2,943 results match your criteria Brain Imaging in Venous Vascular Malformations


Developmental venous anomaly (DVA) mimicking thrombosed cerebral vein.

Radiol Case Rep 2019 Jun 10;14(6):778-781. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Radiology, Alnoor Specialist Hospital, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.

Venous angiomas are relatively common lesions that occur in up to 3% of the general population. It is usually asymptomatic and discovered incidentally. We present a case of developmental venous anomaly mimicking thrombosed cerebral vein on nonenhanced computed tomography scan of the brain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radcr.2019.03.030DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6461576PMC

An Isolated Unilateral Pontomedullary Lesion Due to An Intracranial Dural Arteriovenous Fistula Mimicking A Brain Tumor - Case and Review.

J Nippon Med Sch 2019 ;86(1):48-54

Stroke Center and Department of Neurology, Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital.

Intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) with perimedullary venous drainage may cause brainstem swelling and represent a diagnostic challenge. A 66-year-old man presented to the emergency room with recurrent vertigo, minimal truncal ataxia with a wide-based gait, and a slightly impaired tandem gait. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a hyperintense lesion in the left pontomedullary area on T2-weighted images (T2WIs) with partial gadolinium enhancement, but without increased signals on diffusion-weighted images. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1272/jnms.JNMS.2019_86-9DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Infratentorial Developmental Venous Abnormalities and Inflammation Increase Odds of Sporadic Cavernous Malformation.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota. Electronic address:

Goal: Sporadic brain cavernous malformations commonly correlate with developmental venous anomalies; however, developmental venous anomalies may exist without cavernous malformations. Infratentorial location and specific angioarchitectural features of the developmental venous anomaly increase the odds of a concomitant malformation. Animal data also suggest chronic inflammatory disease, oxidative stress, and angiogenesis promote cavernous malformation development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2019.02.025DOI Listing

No evidence of increased cerebrovascular involvement in adult neurologically-asymptomatic β-Thalassaemia. A multicentre multimodal magnetic resonance study.

Br J Haematol 2019 Mar 5. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Dipartimento di Medicina e Chirurgia, Scuola Medica Salernitana, Sezione di Neuroscienze, Università di Salerno, Salerno, Italy.

Multi-factorial causes jeopardize brain integrity in β-thalassaemia. Intracranial parenchymal and vascular changes have been reported among young β-thalassaemia patients but conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings are contradictory making early MRI and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA)/venography monitoring a matter of debate. This study prospectively investigated 75 neurologically asymptomatic β-thalassaemia patients (mean-age 35·2 ± 10·7 years; 52/75 transfusion-dependent; 41/75 splenectomised) using a 3T magnetic resonance scanner; clinical, laboratory and treatment data were also collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjh.15834DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Do Serum Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor and Endostatin Reflect Radiological Radiation-Induced Changes After Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformations?

World Neurosurg 2019 Mar 2. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, South Korea.

Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and endostatin in patients with cerebral treated by stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), and to assess their association with radiological radiation-induced changes (RICs).

Methods: To measure serum biomarkers, peripheral venous blood was collected before SRS and 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months after SRS. To evaluate RICs, clinical and neuroimaging follow-up were performed concurrently every 6 months after SRS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.02.101DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Asymmetric cavernous sinus enlargement: a novel finding in Sturge-Weber syndrome.

Neuroradiology 2019 May 12;61(5):595-602. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Neuroradiology Unit, IRCCS Istituto Giannina Gaslini, Via Gerolamo Gaslini 5, 16147, Genoa, Italy.

Purpose: Enlargement of deep cerebral veins and choroid plexus engorgement are frequently reported in Sturge-Weber syndrome. We aim to describe cavernous sinus involvement in patients with this syndrome and to identify possible clinical-neuroimaging correlations.

Methods: Sixty patients with Sturge-Weber syndrome (31 females, mean age 4. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00234-019-02182-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00234-019-02182-4DOI Listing
May 2019
16 Reads

[Subcortical calcification on CT in Borden type III intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula].

Rinsho Shinkeigaku 2019 Feb 31;59(2):93-97. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Neurology, Nissan Tamagawa Hospital.

We herein report a 67-year-old female who presented with progressive dementia and disturbance of consciousness. Brain CT showed multiple subcortical calcifications with edema. Enhanced CT showed multiple abnormal vessels in the left hemisphere. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5692/clinicalneurol.cn-001200DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

Spontaneous Arteriovenous Fistula of the Middle Deep Temporal Artery.

Vasc Endovascular Surg 2019 Feb 27;53(2):145-146. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

1 Division of Interventional Neuroradiology, Department of Neurosurgery, New York-Presbyterian Hospital, Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1538574418813744DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Indocyanine Green Videoangiography in the Surgical Treatment of Spinal Dural Arterovenous Fistula: A Useful Application.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 24;122:508-511. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Department of Medico-Surgical Sciences and Biotechnologies, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy; Division of Neurosurgery, IRCCS Neuromed, Pozzilli (IS), Italy.

Background: Indocyanine green videoangiography (ICG-V) is used with increasing frequency in neurovascular surgery. ICG-V use in spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) allows visualization of the hemodynamics of the fistula and to confirm its exclusion after ligation of the feeder. Here, we illustrate how ICG-V is useful for centering the surgical exposure during mini-invasive approaches to spinal DAVFs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.11.164DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

[Treatment of a Traumatic Direct Carotid Cavernous Fistula with an Intradural Internal Carotid Artery Pseudoaneurysm Using a Low-profile Visualized Intraluminal Support(LVIS)Stent:A Case Report].

No Shinkei Geka 2018 Nov;46(11):989-997

Department of Neurosurgery, Higashihiroshima Medical Center.

Traumatic carotid cavernous fistula(CCF)is known to present a direct connection between the cavernous segment of the internal carotid artery(ICA)and the cavernous sinus(CS). In rare cases, the fistula is formed between the intradural internal carotid artery(ICA)and the cavernous sinus(CS)via a pseudoaneurysm(pAN), requiring appropriate management and aggressive surgical treatment. We describe a 58-year-old man who sustained a severe head injury diagnosed as traumatic CCF treated with an intradural pAN procedure and transarterial coil embolization combined with a Low-profile Visualized Intraluminal Support(LVIS)stent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11477/mf.1436203853DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

Vagal Nerve Palsy After Transarterial Embolization of Transverse-Sigmoid Dural Arteriovenous Fistula Using Onyx.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2019 Feb 10;28(2):464-469. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

Department of Neurosuragery, Stroke Center, Kokura Memorial Hospital, Japan. Electronic address:

Objective: We report a case of a 70-year-old man who developed a transverse-sigmoid dural arteriovenous fistula (TS-DAVF) that was successfully treated by transarterial embolization (TAE) with Onyx.

Case Presentation: The patient presented with sudden and progressive disturbance of consciousness and left hemiparesis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed venous infarction and hemorrhagic changes with brain swelling in the right parietal lobe. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10523057183060
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2018.10.023DOI Listing
February 2019
21 Reads

A Pial Arteriovenous Fistula in Infancy as the Presenting Manifestation of Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 1;122:322-325. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Neurosurgery, Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan.

Background: Pial arteriovenous fistulas (PAVFs) are rare, accounting for 1.6%-4.7% of all intracranial vascular malformations. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183244
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.10.146DOI Listing
February 2019
21 Reads

Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas at the Craniocervical Junction: A Series Case Report.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 29;122:e700-e712. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Neurosurgery, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University and Institute of Brain and Brain-Inspired Science, Shandong University, Jinan, P. R. China. Electronic address:

Background: Craniocervical junction dural arteriovenous fistulas (CJDAVFs) are rare vascular malformations with unclear clinical characteristics. This study investigated the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with CJDAVFs.

Methods: Thirty-eight patients with CJDAVFs who had undergone either conservative or surgical treatment were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183242
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.10.124DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Pediatric Congenital Cerebrovascular Anomalies.

J Neuroimaging 2019 Mar 31;29(2):165-181. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Interventional Radiology, Sanford Aberdeen Clinic, Aberdeen, SD.

Congenital cerebrovascular anomalies in the pediatric age group are myriad with diverse etiologies. The purpose of this paper is to provide an imaging overview of congenital vascular malformations and vascular tumors, as these conditions are varied and the characteristic vascular abnormality may even suggest the underlying systemic condition in helping to guide further management. For example, the identification of an arterial anomaly such as agenesis/hypoplasia/duplication may warrant further evaluation for an associated syndrome. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jon.12575
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jon.12575DOI Listing
March 2019
25 Reads

Intracranial Venous Reflux Caused by Occlusion of the Brachiocephalic Vein Mimicking Dural Arteriovenous Fistula.

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 26;120:438-441. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Department of Neurology, Myongji Hospital, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Goyang-si, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Background: High signal intensity of cerebral venous sinuses on magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) indicates high flow of shunt from arterial blood, suggesting dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF). Herein, we describe the cases of 2 patients with intracranial venous reflux caused by brachiocephalic vein occlusion (BVO) mimicking dAVF on MRA.

Case Description: Case 1 was a 71-year-old woman who had received arteriovenous graft (AVG) surgery for hemodialysis and presented with headache. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.09.116DOI Listing
December 2018
18 Reads
2.420 Impact Factor

Development of pseudo-subarachnoid hemorrhage secondary to hypoxic-ischemic injury due to bleeding pulmonary arterio-venous malformation.

BMC Neurol 2018 Sep 28;18(1):157. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Seri Kembangan, Malaysia.

Background: The computed tomography (CT) finding of a pseudo-subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) may lead the treating physician into a diagnostic dilemma. We present a case of a pseudo-SAH in a patient with post-resuscitative encephalopathy, secondary to a newly diagnosed bleeding pulmonary arterio-venous malformation (AVM).

Case Presentation: A 19-year-old female presented acutely with massive hemoptysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12883-018-1161-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161445PMC
September 2018
4 Reads

[Dural Arteriovenous Fistulae in the Tentorium Manifesting as Dementia].

No Shinkei Geka 2018 09;46(9):803-809

Department of Neurosurgery, Teine Keijinkai Hospital.

Background: Tentorial dural arteriovenous fistula(dAVF)is a relatively rare disease which accounts for about 4.8% of all types of dAVF reported in Japan. Approximately 12. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11477/mf.1436203817DOI Listing
September 2018
17 Reads

Aneurysmal dilation of the vein of Galen and straight sinus with resultant obstructive hydrocephalus.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Sep 27;2018. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Hematology Oncology, University of Arizona Medical Center, Tucson, Arizona, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-226742DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Spontaneous resolution of direct carotid-cavernous fistulas: case series and literature review.

Interv Neuroradiol 2019 Feb 23;25(1):71-89. Epub 2018 Sep 23.

3 Department of Radiology, Bumrungrad International Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand.

Spontaneous regression of direct carotid-cavernous fistulas (CCFs) is extremely rare. Most of the patients with direct CCFs are usually treated using endovascular techniques. Spontaneous obliteration of the direct fistulas probably results from thrombosis of the venous drainage and/or cavernous sinus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1591019918800220DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6378520PMC
February 2019
15 Reads

Facial Venous Malformations Are Associated with Cerebral Developmental Venous Anomalies.

AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2018 Nov 20;39(11):2103-2107. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Joint Department of Medical Imaging (W.B., C.A.H., A.C.T., P.J.N., T.K., R.A.), Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Background And Purpose: A number of studies have demonstrated the existence of segmental vascular disorders affecting soft tissues of the head and neck along with the intracranial vasculature. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is an association between cerebral developmental venous anomalies and venous malformations of the face, head, and neck.

Materials And Methods: A consecutive series of patients with head and neck venous malformations who underwent MR imaging of the brain with postcontrast T1- or T2*-weighted imaging were included. Read More

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http://www.ajnr.org/lookup/doi/10.3174/ajnr.A5811
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3174/ajnr.A5811DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Multiple aneurysms on the subarcuate artery arising from the anterior inferior cerebellar artery in a patient with a Borden type I transverse-sigmoid dural arteriovenous fistula manifesting as subarachnoid hemorrhage: A case report.

Interv Neuroradiol 2019 Feb 18;25(1):90-96. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

1 Department of Neurosurgery, Tachikawa General Hospital, Nagaoka, Niigata, Japan.

Background: Peripheral anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) aneurysms are rare and commonly associated with vascular malformations, such as cerebellar arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). We present a case wherein multiple AICA feeding aneurysms on the subarcuate artery as a feeding artery of a Borden type I transverse-sigmoid dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF) manifested as subarachnoid hemorrhage.

Case Description: A 67-year-old woman presented with acute severe headache. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1591019918799299DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6378525PMC
February 2019
4 Reads

Cervical Myelopathy Caused by Intracranial Dural Arteriovenous Fistula with Acute Worsening After Steroid Administration.

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 12;120:328-330. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

Department of Neurosurgery, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, The First People's Hospital of Yibin, Sichuan, PR China. Electronic address:

Intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) draining into the perimedullary venous system are rare and potentially life-threatening lesions often presenting as a myelopathy. The early and proper diagnosis of this rare disease is challenging because the symptoms are nonspecific. Acute clinical deterioration in patients with spinal DAVFs treated with steroid administration has been described. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.09.029DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Treatment Strategy of a Patient With a Brain Arteriovenous Malformation and Cranial Dural Fistula: 2-Dimensional Operative Video.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2019 May;16(5):636

Department of Neurological Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Phoenix, Arizona.

We present the case of a 56-yr-old right-handed male, after informed consent was obtained, who presented with acute confusion and agitation, on the background of a remote history of an uncomplicated resection of a left parietal grade 2 glioma. Imaging revealed a large, acute right temporal intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Standard vascular workup for the cause of the ICH included catheter angiography. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ons/opy208DOI Listing
May 2019
3 Reads

Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia - Early Childhood Presentation with Hepatic Failure.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2018 Sep;28(9):S195-S197

Department of Pediatrics, Shifa College of Medicine, Islamabad.

Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is a vascular dysplasia in which capillary bed is absent with direct draining of arterial blood into venous circulation. Due to increased pressure there is increased risk of bleeding. The classical triad consists of telangiectasias, epistaxis and a positive family history. Read More

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https://www.jcpsp.pk/data/view.php?id=364&type=pdf&j
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http://dx.doi.org/10.29271/jcpsp.2018.09.S195DOI Listing
September 2018
23 Reads

The routes for embolization of dural carotid cavernous fistulas when the endovascular approach is indicated as a first-line strategy.

Interv Neuroradiol 2019 Feb 30;25(1):66-70. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

1 Division of Interventional Neuroradiology, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Introduction: Multiple ways to access the dural carotid cavernous fistula have been described. The aim of the present study was to assess the results of embolization of a dural carotid cavernous fistula via different routes using endovascular accesses as a first-line strategy.

Methods: A retrospective data analysis of a consecutive series of 63 patients presenting with dural carotid cavernous fistula was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1591019918796493DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6378530PMC
February 2019
13 Reads

Cerebral Venous Malformations in a Chinese Population: Clinical Manifestations, Radiological Characteristics, and Long-Term Prognosis.

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 25;120:e472-e479. Epub 2018 Aug 25.

Department of Neurology, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, China National Clinical Research Center for Neurological Diseases, Center of Stroke, Beijing Institute for Brain Disorders, Beijing, China.

Objective: We elucidated the clinical and radiological characteristics and analyzed the risk factors for hemorrhage and poor outcomes of cerebral venous malformations (CVMs) in a northern Chinese population.

Methods: We included 60 consecutive patients with CVM patients in Beijing Tiantan Hospital from January 2011 to February 2018. The clinical manifestations, radiological characteristics, management, and outcomes were elucidated and analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.08.106DOI Listing
December 2018
10 Reads

Growth of Thrombosed Cerebral Venous Varix Following Resection of Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformation: Case Report with Pathologic Consideration.

World Neurosurg 2018 Nov 23;119:274-277. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

Department of Neurosurgery, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.

Background: Varix of the drainage route can spontaneously develop thrombosis and disappear after the treatment of the associated cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM). We report a rare case in which a thrombosed cerebral venous varix of the drainage route exhibited growth despite complete resection of the associated cerebral AVM.

Case Description: A 46-year-old man was diagnosed with an AVM in the left temporal lobe. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.08.072DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

Surgical Management and Functional Outcomes of Cavernous Malformations Involving the Medulla Oblongata.

World Neurosurg 2018 Nov 2;119:e643-e652. Epub 2018 Aug 2.

Department of Neurosurgery, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, People's Republic of China; China National Clinical Research Center for Neurological Diseases, Beijing, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical features, surgical complications, and functional outcomes of the surgical treatment of patients with cavernous malformations (CMs) involving the medulla oblongata.

Methods: The charts of 69 patients undergoing surgical treatment of CMs in the medulla oblongata, pontomedullary, and cervicomedullary junctions between 2011 and 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. Patient demographics, lesion characteristics, operative documents, and patient outcomes were examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.07.229DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

Staged Raising of a Coronal Flap for Fronto-Orbital Advancement and Remodeling in Saethre-Chotzen Syndrome Complicated by Sinus Pericranii.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Oct;29(7):1956-1959

Oxford Craniofacial Unit.

This article reports the surgical management of a 3-month-old girl with Saethre-Chotzen syndrome, who presented with bicoronal synostosis and a large midline sinus pericranii with abnormal cerebral venous drainage via scalp veins. Raised intracranial pressure was demonstrated on monitoring, indicating the need for calvarial expansion necessitating a coronal access incision. A 2-staged delayed raising of the coronal flap was performed to reduce the potential risk of cerebral venous infarction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000004786DOI Listing
October 2018
26 Reads

Evaluation of sporadic intracranial cavernous malformations for detecting associated developmental venous anomalies: added diagnostic value of C-arm contrast-enhanced cone-beam CT to routine contrast-enhanced MRI.

Eur Radiol 2019 Feb 31;29(2):783-791. Epub 2018 Jul 31.

Department of Radiology, Istanbul University, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: Our purpose was to investigate the added diagnostic value of C-arm contrast-enhanced cone-beam CT (CE-CBCT) to routine contrast-enhanced MRI (CE-MRI) in detecting associated developmental venous anomalies (DVAs) in patients with sporadic intracranial cavernous malformations (ICMs).

Methods: Fifty-six patients (53 with single and three with double ICMs) met the inclusion criteria. All patients had routine CE-MRI scans performed at 1. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00330-018-5652-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-018-5652-3DOI Listing
February 2019
10 Reads

Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations: diagnosis.

Cardiovasc Diagn Ther 2018 Jun;8(3):325-337

Department of Radiology, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA.

Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) are rare, abnormal low resistance vascular structures that connect a pulmonary artery to a pulmonary vein, thereby bypassing the normal pulmonary capillary bed and resulting in an intrapulmonary right-to-left shunt. The spectrum of PAVMs extends from microscopic lesions causing profound hypoxemia and ground glass appearance on computed tomography (CT) but with normal catheter angiographic findings to classic pulmonary aneurysmal connections that abnormally connect pulmonary veins and arteries. These malformations most commonly are seen in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/cdt.2018.06.01DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6039795PMC
June 2018
5 Reads

Endoscopic Transnasal Transclival Approach to a Pontine Cavernoma with Associated Developmental Venous Anomaly.

World Neurosurg 2018 Oct 18;118:212-218. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

Department of Neurological Surgery, George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA.

Background: Brainstem cavernous malformations represent around 8%-22% of all intracranial cavernous malformations but exhibit a higher annual incidence of hemorrhage (2%-3%) compared with other cavernous angiomas and tend to be more symptomatic given their proximity to critical nuclei and fiber tracts. Recently, endoscopic endonasal techniques have been used for the removal of ventral skull base lesions, with significant improvement in operative morbidity and mortality compared with open approaches. Here we demonstrate the utility and feasibility of the endoscopic transclival approach for ventrally located pontine cavernomas in carefully selected patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.07.084DOI Listing
October 2018
13 Reads

Retrospective review of screening for Sturge-Weber syndrome with brain magnetic resonance imaging and electroencephalography in infants with high-risk port-wine stains.

Pediatr Dermatol 2018 Sep 18;35(5):575-581. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

Department of Dermatology, Eastern Health, Monash University, Melbourne, Vic., Australia.

Background: There is a lack of consensus regarding how best to screen children with facial port-wine stains for Sturge-Weber syndrome. Many favor brain magnetic resonance imaging, and adjunctive electroencephalography is increasingly used. However, the sensitivity, specificity, and negative and positive predictive value of magnetic resonance imaging and electroencephalography and whether screening improves seizure recognition is unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pde.13598DOI Listing
September 2018
11 Reads

Giant arachnoid granulation with a thrombosed dural arteriovenous fistula.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Jun 27;2018. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

Radiodiagnosis, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India.

Arachnoid granulations are common incidentally detected small dural lesions which are usually asymptomatic and follow cerebrospinal fluid density/signal intensity on CT/MRI. Such lesions reaching a size of more than 1 cm are termed as giant arachnoid granulations (GAGs) which have been previously reported to cause venous hypertension and headaches. We report a case of GAG involving the proximal half of the superior sagittal sinus in a 45-year-old male patient which was associated with left temporal thrombosed dural arteriovenous fistula (AVF) whose thrombosed draining veins were seen converging towards the site of GAG. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-224851DOI Listing
June 2018
1 Read

An Eye with a Heartbeat: Carotid Cavernous Fistula-a Case Report.

J Emerg Med 2018 09 23;55(3):e75-e76. Epub 2018 Jun 23.

Emergency Department, Mercy Health Partners, Muskegon, Michigan.

Background: A carotid cavernous fistula is a rare type of arteriovenous (AV) fistula due to an abnormal communication between the cavernous sinus and the carotid arterial system. Normal venous return to the cavernous sinus is impeded as high-pressure arterial blood enters the cavernous sinus. The classical triad of symptoms is characterized by pulsating exophthalmos, ocular bruit, and conjunctival chemosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2018.05.015DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Onyx embolization of a pial AV fistula with a giant venous varix using a flow-directed Scepter balloon catheter: Technical note.

Interv Neuroradiol 2018 Dec 19;24(6):702-705. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

2 Department of Neurosurgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA.

Background And Importance: Pial arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) of the brain are treacherous lesions that can be challenging to treat because of high risk of hemorrhage. We report on a rare case of a pial AVF with a giant venous varix as a draining vein treated successfully with flow-directed balloon-assisted Onyx embolization.

Clinical Presentation: A 56-year-old female with headaches underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging, which demonstrated a 4 cm aneurysmal malformation in the right temporal lobe. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1591019918781670DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6259346PMC
December 2018
8 Reads

Imaging of Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformations and Arteriovenous Fistulas and Occlusion Control Using Intraoperative 3-Dimensional Rotational Fluoroscopy.

World Neurosurg 2018 Sep 18;117:e500-e506. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital Wuerzburg, Wuerzburg, Germany. Electronic address:

Background: Intraoperative resection or occlusion control is indispensable in the surgery of vascular anomalies. This can be conducted using local vascular imaging modalities or angiographic techniques. This series was performed to assess whether cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) and dural arteriovenous fistulae (dAVFs) can be detected in a sufficient quality by intraoperative 3-dimensional (3D) fluoroscopy with intravenous contrast application. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.06.065DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Unique percutaneous direct puncture technique for occlusion of a hypoglossal canal dural arteriovenous fistula.

J Neurointerv Surg 2018 Dec 16;10(12):1179-1182. Epub 2018 Jun 16.

Division of Interventional Neuroradiology, Houston Methodist Research Institute, Houston, Texas, USA.

Purpose: To report percutaneous transcranial puncture, embolization and occlusion of a very symptomatic hypoglossal canal/anterior condylar vein dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) using syngo iGuide navigational software in a patient in whom transarterial and transvenous embolization and surgery had failed.

Methods: After unsuccessful arterial and venous embolization and surgical treatment of a symptomatic hypoglossal canal DAVF, a 47-year-old man was transferred for further management. With exquisite anatomic detail provided by C-arm cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) equipment (Artis zee Biplane, Dyna CT VC21H, Siemens Healthcare GmbH, Germany) and syngo iGuide needle guidance navigational software (Siemens Healthcare GmbHy) for planning a safe direct approach, the hypoglossal/anterior condylar vein, the dominant outflow vein of the fistula, was needle punctured percutaneously at the hypoglossal foramen and occluded with ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer liquid embolic agent (Onyx, Medtronic, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA) after placing two anchoring platinum coils (Target detachable coils, Stryker Neurovascular, Fremont, California, USA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/neurintsurg-2018-013845DOI Listing
December 2018
12 Reads

Sodium Fluorescein Videoangiography as an Adjunct to Resection of Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformations.

World Neurosurg 2018 Sep 12;117:e329-e334. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

Department of Vascular Neurosurgery, National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery "Manuel Velasco Suárez", Mexico City, Mexico. Electronic address:

Objective: To characterize dynamic changes of arteriovenous malformation using a microscope-integrated technique at the moment of performing intraoperative fluorescein videoangiography (FL-VAG) at each of the resection phases.

Methods: We prospectively recruited 12 patients with arteriovenous malformations and used FL-VAG as an ancillary technique for resection of the lesion. We analyzed transit time (TT) of FL in arterial feeders (arterial transit time [TTa]) and draining veins (venous transit time [TTv]) during the different stages of resection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.06.024DOI Listing
September 2018

Isolated right superior vena cava draining into the left atrium in a child with vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation-case report.

J Cardiothorac Surg 2018 Jun 13;13(1):66. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Isolated right Superior Vena Cava drainage into the left atrium in the absence of other cardiac anomalies is an extremely rare condition. The vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation is a congenital vascular malformation. It comprises 1% of all pediatric congenital anomalies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13019-018-0758-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5998586PMC
June 2018
3 Reads
1.018 Impact Factor

[Hemorrhagic rupture of a giant arteriovenous malformation in a young man in Ouagadougou].

Pan Afr Med J 2018 17;29:38. Epub 2018 Jan 17.

Department of Neurology, Teaching Hospital Yalgado Ouedraogo of Ouagadougou.

Vascular arteriovenous malformations (VAM) are aggressive vascular diseases associated with increased haemorrhagic risk in terms of morbidity and mortality. Vascular arteriovenous malformations are usually sporadic. The main symptom of VAM is hemorrhage, in 50% of cases. Read More

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http://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/content/article/29/38/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2018.29.38.12253DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5987145PMC
June 2018
8 Reads

Dural arteriovenous fistula associated with a glomus jugulare tumour presenting with only pulsatile tinnitus.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Jun 4;2018. Epub 2018 Jun 4.

Department of Neurosurgery, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, LA, USA.

We present the second known case of a dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) associated with a glomus jugulare tumour in a 66-year-old man and the first with a presenting symptom of pulsatile tinnitus. The tumour occluded the left internal jugular vein at the bulb. Our patient opted for monitoring, but the tinnitus progressed and became debilitating, prompting him to proceed with embolisation of the tumour. Read More

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http://casereports.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bcr-2018-22486
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-224860DOI Listing
June 2018
6 Reads

Vein of Galen Malformation Thrombosis by Single-Stage, 2-Coil Embolization.

World Neurosurg 2018 Aug 1;116:296-298. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

Department of Neurosurgery, Augusta University, Augusta, Georgia, USA.

Advances in endovascular embolization have improved morbidity and mortality among patients with vein of Galen malformations (VoGMs). The patient presented at 3 months of age with increased head circumference and a bruit over his anterior fontanelle. Diagnostic cerebral angiography confirmed the presence of a large mural-type VoGM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.05.184DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

Evaluation of Angioarchitectural Features of Unruptured Brain Arteriovenous Malformation by Susceptibility Weighted Imaging.

World Neurosurg 2018 Aug 30;116:e1015-e1022. Epub 2018 May 30.

Department of Radiology, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Dongcheng District, Beijing, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Objectives: A precise assessment of angioarchitectural characteristics using noninvasive imaging is helpful for serial follow-up and weighting risk of natural history in unruptured brain arteriovenous malformation (bAVM). This study aimed to test the hypothesis that susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) would provide an accurate evaluation of angioarchitectural features of unruptured bAVM.

Methods: A total of 81 consecutive patients with unruptured bAVM were examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.05.151DOI Listing
August 2018
8 Reads
2.420 Impact Factor

Dural arteriovenous fistula in the sphenoid bone lesser wing region: Endovascular adjuvant techniques of treatment and literature review.

Interv Neuroradiol 2018 Oct 31;24(5):559-566. Epub 2018 May 31.

Medical Military Academy, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation.

This article describes the successful endovascular treatment of a dural arteriovenous fistula of a rare localization (the area of sphenoid bone lesser region). We examine one report of an unusually located dural arteriovenous fistula successfully treated with Onyx (ev3, Irvine, USA) using a combination of endovascular adjuvant techniques: pressure cooker and remodeling balloon protection of cerebral artery. The article includes previously published observations of such fistulas and discusses anatomic features and venous drainage of dural arteriovenous fistulas in the given location. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1591019918777233DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6116136PMC
October 2018
10 Reads

Vascular Plugging for the Enlarging Pulmonary Arteriovenous Malformation in a Patient With Idiopathic Pulmonary Artery Hypertension.

Can J Cardiol 2018 06 2;34(6):812.e9-812.e11. Epub 2018 Mar 2.

Cardiovascular Center, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan; Department of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan; Department of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan; Department of Medicine, Lin Shin Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan. Electronic address:

The coexistence of idiopathic pulmonary artery hypertension with pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM) is challenging because although the PAVM causes hypoxia and polycythemia with potential thrombotic complications, closing the PAVM increases pulmonary artery pressure. We report on a lady with PAVM and idiopathic pulmonary artery hypertension who, within 2 years of diagnosis, had an ischemic stroke, PAVM enlargement from 20 × 20 × 30 mm to 30x × 40 × 40 mm and oximetry decrease to 90%. Transcatheter occlusion of PAVM with a vascular plug was successful. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cjca.2018.02.025DOI Listing
June 2018
2 Reads

Contralateral extensive cerebral hemorrhagic venous infarction caused by retrograde venous reflux into the opposite basal vein of Rosenthal in posttraumatic carotid-cavernous fistula: A case report and literature review.

Interv Neuroradiol 2018 Oct 19;24(5):546-558. Epub 2018 May 19.

3 Department of Radiology, Bumrungrad International Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand.

We describe a patient with traumatic carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF), subsequently developing contralateral extensive hemorrhagic venous infarction from retrograde venous reflux into the opposite basal vein of Rosenthal. A 54-year-old woman was involved in a motor vehicle accident and sustained severe traumatic brain injury. Two months later, she developed bilateral proptosis and audible bruit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1591019918776615DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6116133PMC
October 2018
8 Reads

Spontaneous direct carotid-cavernous sinus fistula secondary to a persistent primitive trigeminal artery treated by trans-venous coil embolisation.

Interv Neuroradiol 2018 Oct 12;24(5):567-570. Epub 2018 May 12.

Department of Medical Imaging, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Woolloongabba, Australia.

A healthy 51-year-old female presented with a spontaneous direct carotid-cavernous sinus fistula associated with a persistent primitive trigeminal artery. She had no history of connective tissue or cerebrovascular disorders or significant head trauma. This is a rare lesion with only 18 previously reported cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1591019918774241DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6116122PMC
October 2018
6 Reads

Curative Transvenous Embolization for Ruptured Brain Arteriovenous Malformations: A Single-Center Experience from China.

World Neurosurg 2018 Aug 9;116:e421-e428. Epub 2018 May 9.

Department of Cerebrovascular Disease, Zhengzhou University People's Hospital and Henan Provincial People's Hospital, Zhengzhou, China.

Objective: To evaluate feasibility and safety of transvenous embolization for brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs).

Methods: Between November 2016 and August 2017, a transvenous endovascular embolization protocol was implemented at the Henan Provincial People's Hospital for consecutive patients with ruptured brain AVMs. Therapeutic decision making was based on Spetzler-Martin grade, brain AVM location, pattern of venous drainage, and angioarchitecture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.04.223DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

Arterial spin labeling MR imaging aids to identify cortical venous drainage of dural arteriovenous fistulas.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 May;97(19):e0697

Institute of Radiation Medicine, Seoul National University Medical Research Center.

Cortical venous drainage (CVD) increases the probability of intracranial hemorrhage and mortality rate of dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVF). Although digital subtraction angiography (DSA) is the most accurate method to determine CVD in DAVFs, this modality has limitations due to its invasive nature and radiation issues. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic utility of arterial spin-labeling perfusion-weighted images (ASL-PWI) to identify CVD in patients with DAVF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000010697DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5959413PMC
May 2018
11 Reads