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    3347 results match your criteria Brain Injury[Journal]

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    Assessment of neuroendocrine dysfunction following traumatic brain injury.
    Brain Inj 1998 ;12(6):517-523
    a Missouri Rehabilitation Center, Mount Vernon, Missouri, USA.
    Posttraumatic neuroendocrine pathology may be a clinically significant complication following traumatic brain injury TBI. Metabolic abnormalities are described after TBI in two cases. A 21 year old male injured in a motor vehicle accident admitted in a minimally responsive condition presented with fluctuating high sodium levels, undetectable serum testosterone, and depressed cortisol and thyroid function. Read More

    Caring for a family member with a traumatic brain injury.
    Brain Inj 1998 ;12(6):467-481
    a Department of Psychology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
    The responses to a questionnaire on subjective burden are reported for 52 primary caregivers of a group of persons with traumatic brain injuries sustained an average of 6 years previously. The aim of the study was to examine satisfaction with social support, perception of coping skills, and appraisal of symptoms as predictors of strain in the carers. A range of responses, both positive and negative, to the work of caring for a relative with a head injury was reported. Read More

    Primary caregivers of persons with brain injury: life change 1 year after injury.
    Brain Inj 1998 ;12(6):483-493
    b Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation , The Ohio State University , Columbus , OH , USA.
    The impact of a traumatic brain injury on the family of the injured person is just beginning to be explored. In the current study, 61 primary caregivers were contacted at 1 year following injury. They completed the Relative and Friend Support Index, Social Support Index, Trauma Complaints List and the Life Change Question. Read More

    Impact of extended monitoring-guided intensive care on outcome after severe traumatic brain injury: A prospective multicentre cohort study (PariS-TBI study).
    Brain Inj 2017 Sep 19:1-9. Epub 2017 Sep 19.
    h Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care , Bicêtre University Hospital, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, University Paris Sud , Le Kremlin Bicêtre , France.
    Objective: We evaluated whether an integrated monitoring with systemic and specific monitoring affect mortality and disability in adults with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI).

    Methods: Adults with severeTBI (Glasgow Coma Scale [GCS] ≤ 8) admitted alive in intensive care units (ICUs) were prospectively included. Primary endpoints were in-hospital 30-day mortality and extended Glasgow outcome score (GOSE) at 3 years. Read More

    A pilot treatment study for mild traumatic brain injury: Neuroimaging changes detected by MEG after low-intensity pulse-based transcranial electrical stimulation.
    Brain Inj 2017 Sep 19:1-13. Epub 2017 Sep 19.
    a Radiology, Research, and Psychiatry Services, VA San Diego Healthcare System , San Diego , CA , USA.
    Background: Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a leading cause of sustained impairments in military service members, Veterans, and civilians. However, few treatments are available for mTBI, partially because the mechanism of persistent mTBI deficits is not fully understood.

    Methods: We used magnetoencephalography (MEG) to investigate neuronal changes in individuals with mTBI following a passive neurofeedback-based treatment programme called IASIS. Read More

    Detection of metabolic pattern following decompressive craniectomy in severe traumatic brain injury: A microdialysis study.
    Brain Inj 2017 Sep 19:1-7. Epub 2017 Sep 19.
    a Department of Neurosurgery , All India Institute of Medical Sciences , New Delhi, India.
    Objective: The aim of the study was to detect mitochondrial dysfunction and ischaemia in severe traumatic brain injury and their relationship with outcome.

    Methods: Forty-one patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) who underwent decompressive craniectomy were prospectively monitored with intracerebral microdialysis catheters (MD). Variables related to energy metabolism were studied using microdialysis. Read More

    Traumatic brain injury amongst indigenous people: a systematic review.
    Brain Inj 2017 Sep 19:1-13. Epub 2017 Sep 19.
    b Synapse, Brisbane , Australia.
    Objectives: To identify the types of research focusing on Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) amongst Indigenous people in order to (i) synthesise their findings and (ii) ascertain where research gaps exist.

    Methodology: A systematic review using the PRISMA approach was employed. Eight databases were searched for peer-reviewed literature published at any date. Read More

    Cognitive correlates of pragmatic language comprehension in adult traumatic brain injury: A systematic review and meta-analyses.
    Brain Inj 2017 Sep 13:1-11. Epub 2017 Sep 13.
    c Department of Psychology , University of Hull , Hull , UK.
    Effective pragmatic comprehension of language is critical for successful communication and interaction, but this ability is routinely impaired following Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) (1,2). Individual studies have investigated the cognitive domains associated with impaired pragmatic comprehension, but there remains little understanding of the relative importance of these domains in contributing to pragmatic comprehension impairment following TBI. This paper presents a systematic meta-analytic review of the observed correlations between pragmatic comprehension and cognitive processes following TBI. Read More

    Differential impact of treadmill training on stroke-induced neurological disorders.
    Brain Inj 2017 Sep 12:1-8. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    d Department of Physiology , Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences , Tehran , Iran.
    Objective: Physical exercise contributes to improving stability against nerve injury caused by ischaemic stroke. Here we aimed to preliminarily investigate the effects of continuous endurance training (CET) and high-intensity interval training (HIT) on stroke-associated anxiety, locomotion, neurological assessments and P70S6 Kinase (P70S6K) activation as well. To do this, rats were trained according to HIT and CET protocols for 2 months prior to being subject to middle cerebral artery occlusion surgery. Read More

    Staged residential post-acute rehabilitation for adults following acquired brain injury: A comparison of functional gains rated on the UK Functional Assessment Measure (UK FIM+FAM) and the Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory (MPAI-4).
    Brain Inj 2017 Sep 12:1-9. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    a King's College London , Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine, Department of Palliative Care, Policy and Rehabilitation , London , UK.
    Objective: To compare the UK Functional Assessment Measure (UK FIM+FAM) and Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory (MPAI-4) as measures of functional change in patients with brain injury receiving a staged residential post-acute community-based rehabilitation programme.

    Research Design: Longitudinal cohort study of consecutive admissions (N = 42) over 3 years.

    Methods: Patients were assessed at admission and discharge/annual review. Read More

    The safety of simultaneous cranioplasty and shunt implantation.
    Brain Inj 2017 Sep 12:1-5. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    a Department of Neurosurgery , First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University , Hangzhou City , China.
    Background: A large cranial defect combined with hydrocephalus is a frequent sequela of decompressive craniectomy (DC) performed to treat malignant intracranial hypertension. Currently, many neurosurgeons perform simultaneous cranioplasty and shunt implantation on such patients, but the safety of this combined procedure remains controversial.

    Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 58 patients treated via cranioplasty and shunt implantation after DC. Read More

    Neuropsychological outcome following childhood stroke - a review.
    Brain Inj 2017 Sep 6:1-15. Epub 2017 Sep 6.
    c Institute of Child Health , Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust , London , UK.
    Objectives: Childhood stroke is a rare but devastating occurrence. Its infrequency has meant that a clear body of knowledge has not been fully established regarding its impact on neuropsychological outcome. Our aims were (i) to critically review the recent literature on neuropsychological outcome following childhood stroke; (ii) to investigate the factors related to neuropsychological outcome following childhood stroke. Read More

    Acute post-concussive symptoms in young children.
    Brain Inj 2017 Sep 6:1-8. Epub 2017 Sep 6.
    a School of Psychological Sciences , Monash University , Melbourne , Australia.
    Objectives: Despite peaks of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) incidence in young children, few studies have examined the nature of post-concussive symptoms (PCSs) in children under the age of eight, whilst controlling for pre-injury symptoms and effects of trauma. The current study aimed to identify which PCSs differentiate children with mTBI from trauma controls early post-injury, and whether these differed among preschool and school-aged children.

    Methods: The sample comprised 101 children aged 2-12 presenting to an emergency department, with concussion or other minor bodily injury (control). Read More

    Effects of concomitant mild traumatic brain injury on resuming work after suffering from an isolated limb fracture: A cohort study.
    Brain Inj 2017 Sep 6:1-6. Epub 2017 Sep 6.
    b Montreal Sacred Heart Hospital Research Centre , Montreal , QC , Canada.
    Background: The objective is to explore the effects of concomitant mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) on return to work (RTW), among patients suffering from an isolated limb fracture. This follow-up study included a total of 170 working age subjects with an isolated limb fracture, and was conducted in a phone interview approximately 1-year post trauma. 41 had experienced an mTBI and 129 did not. Read More

    Recovery progression and symptom resolution in sport-related mild traumatic brain injury.
    Brain Inj 2017 Sep 5:1-7. Epub 2017 Sep 5.
    b Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, College of Health Sciences , University of Texas at El Paso , El Paso , TX , USA.
    Objective: To characterize the recovery progression of a group of athletes who participated in a concussion management program based on (1) group analysis and (2) individual analysis.

    Setting: Concussion management clinic.

    Participants: Thirty athletes (22 males, 8 females; baseline age = 16. Read More

    Cardiorespiratory fitness and walking endurance improvements after 12 months of an individualised home and community-based exercise programme for people after stroke.
    Brain Inj 2017 Sep 5:1-8. Epub 2017 Sep 5.
    a Priority Research Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, University of Newcastle , Callaghan , New South Wales , Australia.
    Objective: To evaluate the immediate and longer-term effects of an individually tailored, home- and community-based exercise programme with ongoing remote support in people with stroke on cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), ambulation and health-related quality of life (HRQoL).

    Methods: Twenty people 5.3 ± 3. Read More

    The role of stump pressure and cerebral oximetry in predicting ischaemic brain damage during carotid endarterectomy.
    Brain Inj 2017 Sep 5:1-7. Epub 2017 Sep 5.
    a "Academician E.N. Meshalkin Novosibirsk State Budget Research Institute of Circulation Pathology" , Ministry for Public Health Care Russian Federation , Novosibirsk , Russian Federation.
    Objective is to compare the predictive value of stump pressure (SP) and cerebral oximetry (rSO2) levels in the evaluation of ischaemic injury of the cerebrum during clamping of the carotid artery (CCA) without temporary shunt (TS). Methods We included 84 patients with an asymptomatic stenosis (>70%) of the internal carotid artery (ICA) who underwent carotid endarterectomy (CEA) under GA. Cerebral ischaemic tolerance (CIT) was determined on the basis of SP, rSO2 and ∆rSO2 (↓rSO2 from baseline) during CCA. Read More

    Video and clinical screening of national rugby league players suspected of sustaining concussion.
    Brain Inj 2017 Sep 5:1-7. Epub 2017 Sep 5.
    g Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Harvard Medical School, Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital , MassGeneral Hospital for Children™ Sports Concussion Program, & Home Base, A Red Sox Foundation and Massachusetts General Hospital Program , Boston , Massachusetts , USA.
    Primary Objective: This study reviewed the available sideline Sport Concussion Assessment Tool-Third Edition (SCAT3) performance of players who were removed from play using the 'concussion interchange rule' (CIR), the available video footage of these incidences, and associated return to play and concussion diagnosis decisions.

    Research Design: Descriptive, observational case series.

    Methods And Procedures: Data were collected from all NRL players who used the CIR during the 2014 season. Read More

    Neuropsychological outcome of children with traumatic brain injury and its association with late magnetic resonance imaging findings: A cohort study.
    Brain Inj 2017 Sep 5:1-6. Epub 2017 Sep 5.
    a Division of Pediatric Critical Care, Department of Pediatrics, Ribeirão Preto Medical School , University of São Paulo , Ribeirão Preto , Brazil.
    Objectives: To evaluate neuropsychological outcome after traumatic brain injury (TBI) and its association with trauma severity and late magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings.

    Methods: Prospective cohort study of patients with TBI admitted to the paediatric intensive care unit over 5 years. Trauma severity was determined by Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), neurological outcome by King's Outcome Scale for Childhood Head Injury (KOSCHI) and neuropsychological outcome by Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children - Fourth Edition. Read More

    Intra-cerebral cannabidiol infusion-induced neuroprotection is partly associated with the TNF-α/TNFR1/NF-кB pathway in transient focal cerebral ischaemia.
    Brain Inj 2017 Sep 5:1-12. Epub 2017 Sep 5.
    a Department of Physiology, Faculty of Life Sciences and Biotechnology , Shahid Beheshti University , Tehran , Iran.
    Background: Stroke is a neurological disease, which, in addition to high mortality, imposes many financial and mental burdens on families and the society. The main objective of this study was to investigate the effect of cannabidiol (CBD) on one of the major inflammatory pathways in cerebral ischaemia.

    Method: Using stereotaxic surgery, the cannula was implanted into the right lateral ventricle of rats. Read More

    Quality of return to work in patients with mild traumatic brain injury: a prospective investigation of associations among post-concussion symptoms, neuropsychological functions, working status and stability.
    Brain Inj 2017 Sep 5:1-9. Epub 2017 Sep 5.
    e Department of Psychology , National Chengchi University , Taipei , Taiwan.
    Primary Objective: Although 'return to work' (RTW) has been always emphasized for patients with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI), methodological drawbacks weakened its representativeness. This study thus aims to evaluate the 'work quality' (WQ) which originated from 'working status' and 'working stability' simultaneously, and to further explore the associations among post-concussion symptoms (PCS), neuropsychological functions and WQ.

    Methods And Procedures: A total of 179 participants, which included 132 patients with MTBI and 47 healthy participants, were prospectively recruited. Read More

    Assessment of needs, psychological impact and quality of life in families of patients with locked-in syndrome.
    Brain Inj 2017 Aug 24:1-7. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
    a GIGA-consciousness, GIGA-consciousness, Coma Science Group , University and University Hospital of Liège , Liège , Belgium.
    Objective: Family needs of patients with acquired brain injuries have been studied for about three decades. In this study, we assessed the needs, the quality of life and the psychological state of relatives of patients with locked-in syndrome (LIS).

    Design: A survey was carried out using the family needs' questionnaire (FNQ). Read More

    Construct validity of the Functional Assessment of Verbal Reasoning and Executive Strategies (FAVRES).
    Brain Inj 2017 Aug 22:1-6. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    a Department of Psychology , Loyola University Maryland , Baltimore , MD , USA.
    Background: The Functional Assessment of Verbal Reasoning and Executive Strategies (FAVRES) is a measure of cognitive-communication and executive functions involving everyday tasks. Scores are predictive of employment status; however, the measure's construct validity is unclear.

    Objective: The study's objective was to assess the linear association of FAVRES test performance with performance on a number of neuropsychological measures in a sample of individuals with neurocognitive deficits. Read More

    Abundant unusual neural branches from the fornix in patients with mild traumatic brain injury: A diffusion tensor tractography study.
    Brain Inj 2017 Aug 22:1-4. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    a Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation , College of Medicine, Yeungnam University , Taegu , Korea.
    Objectives: Since the introduction of diffusion tensor tractography (DTT), several studies have been reported on the mechanisms for the recovery of an injured fornix in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). We report on patients who showed abundant unusual neural branches from the fornix following mild TBI using DTT.

    Methods: Five patients with mild TBI who complained of memory impairment and showed preserved integrity of the fornix with abundant unusual neural branches on DTT, and eight normal subjects were recruited. Read More

    Twelve-month prospective cohort study of patients with severe traumatic brain injury and their relatives: Coping, satisfaction with life and neurological functioning.
    Brain Inj 2017 Aug 22:1-7. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    a Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA; Division of Public Psychiatry , Massachusetts Mental Health Center , Boston , MA , USA.
    Background: To examine the associations between the functioning of patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), and their relatives' coping style and quality of life across 12 months post-injury.

    Methods: Prospective, population-based cohort study assessing 188 patients with severe TBI (Abbreviated Injury Scale of the head region [HAIS] score >3), and their relatives, 3, 6 and 12 months post-injury. Data were drawn from a larger national study run in Switzerland (2007-2011). Read More

    Frequency of and factors associated with emergency department intracranial pressure monitor placement in severe paediatric traumatic brain injury.
    Brain Inj 2017 Aug 22:1-8. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    b Departments of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine , University of Washington , Seattle , WA , USA.
    Objective: To examine the frequency of and factors associated with emergency department (ED) intracranial pressure (ICP) monitor placement in severe paediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI).

    Methods: Retrospective, multicentre cohort study of children <18 years admitted to the ED with severe TBI and intubated for >48 hours from 2007 to 2011.

    Results: Two hundred and twenty-four children had severe TBI and 75% underwent either ED, operating room (OR) or paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) ICP monitor placement. Read More

    Traumatic brain injury and post-traumatic amnesia: a retrospective review of discharge outcomes.
    Brain Inj 2017 Aug 22:1-6. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    a Rehabilitation Aged and Extended Care , Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Flinders University , Adelaide , Australia.
    Primary Objective: To investigate if patients with traumatic brain injury, who are discharged to the community before emergence from post-traumatic amnesia (PTA), experience more adverse outcomes than those discharged after emergence from PTA.

    Research Design: A retrospective review of previously collected data and medical records.

    Methods And Procedures: Occurrences of adverse events including hospital readmissions, disengagement from follow-up services, non-compliance with discharge precautions, support system breakdown or undue carer strain at the post-discharge clinic review were recorded. Read More

    Evaluation of cerebral hemodynamics by computed tomography perfusion imaging before and after cranioplasty in patients with brain injury.
    Brain Inj 2017 Aug 22:1-4. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    c Department of Radiology , The Eighth People's Hospital of Qingdao , Qingdao , P.R. China.
    Objective: To assess the clinical significance of computed tomography perfusion (CTP) imaging by evaluating cerebral hemodynamic changes quantitatively and qualitatively both before and after cranioplasty in patients with brain injury.

    Methods: Sixteen patients with cerebral trauma underwent CTP imaging 2 days before and 10-15 days after cranioplasty. The cerebral blood volume (CBV), cerebral blood flow (CBF), mean transit time and time to peak were analysed in both the affected and corresponding contralateral regions, including the basal ganglia, thalamus, cortex and white matter. Read More

    Highlighting the differences in post-traumatic symptoms between patients with complicated and uncomplicated mild traumatic brain injury and injured controls.
    Brain Inj 2017 Aug 17:1-10. Epub 2017 Aug 17.
    a Department of Psychology , University of Montréal , Montréal , Canada.
    Objective: The goal of the current study is to explore the difference in acute post-concussive symptoms (PCS), headaches, sleep and mood complaints between groups of patients with complicated and uncomplicated mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBIs) and a comparable group of injured controls. Interactions among the following four factors were studied: presence of (1) PCS; (2) headaches; (3) sleep disorders; and (4) psychological status.

    Methods: A total of 198 patients, followed at the outpatient mTBI clinic of the MUHC-MGH, completed questionnaires and a brief neurological assessment two weeks post-trauma. Read More

    Role of diffusion tensor imaging in the diagnosis and management of post-traumatic anosmia.
    Brain Inj 2017 Aug 17:1-5. Epub 2017 Aug 17.
    a IRCCS Centro Neurolesi 'Bonino-Pulejo' , Messina , Italy.
    Introduction: Anosmia is a possible complication of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). Psychometric and electrophysiological methods of olfaction measure and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) are the tools to evaluate the post-traumatic olfactory loss. Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) provides useful data for a better understanding of etiopathogenesis TBI-related anosmia, in particular the loss of neural connections and their eventual recovery over time. Read More

    The fate of asymptomatic severe carotid stenosis in the era of best medical therapy.
    Brain Inj 2017 Aug 17:1-7. Epub 2017 Aug 17.
    a Vascular Surgery Unit, Policlinico S. Orsola-Malpighi , University of Bologna , Bologna , Italy.
    Background: Medical therapy for asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis (ACAS) may obviate the carotid revascularization, according to recent literature reports, but many studies also considered moderate carotid artery stenosis (50-69% NASCET). This study reviews the most recent series of ACAS focusing on ipsilateral transient ischemic attack (TIA) stroke and annual risk of stroke in patients with ACAS ≥70%, thereby also evaluating the adherence to best medical therapy (BMT).

    Methods: A systematic review consisting of all the series of patients with ACAS being treated medically was performed, which was published after 2005. Read More

    The effects of exercise on a choice reaction time task in individuals with post-concussion syndrome.
    Brain Inj 2017 Aug 17:1-7. Epub 2017 Aug 17.
    a Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education , Wilfrid Laurier University , Waterloo , ON , Canada.
    Purpose: To assess cognitive performance differences pre- and post-exercise in individuals without concussion (non-concussed, NC) and individuals with post-concussion syndrome (PCS).

    Methods: A total of 30 participants completed a choice reaction time (CRT) task in the form of an iPad application, measuring each individual's decision-making capabilities, while wearing a head-mounted eye tracker system. Participants completed four blocks of testing; the time interval between the first two blocks of trials and the last two blocks of trials was 10 minutes. Read More

    Targeted areas for improving health literacy after traumatic brain injury.
    Brain Inj 2017 Aug 17:1-6. Epub 2017 Aug 17.
    b Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center , University of Washington , Seattle , WA , USA.
    Objective: To develop a framework to identify targeted areas for improving health literacy for caregivers after traumatic brain injury (TBI).

    Method: Qualitative study using inductive and deductive qualitative content analysis was conducted in a large, urban, level I trauma centre. Interviews were conducted with 23 caregivers of persons with TBI. Read More

    Modifying an evidence-based lifestyle programme for individuals with traumatic brain injury.
    Brain Inj 2017 Jul 27:1-5. Epub 2017 Jul 27.
    b Innovative Wellness Solutions, LLC , Pittsburgh , PA , USA.
    Objective: Individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) are at a risk of obesity-related chronic diseases; yet, no evidence-based strategies exist to support weight management in this population. The purpose of this study was to use participatory action research to modify the Diabetes Prevention Program Group Lifestyle Balance (DPP-GLB) programme for overweight/obese people with TBI. The DPP-GLB programme provides education and self-management skills for individuals to reach their lifestyle goals through healthy eating and physical activity. Read More

    Cognitive fatigue: an impaired cortical inhibitory replenishment.
    Brain Inj 2017 Jul 27:1-7. Epub 2017 Jul 27.
    a Faculté Saint Charles , Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, LNIA UMR 7260, Lab. de Neurosciences Intégratives et Adaptatives , FR3C , Marseille , France.
    Primary Objective: The present study explores the cause of cognitive fatigue in persons with traumatic brain injury (TBI), as also in persons with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Since cognitive fatigue shares many symptoms with chronic sleep deprivation (best described as cumulative excess wakefulness), it was hypothesized that cognitive fatigue is caused by cumulative excess wakefulness because of an impaired sleep efficacy. Recent results about the nature of sleep advocate that sleep aims primarily to replenish the efficiency of cortical inhibitory synapses. Read More

    The experiences of parenting a child with an acquired brain injury: A meta-synthesis of the qualitative literature.
    Brain Inj 2017 Jul 27:1-11. Epub 2017 Jul 27.
    b Psychological Services (Paediatrics) , Alder Hey Children's NHS Foundation Trust , Liverpool , UK.
    Objective: To systematically review and then synthesize the qualitative literature on the experience of parenting a child with an acquired brain injury (ABI).

    Design: Systematic literature review and meta-synthesis Methods. A systematic search of the literature was conducted in four databases. Read More

    Remediation of social communication impairments following traumatic brain injury using metacognitive strategy intervention: a pilot study.
    Brain Inj 2017 Jul 27:1-10. Epub 2017 Jul 27.
    a School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences , The University of Queensland , St Lucia , Queensland , Australia.
    Objective: To perform a pilot study to evaluate whether a novel metacognitive, goal-based intervention improved and maintained the social communication skills of adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI).

    Method: Eight community-dwelling participants with TBI completed three study phases: (1) baseline, (2) eight-week intervention targeting social communication impairments and (3) follow-up. Participants completed the Profile of Pragmatic Impairment in Communication (PPIC), LaTrobe Communication Questionnaire (LCQ) and Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS) at the commencement of baseline phase, pre- and post-intervention and completion of the follow-up phase. Read More

    Impact of psychiatric symptomatology on neuropsychological assessment performance in persons with TBI: A comparison of OEF/OIF veteran and civilian samples.
    Brain Inj 2017 Jul 14:1-7. Epub 2017 Jul 14.
    c Department of Neurosurgery , Saint Louis University , St. Louis , MO , USA.
    Objective: To assess whether increased incidence of post-traumatic stress disorder and depressive symptomatology in veterans with combat-related traumatic brain injury might help account for neurocognitive impairment relative to civilians with traumatic brain injury.

    Participants: Neuropsychological assessment data of 53 Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom veterans and 48 civilians with positive history of traumatic brain injury were analyzed to assess differences with respect to cognitive performance.

    Design: Retrospective analysis of data including neurocognitive test performance and self-reported symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder and depression. Read More

    Neural correlates of visual memory in patients with diffuse axonal injury.
    Brain Inj 2017 Jul 14:1-8. Epub 2017 Jul 14.
    a Division of Anaesthesia , University of Cambridge , Cambridge , UK.
    Primary Objective: To investigate the neural substrates of visual memory in a sample of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). We hypothesized that patients with decreased grey and white matter volume in frontal and parietal cortices as well as medial temporal and occipital lobes would perform poorly on the tests of visual memory analysed.

    Methods And Procedures: 39 patients and 53 controls were assessed on tests of visual memory and learning from the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB). Read More

    Provider perceptions of the assessment and rehabilitation of sexual functioning after Traumatic Brain Injury.
    Brain Inj 2017 Jul 12:1-7. Epub 2017 Jul 12.
    i Concussion Care Centre of Virginia, Ltd ., Richmond , Virginia , USA.
    Objective: To explore how health care professionals who work with individuals with TBI address issues related to the assessment and treatment of sexuality after TBI.

    Methods: A survey composed of 53 questions was developed to evaluate professional training, assessment of sexuality in individuals with TBI and attitudes towards sexuality. The sample consisted of 324 self-identified TBI health care professionals. Read More

    Application of Solution-Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT) in individuals after stroke.
    Brain Inj 2017 Jul 11:1-6. Epub 2017 Jul 11.
    e Neurological Ward , M. Copernicus Pomeranian Traumatology Centre in Gdańsk , Poland.
    Objective: To examine the effects of Solution Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT) in individuals after stroke on self-efficacy, symptoms of depression and anxiety.

    Design: Randomized controlled trial.

    Setting: Clinic of Adult Neurology of Medical University of Gdańsk and M. Read More

    Expression of masculine identity in individuals with a traumatic brain injury.
    Brain Inj 2017 Jul 7:1-10. Epub 2017 Jul 7.
    a Department of Communication Sciences & Disorders, Beaver College of Health Sciences , Appalachian State University , Boone , NC , USA.
    Primary Objective: This research seeks to examine and describe how four males with a traumatic brain injury (TBI) use language to negotiate their masculine identities.

    Research Design: Qualitative research methods were employed with a 'case study' design that allows for a detailed description of the cases, and the interactions examined.

    Methods And Procedures: The tools of inquiry applied included a topic analysis, as well as linguistic analysis methods that incorporated the theory of Systemic Functional Linguistics. Read More

    Behaviours of concern following moderate to severe traumatic brain injury in individuals living in the community.
    Brain Inj 2017 Jul 7:1-8. Epub 2017 Jul 7.
    a Monash-Epworth Rehabilitation Research Centre, Monash Institute of Cognitive and Clinical Neurosciences, School of Psychological Sciences , Monash University , Melbourne , Australia.
    Primary Objective: Behaviours of Concern (BoC) following traumatic brain injury (TBI) have a significant negative impact on the daily functioning and quality of life for the individual and their family. However, there has been limited research examining the nature and severity of BoC beyond the acute recovery period, including the perspective of the individual with TBI as well as close others (COs).

    Methods And Procedure: Eighty-nine individuals with predominantly severe TBI, at a mean of 11. Read More

    Accelerated cognitive aging following severe traumatic brain injury: A review.
    Brain Inj 2017 Jul 7:1-9. Epub 2017 Jul 7.
    a Neuropsychology Clinic, Institute of Life Sciences, College of Medicine , Swansea University , Swansea , UK.
    Objective: The primary objective of this review was to examine relevant clinical and experimental literatures for information on the long-term cognitive impact of serious traumatic brain injury (TBI) with regard to the process of cognitive aging.

    Method: Online journal databases were queried for studies pertaining to cognitive aging in neurologically healthy populations, as well as the late cognitive effects of serious TBI. Additional studies were identified through searching bibliographies of related publications and using Google search engine. Read More

    Psychometric properties and correlates of the PHQ-2 and PHQ-9 after traumatic brain injury.
    Brain Inj 2017 Jul 7:1-5. Epub 2017 Jul 7.
    b Calvin College , Grand Rapids , MI , USA.
    Primary Objective: To determine the predictive accuracy of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-2 in predicting PHQ-9 findings and to examine demographic, historical, and injury correlates of PHQ-9 ratings.

    Research Design: Retrospective analysis of data collected as part of routine clinical outpatient care over a period of 30 months on 168 persons with mild to severe traumatic brain injury, who were referred for neuropsychological evaluation within 1-12 months after injury.

    Main Outcomes And Results: PHQ-2 scores ≥2 had a sensitivity of 0. Read More

    Feasibility, stability and validity of the four square step test in typically developed children and children with brain damage.
    Brain Inj 2017 Jun 30:1-6. Epub 2017 Jun 30.
    a Sackler Faculty of Medicine, School of Health Professions, Physical Therapy Department , Tel-Aviv University , Tel-Aviv , Israel.
    Purpose: To assess feasibility, test-retest reliability and validity of the Four Square Step Test (FSST) in typically developed children (TD), and children with cerebral palsy (CP) and acquired brain injury (ABI).

    Methods: 30 TD children, 20 with CP and 12 with ABI participated in the study. The FSST while sitting and standing, the Timed Up and Go (TUG) and the balance subtest of the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test (BOT-2) were assessed. Read More

    Reducing concussion symptoms among teenage youth: Evaluation of a mobile health app.
    Brain Inj 2017 Jun 30:1-8. Epub 2017 Jun 30.
    a Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and Neurological Institute , The Ohio State University , Columbus , OH , USA.
    Objective: To evaluate whether a mobile health application that employs elements of social game design could compliment medical care for unresolved concussion symptoms.

    Design: Phase I and Phase II (open-label, non-randomized, ecological momentary assessment methodology).

    Setting: Outpatient concussion clinic. Read More

    Assessment of motor cortex excitability and inhibition during a cognitive task in individuals with concussion.
    Brain Inj 2017 Jun 28:1-8. Epub 2017 Jun 28.
    a Department of Human Physiology , University of Oregon , Eugene , OR , USA.
    Primary Objective: To examine the function of the motor cortex during executive function tasks in individuals with concussion, relative to healthy controls.

    Methods And Procedures: Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was used to assess motor cortex excitability and inhibition acutely, within 72 hours, and over two months, post-concussion in 23 participants, nine individuals with concussion and 14 controls. Participants performed a cognitive task during TMS to determine the impact of cognitive task on the motor cortex. Read More

    Social communication assessment during post-traumatic amnesia and the post-acute period after traumatic brain injury.
    Brain Inj 2017 Jun 28:1-11. Epub 2017 Jun 28.
    b NHMRC Centre of Research Excellence in Brain Recovery, Moving Ahead , Sydney , Australia.
    Background: Social communication impairment is a persisting and debilitating consequence of traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, there has been little empirical speech-language pathology (SLP) study focusing on the early stage of recovery after TBI, including during post-traumatic amnesia (PTA). This research reports on social communication presentation and recovery during late PTA and the post-acute period, assessed with standardized measures. Read More

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