3,314 results match your criteria Brain and Cognition[Journal]


Episodic reconstruction contributes to high-confidence false recognition memories in older adults: Evidence from event-related potentials.

Brain Cogn 2019 Feb 18;132:13-21. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Center on Aging Psychology, CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China; Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China; Magnetic Resonance Imaging Research Center, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China; State Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Science, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Older adults demonstrate greater susceptibility to high-confidence memory distortions. Cognitive processes underlying memory errors in older adults remain unclear. Here, in a categorized pictures paradigm, we used the event-related potential (ERP) to examine the electrophysiological correlates of false recognition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.02.002DOI Listing
February 2019

Editorial for the special issue "Resting-state fMRI and cognition" in Brain and Cognition.

Brain Cogn 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Institute of Systems Neuroscience, Medical Faculty, Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany; Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine (INM-7), Research Centre Jülich, Jülich, Germany.

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02782626193001
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.01.003DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

A coordinate-based meta-analysis of the n-back working memory paradigm using activation likelihood estimation.

Brain Cogn 2019 Jan 29;132:1-12. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Key Laboratory for NeuroInformation of Ministry of Education, High-Field Magnetic Resonance Brain Imaging Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Center for Information in Medicine, School of Life Science and Technology, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054, China. Electronic address:

The n-back task is a classical paradigm for functional neuroimaging studies of working memory (WM). The frontal and parietal cortical regions are known to be activated during the task. We used activation likelihood estimation (ALE) to conduct a quantitative meta-analysis of 96 primary studies of n-back task variants based on four conditions: memory loads (1-back, 2-back), object (identity, location), age (younger, older) and gender (male, female). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.01.002DOI Listing
January 2019

The relation between mental rotation and handedness is a consequence of how handedness is measured.

Brain Cogn 2019 Mar 22;130:28-36. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Institute of Sport Science, University of Regensburg, Germany.

This study investigates the mental rotation performance of right- and left-handers on a chronometric mental rotation task. Hand preference as well as different types of hand performance were measured. Previous studies have reported slightly better mental rotation performance in right-handers compared with left-handers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.01.001DOI Listing

The electrophysiology of subjectively perceived memory confidence in relation to recollection and familiarity.

Brain Cogn 2019 Mar;130:20-27

Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University, the Netherlands.

Subjectively perceived confidence is critically involved in distinguishing recollection from familiarity in episodic memory retrieval. However, the extent to which recollection and familiarity share similar electrophysiological processes associated with subjectively perceived memory confidence remains an open question. In addition, the role of memory encoding in subjectively perceived confidence during retrieval has not yet been investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.07.003DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Neural indices of associative learning in pre-adolescents: An event-related potential study.

Brain Cogn 2019 Mar 7;130:11-19. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

School of Psychology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia.

This study investigated electroencephalography (EEG) correlates of prediction error during probabilistic learning in pre-adolescents. The detection of prediction errors, the discrepancies between experienced and anticipated outcomes, is thought to be a critical mechanism that drives new learning. Thirty-three typically developing pre-adolescents (mean age = 10. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.12.006DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Sub-classification of apraxia of speech in patients with cerebrovascular and neurodegenerative diseases.

Brain Cogn 2019 Mar 7;130:1-10. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Communication Disorders, School of Rehabilitation Science, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido, 1757 Kanazawa, Tobetsu-cho, Ishikari-gun, Hokkaido 061-0293, Japan.

Some studies have hypothesized that primary progressive apraxia of speech (ppAOS) consists of heterogeneous symptoms that can be sub-classified; however, no study has classified stroke-induced AOS (sAOS) and ppAOS according to common criteria. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the symptoms and relevant brain regions associated with sAOS and ppAOS for sub-classification. Participants included 8 patients with sAOS following lesions in the left precentral gyrus and/or underlying white matter, and 3 patients with ppAOS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.11.005DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Functional connectivity and the failure to retrieve meaning from shape in visual object agnosia.

Brain Cogn 2018 Dec 24. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

Department of Radiology and Medical Informatics, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

The neural mechanisms underlying the access to object knowledge from early representations of shape are little known. Functional imaging studies support the view that representations of visual properties are distributed across occipito-temporal cortex of both cerebral hemispheres. By contrast, brain lesion studies show that focal occipito-temporal damage may lead to object agnosia - a specific impairment of object recognition. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02782626183022
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.12.007DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

Fiber pathways supporting early literacy development in 5-8-year-old children.

Brain Cogn 2018 Dec 21. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Department of Psychology, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA. Electronic address:

The development of fluent reading is an extended process that requires the recruitment of a comprehensive system of perisylvian brain regions connected by an extensive network of fiber pathways. In the present cross-sectional study, we focused on fiber pathways-the arcuate fasciculus (AF), inferior longitudinal fasciculus (ILF), inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus (IFOF), and vertical occipital fasciculus (VOF)-proposed to support early literacy in typical 5-8-year-old children. We related quantitative metrics of fiber pathway microstructure in these pathways to early literacy measures of phonological awareness and decoding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.12.004DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

How can no change in an auditory stimulus generate an N2b-P3a?

Brain Cogn 2019 02 19;129:9-15. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

School of Audiology and Speech Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., Canada. Electronic address:

The purpose of this study was to investigate the occurrence of an endogenously-evoked no-go N2b. Previous literature focused on the N2b being evoked by exogenous auditory stimuli. In this study, no-go stimuli were the absence of a gap in a 1000-ms noise burst (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.12.002DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Retrieval practice improves item memory but not source memory in the context of stress.

Brain Cogn 2018 Dec 19. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Department of Psychology, Tufts University, 490 Boston Ave, Medford, MA 02155, United States.

Smith, Floerke, and Thomas (2016) demonstrated that learning by repeated testing, or retrieval practice, reduced stress-related memory impairment when compared to learning by repeatedly studying material. In the present experiment, we tested whether, relative to study practice, retrieval practice would improve post-stress memory by increasing access to both item and source information. Participants learned two wordlists, which were temporally segregated to facilitate distinction between the two lists. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02782626183027
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.12.005DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Confidence tracks sensory- and decision-related ERP dynamics during auditory detection.

Brain Cogn 2019 02 13;129:49-58. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH 45433, USA.

Recent research has focused on measuring neural correlates of metacognitive judgments in decision and post-decision processes during memory retrieval and categorization. However, many tasks (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.10.007DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Enhancing memory with stress: Progress, challenges, and opportunities.

Brain Cogn 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Yale Stress Center, Department of Psychiatry, Yale University, 2 Church Street South, Suite 209, New Haven, CT 06519, United States. Electronic address:

Stress can strongly influence what we learn and remember, including by making memories stronger. Experiments probing stress effects on hippocampus-dependent memory in rodents have revealed modulatory factors and physiological mechanisms by which acute stress can enhance long-term memory. However, extending these findings and mechanisms to understand when stress will enhance declarative memory in humans faces important challenges. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02782626183018
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.11.009DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Maternal reading fluency is associated with functional connectivity between the child's future reading network and regions related to executive functions and language processing in preschool-age children.

Brain Cogn 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Reading and Literacy Discovery Center, Pediatric Neuroimaging Research Consortium, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA; Educational Neuroimaging Center, Faculty of Education in Science and Technology, Technion, Haifa, Israel. Electronic address:

Reading is an acquired skill that relies on cognitive-control and language abilities. Home reading environment has been positively correlated with activation in parietal-temporal-occipital association cortex supporting mental imagery and narrative comprehension during a story-listening task in preschool-age children. However, the degree to which maternal reading ability influences early brain development, specifically neural circuits involved with language and reading, is not well understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.11.010DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Language or music? Environmental influences on infants' handedness from 5 to 12 months.

Brain Cogn 2019 02 10;129:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Université Paris Descartes, Laboratoire de Psychopathologie et Processus de Santé (EA 4057), France; Unité de recherche en Psychiatrie et Psychopathologie, EPS Erasme, France.

The main purpose of this study was to test the influence of music environment on hand-use preference in infants from 5 to 12 months, compared to speech environment. According to hemispheric specialization, our hypothesis was that infants would reach for objects more with their right hand in a speech context (left hemisphere), and more with their left hand in a music context (right hemisphere). 61 full-term infants aged from 5 to 12 months participated in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.12.003DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Ability to process musical pitch is unrelated to the memory advantage for vocal music.

Brain Cogn 2019 02 3;129:35-39. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

International Laboratory for Brain, Music, and Sound Research, Canada; Department of Psychology, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Canada.

Listeners remember vocal melodies better than instrumental melodies, but the origins of the effect are unclear. One explanation for the 'voice advantage' is that general perceptual mechanisms enhance processing of conspecific signals. An alternative possibility is that the voice, by virtue of its expressiveness in pitch, simply provides more musical information to the listener. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.11.011DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads
2.477 Impact Factor

Ventral attention and motor network connectivity is relevant to functional impairment in spatial neglect after right brain stroke.

Brain Cogn 2019 02 3;129:16-24. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Kessler Foundation, 1199 Pleasant Valley Way, West Orange, NJ 07052, USA; Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ 07102, USA. Electronic address:

Emerging research suggests spatial neglect after right stroke is linked to dysfunctional attention and motor networks. Advanced functional connectivity analysis clarified brain network recovery, however we need to know how networks participate in adaptive motor performance. We need to verify network changes associated with validated functional measures and spatial-motor performance in spatial neglect, especially in patients with large brain lesions and significant disability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.11.013DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377801PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Parietal lobe volume distinguishes attentional control in bilinguals and monolinguals: A structural MRI study.

Brain Cogn 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

University of Houston, United States.

Research suggests that bilingualism is associated with increases in parietal gray matter volume (GMV). These parietal GMV increases are a source of variability that may help explain the reported bilingual/monolingual differences in attentional control. The current study examined how parietal GMV variability and a participant's language background predicted Simon task performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.12.001DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Spatial characteristics of spontaneous and stimulus-induced individual functional connectivity networks in severe disorders of consciousness.

Brain Cogn 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioral Neurobiology, University of Tübingen, Germany. Electronic address:

Background: Functional connectivity (fcMRI) analyses of resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data revealed substantial differences between states of consciousness. The underlying cause-effect linkage, however, remains unknown to the present day. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between fcMRI measures and Disorders of Consciousness (DOC) in resting state and under adequate stimulation. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02782626183024
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.11.007DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

The time course of semantic and relational processing during verbal analogical reasoning.

Brain Cogn 2019 02 1;129:25-34. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Loyola University Chicago, Department of Psychology, 1032 W Sheridan Rd., Chicago, IL 60660, United States.

Analogy is an important ability that allows humans to discover relationships between information domains that often vary in surface and relational characteristics. Cognitive neuroscience studies of analogy have demonstrated the importance of the prefrontal cortex during relational comparisons, but little is known about how semantic and relational similarity interact throughout its time course. We used scalp electroencephalography (EEG) analyzed with event-related potentials (ERPs) to examine the neural time course of analogical reasoning while 16 participants solved four-term verbal analogies. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02782626183025
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.11.012DOI Listing
February 2019
11 Reads

Further to the right: Viewing distance modulates attentional asymmetries ('pseudoneglect') during visual exploration.

Brain Cogn 2019 02 22;129:40-48. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Perception and Eye Movement Laboratory, Departments of Neurology and BioMedical Research, University Hospital, University of Bern, Switzerland.

Previous studies showed that the small leftward bias found in healthy humans' spatial judgments of lines ("pseudoneglect") shifts to the right with increasing distance between stimuli and observer. In this study, we investigated whether such a modulation of attentional asymmetry can also be observed in free visual exploration. Participants freely explored photographs of naturalistic scenes for 7 s in near (60 cm) and far (140 cm) space. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.11.008DOI Listing
February 2019
11 Reads
2.477 Impact Factor

Feasibility of using auditory event-related potentials to investigate learning and memory in nonverbal individuals with Angelman syndrome.

Brain Cogn 2018 12 22;128:73-79. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Hearing and Speech Sciences, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, United States.

The combination of intellectual, communicative, and motor deficits limit the use of standardized behavioral assessments of cognition in individuals with Angelman syndrome (AS). The current study is the first to objectively evaluate learning and memory in AS using auditory event-related potentials (ERP) during passive exposure to spoken stimuli. Fifteen nonverbal individuals with the deletion subtype of AS (age 4-45 years) completed the auditory incidental memory paradigm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.11.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6345395PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Improving innovative decision-making: Training-induced changes in fronto-parietal networks.

Brain Cogn 2018 12 20;128:46-55. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Scuola Universitaria Superiore IUSS Pavia, Pavia, Italy; Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, ICS Maugeri, Pavia, Italy.

Innovative decision-making entails the balance of exploitative and explorative choices, and has been linked to the efficiency of executive functioning, including working-memory and attentional skills, associated with fronto-parietal networks. Based on the notion that such skills can be improved by cognitive training, we assessed whether a cognitive training enhancing basic executive skills might also improve the ability to manage the exploration-exploitation trade-off and its financial consequences, and whether any improvement in training-related performance would be reflected in neurostructural changes within fronto-parietal networks. Eighteen subjects participated in a baseline assessment, a training period and a follow-up measurement, while a matched group of 18 subjects did not undertake the training program. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02782626183016
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.11.004DOI Listing
December 2018
10 Reads

Goals matter: Amplification of the motivational significance of the feedback when goal impact is increased.

Brain Cogn 2018 12 16;128:56-72. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Cognitive & Affective Psychophysiology Laboratory, Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium.

Performance monitoring (PM) entails the continuous evaluation of actions and their outcomes. At the electrophysiological level, PM has been consistently related to two event-related brain potentials (ERPs): the Feedback-Related Negativity (FRN) and the P3. In a previous within-subject crossover design study, we showed that feedback's goal impact (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.11.002DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Effects of intermittent theta burst stimulation applied to the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex on empathy and impulsivity in healthy adult males.

Brain Cogn 2018 12 15;128:37-45. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Klinik und Poliklinik für Forensische Psychiatrie, Universitätsmedizin Rostock, Germany. Electronic address:

Impulsivity and empathy are clinically relevant multi-dimensional concepts. Existing evidence suggests the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (LDLPFC) plays a crucial role in impulsivity and empathy. However, the neuromodulation effect of excitatory repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation at the LDLPFC is insufficiently explored in the current literature. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02782626183022
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.11.003DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Monolinguals and bilinguals disengage attention differently following conflict and errors: Evidence from ERPs.

Brain Cogn 2018 12 15;128:28-36. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Canada.

Monolingual and bilingual young adults performed a task-switching experiment while EEG was recorded to investigate how bilingualism affects cognitive control following conflict. Participants were given pure blocks composed of three intermixed tasks, each consisting of univalent trials in which they responded to one feature of the stimulus - color, shape, or size. In the crucial conflict block, an irrelevant feature was added to one of the tasks, creating bivalent trials that included conflict. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.11.006DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Young children's sentence comprehension: Neural correlates of syntax-semantic competition.

Brain Cogn 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Neuropsychology, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Stephanstraße 1A, 04103 Leipzig, Germany. Electronic address:

Sentence comprehension requires the assignment of thematic relations between the verb and its noun arguments in order to determine who is doing what to whom. In some languages, such as English, word order is the primary syntactic cue. In other languages, such as German, case-marking is additionally used to assign thematic roles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.09.003DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

Structural brain changes as a function of second language vocabulary training: Effects of learning context.

Brain Cogn 2018 Nov 11. Epub 2018 Nov 11.

Department of Psychology and Center for Brain, Behavior, and Cognition, Pennsylvania State University, United States. Electronic address:

Recent research indicates that learning a second language (L2) results in both functional and structural brain changes. However, few studies have examined whether structural brain changes vary as a function of the context in which L2 learning takes place. The current study examines changes in cortical thickness (CT) and gray matter volume (GMV) in response to short-term L2 vocabulary learning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.09.004DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Abnormal processing of prosodic boundary in adults who stutter: An ERP study.

Brain Cogn 2018 12 10;128:17-27. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

Research Center of Brain and Cognitive Neuroscience, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China. Electronic address:

Characterized by involuntary disruptions in fluency speech, adults who stutter (AWS) are different from normally fluent speakers (NFS) in speech-language processing indices of phonological, semantic, and syntactic information coding. However, the neural base of the prosodic information (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.10.009DOI Listing
December 2018
9 Reads

Verbal long-term memory is enhanced by retrieval practice but impaired by prefrontal direct current stimulation.

Brain Cogn 2018 12 8;128:80-88. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Tufts University, Department of Psychology, Medford, MA 02155, USA.

Retrieval practice involves repeatedly testing a student during the learning experience, reliably conferring learning advantages relative to repeated study. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) of the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) has also been shown to confer learning advantages for verbal memory, though research is equivocal. The present study examined the effects of retrieval versus study practice with or without left dlPFC tDCS on verbal episodic memory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.09.008DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Stress and executive control: Mechanisms, moderators, and malleability.

Brain Cogn 2018 Nov 2. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

University of California, Irvine, CA, United States. Electronic address:

Stress pervades everyday life and more importantly, affects prefrontal cortices that support executive control functions, processes that are critical to learning and memory as well as a range of life outcomes. The positive or negative effect of stress on cognition depends on an interaction of factors related to the situation and the individual. Research has shown that psychological characteristics related to self-relevance and the availability of resources may lead individuals to perceive a stressor as a threat or challenge, driving performance outcomes. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02782626183017
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.10.004DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

Attention and cognitive load modulate motor resonance during action observation.

Brain Cogn 2018 12 28;128:7-16. Epub 2018 Oct 28.

Department of Health Sciences, University of Milano, Medical School, Milan, Italy.

Observation of others' actions evokes a motor resonant (MR) response, in the parieto-frontal Action Observation Network (AON, comprising BA40, BA6, BA4). In order to investigate the effect of cognitive processes on the AON we manipulated attention and cognitive load during central and peripheral observation of hand grasping actions with three experiments. Motor Evoked Potentials (MEPs) were elicited in the opponent of the thumb (OP) and abductor of the little finger (ADM) by Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) of the primary motor cortex. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02782626183011
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.10.006DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

Modulation of resting-state network connectivity by verbal divergent thinking training.

Brain Cogn 2018 12 25;128:1-6. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Institute of Psychology, University of Graz, Graz, Austria; BioTechMed, Graz, Austria.

A growing body of evidence suggests that creativity is associated with functional connectivity across widespread neural networks, including regions associated with executive processes and cognitive control, along with regions linked to the default mode network (DMN) of the brain. This study investigated whether a three-week verbal divergent thinking training modulates functional connectivity in networks that have been related to creativity. In a task-based functional imaging study (Fink et al. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02782626183020
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.10.008DOI Listing
December 2018
9 Reads

Influence of age on the effects of lying on memory.

Brain Cogn 2018 Oct 22. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Brandeis University, United States.

False memories are elicited from exposure to misleading information. It is possible that self-provided misinformation, or lying, has similar effects. We hypothesized that lying impairs memory for younger adults, as increased cognitive control, necessary to inhibit a truthful response, comes at the expense of retaining veridical information in memory. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02782626183017
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.10.002DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Tactile enumeration: A case study of acalculia.

Brain Cogn 2018 11 16;127:60-71. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Department of Psychology, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, POB 653, Beer-Sheva, Israel; Zlotowski Center for Neuroscience, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, POB 653, Beer-Sheva, Israel. Electronic address:

Enumeration is one of the building blocks of arithmetic and fingers are used as a counting tool in early steps. Subitizing-fast and accurate enumeration of small quantities-has been vastly studied in the visual modality, but less in the tactile modality. We explored tactile enumeration using fingers, and gray matter (GM) changes using voxel-based morphometry (VBM), in acalculia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.10.001DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

The effect of mouth opening in emotional faces on subjective experience and the early posterior negativity amplitude.

Brain Cogn 2018 11 11;127:51-59. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Department of Psychology, Education and Child Studies, Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Previous studies have examined the role of the eye region in emotional expressions, but the mouth region is understudied. The main goal of this study was to examine how mouth opening in emotional faces affects subjective experience and early automatic attentional capture, as measured by the early posterior negativity (EPN) amplitude. Participants in two studies viewed angry, happy, and neutral faces with mouths open and closed while their electroencephalogram was recorded. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02782626183023
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.10.003DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

A network view on brain regions involved in experts' object and pattern recognition: Implications for the neural mechanisms of skilled visual perception.

Brain Cogn 2018 Oct 2. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Department of Psychology, University of Northumbria at Newcastle, Newcastle, England, United Kingdom; Department of Neuroradiology, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.

Skilled visual object and pattern recognition form the basis of many everyday behaviours. The game of chess has often been used as a model case for studying how long-term experience aides in perceiving objects and their spatio-functional interrelations. Earlier research revealed two brain regions, posterior middle temporal gyrus (pMTG) and collateral sulcus (CoS), to be linked to chess experts' superior object and pattern recognition, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.09.007DOI Listing
October 2018
22 Reads

Stress impacts the fidelity but not strength of emotional memories.

Brain Cogn 2018 Sep 26. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Department of Psychology, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA. Electronic address:

Psychological stress during memory encoding influences resulting memory representations. However, open questions remain regarding how stress interacts with emotional memory. This interaction has mainly been studied by characterizing the correct identification of previously observed material (memory "hits"), with few studies investigating how stress influences the endorsement of unobserved material as remembered (memory "false alarms"). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02782626183019
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.09.001DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Event-related potential (ERP) evidence that encoding focus alters recollected features.

Brain Cogn 2018 11 22;127:42-50. Epub 2018 Sep 22.

The College of New Jersey, United States.

Event-related potential (ERP) evidence suggests that encoding focus alters the quality of information bound in memory, which can affect source memory. In the present study, participants studied product images with blue or and yellow filters while focusing either on the self (self-focus) or on the color of the filtered image (other-focus). Self-focus encoding produced more positive encoding ERPs, greater recognition for old/new judgments, and a greater Late Positive Component (LPC; the putative neural correlate for recollection). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.09.005DOI Listing
November 2018
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Transcranial direct current stimulation enhances retention of a second (but not first) order conditional visuo-motor sequence.

Brain Cogn 2018 11 22;127:34-41. Epub 2018 Sep 22.

Deakin University, Geelong, Australia, Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, School of Psychology, Australia.

This study examined the role of the left inferior frontal gyrus in the implicit learning and retention of a 'simple' first order conditional (FOC) sequence and a relatively 'complex' second order conditional (SOC) sequence, using anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (a-tDCS). Groups of healthy adults received either a-tDCS (n = 18) over the left inferior frontal gyrus or sham/placebo (n = 18) stimulation. On separate days, participants completed a serial reaction time (SRT) task whilst receiving stimulation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.09.006DOI Listing
November 2018
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Impaired motor inhibition in developmental coordination disorder.

Brain Cogn 2018 11 20;127:23-33. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, School of Psychology, Deakin University, Geelong, Australia.

This study aimed to evaluate the 'inhibitory deficit' hypothesis of developmental coordination disorder (DCD). We adopted a multifaceted approach, investigating two distinct, yet complimentary facets of motor inhibition: action restraint and action cancellation. This was achieved using carefully constructed versions of the 'Go/No-go' and 'Stop-signal' tasks, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.09.002DOI Listing
November 2018
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Anosognosia in degenerative brain diseases: The role of the right hemisphere and of its dominance for emotions.

Authors:
Guido Gainotti

Brain Cogn 2018 11 1;127:13-22. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

Institute of Neurology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy; IRCCS Fondazione Santa Lucia, Department of Clinical and Behavioral Neurology, Rome, Italy. Electronic address:

Earlier studies, which suggested that anosognosia of hemiplegia might be related to right hemisphere (RH) lesions did not control for the influence of confounding variables, such as aphasia, in patients with left-hemisphere lesions and unilateral neglect in those with RH lesions. These confounding variables are absent in patients with degenerative brain disease, where a prevalence of right-sided lesions is often associated with emotional and behavioural disturbances. This review, which can be considered a 'qualitative synthesis', aimed, therefore, to determine whether the unawareness phenomena observed in degenerative brain diseases are linked to the RH dominance for emotions. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02782626183003
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.08.002DOI Listing
November 2018
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Cortical-subcortical production of formulaic language: A review of linguistic, brain disorder, and functional imaging studies leading to a production model.

Brain Cogn 2018 10 1;126:53-64. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

Brain and Behavior Laboratory, The Nathan Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research, Orangeburg, NY, USA; Department of Psychiatry, New York University Langone School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.

Formulaic language forms about one-fourth of everyday talk. Formulaic (fixed expressions) and novel (grammatical language) differ in important characteristics. The features of idioms, slang, expletives, proverbs, aphorisms, conversational speech formulas, and other fixed expressions include ranges of length, flexible cohesion, memory storage, nonliteral and situation meaning, and affective content. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.08.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6310163PMC
October 2018
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The temporal dynamics of perceptual and conceptual fluency on recognition memory.

Brain Cogn 2018 11 1;127:1-12. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

Beijing Key Laboratory of Learning and Cognition, School of Psychology, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, PR China. Electronic address:

Recognition memory can be driven by both perceptual and conceptual fluency, but when and to what extent they contribute to recognition memory remains an open question. The present study used event-related potentials (ERPs) to investigate the neural correlates of perceptual and conceptual fluency, when they gave rise to recognition. We manipulated the perceptual and conceptual fluency of retrieval cues in the recognition test independently to obtain the effects of different types of fluency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.07.002DOI Listing
November 2018
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2.480 Impact Factor

Developmental change in the resting state electroencephalogram: Insights into cognition and the brain.

Brain Cogn 2018 10 22;126:40-52. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

Department of Human Development, Washington State University, United States.

Resting state electroencephalography (RS-EEG) is a commonly used neurophysiological technique which provides a measure of brain activity when an individual is awake and not performing any assigned cognitive task. Because this relatively simple and non-invasive method is suitable for many ages and populations, a large and diverse literature has amassed. The focus of this review is to describe and synthesize RS-EEG literature across the lifespan while emphasizing the associations between RS-EEG and cognition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.08.001DOI Listing
October 2018
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On the sensitivity of event-related fields to recollection and familiarity.

Brain Cogn 2018 10 14;126:33-39. Epub 2018 Aug 14.

School of Psychology, Nottingham University, Nottingham, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

The sensitivity of event-related potentials (ERPs) to the processes of recollection and familiarity has been explored extensively, and ERPs have been used subsequently to infer the contributions these processes make to memory judgments under a range of different circumstances. It has also been shown that event-related fields (ERFs, the magnetic counterparts of ERPs) are sensitive to memory retrieval processes. The links between ERFs, recollection and familiarity are, however, established only weakly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.07.007DOI Listing
October 2018
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The processing of animacy in noun-classifier combinations in reading Korean: An ERP study.

Authors:
Liling Jin

Brain Cogn 2018 10 8;126:23-32. Epub 2018 Aug 8.

School of Psychological and Cognitive Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100080, China. Electronic address:

A key issue in the area of language processing is the mechanism underlying the processing of animacy information during sentence comprehension. In this ERP study, we investigated the temporal dynamics of animacy processing in Korean noun-classifier combinations that do not involve verb-noun thematic processing. We manipulated semantic and animacy relationships between nouns and their following classifiers, and there were three conditions in our experiment: (a) correct, (b) semantic mismatch, or (c) animacy mismatch. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.06.001DOI Listing
October 2018
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Imagine squeezing a cactus: Cortical activation during affective motor imagery measured by functional near-infrared spectroscopy.

Brain Cogn 2018 10 7;126:13-22. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

Institute of Neural Engineering, Graz University of Technology, Graz, Austria; BioTechMed-Graz, Graz, Austria.

The activation of different brain areas during kinaesthetic and visual motor imagery has been extensively studied, whereas little is known about affective motor imagery, i.e. the imagery of pleasant/unpleasant movements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.07.006DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

The effect of ageing on the neural substrates of incidental encoding leading to recollection or familiarity.

Brain Cogn 2018 10 18;126:1-12. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

GIGA Cyclotron Research Centre in Vivo Imaging, University of Liège, Belgium; Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, University of Liège, Belgium. Electronic address:

It is well-known that the ageing process disrupts episodic memory. The aim of this study was to use an fMRI visual recognition task to characterize age-related changes in cerebral regions activated, during encoding, for images that would subsequently lead to a recollection-based or to a familiarity-based recognition. Results show that, for subsequent recollection, young adults activated regions related to semantic processing more extensively than older ones. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.07.004DOI Listing
October 2018
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Young children in different linguistic environments: A multimodal neuroimaging study of the inferior frontal gyrus.

Brain Cogn 2018 Jul 11. Epub 2018 Jul 11.

Department of Radiology, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada; Alberta Children's Hospital Research Institute, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada; Hotchkiss Brain Institute, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada. Electronic address:

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies show that bilingual adults display structural and functional brain alterations, especially in the inferior frontal gyrus (IFG), dependent on when they learned their second language. However, it is unclear whether these differences are due to early exposure to another language, or to lifelong adaptation. We studied 22 children aged 3-5 years growing up in a multilingual environment and 22 age- and sex-matched controls exposed to an English-only environment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.05.009DOI Listing
July 2018
15 Reads