3,786 results match your criteria Brain and language[Journal]


Prefrontal sensitivity to changes in language form and semantic content during speech production.

Brain Lang 2019 Apr 13;194:23-34. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Faculty of Foreign Languages, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China. Electronic address:

In bilingual speakers, language switching might involve a change in language form, meaning, or both. However, the neural substrates of language control in the three switching conditions have not been specified. We examined bilingual speech production using a picture-naming paradigm that teased apart language and semantic switching. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2019.04.001DOI Listing

Brain networks involved in accented speech processing.

Brain Lang 2019 Apr 5;194:12-22. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Neuropsychology and Functional Imaging Group, Department of Basic Psychology, Clinical Psychology, and Psychobiology, Universitat Jaume I, Castellón, Spain.

We investigated the neural correlates of accented speech processing (ASP) with an fMRI study that overcame prior limitations in this line of research: we preserved intelligibility by using two regional accents that differ in prosody but only mildly in phonetics (Latin American and Castilian Spanish), and we used independent component analysis to identify brain networks as opposed to isolated regions. ASP engaged a speech perception network composed primarily of structures related with the processing of prosody (cerebellum, putamen, and thalamus). This network also included anterior fronto-temporal areas associated with lexical-semantic processing and a portion of the inferior frontal gyrus linked to executive control. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2019.03.003DOI Listing

Profiling sentence repetition deficits in primary progressive aphasia and Alzheimer's disease: Error patterns and association with digit span.

Brain Lang 2019 Apr 3;194:1-11. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

School of Psychology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

The use of sentence repetition tasks to distinguish dementia syndromes, particularly variants of primary progressive aphasia (PPA), is receiving growing attention. Impaired sentence repetition is a core feature of logopenic variant PPA, although the underlying cognitive mechanisms of this impairment and its significance as a diagnostic criterion remain poorly understood. Sentence repetition abilities of 12 people with dementia, using an adapted error classification schema, were analyzed, along with digit span abilities, a measure frequently used to assess working memory capacity, to explore error patterns and correlations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2019.03.001DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Editorial for the special issue on language and epilepsy.

Brain Lang 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA, United States; Department of Biomedical Engineering, The Henry Samueli School of Engineering, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA, United States.

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0093934X193009
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2019.03.002DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Continuous theta burst stimulation over right pars triangularis facilitates naming abilities in chronic post-stroke aphasia by enhancing phonological access.

Brain Lang 2019 May 11;192:25-34. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Department of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania, 3710 Hamilton Walk, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been used experimentally to facilitate naming abilities in individuals with chronic post-stroke aphasia. However, little is known about how rTMS confers clinical improvement, hampering its therapeutic value. The present study investigated the characteristics of naming failure that improve following administration of continuous theta burst stimulation (cTBS)-an inhibitory form of rTMS-to the right pars triangularis (rPTr) in persons with chronic aphasia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2019.02.005DOI Listing
May 2019
3 Reads

Successful second language learning is tied to robust domain-general auditory processing and stable neural representation of sound.

Brain Lang 2019 May 1;192:15-24. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Department of Psychological Sciences, Birkbeck, University of London, Malet Street, London WC1E 7HX, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

There is a great deal of individual variability in outcome in second language learning, the sources of which are still poorly understood. We hypothesized that individual differences in auditory processing may account for some variability in second language learning. We tested this hypothesis by examining psychoacoustic thresholds, auditory-motor temporal integration, and auditory neural encoding in adult native Polish speakers living in the UK. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2019.02.004DOI Listing

Steady state visual evoked potentials in reading aloud: Effects of lexicality, frequency and orthographic familiarity.

Brain Lang 2019 May 1;192:1-14. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Aix-Marseille University and CNRS, LPC, 3 Place Victor Hugo, 13331 Marseille Cedex 3, France.

The present study explored the possibility to use Steady-State Visual Evoked Potentials (SSVEPs) as a tool to investigate the core mechanisms in visual word recognition. In particular, we investigated three benchmark effects of reading aloud: lexicality (words vs. pseudowords), frequency (high-frequency vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2019.01.004DOI Listing
May 2019
3.215 Impact Factor

Neural mechanisms for coping with acoustically reduced speech.

Brain Lang 2019 04 26;191:46-57. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Department of Linguistics, Universität Konstanz, Germany.

In spoken language, reductions of word forms occur regularly and need to be accommodated by the listener. Intriguingly, this accommodation is usually achieved without any apparent effort. The neural bases of this cognitive skill are not yet fully understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2019.02.001DOI Listing

Test-retest reliability in an fMRI study of naming in dementia.

Brain Lang 2019 04 23;191:31-45. Epub 2019 Feb 23.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47401, United States. Electronic address:

fMRI has been used as an outcome measure in dementia treatment studies, with many previous studies comparing only single pre- and post-treatment fMRI scans to determine treatment-induced neural changes, while utilizing single subject experimental designs. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate fMRI test-retest reliability in dementia patients and typical older adults using noun and verb confrontation naming to evaluate the validity of using a single pre/post-treatment scan comparison. Seven individuals with dementia and 9 control participants were tested three times over two months using the same fMRI procedures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2019.02.002DOI Listing

Are variants in sex hormone metabolizing genes associated with stuttering?

Brain Lang 2019 04 22;191:28-30. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

NIDCD/National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2019.02.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6404540PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Roles of ventral versus dorsal pathways in language production: An awake language mapping study.

Brain Lang 2019 04 12;191:17-27. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

University of California San Francisco, Department of Neurological Surgery, United States.

Human language is organized along two main processing streams connecting posterior temporal cortex and inferior frontal cortex in the left hemisphere, travelling dorsal and ventral to the Sylvian fissure. Some views propose a dorsal motor versus ventral semantic division. Others propose division by combinatorial mechanism, with the dorsal stream responsible for combining elements into a sequence and the ventral stream for forming semantic dependencies independent of sequential order. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0093934X183001
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2019.01.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6402581PMC
April 2019
7 Reads

Is the LAN effect in morphosyntactic processing an ERP artifact?

Brain Lang 2019 04 4;191:9-16. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

BCBL, Basque Center on Cognition, Brain and Language, Mikeletegi 69, 20009 Donostia, Spain.

The left anterior negativity (LAN) is an ERP component that has been often associated with morphosyntactic processing, but recent reports have questioned whether the LAN effect, in fact, exists. The present project examined whether the LAN effect, observed in the grand average response to local agreement violations, is the result of the overlap between two different ERP effects (N400, P600) at the level of subjects (n = 80), items (n = 120), or trials (n = 6160). By-subject, by-item, and by-trial analyses of the ERP effect between 300 and 500 ms showed a LAN for 55% of the participants, 46% of the items, and 49% of the trials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2019.01.003DOI Listing

An fMRI-adaptation study of phonological and orthographic selectivity to written words in adults with poor reading skills.

Brain Lang 2019 04 2;191:1-8. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Department of Pediatrics, Georgetown University Medical Center, 4000 Reservoir Rd. NW, Washington, DC 20057, USA. Electronic address:

Typical readers rely on two brain pathways for word processing in the left hemisphere: temporo-parietal cortex (TPC) and inferior frontal cortex (IFC), thought to subserve phonological decoding, and occipito-temporal cortex (OTC), including the "visual word form area" (VWFA), thought to subserve orthographic processing. How these regions are affected in developmental dyslexia has been a topic of intense research. We employed fMRI rapid adaptation (fMRI-RA) in adults with low reading skills to examine in independently-defined functional regions of interest (ROIs) phonological selectivity to written words in left TPC and IFC, and to orthographic selectivity to written words in OTC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2019.01.002DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

Gesture height reflects common ground status even in patients with amnesia.

Brain Lang 2019 03 21;190:31-37. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Hearing and Speech Sciences, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, United States.

When we communicate, we alter our language and gesture based on the mutually shared knowledge - common ground - that we have with our listener. How memory supports these alterations remain unclear. We asked healthy adults and patients with hippocampal amnesia to engage in a referential communication task. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0093934X183001
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.12.008DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Repetitive verbal behaviors are not always harmful signs: Compensatory plasticity within the language network in aphasia.

Brain Lang 2019 03 19;190:16-30. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Cognitive Neurology and Aphasia Unit, Centro de Investigaciones Médico-Sanitarias, Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de Málaga (IBIMA), University of Malaga, Malaga, Spain; Research Laboratory on the Neuroscience of Language, Faculty of Psychology and Speech Therapy, University of Malaga, Malaga, Spain.

Repetitive verbal behaviors such as conduite d'approche (CdA) and mitigated echolalia (ME) are well-known phenomena since early descriptions of aphasia. Nevertheless, there is no substantial fresh knowledge on their clinical features, neural correlates and treatment interventions. In the present study we take advantage of three index cases of chronic fluent aphasia showing CdA, ME or both symptoms to dissect their clinical and neural signatures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.12.004DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Musical meaning modulates word acquisition.

Brain Lang 2019 03 9;190:10-15. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Stephanstrasse 1A, 04103 Leipzig, Germany.

Musical excerpts have been shown to have the capacity to prime the processing of target words and vice versa, strongly suggesting that music can convey concepts. However, to date no study has investigated an influence of musical semantics on novel word acquisition, thus corroborating evidence for a similarity of underlying semantic processing of music and words behaviourally. The current study investigates whether semantic content of music can assist the acquisition of novel words. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.12.001DOI Listing
March 2019
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The effects of distractor set-size on neural tracking of attended speech.

Brain Lang 2019 03 4;190:1-9. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

The University of Lethbridge, 4401 University Drive, Lethbridge, Alberta T1K 3M4, Canada.

Attention is crucial to speech comprehension in real-world, noisy environments. Selective phase-tracking between low-frequency brain dynamics and the envelope of target speech is a proposed mechanism to reject competing distractors. Studies have supported this theory in the case of a single distractor, but have not considered how tracking is systematically affected by varying distractor set sizes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.12.005DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Knowledge of language function and underlying neural networks gained from focal seizures and epilepsy surgery.

Brain Lang 2019 02 4;189:20-33. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Department of Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA.

The effects of epilepsy and its treatments have contributed significantly to language models. The setting of epilepsy surgery, which allows for careful pre- and postsurgical evaluation of patients with cognitive testing and neuroimaging, has produced a wealth of language findings. Moreover, a new wave of surgical interventions, including stereotactic laser ablation and radio frequency ablation, have contributed new insights and corrections to language models as they can make extremely precise, focal lesions. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0093934X163009
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.12.007DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

Developmental changes of association strength and categorical relatedness on semantic processing in the brain.

Brain Lang 2019 02 26;189:10-19. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Department of Psychology and Human Development, Vanderbilt University, USA. Electronic address:

Semantic knowledge has thematic relations of contiguity based on association and taxonomic relations of similarity based on shared features to form categories. It is unknown if there are distinct brain networks between thematic and taxonomic organizations in children and if this distinction is related to changes in specialized brain regions with age and/or skill. We orthogonally manipulated association strength (strong, weak) and categorical relatedness (high, low) to examine 10- to 14-year-old children over a two-year interval. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.12.006DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Similar within-utterance loci of dysfluency in acquired neurogenic and persistent developmental stuttering.

Brain Lang 2019 02 26;189:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Seton Hall University, South Orange, NJ, USA.

Although the underlying neural mechanisms remain unknown for both persistent developmental stuttering (PSD) and acquired neurogenic stuttering (ANS), few studies have examined similarities/differences between these two disorders. We evaluated in both PDS (n = 35) and ANS (n = 5) phonetic, word class, word length, and word position variables that are widely believed to influence at which loci within utterances PDS speakers' stuttering is most likely to occur. For both groups, (a) word weights based on the combination of variables were greater for stuttered vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.12.003DOI Listing
February 2019
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Cortical thickness of Broca's area and right homologue is related to grammar learning aptitude and pitch discrimination proficiency.

Brain Lang 2019 01 18;188:42-47. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Linguistics and Phonetics, Lund University, 221 00, Sweden. Electronic address:

Aptitude for and proficiency in acquiring new languages varies in the human population but their neural bases are largely unknown. We investigated the influence of cortical thickness on language learning predictors measured by the LLAMA tests and a pitch-change discrimination test. The LLAMA tests are first language-independent assessments of language learning aptitude for vocabulary, phonetic working memory, sound-symbol correspondence (not used in this study), and grammatical inferencing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.12.002DOI Listing
January 2019
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Behavioral and neural evidence on the processing of ambiguous adjective-noun dependencies in Korean sentence comprehension.

Brain Lang 2019 01 14;188:28-41. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Dept. of Media and Communication, Konkuk Univeirsity, Seoul 5029, Republic of Korea; Brain and Cognition Research Center, Konkuk University, Seoul 5029, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

In Korean, it is allowed for an adjective to modify a distant noun that appears after an intervening relative clause instead of an adjacent noun. The current study investigated the time course of syntactic and semantic integration between an adjective (A) and an adjacent noun (N1) and/or a distant noun (N2) during on-line reading comprehension of Korean sentences. Semantic congruence between adjectives and nouns were manipulated, such that A was congruent with both N1 and N2, either with N1 or N2, or with none of N1/N2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.11.004DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Composition of event concepts: Evidence for distinct roles for the left and right anterior temporal lobes.

Brain Lang 2019 01 7;188:18-27. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Linguistics, New York University, New York, NY, USA; Department of Psychology, New York University, New York, NY, USA; NYUAD Institute, New York University Abu Dhabi, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

Characterizing the precise computations carried out by the various nodes of the semantic network remains a central challenge. One of the better understood nodes within this system is the left anterior temporal lobe (LATL), which shows an early (∼250 ms) amplitude increase if the semantic composition between the current word and its context is in some ways "simple." As this type of effect has only been demonstrated for noun-modifier composition, we asked if a similar pattern is elicited for verb phrase composition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.11.003DOI Listing
January 2019
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Sensorimotor Speech Processing: A Brief Introduction to the Special Issue.

Brain Lang 2018 12;187:18

Experimental Psychology, Division of Psychology and Language Sciences, University College London, London, United Kingdom.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.11.001DOI Listing
December 2018
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EEG mu rhythms: Rich sources of sensorimotor information in speech processing.

Brain Lang 2018 12 24;187:41-61. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Hearing, Speech, and Language Sciences, Gallaudet University, 800 Florida Avenue NE, Washington, DC 20002, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.09.005DOI Listing
December 2018
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Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) selectively modulates semantic information during reading.

Brain Lang 2019 01 24;188:11-17. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Department of Psychology, Western University, Canada.

The left angular gyrus has long been implicated in semantic processing. Here we tested whether or not transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over the left angular gyrus modulated reading performance. Adult readers (N = 77) (1) read aloud words that varied in degree of imageability, a semantic word property known to activate the angular gyrus, and (2) completed an N-back task (control task). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.11.002DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

The role of experience for abstract concepts: Expertise modulates the electrophysiological correlates of mathematical word processing.

Brain Lang 2019 01 11;188:1-10. Epub 2018 Nov 11.

Institute for Experimental Psychology, Heinrich Heine University, Düsseldorf, Germany.

Embodied theories assign experience a crucial role in shaping conceptual representations. Supporting evidence comes mostly from studies on concrete concepts, where e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.10.002DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Sensorimotor characteristics of sign translations modulate EEG when deaf signers read English.

Brain Lang 2018 12 3;187:9-17. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Ph.D. in Educational Neuroscience (PEN) Program, Gallaudet University, 800 Florida Ave NE, Washington, D.C. 20002, USA.

Bilingual individuals automatically translate written words from one language to another. While this process is established in spoken-language bilinguals, there is less known about its occurrence in deaf bilinguals who know signed and spoken languages. Since sign language uses motion and space to convey linguistic content, it is possible that action simulation in the brain's sensorimotor system plays a role in this process. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.10.001DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Auditory perception is associated with implicit language learning and receptive language ability in autism spectrum disorder.

Brain Lang 2018 12 9;187:1-8. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

University of Washington, Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, United States; Seattle Children's Hospital Research Institute, United States.

Background: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is associated with language impairment as well as atypical auditory sensory processing. The current study investigated associations among auditory perception, implicit language learning and receptive language ability in youth with ASD.

Methods: We measured auditory event related potentials (ERP) during an artificial language statistical learning task in 76 youth with ASD and 27 neurotypical (NT) controls. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0093934X183001
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.09.007DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Modulating the interhemispheric balance in healthy participants with transcranial direct current stimulation: No significant effects on word or sentence processing.

Brain Lang 2018 11 1;186:60-66. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation.

Patient studies and brain stimulation evidence suggest that language processing can be enhanced by altering the interhemispheric balance: namely, preferentially enhancing left-hemisphere activity while suppressing right-hemisphere activity. To our knowledge, no study has yet compared the effects of such bilateral brain stimulation to both logically necessary control conditions (separate left- and right-hemisphere stimulation). This study did so in a between-group sham-controlled design, applying transcranial direct current stimulation over Broca's area and/or its homologue in 72 healthy participants. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0093934X183008
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.09.004DOI Listing
November 2018
21 Reads

Distinct brain areas process novel and repeating tone sequences.

Brain Lang 2018 12 29;187:104-114. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

Laboratory of Integrative Neuroscience and Cognition, Interdisciplinary Program in Neuroscience, Georgetown University Medical Center, 3970 Reservoir Road NW, New Research Building-WP19, Washington, DC 20007, USA; Brain and Mind Laboratory, Department of Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering, School of Science, Aalto University, 00076 AALTO Espoo, Finland; Institute for Advanced Study, TUM, Munich-Garching, 80333 Munich, Germany. Electronic address:

The auditory dorsal stream has been implicated in sensorimotor integration and concatenation of sequential sound events, both being important for processing of speech and music. The auditory ventral stream, by contrast, is characterized as subserving sound identification and recognition. We studied the respective roles of the dorsal and ventral streams, including recruitment of basal ganglia and medial temporal lobe structures, in the processing of tone sequence elements. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0093934X173012
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.09.006DOI Listing
December 2018
16 Reads

Visual and linguistic narrative comprehension in autism spectrum disorders: Neural evidence for modality-independent impairments.

Brain Lang 2018 11 11;186:44-59. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Cognitive Neurology/Neuropsychology, Department of Neurology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, United States; Department of Cognitive Science, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, United States.

Individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have notable language difficulties, including with understanding narratives. However, most narrative comprehension studies have used written or spoken narratives, making it unclear whether narrative difficulties stem from language impairments or more global impairments in the kinds of general cognitive processes (such as understanding meaning and structural sequencing) that are involved in narrative comprehension. Using event-related potentials (ERPs), we directly compared semantic comprehension of linguistic narratives (short sentences) and visual narratives (comic panels) in adults with ASD and typically-developing (TD) adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.09.001DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Cortical regions supporting reading comprehension skill for single words and discourse.

Brain Lang 2018 11 11;186:32-43. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, United States; Haskins Laboratories, New Haven, CT, United States; Yale Child Study Center, Yale University, New Haven, CT, United States; CT Institute for the Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Storrs, CT, United States. Electronic address:

A substantial amount of variation in reading comprehension skill is explained by listening comprehension skill, suggesting tight links between printed and spoken discourse processing. In addition, both word level (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.08.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6447036PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Quantitative assessment of grammar in amyloid-negative logopenic aphasia.

Brain Lang 2018 11 8;186:26-31. Epub 2018 Sep 8.

Department of Neurology (Division of Behavioral Neurology and Movement Disorders), Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, United States.

Logopenic primary progressive aphasia (lvPPA) typically results from underlying Alzheimer's disease, but subjects have been reported that do not show beta-amyloid (Aβ) deposition. These subjects do not differ on neurological and speech-language testing from Aβ-positive lvPPA, but they impressionistically show increased grammatical deficits. We performed a quantitative linguistic analysis of grammatical characteristics in Aβ-negative lvPPA compared to Aβ-positive lvPPA and agrammatic PPA, which is characterized by increased grammatical difficulties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.09.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6299833PMC
November 2018
29 Reads

Developmental differences in the neural oscillations underlying auditory sentence processing in children and adults.

Brain Lang 2018 11 7;186:17-25. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

University of Texas at Dallas, United States.

Although very young children seem to process ongoing language quickly and effortlessly, neuroimaging and behavioral studies reveal that children continue to mature in their language skills through adolescence. During this prolonged development, children likely engage the same basic cognitive processes and neural mechanisms to perform language tasks as adults, but in somewhat different ways. In this study we used time frequency analysis of EEG to identify developmental differences in the engagement of neural oscillations between children (ages 10-12) and adults while listening to naturally-paced sentences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.09.002DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Global gray matter morphometry differences between children with reading disability, ADHD, and comorbid reading disability/ADHD.

Brain Lang 2018 10 4;185:54-66. Epub 2018 Sep 4.

Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, United States.

Extensive, yet disparate, research exists elucidating structural anomalies in individuals with Reading Disability (RD) or ADHD. Despite ADHD and RD being highly comorbid, minimal research has attempted to determine shared patterns of morphometry between these disorders. In addition, there is no published research examining the morphometry of comorbid RD and ADHD (RD/ADHD). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0093934X173029
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.08.004DOI Listing
October 2018
17 Reads

Neural correlates of automatic beliefs about gender stereotypes: Males are more prejudicial.

Brain Lang 2018 11 1;186:8-16. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

Neuro-MI Center for Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy.

Aim of this study was to investigate the neural bases of stereotype representation, including the presence of gender bias. EEG was recorded from 128 sites in 38 Italian participants. While looking for rare animal words, participants read 240 sentences, half of which expressed notions congruent with gender stereotypes, and the other half did not (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.08.006DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Critical brain regions related to post-stroke aphasia severity identified by early diffusion imaging are not the same when predicting short- and long-term outcome.

Brain Lang 2018 11 1;186:1-7. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

Inserm U 1127, CNRS UMR 7225, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06 UMR S 1127, Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière, ICM, F-75013 Paris, France; APHP, Urgences Cérébro-Vasculaires, Hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière, 47-83 Boulevard de l'Hôpital, 75013 Paris, France; UPMC Paris Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Control of Normal and Abnormal Movement: Physiopathology and Experimental Therapeutics, UPMC Paris 6, Inserm, U1127, CNRS, UMR 7225, Paris, France. Electronic address:

Objectives: To identify the critical brain regions associated with 7-days, 3 and 6-months aphasia severity using diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in acute post-stroke patients.

Materials And Methods: We performed a voxel-based ADC (Apparent Diffusion Coefficient) analysis to identify the critical brain areas correlated with aphasia at the acute (7-days outcome) and chronic stages (3 and 6-months). The location of these areas was compared with the trajectory of the dorsal (the arcuate fasciculus) and the ventral language pathways (the inferior fronto-occipital and the uncinate fasciculi). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.08.005DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads

Pragmatic abilities in multiple sclerosis: The contribution of the temporo-parietal junction.

Brain Lang 2018 10 12;185:47-53. Epub 2018 Aug 12.

Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive Science and Odontostomatology, Federico II University, Naples, Italy.

Recent studies showed that multiple sclerosis (MS) patients might experience communicative deficits, specifically in pragmatics (i.e., the ability to integrate the context-dependent aspects of language). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.08.003DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Communication impairment in Parkinson's disease: Impact of motor and cognitive symptoms on speech and language.

Brain Lang 2018 10 6;185:38-46. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

Massachusetts General Hospital, 175 Cambridge Street, Boston, MA 02114, USA. Electronic address:

Communication impairment is common in Parkinson's disease (PD) and may have both motor speech control and cognitive-linguistic underpinnings. The neurobiology of communication impairment in PD is poorly understood, and work is needed to disentangle the relative contributions of motor and cognitive dysfunction. In clinical practice, cognitive-linguistic impairments are often overlooked despite the large body of research on this topic in neurocognitive and linguistics literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.08.002DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

The language of music: Common neural codes for structured sequences in music and natural language.

Brain Lang 2018 10 4;185:30-37. Epub 2018 Aug 4.

Department of Psychology, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA. Electronic address:

The ability to process structured sequences is a central feature of natural language but also characterizes many other domains of human cognition. In this fMRI study, we measured brain metabolic response in musicians as they generated structured and non-structured sequences in language and music. We employed a univariate and multivariate cross-classification approach to provide evidence that a common neural code underlies the production of structured sequences across the two domains. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.07.003DOI Listing
October 2018
14 Reads

Cortical phase locking to accelerated speech in blind and sighted listeners prior to and after training.

Brain Lang 2018 10 17;185:19-29. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

Department of Neurology, Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research, University of Tübingen, Germany.

Cross-correlation of magnetoencephalography (MEG) with time courses derived from the speech signal has shown differences in phase-locking between blind subjects able to comprehend accelerated speech and sighted controls. The present training study contributes to disentangle the effects of blindness and training. Both subject groups (baseline: n = 16 blind, 13 sighted; trained: 10 blind, 3 sighted) were able to enhance speech comprehension up to ca. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0093934X173029
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.07.002DOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

Morpho-syntactic complexity modulates brain activation in Persian-English bilinguals: An fMRI study.

Brain Lang 2018 10 7;185:9-18. Epub 2018 Jul 7.

Brain and Language Lab, Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland​.

The Persian language can be considered to have a relatively more complex and combinatorial morpho-syntax than languages like Chinese and English. For example, the Persian verbal system is largely constituted of light verb constructions, in which light verbs are combined with specific items coming from other grammatical classes to generate entirely new verbal entities. This study was designed to examine the mediating effect of language-inherent properties related to morpho-syntax on activation of the left inferior frontal gyrus (LIFG), a brain area involved in morpho-syntactic processing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.07.001DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

Listening beyond seeing: Event-related potentials to audiovisual processing in visual narrative.

Brain Lang 2018 10 6;185:1-8. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

Social and Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, Center for Biological Science and Health, Mackenzie Presbyterian University, São Paulo, Brazil.

Every day we integrate meaningful information coming from different sensory modalities, and previous work has debated whether conceptual knowledge is represented in modality-specific neural stores specialized for specific types of information, and/or in an amodal, shared system. In the current study, we investigated semantic processing through a cross-modal paradigm which asked whether auditory semantic processing could be modulated by the constraints of context built up across a meaningful visual narrative sequence. We recorded event-related brain potentials (ERPs) to auditory words and sounds associated to events in visual narratives-i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.06.008DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Prosodic and phonetic subtypes of primary progressive apraxia of speech.

Brain Lang 2018 09 4;184:54-65. Epub 2018 Jul 4.

Department of Neurology, Division of Behavioral Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

Primary progressive apraxia of speech (PPAOS) is a clinical syndrome in which apraxia of speech is the initial indication of neurodegenerative disease. Prior studies of PPAOS have identified hypometabolism, grey matter atrophy, and white matter tract degeneration in the frontal gyri, precentral cortex, and supplementary motor area (SMA). Recent clinical observations suggest two distinct subtypes of PPAOS may exist. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.06.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6171111PMC
September 2018
24 Reads
3.215 Impact Factor

Time-generalized multivariate analysis of EEG responses reveals a cascading architecture of semantic mismatch processing.

Brain Lang 2018 09 3;184:43-53. Epub 2018 Jul 3.

Department of Psychology, Goethe University Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, Germany; Brain Imaging Center, Goethe University Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

Event-related brain potentials have a strong impact on neurocognitive models, as they inform about the temporal sequence of cognitive processes. Nevertheless, their value for deciding among alternative cognitive architectures is partly limited by component overlap and the possibility of ambiguity regarding component identity. Here, we apply temporally-generalized multivariate pattern analysis - a recently-proposed machine learning method capable of tracking the evolution of neurocognitive processes over time - to constrain possible alternative architectures underlying the processing of semantic incongruency in sentences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.06.007DOI Listing
September 2018
7 Reads

Hearing and orally mimicking different acoustic-semantic categories of natural sound engage distinct left hemisphere cortical regions.

Brain Lang 2018 08 29;183:64-78. Epub 2018 Jun 29.

Rockefeller Neurosciences Institute, Department of Physiology, Pharmacology & Neuroscience, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA.

Oral mimicry is thought to represent an essential process for the neurodevelopment of spoken language systems in infants, the evolution of language in hominins, and a process that could possibly aid recovery in stroke patients. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we previously reported a divergence of auditory cortical pathways mediating perception of specific categories of natural sounds. However, it remained unclear if or how this fundamental sensory organization by the brain might relate to motor output, such as sound mimicry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.05.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6461214PMC
August 2018
8 Reads

The time-course of cortical responses to speech revealed by fast optical imaging.

Brain Lang 2018 09 27;184:32-42. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

Beckman Institute for Advanced Science & Technology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, United States; Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, United States.

Recent work has sought to describe the time-course of spoken word recognition, from initial acoustic cue encoding through lexical activation, and identify cortical areas involved in each stage of analysis. However, existing methods are limited in either temporal or spatial resolution, and as a result, have only provided partial answers to the question of how listeners encode acoustic information in speech. We present data from an experiment using a novel neuroimaging method, fast optical imaging, to directly assess the time-course of speech perception, providing non-invasive measurement of speech sound representations, localized to specific cortical areas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.06.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6102048PMC
September 2018
4 Reads

Dissociating frequency and animacy effects in visual word processing: An fMRI study.

Brain Lang 2018 08 22;183:54-63. Epub 2018 Jun 22.

Psychology and Brain Sciences Department, HB 6207, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755, USA. Electronic address:

In an fMRI investigation of the neural representation of word frequency and animacy, participants read high- and low-frequency words within living and nonliving semantic categories. Both temporal (left fusiform gyrus) and parietal (left supramarginal gyrus) activation patterns differentiated between animal and tool words after controlling for frequency. Activation patterns in a smaller ventral temporal region, a subset of the voxels identified in the animacy contrast, differentiated between high- and low-frequency words after controlling for animacy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.05.005DOI Listing
August 2018
5 Reads

Electrophysiological study of action-affordance priming between object names.

Brain Lang 2018 09 20;184:20-31. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

School of Psychology, University of Plymouth, Plymouth, Devon PL4 8AA, UK.

If our central representation of an object is defined through embodied experience, we might expect access to action affordances to be privileged over more abstract concepts. We used event-related potentials to examine the relative time course of access to affordances. Written object names were primed with the name of an object sharing the same affordance as the target (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2018.06.002DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads