyst. Read More

    Deep Neck Infection: A Review of 130 Cases in Southern China.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2015 Jul;94(27):e994
    From the Otorhinolaryngology Hospital, Otorhinolaryngology Institute, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University (WY, LH, ZW, JL, JW, WW, WL); the Otolaryngological Department, Peking University Shenzhen Hospital, Shenzhen, Guangdong (WY, GN); Master Candidate in Department of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou (XL); Division of Otorhinolaryngology, First People's Hospital of Foshan, Foshan (HQ); and Division of Rheumatology, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China (DL).
    The study aims to present our experience of the clinical course and management of deep neck infection and try to determine if the characteristics of this kind of infection were similar between the children and adults in southern China.Patients diagnosed with deep neck infection in the Division of Otolaryngology in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University between January 2002 and December 2011 were screened retrospectively for demographic characteristics, presenting symptoms, antibiotic therapy before admission, the history of antibiotics abuse, leucocyte count, etiology, bacteriology, disease comorbidity, imaging, treatment, complications, and outcomes.One hundred thirty patients were included and 44 (33. Read More

    Routine non-thyroid head and neck cytology in a large UK centre: clinical utility and pitfalls.
    J Laryngol Otol 2015 Jul;129(7):682-7
    Department of Head and Neck,Nottingham University Hospitals,UK.
    Objective: This study aimed to examine the performance of head and neck cytology at Nottingham University Hospitals between 2009 and 2010.

    Methods: Cases were extracted from the Winpath pathology reporting system and correlations were investigated between results and the histological and clinical outcomes. Specimen adequacy and the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and diagnostic accuracy of the cytology tests were calculated. Read More

    [A bulky lateral cervical mass].
    Med Sante Trop 2015 Apr-Jun;25(2):133-5
    Service de chirurgie digestive et endocrinienne, CHU de Treichville, Côte d'Ivoire.
    Branchial cysts are rare, benign cervical lesions that can mimic thyroid goiters, in particular in areas where goiters are endemic. This case describes an Ivorian patient who presented with what appeared to be a voluminous thyroid goiter. At surgery, it proved to be a cyst of the second pharyngeal arch. Read More

    Case report of a p16INK4A-positive branchial cleft cyst.
    J Laryngol Otol 2015 Jun 25;129(6):611-3. Epub 2015 May 25.
    Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery,Austin Hospital,Heidelberg,Melbourne.
    Objective: To report the occurrence of a concurrent oropharyngeal papilloma and branchial cleft cyst linked by p16(INK4A) and human papillomavirus immunohistochemistry.

    Case Report: A 42-year-old woman presented with a 1-month history of a left lateral neck mass. Contrast enhanced computed tomography showed a hypodense lesion 20 mm in diameter anteromedial to the left sternocleidomastoid muscle. Read More

    Distribution of branchial anomalies in a paediatric Asian population.
    Singapore Med J 2015 Apr;56(4):203-7
    Department of Otolaryngology, Singapore General Hospital, Academia, Level 5, 20 College Road, Singapore 169856.
    Introduction: The objective of the present study was to review the distribution and incidence of branchial anomalies in an Asian paediatric population and highlight the challenges involved in the diagnosis of branchial anomalies.

    Methods: This was a retrospective chart review of all paediatric patients who underwent surgery for branchial anomalies in a tertiary paediatric hospital from August 2007 to November 2012. The clinical notes were correlated with preoperative radiological investigations, intraoperative findings and histology results. Read More

    Thyroglossal Duct Cyst Associated with Xanthogranulomatous Inflammation.
    Head Neck Pathol 2015 Dec 21;9(4):530-3. Epub 2015 Apr 21.
    Department of Pathology, University Health Network, 200 Elizabeth Street, 11th Floor, Toronto, ON, M5G 2C4, Canada.
    Xanthogranulomatous inflammation (XGI) is an uncommon destructive chronic inflammatory process mainly occurring in the kidney and gallbladder, characterized by the accumulation of foamy histiocytes, multinucleated giant cells (Touton type), cholesterol clefts and chronic inflammatory cells. The head and neck region is an uncommon site for XGI. This type of inflammatory reaction has been defined in branchial cleft cyst, salivary gland tumors following fine-needle aspiration biopsies, Rathke's cleft cyst in the pituitary gland, and colloid cyst in the 3rd ventricle. Read More

    Robot-assisted excision of branchial cleft cysts using a postauricular facelift approach.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2015 Oct 9;42(5):424-7. Epub 2015 Apr 9.
    Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
    Various approaches have been employed to avoid visible scars in the neck, along with the development of robotic and endoscopic techniques. We have employed a technique of robot-assisted excision of branchial cleft cyst (BCC) via a postauricular facelift approach. We present three patients with 2nd BCC who underwent robot-assisted excision of mass. Read More

    Excavating Meckel's cave: Cavum-trigeminale-cephaloceles (CTCs).
    J Neuroradiol 2015 Jun 6;42(3):156-61. Epub 2015 Apr 6.
    Department of Neuroradiology, University Hospital of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 400, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany; FMRIB Centre, Department of Clinical Neurology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.
    Background And Purpose: Cavum-trigeminale-cephaloceles (CTCs) are rare lesions of Meckel's cave and the petrous apex. Despite distinctive imaging features, they are frequently mistaken for other petrous apex lesions. In contrast to many of these entities, CTCs do--when asymptomatic--not require any invasive work-up or even surgical excision. Read More

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