1,185 results match your criteria Brain Imaging in Venous Sinus Thrombosis


Signal Intensity within Cerebral Venous Sinuses on Synthetic MRI.

Magn Reson Med Sci 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Radiology, Juntendo University School of Medicine.

Purpose: Flowing blood sometimes appears bright on synthetic T-weighted images, which could be misdiagnosed as a thrombus. This study aimed to investigate the frequency of hyperintensity within cerebral venous sinuses on synthetic MR images and to evaluate the influence of increasing flow rates on signal intensity using a flow phantom.

Materials And Methods: Imaging data, including synthetic and conventional MRI scans, from 22 patients were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2463/mrms.mp.2018-0144DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads
1.038 Impact Factor

[Clinical analysis of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis in six children].

Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi 2019 Apr;57(4):277-280

Department of Pediatrics, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, China.

To summarize the clinical features of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) in 6 children, and to improve the understanding of CVST in children. The risk factors, clinical presentations, laboratory findings, imaging manifestations, treatments and outcomes of 6 children (3 males, 3 females) with CVST admitted to the Department of Pediatrics, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2012 to December 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. The risk factors of disease were found in 5 cases, including 3 cases of infection, 1 case of L-asparaginase and dexamethasone chemotherapy and 1 case of oral prednisone alone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0578-1310.2019.04.009DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Eagle Syndrome as a Cause of Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis.

Can J Neurol Sci 2019 Apr 1:1-2. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Neurology, Stroke Center, Neuroscience Center,The First Hospital of Jilin University,Changchun,China.

A 15-year-old teenager presented with a 2-month history of headache. Neurological examination was normal except for papilledema. Further lumbar puncture indicated intracranial hypertension (330 mm H2O). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/cjn.2019.17DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

No evidence of increased cerebrovascular involvement in adult neurologically-asymptomatic β-Thalassaemia. A multicentre multimodal magnetic resonance study.

Br J Haematol 2019 Mar 5. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Dipartimento di Medicina e Chirurgia, Scuola Medica Salernitana, Sezione di Neuroscienze, Università di Salerno, Salerno, Italy.

Multi-factorial causes jeopardize brain integrity in β-thalassaemia. Intracranial parenchymal and vascular changes have been reported among young β-thalassaemia patients but conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings are contradictory making early MRI and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA)/venography monitoring a matter of debate. This study prospectively investigated 75 neurologically asymptomatic β-thalassaemia patients (mean-age 35·2 ± 10·7 years; 52/75 transfusion-dependent; 41/75 splenectomised) using a 3T magnetic resonance scanner; clinical, laboratory and treatment data were also collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjh.15834DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Unilateral hearing loss in a 94-year-old patient.

Age Ageing 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Geratology, John Radcliffe Hospital Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford, UK.

A case report of a 94-year-old, previously well male patient who presented with fever thought to be caused by community acquired pneumonia, new unilateral hearing loss and reduced consciousness. Despite antibiotic treatment he continued to deteriorate. Brain imaging with computer tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a left otomastoiditis with osteomyelitis of the skull base, associated with an adjacent subdural empyema. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afz003DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Cerebrovascular manifestations of herpes simplex virus infection of the central nervous system: a systematic review.

J Neuroinflammation 2019 Jan 29;16(1):19. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Neurology, Christian Doppler Medical Center, Paracelsus Medical University, Ignaz-Harrer-Str. 79, 5020, Salzburg, Austria.

Background: Intracerebral hemorrhage and ischemic stroke are increasingly recognized complications of central nervous system (CNS) infection by herpes simplex virus (HSV).

Aim Of The Study: To analyze clinical, imaging, and laboratory findings and outcomes of cerebrovascular manifestations of HSV infection.

Methods: Systematic literature review from January 2000 to July 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12974-019-1409-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352343PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Vein of Labbe thrombosis, a near-miss.

Brain Circ 2018 Oct-Dec;4(4):188-190. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Department of Neurology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.

Emergency department visits for a headache are relatively common, and in most cases, the etiologies of the headache are typically benign. We present a case of a patient who presented to the emergency room for new onset of unremitting unilateral headache. She subsequently had two hospital visits and three separate imaging modalities to identify vein of Labbe thrombosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/bc.bc_34_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6329210PMC
December 2018
8 Reads

Incidence of Dural Venous Sinus Thrombosis in Patients with Glioblastoma and Its Implications.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 24. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Objective: Glioblastoma (GBM) is associated with increased risk of developing dural venous sinus thrombosis (DVST), which often goes undiagnosed as symptoms are readily attributed to tumor. The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence of DVST, potential predictive features on imaging, complications, its effect on survival, and time of greatest risk for developing DVST.

Methods: A retrospective search of patients with GBM who had surgery followed by chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy between 2009 and 2015 at our institution was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.01.039DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Batroxobin in combination with anticoagulation may promote venous sinus recanalization in cerebral venous thrombosis: A real-world experience.

CNS Neurosci Ther 2019 May 23;25(5):638-646. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Departments of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Aims: The objective of this study was to evaluate cerebral venous recanalization with magnetic resonance black-blood thrombus imaging (MRBTI) in patients with cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) who underwent batroxobin treatment in combination with anticoagulation.

Methods: A total of 31 CVT patients were enrolled in this real-world registry study. The patients were divided into batroxobin (n = 21) and control groups (n = 10). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cns.13093DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Endovascular Treatment of Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis and Insights into Intracranial Coagulopathy.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2019 Apr 8;28(4):e7-e9. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Columbia University, Vagelos College of Physicians & Surgeons, New York, New York.

Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) requires anticoagulation to promote vessel recanalization. Current anticoagulation paradigms utilize plasma tests from peripheral venous/arterial samples for therapeutic monitoring. We describe a medically-refractory case of CVST in a 35-year-old woman later found to have JAK2 mutation and essential thrombocytosis. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10523057183071
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2018.12.015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6441363PMC
April 2019
16 Reads

Spectrum of Cerebral Venous Thrombosis in Oman.

Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J 2018 Aug 19;18(3):e329-e337. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Department of Medicine, Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman.

Objectives: Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) can have varied and life-threatening manifestations. This study aimed to examine the spectrum of its clinical presentations and outcomes in a tertiary hospital in Oman.

Methods: This retrospective study was conducted at the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, between January 2009 and December 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.18295/squmj.2018.18.03.011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307648PMC
August 2018
1 Read

[Clinical and radiological features of cerebral venous thrombosis in a children cohort].

Rev Chil Pediatr 2018 Oct;89(5):621-629

Departamento de Radiología, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Chile.

Introduction: Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is an uncommon and poorly studied condition in the pediatric population.

Objectives: To describe and compare the clinical and radiological features of non-neonatal children with CVT according to age and to analyze their association with functional impairment or mortality at hospital discharge.

Methodology: An observational cohort study of chil dren older than 30 days with a first CVT diagnosed with imaging/venography by magnetic resonance (IMR/VMR). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0370-41062018005000805DOI Listing
October 2018

Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis presenting with multifocal intracerebral hemorrhage and subarachnoid hemorrhage: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(50):e13476

Department of Neurology.

Rationale: Multifocal cerebral hemorrhage refers to the cerebral hemorrhage in 2 or more lesions at the same time or 48 h in the brain caused by various causes, which has an acute onset, high mortality rate, and poor clinical treatment effect. Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is caused by the direct flow of blood into the subarachnoid cavity due to the rupture of the diseased vessels at the base or surface of the brain. Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) affects approximately 5 people per million and accounts for approximately 1% of all stroke events. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013476DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6319967PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Subacute Venous Infarct Mimicking Cerebral Metastasis in 18F-FDG PET/CT.

Clin Nucl Med 2019 Feb;44(2):e120-e122

From the Departments of Nuclear Medicine and.

A 68-year-old woman with colon carcinoma was referred to F-FDG PET/CT imaging for staging. In addition to primary tumor involvement, PET/CT demonstrated focal FDG uptake in the right temporal lobe suggestive of primary brain tumor or metastasis. To delineate the lesion, a brain MRI scan showed sigmoid sinus thrombosis and vasogenic edema in the right temporal lobe. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RLU.0000000000002391DOI Listing
February 2019
24 Reads

[A case of recurrent cerebral vein thrombosis with protein C gene mutation identified].

Rinsho Shinkeigaku 2018 Dec 29;58(12):764-766. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Neurology, Saga-ken Medical Centre Koseikan.

We reported a 31-year-old man with recurrent cerebral venous thrombosis caused by congenital protein C deficiency. He was diagnosed with cerebral venous thrombosis before 7 months. He was transferred to our hospital with numbness of right hand and right side of face, and dysarthria. Read More

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https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/clinicalneurol/advpub/0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5692/clinicalneurol.cn-001221DOI Listing
December 2018
20 Reads

A study of clinical, radiological and etiological profile of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis at a tertiary care center.

Med J Armed Forces India 2018 Oct 16;74(4):326-332. Epub 2017 Dec 16.

Resident (Medicine), INHS Asvini, Mumbai, India.

Background: A prospective, observational study was done at a tertiary care hospital in Western Maharashtra to describe the etiologies, clinical features, diagnosis and prognosis of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis in an Indian population.

Methods: 54 patients with clinical and MRI features suggestive of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST), were studied with detailed clinical evaluation and pro-thrombotic work up. All were followed up monthly for 6 months, to assess the response to therapy and clinical outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mjafi.2017.11.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6224650PMC
October 2018
14 Reads

Dulaglutide-induced cerebral venous thrombosis in a patient with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Nov 8;2018. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Endocrinology and Medicine Unit V, Pandit Bhagwat Dayal Sharma Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India.

Though patients with diabetes mellitus are at a high risk of atherothrombotic events, every such event should not be attributed to the disease itself. We present a case of a patient with diabetes with headache and blurring of vision for 3 days. Brain imaging revealed right transverse sinus thrombosis and acute infarct of the right posterior parieto-occipital region, predominantly in the posterior cortical watershed zone. Read More

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http://casereports.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bcr-2018-22634
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-226346DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

Pediatric Congenital Cerebrovascular Anomalies.

J Neuroimaging 2019 Mar 31;29(2):165-181. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Interventional Radiology, Sanford Aberdeen Clinic, Aberdeen, SD.

Congenital cerebrovascular anomalies in the pediatric age group are myriad with diverse etiologies. The purpose of this paper is to provide an imaging overview of congenital vascular malformations and vascular tumors, as these conditions are varied and the characteristic vascular abnormality may even suggest the underlying systemic condition in helping to guide further management. For example, the identification of an arterial anomaly such as agenesis/hypoplasia/duplication may warrant further evaluation for an associated syndrome. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jon.12575
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jon.12575DOI Listing
March 2019
25 Reads

[Diagnosis of Graves' disease by cerebral venous thrombosis: a case report].

Rinsho Shinkeigaku 2018 Nov 27;58(11):696-699. Epub 2018 Oct 27.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Neurology, St Marianna University School of Medicine.

A 71-year-old male with no previous medical history was admitted to our hospital for paralysis of the right upper extremity. Although DWI of the brain revealed high-intensity signals in the bilateral frontal and left parietal lobes, CT revealed a hyperdense spot in the anterior superior sagittal sinus (SSS). Because CT venography revealed SSS occlusion, he was diagnosed with cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5692/clinicalneurol.cn-001212DOI Listing
November 2018
15 Reads

Superior sagittal sinus thrombosis as a rare complication of spontaneous intracranial hypotension syndrome: a case report and review of the literature.

Int J Neurosci 2019 Apr 29;129(4):401-405. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

a Department of Neurology , Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University , Tiexi District , Shenyang , China.

In addition to an orthostatic headache, spontaneous intracranial hypotension syndrome can lead to subdural hematoma and diffusion, subarachnoid hemorrhage, and brain sag. However, cerebral venous sinus thrombosis is rarely reported in patients with spontaneous intracranial hypotension. We present the case of a 35-year-old male who developed an orthostatic headache, nausea, vomiting, and photophobia for 5 days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00207454.2018.1538144DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis in a young female misdiagnosed as migraine ending in a permanent vegetative state: a case report and review of the literature.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Oct 22;12(1):323. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

AL-Aqrabiah Public Health Center, Khobar, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Cerebral venous thrombosis refers to acute thrombosis or blood clots that can lead to strokes. This illness can be misdiagnosed as a migraine, resulting in a delay in management and catastrophic outcomes. We present a pitfall case that highlights the importance of careful history taking and physician awareness in diagnosing cerebral venous thrombosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1846-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6196570PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Thunderclap headache: an update.

Expert Rev Neurother 2018 Dec 29;18(12):915-924. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

b Faculty of Medicine , National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine , Taipei , Taiwan.

Introduction: Thunderclap headache (TCH) is an excruciating headache that reaches maximal intensity within a minute. It has numerous potential etiologies, the most concerning of which is subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) due to high morbidity and mortality. Thus, patients with TCH must be evaluated urgently to identify the underlying cause and initiate prompt therapy. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14737175.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14737175.2018.1537782DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

[Diagnosis and treatment of five neonatal cerebral venous sinus thrombosis].

Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi 2018 Oct;56(10):765-768

Department of Neonatology, Maternal and Children Hospital of Hubei Province, Wuhan 430070, China.

To summarize the clinical presentations and imaging features of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) in 5 newborns. The clinical data of 5 newborns with CVST admitted to Department of Neonatology of Maternal and Children Hospital of Hubei Province from February 2017 to April 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. The risk factors, clinical presentations, imaging manifestations and treatment of CVST were investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0578-1310.2018.10.009DOI Listing
October 2018
13 Reads

Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis: A diagnostic challenge in a rare presentation.

Brain Circ 2017 Oct-Dec;3(4):227-230. Epub 2017 Dec 29.

Department of Diagnostic Radiologic Technology, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia.

Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is an uncommon, life-threatening condition with a variable clinical presentation that makes it a challenge of diagnosis. A 39-year-old male patient presented to the hospital with complete loss of conscious and admitted to Medical Intensive Care Unit for investigation without any obvious history that was difficult for diagnosis. In this case, the patient presented with coma that is a rare presentation of CVST with no obvious clinical history and he was male patient that means he is free of all gender-specific risk factors of CVST. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/bc.bc_27_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6057707PMC
December 2017
25 Reads

Cases of visual impairment caused by cerebral venous sinus occlusion-induced intracranial hypertension in the absence of headache.

BMC Neurol 2018 Sep 29;18(1):159. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

Department of Ophthalmology, Southwest Hospital, The Third Military Medical University (Army Medical University), Chongqing, China.

Background: Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis or stenosis (here collectively referred to as cerebral venous sinus occlusion, CVSO) can cause chronically-elevated intracranial pressure (ICP). Patients may have no neurological symptoms other than visual impairment, secondary to bilateral papilledema. Correctly recognizing these conditions, through proper ophthalmological examination and brain imaging, is very important to avoid delayed diagnosis and treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12883-018-1156-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6162896PMC
September 2018
5 Reads

Clinical Presentation, Neuroimaging Findings, and Predictors of Brain Parenchymal Lesions in Cerebral Vein and Dural Sinus Thrombosis: A Retrospective Study.

Ann Indian Acad Neurol 2018 Jul-Sep;21(3):203-208

Department of Radio-Diagnosis, RNT Medical College, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India.

Introduction: Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is an unusual cause of stroke with potentially serious consequences. This study was designed to investigate the clinical and neuroimaging features in patients with CVST and to analyze the predictors of brain parenchymal lesions.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective study of 181 patients with CVST was conducted in a tertiary care hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aian.AIAN_470_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6137629PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Surgical Thrombectomy Combined with Bilateral Decompressive Craniectomy in a Life-Threatening Case of Coma from Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis: Case Report and Literature Review.

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 22;120:485-489. Epub 2018 Sep 22.

Neurosurgery Department, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire de Tours, Tours, France; UMR 1253, iBrain, Université de Tours, Inserm, Tours, France.

Background: Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is a rare cause of stroke. Medical and neurointerventional strategies, such as in situ thrombolysis, are standard therapies. These techniques are insufficient when clinical deterioration arises from mass-associated effects and transtentorial herniation; in such cases, decompressive hemicraniectomy may be indicated. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183212
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.09.083DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Spontaneous resolution of direct carotid-cavernous fistulas: case series and literature review.

Interv Neuroradiol 2019 Feb 23;25(1):71-89. Epub 2018 Sep 23.

3 Department of Radiology, Bumrungrad International Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand.

Spontaneous regression of direct carotid-cavernous fistulas (CCFs) is extremely rare. Most of the patients with direct CCFs are usually treated using endovascular techniques. Spontaneous obliteration of the direct fistulas probably results from thrombosis of the venous drainage and/or cavernous sinus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1591019918800220DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6378520PMC
February 2019
15 Reads

Otogenic cerebral venous thrombosis in children: A review of 16 consecutive cases.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Oct 30;113:177-181. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Centro Hospitalar São João, Porto, Portugal; Unit of Otorhinolaryngology, Department of Surgery & Physiology, University of Porto Medical School, Porto, Portugal; Center for Health Technology and Services Research (CINTESIS), Porto, Portugal.

Objectives: Management of otogenic cerebral venous thrombosis (OCVT) is controversial. Despite the modern antibiotic era OCVT still represents a potential life-threatening condition. This study aims to report the clinical presentation and management in a series of children with OCTV. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01655876183037
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2018.07.050DOI Listing
October 2018
13 Reads

Traumatic dural venous sinus thrombosis; a challenge in management of head injury patients.

J Clin Neurosci 2018 Nov 28;57:169-173. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Department of Neurosurgery, Birmingham University Hospital, Birmingham B15 2GW, United Kingdom.

Venous sinus thrombosis secondary to traumatic brain injury and head trauma is increasingly detected following contrast enhanced cranial imaging in acute trauma. The presence of sinus thrombosis poses further challenges in the management of traumatic brain injury patients with cerebral contusions, intraparenchymal haemorrhages or subdural/extradural haemorrhages. The decision to anti-coagulate such trauma induced venous sinus thrombosis is controversial and requires further attention and research to delineate risks versus benefits of treatment. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09675868183029
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2018.08.047DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads
1.320 Impact Factor

Magnetic resonance venographic findings in patients with tuberculous meningitis: Predictors and outcome.

Magn Reson Imaging 2018 12 1;54:8-14. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Department of Neurology, King George Medical University, Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow, India.

Background: This study evaluated the prevalence and predictors of venographic abnormalities in tuberculous meningitis.

Material And Methods: Consecutive patients of tuberculous meningitis were included in the study. Clinical evaluation, cerebrospinal fluid examination and contrast-enhanced MRI of brain were done. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mri.2018.07.017DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Implications of Janus Kinase 2 Mutation in Embolic Stroke of Unknown Source.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2018 Oct 26;27(10):2572-2578. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Department of Neurology and Rehabilitation, University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois.

The role of genetic mutations in cerebral ischemia is not completely understood. Among these genetic variations, Philadelphia-negative gain-of-function mutation in the janus kinase 2 (JAK2) protein leads to overexpression of the genes involved in cell growth and proliferation, and has been linked to development of hematological malignancies, specifically, myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs; essential thrombocythemia [ET], polycythemia vera [PV], and primary myelofibrosis). Overt ET and PV are known to induce a prothrombotic state that leads to development of vascular complications, including cerebral arterial or venous thrombosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2018.05.052DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Recanalization in Cerebral Venous Thrombosis.

Stroke 2018 Aug;49(8):1828-1835

From the Department of Neurosciences and Mental Health (D.A.d.S., P.C., J.M.F.).

Background and Purpose- The role of recanalization of the occluded dural sinus or vein in the outcome of patients with cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is not established. We aimed to systematically review, in patients with CVT, (1) the recanalization rate and its association with (2) clinical outcome and (3) CVT recurrence. Methods- Systematic search in MEDLINE (Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online), Cochrane Library, and clinicaltrials. Read More

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https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/STROKEAHA.118.022129
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.118.022129DOI Listing
August 2018
56 Reads

Neurologic Emergencies in Pediatric Patients Including Accidental and Nonaccidental Trauma.

Neuroimaging Clin N Am 2018 Aug;28(3):453-470

Department of Radiology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Jackson Memorial Hospital, 1611 Northwest 12th Avenue, Suite WW279, Miami, FL 33136, USA.

This article summarizes common neurologic emergencies presenting in pediatric patients. Imaging techniques and appearances of specific conditions are detailed, including pearls and pitfalls for each presentation. Specific attention is given to differential diagnoses that can serve as mimickers of pediatric neurologic emergencies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nic.2018.03.007DOI Listing
August 2018
28 Reads

Giant arachnoid granulation with a thrombosed dural arteriovenous fistula.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Jun 27;2018. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

Radiodiagnosis, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India.

Arachnoid granulations are common incidentally detected small dural lesions which are usually asymptomatic and follow cerebrospinal fluid density/signal intensity on CT/MRI. Such lesions reaching a size of more than 1 cm are termed as giant arachnoid granulations (GAGs) which have been previously reported to cause venous hypertension and headaches. We report a case of GAG involving the proximal half of the superior sagittal sinus in a 45-year-old male patient which was associated with left temporal thrombosed dural arteriovenous fistula (AVF) whose thrombosed draining veins were seen converging towards the site of GAG. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-224851DOI Listing
June 2018
1 Read

Prevalence of subarachnoid haemorrhage among patients with cranial venous sinus thrombosis in the presence and absence of venous infarcts.

Neuroradiol J 2018 Oct 12;31(5):496-503. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

3 Department of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Aga Khan University, Pakistan.

Introduction In patients with cranial venous sinus thrombosis, the occurrence of subarachnoid haemorrhage in association with haemorrhagic venous infarcts is a well described phenomenon. However, the presence of subarachnoid haemorrhage in patients with cranial venous sinus thrombosis in the absence of a haemorrhagic venous infarct is exceedingly rare. Methods We retrospectively reviewed charts and scans of all patients who had cranial venous sinus thrombosis confirmed by magnetic resonance venography at our hospital between September 2004 and May 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1971400918783060DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6136136PMC
October 2018
56 Reads

[Hemorrhagic rupture of a giant arteriovenous malformation in a young man in Ouagadougou].

Pan Afr Med J 2018 17;29:38. Epub 2018 Jan 17.

Department of Neurology, Teaching Hospital Yalgado Ouedraogo of Ouagadougou.

Vascular arteriovenous malformations (VAM) are aggressive vascular diseases associated with increased haemorrhagic risk in terms of morbidity and mortality. Vascular arteriovenous malformations are usually sporadic. The main symptom of VAM is hemorrhage, in 50% of cases. Read More

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http://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/content/article/29/38/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2018.29.38.12253DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5987145PMC
June 2018
8 Reads

Dural venous sinus thrombosis: The combination of noncontrast CT, MRI and PC-MR venography to enhance accuracy.

Neuroradiol J 2018 Oct 5;31(5):473-481. Epub 2018 Jun 5.

1 Department of Radiology, Uludag University Faculty of Medicine, Gorukle Street, 16059, Bursa, Turkey.

Aim The aim of this article is to determine whether a combination of noncontrast CT (NCCT), three-dimensional-phase contrast magnetic resonance venography (3D PC-MRV), T1- and T2-weighted MRI sequences can help to identify acute and subacute dural venous sinus thrombosis (DVST) with greater accuracy. Methods A total of 147 patients with DVST ( n = 30) and a control group ( n = 117) underwent NCCT, T1- and T2-weighted MRI sequences, and 3D PC-MRV from 2012 to 2016. Two experienced observers interpreted the images retrospectively for the presence of DVST. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1971400918781969DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6136129PMC
October 2018
16 Reads

Behçet's Syndrome and Nervous System Involvement.

Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep 2018 May 23;18(7):35. Epub 2018 May 23.

Cerrahpaşa School of Medicine, Department of Neurology, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose Of Review: Although Behçet's syndrome (BS) is classified as a rare disease in European countries and the USA, its neurologic involvement "neuro-Behçet's syndrome (NBS)" is commonly included in the differential diagnosis of many inflammatory and vascular central nervous system (CNS) disorders. Clinical and neuroimaging findings support two major forms of NBS: parenchymal NBS (p-NBS) and an extra-parenchymal form that presents with cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST). The present review summarizes recent findings on the etiopathogenesis and clinico-radiological features of this disorder as well as its treatment options. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11910-018-0843-5DOI Listing
May 2018
12 Reads

Atypical central retinal artery occlusion as the first presentation of POEMS syndrome: a case report.

BMC Neurol 2018 May 8;18(1):64. Epub 2018 May 8.

Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, 270 Rama VI Road, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand.

Background: POEMS syndrome is a plasma cell disorder, which clinically manifests from paraneoplastic syndrome: polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal plasma cell disorder, and skin changes. The most common ocular manifestation is optic disc swelling, whereas other ocular manifestations; cystoid macular edema, serous macular detachment, venous sinus thrombosis, infiltrative orbitopathy, uveitis, neovascularization of the disc, peripapillary choroidal neovascularization and optic disc drusen, had also been reported.

Case Presentation: A 52-year-old Thai man presented with 5-day sudden painless visual loss in the left eye. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12883-018-1071-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5938810PMC
May 2018
12 Reads

Intracranial hemorrhage in neonates: A review of etiologies, patterns and predicted clinical outcomes.

Eur J Paediatr Neurol 2018 Jul 24;22(4):690-717. Epub 2018 Apr 24.

Department of Radiology, Great Ormond Street Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Great Ormond St, London WC1N 3JH, UK. Electronic address:

Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) in neonates often results in devastating neurodevelopmental outcomes as the neonatal period is a critical window for brain development. The neurodevelopmental outcomes in neonates with ICH are determined by the maturity of the brain, the location and extent of the hemorrhage, the specific underlying etiology and the presence of other concomitant disorders. Neonatal ICH may result from various inherited and acquired disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejpn.2018.04.008DOI Listing
July 2018
17 Reads

Cerebral venous thrombosis presenting like a subdural hemorrhage at magnetic resonance imaging: An Italian case report.

Eur J Radiol Open 2018 21;5:31-34. Epub 2018 Feb 21.

Department of Diagnostic and Molecular Imaging, Interventional Radiology and Radiation, Therapy, Fondazione Policlinico "Tor Vergata", Oxford 81, 00133 Rome, Italy.

Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is responsible for 1-2% of all strokes in adults. Venous occlusive disease is a less common condition than the arterial one, but probably underestimated in the past [1]. Its early detection is crucial to ensure appropriate therapy, to prevent irreversible brain injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejro.2017.12.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5926852PMC
February 2018

Falcine Sinus: Incidence and Imaging Characteristics of Three-Dimensional Contrast-Enhanced Thin-Section Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

Korean J Radiol 2018 May-Jun;19(3):463-469. Epub 2018 Apr 6.

Department of Diagnostic Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China.

Objective: To evaluate the incidence, characteristics, and variations of the falcine sinus with contrast-enhanced three-dimentional (3D) thin-section magnetic resonance (MR) images.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective review identified 1531 patients (745 males and 786 females, 2 months to 85 years) who underwent cranial MR imaging including T1-weighted imaging, T2-weighted imaging, T2-weighted fluid-attenuated inversion recovery, contrast-enhanced 3D thin-section sagittal scans, and MR venography, from June 2014 to January 2016. The incidence, characteristics of the falcine sinus, and coexisted intracranial lesions were confirmed by two neuroradiologists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3348/kjr.2018.19.3.463DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5904473PMC
February 2019
1 Read

A novel combined approach using a Penumbra catheter and balloon catheter for cerebral venous sinus thrombosis.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Apr 26;2018. Epub 2018 Apr 26.

Wakayama Medical University School of Medicine Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Neurological Surgery, Wakayama, Japan.

Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis is sometimes fatal. We describe a case of sinus thrombosis in a 43-year-old woman presenting with generalized seizure, delirium, and a 2 week history of headache and nausea. The patient underwent mechanical thrombectomy using a novel combined approach, in which a Shouryu HR balloon catheter (Kaneka) was anchored in the right transverse sinus (TS), sigmoid sinus (SS), and superior sagittal sinus (SSS), while a Penumbra 5 MAX ACE (Penumbra) catheter was moved back and forth between the right TS, SS, and SSS. Read More

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http://casereports.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bcr-2017-01373
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2017-013730DOI Listing
April 2018
6 Reads

The Performance of CT versus MRI in the Differential Diagnosis of Cerebral Venous Thrombosis.

Thromb Haemost 2018 06 25;118(6):1067-1077. Epub 2018 Apr 25.

Department of Neurosurgery, Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China.

Background: Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a rare disease, and with poor prognosis. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are the most commonly used image modalities for patients with non-specific neurologic symptoms. We present here a meta-analysis to assess the accuracy of CT and MRI in the differential diagnosis of CVT and cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1642636DOI Listing
June 2018
3 Reads

Clinical Spectrum and Outcome of Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis in Children.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2018 May;28(5):390-393

Department of Economics, Government College University, Faisalabad.

Objective: To determine clinical spectrum, neuroimaging finding and outcome of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) in children.

Study Design: Descriptive and cross-sectional study.

Place And Duration Of Study: Department of Paediatric Neurology, Children's Hospital and Institute of Child Health, Lahore, from 2015 to 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29271/jcpsp.2018.05.390DOI Listing
May 2018
4 Reads
0.318 Impact Factor

Papilledema revisiting after sinus angioplasty of chronic cerebral venous sinus thrombosis.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2018 05;66(5):714-717

Department of Ophthalmology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

This case series aimed to review the significance of revisiting papilledema after successful cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) management with sinus angioplasty. Four patients presented with blurring and transient obscuration of vision with papilledema, headache, tinnitus, and vomiting. On magnetic resonance venography and digital subtraction angiography, chronic transverse sinus thrombosis was diagnosed for which patients underwent endovascular intervention (stenting). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_930_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5939176PMC
May 2018
5 Reads
0.930 Impact Factor

Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus meningitis complicated by venous sinus thrombosis: A case report.

Int J Infect Dis 2018 Jun 12;71:30-32. Epub 2018 Apr 12.

Victorian Infectious Disease Service, The Royal Melbourne Hospital, and The University of Melbourne, at the Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, Victoria, Australia; Menzies School of Health Research, Darwin, Australia. Electronic address:

A case of Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus meningitis, unusually occurring in a splenectomized patient and complicated by cerebral venous thrombosis, is described. Following presentation with meningism and diagnosis and management of S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2018.04.005DOI Listing
June 2018
6 Reads

Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis complicated by seizures.

Authors:
Halil Onder

J Thromb Thrombolysis 2018 Jul;46(1):77-78

Neurology Clinic, Yozgat City Hospital, Yozgat, Turkey.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11239-018-1654-xDOI Listing
July 2018
3 Reads

Embolization of a cavernous carotid fistula through the vein of Labbé: a new alternative transvenous access route.

J Neurointerv Surg 2018 Jun 7;10(6):e11. Epub 2018 Apr 7.

Department of Neurosurgery, Huntington Memorial Hospital, Pasadena, California, USA.

Endovascular treatment of carotid cavernous fistulas (CCFs) via a transvenous approach is standard, but in rare cases this approach is challenging due to absence or thrombosis of the commonly used venous routes. A 61-year-old woman presented with a symptomatic CCF with all but one of the venous access routes to the CCF thrombosed, leaving an engorged superficial middle cerebral vein (SMCV) as the only venous outflow from the cavernous sinus. Access to the CCF was made possible after careful navigation of the sigmoid sinus, the vein of Labbé and the SMCV, bypassing the need for surgical access to the SMCV or for a direct transorbital puncture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/neurintsurg-2017-013229.repDOI Listing
June 2018
11 Reads