3,417 results match your criteria Brain and Cognition[Journal]


Temporal attention boosts perceptual effects of spatial attention and feature-based attention.

Brain Cogn 2020 May 21;142:105570. Epub 2020 May 21.

Evolutionary Cognition, Department of Psychology, University of Tübingen, Germany.

Temporal attention, that is, the process of anticipating the occurrence of a stimulus at a given time point, has been shown to improve perceptual processing of visual stimuli. In the present study, we investigated whether and how temporal attention interacts with spatial attention and feature-based attention in visual selection. To monitor the influence of the three different attention dimensions on perceptual processing, we measured event-related potentials (ERPs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2020.105570DOI Listing

Different kinds of embodied language: A comparison between Italian and Persian languages.

Brain Cogn 2020 May 19;142:105581. Epub 2020 May 19.

Sapienza University of Rome, Department of Dynamic and Clinical Psychology, Italy; Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies, National Research Council of Italy, Rome, Italy. Electronic address:

It is debated whether only concrete but also abstract, figurative sentences, e.g.: "She grasps the cup" vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2020.105581DOI Listing

New insights into the neural foundations mediating movement/language interactions gained from intrasurgical direct electrostimulations.

Brain Cogn 2020 May 19;142:105583. Epub 2020 May 19.

Department of Neurosurgery, Gui de Chauliac Hospital, Montpellier University Medical Center, 80 Avenue Augustin Fliche, F-34295 Montpellier, France; "Plasticity of Central Nervous System, Stem Cells and Glial Tumours" Group, INSERM U1191, Institute of Functional Genomics, F-34090, HCERES, INSERM Montpellier, France.

Interactions between language and motricity have been a topic of interest in brain development as well as in pathological models. The role of the motor system in language has been investigated through neuroimaging and non-invasive brain stimulation methods. However, little is known about the neural basis that might be involved in such interactions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2020.105583DOI Listing

Feeling better: Tactile verbs speed up tactile detection.

Brain Cogn 2020 Apr 30;142:105582. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Laboratory Dynamique du Langage CNRS/Lyon 2 University UMR5596, Maisons des Sciences de l'Homme, 14 avenue Berthelot, 69007 Lyon, France.

Embodiment of action-related language into the motor system has been extensively documented. Yet the case of sensory words, especially referring to touch, remains overlooked. We investigated the influence of verbs denoting tactile sensations on tactile perception. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2020.105582DOI Listing

Corrigendum to "Ability to process musical pitch is unrelated to the memory advantage for vocal music" [Brain Cogn. 129 (2019) 35-39].

Brain Cogn 2020 May 12:105567. Epub 2020 May 12.

International Laboratory for Brain, Music, and Sound Research, Canada; Department of Psychology, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2020.105567DOI Listing
May 2020
2.477 Impact Factor

Spontaneous sensations reveal distorted body perception in complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS).

Brain Cogn 2020 May 11;142:105568. Epub 2020 May 11.

Laboratory EMC (EA 3082), Université de Lyon, Université Lyon 2, 69676 Bron, France. Electronic address:

Distortions of body representation have been reported in Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS). The perception of sensations arising without external triggers (spontaneous sensations or SPS) was assessed here as a means of investigating distortions of body representation and awareness in CRPS. To avoid confounds between CRPS symptoms and SPS, lower-limb CRPS patients were included, whereas SPS were tested on the hands. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2020.105568DOI Listing

Brief, prior, exposure to red decreases categorical and coordinate spatial task performance.

Brain Cogn 2020 May 11;142:105571. Epub 2020 May 11.

Montclair State University, United States. Electronic address:

Location information is processed through two types of spatial processing; categorical and coordinate processing. Categorical spatial relations indicate where an object is relative to another object, without regard to the metric distance between the two objects. Coordinate spatial relations indicate metric distance without regard to relative location. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2020.105571DOI Listing

Visual working memory deficits following right brain damage.

Brain Cogn 2020 May 8;142:105566. Epub 2020 May 8.

Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada.

Visual working memory (VWM) involves the encoding and maintenance of visual information over time, with the requirement that object features be accurately bound to spatial locations. We and others have shown that damage to the right hemisphere leads to impaired spatial working memory. Here, we test the notion that right brain damage (RBD) may have consequences for domain general VWM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2020.105566DOI Listing

Are you as important as me? Self-other discrimination within trait-adjective processing.

Brain Cogn 2020 May 7;142:105569. Epub 2020 May 7.

Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Canada. Electronic address:

Healthy adults typically display enhanced processing for self- (relative to other-) relevant and positive (relative to negative) information. However, it is unclear whether these two biases interact to form a self-positivity bias, whereby self-positive information receives prioritized processing. It is also unclear how a blocked versus mixed referent design impacts reference and valence processing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2020.105569DOI Listing

The effects of transcranial direct current stimulation on within- and cross-paradigm transfer following multi-session backward recall training.

Brain Cogn 2020 Jun 19;141:105552. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 7EF, UK. Electronic address:

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been shown to enhance the efficacy and generalisation of working memory (WM) training, but there has been little systematic investigation into how coupling task-specific WM training with stimulation impacts more specifically on transfer to untrained tasks. This randomised controlled trial investigated the boundary conditions to transfer by testing firstly whether the benefits of training on backward digit recall (BDR) extend to untrained backward recall tasks and n-back tasks with different materials, and secondly which, if any, form of transfer is enhanced by tDCS. Forty-eight participants were allocated to one of three conditions: BDR training with anodal (10 min, 1 mA) or sham tDCS, or visual search training with sham tDCS, applied over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2020.105552DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7221346PMC

Prompting future events: Effects of temporal cueing and time on task on brain preparation to action.

Brain Cogn 2020 Jun 13;141:105565. Epub 2020 Apr 13.

Department of Movement, Human and Health Sciences, University of Rome "Foro Italico", Rome 00135, Italy; IRCCS Santa Lucia Foundation, Rome 00179, Italy.

Prediction about event timing plays a leading role in organizing and optimizing behavior. We recorded anticipatory brain activities and evaluated whether temporal orienting processes are reflected by the novel prefrontal negative (pN) component, as already shown for the contingent negative variation (CNV). Fourteen young healthy participants underwent EEG and fMRI recordings in separate sessions; they were asked to perform a Go/No-Go task in which temporal orienting was manipulated: the external condition (a visual display indicating the time of stimulus onset) and the internal condition (time information not provided). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2020.105565DOI Listing

Brain compensation during response inhibition in premanifest Huntington's disease.

Brain Cogn 2020 Jun 13;141:105560. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

School of Psychological Sciences and Turner Institute for Brain and Mental Health, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia. Electronic address:

Premanifest Huntington's disease (pre-HD) individuals typically show increased task-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), suggested to reflect compensatory strategies. Despite the evidence, no study has attempted to understand the compensatory process in light of 'formal' models of compensation. We used a quantitative model of compensation - the Compensation-Related Utilization of Neural Circuits Hypothesis (CRUNCH), to characterise compensation in pre-HD using fMRI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2020.105560DOI Listing

How do extraverts process jokes? An event-related potential study on humor processing.

Brain Cogn 2020 Jun 5;141:105553. Epub 2020 Mar 5.

Department of Educational Psychology and Counseling, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan; Institute for Research Excellence in Learning Sciences, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan; Chinese Language and Technology Center, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan; MOST AI Biomedical Research Center, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Extraverts and introverts show different preferences for humor regarding different humor types. However, few studies focused on the neurological underpinnings of the connection between extraversion and the stage-wise cognitive model of humor processing. To investigate the influence of extraversion on different sub-stages of humor processing, electroencephalography (EEG) data was collected when participants read and rated jokes and non-jokes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2020.105553DOI Listing

Decision making under uncertainty in a quasi realistic binary decision task - An fMRI study.

Brain Cogn 2020 04 20;140:105549. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

University of Bremen, Department of Neuropsychology and Behavioral Neurobiology, Hochschulring 18, 28359 Bremen, Germany; University of Bremen, Center for Cognitive Sciences, Germany.

Approaching real life decision making through Quasi Realistic Decision Making may increase the ecological validity of decision making experiments. This could help narrow the gap between laboratory settings and observations in real world contexts and thus allow for generalization of laboratory results to everyday life. A binary decision task with quasi realistic context and stimuli was created to investigate neural processing of certain and uncertain decision making, using functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2020.105549DOI Listing

Developmental alterations of the numerical processing networks in the brain.

Brain Cogn 2020 Jun 20;141:105551. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

Department of Interdisciplinary Neuroscience, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey; Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey; Brain Research Center, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address:

Neuroimaging studies revealed that number perception is mainly located in parietal cortex. Although controversial, it was suggested that number is processed in the frontal lobe in childhood and in the parietal cortex in adulthood. The purpose of this study is to investigate developmental differences in the neural correlates of number representation with fMRI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2020.105551DOI Listing

Fearful faces modulate cognitive control under varying levels of uncertainty: An event-related potential study.

Brain Cogn 2020 Jun 19;141:105550. Epub 2020 Feb 19.

School of Educational Science, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, China.

Cognitive control can reduce uncertainty, but few studies have investigated temporal dynamics of the flexible allocation of resources under varying levels of uncertainty. We used a revised majority function task with emotional faces and event-related potentials to investigate this process. The task incorporated different ratios of face orientation to quantify uncertainty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2020.105550DOI Listing

Cognitive load exacerbates rightward biases during computer maze navigation.

Brain Cogn 2020 04 14;140:105547. Epub 2020 Feb 14.

School of Psychology, Flinders University, Australia.

Neurologically healthy individuals exhibit subtle attentional asymmetries, such that attention is preferentially directed leftwards for objects in near space and rightwards for objects in far space. These attentional biases also affect navigation and cause people to deviate to the right when passing through an aperture. The current study examined whether the rightward deviations observed in real-world environments translate to simulated environments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2020.105547DOI Listing

Belief formation - A driving force for brain evolution.

Brain Cogn 2020 04 12;140:105548. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Karl Franzens University Graz, Institute of Catechetic and Pedagogic of Religion, Graz, Austria.

The topic of belief has been neglected in the natural sciences for a long period of time. Recent neuroscience research in non-human primates and humans, however, has shown that beliefs are the neuropsychic product of fundamental brain processes that attribute affective meaning to concrete objects and events, enabling individual goal setting, decision making and maneuvering in the environment. With regard to the involved neural processes they can be categorized as empirical, relational, and conceptual beliefs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2020.105548DOI Listing

Junior-Real Time neuropsychological testing (j-RTNT) for a young patient undergoing awake craniotomy.

Brain Cogn 2020 04 3;140:105535. Epub 2020 Feb 3.

Scientific Institute IRCCS "Eugenio Medea", Polo FVG, San Vito al Tagliamento (PN), Italy. Electronic address:

We developed a junior-real-time neuropsychological testing (j-RTNT) and used it during surgery of a right fronto-insular dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor causing seizures in a 16 years old female. The j-RTNT included tasks from the battery NEPSY-II. Pre-surgery evaluation detected a below average performance in visuo-spatial planning, inhibition, visual attention, planning and borderline performance in speeded naming. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2020.105535DOI Listing

The assessment dimension of regulatory mode mediates the relation between frontoparietal connectivity and risk-taking: Evidence from voxel-base morphometry and functional connectivity analysis.

Brain Cogn 2020 04 1;140:105533. Epub 2020 Feb 1.

School of Psychology, South China Normal University, 510631 Guangzhou, China; Center for Studies of Psychological Application, South China Normal University, 510631 Guangzhou, China; Guangdong Key Laboratory of Mental Health and Cognitive Science, South China Normal University, 510631 Guangzhou, China. Electronic address:

We used voxel-based morphometry and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) to investigate whether the regulatory mode orientation of assessment (the tendency of each individual to self-regulate by critically evaluating alternatives) interacts with neural systems underlying risk-taking. Across a sample of 112 participants, propensity for risk-taking (measured using the Wheel of Fortune task) was negatively correlated with assessment orientation, such that a greater tendency to critically evaluate alternatives was associated with a lower tendency for risk-taking. VBM revealed a negative correlation between assessment orientation and right inferior parietal lobe (RIPL) gray matter volume. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2020.105533DOI Listing
April 2020
2.477 Impact Factor

Increased world knowledge in older adults does not prevent decline in world knowledge comprehension: An ERP study.

Brain Cogn 2020 04 31;140:105534. Epub 2020 Jan 31.

School of Linguistic Sciences and Arts, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221009, China; Collaborative Innovation Center for Language Competence, Xuzhou 221009, China; Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Language and Cognitive Neuroscience, Xuzhou 221009, China; Institute of Linguistic Sciences, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221009, China. Electronic address:

A meaningful sentence might not be sensible according to world knowledge. In aging, world knowledge continues to increase, but semantic processing declines. An intriguing question is whether increased world knowledge aids world knowledge comprehension, even in the face of declining semantic processing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2020.105534DOI Listing

Maternal reading and fluency abilities are associated with diffusion properties of ventral and dorsal white matter tracts in their preschool-age children.

Brain Cogn 2020 04 30;140:105532. Epub 2020 Jan 30.

Educational Neuroimaging Center, Faculty of Education in Science and Technology, Faculty of Biomedical Engineering, Technion, Haifa, Israel; Reading and Literacy Discovery Center, General and Community Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA. Electronic address:

Early language exposure and shared parent-child reading, as assessed by maternal reading ability and fluency, affect the child's future language and cognitive abilities. The aim of the current study was to explore the association between maternal reading ability and fluency and diffusion properties of language- and cognition-related white matter tracts in their pre-school age children using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). DTI data were acquired from fifteen girls (mean age: 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2020.105532DOI Listing

Effects of normal pregnancy on maternal EEG, TCD, and cerebral cortical volume.

Brain Cogn 2020 04 31;140:105526. Epub 2020 Jan 31.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University, Guangzhou 510630, Guangdong, China. Electronic address:

Objective: Pregnancy causes many changes in our body and some of them may affect our ability of learning and memory. We examined the cerebral cortical volume of brain during pregnancy and measured changes in the brain electrical activity and cerebral blood flow.

Method: 35 women (20 normal full-term primigravida and 15 non-pregnant women) received the Electroencephalography (EEG) and Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (TCD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2020.105526DOI Listing

A stimulus-brain coupling analysis of regular and irregular rhythms in adults with dyslexia and controls.

Brain Cogn 2020 04 25;140:105531. Epub 2020 Jan 25.

Lyon Neuroscience Research Center, CRNL, INSERM, U1028, CNRS, UMR5292, Lyon F-69000, France; University of Lyon 1, Lyon F-69000, France.

When listening to temporally regular rhythms, most people are able to extract the beat. Evidence suggests that the neural mechanism underlying this ability is the phase alignment of endogenous oscillations to the external stimulus, allowing for the prediction of upcoming events (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2020.105531DOI Listing

Structural brain changes in young males addicted to video-gaming.

Brain Cogn 2020 03 15;139:105518. Epub 2020 Jan 15.

Dept. of Neurology, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany; Institute of Psychology II, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany.

Excessive video gaming has a number of psychological and social consequences. In this study, we looked at possible changes in gray and white matter and asked whether these changes are correlated to psychological measures. Twentynine players of violent videogames (mean daily playing time 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2020.105518DOI Listing

Reductions in perceived stress following Transcendental Meditation practice are associated with increased brain regional connectivity at rest.

Brain Cogn 2020 03 13;139:105517. Epub 2020 Jan 13.

MoMiLab Research Unit, IMT School for Advanced Studies Lucca, Lucca, Italy. Electronic address:

Transcendental Meditation (TM) is defined as a mental process of transcending using a silent mantra. Previous work showed that relatively brief period of TM practice leads to decreases in stress and anxiety. However, whether these changes are subserved by specific morpho-functional brain modifications (as observed in other meditation techniques) is still unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2020.105517DOI Listing

Effect of test instructions: The example of the pantomime production task.

Brain Cogn 2020 03 11;139:105516. Epub 2020 Jan 11.

Dipartimento di Scienze della Cognizione e della Formazione, Università di Trento, Italy.

The production of pantomime is a sensible task to detect praxis deficits. It is usually assessed by presenting objects visually or by verbal command. Verbal instructions are given either by providing the name of the object (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2020.105516DOI Listing

Action processing in the motor system: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) evidence of shared mechanisms in the visual and linguistic modalities.

Brain Cogn 2020 03 7;139:105510. Epub 2020 Jan 7.

Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Università Magna Graecia, Catanzaro, Italy. Electronic address:

In two experiments, we compared the dynamics of corticospinal excitability when processing visually or linguistically presented tool-oriented hand actions in native speakers and sequential bilinguals. In a third experiment we used the same procedure to test non-motor, low-level stimuli, i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.105510DOI Listing

Increased grey matter volume of the right superior temporal gyrus in healthy children with autistic cognitive style: A VBM study.

Brain Cogn 2020 03 31;139:105514. Epub 2019 Dec 31.

Department of Functional Brain Imaging, Institute of Development, Aging and Cancer, Tohoku University, Japan; Division of Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, Institute of Development, Aging and Cancer, Tohoku University, Japan.

The empathizing-systemizing model describes human cognitive style using empathizing (the drive to identify another's mental state and respond appropriately) and systemizing (the drive to assess or construct rule-based systems). 'Brain type' was envisioned to explain individual differences in cognitive style based on the discrepancy of the two drives. In this model, individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a neurodevelopmental disorder, have extremely stronger systemizing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.105514DOI Listing

Looking at ancillary systems for verb recovery: Evidence from non-invasive brain stimulation.

Brain Cogn 2020 03 2;139:105515. Epub 2020 Jan 2.

Dipartimento di Studi Umanistici, Università Federico II, Naples, Italy; IRCCS, Fondazione Santa Lucia, Rome, Italy. Electronic address:

Several behavioural and neuroimaging studies have suggested that the language function is not restricted into the left areas but it involves regions not predicted by the classical language model. Accordingly, the Embodied Cognition theory postulates a close interaction between the language and the motor system. Indeed, it has been shown that non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) is effective for language recovery also when applied over sensorimotor regions, such as the motor cortex, the cerebellum and the spinal cord. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.105515DOI Listing

Behavioral and brain synchronization differences between expert and novice teachers when collaborating with students.

Brain Cogn 2020 03 27;139:105513. Epub 2019 Dec 27.

School of Teacher Education, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua, Zhejiang, China; Research Center of Tin Ka Ping Moral Education, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua, Zhejiang, China. Electronic address:

Differences in behavior and neural mechanisms between expert and novice teachers when collaborating with students are poorly understood. This study investigated whether expert teachers do better in collaborating with students than novice teachers and explored the neural basis of such differences. Novice teacher and student (NT-S) dyads and expert teacher and student (ET-S) dyads were recruited to complete an interactive task consisting of a cooperation and an independent condition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.105513DOI Listing

Inhibition deficits are modulated by age and CGG repeat length in carriers of the FMR1 premutation allele who are mothers of children with fragile X syndrome.

Brain Cogn 2020 03 27;139:105511. Epub 2019 Dec 27.

Waisman Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1500 Highland Ave, Madison, WI 53705, USA. Electronic address:

Individuals who carry a premutation (PM) allele on the FMR1 gene may experience executive limitations associated with their genetic status, including inhibition deficits. However, poor understanding of individualized risk factors has limited clinical management of this group, particularly in mothers who carry the PM allele who have children with fragile X syndrome (FXS). The present study examined CGG repeat length and age as factors that may account for variable expressivity of inhibition deficits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.105511DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6954879PMC

Embodying addiction: A predictive processing account.

Brain Cogn 2020 02 23;138:105495. Epub 2019 Dec 23.

Amsterdam University Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Philosophy, Institute for Logic, Language and Computation, University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Philosophy, University of Twente, Enschede, the Netherlands; Amsterdam Brain and Cognition Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

In this paper we show how addiction can be thought of as the outcome of learning. We look to the increasingly influential predictive processing theory for an account of how learning can go wrong in addiction. Perhaps counter intuitively, it is a consequence of this predictive processing perspective on addiction that while the brain plays a deep and important role in leading a person into addiction, it cannot be the whole story. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.105495DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6983939PMC
February 2020

Alterations in the fronto-limbic network and corpus callosum in borderline-personality disorder.

Brain Cogn 2020 02 23;138:103596. Epub 2019 Dec 23.

Department of Clinical Studies and Radiology, University Hospital Brussels, UZ, VUB, Belgium.

Neuroimaging research provides evidence of grey matter changes in the prefrontal-limbic network in borderline personality disorder (BPD), yet research scarcely examines the white matter (WM) within this circuitry. The present study aimed to explore WM in prefrontal-limbic brain networks within BPD. Quantitative diffusion tensor imaging (DTI-MRI) measures of fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusion (MD) were used to analyze the neural pathways in fifteen individuals with BPD (M = 25, SD = 6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.103596DOI Listing
February 2020

Bifrontal tDCS applied to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in heavy drinkers: Influence on reward-triggered approach bias and alcohol consumption.

Brain Cogn 2020 02 18;138:105512. Epub 2019 Dec 18.

Department of Head and Skin, Unit of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium.

Even though the ventromedial neural network (reward pathway) has been well documented to be a mediator for increased craving, the prefrontal cortex is receiving ever more attention for craving monitoring. In the current study, we examined whether causal modulation of the prefrontal cortex, and its associated neural network, diminishes reward-triggered approach bias (due to increased cognitive control), alcohol craving and consumption. Using a double-blind within-subjects design in a subclinical group of forty-five heavy drinkers, a single sham controlled session of bilateral transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) was applied to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.105512DOI Listing
February 2020

Pupil responses to pitch deviants reflect predictability of melodic sequences.

Brain Cogn 2020 02 18;138:103621. Epub 2019 Dec 18.

Department of Psychology, Goldsmiths, University of London, 8 Lewisham Way, SE14 6NW London, United Kingdom.

Humans automatically detect events that, in deviating from their expectations, may signal prediction failure and a need to reorient behaviour. The pupil dilation response (PDR) to violations has been associated with subcortical signals of arousal and prediction resetting. However, it is unclear how the context in which a deviant occurs affects the size of the PDR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.103621DOI Listing
February 2020

Too late to be grounded? Motor resonance for action words acquired after middle childhood.

Brain Cogn 2020 02 17;138:105509. Epub 2019 Dec 17.

Laboratory of Experimental Psychology and Neuroscience (LPEN), Institute of Cognitive and Translational Neuroscience (INCYT), INECO Foundation, Favaloro University, Buenos Aires, Argentina; National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Buenos Aires, Argentina; Faculty of Education, National University of Cuyo (UNCuyo), Mendoza, Argentina. Electronic address:

Though well established for languages acquired in infancy, the role of embodied mechanisms remains poorly understood for languages learned in middle childhood and adulthood. To bridge this gap, we examined 34 experiments that assessed sensorimotor resonance during processing of action-related words in real and artificial languages acquired since age 7 and into adulthood. Evidence from late bilinguals indicates that foreign-language action words modulate neural activity in motor circuits and predictably facilitate or delay physical movements (even in an effector-specific fashion), with outcomes that prove partly sensitive to language proficiency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.105509DOI Listing
February 2020

A novel social attribution paradigm: The Dynamic Interacting Shape Clips (DISC).

Brain Cogn 2020 02 16;138:105507. Epub 2019 Dec 16.

Georgia State University, Department of Psychology and the Neuroscience Institute, P.O. Box 5010, Atlanta, GA 30302, USA. Electronic address:

The Dynamic Interacting Shape Clips (DISC) is a novel stimulus set designed to examine mentalizing, specifically social attribution, suitable for use with diverse methodologies including fMRI. The DISC offer some advantages compared to other social attribution stimuli including a large number of stimuli, subsets of stimuli depicting different kinds of social interactions (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.105507DOI Listing
February 2020

Acute effects of aerobic exercise on response variability and neuroelectric indices during a serial n-back task.

Brain Cogn 2020 02 16;138:105508. Epub 2019 Dec 16.

Department of Psychology, Department of Physical Therapy, Movement & Rehabilitation Sciences, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, United States.

To determine the neuroelectric underpinnings of exercise-induced changes in working memory, this study investigated the acute effects ofaerobic exercise (AE) on the P3 component of an event-related potential and brain oscillations during a serial n-back task. Task-related electroencephalography was collected in 23 young adults following 20 min of rest and AE on separate, counterbalanced days. The results revealed reductions in standard deviation of response time and coefficient of variation of response time following AE compared to rest. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.105508DOI Listing
February 2020

Functional brain networks involved in lexical decision.

Brain Cogn 2020 02 10;138:103631. Epub 2019 Dec 10.

BC Mental Health & Addictions Research Institute - Translational Research Building, 3rd Floor, 938 W. 28th Avenue, Vancouver, British Columbia V5Z 4H4, Canada; Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Detwiller Pavilion, 2255 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 2A1, Canada. Electronic address:

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies on lexical decision (LD) attempting to isolate the brain network underlying access to lexical representations can be confounded by attentional and response processes. However, manipulating the "wordlikeness" of the LD stimuli can facilitate functional interpretation of each emerging brain network, providing principles for separation of attentional demand from linguistic processing. This is because activation of difficult-to-access lexical representations (for obscure real words), and avoidance of interfering word properties (for wordlike non-words), are both generally attentionally demanding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.103631DOI Listing
February 2020
2.477 Impact Factor

Group differences between practitioners and novices in hemispheric processing of attention and emotion before and after a session of Falun Gong qigong.

Brain Cogn 2020 02 4;138:105494. Epub 2019 Dec 4.

Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA; Brain Research Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, USA. Electronic address:

We examined the hemispheric effects of Falun Gong qigong (FLG), a movement meditation practice, using a systematic approach to hemispheric function by administering the Emotion Lateralized Attention Network Test (ELANT) to measure the interaction of the Conflict Resolution, Spatial Orienting, and Emotion networks. Measuring both behavior (ELANT, DV = accuracy) and physiology (HF-HRV), we compared experienced FLG practitioners (n = 19) to novices serving as an active control group (n = 16) before and after a 91-min sequence of FLG qigong exercises. We compared practitioners and novices using a hierarchy of intrahemispheric and interhemispheric control relations that can be tested with the ELANT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.105494DOI Listing
February 2020

Physical and observational practices of unusual actions prime action verb processing.

Brain Cogn 2020 02 15;138:103630. Epub 2019 Nov 15.

Université de Poitiers, Université de Tours, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition et l'Apprentissage (UMR 7295), Poitiers, France. Electronic address:

Numerous studies have highlighted a strong relationship between language and sensorimotor processes, showing, for example, that perceiving an action influences subsequent language processing. Moreover, previous studies have demonstrated that the context in which actions are perceived is crucial to enable this action-language relationship. In particular, action verb processing is facilitated when an action is perceived in its usual context (e. Read More

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February 2020

Autistic and alexithymic traits modulate distinct aspects of face perception.

Brain Cogn 2019 12 14;137:103616. Epub 2019 Nov 14.

Yale Child Study Center, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06519, United States. Electronic address:

Background: Atypical face processing is a prominent feature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) but is not universal and is subject to individual variability. This heterogeneity could be accounted for by reliable yet unidentified subgroups within the diverse population of individuals with ASD. Alexithymia, which is characterized by difficulties in emotion recognition and identification, serves as a potential grouping factor. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.103616DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6880874PMC
December 2019

Pace yourself: Neural activation and connectivity changes over time vary by task type and pacing.

Brain Cogn 2019 12 31;137:103629. Epub 2019 Oct 31.

Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Duke-NUS Medical School, Singapore, Singapore. Electronic address:

Performance deterioration over time, or time-on-task (TOT) effects, can be observed across a variety of tasks, but little attention has been paid to how TOT-related brain activity may differ based on task pacing and cognitive demands. Here, we employ a set of three closely related tasks to investigate the effect of these variables on fMRI activation and connectivity. When participants dictated the pace of their own responses, activation and network connectivity within the dorsal attention network (DAN) increased over short time scales (~2-3 min), a phenomenon that was not observed when participants had no control over their pace of work. Read More

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December 2019

Socioeconomic status related differences in resting state EEG activity correspond to differences in vocabulary and working memory in grade school.

Brain Cogn 2019 12 23;137:103619. Epub 2019 Oct 23.

University of Delaware, United States.

There is increasing evidence that children from low income homes exhibit differences in brain, language and cognitive development. To better understand these differences and how they relate to one another, we compared the resting state EEG of forty-five 8-15-year-olds from low-income homes and 45 age and sex matched children from higher income homes who completed a battery of language and cognitive assessments. Children from low income homes performed worse on language tasks and exhibited differences in resting state EEG including more theta and less alpha power. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.103619DOI Listing
December 2019
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Psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Edinburgh Handedness Inventory in a sample of Chilean undergraduates.

Brain Cogn 2019 12 16;137:103618. Epub 2019 Oct 16.

Departamento de Psicología, Universidad de La Frontera, Avenida Francisco Salazar 01145, 4780000 Temuco, Chile; Département de Psychologie Cognitive, Sciences Cognitives & Neuropsychologie, Institut de Psychologie, Laboratoire d'Étude des Mécanismes Cognitifs, Université Lyon 2, 5 Avenue Pierre Mendès France, 69500 Bron, France. Electronic address:

An individual's nervous and cognitive systems are lateralized, and handedness represents a behavioral manifestation of such organization. Therefore, accurately and reliably measuring handedness has repercussion on our understanding of both the human brain and cognition. The Edinburgh Handedness Inventory (EHI) is the most frequently used instrument to measure handedness both in clinical practice and research. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.103618DOI Listing
December 2019

Perceptual and categorical processing and representation in color categorization.

Brain Cogn 2019 11 28;136:103617. Epub 2019 Sep 28.

South China Normal University, School of Psychology, Center for Studies of Psychological Application, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Mental Health and Cognitive Science, China; Colorado State University, Department of Psychology, Molecular, Cellular and Integrative Neurosciences Program, USA. Electronic address:

We used fMRI to dissociate decisional and perceptual functions in color categorization. Participants viewed sequences of colored squares which varied in perceptual distance (0, 1 or 2 hue steps) and color (green, blue) and then judged whether one or two colors were present. Occipital, caudate, and anterior insula regions were active when more than one hue was presented, indicating a role in perceptual processing and attentional monitoring. Read More

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November 2019

Altered working memory-related brain responses and white matter microstructure in extremely preterm-born children at school age.

Brain Cogn 2019 11 25;136:103615. Epub 2019 Sep 25.

Department of Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering, Aalto University School of Science, Espoo, Finland; Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland; Advanced Magnetic Imaging Centre, Aalto University School of Science, Espoo, Finland. Electronic address:

Preterm birth poses a risk for neurocognitive and behavioral development. Preterm children, who have not been diagnosed with neurological or cognitive deficits, enter normal schools and are expected to succeed as their term-born peers. Here we tested the hypotheses that despite an uneventful development after preterm birth, these children might exhibit subtle abnormalities in brain function and white-matter microstructure at school-age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.103615DOI Listing
November 2019
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Assessing the brain 'on the line': An ecologically-valid assessment of the impact of repetitive assembly line work on hemodynamic response and fine motor control using fNIRS.

Brain Cogn 2019 11 24;136:103613. Epub 2019 Sep 24.

School of Management, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China. Electronic address:

To investigate neural correlates of repetitive assembly tasks in ecologically-valid empirical settings, this study measured bilateral prefrontal (PFC) and motor activations when participants performed a carburetor assembly task using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). Participants worked for one hour at a typical (low-) pace and at an accelerated high-pace. Before and after the task, a test was conducted to assess motion stability and fine motor control. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.103613DOI Listing
November 2019
2.477 Impact Factor

Revisiting mental rotation with stereoscopic disparity: A new spin for a classic paradigm.

Brain Cogn 2019 11 21;136:103600. Epub 2019 Sep 21.

Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; Hotchkiss Brain Institute, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

To understand how the presence of stereoscopic disparity influences cognitive and neural processing, we recorded participants' behavior and scalp electrical activity while they performed a mental rotation task. Participants wore active shutter 3D goggles, allowing us to present stimuli with or without stereoscopic disparity on a trial-by-trial basis. Participants were more accurate and faster when stimuli were presented with stereoscopic disparity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.103600DOI Listing
November 2019
1 Read