3,327 results match your criteria Brain and Cognition[Journal]


Patterns of on-task thought in older age are associated with changes in functional connectivity between temporal and prefrontal regions.

Brain Cogn 2019 Apr 15;132:118-128. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Psychology Department, University of York, York, UK.

Humans spend a large proportion of their time engaged in thoughts unrelated to the task being performed, a tendency that declines with age. However, a clear neuro-cognitive account of what underlies this decrease is lacking. This study addresses the possibility that age-related changes in off-task thinking are correlated with changes in the intrinsic organisation of the brain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.04.002DOI Listing

Cognitive reappraisal capacity mediates the relationship between prefrontal recruitment during reappraisal of anger-eliciting events and paranoia-proneness.

Brain Cogn 2019 Apr 10;132:108-117. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Psychology, University of Graz, Austria. Electronic address: https://psychologie.uni-graz.at/en/biological-psychology/team/.

Difficulties in emotion regulation, particularly in using adaptive regulation strategies such as cognitive reappraisal, are a commonly observed correlate of paranoia. While it has been suggested that poor implementation of cognitive reappraisal in dealing with aversive events precedes the onset of subclinical paranoid thinking, there is little empirical research on neural activation patterns during cognitive reappraisal efforts that might indicate vulnerability towards paranoid thinking. Prefrontal EEG alpha asymmetry changes were recorded while n = 57 participants were generating alternative appraisals of anger-eliciting events, and were linked to a behavioral measure of basic cognitive reappraisal capacity and self-reported paranoia proneness (assessed by personality facets of hostility and suspiciousness; Personality Inventory for DSM-5). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.04.001DOI Listing

Neuroplasticity, bilingualism, and mental mathematics: A behavior-MEG study.

Brain Cogn 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Institute for Learning & Brain Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA; Department of Speech & Hearing Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA. Electronic address:

Bilingual experience alters brain structure and enhances certain cognitive functions. Bilingualism can also affect mathematical processing. Reduced accuracy is commonly reported when arithmetic problems are presented in bilinguals' second (L2) vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.03.006DOI Listing

Transcranial direct current stimulation over the right and left VLPFC leads to differential effects on working and episodic memory.

Brain Cogn 2019 Mar 30;132:98-107. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Psychology, Brooklyn College of the City University of New York, Brooklyn, USA; Psychology, Graduate Center of the City University of New York, NY, USA. Electronic address:

Previous research suggests that the left VLPFC is involved in working memory, whereas right VLPFC is involved with subsequent episodic memory. High-Definition Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (HD-tDCS) was used to test whether excitation of the left or right VLPFC would show differential effects of negative and neutral stimuli on working memory and episodic memory tasks. While receiving HD-tDCS over the left or right VLPFC or sham stimulation, participants completed a working memory task with negative and neutral distractors followed by a surprise recognition test for the distractors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.03.005DOI Listing

Sleep deprivation moderates neural processes associated with passive auditory capture.

Brain Cogn 2019 Mar 29;132:89-97. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

School of Psychology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada; Brain and Mind Institute, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada.

Sleep loss has a major effect on cognitive tasks that are dependent on the maintenance of active sustained attention. This study examines the effects of sleep deprivation on automatic information processing, more specifically, its effect on processes leading to involuntary auditory attention capture by task-irrelevant auditory events. Two experiments were run. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.03.004DOI Listing

Reinforcer pathology: Common neural substrates for delay discounting and snack purchasing in prediabetics.

Brain Cogn 2019 Mar 29;132:80-88. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Fralin Biomedical Research Institute at VTC, Virginia Tech, Roanoke, VA, USA. Electronic address:

Reinforcer pathology theory stipulates that individuals with both (a) high preference for smaller, immediate over larger, delayed rewards; and (b) high demand for unhealthy commodities are uniquely susceptible to poor health outcomes. Specifically, two behavioral economic tasks (delay discounting, assessing preference for smaller, immediate or larger, delayed rewards; and purchasing, assessing purchases of commodities over changes in price) have been independently associated with conditions such as overweight/obesity and problem substance use. In the present study, we examined possible shared neural regions involved in the processes of delay discounting and demand for snack foods in a prediabetic sample. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.03.003DOI Listing

The impact of the COMT genotype and cognitive demands on facets of intra-subject variability.

Brain Cogn 2019 Mar 20;132:72-79. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, and Psychosomatics, Medical Faculty, University of Freiburg, Germany; Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Medical Faculty, University of Cologne, Germany; Department of Psychiatry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece. Electronic address:

Intra-Subject Variability (ISV), a potential index of catecholaminergic regulation, is elevated in several disorders linked with altered dopamine function. ISV has typically been defined as reaction time standard deviation. However, the ex-Gaussian and spectral measures capture different aspects and may delineate different underlying sources of ISV; thus reflecting different facets of the construct. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.03.002DOI Listing

Review on biomarkers in the resting-state networks of chronic pain patients.

Brain Cogn 2019 Apr 30;131:4-9. Epub 2018 Jun 30.

Functional Imaging Unit, Center for Diagnostic Radiology, University of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.

Biomarkers indicating characteristic alterations in the brains of pain patients would in comparison to behavioral examinations allow for earlier diagnoses of pain disease development, a more immediate monitoring of pain disease progression, and for the development of interventions to reverse or compensate for the alterations. To reveal causal relations between an observed alteration and the pain disease longitudinal examinations are essential. Resting-state fMRI examinations can readily be included in large longitudinal cohorts allowing to achieve sufficiently large patient samples even for rare diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.06.005DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Should we pay attention to eye movements? The impact of bilateral eye movements on behavioral and neural responses during the Attention Network Test.

Brain Cogn 2019 Mar 14;132:56-71. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Swarthmore College, 500 College Ave, Swarthmore, PA 19081, USA.

Bilateral eye movements (EMs) have been associated with enhancements in episodic memory and creativity. We explored the influence of EMs on behavior and event related potential (ERP) responses during the Attention Network Test (ANT). Participants completed ANT trials after bilateral EMs or a center-fixation control manipulation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.03.001DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

'Honey, shall I change the baby? - Well done, choose another one': ERP and time-frequency correlates of humor processing.

Brain Cogn 2019 Mar 11;132:41-55. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Center for Neurocognition, Epistemology and Theoretical Syntax (NEtS), University School for Advanced Studies IUSS Pavia, Italy. Electronic address:

We studied the electrophysiological correlates of verbal humor comprehension by comparing Event Related Potentials (ERPs) and time-frequency representations recorded while 50 participants read humorous and non-humorous passages. Using linear mixed models on single trials we showed that humorous target words elicited a larger Left Anterior Negativity (LAN), sustained in time and followed by a positive shift involving P600 and Late Positive Complex (LPC) components. In the time-frequency domain, humor was associated with a power decrease in the beta-band of the EEG. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.02.001DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Acute stress improves long-term reward maximization in decision-making under uncertainty.

Brain Cogn 2019 Mar 4. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Texas A&M University, United States.

Acute stress influences reward-seeking tendencies and risky decision-making. However, it is unclear how acute stress influences decision-making in situations in which individuals must learn to either maximize long-term or immediate rewards from experience. Consequently, this study sought to investigate whether acute stress enhances salience of small, immediate or large, delayed rewards on decision-making under uncertainty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.02.005DOI Listing

Two days of calorie deprivation impairs high level cognitive processes, mood, and self-reported exertion during aerobic exercise: A randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled study.

Brain Cogn 2019 Mar 1;132:33-40. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Military Nutrition Division, US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA, USA.

Military personnel and emergency responders perform cognitively-demanding tasks during periods of sustained physical exertion and limited caloric intake. Cognitive function is preserved during short-term caloric restriction, but it is unclear if preservation extends to combined caloric restriction and physical exertion. According to the "reticular-activating hypofrontality" model, vigorous exertion impairs prefrontal cortex activity and associated functions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.02.003DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Practice-induced functional plasticity in inhibitory control interacts with aging.

Brain Cogn 2019 Feb 22;132:22-32. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Neurology Unit, Medicine Section, Faculty of Sciences and Medicine, University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Inhibitory control deficits represent a key aspect of the cognitive declines associated with aging. Practicing inhibitory control has thus been advanced as a potential approach to compensate for age-induced neurocognitive impairments. Yet, the functional brain changes associated with practicing inhibitory control tasks in older adults and whether they differ from those observed in young populations remains unresolved. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.02.004DOI Listing
February 2019

Episodic reconstruction contributes to high-confidence false recognition memories in older adults: Evidence from event-related potentials.

Brain Cogn 2019 Feb 18;132:13-21. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Center on Aging Psychology, CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China; Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China; Magnetic Resonance Imaging Research Center, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China; State Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Science, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Older adults demonstrate greater susceptibility to high-confidence memory distortions. Cognitive processes underlying memory errors in older adults remain unclear. Here, in a categorized pictures paradigm, we used the event-related potential (ERP) to examine the electrophysiological correlates of false recognition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.02.002DOI Listing
February 2019
2.477 Impact Factor

Editorial for the special issue "Resting-state fMRI and cognition" in Brain and Cognition.

Brain Cogn 2019 Apr 31;131:1-3. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Institute of Systems Neuroscience, Medical Faculty, Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany; Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine (INM-7), Research Centre Jülich, Jülich, Germany.

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02782626193001
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.01.003DOI Listing
April 2019
6 Reads

A coordinate-based meta-analysis of the n-back working memory paradigm using activation likelihood estimation.

Brain Cogn 2019 Jan 29;132:1-12. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Key Laboratory for NeuroInformation of Ministry of Education, High-Field Magnetic Resonance Brain Imaging Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Center for Information in Medicine, School of Life Science and Technology, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054, China. Electronic address:

The n-back task is a classical paradigm for functional neuroimaging studies of working memory (WM). The frontal and parietal cortical regions are known to be activated during the task. We used activation likelihood estimation (ALE) to conduct a quantitative meta-analysis of 96 primary studies of n-back task variants based on four conditions: memory loads (1-back, 2-back), object (identity, location), age (younger, older) and gender (male, female). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.01.002DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

The relation between mental rotation and handedness is a consequence of how handedness is measured.

Brain Cogn 2019 03 22;130:28-36. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Institute of Sport Science, University of Regensburg, Germany.

This study investigates the mental rotation performance of right- and left-handers on a chronometric mental rotation task. Hand preference as well as different types of hand performance were measured. Previous studies have reported slightly better mental rotation performance in right-handers compared with left-handers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.01.001DOI Listing

The electrophysiology of subjectively perceived memory confidence in relation to recollection and familiarity.

Brain Cogn 2019 03;130:20-27

Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University, the Netherlands.

Subjectively perceived confidence is critically involved in distinguishing recollection from familiarity in episodic memory retrieval. However, the extent to which recollection and familiarity share similar electrophysiological processes associated with subjectively perceived memory confidence remains an open question. In addition, the role of memory encoding in subjectively perceived confidence during retrieval has not yet been investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.07.003DOI Listing
March 2019
10 Reads

Neural indices of associative learning in pre-adolescents: An event-related potential study.

Brain Cogn 2019 03 7;130:11-19. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

School of Psychology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia.

This study investigated electroencephalography (EEG) correlates of prediction error during probabilistic learning in pre-adolescents. The detection of prediction errors, the discrepancies between experienced and anticipated outcomes, is thought to be a critical mechanism that drives new learning. Thirty-three typically developing pre-adolescents (mean age = 10. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.12.006DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Sub-classification of apraxia of speech in patients with cerebrovascular and neurodegenerative diseases.

Brain Cogn 2019 03 7;130:1-10. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Communication Disorders, School of Rehabilitation Science, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido, 1757 Kanazawa, Tobetsu-cho, Ishikari-gun, Hokkaido 061-0293, Japan.

Some studies have hypothesized that primary progressive apraxia of speech (ppAOS) consists of heterogeneous symptoms that can be sub-classified; however, no study has classified stroke-induced AOS (sAOS) and ppAOS according to common criteria. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the symptoms and relevant brain regions associated with sAOS and ppAOS for sub-classification. Participants included 8 patients with sAOS following lesions in the left precentral gyrus and/or underlying white matter, and 3 patients with ppAOS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.11.005DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Functional connectivity and the failure to retrieve meaning from shape in visual object agnosia.

Brain Cogn 2019 Apr 25;131:94-101. Epub 2018 Dec 25.

Department of Radiology and Medical Informatics, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

The neural mechanisms underlying the access to object knowledge from early representations of shape are little known. Functional imaging studies support the view that representations of visual properties are distributed across occipito-temporal cortex of both cerebral hemispheres. By contrast, brain lesion studies show that focal occipito-temporal damage may lead to object agnosia - a specific impairment of object recognition. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02782626183022
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.12.007DOI Listing
April 2019
15 Reads

Fiber pathways supporting early literacy development in 5-8-year-old children.

Brain Cogn 2018 Dec 21. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Department of Psychology, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA. Electronic address:

The development of fluent reading is an extended process that requires the recruitment of a comprehensive system of perisylvian brain regions connected by an extensive network of fiber pathways. In the present cross-sectional study, we focused on fiber pathways-the arcuate fasciculus (AF), inferior longitudinal fasciculus (ILF), inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus (IFOF), and vertical occipital fasciculus (VOF)-proposed to support early literacy in typical 5-8-year-old children. We related quantitative metrics of fiber pathway microstructure in these pathways to early literacy measures of phonological awareness and decoding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.12.004DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

How can no change in an auditory stimulus generate an N2b-P3a?

Brain Cogn 2019 02 19;129:9-15. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

School of Audiology and Speech Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., Canada. Electronic address:

The purpose of this study was to investigate the occurrence of an endogenously-evoked no-go N2b. Previous literature focused on the N2b being evoked by exogenous auditory stimuli. In this study, no-go stimuli were the absence of a gap in a 1000-ms noise burst (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.12.002DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Retrieval practice improves item memory but not source memory in the context of stress.

Brain Cogn 2018 Dec 19. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Department of Psychology, Tufts University, 490 Boston Ave, Medford, MA 02155, United States.

Smith, Floerke, and Thomas (2016) demonstrated that learning by repeated testing, or retrieval practice, reduced stress-related memory impairment when compared to learning by repeatedly studying material. In the present experiment, we tested whether, relative to study practice, retrieval practice would improve post-stress memory by increasing access to both item and source information. Participants learned two wordlists, which were temporally segregated to facilitate distinction between the two lists. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02782626183027
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.12.005DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Confidence tracks sensory- and decision-related ERP dynamics during auditory detection.

Brain Cogn 2019 02 13;129:49-58. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH 45433, USA.

Recent research has focused on measuring neural correlates of metacognitive judgments in decision and post-decision processes during memory retrieval and categorization. However, many tasks (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.10.007DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Enhancing memory with stress: Progress, challenges, and opportunities.

Brain Cogn 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Yale Stress Center, Department of Psychiatry, Yale University, 2 Church Street South, Suite 209, New Haven, CT 06519, United States. Electronic address:

Stress can strongly influence what we learn and remember, including by making memories stronger. Experiments probing stress effects on hippocampus-dependent memory in rodents have revealed modulatory factors and physiological mechanisms by which acute stress can enhance long-term memory. However, extending these findings and mechanisms to understand when stress will enhance declarative memory in humans faces important challenges. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02782626183018
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.11.009DOI Listing
December 2018
9 Reads

Maternal reading fluency is associated with functional connectivity between the child's future reading network and regions related to executive functions and language processing in preschool-age children.

Brain Cogn 2019 Apr 13;131:87-93. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Reading and Literacy Discovery Center, Pediatric Neuroimaging Research Consortium, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA; Educational Neuroimaging Center, Faculty of Education in Science and Technology, Technion, Haifa, Israel. Electronic address:

Reading is an acquired skill that relies on cognitive-control and language abilities. Home reading environment has been positively correlated with activation in parietal-temporal-occipital association cortex supporting mental imagery and narrative comprehension during a story-listening task in preschool-age children. However, the degree to which maternal reading ability influences early brain development, specifically neural circuits involved with language and reading, is not well understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.11.010DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Language or music? Environmental influences on infants' handedness from 5 to 12 months.

Brain Cogn 2019 02 10;129:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Université Paris Descartes, Laboratoire de Psychopathologie et Processus de Santé (EA 4057), France; Unité de recherche en Psychiatrie et Psychopathologie, EPS Erasme, France.

The main purpose of this study was to test the influence of music environment on hand-use preference in infants from 5 to 12 months, compared to speech environment. According to hemispheric specialization, our hypothesis was that infants would reach for objects more with their right hand in a speech context (left hemisphere), and more with their left hand in a music context (right hemisphere). 61 full-term infants aged from 5 to 12 months participated in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.12.003DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Ability to process musical pitch is unrelated to the memory advantage for vocal music.

Brain Cogn 2019 02 3;129:35-39. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

International Laboratory for Brain, Music, and Sound Research, Canada; Department of Psychology, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Canada.

Listeners remember vocal melodies better than instrumental melodies, but the origins of the effect are unclear. One explanation for the 'voice advantage' is that general perceptual mechanisms enhance processing of conspecific signals. An alternative possibility is that the voice, by virtue of its expressiveness in pitch, simply provides more musical information to the listener. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.11.011DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads
2.477 Impact Factor

Ventral attention and motor network connectivity is relevant to functional impairment in spatial neglect after right brain stroke.

Brain Cogn 2019 02 3;129:16-24. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Kessler Foundation, 1199 Pleasant Valley Way, West Orange, NJ 07052, USA; Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ 07102, USA. Electronic address:

Emerging research suggests spatial neglect after right stroke is linked to dysfunctional attention and motor networks. Advanced functional connectivity analysis clarified brain network recovery, however we need to know how networks participate in adaptive motor performance. We need to verify network changes associated with validated functional measures and spatial-motor performance in spatial neglect, especially in patients with large brain lesions and significant disability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.11.013DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377801PMC
February 2019
4 Reads

Parietal lobe volume distinguishes attentional control in bilinguals and monolinguals: A structural MRI study.

Brain Cogn 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

University of Houston, United States.

Research suggests that bilingualism is associated with increases in parietal gray matter volume (GMV). These parietal GMV increases are a source of variability that may help explain the reported bilingual/monolingual differences in attentional control. The current study examined how parietal GMV variability and a participant's language background predicted Simon task performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.12.001DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Spatial characteristics of spontaneous and stimulus-induced individual functional connectivity networks in severe disorders of consciousness.

Brain Cogn 2019 Apr 27;131:10-21. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioral Neurobiology, University of Tübingen, Germany. Electronic address:

Background: Functional connectivity (fcMRI) analyses of resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data revealed substantial differences between states of consciousness. The underlying cause-effect linkage, however, remains unknown to the present day. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between fcMRI measures and Disorders of Consciousness (DOC) in resting state and under adequate stimulation. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02782626183024
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.11.007DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

The time course of semantic and relational processing during verbal analogical reasoning.

Brain Cogn 2019 02 1;129:25-34. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Loyola University Chicago, Department of Psychology, 1032 W Sheridan Rd., Chicago, IL 60660, United States.

Analogy is an important ability that allows humans to discover relationships between information domains that often vary in surface and relational characteristics. Cognitive neuroscience studies of analogy have demonstrated the importance of the prefrontal cortex during relational comparisons, but little is known about how semantic and relational similarity interact throughout its time course. We used scalp electroencephalography (EEG) analyzed with event-related potentials (ERPs) to examine the neural time course of analogical reasoning while 16 participants solved four-term verbal analogies. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02782626183025
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.11.012DOI Listing
February 2019
18 Reads

Further to the right: Viewing distance modulates attentional asymmetries ('pseudoneglect') during visual exploration.

Brain Cogn 2019 02 22;129:40-48. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Perception and Eye Movement Laboratory, Departments of Neurology and BioMedical Research, University Hospital, University of Bern, Switzerland.

Previous studies showed that the small leftward bias found in healthy humans' spatial judgments of lines ("pseudoneglect") shifts to the right with increasing distance between stimuli and observer. In this study, we investigated whether such a modulation of attentional asymmetry can also be observed in free visual exploration. Participants freely explored photographs of naturalistic scenes for 7 s in near (60 cm) and far (140 cm) space. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.11.008DOI Listing
February 2019
12 Reads
2.477 Impact Factor

Feasibility of using auditory event-related potentials to investigate learning and memory in nonverbal individuals with Angelman syndrome.

Brain Cogn 2018 12 22;128:73-79. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Hearing and Speech Sciences, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, United States.

The combination of intellectual, communicative, and motor deficits limit the use of standardized behavioral assessments of cognition in individuals with Angelman syndrome (AS). The current study is the first to objectively evaluate learning and memory in AS using auditory event-related potentials (ERP) during passive exposure to spoken stimuli. Fifteen nonverbal individuals with the deletion subtype of AS (age 4-45 years) completed the auditory incidental memory paradigm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.11.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6345395PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Improving innovative decision-making: Training-induced changes in fronto-parietal networks.

Brain Cogn 2018 12 20;128:46-55. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Scuola Universitaria Superiore IUSS Pavia, Pavia, Italy; Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, ICS Maugeri, Pavia, Italy.

Innovative decision-making entails the balance of exploitative and explorative choices, and has been linked to the efficiency of executive functioning, including working-memory and attentional skills, associated with fronto-parietal networks. Based on the notion that such skills can be improved by cognitive training, we assessed whether a cognitive training enhancing basic executive skills might also improve the ability to manage the exploration-exploitation trade-off and its financial consequences, and whether any improvement in training-related performance would be reflected in neurostructural changes within fronto-parietal networks. Eighteen subjects participated in a baseline assessment, a training period and a follow-up measurement, while a matched group of 18 subjects did not undertake the training program. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02782626183016
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.11.004DOI Listing
December 2018
14 Reads

Goals matter: Amplification of the motivational significance of the feedback when goal impact is increased.

Brain Cogn 2018 12 16;128:56-72. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Cognitive & Affective Psychophysiology Laboratory, Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium.

Performance monitoring (PM) entails the continuous evaluation of actions and their outcomes. At the electrophysiological level, PM has been consistently related to two event-related brain potentials (ERPs): the Feedback-Related Negativity (FRN) and the P3. In a previous within-subject crossover design study, we showed that feedback's goal impact (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.11.002DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Effects of intermittent theta burst stimulation applied to the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex on empathy and impulsivity in healthy adult males.

Brain Cogn 2018 12 15;128:37-45. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Klinik und Poliklinik für Forensische Psychiatrie, Universitätsmedizin Rostock, Germany. Electronic address:

Impulsivity and empathy are clinically relevant multi-dimensional concepts. Existing evidence suggests the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (LDLPFC) plays a crucial role in impulsivity and empathy. However, the neuromodulation effect of excitatory repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation at the LDLPFC is insufficiently explored in the current literature. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02782626183022
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.11.003DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

Monolinguals and bilinguals disengage attention differently following conflict and errors: Evidence from ERPs.

Brain Cogn 2018 12 15;128:28-36. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Canada.

Monolingual and bilingual young adults performed a task-switching experiment while EEG was recorded to investigate how bilingualism affects cognitive control following conflict. Participants were given pure blocks composed of three intermixed tasks, each consisting of univalent trials in which they responded to one feature of the stimulus - color, shape, or size. In the crucial conflict block, an irrelevant feature was added to one of the tasks, creating bivalent trials that included conflict. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.11.006DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Young children's sentence comprehension: Neural correlates of syntax-semantic competition.

Brain Cogn 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Neuropsychology, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Stephanstraße 1A, 04103 Leipzig, Germany. Electronic address:

Sentence comprehension requires the assignment of thematic relations between the verb and its noun arguments in order to determine who is doing what to whom. In some languages, such as English, word order is the primary syntactic cue. In other languages, such as German, case-marking is additionally used to assign thematic roles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.09.003DOI Listing
November 2018
14 Reads

Structural brain changes as a function of second language vocabulary training: Effects of learning context.

Brain Cogn 2018 Nov 11. Epub 2018 Nov 11.

Department of Psychology and Center for Brain, Behavior, and Cognition, Pennsylvania State University, United States. Electronic address:

Recent research indicates that learning a second language (L2) results in both functional and structural brain changes. However, few studies have examined whether structural brain changes vary as a function of the context in which L2 learning takes place. The current study examines changes in cortical thickness (CT) and gray matter volume (GMV) in response to short-term L2 vocabulary learning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.09.004DOI Listing
November 2018
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Abnormal processing of prosodic boundary in adults who stutter: An ERP study.

Brain Cogn 2018 12 10;128:17-27. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

Research Center of Brain and Cognitive Neuroscience, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China. Electronic address:

Characterized by involuntary disruptions in fluency speech, adults who stutter (AWS) are different from normally fluent speakers (NFS) in speech-language processing indices of phonological, semantic, and syntactic information coding. However, the neural base of the prosodic information (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.10.009DOI Listing
December 2018
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Verbal long-term memory is enhanced by retrieval practice but impaired by prefrontal direct current stimulation.

Brain Cogn 2018 12 8;128:80-88. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Tufts University, Department of Psychology, Medford, MA 02155, USA.

Retrieval practice involves repeatedly testing a student during the learning experience, reliably conferring learning advantages relative to repeated study. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) of the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) has also been shown to confer learning advantages for verbal memory, though research is equivocal. The present study examined the effects of retrieval versus study practice with or without left dlPFC tDCS on verbal episodic memory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.09.008DOI Listing
December 2018
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Stress and executive control: Mechanisms, moderators, and malleability.

Brain Cogn 2018 Nov 2. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

University of California, Irvine, CA, United States. Electronic address:

Stress pervades everyday life and more importantly, affects prefrontal cortices that support executive control functions, processes that are critical to learning and memory as well as a range of life outcomes. The positive or negative effect of stress on cognition depends on an interaction of factors related to the situation and the individual. Research has shown that psychological characteristics related to self-relevance and the availability of resources may lead individuals to perceive a stressor as a threat or challenge, driving performance outcomes. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02782626183017
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.10.004DOI Listing
November 2018
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Attention and cognitive load modulate motor resonance during action observation.

Brain Cogn 2018 12 28;128:7-16. Epub 2018 Oct 28.

Department of Health Sciences, University of Milano, Medical School, Milan, Italy.

Observation of others' actions evokes a motor resonant (MR) response, in the parieto-frontal Action Observation Network (AON, comprising BA40, BA6, BA4). In order to investigate the effect of cognitive processes on the AON we manipulated attention and cognitive load during central and peripheral observation of hand grasping actions with three experiments. Motor Evoked Potentials (MEPs) were elicited in the opponent of the thumb (OP) and abductor of the little finger (ADM) by Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) of the primary motor cortex. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02782626183011
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.10.006DOI Listing
December 2018
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Modulation of resting-state network connectivity by verbal divergent thinking training.

Brain Cogn 2018 12 25;128:1-6. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Institute of Psychology, University of Graz, Graz, Austria; BioTechMed, Graz, Austria.

A growing body of evidence suggests that creativity is associated with functional connectivity across widespread neural networks, including regions associated with executive processes and cognitive control, along with regions linked to the default mode network (DMN) of the brain. This study investigated whether a three-week verbal divergent thinking training modulates functional connectivity in networks that have been related to creativity. In a task-based functional imaging study (Fink et al. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02782626183020
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.10.008DOI Listing
December 2018
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Influence of age on the effects of lying on memory.

Brain Cogn 2018 Oct 22. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Brandeis University, United States.

False memories are elicited from exposure to misleading information. It is possible that self-provided misinformation, or lying, has similar effects. We hypothesized that lying impairs memory for younger adults, as increased cognitive control, necessary to inhibit a truthful response, comes at the expense of retaining veridical information in memory. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02782626183017
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.10.002DOI Listing
October 2018
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Tactile enumeration: A case study of acalculia.

Brain Cogn 2018 11 16;127:60-71. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Department of Psychology, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, POB 653, Beer-Sheva, Israel; Zlotowski Center for Neuroscience, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, POB 653, Beer-Sheva, Israel. Electronic address:

Enumeration is one of the building blocks of arithmetic and fingers are used as a counting tool in early steps. Subitizing-fast and accurate enumeration of small quantities-has been vastly studied in the visual modality, but less in the tactile modality. We explored tactile enumeration using fingers, and gray matter (GM) changes using voxel-based morphometry (VBM), in acalculia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.10.001DOI Listing
November 2018
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The effect of mouth opening in emotional faces on subjective experience and the early posterior negativity amplitude.

Brain Cogn 2018 11 11;127:51-59. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Department of Psychology, Education and Child Studies, Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Previous studies have examined the role of the eye region in emotional expressions, but the mouth region is understudied. The main goal of this study was to examine how mouth opening in emotional faces affects subjective experience and early automatic attentional capture, as measured by the early posterior negativity (EPN) amplitude. Participants in two studies viewed angry, happy, and neutral faces with mouths open and closed while their electroencephalogram was recorded. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02782626183023
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.10.003DOI Listing
November 2018
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A network view on brain regions involved in experts' object and pattern recognition: Implications for the neural mechanisms of skilled visual perception.

Brain Cogn 2019 Apr 2;131:74-86. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Department of Psychology, University of Northumbria at Newcastle, Newcastle, England, United Kingdom; Department of Neuroradiology, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.

Skilled visual object and pattern recognition form the basis of many everyday behaviours. The game of chess has often been used as a model case for studying how long-term experience aides in perceiving objects and their spatio-functional interrelations. Earlier research revealed two brain regions, posterior middle temporal gyrus (pMTG) and collateral sulcus (CoS), to be linked to chess experts' superior object and pattern recognition, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.09.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6421106PMC
April 2019
22 Reads