1,256 results match your criteria Brain Imaging in Venous Sinus Thrombosis


Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis Associated with Dutasteride Use.

Yonsei Med J 2020 Jun;61(6):553-555

Department of Neurology, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Severance Institute for Vascular and Metabolic Research, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is an uncommon cause of stroke that mainly affects young adults with known risk factors of prothrombotic conditions, pregnancy, infection, malignancy, and drugs. Dutasteride is a 5α-reductase inhibitor that is used for benign prostate hypertrophy and androgenetic alopecia. To date, CVT caused by dutasteride use has not been reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3349/ymj.2020.61.6.553DOI Listing

Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis in Adults with Prothrombotic Conditions: A Systematic Review and a Case from Our Institution.

Cureus 2020 Apr 12;12(4):e7654. Epub 2020 Apr 12.

Internal Medicine, Creighton University Arizona Health Education Alliance/Valleywise Health Medical Center, Phoenix, USA.

Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is a rare condition characterized by elevated intracranial pressure due to impaired cerebral venous drainage, potentially leading to life-threatening consequences. We searched the PubMed electronic database for 'cerebral venous sinus thrombosis' and 'prothrombotic' cases reported in adults (19+ years) and conducted a systematic review for the published literature in the English language pooled with a case from our institution. Data were analyzed regarding patient demographics, risk factors, clinical features, treatment modalities, and outcomes when available. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.7654DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7217592PMC

Chinese Stroke Association guidelines for clinical management of cerebrovascular disorders: executive summary and 2019 update of clinical management of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis.

Stroke Vasc Neurol 2020 May 13. Epub 2020 May 13.

Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University; Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory for Diagnosis and Treatment of Major Neurological Diseases, National Key Clinical Department and Key Discipline of Neurology, Guangzhou, China

Aim: Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is a less common cerebrovascular disease that predominantly affects young patients. The incidence of CVST is 2-5/10 000 000/year, accounting for 0.5%-1% of all stroke. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/svn-2020-000358DOI Listing

Mechanical Thrombectomy for cerebral venous sinus thrombosis: A Case series & Technical Note.

World Neurosurg 2020 May 7. Epub 2020 May 7.

Division of Neuroradiology, Toronto Western Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto.

Background: Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis is a rare cause of acute stroke. It may lead to hemorrhagic venous infarctions, brain swelling or raised intracranial pressure and it can be associated with significant mortality and morbidity. Low molecular weight heparin is the mainstay of treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2020.04.220DOI Listing
May 2020
2.417 Impact Factor

Current imaging modalities for diagnosing cerebral vein thrombosis - A critical review.

Thromb Res 2020 May 19;189:132-139. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Department of Thrombosis and Hemostasis, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Cerebral vein thrombosis (CVT) is a rare presentation of venous thromboembolism. Prompt and accurate diagnosis is essential as delayed recognition and treatment may lead to permanent disability or even death. Since no validated diagnostic algorithms exist, the diagnosis of CVT mainly relies on neuroimaging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.thromres.2020.03.011DOI Listing

Reversible Thalamic Dementia Caused by Venous Hypertension of Bilateral Thalami Resulting from Multiple Intracranial Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas Successfully Obliterated by Endovascular Treatment using Liquid Embolic Materials: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Asian J Neurosurg 2020 Jan-Mar;15(1):144-154. Epub 2020 Feb 25.

Department of Radiology, Bumrungrad International Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand.

We describe a patient with multiple cranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) presenting with thalamic dementia. A 52-year-old man experienced progressive dementia and behavioral change for 1 month. Cranial computed tomography scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed bilateral thalamic edema with subsequent hemorrhagic transformation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajns.AJNS_317_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7057878PMC
February 2020

In vivo detection of venous sinus distension due to intracranial hypotension in small animal using pulsed-laser-diode photoacoustic tomography.

J Biophotonics 2020 Jun 20;13(6):e201960162. Epub 2020 Mar 20.

School of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 62 Nanyang drive, Singapore, Singapore.

Intracranial hypotension (IH) is a pathophysiological condition of reduced intracranial pressure caused by low cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) volume due to dural injuries from lumbar puncture, surgery, or trauma. Understanding the prognosis of IH in small animal models is important to gain insights on the complications associated with it such as orthostatic headache, cerebral venous thrombosis, coma, and so forth. Photoacoustic tomography (PAT) offers a novel and cost-effective way to perceive and detect IH in small animal models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jbio.201960162DOI Listing

Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis: review of cases in a single centre in Malaysia.

Med J Malaysia 2020 01;75(1):38-42

Universiti Sains Malaysia, School of Medical Sciences, Department of Neurosciences, Kubang Kerian, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia.

Introduction: Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is a potentially fatal neurological condition. However, due to the non-specific clinical and radiological features of CVST, it can sometimes result in a delay in the diagnosis and subsequent management. The aim of this study was to evaluate the demography, risk factors and one-year outcome of CVST patients treated in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia. Read More

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January 2020

Cerebral venous and sinus thrombosis diagnosis: preliminary study of clinical picture and D-dimer concentration correlation.

Neurol Neurochir Pol 2020 22;54(1):66-72. Epub 2020 Jan 22.

Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland, Cegłowska 80, 01-809 Warsaw, Poland.

Aim Of The Study: We investigated whether D-dimer (DD) concentration is elevated in cerebral venous and sinus thrombosis (CVST), as has been reported in the literature.

Clinical Rationale For The Study: CVST is a disease with variable clinical presentations and a challenging diagnosis. We looked into whether D-dimer concentration might be an indicator of CVST, and the need for neuroimaging tests correlated with clinical factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/PJNNS.a2020.0006DOI Listing

Diagnostic value of non-contrast brain computed tomography in the evaluation of acute cerebral venous thrombosis.

Sci Rep 2020 Jan 21;10(1):883. Epub 2020 Jan 21.

Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Acute cerebral vein thrombosis is usually seen as increased attenuation in brain non-contrast computed tomography. It is so helpful to define measurable parameters for subjective evaluation of sinus thrombosis in non-enhanced brain computed tomography, especially where advanced neuroimaging techniques are not available. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the diagnostic value of venobasilar attenuation ratio and venobasilar attenuation difference in the evaluation of acute cerebral venous sinuous thrombosis in non-enhanced brain CT scan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-57867-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6972746PMC
January 2020

Neuro-Behcet's disease: An update on diagnosis, differential diagnoses, and treatment.

Mult Scler Relat Disord 2019 Dec 23;39:101906. Epub 2019 Dec 23.

Albany Medical College, Albany, NY, USA.

Neuro-Behcet's disease (NBD) is defined as a combination of neurologic symptoms and/or signs in a patient with Behcet's disease (BD). Relevant syndromes include brainstem syndrome, multiple-sclerosis like presentations, movement disorders, meningoencephalitic syndrome, myelopathic syndrome, cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST), and intracranial hypertension. Central nervous involvement falls into parenchymal and non-parenchymal subtypes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.msard.2019.101906DOI Listing
December 2019

Sigmoid Sinus Thrombosis with Cerebellar Tuberculous Abscess: A Rare Case of Chronic Headache with Vision Loss.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2019 Dec;29(12):S109-S111

Department of Neurology, Rajshahi Medical College Hospital, Rajshahi, Bangladesh.

Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is a rare form of brain stroke which is often misdiagnosed. We present a case of CVST due to cerebellar tuberculous abscess. A 41-year female patient was admitted with chronic occipital headache, diminished vision, and fever. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29271/jcpsp.2019.12.S109DOI Listing
December 2019
0.318 Impact Factor

Cerebral Venous Thrombosis at High Altitude: Analysis of 28 Cases.

Cerebrovasc Dis 2019 27;48(3-6):184-192. Epub 2019 Nov 27.

Department of Neurology, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan,

Objective: An association between cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) and high altitude has been previously proposed, but limited published data exist to support this association. We investigated 28 cases of CVST occurring at high altitude and sought to describe patient demographics, altitude and acclimatization, hematological laboratory findings, neuroimaging, treatment, and prognosis in these cases.

Methods: Twenty-eight cases of symptomatic CVST occurring at high altitude were identified between the months of August 2017 and December 2018, in collaboration with Military Hospital, Rawalpindi and Combined Military Hospital, Skardu (Pakistan). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000504504DOI Listing

[Cerebral venous thrombosis: Clinical and radiological features, about 62 cases].

J Med Vasc 2019 Dec 1;44(6):387-399. Epub 2019 Oct 1.

Service de radiologie, faculté de médecine et de pharmacie, université Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah, CHU Hassan II Fès, Fès, Maroc.

The work's purpose is to make a general review on the various clinical-radiological aspects and the management of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) in our hospital and compare them to those described in the literature.

Material And Method: Our series included 62 patients aged over 18 years, collected over 7 years (2009-2016) in the radiology department of the CHU Hassan II of Fez (Morocco), in which the radiological diagnosis of TVC was retained. Our patients have benefited from a brain CT scan and brain MRI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jdmv.2019.09.011DOI Listing
December 2019

Unilateral Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss: A Rare Presentation of Cerebral Venous Thrombosis.

Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2019 Nov 19;71(Suppl 2):1458-1461. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

1Department of ORL-HNS, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, 411040 India.

Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is postulated to be caused due to a multitude of factors, but a definitive cause is seldom found despite extensive investigations. We present a rare case of sudden SNHL in which central venous thrombosis was found on magnetic resonance imaging. The case highlights the importance of neuroimaging in all cases of sudden SNHL before being labelled as "idiopathic" so that targeted therapy can be given. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12070-018-1550-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6841760PMC
November 2019

Three-Dimensional Angles of Confluence of Cortical Bridging Veins and the Superior Sagittal Sinus on MR Venography: Does Drainage of Adjacent Brain Arteriovenous Malformations Alter this Spatial Configuration?

Clin Anat 2020 Mar 2;33(2):293-299. Epub 2019 Dec 2.

Division of Neuroimaging and Neurointervention, Department of Radiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California.

Few neuroimaging anatomic studies to date have investigated in detail the point of entry of cortical bridging veins (CBVs) into the superior sagittal sinus (SSS). Although we know that most CBVs join the SSS at an acute angle opposite to the direction of SSS blood flow, the three-dimensional (3-D) spatial configuration of these venous confluences has not been studied previously. This anatomical information would be pertinent to several clinically applicable scenarios, such as in planning intracranial surgical approaches that preserve bridging veins; studying anatomical factors in the pathophysiology of SSS thrombosis; and when planning endovascular microcatheterization of pial veins to retrogradely embolize brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ca.23521DOI Listing
March 2020
1.159 Impact Factor

Grisel syndrome, sigmoid sinus thrombosis and rheumatic carditis: Case report of a rare association.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Feb 9;129:109774. Epub 2019 Nov 9.

Pediatric Clinic, Departmente of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Catania, Via Santa Sofia 78, 95123, Catania, Italy.

Grisel's syndrome (GS) is a non traumatic atlanto-axial rotatory subluxation of C1-C2 joint. A six year old girl, 20 days after an episode of fever, developed a torticollis and a 3/6 heart murmur. The echocardiography showed a Rheumatic Carditis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.109774DOI Listing
February 2020

Isolated Increased Intracranial Pressure and Unilateral Papilledema in an Infant With Traumatic Brain Injury and Nondepressed Basilar Skull Fracture.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2019 Nov;35(11):e198-e200

From the Department of Pediatrics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT.

Traumatic brain injury is one of the most common pediatric injuries; totaling more than 500,000 emergency department visits per year. When the injury involves a skull fracture, sinus venous thrombosis and the risk of resultant increased intracranial pressure (ICP) are a concern. We describe a previously healthy 11-month-old female infant with nondepressed skull fracture who developed increased ICP in the absence of intracranial changes on imaging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000001968DOI Listing
November 2019
1 Read

A Rare Case of Cyclophosphamide-Induced Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome in a Patient with Anti-GBM Vasculitis, and Review of Current Literature.

Case Rep Neurol Med 2019 29;2019:2418597. Epub 2019 Sep 29.

Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, USA.

Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinical syndrome of headache, altered mental status, and seizures with reversible mainly posterior leukoencephalopathy on neuroimaging. Precipitating factors for PRES are multifactorial and include autoregulatory failure due to changes in blood pressure, metabolic derangements, and cytotoxic medications. We report the second case of cyclophosphamide-induced PRES in a patient with anti-glomerular basement membrane (Anti-GBM) positive vasculitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2418597DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6791264PMC
September 2019
1 Read

[Case report: cerebral venous thrombosis detected by perfusion CT in a patient with untreated diabetes mellitus].

Rinsho Shinkeigaku 2019 Nov 26;59(11):752-757. Epub 2019 Oct 26.

Division of Cerebrovascular Medicine and Neurology, National Hospitalization Organization, Kyushu Medical Center.

A 45-year old man with untreated diabetes mellitus (HbA1c 11.0%) was admitted with headache and left limb weakness. Findings of diffusion-weighted and FLAIR MR images of the brain were unremarkable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5692/clinicalneurol.cn-001351DOI Listing
November 2019

Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis After Transsphenoidal Resection: A Rare Complication of Cushing Disease-Associated Hypercoagulability.

World Neurosurg 2020 Feb 19;134:86-89. Epub 2019 Oct 19.

Department of Neurosurgery, Neurological Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA; Minimally Invasive Cranial Base and Pituitary Surgery, Rosa Ella Burkhardt Brain Tumor and Neuro-Oncology Center, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA; Section of Rhinology, Sinus, and Skull Base Surgery, Head and Neck Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Venous thromboembolism is a well-known complication of Cushing syndrome. Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolic events have been widely reported in patients with Cushing syndrome, but cerebral venous sinus thrombosis remains a much less common finding in these patients.

Case Description: We report one of the first cases of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis in a patient with Cushing disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.10.077DOI Listing
February 2020
1 Read
2.417 Impact Factor

Are cerebral veins hounsfield unit and H: H ratio calculating in unenhanced CT eligible to diagnosis of acute cerebral vein thrombosis?

J Res Med Sci 2019 30;24:83. Epub 2019 Sep 30.

Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: For both the clinician and a radiologist, the diagnosis of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST), because of the variety of signs and symptoms, remains a challenge. In this study, the role of unenhanced brain computed tomography (CT) in the diagnosis of CVST was assessed.

Materials And Methods: In this case-control study, unenhanced CT of 35 patients with acute CVST was compared with 70 normal patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jrms.JRMS_1027_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6788179PMC
September 2019
2 Reads

Combined Hypertrophic Pachymeningitis and Cerebral Venous Thrombosis in a Case of Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis.

Case Rep Neurol 2019 May-Aug;11(2):252-255. Epub 2019 Aug 21.

Department of Neurology, Graduate School of Medicine and Dentistry, Okayama University, Okayama, Japan.

We report a rare case of hypertrophic pachymeningitis (HP) and cerebral venous thrombosis associated with proteinase-3-antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (PR3-ANCA)-positive granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA). A 58-year-old male developed left headache after exudative otitis media. The laboratory data were positive for PR3-ANCA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000502284DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6751471PMC
August 2019
2 Reads

Cerebral Venous Thrombosis: MR Black-Blood Thrombus Imaging with Enhanced Blood Signal Suppression.

AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2019 10 26;40(10):1725-1730. Epub 2019 Sep 26.

From the Department of Biomedical Sciences (G.W., N.Z., Y.X., D.L., Q.Y., Z.F.), Biomedical Imaging Research Institute

Background And Purpose: The residual blood flow artifact is a critical confounder for MR black-blood thrombus imaging of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis. This study aimed to conduct a validation of a new MR black-blood thrombus imaging technique with enhanced blood signal suppression.

Materials And Methods: Twenty-six participants (13 volunteers and 13 patients) underwent conventional imaging methods followed by 2 randomized black-blood thrombus imaging scans, with a preoptimized delay alternating with nutation for tailored excitation (DANTE) preparation switched on and off, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3174/ajnr.A6212DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6785400PMC
October 2019
1 Read

Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes of Pediatric Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis: An Analysis of 30 Cases in China.

Front Pediatr 2019 4;7:364. Epub 2019 Sep 4.

Department of Neurology, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) in children is rare in a clinical setting. The aim of this study was to summarize the etiological, clinical, and imaging characteristics of CVST in children. We retrospectively analyzed the data of 30 patients with a diagnosis of CVST who were admitted to Children's Hospital of Fudan University from 2008 to 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fped.2019.00364DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6737727PMC
September 2019
1 Read

Unusual cause of treatable Parkinsonism.

Pract Neurol 2019 Dec 18;19(6):518-520. Epub 2019 Sep 18.

Neurosciences Department, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.

A 78-year-old woman presented with features of bilateral, asymmetric Parkinsonism for 1 year, with prominent difficulties with continence, swallowing and apathy. Brain imaging showed evidence of chronic venous sinus thrombosis with dilated serpiginous vessels over the brain surface in keeping with a dural arteriovenous fistula, together with high T2 signal on MRI in the basal ganglia. Having responded only modestly to levodopa, she received 6 months of anticoagulation followed by embolisation of the dural arteriovenous fistula, with good response. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/practneurol-2019-002225DOI Listing
December 2019
1 Read

Variations of the CNS Venous System Mimicking Pathology: Spectrum of Imaging Findings.

J Neuroimaging 2019 Nov 17;29(6):673-688. Epub 2019 Sep 17.

Division of Neuroradiology, Department of Radiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.

Variations in the venous drainage of the central nervous system can have imaging and clinical findings that mimic pathology, presenting a challenge for neuroimagers and clinicians. Patients with these variants may undergo unnecessary testing, and patients with pathology may receive delayed diagnoses because of overlap with benign findings. Consequently, the accurate identification of venous variations on cross-sectional imaging and angiography and their potential causes are critical for differentiating benign imaging variants from potential pathologic processes requiring further evaluation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jon.12664DOI Listing
November 2019
3 Reads

Severe Intraoperative Orbital Venous Congestion during Resection of a Frontal Meningioma Presenting with Post-operative Vision Loss and Ophthalmoplegia: A Case Report.

Neuroophthalmology 2019 Aug 25;43(4):265-268. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

We describe a unique case of a middle-aged man who noticed complete vision loss in the right eye after awaking from resection of a large right-sided frontal meningioma. Visual acuity was hand motions, and there were multiple signs of right orbital venous congestion. Magnetic resonance imaging and venography (MRI/V) of the brain and orbits demonstrated expected post-operative findings with no evidence of cavernous sinus thrombosis or fistula. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01658107.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01658107.2018.1527856DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6736478PMC
August 2019
4 Reads

Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis Score and its Correlation with Clinical and MRI Findings.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2019 Nov 15;28(11):104324. Epub 2019 Aug 15.

Department of Radiology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Background: It is plausible that extent of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) may determine clinical severity, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) lesion, and outcome, therefore this study was undertaken.

Methods: A total of 160 CVST patients were included and their clinical details, risk factors, Glasgow Coma Scale score, and parenchymal lesion on MRI were noted. The extent of venous sinus thrombosis on magnetic resonance venography was assessed by using CVST score which was computed giving 1 point for each thrombosed sinus and 3 points to superior sagittal sinus (SSS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2019.104324DOI Listing
November 2019
2 Reads
1.993 Impact Factor

A case report of oral contraceptive misuse induced cerebral venous sinus thrombosis and dural arteriovenous fistula.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Aug;98(33):e16440

Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

Rationale: Consumption of oral contraceptive pills (OCP) is a known risk factor for cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) among women. Development of dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF) afterwards was very uncommon. We present a rare chronic complication of development of dAVF after CVST. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000016440DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6831267PMC
August 2019
3 Reads

Paediatric Behçet's disease with sinus venous thrombosis: experience from three centres in Turkey.

Clin Exp Rheumatol 2019 Nov-Dec;37 Suppl 121(6):147-151. Epub 2019 Jul 15.

Division of Rheumatology, Department of Paediatrics, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Objectives: To report our experiences of the juvenile Behçet's disease (BD) patients with cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) and to review previous studies reporting the clinical characteristics and outcomes of juvenile BD with CVST.

Methods: Clinical characteristics and outcomes of paediatric patients with CVST who met the Paediatric Behçet's Disease (PEDBD) classification criteria for juvenile BD from 3 referral centres in Turkey were reviewed retrospectively. A systematic review of literature of all published data was conducted. Read More

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January 2020
2 Reads
2.724 Impact Factor

Asian Study of Cerebral Venous Thrombosis.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2019 Oct 24;28(10):104247. Epub 2019 Jul 24.

Department of Medicine, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan.

Background/objective: Most of the studies and registries related to cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) are reported from European countries and the United States. The objective of the present study is to identify risk factors, presentation, and outcome of CVT in Asian patients.

Methods: Asian CVT registry is a prospective multinational observational study that included patients (aged > 16 years) with symptomatic CVT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2019.06.005DOI Listing
October 2019
2 Reads
1.993 Impact Factor

Transcranial Color-Coded Sonography for the Detection of Cerebral Veins and Sinuses and Diagnosis of Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis.

Ultrasound Med Biol 2019 10 22;45(10):2649-2657. Epub 2019 Jul 22.

Department of Ultrasound, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

This study aimed to determine the detection rate of transcranial color-coded sonography (TCCS) of cerebral veins and sinuses and to explore the diagnostic accuracy of TCCS for straight sinus (SS) and transverse sinus (TS) thromboses. The detection rates of cerebral veins and sinuses using TCCS and contrast-enhanced TCCS (CE-TCCS) were analyzed. The diagnostic accuracy of CE-TCCS was evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2019.06.419DOI Listing
October 2019
1 Read

Multiple cerebral sinus venous thrombosis and venous infarct: rare complication of tuberculous meningitis in a child.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Jul 22;12(7). Epub 2019 Jul 22.

Radiodiagnosis and Imaging, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2019-231419DOI Listing
July 2019
4 Reads

Tentorial Venous Anatomy: Cadaveric and Radiographic Study with Discussion of Origin and Surgical Significance.

World Neurosurg 2019 Nov 9;131:e38-e45. Epub 2019 Jul 9.

Department of Neurosurgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Background: Described variations of tentorial venous anatomy impact surgical sectioning of the tentorium in skull base approaches; however, described configurations do not consistently explain postoperative complications. To understand the outcomes of 2 clinical cases we studied the tentorial venous anatomy of 2 cadavers.

Methods: The venous anatomy of the tentorium isolated in 2 uninjected fresh cadaver head specimens with preserved bridging veins was observed by transillumination before and after methylene blue injection of the dural sinuses and tentorial veins. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.06.232DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6819248PMC
November 2019
3 Reads
2.417 Impact Factor

Diagnostic imaging in the management of patients with possible cerebral venous thrombosis: a cost-effectiveness analysis.

Neuroradiology 2019 Oct 10;61(10):1155-1163. Epub 2019 Jul 10.

Department of Radiology, University Hospital, LMU Munich, Munich, Germany.

Purpose: Imaging is crucial for management of patients with possible cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT). To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of different noninvasive imaging strategies in patients with possible CVT.

Methods: A decision model based on Markov simulations estimated lifetime costs and quality-adjusted life years (QALY) associated with the following imaging strategies: non-contrast CT (NCCT), NCCT plus CT venography (CTV), routine MRI without vascular imaging (R-MRI), and MRI with venography (MRV). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00234-019-02252-7DOI Listing
October 2019
1 Read

Multiple myeloma with multiple neurological presentations.

Pract Neurol 2019 Dec 4;19(6):511-517. Epub 2019 Jul 4.

Department of Neurology, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds, UK

Multiple myeloma is a haematological malignancy with clonal plasma cell proliferation and production of monoclonal immunoglobulins. Its neurological complications are relatively common, caused by both the disease and the treatment. Neurologists should therefore be familiar with its neurological manifestations and complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/practneurol-2019-002205DOI Listing
December 2019
5 Reads

When the Problem Became the Solution.

Can J Neurol Sci 2019 11;46(6):767-769

Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

We present a unique case where a young man developed subtle cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST) due to underlying hypercoagulable state. He also had coexisting frontal lobe brain dural arteriovenous fistula (bdAVF). After CST developed, venous drainage from the optic nerve was redirected into the frontal lobe which was already under high venous pressure because of preexisting bdAVF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/cjn.2019.239DOI Listing
November 2019
1 Read

Dural Arteriovenous Fistula With Sinus Thrombosis and Venous Reflux Presenting as Parkinsonism: A Case Report.

Neurologist 2019 Jul;24(4):132-135

Emergency Medicine, Nantou Hospital, Nantou, Taiwan.

The occurrence of dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) is rare. The clinical manifestation varies and depends on the location and venous drainage pattern. We present a case of a 57-year-old man with a left transverse sinus DAVF along with sigmoid thrombosis, cortical venous reflux, and congestion, that initially presented as parkinsonism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NRL.0000000000000235DOI Listing
July 2019
4 Reads

T2*-Weighted MRI Detected Dilated Cerebral Veins in a Patient with Acute-Phase Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis-A Case Report.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2019 Aug 3;28(8):e116-e118. Epub 2019 Jun 3.

Department of Cerebrovascular Disease, Hakujyuji Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan; Department of Neurology, Hakujyuji Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan.

We describe a 45-year-old man who presented with nausea, vomiting, and strong occipital headache on the right side. Although no abnormalities on neurological examination or computed tomography imaging were found on admission, peripheral blood cell counts showed polycythemia (hemoglobin 20.6 g/dL) and electrocardiography demonstrated atrial fibrillation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2019.05.024DOI Listing
August 2019
6 Reads

Cerebral Venous Thrombosis Headache.

Curr Pain Headache Rep 2019 May 30;23(7):47. Epub 2019 May 30.

Department of Neurology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a neurovascular disease caused by a thrombotic occlusion of either a dural sinus or cerebral vein. CVT results in a variety of neurological symptoms with the most common being headache. The purpose of this review is to characterize CVT, describe the headache pattern, and, finally, provide an update to date review of diagnostic and treatment options for this condition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11916-019-0786-9DOI Listing
May 2019
3 Reads

Letter regarding "Combined aspiration thrombectomy and continuous intrasinus thrombolysis for cerebral venous sinus thrombosis: technical note and case series".

Neuroradiology 2019 08 29;61(8):845-846. Epub 2019 May 29.

Unit of Neuroimaging and Neurointervention (NINT), Azienda Ospedaliera e Universitaria Senese, Viale Bracci 13, 53100, Siena, SI, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00234-019-02232-xDOI Listing
August 2019
6 Reads
2.485 Impact Factor

Stenting of symptomatic lateral sinus thrombosis refractory to mechanical thrombectomy.

Interv Neuroradiol 2019 Dec 27;25(6):714-720. Epub 2019 May 27.

Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Objective: Endovascular mechanical thrombectomy for the treatment of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis is not always successful. We present our experience of using self-expanding stents to facilitate effective recanalization of persistent lateral sinus thrombosis refractory to endovascular mechanical thrombectomy.

Methods: Data from patients who underwent endovascular mechanical thrombectomy for the treatment of acute symptomatic cerebral venous sinus thrombosis between August 2015 and July 2018 were evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1591019919852168DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6838843PMC
December 2019
9 Reads

Partial empty sella in a woman with cerebral venous sinus thrombosis: A rare presentation of polycythaemia rubra vera.

J Clin Neurosci 2019 Aug 15;66:275-277. Epub 2019 May 15.

Rural Clinical School, University of New South Wales, Wagga Wagga, NSW, Australia; Wagga Wagga Base Hospital, Murrumbidgee Local Health District, NSW, Australia.

We report the case of a 59 year old woman who presented with a six week history of worsening bifrontal headache. On CT brain the only abnormal finding was a partially empty sella potentially indicative of increased intracranial pressure. MRI found a large cerebral venous sinus thrombosis in the superior sagittal sinus. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09675868183176
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2019.05.007DOI Listing
August 2019
15 Reads

Pitfalls in the diagnosis and initial management of acute cerebral venous thrombosis.

Rev Cardiovasc Med 2018 Dec;19(4):129-133

Department of Neurology, Neuroscience Center, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University. No.3 East Qingchun Rd., Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China, 310020.

Cerebral venous thrombosis is an important etiology of stroke in young patients. Its clinical manifestations are variable and based on different involved venous or sinus processes. Cerebral venous thrombosis could mimic ischemic infarction and is easy to misdiagnose. Read More

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https://rcm.imrpress.org/EN/10.31083/j.rcm.2018.04.4081
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http://dx.doi.org/10.31083/j.rcm.2018.04.4081DOI Listing
December 2018
26 Reads

Brush Sign Is Associated With Increased Severity in Cerebral Venous Thrombosis.

Stroke 2019 06 30;50(6):1574-1577. Epub 2019 Apr 30.

University Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology (M.E-.K., A.H.), Inselspital University Hospital, Bern, Switzerland.

Background and Purpose- The brush sign (BS) is an abnormally accentuated signal drop of the subependymal and deep medullary veins in paramagnetic-sensitive magnetic resonance sequences, previously described in acute ischemic stroke. We aimed to describe the BS in patients with thrombosis of the cerebral veins and sinuses and explore its association with clinical severity, thrombosis extent, parenchymal brain lesion, and clinical prognosis. Methods- We assessed consecutive adult patients admitted to 2 university hospitals with diagnosis of acute thrombosis of the cerebral veins and sinuses and imaging assessment with magnetic resonance imaging, including paramagnetic-sensitive sequences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.119.025342DOI Listing
June 2019
9 Reads
5.723 Impact Factor

Predictors of successful endovascular treatment in severe cerebral venous sinus thrombosis.

Ann Clin Transl Neurol 2019 Apr 7;6(4):755-761. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Neurosurgery Xuanwu Hospital Beijing China.

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the thrombus characteristics affecting the extent of recanalization to identify patients with severe cerebral venous sinus thrombus (CVT) more likely to benefit from endovascular therapy.

Methods: Severe CVT patients scheduled for endovascular treatment were prospectively recruited into the study. Each thrombosed venous segment was evaluated regarding complete or partial recanalization based on digital subtraction angiography (DSA) after treatment. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/acn3.749
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/acn3.749DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6469256PMC
April 2019
23 Reads

Use of ventriculostomy in the treatment of septic cavernous sinus thrombosis (SCST).

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Apr 23;12(4). Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Division of Neurosurgery, Ascension Providence Hospital, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, Southfield, Michigan, USA.

We present a novel treatment with the use of intraventricular antibiotics delivered through a ventriculostomy in a patient who developed septic cavernous sinus thrombosis after sinus surgery. A 65-year-old woman presented with acute on chronic sinusitis. The patient underwent a diagnostic left maxillary antrostomy, ethmoidectomy, sphenoidotomy and sinusotomy. Read More

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http://casereports.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bcr-2018-22892
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-228929DOI Listing
April 2019
18 Reads

Fungal Malignant Otitis Externa Involves a Cascade of Complications Culminating in Pseudoaneurysm of Internal Maxillary Artery: A Case Report.

Am J Case Rep 2019 Apr 21;20:562-566. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Department of Medicine, Hamad General Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.

BACKGROUND Pseudomonal infection is the most common cause of malignant otitis externa (MOE), which typically affects elderly diabetic patients. Fungi are a rare cause of MOE. MOE can be life-threatening if not recognized and treated promptly. Read More

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https://www.amjcaserep.com/abstract/index/idArt/913469
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.913469DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6489412PMC
April 2019
20 Reads

Imaging Spectrum of Cavernous Sinus Lesions with Histopathologic Correlation.

Radiographics 2019 May-Jun;39(3):795-819. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

From the Departments of Radiology (H.V.M., S.E.M.), Pathology (B.P., G.C.), Neurosurgery (K.P.), and Neurology (M.A.), Christian Medical College, Ida Scudder Road, Vellore, Tamil Nadu 632004, India; and the Department of Radiology, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, NY (G.M.F.).

Cavernous sinuses are paired interconnected venous plexuses situated in the floor of the middle cranial fossa on either side of the sella turcica and sphenoid sinus. They are lined by dura mater and consist of multiple venous channels within. The cavernous sinuses are intimately related to the internal carotid artery and its associated sympathetic plexus, the oculomotor nerve, the trochlear nerve, the abducens nerve, and the ophthalmic nerve. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/rg.2019180122DOI Listing
March 2020
38 Reads
2.602 Impact Factor